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Regional Overview of Caribbean Islands
TABLE 46. SELECTED LIST OF ECONOMICALLY IMPORTANT PLANTS

1. Important timber trees
Alchornea latifolia dovewood Central America, Greater Antilles
Andira inermis angelin Tropical America, Tropical Africa
*Beilschmiedia pendula slugwood Antilles
Brosimum alicastrum breadnut Tropical America
*Brya ebenus West Indian ebony Cuba, Jamaica
Bucida buceras black olive Tropical America
Buchenavia capitata wild olive Tropical America
Byrsonima coriacea and spp. hogberry Tropical America
Caesalpinia violacea   Cuba
*Calophyllum calaba Santa Maria Antilles
*Calycogonium squamulosum   Puerto Rico
*Calycophyllum candidissimum dagame Cuba
Carapa guianensis crappo Tropical America
Catalpa longissima yokewood Antilles
Cedrela odorata cedar Tropical America
Ceiba pentandra silkcotton Tropics
Chimarrhis cymosa bois riviere Antilles
Chrysophyllum spp. (4)   Tropical America
Citharexylum fruticosum white fiddlewood Tropical America
Clethra occidentalis soapwood Tropical America
Copaifera officinalis and spp. balsam Tropical America, Cuba?, Trinidad
Cordia alliodora bois chypre Tropical America
Cordia gerascanthus baria, panchallon Tropical America
*Dacryodes excelsa gommier Antilles
Didymopanax morototoni jereton Tropical America
Dussia martinicensis bois gamelle Lesser Antilles
Eschweilera subglandulosa guatacare Trinidad, Guyana
*Eugenia stahlii and spp. rodwood Antilles
Genipa americana genip Tropical America
Guaiacum officinale lignum vitae Tropical America
Guarea glabra and spp. redwood, alligator wood Antilles, northern South America
Guatteria caribaea bois anglais Lesser Antilles
Guazuma ulmifolia bastard cedar Tropical America
*Guettarda valenzuelana and spp.   Antilles
*Haenianthus salicifolius and spp.   Greater Antilles
Hernandia sonora toporite Tropical America
*Hibiscus elatus blue mahoe Cuba, Jamaica
Homalium racemosum cogwood Tropical America
*Hyeronima clusioides and spp.   Antilles, Trinidad
Hymenaea courbaril West Indian locust Tropical America
Inga laurina pois doux Tropical America
*Inga vera   Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico
*Juglans insularis nogel Cuba
*Juglans jamaicensis walnut Hispaniola, Puerto Rico
Lonchocarpus pentaphyllus savonette jaune Antilles
Lonchocarpus sericeus savonette riviere Tropical America
Lysiloma latisiliqua sabicu Bahamas, Cuba
*Magnolia cubensis and spp. mantequero Northern Antilles
Manilkara bidentata and spp. balata Tropical America
Matayba apetala and spp. pigeon wood Tropical America
Meliosma herbertii   Tropical America
Micropholis guyanensis and spp   Tropical America
*Nectandra antillana and spp. sweetwood Antilles
Nectandra coriacea timber sweetwood Tropical America
*Oxandra laurifolia lancewood Antilles
Ochroma pyramidale balsa Tropical America
Ocotea martinicensis and spp. laurier Antilles
*Ormosia jamaicensis and spp. red nickel Jamaica, Antilles
Pachira spp. wild chataigne Trinidad
*Petitia domingensis fiddlewood Northern Antilles
*Phoebe montana
(Cinnamomum montanum)
  Greater Antilles
Piscidia piscipula dogwood Tropical America
Pithecellobium arboreum wild tamarind Tropical America
Pouteria multiflora and spp. bullet Tropical America
Pradosia spp. (3)   South America, Trinidad
Prunus occidentalis almendro Central America, Antilles
Sapindus saponaria savonette Tropical America
Sideroxylon spp. (25) mastic Antilles
Simarouba amara and spp. bitter damson, bois blanc Tropical America
*Sloanea spp. break-axe Antilles
Spondias mombin hog plum Tropics
*Stahlia monosperma   Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico
*Swietenia mahagoni West Indian mahogany Northern Caribbean
Talauma dodecapetala bois pin Lesser Antilles
*Tabebuia heterophylla and spp. poui, roble Antilles
*Terminalia latifolia and spp. broadleaf Antilles
*Tetragastris balsamifera   Antilles
*Thespesia grandiflora montezuma Puerto Rico
Thespesia populnea seaside mahoe Tropics
Trichilia moschata muskwood Jamaica, Guatemala
Vitex divaricata black fiddlewood Tropical America
Xylopia muricata lancewood Jamaica
Zanthoxylum spp. satinwood Antilles

2. Species used as food
a. Regularly used    
Anacardium occidentale cashew Tropical America
Annona muricata soursop Tropical America
Annona reticulata custard apple Tropical America
Annona squamosa sweetsop Tropical America
Bixa orellana annatto Tropical America
Carica papaya pawpaw Tropical America
Chrysobalanus icaco coco plum Tropical America
*Chrysophyllum cainito star apple Greater Antilles (widely cultivated elsewhere)
Colubrina arborescens mauby Tropical America
Colubrina elliptica mauby Tropical America
Malpighia emarginata West Indian cherry Antilles, northern South America
Mammea americana mammey Tropical America
Myrciaria floribunda   Tropical America
Pimenta dioica pimento Central America, West Indies
Pimenta racemosa bay rum tree South America, West Indies
Psidium guajava guava Tropical America
Spondias mombin hog plum ? Tropical America
Spondias purpurea Jamaica plum Tropical America
Ximenia americana tallow plum Pantropical
*Ziziphus rignonii   Antilles
b. Irregularly used    
Acrocomia spinosa and spp. maccafat Tropical America
Annona glabra pond apple Tropical America, West Africa
Bomarea edulis salsilla Tropical America
Byrsonima coriacea hogberry Tropical America
Byrsonima crassifolia savanna serette Tropical America
Calathea allouia topitambu South America, West Indies
Crossopetalum rhacoma poison cherry Pan-Caribbean
Coccoloba uvifera seagrape Tropical America
Cucumis anguria West Indian gherkin Native to Africa
Eugenia ligustrina rodwood Tropical America
Ficus spp.    
*Garcinia humilis wild mammee Antilles
Hymenaea courbaril West Indian locust Tropical America
Inga laurina pois doux Tropical America
Inga vera pois doux Greater Antilles (excluding Cuba)
Maclura tinctoria fustic tree Tropical America
Manilkara bidentata balata Tropical America
Melicoccus bijugatus guinep Tropical America
Miconia spp. cotelette; fishleaf Tropical America
Micropholis rugosa    
Opuntia spp. tuna Tropical America
Pereskia aculeata West Indian gooseberry Tropical America
Pilosocereus royeni dildo pear Antilles
*Pouteria multiflora bullet Antilles
Rollinia mucosa wild cashimar Tropical America

3. Medicinal plants
Anacardium occidentale cashew Tropical America
Aristolochia trilobata tref Central America, West Indies
Bontia daphnoides olive bush South America, West Indies
Canella winterana canella Florida, Northern Antilles
Capraria biflora thé-pays Tropical America
Capsicum spp. chilli pepper Tropical America
Cassia alata wild senna Tropical America
Cecropia peltata trumpet tree Tropical America
Chione venosa bois bandé Antilles
Cordia curassavica black sage South America, West Indies
Eryngium foetidum fitweed Tropical America
Eupatorium odoratum Christmas bush Tropical America
Eupatorium triplinerve japana Tropical America
Fevillea cordifolia antidote caccoon Tropical America
Gossypium barbadense cotton Tropical South America
Gouania lupulina chew stick Tropical America
Guaiacum officinale lignum vitae Tropical America
Guaiacum sanctum lignum vitae Northern subtropical America
Hymenocallis spp. spiderlily Tropical America
Jatropha curcas physicnut Tropical America
Justicia pectoralis garden balsam Tropical America
Justicia secunda St John bush South America, West Indies
Microtea debilis   Tropical America
Mimosa pudica sensitive plant Tropical America
Myrica cerifera waxwood Central America, West Indies
Neurolaena lobata zebapique Tropical America
Parthenium hysterophorus   Tropical America
Petiveria alliacea gully root Tropical America
Phyllanthus amarus seed-under-leaf Tropical America
Picrasma excelsa bitterwood Greater Antilles, Venezuela
Pilocarpus racemosus   Antilles, mainland Caribbean coast
Piper spp. jointers Tropical America
Piscidia carthagenensis dogwood Tropical America
Pluchea carolinensis wild tobacco Tropical America
Porophyllum ruderale shiny bush Tropical America
Quassia amara quassia Tropical America
Richeria spp. bois bande Tropical America
Ryania speciosa bois l'agli Trinidad, Venezuela
Roupala montana bois bande South America, Trinidad
Ruellia tuberosa minny root Tropical America
Solanum americanum gouma Tropical America
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis vervine Tropical America
Tournefortia spp. jigger bush Tropical America

4. Craft materials
Abrus precatorius crabs eyes Tropics
Agave sobolifera and spp. coratoe, sisal Tropical America
Caesalpinia bonduc and spp. nickel Antilles
Carludovica palmata jippi jappa Tropical America
Coccothrinax jamaicensis and spp. silver thatch Antilles
Entada gigas and spp. caccoon Antilles
Hibiscus elatus blue mahoe Antilles
Hura crepitans sandbox Tropical America
Ischnosiphon arouma larouman, tirite South America, West Indies
Manicaria plukenetii and many other palms timite Trinidad

5. Genera of economic importance
The following genera include well known economic plants with species which are indigenous in the region. The value of the native Caribbean species as sources of genetical material has mostly still to be investigated.
Agave (Agavaceae) Juglans (Juglandaceae)
Canna (Cannaceae) Juniperus (Cupressaceae)
Cinnamomum (Lauraceae) Magnolia (Magnoliaceae)
Corchorus (Tiliaceae) Persea (Lauraceae)
Crotalaria (Leguminosae) Phaseolus (Leguminosae)
Crotalaria (Leguminosae) Pimenta (Myrtaceae)
Erythroxylum (Erythroxylaceae) Podocarpus (Podocarpaceae)
Eugenia (Myrtaceae) Psidium (Myrtaceae)
Garcinia (Guttiferae) Solanum (Solanaceae)
Glycine (Leguminosae) Vanilla (Orchidaceae)
Gossypium (Malvaceae) Vigna (Leguminosae)
Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) Vigna (Leguminosae)
   
Note: * endemic species