Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Website Search Box

Department ofBotany

No. 109
May 1992

Editor: Jane Villa-Lobos


SIMBIOTA, a non-profit organization composed of graduate students at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, offers two services to assist Latin American field-oriented biologists and conservationists (professional, amateur or student) in gaining funds for their own projects in Latin America. The first service is to help locate possible granting organizations by providing an annotated list of potential funding sources. Most of these are larger North American or European organizations that consider applications from Latin America. The list is published in Potential Funding Sources for Neotropical Field Biologists and Conservationists available by writing SIMBIOTA. The second service is to aid in writing proposals, by offering a brief paper with tips on proposal writing and a review service for draft proposals. The aim of the review is to provide editorial suggestions. Manuscripts are initially read for structure and grammar. They are then passed along to a volunteer faculty reviewer in the appropriate discipline for more specific scientific comment. Drafts are finally returned to the authors for revision and/or submission. For more information, write: Dr. Conrad Vispo, c/o Dept. of Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, U.S.A.


A symposium/workshop focussed on the hydrological and biological functions and importance of mountain cloud forests is being proposed for April 4-8, 1993. A state-of-knowledge synthesis will be attempted, the threats to these valuable ecosystems will be assessed and a program to protect them will be proposed. Scientists working in mountain cloud forests who have a broad interest in their conservation, plus managers of these ecosystems are invited to apply for participation. Numbers must be limited in order to have effective working groups.

The meeting will be held on the island of Hawaii and is being organized by the East-West Center, Environment and Policy Institute. Co-sponsors at this time are the IUCN Tropical Forests and Mountain Programmes and the University of Hawaii in Hilo. Other co-sponsors with funding are being sought. The International Mountain Society is a collaborating institution. Scientists and managers from tropical developing countries are especially urged to apply. Cloud forests, for the purpose of this meeting, will include all variations and local names such as bosques de ceja, elfin and mossy forests, gebirgs-nebelwald, foret nepheliphile, selva nublada and others where persistent, wind-driven cloud or fog yields a function of occult water capture. Send expressions of interest and a brief summary of your cloud forest work to: Dr. Lawrence S. Hamilton, EAPI, East-West Center, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu, Hawaii 96848, U.S.A.


Four beautifully detailed rainforest posters by renowned nature artist Earl Bateman have been commissioned by the Jane Goodall Institute for Wildlife Research, Education and Conservation. The four full-color posters: the Neotropical Rainforest, the Northwest Coast Rainforest, the African Rainforest and the Southeast Asia Rainforest are three- dimensional and glow in the dark. Each measures 24 x 36 inches and includes a 16-page booklet. They are available for $11.95 each ($43.00 per set of four) from Celestial Arts, P.O. Box 7327, Berkeley, CA 94707; Tel: 1 (800) 841-2665.


The Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network seeks two individuals with senior management and environmental backgrounds. One is needed to work in Latin America on a major wetlands initiative. Desirable skills include familiarity with wetlands and environmental issues in Latin America, of local governments and NGO's, and substantial management and network-building skills. Spanish-English written and oral ability essential; past residence in Latin America desirable. The other position is to work in North America focussing on integration of non-game birds into the North American Plan and related initiatives. Inquiries/resumes should be submitted to: Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network, c/o Manomet Bird Observatory, P.O. Box 1770, Manomet, MA 02345, U.S.A.

The Rainforest Alliance is seeking a Medicinal Plant Project Director to plan, coordinate and implement its Periwinkle Project. The Periwinkle Project promotes and supports the sustainable utilization of medicinal plants in ways that benefit tropical forest conservation and local communities. The Project Director will report to the Executive Director and will supervise the project associate, consultants and interns. Primary responsibilities will include: 1) develop, manage and oversee project research activities, field collaborations, medicinal plant fellowships and grants, and project public information and outreach; 2) actively collaborate with other Rainforest Alliance project directors on program development and organization-wide initiatives; 3) oversee Rainforest Alliance programs and collaborations with conservation and development institutions, in the areas of medicinal plants, biodiversity and forest genetic resources; 4) develop and implement long and short-term project plans; 5) in conjunction with development staff, write project proposals and oversee project fundraising efforts; 6) in conjunction with administrative staff, develop and manage project budgets; and 7) provide regular reports of project activities to the Executive Director and the Board of Directors. Qualifications: Minimum four years experience in tropical conservation or development. Preferred background in forest products, particularly medicinal plants. Graduate degree in anthropology, botany, forestry or related field, with extensive field experience. Knowledge of Spanish and Portuguese.

To apply, send resume and cover letter to: Rainforest Alliance, c/o Personnel, 270 Lafayette Street, Suite 512, New York, NY 10012; Tel: (212) 941-1900; Fax: (212) 941-4986.


Anon. 1992. Conservationist action alert for Chincoteague Refuge. Audubon Naturalist News 18(3): 19. (Maryland)

Anon. 1992. Endangered Species Act: and ESU bibliography. Endangered Species Update 9(3): 7.

Anon. 1992. Fertile barrens. Nature Conservancy 42(3): 30. (Rare prairie smoke, Geum triflorum, New York)

Anon. 1992. Wetlands study identifies impacts of government proposal. Focus 14(2): 5. ("How Wet is a Wetland" report, USA)

Anon. 1992. WWF launches innovative environmental education program nationwide. Focus 14(2): 1,6.

Anon. 1992. WWF's Marine Initiative: protecting the Earth's coasts and oceans. Focus 14(2): 3.

Abate, T. 1992. Into the northern Philippines rainforest. BioScience 42(4): 246-251. (Palanan wilderness)

Allen, W. 1992. Increased dangers to Caribbean marine ecosystems. BioScience 42(5): 330-335.

Anderson, A. (Ed) 1992. Alternatives to Deforestation. Steps Toward Sustainable Use of the Amazon Rain Forest. Columbia University Press, Irvington, New York. 281 pp.

Armstrong, W. 1992. Mudmidgets in California. Fremontia 20(2): 15-21. (Wolffiella, rare species)

Aylward, B. and Barbier, E. 1992. Valuing environmental functions in developing countries. Biodiversity and Conservation 1(1): 34-50.

Balick, M. and Mendelsohn, R. 1992. Assessing the economic value of traditional medicines from tropical rain forests. Cons. Biology 6(1): 128-130.

Bangs, R. 1992. Lemurs in the midst. Wildlife Conservation 95(3): 22-33. (Madagascar)

Benjamin, S. and Sutter, R. 1992. Management of an endangered pitcher plant. Nat. Areas J. 12(2): 107. (Sarracenia jonesii)

Braude, S. 1992. Elephant and rhinoceros conservation in Kenya. Endangered Species Update 9(3): 1-4.

Bright, C. 1992. Who's running America's forests? Wildlife Conservation 95(3): 62-67. (Conifer forest, Pacific Northwest, USA)

Brothers, T. and Spingarn, A. 1992. Forest fragmentation and alien plant invasion of central Indiana old-growth forests. Cons. Biology 6(1): 91-100.

Brown, D. 1992. Arizona's pronghorn challenge. Defenders 67(2): 24-34. (Rare animal of Sonoran Desert)

Carey, J. 1992. Will saving people save our planet? Int. Wildlife 22(3): 12-23. (Earth Summit)

Costanza, R. and Daly, H. 1992. Natural capital and sustainable development. Cons. Biology 6(1): 37-46.

Cox, P. and Banack, S. (Eds.) 1991. Islands, Plants, and Polynesians. An Introduction to Polynesian Ethnobotany. Dioscorides Press, Portland, Oregon. 228 pp.

Dethier, M. 1992. Classifying marine and estuarine natural communities: an alternative to the Cowardin System. Nat. Areas J. 12(2): 90-100.

Devall, M. and Ramp, P. 1992. U.S. Forest Service research natural areas and protection of old growth in the South. Nat. Areas J. 12(2): 75-85.

Dirzo, R. and Garcia, M. 1992. Rates of deforestation in Los Tuxtlas, a neotropical area in southeast Mexico. Cons. Biology 6(1): 84-90.

Dobson, A. and Poole, J. 1992. Ivory: why the ban must stay! Cons. Biology 6(1): 149-150.

Dold, C. 1992. Tropical forest found more vulnerable for medicine than other uses. New York Times (The Environment) April 28: C4.

Dorr, L. 1991. Plants in peril, 16. Baudouinia rouxevillei. Kew Magazine 8(4): 197-202. (Madagascar)

Ehrenfeld, D. 1992. The business of conservation. Cons. Biology 6(1): 1-3.

Esteva, G. and Prakash, M. 1992. Grassroots resistance to sustainable development. The Ecologist 22(2): 45-51. (Narmada Valley Project)

Evans, D. 1992. A History of Nature Conservation in Britain. Routledge, UK. 274 pp.

Glenn, S. and Collins, S. 1992. Effects of scale and disturbance on rates of immigration and extinction of species in prairies. Oikos 63(2): 273-280.

Gomez-Pompa, A. and Kaus, A. 1992. Taming the wilderness myth. BioScience 42(4): 271-279. (Environmental policy & education)

Haring, D. 1992. The delicate leaf-eaters of Duke. Wildlife Conservation 95(3): 34-37. (Madagascar lemurs in North Carolina)

Junod, T. 1992. Tree of hope. Life Magazine 15(5): 71-76. (Taxus brevifolia)

Kates, R. and Haarmann, V. 1992. Where the poor live: are the assumptions correct? Environment 34(4): 4-11.

Kattan, G. 1992. Rarity and vulnerability: the birds of the Cordillera Central of Colombia. Cons. Biology 6(1): 64-70.

Kinnaird, M. 1992. Competition for a forest palm: use of Phoenix reclinata by human and nonhuman primates. Cons. Biology 6(1): 101-107.

Kleiman, D. 1992. Bamboo bears. Zoogoer 21(2): 6-12. (Giant pandas)

Lemos de Sa, R. 1992. A view of hydroelectric dams in the Amazon, with emphasis on the Samuel Dam, Rondonia. Trop. Conservation & Development Program Newsletter 25: 1-4. (Brazil)

Lesica, P. and Allendorf, F. 1992. Are small populations of plants worth preserving? Cons. Biology 6(1): 135-139.

Levy, M., Haas, P. and Keohane, R. 1992. Institutions for the Earth: promoting international environmental protection. Environment 34(4): 12-17.

Marcot, B. 1992. Conservation of Indian forests. Cons. Biology 6(1): 12-17.

Master, L. 1992. Heritage data center network takes migratory birds under wing. Biodiversity Network News 5(1): 1-3, 6.

Maunder, M. 1992. Plant reintroduction: an overview. Biodiversity and Conservation 1(1): 51-61.

McNeely, J. 1992. The sinking ark: pollution and the worldwide loss of biodiversity. Biodiversity and Conservation 1(1): 2-18.

Miller, S., Bratton, S. and Hadidian, J. 1992. Impacts of white-tailed deer on endangered and threatened vascular plants. Nat. Areas J. 12(2): 67-74.

Mills, J. 1992. Milking the bear trade. Int. Wildlife 22(3): 38-45. (Asian trade in bears and bear parts)

Mirsky, S. 1992. It has to be yew. Wildlife Conservation 95(3): 6. (Taxus brevifolia)

Murphy, D. 1992. Scientists and ESA reauthorization. End. Species Update 9(4): 10. (U.S. Endangered Species Act)

Nickens, E. 1992. Meet red-cockaded woodpecker. Wildlife Conservation 95(3): 68-71. (Florida)

O'Byrne, J. 1992. Turnabout for the Louisiana bear. Defenders 67(2): 10-21. (Threatened subspecies)

O'Connell, J. 1992. Response to: "Six biological reasons why the Endangered Species Act doesn't work and what to do about it". Cons. Biology 6(1): 140-143.

Obata, J. 1991. Gouania vitifolia - rediscovered! Newsletter of Hawaiian Bot. Soc. 30(1): 7. (Published March 1992)

Oberbauer, T. 1992. Vegetation of northwestern Baja California. Fremontia 20(2): 3-10. (Rare plants)

Oostermeijer, J., DenNijs, J., Raijmann, L. and Menken, S. 1992. Population biology and management of the marsh gentian (Gentiana pseumonanthe L.), a rare species in the Netherlands. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 108(2): 117-130.

Pearce, F. 1992. First aid for the Amazon. New Scientist 1814: 42-46.

Pearce, F. 1992. Race to save Guyana's rainforests. New Scientist 1813: 15.

Perrins, C., Lebreton, J.-D. and Hirons, G.(Eds.) 1991. Bird Population Studies: Relevance to Conservation Management. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. 683 pp.

Peters, R. and Lovejoy, T. (Eds.) 1992. Global Warming and Biological Diversity. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut. 552 pp.

Pimentel, D., et al. 1992. Conserving biological diversity in agricultural/forestry systems. BioScience 42(5): 354-362.

Preston, J. 1992. Deforestation of Amazon slowing. Washington Post March 28: A16. (Brazil)

Roberts, M. 1992. The fire cat. Zoogoer 21(2): 13-18. (Red panda)

Robinson, M. 1992. Preserving biological diversity. The challenge to conservation. Perspectives in Primate Biology 4: 1-7.

Rose, D. 1992. Free trade and wildlife trade. Cons. Biology 6(1): 148.

Shute, N. 1992. The lab sleuths who help solve crimes against wild animals. Smithsonian 22(12): 40-49. (National Fish & Wildlife Forensics Laboratory, Ashland, Oregon)

Speart, J. 1992. What's wildlife worth? Wildlife Conservation 95(3): 44-47. (Wildlife trade)

Stolzenburg, W. 1992. Silent sirens. Nature Conservancy 42(3): 8-13. (Prairie restoration project at Nachusa Grasslands Preserve, Illinois)

Stutz, B. 1992. The Delaware: portrait of a river. Nature Conservancy 42(3): 14-21. (Campaign to preserve the Delaware Watershed)

Sunquist, F. 1992. Cheetahs-closer than kissing cousins. Wildlife Conservation 95(3): 38-43.

Temple, S. 1992. Conservation biologists and wildlife managers getting together. Cons. Biology 6(1): 4-5.

Thiollay, J.-M. 1992. Influence of selective logging on bird species diversity in a Guianan rain forest. Cons. Biology 6(1): 47-63.

Thomas, L. and Willson, G. 1992. Effects of experimental tramping on the Federally endangered species Lesquerella filiformis Rollins at Wilson's Creek National Battlefield, Missouri. Nat. Areas J. 12(2): 101-105.

Tickell, O. 1992. Death by design. BBC Wildlife 10(5): 28-33. (Brazilian mahogany trade for furniture)

Tudge, C. 1992. Woolly & wild. Wildlife Conservation 95(3): 56-61, 81. (Woolly monkeys, Brazil)

Usher, M., Crawford, T. and Banwell, J. 1992. An American invasion of Great Britain: the case of the native and alien squirrel (Sciurus) species. Cons. Biology 6(1): 108- 115.

Veblen, T., Mermoz, M., Martin, C. and Kitzberger, T. 1992. Ecological impacts of introduced animals in Nahuel Huapi National Park, Argentina. Cons. Biology 6(1): 71-83.

Volkman, J. 1992. Making room in the ark: the Endangered Species Act and the Columbia River Basin. Environment 34(4): 18-20.

Ward, G. 1992. India's wildlife dilemma. Nat. Geographic 181(5): 2-29.

Weir, J. 1992. The sweetwater rattlesnake round-up: a case study in environmental ethics. Cons. Biology 6(1): 116- 127.

West, P. and Brechin, S. (Eds.) 1991. Resident Peoples and National Parks: Social Dilemmas and Strategies in International Conservation. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona. 443 pp.

Whittemore, H. 1992. "I fight for the future". Parade Magazine April 12: 4-7. (Kayapo Indians, Brazil strive to save Amazon rainforest)

Williams, C.W. and Weiboldt, T. 1992. Recovery of the endangered Peters Mountain mallow, Iliamna corei. Nat. Areas J. 12(2): 106 - 107. (Virginia)

Williams, C., Ralley, J. and Taylor, D. 1992. Consumption of seeds of the invasive amur honeysuckle, Lonicera mackii (Rupr.) Maxim., by small mammals. Nat. Areas J. 12(2): 86- 89.

Williams III, H. 1992. Banking on the future. Nature Conservancy 42(3): 22-27. (Debt-for-nature-swaps)

Williams, J., Lichatowich, J. and Nehlsen, W. 1992. Declining salmon and steelhead populations: new endangered species concerns for the West. End. Species Update 9(4): 1-8.

Witte, J. 1992. Deforestation in Zaire. The Ecologist 22(2): 58-64.

Wold, C. 1992. Remembering elephants at CITES. Endangered Species Update 9(3): 6.

Yoon, C. 1992. Rare bird illuminates bitter dilemma. New York Times (Science Times) April 28: C1, C10. (Bulo Burti boubou, rare shrike of Somalia)

Ziewitz, J., Sidle, J. and Dinan, J. 1992. Habitat conservation for nesting least terns and piping plovers on the Platte River, Nebraska. The Prairie Naturalist 24(1): 1- 20.

[ TOP ]