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South America Regional Overview
TABLE 53. SOUTH AMERICAN SITES IDENTIFIED AS CENTRES OF PLANT DIVERSITY AND ENDEMISM

The list of sites is arranged according to the sequence in the Regional Overview. A second list is arranged alphabetically by country for purposes of cross-reference (click here). All sites have been selected for Data Sheet treatment (see Map 36).

I.
SA1.

CARIBBEAN REGION (OF SOUTH AMERICA)
  
Coastal Cordillera (Venezuela)

II.

SA2.

GUAYANA HIGHLANDS
   
Pantepui region (Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana)

III.
a.
SA3.
b.
SA4.
c.
SA5.
SA6.
SA7.
d.
SA8.
SA9.
e.
SA10.
f.
SA11.

AMAZONIA
North-eastern Amazonia-Guayana
   Saül region (French Guiana)
Transverse Dry Belt
   Transverse Dry Belt (Brazil, Guyana, Surinam)
Central and Guayanan Amazonia
   Manaus region (Brazil)
   Upper Rio Negro region (Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela)
   Chiribiquete-Araracuara-Cahuinarí region (Colombia)
Western Amazonia
   Yasuní National Park and Waorani Ethnic Reserve (Ecuador)
   Iquitos region (Peru, Colombia)
South-western Amazonia
   Tambopata region (Peru)
Pre-Andean Amazonia
   Lowlands of Manu National Park: Cocha Cashu Biological Station (Peru)

V.
a.
SA12.
b.
SA13.
SA14.
SA15.
c.
SA16.
SA17.
d.
SA18.

MATA ATLÂNTICA
Northern region (Rio Grande do Norte to Bahia)
   Atlantic moist forest of southern Bahia (Brazil)
Central region (Espírito Santo to São Paulo)
   Tabuleiro forests of northern Espírito Santo (Brazil)
   Cabo Frio region (Brazil)
   Mountain ranges of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
Southern region (southern São Paulo to Rio Grande do Sul)
   Serra do Japi (Brazil)
   Juréia-Itatins Ecological Station (Brazil)
Interior: ParanA Basin
   Mbaracayú Reserve (Paraguay)

V.
SA19.
SA20.
SA21.
SA22.
SA23.
SA24.

INTERIOR DRY AND MESIC FORESTS
   Caatinga of north-eastern Brazil
   Espinhaço Range region (Brazil)
   Distrito Federal (Brazil)
   Gran Chaco (Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia)
   South-eastern Santa Cruz (Bolivia)
   Llanos de Mojos region (Bolivia)

VI.
a.
SA25.
SA26.
SA27.
SA28.
SA29.
SA30.
b.
SA31.
SA32.
SA33.
SA34.
c.
SA35.
d.
SA36.
SA37.
SA38.

(TROPICAL) ANDES
Paramo with Espeletiinae (e.g. Espeletia)
   Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (Colombia)
   Sierra Nevada del CocuyGuantiva (Colombia)
   Páramo de Sumapaz region (Colombia)
   Region of Los Nevados Natural National Park (Colombia)
   Colombian Central Massif
   Volcanoes of Nariñense Plateau (Colombia, Ecuador)
Paramo without Espeletiinae to puna
   Páramos and Andean forests of Sangay National Park (Ecuador)
   Huancabamba region (Peru and Ecuador)
   Peruvian puna
   Altoandina (Chile and Argentina) (brief Data Sheet)
TucumanBolivian region
   Anconquija region (Argentina)
Eastern slope
   Madidi-Apolo region (Bolivia)
   Eastern slopes of Peruvian Andes
   Gran Sumaco and Upper Napo River region (Ecuador)

VII.
SA39.
SA40.
SA41.
SA42.
SA43.

PACIFIC COAST
   Colombian Pacific Coast region (Chocó)
   Ecuadorian Pacific Coast mesic forests
   Cerros de Amotape National Park region (Peru)
   Lomas formations (Peru)
   Lomas formations of the Atacama Desert (Chile)

VIII.
SA44.
SA45.
SA34.
SA46.

SOUTHERN CONE
   Mediterranean region and La Campana National Park (Chile)
   Temperate rain forest (Chile and Argentina)
   Altoandina (Chile and Argentina) (brief Data Sheet)
   Patagonia (Argentina and Chile)

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ALPHABETICAL LIST

This list of sites is arranged alphabetically by country for purposes of cross-reference. The preceeding list (click here) is arranged according to the sequence in the Regional Overview. All sites have been selected for Data Sheet treatment (see Map 36).

  
SA22.
SA34.
SA35.
SA45.
SA46.

ARGENTINA
Gran Chaco
Altoandina
Anconquija region
Temperate rain forest (Data Sheet mainly on Chile)
Patagonia

  
SA22.
SA23.
SA24.
SA36.

BOLIVIA
Gran Chaco
South-eastern Santa Cruz
Llanos de Mojos region
Madidi-Apolo region

  
SA2.
SA4.
SA5.
SA6.
SA12.
SA13.
SA14.
SA15.
SA16.
SA17.
SA19.
SA20.
SA21.
SA22.

BRAZIL
Pantepui region (Data Sheet mainly on Venezuela)
Transverse Dry Belt
Manaus region
Upper Rio Negro region
Atlantic moist forest of southern Bahia
Tabuleiro forests of northern Espírito Santo
Cabo Frio region
Mountain ranges of Rio de Janeiro
Serra do Japi
Juréia-Itatins Ecological Station
Caatinga of north-eastern Brazil
Espinhaço Range region
Distrito Federal
Gran Chaco

  
SA34.
SA43.
SA44.
SA45.
SA46.

CHILE
Altoandina
Lomas formations of the Atacama Desert
Mediterranean region and La Campana National Park
Temperate rain forest
Patagonia

  
SA6.
SA7.
SA9.
SA25.
SA26.
SA27.
SA28.
SA29.
SA30.
SA39.

COLOMBIA
Upper Rio Negro region
Chiribiquete-Araracuara-Cahuinarí region
Iquitos region
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Sierra Nevada del CocuyGuantiva
Páramo de Sumapaz region
Region of Los Nevados Natural National Park
Colombian Central Massif
Volcanoes of Nariñense Plateau
Colombian Pacific Coast region (Chocó)

  
SA8.
SA30.
SA31.
SA32.
SA38.
SA40.

ECUADOR
Yasuní National Park and Waorani Ethnic Reserve
Volcanoes of Nariñense Plateau
Páramos and Andean forests of Sangay National Park
Huancabamba region
Gran Sumaco and Upper Napo River region
Ecuadorian Pacific Coast mesic forests

  
SA3.

FRENCH GUIANA
Saül region

  
SA2.
SA4.

GUYANA
Pantepui region (Data Sheet mainly on Venezuela)
Transverse dry belt (Data Sheet mainly on Brazil)

  
SA18.
SA22.

PARAGUAY
Mbaracayú Reserve
Gran Chaco

  
SA9.
SA10.
SA11.
SA32.
SA33.
SA37.
SA41.
SA42.

PERU
Iquitos region
Tambopata region
Lowlands of Manu National Park: Cocha Cashu Biological Station
Huancabamba region
Peruvian puna
Eastern slopes of Peruvian Andes
Cerros de Amotape National Park region
Lomas formations

  
SA4.

SURINAM
Transverse dry belt (Data Sheet mainly on Brazil)

  
SA1.
SA2.
SA6.

VENEZUELA
Coastal Cordillera
Pantepui region
Upper Rio Negro region
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