Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Kalanchoe pinnata
Wagner et al. 1990, 1999..
   Crassulaceae -- The Orpine Family Bibliography
      Kalanchoe pinnata

Common name(s): palm beach bells, `oliwa ku kahakai, air plant, life plant
General Information
DistributionNative range unknown, now widely established in many tropical and subtropical areas. In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Glabrous, ± glaucous succulent perennial herbs; stems hollow, 5-20 dm long, rarely branched, producing vegetatively by adventitious shoots from base.
Lower and uppermost leaves simple, the middle ones usually pinnately compound with 3-5 leaflets, opposite, blades flat, elliptic, 5-20 cm long, 2-10 cm wide, margins crenate, sometimes producing bulbils; petioles 2-10 cm long.
Flowers in paniculate cymes 20-80 cm long, each one pendent on pedicels 1-2.5 cm long; sepals pale yellow, streaked with red, connate, cylindrical, inflated and papery, the tube 2.5-4.5 cm long, the lobes ca. 1 cm long; corolla 3-6 cm long, the exserted part maroon, sparsely glandular pubescent.
Follicles 12-13 mm long, 2 mm wide, narrowly ovoid, beaked.
Seeds numerous, brown, striate, linear-oblong, 0.5-0.7 mm long, 0.2 mm wide.
2n = 34, 36, 38, 40.
Spreads mainly vegetatively from leaf and stem fragments and bulbils.
David Lorence