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Department ofBotany

No. 124
August 1993

Editor: Jane Villa-Lobos


The Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center (WRPRC) offers a wide variety of services and opportunities for those interested in primate studies. The center, located at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, houses reproduction, neurobiology, physiological ethology, psychobiology, clinical biomedicine, aging, and immunology and virology research groups.

The following services are now availalbe through the WRPRC:
-The 1993 edition of the catalog, Audiovisual Resources in Primatology, contains an annotated list of audiotapes, videotapes, slide sets and films, and the number of slides held for each species in the audiovisual collection of the WRPRC Library. Indexes are provided for species and titles.
-The newsletter Primate Library Report: Audio-Visual Acquisitions , issued periodically, covers the period between editions of the catalog. The catalog sells for $10 ($18 abroad) and the newsletter is free upon request.
To receive either of these publications, or to order a comprehensive search of the Library's audiovisual database, write to Audiovisual Service at the address given below. Searches may also be directed to the library at (608) 263-3512.

For those interested in putting primates in the classroom, the WRPRC offers three new colorful slide sets that take full advantage of children's interests in monkeys, apes and the environment. The instructional materials, intended for use in grades 6-12, include three slide sets: Primate Behavior, Primate Conservation and Primate Taxonomy. Each set contains 72 slides with an accompanying annotated script, suggestions for classroom activities, bibliographies and other supporting materials. All three sets have been tested at schools and revised at the suggestion of middle and high school teachers. The slide sets are available as part of the Library's audiovisual collection and can be borrowed for 14 days at no cost if picked up, or for $10 if mailed. For more information, or to make a request, contact Ray Hamel, Special Collections Librarian at the address given below.

The International Directory of Primatology enhances communication among the many organizations and individuals involved in primate research, conservation and education. It can be used as a desk-top working tool or as a guide to primate programs and information resources. The directory is divided into five organizational sections: (1) geographic listing of primate centers, laboratories, educational programs, foundations, conservation organizations and sanctuaries, (2) current field sites with program and contact information, (3) groups involved with nonhuman primate population management, (4) professional primate societies and (5) major information sources in the field. Access to this information is supported by organizational, species, subject and name indexes. To order the 225 pp. spiral bound directory for $10 ($18 abroad), contact Larry Jacobsen, IDP Coordinator at the address noted below or by phone: (608) 263- 3512, or E-mail:

PRIMATE-TALK is an electronic mail listserver that offers an open forum for the discussion of primatology and related subjects. The forum is open to e-mail users world-wide with an interest in nonhuman primates. Currently there are over 300 P-T users from 15 countries. Subject matter includes news items, meeting announcements, research issues, information requests, veterinary/husbandry topics, job notices, animal exchange information and book reviews. Those with Internet, BITNET or UUCP addresses can communicate with PRIMATE-TALK. Users of other networks should contact the Research Center. To join, send a message to e-mail:, stating that you would like to sign on. Messages to the list are sent to e-mail: Further questions can be directed to Larry Jacobsen, Head of Library Services at (608) 263-3512 or at the address listed below.

PRIMATE INFO NET (PIN) is an Internet Gopher server for people interested in the field of primatology. Among the resources accessible in PIN are: a taxonomy of the primates, current newsletters, topical bibliographies, Primate-Talk directories, Envirolink, Animal Welfare Act and Amendments, Gorilla ethograms, and other information and WRPRC publications pertinent to the field. Gopher is a menu-based system for using Internet resources, and PIN is just one of many resources available through Internet Gopher. For more information about Primate Info Net contact Larry Jacobsen, Head of Library Service at e-mail:; or at the address given below.

The Audiovisual Service of the WRPRC Library collects and preserves the vocal repertoire and visual record of nonhuman primate species. The collection, built around individual and organization contributions, consists of slides, slide sets, videotapes, audiotapes and films that deal primarily with scientific, educational or research purposes. To borrow any items from the audiovisual collection of the WRPRC contact Ray Hamel at (608) 263-5612 or e-mail to, or use interlibrary loan at your local library. Visiting and borrowing from the WRPRG is free. If materials must be mailed, fees are charged. To purchase a catalog of materials held by the Center ($10 inside the U.S., $18 abroad) or to find out more information about the audiovisual service at the WRPRC Library write Ray Hamel at the address below.

Direct questions, comments, and requests concerning the above services, or concerning the center in general to the Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center, University of Wisconsin, 1223 Capitol Court, Madison, Wisconsin 53715-1299; Fax (608) 263-4031.


Last month, Secretary of the Interior Bruce Babbitt announced the approval of over $5 million in grants for wetland conservation projects in the U.S., Canada and Mexico. The grants are provided under the North American Wetlands Conservation Act, with 50% of the funding going to the U.S. and the other 50% going to Canada and Mexico. The grants are to be matched by $8,792,000 in public and private contributions.

In the U.S., the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission approved the purchase of 2,333 acres for additions to three national wildlife refuges. The three refuges to be expanded are the Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in Delaware, the Back Bay NWR in Virginia and the Roanoke River NWR in North Carolina. They provide important wintering and migrating habitat for a great diversity of migratory birds as well as other fish and wildlife species. Funds for these acquisitions came from the sale of Duck Stamps (which must be purchased by all waterfowl hunters over 16 years old) and other wildlife-related accounts.


Research by the Department of the Interior's U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service shows that native birds in North America's grasslands have suffered steeper, more consistent, and more widespread declines over the past 25 years than any other U.S. bird group. The data, which comes from the Service's annual Breeding Bird Survey, reveals that 7 of 12 bird species endemic to the Great Plains grasslands declined in numbers over the last 25 years, with the decline of four species alarmingly significant. In addition, 16 of 25 secondarily evolved grassland bird species also declined in numbers, with the decline of six species alarmingly significant.

The reasons for the declining populations are not fully understood, but are thought to be linked to changes in the grassland ecosystems of the Great Plains over the past 100 years. Slaughter of the bison, plowing of the grasslands and other ecosystem destroying developments have drastically reduced the native prairie and grasslands areas as much as 75% in some states.

Secretary of the Interior Bruce Babbitt said that "the discovery that the grassland birds are declining shows the importance of surveying our biological resources, and the need to consider entire ecosystems in our wildlife conservation programs." He also said that new ecosystem conservation efforts, such as The Great Plains Initiative and the North American Waterfowl Management Plan, can help the native grassland birds of North America. These and other programs aim at conserving the Great Plains and wetlands ecosystems with the hopes of preventing more species from becoming endangered and restoring wildlife habitats.


Guide to Biological Field Stations: Directory of Members provides on-the-spot access to information about 150 biological stations throughout North and Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. Included are maps and a brief outline of what each station offers within eight regional overviews. The location, environment, facilities, and ongoing research and educational programs for each station are given. Copies cost $10. Write to Dr. Richard C. Coles, Secretary-Treasurer, Organization of Biological Field Stations, Tyson Research Center, Washington University, P.O. Box 258, Eureka, Missouri 63025, or call (314) 935-8430.


Environmental Connections, an idea and source magazine for educators involved in environmental education, began publication last January. It is published bimonthly during the traditional school year (5 issues) by Earth Information Center, P.O. Box 387, Springfield, IL 62705-0387. Subscriptions are $17 for individuals and $22 for institutions.


The Center for Marine Conservation is looking for a Program Specialist to help initiate the International Coalition to Save the Sea Turtle (ICSST) in coordination with the IUCN Marine Turtle Specialist Group (MTSG). Primary emphasis will be on networking and financial resource development. Networking responsibilities will include coordinating communications within the MTSG and externally with governments, NGOs and research institutes on all aspects of marine turtle conservation. Financial resource development will involve securing resources for those conservation activities identified as priorities within the Action Plan.

Qualifications include an entrepreneurial perspective on the position with demonstrated expertise in fundraising and international conservation, fluency in English and at least one other language (preferably Spanish), writing and editing skills, and a good knowledge of international sea turtle conservation and biology issues is desirable but not required. The position will be based in Washington DC, but will report substantively to the MTSG Chair. The initial appointment is for two years, extendable depending on the successful applicant's effectiveness. Send a resume and references by 1 September 1993 to: Program Officer, Marine Turtle Specialist Group, Center for Marine Conservation, 1725 DeSales Street, N.W., #500, Washington, DC 20036 USA.


September 12-18. "The First Conference on National Parks and Protected Areas of East Asia, CNPPA" will be held in Beijing, China. Contact Li Bo-sheng, Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Beijing, China 100044 for more information.

September 19-24. "Annual Forestry and the Global Environment" will be held in Alexandra Headlands, Queensland. The 15th biennial conference of the Institute of Forests of Australia (IFA) will focus on forests and the global environment; global significance of Australian forests; global effects of Australian forest resource production and consumption patterns; Australia and world forestry management; and Australian expertise, comparative advantage, and the capacity for technology transfer. Contact the IFA Conference Coordinator, GPO Box 1697, Brisbane, Queensland 4001, Australia.

September 24-28. The "Global Forum on Environmental and Development Education" will be held in New Delhi, India. Contact Desh Bandhu, President, Indian Environmental Society, U-112 (3rd Floor), Vikas Marg, New Delhi-110092, India for more information.


Allan, T. and Warren, A. (Eds.) 1993. Deserts. The Encroaching Wilderness. Oxford Univ. Press, Cary, North 176 pp.

Amarasekare, P. 1993. Potential impact of mammalian nest predators on endemic forest birds of western Mauna Kea, Hawaii. Conservation Biology 7(2): 316-324.

Anon. 1993. Cambodian mangroves threatened. The Ecologist Campaigns May/June: 2.

Anon. 1993. Forest clearing in Brazil is found overestimated. The Baltimore Sun June 25: 7A.

Anon. 1993. Halting Hawaiian extinction. Am. Horticulturist 72(7): 12. (Center for Plant Conservation)

Anon. 1993. Penan block logging road in Sarawak. The Ecologist Campaigns May/June: 1-2.

Anon. 1993. Siberian forest saved-for now. The Ecologist Campaigns May/June: 2-3. (Bikin River Basin)

Ashton, R. (Ed.) 1992. Rare and Endangered Biota of Florida. Amphibians and Reptiles. Univ. of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida. 291 pp.

Benjamin, S. and Sutter, R. 1993. Element stewardship abstract: Sarracenia jonesii Wherry (Mountain sweet pitcher plant). Natural Areas Journal 13(2): 124-129.

Berkes, F. 1993. Traditional ecological knowledge in perspective. In J. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 1-9.

Binder, L. and Hanbridge, B. 1993. Aborginal people and resource co-management. In J. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 121-132.

Burgman, M., Ferson, S. and Akcakaya, H. 1993. Risk Assessment in Conservation Biology. Chapman & Hall, London, England. 314 pp.

Butler, D. and Merton, D. 1993. The Black Robin: Saving the World's Most Endangered Bird. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, England. 308 pp.

Carey, C. 1993. Hypothesis concerning the causes of disappearance of Boreal Toads from the mountains of Colorado. Conservation Biology 7(2): 355-362.

Demarais, B., Dowling, T. and Minckley, W. 1993. Post- perturbation genetic changes in populations of endangered Virgin River chubs. Conservation Biology 7(2): 334-341.

Doubleday, N. 1993. Finding common ground: natural law and collective wisdom. In J. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 41-53.

Dove, M. 1993. Smallholder rubber and swidden agriculture in Borneo: a sustainable adaptation to the ecology and economy of the tropical forest. Economic Botany 47(2): 136-147.

Dugan, P. 1993. Managing the wetlands. People & the Planet 2(2): 30-33. (Southern Africa)

Eldredge, N. (Ed.) 1992. Systematics, Ecology, and the Biodiversity Crisis. Columbia Univ. Press, New York. 220 pp.

Ellis, M. 1992. Towards ecological databases for a conservation organization. Austral. Syst. Bot. Soc. Newsletter 72: 17-18. (Australia)

Erdelen, W., Ishwaran, N. and Muller, P. (Eds.) 1991. Tropical Ecosystems. Systems Characteristics, Utilization Patterns, and Conservation Issues. Verlag Josef Margraf Scientific Books, Weikersheim, Germany. 202 pp. (Proceedings of the international and interdisciplinary symposium)

Eythorsson, E. 1993. Sami Fjord fisherman and the state: traditional knowledge and resource management in northern Norway. In J. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 133- 142.

Falb, D. and Leopold, D. 1993. Population dynamics of Cypripedium candidum Muhl. ex Willd., small white ladyslipper, in a western New York fen. Natural Areas Journal 13(2): 76-86.

Field, T. 1993. Wood-starved and footsore. Am. Forests 99(7&8): 49-52. (World firewood crisis)

Frissell, C. 1993. Topology of extinction and endangerment of native fishes in the Pacific Northwest and California (USA). Conservation Biology 7(2): 334-341.

Gambell, R. 1993. International management of whales and whaling: an historical review of the regulation of commercial and aborginal subsistence whaling. Arctic 46(2): 97-107.

Gillis, A. 1993. Keeping traditions on the menu. BioScience 43(7): 425-429.

Green, M. 1993. Conserving Sri Lanka's biological diversity: an optimum approach. IUCN Forest Conservation Programme Newsletter 15: 2-4.

Greer, J. 1993. The price of gold: environmental costs of the new gold rush. Ecologist 23(3): 91-96. (Canada, USA, Papua New Guinea)

Halloy, S. 1993. Under the mountain. Seeking diversity in South America. Useful new plant species for New Zealand. Growing Today May: 23-31.

Hausler, S. 1993. Community forestry-a critical assessment: the case of Nepal. The Ecologist 23(3): 84-90.

Hrenchuk, C. 1993. Native land use and common property: whose common? In J. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 69-86.

Iwu, M. 1993. CRC Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. 496 pp.

Johannes, R. 1993. Integrating traditional ecological knowledge and management with environmental impact assessment. In J. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 33- 39.

Jones, D. 1993. Cycads of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. 296 pp. (Conservation)

Jones, Jr, J. 1993. The concept of threatened and endangered species as applied to Texas mammals. Texas J. Science 45(2): 115-128.

Kalliola, R., Puhakka, M. and Danjoy, W. (Eds.) 1993. Amazonia Peruana. Vegetacion Humeda en el Llano Subandino. Universidad de Turku-ONERN. 265 pp.

Kaus, A. 1993. Environmental perceptions and social relations in the Mapimi Biosphere Reserve. Conservation Biology 7(2): 398-406. (Mexico)

Kempf, M. and Hopps, M. 1993. A new way to oversee the public's forests? Am. Forests 99(7&8): 28-31. (Ecosystem management)

Keough, M., Quinn, G. and King, A. 1993. Correlations between human collecting and intertidal molluse populations on rocky shores. Conservation Biology 7(2): 378-390.

Kiviat, E., Stevens, G. and Barbour, S. 1993. Blossoms and clay: landfill siting, wetlands, and biodiversity. News from Hudsonia 9(2): 1-6.

Lake, D. 1992. Unusual and Significant Plants of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties . East Bay Chapter, Berkeley, California. 47 pp.

Lalonde, A. 1993. African indigenous knowledge and its relevance to sustainable development. In J. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 55-62.

Lansky, M. 1993. Beyond the Beauty Strip: Saving What's Left of Our Forests. Tilbury House, Gardiner, Maine. 454 pp. (New England)

McClain, W., Jenkins, M., Jenkins, S. and Ebinger, J. 1993. Changes in the woody vegetation of a bur oak savanna remnant in central Illinois. Natural Areas Journal 13(2): 108-114.

McDonald, M. and Fleming, B. 1993. Community-based economic development and resource management in the Hudson Bay Area. In J. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 63- 68.

Medley, K. 1993. Extractive forest resources of the Tana River National Primate Reserve, Kenya. Economic Botany 47(2): 171-183.

Monastersky, R. 1993. The deforestation debate. Science News 144(2): 26-27.

Moore, H., Holt, W. and Mace, G. (Eds.) 1993. Biotechnology and the Conservation of Genetic Diversity. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, England. 256 pp.

Nakashima, D. 1993. Astute observers on the sea ice edge: Inuit knowledge as a basis for Arctic co-management. In J. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 99- 110.

Nicholson, M. and Arzeni, C. 1993. The market medicinal plants of Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Economic Botany 47(2): 184-192.

Nowacki, G. and Trainosky, P. 1993. Literature on old-growth forests of eastern North America. Natural Areas Journal 13(2): 87-107.

Okie, S. 1993. The race to save a dying lake. Wash. Post July 4: A26-27. (Lake Kayugi, Uganda)

Pesticide Management Division of the Department of Environmental Protection. 1992. Protecting Connecticut's Endangered Species. Pesticide Management Division of the Department of Environmental Protection, Hartford, Connecticut.

Peterson, I. 1993. A new preservation plant raises ire in the Pinelands. The New York Times (Metro) April 11: 26. (Pinelands National Reserve, New Jersey)

Petranka, J., Eldridge, M. and Haley, K. 1993. Effects of timber harvesting on southern Appalachian salamanders. Conservation Biology 7(2): 363-370.

Polshek, P. 1993. Projeto Mamiraua: an integrated conservation initiative. TCD Newsletter 27: 1-4.

Reid, W., Laird, S., Meyer, C., Gamez, R., Sittenfeld, A., Jantzen, D., Gollin, M. and Juma, C. 1993. Biodiversity Prospecting: Using Genetic Resources for Sustainable Development. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC. 341 pp.

Ruddle, K. 1993. The transmission of traditional ecological knowledge. In J. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 17-31.

Rylands, A. (Ed.) 1993. Marmosets and Tamarins: Systemat. ics, Behaviour, and Ecology. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, England. 400 pp.

Shands, W. 1993. World forests-the Duluth Manifesto. Am. Forests 99(7&8): 32-33. (Forest-stewardship credo)

Skole, D. and Tucker, C. 1993. Tropical deforestation and habitat fragmentation in the Amazon: satellite data from 1978 to 1988. Science 260(5116): 1905-1909.

Smith, K., Murphy, K., Michaelson, D. and Viehl, W. 1993. Habitat and predation management for nesting piper plovers at Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, North Dakota. The Prairie Naturalist 25(2): 139-147.

State Department of Environmental Protection. 1992. Connecticut's Endangered, Threatened, and Special Concern Species. State Department of Environmental Protection, Hart. ford, Connecticut.

Stevens, W. 1993. Botantists contrive comebacks for threatened plants. The New York Times (Science Times) May 11: C1, C8.

Stirling, A. 1993. Environmental valuation: how much is the emperor wearing? Ecologist 23(3): 97-103.

Stuessy, T. 1993. The role of creative monography in the biodiversity crisis. Taxon 42(May): 313-320.

Suliman, M. 1993. Civil war in the Sudan: from ethnic to ecological conflict. Ecologist 23(3): 104-109.

Telfer, E. 1993. Habitat change as a factor in the decline of the western Canadian logerhead shrike, Lanius ludovicianus, population. Canadian Field-Naturalist 106(3): 321-326.

Thompson, F. 1993. Simulated responses of forest-interior bird population to forest management options in central hardwood forests of the United States. Conservation Biology 7(2): 325-333.

Ticknor, W. 1993. The TEMS approach. Am. Forests 99(7&8): 34-36. (Total Ecosystem Management Strategies, developed by Mead Corp. & White Water Assoc., in Upper Peninsula of Michigan)

Tobias, T. 1993. Stereotyped village economies and the Pinehouse Harvest Research. In J. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 87-98.

Tolba, M. (Ed.) 1992. The World Environment 1972-1992: Two Decades of Challenge. Chapman & Hall, London, England.

Tye, A. 1993. Project profile: the East Usambaras Conservation and Development Project. IUCN Forest Conservation Pro.gramme Newsletter 15: 4-6.

Usher, P. 1993. The Beverly-Kaminuriak Caribou Management Board: an experience in co-management. In J. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 111-120.

Vermeij, G. 1993. Biogeography of recently extinct marine species: implications for conservation. Conservation Biology 7(2): 391-397.

Wavey, R. 1993. International workshop on indigenous knowledge and community-based resource management: keynote address. In J. Inglis (Ed.), Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre. Pp. 11-16.

Wells, M., Brandon, K. and Hannah, L. 1992. People and Parks: Linking Protected Area Management with Local Communities. World Bank Publications, Washington, DC. 99 pp.

Worldwatch Institute. 1993. The State of the World 1993. W.W. Norton and Earthscan, New York and London.

Young, S. (Ed.) 1992. New York Heritage Program. New York Rare Plant Status List. New York Natural Heritage Program, Latham, NY. 78 pp. (2000 native plants - 30% rare or worthy of some form of protection)

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