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Department ofBotany

No. 149
October 1995

Editor: Jane Villa-Lobos


Project Amazonas, Inc. is seeking inquiries from researchers interested in working at two new sites (Madre Selva and Paucarillo Forest Preserve) located approximately 125 air km from Iquitos, Peru. Both sites are located on the Rio Oroza, a blackwater tributary on the south side of the Amazon and are accessible only by boat. A variety of habitats are available for study at both sites, including seasonally inundated (varzea) forest, upland (terra firme) forest, swamps and forest creeks, blackwater river, and a series of canals and lagoons connecting the Rio Oroza to the Amazon itself. In the vicinity of Madre Selva many different upland successional habitats of differing ages are available for study. At the Paucarillo Forest Reserve, primary forest extends to the southern bank of the river itself, the north bank is entirely varzea forest. In addition to ecological research, there are opportunities for ethnobotanical, resource management, and sociological investigations in cooperation with the indigenous Yagua peoples.

The flora and fauna at both sites are very rich, with the diversity of habitats contributing to particularly interesting bird, fish, herptile and butterfly faunas, and to understory plant communities rich in palms, melastomes, aroids, and broad-leaved monocots. The primary forest itself is quite tall, with good concentrations of very large trees. Recent hunting pressure means that mammals and large birds are wary, but monkeys, toucans, and macaws of several species are regularly encountered and jaguars are frequently heard, particularly at the Paucarillo Forest Reserve.

The Madre Selva site is located between the Yagua Indian villages of Comendancia and Santa Ursula and encompasses 200 ha of secondary and primary forest, with more land being acquired as funding becomes available. South of the station, primary forest stretches unbroken to the Brazilian frontier (approximately 125 km). Facilities at the site include a floating station/trading post with housing for 6-8 persons, kitchen with freezer and gas stove, lab space and generator-supplied electricity. Full bathroom facilities (with running water) are available. The Paucarillo Forest Reserve site is 500 ha in size and is located upriver from the village of Santa Ursula. No further settlements of more than 2-3 families exist from this site to the headwaters of the river. Paucarillo has a main building with accommodations for 8-10 persons, a separate kitchen building and three free-standing open-sided shelters. Construction is underway on bathroom/shower facilities with associated water tower and pump. Both sites have rudimentary trail systems, and a canopy platform and walkway are tentatively planned for the Paucarillo Forest Reserve some time in the near future.

Access to both sites is by boat from Iquitos, Peru. The trip downriver to the Rio Oroza takes from 3-6 hours by relatively fast boat, with the return taking an additional 1-2 hours. Daily flights are available from Iquitos to Lima, and a direct flight from Iquitos to Miami (4 hours) is available every Saturday. For further details on research opportunities, facilities, logistics, rates and reservations, contact: Devon Graham, Dept. of Biology, P.O. Box 249118, Coral Gables, Miami, FL 33124; e-mail:


Founded in 1987, the Association for the Conservation of Patrimony of Cutivireni is a Peruvian non-profit, non-governmental organization (NGO) whose purpose is the protection and conservation of the natural and cultural patrimony of the indigenous Ashaninka Nation. Dwelling in the valleys of the Ene and Cutivireni rivers, in the central jungle of Peru, the Ashaninka peoples' lives have been uprooted since 1981 under then-president Fernando Bellaunde's repatriation scheme, and moreso in 1989 when Shining Path rebels destroyed the Ashaninka villages, and murdered a teacher, Mario Zumaeta, and other members of the Association.

Since this period of displacement and upheaval, the ACPC has developed many programs aimed at supporting the native population. Among them, humanitarian aid, and the implementation of the sanitary center, qualification of human health technicians, technical assistance in agriculture, preliminary ethnobotanical inventory of the native community of Cutivireni, preliminary orchid inventory of the native communities of the Ene river, and developing educational programs for improving the facilitation of native teachers, especially in environmental education.

The idea that the protection of a cultural patrimony surpasses the importance of a natural one will be experienced in Peru for the first time. The Ashaninka Indians, who have always been a part of the ecosystem in this area of the Ene and Urubamba rivers, actually guarantee the protection of the fauna, flora and balance of nature in general in this unique sub-Andean area.

The main project of the NGO is to create the 330,000 hectare National Sanctuary of Cutivireni, thus giving the indigenous society an official protected status that will guarantee the intangibility of the sources and headwaters of the river basins of the Ene and Urubamba rivers; by doing so, it will be protecting the longest natural bridge in the world. Because of the great number of endemics found there, this area should be given high priority for conservation.

The active participation of the native communities in the organization of the ACPC has always been integrative. Involved in the decision making is an elected Ashaninka Council - chosen by the native community - whose goal it is to see that the interests and goals for conservation and development are heard and acted upon.

The ACPC is presently part of the Peruvian Environmental Net and has been invited to join the Latinoamerican Forestry Net. For more information on the work of the association, please contact Dr. J. Alfredo Paino, Vice President, or Ivan M. Brehaut, Projects Coordinator, Av. Aramburu 656, Surquillo, Lima, Peru; Tel.: (51-14) 41-1791; Fax: (51-14)22-7530; e-mail:


The Regional Community Forestry Training Center at Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand, is holding a training course in participatory management of protected areas December 4-22, 1995. This course is aimed at government and NGO staff responsible for protected area management. The course structure follows the participatory management cycle. Course topics include: problem identification and analysis, focusing on team-building, developing skills in problem solving and stakeholder analysis at a higher level of planning; and the participatory protected management area process, dealing with detailed field level planning during project implementation. The course, consisting of lectures, guided reading, presentations, practical exercises, and field visits, costs US $3,800 (which includes course materials, accommodation, subsistence allowance, health insurance and field studies). The closing date for application is October 31, 1995. For more information, contact: Regional Community Forestry Training Center, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand; Tel.: 5790108, ext. 405; Fax: (662) 5614880.


Far larger and more comprehensive than any which Genetic Resources Communications Systems (GRCS) has published in the past, the Mediterranean issue of DIVERSITY (Vol. 11, nos. 1 & 2) promises to be a landmark publication containing over 90 articles by more than 130 experts from throughout the world on a broad range of genetic resources activities taking place in more than 20 countries that surround the Mediterranean Sea. This special issue gathers together knowledge about the genetic resources from a specific climatic region closely associated with the origin of agriculture in prehistoric times. Additionally, GRCS is also publishing this special Mediterranean issue in Arabic. If you are interested in ordering the Arabic edition, please contact GRCS immediately.

Only a limited number of the Mediterranean edition of DIVERSITY will be published. To order ($36/copy), contact GRCS, Inc., DIVERSITY, 4905 Del Ray Ave., Suite 401, Bethesda, MD 20814; Tel.: (301) 907-9350; Fax: (301) 907-9328; e-mail:


Every year The Garden Club of America offers a selection of unusual and excellent opportunities for further study to college and graduate students, as well as to landscape architects. Among the many offered:

-- a grant for graduate students in horticulture or biology to conduct field research on the biology and management of rare plants. The Catherine H. Beattie Fellowship was created to promote the conservation of rare and endangered flora in the United States through the programs of the Center for Plant Conservation headquartered at the Missouri Botanical Garden.

--awards in tropical botany for Ph.D. candidates. The Garden Club of America Awards in Tropical Botany were established to promote the preservation of tropical forests by enlarging the body of botanists with field experience. The awards enable botanists who are doctoral candidates to pursue independent field study in the tropics.

--a scholarship to study areas in the United States that provide winter and summer habitat for threatened and endangered native birds. The Frances M. Peacock Scholarship for Native Bird Habitat grants financial aid to an advanced student to study the aforementioned. Awarded in cooperation with the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, it offers scholars the opportunity to pursue habitat-related issues that eventually benefit bird species and lend useful information for land management decisions.

Application deadlines vary. For more information on these and other scholarships and awards, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: Scholarship Committee, The Garden Club of America, 598 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10022; Tel.: (212) 753-8287; Fax: (212) 753-0134.

A four-year Distinguished Fellowship is available at Michigan State University for an outstanding Ph.D. student. The fellowship includes a generous annual stipend plus health insurance and tuition waiver. Applicants should have demonstrated academic excellence and evidence of leadership potential; have strong quantitative/computer skills; and have interests in modeling (for ecosystem management, biodiversity conservation, landscape ecology, or wildlife ecology and management). Only citizens or permanent residents of the United States are eligible. Interested students should send a letter of application, curriculum vitae, statement of professional goals, names of three references, transcripts and GRE scores (unofficial ones are accepted, initially) to: Dr. Jianguo Liu, Dept. of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, 13 Natural Resources Building, East Lansing, MI 48824; Tel.: (517) 355-1810; Fax: (517) 432-1699; e-mail:


Eric Olson, coordinator for the Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS) in Costa Rica is looking for tropical ecologists to assist as co-coordinators for the 1996 Costa Rican field courses, "Tropical Biology: An Ecological Approach", offered to Ph.D. and Masters candidates at OTS member universities. One co-coordinator is needed for the dry season course, January 10 - March 21, and a second co-coordinator is needed for the rainy season course, May 29 - August 7. These dates include precourse prep and post-course wrap-up time.

The courses include visiting six to seven pristine tropical habitats in Costa Rica, dry forest to wet lowland to wet montane to paramo, with 22 field biologists. The two coordinators for each course, along with additional invited faculty, lead field problems focusing on a range of basic questions in tropical biology and conservation, and guide students' individual efforts as well. Additional tasks are varied; both seasoned and novice Ph.D. level tropical biologists should find this work challenging, and will gain much satisfaction and useful skill from this job.

In addition to fluency in English and research experience in neotropical biology, candidates must have a Ph.D. in ecology or a closely related field. Excellent writing, speaking and biometrics skills are required. At least fair speaking ability in Spanish is highly desirable. For further information, contact Eric Olson via e-mail: Resumes can be sent through the e- mail address and should also be sent to Dr. Shaun Bennett, OTS Academic Director, P.O. Box 90630, Durham, NC 27708-630, or via e- mail to:


Akeroyd, J. 1995. How to reintroduce a plant successfully. Plant Talk 2: 14-15.

Anon. 1995. How NWF is defending our natural heritage. Nat. Wildlife 33(6): 50-57.

Anon. 1995. New sedge species found on Nature Conservancy preserve in North Carolina. Biodiversity Network News 8(2): 6. (Carex lutea)

Anon. 1995. Plans for Burren visitor centre thwarted - or are they? Plant Talk 2: 12. (Controversial visitor center in Northwest Europe)

Anon. 1995. Progressive threats to New Guinea's rainforests. Plant Talk 2: 8.

Anon. 1995. Protecting music's raw materials. Plant Talk 2: 11. (Ebony and rosewood)

Anon. 1995. Rescuing the Endangered Species Act. Conservation Issues 2(4): 1, 3-10. (USA)

Anon. 1995. Yew in the fight against cancer: sustainability or pillage? Plant Talk 2: 7. (Pacific yew, USA)

Aumeeruddy, Y. 1995. Conservation of the environment seen through the prism of local representations. Wallaceana 74: 21-28.

Babbitt, B. 1995. To take up the torch. Am. Forests 101(7 & 8): 17-18, 59, 63. (Western USA forests)

Baines, D. and Hudson, P. 1995. The decline of the black grouse in Scotland and northern England. Bird Study 42(2): 122-131.

Begley, S. 1995. Why trees need birds. Nat. Wildlife 33(5): 42-45. (Health of American forests depends on songbirds)

Blinnikov, M. 1995. Operation "Snowdrop": a mission to save rare spring flowers. Russian Conservation News May(3): 25- 26.

Boucher, N. 1995. Oops! Our forefathers didn't plan for much protection of the Northern Forest: will we? Nat. Wildlife 33(6): 30-39. (Northeastern USA)

Boydak, M. and Barrow, S. 1995. The new locality for Phoenix in Turkey: Go'lkoy-Bodrum. Principes 39(3): 117-122. (Phoenix theophrasti, threatened)

Breceda, A., Castellanos, A., Arriaga, L. and Ortega, A. 1995. Nature conservation in Baja California Sur, Mexico: protected areas. Nat. Areas J. 15(3): 267-273.

Buddemeier, R. 1995. Coral reef conservation and research. Wallaceana 74: 17-20.

Centurion, T. 1995. Porque BOLFOR ejecuta una investigacion de naturaleza ethnobotanica? Bol. BOLFOR 3: 4-5. (Ethnobotany project in Bolivia)

Coomes, O. 1995. A century of rain forest use in western Amazonia. Lessons for extraction-based conservation of tropical forest resources. Forest and Conservation History 39(3): 108-120.

Donaldson, J. 1995. An integrated effort to save South African cycads. Plant Talk 2: 12-13. (Symposium on cycads)

Doss, P. 1995. Physical-hydrogeologic processes in wetlands. Nat. Areas J. 15(3): 216-226.

Downer, C. 1995. The gentle botanist. Wildlife Conservation 98(4): 30-35. (Deforestation in Ecuador)

Dublin, H., Milliken, T. and Barnes, R. 1995. Four Years After the CITES Ban: Illegal Killing of Elephants, Ivory Trade and Stockpiles. IUCN Species Survival Commission, TRAFFIC and WWF, Gland, Switzerland. 110 pp.

Duc, L. and Broad, S. 1995. Exploitation of hawksbill turtles in Vietnam. TRAFFIC Bull. 15(2): 77-82.

Duc, L. and Broad, S. 1995. Investigations into Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Trade in Vietnam. IUCN Species Survival Commission, Cambridge, England. 34 pp.

Duncan, L. 1995. Closed competition: fish quotas in New Zealand. The Ecologist 25(2/3): 97-104.

Escobar, G. 1995. Compromising to save a rare flooded forest. Washington Post August 4: A25, A29. (Mamiraua project in Amazon Basin)

Fahrig, L., Pedlar, J., Pope, S., Taylor, P. and Wegner, J. 1995. Effect of road traffic on amphibian density. Biol. Conserv. 73(3): 177-182.

Fairlie, S. 1995. Britain's fishing industry and the EU common fisheries policy. The Ecologist 25(2/3): 105-114.

Fairlie, S., Hagler, M. and O'Riordan, B. 1995. The politics of overfishing. The Ecologist 25(2/3): 46-73.

Ferson, S. and Burgman, M. 1995. Correlations, dependency bounds and extinction risks. Biol. Conserv. 73(2): 101- 106.

Friend, T. 1995. Power tool. Nat. Wildlife 33(6): 16- 23. (DNA research)

Gammon, J. 1995. Environmental assessment and fish populations of the Wabash River and its tributaries. Nat. Areas J. 15(3): 259-266.

Geatz, R. 1995. One fish, two fish, save a few fish. Nature Conservancy 45(5): 33. (New Mexico reserve along Mimbres River)

Geatz, R. 1995. Putting metal to the petal. Nature Conservancy 45(5): 32. (Atlantic forest reserve in Parana, Brazil)

Glick, D. 1995. Having owls and jobs too. Nat. Wildlife 33(5): 8-13. (Northern spotted owl, USA)

Grajal, A. 1995. Park in progress. Wildlife Conservation 98(4): 10. (Chaco, Paraguay/Argentina)

Groves, C. 1995. Conservation planning for biodiversity. Biodiversity Network News 8(2): 1-3. (The Nature Conservancy)

Gruchow, P. 1995. The wilderness next door. New York Times July 30: 16, 18. (Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge)

Hagler, M. 1995. Deforestation of the deep: fishing and the state of the oceans. The Ecologist 25(2/3): 74-79.

Hamilton, L., Juvik, J. and Scatena, F. (Eds). 1995. Tropical Montane Cloud Forests. Springer-Verlag, New York, New York. 401 pp. (Chapters on conservation, biodiversity, endemism)

Harmon, P. 1995. Checklists aid conservation of native plants in West Virginia. Biodiversity Network News 8(2): 4-5. (Checklist of non-native invasive plants)

Hendrix, S. 1995. Quest for the kouprey. Int. Wildlife 25(5): 20-23. (Vanishing species in Indochina)

Huebner, C., Randolph, J. and Parker, G. 1995. Environmental factors affecting understory diversity in second-growth deciduous forests. Am. Midl. Nat. 134(1): 155-165.

Hulm, P. 1995. Robinson Crusoe's islands face an uncertain future. Plant Talk 2: 19-21. (Chile)

Kelso, B. 1995. Ninth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES. TRAFFIC Bull. 15(2): 63-76.

Khan, J. 1995. Conservation and management of Gir Lion Sanctuary and National Park, Gujarat, India. Biol. Conserv. 73(3): 183-188.

Kosolapova, M. 1995. High-speed railroad threatens wilderness of Central Russia. Russian Conservation News May(3): 6-7. (St. Petersburg and Moscow)

Kruchenkova, E. and Formozov, N. 1995. The Arctic foxes of Mednyi (Copper) Island. Russian Conservation News January(2): 19-20. (Alopex lagopus semenovi, threatened)

Kurien, J. 1995. Resistance to multinationals in Indian waters. The Ecologist 25(2/3): 115-119. (India's fisheries)

Lamberti, G. and Berg, M. 1995. Invertebrates and other benthic features as indicators of environmental change in Juday Creek, Indiana. Nat. Areas J. 15(3): 249-258.

Lebedeva, E. 1995. Russian bird conservation union. Russian Conservation News May(3): 33-34.

Lee, D. 1995. Caribou and you. Am. Forests 101(7 & 8): 45-47, 63. (Idaho's woodland caribou struggles to survive)

Leung, A. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, New York. 624 pp. (Updated edition)

Lindenmayer, D. and Possingham, H. 1995. The conservation of arboreal marsupials in the montane ash forests of the central higlands of Victoria, south-eastern Australia - VII. Modelling the persistence of Leadbeater's possum in response to modified timber harvesting practices. Biol. Conserv. 73(3): 239- 257.

Lipske, M. 1995. Getting to know you. Nat. Wildlife 33(6): 24-29. (Decline of Chesapeake Bay blue crab)

Lipske, M. 1995. The private lives of pit vipers. Nat. Wildlife 33(5): 14-21. (Rattlesnakes)

Luke, T. 1995. Reproducing Planet Earth? The hubris of Biosphere 2. The Ecologist 25(4): 157-162.

MacRoberts, B. and MacRoberts, M. 1995. Vascular flora of two calcareous prairie remnants on the Kisatchie National Forest, Louisiana. Phytologia 78(1): 18-27. (Refugia for rare plants)

Mashkin, V. 1995. Menzbier's marmot: the rarest marmot of Eurasia. Russian Conservation News May(3): 16-17.

Mathews, D. 1995. Commons versus open access: the Canadian experience. The Ecologist 25(2/3): 86-96. (Fisheries)

McLean, H. 1995. Fighting fire with fire. Am. Forests 101(7 & 8): 13-16, 56-57. (Prescribed burning for ecosystem health)

Mokievsky, V. 1995. Conservation legislation. Russian Conservation News January(2): 20-21.

Momatiuk, Y. and Eastcott, J. 1995. Creatures from the black lagoon. Nature Conservancy 45(5): 24-29. (Disappearing southern US swamps)

Mulliken, T. 1995. South Africa's Trade in African Grey Parrots. TRAFFIC East/Southern Africa, Lilongwe, Malawi. 30 pp.

Munoz, M. and Bermejo, E. 1995. A conservation plan for the Andalucian flora. Plant Talk 2: 16-18.

Nasser, C. and Piatina, T. 1995. Financing of biodiversity conservation in the Russian Federation. Russian Conservation News May(3): 23-25.

Nikiforov, V. 1995. Expanding Russia's network of protected areas. Russian Conservation News May(3): 3-4. (WWF works to conserve important brown bear habitat on the Kamchatka Peninsula)

Pastor, J., Diosdado, J. and Cabezudo, B. 1995. A karyological study of Allium rouyi Gautier (Liliaceae), a recently rediscovered endemic species from the south of Spain. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 117(3): 255-258. (Thought to be extinct)

Plets, M. 1995. Preserving forests of the Kola Peninsula. Russian Conservation News May(3): 26-28.

Poiani, K. and Dixon, P. 1995. Seed banks of Carolina bays: potential contributions from surrounding landscape vegetation. Am. Midl. Nat. 134(1): 140-154.

Pokrovskaya, I. 1995. The Arctic - once a challenge to conquer, now a challenge to conserve. Russian Conservation News January(2): 13.

Rooney, T. 1995. Restoring landscape diversity and old growth to Pennsylvania's northern hardwood forests. Nat. Areas J. 15(3): 274-278.

Rosser, A. and Milliken, T. 1995. Implementation of Tanzania's new policy on trade in live birds. TRAFFIC Bull. 15(2): 83-89.

Roy, T. 1995. The day the earth blew. Int. Wildlife 25(5): 4-11. (Volcano reforms landscape in Galapagos)

Rubin, A. 1995. USAID's Russian Far East sustainable natural resources management project. Russian Conservation News January(2): 14-16.

Rumiz, D. and Wood, R. 1995. La importancia ecologia de los murcielagos. Bol. BOLFOR 3: 6-7. (Bolivian bats)

Sieswerda, P. and Marquardt, J. 1995. Reef reflections. Wildlife Conservation 98(4): 16-25. (Saving fragile ecosystems, exhibit of live coral)

Silvius, K. 1995. Monarch trouble in Mexico. Wildlife Conservation 98(4): 10. (Logging threatens butterfly overwintering sites)

Simonov, E. and Williams, M. 1995. Sports in conservation news. Russian Conservation News January(2): 5-6. (Caucasus Biosphere Reserve in Sochi, Russia proposed location for Olympic Games in 2002)

Smith, M. 1995. Chaos, consensus and common sense. The Ecologist 25(2/3): 80-85. (Fisheries)

Stapleton, R. 1995. Wild times in the city. Nature Conservancy 45(5): 10-15. (Urban preserves)

Stevens, W. 1995. Restored wetlands could ease threat of Mississippi floods. New York Times (Science Times) August 8: C1, C4. (Two sites in Illinois)

Stewart, P. 1995. Use of algae in aquatic pollution assessment. Nat. Areas J. 15(3): 234-239.

Stolzenburg, W. 1995. Evolution in a fishbowl. Nature Conservancy 45(5): 8-9. (Palau's lakes)

Stolzenburg, W. 1995. The Ramsey Canyon frog takes a plunge. Nature Conservancy 45(5): 7. (Reduced to 16 adults in Arizona)

Synge, H. 1995. The Biodiversity Convention explained. Part 2. National strategies. Plant Talk 2: 22-23.

TRAFFIC India. 1994. Wildlife Trade: A Handbook for Enforcement Staff. TRAFFIC India, New Delhi, India. 42 pp.

Uhlenbrock, T. 1995. An Osark eden. St. Louis Post- Dispatch June 5: E1, E3. (Rare plants in Chilton Creek Preserve, Missouri)

Vigne, L. and Martin, E. 1995. Good news in Nepal. Wildlife Conservation 98(4): 64. (Rhino population on the increase)

Waisman, A. 1995. Russia office for TRAFFIC Europe is established. Russian Conservation News May(3): 29-30. (Trade in wildlife and plants)

Whitman, R., Gochee, A., Dustman, W. and Kennedy, K. 1995. Use of coliform bacteria in assessing human sewage contamination. Nat. Areas J. 15(3): 227-233.

Wichtl, M. (Ed). 1995. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. 568 pp. (Medicinal plant trade)

Wilcox, D. 1995. Wetland and aquatic macrophytes as indicators in anthropogenic hydrologic disturbance. Nat. Areas J. 15(3): 240-248.

Wilks, A. 1995. Prawns, profit and protein: aquaculture and food production. The Ecologist 25(2/3): 120-125.

Wille, C. 1995. Saving the sea cow. Nature Conservancy 45(5): 16-23. (Endangered manatee)

Williams, M. and Simonov, E. 1995. Investing in the future of Russia's biodiversity: immediate action plan for Russia's protected areas. Russian Conservation News May(3): 10-15.

Woods, M. 1995. Invasion of the rice paddies. Wildlife Conservation 98(4): 60. (Rice growing around Reserva Natural Provincial de Ihera threatens wetland and its species)

Zhang, J. and Cao, M. 1995. Tropical forest vegetation of Xishuangbanna, SW China and its secondary changes, with special reference to some problems in local nature conservation. Biol. Conserv. 73(3): 229-238.


AboElenein, R., Kishk, E. and Ali, A. 1995. Germplasm needs critical for arid lands of Egypt. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 52- 54.

Ackerman, J. 1995. An Orchid Flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 203 pp. (145 species and 65 genera)

Airaksinen, O. and Lindholm, T. 1995. The Russian-Finnish border zone: preserving valuable western taiga. Russian Conservation News 4: 13.

Ajlouni, M., Karaki, G., Shibli, R. and Jaradat, A. 1995. Collaborations are key to Jordanian conservation efforts. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 75-78.

Allport, G. 1995. Sites to save: Merja Zerga, Morocco. World Birdwatch 17(2): 6-7. (North Africa)

Anishetty, N., Tao, K. and Ringlund, K. 1995. United Nations' FAO supports genetic resources activities throughout Mediterranean region. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 41-43. (Ex situ collections of threatened plant genetic resources)

Anon. 1995. Garden updates. Garden News 50(3): 26. (Endangered Species Program, Florida)

Anon. 1995. Project Peru '94. World Birdwatch 17(2): 9-10. (Cordillera de Colan, Peru: threatened birds)

Aquino, R. 1995. Conservacion de Cacajao calvus ucayalii en la Amazonia Peruana. Neotropical Primates 3(2): 40-42.

Balmford, A., Leader-Williams, N. and Green, M. 1995. Parks or arks: where to conserve threatened mammals? Biodiversity and Conservation 4(6): 595-607.

Bancroft, G., Strong, A. and Carrington, M. 1995. Deforestation and its effects on forest-nesting birds in the Florida Keys. Conservation Biology 9(4): 835-844.

Baricevic, D., Raspor, P., Spanring, J., Prus, T. and Gomboc, S. 1995. Funding cannot match Slovenia's intense interest in biodiversity conservation and research. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 105-106.

Barret, P. and Crossa-Reynaud, P. 1995. Consortium of conservationists unite to preserve local genetic resources through PAGE-Provence. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 91-92. (Conservation of fruit trees)

Bart, J. 1995. Amount of suitable habitat and viability of northern spotted owls. Conservation Biology 9(4): 943-946.

Bartley, D. and Barg, U. 1995. Worldwide efforts to preserve rich aquatic biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea undertaken by FAO. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 46-47.

Batanouny, K. 1995. Loss of biological diversity in Egypt a vital concern. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 51-52.

Baum, D. 1995. A systematic revision of Adansonia (Bombacaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 82(3): 440-470. (Conservation notes)

Bertonatti, C. 1995. El comercio de primates en la Republica Argentina. Neotropical Primates 3(2): 35-37.

Bertram, D. 1995. The roles of introduced rats and commercial fishing in the decline of ancient murrelets on Langara Island, British Columbia. Conservation Biology 9(4): 865- 872.

Bettencourt, E. and Gusmao, L. 1995. Vavilov mission confirmed pivotal importance of Portugal's plant wealth. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 84-85.

Bloxam, Q. and Tonge, S. 1995. Amphibians: suitable candidates for breeding-release programmes. Biodiversity and Conservation 4(6): 636-644.

Boere, G. V. 1995. New research station established in the Arctic: "Willem Barents" Biological Station. Russian Conservation News 4: 18.

Bowen, B. 1995. Tracking marine turtles with genetic markers. BioScience 45(8): 528-534.

Bowles, M. and Whelan, C. (Eds). 1995. Restoration of Endangered Species: Conceptual Issues, Planning and Implementation. Cambridge University Press, New York, New York. 408 pp.

Boyce, P. 1995. Aroid conservation. Curtis's Bot. Magazine 12(3): 173-175.

Bright, C. 1995. Biological invasions. World Watch 8(4): 10-19. (Spread of invasive species)

Brush, S. 1995. Ethnobiologists comb Turkey's rich wheat trove in search of patterns of diversity. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 63-64.

Bueno, M., Alba, N., Grau, J. and Manzanera, J. 1995. Spain places high priority on conservation of landscapes and forests. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 87-88.

Bullock, S., Mooney, H. and Medina, E. (Eds). 1995. Seasonally Dry Forests. Cambridge University Press, New York, New York. 512 pp.

Burgman, M., Grimson, R. and Ferson, S. 1995. Inferring threat from scientific collections. Conservation Biology 9(4): 923-928.

Camhi, M. 1995. Industrial fisheries threaten ecological integrity of the Galapagos Islands. Conservation Biology 9(4): 715-724.

Charrier, A. 1995. France maintains strong tradition of support for biodiversity activities worldwide. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 89-90.

Chebakova, I. 1995. Conserving culture and forests in the Russian North: Kenozerski National Park. Russian Conservation News 4: 9-10.

Cisneros-Mata, M., Montemayor-Lopez, G. and Roman-Rodriguez, M. 1995. Life history and conservation of Totoaba macdonaldi. Conservation Biology 9(4): 806-814. (Threatened fish of Gulf of Mexico)

Colwell, M. and Dodd, S. 1995. Waterbird communities and habitat relationships in coastal pastures of northern California. Conservation Biology 9(4): 827-834.

Common, M. 1995. Sustainability and Policy: Limits to Economics. Cambridge University Press, New York, New York. 360 pp.

Condon, M. 1995. Biodiversity, systematics, and Tom Sawyer science. Conservation Biology 9(4): 711-714.

Conway, C., Powell, G. and Nichols, J. 1995. Overwinter survival of neotropical migratory birds in early-successional and mature tropical forests. Conservation Biology 9(4): 855- 864. (Mexico, Belize)

Conway, W. 1995. Wild and zoo animal interactive management and habitat conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 4(6): 573-594.

Darman, Y. 1995. After thirty years, Amur Region gets a new Zapovednik. Russian Conservation News 4: 6-7. (Protected areas)

Della, A. 1995. History and geography combine to make Cyprus a floristic wonder. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 92-94. (Over 2,000 native and cultivated species)

Denniston, D. 1995. High Priorities: Conserving Mountain Ecosystems and Cultures. Worldwatch Institute, Washington, DC. 80 pp.

DePalma, A. 1995. In Suriname's rain forests, a fight over trees vs. jobs. New York Times (Int.) September 4: 1,5. (Logging)

Dobrushin, Y. 1995. Ancient sites gain new status: Ugra National Park. Russian Conservation News 4: 8. (Kaluga Region)

Doney, D., Ford-Lloyd, B., Frese, L. and Tan, A. 1995. Scientists worldwide rally to rescue the native beets of the Mediterranean. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 124-125.

Douillet, R. 1995. Mediterranean NGO weds biological and cultural aspects of biodiversity conservation. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 34-35. (REMERGE, Mediterranean Genetic Resources Network)

Doust, L. and Doust, J. 1995. Wetland management and conservation of rare species. Canadian J. Bot. 73: 1019- 1028.

Dowdeswell, E. 1995. The cooperative ethic of the Biodiversity Convention poses a great challenge for the vital habitats and cultures of the Mediterranean mosaic. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 9-13.

Dower, M. 1995. Europe's landscape and the Bern Convention. Naturopa 77: 24-25.

Du Puy, B. and Wyse Jackson, P. 1995. Botanic gardens offer key component to biodiversity conservation in the Mediterranean. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 47-50. (100 botanic gardens and arboreta in the region)

Dwyer, L., Murphy, D. and Ehrlich, P. 1995. Property rights case law and the challenge to the Endangered Species Act. Conservation Biology 9(4): 725-741. (USA)

Edwards, V. 1995. Dealing in Diversity: America's Market for Nature Conservation. Cambridge University Press, New York, New York. 200 pp.

Egli, G. and Aguirre, J. 1995. Abundancia, riqueza, frecuencia de ocurrencia y estado de conservacion de la avifauna de ambientes acuaticos del tranque San Rafael, comuna de Lampa, region metropolitana. Bol. Chileno de Ornitologia 2: 14- 20.

Elabidine, F., Mellas, H. and Rh'rib, K. 1995. Erosion of Morocco's great genetic wealth is cause for concern. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 82-83.

Ellis, S. and Seal, U. 1995. Tools of the trade to aid decision-making for species survival. Biodiversity and Conservation 4(6): 553-572.

Estades, C. 1995. Aves de la Reserva Nacional Pampa del Tamarugal. Bol. Chileno de Ornitologia 2: 21-23.

Farvar, M. and Heidari, H. 1995. New constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran provides strong legal base for biodiversity conservation. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 67-69.

Fernandes, D. and Sanford, R. 1995. Effects of recent land- use practices on soil nutrients and succession under tropical wet forest in Costa Rica. Conservation Biology 9(4): 915-922.

Fernandez-Galiano, E. 1995. A personal view. Naturopa 77: 5. (Bern Convention)

Firat, A. and Tan, A. 1995. Turkey maintains pivotal role in global genetic resources. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 61-63.

Fonseca, G., Cavalcanti, R., Santos, I. and Braga, R. 1995. Priority areas for conservation in the Atlantic Forest of north- east Brazil. Neotropical Primates 3(2): 55-56. (Results of December 1993 meeting)

Foreman, D. 1995. Missing links. Sierra 80(5): 52-57, 96-98. (Ecosystem protection)

Frankel, O., Brown, A. and Burdon, J. 1995. The Conservation of Plant Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press, New York, New York. 320 pp. (In situ and ex situ conservation of threatened plants)

Frankham, R. 1995. Inbreeding and extinction: a threshold effect. Conservation Biology 9(4): 792-799.

Frison, E. and Ager, H. 1995. European Cooperative Program: a focus on Mediterranean biodiversity. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 30-32.

Gallagher, J. 1995. Turkey designated by GEF as ideal site for landmark in situ conservation project. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 64-67.

Garcia-Orduna, F. and Canales-Espinosa, D. 1995. Situacion de poblaciones de Alouatta palliata (mono aullador) en dos localidades del estado de Veracruz, Mexico. Neotropical Primates 3(2): 37-40.

Haas, C. 1995. Dispersal and use of corridors by birds in wooded patches on an agricultural landscape. Conservation Biology 9(4): 845-854. (North Dakota)

Halloy, S. 1994. La erosion en los ecosistemas de montana en Tucuman. Serie Conservacion de la Naturaleza 7: 1-15. (Argentina)

Halloy, S. 1994. Plan de Manejo. Reserva de Vida Silvestre Rios Blanco y Negro. Fundacion Amigos de la Naturaleza//Wildlife Conservation Society, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. 457 pp.

Halloy, S. 1995. Status of New Zealand biodiversity research and resources: how much do we know? J. Royal Soc. New Zealand 25(1): 55-80.

Hammer, K., Pistrick, K. and Xhuveli, L. 1995. Development of Albania's plant genetic resources interwoven with history. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 102-104.

Hawkes, J. 1995. Centers of origin for agricultural diversity in the Mediterranean: from Vavilov to the present day. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 109-111.

Henderson, A., Galeano, G. and Bernal, R. 1995. Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. 352 pp. (Conservation status given)

Hobbs, R. and Humphries, S. 1995. An integrated approach to the ecology and management of plant invasions. Conservation Biology 9(4): 761-770.

Holmes, B. 1995. Tough treaty to police global fisheries. New Scientist 147(1989): 4.

Hubbuch, C. 1995. Collections: endangered species. Garden News 50(3): 25. (Puerto Rico)

Hunter, J., Gutierrez, R. and Franklin, A. 1995. Habitat configuration around spotted owl sites in northwestern California. The Condor 97(3): 684-693.

Jacobson, S. (Ed). 1995. Conserving Wildlife: International Education and Communication Approaches. Columbia Unviersity Press, New York, New York. 289 pp.

Jaradat, A. 1995. Modern agriculture endangers rich fruit and nut reservoir of the Mediterranean Basin. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 127-128.

Jaradat, A., Tawil, W. and Barkoudah, Y. 1995. Syrian genetic resources program preserves ancient species of world importance. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 73-75.

Jones, C. 1995. Howler monkeys appear to be preadapted to cope with habitat fragmentation. End. Species UPDATE 12(7 & 8): 9-10.

Junak, S. and Wilken, D. 1995. Flora of Santa Cruz Island: historic condition, recent changes. Fremontia 23(3): 12- 16. (Vegetation changes due to feral animals and invasive plants)

Kane, S. 1995. Maghreb plant conservation focus of new GEF project. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 80.

Kenworthy, T. 1995. Timber sales deal rekindles furor. Washington Post August 29: A1, A6. (Pacific Northwest, USA)

Kiviat, E. 1995. Nearshore environments of the Hudson: the state of our knowledge of the shallows, wetlands, and shorelines. Hudsonia 11(2): 1-6. (New York)

Labuschagne, W. 1995. Conservation in the bush: game breeding centres in South Africa. Biodiversity and Conservation 4(6): 608-616.

Lande, R. 1995. Mutation and conservation. Conservation Biology 9(4): 782-791.

Lefeuvre, J. 1995. Europe: no future without nature conservation. Naturopa 77: 11-12.

Leontyeva, O., Pereshkolnik, S. and Demin, S. 1995. The status of the Mediterranean tortoise (Testudo graeca nikolskii) in northern Caucasus. Russian Conservation News 4: 26.

Lesica, P. and Allendorf, F. 1995. When are peripheral populations valuable for conservation? Conservation Biology 9(4): 753-760.

Liddle, D., Russell-Smith, J., Brock, J., Leach, G. and Connors, G. 1994. Atlas of the Vascular Rainforest Plants of the Northern Territory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra, Australia. 164 pp. (Flora of Australia Supp. Series No. 3: conservation status of 51 taxa)

Loginov, I. and Loginov, O. 1995. Elusive and endangered: the snow leopard. Russian Conservation News 4: 19-21.

Lydeard, C. and Mayden, R. 1995. A diverse and endangered aquatic ecosystem of the Southeast United States. Conservation Biology 9(4): 800-805. (Rivers and streams of Alabama and adjoining states; endangered species)

Madkour, M. and Abou-Zeid, A. 1995. Egypt plans for establishment of a coordinated national plant genetic resources unit. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 55.

Maharjan, P. 1995. Commercial utilization of lichen species: non-timber forest products in Nepal. Asia Pacific Community Forestry Newsletter 8(1 & 2): 8-9.

Maleshin, N. 1995. Why save the steppe??? Russian Conservation News 4: 5-6.

Malki, M., Khaldoun, A. and Hamrit, S. 1995. Crop genetic resources conservation in Algeria: a case study of breeders' logic vs. farmers' logic. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 81-82.

Mallinson, J. 1995. Conservation breeding programmes: an important ingredient for species survival. Biodiversity and Conservation 4(6): 617-635.

Mallinson, J. and Feistner, A. 1995. Captive propagation and effective conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 4(6): 535.

Masterov, V. 1995. Northern Sakhalin: unique zone of biodiversity in danger. Russian Conservation News 4: 23- 24.

May, P. and Henry, J. 1995. A whooping crane reintroduction project on the Canadian prairies: identifying relevant issues using expert consultation. End. Species UPDATE 12(7 & 8): 1-6.

McNeely, J. and Strahm, W. 1995. Mediterranean sites prominent in landmark plant conservation strategy released by World Conservation Union. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 36-37. (Centres of Plant Diversity book)

Minnich, R., Barbour, M., Burk, J. and Fernau, R. 1995. Sixty years of change in California conifer forests of the San Bernandino mountains. Conservation Biology 9(4): 902-914.

Morgan, R. 1995. Cataloging biodiversity in the Santa Cruz mountains. Fremontia 23(3): 3-11. (Rare plants and animals in California)

Negron-Ortiz, V. 1995. One of the world's rarest cyads. Garden News 50(3): 19. (Microcycas calocoma, Cuba)

Nelson, S. 1995. Native Seeds and Sonoran institute to expand garden and conservation efforts in Sierra Madre. The Seedhead News 49: 3. (Mexico)

O'Sullivan, J. 1995. Wetlands of Europe. Naturopa 77: 19-20.

Pagnacco, G., Gandini, G. and Rognoni, G. 1995. Conservation of animal genetic resources given a high priority in Italy. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 100.

Pearce-Kelly, P., Mace, G. and Clarke, G. 1995. The release of captive bred snails (Partula taeniata) into a semi-natural environment. Biodiversity and Conservation 4(6): 645-663.

Pearson, L. 1995. The Diversity and Evolution of Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. 656 pp. (Ecology, conservation, economic uses)

Pena, E. and Lopez Garcia, P. 1995. Saving Microcycas. Garden News 50(3): 19. (Microcycas calocoma, Cuba)

Pencic, M. 1995. Yugoslavia valiantly struggles to maintain germplasm base and program. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 107.

Perrings, C., Maler, K. G., Folke, C., Holling, C. and Jansson, B. O. (Eds). 1995. Biodiversity Loss: Economic and Ecological Issues. Cambridge University Press, New York, New York. 320 pp.

Perrino, P. 1995. Italy's Bari germplasm institute serves as a beacon for global biodiversity research. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 94-97.

Pfeiffer, W. and Autrique, E. 1995. Triticale - first "new cereal" - offers wealth of bio-engineered diversity to the Mediterranean region. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 122-123.

Plucknett, D. and Winkelmann, D. 1995. Technology for sustainable agriculture. Scientific American 273(3): 182- 186.

Ponz-Ascaso, R. and Gomez-Campo, C. 1995. Rescue efforts for plant genetic resources is part of Spain's historical commitment. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 86-87.

Rabb, G. and Sullivan, T. 1995. Coordinating conservation: global networking for species survival. Biodiversity and Conservation 4(6): 536-543.

Reinartz, J. 1995. Planting state-listed endangered and threatened plants. Conservation Biology 9(4): 771-781. (USA)

Risser, P. 1995. Biodiversity and ecosystem function. Conservation Biology 9(4): 742-746. (USA)

Roberts, C. 1995. Rapid build-up of fish biomass in a Caribbean marine reserve. Conservation Biology 9(4): 815- 826. (Saba, Netherlands Antilles)

Rosenberg, C. 1995. Cyanide spill in Guyana River harms Indians, fish industry. Washington Post August 29: A1.

Ryder, O. and Feistner, A. 1995. Research in zoos: a growth area in conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 4(6): 671-677.

Rylands, A. and Rodriguez, E. 1995. Rio Negro State Park: a new protected area in the Brazilian Amazon. Neotropical Primates 3(2): 53-54.

Sagalaev, V. and Mavrodiev, E. 1995. Not just a thistle... Russian Conservation News 4: 25. (Cousinia astrachanica, endangered species in Sarepta)

Short, H. and Hestbeck, J. 1995. National biotic resource inventories and GAP analysis. BioScience 45(8): 535-539.

Silva, N. and Sites, J. 1995. Patterns of diversity of neotropical squamate reptile species with emphasis on the Brazilian Amazon and the conservation potential of indigenous reserves. Conservation Biology 9(4): 873-901.

Sipes, S. and Tepedino, V. 1995. Reproductive biology of the rare orchid, Spiranthes diluvialis: breeding system, pollination, and implications for conservation. Conservation Biology 9(4): 929-938. (Colorado, Utah)

Skouri, M. and Robertson, J. 1995. Success of UNESCO biosphere reserve network in Mediterranean will impact biodiversity convention plans. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 39-40.

Socolow, R., Andrews, C., Berkhout, F. and Thomas, V. (Eds). 1995. Industrial Ecology and Global Change. Cambridge University Press, New York, New York. 530 pp.

Souvannavong, O., Malagnoux, M. and Palmberg-Lerche, C. 1995. Nations join to conserve forests and woodlands of the Mediterranean region. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 19-20.

Spear, L., Ainley, D., Nur, N. and Howell, S. 1995. Population size and factors affecting at-sea distributions of four endangered procellariids in the tropical Pacific. The Condor 97(3): 613-638.

Spiridonov, G. 1995. Looking eastwards. Naturopa 77: 18. (Eastern Europe protected areas)

Stewart, A., Pearman, D. and Preston, C. 1994. Scarce Plants in Britain. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, England. 515 pp.

Strauss, D. 1995. Ammiad: a model for in-situ conservation... and peace in the Middle East? DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 56-57. (Eastern Galilee)

Strauss, D. 1995. Rich germplasm base and cadre of scientific expertise, create a "Land of Milk and Honey" in Israel. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 56-57.

Strauss, D. 1995. Threats to biodiversity are of increasing concern. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 79. (Gaza Strip) Su, B. and Shi, L. 1995. Genetic diversity in the snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti) as estimated by protein electrophoresis. Conservation Biology 9(4): 947-951. (China)

Sukhomilonov, N. 1995. A national park for the Jewish Autonomous Region: conserving cultural and biological diversity. Russian Conservation News 4: 3-4.

Sutherland, W. and Hill, D. (Eds). 1995. Managing Habitats for Conservation. Cambridge University Press, New York, New York. 320 pp.

Swanson, T. (Ed). 1995. The Economics and Ecology of Biodiversity Decline: The Forces Driving Global Change. Cambridge University Press, New York, New York. 170 pp.

Swanson, T. (Ed). 1995. Intellectual Property Rights and Biodiversity Conservation: A Multidisciplinary Analysis of the Values of Medicinal Plants. Cambridge University Press, New York, New York. 320 pp.

Sylla, S. 1995. Co-operation in Africa. Naturopa 77: 13.

Szerdahelyi, T. 1994. Gallery forest fragments in the Szigetkoz protected area (Hungary). Studia Botanica Hungarica 25: 59-76.

Tickell, O. 1995. Last chance for Scotland's shrinking bogs. New Scientist 147(1989): 8. (90% of country's raised bogs are destroyed or badly damaged)

Tkatchenko, J. 1995. Dendrobium alexandrae. Am. Orchid Soc. Bull. 64(8): 859. (Rediscovered in Papua New Guinea)

Uribe, D. 1995. Forest above the forest. World Birdwatch 17(2): 11-15. (Wax palm forest of Colombian Andes)

Van Balen, B. 1995. Red data bird: Javan hawk-eagle. World Birdwatch 17(2): 20-21.

Vilina, Y., Capella, J., Gonzalez, J. and Gibbons, J. 1995. Apuntes para la conservacion de las aves de la Reserva Nacional Pinguino de Humboldt. Bol. Chileno de Ornitologia 2: 2-6.

Vojdani, P. 1995. Iranian tradition places great value on preserving its genetic reservoirs. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 70-71.

Walker, B. 1995. Conserving biological diversity through ecosystem resilience. Conservation Biology 9(4): 747-752. (USA)

Wallace, G. 1995. Following migrant birds to Cuba. World Birdwatch 17(2): 16-19.

Weaver, J. 1995. Indicator species and scale of observation. Conservation Biology 9(4): 939-942. (Missouri)

Wheater, R. 1995. World Zoo Conservation Strategy: a blueprint for zoo development. Biodiversity and Conservation 4(6): 544-552.

Whitehead, M. 1995. Saying it with genes, species and habitats: biodiversity education and the role of zoos. Biodiversity and Conservation 4(6): 664-670.

Williams, M. 1995. The green belt of Karelia: the last stand. Russian Conservation News 4: 11-12.

Williams, M. 1995. Prime Minister Chernomyrdin signs away Karelia's forests. Russian Conservation News 4: 10-11. (Development of land between Russia and Finland border could destroy important forests)

Williams, M., Pyatina, T. and Blinnikov, M. 1995. Endangered ecosystems: meadow steppe. Russian Conservation News 4: 5.

Williams, T. 1995. Tunisia includes germplasm conservation in its national environmental strategy. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 83-84.

Wolseley, P. 1995. Estimating environmental changes in seasonal forests using lichens. Asia Pacific Community Forestry Newsletter 8(1 & 2): 7.

Zamanis, A., Stavropoulos, N. and Samaras, S. 1995. Greek gene bank anchors nation's conservation strategy. DIVERSITY 11(1 & 2): 101-102.

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