Note: This website is no longer being updated and is being maintained for archive purposes by the Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Please see About the Project for further details.

CPD, North America, Overview

TABLE 8. PRINCIPAL TIMBER SPECIES IN U.S. FORESTS
Scientific name Common name Area
Pseudotsuga menziesii Douglas fir primarily in the Pacific Northwest
Tsuga heterophylla western hemlock Pacific Northwest
Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa (western yellow) pine all western forests
Abies spp. firs various western forests
Pinus palustris longleaf pine south-eastern states
Pinus elliottii slash pine south-eastern states
Pinus echinata shortleaf pine south-eastern states
Pinus taeda loblolly pine south-eastern states
Quercus rubra and other Quercus spp. red oaks mainly central and upper south
Picea engelmannii and other Picea spp. Engelmann and related spruces Rocky Mountain belt
Quercus alba and other Quercus spp. white oaks mainly central and upper south
Picea sitchensis Sitka spruce Pacific Northwest
Pinus contorta lodgepole pine Rocky Mountain belt
Pinus monticola
Pinus lambertiana
western white pine
and sugar pine
northern Rocky Mountains and Pacific Southwest
Sequoia sempervirens redwood California
Carya spp. hickories central and upper south
Liquidambar styraciflua sweetgum central and upper south
Nyssa sylvatica
Nyssa aquatica
black t upelo
and cotton gum
south-central
Acer spp. hard maples deciduous hardwood belt
Pinus strobus
Pinus resinosa
eastern white pine
and red pine
northern coniferous belt