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Department ofBotany

No. 198
June 2001

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In This Issue

New Searchable Bibliography on BCN Online

The web page of the Biological Conservation Newsletter has recently been modified and is now available at (please note the new URL). The revised web page includes a new searchable BCN Bibliography, which consists of over 15,000 references to literature on conservation biology. The citations come from the "Current Literature" section of BCN, dating back from 1983 to the present. These references have been obtained from a weekly review of new journals and books received by the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History libraries, from a monthly scan of Current Contents, and from suggestions submitted by subscribers to the newsletter.

As of this issue, the reference database includes over 13,800 articles and 1,300 book titles. The article citations come from nearly 940 different scientific journals, newsletters, bulletins and newspapers. A searchable interface allows visitors to look for a particular article by selecting the title, author, or keyword field and entering a keyword, phrase, or name. Many articles link directly to their corresponding journals homepage, where some journals allow non-subscribers to view abstracts and/or articles. Titles can easily be added to the bibliography by contacting the BCN editor at

Plant Diversity in Guyana

The plant diversity of a pristine and previously undocumented lowland rainforest of the Guiana Shield in South America has been documented and described by a group of scientists from the National Museum of Natural History at the Smithsonian Institution. H. David Clarke (now with the University of North Carolina at Asheville), Vicki Funk and Tom Hollowell of Smithsonians Biological Diversity of the Guianas Program have published "Using Checklists and Collections Data to Investigate Plant Diversity: I: A Comparative Checklist of the Plant Diversity of the Iwokrama Forest, Guyana" in Sida, Botanical Miscellany.

Plant Diversity of the Iwokrama Forest, Guyana

The work presents the results of floristic research conducted as part of the collection of baseline data for this 360,000 hectare area in central Guyana, an area that has been set aside for rainforest conservation and sustainable development. Extensive field work was carried out to make the plant collections that provide the basis for this flora and are detailed along with discussion of ecology and habitats, regional context, and comparison with four other recent floristic works of areas of comparable size on and adjacent to the Guiana Shield in northeastern South America. The combined checklist of 4659 species indicates that there is considerable floristic heterogeneity among even adjacent sites and will prove useful to botanists, conservation biologists, ecologists, and planners working in northeastern South America. Copies of the publication are available for purchase from the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 509 Pecan St., Fort Worth, Texas 76102-4060, USA, or visit

The Biological Diversity of the Guianas (BDG) Program, a field-oriented unit within the Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, at the Smithsonian Institution, has been operating since 1983. The goal of the BDG is to study, document and preserve the biological diversity of the Guianas. Originally the program was confined to botany; it has since expanded to include faunal studies with entomologists and zoologists regularly participating in expeditions. Further information about BDG can be obtained by visiting

New Books from Smithsonian Institution Press

Coral Fish by Linda Pitkin

Coral Fish by Linda Pitkin and published in association with The Natural History Museum, London, depicts the variety of fish supported by coral reefs around the world in over one hundred color photographs. Pitkin describes the ways in which fish have adapted to their environment, detailing each group's behaviors as well as their sizes, shapes, and colors. Published by Smithsonian Institution Press, Tel: 1-800-782-4612. Available in paperback: ISBN 1-56098-818-5, $14.95. 135 color photographs. 112 pp.

On Biocultural Diversity by Luisa Maffi

On Biocultural Diversity: Linking Language, Knowledge, and the Environment edited by Luisa Maffi brings together an interdisciplinary group of scholars from the social and natural sciences as well as cultural advocates, human rights specialists, and indigenous experts to discuss the ways in which the losses of biological, linguistic, and cultural diversity are linked. Combining research with advocacy, this book outlines the threats to the world's diversity, explores the connections among its various forms, and recommends measures to help preserve and perpetuate the variety of life on Earth. Published by Smithsonian Institution Press, Tel: 1-800-782-4612. Available in hardcover: ISBN 1-56098-905-X, $65.00, and paperback: ISBN 1-56098-930-0, $34.95. 28 line illustrations, 32 tables. 560 pp.

Primate Taxonomy by Colin Groves

Primate Taxonomy by Colin Groves proposes a complete taxonomy of living primates, reviewing the history and practice of their classification and providing an up-to-date synthesis of recent molecular and phylogenetic research. "Colin Groves tackles an extremely complex subject and, with the expertise of a detective, explores every aspect of taxonomy. His introduction is lively and entertaining, and he takes us with him on an investigation of ancient scientific controversies. ...Primate Taxonomy will be an essential reference volume."Jane Goodall. Published by Smithsonian Institution Press, Tel: 1-800-782-4612. Available in hardcover: ISBN 1-56098-872-X, $65.00. 7 b&w illustrations and maps. 368 pp.

Future Meetings

Defenders of Wildlife announces its fourth national conference, "Carnivores 2002: From The Mountains To The Sea," which will be held in Monterey, California November 17-20, 2002 at the Doubletree Hotel. The conference will focus on the biology and conservation of a full range of marine and terrestrial predators. Proposals for 1½ and 2 hour sessions, individual papers and posters are being accepted until March 29, 2002. For more information or to receive a conference brochure, please contact Yvonne Borresen at Defenders of Wildlife, 1101 14th St., NW, Suite 1400, Washington, DC 20005 or call (202) 789-2844 ext. 315. You can also visit the conference website at or email

Current Literature

Abrie, A.L., and van Staden, J. 2001. Micropropagation of the endangered Aloe polyphylla. Plant Growth Reg. 33(1):19-23.

Agrawal, A. 2000. Adaptive management in transboundary protected areas: The Bialowieza National Park and Biosphere Reserve as a case study. Environ. Conserv. 27(4):326-333.

Alexander, S.E. 2000. Resident attitudes towards conservation and black howler monkeys in Belize: The Community Baboon Sanctuary. Environ. Conserv. 27(4):341-350.

Angermeier, P.L. 2001. Reply to Povilitis: another conservation conundrum. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):536-538.

Annaselvam, J., and Parthasarathy, N. 2001. Diversity and distribution of herbaceous vascular epiphytes in a tropical evergreen forest at Varagalaiar, Western Ghats, India. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(3):317-329.

Anthelme, F., Grossi, J.L., Brun, J.J., and Didier, L. 2001. Consequences of green alder expansion on vegetation changes and arthropod communities removal in the northern French Alps. Forest Ecol. Manag. 145(1-2):57-65.

Araujo, M.B., Humphries, C.J., Densham, P.J., Lampinen, R., Hagemeijer, W.J.M., Mitchell-Jones, A.J., and Gasc, J.P. 2001. Would environmental diversity be a good surrogate for species diversity? Ecography 24(1):103-110.

Archibald, J.K., Wolf, P.G., Tepedino, V.J., and Bair, J. 2001. Genetic relationships and population structure of the endangered Steamboat buckwheat, Eriogonum ovalifolium var. williamsiae (Polygonaceae). Am. J. Bot. 88(4):608-615.

Arganbright, D.G. 2000. Ecological restoration: what role for forestry! J. Forestry 98(8):1.

Asquith, N.M. 2001. Misdirections in conservation biology. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):345-352.

Atauri, J.A., and de Lucio, J.V. 2001. The role of landscape structure in species richness distribution of birds, amphibians, reptiles and lepidopterans in Mediterranean landscapes. Landscape Ecol. 16(2):147-159.

Baker, B. 2001. National management plan maps strategy for controlling invasive species. BioScience 51(2):92.

Balmford, A., Moore, J.L., Brooks, T., Burgess, N., Hansen, L.A., Williams, P., and Rahbek, C. 2001. Conservation conflicts across Africa. Science 291(5513):2616-2619.

Barbraud, C., and Mathevet, R. 2000. Is commercial reed harvesting compatible with breeding purple herons Ardea purpurea in the Camargue, southern France. Environ. Conserv. 27(4):334-340.

Bardsley, L., and Beebee, T.J.C. 2001. Strength and mechanisms of competition between common and endangered anurans. Ecol. Appl. 11(2):453-463.

Bass, S.P., and Muller, M.R. (Eds.). 2000. Protecting Biodiversity: National Laws Regulating Access to Genetic Resources in the Americas. International Development Research Centre. Ottawa. 105 pp.

Baumgartner, J., and Hartmann, J. 2001. The design and implementation of sustainable plant diversity conservation program for alpine meadows and pastures. J. Agr. Environ. Ethic. 14(1):67-83.

Bennett, E.L. 2001. The joint effort of timber certification. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):318-319.

Bennett, E.L. 2001. Timber certification: where is the voice of the biologist? Conserv. Biol. 15(2):308-310.

Berger, J., Hoylman, A., and Weber, T. 2001. Perturbation of vast ecosystems in the absence of adequate science: Alaska's arctic refuge. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):539-541.

Bissix, G., and Rees, J.A. 2001. Can strategic ecosystem management succeed in multiagency environments? Ecol. Appl. 11(2):570-583.

Botsford, L.W., Hastings, A., and Gaines, S.D. 2001. Dependence of sustainability on the configuration of marine reserves and larval dispersal distance. Ecol. Lett. 4(2):144-150.

Boulinier, T., Nichols, J.D., Hines, J.E., Sauer, J.R., Flather, C.H., and Pollock, K.H. 2001. Forest fragmentation and bird community dynamics: inference at regional scales. Ecology 82(4):1159-1169.

Boyd, D.K., Forbes, S.H., Pletscher, D.H., and Allendorf, F.W. 2001. Identification of Rocky Mountain gray wolves. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 29(1):78-85.

Brasier, C.M. 2001. Rapid evolution of introduced plant pathogens via interspecific hybridization. BioScience 51(2):123-133.

Brown, G.W. 2001. The influence of habitat disturbance on reptiles in a Box-Ironbark eucalypt forest of south-eastern Australia. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(2):161-176.

Brown, W.T., Krasny, M.E., and Schoch, N. 2001. Volunteer monitoring of nonindigenous invasive plant species in the Adirondack Park, New York, USA. Nat. Areas J. 21(2):189-196.

Bulte, E.H., and van Kooten, G.C. 2001. Harvesting and conserving a species when numbers are low: population viability and gambler's ruin in bioeconomic models. Ecol. Econ. 37(1):87-100.

Burgman, M.A. 2000. Population viability analysis for bird conservation: prediction, heuristics, monitoring and psychology. Emu 100:347-353.

Burke, A. 2001. Determining landscape function and ecosystem dynamics: contribution to ecological restoration in the southern Namib Desert. Ambio 30(1):29-36.

Campbell, F.T. 2001. The science of risk assessment for phytosanitary regulation and the impact of changing trade regulations. BioScience 51(2):148-153.

Cauley, H.A., Peters, C.M., Donovan, R.Z., and O'Connor, J.M. 2001. Forest stewardship council forest certification. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):311-312.

Chen, L.Y. 2001. Cost savings from properly managing endangered species habitats. Nat. Areas J. 21(2):197-203.

Clark, D.A., Brown, S., Kicklighter, D.W., Chambers, J.Q., Thomlinson, J.R., and Ni, J. 2001. Measuring net primary production in forests: concepts and field methods. Ecol. Appl. 11(2):356-370.

Clark, D.L., and Wilson, M.V. 2001. Fire, mowing, and hand-removal of woody species in restoring a native wetland prairie in the Willamette Valley of Oregon. Wetlands 21(1):135-144.

Clarke, H.D., Funk, V., and Hollowell, T. 2001. Using checklists and collections data to investigate plant diversity. I: A comparative checklist of the plant diversity of the Iwokrama Forest, Guyana. Sida, Botanical Miscellany 21.

Cocklin, C., and Keen, M. 2000. Urbanization in the pacific: environmental change, vulnerability and human security. Environ. Conserv. 27(4):392-403.

Coesel, P.F.M. 2001. A method for quantifying conservation value in lentic freshwater habitats using desmids as indicator organisms. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(2):177-187.

Cohn, E.V.J., Rostanski, A., Tokarska-Guzik, B., Trueman, I.C., and Wozniak, G. 2001. The flora and vegetation of an old solvay process tip in Jaworzno (Upper Silesia, Poland). Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 70(1):47-60.

Colding, J., and Folke, C. 2001. Social taboos: "invisible" systems of local resource management and biological conservation. Ecol. Appl. 11(2):584-600.

Collares-Pereira, M.J., and Cowx, I.G. 2001. Threatened fishes of the world: Anaecypris hispanica (Steindachner, 1866) (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 60(4):410.

Collevatti, R.G., Grattapaglia, D., and Hay, J.D. 2001. High resolution microsatellite based analysis of the mating system allows the detection of significant biparental inbreeding in Caryocar brasiliense, an endangered tropical tree species. Heredity 86:60-67.

Collevatti, R.G., Grattapaglia, D., and Hay, J.D. 2001. Population genetic structure of the endangered tropical tree species Caryocar brasiliense, based on variability at microsatellite loci. Mol. Ecol. 10(2):349-356.

Coulson, S.J., Bullock, J.M., Stevenson, M.J., and Pywell, R.F. 2001. Colonization of grassland by sown species: dispersal versus microsite limitation in responses to management. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(1):204-216.

Covington, W.W., Fulé, P.Z., Alcoze, T.M., and Vance, R.K. 2000. Learning by doing - education in ecological restoration at Northern Arizona University. J. Forestry 98(10):30-34.

Cowie, R.H., and Cook, R.P. 2001. Extinction or survival: partulid tree snails in American Samoa. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(2):143-159.

Cowling, R.M., and Heijnis, C.E. 2001. The identification of broad habitat units as biodiversity entities for systematic conservation planning in the Cape Floristic Region. S. Afr. J. Bot. 67(1):15-38.

Crumpacker, D.W., Box, E.O., and Hardin, E.D. 2001. Temperate-subtropical transition areas for native woody plant species in Florida, USA: present locations, predicted changes under climatic warming, and implications for conservation. Nat. Areas J. 21(2):136-148.

Czech, B., Devers, P.K., and Krausman, P.R. 2001. The relationship of gender to species conservation attitudes. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 29(1):187-194.

Dalton, R. 2001. Earth sciences and biodiversity fall victim to budget plan. Nature 410(6831):854.

Daniels, M.J., Beaumont, M.A., Johnson, P.J., Balharry, D., Macdonald, D.W., and Barratt, E. 2001. Ecology and genetics of wild-living cats in the north-east of Scotland and the implications for the conservation of the wildcat. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(1):146-161.

Davidson, C., Shaffer, H.B., and Jennings, M.R. 2001. Declines of the California red-legged frog: climate, UV-B, habitat, and pesticides hypotheses. Ecol. Appl. 11(2):464-479.

Dawson, S., Pichler, F., Slooten, E., Russell, K., and Baker, C.S. 2001. The North Island Hector's dolphin is vulnerable to extinction. Mar. Mammal Sci. 17(2):366-371.

Dellasala, D.A., Staus, N.L., Strittholt, J.R., Hackman, A., and Iacobelli, A. 2001. An updated protected areas database for the United States and Canada. Nat. Areas J. 21(2):124-135.

Diemer, M., and Schmid, B. 2001. Effects of biodiversity loss and disturbance on the survival and performance of two Ranunculus species with differing clonal architectures. Ecography 24(1):59-67.

Donovan, T.M., and Lamberson, R.H. 2001. Area-sensitive distributions counteract negative effects of habitat fragmentation on breeding birds. Ecology 82(4):1170-1179.

Ducrotoy, J.P.A., and Simpson, S.D. 2001. Developments in the application of photography to ecological monitoring, with reference to algal beds. Aquat. Conserv. 11(2):123-135.

Ernest, S.K.M., and Brown, J.H. 2001. Delayed compensation for missing keystone species by colonization. Science 292(5514):101-104.

Estrada, A., and Coates-Estrada, R. 2001. Bat species richness in live fences and in corridors of residual rain forest vegetation at Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. Ecography 24(1):94-102.

Evans, S.M., and Birchenough, A.C. 2001. Community-based management of the environment: lessons from the past and options for the future. Aquat. Conserv. 11(2):137-147.

Eyre, M.D., Luff, M.L., and Phillips, D.A. 2001. The ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) of exposed riverine sediments in Scotland and northern England. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(3):403-426.

Fagan, W.F., Meir, E., Prendergast, J., Folarin, A., and Karieva, P. 2001. Characterizing population vulnerability for 758 species. Ecol. Lett. 4(2):132-138.

Fairbairn, S.E., and Dinsmore, J.J. 2001. Local and landscape-level influences on wetland bird communities of the prairie pothole region of Iowa, USA. Wetlands 21(1):41-47.

Fauth, P.T. 2001. Wood thrush populations are not all sinks in the agricultural midwestern United States. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):523-527.

Finley, K.J. 2001. Natural history and conservation of the Greenland whale, or bowhead, in the northwest Atlantic. Arctic 54(1):55-76.

Fletcher, J.D., McShea, W.J., Shipley, L.A., and Shumway, D. 2001. Use of common forest forbs to measure browsing pressure by white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus Zimmerman) in Virginia, USA. Nat. Areas J. 21(2):172-176.

Flores, G.E., and Vidal, P. 2000. Cladistic analysis of the Chilean genus Callyntra Solier (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), with description of a new species. J. New York Entomol. Soc. 108(3-4):187-204.

Franklin, T.M., and Rowse, B.H. 2001. Policy news - conservation crossroads: a tale of two presidents. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 29(1):375-379.

Froneman, A., Mangnall, M.J., Little, R.M., and Crowe, T.M. 2001. Waterbird assemblages and associated habitat characteristics of farm ponds in the Western Cape, South Africa. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(2):251-270.

Gaines, W.L. 2001. Large carnivore surveys in the North Karakorum Mountains, Pakistan. Nat. Areas J. 21(2):168-171.

Geng, S.S., and Ma, S.L. 2000. Decline of musk deer in China and prospects for management. Environ. Conserv. 27(4):323-325.

Ghazoul, J. 2001. Barriers to biodiversity conservation in forest certification. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):315-317.

Gillespie, T.W., Nicholson, K.E., and McCrary, J. 2001. Patterns of vertebrate species richness and conservation in Nicaragua. Nat. Areas J. 21(2):159-167.

Gondard, H., Romane, F., Grandjanny, M., Li, J.Q., and Aronson, J. 2001. Plant species diversity changes in abandoned chestnut (Castanea sativa) groves in southern France. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(2):189-207.

Green, E.K., and Galatowitsch, S.M. 2001. Differences in wetland plant community establishment with additions of nitrate-N and invasive species (Phalaris arundinacea and Typha x glauca). Can. J. Bot. 79(2):170-178.

Greenwood, M.T., Bickerton, M.A., and Petts, G.E. 2001. Assessing adult Trichoptera communities of small streams: a case study from Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire, UK. Aquat. Conserv. 11(2):93-107.

Hamann, O. 2001. Demographic studies of three indigenous stand-forming plant taxa (Scalesia, Opuntia, and Bursera) in the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(2):223-250.

Harding, E.K., Crone, E.E., Elderd, B.D., Hoekstra, J.M., McKerrow, A.J., Perrine, J.D., Regetz, J., Rissler, L.J., Stanley, A.G., and Walters, E.L. 2001. The scientific foundations of habitat conservation plans: a quantitative assessment. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):488-500.

Hastie, L.C., and Boon, P.J. 2001. Does electrofishing harm freshwater pearl mussels? Aquat. Conserv. 11(2):149-152.

Hauser, C.L. 2001. New information on the biodiversity facility. Nature 410(6831):865.

Hawkins, S.J., Corte-Real, H.B.S.M., Pannacciulli, F.G., Weber, L.C., and Bishop, J.D.D. 2000. Thoughts on the ecology and evolution of the intertidal biota of the Azores and other Atlantic islands. Hydrobiologia 440(1-3):3-17.

Healey, M., Kline, P., and Tsai, C.F. 2001. Saving the endangered Formosa landlocked salmon. Fisheries 26(4):6-14.

Heliölä, J., Koivula, M., and Niemelä, J. 2001. Distribution of carabid beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) across a boreal forest-clearcut ecotone. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):370-377.

Hopkinson, P., Travis, J.M.J., Evans, J., Gregory, R.D., Telfer, M.G., and Williams, P.H. 2001. Flexibility and the use of indicator taxa in the selection of sites for nature reserves. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(2):271-285.

Howard, J., and McGregor, D. 2000. Reducing nutrient enrichment of waterways through public education: a tale of two cities. Environ. Conserv. 27(4):351-358.

Hull, R.B., and Gobster, P.H. 2000. Restoring forest ecosystems: the human dimension. J. Forestry 98(8):32-36.

Igoe, F., O'Grady, M., Byrne, C., Gargan, P., Roche, W., and O'Neill, J. 2001. Evidence for the recent extinctions of two Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus (L.) populations in the west of Ireland. Aquat. Conserv. 11(2):77-92.

Impson, D. 2001. Threatened fishes of the world: Barbus andrewi Barnard, 1937 (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 61(2):212.

Impson, D. 2001. Threatened fishes of the world: Pseudobarbus burgi (Boulenger, 1911) (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 61(1):56.

Janovicova, K., and Kubinska, A. 2001. Present state of the bryophyte diversity in the protected landscape area Biele Karpaty (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Biologia 56(1):33-41.

Jansen, A.J., Eysink, F.T.W., and Maas, C. 2001. Hydrological processes in a Cirsio-Molinietum fen meadow: implications for restoration. Ecol. Eng. 17(1):3-20.

Jennings, C.A., and Zigler, S.J. 2000. Ecology and biology of paddlefish in North America: historical perspectives, management approaches, and research priorities. Rev. Fish Biol. Fisher. 10(2):167-181.

Jennings, S. 2000. Patterns and prediction of population recovery in marine reserves. Rev. Fish Biol. Fisher. 10(2):209-231.

Jensen, M.N. 2001. Can cows and conservation mix? BioScience 51(2):85-90.

Khurana, E., and Singh, J.S. 2001. Ecology of tree seed and seedlings: implications for tropical forest conservation and restoration. Curr. Sci. 80(6):748-757.

Kimmerer, R.N. 2000. Native knowledge for native ecosystems. J. Forestry 98(8):4-9.

Kinley, T.A., and Apps, C.D. 2001. Mortality patterns in a subpopulation of endangered mountain caribou. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 29(1):158-164.

Kitahara, M., and Sei, K. 2001. A comparison of the diversity and structure of butterfly communities in semi-natural and human-modified grassland habitats at the foot of Mt. Fuji, central Japan. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(3):331-351.

Knegtering, E., Van der Windt, H.J., and Uiterkamp, A.J.M.S. 2000. Trends in the legal status of indigenous species. Environ. Conserv. 27(4):404-413.

Kokko, H., Sutherland, W.J., and Johnstone, R.A. 2001. The logic of territory choice: implications for conservation and source-sink dynamics. Am. Nat. 157(4):459-463.

Kotze, D.J., and Samways, M.J. 2001. No general edge effects for invertebrates at Afromontane forest/grassland ecotones. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(3):443-466.

Kretzmann, M.B., Gemmell, N.J., and Meyer, A. 2001. Microsatellite analysis of population structure in the endangered Hawaiian monk seal. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):457-466.

Kruse, C.G., Hugert, W.A., and Rahel, F.J. 2001. An assessment of headwater isolation as a conservation strategy for cutthroat trout in the Absaroka Mountains of Wyoming. Northwest Sci. 75(1):1-11.

Kyle, C.J., and Strobeck, C. 2001. Genetic structure of North American wolverine (Gulo gulo) populations. Mol. Ecol. 10(2):337-347.

Lammerts, E.J., Maas, C., and Grootjans, A.P. 2001. Groundwater variables and vegetation in dune slacks. Ecol. Eng. 17(1):33-47.

Lane, S.J., Alonso, J.C., and Martín, C.A. 2001. Habitat preferences of great bustard Otis tarda flocks in the arable steppes of central Spain: are potentially suitable areas unoccupied? J. Appl. Ecol. 38(1):193-203.

Lee, J.T., Woddy, S.J., and Thompson, S. 2001. Targeting sites for conservation: using a patch-based ranking scheme to assess conservation potential. J. Environ. Manage. 61(4):367-380.

Lehtinen, R.M., and Galatowitsch, S.M. 2001. Colonization of restored wetlands by amphibians in Minnesota. Am. Midl. Nat. 145(2):388-396.

Lesslie, R.G. 2001. Landscape classification and strategic assessment for conservation: an analysis of native cover loss in far south-east Australia. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(3):427-442.

Lewis, O.T. 2001. Effect of experimental selective logging on tropical butterflies. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):389-400.

Lindenmayer, D.B., Ball, I., Possingham, H.P., McCarthy, M.A., and Pope, M.L. 2001. A landscape-scale test of the predictive ability of a spatially explicit model for population viability analysis. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(1):36-48.

Lindholm, J.B., Auster, P.J., Ruth, M., and Kaufman, L. 2001. Modeling the effects of fishing and implications for the design of marine protected areas: juvenile fish responses to variations in seafloor habitat. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):424-437.

Liow, L.H., Sodhi, N.S., and Elmqvist, T. 2001. Bee diversity along a disturbance gradient in tropical lowland forests of south-east Asia. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(1):180-192.

Litt, A.R., Herring, B.J., and Provencher, L. 2001. Herbicide effects on ground-layer vegetation in southern pinelands, USA: a review. Nat. Areas J. 21(2):177-188.

Liu, J.G., Linderman, M., Ouyang, Z.Y., An, L., Yang, J., and Zhang, H.M. 2001. Ecological degradation in protected areas: the case of Wolong Nature Reserve for giant pandas. Science 292(5514):98-101.

Long, J.N., and Smith, F.W. 2000. Restructuring the forest - goshawks and the restoration of southwestern ponderosa pine. J. Forestry 98(8):25-30.

Lynch, D.L., Romme, W.H., and Floyd, M.L. 2000. Forest restoration in southwestern ponderosa pine. J. Forestry 98(8):17-24.

Mack, R.N., and Lonsdale, W.M. 2001. Humans as global plant dispersers: getting more than we bargained for. BioScience 51(2):95-102.

Magagula, C.N., and Samways, M.J. 2001. Maintenance of ladybeetle diversity across a heterogeneous African agricultural/savanna land mosaic. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(2):209-222.

Magura, T., Tóthmérész, B., and Molnár, T. 2001. Forest edge and diversity: carabids along forest-grassland transects. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(2):287-300.

Marchetti, M.P., and Moyle, P.B. 2001. Effects of flow regime on fish assemblages in a regulated California stream. Ecol. Appl. 11(2):530-539.

Maunder, M., Higgens, S., and Culham, A. 2001. The effectiveness of botanic garden collections in supporting plant conservation: a European case study. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(3):383-401.

Mayer, P.M., and Galatowitsch, S.M. 2001. Assessing ecosystem integrity of restored prairie wetlands from species production-diversity relationships. Hydrobiologia 443(1-3):177-185.

McCarty, J.P. 2001. Ecological consequences of recent climate change. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):320-331.

McDuff, M.D. 2001. Building the capacity of grassroots conservation organizations to conduct participatory evaluation. Environ. Manage. 27(5):715-727.

Mech, L.D. 2001. Managing Minnesota's recovered wolves. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 29(1):70-77.

Mech, S.G., and Hallett, J.G. 2001. Evaluating the effectiveness of corridors: a genetic approach. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):467-474.

Meffe, G.K. 2001. Crisis in a crisis discipline. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):303-304.

Menon, S., Pontius, R.G., Rose, J., Khan, M.L., and Bawa, K.S. 2001. Identifying conservation-priority areas in the tropics: a land-use change modeling approach. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):501-512.

Molina-Freaner, F., Delgado, P., Pinero, D., Perez-Nasser, N., and Alvarez-Buylla, E. 2001. Do rare pines need different conservation strategies? Evidence from three Mexican species. Can. J. Bot. 79(2):131-138.

Moreno, C.E., and Halffter, G. 2001. Spatial and temporal analysis of a, b and g diversities of bats in a fragmented landscape. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(3):367-382.

Musters, C.J.M., Kruk, M., De Graaf, H.J., and Ter Keurs, W.J. 2001. Breeding birds as a farm product. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):363-369.

Nagendra, H. 2001. Incorporating landscape transformation into local conservation prioritization: a case study in the Western Ghats, India. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(3):353-365.

Nakagiri, N., Tainaka, K., and Tao, T. 2001. Indirect relation between species extinction and habitat destruction. Ecol. Model. 137(2-3):109-118.

Naugle, D.E., Johnson, R.R., Estey, M.E., and Higgins, K.F. 2001. A landscape approach to conserving wetland bird habitat in the prairie pothole region of eastern South Dakota. Wetlands 21(1):1-17.

Nores, M. 2000. Species richness in the Amazonian bird fauna from an evolutionary perspective. Emu 100:419-430.

Novak, S.J., and Mack, R.N. 2001. Tracing plant introduction and spread: genetic evidence from Bromus tectorum (Cheatgrass). BioScience 51(2):114-122.

Orgeas, J., and Andersen, A.N. 2001. Fire and biodiversity: responses of grass-layer beetles to experimental fire regimes in an Australian tropical savanna. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(1):49-62.

Orr, D.W. 2001. A literature of redemption. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):305-307.

Palm, M.E. 2001. Systematics and the impact of invasive fungi on agriculture in the United States. BioScience 51(2):141-147.

Palomares, F. 2001. Vegetation structure and prey abundance requirements of the Iberian lynx: implications for the design of reserves and corridors. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(1):9-18.

Pethick, J.S., and Crooks, S. 2000. Development of a coastal vulnerability index: a geomorphological perspective. Environ. Conserv. 27(4):359-367.

Pitcher, T.J. 2001. Fisheries managed to rebuild ecosystems? Reconstructing the past to salvage the future. Ecol. Appl. 11(2):601-617.

Podolsky, R.H. 2001. Genetic variation for morphological and allozyme variation in relation to population size in Clarkia dudleyana, an endemic annual. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):412-423.

Poiani, K.A., Merrill, M.D., and Chapman, K.A. 2001. Identifying conservation-priority areas in a fragmented Minnesota landscape based on the umbrella species concept and selection of large patches of natural vegetation. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):513-522.

Povilitis, T. 2001. Toward a robust natural imperative for conservation. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):533-535.

Prach, K., and Pysek, P. 2001. Using spontaneous succession for restoration of human-disturbed habitats: experience from central Europe. Ecol. Eng. 17(1):55-62.

Pregitzer, K.S., Goebel, P.C., and Wigley, T.B. 2001. Evaluating forestland classification schemes as tools for maintaining biodiversity. J. Forestry 99(2):33-40.

Price, J.S., and Whitehead, G.S. 2001. Developing hydrologic thresholds for Sphagnum recolonization on an abandoned cutover bog. Wetlands 21(1):32-40.

Priddel, D., and Carlile, N. 2001. A trial translocation of Gould's petrel (Pterodroma leucoptera leucoptera). Emu 101(1):79-88.

Putz, F.E., and Romero, C. 2001. Biologists and timber certification. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):313-314.

Raedeke, A.H., Nilon, C.H., and Rikoon, J.S. 2001. Factors affecting landowner participation in ecosystem management: a case study in south-central Missouri. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 29(1):195-206.

Reichard, S.H., and White, P. 2001. Horticulture as a pathway of invasive plant introductions in the United States. BioScience 51(2):103-113.

Ricketts, T.H., Daily, G.C., Ehrlich, P.R., and Fay, J.P. 2001. Countryside biogeography of moths in a fragmented landscape: biodiversity in native and agricultural habitats. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):378-388.

Ries, L., Debinski, D.M., and Wieland, M.L. 2001. Conservation value of roadside prairie restoration to butterfly communities. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):401-411.

Robertson, A.I., Bacon, P., and Heagney, G. 2001. The responses of floodplain primary production to flood frequency and timing. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(1):126-136.

Rochard, E., Lepage, M., Dumont, P., Tremblay, S., and Gazeau, C. 2001. Downstream migration of juvenile European sturgeon Acipenser sturio L. in the Gironde estuary. Estuaries 24(1):108-115.

Rolstad, J., Gjerde, I., Storaunet, K.O., and Rolstad, E. 2001. Epiphytic lichens in Norwegian coastal spruce forest historic logging and present forest structure. Ecol. Appl. 11(2):421-436.

Rossman, A.Y. 2001. A special issue on global movement of invasive plants and fungi. BioScience 51(2):93-94.

Rutledge, D.T., Lepczyk, C.A., Xie, J.L., and Liu, J.G. 2001. Spatiotemporal dynamics of endangered species hotspots in the United States. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):475-487.

Selinger-Looten, R., and Muller, S. 2001. Restoration of grassland in old maize-cultivated land: impact of mowing and role of soil seed bank. Rev. Ecol.-Terre Vie 56(1):3-19.

Shafer, C.L. 2001. Conservation biology trailblazers: George Wright, Ben Thompson, and Joseph Dixon. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):332-344.

Stanturf, J.A., Gardiner, E.S., Hamel, P.B., Devall, M.S., Leininger, T.D., and Warren, M.E. 2000. Restoring bottomland hardwood ecosystems in the lower Mississippi alluvial valley. J. Forestry 98(8):10-16.

Storer, A.J., Wood, D.L., Gordon, T.R., and Libby, W.J. 2001. Restoring native Monterey pine forests in the presence of an exotic pathogen. J. Forestry 99(5):14-18.

Straede, S., and Helles, F. 2000. Park-people conflict resolution in Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal: buying time at high cost? Environ. Conserv. 27(4):368-381.

Symstad, A.J., and Tilman, D. 2001. Diversity loss, recruitment limitation, and ecosystem functioning: lessons learned from a removal experiment. Oikos 92(3):424-435.

Thiem, B. 2001. Micropropagation of cloudberry (Rubus chamaemorus L.) by initiation of axillary shoots. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 70(1):11-16.

Thompson, P.M., Van Parijs, S., and Kovacs, K.M. 2001. Local declines in the abundance of harbour seals: implications for the designation and monitoring of protected areas. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(1):117-125.

Tilman, D., Fargione, J., Wolff, B., D'Antonio, C., Dobson, A., Howarth, R., Schindler, D., Schlesinger, W.H., Simberloff, D., and Swackhamer, D. 2001. Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change. Science 292(5515):281-284.

Tordoff, H.B., and Redig, P.T. 2001. Role of genetic background in the success of reintroduced peregrine falcons. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):528-532.

Tweddle, D. 2001. Threatened fishes of the world: Opsaridium microlepis (Gunther, 1864) (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 61(1):72.

Uryu, Y., Malm, O., Thornton, I., Payne, I., and Cleary, D. 2001. Mercury contamination of fish and its implications for other wildlife of the Tapajós Basin, Brazilian Amazon. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):438-446.

Vallauri, D., Aronson, J., and Chauvin, C. 2000. The French perspective - a 125-year-old restoration program in Haute Provence. J. Forestry 98(8):A1-A2.

Van Driesche, J. 2000. Nature Out of Place: Biological Invasions in the Global Age. Island Press. Washington, DC. 363 pp.

Vecsei, P. 2001. Threatened fishes of the world: Acipenser gueldenstaedtii Brandt & Ratzenburg, 1833 (Acipenseridae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 60(4):362.

Vecsei, P., and Artyukhin, E. 2001. Threatened fishes of the world: Acipenser persicus Borodin, 1897 (Acipenseridae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 61(2):160.

Velázquez, A., Bocco, G., and Torres, A. 2001. Turning scientific approaches into practical conservation actions: the case of Comunidad Indigena de Nuevo San Juan Parangaricutiro, Mexico. Environ. Manage. 27(5):655-665.

Verhoeven, J.T.A. 2001. Ecosystem restoration for plant diversity conservation. Ecol. Eng. 17(1):1-2.

Virolainen, K.M., Nattinen, K., Suhonen, J., and Kuitunen, M. 2001. Selecting herb-rich forest networks to protect different measures of biodiversity. Ecol. Appl. 11(2):411-420.

Vogel, G. 2001. No easy answers for biodiversity in Africa. Science 291(5513):2529-2530.

Wabakken, P., Sand, H., Liberg, O., and Bjarvall, A. 2001. The recovery, distribution, and population dynamics of wolves on the Scandinavian peninsula, 1978-1998. Can. J. Zool. 79(4):710-725.

Wagner, M.R., Block, W.M., Geils, B.W., and Wenger, K.F. 2000. Restoration ecology - a new forest management paradigm, or another merit badge for foresters? J. Forestry 98(10):22-27.

Wallace, M.T., and Buchholz, R. 2001. Translocation of red-cockaded woodpeckers by reciprocal fostering of nestlings. J. Wildlife Manag. 65(2):327-333.

Walsh, M.G., Bain, M.B., Squiers, T., Waldman, J.R., and Wirgin, I. 2001. Morphological and genetic variation among shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum from adjacent and distant rivers. Estuaries 24(1):41-48.

Walsh, P.D., White, L.J.T., Mbina, C., Idiata, D., Mihindou, Y., Maisels, F., and Thibault, M. 2001. Estimates of forest elephant abundance: projecting the relationship between precision and effort. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(1):217-228.

Warren, K.S., Verschoor, E.J., Langenhuijzen, S., Heriyanto, Swan, R.A., Vigilant, L., and Heeney, J.L. 2001. Speciation and intrasubspecific variation of Bornean orangutans, Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus. Mol. Biol. Evol. 18(4):472-480.

Webster, C.R., Jenkins, M.A., and Parker, G.R. 2001. A field test of herbaceous plant indicators of deer browsing intensity in mesic hardwood forests of Indiana, USA. Nat. Areas J. 21(2):149-158.

Wild, U., Kamp, T., Lenz, A., Heinz, S., and Pfadenhaeur, J. 2001. Cultivation of Typha spp. in constructed wetlands for peatland restoration. Ecol. Eng. 17(1):49-54.

Williams, B.L. 2001. Patterns of morphological variation in Speyeria idalia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) with implications for taxonomy and conservation. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 94(2):239-243.

Williams, C. 2001. Leading by example. Nat. Areas J. 21(2):123.

Williams, I.D., and Polunin, N.V.C. 2000. Differences between protected and unprotected reefs of the western Caribbean in attributes preferred by dive tourists. Environ. Conserv. 27(4):382-391.

Willson, M.F., Morrison, J.L., Sieving, K.E., De Santo, T.L., Santisteban, L., and Díaz, I. 2001. Patterns of predation risk and survival of bird nests in a Chilean agricultural landscape. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):447-456.

Wilson, K., and Recher, H.F. 2001. Foraging ecology and habitat selection of the yellow-plumed honeyeater, Lichenostomus ornatus, in a Western Australian woodland: implications for conservation. Emu 101(1):89-94.

Wingfield, M.J., Slippers, B., Roux, J., and Wingfield, B.D. 2001. Worldwide movement of exotic forest fungi, especially in the tropics and the southern hemisphere. BioScience 51(2):134-140.

Winney, B.J., Litton, C.D., Parkin, D.T., and Feare, C.J. 2001. The subspecific origin of the inland breeding colonies of the cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo in Britain. Heredity 86:45-53.

Witte, F., Msuku, B.S., Wanink, J.H., Seehausen, O., Katunzi, E.F.B., Goudswaard, P.C., and Goldschmidt, T. 2000. Recovery of cichlid species in Lake Victoria: an examination of factors leading to differential extinction. Rev. Fish Biol. Fisher. 10(2):233-241.

Woodward, A.J.W., Fuhlendorf, S.D., Leslie, D.M., and Shackford, J. 2001. Influence of landscape composition and change on lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) populations. Am. Midl. Nat. 145(2):261-274.

Xue, D., and Tisdell, C.Y. 2001. Valuing ecological functions of biodiversity in Changbaishan Mountain Biosphere Reserve in Northeast China. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(3):467-481.

Yorio, P. 2000. Breeding seabirds of Argentina: conservation tools for a more integrated and regional approach. Emu 100:367-375.

Zamora, R., Gomez, J.M., Hodar, J.A., Castro, J., and Garcia, D. 2001. Effect of browsing by ungulates on sapling growth of Scots pine in a Mediterranean environment: consequences for forest regeneration. Forest Ecol. Manag. 144(1-3):33-42.

Zorn, P., Stephenson, W., and Grigoriev, P. 2001. An ecosystem management program and assessment process for Ontario national parks. Conserv. Biol. 15(2):353-362.

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