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Department ofBotany

No. 112
August 1992

Editor: Jane Villa-Lobos


A new paperless environmental journal has just been published on computer disk in MacIntosh and IBM-compatible formats. The GreenDisk is a unique concept in environmental information exchange, providing environmental professionals, journalists, librarians, activists, environmental studies teachers, students, and others with a comprehensive resource documenting the work that is going on within the environmental community. Hundreds of different sources are scanned, ranging from marine mammal protection to toxic waste disposal. The GreenDisk is a forum for the publication of research reports, press releases, action alerts, and news summaries from the world's environmental groups and governmental agencies.

The GreenDisk is published on computer disk to provide the maximum benefit for, and minimum impact on the environment. Each issue would be hundreds of pages if printed, and should only be printed if it will be used by many people in an office, classroom, or library. The paper and envelopes are made from 100% old newspapers and magazines and bleached with hydrogen peroxide. The disk mailers are made from 100% waste fibers as well.

Each issue contains summaries of recently published books, reports, teaching aides, magazines, TV programs and how to obtain them; complete newsletters of some organizations; listings of current employment and volunteer opportunities; and a journal section containing unabridged reports and articles from the scientific community, government agencies, and environmental groups throughout the world. A useful keyword searching program is included with each subscription, so every word of each issue is literally at one's fingertips. A word or phrase is highlighted on the screen, and the results of the search can be printed or saved in a file.

Subscriptions to The GreenDisk are $35 per year (6 issues). Submissions of research reports, press releases, action alerts, jobs or volunteer opportunity listings, upcoming conferences or events are encouraged. The best way to submit the information is through the electronic networks, or by mailing a disk. The GreenDisk can be reached on EcoNet (greendisk) and CompuServe (70760, 2721) and through BITNET ( To obtain an order form and subscription information, write: The GreenDisk, Box 32224, Washington, DC 20007 USA.


The loss of biodiversity throughout the world is a threat to all humankind. Efforts to mitigate the impact of environmental changes which cause such loss are ineffective due to lack of scientific data. To provide tools for protecting the world's biodiversity, the National Museum of Natural History of the Smithsonian Institution established the Biological Diversity in Latin America Program (BIOLAT) in 1987. At its cooperative field station at Pakitza, Manu Reserved Zone, Peru, BIOLAT has supported over 100 scholars in studies on the description, origin, and maintenance of species richness in the region.

Papers on the general topic of biodiversity of Pakitza and nearby locales will be presented by researchers, who have received BIOLAT grants for scientific study, at an interdisciplinary symposium June 28-30, 1993 in Lima, Peru. For more information, write: Dr. Don E. Wilson, Director, Biodiversity Programs, BIOLAT, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560 USA.


In celebration of the New York Botanical Garden's centennial, a series of symposia will be initiated in the spring of 1993 focusing on plant diversity in the Neotropics. The objective of this series is to document plant diversity in unique regions of the Neotropics that are centers of plant diversity. Interest in a symposium on Neotropical montane forests was overwhelming, leading to the planning of a 4-day symposium to be held at the New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York, 21-25 June 1993. This will give a unique opportunity for dialogue with primary emphasis on taxonomic and ecological richness of the wet or moist montane forests of the Andean region, as well as conservation of biodiversity in that area. Speakers will present important data on plant families, genera, or vegetation types centered in the neotropical mountains, addressing topics of diversity, speciation, evolution, distribution, and conservation.

For a more detailed information packet, contact: Dr. James L. Luteyn, Neotropical Montane Forest Symposium 1993, Institute of Systematic Botany, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458- 5126; Tel: (212) 220-8645; Fax (212) 220-6504.


The Nature Conservancy's Latin America Science Program is looking for a Regional Environmental Monitoring Coordinator and a Database Manager.

The Regional Environmental Monitoring Coordinator is responsible for in-region environmental monitoring activities of the Central America-wide PACA project. The project, a consortium between CARE and The Nature Conservancy, focuses on the integration of conservation and sustainable development activities at wildland sites in four Central American countries. This position coordinates activities that seek to characterize and monitor ecological conditions at these sites to assist in their management. This position may be based at either The Nature Conservancy headquarters in Arlington, Virginia, or at the regional PACA office in San Jose, Costa Rica. For more information, contact: Douglas Baker, Latin America Science Program, The Nature Conservancy, 1815 N. Lynn St., Arlington, VA 22209.

The Central Conservation Database Manager for Latin America is responsible for implementing the exchange of information between the central conservation databases and the Conservation Data Center network in Latin America and the Caribbean. The incumbent will assist with the import and export of information from these databases, as well as the preparation of reports based on the central databases. For more information, write: Paul Martin, Department RW, at the address above.

Applications are being accepted for a botanist (GS-11) at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California to provide professional technical advice, consultation, and direction for installation activities related to the conservation and management of Vandenberg's natural resources. This position manages the development, preparation, and maintenance of plans and programs for implementing Vandenberg's cooperative agreement with The Nature Conservancy, erosion control, forest management, urban forestry, and wetlands protection. For more information, call Allan Naydoll at (805) 734-8232, ext. 69687.


Anon 1992. Asian tree promising as new source of taxol. Nat. Wildlife 30(5): 28. (Himalayan yew)

Anon 1992. President Salinas sets new conservation course. Tropicus 6(2): 3. (Mexican government commission on biodiversity)

Anon 1992. Tasmania's forests: a paper war. Buzzworm 4(4): 66.

Abate, T. 1992. Environmental rapid-assessment programs have appeal and critics. BioScience 42(7): 486-489.

Agrawal, D., Mouval, G. and Mascarenhas, A. 1992. In vitro propagation and slow growth storage of shoot cultures of Vanilla walkeriae Wight - an endangered orchid. Lindleyana 7(2): 95-99. (India)

Ahmad, A. and Singh, P. 1991. Environmental impact assessment for sustainable development: Chittaurgarh irrigation project in outer Himalayas. Ambio 20(7): 298-302.

Amos, B. and Hoelzel, R. 1992. Applications of molecular genetic techniques to the conservation of small populations. Biol. Conservation 61(2): 133-144.

Bach, W. and Jain, A. 1991. Toward climate conventions scenario analysis for a climatic protection policy. Ambio 20(7): 322-329.

Beasley Jr., C. 1992. Live or let die. Buzzworm 4(4): 28-33, 53, 85. (CITES)

Beudels, R., Durant, S. and Harwood, J. 1992. Assessing the risks of extinction for local populations of roan antelope Hippotragus equinus. Biol. Conservation 61(2): 107- 116.

Bjork, S. and Digerfeldt, G. 1991. Development and degradation, redevelopment and preservation of Jamaican wetlands. Ambio 20(7): 276-284.

Blockstein, D. 1992. An aquatic perspective on U.S. biodiversity policy. Fisheries 17(3): 26-30.

Boitani, L. 1992. Wolf research and conservation in Italy. Biol. Conservation 61(2): 125-132.

Boraiko, A. 1992. In the pink. Int. Wildlife 22(4): 4-11. (Chile's flamingoes)

Boyles-Sprenkel, C. 1992. Watershed wars - wetlands in chaos. Am. Forests 98(7 & 8): 17-22, 58-59. (USA)

Briscoe, D. 1992. Signs of new mammal species are among finds in Vietnam's "Lost World". Wash. Post July 28: A10. (New species found in Vu Quang Nature Reserve)

Burgman, M., Cantoni, D. and Vogel, P. 1992. Shrews in suburbia: an application of Goodman's extinction model. Biol. Conservation 61(2): 117-124.

Butcher, G. and Bonney, R. 1992. Save now or pay later. Living Bird 11(3): 14-20. (Migrant songbird conservation)

Butler, G., Meredith, L. and Richardson, M. (Eds.), 1992. Conservation of Rare and Threatened Plants of Australia. Australian National Botanic Gardens, Canberra, Australia. 211 pp. (Proceedings of the Conference "Protective Custody? - Ex Situ Plant Conservation in Australia", March 1991)

Cairns, M. and Lackey, R. 1992. Biodiversity and management of natural resources: the issues. Fisheries 17(3): 6-10.

Christain, S. 1992. There's a bonanza in nature for Costa Rica, but its forests too are beseiged. New York Times (Int.) May 29: A6.

Cox, P. and Elmqvist, T. 1991. Indigenous control of tropical rain-forest reserves: an alternative strategy for conservation. Ambio 20(7): 317-321.

Dallmeier, F. (Ed.) 1992. Long-term Monitoring of Biological Diversity in Tropical Forest Areas. Methods for Establishment and Inventory of Permanent Plots. UNESCO, Paris. 72 pp. (MAB Digest 11)

Durant, S. and Harwood, J. 1992. Assessment of monitoring and management strategies for local populations of the Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus. Biol. Conservation 61(2): 81-92.

During, H. 1992. Endangered bryophytes in Europe. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 7(8): 253-255.

Faith, D. 1992. Conservation evaluation and phylogenetic diversity. Biol. Conservation 61(1): 1-10.

Garnett, S. 1992. Saving the albatross. Birds Int. 3(1): 80-85.

Gibson, M. 1992. Weeds with a history. Zoogoer 21(3): 26-28. (Culinary & medicinal plants found at the zoo)

Gnam, R. 1992. Jewel of the Bahamas. Zoogoer 21(3): 10-15. (Bahamas parrot)

Gorshkov, V. 1991. Destruction by atmospheric pollution of epiphytic lichen cover on pines of the Kola Peninsula. Soviet J. Ecology 22(4): 221-227.

Healey, J. 1992. The role of scientists and foresters in the wise management of tropical forests. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 7(8): 249-250.

Howman, K. 1992. Survival of the Edward's pheasant. WPA News 37: 16-17. (England)

Hughes, R. and Noss, R. 1992. Biological diversity and biological integrity: current concerns for lakes and streams. Fisheries 17(3): 11-19.

Johnson, R. 1992. Watershed wars - new life for the "river of grass". Am. Forests 98(7 & 8): 38-41, 60-61. (Everglades, Florida)

Jones, L. 1992. Tasmania wildness unbound. Buzzworm 4(4): 70-75.

Kaufman, M. 1992. So many serows. Int. Wildlife 22(4): 12-16. (Japan)

Koch, N. and Kennedy, J. 1992. Multiple-use forestry for social values. Ambio 20(7): 330-333.

Konstant, W. 1992. The track of the cat: preserving habitats for jaguars. Tropicus 6(2): 4-5.

Lal, M. and Bhuskaran, B. 1992. Greenhouse warming over Indian Subcontinent. Indian Acad. Science Proceedings 101(1): 13-25.

Lavigne, D. 1992. "God put the damned owl here for us, didn't he?". BBC Wildlife 10(7): 49-60. (Spotted owl, Pacific Northwest, USA)

Lunders, A. 1992. Sea shores and Norwegian strategies for conservation of nature. Blyttia 50: 37-44. (In Norwegian)

Lykke, A., Tybirk, K. and Jorgensen, A. 1992. Sustainable Development in the Sahel. Dept. of Systematic Botany, Aarhus University, Denmark. 132 pp. (Proceedings of the 4th Sahel Workshop, 6-8 January 1992)

Madulid, D. 1991. Rare and vanishing fruit trees and shrubs in the Philippines. National Museum Papers 2(1): 39-58.

Mast, R. 1992. Species at risk: marine turtles - flagship species for international cooperation. Tropicus 6(2): 12.

McInnish, S., Hodutt, C. and Jesien, R. 1991. Discovery of an endangered Maryland fish, the glassey darter, Etheostoma vitreum, in the Delmarva Peninsula. Maryland Naturalist 35: 1-4.

Meade, R. 1992. Some early changes following the rewetting of a vegetated cutover peatland surface at Danes Moss, Cheshire, UK, and their relevance to conservation management. Biol. Conservation 61(1): 31-39.

Osborne, P. and Tigar, B. 1992. Priorities for bird conservation in Lesotho, southern Africa. Biol. Conservation 61(3): 159-170.

Partridge, T. 1992. Vegetation recovery following sand mining on coastal dunes at Kaitorete Spit, Canterbury, New Zealand. Biol. Conservation 61(1): 59-72.

Pfister, C. 1992. Atlantic white cedar: vanishing wetland forest. Am. Forests 98(7 & 8): 20-21. (North Carolina)

Quigley, H. and Crawshaw Jr., P. 1992. A conservation plan for the jaguar Panthera onca in the Pantanal region of Brazil. Biol. Conservation 61(3): 149-158.

Randi, E. 1992. Conservation genetics. WPA News 37: 25. (England, pheasants)

Robinson, D. 1991. Threatened birds in Victoria: their distributions, ecology and future. Victorian Naturalist 108(3): 67-77. (Canada)

Rodriguez-Garay, B. and Rubluo, A. 1992. In vitro morphogenetic responses of the endangered cactus Aztekium ritteri Boedeker. Cactus & Succ. J. (U.S.) 64(3): 116- 119.

Rottmann, J. and Lopez-Calleja, M. 1992. Estrategia Nacional de Conservacion de Aves. Ministerio de Agricultura, Division de Proteccion de los Recursos Naturales Renovables, Santiago, Chile. 16 pp.

Samways, M. 1992. Dragonfly conservation in South Africa: a biogeographical perspective. Odonatologica 21(2): 165-180.

Sanchez-Lafuente, A., Rey, P., Valera, F. and Munoz-Cobo, J. 1992. Past and current distribution of the purple swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio L. in the Iberian Peninsula. Biol. Conservation 61(1): 23-30.

Schultes, R. and Raffauf, R. 1992. Vine of the Soul. Medicine Men, Their Plants and Rituals in the Colombian Amazonia. Synergetic Press, Oracle, Arizona. 282 pp.

Schweitzer, J. 1992. Conserving biodiversity in developing countries. Fisheries 17(3): 35-38.

Schweitzer, J., Handley, F.G., Edwards, J., Harris, W.F., Grever, M., Schepartz, S., Cragg, G., Snader, K. and Bhat, A. 1992. Summary of the workshop on drug development, biological diversity, and economic growth. J. National Cancer Institute 83(18): 1294-1298.

Senra, A. and Ales, E. 1992. The decline of the white stork Ciconia ciconia population of western Andalusia between 1976 and 1988: causes and proposals for conservation. Biol. Conservation 61(1): 51-58.

Steelquist, R. 1992. Watershed wars - salmon and forests: fog brothers. Am. Forests 98(7 & 8): 27-31, 61. (Pacific Northwest, USA)

Struzik, E. 1992. Trouble back at the game ranch. Int. Wildlife 22(4): 18-24. (Game ranching threatens species)

Swanson, T. and Barbier, E. 1992. Economics for the Wilds. Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, England. 226 pp.

Tangley, L. 1992. Biodiversity at risk: CI maps Earth's "hot spots". Tropicus 6(2): 1, 6-7. (Conservation International's atlas for the 1990s)

Terra, L. 1992. Effects of pollution on aquatic fauna. Braveria 19(May): 8.

Thomsen, J., Edwards, S. and Mulliken, T. (Eds.) 1992. Perceptions, Conservation & Management of Wild Birds in Trade. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, England. 165 pp.

Titus, T. 1992. Biodiversity: the need for a national policy. Fisheries 17(3): 31-34.

Torn, M. and Fried, J. 1992. Predicting the impacts of global warming on wildland fire. Climatic Change 21(3): 257-274.

Upton, H. 1992. Biodiversity and conservation of the marine environment. Fisheries 17(3): 20-25.

Van der Zee, F., Wiertz, J., Ter Braak, C., Apeldoorn, R. and Vink, J. 1992. Landscape change as a possible cause of the badger Meles meles L. decline in The Netherlands. Biol. Conservation 61(1): 17-22.

Vincent, J. 1992. The tropical timber trade and sustainable development. Science 256: 1651-1655.

Watson, J., Warman, C., Todd, D. and Laboudallon, V. 1992. The Seychelles magpie robin Copsychus sechellarum: ecology and conservation of an endangered species. Biol. Conservation 61(2): 93-106.

Wells, S. and Wood, E. (Eds.) 1991. The Marine Curio Trade. Conservation Guidelines and Legislation. Marine Conservation Society, Herefordshire, England. 23 pp.

Wichmna, C. 1992. Exciting rediscovery of "extinct plant". The Bulletin 22(2): 39-41. (Cyanea linearifolia, Hawaii)

Williams, J. and Rinne, J. 1992. Biodiversity management on multiple-use federal lands: an opportunity whose time has come. Fisheries 17(3): 4-5.

Yalden, D. 1992. The influence of recreational disturbance on common sandpipers Actitis hypoleucos breeding by an upland reservoir, in England. Biol. Conservation 61(1): 41-50.

Yen, A. 1992. Practical conservation of non-marine invertebrates. Search 23(3): 103-105.

Yonzon, P., Jones, R. and Fox, J. 1991. Geographic information systems for assessing habitat and estimating population of red pandas in Langtang National Park, Nepal. Ambio 20(7): 285-288.

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