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CPD North America Overview

TABLE 11. ECONOMIC PLANTS NATIVE TO NORTH AMERICA

 

 

Medicinal plants


Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum cannabinum
Artemisia tridentata
Asclepias syriaca
Asclepias tuberosa
Castanea pumila
Crambe abyssinica
Fraxinus spp.
Gossypium hirsutum
Hamamelis virginiana
Ilex vomitoria
Impatiens capensis
Impatiens pallida
Lithocarpus densiflora
Monarda didyma Oswego
Monarda fistulosa
Monarda punctata
Montia perfoliata
Panax quinquefolius
Quercus alba
Quercus lobata
Salix spp.
Sambucus canadensis
Veratrum viride

bitteroot
Indian hemp
sagebrush
common milweed
butterfly weed
chinquapin
crambe
ashes
American upland cotton
witch hazel
Yaupon holly
jewelweed
pale touch-me-not
tan oak
tea or bee balm
wild bergamot
horsemint
winter purslane
American ginseng
white oak
California white oak
willows
American elderberry
American hellebore

 

 

Food plants


Acer saccharum
Amelanchier canadensis
Amphicarpaea bracteata
Asarum canadense
Asimina triloba
Asclepias syriaca
Aster spp.
Cornus canadensis
Corylus americana
Crataegus spp.
Diospyros virginiana
Fragaria virginiana
Gaultheria hispidula
Gaultheria procumbens
Gaylussacia baccata
Juglans cinerea
Juglans lindsii
Ledum groenlandicum
Lycopus asper
Oryzopsis cuspidata
Oryzopsis hymenoides
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Populus tremuloides
Prunus americana
Prunus serotina
Prunus virginiana
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Quercus macrocarpa
Ribes triste
Ribes spp.
Rubus idaeus var. strigosus
Rubus pensilvanicus
and other Rubus spp.
Sambucus canadensis
Tilia americana
Tsuga canadensis
Vaccinium angustifolium
Vaccinium macrocarpon
Viburnum edule
Vitis labrusca
Zizania palustris

sugar maple (sap)
juneberry (fruit)
wild bean; hog-peanut (root)
wild ginger (root)
wooly pawpaw (fruit)
common milkweed (flowers)
asters (leaves)
bunchberry (fruit)
American hazelnut (nut)
hawthorns; thornapples (fruit)
common persimmon (fruit)
wild strawberry (fruit)
creeping snowberry (leaves)
wintergreen (leaves)
huckleberry (fruit)
butternut (nut)
California black walnut (nut)
Labrador tea (leaves)
rough bugleweed (root)
Indian rice
Indian rice
Virginia creeper (stalk and sap next to bark)
aspen (sap)
chokecherry (twigs)
wild cherry (twigs)
chokecherry (twigs)
mountain mint (flowers and buds)
bur oak (fruit acorns)
red currant (fruit)
wild currants (fruit)
red raspberry (fruit)
Pennsylvania blackberry (fruit)
blackberries (fruit)
American elderberry (fruit)
basswood (sap next to bark)
hemlock (leaves)
wild blueberry (fruit)
cranberry (fruit)
squashberry (fruit)
fox grape (fruit)
Indian rice (fruit)

 

 

Dyes


Acer spp.
Betula papyrifera
Coptis trifolia
Cornus stolonifera
Corylus americana
Juglans cinerea
Juniperus virginiana
Lithospermum carolinense
Prunus americana
Quercus macrocarpa
Rhus glabra
Sanguinaria canadensis
Tsuga canadensis

maples
white or paper birch
goldred-osier dogwood
red-osier dogwood
American hazelnut
butternut
cedar
puccoon
chokecherry
bur oak
smooth sumac
bloodroot
hemlock

 

 

Oil plants


Gaultheria procumbens
Lesquerella fendleri
Limnanthes bakeri
Limnanthes douglasii

wintergreen
Fendler bladderpod
Baker's meadowfoam
Douglas' meadowfoam

 

 

Forage, pasture and feed grain plants


Agropyron spicatum
Andropogon gerardii
Bouteloua eriopoda
Bouteloua gracilis
Buchloe dactyloides
Elymus canadensis
Elymus cinereus
Elymus condensatus
Sporobolus airoides
Stipa comata
Stipa viridula

bluebench wheatgrass
big bluestem
black grama
blue grama
buffalograss
Canada wildrye
Basin wildrye
giant wildrye
alkali sacaton
needle and thread grass
green needlegrass

Source: Densmore (1974); Kavasch (1984); Roecklein and Leung (1987)