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Department ofBotany



No. 141
February 1995


Editor: Jane Villa-Lobos


ARID LANDS WWW


By Katherine Waser

The Office of Arid Lands Studies at The University of Arizona is pleased to announce the on-line debut of a World Wide Web Home Page for the International Arid Lands Consortium (IALC). The IALC is an independent, nonprofit research organization supporting ecological sustainability in arid and semiarid lands worldwide. Its founders are: The University of Arizona, The University of Illinois, New Mexico State University, South Dakota State University, Texas A&M University-Kingsville, the Jewish National Fund, and the USDA Forest Service.

The goal of the IALC Home Page is threefold: (1) to heighten awareness of the IALC and its members among the international community of arid lands researchers, land managers, policy makers and development specialists; (2) to provide IALC members and other interested colleagues with access to leading- edge information on a host of topics critical to the pursuit of timely and pragmatic solutions to research questions specific to drylands; and (3) to create new possibilities for interaction among IALC members and their colleagues by means of this network link, especially in terms of facilitating cooperative projects, limiting duplication of effort, and making more efficient use of limited resources by sharing expertise and experience.

The IALC Home Page currently includes information on IALC member institutions; the first issue of a quarterly on-line newsletter announcing news, conferences, publications and jobs of potential interest to the arid lands research community; and hot links to other Internet sites of interest. Further newsletter editions, a directory of IALC researchers, and a bibliography of their publications are also under development.

The URL for the IALC Home Page is: http://ag.arizona.edu/OALS/IALC/Home.html. For more information, contact Katherine Waser: Tel.: (602) 621-8572; e-mail: kwaser@ag.arizona.edu.


CONSERVATION BIOLOGY FUND


The Sophie Danforth Conservation Biology Fund was established by the Roger Williams Park Zoo and the Rhode Island Zoological Society to help protect the world's threatened wildlife. Each year award grants are given to individuals or institutions working in conservation biology for up to $1,000.

Projects and programs that enhance biodiversity and maintain ecosystems receive the highest funding priority. Field studies, environmental education programs, development of techniques that can be used in a natural environment and captive propagation programs that stress an integrative and/or multi-disciplinary approach to conservation are also appropriate. Proposals for single species preservation, initial surveys, or seed money for technique development are not appropriate.

Recipients are required to acknowledge the Roger Williams Park Zoo and the Rhode Island Zoological Society in any publications that result from the project. Recipients must also submit a progress report which inlcudes an update on the status of the project. This report is due one year after funding.

All proposals must be submitted by May 1, 1995. Grants will be awarded in July, 1995. For further information regarding the Sophie Danforth Conservation Biology Fund, contact: Dr. Anne Savage, Director of Research, Roger Williams Park Zoo, Elmwood Ave., Providence, RI 02905; Tel.: (401) 785-3510; Fax: (401) 941- 3988; e-mail: BI599132@brownvm.brown.edu.


FIELD COURSES


The International Programs of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources of the University of Florida is offering a short course," Agroforestry Systems: Design and Management", May 8-26 in Gainesville, Florida. The course will cover: concepts and scientific basis of agroforestry, developments in agroforestry research and technologies. Cost: US$2,500. Contact: Christine Kelly-Begazo, International Programs - Training Unit, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611; Tel.: (904) 392-6902; Fax: (904) 392-7127; e-mail: itd@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu.

The University of Florida and the Makerere University of Uganda are offering a field course in tropical ecology and conservation to be held in June and July 1995 at the Makerere University Biological Field Station in the Kibale Forest National Park of western Uganda. The first part of the course is a series of introductory lectures and field trips; during the second part students will conduct independent research projects. For application forms, contact: Overseas Studies, 123 Tigert Hall, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611; Tel.: (904) 392- 5206. For more information about the course, contact Colin or Laura Chapman, Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611; Tel.: (904) 392-1196 or (904) 392-7474; e- mail: cachapman@zoo.ufl.edu or ljchapman@zoo.ufl.edu.


FELLOWSHIPS


The University of Maryland Sea Grant College, with support from the National Science Foundation's Research Experience for Undergraduates, will award twelve research fellowships to undergraduates who will have finished 2 years of study by Spring 1995.

Students will work at either the University of Maryland's Chesapeake Biological Laboratory (Solomons, MD) or the Horn Point Environmental Laboratory (Cambridge, MD) and participate in multidisciplinary marine research programs that are examining basic ecosystem processes. As members of a research team, student researchers will take part in such studies as the cycling of nutrients and organic material within the estuary, food chain relationships, population dynamics of fish and other Bay organisms, and the complexities of estuarine water circulation.

Stipends are $3000 plus housing allowance, round-trip travel expenses and funding to assist in presenting the results of summer research. Application deadline is March 10, 1995. Applicants should send a 1-2 page description of interest, educational plans, and expectations of the summer research experience. In addition, please send official transcripts, list of courses in progress, and two letters of recommendation to: Gail B. Mackiernan, Maryland Sea Grant Program, 0112 Skinner Hall, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742; Tel.: (301) 405-6371; e-mail:mdsg@mbimail.umd.edu.


JOB ANNOUNCEMENTS


The Association of Systematics Collections (ASC) seeks to hire a data manager for a twelve month period, contigent upon ASC's receipt of funds for the position. Anticipated start date is April, 1995. Duties are to augment the existing ASC database on collections resources, to develop a directory of taxonomic experts, and to survey ASC members concerning their collection- based databases. Information will be made available to US federal agencies and the public.

Qualification: BA or BS in biology or computer sciences and Internet literacy. Knowledge of systematics collections, survey of methodology, and Paradox database software highly desirable. Pay commensurate with experience. Send resume to: ASC, 730 11th Street NW, 2nd Floor, Washington, DC 20001; e-mail: mnhas001@sivm.si.edu.

The Wildlife Conservation Society seeks an outstanding educator to assume the duties of a secondary level instructor. The candidate will teach, inspire and motivate adolescents and adults, including teachers. A Master's degree in ecology, zoology or environmental science is required. A minimum of 2 years full- time teaching experience in an informal setting is essential; knowledge of zoo biology and conservation issues are important; outstanding presentation skills are a must. Work schedule: Sunday - Thursday. Benefits: complete health coverage and 3 weeks vacation.

If interested, send resume and salary requirements to: Human Resources, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx Zoo, 185th Street and Southern Blvd., Bronx, NY 10460. Also send an e-mail message to Fred W. Koontz at fwkoontz@delphi.com.


NEW PUBLICATIONS


A Guide to Biological Field Stations: Directory of Members, is currently available from the Organization of Biological Field Stations. The guide provides information on locations, environment, facilities, ongoing research and educational programs on 150 biological field stations primarily in North and Central America.

The guide is $10 (postage included) and can be obtained from Dr. Richard W. Coles, Secretary-Treasurer, Organization of Biological Field Stations, Tyson Research Center, Washington University, P.O. Box 258, Eureka, MO 63025.


FUTURE MEETINGS


April 22-26. "Sustainable Society and Protected Areas", the 8th conference on research and resource management in parks and public lands, will be held in Portland, Oregon. For more information, contact: The George Wright Society, P. O. Box 65, Hancock, MI 49930; Tel.: (9906) 487-9722.

May 7-11. The Tropical Conservation and Development Program of the Center for Latin American Studies (University of Florida) and the Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas (Universidad Nacional de la Amazonia Peruana) will hold the Second International Conference on Wildlife Management in Amazonia in Iquitos, Peru. The conference will focus on the importance of local community participation and the development of economic alternatives to conserve species and habitats. For further information, contact: Conference, TCD Program, University of Florida, P. O. Box 115531, Gainesville, FL 32611-5531; Tel.: (904) 392-6548; Fax: (904) 392- 0085; e-mail: tcd@tcd.ufl.edu.

May 22-27. A conference on the problems of conservation and biodiversity in steppe and forest-steppe ecosystems will be held at the Centralno-Chernozemniy Biosphere Reserve to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the reserve. Topics will include: nature conservation, optimization of conservation policy of the steppe, meadow and forest ecosystems, and widening the network of the reserves in the steppe and forest-steppe zones. For information, contact; Soshina Valentina Petrovna, Centralno-Chernozemniy Reserve, P.O. Zapovednoe, Kursk Region, Kursk Oblast 307028, Russia.

May 22-26. The International Symposium on Conservation of Rare and Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora will be held in Guilin, China. Topics: status and conservation strategies of rare and endangered plants; germplasm and distribution of rare and endangered species; ex situ preservation, propagation and utilization of rare and endangered species. For more information, write: Guilin International Conference Centre for Science and Technology, No. 17 Yiren Road, Guilin, Guangxi 541001, China. Tel. & Fax: (0773) 227283.

May 23-25. "Measuring and Monitoring Forest Biological Diversity: The International Network of Biodiversity Plots" will be held at the S. Dillon Ripley International Center, Smithsonian Institution. Areas of emphasis: North America, the Caribbean, Central and South America, and Asia. For information, contact: Smithsonian/MAB 1995 Forest Plot Symposium, Smithsonian Institution, 1100 Jefferson Drive S.W., Suite 3123, Washington, DC 20560.


CURRENT LITERATURE


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Ahmed, B. and Samant, J. 1994. Man and wildboar (Sus cristatus) interaction in the agrocoenoses of the western Ghats: studies on crop protection strategies. Ecoprint 1(1): 47-50.

Anderson, S. 1994. Area and endemism. Quarterly Review of Biology 69(4): 451-471.

Anon. 1994. Colombian forest find. World Birdwatch 16(4): 3. (Brown-banded antpetta rediscoverd in Andes)

Anon. 1994. A future without fish. Conservation Issues 1(4): 1, 3-4, 8-11. (Fisheries management)

Anon. 1994. Making U.S. fisheries management work: reforming the Magnuson Act. Conservation Issues 1(4): 5-7.

Anon. 1994. New Caribbean sanctuaries. World Birdwatch 16(4): 5. (Little Cayman Islands, first Ramsar site)

Anon. 1994. Usambara forest up-date. World Birdwatch 16(4): 5. (Tanzanian mountain weaver and other threatened birds)

Arya, S., Agnihotri, Y. and Samra, J. 1994. Watershed- management: changes in animal population structure, income, and cattle migration, Shilwaliks, India. AMBIO 23(7): 446-450.

Austen, M., Cadman, M. and James, R. 1994. Ontario Birds at Risk. Federation of Ontario Naturalists and Long Point Bird Observatory, Ontario, Canada. 165 pp.

Bailey, P. 1995. Little Sahara. Nature Canada 24(1): 26-32. (Okanagan Valley, British Columbia)

Barnes, R., Blom, A. and Alers, M. 1995. A review of the status of forest elephants Loxodonta africana in Central Africa. Biol. Conserv. 71(2): 125-132.

Beccaloni, G. and Gaston, K. 1995. Predicting the species richness of neotropical forest butterflies: Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) as indicators. Biol. Conserv. 71(1): 77-86.

Bennett, E. 1994. Dance of the hunters. Wildlife Conserv. 97(6): 56-61. (Hunting threatens northern Borneo's wildlife)

Bradford, D., Graber, D. and Tabatabai, F. 1994. Population declines of the native frog, Rana muscosa, in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, California. Southwest Naturalist 39(4): 323-327.

Brooke, M. 1994. All at sea. World Birdwatch 16(4): 14-17. (Seabird conservation)

Brown, L. and MacDonald, D. 1995. Predation on green turtle Chelonia mydas nests by wild canids at Akyatan beach, Turkey. Biol. Conservation 71(1): 55-60.

Burkey, T. 1995. Faunal collapse in East African game reserves revisited. Biol. Conserv. 71(1): 107-110.

Busch, R. 1994. Pacific puzzle. Wildlife Conserv. 97(6): 7. (Decline of Stellar sea lions)

Cheng, I-Jiunn. 1995. Tourism and the green turtle in conflict on Wan-an Island, Taiwan. Marine Turtle Newsletter 68: 4-6. (Endangered in Taiwan)

Chernela, J. 1994. Tukanoan know-how: the importance of the forested river margin to neotropical fishing populations. Research & Exploration 10(4): 440-457.

Colchester, M. 1995. The Malaysian disease. BBC Wildlife 13(2): 56. (Suriname considering opening rain forest to Asian timber companies)

Condit, R. 1995. Research in large, long-term tropical forest plots. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 10(1): 18- 21.

Cooper, J. and Ryan, P. 1994. Management Plan for the Gough Islands Wildlife Reserve. Government of Tristan da Cunha, Edinburgh. 96 pp.

Cundiff, B. 1995. A new image. Nature Canada 24(1): 38-45. (Central Canada's wetlands are disappearing)

Cushman, J. 1995. Timber! A new idea is crashing. New York Times January 22: E5. (Ecosystem management, USA)

Dean, W., Midgley, J. and Stock, W. 1994. The distribution of mistletoes in South Africa: patterns of species richness and host choice. J. Biogeogr. 21(5): 503-510.

Dodson, C. and Escobar, R. 1994. Native Ecuadorian Orchids. Vol. 1. Aa - Dracula. Compania Lithografica Nacional, Medellin, Colombia. 207 pp. (Conservation and endemism statistics)

Dzwonko, Z. and Kornas, J. 1994. Patterns of species richness and distribution of pteridophytes in Rwanda (Central Africa): a numerical approach. J. Biogeogr. 21(5): 491- 502.

Eames, J. 1994. Heaven & earth. World Birdwatch 16(4): 10-13. (Vietnam)

Erwin, R., Hatfield, J. and Wilmers, T. 1995. The value and vulnerability of small estuarine islands for conserving metapopulations of breeding waterbirds. Biol. Conserv. 71(2): 187-192.

Everett, M. 1994. Royal Society for the protection of birds. World Birdwatch 16(4): 20-21.

Fernandes, H., Veiga, L. and Bartell, S. 1994. Risk assessment of heavy metal pollution in Jacarepagua coastal lagoon, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Ciencia Cultura 46: 147- 152.

France, R. 1995. Macroinvertebrate standing crop in littoral regions of allochthonous detritus accumulation: implications for forest management. Biol. Conservation 71(1): 35-40.

Green, G. 1994. The rare bird challenge. World Birdwatch 16(4): 6-9. (Rare Bird Club, England)

Grimes, A. et al. 1994. Valuing the rain forest: the economic value of nontimber forest products in Ecuador. AMBIO 23(7): 405-410.

Hanski, I. and Hammond, P. 1995. Biodiversity in boreal forests. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 10(1): 5-6.

Harding, L. and McCullum, E. (Eds.). 1994. Biodiversity in British Columbia: Our Changing Environment. Canadian Wildlife Service (Environment Canada), Ottawa, Ontario. 425 pp.

Helton, D. 1995. Arguments on the ark. BBC Wildlife 13(1): 24-26. (CITES)

Holechek, J., Tembo, A., Daniel, A., Fusco, M. and Cardenas, M. 1994. Long-term grazing influences on Chihuahuan Desert grassland. Southwest Naturalist 39(4): 342-349.

Holmgren, P., Masakha, E. and Sjoholm, H. 1994. Not all African land is being degraded: a recent survey of trees on farms in Kenya reveals rapidly increasing forest resources. AMBIO 23(7): 390-395.

Huston, M. 1994. Biological Diversity: the Coexistence of Species on Changing Landscapes. University of Cambridge Press, Cambridge, England. 681 pp.

Hutchins, M. and Schischakin, N. 1994. Brazilian park burns. Wildlife Conserv. 97(6): 7. (Emas National Park)

Ito, Y. 1995. Variation in reproductive strategy of the tropical paper wasp, Ropalidia fasciata (Hymenoptera: Vespidae), in Okinawa in relation to island environmental conditions. Pacific Science 49(1): 42-54.

Itow, S. 1995. Phytogeography and ecology of Scalesia (Compositae) endemic to the Galapagos Islands. Pacific Science 49(1): 17-30.

Jones, R. 1994. The status of Helianthus eggertii Small in the southeastern United States. Castanea 59(4): 319-330. (Rare)

Karesh, W. 1994. Update from Vietnam. Wildlife Conserv. 97(6): 17. (Field study of extremely rare Tonkin snub-nosed monkey)

Kasry, A. 1994. Ecological conditions and management of the Siak River in Riau Province, Indonesia. Wallaceana 72: 11- 16.

Kavanagh, R. and Bamkin, K. 1995. Distribution of nocturnal forest birds and mammals in relation to the logging mosaic in south-eastern New South Wales, Australia. Biol. Conserv. 71(1): 41-54.

Knops, J., Griffin, J. and Royalty, A. 1995. Introduced and native plants of the Hastings Reservation, central coastal California: a comparison. Biol. Conserv. 71(2): 115-124.

Knox, A. and Walters, M. 1994. Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of the Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club, Tring, England. 292 pp.

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Marcus, J. 1994. The Amazon: divergent evolution and divergent views. Research & Exploration 10(4): 384-397.

McJannet, C., Argus, G., Edlund, S. and Cayouette, J. 1993. Rare Vascular Plants in the Canadian Arctic. Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Canada. 79 pp. (236 rare vascular plant taxa)

Montero, J. 1995. New hunting regulations in Chile protect sea turtles for the first time. Marine Turtle Newsletter 68: 20-22.

Moran, E., Brondizio, E. and Mausel, P. 1994. Monitoring secondary succession and land-use change in Amazonia. Research & Exploration 10(4): 458-476.

Nekola, J. 1994. The environment and vascular flora of northeastern Iowa fen communities. Rhodora 96(886): 121- 169.

Nobbe, G. and Garshelis, D. 1994. The shaggy bear. Wildlife Conserv. 97(6): 32-39. (Sloth-bear, Asia)

Osborne, R. 1995. The world cycad census and a proposed revision of the threatened species status for cycad taxa. Biol. Conserv. 71(1): 1-12.

Pearce, K. 1994. The palms of Kubah National Park, Sarawak. Malayan Nature J. 48(1): 1-36.

Przeslawski, J. 1995. The end of the never-ending forest. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 64(1): 42-49.

Rettig, N. 1995. Remote world of the harpy eagle. Nat. Geographic 187(2): 40-49. (Guyana)

Reynolds, J., Szelistowski, W. and Leon, M. 1995. Status and conservation of manatees Trichechus manatus manatus in Costa Rica. Biol. Conserv. 71(2): 193-196.

Robertson, A., Simmons, R., Jarvis, A. and Brown, C. 1995. Can bird atlas data be used to estimate population size? A case study using Namibian endemics. Biol. Conserv. 71(1): 87- 96.

Ruttan, V. (Ed.). 1994. Agriculture, Environment, and Health: Sustainable Development in the 21st Century. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. 401 pp.

Sarre, S., Smith, G. and Meyers, J. 1995. Persistence of two species of gecko (Oedura reticulata and Gehyra variegata) in remnant habitat. Biol. Conserv. 71(1): 25-34.

Scopes, J. 1994. Key deer controversy. Wildlife Conserv. 97(6): 12. (Florida)

Selva, S. 1994. Lichen diversity and stand continuity in the northern hardwoods and spruce-fir forests of northern New England and western New Brunswick. Bryologist 97(4): 424-429.

Settle, S. 1995. Status of nesting populations of sea turtles in Thailand and their conservation. Marine Turtle Newsletter 68: 8-14.

Shafer, C. 1995. Values and shortcomings of small reserves. BioScience 45(2): 80-88.

Shrader-Frechette, K. 1995. Viewpoint: number crunching and comparative assessment of environmental risks. BioScience 45(2): 66.

Shrestha, J. 1994. Fish species in different water bodies of Nepal and their need for conservation. Ecoprint 1(1): 7- 19.

Shvidenko, A. and Nilsson, S. 1994. What do we know about the Siberian forests? AMBIO 23(7): 396-404.

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