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CPD Site SA25, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia

TABLE 60. ESTIMATES OF FLORISTIC DIVERSITY ON THE SIERRA NEVADA DE SANTA MARTA
(MAINLY NORTHERN SLOPE) BETWEEN 500-4500 m

1. Ten families with largest numbers of species and genera
Family____________ Number
of species
Family __________________ Number
of genera
Asteraceae 156 Poaceae 70
Orchidaceae 87 Leguminosae 30
Leguminosae 68 Poaceae 29
Polypodiaceae s.l. 67 Orchidaceae 28
Melastomataceae 57 Rubiaceae 25
Poaceae 55 Polypodiaceae s.l. 18
Rubiaceae 53 Melastomataceae 15
Solanaceae 51 Solanaceae 11
Piperaceae 41 Solanaceae 11
Bromeliaceae 31 Ericaceae 10

2. Ten genera with the most species
Genus_____________ Number
of species
Family__________________
Solanum 28 Solanaceae
Miconia 27 Melastomataceae
Peperomia 22 Piperaceae
Pleurothallis 21 Orchidaceae
Piper 18 Piperaceae
Tillandsia 16 Bromeliaceae
Ficus 16 Moraceae
Polypodium 15 Polypodiaceae
Diplostephium 12 Asteraceae
Asplenium 12 Polypodiaceae s.l.

3. Families with the most species by life zone
Tropical (550-1100 m) Sub-Andean (1150-2500 m)
Family_____________ Number
of species
Family__________________ Number
of species
Leguminosae 13 Orchidaceae 51
Piperaceae 7 Asteraceae 45
Asteraceae 6 Rubiaceae 39
Melastomataceae 6 Leguminosae 35
Rubiaceae 5 Polypodiaceae s.l. 33
Acanthaceae 4 Melastomataceae 31
Bignoniaceae 4 Solanaceae 31
Poaceae 4 Poaceae 28
Bromeliaceae 3 Piperaceae 24
Solanaceae 3 Bromeliaceae 10

Andean (2500-3300 m)
Páramo (3300-4500 m)
Family_____________ Number
of species
Family__________________ Number
of species
Asteraceae 75 Asteraceae 24
Orchidaceae 29 Poaceae 9
Polypodiaceae s.l. 24 Polypodiaceae s.l. 7
Ericaceae 19 Rosaceae 6
Solanaceae 16 Cyperaceae 5
Bromeliaceae 15 Brassicaceae 4
Scrophulariaceae 14 Melastomataceae 4
Poaceae 13 Orchidaceae 3
Melastomataceae 12 Valerianaceae 3
Rosaceae 12 Gentianaceae 2