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CARIBBEAN ISLANDS

REFERENCES FOR OVERVIEW

Adams, C.D. (1971). The blue mahoe and other bush. Sangster's Bookstores, Kingston, Jamaica. 159 pp.

Adams, C.D. (1972). Flowering plants of Jamaica. University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica. 848 pp.

Adams, C.D. (1977). Terrestrial ecology. Caroni River Basin study. Water and Sewage Authority, Government of Trinidad and Tobago. 80 pp.; App. 89 pp.

Adams, C.D. (1990). Phytogeography of Jamaica. Atti dei Convegni Lincei 85: 681-693.

Adams, C.D. and Baksh, Y.S. (1981). What is an endangered plant? Living World, Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 1981-1982: 9-14.

Adams, C.D. and Lawrence, W.A. (1972). The adventive vegetation of some red mud ponds. Report for Alcan Jamaica Limited. Kirkvine, Jamaica. 41 pp.

Adams, C.D. and Ramjus, H. (1975). A second report on the adventive vegetation of some red mud ponds. Report for Alcan Jamaica Limited. Kirkvine, Jamaica. 44 pp.

Alain, Hermano (1963). Flora de Cuba 5. Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico. 363 pp.

Asprey, G.F. and Loveless, A.R. (1958). The dry evergreen formations of Jamaica II. The raised coral beaches of the north coast. Journal of Ecology 46: 547-570.

Asprey, G.F. and Robbins, R.G. (1953). The vegetation of Jamaica. Ecological Monographs 23: 359-412.

Bacon, P.R. (1970). The ecology of the Caroni Swamp, Trinidad. Special Publication of the Central Statistical Office. Government Printer, Port of Spain, Trinidad. 68 pp.

Bacon, P.R. (1985). Environmental impact assessment. Caribbean Conservation Association News 4: 10-12.

Beard, J.S. (1942). Montane vegetation in the Antilles. Caribbean Forester 3: 61-74.

Beard, J.S. (1944). The natural vegetation of the island of Tobago, British West Indies. Ecological Monographs 14: 135-163.

Beard, J.S. (1946). The natural vegetation of Trinidad. Oxford Forestry Memoirs 20: 1-152.

Beard, J.S. (1949). Natural vegetation of the Windward and Leeward Islands. Oxford Forestry Memoirs 21: 1-191.

Beard, J.S. (1953). The savanna vegetation of northern tropical America. Ecological Monographs 23: 149-215.

Beard, J.S. (1955). The classification of tropical American vegetation types. Ecology 36: 89-100.

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Boldingh, I. (1909b). The flora of St Eustatius, Saba and St Martin. Flora of the Dutch West Indian Islands 1: 1-321.

Boldingh, I. (1914). The flora of Curaçao, Aruba and Bonaire. Flora of the Dutch West Indian Islands 2: 1-197.

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Borhidi, A. and Herrera, R.A. (1977). Génesis, características y clasificación de los ecosistemas de sabana en Cuba. Ciencias Biológicas 1: 115-130.

Borhidi, A. and Muñíz, O. (1980). Die Vegetationskarte von Kuba. Acta Botanica Academiae Scientarum Hungaricae 26: 25-53.

Borhidi, A. and Muñíz, O. (1983). Catálogo de Plantas Cubanas Amenazadas o Extinguidas. Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, Habana. 85 pp.

Box, H.E. (1938). A systematic enumeration of the flowering plants of Antigua. British Museum (Natural History), London. 439 pp. (Unpublished typescript.)

Box, H.E. (1939a). A note on the vegetation of Redonda, B.W.I. Journal of Botany 77: 311-313.

Box, H.E. (1939b). Observations on the landslides in St Lucia, B.W.I., in November 1938. Empire Forestry Journal 18: 119-121.

Box, H.E. (1940). Report upon a collection of plants from Anguilla, B.W.I. Journal of Botany 78: 14-16.

Box, H.E and Philipson, W.R. (1951). An undescribed species of Mastichodendron (Sapotaceae) from Barbados and Antigua. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Botany 1: 21-23.

Britton, N.L. (1916). The natural vegetation of the Isle of Pines, Cuba. Journal of the New York Botanical Garden 17: 64-71.

Britton, N.L. (1918). Flora of Bermuda. Scribners, New York. 585 pp.

Britton, N.L. and Wilson, P. (19231930). Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands 5-6. Academy of Sciences, New York.

Brunt, M.A. (1984). Environment and plant communities. In Proctor, G.R. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin, Additional Series 11: 5-58.

Burne, R.V., Horsfield, W.T. and Robinson, E. (1974). The geology of Navassa Island. Caribbean Journal of Science 14: 109-114.

Buskirk, R.E. (1985). Zoogeographic patterns and tectonic history of Jamaica and the northern Caribbean. Journal of Biogeography 12: 445-461.

Campbell, D.G. (1978). The Ephemeral Islands: a natural history of the Bahamas. Macmillan, London. 151 pp.

Campbell, D.G. and Hammond, H.D. (eds) (1989). Floristic inventory of tropical countries: the status of plant systematics, collections, and vegetation, plus recommendations for the future. New York Botanical Garden, New York. 545 pp.

Capote, R.P., Berazaín, R. and Leiva, A. (1989). Cuba. In Campbell, D.G. and Hammond, H.D. (eds), Floristic inventory of tropical countries: the status of plant systematics, collections, and vegetation, plus recommendations for the future. New York Botanical Garden, New York. Pp. 316-335.

Carrington, C.M.S. (1991). New collections for the flora of Barbados II. Journal of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society 39: 60-71.

Challinor, D. and Wingate, D.B. (1971). The struggle for survival of the Bermuda cedar. Biological Conservation 3: 220-222.

Ciferri, R. (1936). Studio geobotanico dell'isola Hispaniola (Antille). Atti Istituto Botanico 'Giovanni Briosi, ser. IV, 8: 1-336.

Correll, D.S. and Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago (including the Turks and Caicos Islands). J. Cramer, Vaduz, Liechtenstein. 1692 pp.

Cuba (1989). Nuevo Atlas Nacional.

Danforth, S.T. (1935). Supplementary account of the birds of the Virgin Islands including Culebra and adjacent islands pertaining to Puerto Rico, with notes on their food habits. Journal of the Agricultural University of Puerto Rico 19: 439-463.

D'Arcy, W.G. (1967). Annotated checklist of the dicotyledons of Tortola, Virgin Islands. Rhodora 69: 385-450.

D'Arcy, W.G. (1975). Anegada Island: vegetation and flora. Atoll Research Bulletin 188: 1-40.

Dardaine, S. (1974). Annual Report of the Forestry Division for the year 1972. Government Printery, Trinidad and Tobago. 92 pp.

Dickson, J.H., Rodriguez, J.C. and Machado, A. (1988). Invading plants at high altitudes on Tenerife especially in the Teide National Park. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 95: 155-179.

Duek, J.J. (1971). Lista de las especies cubanas de Lycopodiophyta, Psilophyta, Equisetophyta y Polypodiophyta (Pteridophyta). Adansonia, sér. 2, 11: 559-578, 717-731.

Duss, Rév. Père. (1897). Flore phanérogamique des Antilles françaises (Guadeloupe et Martinique). Annales de l'Institut Colonial de Marseille 3: 1-656.

FAO (1988). An interim report on the state of forest resources in the developing countries. FO: MISC/88/7. Forest Resources Division. FAO, Rome.

FAO (1990). Production Yearbook 1989, Vol. 43 [FAO Statistics Series No. 94]. FAO, Rome. 346 pp.

Fournet, J. (1978). Flore illustrée des Phanérogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique. INRA, Paris. 1654 pp.

Garay, L.A. and Sweet, H.R. (1974). Orchidaceae. In Howard, R.A. (ed.), Flora of the Lesser Antilles 1: 1-235. Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts.

Gleason, H.A. and Cook, M.T. (1927). Plant ecology of Porto Rico. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands 7: 1-173. Academy of Sciences, New York.

Goberdhan, L.C. (1971). Andropogon annulatus and Ischaemum rugosum two new weeds of sugarcane in Trinidad. PANS 17: 178-179.

Gooding, E.G.B. (1944). Turner's Hall Wood, Barbados. Caribbean Forester 5: 153-170.

Gooding, E.G.B. (1947). Observations on the sand dunes of Barbados, British West Indies. Journal of Ecology 34: 111-125.

Gooding, E.G.B. (1974). The plant communities of Barbados. Ministry of Education, Barbados. 243 pp.

Gooding, E.G.B., Loveless,A.R. and Proctor, G.R. (1965). Flora of Barbados. HMSO, London. 486 pp.

Grisebach, A.H.R. (1859-1864). Flora of the British West Indian Islands. Lovell Reeve, London. 789 pp.

Groome, J.R. (1970). A natural history of the island of Grenada, WL Caribbean Printers, Arima, Trinidad. 115 pp.

Grubb, P.J.. and Tanner, E.V. J. (1976). The montane forests and soils of Jamaica: a reassessment. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 57: 313-368.

Hardy, F. (1932-1933). Some aspects of the flora of Barbados. Agricultural journal, Department of Science and Agriculture, Barbados 1(1): 41-62; 1(2): 31-74; 1(3): 19-52; 1(4): 25-66; 2(1-2): 45-76.

Harris, D.R. (1965). Plants, animals, and man in the outer Leeward Islands, West Indies: an ecological study of Antigua, Barbuda, and Anguilla. University of California Publications in Geography 18: 1-164.

Hart, J.H. (1891). Report on forest conservation. Colonial Office, London.

Hodge, W.H. (1941). The natural resources of the Lesser .Antilles. Cbronica Botanica 6: 448-449.

Hodge. W.H. (1954). Flora of Dominica, B.W.I., Part I. Lloydia 17: 1-238.

Hodge. W.H. and Taylor, D. (1957). The ethnobotany of the island Caribs of Dominica. Webbia 12: 513-644.

Honvchurch, P.N. (1978). Morne Trois Pitons National Park - vegetation. Dominica National Park Service, Roseau. 27 pp.

Howard, R.A. (1952). The vegetation of the Grenadines, Windward Islands, British West Indies. Contribiitions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 174: 1-129.

Howard, R.A. (1955). The vegetation of Beata and Alta Vela Islands, Hispaniola. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 36: 209-239.

Howard, R.A. (1962a). Botanical and other observations on Redonda, theWest lndies. Journal of tbe Arnold Arboretum 43: 51-66.

Howard, R.A. (1962b). Volcanism and vegetation in the Lesser Antilles. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 43: 279-314.

Howard, R.A. (1968). The ecology of an elfin forest in Puerto Rico I. Introduction and composition studies. Journal of the Amold Arboretum 49: 381-418.

Howard, R.A. (1974). The vegetation of the Antilles. In Graham, A. (ed,), Vegetation and vegetational history of northern Latin America. Elsevier, Amsterdam. Pp. 1-38.

Howard, R.A. (1974-1989). Flora of the Lesser Antilles 1-6. Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts.

Howard, R.A. (1977). Conservation and the endangered species of plants in the Caribbean Islands. In Prance, G.T. and Elias, T.S. (eds), Extinction is forever. New York Botanical Garden, New York. Pp. 105-114.

Howard, R.A. (1979). Flora of the West Indies. In Larsen, K. and Holm-Nielsen, L.B. (eds), Tropical botany. Academic Press, London. Pp. 239-250.

Howard, R.A. and Kellogg, E.A. (1987). Contributions to a Flora of Anguilla and adjacent islets. Journal of tbe Arnold Arboretum 68: 105-131.

Howard, R.A., Portecop, J. and Montaignac, P. de (1981). The post-eruptive vegetation of La Soufrière, Guadeloupe, 1977-1979. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 61: 749-764,

Howard, R.A. and Proctor, G.R. (1957). The vegetation on bauxite soils in Jamaica. Journal of tbe Arnold Arboretum 38: 1-41, 151-169.

Hudson, B. (ed.) (c. 1973). Conservation in Jamaica: a symposium of tbe Jamaica Geographical Society. J.G.S., Kingston, Jamaica. 48 pp.

IUCN(1992). Protected areas of tbe world. a review of national systems. Volume 4. Neararctic and Neotropical. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K. xxiv, 460 pp. (Prepared by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre.)

James, A. (1980). Fresh water swamps and mangrove species in Dominica. Forestry Division, Roseau, Dominica. 37 pp.

Jennings, O.E. (1911). Notes on the ferns of the Isle of Pines. American Fern Journal 1: 129-136.

Jennings, O.E. (1917). A contribution to the botany of the Isle of Pines, Cuba. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 11: 19-290.

Jiménez, J.A., Martinez, R. and Luis, E. (1985). Massive tree mortality in a Puerto Rican mangrove forest. Caribbean Journal of Science 21: 75-78.

Judd, W.S. and Skean, J.D., jr (1987). Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bull. Florida, Mus. Nat. Hist., Biol. Sci. 32(1): 1-136.

Judd, W.S., Skean,J.D., jr and McMullen, C.K. (1990). The flora, of Macaya Biosphere Reserve: additional taxa, taxonomic and nomenclatural changes. Moscosoa 6: 124-133.

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Kelly, D.L. (1986). Native forests on wet limestone in northeastern Jamaica. In Thompson, D.A., Bretting, P.K. and Humphreys, M. (eds), Forests of Jamaica: papers from the Caribbean Regional Seminar on Forests of Jamaica beld in Kingston, Jamaica 1983. The Jamaican Society of Scientists and Technologists, Kingston, Jamaica. Pp. 31-42, 133-139.

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Author

C. Dennis Adams, The Natural History Museum, Department of Botany, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, U.K.

Acknowledgements

Grateful thanks are extended to Drs Angela Leiva and Rosalina Berazan (Jardin Botanico Nacional de Cuba, Universidad de la Habana, Carrelera del Ricio Km 35, Calabazar, Habana, Cuba) for kindly providing information on important plant sites in Cuba; to Dr Walter S. Judd (Department of Botany, University of Miami, Department of Biology, PO Box 249118, Coral Gables, Florida 33124, U.S.A.) and T.A. Zanoni (New York Botanic Gardens, Bronx, New York 10458-5126, U.S.A.) for information on plant sites in Hispaniola; to Dr Joël Jérémie (Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Laboratoire de Phanérogamie, 16 Rue Button, 75005 Paris, France) for information on the Lesser Antilles; and to Dr Richard A. Howard (Harvard University Herbaria, 22 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, U.S.A.) for commenting on an earlier version of the text. The data on protected areas was kindly supplied by James Paine, Protected Areas Data Unit, World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge, CB3 ODL, U.K.

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