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Regional Overview of Caribbean Islands
TABLE 47. SUMMARY OF TERRESTRIAL PROTECTED AREAS IN THE CARIBBEAN
Name of area
  
  

IUCN
category
  

Number of
terrestrial
protected sites
Area
protected
(km²)
ANGUILLA
No terrestrial protected areas have yet been established.
ANTIGUA and BARBUDA
National Parks
Park Reserves

II
?

3
4

c. 41
?
BAHAMAS
Managed Nature Reserve
National Parks

IV
II

1
4

18
1216
BARBADOS
No terrestrial protected areas have yet been established.
BERMUDA
Nature Reserves
Preserves

?
IV

12
2

c. 1
125
In addition there are many small parks and private reserves, mostly <0.1 km² each.
BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS
Bird Sanctuaries
Forest Parks

IV
II

4
5

11
1.5
CAYMAN ISLANDS
Ecological
ZoneReserve

I
IV

1
1

17
3
CUBA
Biosphere Reserves
Ecological Reserves
Faunal Refuges
Integrated Management Areas
Managed Flora Reserves
National Forests
National Parks
Nature Parks
Nature Reserves

IX
IV
I, IV
V, VIII
IV
?
II
V
I

4
3
9
10
9
3
7
4
7

3335
76
1419
10,006
247
>872
1089
1844
305
In addition there are 19 Touristic Nature Areas (mainly keys and lagoons) covering c. 1411 km² and 14 "Other Areas" covering 1188 km². A further 7 sites (covering 222 km² in total) are currently proposed for protection.
DOMINICA
Forest Reserves
National Parks
Protected Forest

VIII
II
VI

2
2
1

92
139
3
A proposed National Park covers c. 65 km².
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
National Parks
Natural Scientific Reserves

II, V
I, IV, V

12
7

5662
676
In addition there is a Bird Sanctuary; 24 other sites are currently proposed for protection
GRENADA
Forest Reserve

VIII

1

6
GUADELOUPE
National Park

II

1

173
HAITI
National Park

II, V

4

97
JAMAICA
Forest Reserves
Game Reserve
Natural Reserve

VIII
VIII
IV

126
1
1

>1000
2
0,5
MARTINIQUE
Nature Reserve I 1 5
Regional National Park V 1 702

I
V

1
1

5
702
MONTSERRAT
No terrestrial protected areas have yet been established a National Park is proposed.
NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
(ARUBA, BONAIRE, CURAÇAO)
National Parks
Ramsar Wetlands
 
 
II
R
 
 
2
5
 
 
78
19
PUERTO RICO
Biosphere Reserves
Commonwealth Forests
National Forest
Nature Areas
National Wildlife Reserves
Nature Reserves
Wildlife Refuges

1X
IV
VIII
IV
IV
IV
IV

2
14
1
8
3
7
4

173
243
113
18
10
134
22
ST KITTS-NEVIS
National Park

II

1

26
ST LUCIA
Forest Reserves
Nature Reserves
Reserves

VIII
IV
IV, VIII

15
2
2

c. 67
5
1
ST VINCENT
Forest Reserves
Reserve

VIII
IV

3
1

c. 1
44
TRINIDAD
Scientific Reserve
Wildlife Sanctuaries

I
IV

1
8

18
2
Several National Parks, Scientific Reserves, Nature Reserves and Nature Conservation Reserves are proposed.
TOBAGO
Nature Reserve
Wildlife Sanctuaries

I
IV

1
2

7
c. 1
TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS
10 National Parks (109 km²), 9 Nature Reserves (59 km²) and 1 Ramsar Site (2500 km²) comprise mainly marine and areas of importance for birds; some protected areas are complete island systems with littoral and sublittoral scrub communities.
U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS
Biosphere Reserve IX 1 61
National Park II 1 53
National Wildlife Refuge IV 1 1

IX
II
IV

1
1
1

61
53
1