Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Canavalia cathartica
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Fabaceae -- The Pea Family Bibliography
      Canavalia cathartica

Common name(s): maunaloa
General Information
DistributionPaleotropical, ranging from East Africa to India and the Ryukyu Islands through Malesia to Polynesia. In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Maui, Hawai`i.
















Habit
Perennial climbers.
Leaves
Leaflets chartaceous, broadly ovate to ovate or sometimes broadly elliptic, (3.5-)8-12(-20) cm long, (2.5-)6-10(-14) cm wide, sparsely appressed pubescent primarily on nerves of lower surface, apex acuminate or acute, occasionally rounded.
Flowers
Flowers 10-26 in pendulous pseudoracemes 4-12 cm long; calyx 13-18 mm long, sparsely appressed pubescent, the margins of upper lip not folded, the upper edge constricted just behind apex, upper lip hemispherical, 3-3.5 mm long, the 2 lobes distinct, lowest lobe 1.5-2 mm long; corolla rose, standard with a white spot at base, obcordate, 30-32 mm long, wing petals not twisted, 28-30 mm long, keel petals 28-35 mm long.
Fruit
Pods straight or slightly curved, inflated, 8-13.5 cm long, 3-4.5 cm wide, each valve with a sutural ridge and an additional longitudinal ridge 3-6 mm below the upper suture.
Seeds
Seeds dark reddish brown, becoming dark brown, somewhat compressed, 14-19 mm long, 9-12 mm wide, the hilum 9-14 mm long.