Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. halawana (Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae?. . Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. halawana Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 596 1936.
Moloka`i: E end, near Halawa. April 1918. J. F. Rock 14041.
Holotype [BISH]. Isotype(s) [BISH! [3], A].

Note: Koutnik, D.L. 1987. Allertonia 4:331-388

=Euphorbia celastroides var. amplectens
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. , in Degener & Croizat, Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1936. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information

*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. f. kahanana (Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. f. kahanana Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 596 1936.
O`ahu: W slope of Kahana Valley, sunny ridge. 26 February 1929. O. Degener and N. Krauss 8036.
Holotype [BISH]. Isotype(s) [F, NY [mfc!]].

Note: Discrepancies between BISH sheet, Sherff publication, and Koutnik as to where the holotype is. BISH sheet is considered holotype (ex herb. Degener) even though it is labeled "isotype." See Sherff's later citation in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 25: 31 (1938) ("type, Degener; cotypes, Field, N. Y."). R.K. Shannon

=Euphorbia celastroides var. amplectens
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. amplectens (Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. amplectens Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 598 1936.
Moloka`i: Kalua`uha Valley. August 1912. C.N. Forbes 355.Mo.
Holotype [F]. Isotype(s) [BISH! [3], F, K, MIN, MO!, US!].

Note: Koutnik, D.L. 1987. Allertonia 4:331-388

=Euphorbia celastroides var. amplectens
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. hanapepensis (Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. hanapepensis Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 597 1936.
Kaua`i: along the Hanapepe River near the falls. 700 ft. 2-8 July 1895. A.A. Heller 2429.
Holotype [MO]. Isotype(s) [US!].

Note: Collection 2429, pro parte. Other collections distributed under Heller 2429 were made 24-26 June (A, GH, BISH! [3], MIN!, NY [mfc!]), and are not primary type material. Sherff clearly distinguished between specimens of Heller 2429 collected 24-26 June and those collected 2-8 July. He cited only the US sheet as an isotype. Possible isotypes: CU, MSC. The paratypes cited by Sherff (F [2], GH, K, NY) probably all represent the same collection, although the locality on the K sheet is given as "Hanapepe and Wahiawa watershed," and the date is 24 June. Koutnik (1987) erroneously considered specimens at BISH, F, GH, K, and MIN to be isotypes. Wagner, W.L. & R.K. Shannon. 1999. Brittonia 51:422-438

=Euphorbia celastroides var. hanapepensis
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. haupuana (Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. haupuana Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 594 1936.
Kaua`i: Haupu Lihu`e. 18 March 1909. J. F. Rock 2444.
Holotype [BISH]. Isotype(s) [GH].

Note: Koutnik, D.L. 1987. Allertonia 4:331-388

=Euphorbia celastroides var. celastroides
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. humbertii O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. humbertii Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 596 1936.
Kaua`i. 1851- 1855. J. Rémy 595.
Holotype [GH]. Isotype(s) [BISH?, GH, P [2 sheets]].

Note: Additional syntype: Remy 595, Ni`ihau. Koutnik made the Ni`ihau collection the lectotype of E. celastroides. Although Boissier did not cite numbers for the Remy collections, it is presumed that they are both number 595. The BISH sheet has neither locality nor number on it, so it cannot be determined whether it is an isolectotype of E. celastroides or an isotype of E. celastroides var. humbertii, if either (RKS, 8/95). Koutnik, D.L. 1987. Allertonia 4:331-388

=Euphorbia celastroides var. celastroides
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. ingrata (O. Deg. & Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg, Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. ingrata O. Deg. & Sherff, in Sherff, Bot. Leafl. 9: 7 1954.
Maui: West Maui, Kahakuloa, grassy windswept promontory. 28 February 1952. O. Degener 21967.
Holotype [F]. Isotype(s) [BISH!, K, NY [mfc!]].

Note: Koutnik, D.L. 1987. Allertonia 4:331-388

=Euphorbia celastroides var. amplectens
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. kaenana (Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. kaenana Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 594 1936.
O`ahu: Kaena uplands. 28 March 1915. V. MacCaughey s.n..
Holotype [BISH].

Note: Koutnik, D.L. 1987. Allertonia 4:331-388

=Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. kealiana (Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. kealiana Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 595 1936.
Kaua`i: Ke`alia, in rupibus littoris. U. Faurie 477.
Holotype [BM]. Isotype(s) [A].

Note: Koutnik, D.L. 1987. Allertonia 4:331-388

=Euphorbia celastroides var. celastroides
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. kohalana (O. Deg. & Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. kohalana O. Deg. & Sherff, in Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 595 1936.
Hawai`i: Kohala. 22 March 1930. O. Degener 8037.
Holotype [G]. Isotype(s) [BISH! [3], CU, F, LCU, MASS!, MICH, MO!, NY [mfc!]].

Note: Koutnik, D.L. 1987. Allertonia 4:331-388

=Euphorbia celastroides var. amplectens
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. laehiensis (O. Deg., I. Deg. & Sherff) Koutnik, Brittonia 37: 398. 1985. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. laehiensis O. Deg., I. Deg. & Sherff, in Sherff, Occas. Pap. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 23(7): 122 1964.
Lana`i: Laehi, only on calcareous, rounded slope. 100 ft. 26 January 1964. O. Degener and I. Degener 28760.
Holotype [F]. Isotype(s) [A, B, BISH!, CU, E, F, G, K, L MASS!, MICH, MIN, NY [mfc!], MO!, US!].

Note: Koutnik (1985) erroneously published type as Degener & Degener 28375 (RKS, 8/95). Label on MO sheet indicates that Degener & Degener made the combination in Chamaesyce--check lit. to confirm that it was not published by them. Koutnik, D.L. 1985. Brittonia 37:397-399

=Euphorbia celastroides var. laehiensis
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. lorifolia (A. Gray) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia multiformis Hook. & Arn. var. lorifolia A. Gray, in Mann, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 7: 202 1867.
Maui: sandy isthmus. 1864- 1865. H. Mann and W.T. Brigham 389.
Isotype(s)
=Euphorbia celastroides var. lorifolia

*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. mauiensis (Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. mauiensis Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 601 1936.
Maui: sandy isthmus. 1864- 1865. H. Mann and W.T. Brigham 389.
Holotype [US]. Isotype(s) [BISH, CU, F, GH, MO!].

Note: Nom. illeg. This collection was used as the type for Euphorbia multiformis var. lorifolia by Gray. [W.L. Wagner, D.M. Mix]

=Euphorbia celastroides var. lorifolia
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. moomomiana (Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. moomomiana Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 593 1936.
Moloka`i: Mo`omomi sands. April 1918. J. F. Rock 14014.
Holotype [BISH]. Isotype(s) [BISH! [3], GH, K, US!].

Note: Rock's name Euphorbia munroi was apparently never published. Koutnik, D.L. 1987. Allertonia 4:331-388

=Euphorbia celastroides var. stokesii
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. nelsonii (H. St. John) Raju & Rao, Phytologia 40: 391. 1978. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. nelsonii H. St. John, Pacific Sci. 30: 15 1976.
1792- 1794. A. Menzies and D. Nelson s.n..
Holotype [BM].
=Euphorbia celastroides var. hanapepensis

*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. nematopoda O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. nematopoda Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 597 1936.
Kaua`i: Ha`upu Range, left hand side of Kipu Kai Gap. 1 November 1916. C.N. Forbes 726.K.
Holotype [BISH].

Note: Koutnik, D.L. 1987. Allertonia 4:331-388

=Euphorbia celastroides var. celastroides
*Verification: d.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. niuensis (Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. niuensis Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 598 1936.
O`ahu: Niu. W. Hillebrand s.n..
Holotype [B].

Note: Holotype presumably destroyed; photo F.

=Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. odonatoides (O. Deg. & Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. odonatoides O. Deg. & Sherff, in Sherff, Amer. J. Bot. 38: 55 1951.
Lana`i: Waiakeakua, in decadent forest. 2500 ft. 4 August 1949. O. Degener and T. Murashige 19779.
Holotype [F]. Isotype(s) [BISH!, BM, CU, DS, F [photo US!], GH, K, M, MIN, MO!, NY [4, mfc!], US! [2]].

Note: Additional herbaria: CM, G-DEL, LA, P, PH. There is a photo of one of the NY sheets at F. Koutnik, D.L. 1987. Allertonia 4:331-388

=Euphorbia celastroides var. lorifolia
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. saxicola (O. Deg. & Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. saxicola O. Deg. & Sherff, in Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97:596 1936.
Hawai`i: Kohala, along rocky shore. 9 August 1926. O. Degener 8088.
Holotype [G]. Isotype(s) [BISH! [2], CU, F, LCU].
=Euphorbia celastroides var. amplectans

*Verification: Koutnik, D.L. 1987. Allertonia 4:331-388.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. stokesii (C. N. Forbes) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information

*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. tomentella (Boiss.) Koutnik, Brittonia 37: 397. 1985. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia multiformis Hook. & Arn. var. tomentella Boiss., in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 12 1862.
O`ahu. 1851- 1855. J. Rémy 594.
Holotype [P].
=Euphorbia celastroides var. tomentella

*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.

Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. var. waikoluensis (Sherff) O. Deg. & I. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 190. Euphorbiaceae. 1959. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Euphorbia celastroides Boiss. var. waikoluensis Sherff, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 97: 594 1936.
Moloka`i: Kalaupapa and Waikolu along the shore. 26 March 1910. J. F. Rock 6191.
Holotype [F]. Isotype(s) [BISH! [3], F, GH].

Note: Koutnik, D.L. 1987. Allertonia 4:331-388

=Euphorbia celastroides var. amplectens
*Verification: David Lorence.
---------------------


*Verification: David Lorence.