Def. Gen. P1. ed. 3:89 (1760), nom. cons.
Herbs with creeping, fleshy rhizome. Inflorescence cylindrical to ovoid, long pedunculate or sessile; bracts often bright red or yellow, closely imbricate or with the apices free, forming pouches filled with mucilage, each enclosing a 1(-2-4)- flowered cincinnus, margins patent or inflexed; bracteole open to the base; flower color white to yellow with red to purple markings; calyx tubular, split down 1 side; corolla tube about as long as the bracts, lateral lobes connate to each other and to the center of the labellum in the lower 1/3; labellum 3-lobed, filament short. Capsule first fleshy, later leathery, subglobose, dehiscent; seeds with white, lacerate aril. 2n 22, some cultivars polyploid. (From Kubitzki, et al., p. 488)
Examples of Zingiber are widespread in tropical Asia with centers of diversity in Indochina and Borneo.
Comprises about 100 species.
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