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Department ofBotany

No. 111
July 1992

Editor: Jane Villa-Lobos


The Agriculture Division in the Asia Technical Department (ASTAG) of the World Bank is establishing a forestry network that would support technical improvements and identify new solutions for the benefit of client countries. New policies, adopted in 1992, commit the World Bank to giving greater emphasis to effective management and to forest conservation, both through its own work and through international co-operation.

The forests in Asia are dwindling at an alarming rate. One- third of the region is covered with forest. But it is estimated that at current rates, half the original 725 million hectares will be gone by the turn of the century. Forests are destroyed primarily for farming, firewood, fodder and commercial logging. Population and income growth are also contributing factors. Research in forestry management has been insignificant compared to that in agriculture. However, with the increased emphasis on non-wood products, the environmental value of forests needs to be addressed and policies developed.

The Bank's East and South Asia regions have developed a forest sector strategy that would support the design of better targeted projects and the more effective use of technologies, expertise and funds to increase productivity of forest resources within a general framework of forest conservation. A paper identifying major issues and constraints in the sector, and proposed improved practices in technological advancement to support the growth of regional forestry, has been published. For more information on the forestry network and the strategy, write: Mr. R. Grimshaw, F-3059, Attn: Forestry Network, ASTAG, Asia Technical Department, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433. NEW BIORESOURCES CENTER

The University of California, Berkeley, Forest Products Laboratory has announced the creation of a Bioresources Research Center to address regional and global bioresource issues. Within the College of Natural Resources, the new Center will coordinate research programs and sponsor educational events on forest bioresources issues. With the support of a National Cancer Institute grant and in-kind contributions from the Forest Products Laboratory, the new Center will co-sponsor an international conference on bioresources for research on cancer. The conference will address ways of conserving yew populations to ensure sustainable development of taxol, an experimental anti- cancer agent in short supply. For more information, contact Mr. Stanley Scher, (510) 231-9456.


The American Forestry Association's Forest Policy Center has released a report on the management implications of using the bark of the Pacific yew to produce taxol, a chemical shown to be highly effective against ovarian cancer. The yew story is an example of the value of managing forest ecosystems to protect biodiversity even if an animal or plant species has no current commercial value. For a copy of the report, send $5 to Forest Policy Center, American Forestry Association, P. O. Box 2000, Washington, DC 20013.

Excerpts from a forum marking the occasion of the inauguration of the Colorado State University Chapter of Conservation Biology, is presented in a 40-minute video, Conservation Biology and Natural Resources Management: Seeking Common Ground and New Directions . Dr. Thomas Lovejoy and Dr. Stanley Temple address topics such as the origin and recent history of conservation biology, the relationship of conservation biology with traditional natural resources disciplines, and the role of students and professionals as advocates. The video will be valuable to undergraduate classes, organizations, agencies, and universities interested in forming chapters of conservation biology, and with diverse groups concerned with the maintenance of biological diversity. Copies are available for $10. Please send check, made payable to Colorado State University, to: Dr. Richard Knight, Dept. of Fishery & Wildlife Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523.


August 9-13. The Ecological Society of America's Annual Meeting will be held in conjunction with the American Institute of Biological Sciences in Honolulu, Hawaii. The theme of this year's meeting will be "Voyagers" with discussions centering on the effects of bringing alien cultures and organisms into contact with one another. In addition to papers addressing island ecology, a broad range of ecological research will be presented, such as livestock grazing in the West, land resource management, climate change, ecology and conservation in Hawaii, and restoration ecology. For further information, contact The Ecological Society of America, 2010 Massachusetts Ave., N.W., Suite 420, Washington, DC; Tel: (202) 833-8773; Fax (202) 833- 9775.

September 23-24. The National Cancer Institute is sponsoring the Second Workshop on Taxol and Taxus , to be held in Bethesda, Maryland. For more information contact: Matthew Suffness, (301) 496-8783; Gordon Cragg, (301) 846-5357; Saul Schepartz, (301) 496-8720.


Anon. 1992. Conservation-minimizing lead poisoning in waterfowl. Wingspan March: 6-7. (Australia)

Anon. 1992. Developing countries the focus of new FAO initiative to protect animal genetic diversity. DIVERSITY 8(1): 5.

Anon. 1992. Essential buffer to be added to Wetipquin Pond Preserve. The Nature Conservancy Maryland 16(2): 1. (Delmarva Peninsula)

Anon. 1992. European farming changes threaten birds. Wingspan March: 7-8. (Australia)

Anon. 1992. Lack of funds cripples Brazil's park system. Focus 14(3): 6.

Anon. 1992. Long-awaited Global Biodiversity Strategy released. DIVERSITY 8(1): 19-21.

Anon. 1992. New Asian-U.S. Environmental Partnership will establish biodiversity network. DIVERSITY 8(1): 7.

Anon. 1992. Political concerns thwart discussion at CITES meeting. Focus 14(3): 1,6.

Anon. 1992. Project benefits local people. Focus 14(3): 3. (Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, Brazil)

Anon. 1992. Saving the hyacinth macaw. Focus 14(3): 4. (Pantanal, Brazil)

Anon. 1992. Stronger Endangered Species Act could provide a U.S. biodiversity policy, says WRI study. DIVERSITY 8(1): 24. (The United States Needs a National Biodiversity Policy)

Anon. 1992. With research, little known tree species could play a bigger role in tropical forest conservation. The Canopy Spring: 6. (Rain Forest Alliance's tropical timber project)

Anon. 1992. WWF works to conserve Mount Kilum forests. Focus 14(3): 5. (Cameroon)

Acharya, R. 1992. Biopolicy International #4: Intellectual Property, Biotechnology and Trade: The Impact of the Uruguay Round on Biodiversity. Acts Press, Maastricht, The Netherlands. 27 pp.

Aplet, G., Laven, R. and Fiedler, P. 1992. The relevance of conservation biology to natural resource management. Cons. Biology 6(2): 298-300.

Bartgis, R. 1992. The endangered sedge Scirpus ancistrochaetus and the flora of sinkhole ponds in Maryland and West Virginia. Castanea 57(1): 46-51.

Bellamy, R. 1992. Root causes. Green Magazine 3(7): 16-21. (Tropical deforestation)

Brussard, P., Murphy, D. and Noss, R. 1992. Strategy and tactics for conserving biological diversity in the United States. Cons. Biology 6(2): 157-159.

Budin, K. 1992. The USSR potato collection: its genetic potential and value for plant breeding. DIVERSITY 8(1): 12-13.

Buttel, F. 1992. The "environmentalization " of plant genetic resources: possible benefits, possible risks. DIVERSITY 8(1): 36-39.

Cantwell, C. 1992. CITES turns to timber. Understory 2(2): 1, 5. (Journal of the Woodworkers Alliance for Rainforest Protection)

Carey, A., Horton, S. and Biswell, B. 1992. Northern spotted owls: influence of prey base and landscape character. Ecol. Monographs 62(2): 223-250.

Chiras, D. 1992. Lessons from Nature. Learning to Live Sustainably on the Earth. Island Press, Covelo, California. 276 pp.

Coordinadora Extremena de Proteccion Ambiental. 1992. Dealing with disparity: European structural funds in South West Spain. The Ecologist 22(3): 91-96. (Area threatened by development)

DeBlieu, J. 1992. Could the red wolf be a mutt? New York Times Magazine June 14: 30-31, 42, 44, 46. (Genetic research)

Douglas, I., Spencer, T., Greer, T., Bidin, K., Sinun, W. and Meng, W. 1992. The impact of selective commercial logging on stream hydrology, chemistry and sediment loads in the Ulu Segama rain forest, Sabah, Malaysia. Royal Soc. Philosophical Trans. Biol. Sciences 335(1275): 397-406.

Doyle, J. 1992. Hold the applause: a case study of corporate environmentalism. The Ecologist 22(3): 84-90. (DuPont, U.S. corporate pollutor)

Duffy, D. and Meier, A. 1992. Do Appalachian herbaceous understories ever recover from clearcutting? Cons. Biology 6(2): 196-201.

Eldredge, M. 1992. What is the future of Florida's coral reefs? Sanctuary Currents Spring: 1-2.

Frazer, N. 1992. Sea turtle conservation and halfway technology. Cons. Biology 6(2): 179-184.

Gotmark, F. and Nilsson, C. 1992. Criteria used for protection of natural areas in Sweden 1909-1986. Cons. Biology 6(2): 220-231.

Greene, B. 1992. Brazil wants to bar trade in rosewood. Woodshop News 6(4): 11.

Greene, B. 1992. Mahogany prices stable despite regulation threat. Woodshop News 6(5): T28.

Greene, B. 1992. Plan to regulate mahogany withdrawn. Woodshop News 6(6): 21.

Harrison, R. 1992. Toward a theory of inter-refuge corridor design. Cons. Biology 6(2): 293-295.

Holloway, J., Kirk-Spriggs, A. and Khen, C. 1992. The response of some rain forest insect groups to logging and conversion to plantation. Royal Soc. Philosophical Trans. Biol. Sciences 335(1275): 425-436.

IUCN, United Nations Environment Programme and World Wide Fund for Nature. 1992. Caring for the Earth. A Strategy for Sustainable Living. Earthscan Publications, London, England. 200 pp.

Jukofsky, D. and Wille, C. 1992. Scientists and birdwatchers from Canada to Colombia join in urgent campaign to prevent a silent spring. The Canopy Spring: 4. (Partners in Flight, migratory bird conservation)

Kane, H. and Starke, L. 1992. Time for Change. A New Approach to Environment and Development. Island Press, Covelo, California. 150 pp. (Guidebook prepared by the U.S. Citizens Network on UNCED)

Kushlan, J. 1992. Population biology and conservation of colonial wading birds. Colonial Water Birds 15(1): 1-7.

Landis, S. 1992. Bigleaf mahogany falls. U.S. drops CITES proposal. Understory 2(2): 4-5. (Journal of the Woodworkers Alliance for Rainforest Protection)

Leslie Jr., D. and Tissescu, A. 1992. Beyond the Danube Delta: forest conservation and research opportunities in Romania. Cons. Biology 6(2): 165-169.

Lewis, D. 1992. Stumped for cash. Green Magazine 3(7): 12-15. (Debt-for-nature swaps)

Ley, A. 1992. Regent honeycreeper: on the brink? Wingspan March: 1-2. (Australia)

Listman, G. and Pineda Estrada, F. 1992. Mexican prize for the giant maize of Jala source of community pride and genetic resources conservation. DIVERSITY 8(1): 14-15. (Maize de humedo, Nayarit, Mexico)

Mahony, R. 1992. Debt-for-nature swaps: who really benefits? The Ecologist 22(3): 97-103.

Marshall, G. and Bellamy, R. 1992. Rainforest crunch? Green Magazine 3(7): 24-29. (Economics of tropical forests)

McCartney, C. 1992. Orchids of south Florida's pine rocklands. Fairchild Trop. Garden 47(2): 12-32. (Area of endemism and endangered species under threat)

Morton, S. and Pickup, G. 1992. Sustainable land management in arid Australia. Search 23(2): 66-68.

Nilsson, C. and Gotmark, F. 1992. Protected areas in Sweden: is natural variety adequately represented? Cons. Biology 6(2): 232-242.

Orr, D. 1992. Education and the ecological design arts. Cons. Biology 6(2): 162-164.

Peet, J. 1992. Energy and the Ecological Economics of Sustainability. Island Press, Covelo, California. 300 pp.

Peluso, N. 1992. The ironwood problem: (mis)management and development of an extractive rainforest product. Cons. Biology 6(2): 210-219.

Pennell Jr., A., Molinaro, J. and Choi, P. (Eds.) 1992. Business and the Environment. A Resource Guide. Island Press, Covelo, California. 375 pp.

Pfister, C., Harrington, B. and Lavine, M. 1992. The impact of human disturbance on shorebirds at a migration staging area. Biol. Conservation 60(2): 115-126.

Pleumarom, A. 1992. Course and effect: golf tourism in Thailand. The Ecologist 22(3): 104-112.

Plotkin, M. and Famolare, L. (Eds.) 1992. Sustainable Harvest and Marketing of Rain Forest Products. Island Press, Covelo, California. 288 pp.

Podolski, R. and Kress, S. 1992. Attraction of the endangered dark-rumped petrel to recorded vocalization in the Galapagos Islands. Condor 94(2): 448-453.

Propst, D., Stefferund, J. and Turner, P. 1992. Conservation and status of Gila trout. Southwestern Naturalist 37(2): 117-125.

Ramphal, S. 1992. Our Country, The Planet. Forging a Partnership for Survival. Island Press, Covelo, California. 330 pp.

Raychaudhuri, S. (Ed) 1991. Recent Advances in Medicinal, Aromatic and Spice Crops I. Scholarly Publications, Houston, Texas. 280 pp.

Rebelo, A. and Siegfried, W. 1992. Where should nature reserves be located in the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa? Models for the spatial configuration of a reserve network aimed at maximizing the protection of floral diversity. Cons. Biology 6(2): 243-252.

Reid, W. 1992. Biopolicy International #2: Genetic Resources and Sustainable Agriculture: Creating Incentives for Local Innovation and Adaptation. Acts Press, Maastricht, The Netherlands. 31 pp.

Rodenhouse, N. 1992. Potential effects of climatic change on a neotropical migrant landbird. Cons. Biology 6(2): 263- 272. (Black-throated blue warbler)

Rojas, M. 1992. The species problem and conservation: what are we protecting? Cons. Biology 6(2): 170-178.

Rose, R. 1992. The effect of habitat fragmentation and loss on Dismal Swamp mammals. Virginia J. Science 43(1B): 187- 196.

Soberon, J. 1992. Island biogeography and conservation practice. Cons. Biology 6(2): 161.

Stangel, P., Lennartz, M. and Smith, M. 1992. Genetic variation and population structure of red-cockaded woodpeckers. Cons. Biology 6(2): 283-292. (Endangered, Florida)

Swanson, T. and Barbier, E. 1992. Economics for the Wilds: Wildlife, Wetlands, Diversity, and Development. Earthscan Publications, London, England. 217 pp.

Sykes, L. 1992. The cutting edge. Green Magazine 3(7): 34-37. (Tropical hardwoods)

Teitel, M. 1992. Rain Forest in Your Kitchen. The Hidden Connection between Extinction and Your Supermarket. Island Press, Covelo, California. 120 pp.

Temple, S. 1992. Is the Society for Conservation Biology having an impact? Cons. Biology 6(2): 160.

Terborgh, J. 1992. Diversity and the Tropical Rain Forest. Scientific American Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. 232 pp.

Thomas, P. and Goodson, P. 1992. Conservation of succulents in desert grasslands managed by fire. Biol. Conservation 60(2): 91-100.

Townsend, C. and Winterbourn, M. 1992. Assessment of the environmental risk posed by an exotic fish: the proposed introduction of channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) to New Zealand. Cons. Biology 6(2): 273-282.

Tredici, P., Ling, H. and Yang, G. 1992. The ginkgos of Tian Mu Shan. Cons. Biology 6(2): 202-209.

Tudge, C. 1992. Last Animals at the Zoo. How Mass Extinction can be Stopped. Island Press, Covelo, California. 266 pp.

Tyser, R. and Worley, C. 1992. Alien flora in grasslands adjacent to road and trail corridors in Glacier National Park, Montana (U.S.A.). Cons. Biology 6(2): 253-262.

Wiggins, H. 1992. Historic changes in wetland protection in the state of Virginia. Virginia J. Science 43(1B): 113- 119.

Willison, J., Bondrup-Nielsen, S., Drysdale, C., Herman, T., Munro, N. and Pollock, T. (Eds.) 1992. Science and the Management of Protected Areas. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 548 pp.

World Resources Institute. 1992. World Resources 1992-93. A Guide to the Global Environment. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC. 400 pp.

Zeide, B. 1992. Has pine growth declined in the southeastern United States? Cons. Biology 6(2): 185-194.

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