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Department ofBotany

No. 119
March 1993

Editor: Jane Villa-Lobos

BirdLife International

As of March 3rd, the International Council for Bird Preservation (ICBP) adopted a new internal structure for its organization, and simultaneously launched a new name, BirdLife International, and a new logo. The new structure aims to bring to prominence a bird conservation organization of the power and stature of other global conservation bodies. Developing from the existing structure, it will become a network of like-minded national and regional organizations, united in name, vision and purpose. Because there will be only one such organization per country or geopolitical unit, these will be designated as "lead organizations". Through this close alliance, BirdLife International is seeking more direct involvement in the grassroots conservation of birds and their habitats.

The change will take place gradually, initially concentrating on countries whose sections have expressed the wish to see the new system established. The Secretariat has outgrown its quarters in Girton and will be moving April 1. It's new address will be BirdLife International, Wellbrook Court, Girton Road, Cambridge CB3 0NA England; Tel: 44 223 277318; Fax: 44 223 277200. The mailing address of the U.S. office is P. O. Box 57242, Washington, DC 20037-7242. Tel: (202) 778-9563; Fax: (202) 293-9342.


The Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center has published the first International Directory of Primatology . The directory is divided into five organizational sections and four indexes. The organizational sections cover: 1)geographically arranged entries for major primate centers, laboratories, educational programs, foundations, conservation organizations and sanctuaries; 2) current field sites with program and contact information; 3) members of groups involved with nonhuman primate population management; 4) professional primate societies, and 5) major information sources in the field. Access to this information is supported by organizational, species, subject and name indexes. Copies of the 225-page directory can be purchased for $10 (including surface postage and handling). To offset mailing costs, the price to other countries is $18. Send a check (payable to Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center) to: Larry Jacobsen, IDP Coordinator, Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center Library, 1220 Capitol Court, Madison, WI 53715-1299; Tel: (608) 263-3512; Fax: (608) 263-4031; e-mail:


The Inter-American Foundation offers a fellowship program which supports dissertation field research in Latin America and the Caribbean by doctoral students enrolled in U.S. universities. The application deadline for this program is December 1 of each year. The fellowships are open to candidates from the social sciences, physical sciences, technical fields, and the professions. Applications are especially welcome from development practitioners and applied researchers, with environmental resources management a priority. Proposals should offer a practical orientation to field-based information, development problem-solving and policy making, and organizational and community-level dimensions.

For additional information, write: Inter-American Foundation Fellowship Programs, Dept. 555, 901 North Stuart St., 10th Floor, Arlington, VA 22203.


The Vermont Natural Resources Council has produced a special curriculum to educate middle-school students about how they can help save tropical rain forests. Titled: Tropical Rain Forests: The Vermont Connection, the 100-page guide explains why rain forests are important and how habitats and lifestyles in the Green Mountain state can affect tropical forests. For more information, write: Vermont Natural Resources Council, 9 Bailey Avenue, Montpelier, VT 05602.


The Smithsonian Institution/Man and the Biosphere Biodiversity Program is offering a biodiversity monitoring course May 8- June 12 at the Conservation & Research Center, Front Royal, Virginia. This unique course will teach participants how to establish procedures for monitoring biodiversity, how to design sampling programs and analyze data in each field, how to develop the monitoring protocol, and how to implement the management strategies necessary for an area. Field techniques to be taught include diurnal and nocturnal mist-netting, small mammal trapping, amphibian/reptile sampling, vegetation analysis, fresh water sampling, and others.

Twenty participants will be accepted worldwide; the course will be in English although most instructors are bilingual (English/Spanish). Total cost is $3200 (not including airfare). This covers food and lodging, local transportation, books and materials, and use of field and lab equipment. A limited number of fellowships is available. For further information, including application forms and deadlines, contact: Argelis C. Roman, Education Coordinator, SI/MAB Program, International Center, Smithsonian Institution, 1100 Jefferson Dr., N.W., Suite 3123, Washington, DC 20560; Tel: (202) 357-4793; Fax: (202) 786-2557.

The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, is sponsoring a plant conservation techniques course October 25 - November 26 to specifically answer the practical needs of those facing the challenges of plant resources conservation. The course is designed around teaching sessions based on practical experience, case studies and "hand's on" work experience. Main topics include: strategic planning for plant conservation, information gathering and management, the balance between ex situ and in situ methods, seed banking and cryopreservation, habitat management and restoration, to name a few. For more details, please contact: Marketing and Education Department (Conservation Course), Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AB, England. Fax: 081 332 5610.


May 3-8. "Cultivating Green Awareness", II International Congress on Education in Botanic Gardens will be held in the "Viera y Clavijo" Botanic Garden, Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, Spain. The congress will aim to produce an education strategy for botanic gardens worldwide. For more information, contact: Jardin Botanico Canario "Viera y Clavijo", Excmo. Cabildo Insular de Gran Canaria, Apartado de correos 14 de Tafira Alta, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.


Anon. 1992. Carlos Ochoa honored by OAS for safeguarding potato diversity. DIVERSITY 8(4): 6-7. (Plant explorer in the Andes, Peru)

Anon. 1992. Clinton-Gore administration: a new era for global genetic resources? DIVERSITY 8(4): 23-24.

Anon. 1992. Expert panels on Biodiversity Convention convened by UNEP. DIVERSITY 8(4): 6.

Anon. 1992. Legislative proposal seeks to wed biodiversity conservation and economic growth. DIVERSITY 8(4): 24-25. (New biodiversity proposal, "The Economic Leadership through Environmental Cooperation Act")

Anon. 1992. Secretary Madigan appoints U.S. National Genetic Resources Council. DIVERSITY 8(4): 26-27. (Administered through USDA's Agricultural Research Service)

Anon. 1992. World Bank establishes special fund to rescue collections in Eastern Europe. DIVERSITY 8(4): 4-5. (Conservation of genetic resources)

Astley, D. 1992. United Kingdom forges ahead to coordinate genetic resources conservation efforts. DIVERSITY 8(4): 13-14. (Review of ex situ conservation of plant genetic resources)

Bamberg, J. 1992. World potato genebanks continue collaboration at Braunschweig. DIVERSITY 8(4): 22. (Conference held June, 1992)

Barnes, R. 1993. The elephants of Ruaha. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 68-69. (Tanzanian reserve)

Barnes, R. and Barnes, R. 1993. The lost generation. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 70-71. (Ruaha ecological monitoring program)

Baskyte, R. and Lapele, M. 1992. Lithuania, a world of lakes and rivers. Naturopa 92(2): 3-4. (Nature conservation)

Behler, D. 1993. Parrots' progress. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 79. (Yellow-shouldered Amazon parrots released into protected habitat on Caribbean island of Margarita)

Chambers, H. and Hummer, K. 1992. Clonal repository houses valuable mint collection in Corvallis, Oregon. DIVERSITY 8(4): 31-32. (Peppermint & spearmint major field crops)

Char, N. 1992. Diversity and conservation of ornamental fishes - the gems from flooded forests in Amazonia. Canadian Biodiversity 2(2): 2-6.

Charif, R. 1993. The sounds of silence. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 44-47. (Elephants in Zimbabwe)

Child, B. 1993. A perspective from Zimbabwe: the elephant as a natural resource. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 60-61. (Ivory trade & culling of elephants)

Christie, J. 1992. International centers and NGOs move toward rapprochement; meetings held in Canada, Colombia, Philippines. DIVERSITY 8(4): 8-9. (Conservation of genetic resources for sustainable agriculture)

Cunningham, I. 1992. Consortium plans Chinese-American plant exploration and exchange. DIVERSITY 8(4): 28.

Douglas-Hamilton, I. 1993. You can help elephants. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 74-75. (Elephant conservation, Africa)

Edmonds, R. 1992. The Sanxio (Three Gorges) project: the environmental argument surrounding China's superdam. Global Ecol. and Biogeo. Letters 2(4): 105-125.

Gaski, A. 1992. Sharks. A species of special concern. TRAFFIC USA 11(4): 1-2.

Georgiadis, N. 1993. Fingerprinting ivory. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 72-73. (Ivory trade in southern Africa)

Gromor, A. 1992. Estonia, a green land in Europe. Naturopa 92(2): 2-3.

Gulya, T. 1992. Native American variety may provide sunflower crop with crucial resistance. DIVERSITY 8(4): 29-30. (Havasupai variety of northern Arizona)

Hancock, J. and Luby, J. 1993. Genetic resources at our doorstep: the wild strawberries. BioScience 43(3): 141- 148.

Ilagani, A. 1992. Acting locally to protect forests in the Philippines. Canadian Biodiversity 2(2): 24-26.

Israels, L. 1992. Thirty years of Mediterranean monk seal protection, a review. Nederlandsche Commissie voor Internationale Naturbescherming 28: 1-66.

Jackson, M., Ford-Lloyd, B. and Parry, M. (Eds.) 1992. Climatic Change and Plant Genetic Resources. Belhaven Press, London and New York. 190 pp. (Papers from workshop on plant genetic resources held in England, April 1989)

Jarvie, J. 1992. Strategy for Indonesian flora conservation unveiled at international conference. DIVERSITY 8(4): 21. (Kebun Raya Botanic Gardens plant conservation program)

Joyce, C. 1993. Taxol: search for a cancer drug. BioScience 43(3): 133-136.

Krauklis, A. 1992. Landscapes and nature conservation in Latvia. Naturopa 92(2): 1-2.

Krause, A. 1993. A conservation perspective. NSS News 51(2): 34. (National Speleological Society)

Leakey, R. 1993. A perspective from Kenya: elephants today and tomorrow. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 58-59, 89. (Ivory trade)

Lorence, D. 1992. Triage used for plant rescue. Bull. National Tropical Bot. Gard. 22(4): 95-96. (Efforts to save endangered plants of Lawai Gardens, Hawaii after Hurricane Iniki)

McGuire, P. 1992. Education: a crucial element in global genetic resources conservation. DIVERSITY 8(4): 18-20. (Short courses)

Miya, R. and Balazs, G. 1993. Ecology and conservation of green turtles in the nearshore waters of Waikiki Beach. Elepaio 53(2): 9-12.

Newton, A. 1992. Pessimism over tropical deforestation belies progress on rebuilding forests, say Edinburgh conferees. DIVERSITY 8(4): 15-17. (Conference held in August, 1992)

Nobbe, G. 1993. Grave threats to tigers. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 78. (Tiger bones in demand for traditional Chinese medicines)

Olsson, M., Karlsson, B. and Ahnland, E. 1992. Seals and seal protection: a presentation of a Swedish research project. Ambio 11(8): 494-496.

Ortiz, E. 1993. Not just nuts. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 82. (Study of Brazil nut tree in Peru)

Petersen, K. 1993. Elephants I know. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 38-43. (Amboseli National Park, Kenya)

Reynolds, S. 1992. Farmers and scientists work together to safeguard the genetic basis of Africa's traditional crops. DIVERSITY 8(4): 9-11.

Ricciuti, E. 1993. The elephant wars. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 14-35. (Africa)

Robinson, J. 1993. Protecting Africa's elephants: a historical commitment. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 66-67. (Program of NYZS The Wildlife Conservation Society)

Rose-Hopkins, D. 1992. The sharks of Mexico: a resource for all seasons. TRAFFIC USA 11(4): 4-6.

Saldanha, C. 1992. Andaman and Nicobar - conservation strategies. Hornbill 2: 2-7.

Saldanha, L. 1992. Marine fishes, habitats and conservation. Netherlands J. Zoo. 42(2-3): 190-199.

Shenon, P. 1993. Now it's the jungle that the Khmer Rouge decimates. New York Times February 7: E4. (Logging of tropical hardwoods in Cambodia)

Slater, J. 1992. The incidence of marine debris in the South-west of the World Heritage Area. Tasmanian Naturalist 111: 32-35. (Australia)

Snyder, G. 1992. Coming in to the watershed. Wild Earth Special Issue(Wildlands Project): 65-70. (California)

Stoessell, T. 1992. Shark fin trade booms. TRAFFIC USA 11(4): 3-4.

Stolzenburg, W. 1993. Bird's eye view of biodiversity. Nature Conservancy 43(2): 7. (International Council for Bird Preservation's hotspots of bird biodiversity)

Stolzenburg, W. 1993. Finding refuge in the wetlands. Nature Conservancy 43(2): 30. (Arkansas-Idaho Land Exchange Act adds 41,000 acres of bottomland hardwoods along Arkansas' White River to federal wildlife refuge system)

Stolzenburg, W. 1993. Indonesia: Wallace's wonderland. Nature Conservancy 43(2): 16-23.

Swanson, T. and Barbier, E. (Eds.) 1992. Economics for the Wilds. Wildlife, Diversity and Development. Island Press, Covelo, California. 229 pp.

Swimmer, J., Manor, L. and Gooch, R. 1992. Endangered species programs in the 50 states and Puerto Rico. End. Species Update 10(2): 6-10.

Thorndike, J. 1993. The bull trout is in trouble. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 85. (Northern Rockies trout population affected by road building and removal of forest)

Thro, A. and Roca, W. 1992. Cassava biotechnology network meets in Cartagena to study nutritional and economic values of New World resources. DIVERSITY 8(4): 11-13.

Truper, H. 1992. Prokaryotes: an overview with respect to biodiversity and environmental importance. Biodiversity and Conservation 1(4): 227-236.

Turbak, G. 1992. What about the other bluebirds? Nat. Wildlife 31(2): 18-23. (Western bluebirds)

Tyndall, R. 1992. Herbaceous layer vegetation on Maryland serpentine. Castanea 57(4): 264-272. (Endangered habitat)

van Lier, H. and Tayler, P. (Eds.) 1992. New Challenges in Recreation and Tourism Planning. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 240 pp.

Vickerman, K. 1992. The diversity and ecological significance of Protozoa. Biodiversity and Conservation 1(4): 334-341.

Vora, R. 1993. Effects of timber harvest treatments on understory plants and herbivores in northern California after 40 years. Madrono 40(1): 31-37.

Vosti, S. 1992. Reprise of Rio: survival's sharp edge. DIVERSITY 8(4): 33-34. (Commission on Sustainable Development)

Wachtel, P. 1993. Asia's sacred groves. Int. Wildlife 23(2): 24-27. (Perumbavoor, one of the last remnants of virgin forest in S. India)

Waithaka, J. 1993. The elephant menace. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 62-63. (Damage by elephants raises conflicts with conservation)

Walker, R. 1993. Kaua'i wildlife habitats assessed after Hurricane Iniki. Elepaio 53(1): 4.

Watson, A. 1992. Regenerating the Caledonian forest. Wild Earth Special Issue(Wildlands Project): 75-77. (Scotland)

Welcomme, R. 1992. The conservation and environmental management of fisheries in inland coastal waters. Netherlands J. Zoo. 42(2-3): 176-189.

Western, D. 1993. The balance of nature. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 52-55. (Elephant ecology, Africa)

Whinam, J. and Balmer, J. 1992. Flora management within the World Heritage Area. Tasmanian Naturalist 111: 19-22. (Australia)

White, J. 1993. The other African elephant. Wildlife Conservation 96(2): 50-51, 88. (Forest elephant, Africa)

Whitten, T. and Whitten, J. 1992. Wild Indonesia . The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 28 pp. (Wildlife and scenery of the Indonesian archipelago)

Wilson, D. and Reeder, D. (Eds.) 1992. Mammal Species of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. 1300 pp. (Lists conservation status)

Wilson, E. 1993. The new environmentalism. Nature Conservancy 43(2): 38.

Withers, L. 1992. Latin American scientists collaborate on in vitro germplasm management course in Colombia. DIVERSITY 8(4): 14-15.

Witkowski, A. 1992. Threats and protection of freshwater fishes in Poland. Netherlands J. Zoo. 42(2-3): 243-259.

You, C. and Chen, Z. 1992. Asia-Pacific conference on agricultural biotechnology draws worldwide participation. DIVERSITY 8(4): 17-18. (Conference held in August, 1992)

Young, M. 1992. Sustainable Investment and Resource Use: Equity, Environment Integrity and Economic Efficiency. UNESCO and Parthenon, London, England. 176 pp.

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