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Giant Otter at Karanambo

Prepared and contributed by: Mark Engstrom and Burton Lim, The Royal Ontario Museum.

Download a pdf of the checklist here.


Tapirus terrestris, the tapir; photo H. David ClarkeThis list includes the 225 species of mammals recorded from Guyana with the museum or literature source documenting occurrence. There may be another 22 species of mammals from Guyana, in which case this list represents about 91% of the possible diversity. If a species is represented by a voucher specimen at ROM, then no other institutions are listed. If not held at ROM, then another institution with a holding of the species is given.

Conservation information includes CITES Appendix listings and IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals categories. CITES Appendix I lists species that are threatened with extinction. Trade in specimens of these species is permitted only in exceptional circumstances. CITES Appendix II lists species that are not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival. IUCN Codes included are CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU Vulnerable; and DD, Data Deficient.

Indications are given in the final column if close monitoring of a species is needed, as presented in:
Engstrom, M.D., and B.K. Lim. 2001. Mamíferos de Guyana. In: Ceballos, G., and J.A. Simonetti (eds.). Diversidad y conservación de los mamíferos de Latinoamérica. Fondo de Cultura Económica-UNAM. México, D.F. In press.

Vernacular names follow:
Emmons, Louise H. and François Feer. 1997. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide. Second edition. University of Chicago Press.

Musuems holding voucher specimens and publications cited are abbreviated as follows:

  • AMNH - American Museum of Natural History, New York.
  • BMNH - British Museum (Natural History), London.
  • ROM - Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto.
  • USNM - Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC.
  • Bertram, C. 1963. In Search of Mermaids: The Manatees of Guiana. Peter Davies Ltd., London, 183 pp.
  • Quelch, J. J. 1901. Animal life in British Guiana. The Argosy Company, Limited, Georgetown, Guyana.

 

ORDER DIDELPHIMORPHA

Family Didelphidae    Subfamily Caluromyinae

Opossums

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Caluromys lanatus ROM MON
Caluromys philander ROM CR

 

Family Didelphidae    Subfamily Didelphinae

Opossums

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Chironectes minimus ROM CR
Didelphis albiventris ROM
Didelphis marsupialis ROM
Gracilinanus kalinowskii ROM
Lutreolina crassicaudata BMNH
Marmosa lepida ROM
Marmosa murina ROM
Marmosops parvidens ROM CR
Marmosops pinheiroi ROM
Metachirus nudicaudatus ROM
Micoueus demerarae ROM
Monodelphis brevicaudata ROM
Philander opossum ROM

 

ORDER XENARTHRA

Family Bradypodidae    Subfamily Bradypodinae

Three-toed Sloths

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Bradypus tridactylus ROM MON

 

Family Megalonychidae    Subfamily Choleopinae

Two-toed Sloths

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Choloepus didactylus ROM DD

 

Family Dasypodidae    Subfamily Dasypodinae

Armadillos

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Cabassous unicinctus ROM
Dasypus kappleri ROM
Dasypus novemcinctus ROM
Priodontes maximus ROM I EN

 

Family Myrmecophagidae

Anteaters

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Cyclopes didactylus ROM
Myrmecophaga tridactyla ROM II VU
Tamandua tetradactyla ROM

 

ORDER CHIROPTERA

Family Emballonuridae

Sheath-tailed Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Centronycteris maximiliani ROM
Cormura brevirostris ROM
Cyttarops alecto ROM CR
Diclidurus albus ROM
Diclidurus ingens ROM VU
Diclidurus isabellus ROM
Diclidurus scutatus ROM
Peropteryx kappleri ROM
Peropteryx leucoptera ROM
Peropteryx macrotis ROM
Rhynchonycteris naso ROM
Saccopteryx bilineata ROM
Saccopteryx canescens ROM
Saccopteryx gymnura ROM
Saccopteryx leptura ROM

 

Family Noctilionidae    Subfamily Noctilioninae

Bulldog Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Noctilio albiventris ROM
Noctilio leporinus ROM

 

Family Mormoopidae

Leaf-chinned and Mustached Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Pteronotus gymnonotus ROM
Pteronotus parnellii ROM
Pteronotus personatus ROM

 

Family Phyllostomidae    Subfamily Carolliinae

Leaf-nosed Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Carollia brevicauda ROM
Carollia perspicillata ROM
Rhinophylla pumilio ROM

 

Family Phyllostomidae    Subfamily Desmodontinae

Leaf-nosed Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Desmodus rotundus ROM
Diaemus youngi ROM

 

Family Phyllostomidae    Subfamily Glossophaginae

Leaf-nosed Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Anoura caudifera ROM
Anoura geoffroyi ROM
Anoura latidens ROM MON
Choeroniscus godmani ROM CR
Choeroniscus minor ROM
Glossophaga longirostris ROM
Glossophaga soricina ROM
Lichonycteris obscura ROM MON

 

Family Phyllostomidae    Subfamily Lonchophyllinae

Leaf-nosed Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Lionycteris spurrelli ROM
Lonchophylla thomasi ROM

 

Family Phyllostomidae    Subfamily Phyllostominae

Leaf-nosed Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Chrotopterus auritus ROM
Lonchorhina aurita ROM
Macrophyllum macrophyllum ROM
Micronycteris brachyotis ROM
Micronycteris brosseti ROM
Micronycteris daviesi ROM CR
Micronycteris hirsuta ROM
Micronycteris homezi ROM
Micronycteris megalotis ROM
Micronycteris microtis ROM
Micronycteris minuta ROM
Micronycteris nicefori ROM
Micronycteris sylvestris ROM
Mimon bennettii BMNH
Mimon crenulatum ROM
Phylloderma stenops ROM
Phyllostomus discolor ROM
Phyllostomus elongatus ROM
Phyllostomus hastatus ROM
Phyllostomus latifolius BMNH
Tonatia brasiliense ROM
Tonatia carrikeri ROM
Tonatia saurophila ROM
Tonatia schulzi ROM
Tonatia silvicola ROM
Trachops cirrhosus ROM
Vampyrum spectrum ROM CR

 

Family Phyllostomidae    Subfamily Stenodermatinae

Leaf-nosed Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Ametrida centurio ROM
Artibeus amplus ROM MON
Artibeus cinereus ROM
Artibeus concolor ROM
Artibeus glaucus ROM
Artibeus gnomus ROM
Artibeus lituratus ROM
Artibeus obscurus ROM
Artibeus planirostris ROM
Chiroderma trinitatum ROM
Chiroderma villosum ROM
Mesophylla macconnelli ROM
Platyrrhinus aurarius ROM
Platyrrhinus brachycephalus ROM
Platyrrhinus helleri ROM
Sturnira lilium ROM
Sturnira tildae ROM
Uroderma bilobatum ROM
Uroderma magnirostrum ROM
Vampyressa bidens ROM CR
Vampyressa brocki ROM VU
Vampyressa pusilla ROM
Vampyrodes caraccioli ROM

 

Family Natalidae    Subfamily Natalinae

Funnel-eared Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Natalus tumidirostris ROM

 

Family Furipteridae    Subfamily Furipterinae

Thumbless Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Furipterus horrens ROM

 

Family Thyropteridae    Subfamily Thyropterinae

Sucker-footed Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Thyroptera discifera ROM
Thyroptera tricolor ROM

 

Family Vespertilionidae    Subfamily Vespertilioninae

Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Eptesicus brasiliensis ROM
Eptesicus chiriquinus ROM
Eptesicus furinalis ROM
Lasiurus atratus ROM
Lasiurus blossevillii ROM
Lasiurus ega ROM
Myotis albescens ROM
Myotis nigricans ROM
Myotis riparius ROM
Rhogeessa tumida ROM

 

Family Molossidae

Free-tailed Bats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Cynomops abrasus ROM CR
Cynomops paranus ROM
Cynomops planirostris ROM
Eumops auripendulus ROM
Eumops bonariensis ROM
Eumops glaucinus ROM
Eumops hansae ROM
Eumops maurus AMNH VU
Eumops trumbulli ROM
Molossops neglectus ROM
Molossops temminckii ROM
Molossus ater ROM
Molossus coibensis ROM
Molossus molossus ROM
Molossus pretiosus AMNH
Molossus sinaloae AMNH
Molossus sp. ROM
Neoplatymops mattogrossensis ROM CR
Nyctinomops laticaudatus ROM
Nyctinomops macrotis ROM
Promops centralis ROM
Promops nasutus ROM

 

ORDER PRIMATES

Family Callitrichidae

Marmosets and Tamarins

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Saguinus midas ROM II

 

Family Cebidae    Subfamily Alouattinae

Cebid Monkeys

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Alouatta seniculus ROM II

 

Family Cebidae    Subfamily Atelinae

Cebid Monkeys

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Ateles paniscus ROM II

 

Family Cebidae    Subfamily Cebinae

Cebid Monkeys

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Cebus apella ROM II
Cebus olivaceus ROM II
Saimiri sciureus ROM II

 

Family Cebidae    Subfamily Pitheciinae

Cebid Monkeys

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Chiropotes satanas ROM II
Pithecia pithecia ROM II

 

ORDER CARNIVORA

Family Canidae

Dogs

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Cerdocyon thous ROM II
Speothos venaticus ROM I VU

 

Family Felidae    Subfamily Felinae

Cats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Herpailurus yaguarondi ROM II
Leopardus pardalis ROM I
Leopardus tigrinus ROM I CR
Leopardus wiedii ROM I
Puma concolor ROM II

 

Family Felidae    Subfamily Pantherinae

Cats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Panthera onca ROM I CR

 

Family Herpestidae    Subfamily Herpestinae

Mongeese

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Herpestes javanicus ROM

 

Family Mustelidae    Subfamily Lutrinae

Weasels

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Lontra longicaudis ROM I
Pteronura brasiliensis ROM I VU

 

Family Mustelidae    Subfamily Mustelinae

Weasels

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Eira barbara ROM
Galictis vittata ROM

 

Family Procyonidae    Subfamily Potosinae

Raccoons

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Bassaricyon beddardi ROM CR
Potos flavus ROM

 

Family Procyonidae    Subfamily Procyoninae

Raccoons

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Nasua nasua ROM
Procyon cancrivorus ROM

 

ORDER CETACEA

Family Balaenidae

Baleen Whales

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Eubalaena australis Quelch (1901) I CR

 

Family Delphinidae

Dolphins

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Delphinus delphis Quelch (1901) MON
Globicephala macrorhynchus USNM II CR
Sotalia fluviatilis USNM I DD

 

Family Platanistidae

River Dolphins

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Inia geoffrensis Quelch (1901) II VU

 

ORDER SIRENIA

Family Trichechidae    Subfamily Trichechinae

Manatees

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Trichechus inunguis Bertram (1963) I VU
Trichechus manatus Bertram (1963) I VU

 

ORDER PERISSODACTYLA

Family Tapiridae    Subfamily Tapirinae

Tapirs

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Tapirus terrestris ROM II CR

 

ORDER ARTIODACTYLA

Family Tayassuidae

Peccaries

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Pecari tajacu ROM II
Tayassu pecari ROM II

 

Family Cervidae    Subfamily Cervinae

Deer

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Mazama americana ROM MON
Mazama gouazoupira ROM MON
Odocoileus virginianus ROM MON

 

ORDER RODENTIA

Family Sciuridae    Subfamily Sciurinae

Squirrels

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Sciurillus pusillus AMNH MON
Sciurus aestuans ROM

 

Family Muridae    Subfamily Murinae

Rats and Mice

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Mus musculus ROM
Rattus norvegicus AMNH
Rattus rattus ROM

 

Family Muridae    Subfamily Sigmodontinae

Rats and Mice

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Holochilus sciureus AMNH
Neacomys guianae ROM
Nectomys squamipes ROM
Neusticomys venezuelae AMNH EN
Oecomy concolor ROM
Oecomys bicolor ROM
Oecomys paricola AMNH
Oecomys rex ROM
Oecomys roberti ROM
Oecomys rutilus AMNH
Oecomys trinitatis AMNH
Oligoryzomys fulvescens ROM
Oryzomys macconnelli BMNH
Oryzomys megacephalus ROM
Oryzomys yunganus ROM
Podoxymys roraimae AMNH CR
Rhipidomys leucodactylus ROM
Rhipidomys macconnelli BMNH MON
Rhipidomys nitela ROM
Sigmodon alstoni ROM
Zygodontomys brevicauda ROM

 

Family Erethizontidae

Porcupines

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Coendou melanurus ROM
Coendou prehensilis ROM

 

Family Caviidae    Subfamily Caviinae

Guinea Pigs

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Cavia aperea ROM

 

Family Hydrochaeridae    Subfamily Hydrochaerinae

Capybaras

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris ROM

 

Family Dasyproctidae

Agoutis

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Dasyprocta fuliginosa ROM MON
Dasyprocta leporina ROM MON
Myoprocta acouchy ROM MON

 

Family Agoutidae    Subfamily Agoutinae

Pacas

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Agouti paca ROM

 

Family Echimyidae    Subfamily Echimyinae

Spiny Rats and Tree Rats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Echimys chrysurus ROM MON
Echimys didelphoides ROM MON
Isothrix sinnamariensis ROM MON

 

Family Echimyidae    Subfamily Eumysopinae

Spiny Rats and Tree Rats

Name Museum CITES IUCN Monitor
Mesomys hispidus ROM MON
Proechimys cayennensis ROM
Proechimys cuvieri ROM
Proechimys hoplomyoides AMNH MON
Proechimys warreni BMNH


Vertebrate Species of Guyana Index

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