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Rhizophora (red mangrove) prop roots

Incertae sedis - Acanthaceae - Agavaceae - Aizoaceae - Alismataceae - Amaranthaceae - Anacardiaceae - Anisophylleaceae - Annonaceae - Apiaceae - Apocynaceae - Aquifoliaceae - Araceae - Araliaceae - Arecaceae - Aristolochiaceae - Asclepiadaceae - Asteraceae - Balanophoraceae - Balsaminaceae - Basellaceae - Bataceae - Begoniaceae - Bignoniaceae - Bixaceae - Bombacaceae - Boraginaceae - Brassicaceae - Bromeliaceae - Brunelliaceae - Burmanniaceae - Burseraceae - Buxaceae - Cabombaceae - Cactaceae

Incertae sedis

Aubletella macoucou (Aubl.) Pierre [excluded from Sapotaceae. Chrysophyllum macoucou Aubl.?] FG
Macahanea guianensis Aubl. [excluded from Hippocrateaceae. Salacia guianensis (Aubl.) Lemée?] FG
Managa guianensis Aubl. [excluded from Hippocrateaceae] FG
Montira guianensis Aubl. [excluded from Loganiaceae. Spigelia guianensis (Aubl.) Lemée?] FG
Sarcaulus melinonianum Pierre [name of unknown origin, placed by Lemée in Myrsinaceae] FG
Senapea guianensis Aubl. [excluded from Passifloraceae] FG
Tampoa guianensis Aubl. [excluded from Hippocrateaceae] FG
Tapirocarpus talisia Sagot [Dubious genus, species. Burseraceae?] FG
Vouapa simira Aubl. [excluded from Caesalpiniaceae. Macrolobium simira (Aubl.) J.F. Gmelin?] FG

Acanthaceae

Anisacanthus secundus Leonard BOGUSUFG
Aphelandra aurantiaca (Schweidw.) Lindl. var. aurantiaca GUSUFG
Aphelandra fasciculata Wassh. AM
Aphelandra pilosa Leonard AMBO
Aphelandra pulcherrima (Jacq.) Kunth BODAGUSU
Aphelandra scabra (Vahl) Sm. AMBOGUSU
Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anderson [cultivated, persists as an escape] AMDAGU
Barleria cristata L. DA
Barleria lupulina Lindl. [introduced, possibly naturalized] DAFG
Blechum pyramidatum (Lam.) Urb. AMBODAGUSUFG
Bravaisia integerrima (Spreng.) Standl. BO
Dicliptera ciliaris J. Juss. GU?SUFG
Dicliptera granvillei Wassh. FG
Dicliptera knappii Wassh. GU
Dicliptera sexangularis (L.) J. Juss. [to be expected in GU] SUFG
Elytraria imbricata (Vahl) Pers. BO
Eranthemum pulchellum Andr. [cultivated, naturalized] SU
Gynocraterium guianense Bremek. GUSU
Hemigraphis alternata (Burm. f.) T. Anderson [cultivated, persists as an escape]
Herpetacanthus rotundatus (Lindau) Bremek. SUFG
Hygrophila costata Nees BOGUSUFG
Hygrophila erecta (Burm. f.) Hochr. [introduced] SU
Hygrophila sandwithii Bremek. GU
Hygrophila surinamensis Bremek. [to be expected in GU] AMBOSU
Justicia betonica L. [introduced] GU
Justicia breteleri Wassh. AM
Justicia calycina (Nees) V.A.W. Graham AMBODAGUSUFG
Justicia carthaginensis Jacq. BOGUSUFG
Justicia cataractae Leonard AM
Justicia cayennensis (Nees) Lindau var. cayennensis GUSUFG
Justicia cayennensis (Nees) Lindau var. parvifolia Bremek. SU
Justicia comata (L.) Lam. AMBODAGUSUFG
Justicia coppenamensis Wassh. [nom. nov. for Beloperone modesta Bremek.] SU
Justicia delascioi Wassh. AM
Justicia guianensis (N.E. Br.) Wassh. BOGU
Justicia huberi Wassh. BO
Justicia hylaea Leonard AMBO
Justicia kunhardtii Leonard BO
Justicia laevilinguis (Nees) Lindau [to be expected in GU] BODASUFG
Justicia maguirei Wassh. GU
Justicia monachinoi Wassh. BOGU
Justicia moritziana Wassh. BODA
Justicia nuriana Wassh. BO
Justicia panarensis Wassh. BO
Justicia parguazensis Wassh. BO
Justicia parimensis Wassh. AM
Justicia paruana Wassh. AM
Justicia pectoralis Jacq. AMBOGUSUFG
Justicia polystachya Lam. [to be expected in GU] AMBOSUFG
Justicia potarensis (Bremek.) Wassh. GUSUFG
Justicia schomburgkiana (Nees) V.A.W. Graham AMBODAGU
Justicia secunda Vahl AMBODAGUSUFG
Justicia sprucei V.A.W. Graham FG
Justicia uvida Wassh. BO
Justicia wurdackii Leonard AM
Lepidagathis alopecuroidea (Vahl) R. Br. ex Griseb. AMBODAGUSUFG
Lepidagathis gracilis (Bremek.) Wassh. [to be expected in GU] AMBOSU
Lepidagathis medicaginea (Bremek.) Wassh. [to be expected in GU] BOSU
Lepidagathis nickeriensis Wassh. [to be expected in GU] BOSU
Lepidagathis surinamensis (Bremek.) Wassh. BOGUSUFG
Megaskepasma erythrochlamys Lindau SU
Nelsonia campestris R. Br. FG?
Odontonema album V.M. Baum BO
Odontonema bracteolatum (Jacq.) Kuntze AMBO
Odontonema liesneri Wassh. AM
Odontonema mazarunensis Wassh. GU
Odontonema schomburgkianum (Nees) Kuntze GU
Pachystachys coccinea (Aubl.) Nees GUFG
Pachystachys spicata (Ruiz & Pav.) Wassh. AMGUFG
Polylychnis fulgens Bremek. SUFG
Polylychnis radicans (Nees) Wassh., comb. nov. ined. GUFG
Pseuderanthemum maguirei Leonard AM
Pulchranthus congestus (Lindau) V.M. Baum, Reveal & Nowicke FG
Pulchranthus surinamensis (Bremek.) V.M. Baum, Reveal & Nowicke SU
Pulchranthus variegatus (Aubl.) V.M. Baum, Reveal & Nowicke AMSUFG
Ruellia bolivarensis Wassh. BO
Ruellia delascioi Wassh. AM
Ruellia geminiflora Kunth var. angustifolia (Nees) Griseb. AMBOGUSUFG
Ruellia geminiflora Kunth var. geminiflora GUSUFG
Ruellia inflata Rich. SUFG
Ruellia liesneri Wassh. AM
Ruellia longifolia Rich. SUFG
Ruellia macrophylla Vahl BO
Ruellia malaca Leonard AMBO
Ruellia menthoides (Nees) Hiern AM
Ruellia microcalyx (Nees) Lindau GUSU
Ruellia prostrata Poir. GU
Ruellia rubra Aubl. [includes several varieties without combinations in Ruellia] GUSUFG
Ruellia saülensis Wassh. FG
Ruellia sprucei Lindau AM
Ruellia steyermarkii Wassh. BO
Ruellia tuberosa L. [naturalized] BOGUSUFG
Ruellia violacea Aubl. FG
Ruellia wurdackii Wassh. AMBO
Sanchezia lutea Leonard GU
Sanchezia pennellii Leonard DA
Staurogyne fockeana Bremek. SU
Staurogyne miqueliana Kuntze SU
Staurogyne repens (Nees) Kuntze GU
Staurogyne spraguei Wassh. AMBOGU
Staurogyne stahelii Bremek. SU
Staurogyne stolonifera (Nees) Kuntze SU
Staurogyne trinitensis Leonard BODAGUSUFG
Staurogyne wullschlaegeliana Bremek. SU
Teliostachya cataractae Nees [=Lepidagathis sp.] GUFG
Teliostachya coppenamensis Bremek. [=Lepidagathis sp.] SU
Teliostachya lanceolata Nees [=Lepidagathis sp.] SU
Teliostachya mazarunensis Bremek. [=Lepidagathis sp.] GU
Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims [cultivated, naturalized] DAGUSU
Thunbergia erecta (Benth.) T. Anderson [cultivated, naturalized] DASU
Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. [cultivated, naturalized] SU
Thunbergia grandiflora (Roxb. ex Rottl.) Roxb. [cultivated, naturalized] SU
Trichanthera gigantea (Bonpl.) Nees DAGUSU
Trichanthera gigantea (Bonpl.) Nees var. guianensis Gleason GUSU

Acanthaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Adhatoda carthaginensis (Jacq.) Nees =Justicia carthaginensis
Amasonia integerrima Spreng. =Bravaisia integerrima
Amphiscopia lancifolia Nees var. minor Nees =Justicia moritziana
Anisacanthus boliviensis (Nees) Wassh. [not in flora area; records referable to A. secundus]
Aphelandra deppeana Schltdl. & Cham. =Aphelandra scabra
Aphelandra inserta Leonard =Aphelandra pulcherrima
Aphelandra paraensis Lindau =Aphelandra aurantiaca
Aphelandra pectinata Willd. ex Nees =Aphelandra scabra
Aphelandra tetragona (Vahl) Nees [not in flora area]
Arrhostoxylum coccineum Nees [not in flora area]
Arrhostoxylum rubrum (Aubl.) Nees =Ruellia rubra
Asystasia coromandeliana Nees =Asystasia gangetica
Asystasia nemorum Nees =Asystasia gangetica
Barleria pyramidata Lam. =Blechum pyramidatum
Beloperone calycina Nees =Justicia calycina
Beloperone modesta Bremek. =Justicia coppenamensis
Beloperone schomburgkiana Nees =Justicia schomburgkiana
Blechum brownei J. Juss. =Blechum pyramidatum
Blechum brownei J. Juss. fma. puberulum Leonard =Blechum pyramidatum
Bravaisia floribundia DC. =Bravaisia integerrima
Chaetochlamys ciliata Lindau =Justicia sprucei
Chaetochlamys wurdackii Leonard =Justicia parguazensis
Dactylostegium assurgens (L.) Bremek. =Dicliptera sexangularis
Dianthera acuminatissima (Miq.) Benoist =Justicia calycina
Dianthera calycina (Nees) Benth. ex B.D. Jacks. =Justicia calycina
Dianthera comata L. =Justicia comata
Dianthera guianensis N.E. Br. =Justicia guianensis
Dianthera pectoralis (Jacq.) J.F. Gmel., nom. illeg. =Justicia pectoralis
Dianthera spp. =Justicia spp.
Dicliptera assurgens (L.) J. Juss. =Dicliptera sexangularis
Dicliptera vahliana Nees =Dicliptera sexangularis
Dipteracanthus angustifolius (Nees) Bremek. =Ruellia geminiflora var. angustifolia
Dipteracanthus geminiflorus (Kunth) Nees =Ruellia geminiflora
Dipteracanthus geminiflorus (Kunth) Nees var. angustifolius Nees =Ruellia geminiflora var. angustifolia
Dipteracanthus menthoides Nees =Ruellia menthoides
Dipteracanthus paniculatus Nees [not in flora area] =Ruellia sp.?
Dipteracanthus surinamensis Miq. =Ruellia microcalyx
Dipteracanthus vindex Nees =Ruellia geminiflora var. angustifolia
Dipteracanthus violaceus (Nees) Lemée =Ruellia violacea
Drejera boliviensis Nees =Anisacanthus secundus p.p.
Duvernoia potarensis Bremek. =Justicia potarensis
Duvernoia potarensis Bremek. var. tetrapora Bremek. =Justicia potarensis
Dyspemptemorion cayennense (Nees) Bremek. =Justicia cayennensis
Ebermaiera repens Nees =Staurogyne repens
Ebermaiera spp. =Staurogyne spp.
Eranthemum nervosum (Vahl) R. Br. =Eranthemum pulchellum
Fittonia sp. [Guyana record =Justicia sp. nov., fide Wasshausen]
Hygrophila guianensis Nees ex Benth. =Hygrophila costata
Jacobinia venezuelica Lindau =Justicia guianensis
Juruasia rotundata Lindau =Herpetacanthus rotundatus
Justicia "divergens (Nees) Lindau" [invalid name, records based on misidentifications]
Justicia acuminatissima (Miq.) Bremek. =Justicia calycina
Justicia bracteolata Jacq. =Odontonema bracteolatum
Justicia caripensis Kunth =Justicia secunda
Justicia coccinea Aubl. =Pachystachys coccinea
Justicia gangetica L. =Asystasia gangetica
Justicia glabribracteata (Lindau) V.A.W. Graham [records apparently in error]
Justicia imbricata Vahl =Elytraria imbricata
Justicia martiana (Nees) Lindau =Justicia comata
Justicia moricandiana (Nees) Lemée =Justicia secunda
Justicia obtusifolia (Nees) Lindau =Justicia laevilinguis
Justicia pectoralis Jacq. var. latifolia Bremek. =Justicia pectoralis
Justicia plectica Leonard =Justicia schomburgkiana
Justicia pulcherrima Jacq. =Aphelandra pulcherrima
Justicia scabra Vahl =Aphelandra scabra
Justicia spicata Ruiz & Pav. =Pachystachys spicata
Justicia variegata Aubl. =Pulchranthus variegatus
Meyenia erecta Benth. =Thunbergia erecta
Nelsonia canescens (Lam.) Spreng. =Nelsonia campestris
Odontonema surinamense Bremek. =Pulchranthus surinamensis
Odontonema variegatum (Aubl.) Kuntze =Pulchranthus variegatus
Odontonema venezuelense Leonard =Odontonema bracteolatum
Onychacanthus arboreus H. Karst. =Bravaisia integerrima
Pachystachys riedeliana Nees =Pachystachys spicata
Polylychnis essequibensis Bremek. =Polylychnis radicans
Psadacocalymma spp. =Justicia spp.
Rhacodiscus acuminatissimus (Miq.) Lindau =Justicia calycina
Rhacodiscus calycinus (Nees) Bremek. =Justicia calycina
Rhacodiscus intermedius (Nees) Lindau =Justicia calycina
Rhacodiscus moricandianus (Nees) Bremek. =Justicia secunda
Rhacodiscus secundus (Vahl) Bremek. =Justicia secunda
Rhytiglossa acuminatissima Miq. =Justicia calycina
Rhytiglossa laevilinguis Nees =Justicia laevilinguis
Rhytiglossa moricandiana Nees =Justicia secunda
Rhytiglossa secunda (Vahl) Nees =Justicia secunda
Rhytiglossa secunda (Vahl) Nees var. intermedia Nees =Justicia calycina
Ruellia alopecuroidea Vahl =Lepidagathis alopecuroidea
Ruellia blechum L. =Blechum pyramidatum
Ruellia cordifolia Lindau =Ruellia inflata
Ruellia gigantea Bonpl. =Trichanthera gigantea
Ruellia pipericaulis Rizzini =Ruellia inflata
Ruellia radicans (Nees) Lindau =Polylychnis radicans
Ruellia tubiflora Kunth [not in flora area, based on misidentifications]
Ruellia vindex (Nees) Lindau =Ruellia geminiflora var. angustifolia
Sericographis caripensis (Kunth) Nees =Justicia secunda
Staurogyne leptocaulis Leonard =Staurogyne spraguei
Staurogyne linearifolia Bremek. =Staurogyne stolonifera
Staurogyne versteegii Bremek. =Staurogyne trinitensis
Stemonacanthus macrophyllus (Vahl) Nees =Ruellia macrophylla
Teliostachya alopecuroidea (Vahl) Nees =Lepidagathis alopecuroidea
Teliostachya glandulosa Bremek. =Lepidagathis nickeriensis
Teliostachya gracilis Bremek. =Lepidagathis gracilis
Teliostachya medicaginea Bremek. =Lepidagathis medicaginea
Teliostachya surinamensis Bremek. =Lepidagathis surinamensis
Thyrsacanthus bracteolatus (Jacq.) Nees =Odontonema bracteolatum
Thyrsacanthus variegatus (Aubl.) Nees =Pulchranthus variegatus
Ulleria angustifolia (Nees) Bremek. =Ruellia geminiflora var. angustifolia

Agavaceae

Furcraea cabuya Trel. BO
Furcraea foetida (L.) Haw. GUSUFG

Agavaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Furcraea gigantea Vent. =Furcraea foetida

Aizoaceae

Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L. DAGUSUFG

Aizoaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Portulaca portulacastrum L. =Sesuvium portulacastrum
Sesuvium acutifolium Miq. =Sesuvium portulacastrum

Alismataceae

Echinodorus berteroi (Spreng.) Fassett GU
Echinodorus bolivianus (Rusby) Holm-Niels. BOGU
Echinodorus grisebachii Small BOGUSUFG
Echinodorus horizontalis Rataj DA
Echinodorus macrophyllus (Kunth) Micheli subsp. macrophyllus GU
Echinodorus macrophyllus (Kunth) Micheli subsp. scaber (Rataj) Haynes & Holm-Niels. GUSUFG?
Echinodorus paniculatus Micheli BOGUSU?
Echinodorus reticulatus Haynes & Holm-Niels. SU
Echinodorus subalatus (Mart.) Griseb. subsp. andrieuxii (Hook. & Arn.) Haynes & Holm-Niels. GU
Echinodorus subalatus (Mart.) Griseb. subsp. subalatus GUSU
Echinodorus tenellus (Mart.) Buchenau AMGU
Sagittaria guayanensis Kunth subsp. guayanensis BOGUSUFG
Sagittaria lancifolia L. subsp. lancifolia GUSUFG
Sagittaria rhombifolia Cham. BOGUSUFG?
Sagittaria sprucei Micheli DA

Alismataceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Alisma boliviana Rusby =Echinodorus bolivianus
Alisma tenellum Mart. =Echinodorus tenellus
Alisma tenellum Mart. fma. latifolia Seub. =Echinodorus bolivianus
Echinodorus andrieuxii (Hook. & Arn.) Small =Echinodorus subalatus subsp. andrieuxii
Echinodorus gracilis Rataj =Echinodorus grisebachii
Echinodorus grandiflorus (Cham. & Schltdl.) Micheli [not in flora area]
Echinodorus guianensis (Kunth) Griseb. =Sagittaria guayanensis
Echinodorus intermedius Griseb. [=E. grisebachii, fide Lindeman]
Echinodorus latifolius (Seub.) Rataj =Echinodorus bolivianus
Echinodorus scaber Rataj =Echinodorus macrophyllus subsp. scaber
Lophotocarpus guayanensis (Kunth) J.G. Sm. =Sagittaria guayanensis
Sagittaria pugioniformis L. =Sagittaria lancifolia

Amaranthaceae

Achyranthes indica (L.) Mill. [naturalized] BODAGUSUFG
Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze AMGUSUFG
Alternanthera halimifolia (Lam.) Standl. [=Alternanthera tenella?] GUSUFG
Alternanthera littoralis P. Beauv. var. maritima (Mart.) Pedersen FG?
Alternanthera paronychioides A. St.-Hil. [specimens =misidentified Alternanthera tenella in the Guianas] BO
Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. DAGUSUFG
Alternanthera pulchella Kunth BO
Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC. BOGUSUFG
Alternanthera tenella Colla GUSUFG
Amaranthus australis (A. Gray) J.D. Sauer [introduced?] DAGUSU
Amaranthus blitum L. [introduced?] BODAGUSUFG
Amaranthus caudatus L. [cultivated or escaped from cultivation] SUFG
Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell. AMBODAGUSUFG
Amaranthus hybridus L. SUFG
Amaranthus spinosus L. [introduced?] BOGUSUFG
Amaranthus tricolor L. [cultivated only?] SUFG
Amaranthus viridis L. [introduced?] BODAGUSUFG
Blutaparon vermiculare (L.) Mears DAGUSUFG
Celosia argentea L. [cultivated, naturalized] AMBOGUSUFG
Celosia virgata Jacq. DA
Chamissoa altissima (Jacq.) Kunth BODAGUSU
Chamissoa altissima (Jacq.) Kunth var. altissima GUSU
Chamissoa altissima (Jacq.) Kunth var. swansonii Sohmer SU
Cyathula achyranthoides (Kunth) Moq. [introduced?] AMBODAGUSUFG
Cyathula prostrata (L.) Blume [introduced?] BODAGUSUFG
Froelichia humboldtiana (Schult.) Seub. BO
Gomphrena globosa L. [widely cultivated and escaping] AMBODAGUSUFG
Iresine diffusa Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. AMBODAGUSU
Pfaffia glabrata Mart. var. rostrata Stützer FG?
Pfaffia glomerata (Spreng.) Pedersen GUSUFG
Pfaffia grandiflora (Hook.) R.E. Fr. AMBODAGU
Pfaffia iresinoides (Kunth) Spreng. BO

Amaranthaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Achyranthes altissima Jacq. =Chamissoa altissima var. altissima
Achyranthes aspera L. var. indica L. =Achyranthes indica
Achyranthes brasiliana (L.) Standl. =Alternanthera brasiliana
Achyranthes corymbosa L. (Caryophyllaceae) =Polycarpaea corymbosa
Achyranthes halmifolia Lam. =Alternanthera halimifolia
Achyranthes prostrata L. =Cyathula prostrata
Achyranthes sessilis (L.) Desf. ex Steud. =Alternanthera sessilis
Acnida australis A. Gray =Amaranthus australis
Acnida cuspidata Bertero ex Spreng. =Amaranthus australis
Alternanthera crucis Bouldingh =Alternanthera halimifolia
Alternanthera dentata (Moench) Scheyg. =Alternanthera brasiliana
Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) R. Br. ex Roem. & Schult. [name often applied to A. tenella] =Alternanthera paronychoides
Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) Sm. =Alternanthera paronychioides
Alternanthera flavogrisea (Urb.) Urb. =Alternanthera halimifolia
Alternanthera flavogrisea (Urb.) Urb. subsp. diffusa (Mart.) Mears ex Fourn. =Alternanthera tenella
Alternanthera iresinoides Kunth =Pfaffia iresinoides
Alternanthera maritima (Mart.) A. St.-Hil. =Alternanthera littoralis var. maritima
Alternanthera ramosissima R.E. Fr. =Alternanthera brasiliana
Amaranthus gracilis Desf. =Amaranthus viridis
Amaranthus lividus L. =Amaranthus blitum
Amaranthus paniculatus L. =Amaranthus hybridus
Bucholzia philoxeroides Mart. =Alternanthera philoxeroides
Caraxeron vermicularis (L.) Raf. =Blutaparon vermiculare
Celosia cristata L. =Celosia argentea
Celosia paniculata L. =Iresine diffusa
Desmochaeta achyranthoides Kunth =Cyathula achyranthoides
Froelichia lanata (Kunth) Moq. =Froelichia humboldtiana
Gomphrena brasiliana L. =Alternanthera brasiliana
Gomphrena humboldtiana Schult. =Froelichia humboldtiana
Gomphrena iresinoides (Kunth) Moq. =Pfaffia iresinoides
Gomphrena lanata Kunth =Froelichia humboldtiana
Gomphrena sessilis L. =Alternanthera sessilis
Gomphrena stenophylla Spreng. =Pfaffia glomerata
Gomphrena vermicularis L. =Blutaparon vermiculare
Hebanthe hookeriana Hemsl. =Pfaffia grandiflora
Illecebrum diffusum Schult. =Alternanthera pulchella
Iresine celosia L. =Iresine diffusa
Iresine celosioides L. =Iresine diffusa
Iresine glomerata Spreng. =Pfaffia glomerata
Iresine grandiflora Hook. (non Fries) =Pfaffia grandiflora
Iresine polymorpha Mart. =Iresine diffusa
Iresine vermicularis (L.) Moq. =Blutaparon vermiculare
Pfaffia glauca (Mart.) Spreng. =Pfaffia glomerata
Pfaffia hookeriana (Hemsl.) Greenm. =Pfaffia grandiflora
Pfaffia stenophylla (Spreng.) Stuchlik =Pfaffia glomerata
Philoxerus vermicularis (L.) R. Br. =Blutaparon vermiculare
Serturnera glauca Mart. =Pfaffia glomerata
Telanthera maritima Moq. =Alternanthera littoralis var. maritima

Anacardiaceae

Anacardium amapaënse J.D. Mitch. FG
Anacardium fruticosum J.D. Mitch. & S.A. Mori GU
Anacardium giganteum W. Hancock ex Engl. AMBOGUSU
Anacardium occidentale L. AMBOGUSUFG
Anacardium spruceanum Benth. ex Engl. AMBOGUSUFG
Astronium fraxinifolium Schott SU
Astronium graveolens Jacq. DA
Astronium lecointei Ducke BOSU
Astronium ulei Mattick AMBOGUSUFG
Campnosperma gummiferum (Benth.) Marchand AM
Cyrtocarpa velutinifolia (Cowan) J.D. Mitch. & Daly BOGU
Loxopterygium sagotii Hook. f. BODAGUSUFG
Mangifera indica L. [widely cultivated] AMBODAGUSUFG
Spondias dulcis Parkinson BODAGUFG
Spondias mombin L. AMBODAGUSUFG
Spondias purpurea L. GUFG
Tapirira bethanniana J.D. Mitch. FG
Tapirira guianensis Aubl. AMBODAGUSUFG
Tapirira obtusa (Benth.) J.D. Mitch. AMBODAGUSUFG
Thyrsodium guianense Sagot ex Marchand GU?SUFG
Thyrsodium herrerense Encarnación BO
Thyrsodium puberulum J.D. Mitch. & Daly SUFG
Thyrsodium spruceanum Benth. AMBODAGUSUFG

Anacardiaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Anacardium microcarpum Ducke =Anacardium occidentale
Comocladia tapaculo Kunth =Tapirira guianensis
Cyrtospermum gummiferum Benth. =Campnosperma gummiferum
Drepanospermum gummiferum (Benth.) Benth. =Campnosperma gummiferum
Garuga gigantea Engl. =Thyrsodium spruceanum
Garuga guianensis (Sagot) Engl. =Thyrsodium guianense
Garuga schomburgkiana (Benth.) Engl. =Thyrsodium spruceanum
Garuga spruceana (Benth.) Engl. =Thyrsodium spruceanum
Loxopterygium gutierrezii F.A. Barkley =Cyrtocarpa velutinifolia
Mauria multiflora Mart. ex Benth. =Tapirira guianensis
Mauria obtusa Benth. =Tapirira obtusa
Spondias cytherea Sonn. =Spondias dulcis
Spondias lutea L. =Spondias mombin
Tapirira fanshawei Sandwith =Tapirira guianensis
Tapirira guianensis Aubl. var. cuneata Engl. =Tapirira guianensis
Tapirira guianensis Aubl. var. elliptica Engl. =Tapirira guianensis
Tapirira marchandii Engl. nom. illeg. =Tapirira obtusa
Tapirira myriantha Triana & Planch. =Tapirira guianensis
Tapirira pao-pombo Marchand var. major Marchand =Tapirira obtusa
Tapirira peckoltiana Engl. =Tapirira obtusa
Tapirira velutinifolia (Cowan) Marc.-Berti =Cyrtocarpa velutinifolia
Thyrsodium dasytrichum Sandwith =Thyrsodium spruceanum
Thyrsodium giganteum (Engl.) Engl. =Thyrsodium spruceanum
Thyrsodium paraense Huber =Thyrsodium spruceanum
Thyrsodium schomburgkianum Benth. =Thyrsodium spruceanum

Anisophylleaceae

Anisophyllea guianensis Sandwith GU

Annonaceae

Anaxagorea acuminata (Dunal) A. DC. AMGUSUFG
Anaxagorea angustifolia Timmerman AM
Anaxagorea brachycarpa R.E. Fr. AM
Anaxagorea brevipedicellata Timmerman FG
Anaxagorea brevipes Benth. AMBOGUSU
Anaxagorea dolichocarpa Sprague & Sandwith AMBODAGUSUFG
Anaxagorea gigantophylla R.E. Fr. AM
Anaxagorea inundata P.E. Berry & R.B. Mill. AM
Anaxagorea petiolata R.E. Fr. AMBOGU
Anaxagorea phaeocarpa Mart. FG
Anaxagorea prinoides (Dunal) A. DC. SUFG
Anaxagorea rheophytica Maas & Westra AM
Anaxagorea rufa Timmerman AM
Annona ambotay Aubl. AMBOGUSUFG
Annona atabapensis Kunth AM
Annona densicoma Mart. GUSUFG
Annona echinata Dunal GUSUFG
Annona foetida Mart. SUFG
Annona gigantophylla (R.E. Fr.) R.E. Fr. AM
Annona glabra L. DAGUSUFG
Annona haematantha Miq. GUSUFG
Annona hypoglauca Mart. AMGUSUFG
Annona jahnii Saff. BO
Annona montana Macfad. AMBODAGUSUFG
Annona muricata L. BODAGUSUFG
Annona paludosa Aubl. GUSUFG
Annona purpurea Moç. & Sessé ex Dunal BO
Annona sericea Dunal AMBOGUSUFG
Annona symphyocarpa Sandwith AMBOGUFG
Annona tenuiflora Mart. FG
Annona tenuipes R.E. Fr. GU
Annona trunciflora R.E. Fr. AMBOFG
Annona ulei R.E. Fr. GU
Bocageopsis canescens (Spruce ex Benth.) R.E. Fr. AM
Bocageopsis multiflora (Mart.) R.E. Fr. AMBOGUSUFG
Cardiopetalum surinamense R.E. Fr. SUFG
Cremastosperma brevipes (DC. ex Dunal) R.E. Fr. FG
Cymbopetalum brasiliense (Vell.) Benth. ex Baill. AMBODAGUSUFG
Diclinanona calycina (Diels) R.E. Fr. AM
Duguetia aberrans Maas AM
Duguetia amplexifolia R.E. Fr. SUFG
Duguetia argentea (R.E. Fr.) R.E. Fr. AM
Duguetia cadaverica Huber GUSUFG
Duguetia calycina Benoist AMGUSUFG
Duguetia cauliflora R.E. Fr. AMBOGUSU
Duguetia chrysea Maas GU
Duguetia decurrens R.E. Fr. GU
Duguetia dimorphopetala R.E. Fr. AM
Duguetia eximia Diels SUFG
Duguetia flagellaris Huber AM
Duguetia granvilleana Maas FG
Duguetia guianensis R.E. Fr. GUSU
Duguetia inconspicua Sagot GUSUFG
Duguetia latifolia R.E. Fr. AMGU
Duguetia lepidota (Miq.) Pulle AMBOSU
Duguetia lucida Urb. AMBODAGU
Duguetia macrocalyx R.E. Fr. GU
Duguetia macrophylla R.E. Fr. AM
Duguetia megalophylla R.E. Fr. BODAGU
Duguetia neglecta Sandwith GUSU
Duguetia oligocarpa Maas & van Dam FG
Duguetia paraensis R.E. Fr. GUFG
Duguetia pauciflora Rusby BODAGU
Duguetia pycnastera Sandwith AMBODAGUSUFG
Duguetia quitarensis Benth. AMGU
Duguetia riberensis Aristeg. ex Maas & Boon BO
Duguetia rigida R.E. Fr. AMBOGU
Duguetia rionegrensis van Zuilen & Maas AM
Duguetia riparia Huber SUFG
Duguetia sancticaroli Maas AM
Duguetia schulzii Jans.-Jac. SU
Duguetia surinamensis R.E. Fr. GUSUFG
Duguetia tenuis R.E. Fr. AMGU
Duguetia trunciflora Maas & A.H. Gentry AMFG
Duguetia uniflora (Dunal) Mart. AM
Duguetia vallicola J.F. Macbr. AM
Duguetia venezuelana R.E. Fr. AM
Duguetia yeshidan Sandwith BODAGUSUFG
Ephedranthus guianensis R.E. Fr. AMGUSUFG
Fusaea longifolia (Aubl.) Saff. AMBOGUSUFG
Guatteria atabapensis Aristeg. ex D.M. Johnson & N.A. Murray AM
Guatteria atra Sandwith GU
Guatteria axilliflora (DC.) R.E. Fr. FG
Guatteria brachypoda R.E. Fr. GU
Guatteria cardoniana R.E. Fr. [cf. Guatteria recurvisepala] AMBO
Guatteria citriodora Ducke GUSUFG
Guatteria clusiifolia D.M. Johnson & N.A. Murray GU
Guatteria conspicua R.E. Fr. GUSUFG
Guatteria discolor R.E. Fr. FG
Guatteria dura R.E. Fr. AM
Guatteria elongata Benth. [Brazilian species? "Rio Negro"] GU?
Guatteria flexilis R.E. Fr. BODAGU
Guatteria foliosa Benth. AMBOFG
Guatteria gracilipes R.E. Fr. SU
Guatteria guianensis (Aubl.) R.E. Fr. FG
Guatteria insculpta R.E. Fr. AM
Guatteria insignis R.E. Fr. SU
Guatteria inundata Mart. AM
Guatteria latipetala R.E. Fr. AM
Guatteria liesneri D.M. Johnson & N.A. Murray AMBO
Guatteria longicuspis R.E. Fr. AM
Guatteria maguirei R.E. Fr. AM
Guatteria maypurensis Kunth AMBOGU
Guatteria megalophylla Diels GU
Guatteria monticola R.E. Fr. GU
Guatteria oblonga R.E. Fr. SU?FG
Guatteria obovata R.E. Fr. [Brazilian species? "Rio Negro, Lagoon Pedrero"] GU?
Guatteria ouregou (Aubl.) Dunal FG
Guatteria ovalifolia R.E. Fr. AMBODAGU
Guatteria paludosa R.E. Fr. GU
Guatteria procera R.E. Fr. GUSUFG
Guatteria pteropus Benth. SUFG
Guatteria punctata (Aubl.) R.A. Howard GUSUFG
Guatteria recurvisepala R.E. Fr. [cf. Guatteria cardoniana] GUFG
Guatteria richardii R.E. Fr. FG
Guatteria riparia R.E. Fr. AM
Guatteria rubrinervis R.E. Fr. BODAGU
Guatteria scandens Ducke GUSUFG
Guatteria schomburgkiana Mart. AMBOGUSUFG
Guatteria stenopetala R.E. Fr. AM
Guatteria subsessilis Mart. AMGU
Guatteria trichostemon R.E. Fr. SU
Guatteria umbonata R.E. Fr. GU
Guatteria wachenheimi Benoist GUSUFG
Guatteria williamsii R.E. Fr. AM
Guatteriopsis blepharophylla (Mart.) R.E. Fr. BOSUFG
Heteropetalum brasiliense Benth. AM
Malmea guianensis R.E. Fr. GU
Malmea surinamensis Chatrou SU
Mosannona discolor (R.E. Fr.) Chatrou GU
Oxandra asbeckii (Pulle) R.E. Fr. AMGUSUFG
Oxandra espintana (Spruce ex Benth.) Baill. AMBO
Oxandra euneura Diels AM
Oxandra guianensis R.E. Fr. GU
Oxandra krukoffii R.E. Fr. SU
Oxandra leucodermis (Spruce ex Benth.) Warm. AM
Oxandra surinamensis Jans.-Jac. SU
Oxandra xylopioides Diels AMGUSUFG
Pseudephedranthus fragrans (R.E. Fr.) Aristeg. AM
Pseudoxandra coriacea R.E. Fr. AM
Pseudoxandra cuspidata Maas FG
Pseudoxandra guianensis (R.E. Fr.) R.E. Fr. GUFG
Pseudoxandra polyphleba (Diels) R.E. Fr. AMBOGUFG
Rollinia cuspidata Mart. AMGUFG
Rollinia elliptica R.E. Fr. SUFG
Rollinia exsucca (DC. ex Dunal) A. DC. AMBODAGUSUFG
Rollinia mucosa (Jacq.) Baill. BOGUSUFG
Tetrameranthus duckei R.E. Fr. AM
Trigynaea caudata (R.E. Fr.) R.E. Fr. GUSU
Trigynaea duckei (R.E. Fr.) R.E. Fr. GU
Unonopsis glaucopetala R.E. Fr. AMBODAGUSUFG
Unonopsis grandis (Benth.) R.E. Fr. AM
Unonopsis guatterioides (A. DC.) R.E. Fr. BOGUSUFG
Unonopsis perrottetii (A. DC.) R.E. Fr. GUFG
Unonopsis rufescens (Baill.) R.E. Fr. GUSUFG
Unonopsis stipitata Diels AMGUSUFG
Unonopsis velutina Maas AMBO
Xylopia amazonica R.E. Fr. AMBOSU
Xylopia aromatica (Lam.) Mart. AMBODAGUSUFG
Xylopia benthamii R.E. Fr. AMBOGUSUFG
Xylopia calophylla R.E. Fr. AMBOGU
Xylopia cayennensis Maas [replacement name for Xylopia longifolia] GUSUFG
Xylopia crinita R.E. Fr. AMFG
Xylopia discreta (L. f.) Sprague & Hutch. AMBOGUSUFG
Xylopia emarginata Mart. AM
Xylopia excellens R.E. Fr. AMFG
Xylopia frutescens Aubl. AMBODAGUSUFG
Xylopia ligustrifolia Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal AM
Xylopia nervosa (R.E. Fr.) Maas FG
Xylopia nitida Dunal BODAGUSUFG
Xylopia parviflora Spruce AMFG
Xylopia plowmanii P.E. Berry & D.M. Johnson AM
Xylopia pulcherrima Sandwith GUSUFG
Xylopia sericea A. St.-Hil. AMBOGUSUFG
Xylopia spruceana Benth. ex Spruce AM
Xylopia surinamensis R.E. Fr. GUSUFG
Xylopia venezuelana R.E. Fr. AMBO

Annonaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Aberemoa argentea R.E. Fr. =Duguetia argentea
Aberemoa guianensis Aubl. =Guatteria guianensis
Aberemoa longifolia (Aubl.) Baill. =Fusaea longifolia
Anaxagorea mutica R.E. Fr. =Anaxagorea dolichocarpa
Annona axilliflora DC. =Guatteria axilliflora
Annona exsucca DC. ex Dunal =Rollinia exsucca
Annona guaricensis Pittier =Annona jahnii
Annona hostmannii Steud. =Guatteria schomburgkiana
Annona jenmanii Saff. =Annona sericea
Annona lepidota Miq. =Duguetia lepidota
Annona longifolia Aubl. =Fusaea longifolia
Annona manirote Kunth =Annona purpurea
Annona mucosa Jacq. =Rollinia mucosa
Annona palustris L. =Annona glabra
Annona punctata Aubl. =Guatteria punctata
Annona rhombipetala Ruiz & Pav. ex G. Don =Fusaea longifolia
Annona uniflora Dunal =Duguetia uniflora
Bocagea asbeckii Pulle =Oxandra asbeckii
Bocagea espintana Spruce ex Benth. =Oxandra espintana
Bocagea leucodermis Spruce ex Benth. =Oxandra leucodermis
Bocagea multiflora Mart. =Bocageopsis multiflora
Cananga ouregou Aubl. =Guatteria ouregou
Cremastosperma guianense R.E. Fr. =Pseudoxandra guianensis
Cremastosperma poiteaui (Diels) R.E. Fr. =Cremastosperma brevipes
Cremastosperma polyphlebum (Diels) R.E. Fr. =Pseudoxandra polyphleba
Diclinanona calycina (Diels) R.E. Fr. var. macrophylla R.E. Fr. =Diclinanona calycina
Duguetia adiscandra Jans.-Jac. =Duguetia cadaverica
Duguetia cuspidata R.E. Fr. =Duguetia calycina
Duguetia elegans R.E. Fr. =Duguetia calycina
Duguetia friesii Jans.-Jac. =Duguetia cadaverica
Duguetia insculpta R.E. Fr. =Duguetia riparia
Duguetia longifolia (Aubl.) Baill. =Fusaea longifolia
Duguetia obovata R.E. Fr. =Duguetia yeshidan
Duguetia rostrata Rusby =Duguetia pauciflora
Duguetia sandwithii R.E. Fr. =Duguetia yeshidan
Ephedranthus fragrans R.E. Fr. =Pseudephedranthus fragrans
Froesiodendron surinamense (R.E. Fr.) R.E. Fr. =Cardiopetalum surinamense
Fusaea decurrens R.E. Fr. =Fusaea longifolia
Guatteria bernardii R.E. Fr. =Guatteria schomburgkiana
Guatteria blepharophylla Mart. =Guatteriopsis blepharophylla
Guatteria calva R.E. Fr. =Guatteria maypurensis
Guatteria chrysopetala (Steud.) Miq. =Guatteria punctata
Guatteria ferruginea A. St.-Hil. [not in flora area]
Guatteria flavovirens R.E. Fr. =Guatteria schomburgkiana
Guatteria heteropetala Benth. =Heteropetalum brasiliense
Guatteria maypurensis Kunth var. attenuata R.E. Fr. =Guatteria maypurensis
Guatteria maypurensis Kunth var. pulchra R.E. Fr. =Guatteria maypurensis
Guatteria microsperma R.E. Fr. =Guatteria wachenheimii
Guatteria ouregou Mart., non Dunal =Guatteria pteropus
Guatteria ouregou Griseb., non Dunal [not in flora area] =Guatteria inuncta
Guatteria podocarpa DC. ex Dunal =Guatteria ouregou
Guatteria sagotiana R.E. Fr. =Guatteria punctata
Guatteria sandwithii R.E. Fr. =Guatteria schomburgkiana
Guatteria sessilis R.E. Fr. =Guatteria schomburgkiana
Guatteria spruceana R.E. Fr. =Guatteria schomburgkiana
Guatteria velezii R.E. Fr. =Guatteria maypurensis
Guatteria wessels-boerii Jans.-Jac. =Guatteria punctata
Heteropetalum spruceanum R.E. Fr. =Heteropetalum brasiliense
Heteropetalum spruceanum R.E. Fr. var. longipetalum R.E. Fr. =Heteropetalum brasiliense
Hornschuchia caudata R.E. Fr. =Trigynaea caudata
Hornschuchia duckei R.E. Fr. =Trigynaea duckei
Hornschuchia guianensis R.E. Fr. =Trigynaea duckei
Malmea discolor R.E. Fr. =Mosannona discolor
Oxandra nervosa R.E. Fr. =Xylopia nervosa
Pseudoxandra lucida R.E. Fr. [under revision as of 2000] =Pseudoxandra polyphleba?
Raimondia tenuiflora (Mart.) R.E. Fr. =Annona tenuiflora
Rollinia cardiantha Diels =Rollinia cuspidata
Rollinia multiflora Splitg. =Rollinia exsucca
Rollinia puberula A. DC. =Rollinia exsucca
Rollinia pulchrinervia A. DC. =Rollinia mucosa
Rollinia sieberi A. DC. =Rollinia mucosa
Rollinia surinamensis R.E. Fr. =Rollinia exsucca
Trigynaea anastomosans Rusby =Cymbopetalum brasiliense
Trigynaea canescens Spruce ex Benth. =Bocageopsis canescens
Trigynaea grandis Benth. =Unonopsis grandis
Trigynaea guianensis (R.E. Fr.) R.E. Fr. =Trigynaea duckei
Unona crassipetala Dunal =Guatteria ouregou
Unona discreta L. f. =Xylopia discreta
Unonopsis polyphleba Diels =Pseudoxandra polyphleba
Uva brasiliensis (Vell.) Kuntze =Cymbopetalum brasiliense
Uvaria aromatica Lam. =Xylopia aromatica
Uvaria brasiliensis Vell. =Cymbopetalum brasiliense
Uvaria guatterioides A. DC. =Unonopsis guatterioides
Uvaria spectabilis DC. =Fusaea longifolia
Waria zeylanica Aubl. [non Uvaria zeylanica L.] =Xylopia nitida?
Xylopia acuminata Dunal =Anaxagorea acuminata
Xylopia calycina Diels =Diclinanona calycina
Xylopia gigantophylla R.E. Fr. =Annona gigantophylla
Xylopia grandiflora A. St.-Hil. =Xylopia aromatica
Xylopia longifolia (Sagot) R.E. Fr., non A. DC. =Xylopia cayennensis
Xylopia longifolia A. DC. =Xylopia aromatica
Xylopia neglecta (Kuntze) R.E. Fr. =Xylopia parviflora
Xylopia nitida Dunal var. longifolia Sagot =Xylopia cayennensis

Apiaceae

Eryngium ebracteatum Lam. BO
Eryngium foetidum L. AMBODAGUSUFG
Hydrocotyle rotundifolia Roxb. [introduced, no recent records] GU?
Hydrocotyle umbellata L. AMDAGUSUFG

Apocynaceae

Allamanda cathartica L. BODAGUSUFG
Allamanda doniana Müll. Arg. AMBO
Allamanda oenotherifolia Pohl AM
Allamanda schottii Pohl FG
Allamanda setulosa Miq. GUSU
Allamanda thevetiifolia Müll. Arg. AM
Ambelania acida Aubl. BOGUSUFG
Aspidosperma album (Vahl) Benoist ex Pichon BODAGUSUFG
Aspidosperma araracanga Marc.-Ferr. AM
Aspidosperma carapanauba Pichon FG
Aspidosperma cruentum Woodson AMBODAGUSUFG
Aspidosperma cuspa (Kunth) S.F. Blake ex Pittier AMBO
Aspidosperma decussatum Woodson BO
Aspidosperma discolor A. DC. BOSU
Aspidosperma excelsum Benth. AMBODAGUSUFG
Aspidosperma glaucum Monach. AM
Aspidosperma helstonei Donsel. SUFG
Aspidosperma leucocymosum Kuhlm. AM
Aspidosperma macrophyllum Müll. Arg. subsp. macrophyllum GU
Aspidosperma macrophyllum Müll. Arg. subsp. morii L. Allorge FG
Aspidosperma marcgravianum Woodson AMBODAGUSUFG
Aspidosperma neblinae Monach. AM
Aspidosperma oblongum A. DC. BOGUSUFG
Aspidosperma pachypterum Müll. Arg. AM
Aspidosperma pichonianum Woodson BO
Aspidosperma sandwithianum Markgr. GUSUFG
Aspidosperma schultesii Woodson FG
Aspidosperma spruceanum Benth. ex Müll. Arg. GUSUFG
Aspidosperma steyermarkii Woodson BO
Aspidosperma ulei Markgr. AMBOGUSU
Aspidosperma vargasii A. DC. BOGUSU
Aspidosperma verruculosum Müll. Arg. AM
Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don [widely cultivated, escaping] AMBOGUSUFG
Condylocarpon amazonicum (Markgr.) Ducke AMSUFG?
Condylocarpon guyanense Desf. GUFG
Condylocarpon intermedium Müll. Arg. var. intermedium DAGUSUFG
Condylocarpon myrtifolium (Miq.) Müll. Arg. DAGUSUFG
Condylocarpon pubiflorum Müll. Arg. AMFG
Couma catingae Ducke AMGU
Couma guianensis Aubl. GUSUFG
Couma macrocarpa Barb. Rodr. AMBOGU
Couma rigida Müll. Arg. AMBOGU
Couma utilis (Mart.) Müll. Arg. AMBO
Forsteronia acouci (Aubl.) A. DC. AMBOGUSUFG
Forsteronia adenobasis Müll. Arg. BOGUFG
Forsteronia affinis Müll. Arg. AM
Forsteronia diospyrifolia Müll. Arg. BOGU
Forsteronia duckei Markgr. GU
Forsteronia gracilis (Benth.) Müll. Arg. DAGUSU
Forsteronia guyanensis Müll. Arg. BODAGUSUFG
Forsteronia laurifolia (Benth.) A. DC. AM
Forsteronia lucida Markgr. AM
Forsteronia obtusiloba Müll. Arg. BOGUSU
Forsteronia paraensis Hansen GU
Forsteronia schomburgkii A. DC. GU
Forsteronia umbellata (Aubl.) Woodson AMFG
Galactophora calycina (Huber ex Ducke) Woodson AM
Galactophora colellana Morillo AM
Galactophora crassifolia (Müll. Arg.) Woodson AM
Galactophora pulchella Woodson AM
Galactophora pumila Monach. AM
Galactophora schomburgkiana Woodson var. megaphylla Monach. AM
Galactophora schomburgkiana Woodson var. schomburgkiana AMBOGU
Geissospermum argenteum Woodson GUSUFG
Geissospermum laeve (Thunb.) Miers GUSUFG
Geissospermum reticulatum A.H. Gentry AM
Geissospermum sericeum Benth. & Hook. f. ex Miers GUSUFG
Himatanthus articulatus (Vahl) Woodson AMBODAGUSUFG
Himatanthus attenuatus (Benth.) Woodson var. attenuatus AM
Himatanthus attenuatus (Benth.) Woodson var. obtusifolius (Müll. Arg.) Plumel AM
Himatanthus bracteatus (A. DC.) Woodson var. bracteatus AMBOGUSUFG
Himatanthus bracteatus (A. DC.) Woodson var. revolutus (Huber) Plumel GU
Himatanthus drasticus (Mart.) Plumel GUSUFG
Himatanthus fallax (Müll. Arg.) Plumel GUSUFG
Himatanthus obovatus (Müll. Arg.) Woodson GU
Himatanthus phagedaenicus (Mart.) Woodson AM
Himatanthus semilunatus Markgr. AM
Himatanthus speciosus (Müll. Arg.) Plumel FG
Himatanthus stenophyllus Plumel SU
Himatanthus sucuuba (Spruce ex Müll. Arg.) Woodson BOGUSUFG
Hylaea arborescens (Monach.) J.F. Morales AM
Kopsia arborea Blume FG
Lacmellea aculeata (Ducke) Monach. GUSUFG
Lacmellea arborescens (Müll. Arg.) Markgr. GU?
Lacmellea floribunda (Poepp.) Benth. & Hook. f. SUFG
Lacmellea guyanensis (Müll. Arg.) Monach. FG
Lacmellea microcarpa (Müll. Arg.) Markgr. AM
Lacmellea pygmaea Monach. var. latifolia Monach. AM
Lacmellea pygmaea Monach. var. pygmaea AM
Lacmellea ramosissima (Müll. Arg.) Markgr. BO
Lacmellea utilis (Arn.) Markgr. AMGUFG?
Laxoplumeria baehniana Monach. FG
Macoubea guianensis Aubl. BOGUSUFG
Macoubea sprucei (Müll. Arg.) Markgr. BO
Macropharynx spectabilis (Stadelm.) Woodson GUSU
Macropharynx strigillosa Woodson BOGU
Malouetia calva Markgr. AM
Malouetia duckei Markgr. [expected on or near Sierra de la Neblina]
Malouetia flavescens (Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.) Müll. Arg. AMDAGUSUFG
Malouetia glandulifera Miers AM
Malouetia gracilis (Benth.) A. DC. GUFG?
Malouetia grandiflora Woodson AM
Malouetia molongo M.E. Endress AM
Malouetia naias M.E. Endress AM
Malouetia pubescens Markgr. var. glabra M.E. Endress BOGU
Malouetia tamaquarina (Aubl.) A. DC. AMBODAGUSUFG
Malouetia virescens Spruce ex Müll. Arg. AM
Mandevilla anceps Woodson AM
Mandevilla annulariifolia Woodson AM
Mandevilla aracamunensis Morillo AM
Mandevilla benthamii (A. DC.) K. Schum. BOGU
Mandevilla caurensis Markgr. AMBO
Mandevilla duidae (Woodson) Woodson AM
Mandevilla filifolia Monach. AMBO
Mandevilla hirsuta (Rich.) K. Schum. AMBODAGUSUFG
Mandevilla holstii Morillo AMGU
Mandevilla huberi Morillo AM
Mandevilla javitensis (Kunth) K. Schum. AM
Mandevilla lancifolia Woodson AMBO
Mandevilla leptophylla (A. DC.) K. Schum. BOGU
Mandevilla obtusifolia Monach. AM
Mandevilla pachyphylla Woodson BO
Mandevilla rugellosa (Rich.) L. Allorge GUSUFG
Mandevilla rugosa (Benth.) Woodson GU
Mandevilla scaberula N.E. Br. BOGUFG
Mandevilla scabra (Hoffmanns. ex Roem. & Schult.) K. Schum. AMBOGUSUFG
Mandevilla spruceana (Müll. Arg.) K. Schum. AMGU
Mandevilla steyermarkii Woodson AMBOGU
Mandevilla subcarnosa (Benth.) Woodson var. angustata Steyerm. BOGU
Mandevilla subcarnosa (Benth.) Woodson var. subcarnosa AMBOGU
Mandevilla subspicata (Vahl) Markgr. BODAGUSUFG
Mandevilla surinamensis (Pulle) Woodson AMBOGUSUFG
Mandevilla symphitocarpa (G. Mey.) Woodson BODAGUSUFG
Mandevilla tenuifolia (Mik.) Woodson SU
Mandevilla trianae Woodson GU
Mandevilla turgida Woodson AMBO
Mandevilla vanheurckii (Müll. Arg.) Markgr. GU
Mesechites acutisepala Monach. AM
Mesechites trifida (Jacq.) Müll. Arg. AMBODAGUSUFG
Microplumeria anomala (Müll. Arg.) Markgr. AMBO
Molongum laxum (Benth.) Pichon AM
Molongum lucidum (Kunth) Zarucchi AM
Mucoa pantchenkoana (Markgr.) Zarucchi BO
Neocouma parviflora (Markgr.) Zarucchi AM
Neocouma ternstroemiacea (Müll. Arg.) Pierre AM
Nerium oleander L. [cultivated, perhaps escaping] GUSUFG
Odontadenia funigera Woodson AM
Odontadenia geminata (Hoffmanns. ex Roem. & Schult.) Müll. Arg. AMGUSUFG
Odontadenia glauca Woodson AMGU?
Odontadenia macrantha (Roem. & Schult.) Markgr. AMBODAGUSUFG
Odontadenia nitida (Vahl) Müll. Arg. AMBOGUSUFG
Odontadenia perrottetii (A. DC.) Woodson GUFG
Odontadenia puncticulosa (Rich.) Pulle AMBOGUSUFG
Odontadenia sandwithiana Woodson GU
Odontadenia verrucosa (Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.) K. Schum. ex Markgr. AMGUSU
Pacouria guianensis Aubl. AMGUSUFG
Parahancornia fasciculata (Poir.) Benoist ex Pichon DAGUSUFG
Parahancornia negroensis Monach. AM
Parahancornia oblonga (Benth. ex Müll. Arg.) Monach. AM
Parahancornia surrogata Zarucchi AM
Plumeria inodora Jacq. AMBOGU
Plumeria rubra L. [cultivated & escaped] GUSUFG
Prestonia acutifolia (Benth. ex Müll. Arg.) K. Schum. AMBODAGUSU
Prestonia annularis (L. f.) G. Don GUSUFG
Prestonia cayennensis (A. DC.) Pichon BOGUFG
Prestonia coalita (Vell.) Woodson GUFG
Prestonia exserta (A. DC.) Standl. BO
Prestonia finitima Woodson AM
Prestonia guianensis Gleason AMGU
Prestonia ipomaeifolia A. DC. FG
Prestonia lindleyana Woodson ex Gleason & A.C. Sm. AMBOGU?
Prestonia megagros (Vell.) Woodson AMBOGU?
Prestonia perplexa Woodson GU?
Prestonia quinquangularis (Jacq.) Spreng. GUSU
Prestonia surinamensis Müll. Arg. GUSUFG
Prestonia tomentosa R. Br. AMBODAGUSU?
Prestonia vaupesiana Woodson AM
Rauvolfia ligustrina Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. BOGUSU
Rauvolfia pachyphylla Markgr. BOGU
Rauvolfia paraensis Ducke SUFG
Rauvolfia polyphylla Benth. AM
Rauvolfia tetraphylla L. FG
Rhabdadenia biflora (Jacq.) Müll. Arg. BODAGUSUFG
Rhabdadenia macrostoma (Benth.) Müll. Arg. DAGUSUFG
Rhabdadenia pohlii Müll. Arg. BODAGUSUFG
Rhigospira quadrangularis (Müll. Arg.) Miers AMBO
Salpinctes kalmiifolius Woodson AM
Secondatia densiflora A. DC. AMBOGUSUFG
Spongiosperma cataractarum Zarucchi BO
Spongiosperma macrophyllum (Müll. Arg.) Zarucchi AM
Spongiosperma oleifolium (Monach.) Zarucchi AM
Spongiosperma riparium (Monach.) Zarucchi AM
Stemmadenia grandiflora (Jacq.) Miers AMBOGUSUFG
Tabernaemontana albiflora (Miq.) Pulle [=Bonafousia albiflora] GUSUFG
Tabernaemontana angulata Mart. ex Müll. Arg. [=Bonafousia angulata] GUFG
Tabernaemontana attenuata (Miers) Urb. [=Anartia meyeri] AMBODAGUSUFG
Tabernaemontana cerea (Woodson) Leeuwenb. [=Anartia cerea] BODAGUSU
Tabernaemontana cymosa Jacq. [=Peschiera cymosa] BODAGU
Tabernaemontana disticha A. DC. [=Bonafousia disticha] AMGUSUFG
Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R. Br. ex Roem. & Schult. [cultivated or escaped from cultivation] GU
Tabernaemontana flavicans Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. [=Anartia flavicans] AMBOGU?SU?FG?
Tabernaemontana heterophylla Vahl [=Stenosolen heterophyllus] AMBODAGUSUFG
Tabernaemontana lagenaria Leeuwenb. SUFG
Tabernaemontana lorifera (Miers) Leeuwenb. [=Bonafousia lorifera] GUSU
Tabernaemontana macrocalyx Müll. Arg. [=Bonafousia macrocalyx, Bonafousia muelleriana] AMBOGUSUFG
Tabernaemontana maxima Markgr. AM
Tabernaemontana palustris Markgr. AM
Tabernaemontana pandacaqui Lam. [Asian species, cultivated only?] FG
Tabernaemontana rupicola Benth. [=Bonafousia rupicola] AMGUSUFG
Tabernaemontana sananho Ruiz & Pav. [=Bonafousia sananho] AMBOGUSUFG
Tabernaemontana siphilitica (L. f.) Leeuwenb. [=Bonafousia siphilitica] AMBODAGUSUFG
Tabernaemontana undulata Vahl [=Bonafousia undulata] AMBODAGUSUFG
Thevetia ahouai A. DC. BO
Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K. Schum. AMBODAGUSUFG

Apocynaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Ahouai nitida (Kunth) Pichon =Thevetia ahouai
Ambelania cucumerina Miers =Ambelania acida
Ambelania cuneata Müll. Arg. =Molongum lucidum
Ambelania lanceolata Markgr. =Spongiosperma oleifolium
Ambelania laxa (Benth.) Müll. Arg. =Molongum laxum
Ambelania lopezii Woodson =Spongiosperma macrophyllum
Ambelania lucida (Kunth) Markgr. =Molongum lucidum
Ambelania macrophylla Müll. Arg. =Spongiosperma macrophyllum
Ambelania oleifolia Monach. =Spongiosperma oleifolium
Ambelania oleifolia Monach. var. riparia Monach. =Spongiosperma riparium
Ambelania pantchenkoana Markgr. =Mucoa pantchenkoana
Ambelania parviflora Markgr. =Neocouma parviflora
Ambelania quadrangularis Müll. Arg. =Rhigospira quadrangularis
Ambelania sagotii Müll. Arg. =Ambelania acida
Ambelania tenuiflora Müll. Arg. =Ambelania acida
Ambelania tenuiflora Müll. Arg. var. tenuiramea Müll. Arg. =Ambelania acida
Ambelania ternstroemiacea (Müll. Arg.) Monach. =Neocouma ternstroemiacea
Amblyanthera crassifolia Müll. Arg. =Galactophora crassifolia
Amblyanthera spruceana Müll. Arg. =Mandevilla spruceana
Anacampta albescens (Rusby) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana undulata
Anacampta disticha (A. DC.) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana disticha
Anacampta echinata (Aubl.) Markgr. [see Tabernaemontana echinata, Peschiera echinata]
Anacampta macrocalyx (Müll. Arg.) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana macrocalyx
Anacampta maxima (Markgr.) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana maxima
Anacampta muelleriana (Mart. ex Müll. Arg.) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana macrocalyx
Anacampta palustris (Markgr.) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana palustris
Anacampta rigida (Miers) Markgr. [not in flora area] =Tabernaemontana muricata Link ex Roem. & Schult.
Anacampta rupicola (Benth.) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana rupicola
Anartia attenuata (Miers) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana attenuata
Anartia cerea (Woodson) L. Allorge =Tabernaemontana cerea
Anartia flavicans (Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.) Miers =Tabernaemontana flavicans
Anartia meyeri (G. Mey. ex G. Don) Miers =Tabernaemontana attenuata
Anartia oblongifolia (A. DC.) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana flavicans
Anartia olivacea (Müll. Arg.) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana flavicans
Anechites amazonica Markgr. =Condylocarpon amazonicum
Anechites nerium Urb. [not in flora area]
Angadenia geminata (Hoffmanns. ex Roem. & Schult.) Miers =Odontadenia geminata
Angadenia nitida (Vahl) Miers =Odontadenia nitida
Anisolobus cognatus (Stadelm.) Müll. Arg. =Odontadenia verrucosa
Anisolobus puncticulosus (Rich.) Miq. =Odontadenia puncticulosa
Apocynum acouci Aubl. =Forsteronia acouci
Apocynum cumanense Willd. ex Schult. (Asclepiadaceae) =Matelea cumanensis
Apocynum paniculatum Lam. =Forsteronia acouci
Apocynum umbellatum Aubl. =Forsteronia umbellata
Aspidosperma anomalum Müll. Arg. =Microplumeria anomala
Aspidosperma decipiens Müll. Arg. =Aspidosperma cuspa
Aspidosperma decussatum Woodson subsp. jauaensis Steyerm. & Maguire =Aspidosperma decussatum
Aspidosperma desmanthum Benth. ex Müll. Arg. =Aspidosperma album
Aspidosperma exalatum Monach. =Aspidosperma pachypterum
Aspidosperma lucentivenium S.F. Blake =Aspidosperma cuspa
Aspidosperma megalocarpon Müll. Arg. [not in flora area]
Aspidosperma nitidum Benth. ex Müll. Arg. [not in flora area]
Aspidosperma quadriovulatum Pittier =Rauvolfia pachyphylla
Aspidosperma rhombeosignatum Markgr. =Aspidosperma pachypterum
Aspidosperma verruculosum Müll. Arg. var. laeve Monach. =Aspidosperma verruculosum
Aspidosperma woodsonianum Markgr. =Aspidosperma spruceanum
Bonafousia albiflora (Miq.) Boiteau & L. Allorge =Tabernaemontana albiflora
Bonafousia angulata (Mart. ex Müll. Arg.) Boiteau & L. Allorge =Tabernaemontana angulata
Bonafousia attenuata Miers =Tabernaemontana attenuata
Bonafousia disticha (A. DC.) Boiteau & L. Allorge =Tabernaemontana disticha
Bonafousia lorifera (Miers) Boiteau & L. Allorge =Tabernaemontana lorifera
Bonafousia macrocalyx (Müll. Arg.) Boiteau & L. Allorge =Tabernaemontana macrocalyx
Bonafousia maxima (Markgr.) Boiteau & L. Allorge =Tabernaemontana maxima
Bonafousia morettii L. Allorge =Tabernaemontana macrocalyx
Bonafousia muelleriana (Mart. ex Müll. Arg.) Boiteau & L. Allorge =Tabernaemontana macrocalyx
Bonafousia obliqua Miers =Tabernaemontana undulata
Bonafousia oblongifolia (A. DC.) Miers =Tabernaemontana flavicans
Bonafousia palustris (Markgr.) Boiteau & L. Allorge =Tabernaemontana palustris
Bonafousia rimulosa (Woodson ex R.E. Schult.) Boiteau & L. Allorge =Tabernaemontana palustris
Bonafousia rupicola (Benth.) Miers =Tabernaemontana rupicola
Bonafousia rupicola (Benth.) Miers var. versicolor (Woodson) L. Allorge =Tabernaemontana rupicola
Bonafousia sananho (Ruiz & Pav.) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana sananho
Bonafousia siphilitica (L. f.) L. Allorge =Tabernaemontana siphilitica
Bonafousia speciosa (Poir.) Boiteau =Tabernaemontana siphilitica
Bonafousia tetrastachya (Kunth) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana siphilitica
Bonafousia undulata (Vahl) A. DC. =Tabernaemontana undulata
Cameraria tamaquarina Aubl. =Malouetia tamaquarina
Cerbera ahouai L. =Thevetia ahouai
Cerbera nitida Kunth =Thevetia ahouai
Cerbera peruviana Pers. =Thevetia peruviana
Codonemma macrocalyx (Müll. Arg.) Miers =Tabernaemontana macrocalyx
Collophora utilis Mart. =Couma utilis
Condylocarpon breviarticulatum Müll. Arg. =Condylocarpon intermedium var. intermedium
Condylocarpon ciliatum Müll. Arg. =Condylocarpon pubiflorum
Condylocarpon hirtellum Ducke =Condylocarpon pubiflorum
Condylocarpon intermedium Müll. Arg. var. brevifolium Müll. Arg. =Condylocarpon intermedium var. intermedium
Condylocarpon longii Standl. & L.O. Williams =Condylocarpon intermedium var. intermedium
Condylocarpon obtusiusculum Müll. Arg. =Condylocarpon intermedium var. intermedium
Condylocarpon occidentale Markgr. =Condylocarpon amazonicum
Condylocarpon rauwolfiae Müll. Arg. [not in flora area] =Condylocarpon isthmicum (Vell.) A. DC.
Condylocarpon reticulatum Ducke =Condylocarpon amazonicum
Conoria cuspa Kunth =Aspidosperma cuspa
Couma capiron Pittier =Couma macrocarpa
Couma caurensis Pittier =Couma macrocarpa
Couma fasciculata (Poir.) Benoist =Parahancornia fasciculata
Couma multinervis Monach. =Couma utilis
Couma oblonga Benth. ex Müll. Arg. =Parahancornia oblonga
Couma sapida Pittier =Couma macrocarpa
Cylindrosperma anomalum (Müll. Arg.) Ducke =Microplumeria anomala
Dipladenia calycina Huber ex Ducke =Galactophora calycina
Dipladenia surinamensis Pulle =Mandevilla surinamensis
Dipladenia upatae Woodson =Mandevilla surinamensis
Echites angustifolia Benth. =Mandevilla benthamii
Echites benthamii A. DC. =Mandevilla benthamii
Echites biflora Jacq. =Rhabdadenia biflora
Echites cognata Stadelm. =Odontadenia verrucosa
Echites elegans Benth. =Odontadenia geminata
Echites geminata Hoffmanns. ex Roem. & Schult. =Odontadenia geminata
Echites grandiflora G. Mey. =Odontadenia macrantha
Echites hirsuta Rich. =Mandevilla hirsuta
Echites hoffmannseggiana Steud. =Odontadenia macrantha
Echites javitensis Kunth =Mandevilla javitensis
Echites laurentiae-disca Rusby =Prestonia acutifolia
Echites leptophylla A. DC. =Mandevilla leptophylla
Echites macrantha Roem. & Schult. =Odontadenia macrantha
Echites macrostoma Benth. =Rhabdadenia macrostoma
Echites megagros Vell. =Prestonia megagros
Echites nitida Vahl =Odontadenia nitida
Echites puncticulosa Rich. =Odontadenia puncticulosa
Echites quinquangularis Jacq. =Prestonia quinquangularis
Echites rugellosa Rich. =Mandevilla rugellosa
Echites scabra Hoffmanns. ex Roem. & Schult. =Mandevilla scabra
Echites siphilitica L. f. =Tabernaemontana siphilitica
Echites spectabilis Stadelm. =Macropharynx spectabilis
Echites subcarnosa Benth. =Mandevilla subcarnosa
Echites subspicata Vahl =Mandevilla subspicata
Echites symphytocarpa G. Mey. =Mandevilla symphitocarpa
Echites trifida Jacq. =Mesechites trifida
Echites tubulosa Benth. =Mesechites trifida
Echites verrucosa Roem. & Schult. =Odontadenia verrucosa
Ervatamia coronaria (Jacq.) Stapf =Tabernaemontana divaricata
Ervatamia cumingiana (A. DC.) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana pandacaqui
Exothostemon javitense (Kunth) G. Don =Mandevilla javitensis
Forsteronia benthamiana Müll. Arg. =Forsteronia acouci
Forsteronia corymbifera (Miers) Sandwith =Forsteronia acouci
Forsteronia mediocris Woodson =Forsteronia affinis
Forsteronia schomburgkii (Benth.) Müll. Arg. =Forsteronia acouci
Forsteronia viridescens S.F. Blake =Forsteronia acouci
Haemadictyon acutifolium Benth. ex Müll. Arg. =Prestonia acutifolia
Haemadictyon cayennense A. DC. =Prestonia cayennensis
Haemadictyon exsertum A. DC. =Prestonia exserta
Haemadictyon marginatum Benth. =Prestonia cayennensis
Hancornia amapa Huber =Parahancornia fasciculata
Hancornia laxa (Benth.) A. DC. =Molongum laxum
Himatanthus rigida Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. =Himatanthus articulatus
Hortsmania myrtifolia Miq. =Condylocarpon myrtifolium
Lacmellea lucida (Kunth) Miers =Molongum lucidum
Lacmellea ramosissima (Müll. Arg.) Monach. =Lacmellea ramosissima
Lacmellea utilis (Arn.) Monach. =Lacmellea utilis
Landolphia guyanensis (Aubl.) Pulle =Pacouria guianensis
Lochnera rosea (L.) Rchb. =Catharanthus roseus
Macaglia alba Vahl =Aspidosperma album
Macaglia excelsa (Benth.) Kuntze =Aspidosperma excelsum
Macaglia oblonga (A. DC.) Kuntze =Aspidosperma oblongum
Macaglia verruculosa (Müll. Arg.) Kuntze =Aspidosperma verruculosum
Macoubea fasciculata (Poir.) Lemée =Parahancornia fasciculata
Macoubea guianensis Aubl. var. reticulata (A. DC.) L. Allorge =Macoubea guianensis
Macoubea paucifolia (Spruce ex Müll. Arg.) Markgr. ex Ll. Williams =Macoubea guianensis
Macoubea reticulata (A. DC.) Markgr. =Macoubea guianensis
Macoubea sinuosa (Miers) Markgr. =Macoubea guianensis
Macoubea sprucei (Müll. Arg.) Markgr. var. paucifolia (Spruce ex Müll. Arg.) Monach. =Macoubea guianensis
Malouetia furfuracea Spruce ex Müll. Arg. =Malouetia tamaquarina
Malouetia guianensis (Aubl.) Miers =Malouetia tamaquarina
Malouetia lactiflua Miers =Parahancornia fasciculata
Malouetia mexiae Woodson =Malouetia flavescens
Malouetia obtusiloba A. DC. =Malouetia tamaquarina
Malouetia odorata DC. =Malouetia tamaquarina
Malouetia retroflexa Müll. Arg. [not in flora area] =Malouetia cubana A. DC.
Malouetia schomburgkii Müll. Arg. =Malouetia flavescens
Malouetia tetrastachya (Kunth) Miers =Tabernaemontana siphilitica
Mandevilla angustissima Markgr. =Mandevilla lancifolia
Mandevilla dielsiana Markgr. =Mandevilla subcarnosa var. subcarnosa
Mandevilla glabra N.E. Br. =Mandevilla vanheurckii
Mandevilla lancifolia Woodson var. calva Monach. =Mandevilla lancifolia
Mandevilla linearis N.E. Br. =Mandevilla leptophylla
Mandevilla lutea (Vell.) Markgr. =Mandevilla scaberula
Merizadenia amplifolia Miers =Macoubea guianensis
Merizadenia sananho (Ruiz & Pav.) Miers =Tabernaemontana sananho
Mesechites syphilitica (L. f.) Lemée =Tabernaemontana siphilitica
Microplumeria anomala (Müll. Arg.) Markgr. var. parvifolia Monach. =Microplumeria anomala
Microplumeria sprucei Baill. =Microplumeria anomala
Mitozus leptophyllus (A. DC.) Miers =Mandevilla leptophylla
Molongum cuneatum (Müll. Arg.) Pichon =Molongum lucidum
Molongum macrophyllum (Müll. Arg.) Pichon =Spongiosperma macrophyllum
Odontadenia "schomburgkiana (Nees) Kr." [invalid name, error for Odontonema schomburgkiana (Acanthaceae)?]
Odontadenia amazonica (Stadelm.) Malme =Odontadenia verrucosa
Odontadenia cognata (Stadelm.) Woodson =Odontadenia verrucosa
Odontadenia cururu (Mart.) K. Schum. =Odontadenia puncticulosa
Odontadenia grandiflora (G. Mey.) Kuntze =Odontadenia macrantha
Odontadenia hoffmannseggiana (Steud.) Woodson =Odontadenia macrantha
Odontadenia kochii Pilg. =Odontadenia puncticulosa
Odontadenia neglecta Woodson =Odontadenia verrucosa
Odontadenia silvestris (A. DC.) Müll. Arg. =Odontadenia macrantha
Odontadenia speciosa Benth. =Odontadenia macrantha
Odontadenia spoliata Malme =Odontadenia puncticulosa
Odontadenia surinamensis (Pulle) Woodson =Odontadenia verrucosa
Orelia grandiflora Aubl. =Allamanda cathartica
Parahancornia amapa (Huber) Ducke =Parahancornia fasciculata
Parahancornia tabernaemontana Woodson =Macoubea guianensis
Peschiera cymosa (Jacq.) Dugand =Tabernaemontana cymosa
Peschiera echinata (Aubl.) A. DC. [name misapplied to Tabernaemontana lagenaria]
Peschiera heterophylla (Vahl) Miers =Tabernaemontana heterophylla
Peschiera psychotriifolia (Kunth) Miers =Tabernaemontana cymosa
Peschiera umbrosa (Kunth) Miers =Tabernaemontana cymosa
Plumeria alba L. var. inodora (Jacq.) G. Don =Plumeria inodora
Plumeria articulata Vahl =Himatanthus articulatus
Plumeria attenuata Benth. =Himatanthus attenuatus
Plumeria attenuata Benth. var. obtusifolia Müll. Arg. =Himatanthus attenuatus var. obtusifolius
Plumeria bracteata A. DC. =Himatanthus bracteatus
Plumeria mollis Kunth =Plumeria rubra
Plumeria phagedaenica Mart. =Himatanthus phagedaenicus
Plumeria sucuuba Spruce ex Müll. Arg. =Himatanthus sucuuba
Plumeriopsis ahouai (L.) Rusby & Woodson =Thevetia ahouai
Prestonia arborescens Monach. =Hylaea arborescens
Prestonia marginata (Benth.) Woodson =Prestonia cayennensis
Quadricasaea inaequilateralis Woodson =Tabernaemontana macrocalyx
Rauvolfia hirsuta Jacq. =Rauvolfia tetraphylla
Rauvolfia lamarckii DC. =Rauvolfia tetraphylla
Rauvolfia parvifolia Bertero ex Spreng. =Rauvolfia ligustrina
Rauvolfia ternifolia Kunth =Rauvolfia ligustrina
Rhigospira paucifolia (Spruce ex Müll. Arg.) Miers =Macoubea guianensis
Rhigospira sinuosa Miers =Macoubea guianensis
Rhigospira sprucei (Müll. Arg.) Miers =Macoubea sprucei
Rhigospira ternstroemiacea (Müll. Arg.) Miers =Neocouma ternstroemiacea
Rhigospira venulosa Miers =Spongiosperma macrophyllum
Rhipidia amazonica (Markgr.) Markgr. =Condylocarpon amazonicum
Salpinctes duidae Woodson =Mandevilla duidae
Stemmadenia cerea Woodson =Tabernaemontana cerea
Stenosolen heterophyllus (Vahl) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana heterophylla
Stenosolen holothuria Markgr. =Tabernaemontana heterophylla
Taberna albiflora (Miq.) Markgr. =Tabernaemontana albiflora
Taberna cymosa (Jacq.) Miers =Tabernaemontana cymosa
Taberna disticha Miers =Tabernaemontana disticha
Tabernaemontana albescens Rusby =Tabernaemontana undulata
Tabernaemontana aubletii Pulle, nom. illeg. =Macoubea guianensis
Tabernaemontana citrifolia Müll. Arg. [not in flora area]
Tabernaemontana coronaria (Jacq.) Willd. =Tabernaemontana divaricata
Tabernaemontana echinata Vell., non Aubl. [not in flora area] =Tabernaemontana hystrix Steud.
Tabernaemontana fasciculata Poir. =Parahancornia fasciculata
Tabernaemontana flavescens Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. =Malouetia flavescens
Tabernaemontana grandiflora Jacq. =Stemmadenia grandiflora
Tabernaemontana holothuria (Markgr.) Leeuwenb. =Tabernaemontana heterophylla
Tabernaemontana inaequilateralis (Woodson) Pichon =Tabernaemontana macrocalyx
Tabernaemontana laurifolia L. [not in flora area]
Tabernaemontana laxa Benth. =Molongum laxum
Tabernaemontana longifolia Benth. =Tabernaemontana siphilitica
Tabernaemontana lucida Kunth =Molongum lucidum
Tabernaemontana macrophylla Müll. Arg. [not in flora area] =Tabernaemontana muricata Link ex Roem. & Schult.
Tabernaemontana meyeri G. Don =Tabernaemontana attenuata
Tabernaemontana muelleriana Mart. ex Müll. Arg. =Tabernaemontana macrocalyx
Tabernaemontana obliqua (Miers) Leeuwenb. =Tabernaemontana undulata
Tabernaemontana oblongifolia A. DC. =Tabernaemontana flavicans
Tabernaemontana olivacea Müll. Arg. =Tabernaemontana flavicans
Tabernaemontana paucifolia Spruce ex Müll. Arg. =Macoubea guianensis
Tabernaemontana psychotriifolia Kunth =Tabernaemontana cymosa
Tabernaemontana repanda E. Mey. =Tabernaemontana siphilitica
Tabernaemontana rimulosa Woodson ex R.E. Schult. =Tabernaemontana palustris
Tabernaemontana sessilifolia Klotzsch =Tabernaemontana rupicola
Tabernaemontana speciosa Poir. =Tabernaemontana siphilitica
Tabernaemontana sprucei Müll. Arg. =Macoubea sprucei
Tabernaemontana submollis Mart. ex Müll. Arg. [not in flora area] =Tabernaemontana coriacea Link ex Roem. & Schult.
Tabernaemontana tenuis Monach. =Tabernaemontana palustris
Tabernaemontana ternstroemiacea Müll. Arg. =Neocouma ternstroemiacea
Tabernaemontana tetrastachya Kunth =Tabernaemontana siphilitica
Tabernaemontana umbrosa Kunth =Tabernaemontana cymosa
Tabernaemontana utilis Arn. =Lacmellea utilis
Tabernaemontana versicolor Woodson =Tabernaemontana rupicola
Thenardia laurifolia Benth. =Forsteronia laurifolia
Thenardia umbellata (Aubl.) Spreng. =Forsteronia umbellata
Thyrsanthus acouci (Aubl.) Miers =Forsteronia acouci
Thyrsanthus adenobasis (Müll. Arg.) Miers =Forsteronia adenobasis
Thyrsanthus affinis (Müll. Arg.) Miers =Forsteronia affinis
Thyrsanthus benthamianus (Müll. Arg.) Miers =Forsteronia acouci
Thyrsanthus diospyrifolius (Müll. Arg.) Miers =Forsteronia diospyrifolia
Thyrsanthus fasciculatus (Poir.) Miers =Parahancornia fasciculata
Thyrsanthus gracilis Benth. =Forsteronia gracilis
Thyrsanthus guyanensis (Müll. Arg.) Miers =Forsteronia guyanensis
Thyrsanthus laurifolius (Benth.) Miers =Forsteronia laurifolia
Thyrsanthus schomburgkii Benth. =Forsteronia acouci
Vinca rosea L. =Catharanthus roseus
Willughbeja acida (Aubl.) J.F. Gmel. =Ambelania acida
Willughbeja guianensis (Aubl.) J.F. Gmel. =Pacouria guianensis
Willughbeja scandans Willd. =Pacouria guianensis
Zschokkea aculeata Ducke =Lacmellea aculeata
Zschokkea microcarpa Müll. Arg. =Lacmellea microcarpa
Zschokkea ramosissima Müll. Arg. =Lacmellea ramosissima
Zschokkea utilis (Arn.) Hemsl. =Lacmellea utilis

Aquifoliaceae

Ilex abscondita Steyerm. AM
Ilex acutidenticulata Steyerm. AM
Ilex altiplana Steyerm. BO
Ilex amazonensis Edwin AM
Ilex apicidens N.E. Br. BOGU
Ilex aracamuniana Steyerm. AM
Ilex archeri Edwin AM
Ilex atabapoensis T.R. Dudley AM
Ilex attenuata Steyerm. [near Pico Neblina, Brazil]
Ilex brevipedicellata Steyerm. AMFG
Ilex cardonae Steyerm. [near Sierra Tapirapecó, Brazil] AM
Ilex casiquiarensis Loes. AMFG
Ilex ciliolata Steyerm. BO
Ilex costata Edwin GU
Ilex cowanii Wurdack AM
Ilex culmenicola Steyerm. AM
Ilex daphnogenea Reissek GUFG
Ilex davidsei Steyerm. AMFG
Ilex diospyroides Reissek AMBO
Ilex divaricata Mart. ex Reissek AMBO
Ilex duidae Gleason AM
Ilex fanshawei Edwin GU
Ilex glabella Steyerm. AM
Ilex gleasoniana Steyerm. AM
Ilex gransabanensis Steyerm. AMBO
Ilex guaiquinimae Steyerm. BO
Ilex guianensis (Aubl.) Kuntze AMBODAGUSUFG
Ilex holstii Steyerm. AM
Ilex huachamacariana Edwin AMBO
Ilex ignicola Steyerm. AMBO
Ilex inundata Poepp. ex Reissek GUSUFG?
Ilex jauaensis Steyerm. BO
Ilex jenmanii Loes. BOGUSU
Ilex karuaiana Steyerm. BO
Ilex lasseri Edwin AMBO
Ilex laureola Triana AMBOGU
Ilex liesneri Steyerm. AM
Ilex longipilosa Steyerm. BO
Ilex macarenensis Cuatrec. AM
Ilex magnifructa Edwin AM
Ilex maguirei Wurdack AMBO
Ilex marahuacae Steyerm. AM
Ilex marginata Edwin BO
Ilex martiniana D. Don DAGUSUFG
Ilex neblinensis Edwin AM
Ilex oliveriana Loes. BOGU
Ilex ovalifolia G. Mey. GUSUFG
Ilex paruensis Steyerm. AM
Ilex parvifructa Edwin AMBODA
Ilex paujiensis Steyerm. BO
Ilex polita Steyerm. BO
Ilex psammophila Reissek AMBO
Ilex ptariana Steyerm. BO
Ilex retusa Klotzsch ex Reissek AMBOGU
Ilex savannarum Wurdack var. morichei Edwin AM
Ilex savannarum Wurdack var. savannarum AM
Ilex sessilifructa Edwin AMBO
Ilex sipapoana Edwin AMBO
Ilex soderstromii Edwin var. ovata Edwin GU
Ilex soderstromii Edwin var. soderstromii GU
Ilex solida Edwin BO
Ilex spruceana Reissek AM
Ilex steyermarkii Edwin BO
Ilex subrotundifolia Steyerm. AMBO
Ilex sulcata Edwin [?later homonym of Ilex sulcata Wall., nom. nud.] BO
Ilex summa Steyerm. BO
Ilex tateana Steyerm. AMGU
Ilex tepuiana Steyerm. ex Edwin BOGU
Ilex theezans Mart. var. riedelii Loes. BO
Ilex thyrsiflora Klotzsch ex Reissek var. schomburgkii (Klotzsch ex Reissek) Loes. BOGU
Ilex tiricae Edwin BO
Ilex uaramae Edwin BO
Ilex umbellata Klotzsch ex Reissek BOGU
Ilex vacciniifolia Klotzsch ex Reissek BOGU
Ilex venezuelensis Steyerm. AMBO
Ilex vismiifolia Reissek GU
Ilex wurdackiana Steyerm. BO
Ilex yutajensis Wurdack AM

Aquifoliaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Ilex acuminata Willd. =Ilex guianensis
Ilex bolivarensis Edwin =Ilex vacciniifolia Klotzsch ex Reissek
Ilex brevipetiolata Steyerm. & Wurdack =Ilex subrotundifolia
Ilex celastroides Klotzsch ex Garcke =Ilex guianensis
Ilex congesta Reissek (Myrsinaceae) =Cybianthus lineatus
Ilex cumanensis Turcz. =Ilex guianensis
Ilex humirioides Reissek =Ilex umbellata
Ilex lanceolata Klotzsch [nomen nudum] =Ilex martiniana
Ilex laureola Triana & Planch. var. neglecta Loes. =Ilex laureola
Ilex laurina Klotzsch [nomen nudum] =Ilex daphnogenea
Ilex lymanii Edwin =Ilex sipapoana
Ilex macoucoua Pers. =Ilex guianensis
Ilex magnifructa Edwin var. minor Steyerm. =Ilex magnifructa
Ilex neblinensis Edwin var. wurdackii Edwin =Ilex neblinensis
Ilex retusa Klotzsch [in R.M. Schomb., non. inval.] =Ilex retusa Klotzsch ex Reissek
Ilex retusa Klotzsch ex Reissek fma. brunnescens Loes. =Ilex retusa
Ilex retusa Klotzsch ex Reissek fma. genuina Loes. =Ilex retusa
Ilex retusa Klotzsch ex Reissek fma. glabra Steyerm. =Ilex retusa
Ilex retusa Klotzsch ex Reissek fma. glaucescens Steyerm. =Ilex retusa
Ilex retusa Klotzsch ex Reissek fma. major Steyerm. =Ilex retusa
Ilex riparia Reissek =Ilex inundata
Ilex schomburgkii Klotzsch ex Reissek =Ilex thyrsiflora var. schomburgkii
Ilex spathulata Steyerm., non Koidz 1925 =Ilex atabapoensis
Ilex spruceana Reissek var. genuina Loes. =Ilex spruceana
Ilex spruceana Reissek var. guainiensis Loes. =Ilex spruceana
Ilex stenophylla Steyerm. =Ilex retusa
Ilex sulcata Edwin var. pygmaea Edwin =Ilex sulcata
Ilex vacciniifolia Klotzsch =Ilex vacciniifolia Klotzsch ex Reissek
Macoucoua guianensis Aubl. =Ilex guianensis

Araceae

Alocasia macrorrhiza (L.) G. Don [cultivated, escaped] SU
Anaphyllopsis americana (Engl.) A. Hay SUFG
Anaphyllopsis pinnata A. Hay AM
Anthurium acrobates Sodiro AM
Anthurium apaporanum R.E. Schult. AM
Anthurium atropurpureum R.E. Schult. & Maguire AM?
Anthurium bakeri Hook. f. AMGU
Anthurium bonplandii G.S. Bunting subsp. bonplandii AMBOGUFG
Anthurium bonplandii G.S. Bunting subsp. guayanum (G.S. Bunting) Croat GUSUFG
Anthurium bonplandii G.S. Bunting subsp. rionegrense G.S. Bunting AM
Anthurium cataniapoense Croat AMSU
Anthurium clavigerum Poepp. AMBOGUSUFG
Anthurium corocoroense G.S. Bunting AM
Anthurium cowanii Croat GUSU
Anthurium cremersii Croat, sp. nov. ined. FG
Anthurium digitatum (Jacq.) G. Don BODAFG
Anthurium eminens Schott AMGUSUFG
Anthurium expansum Gleason AMBOGUSUFG
Anthurium friedrichsthalii Schott GU?
Anthurium glaucophyllum Gleason GU
Anthurium gracile (Rudge) Schott AMBODAGUSUFG
Anthurium guaiquinimae G.S. Bunting BO
Anthurium guanchezii G.S. Bunting AM
Anthurium guayanum G.S. Bunting BO
Anthurium hookeri Kunth BOGUSUFG
Anthurium iramirezae G.S. Bunting AM
Anthurium jenmanii Engl. BOGUSUFG
Anthurium kunthii Poepp. AMGU?
Anthurium lanjouwii A.M.E. Jonker & Jonker SUFG
Anthurium maguirei A.D. Hawkes GUSU
Anthurium martianum K. Koch & Kolb GUSU
Anthurium moonenii Croat, sp. nov. ined. FG
Anthurium nymphaeifolium K. Koch & Bouché GU
Anthurium pentaphyllum (Aubl.) G. Don GUSUFG
Anthurium ptarianum Steyerm. AMBOGU
Anthurium roraimense N.E. Br. AMBOGU
Anthurium rubrinervium (Link) G. Don GUSUFG
Anthurium scandens (Aubl.) Engl. AMBODAGUSUFG
Anthurium sinuatum Benth. ex Schott GUSUFG
Anthurium subscriptum G.S. Bunting AM
Anthurium tatei G.S. Bunting AM
Anthurium thrinax Madison GUFG
Anthurium trinerve Miq. AMBODAGUSUFG
Anthurium triphyllum Brongn. ex Schott AM
Anthurium vinillense G.S. Bunting AM
Anthurium wurdackii G.S. Bunting AM
Anthurium xanthoneurum G.S. Bunting AM
Anthurium yutajense G.S. Bunting AM
Caladium bicolor (Aiton) Vent. AMBOGUSUFG
Caladium humboldtii Schott [cultivated in Guyana] AMGU
Caladium macrotites Schott AM
Caladium picturatum K. Koch & Bouché [=Caladium bicolor?] AMBODAGUFG
Caladium schomburgkii Schott BOGUSUFG
Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott [cultivated, naturalized] BODAGUSUFG
Cyrtosperma spruceanum (Schott) Engl. [=Dracontium spruceanum] SU
Dieffenbachia duidae (Steyerm.) G.S. Bunting AMBOGU
Dieffenbachia elegans A.M.E. Jonker & Jonker GUSUFG
Dieffenbachia humilis Poepp. GUSUFG
Dieffenbachia jenmanii Veitch ex Regel GU
Dieffenbachia paludicola N.E. Br. ex Gleason AMGUSUFG
Dieffenbachia parvifolia Engl. AMFG
Dieffenbachia seguine (Jacq.) Schott AMBODAGUSUFG
Dieffenbachia seguine (Jacq.) Schott var. lingulata (Mart. ex Schott) Engl. SU
Dieffenbachia seguine (Jacq.) Schott var. seguine GUSUFG
Dieffenbachia seguine (Jacq.) Schott var. venteniana (Schott) Engl. SU
Dieffenbachia seguine (Jacq.) Schott var. viridis Engl. FG
Dieffenbachia sp. nov. #1 SUFG
Dieffenbachia sp. nov. #2 GU
Dracontium asperum K. Koch [to be expected in GU] BOSUFG
Dracontium dubium Kunth AMBOGU
Dracontium foecundum Hook. f. GUSU
Dracontium polyphyllum L. SUFG
Heteropsis flexuosa (Kunth) G.S. Bunting AMBOGUSUFG
Heteropsis flexuosa (Kunth) G.S. Bunting var. flexuosa AMBOGUSU
Heteropsis flexuosa (Kunth) G.S. Bunting var. maguirei G.S. Bunting AMBO
Heteropsis longispathacea Engl. GU?
Heteropsis melinonii (Engl.) A.M.E. Jonker & Jonker BOGUSUFG
Heteropsis oblongata (Kunth) Croat, comb. nov. ined. GU
Heteropsis spruceana Schott AMBOGUFG
Heteropsis spruceana Schott var. robusta G.S. Bunting AMBOFG
Heteropsis spruceana Schott var. spruceana AMBO
Heteropsis steyermarkii G.S. Bunting AMFG
Heteropsis tenuispadix G.S. Bunting AMBOGUSUFG
Homalomena picturata (Linden & André) Regel [cultivated only?] GUSUFG
Jasarum steyermarkii G.S. Bunting BOGU
Monstera adansonii Schott var. klotzschiana (Schott) Madison AMBOGUSUFG
Monstera adansonii Schott var. laniata (Schott) Madison AMBODAGUSUFG
Monstera dubia (Kunth) Engl. & K. Krause AMBOGUSU?FG?
Monstera gracilis Engl. AM
Monstera lechleriana Schott AMBO
Monstera obliqua Miq. AMBODAGUSUFG
Monstera spruceana (Schott) Engl. AMBOGUSUFG
Montrichardia arborescens (L.) Schott AMBODAGUSUFG
Montrichardia linifera (Arruda) Schott BOGUSUFG
Philodendron acutatum Schott AMBODAGUSUFG
Philodendron anaadu G.S. Bunting AMBO
Philodendron asplundii Croat FG
Philodendron atabapoense G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron auyantepuiense G.S. Bunting BOGU
Philodendron barrosoanum G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron billietiae Croat GUFG
Philodendron bipennifolium Schott [to be expected in GU] AMBOSUFG
Philodendron brevispathum Schott AMBOGUSUFG
Philodendron brevispathum Schott subsp. holmquistii (G.S. Bunting) G.S. Bunting AMBO
Philodendron callosum K. Krause subsp. callosum BOGUSUFG
Philodendron callosum K. Krause subsp. ptarianum (Steyerm.) G.S. Bunting AMBOGU
Philodendron camposportoanum G.M. Barroso GUSUFG
Philodendron canaimae G.S. Bunting BO
Philodendron cataniapoense G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron chimantae G.S. Bunting BO
Philodendron conforme G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron cremersii Croat & Grayum SU?FG
Philodendron deflexum Poepp. ex Schott AMBODAGUSUFG
Philodendron delascioi G.S. Bunting DA
Philodendron dioscoreoides Gleason GUSU
Philodendron duckei Croat & Grayum GUSUFG
Philodendron dunstervilleorum G.S. Bunting BO
Philodendron dyscarpium R.E. Schult. var. dyscarpium AM
Philodendron dyscarpium R.E. Schult. var. ventuarianum G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron ecordatum Schott GUSUFG
Philodendron englerianum Steyerm. AMBOGUSU
Philodendron englerianum Steyerm. subsp. duidae (Steyerm.) G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron englerianum Steyerm. subsp. englerianum BO
Philodendron exile G.S. Bunting AMSUFG
Philodendron fendleri K. Krause DA
Philodendron fragrantissimum (Hook.) G. Don AMBOGUSUFG
Philodendron goeldii G.M. Barroso AMSUFG
Philodendron grandifolium (Jacq.) Schott DAGUSUFG
Philodendron guaiquinimae G.S. Bunting BO
Philodendron guianense Croat & Grayum GUSUFG
Philodendron guttiferum Kunth AMFG?
Philodendron hederaceum (Jacq.) Schott [to be expected in GU] AMBOSUFG?
Philodendron holstii G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron houlletianum Engl. FG
Philodendron hylaeae G.S. Bunting AMBODAGUSUFG
Philodendron inaequilaterum Liebm. subsp. anthoblastum G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron insigne Schott BOGUSUFG
Philodendron jonkerianum Croat SU
Philodendron krauseanum Steyerm. [possibly not distinct from P. platypodum Schott] AMBODAGUSUFG
Philodendron lemae G.S. Bunting BO
Philodendron liesneri G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron linnaei Kunth AMBODAGUSUFG
Philodendron linnaei Kunth var. linnaei AMBODA
Philodendron linnaei Kunth var. rionegrense G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron macropodum K. Krause AMBOFG
Philodendron maguirei G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron marahuacae G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron maroae G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron martinii Schott FG
Philodendron mawarinumae G.S. Bunting AMSUFG
Philodendron melinonii Brongn. ex Regel AMBODAGUSUFG
Philodendron multinerve G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron muricatum Willd. ex Schott AMBODAGUSU
Philodendron nebulense G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron ornatum Schott AMBODAGUSUFG
Philodendron panduriforme (Kunth) Kunth var. panduriforme AMGU
Philodendron panduriforme (Kunth) Kunth var. reichenbachianum (Schott) Croat AM
Philodendron pedatum (Hook.) Kunth AMBODAGUSUFG
Philodendron peperomioides G.S. Bunting BO
Philodendron peraiense G.S. Bunting BO
Philodendron phlebodes G.S. Bunting var. kermesinum G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron phlebodes G.S. Bunting var. phlebodes AM
Philodendron pimichinense G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron placidum Schott [to be expected in SU] GUSUFG
Philodendron platypodum Gleason GUSUFG
Philodendron quercifolium Engl. GU
Philodendron remifolium R.E. Schult. subsp. sabulosum (G.S. Bunting) G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron roraimae K. Krause AMBOGUFG?
Philodendron roraimae K. Krause subsp. aracamuniense G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron roraimae K. Krause subsp. roraimae AMBO
Philodendron rudgeanum Schott DAGUSUFG
Philodendron samayense G.S. Bunting BO
Philodendron scandens K. Koch & Sello AMBODAGUSUFG
Philodendron scitulum G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron simsii Sweet GUFG
Philodendron simulans G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron solimoesense A.C. Sm. AMBOGUSUFG
Philodendron sphalerum Schott GUSUFG
Philodendron splitgerberi Schott SUFG
Philodendron spruceanum G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron squamiferum Poepp. SUFG
Philodendron steyermarkii G.S. Bunting AMBO
Philodendron subsessile Gleason GU
Philodendron surinamense (Miq.) Engl. AMBOGUSUFG
Philodendron tatei K. Krause AMBOGU
Philodendron tatei K. Krause subsp. melanochlorum (G.S. Bunting) G.S. Bunting AMBO
Philodendron tatei K. Krause subsp. tatei AM
Philodendron triplum G.S. Bunting BO
Philodendron venezuelense G.S. Bunting AMFG
Philodendron venustum G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron vinaceum G.S. Bunting BO
Philodendron werkhoveniae Croat SU
Philodendron wittianum Engl. GUFG
Philodendron wurdackii G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron yavitense G.S. Bunting AM
Philodendron yutajense G.S. Bunting AM
Pistia stratiotes L. BODAGUSUFG
Rhodospatha bolivarana G.S. Bunting BO
Rhodospatha brachypoda G.S. Bunting AMGUSUFG?
Rhodospatha cardonae G.S. Bunting AM
Rhodospatha latifolia Poepp. GUFG
Rhodospatha oblongata Poepp. AMBOGUSUFG
Rhodospatha venosa Gleason AMGUSUFG
Schismatoglottis americana A.M.E. Jonker & Jonker SUFG
Schismatoglottis bolivarana G.S. Bunting & Steyerm. AMBO
Schismatoglottis spruceana (Schott) G.S. Bunting AM
Spathiphyllum bariense G.S. Bunting AM
Spathiphyllum cannifolium (Dryand. ex Sims) Schott AMBODAGU
Spathiphyllum cuspidatum Schott BOGUSUFG?
Spathiphyllum humboldtii Schott AMGUSUFG
Spathiphyllum jejunum G.S. Bunting AM
Spathiphyllum maguirei G.S. Bunting [=Spathiphyllum cuspidatum fide Croat] GU
Spathiphyllum mawarinumae G.S. Bunting AM
Spathiphyllum monachinoi G.S. Bunting var. monachinoi BO
Spathiphyllum monachinoi G.S. Bunting var. perangustum G.S. Bunting AM
Spathiphyllum neblinae G.S. Bunting AM
Spathiphyllum schomburgkii Schott BOGU
Stenospermation ammiticum G.S. Bunting AMBOGU
Stenospermation amomifolium (Poepp.) Schott AM
Stenospermation maguirei A.M.E. Jonker & Jonker GUSU
Stenospermation multiovulatum (Engl.) N.E. Br. BODAGUSUFG
Stenospermation nebulense G.S. Bunting AM
Stenospermation spruceanum Schott AMGUSU
Stenospermation ulei K. Krause AMBOGU
Syngonium hastifolium Engl. SUFG
Syngonium podophyllum Schott var. vellozianum (Schott) Croat AMBODAGUSUFG
Typhonium blumei Nicolson & Sivad. [naturalized] SU
Urospatha angustiloba Engl. AM
Urospatha sagittifolia (Rudge) Schott var. sagittifolia AMBODAGUSUFG
Urospathella wurdackii (G.S. Bunting) G.S. Bunting AM
Xanthosoma akkermansii (G.S. Bunting) Croat AM
Xanthosoma belophyllum (Willd.) Schott [cultivated?] GUSUFG
Xanthosoma bolivaranum G.S. Bunting BO
Xanthosoma caracu K. Koch & Bouché [cultivated?] SU?
Xanthosoma caulotuberculatum G.S. Bunting BO
Xanthosoma conspurcatum Schott AMGUSUFG
Xanthosoma contractum G.S. Bunting BO
Xanthosoma cordatum N.E. Br. GUFG
Xanthosoma exiguum G.S. Bunting AM
Xanthosoma granvillei Croat & S.A. Thomps. GUFG
Xanthosoma helleborifolium (Jacq.) Schott AMBOGUSU
Xanthosoma mafaffoides G.S. Bunting AM
Xanthosoma maroae G.S. Bunting AM
Xanthosoma orinocense G.S. Bunting AM
Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott [widely cultivated] DAFG
Xanthosoma striatipes (K. Koch & Bouché) Madison AMBOGUFG
Xanthosoma striolatum Mart. ex Schott GU?FG
Xanthosoma trilobum G.S. Bunting AM
Xanthosoma undipes (K. Koch) K. Koch AMDAGUSUFG
Xanthosoma violaceum Schott [widely cultivated] FG

Araceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Alocasia undipes K. Koch & Bouché =Xanthosoma undipes
Anthurium amoenum Kunth [not in flora area]
Anthurium andersonii Schott [not in flora area]
Anthurium angelorum G.S. Bunting =Anthurium bakeri
Anthurium bonplandii G.S. Bunting subsp. cuatrecasii Croat =Anthurium bonplandii subsp. bonplandii
Anthurium cordatum G. Don [not in flora area]
Anthurium crassinervium (Jacq.) Schott [not in flora area]
Anthurium duidae Steyerm. =Anthurium ptarianum
Anthurium englerianum G.S. Bunting =Anthurium jenmanii
Anthurium galeottii (Hort.) K. Koch [not in flora area]
Anthurium huegelii Schott =Anthurium hookeri
Anthurium idroboanum R.E. Schult. =Anthurium ptarianum
Anthurium igarapeum G.S. Bunting =Anthurium acrobates
Anthurium krauseanum Steyerm. =Anthurium ptarianum
Anthurium liesneri Croat =Anthurium tatei
Anthurium martini Schott =Anthurium sinuatum
Anthurium monsteroides Steyerm. =Anthurium clavigerum
Anthurium neblinae G.S. Bunting =Anthurium triphyllum
Anthurium nigrescens Engl. [not in flora area]
Anthurium obovatum Gleason =Anthurium clavigerum
Anthurium obtusum (Engl.) Grayum =Anthurium trinerve
Anthurium panduratum Mart. ex Schott =Anthurium clavigerum
Anthurium pentaphyllum (Aubl.) G. Don var. digitatum (Jacq.) Madison =Anthurium digitatum
Anthurium polyrrhizum K. Koch & Augustin =Anthurium rubrinervium
Anthurium potarense Gleason =Anthurium expansum
Anthurium salviniae Hemsl. [not in flora area]
Anthurium scandens (Aubl.) Engl. var. trinerve (Miq.) Matuda =Anthurium trinerve
Anthurium scolopendrinum (Ham.) Kunth =Anthurium gracile
Anthurium solitarium Schott [not in flora area]
Anthurium stahelii A.D. Hawkes =Philodendron deflexum
Anthurium steyermarkii G.S. Bunting =Anthurium ptarianum
Anthurium surinamense Miq. =Philodendron surinamense
Arum arborescens L. =Montrichardia arborescens
Arum bicolor Aiton =Caladium bicolor
Arum esculentum L. =Colocasia esculenta
Arum grandifolium Jacq. =Philodendron grandifolium
Arum hederaceum Jacq. =Philodendron hederaceum
Arum helleborifolium Jacq. =Xanthosoma helleborifolium
Arum liniferum Arruda =Montrichardia linifera
Arum sagittaefolium L. =Xanthosoma sagittifolium
Arum sagittaefolium Rodschied =Urospatha sagittifolia
Arum seguine Jacq. =Dieffenbachia seguine
Arum xanthorrhizon Jacq. =Xanthosoma sagittifolium
Caladium aculeatum G. Mey. =Montrichardia arborescens
Caladium akkermansii G.S. Bunting =Xanthosoma akkermansii
Caladium angustifolium Engl. =Xanthosoma striatipes
Caladium angustilobum Engl. =Caladium macrotites
Caladium argyrites Lem. =Caladium humboldtii
Caladium aturense G.S. Bunting =Caladium picturatum
Caladium belleyenei hort. Chantin ex Lem. =Caladium picturatum
Caladium fragrantissimum Hook. =Philodendron fragrantissimum
Caladium maculatum Lodd. =Dieffenbachia seguine
Caladium pedatum Hook. =Philodendron pedatum
Caladium striatipes (Kunth & Bouché) Schott =Xanthosoma striatipes
Colocasia antiquorum Schott =Colocasia esculenta
Cyrtosperma americanum Engl. =Anaphyllopsis americana
Cyrtosperma wurdackii G.S. Bunting =Urospathella wurdackii
Dieffenbachia bolivarana G.S. Bunting =Dieffenbachia duidae
Dieffenbachia liesneri Croat =Dieffenbachia duidae
Dieffenbachia longipistila Croat =Dieffenbachia paludicola
Dieffenbachia maculata (Lodd.) G. Don =Dieffenbachia seguine
Dieffenbachia picta Schott =Dieffenbachia seguine
Dieffenbachia spruceana Schott =Dieffenbachia humilis
Dracontium changuango G.S. Bunting =Dracontium dubium
Dracontium laciniatum Vell. =Philodendron pedatum
Dracontium pentaphyllum Aubl. =Anthurium pentaphyllum
Dracontium pertusum L. =Monstera adansonii
Dracontium scandens Aubl. =Anthurium scandens
Elopium surinamense (Miq.) Schott =Philodendron surinamense
Heteropsis jenmanii Oliv. =Heteropsis flexuosa
Heteropsis salicifolia Kunth [not in flora area]
Maguirea spathicarpoides A.D. Hawkes =Dieffenbachia paludicola
Marcgravia dubia Kunth =Monstera dubia
Monstera acreana K. Krause =Monstera dubia
Monstera amomifolia Poepp. =Stenospermation amomifolium
Monstera cannifolium Schott =Philodendron rudgeanum
Monstera egregia Schott =Monstera lechleriana
Monstera epipremnoides Engl. [not in flora area]
Monstera expilata Schott =Monstera obliqua
Monstera falcifolia Engl. =Monstera obliqua
Monstera fendleri Engl. =Monstera obliqua
Monstera henri-pittieri G.S. Bunting =Monstera lechleriana
Monstera irritans N.W. Simmonds =Monstera dubia
Monstera klotzschiana Schott =Monstera adansonii var. klotzschiana
Monstera maxima Engl. & K. Krause =Monstera lechleriana
Monstera milleriana Schott =Monstera adansonii
Monstera pertusa (L.) de Vriese =Monstera adansonii
Monstera sagotiana Engl. =Monstera obliqua
Monstera steyermarkii G.S. Bunting =Monstera spruceana
Monstera xanthospatha Madison [not in flora area]
Montrichardia arborescens (L.) Schott var. aculeata (G. Mey.) Engl. =Montrichardia arborescens
Philodendron amplectens A.C. Sm. =Philodendron muricatum
Philodendron asperatum (K. Koch) K. Koch =Philodendron ornatum
Philodendron brevispathum Schott var. wurdackii Croat =Philodendron brevispathum subsp. holmquistii
Philodendron broadwayi N.E. Br. [not in flora area] =Philodendron venosum (Willd.) Croat
Philodendron calophyllum Brongn. ex Linden & André =Philodendron insigne
Philodendron cannifolium (Schott) Engl. =Philodendron rudgeanum
Philodendron cuspidatum K. Koch & Bouché =Philodendron scandens
Philodendron cyclops A.D. Hawkes =Philodendron acutatum
Philodendron decurrens K. Krause =Philodendron linnaei
Philodendron demerarae Gleason =Philodendron fragrantissimum
Philodendron deviatum Schott =Philodendron hederaceum
Philodendron duidae Steyerm. =Philodendron englerianum subsp. duidae
Philodendron grandipes K. Krause [not in flora area]
Philodendron guttiferum Kunth var. rudgeanum (Schott) A.M.E. Jonker & Jonker =Philodendron rudgeanum
Philodendron haematinum R.E. Schult. =Philodendron insigne
Philodendron hederaceum auct. non (Jacq.) Schott =Philodendron scandens
Philodendron hoffmannii Schott =Philodendron hederaceum
Philodendron holmquistii G.S. Bunting =Philodendron brevispathum subsp. holmquistii
Philodendron jacquinii Schott =Philodendron hederaceum
Philodendron jenmanii K. Krause =Philodendron muricatum
Philodendron laciniatum (Vell.) Engl. =Philodendron pedatum
Philodendron latilobum Schott =Philodendron panduriforme
Philodendron levelii G.S. Bunting =Philodendron barrosoanum
Philodendron longipetiolatum Engl. =Philodendron sphalerum
Philodendron megalophyllum Schott =Philodendron deflexum
Philodendron melanochlorum G.S. Bunting =Philodendron tatei subsp. melanochlorum
Philodendron micans Klotzsch ex K. Koch =Philodendron scandens
Philodendron milleri Croat =Philodendron barrosoanum
Philodendron myrmecophilum Engl. =Philodendron deflexum
Philodendron nobile W. Bull. =Philodendron linnaei
Philodendron oxycardium Schott =Philodendron scandens
Philodendron polypodioides A.M.E. Jonker & Jonker =Philodendron pedatum
Philodendron prieurianum Schott =Philodendron scandens
Philodendron ptarianum Steyerm. =Philodendron callosum subsp. ptarianum
Philodendron reichenbachianum Schott =Philodendron panduriforme var. reichenbachianum
Philodendron riedelianum Schott =Philodendron surinamense
Philodendron rubens Schott =Philodendron ornatum
Philodendron sabulosum G.S. Bunting =Philodendron remifolium subsp. sabulosum
Philodendron scabrum K. Krause =Philodendron muricatum
Philodendron smaragdinum G.S. Bunting =Philodendron muricatum
Philodendron striatipes Kunth & Bouché =Xanthosoma striatipes
Philodendron tessmannii K. Krause =Philodendron guttiferum
Philodendron tobagense Engl. =Philodendron ornatum
Philodendron tripartitum (Jacq.) Schott [not in flora area]
Philodendron wayombense A.M.E. Jonker & Jonker =Philodendron bipennifolium
Philonotion spruceanum Schott =Schismatoglottis spruceana
Philonotion williamsii Steyerm. =Schismatoglottis spruceana
Pothos cannaefolia Dryand. =Spathiphyllum cannifolium
Pothos cannifolium Rudge =Philodendron rudgeanum
Pothos digitata Jacq. =Anthurium digitatum
Pothos flexuosus Kunth =Heteropsis flexuosa
Pothos gracilis Rudge =Anthurium gracile
Pothos panduraeformis Kunth =Philodendron panduriforme
Pothos sagittaefolia Rudge =Urospatha sagittifolia
Pothos scolopendrinus Ham. =Anthurium gracile
Rhodospatha blanda Schott var. melinonii Engl. =Heteropsis melinonii
Rhodospatha melinonii (Engl.) Engl. & K. Krause =Heteropsis melinonii
Rhodospatha pachysperma Madison =Rhodospatha venosa
Rhodospatha spruceana (Schott) J.F. Macbr. =Stenospermation spruceanum
Spathicarpa duidae Steyerm. =Dieffenbachia duidae
Spathiphyllum candolleanum Schott =Spathiphyllum humboldtii
Spathiphyllum caudatum Poepp. =Urospatha sagittifolia
Spathiphyllum floribundum (Linden & André) N.E. Br. [not in flora area]
Spathiphyllum glaziovii Engl. =Spathiphyllum humboldtii
Spathiphyllum huberi Engl. =Spathiphyllum humboldtii
Spathiphyllum lanceaefolium Schott [not in flora area]
Spathiphyllum liesneri Croat =Spathiphyllum humboldtii
Spathiphyllum sipapoanum G.S. Bunting =Spathiphyllum jejunum
Stenospermation ammiticum G.S. Bunting subsp. neblinae G.S. Bunting =Stenospermation ammiticum
Stenospermation spruceanum Schott var. multiovulatum Engl. =Stenospermation multiovulatum
Stenospermation steyermarkii G.S. Bunting =Stenospermation multiovulatum
Stenospermation verecundum R.E. Schult. =Schismatoglottis spruceana
Syngonium connatum Gleason =Phildendron hylaeae
Syngonium ternatum Gleason =Syngonium podophyllum
Syngonium vellozianum Schott =Syngonium podophyllum var. vellozianum
Thaumatophyllum spruceanum Schott =Philodendron goeldii
Tornelia laniata Schott =Monstera adansonii var. laniata
Tornelia spruceana Schott =Monstera spruceana
Typhonium trilobatum (L.) Schott [misidentification of T. blumei]
Urospatha caudata (Poepp.) Schott =Urospatha sagittifolia
Urospatha decipiens Schott =Urospatha sagittifolia
Urospatha dubia Schott =Urospatha sagittifolia
Urospatha hostmannii Schott =Urospatha sagittifolia
Urospatha sagittifolia (Rudge) Schott var. spruceana (Schott) Engl. =Urospatha sagittifolia
Urospatha savannarum Steyerm. =Urospatha sagittifolia
Urospatha spruceana Schott =Urospatha sagittifolia
Urospatha wurdackii (G.S. Bunting) A. Hay =Urospathella wurdackii
Xanthosoma hoffmannii (Schott) Schott var. wendlandii (Schott) Engl. [not in flora area]
Xanthosoma jacquinii Schott =Xanthosoma undipes p.p.; X. sagittifolium p.p.
Zantedeschia asperata K. Koch =Philodendron ornatum

Araliaceae

Dendropanax arboreus (L.) Decne. & Planch. AMBODAGU
Dendropanax neblinae Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AM
Oreopanax capitatus (Jacq.) Decne. & Planch. var. capitatus AMBODAGUFG
Schefflera acaropunctata Frodin AM
Schefflera argophylla Frodin AM
Schefflera asymmetrica Frodin AM
Schefflera auyantepuiensis (Steyerm.) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin BO
Schefflera ayangannensis Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin GU
Schefflera baculosa Frodin AM
Schefflera brachypodia Frodin BO
Schefflera chimantensis (Steyerm. & Maguire) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin subsp. chimantensis BO
Schefflera chimantensis (Steyerm. & Maguire) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin var. iluensis Frodin BO
Schefflera chimantensis (Steyerm. & Maguire) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin subsp. multiramosa (Steyerm.) Frodin BO
Schefflera chimantensis (Steyerm. & Maguire) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin var. rugosifolia (Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin) Frodin [Mt. Roraima] BOGU
Schefflera clausa Frodin BO
Schefflera clavigera Frodin BO
Schefflera clusietorum Frodin AM
Schefflera concolor Frodin AM
Schefflera contracta Frodin BO
Schefflera coriacea (Marchal) Harms BOGU
Schefflera cracens Frodin BO
Schefflera crassilimba Frodin AM
Schefflera decaphylla (Seem.) Harms GUSUFG
Schefflera disparifolia Frodin BO
Schefflera dissidens Frodin [Mt. Roraima] BO?GU
Schefflera duidae Steyerm. [to be expected in GU] AMBO
Schefflera eximia Frodin [Sierra de la Neblina]
Schefflera gracillima Steyerm. & Maguire BO
Schefflera guanayensis Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AM
Schefflera hitchockii (Lasser & Maguire) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AM
Schefflera huachamacarii Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AM
Schefflera huberi Frodin AM
Schefflera japurensis (Mart. & Zucc. ex Marchal) Harms AMBO
Schefflera jauaensis (Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin) Frodin BO
Schefflera longistyla Frodin AM
Schefflera maguireanorum Frodin AM
Schefflera marahuacensis (Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin) Frodin AM
Schefflera meiurophylla Frodin AM
Schefflera monosperma Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin [Mt. Roraima] BOGU
Schefflera montana (Gleason) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AMBO
Schefflera morototoni (Aubl.) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AMBODAGUSUFG
Schefflera myrioneura Frodin AM
Schefflera neblinae (Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin) Frodin [Sierra de la Neblina]
Schefflera nigrescens Frodin AM
Schefflera pallens Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AM
Schefflera paruana (Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin) Frodin AM
Schefflera pauciradiata Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AM
Schefflera pedicelligera Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AM
Schefflera pimichinensis Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AM
Schefflera plurispicata Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin [to be expected in AM]
Schefflera psilophylla (Harms) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin [Mt. Roraima] BO
Schefflera quinquecarinata Steyerm. BOGU
Schefflera quinquestylorum Steyerm. BOGU
Schefflera sessiliflora Splithof-Heerschop ex Frodin AMBOGU
Schefflera simplex Steyerm. & B. Holst AM
Schefflera sipapoensis Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AM
Schefflera spruceana (Seem.) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AM
Schefflera steyermarkii Frodin BO
Schefflera suaveolens Frodin AM
Schefflera tamatamaensis Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AM
Schefflera tremuloidea Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin AM
Schefflera ulocephala Frodin AM
Schefflera umbellata (N.E. Br.) R. Vig. [Mt. Roraima] BOGU
Schefflera umbraculifera Frodin AM
Schefflera varisiana Frodin [to be expected in AM]
Schefflera yutajensis Steyerm. & B. Holst AM
Sciadodendron excelsum Griseb. BOGU

Araliaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Aralia arborea L. =Dendropanax arboreus
Aralia capitata Jacq. =Oreopanax capitatus
Crepinella gracilis Marchal ex Thurn =Schefflera monosperma
Didymopanax auyantepuiensis Steyerm. =Schefflera auyantepuiensis
Didymopanax chimantensis Steyerm. & Maguire =Schefflera chimantensis
Didymopanax hitchcockii Lasser & Maguire =Schefflera hitchockii
Didymopanax montanum Gleason =Schefflera montana
Didymopanax morototoni (Aubl.) Decne. & Planch. =Schefflera morototoni
Didymopanax multiramosus Steyerm. =Schefflera chimantensis subsp. multiramosa
Didymopanax psilophyllus Harms =Schefflera psilophylla
Didymopanax reticulatus Gleason =Schefflera sessiliflora
Didymopanax rugosum N.E. Br. =Schefflera chimantensis subsp. rugosifolia
Didymopanax spruceanus Seem. =Schefflera spruceana
Didymopanax spruceanus Seem. var. cuyabensis Hoehne =Schefflera spruceana
Gilibertia arborea (L.) Marchal =Dendropanax arboreus
Oreopanax capitatus (Jacq.) Decne. & Planch. var. multiflorus (DC.) Marchal [Guianan material agrees with var. capitatus fide Lindeman]
Panax morototoni Aubl. =Schefflera morototoni
Panax splendens Kunth =Schefflera morototoni
Panax undulata Aubl. =Schefflera morototoni
Schefflera arborea (L.) M. Gómez =Dendropanax arboreus
Schefflera coriacea (Marchal) Harms subsp. neblinae Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin =Schefflera neblinae
Schefflera duidae Steyerm. subsp. quinquestylorum (Steyerm.) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin =Schefflera quinquestylorum
Schefflera globulifera Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin =Schefflera ulocephala
Schefflera guanayensis Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin subsp. paruensis Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin =Schefflera paruana
Schefflera guanayensis Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin subsp. sipapoensis Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin =Schefflera crassilimba
Schefflera paraensis Huber ex Ducke =Schefflera decaphylla
Schefflera reticulata (Gleason) Magurie, Steyerm. & Frodin, non Philipson =Schefflera sessiliflora
Schefflera reticulata (Gleason) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin subsp. jauaensis Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin =Schefflera jauaensis
Schefflera reticulata (Gleason) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin subsp. yutajensis Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin =Schefflera maguireanorum
Schefflera rugosifolia Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin =Schefflera chimantensis subsp. rugosifolia
Schefflera splendens (Kunth) Frodin ex Lindeman =Schefflera morototoni
Schefflera tremuloides Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin var. marahuacensis Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin =Schefflera marahuacensis
Schefflera umbellata (N.E. Br.) R. Vig. subsp. duidana Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin =Schefflera acaropunctata
Sciadophyllum coriaceum Marchal =Schefflera coriacea
Sciadophyllum japurense Mart. & Zucc. ex Marchal =Schefflera japurensis
Sciadophyllum umbellatum N.E. Br. =Schefflera umbellata

Arecaceae

Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. ex Mart. AMBOGUSUFG
Asterogyne guianensis Granv. & An. Hend. FG
Astrocaryum acaule Mart. AMBOGU
Astrocaryum aculeatum G. Mey. AMGUSU
Astrocaryum chambira Burret AM
Astrocaryum gynacanthum Mart. AMBODAGUSUFG
Astrocaryum jauari Mart. AMBOGUSUFG
Astrocaryum murumuru Mart. AMFG
Astrocaryum paramaca Mart. GUSUFG
Astrocaryum sciophilum (Miq.) Pulle GUSUFG
Astrocaryum vulgare Mart. GUSUFG
Attalea butyracea (Mutis ex L. f.) Wess. Boer AMBOFG
Attalea luetzelburgii (Burret) Wess. Boer AM
Attalea maripa (Aubl.) Mart. AMBODAGUSUFG
Attalea microcarpa Mart. AMGUSUFG
Attalea racemosa Spruce AM
Attalea speciosa Mart. GUSU
Bactris acanthocarpa Mart. var. acanthocarpa AMBOGUSUFG
Bactris acanthocarpa Mart. var. intermedia An. Hend. GUFG
Bactris acanthocarpoides Barb. Rodr. GU?SUFG
Bactris aubletiana Trail SUFG
Bactris balanophora Spruce AMGU
Bactris bidentula Spruce AM
Bactris brongniartii Mart. AMBODAGUSUFG
Bactris campestris Poepp. ex Mart. AMGUSUFG
Bactris constanciae Barb. Rodr. GUSUFG
Bactris corossilla H. Karst. AMBOGU?
Bactris cuspidata Mart. SUFG
Bactris elegans Barb. Rodr. GUSUFG
Bactris gasipaes Kunth [cultivated, escaped] AMBOFG
Bactris gastoniana Barb. Rodr. SUFG
Bactris guineensis (L.) H.E. Moore AMBO
Bactris hirta Mart. var. hirta GUSUFG
Bactris hirta Mart. var. pulchra (Trail) An. Hend. GU
Bactris major Jacq. AMBODAGUSUFG
Bactris major Jacq. var. infesta (Mart.) Drude SU
Bactris major Jacq. var. major GUSUFG
Bactris major Jacq. var. megalocarpa (Trail) An. Hend. GU
Bactris maraja Mart. [see also Bactris brongniartii] AMBODAGUSUFG
Bactris maraja Mart. var. juruensis (Trail) An. Hend. FG
Bactris oligocarpa Barb. Rodr. & Trail ex Barb. Rodr. SUFG
Bactris oligoclada Burret BOGU
Bactris pliniana Granv. & An. Hend. GUSUFG
Bactris ptariana Steyerm. BOGU
Bactris rhaphidacantha Wess. Boer GUSUFG
Bactris setulosa H. Karst. BO
Bactris simplicifrons Mart. AMBOGUSUFG
Bactris sp. nov. FG
Bactris sp. nov. FG
Bactris sp. nov. [=Bactris vesiculifera Trail, nomen nudum] GU
Bactris tomentosa Mart. var. tomentosa FG
Bactris trailiana Barb. Rodr. SUFG
Bactris turbinocarpa Barb. Rodr. SU
Bactris xmoorei Wess. Boer BO
Cocos nucifera L. [cultivated, naturalized] AMBODAGUSUFG
Copernicia tectorum (Kunth) Mart. BO
Desmoncus mitis Mart. AM
Desmoncus mitis Mart. FG
Desmoncus orthacanthos Mart. AMBODAGUSUFG
Desmoncus phoenicocarpus Barb. Rodr. AMGUSUFG
Desmoncus polyacanthos Mart. AMBODAGUSUFG
Desmoncus polyacanthos Mart. var. polyacanthos GUSUFG
Desmoncus pycnacanthos Mart. FG
Desmoncus riparius Spruce [Desmoncus riparius = Desmoncus polyacanthos var. polyacanthos] SU
Dictyocaryum ptarianum (Steyerm.) H.E. Moore & Steyerm. AMBOGU
Elaeis guineensis Jacq. [cultivated, naturalized] GUSUFG
Elaeis oleifera (Kunth) Cortés GUSUFG
Euterpe catinga Wallace AMBOGU
Euterpe catinga Wallace var. catinga AM
Euterpe catinga Wallace var. roraimae [Mt. Roraima] AMBOGU?
Euterpe longebracteata Barb. Rodr. AMBOGU
Euterpe oleracea Mart. BODAGUSUFG
Euterpe precatoria Mart. AMBODAGUSUFG
Euterpe precatoria Mart. var. precatoria GUSUFG
Geonoma appuniana Spruce AMBOGU
Geonoma aspidiifolia Spruce AMGUFG
Geonoma baculifera (Poit.) Kunth AMBOGUSUFG
Geonoma densa Linden & H. Wendl. ex H. Wendl. [Mt. Roraima]
Geonoma deversa (Poit.) Kunth AMBODAGUSUFG
Geonoma interrupta (Ruiz & Pav.) Mart. var. euspatha (Burret) An. Hend. BOGUSUFG
Geonoma interrupta (Ruiz & Pav.) Mart. var. interrupta [not in flora area fide A. Henderson] SU
Geonoma leptospadix Trail BOGUSUFG
Geonoma macrostachys Mart. var. acaulis (Mart.) Skov AMBO
Geonoma macrostachys Mart. var. poiteauana (Kunth) An. Hend. AMBOGUSUFG
Geonoma maxima (Poit.) Kunth var. ambigua (Spruce) An. Hend. BODAGUSUFG
Geonoma maxima (Poit.) Kunth var. chelidonura (Spruce) An. Hend. AM
Geonoma maxima (Poit.) Kunth var. maxima AMBODAGUSUFG
Geonoma oldemanii Granv. FG
Geonoma oligoclona Trail AM
Geonoma sp. nov. #1 FG
Geonoma sp. nov. #2 FG
Geonoma stricta (Poit.) Kunth var. piscicauda (Dammer) An. Hend. SUFG
Geonoma stricta (Poit.) Kunth var. stricta AMGUSUFG
Geonoma stricta (Poit.) Kunth var. trailii (Burrett) An. Hend. FG
Geonoma umbraculiformis Wess. Boer GUSUFG
Hyospathe elegans Mart. AMBOGUSUFG
Iriartea deltoidea Ruiz & Pav. AMBO
Iriartella setigera (Mart.) H. Wendl. AMBOGU
Leopoldinia major Wallace AM
Leopoldinia piassaba Wallace AM
Leopoldinia pulchra Mart. AM
Lepidocaryum tenue Mart. var. gracile (Mart.) An. Hend. AMBOGU
Manicaria saccifera Gaertn. AMDAGUSUFG
Mauritia carana Wallace AM
Mauritia flexuosa L. f. AMBODAGUSUFG
Mauritiella aculeata (Kunth) Burret AMGU
Mauritiella armata (Mart.) Burret AMBOGUSUFG
Oenocarpus bacaba Mart. AMBODAGUSUFG
Oenocarpus balickii F. Kahn AM
Oenocarpus bataua Mart. AMBODAGUSUFG
Oenocarpus bataua Mart. var. bataua GU?SU?FG
Oenocarpus bataua Mart. var. oligocarpa (Griseb. & H. Wendl.) An. Hend. GUSUFG
Phoenix reclinata Jacq. [cultivated, naturalized] GUSUFG
Prestoea tenuiramosa (Dammer) H.E. Moore AMBOGU
Roystonea oleracea (Jacq.) O.F. Cook [cultivated, naturalized] BODAGUSUFG
Sabal mauritiiformis (H. Karst.) Griseb. & H. Wendl. BO
Scheelea camopiensis Glassman, sp. nov. ined. [=Attalea attaleoides] FG
Scheelea degranvillei Glassman, sp. nov. ined. [=Attalea attaleoides] FG
Scheelea guianensis Glassman, sp. nov. ined. [=Attalea attaleoides] FG
Scheelea maripensis Glassman, sp. nov. ined. [=Attalea attaleoides] FG
Socratea exorrhiza (Mart.) H. Wendl. AMBODAGUSUFG
Syagrus cocoides Mart. GU
Syagrus inajai (Spruce) Becc. SUFG
Syagrus orinocensis (Spruce) Burret AMBO
Syagrus sancona H. Karst. BO
Syagrus stratincola Wess. Boer GUSUFG
xMaximbignya dahlgreniana (Bondar) Glassman, comb. & stat. nov. ined. [=Attalea dahlgreniana] SU

Arecaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Acrocomia lasiospatha Mart. =Acrocomia aculeata
Acrocomia sclerocarpa Mart. =Acrocomia aculeata
Acrocomia wallaceana (Drude) Becc. =Acrocomia aculeata
Asterogyne spicata (H.E. Moore) Wess. Boer [not in flora area]
Astrocaryum caudescens Barb. Rodr. =Astrocaryum aculeatum
Astrocaryum farinosum Barb. Rodr. =Astrocaryum sciophilum
Astrocaryum guianense Splitg. ex Mart. =Astrocaryum vulgare
Astrocaryum gymnopus Burret =Astrocaryum gynacanthum
Astrocaryum humile Wallace =Bactris acanthocarpa
Astrocaryum macrocalyx Burret =Astrocaryum murumuru
Astrocaryum minus Trail =Astrocaryum gynacanthum
Astrocaryum munbaca Mart. =Astrocaryum gynacanthum
Astrocaryum murumuru Mart. var. macrocalyx (Burret) An. Hend. [not in flora area]
Astrocaryum plicatum Drude =Astrocaryum sciophilum
Astrocaryum rodriguesii Trail =Astrocaryum paramaca
Astrocaryum segregatum Drude =Astrocaryum vulgare
Astrocaryum tucuma Mart. =Astrocaryum aculeatum
Astrocaryum tucumoides Drude =Astrocaryum vulgare
Attalea attaleoides (Barb. Rodr.) Wess. Boer [non Scheelea attaleoides Karst.] =Scheelea sp.
Attalea cryptanthera Wess. Boer =Attalea maripa
Attalea dahlgreniana (Bondar) Wess. Boer =xMaximbignya dahlgreniana
Attalea excelsa Mart. ex Spreng. [not in flora area] =Attalea phalerata
Attalea ferruginea Burret =Attalea racemosa
Attalea funifera Mart. [not in flora area]
Attalea humboldtiana Spruce =Attalea butyracea
Attalea macrocarpa (H. Karst.) Wess. Boer =Attalea butyracea
Attalea macrolepis (Burret) Wess. Boer =Attalea butyracea
Attalea macropetala (Burret) Wess. Boer =Attalea maripa
Attalea monosperma Barb. Rodr. [not in flora area] [=Attalea spectabilis fide A. Henderson] =Attalea spectabilis
Attalea polysticha (Burret) Wess. Boer =Attalea microcarpa
Attalea pycnocarpa Wess. Boer =Attalea butyracea
Attalea regia (Mart.) Wess. Boer =Attalea maripa
Attalea sagotii (Trail ex Thurn) Wess. Boer =Attalea microcarpa
Attalea spectabilis Mart. [not in flora area]
Bactris armata Barb. Rodr. [not in flora area] =Bactris maraja var. maraja
Bactris capinensis Huber =Bactris tomentosa var. tomentosa
Bactris carolensis Spruce =Bactris simplicifrons
Bactris chaetochlamys Burret =Bactris maraja
Bactris chaetospatha Mart. =Bactris maraja
Bactris concinna Mart. [not in flora area]
Bactris cruegeriana Griseb. & H. Wendl. ex Griseb. =Bactris major var. major
Bactris cuspidata Mart. var. tenuis (Wallace) Drude =Bactris simplicifrons
Bactris duidae Steyerm. =Bactris corossilla
Bactris exscapa (Barb. Rodr.) Barb. Rodr. =Bactris acanthocarpa var. acanthocarpa
Bactris floccosa Spruce =Bactris cuspidata
Bactris gaviona (Trail) Trail ex Drude =Bactris major var. infesta
Bactris geonomoides Drude =Bactris hirta var. hirta
Bactris gymnospatha Burret =Bactris maraja
Bactris humilis (Wallace) Burret =Bactris acanthocarpa var. acanthocarpa
Bactris integrifolia Wallace =Bactris hirta var. hirta
Bactris kamarupa Steyerm. =Bactris maraja
Bactris leptocarpa Trail ex Thurn =Bactris campestris
Bactris luetzelburgii Burret =Bactris simplicifrons
Bactris megalocarpa Trail ex Thurn =Bactris major var. megalocarpa
Bactris mitis Mart. =Bactris cuspidata
Bactris monticola Barb. Rodr. =Bactris maraja
Bactris pallidispina Mart. =Bactris brongniartii
Bactris pectinata Mart. =Bactris hirta var. hirta
Bactris penicillata Barb. Rodr. =Bactris maraja var. juruensis
Bactris rivularis Barb. Rodr. =Bactris brongniartii
Bactris sororpanae Steyerm. =Bactris simplicifrons
Bactris sphaerocarpa Trail [not in flora area] =Bactris tomentosa var. sphaerocarpa
Bactris tenuis Wallace =Bactris simplicifrons
Bactris tomentosa Mart. var. sphaerocarpa (Trail) An. Hend. [not in flora area]
Bactris trichospatha Trail =Bactris maraja
Bactris turbinata Spruce =Bactris hirta
Bactris ulei Burret =Bactris hirta var. pulchra
Bactris venezuelensis Steyerm. =Bactris corossilla
Chamaedorea gracilis Willd. [name of uncertain application]
Cocos aculeatus Jacq. =Acrocomia aculeata
Cocos butyracea Mutis ex L. f. =Attalea butyracea
Cocos guineensis L. =Bactris guineensis
Cocos orinocensis Spruce =Syagrus orinocensis
Copernicia cerifera (Arruda) Mart. [cultivated only] =Copernicia prunifera (Miller) Moore
Corypha tectorum Kunth =Copernicia tectorum
Dahlgrenia ptariana Steyerm. =Dictyocaryum ptarianum
Desmoncus apureanus L.H. Bailey =Desmoncus orthacanthos
Desmoncus duidensis Steyerm. =Desmoncus mitis
Desmoncus guianensis Trail [apparently a nomen nudum]
Desmoncus horridus Splitg. ex Mart. =Desmoncus orthacanthos
Desmoncus kaieteurensis L.H. Bailey =Desmoncus phoenicocarpus
Desmoncus macroacanthos Mart. [specimens probably = B. phoenicocarpus according to Henderson] =Desmoncus polyacanthos var. polyacanthos
Desmoncus maguirei L.H. Bailey =Desmoncus polyacanthos var. polyacanthos
Desmoncus multijugus Steyerm. =Desmoncus orthacanthos
Desmoncus oxyacanthos Mart. =Desmoncus polyacanthos
Desmoncus palustris Trail =Desmoncus orthacanthos
Desmoncus parvulus L.H. Bailey =Desmoncus phoenicocarpus
Desmoncus pumilus Trail =Desmoncus mitis
Desmoncus riparius Spruce =Desmoncus polyacanthos var polyacanthos
Desmoncus velezii L.H. Bailey & H.E. Moore =Desmoncus orthacanthos
Dictyocaryum fuscum (H. Karst.) H. Wendl. [not in flora area]
Euterpe aurantiaca H.E. Moore =Euterpe catinga
Euterpe erubescens H.E. Moore =Euterpe catinga var. roraimae
Euterpe montis-duida Burret =Euterpe catinga
Euterpe ptariana Steyerm. =Euterpe catinga var. roraimae
Euterpe roraimae Dammer =Euterpe catinga var. roraimae
Euterpe stenophylla Trail =Euterpe precatoria var. precatoria
Euterpe tenuiramosa Dammer =Prestoea tenuiramosa
Geonoma acaulis Mart. =Geonoma macrostachys var. acaulis
Geonoma acaulis (Poit.) Burret =Geonoma macrostachys var. poiteauana
Geonoma ambigua Spruce =Geonoma maxima var. ambigua
Geonoma arundinacea Mart. [not in flora area]
Geonoma barthia Engel =Geonoma densa
Geonoma bartlettii Dammer ex Burret =Geonoma deversa
Geonoma chaunostachys Burret =Geonoma macrostachys var. poiteauana
Geonoma chelidoneura Spruce =Geonoma maxima var. chelidonura
Geonoma elegans Mart. [not in flora area]
Geonoma euspatha Burret =Geonoma interrupta var. euspatha
Geonoma fusca Wess. Boer =Geonoma aspidiifolia
Geonoma juruana Dammer =Geonoma maxima
Geonoma karuaiana Steyerm. =Geonoma interrupta var. euspatha
Geonoma macrospatha Spruce =Geonoma baculifera
Geonoma maguirei L.H. Bailey =Geonoma stricta var. stricta
Geonoma major Burret =Geonoma deversa
Geonoma microspatha Spruce =Geonoma deversa
Geonoma multiflora Mart. =Geonoma maxima var. maxima
Geonoma negrensis Spruce =Geonoma maxima var. maxima
Geonoma paniculigera Mart. =Geonoma deversa
Geonoma pinnatifrons Willd. [not in flora area fide A. Henderson] =Geonoma interrupta var. interrupta
Geonoma piscicauda Dammer =Geonoma stricta var. piscicauda
Geonoma platycaula Drude & Trail ex Drude [not in flora area] =Geonoma rubescens H. Wendl. ex Drude
Geonoma poiteauana Kunth =Geonoma macrostachys var. poiteauana
Geonoma pycnostachys Mart. =Geonoma stricta var. stricta
Geonoma robusta Burret =Geonoma maxima var. ambigua
Geonoma roraimae Dammer =Geonoma appuniana p.p.; Geonoma baculifera p.p.
Geonoma saramaccana L.H. Bailey =Geonoma leptospadix
Geonoma schomburgkiana Spruce =Geonoma maxima var. ambigua
Geonoma spruceana Trail =Geonoma maxima
Geonoma tamandua Trail [not in flora area] =Geonoma macrostachys var. macrostachys
Geonoma triglochin Burret [not in flora area] [confused with G.umbraculiformis fide Granville]
Guilielma speciosa Mart. [cultivated only] =Bactris gasipaes Kunth
Gynestum baculiferum Poit. =Geonoma baculifera
Gynestum deversum Poit. =Geonoma deversa
Gynestum maximum Poit. =Geonoma maxima
Hyospathe maculata Steyerm. =Hyospathe elegans
Iriartea exorrhiza Mart. =Socratea exorrhiza
Iriartea fusca (H. Karst.) Drude [not in flora area] =Dictyocaryum fuscum
Iriartea setigera Mart. =Iriartella setigera
Iriartea ventricosa Mart. =Iriartea deltoidea
Jessenia bataua (Mart.) Burret =Oenocarpus bataua
Jessenia bataua (Mart.) Burret subsp. bataua =Oenocarpus bataua var. bataua
Jessenia bataua (Mart.) Burret subsp. oligocarpa (Griseb. & H. Wendl.) Balick =Oenocarpus bataua var. oligocarpa
Jessenia oligocarpa Griseb. & H. Wendl. =Oenocarpus bataua var. oligocarpa
Lepidocaryum casiquiarense (Spruce) Drude =Lepidocaryum tenue
Lepidocaryum gracile Mart. =Lepidocaryum tenue var. gracile
Lepidocaryum guianense Becc. =Lepidocaryum tenue var. gracile
Manicaria atricha Burret =Manicaria saccifera
Manicaria plukenetii Griseb. & H. Wendl. =Manicaria saccifera
Markleya dahlgreniana Bondar =xMaximbignya dahlgreniana
Mauritia aculeata Kunth =Mauritiella aculeata
Mauritia casiquiarensis Spruce =Lepidocaryum tenue
Mauritia flexuosa L. f. var. venezuelana Steyerm. =Mauritia flexuosa
Mauritia guainiensis Spruce =Lepidocaryum tenue
Mauritia martiana Spruce =Attalea maripa
Mauritia subinermis Spruce =Mauritiella armata
Mauritiella martiana (Spruce) Burret =Mauritiella armata
Maximiliana elegans H. Karst. =Attalea maripa
Maximiliana macropetala Burret =Attalea maripa
Maximiliana maripa (Aubl.) Drude =Attalea maripa
Maximiliana martiana H. Karst. =Attalea maripa
Maximiliana regia Mart. =Attalea maripa
Oenocarpus bacaba Mart. var. grandis (Burret) Wess. Boer =Oenocarpus bacaba
Oenocarpus bacaba Mart. var. parvus Wess. Boer =Oenocarpus balickii
Oenocarpus grandis Burret =Oenocarpus bacaba
Oenocarpus oligocarpa (Griseb. & H. Wendl.) Wess. Boer =Oenocarpus bataua var. oligocarpa
Orbignya barbosiana Burret =Attalea speciosa
Orbignya luetzelburgii Burret =Attalea luetzelburgii
Orbignya microcarpa (Mart.) Burret =Attalea microcarpa
Orbignya phalerata Mart. =Attalea speciosa
Orbignya polysticha Burret =Attalea microcarpa
Orbignya sagotii Trail ex Thurn =Attalea microcarpa
Orbignya speciosa (Mart.) Barb. Rodr. =Attalea speciosa
Orbignya spectabilis (Mart.) Burret [not in flora area] =Attalea spectabilis
Palma maripa Aubl. =Attalea maripa
Parascheelea luetzelburgii (Burret) Dugand =Attalea luetzelburgii
Prestoea steyermarkii H.E. Moore =Prestoea tenuiramosa
Raphia taedigera (Mart.) Mart. [not in flora area]
Roystonea jenmanii (Wright) Burret [cultivated] =Roystonea regia (Kunth) Cook
Roystonea venezuelana L.H. Bailey =Roystonea oleracea
Scheelea butyracea (Mutis ex L. f.) H. Karst. ex H. Wendl. =Attalea butyracea
Scheelea humboldtiana (Spruce) Burret =Attalea butyracea
Scheelea macrocarpa H. Karst. =Attalea butyracea
Scheelea macrolepis Burret =Attalea butyracea
Scheelea passargei Burret =Attalea butyracea
Socratea albolineata Steyerm. =Socratea exorrhiza
Socratea microchlamys Burret =Socratea exorrhiza
Trithrinax mauritiaeformis H. Karst. =Sabal mauritiiformis
Yuyba dakamana L.H. Bailey =Bactris simplicifrons
Yuyba essequiboensis L.H. Bailey =Bactris simplicifrons
Yuyba gleasonii L.H. Bailey =Bactris simplicifrons
Yuyba maguirei L.H. Bailey =Bactris simplicifrons
Yuyba stahelii L.H. Bailey =Bactris simplicifrons

Aristolochiaceae

Aristolochia acutifolia Duch. AMBO
Aristolochia amara (Aubl.) Poncy [based on sterile material, of uncertain application] FG
Aristolochia anguicida Jacq. AMBO
Aristolochia bukuti Poncy SUFG
Aristolochia chamissonis Duch. AM
Aristolochia consimilis Mast. GUFG
Aristolochia cornuta Mast. GU
Aristolochia cremersii Poncy FG
Aristolochia daemoninoxia Mast. GU
Aristolochia didyma S. Moore FG
Aristolochia disticha Mast. FG
Aristolochia flava Poncy FG
Aristolochia guianensis Poncy SUFG
Aristolochia hians Willd. GU
Aristolochia iquitensis O.C. Schmidt GUSUFG
Aristolochia leprieurii Duch. GUFG
Aristolochia maxima Jacq. AMBO
Aristolochia melgueiroi Barringer & Guánchez AMBO
Aristolochia mossii S. Moore AMBOFG
Aristolochia nummularifolia Kunth AMBO
Aristolochia pannosoides Hoehne BO
Aristolochia paramaribensis Duch. GUSUFG
Aristolochia peltatodeltoidea Hoehne GU
Aristolochia ringens Vahl AMBO
Aristolochia rugosa Lam. BODAGUFG
Aristolochia silvatica Barb. Rodr. AM
Aristolochia sprucei Mast. DA
Aristolochia stahelii O.C. Schmidt SUFG
Aristolochia surinamensis Willd. GUSU
Aristolochia trilobata L. GUSUFG
Aristolochia weddellii Duch. var. rondoniana Hoehne GUSUFG

Aristolochiaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Aristolochia amesiana R.E. Schult. =Aristolochia silvatica
Aristolochia barbata Jacq. =Aristolochia rugosa
Aristolochia dictyantha Duch. var. schomburgkii (Klotzsch) Duch. =Aristolochia rugosa
Aristolochia dubia Hoehne =Aristolochia mossii
Aristolochia gabrielis Briq. =Aristolochia leprieurii
Aristolochia glaucescens Kunth [not in flora area]
Aristolochia longecaudata Mast. =Aristolochia weddellii var. rondoniana
Aristolochia macrophylla Duch. =Aristolochia iquitensis
Aristolochia macrota Duch. =Aristolochia surinamensis
Aristolochia platyloba Garcke =Aristolochia surinamensis

Asclepiadaceae

Asclepias curassavica L. BODAGUSUFG
Asclepias fruticosa L. SU
Barjonia erecta (Vell.) K. Schum. SU
Blepharodon glaucescens (Decne.) Fontella AMBOGU
Blepharodon grandiflorus Benth. subsp. crassifolius (Schltr.) Morillo BOGU
Blepharodon julianii Morillo [to be expected in GU] BO
Blepharodon maigualidae Morillo AM
Blepharodon mucronatus (Schltdl.) Decne. AMBO
Blepharodon nitidus (Vell.) J.F. Macbr. AMBOGUSUFG
Blepharodon tillettii Morillo GU
Blepharodon ulei Schltr. AMBOGU
Calotropis gigantea (L.) Dryand. [cultivated, naturalized] BOGUSU
Cryptostegia madagascariensis Bojer ex Decne. [escaped from cultivation?] AMBOGU
Cynanchum blandum (Decne.) Sundell GUSUFG
Cynanchum buntingii Morillo AM
Cynanchum chimantense Morillo BO
Cynanchum goertsianum Morillo [published as C. görtsianum] SUFG
Cynanchum guanchezii Morillo AM
Cynanchum hirtellum (Oliv.) V.M. Badillo BOGU
Cynanchum huberi Morillo AM
Cynanchum mirifolium (Gleason & Moldenke) R.W. Holm AMBO
Cynanchum montevidense Spreng. BOGU
Cynanchum neei Morillo AM
Cynanchum paraquense Morillo AM
Cynanchum parviflorum Sw. BOGU
Cynanchum prevostiae Morillo FG
Cynanchum sobradoi Morillo AM
Cynanchum stannardii Morillo AM
Cynanchum strictum R.W. Holm AMDA
Ditassa acerifolia Lasser & Maguire AM
Ditassa angustifolia Decne. BOGU
Ditassa auyantepuiensis (Steyerm.) Morillo BO
Ditassa ayangannensis Morillo GU
Ditassa bolivarensis (R.W. Holm) Morillo [to be expected in GU] BO
Ditassa carnevalii (Morillo) Morillo AMBO
Ditassa ciliata (Moldenke) Morillo AM
Ditassa colellae (Morillo) Morillo BO
Ditassa consanguinea Decne. GUSUFG
Ditassa duidae Gleason AM
Ditassa foldatsii Morillo AM
Ditassa franciscoi (Morillo) S. Liede AM
Ditassa gillespieae Morillo GU
Ditassa juliani (Morillo) Morillo AM
Ditassa liesneri Morillo AM
Ditassa lindemanii Morillo SU
Ditassa multinervia (Morillo) Morillo AM
Ditassa obovata (R.W. Holm) Morillo [to be expected in GU] BO
Ditassa olivaestevae Morillo AM
Ditassa ottohuberi Morillo AM
Ditassa pauciflora Decne. GU
Ditassa roraimensis Schltr. BOGU
Ditassa sipapoana Morillo AM
Ditassa surinamensis Morillo SU
Ditassa tatei Gleason & Moldenke AMBOGU
Ditassa taxifolia Decne. BOGU
Ditassa venamensis Morillo BOGU
Ditassa verticillata Morillo AM
Fischeria stellata (Vell.) E. Fourn. BOGU
Gonolobus aristolochioides Kunth AMBO
Gonolobus germanianus Morillo [to be expected in GU] BO
Gonolobus glaber Decne. [specimens not seen, status uncertain] SU?
Gonolobus grandiflorus R. Br. [specimens not seen, status uncertain] GU?
Gonolobus tobagensis Urb. GU
Macroditassa carolina Morillo [Mt. Roraima] BOGU
Macroditassa laurifolia (Decne.) Fontella GU
Marsdenia altissima (Jacq.) Dugand BOGUSUFG
Marsdenia gillespieae Morillo GU
Marsdenia guanchezii Morillo AMBO
Marsdenia macrophylla (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Schult.) E. Fourn. AMBOGUSU
Marsdenia rubrofusca Benth. ex E. Fourn. AMBODAGUSUFG
Marsdenia sprucei Rothe AM
Marsdenia undulata (Jacq.) Dugand BO
Marsdenia weddellii (E. Fourn.) Malme SU
Marsdenia xerohylica Dugand BO
Matelea amazonica Morillo AM
Matelea badilloi Morillo BOGUFG
Matelea bolivarensis Morillo BOGU
Matelea cayennensis Morillo FG
Matelea coriacea Morillo [to be expected in GU] BO
Matelea cremersii Morillo FG
Matelea cumanensis (Willd. ex Schult.) W.D. Stevens BO
Matelea delascioi Morillo DAGU
Matelea denticulata (Vahl) Fontella & E.A. Schwarz BODAGUSUFG
Matelea fournieri Morillo SU
Matelea fucata Woodson BO
Matelea funkiana Morillo GU
Matelea glaziovii (E. Fourn.) Morillo SU
Matelea gracieae Morillo FG
Matelea grenandii Morillo FG
Matelea hildegardiana Morillo BO
Matelea hirsuta (Vahl) Woodson BOGU
Matelea hoffmanii Morillo GU
Matelea holstii Morillo & Carnevali BO
Matelea jansen-jacobsiae Morillo SU
Matelea jenmanii (Morillo) Morillo GU
Matelea liesneri Morillo AM
Matelea lourteigiae Morillo AMGUSUFG
Matelea maritima (Jacq.) Woodson AMBOGU
Matelea neblinae Morillo AM
Matelea oldemanii Morillo FG
Matelea palustris Aubl. GUSUFG
Matelea planiflora (Jacq.) Dugand BOGU
Matelea riparia Morillo GU
Matelea sastrei Morillo SUFG
Matelea squiresii (Rusby) Morillo BODAGUSU
Matelea stenopetala Sandwith AMBOGUFG
Matelea stergiosii Morillo BO
Matelea suareziae Morillo AM
Matelea surinamensis Morillo SU
Matelea yanomamica Morillo AM
Metalepis albiflora Urb. FG
Metalepis prevostiae Morillo FG
Nephradenia linearis Benth. ex E. Fourn. AMBOGU
Oxypetalum capitatum Mart. BOGUSU
Sarcostemma clausum (Jacq.) Schult. AMBODAGUSUFG
Stenomeria decalepis Turcz. GU
Tassadia aristata (Benth. ex E. Fourn.) Fontella [to be expected in the Guianas] AMBO
Tassadia berteriana (Spreng.) W.D. Stevens BOGUSU
Tassadia castellanosii Fontella AM
Tassadia decaisneana Miq. GUSU
Tassadia guianensis Decne. GUSUFG
Tassadia ivonae Morillo AMBO
Tassadia kamaensis (Morillo) Morillo BO
Tassadia leptobotrys Decne. SU
Tassadia marahuacensis Morillo AM
Tassadia martiana Decne. [to be expected in the Guianas]
Tassadia medinae (Morillo) Morillo AM
Tassadia obovata Decne. AMBODAGUSUFG
Tassadia ovalifolia (E. Fourn.) Fontella [to be expected in the Guianas] AM
Tassadia propinqua Decne. [to be expected in FG] AMDAGUSU
Tassadia trailiana (Benth.) Fontella AMGU

Asclepiadaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Asclepias altissima Jacq. =Marsdenia altissima
Asclepias clausa Jacq. =Sarcostemma clausum
Asclepias gigantea L. =Calotropis gigantea
Asclepias macrophylla Humb. & Bonpl. ex Schult. =Marsdenia macrophylla
Asclepias planiflora Jacq. =Matelea planiflora
Asclepias undulata Jacq. =Marsdenia undulata
Astephanus mucronata Schltdl. =Blepharodon mucronatus
Blepharodon auyantepuiense Steyerm. =Blepharodon ulei
Blepharodon bifidus Schltr. =Blepharodon grandiflorus subsp. crassifolius
Blepharodon ciliatum Moldenke =Ditassa ciliata
Blepharodon crassifolius Schltr. =Blepharodon grandiflorus subsp. crassifolius
Blepharodon hitchcockii Gleason =Blepharodon ulei
Blepharodon steudelianum (Miq.) Pulle =Blepharodon nitidus
Blepharodon steyermarkii R.W. Holm =Blepharodon nitidus
Blepharodon venezuelense Moldenke =Blepharodon nitidus
Blepharodon viscidum R.W. Holm =Nephradenia linearis
Cynanchum acerifolium (Lasser & Maguire) Morillo =Ditassa acerifolia
Cynanchum altissimum (Jacq.) Jacq. =Marsdenia altissima
Cynanchum angustifolium (Decne.) Morillo =Ditassa angustifolia
Cynanchum apocynellum (Gleason & Moldenke) Spellman =Tassadia obovata
Cynanchum auyantepuiense Steyerm. =Ditassa auyantepuiensis
Cynanchum bolivarense R.W. Holm =Ditassa bolivarensis
Cynanchum carnevalii Morillo =Ditassa carnevalii
Cynanchum clausum (Jacq.) Jacq. =Sarcostemma clausum
Cynanchum colellae Morillo =Ditassa colellae
Cynanchum denticulatum Vahl =Matelea denticulata
Cynanchum duidae R.W. Holm =Ditassa ciliata
Cynanchum fimbriatum Kunth =Matelea cumanensis
Cynanchum franciscoi Morillo =Ditassa franciscoi
Cynanchum guianense Spreng. =Matelea denticulata
Cynanchum hirsutum Vahl =Matelea hirsuta
Cynanchum holmianum Steyerm. =Ditassa duidae
Cynanchum jenmanii Morillo =Matelea jenmanii
Cynanchum julianii Morillo =Ditassa juliani
Cynanchum kamaense Morillo =Tassadia kamaensis
Cynanchum maritimum Jacq. =Matelea maritima
Cynanchum medinae Morillo =Tassadia medinae
Cynanchum multinervium Morillo =Ditassa multinervia
Cynanchum nitidum Vell. =Blepharodon nitidus
Cynanchum obovatum R.W. Holm =Ditassa obovata
Cynanchum planiflorum Jacq. =Matelea planiflora
Cynanchum recurvum (Rusby) Spellman =Tassadia obovata
Cynanchum revolutum R.W. Holm =Cynanchum hirtellum
Cynanchum roraimense (Schlltr.) Morillo =Ditassa roraimensis
Cynanchum stellatum Vell. =Fischeria stellata
Cynanchum stenolobum (Decne.) Morillo =Tassadia berteriana
Cynanchum tatei (Gleason & Moldenke) R.W. Holm =Ditassa tatei
Cynanchum taxifolium (Decne.) R.W. Holm =Ditassa taxifolia
Cynanchum tepuiense Morillo =Ditassa ciliata
Cynanchum undulatum (Jacq.) Jacq. =Marsdenia undulata
Cynanchum viridiflorum G. Mey. =Matelea denticulata
Ditassa aristata Benth. ex E. Fourn. =Tassadia aristata
Ditassa blepharodontoides Schltr. =Blepharodon glaucescens
Ditassa glaucescens Decne. =Blepharodon glaucescens
Esmeraldia stricta E. Fourn. =Cynanchum strictum
Fischeria calycina Decne. =Fischeria stellata
Fischeria subaequalis S.F. Blake =Fischeria stellata
Funastrum clausum (Jacq.) Schltr. =Sarcostemma clausum
Glaziostelma ovalifolium E. Fourn. =Tassadia ovalifolia
Gonolobus adenophorus Suess. =Matelea planiflora
Gonolobus ligustrinus Decne. [not in flora area]
Gonolobus maritimus (Jacq.) R. Br. =Matelea maritima
Gonolobus riparius Kunth [not in flora area]
Gonolobus squiresii Rusby =Matelea squiresii
Gonolobus surinamensis Jonker =Matelea lourteigiae
Gonolobus viridiflorus (G. Mey.) Schult. =Matelea denticulata
Ibatia albiflora H. Karst. =Matelea cumanensis
Ibatia maritima (Jacq.) Decne. =Matelea maritima
Macroscepis hirsuta (Vahl) Schltr. =Matelea hirsuta
Macroscepis trianae Decne. ex Triana =Matelea hirsuta
Madarosperma trailiana Benth. =Tassadia trailiana
Marsdenia amazonica Morillo =Marsdenia sprucei
Marsdenia caurensis Morillo =Marsdenia altissima
Marsdenia maculata Hook. =Marsdenia macrophylla
Marsdenia margaritaria R.C. Foster =Marsdenia undulata
Marsdenia mollissima E. Fourn. =Marsdenia altissima
Matelea albiflora (H. Karst.) Dugand =Matelea cumanensis
Matelea fimbriata (Kunth) Dugand =Matelea cumanensis
Matelea latifolia Aubl. =Matelea palustris
Matelea mediocris Woodson =Matelea squiresii
Matelea trianae (Decne. ex Triana) Spellman =Matelea hirsuta
Matelea viridiflora (G. Mey.) Woodson =Matelea denticulata
Meresaldia stricta (E. Fourn.) Bullock =Cynanchum strictum
Metastelma berterianum (Spreng.) Decne. =Tassadia berteriana
Metastelma brasiliense K. Schum. [not in flora area]
Metastelma campanulatum Decne. =Cynanchum parviflorum
Metastelma decaisneana Benth. & Hook. =Tassadia decaisneana
Metastelma mirifolium Gleason & Moldenke =Cynanchum mirifolium
Metastelma paraquense (Morillo) Liede =Cynanchum paraquense
Metastelma parviflorum (Sw.) R. Br. ex Schult. =Cynanchum parviflorum
Metastelma stenolobum Decne. =Tassadia berteriana
Metastelma steudelianum Miq. =Blepharodon nitidus
Metastelma strictum Gleason & Moldenke =Cynanchum strictum
Metastelma strictum (E. Fourn.) Spruce ex Knuth =Cynanchum strictum
Oxypetalum berterianum Spreng. =Tassadia berteriana
Roulinia blanda Decne. =Cynanchum blandum
Roulinia voglii Suesseng. =Cynanchum montevidense
Rouliniella guianensis (Decne.) Jonker =Cynanchum blandum
Sarcostemma cumanense Kunth =Sarcostemma clausum
Sarcostemma pubescens Kunth =Sarcostemma clausum
Stephanotella killipii Woodson =Marsdenia rubrofusca
Tassadia angustifolia Malme =Tassadia propinqua
Tassadia apocynella Gleason & Moldenke =Tassadia obovata
Tassadia recurva Rusby =Tassadia obovata
Telminostelma corymbosum (Decne.) Fontella & Schwarz =Cynanchum blandum
Vincetoxicum hirtellum Oliv. =Cynanchum hirtellum

Asteraceae

Acanthospermum australe (Loefl.) Kuntze AMBOGUSUFG
Acanthospermum hispidum DC. BOGUSUFG
Achnopogon steyermarkii Aristeg. BO
Achnopogon virgatus Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack BO
Achyrocline flaccida DC. GU
Achyrocline satureioides (Lam.) DC. AMBOGU
Achyrocline vargasiana DC. AMBOGU
Acmella brachyglossa Cass. SUFG
Acmella ciliata (Kunth) Cass. AMBOGUFG?
Acmella radicans (Jacq.) R.K. Jansen var. debilis (Kunth) R.K. Jansen AM
Acmella repens (Walter) Rich. ex Pers. FG
Acmella uliginosa (Sw.) Cass. BOGUSUFG
Ageratina ibaguensis (Sch. Bip. ex Hieron.) R.M. King & H. Rob. BO
Ageratina roraimensis (N.E. Br.) R.M. King & H. Rob. [Mt. Roraima] BO
Ageratum ballotaefolium (Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack) R.M. King & H. Rob. BO
Ageratum conyzoides L. [introduced] AMBODAGUSUFG
Ageratum houstonianum Mill. [widely cultivated, possibly naturalized] SU
Ageratum scorpioideum Baker GU
Ambrosia crithmifolia DC. GU
Ambrosia microcephala DC. SUFG
Ambrosia peruviana Willd. [to be expected in the Guianas] BODA
Austroeupatorium inulaefolium (Kunth) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMBOGU
Ayapana amygdalina (Lam.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMBOGUSUFG
Ayapana trinitensis (Kuntze) R.M. King & H. Rob. DA
Ayapana triplinervis (Vahl) R.M. King & H. Rob. FG
Baccharis brachylaenoides DC. var. brachylaenoides AMBOGU
Baccharis brachylaenoides DC. var. ligustrina (DC.) Maguire & Wurdack AMGU
Baccharis densa (N.E. Br.) V.M. Badillo AMBOGU
Baccharis lundii DC. BO
Baccharis nitida (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. GU
Baccharis rufescens Spreng. GU
Baccharis schomburgkii Baker AMBOGU
Baccharis trinervis (Lam.) Pers. AMBOGU
Baccharis varians Gardner BOGUSU
Baltimora geminata (Brandegee) Stuessy BOGU
Barrosoa metensis (B.L. Rob.) R.M. King & H. Rob. BO
Bidens alba (L.) DC. var. radiata (Sch. Bip.) Ballard GUFG
Bidens cynapiifolia Kunth AMBODAGUSUFG
Bidens pilosa L. BODAGUSUFG
Bidens riparia Kunth var. refracta (Brandegee) O.E. Schulz GU
Blainvillea dichotma (Murray) Cass. FG
Brickellia diffusa (Vahl) A. Gray BO
Calea abelioides S.F. Blake AM
Calea berteriana DC. BO
Calea caleoides (DC.) H. Rob. AMGUSU
Calea camani Maguire & K.D. Phelps AM
Calea coridifolia Pruski AM
Calea divaricata Benth. BOGU
Calea esposi Maguire & K.D. Phelps AM
Calea granitica Pruski AMBO
Calea kunhardtii Maguire AM
Calea linearifolia Maguire & Wurdack AM
Calea lucida Maguire & Wurdack BO
Calea lucidivenia Gleason & S.F. Blake var. cardonae (Maguire & Wurdack) Pruski BOGU
Calea lucidivenia Gleason & S.F. Blake var. lucidivenia BOGU
Calea lucidivenia Gleason & S.F. Blake var. orientalis (Maguire & Wurdack) Pruski BOGU
Calea lucidivenia Gleason & S.F. Blake var. punctata Maguire & Wurdack BO
Calea nana Maguire AM
Calea neblinensis (Maguire & Wurdack) Pruski AM
Calea oliveri B.L. Rob. & Greenm. BOGU
Calea orbiculata Maguire & Aristeg. AM
Calea ottohuberi Pruski AM
Calea phelpsiae Lasser & Maguire AM
Calea politii Maguire AM
Calea punctata Maguire & Wurdack AM
Calea sipapoana Maguire AM
Calea solidaginea Kunth subsp. deltophylla (Cowan) Pruski BOGUSUFG
Calea steyermarkii Pruski BO
Calea sublantanoides V.M. Badillo AM
Calea tolimana Hieron. AMBO
Calea tricephala Maguire AM
Calea venosa Pruski AM
Centratherum punctatum Cass. AMBODAGUFG
Chaptalia integerrima (Vell.) Burkart BOGU
Chaptalia nutans (L.) Pol. BOGUSU
Chimantaea acopanensis Steyerm. BO
Chimantaea cinerea (Gleason & S.F. Blake) Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack var. cinerea BO
Chimantaea cinerea (Gleason & S.F. Blake) Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack var. similis (Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack) Pruski & Huber BO
Chimantaea eriocephala Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack BO
Chimantaea espeletoidea Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack BO
Chimantaea huberi Steyerm. BO
Chimantaea humilis Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack BO
Chimantaea lanocaulis Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack subsp. lanocaulis BO
Chimantaea lanocaulis Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack subsp. murisipanensis Pruski & Huber BO
Chimantaea mirabilis Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack BO
Chimantaea rupicola Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack BO
Chionolaena latifolia (Benth.) Baker AM
Chromolaena bathyphlebia (B.L. Rob.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMBO
Chromolaena corymbosa (Aubl.) R.M. King & H. Rob. FG
Chromolaena dichotoma Sch. Bip. SU
Chromolaena ivaefolia (L.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMBOGU
Chromolaena laevigata (Lam.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMBOGUSUFG
Chromolaena maximilianii (Schrad. ex DC.) R.M. King & H. Rob. FG
Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMBODAGUSUFG
Chromolaena pharcidodes (B.L. Rob.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMBOGU
Chromolaena squalida (DC.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMBOGUSU
Chromolaena ternicapitulata Pruski AM
Chromolaena thurnii (B.L. Rob.) R.M. King & H. Rob. BOGU
Chromolaena tyleri (B.L. Rob.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AM
Clibadium armani (Balbis) Sch. Bip. ex O.E. Schulz GUSUFG
Clibadium surinamense L. AMBOGUSUFG
Clibadium sylvestre (Aubl.) Baill. AMGUSUFG
Condylidium iresinoides (Kunth) R.M. King & H. Rob. BOGU
Conyza bonariensis (L.) Cronquist BOGUSUFG
Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist [naturalized] SUFG
Conyza laevigata (Rich.) Pruski FG
Conyza primulaefolia (Lam.) Cuatrec. & Lourteig BOGUSU
Cosmos caudatus Kunth [widely cultivated, probably escaping] DAGUSUFG
Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H. Rob. [naturalized] BODAGUSUFG
Cyrtocymura scorpioides (Lam.) H. Rob. BOGUSUFG
Dasyphyllum vepreculatum (D. Don) Cabrera BO
Delilia biflora (L.) Kuntze GU
Duidaea marahuacensis Steyerm. AM
Duidaea pinifolia S.F. Blake AM
Duidaea rubriceps S.F. Blake AM
Duidaea tatei S.F. Blake AM
Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. AMBODAGUSUFG
Egletes florida Shinners BODAGU
Egletes prostrata (Sw.) Kuntze GU
Egletes viscosa (L.) Less. BO
Elephantopus hirtiflorus DC. BO
Elephantopus mollis Kunth AMBOGUSUFG
Eleutheranthera ruderalis (Sw.) Sch. Bip. BOGUSUFG
Emilia coccinea (Sims) G. Don [African: cultivated, escaping] GU
Emilia fosbergii Nicolson AMBOGUSUFG
Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC. ex Wight var. sonchifolia BODAGUSUFG
Erechtites hieracifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. AMBOGUSUFG
Erechtites valerianaefolia (Wolf) Link ex Spreng. AMBOGUFG
Erigeron karwinskianus DC. BO
Fleischmannia microstemon (Cass.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMBOSUFG
Gamochaeta americana (Mill.) Wedd. AM
Gamochaeta simplicicaulis (Willd. ex Spreng.) Cabrera BOGU
Glossarion bilabiatum (Maguire) Pruski AM
Glossarion rhodanthum Maguire & Wurdack AM
Gnaphalium elegans Kunth BO
Gnaphalium polycaulon Pers. [Mt. Roraima; Sierra de la Neblina, Brazil] BOGU
Gochnatia oligocephala (Gardner) Cabrera BOGU
Gongylolepis benthamiana R.H. Schomb. AMBOGU
Gongylolepis bracteata Maguire AMBO
Gongylolepis erioclada S.F. Blake AM
Gongylolepis fruticosa Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack BO
Gongylolepis glaberrima S.F. Blake AM
Gongylolepis huachamacari Maguire AM
Gongylolepis jauaensis (Aristeg., Maguire & Steyerm.) V.M. Badillo AMBO
Gongylolepis martiana (Baker) Steyerm. & Cuatrec. AM
Gongylolepis oblanceolata Pruski AM
Gongylolepis paniculata Maguire & K.D. Phelps AM
Gongylolepis paruana Maguire AM
Gongylolepis pedunculata Maguire BO
Gongylolepis wurdackii (Maguire & Wurdack) AM
Gongylolepis yapacana Maguire AM
Guayania bulbosa (Aristeg.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AM
Guayania cerasifolia (Sch. Bip. ex Baker) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMBO
Guayania crassicaulis (Steyerm.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AM
Guayania penninervata (Wurdack) R.M. King & H. Rob. AM
Guayania roupalifolia (B.L. Rob.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMBOGU
Guayania yaviana (Lasser & Maguire) R.M. King & H. Rob. AM
Hebeclinium macrophyllum (L.) DC. BODAGUSUFG
Heterocondylus vitalbae (DC.) R.M. King & H. Rob. SU
Huberopappus maigualidae Pruski AMBO
Ichthyothere davidsei H. Rob. FG
Ichthyothere granvillei H. Rob. GUSUFG
Ichthyothere terminalis (Spreng.) S.F. Blake AMBOGUSUFG
Imeria memorabilis (Maguire & Wurdack) R.M. King & H. Rob. var. densesericea Pruski [SW of Neblina]
Imeria memorabilis (Maguire & Wurdack) R.M. King & H. Rob. var. memorabilis AM
Koanophyllon fuscum (N.E. Br.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMBOGU
Koanophyllon tatei (B.L. Rob.) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMBO
Lepidaploa bolivarensis (V.M. Badillo) H. Rob. AMBOGUSU
Lepidaploa chrysotricha (Alexander) H. Rob. GU
Lepidaploa cotoneaster (Willd. ex Spreng.) H. Rob. GU
Lepidaploa ehretiifolia (Benth.) H. Rob. AMBOGU
Lepidaploa gracilis (Kunth) H. Rob. AMBOGU
Lepidaploa imeriensis (V.M. Badillo) Pruski AM
Lepidaploa miersiana (Gardner) Pruski BO
Lepidaploa pari (V.M. Badillo) H. Rob. [to be expected in the Guianas] BO
Lepidaploa remotiflora (Rich.) H. Rob. GUSUFG
Lepidaploa salzmanii (DC.) H. Rob. [Mt. Roraima] BO
Lessingianthus morilloi (V.M. Badillo) H. Rob. AM
Lycoseris triplinervia Less. AMBO
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small DAGU
Mikania amazonica Baker AM
Mikania banisteriae DC. BOGUSUFG
Mikania boomii Pruski GU
Mikania chaetoloba Pruski AMBO
Mikania chlorolepis Baker BO
Mikania congesta DC. AMBODAGUSUFG
Mikania cordifolia (L. f.) Willd. AMBOGUSUFG
Mikania duidensis B.L. Rob. BOGU
Mikania gleasonii B.L. Rob. BOGUSUFG
Mikania guaco Bonpl. AMBODAGUSUFG
Mikania hookeriana DC. AMBOGUSUFG
Mikania lindleyana DC. BOGUSU
Mikania lucida S.F. Blake [Mt. Roraima] AMBO
Mikania marahuacensis Steyerm. & Maguire AM
Mikania mazaruniensis W.C. Holmes & McDaniel GU
Mikania michelangeliana Steyerm. AM
Mikania micrantha Kunth AMBODAGUSUFG
Mikania microptera DC. DAGUSUFG
Mikania neblinensis Aristeg. AM
Mikania nigropunctulata Hieron. AMBOGUSU
Mikania pannosa Baker AMBOGU
Mikania parviflora (Aubl.) H. Karst. AMBOGUSUFG
Mikania psilostachya DC. AMBOGUSUFG
Mikania rondonensis V.M. Badillo AMBOGU
Mikania simpsonii W.C. Holmes & McDaniel AM
Mikania solidinervia V.M. Badillo AM
Mikania sprucei Baker AMBOGU
Mikania trinitaria DC. AMBODAGUSUFG
Mikania vitifolia DC. AMBODAGUSU
Neblinaea promontoriorum Maguire & Wurdack AM
Neurolaena lobata (L.) R. Br. BOGUSUFG
Oritrophium marahuacense Steyerm. & Maguire AM
Orthopappus angustifolius (Sw.) Gleason AMBOGUSUFG
Oyedaea alba Pruski AMDA
Oyedaea scaberrima (Benth.) S.F. Blake AMBOGU
Oyedaea tepuiana (V.M. Badillo) Pruski [to be expected in the Guianas] AMBO
Oyedaea wurdackii Pruski AM
Pacourina edulis Aubl. GUSUFG
Parthenium hysterophorus L. GUSUFG
Pectis ciliaris L. BO
Pectis elongata Kunth AMBOGUSUFG
Pectis elongata Kunth var. elongata GUSUFG
Pectis elongata Kunth var. floribunda (A. Rich.) Keil FG
Pectis humifusa Sw. DAGU
Pectis pygmaea Kunth BO
Pectis venezuelensis Steyerm. [to be expected in the Guianas] AMBO
Pentacalia freemanii (Britton & Greenm.) Cuatrec. BOGU
Pentacalia neblinensis Pruski AM
Pentacalia phelpsiae (Cuatrec.) Cuatrec. AM
Pentacalia ptariana (Cuatrec.) Cuatrec. BO
Pentacalia yapacana (Aristeg.) Cuatrec. BO
Piptocarpha auyantepuiensis Aristeg. BO
Piptocarpha jauaensis Aristeg. & Steyerm. BO
Piptocarpha leprosa (Less.) Baker BOGU
Piptocarpha opaca (Benth.) Baker AMGU
Piptocarpha opaca (Benth.) Baker subsp. opaca AM
Piptocarpha poeppigiana (DC.) Baker AMBODAGU
Piptocarpha polycephala Baker BOGU
Piptocarpha triflora (Aubl.) Benn. ex Baker AMBODAGUSUFG
Piptocoma areolata (Wurdack) Pruski AM
Piptocoma roraimensis (Steyerm.) Pruski BOGU
Piptocoma schomburgkii (Sch. Bip.) Pruski AMBOGUSUFG
Piptocoma spruceana (Benth.) Pruski AM
Pluchea carolinensis (Jacq.) G. Don [probably cultivated only] GUSU
Pluchea odorata (L.) Cass. GUSU
Pluchea sagittalis (Lam.) Cabrera [to be expected in the Guianas] BO
Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. BOGUSUFG
Praxelis asperulacea (Baker) R.M. King & H. Rob. AMGU
Praxelis diffusa (Rich.) Pruski AMBOGUSUFG
Pseudelephantopus spicatus (Juss.) Rohr AMGUSUFG
Pseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Kunth) Cabrera [to be expected in the Guianas] BODA
Pterocaulon alopecuroides (Lam.) DC. BOGUSU
Quelchia bracteata Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack BO
Quelchia cardonae Steyerm. BO
Quelchia conferta N.E. Br. BOGU
Quelchia eriocaulis Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack BO
Quelchia xgrandifolia Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack BO
Riencourtia latifolia Gardner AMBOGU
Riencourtia oblongifolia Gardner SU
Riencourtia pedunculosa (Rich.) Pruski AMBOGUSUFG
Rolandra fruticosa (L.) Kuntze AMBODAGUSUFG
Sciadocephala pakaraimae (Maguire & Wurdack) R.M. King & H. Rob. GU
Siapaea liesneri Pruski AM
Sigesbeckia orientalis L. [naturalized] GU
Sonchus asper (L.) Hill BOGU
Sphagneticola brachycarpa (Baker) Pruski AMBOGU
Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) Pruski AMBOGUSUFG
Spilanthes nervosa Chodat AM
Spilanthes urens Jacq. AMDA
Stenocephalum apiculatum (Mart.) Sch. Bip. BO
Stenopadus campestris Maguire & Wurdack AM
Stenopadus chimantensis Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack BO
Stenopadus colveei (Steyerm.) Pruski BO
Stenopadus connellii (N.E. Br.) S.F. Blake BOGU
Stenopadus cucullatus Maguire & Wurdack AM
Stenopadus huachamacari Maguire AM
Stenopadus jauaensis Aristeg. BO
Stenopadus kunhardtii Maguire AM
Stenopadus megacephalus Pruski GU
Stenopadus obconicus Maguire & Wurdack AM
Stenopadus sericeus Maguire & Aristeg. BOGU
Stenopadus talaumifolius S.F. Blake AMBOGU
Stifftia cayennensis H. Rob. & Kahn FG
Stomatochaeta acuminata Pruski BO
Stomatochaeta condensata (Baker) Maguire & Wurdack BOGU
Stomatochaeta crassifolia (S.F. Blake) Maguire & Wurdack AM
Stomatochaeta cylindrica Maguire & Wurdack BO
Stomatochaeta cymbifolia (S.F. Blake) Maguire & Wurdack BO
Stomatochaeta steyermarkii Aristeg. BO
Struchium sparganophorum (L.) Kuntze AMDAGUSUFG
Symphyotrichum laeve (L.) A. Löve & D. Löve [cultivated, naturalized] GUFG
Synedrella nodiflora (L.) Gaertn. BODAGUSUFG
Tagetes erecta L. [cultivated, naturalized] GUSU
Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav. BODA
Trichogonia arguta (Kunth) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Klatt [Mt. Roraima] BO
Trichospira verticillata (L.) S.F. Blake BODAGUFG
Tridax procumbens L. BOGUFG
Tuberculocarpus ruber (Aristeg.) Pruski AM
Tyleropappus dichotomus Greenm. AM
Unxia camphorata L. f. AMBOGUSUFG
Unxia suffruticosa (Baker) Stuessy BO
Verbesina angusta Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack BO
Verbesina columbiana B.L. Rob. [to be expected in the Guianas] BO
Verbesina guianensis Baker BOGU
Verbesina ligulata (Maguire & Wurdack) Pruski [to be expected in the Guianas] AMBO
Verbesina pilosa Maguire & Wurdack BO
Vernonanthura brasiliana (L.) H. Rob. AMBOGUSUFG
Wedelia ambigens S.F. Blake BOGU
Wedelia calycina Rich. BOGUFG
Wedelia villosa Gardner GU
Wulffia baccata (L.) Kuntze AMBODAGUSUFG
Wulffia rubens Alexander GU
Xiphochaeta aquatica Poepp. AMBODAGUSUFG
Youngia japonica (L.) DC. GU

Asteraceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Acanthospermum brasilium Schrank =Acanthospermum australe
Acanthospermum humile DC. var. hispidum (DC.) Kuntze =Acanthospermum hispidum
Achnopogon quelchioides Aristeg. =Achnopogon steyermarkii
Achyrocline satureioides (Lam.) DC. var. vargasianum (DC.) Baker =Achyrocline vargasiana
Acmella brasiliensis Spreng. =Sphagneticola trilobata
Acmella oppositifolia (Lam.) R.K. Jansen var. oppositifolia =Acmella repens
Acmella radicans (Jacq.) R.K. Jansen var. radicans [not in flora area]
Adenostemma pakaraimae Maguire & Wurdack =Sciadocephala pakaraimae
Ageratum guianense Aubl. =Hebeclinium macrophyllum
Alomia ballotaefolia Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack =Ageratum ballotaefolium
Ambrosia cumanensis Kunth =Ambrosia peruviana
Ampherephis aristata Kunth =Centratherum punctatum
Ampherephis mutica Kunth =Centratherum punctatum
Aspilia bolivarana V.M. Badillo =Wulffia baccata
Aspilia rubra Aristeg. =Tuberculocarpus ruber
Aster laevis L. =Symphyotrichum laeve
Augusta benthamiana (R.H. Schomb.) Kuntze =Gongylolepis benthamiana
Augusta condensata (Baker) Kuntze =Stomatochaeta condensata
Augusta martiana (Baker) Kuntze =Gongylolepis martiana
Baccharis brasiliana L. =Vernonanthura brasiliana
Baccharis daphnoides Hook. & Arn. subsp. schomburgkii (Baker) Malag. =Baccharis schomburgkii
Baccharis erioptera Benth. =Pterocaulon alopecuroides
Baccharis ligustrina DC. =Baccharis brachylaenoides var. ligustrina
Baccharis maguireana Malag. =Baccharis brachylaenoides var. brachylaenoides
Baccharis meridensis Steyerm. =Baccharis brachylaenoides
Baccharis ptariensis Steyerm. =Baccharis brachylaenoides var. ligustrina
Baccharis rhexioides Kunth =Baccharis trinervis
Baccharis roraimae R.M. Schomb. =Baccharis brachylaenoides
Baccharis rufescens Spreng. var. varians (Gardner) Baker =Baccharis varians
Baccharis schomburgkii Baker subsp. occidentalis Steyerm. & Maguire =Baccharis schomburgkii
Baccharis trinervis (Lam.) Pers. var. rhexioides (Kunth) Baker =Baccharis trinervis
Baccharis trinitensis Kuntze =Ayapana trinitensis
Baccharis venulosa DC. =Baccharis brachylaenoides
Baccharis venulosa DC. var. cuspidibracteata Steyerm. =Baccharis brachylaenoides var. brachylaenoides
Baccharis vitis-idaea Oliv. ex Thurn non Kuntze =Baccharis brachylaenoides var. ligustrina
Baccharis wurdackeana Malag. =Baccharis brachylaenoides var. ligustrina
Baccharodes brachylepis (Sch. Bip. ex Baker) Kuntze =Centratherum punctatum
Baccharodes muticum (Kunth) Kuntze =Centratherum punctatum
Baccharodes punctatum (Cass.) Kuntze =Centratherum punctatum
Baillieria aspera Aubl. =Clibadium surinamense
Baillieria barbasco Kunth =Clibadium sylvestre
Baillieria sylvestris Aubl. =Clibadium sylvestre
Baltimora ovata Rusby =Baltimora geminata
Bidens bipinnata L. var. cynapiifolia (Kunth) M. Gómez =Bidens cynapiifolia
Bidens caudatus (Kunth) Sch. Bip. =Cosmos caudatus
Bidens leucantha Willd. var. pilosa (L.) Griseb. =Bidens pilosa
Bidens nivea L. =Melanthera nivea
Bidens pilosa L. fma. indivisa Sherff =Bidens pilosa
Bidens verticillata L. =Trichospira verticillata
Buphthalmum strigosum Spreng. =Sphagneticola trilobata
Cacalia cinerea (L.) Kuntze =Cyanthillium cinereum
Cacalia cordifolia L. f. =Mikania cordifolia
Cacalia porophyllum L. =Porophyllum ruderale
Cacalia ruderalis (Jacq.) Sw. =Porophyllum ruderale
Cacalia sonchifolia L. =Emilia sonchifolia
Calea aspera Jacq. =Melanthera nivea
Calea cardonae Maguire & Wurdack =Calea lucidivenia var. cardonae
Calea cardonae Maguire & Wurdack subsp. neblinensis Maguire & Wurdack =Calea neblinensis
Calea cardonae Maguire & Wurdack var. orientalis Maguire & Wurdack =Calea lucidivenia var. orientalis
Calea clematidifolia Steyerm. =Calea solidaginea subsp. deltophylla
Calea collina Klatt =Calea berteriana
Calea congesta Rusby =Calea solidaginea
Calea deltophylla R.S. Cowan =Calea solidaginea subsp. deltophylla
Calea divaricata Benth. var. diffusa Maguire & Wurdack =Calea divaricata
Calea herbert-smithii Rusby =Calea solidaginea
Calea holtoni Rusby =Calea berteriana
Calea huberana V.M. Badillo =Calea tolimana
Calea lobata (L.) Sw. =Neurolaena lobata
Calea lucidivenia Gleason & S.F. Blake fma. lanceolata Steyerm. =Calea lucidivenia
Calea luetzelburgii Suess. =Calea oliveri
Calea membranacea Maguire & Wurdack =Calea lucidivenia
Calea oliveri B.L. Rob. & Greenm. var. taeniotricha Steyerm. =Calea oliveri
Calea ovalis S.F. Blake subsp. sabanensis Cuatrec. =Calea tolimana
Calea perforata Klatt =Calea solidaginea
Calea prunifolia Kunth [not in flora area]
Calea scandens Griseb. =Calea solidaginea
Calea suffruticosa Maguire & Wurdack =Calea divaricata
Calea suriani Cass. =Neurolaena lobata
Calea ternifolia Oliv. ex Thurn =Calea oliveri
Cardonaea jauaensis Aristeg., Maguire & Steyerm. =Gongylolepis jauaensis
Carphobolus latifolius Sch. Bip. =Piptocarpha opaca subsp. opaca
Centratherum brachylepis Sch. Bip. ex Baker =Centratherum punctatum
Centratherum muticum (Kunth) Less. =Centratherum punctatum
Centratherum punctatum Cass. var. parviflorum Baker =Centratherum punctatum
Centrospermum xanthioides Kunth =Acanthospermum australe
Ceratocephalus acmelia Kuntze var. depauperata Kuntze =Acmella uliginosa
Ceratocephalus urens (Jacq.) Kuntze =Spilanthes urens
Chaptalia integrifolia (Cass.) Baker =Chaptalia integerrima
Chatiakella platyglossa Cass. =Wulffia baccata var. baccata
Chatiakella stenoglossa Cass. =Wulffia baccata var. baccata
Chimantaea cinerea (Gleason & S.F. Blake) Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack fma. glabra Steyerm. =Chimantaea cinerea
Chimantaea similis Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack =Chimantaea cinerea var. similis
Chionolaena breweri Steyerm. & Maguire =Chionolaena latifolia
Chuquiraga vepreculata D. Don =Dasyphyllum vepreculatum
Chylodia sarmentosa Rich. ex Cass. =Wulffia baccata
Clibadium asperum (Aubl.) DC. =Clibadium surinamense
Clibadium barbasco (Kunth) DC. =Clibadium sylvestre
Clibadium caracasanum DC. =Clibadium surinamense
Clibadium pedunculosum (Rich.) DC. =Riencourtia pedunculosa
Clibadium rotundifolium DC. =Clibadium armani
Clibadium schomburgkii Sch. Bip. ex R.M. Schomb. =Clibadium sylvestre
Clibadium surinamense L. var. asperum (Aubl.) Baker =Clibadium surinamense
Clibadium surinamense L. var. macrophyllum Steyerm. =Clibadium surinamense
Clibadium vargasii DC. =Clibadium sylvestre
Coleosanthus diffusus (Vahl) Kuntze =Brickellia diffusa
Complaya trilobata (L.) Strother =Sphagneticola trilobata
Conoclinium cerasifolium Sch. Bip. ex Baker =Guayania cerasifolia
Conyza alopecuroides Lam. =Pterocaulon alopecuroides
Conyza calophylla Willd. ex Sch. Bip. =Gochnatia oligocephala
Conyza cayennensis Spreng. [name of uncertain application]
Conyza chilensis Spreng. =Conyza primulaefolia
Conyza cinerea L. =Cyanthillium cinereum
Conyza cotoneaster Willd. ex Spreng. =Lepidaploa cotoneaster
Conyza lobata L. =Neurolaena lobata
Conyza riparia Kunth =Tessaria integrifolia
Conyza sagittalis Lam. =Pluchea sagittalis
Conyza scorpioides Lam. =Cyrtocymura scorpioides
Conyza trinervis Lam. =Baccharis trinervis
Coreopsis baccata L. =Wulffia baccata
Cotula viscosa L. =Egletes viscosa
Dermatophyllum schomburgkii Sch. Bip. ex R.M. Schomb. =Stomatochaeta condensata
Diazeuxis latifolia D. Don =Lycoseris triplinervia
Echinocephalum discoideum Baker =Melanthera nivea
Echinops fruticosus L. =Rolandra fruticosa
Echinops nodiflorus Lam. =Rolandra fruticosa
Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk. =Eclipta prostrata
Egletes commixta Shinners =Egletes florida
Elephantopus angustifolius Sw. =Orthopappus angustifolius
Elephantopus carolinianus Willd. [not in flora area]
Elephantopus carolinianus Willd. var. mollis (Kunth) Beurl. =Elephantopus mollis
Elephantopus decemsquamatus V.M. Badillo =Elephantopus hirtiflorus
Elephantopus martii Graham =Elephantopus mollis
Elephantopus nudiflorus Willd. =Orthopappus angustifolius
Elephantopus pilosus Philipson =Elephantopus mollis
Elephantopus quadriflora Less. =Orthopappus angustifolius
Elephantopus scaber L. var. tomentosus Sch. Bip ex Baker =Elephantopus mollis
Elephantopus spicatus B. Juss. =Pseudelephantopus spicatus
Elephantopus tomentosus L. =Elephantopus mollis
Elephantopus virgatus Ham. [name of uncertain application]
Emilia javanica (Burm.) C.B. Rob. [not in flora area]
Emilia sagittata (Vahl) DC. [not in flora area]
Erechtites "surinamensis L." [invalid name, error for Clibadium surinamense L.]
Erigeron bonariensis L. =Conyza bonariensis
Erigeron canadensis L. =Conyza canadensis
Erigeron chilensis (Spreng.) G. Don =Conyza primulaefolia
Erigeron laevigatus Rich. =Conyza laevigata
Erigeron mucronatum DC. =Erigeron karwinskianus
Ethulia sparganophora L. =Struchium sparganophorum
Eupatorium amarum Vahl =Mikania parviflora
Eupatorium amygdalinum Lam. =Ayapana amygdalina
Eupatorium angulicaule Lasser & Maguire =Guayania yaviana
Eupatorium asperulaceum Baker =Praxelis asperulacea
Eupatorium bathyphlebium B.L. Rob. =Chromolaena bathyphlebia
Eupatorium bulbosum Aristeg. =Guayania bulbosa
Eupatorium cerasifolium Sch. Bip. ex Baker =Guayania cerasifolia
Eupatorium conyzoides Vahl =Chromolaena odorata
Eupatorium corymbosum Aubl. =Chromolaena corymbosa
Eupatorium crassicaule Steyerm. =Guayania crassicaulis
Eupatorium denticulatum Vahl =Mikania cordifolia or Mikania micrantha
Eupatorium dichotomum Sch. Bip. =Chromolaena odorata
Eupatorium diffusum Vahl =Brickellia diffusa
Eupatorium duidense V.M. Badillo =Koanophyllon fuscum
Eupatorium fuscum N.E. Br. =Koanophyllon fuscum
Eupatorium ibaguense Sch. Bip. ex Hieron. =Ageratina ibaguensis
Eupatorium ibaguense Sch. Bip. ex Hieron. var. indiscretum Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack =Ageratina ibaguensis
Eupatorium inulaefolium Kunth =Austroeupatorium inulaefolium
Eupatorium iresinoides Kunth =Condylidium iresinoides
Eupatorium ivaefolium L. =Chromolaena ivaefolia
Eupatorium ivaefolium L. var. gracillima Baker =Chromolaena ivaefolia
Eupatorium ixodes Benth. =Ayapana amygdalina
Eupatorium karuaiense V.M. Badillo =Praxelis asperulacea
Eupatorium kavanayense V.M. Badillo =Koanophyllon fuscum
Eupatorium laevigatum Lam. =Chromolaena laevigata
Eupatorium macrophyllum L. =Hebeclinium macrophyllum
Eupatorium martiusii DC. =Chromolaena squalida
Eupatorium memorabile Maguire & Wurdack =Imeria memorabilis
Eupatorium metense B.L. Rob. =Barrosoa metensis
Eupatorium microstemon Cass. =Fleischmannia microstemon
Eupatorium microstemon Cass. var. albiflorum Kuntze =Fleischmannia microstemon
Eupatorium microstemon Cass. var. lilacinum Kuntze =Fleischmannia microstemon
Eupatorium morichalanum Aristeg. =Barrosoa metensis
Eupatorium obscurum DC. =Chromolaena ivaefolia
Eupatorium odoratum L. =Chromolaena odorata
Eupatorium parviflorum Aubl. =Mikania parviflora
Eupatorium pauciflorum Kunth =Praxelis pauciflora
Eupatorium penninervatum Wurdack =Guayania penninervata
Eupatorium pharcidodes B.L. Rob. =Chromolaena pharcidodes
Eupatorium pharcidodes B.L. Rob. var. pentanthum S.F. Blake =Chromolaena pharcidodes
Eupatorium pharcidodes B.L. Rob. var. sororopanensis Steyerm. =Chromolaena pharcidodes
Eupatorium psiadiaefolium DC. =Chromolaena laevigata
Eupatorium ptaretepuiense V.M. Badillo =Ageratina ibaguensis
Eupatorium roraimense N.E. Br. =Ageratina roraimensis
Eupatorium roraimense N.E. Br. fma. albisetum Steyerm. =Ageratina roraimensis
Eupatorium roupalifolium B.L. Rob. =Guayania roupalifolia
Eupatorium roupalifolium B.L. Rob. fma. latifolium Steyerm. =Guayania roupalifolia
Eupatorium roupalifolium B.L. Rob. var. subintegrifolium Steyerm. =Guayania roupalifolia
Eupatorium schomburgkii Benth. =Baccharis brachylaenoides
Eupatorium sieberianum DC. =Condylidium iresinoides
Eupatorium squalidum DC. =Chromolaena squalida
Eupatorium squalidum DC. var. subvelutinum (DC.) Baker =Chromolaena squalida
Eupatorium squiresii Rusby ex B.L. Rob. =Ayapana trinitensis
Eupatorium subvelutinum DC. =Chromolaena squalida
Eupatorium surinamense Sch. Bip. ex Miq. =Ayapana trinitensis
Eupatorium tatei B.L. Rob. =Koanophyllon tatei
Eupatorium tepuianum Steyerm. =Guayania roupalifolia
Eupatorium thurnii B.L. Rob. =Chromolaena thurnii
Eupatorium triflorum Aubl. =Piptocarpha triflora
Eupatorium trinitense (Kuntze) Rusby & B.L. Rob. =Ayapana trinitensis
Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl =Ayapana triplinervis
Eupatorium tyleri B.L. Rob. =Chromolaena tyleri
Eupatorium urticifolium L. f. =Praxelis pauciflora
Eupatorium vitalbae DC. =Heterocondylus vitalbae
Eupatorium wageneri Hieron. =Condylidium iresinoides
Eupatorium yavianum Lasser & Maguire =Guayania yaviana
Eurydochus bracteatus Maguire & Wurdack =Gongylolepis wurdackii
Gamochaeta purpurea (L.) Cabrera =Gamochaeta simplicicaulis
Geissopappus caleoides (DC.) Benth. ex Baker =Calea caleoides
Glossarion rhodanthum Maguire & Wurdack var. bracteatum Maguire =Glossarion rhodanthum
Gnaphalium americanum Mill. =Gamochaeta americana
Gnaphalium purpureum L. var. americanum (Mill.) Klatt =Gamochaeta americana
Gnaphalium purpureum L. var. simplicicaule (Willd. ex Spreng.) Klatt =Gamochaeta simplicicaulis
Gnaphalium satureioides Lam. =Achyrocline satureioides
Gnaphalium satureioides Lam. var. vargasianum (DC.) Kuntze =Achyrocline vargasiana
Gnaphalium schomburgkii Sch. Bip. [nomen nudum] =Gnaphalium polycaulon
Gnaphalium simplicicaule Willd. ex Spreng. =Gamochaeta simplicicaulis
Gnaphalium spicatum Lam. =Gamochaeta americana
Gnaphalium suaveolens Vell. =Pluchea sagittalis
Gochnatia calophylla (Sch. Bip.) V.M. Badillo =Gochnatia oligocephala
Gongylolepis benthamiana R.H. Schomb. var. pubescens Maguire & Wurdack =Gongylolepis benthamiana
Gongylolepis cabreraei V.M. Badillo =Gongylolepis benthamiana
Gongylolepis huachamacari Maguire subsp. neblinensis Maguire & Wurdack =Gongylolepis huachamacari
Gongylolepis maroana V.M. Badillo =Gongylolepis martiana
Gongylolepis paniculata Maguire & K.D. Phelps var. umbellata Maguire & K.D. Phelps =Gongylolepis paniculata
Gongylolepis terramarae Steyerm. =Gongylolepis paniculata
Greenmania boladorensis Hieron. =Unxia camphorata
Guaicaia bilabiata Maguire =Glossarion bilabiatum
Guayania davidsei R.M. King & H. Rob. =Guayania crassicaulis
Heterothalamus densus N.E. Br. =Baccharis densa
Ichthyothere cunabi Mart. =Ichthyothere terminalis
Ichthyothere suffruticosa Gardner var. pilosa Aristeg. =Ichthyothere terminalis
Imeria serratifolia V.M. Badillo =Imeria memorabilis var. memorabilis
Inula primulaefolia Lam. =Conyza primulaefolia
Kleinia ruderalis Jacq. =Porophyllum ruderale
Koanophyllon kavanayense (V.M. Badillo) R.M. King & H. Rob. =Koanophyllon fuscum
Kuhnia arguta Kunth =Trichogonia arguta
Lagascea mollis Cav. [not in flora area]
Latreillea glabrata Benth. =Ichthyothere terminalis
Lepidaploa auyantepuiensis (Aristeg.) H. Rob. =Lepidaploa ehretiifolia
Leria integrifolia Cass. =Chaptalia integerrima
Leucopholis latifolia Benth. =Chionolaena latifolia
Lipochaeta scaberrima Benth. =Oyedaea scaberrima
Lucilia breweri (Steyerm. & Maguire) V.M. Badillo =Chionolaena latifolia
Lycoseris latifolia (D. Don) Benth. =Lycoseris triplinervia
Lycoseris oblongifolia Rusby =Lycoseris triplinervia
Marsea bonariensis (L.) V.M. Badillo =Conyza bonariensis
Melampodium australe Loefl. =Acanthospermum australe
Melampodium bonairense Bold. =Baltimora geminata
Melampodium camphoratum (L. f.) Baker =Unxia camphorata
Melampodium geminata Brandegee =Baltimora geminata
Melampodium ruderale Sw. =Eleutheranthera ruderalis
Melampodium suffruticosum Baker =Unxia suffruticosa
Melanthera aspera (Jacq.) Small =Melanthera nivea
Mikania acrensis B.L. Rob. =Mikania lindleyana
Mikania amara (Vahl) Willd. =Mikania parviflora
Mikania amara (Vahl) Willd. var. guaco (Humb. & Bonpl.) Baker =Mikania guaco
Mikania anzoatiguensis V.M. Badillo =Mikania vitifolia
Mikania argyrostigma Miq. =Mikania guaco
Mikania aschersonii sensu Pruski, non Hieron. =Mikania chlorolepis
Mikania aspera Miq. =Mikania guaco
Mikania atriplicifolia Sch. Bip. ex Miq. =Mikania congesta
Mikania auyantepuensis S.F. Blake =Mikania sprucei
Mikania auyantepuensis S.F. Blake var. brevipedicellata Steyerm. =Mikania sprucei
Mikania banisteriae DC. var. gabrieli (Baker) G.M. Barroso =Mikania banisteriae
Mikania bolivarensis V.M. Badillo =Mikania pannosa
Mikania capayensis V.M. Badillo =Mikania trinitaria
Mikania denticulata (Vahl) Willd. =Mikania micrantha
Mikania divaricata Poepp. =Mikania parviflora
Mikania florida Aristeg. =Mikania lucida
Mikania fockeana Miq. =Mikania psilostachya
Mikania gabrieli Baker =Mikania banisteriae
Mikania gonoclada DC. =Mikania cordifolia
Mikania gracilipes B.L. Rob. [not in flora area]
Mikania gracilis Sch. Bip. ex Miq. =Mikania vitifolia
Mikania hexagona B.L. Rob. =Mikania microptera
Mikania hirsutissima DC. =Mikania banisteriae
Mikania hookeriana DC. var. crassicaulis Steyerm. =Mikania hookeriana
Mikania hookeriana DC. var. platyphylla (DC.) B.L. Rob. =Mikania hookeriana
Mikania hostmannii Miq. =Mikania cordifolia
Mikania javitensis V.M. Badillo =Mikania nigropunctulata
Mikania karuaiensis V.M. Badillo =Mikania psilostachya
Mikania kavanayensis V.M. Badillo =Mikania banisteriae
Mikania lanata Sch. Bip. [not in flora area]
Mikania manaosensis Hieron. =Mikania sprucei
Mikania micrantha Kunth var. congesta (DC.) B.L. Rob. =Mikania congesta
Mikania orinocensis Kunth =Mikania micrantha
Mikania parkeriana DC. =Mikania congesta
Mikania phelpsii Maguire & Steyerm. =Mikania lucida
Mikania platyphylla DC. =Mikania hookeriana
Mikania psilostachya DC. var. racemulosa (Benth.) Baker =Mikania psilostachya
Mikania psilostachya DC. var. scabra (DC.) Baker =Mikania psilostachya
Mikania ptaretepuiensis V.M. Badillo =Mikania banisteriae
Mikania punctata Klatt =Mikania vitifolia
Mikania racemulosa Benth. =Mikania psilostachya
Mikania roraimensis B.L. Rob. =Mikania sprucei
Mikania ruiziana Poepp. =Mikania banisteriae
Mikania santamensis V.M. Badillo =Mikania trinitaria
Mikania scabra DC. =Mikania psilostachya
Mikania scandens Willd. var. congesta (DC.) Baker =Mikania congesta
Mikania scandens Willd. var. microptera (DC.) Baker =Mikania microptera
Mikania serratifolia Sierber ex DC. =Condylidium iresinoides
Mikania sprucei Baker var. roraimensis (B.L. Rob.) Aristeg. =Mikania sprucei
Mikania stictophora Steyerm. =Mikania sprucei
Mikania stipitata Sch. Bip. ex Miq. =Mikania parviflora
Mikania surinamensis Miq. =Mikania cordifolia
Mikania tepuiensis V.M. Badillo =Mikania nigropunctulata
Mikania tillettii R.M. King & H. Rob. =Mikania gleasonii
Mikania vitrea B.L. Rob. =Mikania hookeriana
Monanthemum cruegeri Griseb. =Piptocarpha triflora
Neurolaena suriani (Cass.) Cass. =Neurolaena lobata
Ogiera ruderalis (Sw.) Griseb. =Eleutheranthera ruderalis
Oliganthes areolata Wurdack =Piptocoma areolata
Oliganthes roraimensis Steyerm. =Piptocoma roraimensis
Oliganthes schomburgkii Sch. Bip. =Piptocoma schomburgkii
Oliganthes spruceana Benth. =Piptocoma spruceana
Ooclinium clavatum Benth. =Chromolaena ivaefolia
Ooclinium villosum (Cass.) DC. =Praxelis pauciflora
Oyedaea blakeana Steyerm. =Oyedaea scaberrima
Oyedaea rusbyi S.F. Blake [not in flora area]
Pectis linifolia L. var. linifolia [not in flora area]
Pentacalia gransabanensis (Aristeg.) Cuatrec. =Pentacalia freemanii
Pentacalia nigella (V.M. Badillo) Cuatrec. =Pentacalia freemanii
Piptocarpha cruegeri (Griseb.) Baker =Piptocarpha triflora
Piptocarpha foliosa Cuatrec. =Piptocarpha poeppigiana
Piptocarpha kavanayensis V.M. Badillo =Piptocarpha polycephala
Piptocarpha opaca (Benth.) Baker var. latifolia (Sch. Bip.) Baker =Piptocarpha opaca subsp. opaca
Piptocarpha paraensis Cabrera =Piptocarpha poeppigiana
Piptocarpha sprucei Baker =Piptocarpha leprosa
Piptocarpha tereticaulis (DC.) Baker =Piptocarpha poeppigiana
Piptocarpha upatensis V.M. Badillo =Gochnatia oligocephala
Pluchea purpurascens (Sw.) DC. =Pluchea odorata
Pluchea suaveolens (Vell.) Kuntze =Pluchea sagittalis
Pollalesta areolata (Wurdack) Aristeg. =Piptocoma areolata
Pollalesta faustiana Stutts =Piptocoma schomburgkii
Pollalesta milleri (Johnst.) Aristeg. [not in flora area]
Pollalesta roraimensis (Steyerm.) Aristeg. =Piptocoma roraimensis
Pollalesta schomburgkii (Sch. Bip.) Aristeg. =Piptocoma schomburgkii
Pollalesta spruceana (Benth.) Aristeg. =Piptocoma spruceana
Polymnia stenocarpha S.F. Blake =Unxia suffruticosa
Polymnia suffruticosa (Baker) V.M. Badillo =Unxia suffruticosa
Porophyllum ellipticum (L.) Cass. =Porophyllum ruderale
Porophyllum latifolium Benth. =Porophyllum ruderale
Porophyllum macrocephalum DC. =Porophyllum ruderale
Porophyllum porophyllum (L.) Kuntze =Porophyllum ruderale
Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. subsp. macrocephalum (DC.) R.R. Johnson =Porophyllum ruderale
Praxelis karuaiensis (V.M. Badillo) R.M. King & H. Rob. =Praxelis asperulacea
Praxelis pauciflora (Kunth) R.M. King & H. Rob. =Praxelis diffusa
Praxelis villosa Cass. =Praxelis pauciflora
Pseudelephantopus spiralis (Less.) Cronquist [not in flora area]
Pseudobaccharis densa (N.E. Br.) V.M. Badillo =Baccharis densa
Pseudobaccharis ligustrina (DC.) I.L. Teodoro =Baccharis brachylaenoides var. ligustrina
Pseudobaccharis rhexioides (Kunth) V.M. Badillo =Baccharis trinervis
Pseudobaccharis trinervis (Lam.) V.M. Badillo =Baccharis trinervis
Psila brachylaenoides (DC.) Aristeg. =Baccharis brachylaenoides
Psila brachylaenoides (DC.) Aristeg. var. ligustrina (DC.) Aristeg. =Baccharis brachylaenoides var. ligustrina
Psila densa (N.E. Br.) V.M. Badillo =Baccharis densa
Psila ligustrina (DC.) Cabrera =Baccharis brachylaenoides var. ligustrina
Psila trinervis (Lam.) Cabrera =Baccharis trinervis
Pterocaulon virgatum (L.) DC. var. alopecuroides (Lam.) Griseb. =Pterocaulon alopecuroides
Riencourtia glomerata Cass. =Riencourtia pedunculosa
Riencourtia ovata S.F. Blake =Riencourtia latifolia
Riencourtia pittieri S.F. Blake =Riencourtia latifolia
Rolandra argentea Rottb. =Rolandra fruticosa
Rolandra septans Willd. ex Less. =Trichospira verticillata
Rolandra terminalis Spreng. =Ichthyothere terminalis
Salmea scandens DC. [not in flora area]
Schomburgkia caleoides DC. =Calea caleoides
Senecio chenopodioides Kunth =Pseudogynoxys chenopodioides
Senecio confusus Britten =Pseudogynoxys chenopodioides
Senecio freemanii Britton & Greenm. =Pentacalia freemanii
Senecio gransabanensis Aristeg. =Pentacalia freemanii
Senecio hieracifolius L. =Erechtites hieracifolia
Senecio nigellus V.M. Badillo =Pentacalia freemanii
Senecio phelpsiae Cuatrec. =Pentacalia phelpsiae
Senecio ptarianus Cuatrec. =Pentacalia ptariana
Senecio valerianaefolius Wolf =Erechtites valerianaefolia
Senecio yapacanus Aristeg. =Pentacalia yapacana
Seruneum scaberrimum (Benth.) Kuntze =Wedelia calycina
Silphium trilobatum L. =Sphagneticola trilobata
Sonchus oleraceus L. [not in flora area]
Sonchus oleraceus L. var. asper L. =Sonchus asper
Sparganophorus sparganophora (L.) C. Jeffrey =Struchium sparganophorum
Sparganophorus vaillantii Crantz =Struchium sparganophorum
Spilanthes acmella (L.) Murray =Acmella sp.
Spilanthes acmella (L.) Murray var. uliginosa (Sw.) Baker =Acmella uliginosa
Spilanthes barinensis Aristeg. =Spilanthes nervosa
Spilanthes ciliata Kunth =Acmella ciliata
Spilanthes debilis Kunth =Acmella radicans var. debilis
Spilanthes oppositifolia (Lam.) D'Arcy =Acmella repens
Spilanthes paniculata Wall. [not in flora area] =Acmella sp.
Spilanthes radicans Jacq. =Acmella radicans
Spilanthes repens Spreng. ex DC. =Spilanthes urens
Spilanthes tenella Kunth =Acmella radicans var. debilis
Spilanthes uliginosa Sw. =Acmella uliginosa
Spilanthes uliginosa Sw. var. discoides Aristeg. =Acmella uliginosa
Spilanthes urens Jacq. var. megalophylla S.F. Blake =Spilanthes urens
Spilanthes urens Jacq. var. nervosa (Chodat) Hassl. =Spilanthes nervosa
Spiracantha cornifolia Kunth [not in flora area]
Stenopadus affinis Maguire, Steyerm. & Wurdack =Stenopadus talaumifolius
Stenopadus cardonae Maguire & Lasser =Stenopadus talaumifolius
Stenopadus cinereus Gleason & S.F. Blake =Chimantaea cinerea
Stenopadus cinereus Gleason & S.F. Blake fma. glabra Steyerm. =Chimantaea cinerea
Stenopadus condensatus (Baker) S.F. Blake =Stomatochaeta condensata
Stenopadus crassifolius S.F. Blake [not in flora area]
Stenopadus cymbifolius S.F. Blake =Stomatochaeta cymbifolia
Stenopadus eurylepis S.F. Blake [not in flora area]
Stenopadus guaiquinimensis V.M. Badillo =Stomatochaeta condensata
Stenopadus kunhardtii Maguire var. grandifolia Maguire =Stenopadus kunhardtii
Stenopadus neblinensis Maguire & Wurdack =Stenopadus talaumifolius
Stenopadus steyermarkii Aristeg. =Stenopadus talaumifolius
Stenopadus stipitatus Maguire & Wurdack =Stenopadus kunhardtii
Stenopadus talaumifolius S.F. Blake var. magnifolius Steyerm. =Stenopadus talaumifolius
Stenopadus variabilis S.F. Blake =Stomatochaeta condensata
Stenopadus ventricosus Maguire & Aristeg. =Stenopadus sericeus
Stifftia benthamiana (R.H. Schomb.) Baker =Gongylolepis benthamiana
Stifftia condensata Baker =Stomatochaeta condensata
Stifftia connellii N.E. Br. =Stenopadus connellii
Stifftia martiana Baker =Gongylolepis martiana
Stilpnopappus aquaticus (Poepp.) M.O. Dillon =Xiphochaeta aquatica
Stilpnopappus viridis Benth. ex Baker =Xiphochaeta aquatica
Stomatochaeta colveei Steyerm. =Stenopadus colveei
Stomatochaeta schomburgkii (Sch. Bip.) Maguire & Wurdack [nomen nudum]
Tephrothamnus calophyllus Sch. Bip. =Gochnatia oligocephala
Tessaria dentata Ruiz & Pav. =Tessaria integrifolia
Thelechitonia brachycarpa (Baker) H. Rob. & Cuatrec. =Sphagneticola brachycarpa
Thelechitonia muricata Cuatrec. =Sphagneticola brachycarpa
Thelechitonia trilobata (L.) H. Rob. & Cuatrec. =Sphagneticola trilobata
Tilesia baccata (L.) Pruski var. baccata =Wulffia baccata var. baccata
Tilesia capitata G. Mey. =Wulffia baccata var. baccata
Tilesia rubens (Alexander) Pruski =Wulffia rubens
Trichospira biaristata Less. =Trichospira verticillata
Trichospira menthoides Kunth =Trichospira verticillata
Trichospira priepurei DC. =Trichospira verticillata
Trichospira pulegium Mart. ex DC. =Trichospira verticillata
Trinchinettia caleoides (DC.) Endl. =Calea caleoides
Trixis pedunculosa Rich. =Riencourtia pedunculosa
Tussilago integerrima Vell. =Chaptalia integerrima
Tussilago nutans L. =Chaptalia nutans
Unxia kubitzkii H. Rob. =Unxia suffruticosa
Verbesina alata L. [not in flora area]
Verbesina alba L. =Eclipta prostrata
Verbesina nodiflora L. =Synedrella nodiflora
Verbesina prostrata L. =Eclipta prostrata
Verbesina schomburgkii Sch. Bip. ex Klatt subsp. ligulata Maguire & Wurdack =Verbesina ligulata
Verbesina schomburgkii Sch. Bip. ex Klatt subsp. schomburgkii =Verbesina guianensis
Verbesina weberbaueri Sagást. =Verbesina columbiana
Vernonia apiculata Mart. ex DC. =Stenocephalum apiculatum
Vernonia auyantepuiensis Aristeg. =Lepidaploa ehretiifolia
Vernonia bolivarensis V.M. Badillo =Lepidaploa bolivarensis
Vernonia brasiliana (L.) Druce =Vernonanthura brasiliana
Vernonia cardonae Aristeg. =Lepidaploa ehretiifolia
Vernonia chrysotricha Alexander =Lepidaploa chrysotricha
Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less. =Cyanthillium cinereum
Vernonia cotoneaster (Willd. ex Spreng.) Less. [misidentification of Lepidaploa gracilis H. Rob.] =Lepidaploa cotoneaster
Vernonia decantha Sch. Bip. =Lepidaploa ehretiifolia
Vernonia ehretiifolia Benth. =Lepidaploa ehretiifolia
Vernonia glandulosa V.M. Badillo =Lepidaploa bolivarensis
Vernonia gracilis Kunth =Lepidaploa gracilis
Vernonia guianensis V.M. Badillo =Lepidaploa salzmannii
Vernonia imeriensis V.M. Badillo =Lepidaploa imeriensis
Vernonia leprosa Less. =Piptocarpha leprosa
Vernonia miersiana Gardner =Lepidaploa miersiana
Vernonia morilloi V.M. Badillo =Lessingianthus morilloi
Vernonia moritziana Sch. Bip. =Lepidaploa gracilis
Vernonia odoratissima Kunth =Vernonanthura brasiliana
Vernonia opaca Benth. =Piptocarpha opaca
Vernonia pari V.M. Badillo =Lepidaploa pari
Vernonia poeppigiana DC. =Piptocarpha poeppigiana
Vernonia remotiflora Rich. =Lepidaploa remotiflora
Vernonia scabra Pers. =Vernonanthura brasiliana
Vernonia schomburgkiana Sch. Bip. =Lepidaploa ehretiifolia
Vernonia scorpioides (Lam.) Pers. =Cyrtocymura scorpioides
Vernonia sericea Rich. [not in flora area] =Lepidaploa sericea (Rich.) H. Rob.
Vernonia sessiliflora Willd. =Lepidaploa remotiflora
Vernonia tereticaulis DC. =Piptocarpha poeppigiana
Vernonia tricephala auct. non Gardner =Lepidaploa pari
Vernonia tricholepis DC. =Lepidaploa remotiflora
Wedelia brachycarpa Baker =Sphagneticola brachycarpa
Wedelia brasiliensis (Spreng.) S.F. Blake [nom. illeg.] =Sphagneticola trlobata
Wedelia brasiliensis (Spreng.) S.F. Blake var. villosa (Baker) S.F. Blake =Sphagneticola brachycarpa
Wedelia caracasana DC. =Wedelia calycina
Wedelia discoidea Less. =Eleutheranthera ruderalis
Wedelia frutescens Jacq. =Wedelia calycina
Wedelia fruticosa Jacq. [not in flora area - misident. of W. calycina]
Wedelia jacquini O.E. Schulz =Wedelia calycina
Wedelia paludosa DC. =Sphagneticola trilobata
Wedelia paludosa DC. var. villosa Baker =Sphagneticola brachycarpa?
Wedelia parviflora Rich. =Wedelia calycina
Wedelia psammophila Poepp. =Eclipta prostrata
Wedelia rubra (Aristeg.) B.L. Turner =Tuberculocarpus ruber
Wedelia scaberrima Benth. =Wedelia calycina
Wedelia trilobata (L.) Hitchc. =Sphagneticola trilobata
Willoughbya amazonica (Baker) Kuntze =Mikania amazonica
Willoughbya argyrostigma (Miq.) Kuntze =Mikania guaco
Willoughbya aspera (Miq.) Kuntze =Mikania guaco
Willoughbya banisteriae (DC.) Kuntze =Mikania banisteriae
Willoughbya chlorolepis (Baker) Kuntze =Mikania chlorolepis
Willoughbya cordifolia (L. f.) Kuntze =Mikania cordifolia
Willoughbya divaricata (Poepp.) Kuntze =Mikania parviflora
Willoughbya gabrieli (Baker) Kuntze =Mikania banisteriae
Willoughbya gracilis (Sch. Bip. ex Miq.) Kuntze =Mikania vitifolia
Willoughbya guaco (Humb. & Bonpl.) Kuntze =Mikania guaco
Willoughbya hirsutissima (DC.) Kuntze =Mikania banisteriae
Willoughbya lindleyana (DC.) Kuntze =Mikania lindleyana
Willoughbya micrantha (Kunth) Rusby =Mikania micrantha
Willoughbya pannosa (Baker) Kuntze =Mikania pannosa
Willoughbya parviflora (Aubl.) Kuntze =Mikania parviflora
Willoughbya parviflora (Aubl.) Kuntze var. guaco (Bonpl.) Kuntze =Mikania guaco
Willoughbya platyphylla (DC.) Kuntze =Mikania hookeriana
Willoughbya psilostachya (DC.) Kuntze =Mikania psilostachya
Willoughbya scabra (DC.) Kuntze =Mikania psilostachya
Willoughbya scandens Kuntze var. congesta (DC.) Kuntze =Mikania congesta
Willoughbya scandens Kuntze var. orinocensis (Kunth) Kuntze =Mikania micrantha
Willoughbya sprucei (Baker) Kuntze =Mikania sprucei
Willoughbya stipitata (Sch. Bip. ex Miq.) Kuntze =Mikania parviflora
Willoughbya trinitaria (DC.) Kuntze =Mikania trinitaria
Willoughbya vitifolia (DC.) Kuntze =Mikania vitifolia
Wulffia capitata (G. Mey.) Sch. Bip. =Wulffia baccata var. baccata
Wulffia maculata DC. =Wulffia baccata var. baccata
Wulffia platyglossa (Cass.) DC. =Wulffia baccata var. baccata
Wulffia stenoglossa (Cass.) DC. =Wulffia baccata var. baccata
Zexmenia scaberrima (Benth.) Baker =Oyedaea scaberrima
Zexmenia tepuiana V.M. Badillo =Oyedaea tepuiana

Balanophoraceae

Helosis cayennensis (Sw.) Spreng. var. cayennensis AMBODAGUSUFG
Langsdorffia hypogaea Mart. AMBOGU

Balanophoraceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Caldasia brasiliensis (Schott & Endl.) Kuntze =Helosis cayennensis
Caldasia cayennensis (Sw.) Mutis ex Steud. =Helosis cayennensis
Cynomorium cayennense Sw. =Helosis cayennensis
Helosis brasiliensis Schott & Endl. =Helosis cayennensis
Helosis guyanensis Rich. [nom. illeg. superfl.] =Helosis cayennensis
Langsdorffia rubiginosa Wedd. =Langsdorffia hypogaea

Balsaminaceae

Impatiens balsamina L. [probably escaped from cultivation] GU

Basellaceae

Anredera vesicaria (Lam.) C.F. Gaertn. [probably escaped from cultivation] AMBOFG
Basella alba L. [cultivated & naturalized] GUSUFG

Basellaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Anredera leptostachys (Moq.) Steenis =Anredera vesicaria
Basella rubra L. =Basella alba
Boussingaultia leptostachya Moq. =Anredera vesicaria
Boussingaultia leptostachys Moq. =Anredera vesicaria

Bataceae

Batis maritima L. GUSUFG?

Begoniaceae

Begonia fischeri Schrank BODAGU
Begonia fuchsioides Hook. AM
Begonia glabra Aubl. AMGUSUFG
Begonia guaduensis Kunth [not in Guianas] AMBO
Begonia heloisana Brade GUFG
Begonia hirsuta Aubl. FG
Begonia humilis Dryand. AMBOGUSUFG
Begonia jenmanii Tutin GU
Begonia meridensis A. DC. BO
Begonia nubicola L.B. Sm. & B.G. Schub. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Begonia prieurii A. DC. BOGUSUFG
Begonia semiovata Liebm. BODAGUSUFG
Begonia steyermarkii L.B. Sm. & B.G. Schub. BOGU
Begonia ulmifolia Willd. BOGUSUFG

Begoniaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Begonia diffusa L.B. Sm. & B.G. Schub. [not in flora area]
Begonia filipes Benth. [not in flora area]
Begonia guyanensis A. DC. =Begonia semiovata
Begonia hirtella Link [not in flora area]
Begonia kaietukensis Tutin =Begonia fischeri
Begonia kvistii L.B. Sm. [nomen nudum] =Begonia jenmanii
Begonia roraimensis Tutin =Begonia fischeri
Begonia scandens Sw. =Begonia glabra
Begonia tovarensis Klotzsch =Begonia fischeri

Bignoniaceae

Adenocalymna apurense (Kunth) Sandwith BOGU?
Adenocalymna impressum (Rusby) Sandwith AMBOSUFG
Adenocalymna inundatum Mart. ex DC. AMBOGUSUFG
Adenocalymna inundatum Mart. ex DC. var. surinamense Bureau & K. Schum. AMBOGUSUFG
Adenocalymna prancei A.H. Gentry FG
Adenocalymna purpurascens Rusby AMBODAGU
Adenocalymna saulense A.H. Gentry FG
Adenocalymna subincanum Huber FG
Amphilophium aschersonii Ule AMBO
Amphilophium paniculatum (L.) Kunth BODAGUSUFG
Amphilophium paniculatum (L.) Kunth var. imatacense A.H. Gentry BODAGUSUFG
Amphilophium paniculatum (L.) Kunth var. molle (Schltdl. & Cham.) Standl. BO
Amphilophium paniculatum (L.) Kunth var. paniculatum BO
Anemopaegma alatum A.H. Gentry BO
Anemopaegma brevipes S. Moore SU
Anemopaegma chrysoleucum (Kunth) Sandwith AMBODAGUSUFG
Anemopaegma floridum Mart. ex DC. AM
Anemopaegma foetidum Bureau & K. Schum. GUSU
Anemopaegma granvillei A.H. Gentry FG
Anemopaegma ionanthum A.H. Gentry GUFG
Anemopaegma jucundum Bureau & K. Schum. AMBOGU
Anemopaegma karstenii Bureau & K. Schum. AMBODAGU
Anemopaegma longidens DC. FG
Anemopaegma maguirei Sandwith GU?SU
Anemopaegma oligoneuron (Sprague & Sandwith) A.H. Gentry AMBOGUSUFG
Anemopaegma paraense Bureau & K. Schum. BODAGU?SUFG
Anemopaegma parkeri Sprague AMBOGUSUFG
Anemopaegma patelliforme A.H. Gentry AM
Anemopaegma robustum Bureau & K. Schum. AMGUFG
Anemopaegma salicifolium (Kunth) Sandwith AMBO
Arrabidaea arthrerion (DC.) Bureau ex K. Schum. SU?
Arrabidaea bilabiata (Sprague) Sandwith AMBODAGUSUFG
Arrabidaea brachypoda (DC.) Bureau BODAGU?
Arrabidaea candicans (Rich.) DC. BOGUSUFG
Arrabidaea carichanensis (Kunth) Bureau & K. Schum. AMBO
Arrabidaea chica (Bonpl.) B. Verl. AMBODASU?FG
Arrabidaea cinerea Bureau ex K. Schum. var. cinerea GUFG
Arrabidaea cinerea Bureau ex K. Schum. var. longipila Sandwith GU
Arrabidaea cinnamomea (DC.) Sandwith AMBOSUFG
Arrabidaea corallina (Jacq.) Sandwith BOGUSU?FG
Arrabidaea egensis Bureau & K. Schum. AMGU
Arrabidaea fanshawei Sandwith BODAGUSUFG
Arrabidaea florida DC. AMBOGUSUFG
Arrabidaea grosourdyana (Baill.) Sandwith BOGUFG
Arrabidaea inaequalis (DC. ex Splitg.) K. Schum. AMBODAGUSUFG
Arrabidaea japurensis (DC.) Bureau & K. Schum. AMBODAGUSUFG
Arrabidaea lachnaea (Bureau ex Bureau & K. Schum.) Sandwith AMBO
Arrabidaea mollis (Vahl) Bureau ex K. Schum. BODAGUSUFG
Arrabidaea mollissima (Kunth) Bureau & K. Schum. BO
Arrabidaea nigrescens Sandwith AMBOGUSUFG
Arrabidaea oligantha Bureau & K. Schum. GUSUFG
Arrabidaea oxycarpa Urb. AMBO
Arrabidaea patellifera (Schltdl.) Sandwith AMBOGUSUFG
Arrabidaea prancei A.H. Gentry [Sierra de la Neblina] AMGU
Arrabidaea pubescens (L.) A.H. Gentry AMBOGUSU
Arrabidaea revillae A.H. Gentry GUSU
Arrabidaea selloi (Spreng.) Sandwith BO
Arrabidaea spicata Bureau & K. Schum. FG
Arrabidaea trailii Sprague BOGUSUFG
Arrabidaea triplinervia (Mart. ex DC.) Baill. ex Bureau FG
Arrabidaea tuberculata DC. AMBOGUSUFG
Callichlamys latifolia (Rich.) K. Schum. AMBODAGUSUFG
Ceratophytum tetragonolobum (Jacq.) Sprague & Sandwith BOGUSU
Clytostoma binatum (Thunb.) Sandwith AMBODAGUSUFG
Clytostoma sciuripabulum Bureau & K. Schum. AMBODAGU
Crescentia amazonica Ducke AMBO
Crescentia cujete L. [cultivated only?] AMBODAGUSUFG
Cuspidaria subincana A.H. Gentry BOGUSU
Cybistax antisyphilitica (Mart.) Mart. ex DC. SU
Cydista aequinoctialis (L.) Miers AMBOGUSUFG
Cydista lilacina A.H. Gentry AMBODASUFG
Digomphia ceratophora A.H. Gentry AM
Digomphia densicoma (Mart. ex DC.) Pilg. AMBOGU
Digomphia laurifolia Benth. AMBOGU
Distictella arenaria A.H. Gentry AMBO
Distictella cremersii A.H. Gentry SUFG
Distictella cuneifolia (DC.) Sandwith FG
Distictella dasytricha Sandwith AM
Distictella elongata (Vahl) Urb. AMGUSUFG
Distictella laevis (Sandwith) A.H. Gentry AM
Distictella magnoliifolia (Kunth) Sandwith AMBODAGUSUFG
Distictella monophylla Sandwith AM
Distictella obovata Sandwith BOGUFG?
Distictella parkeri (DC.) Sprague & Sandwith GU
Distictella pauciflora A.H. Gentry BO
Distictella porphyrotricha Sandwith BOGU
Distictis granulosa Bureau & K. Schum. AMBOGUSU?FG
Distictis pulverulenta (Sandwith) A.H. Gentry AMBOGUSUFG
Godmania aesculifolia (Kunth) Standl. AMBOGU
Haplolophium rodriguiesii A.H. Gentry FG
Jacaranda copaia (Aubl.) D. Don subsp. copaia AMBODAGUSUFG
Jacaranda copaia (Aubl.) D. Don subsp. spectabilis (Mart. ex DC.) A.H. Gentry AMBODAGUSUFG
Jacaranda duckei Vattimo SUFG
Jacaranda obtusifolia Bonpl. subsp. obtusifolia AMBO
Jacaranda obtusifolia Bonpl. subsp. rhombifolia (G. Mey.) A.H. Gentry AMBODAGUSUFG
Jacaranda orinocensis Sandwith AMBO
Lundia corymbifera (Vahl) Sandwith BOGUFG
Lundia densiflora DC. AMBOGUSU
Lundia erionema DC. AMGUSUFG
Lundia puberula Pittier BO
Macfadyena uncata (Andrews) Sprague & Sandwith AMBODAGUSUFG
Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) A.H. Gentry AMBODAGUSUFG
Manaosella cordifolia (DC.) A.H. Gentry AM
Mansoa alliacea (Lam.) A.H. Gentry GUSUFG
Mansoa hymenaea (DC.) A.H. Gentry [cultivated, escaping?] SUFG
Mansoa kerere (Aubl.) A.H. Gentry AMBODAGUSUFG
Mansoa kerere (Aubl.) A.H. Gentry var. incarnata (Aubl.) A.H. Gentry AMFG
Mansoa kerere (Aubl.) A.H. Gentry var. kerere AMBODAGUSUFG
Mansoa onohualcoides A.H. Gentry AMSU
Mansoa sp. nov. aff. standleyi Hoff et al. 6290, det. A. Gentry 1992 FG
Mansoa standleyi (Steyerm.) A.H. Gentry BODAGUSUFG
Mansoa verrucifera (Schltdl.) A.H. Gentry AMBODAGU
Martinella iquitosensis A. Samp. AM
Martinella obovata (Kunth) Bureau & K. Schum. AMGUSUFG
Melloa quadrivalvis (Jacq.) A.H. Gentry BOGU
Memora alba (Aubl.) Miers SUFG
Memora bracteosa (DC.) Bureau ex K. Schum. AMBOGUSUFG
Memora cladotricha Sandwith AMBO
Memora flavida (DC.) Bureau & K. Schum. GUSUFG
Memora flaviflora (Miq.) Pulle AMBOGUSUFG
Memora heterophylla (Kraenzl.) Sandwith AMGU
Memora moringifolia (DC.) Sandwith GUSUFG
Memora patula Miers BODA
Memora pseudopatula A.H. Gentry AMBO
Memora racemosa A.H. Gentry GUSUFG
Memora schomburgkii (DC.) Miers AMBOGUSUFG
Memora tanaeciicarpa A.H. Gentry AMBOGUFG
Mussatia hyacinthina (Standl.) Sandwith AMBODAGU
Mussatia prieurei (DC.) Bureau ex K. Schum. AMBOGUSUFG
Parabignonia steyermarkii Sandwith BODAGUSUFG
Paragonia pyramidata (Rich.) Bureau GUSUFG
Phryganocydia corymbosa (Vent.) Bureau ex K. Schum. AMBODAGUFG
Pithecoctenium crucigerum (L.) A.H. Gentry AMBOGUSUFG
Pleonotoma albiflora (Salzm. ex DC.) A.H. Gentry AMDAGUSUFG
Pleonotoma clematis (Kunth) Miers AMBOGUSUFG
Pleonotoma dendrotricha Sandwith AMFG
Pleonotoma echitidea Sprague & Sandwith GUSU
Pleonotoma exserta A.H. Gentry AMBO
Pleonotoma jasminifolia (Kunth) Miers AMBO
Pleonotoma moringaefolia (DC.) Miers [unverified name] FG
Pleonotoma variabilis (Jacq.) Miers AMBOSU
Potamoganos microcalyx (G. Mey.) Sandwith AMGUSU
Pseudocalymma sagotii (Bureau & K. Schum.) Sandwith [unverified name] FG
Pyrostegia dichotoma Miers ex K. Schum. AMBODAGUSU
Roentgenia sordida (Bureau & K. Schum.) Sprague & Sandwith BODAGUSUFG
Schlegelia fuscata A.H. Gentry FG
Schlegelia macrophylla Ducke FG
Schlegelia paraensis Ducke GUSUFG
Schlegelia parviflora (Oerst.) Monach. FG?
Schlegelia roseiflora Ducke FG
Schlegelia scandens (Briq. & Spruce) Sandwith AMSU
Schlegelia spruceana K. Schum. AMBOGU
Schlegelia violacea (Aubl.) Griseb. AMBODAGUSUFG
Sparattosperma leucanthum (Vell.) K. Schum. BO
Stizophyllum inaequilaterum Bureau & K. Schum. AMBOGUSUFG
Stizophyllum riparium (Kunth) Sandwith AMBOGUSUFG
Tabebuia aurea (Silva Manso) Benth. & Hook. f. ex S. Moore SU
Tabebuia barbata (E. Mey.) Sandwith AMBO
Tabebuia capitata (Bureau & K. Schum.) Sandwith AMBODAGUSUFG
Tabebuia chrysantha (Jacq.) G. Nicholson [culivated?] AMBOGU
Tabebuia donnell-smithii Rose BO
Tabebuia fluviatilis (Aubl.) DC. DAGUSUFG
Tabebuia guayacan (Seem.) Hemsl. BO
Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. ex DC.) Standl. AMBOSUFG
Tabebuia insignis (Miq.) Sandwith var. insignis AMBODAGUSUFG
Tabebuia insignis (Miq.) Sandwith var. monophylla Sandwith BODAGUSUFG
Tabebuia insignis (Miq.) Sandwith var. pacimonensis Sandwith AMBODA
Tabebuia obscura (Bureau & K. Schum.) Sandwith AMFG?
Tabebuia ochracea (Cham.) Standl. subsp. heterotricha (DC.) A.H. Gentry AMBOGU
Tabebuia ochracea (Cham.) Standl. subsp. neochrysantha (A.H. Gentry) A.H. Gentry BO
Tabebuia orinocensis (Sandwith) A.H. Gentry AMBO
Tabebuia pilosa A.H. Gentry AMBO
Tabebuia rosea (Bertol.) DC. [cultivated]
Tabebuia serratifolia (Vahl) G. Nicholson AMBOGUSUFG
Tabebuia sp. A AM
Tabebuia stenocalyx Sprague & Stapf BODAGUSU?FG
Tabebuia subtilis Sprague & Sandwith BOGU
Tabebuia uleana (Kraenzl.) A.H. Gentry AMBOGU
Tanaecium jaroba Sw. AMBODAGU
Tanaecium nocturnum (Barb. Rodr.) Bureau & K. Schum. SUFG
Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth [cultivated?] GUFG
Tynanthus polyanthus (Bureau) Sandwith AMFG
Tynanthus pubescens A.H. Gentry AMGUFG
Tynanthus sastrei A.H. Gentry FG
Xylophragma seemannianum (Kuntze) Sandwith AMBODAGUSU

Bignoniaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Adenocalymna bilabiatum (Sprague) Sandwith =Arrabidaea bilabiata
Adenocalymna heterophyllum Kraenzl. =Memora heterophylla
Adenocalymna symmetricum Rusby =Mansoa kerere
Amphilophium molle Schltdl. & Cham. =Amphilophium paniculatum var. molle
Anemopaegma carrerense Arm. =Anemopaegma karstenii
Anomoctenium granulosum (Bureau & K. Schum.) Sandwith =Distictis granulosa
Arrabidaea obliqua (Kunth) Bureau =Arrabidaea corallina
Arrabidaea sordida Bureau & K. Schum. =Roentgenia sordida
Bignonia aequinoctialis L. =Cydista aequinoctialis
Bignonia aesculifolia Kunth =Godmania aesculifolia
Bignonia alba Aubl. =Memora alba
Bignonia albiflora Salzm. ex DC. =Pleonotoma albiflora
Bignonia alliacea Lam. =Mansoa alliacea
Bignonia apurensis Kunth =Adenocalymna apurense
Bignonia aquatilis E. Mey. =Tabebuia fluviatilis
Bignonia aurea Silva Manso =Tabebuia aurea
Bignonia barbata E. Mey. =Tabebuia barbata
Bignonia binata Thunb. =Clytostoma binatum
Bignonia brachypoda DC. =Arrabidaea brachypoda
Bignonia candicans Rich. =Arrabidaea candicans
Bignonia carichanensis Kunth =Arrabidaea carichanensis
Bignonia chica Bonpl. =Arrabidaea chica
Bignonia chrysantha Jacq. =Tabebuia chrysantha
Bignonia chrysoleuca Kunth =Anemopaegma chrysoleucum
Bignonia cinnamomea DC. =Arrabidaea cinnamomea
Bignonia clematis Kunth =Pleonotoma clematis
Bignonia copaia Aubl. =Jacaranda copaia
Bignonia corallina Jacq. =Arrabidaea corallina
Bignonia cordifolia DC. =Manaosella cordifolia
Bignonia corymbifera Vahl =Lundia corymbifera
Bignonia crucigera L. =Pithecoctenium crucigerum
Bignonia digitata E. Mey. =Tabebuia fluviatilis
Bignonia echinata Aubl. =Pithecoctenium crucigerum
Bignonia echinatum Jacq. =Pithecoctenium crucigerum
Bignonia elongata Vahl =Distictella elongata
Bignonia filicifolia Anderson =Jacaranda obtusifolia subsp. rhombifolia
Bignonia fluviatilis Aubl. =Tabebuia fluviatilis
Bignonia heterotricha DC. =Tabebuia ochracea subsp. heterotricha
Bignonia impressa Rusby =Adenocalymna impressum
Bignonia inaequalis DC. ex Splitg. =Arrabidaea inaequalis
Bignonia incarnata Aubl. =Mansoa kerere var. incarnata
Bignonia jasminifolia Kunth =Pleonotoma jasminifolia
Bignonia kerere Aubl. =Mansoa kerere
Bignonia latifolia Rich. =Callichlamys latifolia
Bignonia leucantha Vell. =Sparattosperma leucanthum
Bignonia magnoliaefolia Kunth =Distictella magnoliifolia
Bignonia microcalyx G. Mey. =Potamoganos microcalyx
Bignonia mollis Vahl =Arrabidaea mollis
Bignonia mollissima Kunth =Arrabidaea mollissima
Bignonia moringaefolia DC. =Pleonotoma moringaefolia
Bignonia paniculata L. =Amphilophium paniculatum
Bignonia patellifera Schltdl. =Arrabidaea patellifera
Bignonia picta Kunth =Cydista aequinoctialis
Bignonia populifolia DC. =Melloa quadrivalvis
Bignonia prieurei DC. =Mussatia prieurei
Bignonia pubescens L. =Arrabidaea pubescens
Bignonia pyramidata Rich. =Paragonia pyramidata
Bignonia quadrivalvis Jacq. =Melloa quadrivalvis
Bignonia riparia Kunth =Stizophyllum riparium
Bignonia salicifolia Kunth =Anemopaegma salicifolium
Bignonia selloi Spreng. =Arrabidaea selloi
Bignonia serratifolia Vahl =Tabebuia serratifolia
Bignonia tetragonoloba Jacq. =Ceratophytum tetragonolobum
Bignonia tiliaefolia Kunth =Pithecoctenium crucigerum
Bignonia tinctoria Arruda =Arrabidaea chica?
Bignonia uncata Andrews =Macfadyena uncata
Bignonia unguis-cati L. =Macfadyena unguis-cati
Bignonia variabilis Jacq. =Pleonotoma variabilis
Bignonia verrucifera Schltdl. =Mansoa verrucifera
Bignonia verrucosa Kunth =Arrabidaea carichanensis
Callichlamys riparia Miq. =Callichlamys latifolia
Ceratophytum tobagense (Urb.) Sprague & Sandwith =Ceratophytum tetragonolobum
Citharexylum scandens Briq. & Spruce =Schlegelia scandens
Cremastus lachnaeus Bureau ex Bureau & K. Schum. =Arrabidaea lachnaea
Cybistax donnell-smithii (Rose) Seib. =Tabebuia donnell-smithii
Cybistax millsii Miranda =Tabebuia donnell-smithii
Distictella monophylla Sandwith var. laevis Sandwith =Distictella laevis
Distictella pulverulenta Sandwith =Distictis pulverulenta
Distictella racemosa (Bureau & K. Schum.) Urb. =Distictella magnoliifolia
Distictis robinsonii J. Johnst. =Anemopaegma karstenii
Handroanthus durus (Bureau ex K. Schum.) Mattos =Tabebuia insignis var. insignis
Jacaranda densicoma Mart. ex A. DC. =Digomphia densicoma
Jacaranda filicifolia D. Don =Jacaranda obtusifolia subsp. rhombifolia
Jacaranda filicifolia D. Don var. puberula K. Schum. =Jacaranda obtusifolia subsp. rhombifolia
Jacaranda obtusifolia Bonpl. var. rhombifolia (G. Mey.) Sandwith =Jacaranda obtusifolia subsp. rhombifolia
Jacaranda paraensis (Huber) Vattimo =Jacaranda copaia subsp. spectabilis
Jacaranda rhombifolia G. Mey. =Jacaranda obtusifolia subsp. rhombifolia
Jacaranda spectabilis Mart. ex DC. =Jacaranda copaia subsp. spectabilis
Jacaranda superba Pittier =Jacaranda copaia subsp. spectabilis
Lundia stricta Bureau & K. Schum. =Lundia densiflora
Martinella insculpta Sprague & Sandwith =Martinella obovata
Martinella manaosiana A. Samp. =Martinella iquitosensis
Melloa populifolia (DC.) Britton =Melloa quadrivalvis
Memora bilabiata Sprague =Arrabidaea bilabiata
Memora ovata (Bureau & K. Schum.) Sprague & Sandwith =Memora schomburgkii
Pachyptera alliacea (Lam.) A.H. Gentry =Mansoa alliacea
Pachyptera kerere (Aubl.) Sandwith =Mansoa kerere
Pachyptera kerere (Aubl.) Sandwith var. incarnata (Aubl.) A.H. Gentry =Mansoa kerere var. incarnata
Pachyptera standleyi (Steyerm.) A.H. Gentry =Mansoa standleyi
Paramansoa grosourdyana Baill. =Arrabidaea grosourdyana
Petastoma kerere (Aubl.) Schnee =Mansoa kerere
Petastoma patelliferum (Schltdl.) Miers =Arrabidaea patellifera
Pithecoctenium echinatum (Jacq.) Baill. =Pithecoctenium crucigerum
Pithecoctenium granulosum (Bureau & K. Schum.) Sprague & Sandwith =Distictis granulosa
Pithecoctenium uleanum Kraenzl. =Distictis granulosa
Pseudocalymma alliaceum (Lam.) Sandwith =Mansoa alliacea
Pseudocalymma alliaceum (Lam.) Sandwith var. macrocalyx Sandwith =Mansoa standleyi
Pseudocalymma standleyi Steyerm. =Mansoa standleyi
Pseudopaegma oligoneuron Sprague & Sandwith =Anemopaegma oligoneuron
Roentgenia tuberculata Sprague & Sandwith [name of uncertain application, apparently a nomen nudum]
Saldanhaea seemanniana Kuntze =Xylophragma seemannianum
Schizopsis polyantha Bureau =Tynanthus polyanthus
Schlegelia lilacina Miq. =Schlegelia violacea
Schlegelia parasitica (Sw.) Miers ex Griseb. [not in flora area]
Spathodea corymbosa Vent. =Phryganocydia corymbosa
Spathodea flaviflora Miq. =Memora flaviflora
Spathodea obovata Kunth =Martinella obovata
Spathodea orinocensis Kunth =Phryganocydia corymbosa
Spathodea schomburgkii DC. =Memora schomburgkii
Spathodea? bracteosa DC. =Memora bracteosa
Tabebuia aquatilis (E. Mey.) Sprague & Sandwith =Tabebuia fluviatilis
Tabebuia caraiba (Mart.) Bureau =Tabebuia aurea
Tabebuia chrysotricha (Mart. ex DC.) Standl. [not in flora area]
Tabebuia dura (Bureau & K. Schum.) Sprague & Sandwith =Tabebuia insignis var. insignis
Tabebuia floccosa (Bureau & K. Schum.) Sprague & Sandwith =Xylophragma seemannianum
Tabebuia glomerata Urb. =Tabebuia capitata
Tabebuia hypolepra Sprague & Sandwith =Tabebuia capitata
Tabebuia insignis (Miq.) Sandwith var. orinocensis Sandwith =Tabebuia orinocensis
Tabebuia ipe (Mart.) Standl. var. integra (Sprague) Sandwith =Tabebuia impetiginosa
Tabebuia japurensis DC. =Arrabidaea japurensis
Tabebuia latifolia DC. =Martinella obovata
Tabebuia longipes Baker =Tabebuia insignis var. monophylla
Tabebuia millsii (Miranda) A.H. Gentry =Tabebuia donnell-smithii
Tabebuia moritziana (Kraenzl.) Schnee =Arrabidaea grosourdyana
Tabebuia neochrysantha A.H. Gentry =Tabebuia ochracea subsp. neochrysantha
Tabebuia neurophylla Miq. =Arrabidaea patellifera
Tabebuia obscura (Bureau & K. Schum.) Sandwith var. schultesiana (Sandwith) Sandwith =Tabebuia obscura
Tabebuia roraimae Oliv. =Tabebuia insignis var. insignis
Tabebuia rufescens J. Johnst. =Tabebuia chrysantha
Tabebuia subtilis Sprague & Sandwith var. schultesiana Sandwith =Tabebuia obscura
Tanaecium praelongum Miers =Tanaecium jaroba
Tecoma capitata Bureau & K. Schum. =Tabebuia capitata
Tecoma conspicua DC. =Tabebuia serratifolia
Tecoma dura Bureau ex K. Schum. =Tabebuia insignis var. insignis
Tecoma fluviatilis (Aubl.) Miq. =Tabebuia fluviatilis
Tecoma guayacan Seem. =Tabebuia guayacan
Tecoma heterotricha DC. =Tabebuia ochracea subsp. heterotricha
Tecoma impetiginosa Mart. ex DC. =Tabebuia impetiginosa
Tecoma insignis Miq. =Tabebuia insignis
Tecoma meyeriana DC. =Tabebuia fluviatilis
Tecoma moritziana Kraenzl. =Arrabidaea grosourdyana
Tecoma obscura Bureau & K. Schum. =Tabebuia obscura
Tecoma ochracea Cham. =Tabebuia ochracea
Tecoma patrisiana DC. =Tabebuia serratifolia
Tecoma roraimae (Oliv.) K. Schum. =Tabebuia insignis var. insignis
Tecoma serratifolia (Vahl) G. Don =Tabebuia serratifolia
Tecoma uleana Kraenzl. =Tabebuia uleana
Tetrastictella inaequalis (DC. ex Splitg.) Pichon =Arrabidaea inaequalis
Tynanthus hyacinthinus Standl. =Mussatia hyacinthina
Tynanthus myrianthus Bureau & K. Schum. =Tynanthus polyanthus
Zeyheria surinamensis Miq. =Paragonia pyramidata

Bixaceae

Bixa orellana L. GUSUFG
Bixa urucurana Willd. [=Bixa orellana?] AMBODAGUSU
Cochlospermum orinocense (Kunth) Steud. AMBODAGUSUFG
Cochlospermum vitifolium (Willd.) Spreng. AMBOGUSUFG?

Bixaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Bixa orellana L. var. urucurana (Willd.) Kuntze ex Pilg. =Bixa urucurana
Bombax orinocense Kunth =Cochlospermum orinocense
Bombax vitifolium Willd. =Cochlospermum vitifolium
Cochlospermum insigne A. St.-Hil. [not in flora area] =Cochlospermum regium (Schr.) Pilger
Cochlospermum parkeri Planch. =Cochlospermum orinocense
Cochlospermum parviifolium Planch. =Cochlospermum orinocense
Cochlospermum triphyllum (S.F. Blake) Pittier =Cochlospermum vitifolium
Cochlospermum wentii Pulle =Cochlospermum orinocense
Maximilianea triphylla S.F. Blake =Cochlospermum vitifolium
Orellana americana Kuntze var. urucurana Kuntze =Bixa urucurana

Bombacaceae

Bombacopsis macrocalyx (Ducke) A. Robyns FG?
Bombacopsis nervosa (Uittien) A. Robyns SUFG
Catostemma altsonii Sandwith GU
Catostemma commune Sandwith AMBODAGU
Catostemma durifolius W.S. Alverson BO
Catostemma ebracteolatum Steyerm. AMBO
Catostemma fragrans Benth. GUSUFG
Catostemma hirsutulum Steyerm. AMBO
Catostemma marahuacense Steyerm. AM
Catostemma sancarlosianum Steyerm. AM
Cavanillesia sp. A AM
Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. AMBODAGUSUFG
Eriotheca crassa (Uittien) A. Robyns SUFG
Eriotheca globosa (Aubl.) A. Robyns BODAGUSUFG
Eriotheca surinamensis (Uittien) A. Robyns GUSUFG
Huberodendron swietenioides (Gleason) Ducke FG
Matisia amplifolia Pittier BO
Matisia ochrocalyx K. Schum. AMBOGUSUFG
Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urb. BOFG
Pachira amazonica (A. Robyns) W.S. Alverson AMBO
Pachira aquatica Aubl. AMBODAGUSUFG
Pachira aracamuniana (Steyerm.) W.S. Alverson AM
Pachira coriacea (Mart.) W.S. Alverson AM
Pachira cowanii (A. Robyns) W.S. Alverson AM
Pachira dolichocalyx A. Robyns GUFG
Pachira faroensis (Ducke) W.S. Alverson AM
Pachira flaviflora (Pulle) Fern. Alonso GUSUFG
Pachira fuscolepidota (Steyerm.) W.S. Alverson AM
Pachira gracilis (A. Robyns) W.S. Alverson subsp. bolivarensis (Steyerm.) W.S. Alverson BO
Pachira gracilis (A. Robyns) W.S. Alverson subsp. gracilis AM
Pachira humilis Spruce ex Decne. AM
Pachira insignis (Sw.) Sw. ex Savigny GUSUFG
Pachira liesneri (Steyerm.) W.S. Alverson AM
Pachira mawarinumae (Steyerm.) W.S. Alverson AM
Pachira minor (Sims) Hemsl. [Sierra de la Neblina] AMBODAGU
Pachira nitida Kunth AM
Pachira obovata (A. Robyns) W.S. Alverson [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Pachira orinocensis (A. Robyns) W.S. Alverson AMBO
Pachira paraensis (Ducke) W.S. Alverson AM
Pachira pseudofaroensis (A. Robyns) W.S. Alverson AM
Pachira quinata (Jacq.) W.S. Alverson AMBOGU
Pachira robynsii (Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens) W.S. Alverson [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Pachira rupicola (A. Robyns) W.S. Alverson BO
Pachira sordida (R.E. Schult.) W.S. Alverson AM
Pachira tepuiensis (Steyerm.) W.S. Alverson BO
Pachira trinitensis Urb. BO
Pachira yapacanae Steyerm. ex W.S. Alverson AM
Pseudobombax croizatii A. Robyns AMBO
Quararibea amazonica Ulbr. FG
Quararibea duckei Huber SUFG
Quararibea guianensis Aubl. GUSUFG
Quararibea lasiocalyx (K. Schum.) Vischer FG
Quararibea spatulata Ducke FG
Scleronema guianense Sandwith GU
Scleronema micranthum (Ducke) Ducke [Sierra de la Neblina] AM

Bombacaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Bombacopsis amazonica A. Robyns =Pachira amazonica
Bombacopsis coriacea A. Robyns =Pachira robynsii
Bombacopsis cowanii A. Robyns =Pachira cowanii
Bombacopsis fendleri (Seem.) Pittier =Pachira quinata
Bombacopsis jaris Pittier =Pachira quinata
Bombacopsis jenmanii (Oliv.) Lasser =Pachira minor
Bombacopsis mucronulata Pittier =Pachira trinitensis
Bombacopsis obovata A. Robyns =Pachira obovata
Bombacopsis orinocensis A. Robyns =Pachira orinocensis
Bombacopsis pachiroides auct. non Pittier: sensu Ll. Williams =Pachira quinata
Bombacopsis pachiroides auct. non Pittier: Ll. Williams =Pachira rupicola
Bombacopsis pachiroides Pittier =Pachira trinitensis
Bombacopsis paraensis (Ducke) A. Robyns =Pachira paraensis
Bombacopsis pseudamazonica A. Robyns =Pachira amazonica
Bombacopsis quinata (Jacq.) Dugand =Pachira quinata
Bombacopsis rupicola A. Robyns =Pachira rupicola
Bombacopsis sepium Pittier =Pachira quinata
Bombacopsis trinitensis (Urb.) A. Robyns =Pachira trinitensis
Bombacopsis trinitensis (Urb.) A. Robyns var. mucronulata (Pittier) A. Robyns =Pachira trinitensis
Bombacopsis wurdackii A. Robyns =Pachira amazonica
Bombax aquaticum (Aubl.) K. Schum. =Pachira aquatica
Bombax coriaceum Mart. =Pachira coriacea
Bombax crassum Uittien =Eriotheca crassa
Bombax faroense Ducke =Pachira faroensis
Bombax flaviflorum Pulle =Pachira flaviflora
Bombax globosum Aubl. =Eriotheca globosa
Bombax humile (Spruce ex Decne.) Benth. ex K. Schum. =Pachira humilis
Bombax jenmanii Oliv. =Pachira minor
Bombax macrocarpum (Schltdl. & Cham.) K. Schum. =Pachira aquatica
Bombax minus (Sims) Ducke =Pachira minor
Bombax nervosum Uittien =Bombacopsis nervosa
Bombax paraense Ducke =Pachira paraensis
Bombax pentandrum L. =Ceiba pentandra
Bombax poissonianum K. Schum. =Pachira nitida
Bombax pyramidale Cav. ex Lam. =Ochroma pyramidale
Bombax quinatum Jacq. =Pachira quinata
Bombax rigidifolium Ducke =Pachira aquatica
Bombax sordidum R.E. Schult. =Pachira sordida
Bombax spectabile Ulbr. =Pachira insignis
Bombax surinamense Uittien =Eriotheca surinamensis
Carolinea macrocarpa Schltdl. & Cham. =Pachira aquatica
Carolinea minor Sims =Pachira minor
Catostemma clarkii Steyerm. =Catostemma sancarlosianum
Catostemma macrosperma (Sagot) Lemée =Catostemma fragrans
Catostemma micranthum Ducke =Scleronema micranthum
Catostemma pubistylum Steyerm. =Catostemma sancarlosianum
Ceiba occidentalis (Spreng.) Burkill =Ceiba pentandra
Matisia apaporiensis Cuatrec. =Matisia ochrocalyx
Matisia lasiocalyx K. Schum. =Quararibea lasiocalyx
Matisia muricata (Cuatrec.) Cuatrec. =Matisia ochrocalyx
Ochroma lagopus Sw. =Ochroma pyramidale
Pachira cardonae Cuatrec. =Pachira minor
Pachira fendleri Seem. =Pachira quinata
Pachira jenmanii (Oliv.) A. Terracc. =Pachira minor
Pachira longiflora Hook. =Pachira aquatica
Pachira macrocarpa (Schltdl. & Cham.) Walp. =Pachira aquatica
Pachira obtusa Spruce ex K. Schum. =Pachira nitida
Pachira pustulifera Pittier =Pachira aquatica
Pachira villosula Pittier =Pachira aquatica
Pochota amazonica (A. Robyns) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira amazonica
Pochota aracamuniana Steyerm. =Pachira aracamuniana
Pochota coriacea (Mart.) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira coriacea
Pochota coriacea (Mart.) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens subsp. orinocensis (A. Robyns) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira coriacea
Pochota cowanii (A. Robyns) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira cowanii
Pochota ewelii Steyerm. =Pachira amazonica
Pochota flaviflora (Pulle) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira flaviflora
Pochota fuscolepidota Steyerm. =Pachira fuscolepidota
Pochota gracilis (A. Robyns) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira gracilis
Pochota gracilis (A. Robyns) W.S. Alverson subsp. bolivarensis Steyerm. =Pachira gracilis subsp. bolivarensis
Pochota humilis (Spruce ex Decne.) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira humilis
Pochota liesneri Steyerm. =Pachira liesneri
Pochota maguirei (A. Robyns) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira gracilis subsp. bolivarensis
Pochota mawarinumae Steyerm. =Pachira mawarinumae
Pochota minor (Sims) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira minor
Pochota nitida (Kunth) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira nitida
Pochota obovata (A. Robyns) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira obovata
Pochota orinocensis (A. Robyns) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira orinocensis
Pochota pseudamazonica (A. Robyns) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira amazonica
Pochota pseudofaroensis (A. Robyns) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira pseudofaroensis
Pochota quinata (Jacq.) W.D. Stevens =Pachira quinata
Pochota redmondii Steyerm. =Pachira obovata
Pochota robynsii Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira robynsii
Pochota sordida (R.E. Schult.) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira sordida
Pochota tepuiensis Steyerm. =Pachira tepuiensis
Pochota trinitensis (Urb.) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira trinitensis
Pochota vulgaris Ram. Goyena =Pachira quinata
Pochota wurdackii (A. Robyns) Steyerm. & W.D. Stevens =Pachira amazonica
Quararibea apaporiensis (Cuatrec.) A. Robyns =Matisia ochrocalyx
Quararibea muricata Cuatrec. =Matisia ochrocalyx
Quararibea ochrocalyx (K. Schum.) Vischer =Matisia ochrocalyx
Quararibea turbinata Poir. [specimens apparently referable to Quararibea duckei]
Rhodognaphalopsis coriacea (Mart.) A. Robyns =Pachira coriacea
Rhodognaphalopsis coriacea (Mart.) A. Robyns subsp. orinocensis A. Robyns =Pachira coriacea
Rhodognaphalopsis coriacea (Mart.) A. Robyns var. sordida (R.E. Schult.) A. Robyns =Pachira sordida
Rhodognaphalopsis discolor A. Robyns =Pachira sordida
Rhodognaphalopsis faroensis (Ducke) A. Robyns =Pachira faroensis
Rhodognaphalopsis flaviflora (Pulle) A. Robyns var. flaviflora =Pachira flaviflora
Rhodognaphalopsis flaviflora (Pulle) A. Robyns var. glabra A. Robyns =Pachira flaviflora
Rhodognaphalopsis gracilis A. Robyns =Pachira gracilis
Rhodognaphalopsis humilis (Spruce ex Decne.) A. Robyns =Pachira humilis
Rhodognaphalopsis maguirei A. Robyns =Pachira gracilis subsp. bolivarensis
Rhodognaphalopsis minor (Sims) A. Robyns =Pachira minor
Rhodognaphalopsis minor (Sims) A. Robyns var. amblyophylla A. Robyns =Pachira minor
Rhodognaphalopsis minor (Sims) A. Robyns var. minor =Pachira minor
Rhodognaphalopsis nitida (Kunth) A. Robyns =Pachira nitida
Rhodognaphalopsis pseudofaroensis A. Robyns =Pachira pseudofaroensis
Scleronema neblinense Steyerm. =Scleronema micranthum
Sophia carolina L. =Pachira aquatica

Boraginaceae

Bourreria cumanensis (Loefl.) O.E. Schulz BO
Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav.) Oken BODAGUSUFG
Cordia bicolor DC. AMBOGUSUFG
Cordia bullata (L.) Roem. & Schult. subsp. humilis (Jacq.) Gaviria BODAGU
Cordia cabanayensis Gaviria BO
Cordia collococca Sandmark ex L. BODAGU
Cordia curassavica (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult. AMBODAGUSUFG
Cordia dentata Poir. BODA
Cordia exaltata Lam. BODAGUSU?FG
Cordia fallax I.M. Johnst. BODAGU
Cordia fulva I.M. Johnst. SUFG
Cordia goeldiana Huber FG
Cordia grandiflora (Desv.) Kunth AMBODAGU
Cordia laevifrons I.M. Johnst. SUFG
Cordia lomatoloba I.M. Johnst. BOGUSUFG
Cordia multispicata Cham. GU
Cordia naidophila I.M. Johnst. AM
Cordia nervosa Lam. GUSUFG
Cordia nodosa Lam. AMBODAGUSUFG
Cordia panamensis Riley BODA
Cordia panicularis Rudge GUSUFG
Cordia polycephala (Lam.) I.M. Johnst. BOGUSUFG
Cordia polystachya Kunth AM
Cordia roraimae I.M. Johnst. BO
Cordia sagotii I.M. Johnst. BOGUSUFG
Cordia scabrifolia DC. AMGU
Cordia schomburgkii DC. BOGUSUFG
Cordia sericicalyx DC. BODAGUSU
Cordia sipapoi Gaviria AM
Cordia sp. A AM
Cordia spinescens L. GUSU
Cordia sprucei Mez AMFG
Cordia stenostachya Killip ex Gaviria AM
Cordia steyermarkii Gaviria BO
Cordia tetrandra Aubl. BODAGUSUFG
Cordia tomentosa Lam. ex Roem. & Schult. SUFG
Cordia toqueve Aubl. [to be expected in SU] BOGUFG
Cordia umbellifera Killip ex G. Agostini BO
Cordia williamsii G. Agostini ex Gaviria BO
Cordia wurdackiana Feuillet GU
Heliotropium angiospermum Murray BO
Heliotropium curassavicum L. GUSUFG?
Heliotropium filiforme Lehm. AMBOGUSUFG
Heliotropium indicum L. [cultivated, persists as an escape] AMBODAGUSUFG
Heliotropium lagoense (Warm.) Gürke BOSU
Heliotropium polyphyllum Lehm. BO
Heliotropium procumbens Mill. AMBODAGU
Heliotropium purdiei I.M. Johnst. BO
Heliotropium ternatum Vahl BOGU
Lepidocordia punctata Ducke BOGUSU
Tournefortia bicolor Sw. AMBODAGUSUFG
Tournefortia candidula (Miers) I.M. Johnst. BOGU
Tournefortia cuspidata Kunth BODAGUSUFG
Tournefortia hirsutissima L. DAGU
Tournefortia maculata Jacq. BOGUSUFG
Tournefortia melanochaeta DC. GUFG
Tournefortia paniculata Cham. var. spigeliiflora (DC.) I.M. Johnst. GUSUFG
Tournefortia ulei Vaupel AMBOGUSUFG
Tournefortia volubilis L. BOGUFG

Boraginaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Bourreria viridis Rusby =Cordia sericicalyx
Cerdana alliodora Ruiz & Pav. =Cordia alliodora
Cordia alba auct. non DC. =Cordia dentata
Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav.) Cham. ex DC. =Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav.) Oken
Cordia aubletii DC. =Cordia schomburgkii
Cordia canescens Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. =Cordia polystachya
Cordia carnosa Rusby =Cordia bicolor
Cordia collococa Aubl. non L. =Cordia nodosa
Cordia collococca Aubl. =Cordia nodosa
Cordia cordifolia Kunth =Cordia tetrandra
Cordia cordifolia Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. =Cordia tetrandra
Cordia coriacea Sagot ex Benoist =Cordia sagotii
Cordia corymbosa (Desv.) G. Don =Cordia polycephala
Cordia corymbosa Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. =Cordia polycephala
Cordia dasycephala (Desv.) Kunth =Cordia bullata subsp. humilis
Cordia dentata Vahl =Cordia dentata
Cordia exaltata Lam. var. melanoneura (Klotzsch) I.M. Johnst. =Cordia exaltata
Cordia flavescens Aubl. [name of uncertain application, referable to Lauraceae]
Cordia formicarum Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. =Cordia nodosa
Cordia globosa (Jacq.) Kunth =Cordia bullata subsp. humilis
Cordia globosa (Jacq.) Kunth subsp. humilis (Jacq.) Borh. =Cordia bullata subsp. humilis
Cordia globosa (Jacq.) Kunth var. humilis (Jacq.) I.M. Johnst. =Cordia bullata subsp. humilis
Cordia guianensis Klotzsch =Cordia fallax
Cordia gujanensis (Desv.) Roem. & Schult. =Cordia fallax
Cordia hebecarpa DC. =Cordia toqueve
Cordia heterophylla Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. =Cordia toqueve
Cordia heterophylla Poir. =Cordia toqueve
Cordia hirta I.M. Johnst. =Cordia sagotii
Cordia hispidissima DC. =Cordia nodosa
Cordia humilis (Jacq.) G. Don =Cordia bullata subsp. humilis
Cordia ierensis Britton =Cordia sericicalyx
Cordia lockhartii nom. inval. =Cordia bicolor
Cordia lucida Splitg. ex Pulle =Cordia schomburgkii
Cordia macrostachya (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult. =Cordia curassavica
Cordia melanoneura Klotzsch [Nom. nud.] =Cordia exaltata
Cordia miranda DC. =Cordia nodosa
Cordia monosperma (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult. =Cordia polycephala
Cordia opaca Rusby =Cordia sericicalyx
Cordia pubescens Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. =Cordia toqueve
Cordia scabrida auct. non Fresen. 1857. =Cordia naidophila
Cordia scabrida Mart. =Cordia exaltata
Cordia scandens Poir. (Dichapetalaceae) =Dichapetalum rugosum
Cordia tetraphylla Aubl. (Combretaceae) =Buchenavia tetraphylla
Cordia tobaguensis Urb. =Cordia schomburgkii
Cordia tobaguensis Urb. var. broadwayi Urb. =Cordia schomburgkii
Cordia umbraculifera DC. =Cordia tetrandra
Cordia viridis (Rusby) I.M. Johnst. =Cordia sericicalyx
Cordia volubilis Pittier =Cordia nodosa
Crematomia cumanensis (Loefl.) Miers =Bourreria cumanensis
Heliotropium foliosum Roem. & Schult. =Heliotropium polyphyllum
Heliotropium fumana (Fresen.) Gürke =Heliotropium ternatum
Heliotropium ottonis Lehm. =Heliotropium ternatum
Heliotropium scorpioides Kunth =Heliotropium angiospermum
Heliotropium trinitensis Urb. =Heliotropium lagoense
Lithocardium sprucei (Mez) Kuntze =Cordia sprucei
Messerschmidia candidula Miers =Tournefortia candidula
Rhamnus cumanensis Loefl. =Bourreria cumanensis
Schleidenia fumana Fresen. =Heliotropium ternatum
Schleidenia lagoensis Warm. =Heliotropium lagoense
Schleidenia polyphylla (Lehm.) Fresen. =Heliotropium polyphyllum
Tournefortia aubletii J.F. Macbr. =Tournefortia bicolor
Tournefortia bicolor Sw. var. bicolor =Tournefortia bicolor
Tournefortia bicolor Sw. var. calycosa J.D. Sm. =Tournefortia bicolor
Tournefortia hirsutissima auct. non L.: sensu Pulle =Tournefortia cuspidata
Tournefortia hirsutissima L. fma. bicolor (Sw.) D.L. Nash =Tournefortia bicolor
Tournefortia syringaefolia Vahl =Tournefortia maculata
Varronia bullata L. =Cordia bullata
Varronia corymbosa Desv. =Cordia polycephala
Varronia curassavica Jacq. =Cordia curassavica
Varronia dasycephala Desv. =Cordia bullata subsp. humilis
Varronia globosa Jacq. =Cordia bullata subsp. humilis
Varronia grandiflora Desv. =Cordia grandiflora
Varronia guianensis Desv. =Cordia curassavica
Varronia humilis Jacq. =Cordia bullata subsp. humilis
Varronia lineata auct. non L. =Cordia polycephala
Varronia macrostachya Jacq. =Cordia curassavica
Varronia monosperma Jacq. =Cordia polycephala
Varronia polycephala Lam. =Cordia polycephala

Brassicaceae

Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. & Coss. [introduced] FG
Cardamine flexuosa With. BO
Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. [probably introduced] FG
Lepidium virginicum L. [introduced] SUFG
Rorippa dubia (Pers.) H. Hara [introduced] [=Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern] GUSU
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek [introduced] [=Nasturtium officinale R. Br.] FG
Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser [introduced] [=Rorippa islandica (Leder) Borbás] SU
Sinapis arvensis L. [introduced] GU

Brassicaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Lepidium micropterum Miq. =Lepidium virginicum
Nasturtium palustre (L.) DC., non Crantz =Rorippa palustris
Rorippa heterophylla (Blume) R.O. Williams =Rorippa dubia

Bromeliaceae

Aechmea angustifolia Poepp. & Endl. AMBOGUFG
Aechmea aquilega (Salisb.) Griseb. var. aquilega BODAGUSUFG
Aechmea beeriana L.B. Sm. & M.A. Spencer [=Streptocalyx poeppigii] SUFG
Aechmea brassicoides Baker GU
Aechmea brevicollis L.B. Sm. AM
Aechmea bromeliifolia (Rudge) Baker AMBODAGUSUFG
Aechmea campanulata L.B. Sm. GU
Aechmea castelnavii Baker [can be expected in FG, fide Gouda] AMBOSU
Aechmea chantinii (Carrière) Baker AM
Aechmea contracta (Mart. ex Schult. f.) Baker AMGU
Aechmea corymbosa (Mart. ex Schult. f.) Mez AM
Aechmea egleriana L.B. Sm. AMFG
Aechmea egleriana L.B. Sm. var. egleriana FG
Aechmea egleriana L.B. Sm. var. major L.B. Sm. [can be expected in FG, fide E. Gouda] AM
Aechmea lanjouwii (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. SU
Aechmea lingulata (L.) Baker var. lingulata DAGUSUFG
Aechmea longifolia (Rudge) L.B. Sm. & M.A. Spencer [=Streptocalyx longifolius] BOGUSUFG
Aechmea melinonii Hook. GUSUFG
Aechmea mertensii (G. Mey.) Schult. & Schult. f. AMBODAGUSUFG
Aechmea nudicaulis (L.) Griseb. var. cuspidata Baker DAGU
Aechmea nudicaulis (L.) Griseb. var. nudicaulis BODAGUSUFG
Aechmea pallida L.B. Sm. GU
Aechmea penduliflora André AMBOGU
Aechmea poitaei (Baker) L.B. Sm. & M.A. Spencer [=Streptocalyx poitaei] FG
Aechmea politii L.B. Sm. AMGUFG?
Aechmea rubiginosa Mez [to be expected in FG] AMBO
Aechmea setigera Mart. ex Schult. f. AMBOSUFG
Aechmea tillandsioides (Mart. ex Schult. f.) Baker AMBODAGUSU
Aechmea tocantina Baker AMGUSUFG
Ananas ananassoides (Baker) L.B. Sm. GUSUFG
Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. [cultivated, naturalized] AMBODAGUSUFG
Ananas lucidus Mill. AMBOFG
Ananas nanus (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. [records misident., fide Spencer] SU?FG?
Ananas parguazensis L.A. Camargo & L.B. Sm. AMBOGUSUFG
Araeococcus flagellifolius Harms AMBOSUFG
Araeococcus goeldianus L.B. Sm. FG
Araeococcus micranthus Brongn. AMBODAGUSUFG
Ayensua uaipanensis (Maguire) L.B. Sm. BO
Billbergia brachysiphon L.B. Sm. [can be expected in FG fide Gouda]
Billbergia macrolepis L.B. Sm. AMBOGU
Billbergia pyramidalis (Sims) Linden FG
Billbergia rosea hort. ex Beer SU?
Billbergia violacea Beer GUSUFG
Brewcaria brocchinioides (L.B. Sm.) B. Holst AM
Brewcaria duidensis L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. AM
Brewcaria hechtioides (L.B. Sm.) B. Holst AM
Brewcaria hohenbergioides (L.B. Sm.) B. Holst AM
Brewcaria marahuacae L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. AM
Brewcaria reflexa (L.B. Sm.) B. Holst AM
Brocchinia acuminata L.B. Sm. [to be expected in GU] AMBOGU?
Brocchinia cowanii L.B. Sm. AM
Brocchinia delicatula L.B. Sm. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Brocchinia gilmartiniae G.S. Varad. BO
Brocchinia hechtioides Mez AMBOGU
Brocchinia hitchcockii L.B. Sm. AM
Brocchinia maguirei L.B. Sm. AM
Brocchinia melanacra L.B. Sm. [to be expected in GU] AMBO
Brocchinia micrantha (Baker) Mez BOGU
Brocchinia paniculata Schult. f. AM
Brocchinia prismatica L.B. Sm. AM
Brocchinia reducta Baker BOGU
Brocchinia steyermarkii L.B. Sm. BOGU
Brocchinia tatei L.B. Sm. AMBOGU
Brocchinia vestita L.B. Sm. AM
Brocchinia wurdackiana B. Holst AM
Bromelia agavifolia Brongn. ex Houllett FG
Bromelia alta L.B. Sm. GUSU
Bromelia chrysantha Jacq. [can be expected in GU, fide Gouda] BO
Bromelia fosteriana L.B. Sm. SU
Bromelia goeldiana L.B. Sm. AMBOGU
Bromelia granvillei L.B. Sm. & Gouda FG
Bromelia humilis Jacq. SU?
Bromelia morreniana (Regel) Mez [can be expected in FG fide Gouda]
Bromelia oleveiriae L.B. Sm. [this species not expected in FG, fide Gouda] FG
Bromelia pinguin L. [probably cultivated, fide Grant] GUSU
Bromelia plumieri (E. Morren) L.B. Sm. BODAGUSUFG
Bromelia rondoniana L.B. Sm. [can be expected in GU, fide Gouda]
Bromelia serra Griseb. FG
Bromelia tubulosa L.B. Sm. AMBOFG?
Catopsis berteroniana (Schult. & Schult. f.) Mez BODAGUSUFG
Catopsis sessiliflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Mez BODAGUSUFG
Connellia augustae (M.R. Schomb.) N.E. Br. [Mt. Roraima] BOGU
Connellia caricifolia L.B. Sm. [Mt. Roraima] BOGU?
Connellia nutans L.B. Sm. [to be expected in GU] BO
Connellia quelchii N.E. Br. [Mt. Roraima] BOGU
Connellia varadarajanii L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. BO
Disteganthus basilateralis Lem. FG
Disteganthus lateralis (L.B. Sm.) Gouda SUFG
Guzmania altsonii L.B. Sm. AMBOGUSUFG
Guzmania brasiliensis Ule [possibly to be expected in GU] AM
Guzmania calothyrsus Mez GU
Guzmania lingulata (L.) Mez AMBODAGUSUFG
Guzmania melinonis Regel AMGUSUFG
Guzmania monostachia (L.) Rusby ex Mez AMDAGU?
Guzmania monostachia (L.) Rusby ex Mez var. monostachia AMDA
Guzmania nubicola L.B. Sm. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Guzmania patula Mez & Wercklé AMBO
Guzmania plumieri (Griseb.) Mez GU?SU?FG
Guzmania retusa L.B. Sm. BOGU
Guzmania roezlii (E. Morren) Mez BODAGU
Guzmania sphaeroidea (André) André ex Mez AMBOGU
Guzmania squarrosa (Mez & Sodiro) L.B. Sm. & Pittendr. AMBOGU
Guzmania steyermarkii L.B. Sm. [to be expected in GU] BO
Guzmania terrestris L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. AM
Hohenbergia stellata Schult. f. [can be expected in GU fide Gouda] BODA
Lindmania arachnoidea (L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob.) L.B. Sm. AM
Lindmania argentea L.B. Sm. BO
Lindmania atrorosea (L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob.) L.B. Sm. BO
Lindmania aurea L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. BO
Lindmania brachyphylla L.B. Sm. BOGU
Lindmania candelabriformis B. Holst AM
Lindmania cylindrostachya L.B. Sm. AMBO
Lindmania dendritica (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. [Sierra de la Neblina]
Lindmania gracillima (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. [to be expected in GU] BO
Lindmania guianensis (Beer) Mez AMBOGU
Lindmania guianensis (Beer) Mez var. vestita (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. [Recognized as distinct in FVG, but appropriate level not ventured] GU
Lindmania holstii Steyerm. & L.B. Sm. BO
Lindmania huberi L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. BO
Lindmania imitans L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. BO
Lindmania lateralis (L.B. Sm. & Read) L.B. Sm. & H. Rob. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Lindmania longipes (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. BO
Lindmania maguirei (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. [Sierra de la Neblina]
Lindmania marahuacae (L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob.) L.B. Sm. AM
Lindmania minor L.B. Sm. BO
Lindmania navioides L.B. Sm. BO
Lindmania nubigena (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Lindmania oliva-estevae L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. ex B. Holst BO
Lindmania phelpsiae L.B. Sm. AM
Lindmania riparia L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. BO
Lindmania saxicola L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. BO
Lindmania serrulata L.B. Sm. BO
Lindmania smithiana (Steyerm. & Luteyn) L.B. Sm. BO
Lindmania sp. A [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Lindmania sp. B [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Lindmania sp. C BO
Lindmania stenophylla L.B. Sm. BO
Lindmania steyermarkii L.B. Sm. BO
Lindmania subsimplex L.B. Sm. BO
Lindmania thyrsoidea L.B. Sm. AM
Lindmania tillandsioides L.B. Sm. BO
Lindmania wurdackii L.B. Sm. AM
Mezobromelia capituligera (Griseb.) J.R. Grant [=Vriesea capituligera] [possibly to be expected in GU] AMBO
Mezobromelia pleiosticha (Griseb.) Utley & H. Luther [=Vriesea pleiosticha] AMBODAGUSUFG
Navia abysmophila L.B. Sm. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Navia affinis L.B. Sm. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Navia aliciae L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. AM
Navia aloifolia L.B. Sm. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Navia angustifolia (Baker) Mez GU
Navia arida L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. BOGU
Navia aurea L.B. Sm. AM
Navia barbellata L.B. Sm. GU
Navia berryana L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. AM
Navia brachyphylla L.B. Sm. AM
Navia breweri L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. BO
Navia cardonae L.B. Sm. BO
Navia caricifolia L.B. Sm. AMGU?
Navia carnevalii L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. AM
Navia cataractarum Sandwith GU
Navia caurensis L.B. Sm. BO
Navia colorata L.B. Sm. AM
Navia connata L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. BO
Navia crassicaulis L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Navia cretacea L.B. Sm. AM
Navia crispa L.B. Sm. AM
Navia cucullata L.B. Sm. BO
Navia culcitaria L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. AM
Navia duidae L.B. Sm. [to be expected in Guyana] AM
Navia duidae L.B. Sm. var. duidae AM
Navia duidae L.B. Sm. var. glabrior L.B. Sm. AM
Navia emergens L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. BO
Navia filifera L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Navia geaster L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. BO
Navia glandulifera B. Holst BO
Navia glauca L.B. Sm. AM
Navia gleasonii L.B. Sm. AMGU
Navia huberiana L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. AM
Navia igneosicola L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. AM
Navia immersa L.B. Sm. AM
Navia incrassata L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. BO
Navia intermedia L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. BO
Navia involucrata L.B. Sm. AM
Navia jauana L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. BO
Navia lactea L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. AM
Navia lanigera L.B. Sm. AM
Navia lasiantha L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. BO
Navia latifolia L.B. Sm. AM
Navia lepidota L.B. Sm. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Navia liesneri L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Navia lindmanioides L.B. Sm. AM
Navia linearis L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. AM
Navia luzuloides L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. BO
Navia maguirei L.B. Sm. SU
Navia mima L.B. Sm. AM
Navia mosaica B. Holst AM
Navia navicularis L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. BO
Navia nubicola L.B. Sm. AM
Navia ocellata L.B. Sm. AM
Navia octopoides L.B. Sm. AM
Navia ovoidea L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. BO
Navia paruana B. Holst AM
Navia parvula L.B. Sm. var. expansa L.B. Sm. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Navia parvula L.B. Sm. var. parvula [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Navia patria L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. AM
Navia pauciflora L.B. Sm. AM
Navia phelpsiae L.B. Sm. AM
Navia polyglomerata L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Navia pulvinata L.B. Sm. AM
Navia pungens L.B. Sm. AM
Navia robinsonii L.B. Sm. BO
Navia rupestris (Gleason) Sandwith GU
Navia sandwithii L.B. Sm. GU
Navia saxicola L.B. Sm. AM
Navia scirpiflora L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. BO
Navia scopulorum L.B. Sm. BO
Navia semiserrata L.B. Sm. AM
Navia serrulata L.B. Sm. AM
Navia sp. A AM
Navia sp. B [Sierra de la Neblina]
Navia sp. C AM
Navia splendens L.B. Sm. BOGU
Navia stenodonta L.B. Sm. AM
Navia steyermarkii L.B. Sm. AM
Navia subpetiolata L.B. Sm. AMBO
Navia tentaculata B. Holst BO
Navia terramarae L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. AM
Navia trichodonta L.B. Sm. AM
Navia umbratilis L.B. Sm. AM
Navia viridis L.B. Sm. AM
Navia wurdackii L.B. Sm. BO
Navia xyridiflora L.B. Sm. AM
Neoregelia leviana L.B. Sm. AM
Neoregelia myrmecophila (Ule ex G. Karst. & Schenck) L.B. Sm. AM
Neoregelia stolonifera L.B. Sm. AM
Pitcairnia agavifolia L.B. Sm. AM
Pitcairnia armata Maury AMBO
Pitcairnia brittoniana Mez AMBOGU
Pitcairnia bulbosa L.B. Sm. AM
Pitcairnia cana B. Holst AM
Pitcairnia caricifolia Mart. ex Schult. f. [=Pepinia caricifolia] AMBODAGUSUFG
Pitcairnia ctenophylla L.B. Sm. [=Pepinia ctenophylla] [to be expected in GU] BO
Pitcairnia echinata Hook. var. echinata AM
Pitcairnia epiphytica L.B. Sm. AM
Pitcairnia filispina L.B. Sm. AM
Pitcairnia geyskesii L.B. Sm. [=Pepinia geyskesii] GUSUFG
Pitcairnia graniticola B. Holst BO
Pitcairnia heterophylla (Lindl.) Beer [to be expected in GU] AMBO
Pitcairnia incarnata Baker [=Pepinia incarnata] FG
Pitcairnia juncoides L.B. Sm. AM
Pitcairnia kunhardtiana L.B. Sm. AM
Pitcairnia leopoldii (W. Till & S. Till) B. Holst AM
Pitcairnia leprieurii Baker GUFG
Pitcairnia maguirei L.B. Sm. AM
Pitcairnia maidifolia (C. Morren) Decne. ex Planch. & Linden AMBOGUSU
Pitcairnia nematophora L.B. Sm. & Read AM
Pitcairnia nuda Baker [=Pepinia nuda] GUSU
Pitcairnia orchidifolia Mez BO
Pitcairnia patentiflora L.B. Sm. [=Pepinia patentiflora] AMFG
Pitcairnia patentiflora L.B. Sm. var. armata L.B. Sm. AM
Pitcairnia patentiflora L.B. Sm. var. patentiflora AMFG
Pitcairnia phelpsiae (L.B. Sm.) B. Holst & L.B. Sm. AM
Pitcairnia pruinosa Kunth AMBO
Pitcairnia pusilla Mez FG
Pitcairnia rubiginosa (Brongn. ex E. Morren) Baker [=Pepinia rubiginosa] AMFG
Pitcairnia rubignosa (Baker) Mez var. amazonica (Baker) L.B. Sm. AM
Pitcairnia sastrei L.B. Sm. & Read GUSU?FG
Pitcairnia sp. A AM
Pitcairnia sp. B [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Pitcairnia sp. C AM
Pitcairnia sprucei Baker [=Pepinia sprucei] AMGUFG
Pitcairnia uaupensis Baker AM
Puya floccosa (Linden) E. Morren ex Mez var. floccosa BO
Puya grafii Rauh AM
Racinaea jenmanii (Baker) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm. [=Tillandsia jenmanii] =Tillandsia jenmanii AMBOGU
Racinaea spiculosa (Griseb.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm. var. micrantha (Baker) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm. [=Tillandsia spiculosa var. micrantha] =Tillandsia spiculosa var. micrantha AMBOGU
Racinaea spiculosa (Griseb.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm. var. spiculosa [=Tillandsia spiculosa var. spiculosa] =Tillandsia spiculosa var. spiculosa AMBOGUSUFG
Racinaea spiculosa (Griseb.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm. var. stenoglossa (L.B. Sm.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm. [=Tillandsia spiculosa var. stenoglossa] =Tillandsia spiculosa var. stenoglossa AMBOGU
Racinaea tetrantha (Ruiz & Pav.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm. var. aurantiaca (Griseb.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm. [=Tillandsia tetrantha var. aurantiaca] =Tillandsia tetrantha var. aurantiaca BO
Racinaea tetrantha (Ruiz & Pav.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm. var. caribaea (L.B. Sm.) M.A. Spencer & L.B. Sm. [=Tillandsia tetrantha var. caribaea] =Tillandsia tetrantha var. caribaea AMBOGU
Steyerbromelia deflexa L.B. Sm. & H. Rob. AM
Steyerbromelia diffusa L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. AM
Steyerbromelia discolor L.B. Sm. & H. Rob. AM
Steyerbromelia plowmanii (L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob.) H. Rob. & D.C. Taylor [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Steyerbromelia ramosa (L.B. Sm.) B. Holst AMBO
Steyerbromelia thomasii (L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob.) B. Holst [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Tillandsia adpressiflora Mez AMBOSUFG
Tillandsia anceps Lodd. AMBODAGUSUFG
Tillandsia balbisiana Schult. f. [possibly to be expected in GU] BODA
Tillandsia brachycaulos Schltdl. BO
Tillandsia bulbosa Hook. AMBODAGUSUFG
Tillandsia clavigera Mez AM
Tillandsia compacta Griseb. [possibly to be expected in GU] AMBO
Tillandsia compacta Griseb. var. compacta AMBO
Tillandsia complanata Benth. AMBOGU
Tillandsia confinis L.B. Sm. AMBO
Tillandsia elongata Kunth var. subimbricata (Baker) L.B. Sm. [to be expected in GU] AMBODA
Tillandsia fasciculata Sw. BODAGUSUFG
Tillandsia fendleri Griseb. var. fendleri AMBOGU
Tillandsia fendleri Griseb. var. reducta (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. AMBOGU
Tillandsia flexuosa Sw. AMBODAGUSUFG
Tillandsia gardneri Lindl. BODA
Tillandsia geminiflora Brongn. SU
Tillandsia juncea (Ruiz & Pav.) Poir. BO
Tillandsia kegeliana Mez BOGUSUFG
Tillandsia monadelpha (E. Morren) Baker BODAGUSUFG
Tillandsia paraënsis Mez AMBOGUSUFG
Tillandsia polystachia (L.) L. BODA
Tillandsia pruinosa Sw. AMBOSU
Tillandsia pyramidata André var. pyramidata BO
Tillandsia recurvata (L.) L. AMBO
Tillandsia schiedeana Steud. AM
Tillandsia stricta Sol. ex Ker Gawl. BOGUSU
Tillandsia stricta Sol. ex Ker Gawl. var. stricta BO
Tillandsia tenuifolia L. BOGUSUFG
Tillandsia tenuifolia L. var. tenuifolia BO
Tillandsia turneri Baker AMBOGU
Tillandsia turneri Baker var. orientalis L.B. Sm. AMBOGU
Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L. BODAGUSUFG
Vriesea bibeatricis Morillo AMBO
Vriesea duidae (L.B. Sm.) Gouda AMBOGU
Vriesea fibrosa L.B. Sm. AM
Vriesea glutinosa Lindl. BO
Vriesea heliconioides (Kunth) Hook. ex Walp. AMGUSUFG
Vriesea incurva (Griseb.) Read [=Tillandsia incurva] AMBOGU
Vriesea johnstonii (Mez) L.B. Sm. & Pittendr. [=Vriesea hygrometrica?] GU
Vriesea jonghei (K. Koch) E. Morren FG
Vriesea maguirei L.B. Sm. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Vriesea melgueiroi I. Ramírez & Carnevali AM
Vriesea mitoura L.B. Sm. [Sierra de la Neblina] AM
Vriesea platynema Gaudich. AMBODAGU
Vriesea platynema Gaudich. var. platynema AMBODA
Vriesea procera (Mart. ex Schult. f.) Wittm. DAGUSUFG
Vriesea procera (Mart. ex Schult. f.) Wittm. var. procera DAGUSU
Vriesea rubra (Ruiz & Pav.) Beer AMBODAGU
Vriesea sanguinolenta Cogn. & Marchand BO
Vriesea simplex (Vell.) Beer BO
Vriesea socialis L.B. Sm. AM
Vriesea soderstromii L.B. Sm. GU
Vriesea splendens (Brongn.) Lem. BOGUSUFG
Vriesea splendens (Brongn.) Lem. var. formosa Suringar ex Witte GU
Vriesea splendens (Brongn.) Lem. var. splendens BOGUSUFG
Vriesea sulcata L.B. Sm. AM
Vriesea wurdackii L.B. Sm. AM
Werauhia gigantea (Mart. ex Schult. f.) J.R. Grant [non Vriesea gigantea Gaudich, 1846] [=Vriesea amazonica] DAGUSUFG
Werauhia gladioliflora (H. Wendl.) J.R. Grant [=Vriesea gladioliflora] GUSUFG
Werauhia hygrometrica (André) J.R. Grant [=Vriesea hygrometrica] BOGU
Werauhia ringens (Griseb.) J.R. Grant [=Vriesea ringens] GU
Werauhia viridiflora (Regel) J.R. Grant [=Vriesea viridiflora] BOGU

Bromeliaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

?Cottendorfia dyckioides L.B. Sm. =Lindmania guianensis
?Cottendorfia geniculata (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. var. minor L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. =Lindmania guianensis
?Cottendorfia guianensis (Beer) Baker var. vestita L.B. Sm. =Lindmania guianensis
?Lindmania geniculata L.B. Sm. =Lindmania guianensis
?Lindmania paludosa L.B. Sm. =Lindmania guianensis
?Navia platyphylla L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. =Steyerbromelia ramosa
Aechmea fernandae (E. Morren) Baker =Aechmea rubiginosa
Aechmea humilis Mez =Aechmea mertensii
Aechmea kienastii E. Morren ex Mez =Aechmea tillandsioides
Aechmea lateralis L.B. Sm. =Disteganthus lateralis
Aechmea magdalenae auct. non (André) André ex Baker sensu L.B. Sm. =Aechmea rubiginosa
Aechmea megalantha Harms =Aechmea melinonii
Aechmea mucroniflora Hook. =Aechmea mertensii
Aechmea oligosphaera Baker =Hohenbergia stellata
Aechmea prancei L.B. Sm. [not in Guianas fide Gouda]
Aechmea spicata Mart. ex Schult. f. =Aechmea mertensii
Aechmea sprucei Mez =Aechmea castelnavii
Aechmea tillandsioides (Mart. ex Schult. f.) Baker var. kienastii (E. Morren ex Mez) L.B. Sm. =Aechmea tillandsioides
Aechmea wullschlaegeliana Mez =Aechmea mertensii
Ananas ananassoides (Baker) L.B. Sm. var. nanus L.B. Sm. =Ananas nanus
Ananas sativus Schult. f. =Ananas comosus
Anoplophytum guianensis Beer =Lindmania guianensis
Barbacenia uaipanensis Maguire =Ayensua uaipanensis
Billbergia chantinii Carrière =Aechmea chantinii
Billbergia contracta Mart. ex Schult. f. =Aechmea contracta
Billbergia corymbosa Mart. ex Schult. f. =Aechmea corymbosa
Billbergia tillandsioides Mart. ex Schult. f. =Aechmea tillandsioides
Bonpartea juncea Ruiz & Pav. =Tillandsia juncea
Brocchinia bernardii L.B. Sm. =Brocchinia melanacra
Brocchinia cordylinoides Baker =Brocchinia micrantha
Brocchinia cryptantha L.B. Sm. =Brocchinia hechtioides
Brocchinia oliva-estevae Steyerm. & L.B. Sm. =Brocchinia tatei
Brocchinia secunda L.B. Sm. =Brocchinia tatei
Bromelia aquilega Salisb. =Aechmea aquilega
Bromelia comosa L. =Ananas comosus
Bromelia karatas L. =Bromelia plumieri
Bromelia lingulata L. =Aechmea lingulata
Bromelia longifolia Rudge =Aechmea longifolia
Bromelia lutea G. Mey. =Aechmea nudicaulis var. cuspidata
Bromelia mertensii G. Mey. =Aechmea mertensii
Bromelia nudicaulis L. =Aechmea nudicaulis
Caraguata hygrometrica André =Werhauia hygrometrica
Caraguata lingulata (L.) Lindl. =Guzmania lingulata
Caraguata sphaeroidea André =Guzmania sphaeroidea
Caraguata splendens Planch. =Guzmania lingulata
Catopsis fendleri Baker =Racinaea tetrantha var. caribaea
Catopsis inconspicua Baker [not in flora area] =Catopsis nitida
Chevaliera fernandae (E. Morren) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress =Aechmea rubiginosa
Chevaliera pallida (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress =Aechmea pallida
Chevaliera rubiginosa (Mez) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress =Aechmea rubiginosa
Connellia smithiana Steyerm. & Luteyn =Lindmania smithiana
Cordyline micrantha Baker =Brocchinia micrantha
Cottendorfia arachnoidea L.B. Sm. =Lindmania arachnoidea
Cottendorfia argentea (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania argentea
Cottendorfia atrorosea L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. =Lindmania atrorosea
Cottendorfia brachyphylla (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania brachyphylla
Cottendorfia brachyphylla (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. var. angustior L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. =Lindmania brachyphylla
Cottendorfia cylindrostachya (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania cylindrostachya
Cottendorfia dendritica L.B. Sm. =Lindmania dendritica
Cottendorfia geniculata (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania guianensis
Cottendorfia gracillima L.B. Sm. =Lindmania gracillima
Cottendorfia guianensis (Beer) Klotzsch ex Baker =Lindmania guianensis
Cottendorfia lateralis L.B. Sm. & Read =Lindmania lateralis
Cottendorfia longipes L.B. Sm. =Lindmania longipes
Cottendorfia maguirei L.B. Sm. =Lindmania maguirei
Cottendorfia marahuacae L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. =Lindmania marahuacae
Cottendorfia minor (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania minor
Cottendorfia navioides (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania navioides
Cottendorfia nubigena L.B. Sm. =Lindmania nubigena
Cottendorfia paludosa (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania guianensis
Cottendorfia phelpsiae (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania phelpsiae
Cottendorfia savannensis L.B. Sm. =Lindmania nubigena
Cottendorfia serrulata (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania serrulata
Cottendorfia serrulata (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. var. reducta (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania serrulata
Cottendorfia stenophylla (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania stenophylla
Cottendorfia steyermarkii (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania steyermarkii
Cottendorfia subsimplex (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania subsimplex
Cottendorfia thyrsoidea (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania thyrsoidea
Cottendorfia tillandsioides (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania tillandsioides
Cottendorfia wurdackii (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania wurdackii
Disteganthus bromeliifolius L.B. Sm. [nomen nudum] =Disteganthus lateralis
Disteganthus calatheoides (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. & Read =Disteganthus basilateralis
Dyckia augustae (M.R. Schomb.) Baker =Connellia augustae
Encholirium augustae M.R. Schomb. =Connellia augustae
Gravisia aquilega (Salisb.) Mez =Aechmea aquilega
Gravisia lanjouwii (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Aechmea lanjouwii
Guzmania angustifolia (Baker) Wittm. [not in flora area]
Guzmania capituligera (Griseb.) Mez =Mezobromelia capituligera
Guzmania cryptantha L.B. Sm. =Guzmania squarrosa
Guzmania erythrolepis Brongn. ex Planch. [probably misident. of G. melinonis, fide E. Gouda]
Guzmania geniculata L.B. Sm. =Guzmania sphaeroidea
Guzmania lingulata (L.) Mez var. splendens (Planch.) Mez =Guzmania lingulata
Guzmania minor Mez =Guzmania lingulata
Guzmania pleiosticha (Griseb.) Mez =Mezobromelia pleiosticha
Guzmania pleiosticha auct. =Guzmania altsonii
Guzmania plumieri auct. non (Griseb.) Mez sensu L.B. Sm. in Lasser =Guzmania steyermarkii
Guzmania splitgerberi Mez =Mezobromelia pleiosticha
Guzmania venamensis L.B. Sm. =Guzmania sphaeroidea
Hepetis amazonica (Baker) Mez =Pitcairnia rubignosa var. amazonica
Hepetis brittoniana (Mez) Mez =Pitcairnia brittoniana
Hepetis caricifolia (Mart. ex Schult. f.) Mez =Pitcairnia caricifolia
Hepetis kegeliana (Schltdl.) Mez =Pitcairnia caricifolia
Hepetis pauciflora (Baker) Mez =Pitcairnia caricifolia
Hepetis pruinosa (Kunth) Mez =Pitcairnia pruinosa
Hepetis rubiginosa (Baker) Mez =Pitcairnia rubiginosa
Hepetis sprucei (Baker) Mez =Pitcairnia sprucei
Hepetis uaupensis (Baker) Mez =Pitcairnia uaupensis
Karatas plumieri E. Morren =Bromelia plumieri
Lamprococcus brevicollis (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress =Aechmea brevicollis
Lamprococcus campanulatus (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress =Aechmea campanulata
Lindmania brachyphylla L.B. Sm. var. angustior (L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob.) R.W. Read =Lindmania brachyphylla
Lindmania dyckioides (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania guianensis
Lindmania geniculata L.B. Sm. =Lindmania guianensis
Lindmania geniculata L.B. Sm. var. minor (L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania guianensis
Lindmania paludosa L.B. Sm. =Lindmania guianensis
Lindmania savannensis (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Lindmania nubigena
Lindmania serrulata L.B. Sm. var. reducta L.B. Sm. =Lindmania serrulata
Lindmania sessilis L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. =Lindmania serrulata
Lindmania terramarae L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. =Lindmania marahuacae
Macrochordion bromeliifolia (Rudge) Beer =Aechmea bromeliifolia
Navia brocchinioides L.B. Sm. =Brewcaria brocchinioides
Navia delascionis L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. =Navia berryana
Navia diffusa L.B. Sm. non Steyerbromelia diffusa L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. 1986 [1987]. =Steyerbromelia plowmanii
Navia fluviatilis L.B. Sm. =Navia rupestris
Navia gracilis L.B. Sm. =Brewcaria reflexa
Navia grafii Steyerm. & B. Holst =Navia phelpsiae
Navia hechtioides L.B. Sm. =Brewcaria hechtioides
Navia hohenbergioides L.B. Sm. =Brewcaria hohenbergioides
Navia iosothrix L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. =Navia nubicola
Navia lopezii L.B. Sm.
Navia pedemontana L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. =Navia nubicola
Navia plowmanii L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. =Steyerbromelia plowmanii
Navia ramosa L.B. Sm. =Steyerbromelia ramosa
Navia reflexa L.B. Sm. =Brewcaria reflexa
Navia thomasii L.B. Sm., Steyerm. & H. Rob. =Steyerbromelia thomasii
Nidularium myrmecophilum Ule ex G. Karst. & Schenck =Neoregelia myrmecophila
Pepinia agavifolia (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia agavifolia
Pepinia armata (Maury) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia armata
Pepinia breweri (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia armata
Pepinia bulbosa (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia bulbosa
Pepinia caricifolia (Mart. ex Schult. f.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia caricifolia
Pepinia ctenophylla (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia ctenophylla
Pepinia epiphytica (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia epiphytica
Pepinia filispina (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia filispina
Pepinia geyskesii (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia geyskesii
Pepinia incarnata (Baker) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia incarnata
Pepinia juncoides (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia juncoides
Pepinia kunhardtiana (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia kunhardtiana
Pepinia leopoldii W. Till & S. Till =Pitcairnia leopoldii
Pepinia maguirei (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia maguirei
Pepinia nuda (Baker) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia nuda
Pepinia patentiflora (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia patentiflora
Pepinia pruinosa (Kunth) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia pruinosa
Pepinia rubiginosa (Brongn.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia rubiginosa
Pepinia sprucei (Baker) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia sprucei
Pepinia uaupensis (Baker) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia uaupensis
Pepinia wurdackii (L.B. Sm.) G.S. Varad. & Gilmartin =Pitcairnia bulbosa
Phytarrhiza monadelpha E. Morren =Tillandsia monadelpha
Pitcairnia amazonica Baker =Pitcairnia rubignosa var. amazonica
Pitcairnia breweri L.B. Sm. =Pitcairnia armata
Pitcairnia cinerea L.B. Sm. =Pitcairnia armata
Pitcairnia kegeliana Schltdl. =Pitcairnia caricifolia
Pitcairnia nuda auct. non Baker: sensu L.B. Smith & R.J. Downs =Pitcairnia patentiflora var. patentiflora
Pitcairnia pauciflora Baker =Pitcairnia caricifolia
Pitcairnia viridiflora Regel =Werhauia viridiflora
Pitcairnia wurdackii L.B. Sm. =Pitcairnia bulbosa
Platyaechmea chantinii (Carrière) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress =Aechmea chantinii
Platyaechmea contracta (Mart. ex Schult. f.) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress =Aechmea contracta
Platyaechmea tillandsioides (Mart. ex Schult. f.) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress =Aechmea tillandsioides
Pogospermum berteronianum (Schult. f.) Brongn. =Catopsis berteroniana
Pothuava nudicaulis (L.) Regel =Aechmea nudicaulis
Pothuava nudicaulis (L.) Regel var. cuspidata (Baker) L.B. Sm. & W.J. Kress =Aechmea nudicaulis var. cuspidata
Pourretia floccosa Linden =Puya floccosa
Puya augustae (M.R. Schomb.) Mez =Connellia augustae
Puya guianensis Klotzsch ex M.R. Schomb. =Puya floccosa var. floccosa
Puya guyanensis Baker =Puya floccosa var. floccosa
Puya heterophylla Lindl. =Pitcairnia heterophylla
Puya maidifolia E. Morren =Pitcairnia maidifolia
Puya phelpsiae L.B. Sm. =Pitcairnia phelpsiae
Puya quelchii (N.E. Br.) L.B. Sm. =Connellia quelchii
Puya roraimae Mez =Connellia quelchii
Quesnelia lamarckii Baker [cultivated only] =Musa coccinea (Musaceae)
Renealmia monostachia L. =Guzmania monostachia
Renealmia pendula C.F. Gaertn. =Catopsis berteroniana
Renealmia polystachia L. =Tillandsia polystachia
Renealmia recurvata L. var. ß =Tillandsia recurvata
Renealmia usneoides L. =Tillandsia usneoides
Schlumbergeria roezli E. Morren =Guzmania roezlii
Steyerbromelia neblinae B. Holst =Steyerbromelia plowmanii
Streptocalyx angustifolius Mez =Aechmea longifolia
Streptocalyx longifolius (Rudge) Baker =Aechmea longifolia
Streptocalyx poeppigii Beer =Aechmea beeriana
Streptocalyx poitaei Baker =Aechmea poitaei
Thecophyllum splitgerberi (Mez) Pittendr. =Mezobromelia pleiosticha
Thecophyllum squarrosum Mez & Sodiro =Guzmania squarrosa
Tillandsia abysmophila L.B. Sm. & Steyerm. =Tillandsia confinis
Tillandsia aloifolia Hook. =Tillandsia flexuosa
Tillandsia amazonica Baker =Werhauia gigantea
Tillandsia appuniana Baker =Vriesea splendens var. splendens
Tillandsia archeri L.B. Sm. =Tillandsia turneri
Tillandsia aurantiaca Griseb. =Racinaea tetrantha var. aurantiaca
Tillandsia berteroniana Schult. f. =Catopsis berteroniana
Tillandsia bromeliaefolia Rudge =Aechmea bromeliifolia
Tillandsia capituligera Griseb. =Mezobromelia capituligera
Tillandsia caracasana Baker =Tillandsia compacta var. compacta
Tillandsia caribaea L.B. Sm. =Racinaea tetrantha var. caribaea
Tillandsia chinchucuana Harms =Racinaea spiculosa var. micrantha
Tillandsia compressa Bertero [not in flora area]
Tillandsia conspersa Miq. =Tillandsia stricta
Tillandsia crinita Willd. ex Beer =Tillandsia usneoides
Tillandsia dactylifera E. Morren ex Baker =Vriesea incurva
Tillandsia deppeana Steud. var. clavigera (Mez) L.B. Sm. =Tillandsia clavigera
Tillandsia deppeana Steud. var. latifolia (Griseb.) L.B. Sm. =Tillandsia fendleri var. fendleri
Tillandsia deppeana Steud. var. reducta (L.B. Sm.) L.B. Sm. =Tillandsia fendleri var. reducta
Tillandsia duidae L.B. Sm. =Vriesea duidae
Tillandsia excelsa Griseb. var. latifolia Griseb. =Tillandsia fendleri var. fendleri
Tillandsia fendleri (Baker) Mez =Racinaea tetrantha var. caribaea
Tillandsia ferruginascens Mez =Racinaea tetrantha var. caribaea
Tillandsia flexuosa Sw. var. vivipara André =Tillandsia flexuosa
Tillandsia fulgens (Klotzsch ex Beer) Mez =Racinaea tetrantha var. aurantiaca
Tillandsia gigantea Mart. ex Schult. f. =Werhauia gigantea
Tillandsia graminifolia Baker =Tillandsia monadelpha
Tillandsia gymnophylla Baker =Guzmania monostachia var. monostachia
Tillandsia heliconioides Kunth =Vriesea heliconioides
Tillandsia heliconioides auct. non Kunth: sensu Griseb. =Guzmania monostachia var. monostachia
Tillandsia incurva Griseb. =Vriesea incurva
Tillandsia jenmanii Baker =Tillandsia jenmanii AMBOGU
Tillandsia lineatifolia Mez =Tillandsia anceps
Tillandsia lingulata L. =Guzmania lingulata
Tillandsia micrantha Baker =Racinaea spiculosa var. micrantha
Tillandsia multifolia Mez =Tillandsia turneri var. orientalis
Tillandsia pachychlamys Mez =Werhauia gladioliflora
Tillandsia paniculata ß fendleri (Griseb.) Mez =Tillandsia fendleri
Tillandsia parkeri Baker =Racinaea spiculosa var. spiculosa
Tillandsia parviflora auct. non Ruiz & Pav. 1802: sensu Griseb. =Racinaea tetrantha var. caribaea
Tillandsia patens Willd. ex Schult. f. =Tillandsia flexuosa
Tillandsia pleiosticha Griseb. =Mezobromelia pleiosticha
Tillandsia procera Mart. ex Schult. f. =Vriesea procera
Tillandsia pulchella Hook. =Tillandsia tenuifolia
Tillandsia pulchella Hook. var. surinamensis Mez =Tillandsia tenuifolia
Tillandsia pumila Griseb. =Tillandsia bulbosa
Tillandsia punctulata Cham. & Schltdl. [not in flora area]
Tillandsia rhodocincta Baker =Tillandsia turneri var. orientalis
Tillandsia rhododactyla Mez =Vriesea rubra
Tillandsia rigidula Baker =Guzmania roezlii
Tillandsia rubra Ruiz & Pav. =Vriesea rubra
Tillandsia rubra Ruiz & Pav. var. fendleri (Griseb.) Mez =Tillandsia fendleri
Tillandsia rubra Ruiz & Pav. var. reducta L.B. Sm. =Tillandsia fendleri var. reducta
Tillandsia sessiliflora Ruiz & Pav. =Catopsis sessiliflora
Tillandsia simplex Vell. =Vriesea simplex
Tillandsia spiculosa Griseb. var. micrantha (Baker) L.B. Sm. =Tillandsia spiculosa var. micrantha AMBOGU
Tillandsia spiculosa Griseb. var. spiculosa =Tillandsia spiculosa var. spiculosa AMBOGUSUFG
Tillandsia spiculosa Griseb. var. stenoglossa (L.B. Sm.) Gouda =Tillandsia spiculosa var. stenoglossa AMBOGU
Tillandsia splendens Brongn. =Vriesea splendens
Tillandsia stenoglossa L.B. Sm. =Racinaea spiculosa var. stenoglossa
Tillandsia subimbricata Baker =Tillandsia elongata var. subimbricata
Tillandsia surinamensis Miq. ex Mez =Tillandsia tenuifolia
Tillandsia tenuifolia L. var. surinamensis (Mez) L.B. Sm. =Tillandsia tenuifolia
Tillandsia tetrantha Ruiz & Pav. var. aurantiaca (Griseb.) L.B. Sm. =Tillandsia tetrantha var. aurantiaca BO
Tillandsia tetrantha Ruiz & Pav. var. caribaea (L.B. Sm.) Gouda =Tillandsia tetrantha var. caribaea AMBOGU
Tillandsia trichoides Kunth =Tillandsia usneoides
Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L. var. filiformis (André) Mez =Tillandsia usneoides
Tillandsia vestita Schltdl. & Cham. =Tillandsia schiedeana
Tillandsia viscidula Britton =Vriesea procera
Tillandsia xiphostachys Griseb. =Tillandsia anceps
Tussacia fulgens Klotzsch ex Beer =Racinaea tetrantha var. aurantiaca
Vellozia uaipanensis (Maguire) L.B. Sm. =Ayensua uaipanensis
Vriesea amazonica (Baker) Mez =Werauhia gigantea
Vriesea capituligera (Griseb.) L.B. Sm. & Pittendr. =Mezobromelia capituligera
Vriesea gigantea (Mart. ex Schult. f.) Mez =Werauhia gigantea
Vriesea gladioliflora (H. Wendl.) Antoine =Werauhia gladioliflora
Vriesea heliconioides (Kunth) Hook. ex Walp. var. polysticha L.B. Sm. =Vriesea heliconioides
Vriesea heterandra (André) L.B. Sm. [misidentification of possibly non-Guianan material]
Vriesea hygrometrica (André) L.B. Sm. & Pittendr. =Werauhia hygrometrica
Vriesea pachychlamys Mez =Werhauia gladioliflora
Vriesea pleiosticha (Griseb.) Gouda =Mezobromelia pleiosticha
Vriesea ringens (Griseb.) Mez =Werauhia ringens
Vriesea splitgerberi (Mez) L.B. Sm. & Pittendr. =Mezobromelia pleiosticha
Vriesea viridiflora (Regel) Wittm. ex Mez =Werauhia viridiflora GU
Wittmackia lingulata (L.) Mez =Aechmea lingulata
Wittmackia odora Mez =Aechmea lingulata

Brunelliaceae

Brunellia comocladifolia Bonpl. subsp. ptariana (Steyerm.) Cuatrec. [Mt. Roraima] BO
Brunellia neblinensis Steyerm. & Cuatrec. AM

Brunelliaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Brunellia integrifolia Szyszyl. var. ptariana Steyerm. =Brunellia comocladifolia subsp. ptariana

Burmanniaceae

Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnhart ex Small AMBOGUSUFG
Burmannia bicolor Mart. AMBOGUSUFG
Burmannia capitata (Walter ex J.F. Gmel.) Mart. AMBOGUSUFG
Burmannia compacta Maas & H. Maas AM
Burmannia dasyantha Mart. AM
Burmannia flava Mart. BOGUSUFG
Burmannia foliosa Gleason AMBO
Burmannia kalbreyeri Oliv. BO
Burmannia polygaloides Schltr. AM
Burmannia sanariapoana Steyerm. AMBO
Burmannia tenella Benth. AMBOGU
Campylosiphon purpurascens Benth. AMBODAGUSUFG
Cymbocarpa saccata Sandwith GU
Dictyostega orobanchoides (Hook.) Miers subsp. orobanchoides AMBOGUSU
Dictyostega orobanchoides (Hook.) Miers subsp. parviflora (Benth.) Snelders & Maas AMBOGUSUFG
Gymnosiphon brachycephalus Snelders & Maas AMBOGUSU
Gymnosiphon breviflorus Gleason BOGUSUFG
Gymnosiphon capitatus (Benth.) Urb. GU
Gymnosiphon cymosus (Benth.) Benth. & Hook. f. AMBOSU
Gymnosiphon divaricatus (Benth.) Benth. & Hook. f. AMBOGUSUFG
Gymnosiphon fimbriatus (Benth.) Urb. AMBOGU
Gymnosiphon guianensis Gleason GUSU
Gymnosiphon minutus Snelders & Maas AMBOGU
Gymnosiphon recurvatus Snelders & Maas GUFG?
Gymnosiphon suaveolens (H. Karst.) Urb. BO
Gymnosiphon tenellus (Benth.) Urb. AM
Hexapterella gentianoides Urb. GUSU
Hexapterella steyermarkii Maas & H. Maas AMBO
Miersiella umbellata (Miers) Urb. AMBOGUFG
Thismia saulensis H. Maas & Maas FG

Burmanniaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Apteria aphylla (Nutt.) Barnhart ex Small var. hymenanthera (Miq.) Jonker =Apteria aphylla
Apteria gracillima Sagot [nomen nudum] =Apteria aphylla
Apteria hymenanthera Miq. =Apteria aphylla
Apteria orobanchoides Hook. =Dictyostega orobanchoides
Benitzia suaveolens H. Karst. =Gymnosiphon suaveolens
Burmannia brachyphylla Willd. ex Schult. & Schult. f. =Burmannia bicolor
Burmannia brachystachya Miq. =Burmannia bicolor
Burmannia bracteosa Gleason =Burmannia capitata
Burmannia carrenoi Steyerm. =Burmannia kalbreyeri
Burmannia foliosa Gleason subsp. marahuacensis Maguire & Steyerm. =Burmannia foliosa
Dictyostega schomburgkii Miers =Dictyostega orobanchoides subsp. orobanchoides
Dictyostega schomburgkii Miers var. parviflora Benth. =Dictyostega orobanchoides subsp. parviflora
Dictyostega umbellata Miers =Miersiella umbellata
Gymnosiphon altsoni Gleason =Hexapterella gentianoides
Gymnosiphon arcuatus Urb. =Gymnosiphon divaricatus
Gymnosiphon cornutus (Benth.) Benth. & Hook. f. =Gymnosiphon divaricatus
Lobelia aphylla Nutt. =Apteria aphylla
Miersiella aristata Sandwith =Miersiella umbellata
Ptychomeria cymosa Benth. =Gymnosiphon cymosus
Ptychomeria divaricata Benth. =Gymnosiphon divaricatus
Ptychomeria fimbriata Benth. =Gymnosiphon fimbriatus
Ptychomeria tenella Benth. =Gymnosiphon tenellus
Vogelia capitata Walter ex J.F. Gmel. =Burmannia capitata

Burseraceae

Bursera karsteniana Engl. BO
Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg. AMBOGUFG
Bursera tomentosa (Jacq.) Triana & Planch. BO
Commiphora leptophloeos (Mart.) J.B. Gillett AMBO
Crepidospermum goudotianum (Tul.) Triana & Planch. GUFG
Crepidospermum prancei Daly AM
Crepidospermum rhoifolium (Benth.) Triana & Planch. AMBOGUSUFG
Dacryodes belemensis Cuatrec. SU?
Dacryodes chimantensis Steyerm. & Maguire AMBOGU
Dacryodes cuspidata (Cuatrec.) Daly AMFG
Dacryodes glabra (Steyerm.) Cuatrec. AMBO
Dacryodes microcarpa Cuatrec. AMBO
Dacryodes nitens Cuatrec. AMBOGUSUFG
Dacryodes peruviana (Loes.) H.J. Lam AMBOGUFG
Dacryodes roraimensis Cuatrec. BOGU
Dacryodes sclerophylla Cuatrec. BO
Dacryodes sp. A AMBO
Dacryodes steyermarkii Sandwith BOGU
Protium altsonii Sandwith GUSUFG
Protium altsonii Sandwith AMBOGUSUFG
Protium amazonicum (Cuatrec.) Daly AMBOFG
Protium apiculatum Swart AMSUFG
Protium aracouchini (Aubl.) Marchand AMBOGUSUFG
Protium boomii Daly BOGU
Protium carolense Daly AM
Protium crassipetalum Cuatrec. AMBOGUSU?
Protium crenatum Sandwith AMBODAGU
Protium cuneatum Swart BOGUSU?FG
Protium decandrum (Aubl.) Marchand AMBODAGUSUFG
Protium demerarense Swart GUFG
Protium divaricatum Engl. AMBOFG
Protium divaricatum Engl. subsp. divaricatum AMBOFG
Protium divaricatum Engl. subsp. fumarium Daly FG
Protium elegans Engl. AMFG?
Protium ferrugineum Engl. AMBO
Protium giganteum Engl. AMGUSUFG
Protium giganteum Engl. var. crassifolium (Engl.) Daly SUFG
Protium giganteum Engl. var. giganteum AMGUSUFG
Protium glabrescens Swart SU?
Protium grandifolium Engl. AMBOFG
Protium guianense (Aubl.) Marchand AMBODAGUSUFG
Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand subsp. heptaphyllum AMBODAGUSUFG
Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand subsp. ulei (Swart) Daly AMBO
Protium inodorum Daly FG
Protium llanorum Cuatrec. AMBOGU
Protium macrocarpum Cuatrec. AMBO
Protium macrosepalum Swart AM
Protium melinonis Engl. FG
Protium morii Daly FG
Protium nitidifolium (Cuatrec.) Daly SU
Protium nodulosum Swart FG
Protium occultum Daly FG
Protium opacum Swart subsp. exaggeratum Daly AMBOGU?
Protium opacum Swart subsp. opacum AMBOGU
Protium opacum Swart subsp. rabelianum Daly GUFG
Protium pallidum Cuatrec. FG
Protium paniculatum Engl. var. A AM
Protium paniculatum Engl. var. paniculatum AM
Protium paniculatum Engl. var. riedelianum (Engl.) Daly AM
Protium pilosum (Cuatrec.) Daly FG
Protium plagiocarpium Benoist GU?SU?FG
Protium poeppigianum Swart FG
Protium polybotryum (Turcz.) Engl. subsp. blackii (Swart) Daly GU
Protium polybotryum (Turcz.) Engl. subsp. polybotryum GUSUFG
Protium ptarianum Steyerm. AMBO
Protium pullei Swart [unverified name] SU
Protium reticulatum (Engl.) Engl. AM
Protium robustum (Swart) D.M. Porter GUSUFG
Protium sagotianum Marchand AMBODAGUSUFG
Protium sp. A AMBO
Protium sp. B AMBO
Protium sp. C BO
Protium sp. D AM
Protium sp. E BO
Protium sp. F AM
Protium spruceanum (Benth.) Engl. AMBO
Protium strumosum Daly GUFG
Protium subserratum (Engl.) Engl. AMGUSUFG
Protium subserratum (Engl.) Engl. subsp. A AM
Protium subserratum (Engl.) Engl. subsp. subserratum AMSUFG
Protium tenuifolium (Engl.) Engl. AMBODAGUSUFG
Protium trifoliolatum Engl. AMBOGUSUFG
Protium unifoliolatum Spruce ex Engl. AMBOGU
Tetragastris altissima (Aubl.) Swart BODAGUSUFG
Tetragastris hostmannii (Engl.) Kuntze BOGUSUFG
Tetragastris panamensis (Engl.) Kuntze AMBODAGUSUFG
Trattinnickia burserifolia Mart. AMBOGUSUFG
Trattinnickia demerarae Sandwith GUSUFG
Trattinnickia glaziovii Swart FG
Trattinnickia lawrancei Standl. ex Swart var. boliviana Swart AMBO
Trattinnickia rhoifolia Willd. BODAGUSUFG

Burseraceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Amyris decandra (Aubl.) Willd. =Protium decandrum
Amyris enneandra (Aubl.) Willd. =Protium decandrum
Amyris guyanensis (Aubl.) Willd. =Protium guianense
Bursera aracouchili (Aubl.) Baill. =Protium aracouchini
Bursera bonairensis Bold. =Bursera simaruba
Bursera caudata Turcz. =Protium sagotianum
Bursera decandra (Aubl.) Baill. =Protium decandrum
Bursera gummifera L. =Bursera simaruba
Bursera integerrima (Tul.) Triana & Planch. =Bursera simaruba
Bursera leptophloeos Mart. =Commiphora leptophloeos
Bursera martiana Engl. =Commiphora leptophloeos
Bursera orinocensis Engl. =Commiphora leptophloeos
Bursera subpubescens (Rose) Engl. =Bursera simaruba
Bursera trinitensis R.O. Williams =Bursera karsteniana
Bursera velutinifolia R.S. Cowan (Anacardiaceae) =Cyrtocarpa velutinifolia
Burseria gummifera (L.) Jacq. =Bursera simaruba
Dacryodes microcarpa Cuatrec. var. lanceolata Cuatrec. =Dacryodes microcarpa
Dacryodes peruviana Loes. var. caroniensis Cuatrec. =Dacryodes peruviana
Elaphrium decandrum (Aubl.) Spreng. ex D. Dietr. =Protium decandrum
Elaphrium enneandrum Spreng. ex D. Dietr. =Protium decandrum
Elaphrium gujanense (Aubl.) Spreng. ex D. Dietr. =Protium guianense
Elaphrium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Spreng. ex D. Dietr. =Protium heptaphyllum
Elaphrium heterophyllum (Willd.) Spreng. ex D. Dietr. =Protium aracouchini
Elaphrium integerrimum Tul. =Bursera simaruba
Elaphrium jacquinianum Kunth =Bursera tomentosa
Elaphrium simaruba (L.) Rose =Bursera simaruba
Elaphrium subpubescens Rose =Bursera simaruba
Elaphrium tomentosum Jacq. =Bursera tomentosa
Elaphrium trinitense (R.O. Williams) Rose =Bursera karsteniana
Hedwigia hostmannii Engl. =Tetragastris hostmannii
Hedwigia panamensis Engl. =Tetragastris panamensis
Hedwigia rhoifolia (Willd.) Baill. =Trattinnickia rhoifolia
Hedwigia rhoifolia Benth. =Crepidospermum rhoifolium
Hemicrepidospermum rhoifolium (Benth.) Swart =Crepidospermum rhoifolium
Icica altissima Aubl. =Tetragastris altissima
Icica aracouchini Aubl. =Protium aracouchini
Icica decandra Aubl. =Protium decandrum
Icica enneandra Aubl. =Protium decandrum
Icica guianensis Aubl. =Protium guianense
Icica heptaphylla Aubl. =Protium heptaphyllum
Icica heterophylla Willd. =Protium aracouchini
Icica hostmanni Miq. =Protium guianense
Icica insignis Triana & Planch. =Protium sagotianum
Icica paniculata (Engl.) Villafranca =Protium paniculatum
Icica pubescens Benth. =Protium unifoliolatum
Icica spruceana Benth. =Protium spruceanum
Icica surinamensis Miq. =Protium heptaphyllum
Icica viridiflora Lam. =Protium guianense
Icicopsis caudata (Turcz.) Engl. =Protium sagotianum
Icicopsis ferruginea (Engl.) Engl. =Protium ferrugineum
Icicopsis insignis (Triana & Planch.) Engl. =Protium sagotianum
Icicopsis reticulata Engl. =Protium reticulatum
Icicopsis subserrata Engl. =Protium subserratum
Icicopsis tenuifolia Engl. =Protium tenuifolium
Pachylobus peruviana Loes. =Dacryodes peruviana
Paraprotium amazonicum Cuatrec. =Protium amazonicum
Paraprotium ferrugineum (Engl.) Cuatrec. =Protium ferrugineum
Pistacia simaruba L. =Bursera simaruba
Protium almecega Marchand =Protium spruceanum
Protium almecega Marchand var. ulei Swart =Protium heptaphyllum subsp. ulei
Protium angustifolium Swart =Protium heptaphyllum
Protium aracouchini (Aubl.) Marchand var. angustifolium Swart =Protium aracouchini
Protium araguense Cuatrec. [not in flora area]
Protium benthamii Swart =Protium unifoliolatum
Protium crassifolium Engl. =Protium giganteum var. crassifolium
Protium fimbriatum Swart =Protium amazonicum
Protium firmum Swart =Protium apiculatum
Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand var. floribundum Swart =Protium heptaphyllum
Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand var. multiflorum (Engl.) Swart =Protium heptaphyllum
Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand var. puberulum Engl. =Protium guianense
Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand var. surinamense (Miq.) Swart =Protium heptaphyllum
Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand var. unifoliolatum Swart =Protium heptaphyllum
Protium hostmannii (Miq.) Engl. =Protium guianense
Protium hostmannii (Miq.) Engl. var. brasiliensis Swart =Protium heptaphyllum
Protium insigne (Triana & Planch.) Engl. =Protium sagotianum
Protium joannis Cuatrec. =Protium trifoliolatum
Protium llewelyni J.F. Macbr. =Protium grandifolium
Protium martianum Engl. =Protium trifoliolatum
Protium multiflorum Engl. =Protium heptaphyllum
Protium neglectum Swart =Protium tenuifolium
Protium nitidum Engl. =Protium paniculatum var. riedelianum
Protium octandrum Swart =Protium heptaphyllum
Protium orinocense Rusby =Protium decandrum
Protium paniculatum Engl. var. pentamerum Swart =Protium paniculatum var. paniculatum
Protium paraense auct. non Swart 1966: sensu Cuatrec. =Protium altsonii
Protium pauciflorum Swart =Protium trifoliolatum
Protium puberulenta Steyerm. =Protium altsonii
Protium pubescens (Benth.) Engl. =Protium unifoliolatum
Protium riedelianum Engl. =Protium paniculatum var. riedelianum
Protium schomburgkianum Engl. =Protium decandrum
Protium titubans J.F. Macbr. =Protium trifoliolatum
Protium unifoliolatum Spruce ex Engl. var. inconforme Swart =Protium unifoliolatum
Protium unifoliolatum Spruce ex Engl. var. macrophyllum Huber =Protium unifoliolatum
Protium unifoliolatum Spruce ex Engl. var. puberulum Hoehne =Protium unifoliolatum
Protium unifoliolatum Spruce ex Engl. var. subserratum Engl. =Protium unifoliolatum
Tetragastris panamensis (Engl.) Kuntze var. grandifolia Swart =Tetragastris panamensis
Tetragastris panamensis (Engl.) Kuntze var. hirtella Swart =Tetragastris panamensis
Tetragastris paraensis Cuatrec. =Tetragastris panamensis
Tetragastris phanerosepala Sandwith =Tetragastris altissima
Tetragastris pilosa Cuatrec. =Protium pilosum
Tetragastris stevensonii Standl. =Tetragastris panamensis
Tetragastris trifoliolata (Engl.) Cuatrec. =Protium trifoliolatum
Tetragastris unifoliolata (Engl.) Cuatrec. =Protium unifoliolatum
Tingulonga almecega (Marchand) Kuntze =Protium spruceanum
Tingulonga aracuchini (Aubl.) Kuntze =Protium aracouchini
Tingulonga caudata (Turcz.) Kuntze =Protium sagotianum
Tingulonga divaricata (Engl.) Kuntze =Protium divaricatum
Tingulonga enneandra (Aubl.) Kuntze =Protium decandrum
Tingulonga ferruginea (Engl.) Kuntze =Protium ferrugineum
Tingulonga grandifolia (Engl.) Kuntze =Protium grandifolium
Tingulonga guianensis (Aubl.) Kuntze =Protium guianense
Tingulonga heptaphylla (Aubl.) Kuntze =Protium heptaphyllum
Tingulonga hostmanni (Miq.) Kuntze =Protium guianense
Tingulonga insignis (Triana & Planch.) Kuntze =Protium sagotianum
Tingulonga martiana (Engl.) Kuntze =Protium trifoliolatum
Tingulonga multiflora (Engl.) Kuntze =Protium heptaphyllum
Tingulonga nitida (Engl.) Kuntze =Protium paniculatum var. riedelianum
Tingulonga paniculata (Engl.) Kuntze =Protium paniculatum
Tingulonga riedeliana (Engl.) Kuntze =Protium paniculatum var. riedelianum
Tingulonga simplicifolia Kuntze =Protium unifoliolatum
Tingulonga spruceana (Benth.) Kuntze =Protium spruceanum
Tingulonga subserrata (Engl.) Kuntze =Protium subserratum
Tingulonga tenuifolia (Engl.) Kuntze =Protium tenuifolium
Tingulonga trifoliolata Kuntze =Protium trifoliolatum
Trattinnickia burserifolia Mart. subsp. obtusa Engl. =Trattinnickia burserifolia
Trattinnickia burserifolia Mart. subsp. quinquejuga Engl. =Trattinnickia burserifolia
Trattinnickia cuspidata Cuatrec. =Dacryodes cuspidata
Trattinnickia glabra Steyerm. =Dacryodes glabra
Trattinnickia guianensis Klotzsch =Trattinnickia burserifolia
Trattinnickia rhoifolia Willd. var. lancifolia Cuatrec. =Trattinnickia lawrancei var. boliviana
Trattinnickia rhoifolia Willd. subsp. sprucei Engl. =Trattinnickia rhoifolia
Trattinnickia rhoifolia Willd. subsp. willdenowii Engl. =Trattinnickia rhoifolia
Trattinnickia schomburgkii Klotzsch =Trattinnickia burserifolia
Trattinnickia subchoripetala Swart =Trattinnickia burserifolia

Buxaceae

Buxus citrifolia (Willd.) Spreng. BO

Buxaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Tricera citrifolia Willd. =Buxus citrifolia

Cabombaceae

Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel. [Possibly extirpated from GU] GU?
Cabomba aquatica Aubl. BODAGUSUFG
Cabomba furcata Schult. & Schult. f. AMBOGUSUFG
Cabomba haynesii Wiersema [to be expected in GU] BO

Cabombaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Cabomba piauhyensis Gardner =Cabomba furcata
Cabomba piauhyensis Gardner var. albida Fassett =Cabomba haynesii
Cabomba piauhyensis Gardner var. piauhyensis =Cabomba furcata
Cabomba warmingii Casp. =Cabomba furcata

Cactaceae

Acanthocereus tetragonus (L.) Hummelinck BO
Cereus hexagonus (L.) Mill. AMBOGUSUFG
Cereus repandus (L.) Mill., non Haw. 1812 BO
Disocactus amazonicus (K. Schum.) D.R. Hunt [to be expected in Venezuelan Guayana]
Epiphyllum phyllanthus (L.) Haw. AMBODAGUSUFG
Epiphyllum phyllanthus (L.) Haw. var. phyllanthus GUSUFG
Hylocereus lemairei (Hook.) Britton & Rose BODAGU?SU?FG?
Hylocereus scandens (Salm-Dyck) Backeb. GUSU
Melocactus matanzanus León [cultivated] AM
Melocactus mazelianus Ríha AMBO
Melocactus neryi K. Schum. AMBOGUSU
Melocactus smithii (Alexander) Buining ex G.D. Rowley GU
Opuntia cochenillifera (L.) Mill. [cultivated only?] GUSUFG
Opuntia elatior Mill. BO
Pereskia aculeata Mill. [widely cultivated but apparently native in Guianas] BOGUSUFG
Pereskia guamacho F.A.C. Weber BO
Pilosocereus oligolepis (Vaupel) Byles & G.D. Rowley [described as having 5 ribs] BOGUSUFG
Rhipsalis baccifera (J.S. Muell.) Stearn AMBODAGUSUFG
Rhipsalis floccosa Pfeiff. SU
Rhipsalis oblonga Loefgr. [Possibly confused with R. occidentalis] SU?
Rhipsalis occidentalis Barthlott & Rauh [Possibly confused with R. oblonga] SU?
Rhipsalis pachyptera Pfeiff. GU?FG?
Selenicereus megalanthus (K. Schum. ex Vaupel) Moran [Known for AM only by vegetative plant (#4528) at Jardín Botánico Universitario de Maracay AM
Selenicereus sp. sect. Salmdyckia [to be expected in AM & BO] GU?SU?FG
Strophocactus wittii (K. Schum.) Britton & Rose AM

Cactaceae Synonyms and Misidentifications

Acanthocereus colombianus Britton & Rose =Acanthocereus tetragonus
Acanthocereus pentagonus (L.) Britton & Rose =Acanthocereus tetragonus
Acanthocereus pitajaya (Jacq.) Dugand ex Croizat =Acanthocereus tetragonus
Cactus caripensis Kunth =Rhipsalis baccifera
Cactus hexagonus L. =Cereus hexagonus
Cactus neryi (K. Schum.) Britton & Rose =Melocactus neryi
Cactus pentagonus L. =Acanthocereus tetragonus
Cactus pereskia L. =Pereskia aculeata
Cactus phyllanthus L. =Epiphyllum phyllanthus
Cactus pitajaya Jacq. =Acanthocereus tetragonus
Cactus repandus L. =Cereus repandus
Cactus tetragonus L. =Acanthocereus tetragonus
Cephalocereus kanukuensis Alexander =Pilosocereus oligolepis
Cereus atroviridis Backeb. =Cereus repandus
Cereus caripensis (Kunth) DC. =Rhipsalis baccifera
Cereus curtisii Otto [Guianan records dubious]
Cereus grandiflorus Mill. [Guianan records dubious]
Cereus grenadensis Britton & Rose =Cereus repandus
Cereus jamacaru DC. [Guianan records dubious]
Cereus lemairei Hook. =Hylocereus lemairei
Cereus lepidotus Salm-Dyck =Cereus hexagonus
Cereus longiflorus Alexander =Cereus hexagonus
Cereus margaritensis J.R. Johnst. =Cereus repandus
Cereus megalanthus K. Schum. ex Vaupel =Selenicereus megalanthus
Cereus peruvianus auct. [Guianan records dubious] =Cereus uruguayanus
Cereus pitajaya (Jacq.) DC. =Acanthocereus tetragonus
Cereus polyrhizus F.A.C. Weber =Hylocereus lemairei
Cereus triangularis (L.) Haw. [Guianan records dubious] =Hylocereus triangularis
Cereus trinitatensis Lem. & Herment =Hylocereus lemairei
Cereus wittii K. Schum. =Strophocactus wittii
Epiphyllum hookeri Haw. [Guianan records dubious] =Epiphyllum phyllanthus var. hookeri
Epiphyllum phyllanthus (L.) Haw. var. hookeri (Haw.) Kimnach [Guianan records dubious]
Hylocereus polyrhizus (F.A.C. Weber) Britton & Rose =Hylocereus lemairei
Hylocereus triangularis (L.) Britton & Rose [Guianan records dubious]
Hylocereus trinitatensis (Lem. & Herment) A. Berger =Hylocereus lemairei
Hylocereus venezuelensis Britton & Rose =Hylocereus lemairei
Mediocactus megalanthus (K. Schum. ex Vaupel) Britton & Rose =Selenicereus megalanthus
Melocactus guaricensis Croizat =Melocactus neryi
Melocactus schulzianus Buining & Brederoo =Melocactus neryi
Nopalea cochenillifera (L.) Salm-Dyck =Opuntia cochenillifera
Pereskia colombiana Britton & Rose =Pereskia guamacho
Phyllocactus phyllanthus (DC.) Link =Epiphyllum phyllanthus
Pilocereus repandus (L.) K. Schum. =Cereus repandus
Pilosocereus kanukuensis (Alexander) Leuenb. [described as having 4 ribs, illustrations in FVG contradictory] =Pilosocereus oligolepis
Pilosocereus oligolepis (Vaupel) Byles & G.D. Rowley subsp. kanukuensis (Alexander) P.J. Braun & Esteves =Pilosocereus oligolepis
Rhipsalis cassutha Gaertn. =Rhipsalis baccifera
Rhipsalis minutiflora K. Schum. =Rhipsalis baccifera
Rhodocactus colombianus (Britton & Rose) F.M. Knuth =Pereskia guamacho
Rhodocactus guamacho (F.A.C. Weber) F.M. Knuth =Pereskia guamacho
Selenicereus wittii (K. Schum.) G.D. Rowley =Strophocactus wittii
Subpilocereus grenadensis (Britton & Rose) Backeb. = Cereus repandus
Subpilocereus margaritensis (J.R. Johnst.) Backeb. =Cereus repandus
Subpilocereus repandus (L.) Backeb. =Cereus repandus
Wilmattea venezuelensis (Britton & Rose) Croizat =Hylocereus lemairei
Wittiocactus amazonicus (K. Schum.) Rauschert = Disocactus amazonicus
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