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Department ofBotany

No. 121
May 1993

Editor: Jane Villa-Lobos


A Working Group on Marine Biodiversity Conservation for the Pacific Island region has been formed in Hawaii. The group initially consists of: L.G. Eldredge (Executive Secretary for the Pacific Science Association), Paul Holthus (East-West Center Program on Environment) and Jim Maragos (Research Fellow at East West Center). Each member is conducting numerous research projects on marine biodiversity in the Pacific Island region. The Working Group constitutes the IUCN Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas Central/South Pacific Marine Region team and will be a working group of the Pacific Science Association Task Force on Biodiversity. The Working Group seeks to interact, collaborate and coordinate with: 1) scientists at the universities and local colleges in the region, as well as in- country scientists, resource managers and knowledgeable individuals; 2) the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme and regional fisheries agencies; 3) institutions and international organizations outside the region which have an interest in understanding and conserving the marine biodiversity in the Pacific Island region; and 4) scientists, institutions and organizations in Southeast Asia which are working on understanding and conserving our shared marine biodiversity.

For more information on the Working Group, contact: Dr. James Maragos, East West Center, Program on Environment, 1777 East West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848; Tel: (808) 944-7271; Fax: (808) 944-7970 or Dr. L.G. Eldredge, Pacific Science Association, P.O. Box 17801, Honolulu, HI; Tel. (808) 848-1439; Fax: (808) 841-8968.


The Malaysian Nature Society (MNS) recently announced a scientific expedition to the Belum area in the northeastern part of the Upper Perak District. For more than 40 years, entry has been prohibited to the 290,000 hectare area because of communist insurgency. The Upper Perak District in general and the Belum expedition area in particular are botanically the least known parts of Peninsular Malaysia. However, results of studies in the 1960s and 1970s indicate that the area is very important floristically as well as phytogeographically and constitutes one of the centers of diversity and meeting points of the so-called Burmese-Thai and Malesian elements of the Southeast Asian flora. Similar faunistic studies suggest that the fauna is extremely rich and diverse. The forest has been reported to harbor many rare or endangered animal species, such as the Sumatran rhinoceros, tiger, seladang, elephant and deer.

The Malaysian Nature Society with the support and cooperation of the Perak State government and the German government has decided to embark on a one-year scientific expedition to the Belum area and is launching a drive to recruit supporters for the expedition. Initially the expedition will be open only to scientists from local universities and research institutions. A few foreign scientists, who are members of the Malayasian Nature Society, will be invited to participate and conduct research in areas where local expertise is not available. In addition to scientific studies, the Malaysian Nature Society will recommend steps needed to make the best use of this vast area of rainforest to benefit the Malaysian public while preserving the ecosystem and biodiversity.

For more information, contact: Malaysian Nature Society, P. O. Box 10750, 50724 Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Malaysia. Tel: 03- 7912185; Fax: 03-7917722.


"Raptor-Link" is a new newsletter, the first of its kind on Russian birds of prey and owls, to encourage raptor research in the former USSR and bring together Russian and Western ornithologists. Not only is it the first newsletter ever to appear in Russia, it is also bilingual (English-Russian) and is delivered to both Russian and Western readers. It focuses on birds of prey and owls in the former USSR regarding distribution, migration, ecology, biology and conservation, as well as expeditions and current studies of raptors.

"Raptor-Link" is an independent periodical (3 issues per year) edited and produced by Eugene Potapov for the Russian Working Group on Birds of Prey, as well as for professional and amateur ornithologists worldwide. Financial assistance for Russian subscribers has been provided by the Peregrine Fund.

All correspondence should be addressed to Eugene Potapov, c/o Edward Grey Institute for Field Ornithology, Dept. of Zoology, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK. Tel: (0865) 271133; Fax (0865) 310447; e-mail:


UNESCO and Conservation International have produced a 25- minute video documentary showing that "we can fulfill the economic needs of people and still protect the earth's ecosystems". They are available in four languages: English, Spanish, French, and Portuguese. Six biosphere reserves are featured in the video: La Amistad Biosphere Reserve in Costa Rica, Maya Biosphere Reserve in Guatemala, Beni Biosphere Reserve in Bolivia, Montes Azul Biosphere Reserve in Mexico, and Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve in Brazil. The documentary attempts to expand the public's awareness of the contributions that biosphere reserves can make to conservation, scientific research, and sustainable economic development.

The videos are available at a cost of $14.95 each, plus $3.50 for shipping and handling from: Conservation International, 1015 18th Street, N.W., Suite 1000, Washington, DC. 20036; Tel: (202) 429-5660; Fax (202) 887-5188. Outside of the United States, send money orders only and an additional $2 for shipping. Please allow 4-6 weeks for delivery.

The Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT) has made a new video, "A Fragile Paradise: The Environmental Challenge of Tropical America", which focuses on environmental problems of the region, and describes strategies of CIAT and cooperating national programs to increase food production in an environmentally sustainable manner. The video was filmed in Costa Rica, Haiti, Brazil and Colombia, and includes dramatic footage of forests being felled in the Amazon. The film, available in English and Spanish, is 27 minutes 45 seconds long.

Individuals in developed countries may order the video in English and Spanish, VHS or Beta format, in NTSC, SECAM, or PAL system, for US$50 (includes air mail postage). The price for developing countries in US$30. Send orders to: AGCOM, 6625 N. Pidgeon Spring Place, Tucson, Arizona 85718 USA; Tel. and Fax: (800) 598-3372.


Anon. 1993. Changing the face of conservation. Nature Conservancy 43(3): 35. (Nature Conservancy's "Last Great Places" campaign)

Anon. 1993. Orchids of Kinabalu. Kew Scientist 3: 1. (New book, The Plants of Mount Kinabalu. 2. Orchids)

Anon. 1993. Changing the face of conservation. Nature Conservancy 43(3): 35-38.

Anon. 1992. Endangered mollusks. Sea and Shore 14(2): 72.

Anon. 1993. Jamaica opens its first land-based national park. BioScience 43(6): 414. (John Crow and Blue Mountains National Park)

Ackerman, J. 1992. The Orchids of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. University of Puerto Rico Press, San Juan, Puerto Rico. 167 pp. (14 endemic, 3 rare species)

Allen, W. 1993. The rise of the botanical database. BioScience 43(5): 274-279.

Alston, S., Chandler, G., Lawley, M., Martin, D., Podreka, S., Richmond, S., Ryan, M. and Taws, N. 1993. Dampiera fusca (Goodeniaceae): an extension of range, conservation status assessment. Australian Syst. Bot. Soc. Newsletter (74): 1- 3. (Rare in Australia)

Archibald, G. 1993. Archibald's teams help create nature park in Vietnam. Earthwatch 12(3): 7. (Tram Chin protects endangered crane)

Atwood. J. 1993. The politics of protection. Living Bird 12(2): 14-21.

Bancroft, T. 1993. Florida Bay: an endangered North American jewel. The Florida Naturalist 66(1): 4-9.

Bannan, J. 1993. The cornucopia tree. Wildlife Conservation 96(3): 10. (Neem tree)

Bawa, K. 1992. The riches of tropical forests: non-timber products. Ecology & Evolution 7(11): 359-360.

Bentrupperbaumer, J. 1992. Conservation of a rainforest giant. Wingspan (December): 1-2. (Ostrich)

Blum, E. 1993. Making biodiveristy conservation profitable: a case study of the Merck/INBio agreement. Environment 35(4): 16-20, 38-45.

Bowermaster, J. 1993. Liquid assets. Wildlife Conservation 96(3): 60-67. (Power plant threatens Crees'last lands and wildlife, Quebec)

Brooks, D. 1993. Beyond catch phrases: what does sustainable development really mean? Arid Lands Newsletter 33: 2-5.

Chance, N. 1993. Sustainable utilization of natural resources. Arctic 46(1): iii.

Cheater, M. 1993. New life for Gray Ranch. Nature Conservancy 43(3): 31. (New Mexico)

Cohn, J. 1993. Defenders of biodiversity. Government Executive 25(4): 18-22.

Crawford, D., Stuessy, T., Rodriguez, R. and Rondinelli, M. 1993. Genetic diversity in Rhaphithamus venustus (Verbenaceae), a species endemic to the Juan Fernandez Islands. Bull. of the Torrey Bot. Club 120(1): 23-28.

Dick Peddie, W. 1993. New Mexico Vegetation. Past, Present and Future. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, New Mexico. 244 pp. (List of rare and endemic species)

Downton, P. 1993. Urban impact on ecological sustainability in arid lands: the South Australian experience. Arid Lands Newsletter 33: 20-25.

Dudley, S. and Cliff, G. 1993. Some effects of shark nets in the NATAL seashore environment. Environmental Biology of Fishes 36(3): 242-243.

Duke, J. 1993. From desolation to diversity. HerbalGram 28(Winter): 8-12.

Gates, D. 1993. Climate Change and its Biological Consequences. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts. 280 pp.

Georgiev, G. 1992. Origin and development of the network of reserves and national parks in Bulgaria. Priroda(Nature) January: 54-63.

Giorgiadis, N. and Balmford, A. 1992. The calculus of conserving biological diversity. Ecology and Evolution 7(10): 321-322.

Glitzenstein, E. 1993. On the USFWS settlement regarding federal listing of endangered species. Endangered Species UPDATE 10(5): 1-3.

Griffin, W., Hendrikson, H., Oliver, C., Matlock, C., Bryan, E., Riechers, R. and Clark, J. 1992. The National Marine Fisheries Service Habitat Conservation Effort in Louisiana. 1980 through 1990. Marine Fisheries Review 54(3): 11-20.

Healy, J. 1992. The role of scientists and foresters in the wise management of tropical forests. Ecology and Evolution 7(8): 249-250.

Hoogmoed, M. and de Jong, R. 1992. Tropisch Regenwoud. Schatkamen van Biodiversiteit. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum, Leiden, The Netherlands. 206 pp. (Papers from tropical rainforest symposium held on Sept.7, 1991; English summaries of papers)

Hutchinson, B., Kawasaki, J. and Casler, C. 1993. Sustainable agriculture: a guide to information resources. Arid Lands Newsletter 33: 6-19.

Jackson, P. 1993. Botanical gardens in Vietnam. Botanical Gardens Conservation News 2(1): 42-46.

Jackson, P. 1993. The strategy of Indonesian flora conservation. Botanical Gardens Conservation News 2(1): 30-34.

Johnson, D. 1993. Pastoral nomadism and the sustainable use of arid lands. Arid Lands Newsletter 33: 26-34.

Kareiva, P., Kingsolver, J. and Huey, R. 1993. Biotic Interactions and Global Change. Sinauer Associates, Inc. Sunderland, Massachusetts. 559 pp.

Kenworthy, T. 1993. In the California desert, prospects for preservation are blossoming. Washington Post April 27: A3. (Proposal to add 5.5 million more acres as National Parks & Wilderness)

Kim, Y.-S. and Kim, T.-W. 1993. The present status of botanic gardens and arboreta in Korea. Botanical Gardens Conservation News 2(1): 47-50.

Koontz, F. 1993. Trading places. Wildlife Conservation 96(3): 52-59. (Moving black howler monkeys in northern Belize to southern areas where the species has gone extinct)

Labaree, J. 1993. Atlantic salmon restoration in the Connecticut River Valley: an examination of a bioregional approach. Nexus 14(1): 2-5.

Lumpkin, S. 1993. Gorillas and orangutans. Zoogoer 22(2): 6-7. (Gorilla conservation)

Luoma, J. 1993. GATTzilla the trade monster. Wildlife Conservation 96(3): 74-75. (NAFTA)

Madson, C. 1993. Cheyenne bottoms: migratory mecca. Nature Conservancy 43(3): 16-21.

McClosky, W. 1993. Fished out! National Wildlife 23(3): 38-43. (Newfoundland fishing grounds declining)

McLouglin, J. 1993. A plea for life on earth. Wildlife Conservation 96(3): 78-79. (Review of Diversity of Life)

Mehrhoff, L. 1993. Rare plants in Hawaii: a status report. Plant Conservation 7(2): 1-2.

Mitchell, B. 1993. The Silvio O. Conte National Fish & Wildlife Refuge. A new concept of refuge conservation? Nexus 14(1): 7. (Connecticut)

Myers, N. 1993. The question of linkages in environment and development. BioScience 43(5): 302-310.

Noel, L. and Gimble, E. 1993. A comparison: the U.S. wild and scenic and Canadian Heritage River Systems. Nexus 14(1): 12-17.

Porro, J. 1993. Bankruptcy's silver lining. Nature Conservancy 43(3): 28. (Balcones Canyonlands Conservation Program, Texas)

Powrie, F. 1993. Growing Staavias - new rare plants in cultivation. Botanic Gardens Conservation News 2(1): 51- 55.

Ramakrishna, K. and Woodell, G. (Eds.) 1993. World Forests for the Future: Their Use and Conservation. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut. 156 pp.

Rauzon, M. 1993. Trouble in paradise. Living Bird 12(2): 10-13.

Rolston III, H. 1993. Whose woods these are. Are genetic resources private property or global commons? Earthwatch 12(3): 17-18.

Royte, E. 1992. Imagining Paseo Pantera. Audubon 94(6): 74-80.

Schafer, K. and Hill, M. 1993. The logger and the tiger. Wildlife Conservation 96(3): 22-29. (Siberian tiger)

Shakespeare, M. 1993. Lifestyles of the rich and famous? Wildlife Conservation 96(3): 7. (Hawksbill sea turtles project in Jumby Bay in the Caribbean)

Shaller, G. 1993. Illegal trade in Tibet. Wildlife Conservation 96(3): 6. (Tibetan antelope killed for its wool)

Sholley, C. 1993. Guerillas in the midst of gorillas. Zoogoer 22(2): 12-16. (Mountain gorilla project in Rwanda)

Staples, G. and Medbury, S. 1993. Botanical Gardens, Hawai'i. Botanic Gardens Conservation News 2(1): 57-58.

Stevens, L. 1993. National zoo gorillas: an SSP success story. Zoogoer 22(2): 8-11. (Species survival plan)

Stolzenburg, W. 1993. Bad move for tortoises. Nature Conservancy 43(3): 7. (Florida's gopher tortoises' threatened by respiratory disease)

Stolzenburg, W. 1993. Lucky clovers. Nature Conservancy 43(3): 6. (Buffalo clover in Illinois; Canby's dropwort in Maryland)

Upadhaya, A. 1993. Plant conservation in the Royal Botanical Garden, Kathmandu, Nepal. Botanic Gardens Conservation News 2(1): 61-62.

Warren, S. and Sutherland, W. 1992. Goose populations: conservation, conflict and solutions. Ecology and Evolution 7(3): 71-72.

Weisman, A. and Tolan, S. 1992. Out of time. Audubon 94(6): 68-73. (Traditional cultures in Latin America dying)

Wilkeski, M. 1993. Diving dragons. Wildlife Conservation 96(3): 44-51, 81. (Marine iguanas, Galapagos Islands)

Williams, H. 1993. Lone rock joins Quincy Bluff Preserve. Nature Conservancy 43(3): 29. (Wisconsin)

Williams, H. 1993. Protecting Punta Patino. Nature Conservancy 43(3): 30. (ANCON purchases 65,000+ acres adjacent to Darien Biosphere Reserve, Panama)

Williams, M. 1993. Saving Saunder's gull. Wildlife Conservation 96(3): 18. (China, Japan, Vietnam, Korea)

Young, K. and Valencia, N. (Eds.) 1992. Biogeografia, Ecologia y Conservacion del Bosque Montano en el Peru. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru. 223 pp. (Memorias del Museo de Historia Natural No.21)

Zika, P. 1993. Historical species loss in the alpine zone of Camels Hump, Vermont. Bull. of the Torrey Bot. Club 120(1): 73-75.

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