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Department ofBotany

No. 102
October 1991

Editor: Jane Villa-Lobos


By Lawrence Hamilton

Serianthes nelsonii, a member of the family Leguminosae, is the only federally endangered tree listed in the Marianas. It is endemic to the southern Mariana Islands, with only one individual on Anderson Air Force Base and approximately 64 trees on the Island of Rota still existing in the wild. There have been a number of plantings on Guam and Saipan. The Marianas Audubon Society in Agana, Guam, has been carrying out activity aimed at recovery of this species. This important effort has met with mixed success. The newsletter of this organization, "Koko's Call", gives periodic reports of the ups and downs of this tree, which read like the old reports of the whooping crane back in the 50's and 60's when there were so few individuals of that species. The April issue of the newsletter reported that one of the planted trees on Guam, which was 12 years old, had died. The tree on the Anderson Air Force base and a cultivated tree at the University of Guam were reported to be in poor shape from insect- pest infestation. The August issue of the newsletter, however, indicates that another tree has been discovered on Anderson Air Force Base about a mile from the other tree. This new tree has a trunk of about 2 feet in diameter, with 13 small seedlings beneath it. It is heavily defoliated, probably due to deer and pig browsing in the area. Hence, the Division of Aquatic and Wildlife Resources is scheduled to fence the area. Anyone interested in obtaining more details on this endangered tree can write to the Marianas Audubon Society, P. O. Box 4425, Agana, Guam 96910.


The International Society for Ecological Economics (ISEE) is concerned with extending and integrating the study and management of 'nature's household" (ecology) and "humanity's household" (economics). This integration is necessary because conceptual and professional isolation have led to economic and environmental policies that are mutually destructive rather than reinforcing in the long term. ISEE publishes a journal, Ecological Economics, now published six times a year, covering specific research areas such as: valuation of natural resources; sustainable agriculture and development; ecologically integrated technology; renewable resource management and conservation, and gene pool inventory and management. It also produces a quarterly newsletter which is not only for ISEE members, but for others interested in encouraging the interface between ecology and economics. The Society also encourages and coordinates curriculum development and training programs. Membership in the Society ranges from full ($40) to student ($7). For more information write: International Society for Ecological Economics, P. O. Box 1589, Solomons, MD 20688.


The Rainforest Action Network has published a guide, Amazonia - Voices from the Rainforest , which list the names, addresses, and program descriptions of rainforest people and their support organizations around the world. Features include: profiles of over 250 international organizations working to save the Amazon; books and films; and maps and photographs. The guide costs $8.50 plus $1.50 shipping/handling ($4.50 overseas). For more information, write: Rainforest Action Network, 301 Broadway, Suite A, San Francisco, CA 94133.

Nature Discovery Press has produced an art poster 24" x 36" on North American endangered wildlife as part of the series which includes marine wildlife, wild cats and birds of prey. It can be purchased for $18.00 ppd. To order, write: Nature Discovery Press, P. O. Box 200, Hull, MA 020454, or call (800) 777-4703.

The Video Project has just released its new 1992 catalog of films and videos which list over 30 new programs for all ages on: energy, endangered species, desert preservation, kids and the environment, health and the environment, toxic waste, religion and nature, nuclear victims, the Gulf War, the human cost of war, human rights, Soviet culture, Latin America and sustainable solutions. The catalog lists over 50 programs which can be purchased or rented. To obtain a catalog, write: The Video Project, 5332 College Ave., Suite 101, Oakland, CA 94618, or call (800) 475-2638.


October 29 - November 2. "Globescope Americas: Charting a Sustainable Future", sponsored by the Global Tomorrow Coalition, will be held at the Omni International Hotel in Miami, Florida. The Global Tomorrow Coalition has organized the conference in alliance with leaders and organizations from Florida and throughout the Americas, to provide a unique opportunity linked to the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Brazil and to foster stronger cross-sectoral leadership on sustainable, humane development throughout the hemisphere. For registration rates and more information, write: Global Coalition Tomorrow, 1325 G Street, N.W., Suite 915, Washington, D.C. 20005-3104, or call (202) 628-4016.

November 3-9. The IV Neotropical Ornithological Congress will be held in Quito, Ecuador, including a symposium on shorebird ecology and conservation in the Western Hemisphere. For more information, contact: Gonzalo Castro, Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network, P. O. Box 936, Manomet, MA 02345; (508) 224-6521.

November 18-29. The Centro de Investigacion Cientifica de Yucatan (CICY) is conducting a workshop on ecophysiology, a tool to approach conservation studies of plant genetic resources, which will be held in Merida, Mexico. The goal of the workshop is to give participants a basic training in plant ecophysiology as a tool to evaluate an ecosystem considering a particular species or a plant community where it is necessary to implement conservation initiatives. Registration is limited to 40 students, who must understand Spanish. For more information, contact: Roger Orellana, Centro de Investigacion Cientifica de Yucatan, Apartado Postal 87, Cordemex 97310, Merida, Yucatan, Mexico.


Anon 1991. National collection of endangered plants. Plant Conservation 6(1): 6-7. (List of 372 plants native to USA which are stored at 20 gardens participating in the Center for Plant Conservation's programs)

Anon. 1991. Rare plant at home in CPC greenhouse. The Sonoran Quarterly 45(1): 16. (Epithelantha bokei, growing in Desert Botanical Garden, Arizona)

Anon 1991. Sierra Madre World Bank "development" or logging project? The Seedhead News 32 & 33: 1-4. (Sierra Madre mountain range, northwest Mexico)

Anderson, K., and Nabhan, G. 1991. Gardeners in Eden. Wilderness 55(194): 27-30. (Native people in USA managing their biodiversity)

Armigerum, D. 1991. The Heuristic of Sociobiology: An Emerging Science of Human Nature. An Annotated Bibliography (1986-1991). Biodiversity Unlimited, Armington, Illinois.

Austin, D. 1991. Ipomoea littoralis (Convolvulaceae) - taxonomy, distribution, and ethnobotany. Econ. Bot. 45(2): 251-256.

Awasthi, A. 1991. Ethnobotanical studies of the Negrito Islanders of Andaman Islands, India - the great Andamanese. Econ. Bot. 45(2): 274-280.

Barnaby, F. 1991. The environmental impact of the Gulf war. Ecologist 21(4): 166-172.

Baskin, Y. 1991. Archaeologist lends a technique to rhino protectors. BioScience 41(8): 532-534. (Tool could be used to track illegally obtained horn)

Bernhart, D., et. al. 1991. Education: conservation in the teaching laboratory - substitution of Xenopus for Rana. BioScience 41(8): 578-580. (Use of amphibians in instruction at colleges)

Bodmer, R. and Ayres, J. 1991. Sustainable development and species diversity in Amazonian forests. Species 16: 22-24. (Reserva Comunal Tamshiyacu-Tahuayo & Estacao Ecologica do Lago Mamiraua, Peru & Brazil)

Booth, W. 1991. U.S. drug firm signs up to farm tropical forests. Washington Post September 21: A3. (Merck & Co. and National Institute of Biodiversity of Costa Rica sign agreement to find ways to exploit forests without destroying them)

Brandt, C. 1991. Conserving traditional Zuni crops. The Seedhead News 32 & 33: 15. (Zuni Indians, New Mexico)

Breunig, R. 1991. DBG strategies for conservation. The Sonoran Quarterly 45(1): 4-5. (Desert Botanical Garden, Arizona)

Briggs, J. 1991. A Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction? BioScience 41: 619-624.

Broad, W. 1991. As Biosphere is sealed, its patron reflects on life. New York Times September 24: C1, C6. (Biosphere II project, Arizona)

Broadus, J. and Vartanov, R. 1991. The oceans and environmental security. Oceanus 34(2): 14-19. (USA and USSR efforts toward protecting the world's oceans)

Brown, C. 1991. An investigation into the decline of the bearded vulture Gypaetus barbatus in Southern Africa. Biol. Conservation 57(3): 315-337.

Bruijnzeel, L. 1991. Hydrological impacts of tropical forest conversion. Nature & Resources 27(2): 36-46.

Brush, S. 1991. A farmer-based approach to conserving crop germplasm. Econ. Bot. 45(2): 153-165.

Callister, D. 1991. Exploitation of the short-tailed shearwater in Tasmania. TRAFFIC Bull. 12(1 & 2): 5-11.

Campbell, W. 1991. A shrimp by no other name... might be extinct. Nature Conservancy 41(4): 6-7. (Conservancy fairy shrimp in vernal pools in California)

Cherrington, M. 1991. Siberia's sacred sea. Wildlife Conservation 94(5): 56-65. (Lake Baikal, world's deepest lake)

Cohen, J., Alcorn, J. and Potter, C. 1991. Utilization and conservation of genetic resources: international projects for sustainable agriculture. Econ. Bot. 45(2): 190-199.

Cohn, J. 1991. Reproductive biotechnology. BioScience 41(9): 595-598. (Methods to aid breeding of endangered species)

Colchester, M. 1991. Guatemala: the clamour for land and the fate of the forests. Ecologist 21(4): 177-185.

Costanza, R. (ed.). 1991. Ecological Economics. The Science and Management of Sustainability. Columbia University Press, Irvington, NY. 525 pp.

Cuddihy, L. and Stone, C. 1990. Alteration of Native Hawaiian Vegetation: Effects of Humans, Their Activities, and Introductions. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 138 pp.

Dodd, K. and Seigel, R. 1991. Relocation, repatriation and translocation of amphibians and reptiles: are they conservation strategies that work? Herpetologica 47(3): 336-349.

Drees, M. and Burns, B. 1991. Seed collection and Native American rights. The Seedhead News 32 & 33: 20.

Eley, T. and Watkins, T. 1991. In a sea of trouble. Wilderness 55(194): 19-26. (Uncertain fate of Pacific salmon)

Elias, S. 1991. Insects and climate change. BioScience 41(8): 552-560. (Fossil evidence from the Rocky Mountains)

Erickson, D. 1991. Secret garden. Cell culture may provide a unique route to taxol. Scientific American 265(4): 121- 122. (Pacific yew, Taxus brevifolia, USA)

Folk, M. and Klimstra, W. 1991. Reproductive performance of female key deer. J. Wildl. Manag. 55(3): 386-390. (Endangered species in Florida Keys)

Gadgil, M. 1991. Restoring India's forest wealth. Nature & Resources 27(2): 12-20.

Gomez-Pompa, A., Whitmore, T. and Hadley, M. (eds.). 1991. Rain Forest Regeneration and Management. The UNESCO Press, Paris. 457 pp.

Goodwin, R. and Thompson, P. 1991. Florida takes steps to make its waterways safer for manatees and boaters. The Florida Naturalist 64(3): 11-12.

Grey-Wilson, C. 1991. Perennial rarities. The Garden 116(6): 312-318. (Rescuing & propagating rare cultivars, United Kingdom)

Halloy, S., Gonzalez, J. and Lavilla, E. 1991. Propuesta de una reserva de flora y fauna autoctonas en el area del Ojos del Salado (Catamarca-Argentina) limites, zonificacion y manejo. Serie Conservacion de la Naturaleza 5: 1-15.

Hinrichsen, D. 1991. Those Danube blues. Int. Wildlife 21(5): 38-47. (Danube River highly polluted)

Jackson, P. 1991. Critical situation for wildlife in India. Species 16: 19-21.

Jacobson, G., Almquist-Jacobson, H. and Winne, J. 1991. Conservation of rare plant habitat: insights from the recent history of vegetation and fire at Crystal Fen, Northern Maine, USA. Biol. Conservation 57(3): 287-314.

Johnson, R. 1991. Down under the canopy: leaf litter from an Australian tropical rain forest sheds light on the nature of ancient fossil forests. Discovery 22(2): 2-9.

Jones, D. and Everding, S. 1991. Australian brush-turkeys in a suburban environment: implications for conflict and conservation. Wildl. Res. 18(3): 285-297. (Threatened by hatchling predation and habitat loss)

Joyce, C. 1991. A crane's eye view of tropical forests. New Scientist 1787: 40-42. (Method to study canopy of tropical forest in Panama)

Lamb, D. 1991. Combining traditional and commercial uses of rain forest. Nature & Resources 27(2): 3-11. (Case studies from the Asia-Pacific region)

Lanly, J.-P., Singh, K. and Janz, K. 1991. FAO's 1990 reassessment of tropical forest cover. Nature & Resources 27(2): 21-26. (Describes general methodology used in the reassessment)

Laurance, W. 1991. Edge effects in tropical forest fragments: application of a model for the design of nature reserves. Biol. Conservation 57(2): 205-220.

Lewis, R. 1991. Access to rare fossils preserved. BioScience 41(9): 599-601. (Petrified Sea Gardens, New York)

Lindenmayer, D., Nix, H., McMahon, J., Hutchinson, M. and Tanton, M. 1991. The conservation of Leadbeater's possum, Gymnobelideus leadbeateri (McCoy): a case study of the use of bioclimatic modelling. J. Biogeogr. 18(4): 371-384. (Australia)

Lipske, M. 1991. Floating in controversy. Nat. Wildlife 29(6): 22-23. (Wetlands protection)

Lisboa, P., Maciel, U. and Prance, G. 1991. Some effects of colonization on the tropical flora of Amazonia: a case study from Rondonia. Kew Bull. 46(2): 187-204. (Brazil)

Louisse, C. and van der Meulen, F. 1991. Future coastal defence in the Netherlands: strategies for protection and sustainable development. J. Coastal Research 7(4): 1027- 1042.

Lugo, A. 1991. Cities in the sustainable development of tropical landscapes. Nature & Resources 27(2): 27-35.

McIntosh, P. 1991. National Wildlife Federation improving its own environmental quality. Nat. Wildlife 29(6): 29-32. (Plan to cut pollution and save money and resources)

Meads, M. 1990. Forgotten Fauna: The Rare, Endangered, and Protected Invertebrates of New Zealand. DSIR Publishing, Wellington, New Zealand. 95 pp.

Messel, H. 1991. Sustainable utilization: a program that conserves many crocodiles. Species 16: 30-32.

Milius, S. and et al. 1991. People who make a difference. Nat. Wildlife 29(6): 40-46. (Americans taking steps to safeguard wildlife and the environment)

Milliken, T., Martin, E.B. and Nowell, K. 1991. Rhino horn trade controls in East Asia. TRAFFIC Bull. 12(1 & 2): 17- 21.

Mitchell, B. and Barborak, J. 1991. Developing coastal park systems in the tropics: planning in the Turks and Caicos Islands. Coastal Management 19: 113-134.

Mwalyosi, R. 1991. Ecological evaluation for wildlife corridors and buffer zones for Lake Manyara National Park, Tanzania, and its immediate environment. Biol. Conservation 57(2): 171-186.

Myers, N. 1991. Trees by the billions; a blueprint for cooling. Int. Wildlife 21(5): 12-15. (Tree planting program in the tropics helps slow global warming)

Nelson, D. and Harper, K. 1991. Site characteristics and habitat requirements of the endangered dwarf bear-claw poppy (Arctomecon humilis Coville, Papaveraceae). Great Basin Naturalist 51(2): 167-175. (Utah)

Newton, P. 1991. The use of medicinal plants by primates: a missing link? Trends in Ecology & Evolution 6(9): 297-299.

Nobbe, G. 1991. Hard times, hard choices. Wildlife Conservation 94(5): 38-47, 92-93. (Alaska's Kodiak Island natives face financial ruin and contemplate selling the land, which could destroy prime wildlife habitat)

Norris, M. 1991. P. G. church will spare part of rare forest from its ax. Washington Post (Metro Sect.) September 26: 1. (Belt Woods, Prince Georges County, Maryland)

Norse, E. 1991. Conserving the neglected 71%: marine biological diversity. Species 16: 16-18. (Conclusions of a workshop held in Washington, D.C.)

O'Connor, T. 1991. Local extinction in perennial grasslands: a life-history approach. Am. Naturalist 137(6): 753-773. (South Africa)

Orians, G., Brown, G., Kunin, W. and Swierzbinski, J. (Eds.). 1991. The Preservation and Valuation of Biological Resources. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. 314 pp.

Padoch, C. and de Jong, W. 1991. The house gardens of Santa Rosa: diversity and variability in an Amazonian agricultural system. Econ. Bot. 45(2): 166-175.

Palomares, F., Rodriquez, A., Laffitte, R. and Delibes, M. 1991. The status and distribution of the Iberian lynx Felis pardina Temminck in Coto Donana area, SW Spain. Biol. Conservation 57(2): 159-169. (Endangered European carnivore)

Pittam, S. 1991. The Rare Lichens Project. A progress report. Evansia 8(2): 45-47.

Pulich, W. and White, W. 1991. Decline of submerged vegetation in the Galveston Bay system: chronology and relationships to physical processes. J. Coastal Research 7(4): 1125-1138.

Reinert, H. 1991. Translocation as a conservation strategy for amphibians and reptiles: some comments, concerns, and observations. Herpetologica 47(3): 357-363.

Risser, P., Lubchenco, and Levin, S. 1991. Biological research priorities - a sustainable biosphere. BioScience 41: 625-627.

Roca, R. and Gutierrez, P. 1991. Fine feathered foresters. Wildlife Conservation 94(5): 78-87. (Oilbirds of Guacharo Cave, Guachara National Park, Venezuela)

Sanchez, M.R. 1991. La importancia del uso de Leguminosas silvestres en el sistema de labranza de conservacion (Contribucion del INIFAP-Jalisco al proyecto sistema de labranza de conservacion). Macpalxochitl 126: 10-12.

Soleri, D. and Cleveland, D. 1991. Saving seeds for the future. The Seedhead News 32 & 33: 16-18.

Standley, L. and Dudley, J. 1991. Vegetative and sexual reproduction in the rare sedge, Carex polymorpha (Cyperaceae). Rhodora 93(875): 268-290.

Stevens, W. 1991. Costa Rica in pact to search for forest drugs. New York Times September 23: A1. (Agreement between Merck & Co. and National Institute of Biodiversity of Costa Rica)

Stewart, S. 1991. Biosphere 2's great venture ready to begin. USA Today September 25: A1-A2. (Biosphere II project, Arizona)

Stiak, J. 1991. This could happen to yew. Buzzworm 3(5): 90. (Pacific yew yields taxol which destroys cancer cells)

Stolzenburg, W. 1991. The fragmented connection. Nature Conservancy 41(4): 18-25. (Wildlife corridors)

Studds, G. 1991. Preserving biodiversity. BioScience 41(9): 602. (National Biodiversity Conservation Act)

Sunquist, F. 1991. Walking tall, talking tough. Int. Wildlife 21(5): 24-28. (Wildlife warden in India's Nagarahole Nat. Park)

Torrance, D. 1991. Deep ecology: rescuing Florida's reefs. Nature Conservancy 41(4): 8-17.

Tuoc, D. and Santiapillai, C. 1991. The status of elephants in Vietnam. Species 16: 25-27.

Turner, T. 1991. Ground: zero. The American military vs. the American land. Wilderness 55(194): 10-15, 31-33, 36.

U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1990. Report to Congress; Endangered and Threatened Species Recovery Program. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C. 406 pp.

Udall, J. 1991. Launching the natural ark. Sierra 76(5): 80-89.

Viola, H. and Margolis, C. (eds.). 1991. Seeds of Change. A Quincentennial Commemoration. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 278 pp.

Walker, D. 1991. Restoring the Oklawaha River: the Sunnyhill farm project. The Florida Naturalist 64(3): 6-8. (St. Johns River water management district, Florida)

Weishampel, J.F. 1990. Maintaining genetic variation in a one-way, two island model. J. Wildl. Manag. 54: 676-682.

Wille, C. 1991. Race to save a green giant. Nat. Wildlife 29(6): 24-28. (Costa Rica's imperiled green sea turtle)

Williams, M. and Blackwell, E. 1991. Wetlands: A Threatened Landscape. Institute of British Geographers, London, England. 419 pp.

Wiser, S. 1991. Saving rare plants in the Appalachians. Plant Conservation 6(1): 2-3.

Yokoi, K. and Milliken, T. 1991. Trade in wild-collected slipper orchids in Japan. TRAFFIC Bull. 12(1 & 2): 12-16. (Paphiopedilum)

Zilanov, V. 1991. Living marine resources. Oceanus 34(2): 29-34.

Zimmerer, K. and Douches, D. 1991. Geographical approaches to crop conservation: the partitioning of genetic diversity in Andean potatoes. Econ. Bot. 45(2): 176-189.

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