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Regional Overview of Caribbean Islands
TABLE 38. GEOGRAPHICAL DATA FOR THE CARIBBEAN ISLANDS
Island group

Area (km²)
Altitude (m)
Number of islands
References    

BERMUDA        
Bermuda 55 79 6 + rocky islets Britton 1918

BAHAMAS
Bahamas 13,830
(10,010)*
65 35 + 700 cays + c. 2400 vegetated islets Campbell 1978; Correll and Correll 1982
Turks and Caicos 430 47 5 + cays Ray and Sprunt 1971

GREATER ANTILLES I
Cuba 108,722 1974 1 + many large cays Smith 1954; Borhidi and Muñiz 1980; Capote et al. 1989; Cuba 1989; Borhidi 1991
Isla de la Juventud 2126 310 1 + cays and mangrove islets Jennings 1911, 1917; Britton 1916
Cayman Islands 264 43 3 Stoddart 1980; Sauer 1982; Brunt in Proctor 1984

GREATER ANTILLES II
Jamaica 11,425 2256 1 + c. 20 cays and (10,830)* rocky islets Asprey and Robbins 1953; Thompson et al. 1986
Hispaniola:        
    Haiti 27,749 2680 1 + 5 (incl. Navassa) Ciferri 1936
   Dominican
   Republic
48,441 3087 1 + 3 + rocky islets Moscoso 1943
Puerto Rico 8897 1338 1 + 5 (incl. Mona) Britton and Wilson 1923; Liogier and Martorell 1982; Liogier 1985; Proctor 1989
Vieques c. 140 301 1 + c. 20 cays and rocks Shafer 1914; Sorrié 1975

VIRGIN ISLANDS
British Virgin Islands:
    Anegada 39 8.5 1 + Sombrero Labastille and Richmond 1973; D'Arcy 1975
    Tortola 62 542 1 + rocky islets D'Arcy 1967; Howard and Kellogg 1987
    Virgin Gorda 21 469 1 + rocky islets Little et al. 1976
    Jost Van Dyke 10 321 1 + rocky islets Danforth 1935
U.S. Virgin Islands:
    St John 54 389   Woodbury and Weaver 1987
    St Thomas 85 472 3 + c. 10 rocky islets and cays  
    St Croix 215 355   Millspaugh 1902

LESSER ANTILLES - I LEEWARD ISLANDS
Outer Leeward Islands:
   Anguilla 91 69 1 + cays Box 1940; Harris 1965; Howard and Kellogg 1987
   St Maarten 85 424 1 + islets Boldingh 1909b; Stoffers 1956
   St Barthélemy 21 281 1 + 6 islets Questel 1941
   Barbuda 160 45 1 Beard 1949
   Antigua 279 402 1 + rocky limestone island Wheeler 1916; Loveless 1960
Inner Leeward Islands:
    Saba 14 870 1 See St Maarten
    St Eustatius/Statia 31 581 1 See St Maarten
    St Kitts 168 1156 1 Beard 1949
    Nevis 93 985 1 Beard 1949
    Redonda 1.3 297 1 (unpopulated but goats present) Tempany 1915; Box 1939a; Howard 1962a
    Montserrat 98 914 1 Beard 1949

LESSER ANTILLES - II FRENCH ANTILLES
Guadeloupe 1705 1465 6 + rocky islets Duss 1897; Stehlé 1936; Beard 1949; Portecop 1979; Sastre and Portecop 1985
Martinique 1100 1463 1 See Guadeloupe

LESSER ANTILLES - III WINDWARD ISLANDS
Dominica 751 1447 1 + 2 islets Hodge 1954; Nicolson 1991
St Lucia 616 958 1 + 6 islets Beard 1949
St Vincent 389 1234 1 + 4 islets Beard 1949
Grenadines 90 308 16 + 100 or more islets and rocks Howard 1952
Grenada 344 838 1 + rocky islets Beard 1949; Groome 1970

LESSER ANTILLES - IV BARBADOS
Barbados 430 336 1 Hardy 19321933; Gooding 1974

SOUTHERN OFFSHORE ISLANDS
Southern Netherlands Antilles
Aruba 175 188 1 + cays Boldingh 1914; Stoffers 1956
Curaçao 425 375 1 See Aruba
Bonaire 265 240 2 See Aruba
Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad 4543 940 1 + 10 rocky islands and islets Beard 1946; Richardson 1963
Tobago 295 576 1 + 2 large and a few small rocky islets Beard 1944
         
Note: * refers to land area.
TOTAL LAND AREA: c. 240,000 km²
TOTAL NUMBER OF ISLANDS: 115 + cays and rocky islets