Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller , Minnesota Bot. Stud. 1: 870. 1897. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Aralia trigyna Gaudich. , Voy. Uranie, tab. 98 1826.
Hawai`i: s.l.. 1817- 1820. C. Gaudichaud-Beaupré s.n..
Holotype [P].

Note: [text p. 474. 1830]

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
*Verification: None.
---------------------


*Verification: D.M. Mix.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller f. angustior Sherff, Bot. Leafl. 5: 11. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [BISH]. U. Faurie 267. May 1910. Moloka`i: Puko`o. Isotype(s) [G!].

Note: RKS examined BISH sheet; G sheet is possible isotype, but Sherff considered Faurie 267 to be a mixed collection (see record for C. trigynum var. molokaiense), so should check to see if G sheet was annotated by Sherff, and/or compare it with other isotypes.

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
Note: RKS examined BISH sheet; G sheet is possible isotype, but Sherff considered Faurie 267 to be a mixed collection (see record for C. trigynum var. molokaiense), so should check to see if G sheet was annotated by Sherff, and/or compare it with other isotypes.

*Verification: R.K. Shannon.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller f. latius Sherff, Bot. Leafl. 5: 10. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [BISH]. C.N. Forbes 900.M. August 1919. Maui: East Maui, E of Ukulele.

Note: RKS examined BISH sheet

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
Note: RKS examined BISH sheet

*Verification: R.K. Shannon.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller f. parvulum O. Deg., I. Deg. & Sherff, in Sherff, Occas. Pap. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 22(12): 212. 1962.
Type information:
Holotype [F]. O. Degener and I. Degener 27590. 2 July 1961. Maui: [East Maui], Waikamoi, rain forest. Isotype(s) [A, B, BISH!, F!, G!, K!, NY!, P, US, W!].

Note: Pub. gives collection date as 4 July. RKS examined BISH sheet

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
Note: Pub. gives collection date as 4 July. RKS examined BISH sheet

*Verification: R.K. Shannon.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller f. pauciflorum Sherff, Bot. Leaf. 5: 5. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [US]. O. Degener and H. Wiebke 2094. 27 July 1926. Hawai`i: between Glenwood and Kilauea, jungle. Isotype(s) [GB [2], NY! [mfc!], UC].
=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum

*Verification: R.K. Shannon.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller subsp. helleri (Sherff) Lowry, Pacific Sci. 40: 81. 1986 [1987]. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands --Basionym
Type Information
Cheirodendron helleri Sherff , Bot. Leafl. 5: 13 1951.
Kaua`i: ridge west of Hanapepe R., [about two-thirds the distance from Hanapepe Bay to summit of Mt. Waialeale]. 3000 ft. 22 August 1895. A.A. Heller 2496.
Holotype [US]. Isotype(s) [MO!].

Note: Collection 2496, pro parte. Sherff cited other collections distributed under Heller 2496 colelcted on 4 July (MIN!, NY, P, UC) and 11 July (BISH, CU [photo F]) as paratypes, but clearly designated only the 22 August collection as the holotype and isotype. A specimen with this number is at K, but the date needs to be checked. BISH sheet was missing September 1997.

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. helleri
*Verification: Wagner, W.L. & R.K. Shannon. 1999. Brittonia 51:422-438.
---------------------


*Verification: W.L. Wagner.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. acuminatum Skottsb., Acta Horti Gothob. 15: 417. 1944.
Type information:
Syntype [GB]. L.M. Cranwell , O.F. Selling and C. Skottsberg 3139. 7 November 1938. Hawai`i: Koiawe Valley, Waipio, Kohala Mts.. Syntype(s) [K!].

Note: Additional syntype: Hawai`i, Kilauea, near Volcano House, fern forest, 1200 m, 17 IX 1922, L. M. Cranwell, O. F. Selling & C. Skottsberg 560 (GB!)

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
Note: Additional syntype: Hawai`i, Kilauea, near Volcano House, fern forest, 1200 m, 17 IX 1922, L. M. Cranwell, O. F. Selling & C. Skottsberg 560 (GB!)

*Verification: None.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. confertiflorum Sherff, Bot. Leafl. 5: 2. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [BH]. H. Mann and W.T. Brigham 379. 1864- 1865. Maui: W. Maui. Isotype(s) [BM, F!, G!, GH!, NY!, US!].

Note: Only part of this collection is type for this entity.

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
Note: Only part of this collection is type for this entity.

*Verification: W.L. Wagner, D.M. Mix.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. degeneri Sherff, Bot. Leafl. 5: 4. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [US]. O. Degener 9576. 23 June 1929. Hawai`i: between Glenwood and 29 Miles. Isotype(s) [BH!, F!, GH!, K, MO, NY!].
=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum

*Verification: W.L. Wagner, D.M. Mix.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. fosbergii Sherff, Bot. Leaf. 5: 7. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [PH]. F.R. Fosberg 14223. 24 July 1937. O`ahu: crest of Koolau Mts, above Kaipapau Gulch.825m. Isotype(s) [BH 2 sh.!, CAS 2 sh.!, F!, G!, GH!, ILL!, K!, L!, MO, NY!, P!, S!, US!].
=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum

*Verification: W.L. Wagner, D.M. Mix.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. halawanum Sherff, Bot. Leaf. 5: 3. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [US]. U. S. Expl. Exped. s.n.. 1838- 1842. O`ahu: s.l.. Isotype(s) [fragment GH!].

Note: Holotype mounted on same sheet with holotype of Cheirodendron trigynum var. hillebrandii.

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
Note: Holotype mounted on same sheet with holotype of Cheirodendron trigynum var. hillebrandii.

*Verification: W.L. Wagner, D.M. Mix.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. hawaiiensis H. Lév., Repert. Spec. Now. Regni Veg. 10: 154. 1911.
Type information:
Holotype [P]. U. Faurie 262. July 1909. Hawai`i: Mauna Ke`a.1500m. Isotype(s) [A!, BM, G!].
=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum

*Verification: None.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. hillebrandii Sherff, Bot. Leafl. 5: 5. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [US]. U. S. Expl. Exped. s.n.. 1838- 1842. O`ahu: s.l..

Note: Holotype mounted on same sheet with holotype of Cheirodendron trigynum var. halawanum.

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
Note: Holotype mounted on same sheet with holotype of Cheirodendron trigynum var. halawanum.

*Verification: W.L. Wagner, D.M. Mix.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. ilicoides Sherff, Bot. Leafl. 5: 10. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [BISH]. L. H. MacDaniels 320. 1 December 1926. Hawai`i: Pu`uwa`awa`a, rough lava.1000m.

Note: RKS examined BISH sheet

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
Note: RKS examined BISH sheet

*Verification: R.K. Shannon.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. kauaiensis H. Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 154. 1911.
Type information:
Holotype [P]. U. Faurie 266. December 1909. Kaua`i: Ele`ele. Isotype(s) [BM, G].
=Cheirodendron fauriei

*Verification: None.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. mauiensis H. Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 154. 1911.
Type information:
Holotype [P]. U. Faurie 265. August 1909. Maui: Olinda. Isotype(s) [A!, BISH! [2], BM, G!].

Note: RKS examined both sheets at BISH

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
Note: RKS examined both sheets at BISH

*Verification: R.K. Shannon.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. molokaiense Sherff, Bot. Leafl. 5: 10. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [A]. J. F. Rock 6165. 23 March 1910. Moloka`i: [eastern Moloka`i], edge of gulch above Kamoku [Kamoko]. Isotype(s) [BISH! [2], BM, GH! [photo F], US!].

Note: RKS examined BISH sheet

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
Note: RKS examined BISH sheet

*Verification: R.K. Shannon.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. multiflorum Skottsb., Acta Horti Gothob. 15: 416. 1944.
Type information:
Lectotype [GB]. L.M. Cranwell , O.F. Selling and C. Skottsberg 2966. 16 August 1938. Kaua`i: Lehua makanoe bog, Alakai, in forest.1200m.
Lectotypified in Sherff, E. E.. Fieldiana, Bot. 29: 40. 1954.
=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. helleri

*Verification: None.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. oblongum Sherff, Bot. Leafl. 5: 9. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [BISH]. G.P. Wilder s.n.. 1913. Maui: East Maui, Ulupalakua.

Note: RKS examined BISH sheet

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
Note: RKS examined BISH sheet

*Verification: R.K. Shannon.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. osteostigma Sherff, Bot. Leafl. 5: 12. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [BISH]. R. L. Usinger 2. August 1936. Moloka`i: southeastern Moloka`i, Mapulehu-Punaula ridge.2500ft.

Note: RKS examined BISH sheet

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
Note: RKS examined BISH sheet

*Verification: R.K. Shannon.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. rockii Sherff, Bot. Leafl. 5: 8. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [BISH]. J. F. Rock s.n.. July 1910. Lana`i: Mahana Ridge. Isotype(s) [A [photo F], BISH!].

Note: RKS examined both sheets at BISH

=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum
Note: RKS examined both sheets at BISH

*Verification: R.K. Shannon.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. skottsbergii Sherff, Bot. Leafl. 5: 7. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [US]. A.S. Hitchcock 14765. 24-26 September 1916. Maui: Puu Kukui, upper forest.1220 to 1525m.
=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum

*Verification: W.L. Wagner, D.M. Mix.

Cheirodendron trigynum (Gaudich.) A. Heller var. subcordatum Sherff, Bot. Leafl. 5: 9. 1951.
Type information:
Holotype [GH]. J. F. Rock 3861. 18 June 1909. Hawai`i: forest Waihou, N of Pu`uwa`awa`a.1220m.
=Cheirodendron trigynum subsp. trigynum

*Verification: None.