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Department ofBotany

No. 136
September 1994

Editor: Jane Villa-Lobos


The Smithsonian Institution, in cooperation with the University of California at Berkeley, is pleased to announce the creation of a new listserver to discuss information management for the proposed U.S. National Biodiversity Information Center. The listserver, Biodicen-L, may be of interest to those with desiring biodiversity information sources and tools. New subscribers from any sector are welcome. Readers can find a short description of the Center concept in the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History's gopher ( under Biodiversity Programs.

The draft mission for the Center is to function as a clearinghouse to 1) provide awareness of available biodiversity data and information; 2) enable access to such data and information; and 3) facilitate the use and exchange of, and collaborative discussions about, the information in order to meet the needs of public and private customers for conservation, sustainable use, education, and scientific inquiry.

To subscribe, send the message: "subscribe biodicen-L " to: "".


Fundacion Lahuen, a Chilean NGO dedicated to the preservation of Chilean native forest, has been granted a concession from the government to manage 35,000 hectares of southern Valdivian rainforest, mountain tundra and ocean waters. The reserve comprises an entire mountainous peninsula of Isla Magdelena, one of the largest islands of Chile's southern archipelago. The heavily forested wilderness tract includes giant hardwoods, ancient cypress, a snow-capped volcano (on the central part of the island), rushing rivers, thermal springs, endemic flora and fauna and some of the largest penguin and sea lion colonies in the southern archipelago. The foundation has been charged with managing this area for conservation, research and sustainable economic purposes.

Fundacion Lahuen is planning to conduct a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment on Isla Magdelena during Chile's next summer (January- March 1995). The results of the assessment will be used to set management objectives and directions and create baseline data for future studies. The NGO is soliciting participation from North American researchers in several disciplines to join the team. Needs include investigators in the fields of forest ecology, hydrology, limnology, mammalogy, archeology, marine biology, and botanists specialized in non-arboreal plants, mycology and lichenology. Researchers need to be prefunded or be able to cover their own travel to Chile. Fundacion Lahuen will cover travel, lodging and meal expenses related to the assessment. Special equipment needs cannot be covered.

The study will allow North American researchers an exciting opportunity to work with Chilean colleagues in creating a biological profile of this unique and abundantly diverse region. On-going and comparative studies are also encouraged. The survey will contribute to a model joint public/private conservation effort.

Interested individuals should contact John Jennings, Fundacion Lahuen, Orrego Luco 054, Providencia, Santiago, Chile; Tel.: 562-252-0243; Fax: 562-232-7214; email: In the US some questions can be fielded by Mr. Douglas Fir, Ancient Forest International, P.O. Box 1850, Redway, CA 95560; Tel.: (707) 986-7338; Fax: (707) 923-3015 email:


The CSIRO Tropical Forest Research Centre is organizaing an edited volume entitled "Tropical Forest Remnants: Ecology, Genetics and Management of Fragmented Communities", edited by W.F. Laurance, R. O. Bierregaard, and C. Moritz. Biologists and resource managers who are currently working on fragmentation in tropical communities may wish to contribute to this volume. The volume will include contributions from researchers in Australasia, the Neotropics, Southeast Asia and other tropical regions. A symposium on fragmentation of tropical communities is also being planned to be held in August, 1995 at the Ecological Society of America meetings in Snowbird, Utah. Contributors to the volume are invited to attend the symposium and give an oral presentation.

For further information, contact: William F. Laurance, WTMA Senior Research Fellow, CSIRO Tropical Forest Research Centre, P. O. Box 780, Atherton, Queensland 4883, Australia; Fax: 61-70- 913245; e-mail:

The International Smithsonian/MAB Symposium, "Measuring and Monitoring Forest Biological Diversity: The International Network of Biodiversity Plots" which will be held at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC from May 23-25, 1995 is accepting abstracts of papers to be presented. The symposium's primary objective is to illustrate the importance of baseline information provided by forest biodiversity plots. This will be achieved through the presentation of scientific papers on floristic composition, structure, diversity, and dynamics of forest plots, along with complementary research on other taxa that can be linked to one of the sites. Proceedings will be published as a reference text for researchers, managers, and students focusing on the comparative analysis of forest types, especially for use at SI/MAB monitoring plots.

Abstracts should be double spaced and be no longer than 250 words that summarize the paper. Due date is December 15, 1994. Once abstracts are accepted, final papers are due by March 30, 1995, for exchange between authors and for peer review. For more information, contact: Dr. Francisco Dallmeier, Chair, Symposium Planning Group, Smithsonian Institution, 1100 Jefferson Drive, S.W., Suite 3123, Washington, DC. 20560; Tel.: (202) 357-4793; Fax: (202) 786-2557; e-mail:


The School of Biological Sciences, The University of Birmingham, in collaboration with the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, offer international postgraduate training opportunities in the Conservation and Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources. The aim of the training is to provide trainees from developing and developed countries with the practical and theoretical skills they require to conserve and utilize botanical diversity for the benefit of all humankind.

For more information on the entry requirements and application procedure, contact the School of Biological Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, U.K.


October 25-27. The California Conference on Ecosystem Management: Designing with Nature will be held at the Sacramento Hilton Inn and will address the management of California's land and resources in conformity with ecological, social and political realities. For more information, write: Sandra Cooper, University Extension, University of California, Davis, CA 95616; Tel.: (916) 757-8948 or Mark Nechodom (916) 757-8952.

October 28-November 3. The third annual Institute of Tropical Ecology will take place in Alamos, Sonora, Mexico. Interpretive field trips will study the tropical deciduous or short tree forest with emphasis on the plants and animals found there. The cost is $695 per person which includes transportation, instruction, housing, services and meals. Proof of citizenship is required. One unit of University credit is available for an additional fee. Gor further information, contact Cynthia Lindquist, Institutes Director, Tucson Audubon Society, 300 E. University, Tucson, Arizona 85705; Tel.: (602) 629-0757; Fax: (602) 622-5622.


Anon. 1994. Antarctic whale sanctuary wins approval easily. Focus 16(4): 1,6.

Anon. 1994. Botanic gardens and plant conservation in India. Botanic Gardens Conservation News 2(3): 50-51.

Anon. 1994. Breeding success signals new hope for Philippine eagles. Focus 16(4): 3.

Anon. 1994. Leading scientists describe threats of chemicals to wildlife. Focus 16(4): 1,6.

Anon. 1994. Prescription for extinction: endangered species and patented oriental medicines in trade. Focus 16(4): 5.

Aubrecht, G., Dick, G. and Prentice, C. 1994. Monitoring of ecological change in wetlands of Middle Europe. Stapfea 31: 1-224. (Proc. of workshop in Linz, Austria Oct. 1993)

Balee, W. 1994. Footprints of the Forest. Ka'apor Ethnobotany - the Historical Ecology of Plant Utilization by an Amazonian People. Columbia University Press, New York, NY. 396 pp.

Balistrieri, C. 1994. Think globally, act locally. Am. Orchid Soc. Bull. 63(7): 798-800. (Orchid conservation)

Banks, D., Ditz, D. and Heaton, G. 1994. Technology Cooperation and Environmental Progress in the Developing World. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC. 50 pp.

Banuri, T. and Marglin, F. (Eds). 1993. Who Will Save the Forests? Knowledge, Power and Environmental Destruction. Zed Books, London, U.K. 230 pp.

Barrat, J. 1994. Tzotzil ethnobotany preserves ancient Mayan knowledge. Smithsonian Institution Research Reports 77: 2,6.

Barzyk, J. 1994. Husbandry and captive breeding of the parrot-beaked tortoise Homopus areolatus. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 1(2): 138-140.

Baskin, Y. 1994. There's a new wildlife policy in Kenya: use it or lose it. Science 265(5173): 733-734.

Bean, M. 1994. What the Endangered Species Act Procedural Reform Amendments of 1993 (H.R. 1490 and S. 1521) would have meant for the bald eagle. End. Species UPDATE 11(5): 5. (Opinion)

Belovsky, G., Bissonette, J., Dueser, R., Edwards, T., Luecke, C., Ritchie, M., Slade, J. and Wagner, F. 1994. Management of small populations: concepts affecting the recovery of endangered species. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 22(2): 307-316.

Benzinger, J. 1994. Hemlock decline and breeding birds II. Effects of habitat change. Records of New Jersey Birds 20(2): 34-51.

Bernton, H. 1994. Ecological danger signs in the "mystical" Pribilofs. Washington Post July 12: A3. (Alaska islands, home to largest seabird rookeries in the Northern Hemisphere and breeding beaches for 700,000 northern fur seals)

Calegaro-Marques, C. and Bicca-Marques, J. 1994. Ecology and social relations of the black-chinned emperor tamarin. Neotropical Primates 2(2): 20-21. (Endangered species, Brazil)

Carroll, S. 1994. Riding to extinction. Sanctuary 33(6): 8-11. (Off-road vehicles, threat to endangered plant species on Massachusetts conservation lands)

Center for International Development and Environment. 1994. Farmer Innovation in Natural Resource Management: Water Management in Msanzi, Tanzania. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC. 34 pp.

Child, G. 1994. Strengthening protected-area management: a focus for the 1990s, a platform for the future. Biodiversity and Conservation 3(5): 459-463.

Costa, A. 1994. Two new Vriesea species from the Atlantic forests: Vriesea altomacaensis and Vriesea arachnoidea. J. Bromeliad Soc. 44(4): 159-164. (Macae de Cima Ecological Reserve, Brazil)

Cowling, R., Esler, K., Midgley, G. and Honig, M. 1994. Plant functional diversity, species diversity and climate in arid & semi-arid southern Africa. J. Arid Environments 2: 141- 158.

Cropper, S. 1993. Management of Rare or Threatened Plants. CSIRO, Melbourne, Australia. (Worldwide coverage)

Csuti, B. 1994. Gap analysis: mapping biodiversity for conservation and management. End. Species UPDATE 11(5): 1- 4.

Davis, S., Ogden, J. and Park, W. (Eds). 1994. Everglades: The Ecosystem and Its Restoration. St. Lucie Press, Inc., Delray Beach, Florida.

Earl of Cranbrook and Edwards, D. 1994. Belalong - A Tropical Rainforest. Sun Tree Publishing Pte. Ltd., Singapore.

Eckstrom, C. 1994. Homeless macaws? Int. Wildlife 24(5): 14-24. (Peru)

Eddy, J. and Oeschger, H. (Eds). 1993. Global Changes in the Perspective of the Past. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY. 383 pp.

Edwards, P., May, R. and Webb, N. (Eds). 1994. Large Scale Ecology and Conservation Biology. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Cambridge, MA. 416 pp.

Gerum, S. 1994. The palm Pritchardia munroi: attempts to save a species from extinction. Bot. Gardens Conservation News 2(3): 28-29.

Hall, L., Morrison, M. and Block, W. 1994. Current status of terrestrial birds on the islands of Mono Lake, California. Southwestern Naturalist 39(2): 183-187.

Hawthorne, W. D. 1993. Forest Regeneration after Logging. Findings of a Study in Bia South Game Production Reserve, Ghana. Natural Resources Institute, Kent, U.K. 52 pp. (ODA Forestry Series No. 3)

Hazarika, S. 1994. India's forests beseiged, but still growing. New York Times (International) August 21: 11.

Hinrichsen, D. 1994. Putting the bite on planet Earth. Int. Wildlife 24(5): 36-45. (Effects of population on natural resources)

Hockey, P. A. R., Lombard, A. and Siefried, W. 1994. South Africa's commitment to preserving biodiversity: can we see the wood for the trees? South African J. Science 90: 105-106.

Holdgate, M. 1994. Protected areas in the future: the implications of change, and the need for new policies. Biodiversity and Conservation 3(5): 406-410.

Inozemtsev, A. and Pereshkolnik, S. 1994. Status and conservation prospects of Testudo gracea L. inhabiting the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 1(2): 151-158.

Joyner, J. and Chester, E. 1994. The vascular flora of Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge, Stewart County, Tennessee. Castanea 59(2): 117-145.

Kumar, C. and Pushpangadan, P. 1994. Malabar daffodil orchid, Ipsea malabarica, on the verge of extinction. Bot. Gardens Conservation News 2(3): 52-53.

Kutner, L. 1994. Climate change: potential impacts on vascular plants. Biodiversity Network News 7(1): 2-3, 7.

Laurance, W. 1994. Rainforest fragmentation and the structure of small mammal communities in tropical Queensland. Biol. Conservation 69: 23-32.

Laurance, W., Garesche, J. and Payne, C. 1993. Avian nest predation in modified and natural habitats in tropical Queensland: an experimental study. Wildlife Res. 20: 711- 723.

Loizeau, P. 1994. Report on the colloquium "Nature and Botanical Gardens for the 21st Century", held to celebrate the 175th anniversary of the Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la ville de Geneve, Switzerland, in June 1993. Bot. Gardens Conservation News 2(3): 38-41.

Lusigi, W. 1994. Socio-economic and ecological prospects for multiple use of protected areas in Africa. Biodiversity and Conservation 3(5): 449-458.

Lykke, A. M. 1994. The vegetation of Delta du Salorem National Park, Senegal. AAU Reports 33: 1-88.

Mathew, S. and Abraham, S. 1994. The vanishing palms of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Principes 38(2): 100- 104.

May, R. 1994. Ecological science and the management of protected areas. Biodiversity and Conservation 3(5): 437- 448.

McNeely, J. 1994. Introduction to special issue on protected areas. Biodiversity and Conservation 3(5): 387-389.

McNeely, J. 1994. Protected areas for the 21st Century: working to provide benefits to society. Biodiversity and Conservation 3(5): 390-405.

Mendes, F. 1994. Muriqui conservation: the urgent need of an integrated management plan. Neotropical Primates 2(2): 16- 18. (Brazil)

Milius, S. 1994. Now what should we do? Int. Wildlife 24(5): 46-50.

Miller, K. 1994. International cooperation in conserving biological diversity: a world strategy, international convention, and framework for action. Biodiversity and Conservation 3(5): 464- ??

Mills, J. 1994. Market Under Cover: the Rhinoceros Horn Trade in South Korea. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, U.K. 43 pp.

Myers, N. 1994. Protected areas - protected from a greater "what"? Biodiversity and Conservation 3(5): 411-418.

Nelson, C. 1994. Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (TBGRI), Pacha-palode, Trivandrum, India. Bot. Gardens Conservation News 2(3): 56-57.

Raver, A. 1994. From the ancient neem tree, a new insecticide. New York Times June 5: 49.

Reenberg, A. and Markussen, B. 1994. The Sahel: population, integrated rural development projects, research components in development projects. AAU Reports 32: 1-171. (Proceedings of 6th Danish Sahel Workshop, 6-8 January 1994)

Richardson, M. 1994. The botanic garden seed list - a curse to plant conservation? Bot. Gardens Conservation News 2(3): 21-22.

Salleh, M. and Wong, W. 1994. Building forestry research capacity: the case of Malaysia. UNASYLVA 45(177): 7-12.

Sanz, V. and Marquez, L. 1994. Conservacion del mono capuchino de Margarita (Cebus apella margaritae) en la Isla de Margarita, Venezuela. Neotropical Primates 2(2): 5-8.

Sharma, S. and Goel, A. 1994. The National Botanical Research Institute (NRBI) Botanic Garden - a national facility for India. Bot. Gardens Conservation News 2(3): 59-62.

Sheil, D. 1994. Invasive plants in tropical forests: warnings from the Amani Botanic Gardens, Tanzania. Bot. Gardens Conservation News 2(3): 23-24.

Shenon, P. 1994. Isolated Papua New Guineans fall prey to foreign bulldozers. New York Times (National) June 5: 1, 14.

Staples, G. and Medbury, S. 1994. Moringa drouhardii, a rare Madagascan endemic in the Honolulu Botanical Gardens, Hawai'i. Cactus & Succ. J.(USA) 66(3): 122-123.

Stevens, J. 1994. Zebras in turmoil. Int. Wildlife 24(5): 4-13. (Africa)

Swardson, A. 1994. Net losses: fishing decimating oceans "unlimited" bounty. Washington Post August 14: A1, A28.

Theuerkauf, W. 1994. Preserving southern Indian pteridophytes. Bot. Gardens Conservation News 2(3): 54-55.

Tisdell, C. 1994. Conservation, protected areas and the global economic system: how debt, trade, exchange rates, inflation and macroeconomic policy affect biological diversity. Biodiversity and Conservation 3(5): 419-436.

Trexler, M. and Haugen, C. 1994. Keeping It Green: Tropical Forestry Opportunities to Mitigate Global Warming. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC. 75 pp.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNESCO). 1993. Tropical Rain Forests of Central America. UNESCO, Paris, France. 36 pp. (Children's book; also available in Spanish)

Van der Wansem, M. and Smith, D. 1994. A Comparison of Environmental Impact Assessment in Three Asian Countries. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC. 100 pp.

Van Lier, H., Jaarsma, C., Jurgens, C., and de Buck, A. (Eds). 1994. Sustainable Land Use Planning. (Proceedings of an International Workshop held in Sept. 1992)

Vogt, R., Cantarelli, V. and Guerreiro de Carvalho, A. 1994. Reproduction of the cabecudo, Peltocephalus dumerilianus, in the Biological Reserve of Rio Trombetas, Para, Brazil. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 1(2): 145-147.

Wagner, W., Weller, S. and Sakai, A. 1994. Description of a rare new cliff-dwelling species from Kaua'i, Schiedea attenuata. Novon 4(2): 187-190. (Hawaii)

Whigham, D., Dykyjova, D. and Hejny, S. (Eds). 1993. Wetlands of the World I: Inventory, Ecology and Management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. 768 pp.

Worldwatch Institute. 1994. Vital Signs 1994. Worldwatch Institute, Washington, DC. (Almanac of trends & statistics that measures progress towards global sustainability)

Wright, J. 1994. Utilization of Pinus Patula: An Annotated Bibliography. Oxford Forestry Institute, Oxford, U.K. 46 pp. (Oxford Forestry Institute Occasional Papers No. 45)

Yoon, C. 1994. Warming moves plants up peaks, threatening extinction. New York Times (National) June 21: C4. (Austrian Alps)

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