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Department ofBotany

(compiled by Carol Kelloff, 1994; reviewed by D.B. Lellinger, 1997)


LYCOPHYTA



Lycopodiaceae - terrestrial or epiphytic; rhizomes creeping; aerial stems with small scale-like leaves; fertile stems with cone-like stobili bearing spores.

Huperzia funiformis (Spring) Trevisan
Lycopodiella caroliniana (Linnaeus) Pichi-Sermolli var. meridionalis (Underwood & Lloyd) Øllgard & Windisch
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi-Sermolli *
Lycopodium meridionales = Lycopodiella meridionalis


PTEROPHYTA


Adiantaceae - terrestrial or epipetric; fronds palmately divided, pinnules dimidiate, margins slightly revolute; sori round, discrete, protected by an indusia.

Adiantopsis monticola (Gardner) Moore
Adiantum terminatum Kunze


Aspleniaceae - terrestrial; fronds pinnate to pinnatifid; sori linear along veins; indusiate.

Asplenium cuneatum Lamarck
Asplenium salicifolium Linnaeus
Asplenium serratum Linnaeus
Asplenium zamiifolium Willdenow


Blechnaceae - terrestrial; fronds monomorphic, pinnatifid to pinnate-pinnatifid; sori linear or merely elongate.

Blechnum serrulatum L.C. Richard *


Cyatheaceae - terrestrial, base forming a tree-like trunk; fronds large, monomorphic, pinnately divided; sori round, sometimes linear, irregularly disposed near veins; without indusia.

Cnemidaria roraimensis (Domin) Tryon
Cyathea macrocarpa (K. Presl) Domin
Cyathea procera (Willdenow) Domin
Hemitelia macrocarpa = Cyathea macrocarpa


Dennstaedtiaceae - terrestrial; fronds monomorphic, simple to 2-pinnate,
sometimes 3-pinnate; sori elongate to linear, near the margins.

Lindsaea coriifolia = L. schomburgkii f. coriifolia
Lindsaea crenata = L. portoricensis
Lindsaea divaricata Klotzsch
Lindsaea lancea (Linnaeus) Beddome var. falcata (Dryander) Rosenstock
Lindsaea lancea (Linnaeus) Beddome var. lancea
Lindsaea lancea (Linnaeus) Beddome var. longifolia Kramer
Lindsaea parkeri (Hooker) Kuhn subsp. parkeri
Lindsaea pendula Klotzsch
Lindsaea portoricensis Desvaux
Lindsaea sagittata (Aublet) Dryander *
Lindsaea schomburgkii Klotzsch f. coriifolia (Lindman) Kramer
Lindsaea stricta (Swartz) Dryander var. jamesoniiformis Kramer
Lindsaea stricta (Swartz) Dryander var. stricta


Dryopteridaceae - terrestrial; fronds monomorphic, pinnately divided; sori
round.

Arachniodes ochropteroides (Baker) Lellinger *
Cyclodium guianense (Klotzsch) van der Werff ex L.D. Gomez
Cyclodium inerme (Fée) A.R. Smith *
Cyclodium meniscioides (Willdenow) K. Presl
Dryopteris meniscioides = Cyclodium meniscioides
Dryopteris ochropteroides = Arachniodes ochropteroides
Dryopteris sancti-gabrieli = Stigmatopteris sancti-gabrieli
Olfersia cervina (Linnaeus) Kunze *
Stigmatopteris rotundata (Willdenow) C. Christensen
Stigmatopteris sancti-gabrieli = Cyclodium guianense


Gleicheniaceae - terrestrial; fronds medium to large, pinnately divided, sprawling over other vegetation; sori round, without indusia.

Dicranopteris flexuosa (Schrader) Underwood
Dicranopteris pectinata (Willdenow) Underwood *


Grammitidaceae - terrestrial, on rocks, or epiphytic: fronds monomorphic,
undivided to pinnatifid to 1-pinnate; sori round to oblong or elongate.

Cochlidium furcatum (Hooker & Greville) C. Christensen
Cochlidium linearifolium (Desvaux) Maxon
Cochlidium serrulatum (Swartz) L.E. Bishop *
Ctenopteris kaieteura = Grammitis kaieteura
Grammitis bryophila (Maxon) Seymour
Grammitis flabelliformis (Poiret) Morton *
Grammitis kaieteura (Jenman) Morton
Grammitis furcata = Cochlidium furcatum
Grammitis mollissima (Fée) Proctor
Grammitis suspensa (Linnaeus) Proctor
Grammitis taenifolia (Jenman) Copeland
Xiphopteris serrulata = Cochlidium serrulata


Hymenophyllaceae - terrestrial, epipetric, or epiphytic; frond simple to 4-pinnate-pinnatifid; sori marginal, tubular or sometimes 2-lipped involucre, free (cup- like) or immersed in frond tissue with bristlelike hair projecting from sori.

Hymenophyllum decurrens Jacquin
Hymenophyllum hirsutum (Linnaeus) Swartz
Hymenophyllum kaieteurum Jenman
Hymenophyllum polyanthes (Swartz) Swartz
Trichomanes angustifrons (Fée) Wersels Boer
Trichomanes anomalum Maxon & Morton
Trichomanes arbuscula Desvaux Trichomanes
Trichomanes bancroftii Hooker & Greville
Trichomanes cellulosum Klotzsch
Trichomanes crispum Linnaeus
Trichomanes cristatum Kaulfuss
Trichomanes diaphanum Kunth
Trichomanes elegans L.C. Richard
Trichomanes hookeri = T. kapplerianum
Trichomanes hostmannianum (Klotzsch) Kunze
Trichomanes hymenophylloides = T. diaphanum
Trichomanes kapplerianum J.W. Strum
Trichomanes pedicellatum Desvaux
Trichomanes pinnatum Hedwig *
Trichomanes rigidum = T. elegans


Lomariopsidaceae - terrestrial, on rocks, hemiepiphytic (Bolbitis), epiphytic (Elaphoglossum); fronds dimorphic, fertile one narrower; lamina entire to pinnatifid or pinnate (Bolbitis) or unlobed and linear (Elaphoglossum); sori along margins (Bolbitis) or covering underside of fertile frond (Elaphoglossum).

Bolbitis nicotianifolia = B. semipinnatifida
Bolbitis semipinnatifida (Fée) Alston *
Elaphoglossum glabellum J. Smith
Elaphoglossum macrophyllum (Klotzsch) Christ


Marattiaceae - terrestrial, in dense forest; fronds simple, slightly dimorphic, fertile one larger but with contracted pinnae; sporangia dark green, fused in 2 rows on undersurface of frond.

Danaea simplicifolia Rudge


Metaxyaceae - terrestrial, fronds monomorphic, 1-pinnate; sori round; indusia reniform.

Metaxya rostrata (Kunth) K. Presl *


Nephrolepidaceae - epiphytic or terrestrial; frond 1-pinnate; sori round; indusia reniform.

Nephrolepis cordifolia (Linnaeus) Presl *
Nephrolepis pendula = N. cordifolia
Nephrolepis rivularis (Vahl) Metenius ex Krug


Oleandraceae - terrestrial or epiphytic; rhizomes scandent; fronds entire, mostly
monomorphic; sori round, indusium round.

Oleandra articulata (Swartz) K. Presl *
Oleandra nodosa (Willdenow) K. Presl
Oleandra pilosa Hooker


Polypodiaceae - terrestrial, epipetric, or epiphytic; fronds simple to pinnate; sori
sunken in tissue, usually round, rarely linear; without indusia.

Microgramma fuscopunctata (Hooker) Vareschi
Microgramma lycopodiodes (Linnaeus) Copeland
Microgramma reptans (Cavanilles) A.R. Smith *
Niphidium crassifolium (Linnaeus) Lellinger
Phlebodium aureum (Linnaeus) J. Smith
Phlebodium pseudoaureum (Cavanilles) Lellinger
Polypodium caceresii Sodiro
Polypodium duale Maxon = Xiphopteris serrulata
Polypodium loriceum Linnaeus *
Polypodium panorense C. Christensen
Polypodium triseriale Swartz


Schizaeaceae - terrestrial (Schizaea & Achinostachys) or climbing and twining
(Lygodium); fronds absent or reduced (Schizaea & Achinostachys) or simple
(Lygodium); sori marginal, finger-like.

Achinostachys penicillata = A. pennula (Swartz) Hooker
Achinostachys pennula (Swartz) Hooker *
Lygodium micans Sturm
Lygodium venustum Swartz
Lygodium volubile Swartz
Schizaea elegans (Vahl) Swartz var. flabellum (Martius) Prantl *
Schizaea fluminensis Mier *
Schizaea incurvata Schkuhr


Selaginellaceae - terrestrial, occasionally epipetric, rarely hemiepiphytic or epiphytic; stems mostly prostrate and long-creeping; leaves small, scale-like; strobili terminal.

Selaginella epirrhizos Spring
Selaginella flagellata Spring
Selaginella mazarunensis Jenman
Selaginella porelloides (Lamarck) Spring
Selaginella potarensis Jenman
Selaginella producta Baker *
Selaginella rhodostachya Baker
Selaginella sandwithii Alston
Selaginella sobolifera A.R. Smith
Selaginella tuberculata Spruce ex Baker
Selaginella valdepilosa Baker var. valdepilosa


Tectariaceae - terrestrial or on rocks; fronds monomorphic, lamina undivided to pinnatifid or 1-3 pinnate-pinnatifid; sori abaxial or marginal; indusia round- reniform to peltate.

Tectaria plantaginea (Jacquin) Maxon
Triplophyllum dicksonioides (Fée) Holttum *
Triplophyllum funestum (Kunze) Holttum var. funestum


Vittariaceae - epiphytic; fronds simple; sori elongate on the veins, forming lines.

Ananthacorus angustifolius (Swartz) Underwood & Maxon
Antrophyum cajenense (Desvaux) Sprengel *
Antrophyum guayanense Hieronymus
Antrophyum lanceolatum (Linnaeus) Kaulfuss
Hecistopteris kaieteurensis Kelloff & G. McKee sp. nov. [endemic] *
Hecistopteris pumila (Sprengel) J. Smith *


 

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