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[From A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium. Volume 45: 1-590. 2003.]


APPENDIX II

Incertae Sedis—Names of Uncertain Status

Listed below are names which appear in Hundley (1987) and/or in Index Kewensis as described from Myanmar, but have been determined by specialists to be either of uncertain or unknown position and thus of doubtful or unresolved application. Also listed are a number of names representing imperfectly understood species, or plants currently (post-Hundley) excluded from the geographical range of Myanmar, or which for other reasons have been excluded by the authors from the current revised checklist. In some cases, the specimens on which historic listings are based are no longer extant (D.H. Nicolson, pers. comm.). Vernacular Myanmar names or geographical locations are given for many of the unknowns as a possible aid to tracing their botanical identity. Citations refer to personal communication from reviewers.

Acanthaceae

Blepharis molluginifolia Pers. Synonym of Blepharis integrifolia (L. f.) E. Meijer ex Schinz; not recorded from Myanmar (D. Wasshausen, 2001); plant supposedly from arid areas, fide Hundley.

Ebermaiera laciocarpa L. Untraceable name, unavailable in Index Kewensis or IPNI; plant supposedly from Taninthayi (Tavoy), fide Hundley.

Strobilanthes leucostachyus Wall. Non-existent name (D. Wasshausen, 2001); plant supposedly from Sagaing and a few other places, fide Hundley.

Strobilanthes stamincus W.W. Sm. Non-existent name (D. Wasshausen, 2001); probably refers to Strobilanthes stramineus W.W. Sm.; plant supposedly from Upper Myanmar, fide Hundley.

Annonaceae

Alphonsea lutea Hook. f. & Thomson. No Myanmar specimens seen for genus revision by P. Kessler (P. Kessler, 2001); plant known locally as “nwa-la-byut,” fide Hundley.

Mitrephora lanotan (Blanco) Merr. Philippine species not known from Myanmar (R. Saunders, 2001).

Orophea hexandra Blume. Not recorded from Myanmar (P. Kessler, 2001); plant supposedly from Mon and Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Orophea katschallica Kurz. Not recorded from Myanmar (P. Kessler, 2001); plant supposedly from Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Unona caudata Fischer. Name probably referable to Desmos caudatus Fischer; plant supposedly from Taninthayi (Mergui), fide Hundley.

Apocynaceae

Alstonia venenata R. Br. East Indian species not cited from Myanmar in recent revision by K. Sidiyasa (D. Middleton, 2000); plant supposedly from Chin and Shan, fide Hundley.

Alyxia fascicularis Benth. Myanmar material assigned to this species is Alyxia reinwardtii Blume and Alyxia funingensis Tsiang & P.T. Li (D. Middleton, 2000); plant supposedly from Mon, fide Hundley.

Alyxia stellata Roem. & Schult. Asian material is Alyxia reinwardtii Blume (D. Middleton, 2000); plant supposedly from Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Carissa karaunda L. Non-existent taxon, probably referable to Carissa carandas L. (D. Middleton, 2000); plant known locally as “khan,” fide Hundley.

Chonemorpha rottleri Klotzsch. Non-existent taxon (D. Middleton, 2000); plant known locally as “yingat-nwe,” fide Hundley.

Ervatamia crispa Roxb. Unpublished name, referable to Tabernaemontana crispa Roxb.

Holarrhena mitis R.Br. Species endemic to Sri Lanka (D. Middleton, 2000); plant known locally as “thiho-lettok-gyi,” fide Hundley.

Strophanthus singaporianus (Wall. ex G. Don) Gilg. Doubtfully in Myanmar (D. Middleton, 2000); probably refers to Strophanthus brevicaudatus Wight described from Myanmar and Malaya, which is in Hundley as a synonym of Strophanthus singaporianus; plant supposedly from Taninthayi (Mergui), fide Hundley.

Wrightia alpinii Craib. Error for Wightia alpinii Craib (Scrophulariaceae; D. Middleton, 2000); plant supposedly from Upper Myanmar, fide Hundley.

Wrightia lacei Craib. Error for Wightia lacei Craib (Scrophulariaceae; D. Middleton, 2000); plant supposedly of general occurrence in Myanmar, fide Hundley.

Wrightia tinctoria R. Br. Not reported from Myanmar in Ngan revision (D. Middleton, 2000); plant supposedly of general occurrence in Myanmar, fide Hundley.

Aponogetonaceae

Aponogeton monostachyon L. f. Synonym of Aponogeton natans (L.) Engler & Krause; species does not occur in Myanmar (C.D. Cook, 1999); plant supposedly from Bago and Mandalay, fide Hundley.

Araceae

Amorphophallus kransis Engl. Non-existent name, probably a misreading of Amorphophallus krausei Engl. (D. Nicolson, 2002).

Anadendrum montanum Schott. Misapplied name, probably referable to Anadendrum microstachyum (DeVriese & Miq.) Backer & Alderw. (D. Nicolson, 2002); plant supposedly from Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Cryptocoryne spiralis Fisch. ex Wydler. South Indian species, very doubtfully in Myanmar (D. Nicolson, 1998); plant supposedly from Bago, fide Hundley.

Pothos hermaphroditus. Almost certainly a misidentification of Pothos scandens L. rather than the Philippine species described by (Blanco) Merr. (D. Nicolson 2002); plant supposedly from Yangon, fide Hundley.

Araliaceae

Dendropanax acuminatissimum Merr. Chinese endemic, absent in Myanmar (H.-J. Esser, 2001); plant supposedly from Kwangtung and Kwangsi, fide Hundley.

Schefflera elata (C.B. Clarke) Harms. Plant largely confined to the Himalaya, not in Myanmar; current records probably based on misidentifications (D. Frodin, 2001); plant supposedly from Sagaing (Katha), Mandalay (Maymyo) and Chin, fide Hundley.

Schefflera venulosa Harms. Not present in Myanmar; probably occurs only in southern India (D. Frodin, 2001); plant supposedly from Chin (Htawgaw), Kachin (Ngawchaung) and Mandalay, fide Hundley.

Arecaceae

Calamus robertsonianus Becc. Name not validly published (J. Dransfield, 1999); plant supposedly from southern Shan, where known as “kyein-kha,” fide Hundley.

Korthalsia opuntia, nomen nudum, sensu auth., non (Thunb.) Merr. Refers to Korthalsella opuntia (Thunb.) Merr. (Viscaceae) (J. Dransfield, 1999).

Phoenix acaulis Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. No reliable records for this species in Myanmar (J. Dransfield, 1999); plant supposedly from Mandalay, Magway and Shan, fide Hundley.

Phoenix pusilla Gaertn. Plant not known from Myanmar (A. Henderson, 1999); plant supposedly a dwarf date known locally as “sunpalun-pu,” fide Hundley.

Asclepiadaceae

Gymnema balsamicum. Untraceable, authorless name; perhaps a synonym of Synnema balsamicum (L. f.) Alston (Acanthaceae) (S. Liede, 2001); plant known locally as “kakaw-li,” fide Hundley.

Pentasacme balsamicum. Untraceable name listed in Hundley, for a plant apparently known locally as “kakaw-li.”

Asteraceae

Blumea albescens C.B. Clarke. Untraceable name, not published by C.B. Clarke (H. Robinson, 2001); plant supposedly from Chin, fide Hundley.

Echinops burmanicus Prain. Non-existent name (H. Robinson, 2001); plant supposedly from Shan (Taunggyi), fide Hundley.

Helianthus bracteatum Benth. Untraceable name, said to be an Australian plant known as “Rose of Jericho” and known locally as “pan-gyauk,” fide Hundley; unrelated to Helianthus bracteatus E.E. Watson from Utah, U.S.A. (H. Robinson, 2001).

Vernonia chinensis (L.) Less. Incorrect name for Cyanthillium patulum (Aitch.) H. Robinson (H. Robinson, 2001); plant supposedly from Bago (Insein) and Yangon, fide Hundley.

Vicoa procera DC. Untraceable name (H. Robinson, 2001); plant supposedly from Rakhine (Sandoway), fide Hundley.

Basellaceae

Boussingaultia cracius Blume. Untraceable, non-existent name; plant supposedly from Insein, fide Hundley.

Bignoniaceae

Stereospermum bipinnatum Coll. & Hemsl. Non-existent name; probably a mistaken reference by Hundley to Tecoma bipinnata Coll. & Hemsl., which is a synonym of Pauldopia bipinnata (Coll. & Hemsl.) van Steenis ex Chatterjee (S. Grose, 2002).

Bombacaceae

Neesia synandra Mast. Soepadmo (Reinwardtia 5(4): 481-508. 1961) states distribution as “Malay Peninsula and Borneo” and does not cite material from Myanmar (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “thitwa,” fide Hundley.

Salmalia cambodiense. Non-existent name, without author; referable to Bombax cambodiense Pierre (Bombax anceps var. cambodiense (Pierre) A. Robyns) (L. Dorr, 2001); plant known locally as “kokhe,” fide Hundley.

Boraginaceae

Tournefortia indicum R. Br. var. subsessilis Wall. Untraceable name, not published by R. Brown; not to be confused with Heliotropium indicum L.; name possibly associated with Tournefortia subsessilis Cham. from Brazil (?); plant supposedly known locally as “kul-fa-thein” and occurring in Bago and Mandalay, fide Hundley.

Tournefortia sinicum Beauv. Non-existent, untraceable name; plant supposedly from Shan, fide Hundley.

Burmanniaceae

Thesmia [sic] brunonsis Griff. (1844). Erroneous name, cited by Hundley in family Thesmiaceae [sic], probably intended to represent Thismia brunoniana Duch. (1842); plant supposedly from Lower Myanmar, fide Hundley.

Cactaceae

Cereus monstrosus Steud. Very questionable species and citation by Hundley from Myanmar (B. Leuenberger, 2001).

Cereus pterogonus Lemaire. Very doubtfully in Myanmar (B. Leuenberger, 2001).

Opuntia oxyacantha. Non-existent, authorless name cited in Hundley, for a cultivated plant known as “prickly pear,” which can refer to numerous species (B. Leuenberger, 2001).

Caesalpiniaceae

Bauhinia divergens Baker. Dubious name, as the type specimen at Kew (K) is a mixed collection of leaves of Bauhinia scandens and a pod of probably Bauhinia purpurea L. or Bauhinia variegata L. (S. Larsen, 2002).

Bauhinia isopetala Griff. Questionable species, not mentioned in study by Maung Soe. 1972. Burmese species of Bauhinia. Union of Burma Journal of Life Sciences 5: 307-317. (S. Larsen, 2002).

Bauhinia scortechinii Prain. May be misidentification as it is a synonym of Bauhinia bidentata Jack, which is found only in Malesia (S. Larsen, 2002); cf. Flora Malesiana 12: 507 (1996).

Combretaceae

Calycopteris roxburghii. Untraceable authorless name, probably representing a species of Getonia; plant supposedly known locally as “gyut-nay-new,” fide Hundley.

Cupressaceae

Libocedrus arizonica Greene. Non-existent name, probably intended to represent Cupressus arizonica Greene; plant supposedly known locally as “kyaukpan,” fide Hundley.

Cyperaceae

Carex melanostoma Boeck. Untraceable (non-existent) name, probably intended to represent Scleria melanostoma Boeck. (M. Strong, 2000); plant supposedly from Taninthayi (Tavoy), fide Hundley.

Eleocharis flava (Buch.) R. Br. Untraceable name or combination (M. Strong, 2000); plant supposedly known locally as “tetpya,” fide Hundley.

Heleocharis coarctata C.B. Clarke. Untraceable name (M. Strong, 2000); plant supposedly from Bago, fide Hundley.

Scleria javanica Mor. Untraceable name, probably intended to represent Gahnia javanica Zoll. & Mor. ex Mor. (M. Strong, 2000); plant supposedly from “Mlkt,” fide Hundley.

Dilleniaceae

Tetracera jackii Wight & Arn. Untraceable, non-existent name; plant supposedly from Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Elaeocarpaceae

Echinocarpus kerrii Craib, ined. Sphalm. pro Sloanea kerrii Craib? = Sloanea sinensis (Hance) Hemsl. (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “sin-kyetmauk-ayaing,” fide Hundley.

Echinocarpus parkinsonii Fisch., ined. Sphalm. pro Sloanea parkinsonii C.E.C. Fisch.? (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “sin-kyetmauk-ayaing,” fide Hundley.

Elaeocarpus forrestii W.W. Sm., ined. Sphalm. pro Sloanea forrestii W.W. Sm.? (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly from Nmaikha-Salween Divide, fide Hundley.

Elaeocarpus longifolius Wall., nom. nud., non Blume (1825), nec C. Moore (1893), nom. illeg. =? Name attributed to Myanmar in Index Kewensis (L. Dorr, 2001).

Elaeocarpus monocera Cav. Name misapplied to Elaeocarpus macrocerus (Turcz.) Merr. (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly of general occurrence in Myanmar, fide Hundley.

Elaeocarpus obtusus Blume. Not occurring in Myanmar according to Coode (Kew Bull. 51: 83-101. 1998); if E. obtusus sensu King, non Blume, then a synonym of Elaeocarpus macrocerus (Turcz.) Merr. (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly from Ayeyarwady (Bassein), Bago and Taninthayi (Tavoy), fide Hundley.

Ericaceae

Agapetes toppence A. Shaw. Untraceable name; a different listing than Agapetes toppinii A. Shaw; plant supposedly from Upper Myanmar, fide Hundley.

Pieris japonica D. Don. Does not occur in Myanmar (W. Judd, 2002); plant supposedly from Kachin, fide Hundley.

Rhododendron aepriogynum. Untraceable, authorless name, possibly intended to represent Rhododendron eriogynum Balf. f. & W.W. Sm.; plant supposedly from Kachin and Chin, fide Hundley.

Rhododendron lenticeltum Hutch. Untraceable name; plant supposedly from Kachin (Myitkyina), fide Hundley.

Euphorbiaceae

Bridelia macrophylla Kurz. Unknown name (S. Dressler, 1999); plant supposedly known locally as “baung-baung-new,” fide Hundley.

Dimorphocalyx angustialatus Heim. Error for Dipterocarpus angustialatus Heim. (Dipterocarpaceae), and erroneously listed under Euphorbiaceae in Hundley.

Sauropus macrocarpus. Untraceable, authorless name, perhaps of herbarium origin; plant supposedly known locally as “yoma-hin-yo,” fide Hundley.

Fabaceae

Dolichos ultratus. Untraceable, authorless name, perhaps of herbarium origin; plant supposedly known locally as “pe-da-ma,” fide Hundley.

Flemingia cordifolia. Untraceable, authorless name; plant supposedly from Bago, and known locally as “palan-byu,” fide Hundley.

Gentianaceae

Bartonia indica Benth. Questionable name; Bartonia confined to North America (Y.-M. Yuan, 2001); plant supposedly from Mandalay (Maymyo), fide Hundley.

Crawfurdia helenae. Untraceable, authorless name (Y.-M.Yuan, 2001), possibly confused with Gentiana heleni Marq.; plant supposedly from Kachin (Adung, Htawgaw), fide Hundley.

Exacum petiolare Griseb. Species confined to India and Sri Lanka (Y.-M. Yuan, 2001); plant supposedly from Bago (Toungoo), fide Hundley.

Gentiana brandisii Watt & Prain. Untraceable name; plant supposedly from Mandalay, fide Hundley.

Swertia chirata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. Plant of Kashmir, not occurring in Myanmar (Y.-M. Yuan, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “thinbaw-sega-gyi,” fide Hundley.

Gesneriaceae

Aeschynanthus maculatus Lindl. Plant of eastern India; no records seen from Myanmar (J. Boggan, 2002); plant supposedly from Chin, fide Hundley.

Aeschynanthus mannii Kurz ex C.B. Clarke. Plant of northeastern India; no records seen from Myanmar (J. Boggan, 2001); plant supposedly from Shan (Taunggyi), fide Hundley.

Boeica filiformis C.B. Clarke. Plant of northeastern India and Bhutan; no records seen from Myanmar (J. Boggan, 2001); plant supposedly from Kachin (Myitkyina), fide Hundley.

Briggsia forrestii Craib. Plant of China (Yunnan); no records seen from Myanmar (J. Boggan, 2001); plant supposedly from Kachin (Kangfan), fide Hundley.

Cyrtandra pilosa Blume. Plant of Indonesia; not to be expected in Myanmar (J. Boggan, 2001); plant supposedly from Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Didymocarpus aurantiacus C.B. Clarke. Plant of northeastern India; probably not to be expected in Myanmar (J. Boggan, 2001); plant supposedly from Chin, fide Hundley.

Didymocarpus punduanus Wall. ex R. Br. Plant of northeastern India; probably not occurring in Myanmar (J. Boggan, 2001); plant supposedly from Chin, fide Hundley.

Didymocarpus subalternans Wall. ex R. Br. Name widely misapplied, could refer to the following, which do not occur in Myanmar: Didymocarpus aromaticus Griff., Didymocarpus pulcher C.B. Clarke or Didymocarpus curvicapsa O.M. Hilliard (J. Boggan, 2001); plant supposedly from Chin, fide Hundley.

Leptoboea glabra C.B. Clarke. Plant of northeastern India; dubious in Myanmar (J. Boggan, 2001); plant supposedly from Sagaing (Katha), fide Hundley.

Oreocharis forrestii (Diels) Skan. Chinese species, dubious (but possibly) in Myanmar (J. Boggan, 2001); plant supposedly from Kachin (Kangfan), fide Hundley.

Lamiaceae

Anisomeles pallida. Untraceable, authorless name, possibly of herbarium origin; plant supposedly known locally as “taung-pinsein,” fide Hundley.

Lauraceae

Actinodaphne attenuata Nees. Unpublished, untraceable name (H. van der Werff, 2002); plant supposedly from Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Mon and Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Lindera argentea Kurz. Unpublished name for a plant supposedly from Bago, perhaps referable to Daphnidium argenteum Kurz, a species known from Bago, fide Hundley.

Lemnaceae

Lemna paucicostata Hegelm. American species, not occurring in Myanmar, fide C. Cook (1999); plant supposedly reported from Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Lythraceae

Sonneratia alba J. Smith. Erroneously reported for Myanmar (S. Graham, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “lame,” fide Hundley.

Sonneratia apetala Buch.-Ham. Erroneously reported for Myanmar (S. Graham, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “kambala labe” and “kame,” fide Hundley.

Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engl. Erroneously reported for Myanmar (S. Graham, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “lamu,” “langu,” “taub” and “tamu,” fide Hundley.

Magnoliaceae

Magnolia cathcartii (Hook. f. & Thomson) H.P. Nooteboom. Represented in Hundley by the synonyms Alcimandra cathcartii (Hook. f. & Thomson) Dandy and Michelia cathcartii Hook. f. & Thomson. Occurs in Bhutan, China, India and Vietnam, but not in Myanmar, fide S. Kim et al., 2002. Taxonomic revision of Magnolia section Maingola (Magnoliaceae). Blumea 47 (2): 319-339, although Frodin, D.G. and R. Govaerts. 1996. World Checklist and Bibliography of Magnoliaceae attributes it also to northern Myanmar, Sikkim, Assam and Tibet. Hundley records the tree as supposedly from Chin, Kachin and Sagaing.

Magnolia coco (Lour.) DC. Plant of North Vietnam, Taiwan and China, not occurring in Myanmar, fide Frodin, D.G. and R. Govaerts. 1996. World Checklist and Bibliography of Magnoliaceae. Hundley records the tree as supposedly from Mandalay (Maymyo).

Talauma liliifera Kurz. Referable species in Magnolia not known, fide Frodin & Govaerts, op. cit. 65 (1996); not Magnolia liliifera (L.) Baill.

Malvaceae

Dicellostyles jujubifolia (Griff.) Benth. (Kydia jujubifolia Griff.). Species described from Bhutan, apparently restricted to Himalayas (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly from Chin, fide Hundley.

Hibiscus florcosus Mast., nom. nud. Sphalm. pro Hibiscus floccosus Mast.? (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly of general occurrence in Myanmar, fide Hundley.

Palaua malvifolia Cav. Described from Myanmar; identity of this species in a genus otherwise restricted to South America is unresolved (L. Dorr, 2001).

Sida glutinosa Comm. ex Cav. Name probably misapplied to Sida mysorensis Wight & Arn. (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly from Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Musaceae

Musa bakeri Hook. f. Untraceable name (A.-Z. Liu, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “taw-nghetpyaw” and “nga-souk,” fide Hundley.

Musa sylvestris Colla. Untraceable name (A.-Z. Liu, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “taw-ngetpyaw,” fide Hundley.

Myrtaceae

Tristania acuminata Kurz. Nomen nudum published in Prelim. Rep. For. Veg. Pegu, App. B. 50 (1875), in clavi (J. Parnell, 2002).

Najadaceae

Najas bengalensis Horn af Rantzien. Invalid name used indiscriminately (C. Cook, 1999), cf. Triest, L. 1988. Acad. Roy. Sci. Outre-Mer, Cl. Sci. Nat. Med. (Bruxelles) mem. 8 ns. 22 (1): 1-178; attributed to Myanmar by Hundley.

Onagraceae

Epilobium origanifolium Lam. Misapplied name (W. Wagner, 2002), probably Epilobium amurense Haussknecht subsp. amurense; plant supposedly from Mandalay (Meiktila), fide Hundley.

Epilobium roseum Schreb. Misapplied name (W. Wagner, 2002), possibly Epilobium amurense Haussknecht subsp. amurense or Epilobium royleanum Haussknecht; plant supposedly from Chin and Kachin, fide Hundley.

Jussiaea tenella Burm. f. Doubtful name (P. Raven, Reinwardtia 6: 404. 1963), most likely applicable to Ludwigia hyssopifolia (G. Don) Exell (cf. W. Wagner, Onagraceae, in: A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 9: 339-341. 1995); plant supposedly from Yangon, fide Hundley.

Ludwigia erecta (L.) Hara. Almost certainly a misapplied name for Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) Raven, but specimens required for exact determination (W. Wagner, 2002); plant supposedly from Taninthayi (Tavoy), fide Hundley.

Orchidaceae

Aerides ainsworthii B.S. Williams. Untraceable name (E. Christenson, 1999); plant supposedly from Mon, fide Hundley.

Aerides crispum auct., non Lindl. Historic misidentification of Aerides falcata Lindl. & Paxt. (E. Christenson, 1999).

Agrostophyllum hasseltii (Blume) J.J. Sm. Plant not yet recorded from Myanmar; correct name is Agrostophyllum elongatum (Ridley) A. Schuiteman (Appendicula hasseltii Blume) (D. Boufford, 2002); plant supposedly from Mon and Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Arethusa burmanii L. Genus of eastern North America, not occurring in Asia, inexplicably reported for Myanmar by Hundley (E. Christenson, 1999; D. Boufford, 2002).

Cleisostoma crassifolium Lindl. & Paxt. Philippine plant, not occurring in Myanmar, the correct name of which is Sarcophyton crassifolium (Lindl. & Paxt.) Garay (D. Boufford, 2002); plant supposedly from Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Coelogyne scopulorum W.W. Sm. Non-existent, unpublished name cited in Hundley, intended to represent Pleione scopulorum W.W. Sm. (1921).

Coelogyne uniflora auct., non (Lindl.) Lindl. Plant from unknown locality, probably Myanmar (Tenasserim), fide I.D. Lund, Nordic Journal of Botany 7: 511-527 (1987), the name treated (op. cit.) under the Thailand endemic Panisea distelidia Lund.

Dendrobium falcatum Lour. Author of this species is actually J.J. Smith; a New Guinea plant unlikely to occur in Myanmar.

Dendrobium ionopus Rchb. f. Philippine endemic; range originally incorrectly stated (D. Boufford, 2002).

Dendrobium laciniosum Ridl. Synonym of Flickingeria laciniosa (Ridl.) Hawkes, known only from type specimen from peninsular Malaysia (D. Boufford, 2002).

Dendrobium revolutum Lindl. Records of this species are Dendrobium ellipsophyllum Tang & F.T. Wang (D. Boufford, 2002).

Dendrobium taenialis (Lindl.) Benth. Non-existent name, probably intended for the entity now known as Phalaenopsis taenialis (Lindl.) Christenson & U.C. Pradhan (D. Boufford, 2002).

Dendrochilum gardneriana. Untraceable, authorless name, based on US Herbarium annotation of a specimen collected by J.F. Rock between Sadon and the Yunnan Chinese border at Changtifang and Kambait, November 1922 (E. Haug, 1999).

Ephemerantha macraei (Lindl.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh. Species is dubious in Myanmar (E. Christenson, 1999); plant supposedly from Chin, fide Hundley.

Habenaria cubitalis (L.) R. Br. ex Spreng. Sri Lankan endemic, doubtfully in Myanmar (D. Boufford, 2002).

Malaxis liparis Lindl. Non-existent name, as is also the synonym suggested by Hundley, Microstylis liparis Lindl. (D. Boufford, 2002); plant supposedly from Shan, fide Hundley.

Microsaccus javensis sensu auct., non Blume. Hundley report for Myanmar based on misidentification of Microsaccus griffithii (Parish & Rchb. f.) Seidenf. (E. Christenson, 1999).

Paphiopedilum kimballianum (L. Linden) Pfitzer. Natural hybrid from Borneo, not occurring in Myanmar (E. Christenson, 1999; D. Boufford, 2002), while the basionym Cypripedium kimballianum L. Linden is attributed to Myanmar in Index Kewensis.

Phalaenopsis mastersii King & Pantl. Known only from type specimen, collected in Assam, northeastern India (D. Boufford, 2002); plant supposedly of general occurrence in Myanmar, fide Hundley.

Pteroceras fasciata Rchb. f. Non-existent name (D. Boufford, 2002); plant supposedly from Mon, with common name of “myingy-thitkwa,” fide Hundley.

Saccolabium pulcherrima Wall. Non-existent, untraceable name (E. Christenson, 1999; D. Boufford, 2002).

Sarcochilus bicuspidatus. Untraceable, authorless name, probably referable to Sarcanthus bicuspidatus (Hook. f.) J.J. Smith (Stereorchis bicuspidatus (Hook. f.) King & Pantl., Cleisostoma bicuspidatus Hook. f.); plant supposedly from Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Tainiopsis wrayana (Hook. f.) J.J. Sm. Non-existent name, perhaps intended to represent Tainia wrayana Hook. f., and therefore Mischobulbum wrayanum (Hook. f.) Rolfe (D. Boufford, 2002).

Vrydagzynea verrucosa Summerh. Non-existent name, probably confused with Uncifera verrucosa Summerh. (D. Boufford, 2002); plant supposedly from Kachin, fide Hundley.

Papaveraceae

Corydalis cashmeriana Royle. Very doubtful in Myanmar; no Myanmar material seen by M. Liden (2001); literature record possibly refers to blue-flowered Chinese Corydalis pseudoadoxa C.Y. Wu & H. Chung (M. Liden, 2001); plant supposedly from Kachin and Sagaing, fide Hundley.

Corydalis curviflora Maxim. ex Hemsl. Chinese species, certainly not present in Myanmar (M. Liden, 2001); plant supposedly from Kachin, fide Hundley.

Meconopsis paniculata (D. Don) Prain. Highly unlikely in Myanmar, the Hundley citation probably referable to Meconopsis napaulensis DC., with which it is often confused (K. Jork, 2001); plant supposedly from Kachin, fide Hundley.

Papaver cholas L. Non-existent name, possibly a distortion of Papaver rhoeas L. (J. Kadereit, 2001).

Poaceae

Apluda varia Hack. Nomen nudum (P. Peterson, 2002); plant supposedly from Mandalay, fide Hundley.

Decliptera minbuensis Br. Listed in Hundley under Poaceae; mistake for Dicliptera minbuensis Bor (Acanthaceae), the latter name also in the Hundley Checklist.

Gigantochloa mogaungensis E.G. Camus. Nomen nudum (R. Soreng, 2002); plant supposedly from Kachin, where known as “mogaung-wa,” fide Hundley.

Gigantochloa wallichiana Kurz ex Teijsm. & Binn. Nomen nudum (G. Guala, 1999).

Panicum foveolatus Stapf. Non-existent name (P. Peterson, 2002; R. Soreng, 2002); plant supposedly from Mandalay, where known as “padaw-ni-myet,” fide Hundley.

Panicum junctontorum Pas. Non-existent, untraceable name (P. Peterson, 2002; R. Soreng, 2002).

Paspalum flavidum A. Camus. Non-existent name (R. Soreng, 2002), possibly intended to represent Paspalidium flavidum A. Camus, which is a separately listed species in Hundley; plant supposedly useful as fodder, occurring in Yangon, and with common name of “sin-ngo-myet,” fide Hundley.

Saccharum longifolium Munro ex Benth. Nomen nudum (P. Peterson, 2002), referable to Erianthus chrysothrix Hack., the latter given as a synonym of S. longifolium in Hundley, as well as separately listed as a valid species, fide Hundley.

Setaria adscensdens (sic, sphalm. adscendens) Henrard. Non-existent name (Peterson, 2002; Soreng, 2002); plant supposedly from Mandalay, fide Hundley.

Sorghum vulgare Pers. Nomen illegitimum superfluum (P. Peterson, 2002); plant supposedly from Bago, fide Hundley.

Sporobolus tremulus Kunth. Nomen illegitimum superfluum (P. Peterson, 2002); plant supposedly from Bago and Mandalay, where known as “the-padaw,” fide Hundley.

Triticum guticum. Untraceable, authorless name; supposedly a cultivated plant known as “gyon” and “winter wheat,” fide Hundley.

Rosaceae

Photinia burmanicus G. Klotz. Non-existent name, probably referable to Cotoneaster burmanicus G. Klotz.

Photinia farreri G. Klotz. Non-existent name, probably referable to Cotoneaster farreri G. Klotz.

Rutaceae

Acronychia sessilifolia Blume. Non-existent, untraceable name (J. Kallunki, 2002).

Schisandraceae

Kadsura scandens (Blume) C.E. Parkinson. Species does not occur in Myanmar (R. Saunders, 2001); plant supposedly from Kachin, Kayin and Mon, fide Hundley.

Schisandra axillaris auctt., non Blume. Many collections of Schisandra propinqua (Wall.) Baill. subsp. intermedia (A.C. Sm.) R.M.K. Saunders are erroneously designated as Schisandra axillaris (R. Saunders, 2001); plant supposedly from Kachin and Sagaing, fide Hundley.

Schisandra grandiflora Hook. f. & Thoms. Species does not occur in Myanmar (R. Saunders, 2001); plant supposedly from Kachin and Sagaing, fide Hundley.

Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd. & Wils. Species does not occur in Myanmar (R. Saunders, 2001); plant supposedly from Kachin and Sagaing, fide Hundley.

Schisandra wardii. Untraceable, authorless name (R. Saunders, 2001); plant supposedly from Kachin and Sagaing, fide Hundley.

Scrophulariaceae

Veronica aragallish L. Untraceable name for a species of “speedwell” supposedly from Shan, fide Hundley; epithet vaguely reminiscent of Veronica anagallis-aquatica L., the latter known from Shan (Inle Lake).

Smilacaceae

Smilax minutiflora A.DC. Name of doubtful validity (T. Koyama, 2000); plant supposedly from Lower Myanmar, fide Hundley.

Solanaceae

Capsicum grossum Willd. “Name not currently in use; one of the very numerous synonyms of the cultivated species of Capsicum, all of which are native of the New World” (M. Nee, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “thinbaw-ngayok,” fide Hundley.

Capsicum minimum Roxb. “Name not currently in use; one of the very numerous synonyms of one of the cultivated species of Capsicum, all of which are native of the New World” (M. Nee, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “mo-hmyaw-ngayok,” fide Hundley.

Cestrum rustica L. “No such name; probably Nicotiana rustica L. was meant” (M. Nee, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “say,” fide Hundley.

Solanum coringerum Dunal. Unknown plant, but “perhaps Solanum cornigerum André (from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) was meant, a synonym of Solanum mammosum L.” (M. Nee, 2001); plant supposedly from Bago (Tharrawaddy), fide Hundley.

Solanum crassipetalum Wall. Possibly “some species of Lycianthesâ€� (M. Nee, 2001); plant supposedly from Salween, fide Hundley.

Solanum macranthum Dunal. “Synonym of Solanum crinitum Lam. of Amazonian South America and is not known in cultivation elsewhere. Certainly Solanum wrightii Benth. would have been meant, a native of Bolivia, but in cultivation throughout the tropics and subtropics as an ornamental” (M. Nee, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “sin-khayan,” fide Hundley.

Solanum subtruncatum Wall. Equals “some species of Lycianthesâ€� (M. Nee, 2001); plant supposedly from Kachin (Myitkyina), fide Hundley.

Solanum verbascifolium L. “Nom. rejic., the type in the Caribbean region. A different species was meant, very likely Solanum erianthum D. Don” (M. Nee, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “dauk-satpya” and “daung-satpya,” fide Hundley.

Solanum wattii Kochne [sic]. Name unknown in Solanum and nomenclaturally allied genera (M. Nee, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “mye-bok-hkayan,” fide Hundley.

Sterculiaceae

Heritiera elata Ridley. Known only from Malay Peninsula and Borneo, fide A. Kostermans (1959) monograph (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly from Kachin (Myitkyina), fide Hundley.

Heritiera macrophylla Wall. ex Kurz. Known only from India and Annam, fide A. Kostermans (1959) monograph (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “taung-kanazo” and “lahkru,” fide Hundley.

Pterocymbium tinctorium (Blanco) Merr. Not occurring in Myanmar, according to several recent studies (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly known locally as “sawbya,” fide Hundley.

Sterculia longifolia Vent. Species confined to Sumatra, Java and Borneo (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly from Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Theaceae

Schima diospyricarpa Kurz. Unpublished nomen tantum in Hundley for a plant occurring in Mon area of Myanmar, probably relating to Pyrenaria diospyrifolia Kurz, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 42(2): 60 (1873), the latter described from Myanmar and also listed in Hundley.

Tiliaceae

Brownlowia peltata Benth. Species restricted to Borneo (L. Dorr, 2001); plant supposedly from Taninthayi, fide Hundley.

Valerianaceae

Nardostachys wallichii DC. Untraceable name, probably referring to Valeriana wallichii DC.; plant supposedly from Chin, fide Hundley.

Zingiberaceae

Curcuma grandiflora Wall. Untraceable name (W.J. Kress, 2002); plant supposedly from Chin, fide Hundley.

Curcuma pecticulata Roxb. Untraceable name (T. Rehse, 2002); plant supposedly from Yangon, where known as “marlar” and “sanwin-nwe,” fide Hundley.

Globba versicolor Sm. Plant described from East Indies and Malaya, not known to occur in Myanmar (K. Williams, 2001).

Kaempferia coronarium. Untraceable, authorless name; Hundley citation of var. chrysoleucum Hook. probably refers to Hedychium chrysoleucum Hook., a synonym of Hedychium coronarium Koenig; plant supposedly from Maymyo, fide Hundley.

Kaempferia indica Wall. Untraceable name; plant supposedly known locally as “taukta,” fide Hundley.

Kaempferia moulmeinensis. Untraceable, unpublished name; plant supposedly occurring in Mon, fide Hundley.

Phaeomeria macraostachyum [sic] Dalzell. Untraceable name, probably referring to Etlingera macrostachyum (Dalzell) R.M. Smith;
plant supposedly of general occurrence in Myanmar, fide Hundley.

Family Unknown

Lencymmaea salicifolia Presl, Epim. Bot. 211 (1849). Described from Burma. Family and genus are Incertae Sedis, fide Index Kewensis.

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