In This Issue
- Biology Enters the Twenty-First Century
- Inventory of Endangered Plants Shows Continued Decline of California's Flora
- Job Opportunities
- Information Highway Hi-Lites
- Current Literature
In the twentieth century, scientists in the relatively new field of biology played an important role in exposing the threats of environmental degradation, loss of species diversity, habitat fragmentation, scarce energy resources, and human population growth. In the new book, A New Century of Biology, published by Smithsonian Institution Press, a group of world-renowned biologists consider how their discipline must address these problems in the twenty-first century.
A New Century of Biology, edited by W. John Kress and Gary W. Barrett, contains eleven essays derived from invited lectures delivered at an international symposium, "Biology: Challenges for the New Millennium," convened by the American Institute of Biological Sciences and the Smithsonian Institution from March 22 through March 24, 2000, at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. Contributors include Ernst Mayr, Gene Likens, Gordon Orians, Marvalee Wake, Lynn Margulis, Daniel Janzen, Thomas Lovejoy, Ghillean Prance, Edward O. Wilson, as well as Barrett and Kress.
The next one hundred years, the contributors argue, will likely be dominated by breakthroughs in evolutionary biology and systems ecology, by an increased need for scientists to integrate research, teaching, and service missions, and by problem-solving ventures on greater spatial and temporal scales. Because human activity and increased population will continue to have a profound effect on the environment, biologists must define an effective strategy for integrating the biological sciences with global economics and human social structure.
To purchase A New Century of Biology contact the Smithsonian Institution Press at 1-800-782-4612. Hardcover books are available at US$35.00 (ISBN 1-56098-984-X), and paperback books are US$17.95 (ISBN 1-56098-945-9).
The new sixth edition of the Inventory of Rare and Endangered Plants of California, published by the California Native Plant Society, lists 2,073 types of California's native plants that are now rare, endangered, or uncommon in California. This number represents nearly 33% of the state's estimated 6,300 native plants.
The California flora is the largest and perhaps most spectacular assemblage of North America. More than one-third of the state's native plants are found nowhere else on Earth, and nearly one-fourth of all the North American vascular plants occur here.
The new Inventory lists 1,021 species, subspecies, and varieties that are "rare, threatened, or endangered in California and elsewhere," over 16% of the flora. This is an increase of 164 plants since the fifth edition of the Inventory was published in 1994. An additional 417 plants are "rare, threatened, or endangered in California, but more common elsewhere." Counting other plants which are not yet considered threatened, but whose declining populations are of concern, a total of 2,073 native plants are included in the 2001 Inventory. The book also lists 29 native plants that are now extinct in California. Since publication of the 1994 edition, however, eight plants thought to be extinct in California have been rediscovered.
Habitats in California that contain the highest numbers of the state's rarest plants are chaparral, valley and foothill grassland, lower montane coniferous forest, cismontane woodland, and coastal scrub. These biologically rich lowlands are among the most poorly protected in California.
The sixth edition has been entirely revised and updated. Useful features include: status and distribution information for 2,073 plants, county data, elevational ranges, topographic quad data for over 1,500 plants, and cross-reference to The Jepson Manual. Non-vascular taxa of mosses and liverworts have also been included for the first time. Land resource managers, conservationists, field biologists, consultants, and botanical researchers will find the new Inventory an indispensable reference for identifying, managing, and protecting California's rarest botanical resources.
The California Native Plant Society is an organization of laypersons and professionals united by an interest in California botany. The Society is committed to the dissemination of accurate biological information to facilitate plant conservation in California. The Society was founded in 1965 and has over 10,000 members in 32 chapters throughout the state. The sixth edition of the Inventory was created under the auspices and direction of the CNPS Rare Plant Scientific Advisory Committee, with CNPS Rare Plant Botanist David P. Tibor serving as convening editor.
To purchase the Inventory of Rare and Endangered Plants of California contact CNPS, 1722 J Street, Suite 17, Sacramento, CA 95814; Tel: 916-447-2677; Fax: 916-447-2727; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. The book is available for US$29.95 plus $5.00 shipping and handling in the U.S. California residents must add state sales tax.
Union of Concerned Scientists, a nonprofit environmental group at the center of today's important policy debates, seeks a Biodiversity Outreach Specialist to recruit and work with scientists, media, and policymakers on invasive species, forests, biodiversity, and climate change. Requirements include sophisticated knowledge of outreach planning and implementation; four to five years' experience in environmental or science organization; master's degree or equivalent; working knowledge of biodiversity science and policy; and strong communication and computer skills. Training in environmental science and familiarity with invasive species preferred. Details are available at <http://www.ucsusa.org>. The position will be located in the Washington, D.C., office, with an expected start date by the end of January. Review of applications begins December 10. Send letter, resume, names of three references to: Global Environment Program, UCS, 1707 H Street, NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC, 20006 or to email@example.com. No phone calls or visits, please. UCS is an equal opportunity employer continually seeking to diversify its staff.
The World Biodiversity Database <http://www.eti.uva.nl/Database/WBD.html>, provided by the Expert Center for Taxonomic Identification (ETI), seeks to "document all presently known species (about 1.7 million) and to make this important biological information worldwide accessible." This continually growing database "provides taxonomic information, species names, synonyms, descriptions, illustrations and literature references when available" on 200,000 taxa. The searchable database can be explored using an expandable tree of the five taxonomic kingdoms or by typing in a common or scientific name. Both educators and students should find this site easy to navigate, informative, and useful.
- from The Scout Report, http://scout.cs.wisc.edu/
Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2001.
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Chaloupka, M., and Limpus, C. 2001. Trends in the abundance of sea turtles resident in southern Great Barrier Reef waters. Biol. Conserv. 102(3):235-249.
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Clausnitzer, V., and Kityo, R. 2001. Altitudinal distribution of rodents (Muridae and Gliridae) on Mt. Elgon, Uganda. Trop. Zool. 14(1):95-118.
Clergeau, P., Jokimäki, J., and Savard, J.P.L. 2001. Are urban bird communities influenced by the bird diversity of adjacent landscapes? J. Appl. Ecol. 38(5):1122-1134.
CNPS. 2001. Inventory of Rare and Endangered Plants of California (sixth edition). Rare Plant Scientific Advisory Committee, Tibor, D.P., Convening Editor. California Native Plant Society. Sacramento, CA. 388 pp.
Cornelius, C., Navarrete, S.A., and Marquet, P.A. 2001. Effects of human activity on the structure of coastal marine bird assemblages in central Chile. Conserv. Biol. 15(5):1396-1404.
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Dayton, P.K., and Sala, E. 2001. Natural history: the sense of wonder, creativity and progress in ecology. Sci. Mar. 65:199-206.
De Silva, H.G., and Medellín, R.A. 2001. Evaluating completeness of species lists for conservation and macroecology: a case study of Mexican land birds. Conserv. Biol. 15(5):1384-1395.
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Develey, P.F., and Stouffer, P.C. 2001. Effects of roads on movements by understory birds in mixed-species flocks in central Amazonian Brazil. Conserv. Biol. 15(5):1416-1422.
Diaz, S., and Cabido, M. 2001. Vive la difference: plant functional diversity matters to ecosystem processes. TREE 16(11):646-655.
Donaldson, T.J., and Sadovy, Y. 2001. Threatened fishes of the world: Cheilinus undulatus Ruppell, 1835 (Labridae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 62(4):428.
Doremus, H., and Pagel, J.E. 2001. Why listing may be forever: perspectives on delisting under the US Endangered Species Act. Conserv. Biol. 15(5):1258-1268.
Duguay, J.P., Wood, P.B., and Nichols, J.V. 2001. Songbird abundance and avian nest survival rates in forests fragmented by different silvicultural treatments. Conserv. Biol. 15(5):1405-1415.
Dyduch-Falniowska, A., Makomaska-Juchiewicz, M., Perzanowska-Sucharska, J., Tworek, S., and Zajac, K. 2001. Roman snail (Helix pomatia L.) - conservation and management in the Malopolska region (southern Poland). Ekol. Bratislava 20(3):265-283.
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Ehrenfeld, J.G., and Scott, N. 2001. Invasive species and the soil: effects on organisms and ecosystem processes. Ecol. Appl. 11(5):1259-1260.
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Fleischer, P. 2001. Long-term ecological research on forest ecosystems in the Tatra National Park. Ekol. Bratislava 20:78-84.
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Gonzalez, P. 2001. Desertification and a shift of forest species in the West African Sahel. Climate Res. 17(2):217-228.
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Gouin, N., Grandjean, F., Bouchon, D., Reynolds, J.D., and Souty-Grosset, C. 2001. Population genetic structure of the endangered freshwater crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes, assessed using RAPD markers. Heredity 87:80-87.
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Gurd, D.B., Nudds, T.D., and Rivard, D.H. 2001. Conservation of mammals in eastern North American wildlife reserves: how small is too small? Conserv. Biol. 15(5):1355-1363.
Gutzwiller, K.J., and Barrow, W.C. 2001. Bird-landscape relations in the Chihuahuan Desert: coping with uncertainties about predictive models. Ecol. Appl. 11(5):1517-1532.
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Harms, J., and Sylvia, G. 2001. A comparison of conservation perspectives between scientists, managers, and industry in the West Coast groundfish fishery. Fisheries 26(10):6-15.
Hazell, D., Cunnningham, R., Lindenmayer, D., Mackey, B., and Osborne, W. 2001. Use of farm dams as frog habitat in an Australian agricultural landscape: factors affecting species richness and distribution. Biol. Conserv. 102(2):155-169.
Hecht, A., and Parkin, M.J. 2001. Improving peer review of listings and recovery plans under the Endangered Species Act. Conserv. Biol. 15(5):1269-1273.
Hedrick, P.W. 2001. Conservation genetics: where are we now? TREE 16(11):629-636.
Hilmo, O., and Såstad, S.M. 2001. Colonization of old-forest lichens in a young and an old boreal Picea abies forest: an experimental approach. Biol. Conserv. 102(3):251-259.
Hobson, K.A., and Wassenaar, L.I. 2001. Isotopic delineation of North American migratory wildlife populations: loggerhead shrikes. Ecol. Appl. 11(5):1545-1553.
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Huber, O. 2001. Conservation and environmental concerns in the Venezuelan Amazon. Biodivers. Conserv. 10(10):1627-1643.
Jackson, J.B.C., and Sala, E. 2001. Unnatural oceans. Sci. Mar. 65:273-281.
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Justice, C., Wilkie, D., Zhang, Q.F., Brunner, J., and Donoghue, C. 2001. Central African forests, carbon and climate change. Climate Res. 17(2):229-246.
Kanka, R. 2001. Evaluation of the chosen ecological factors of the thermophilous oak forests with Quercus pubescens agg. in the Male Karpaty Mountains, Slovakia. Ekol. Bratislava 20(3):319-328.
Kaye, T.N., Pendergrass, K.L., Finley, K., and Kauffman, J.B. 2001. The effect of fire on the population viability of an endangered prairie plant. Ecol. Appl. 11(5):1366-1380.
Kazmaier, R.T., Hellgren, E.C., and Ruthven, D.C. 2001. Habitat selection by the Texas tortoise in a managed thornscrub ecosystem. J. Wildlife Manag. 65(4):653-660.
Kimmerer, R.W., and Lake, F.K. 2001. Maintaining the mosaic - the role of indigenous burning in land management. J. Forestry 99(11):36-41.
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Lehman, R.N. 2001. Raptor electrocution on power lines: current issues and outlook. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 29(3):804-813.
Leimgruber, P., McShea, W.J., Brookes, C.J., Bolor-Erdene, L., Wemmer, C., and Larson, C. 2001. Spatial patterns in relative primary productivity and gazelle migration in the Eastern Steppes of Mongolia. Biol. Conserv. 102(2):205-212.
Lenz, L., and Taylor, J.A. 2001. The influence of an invasive tree species (Myrica faya) on the abundance of an alien insect (Sophonia rufofascia) in Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park. Biol. Conserv. 102(3):301-307.
Leppakoski, E., and Olenin, S. 2001. The meltdown of biogeographical peculiarities of the Baltic Sea: the interaction of natural and man-made processes. Ambio 30(4-5):202-209.
Levin, S.A., Dushoff, J., and Keymer, J.E. 2001. Community assembly and the emergence of ecosystem pattern. Sci. Mar. 65:171-179.
Lindholm, J., and Barr, B. 2001. Comparison of marine and terrestrial protected areas under federal jurisdiction in the United States. Conserv. Biol. 15(5):1441-1444.
Loi, P., Ptak, G., Barboni, B., Fulka, J., Cappai, P., and Clinton, M. 2001. Genetic rescue of an endangered mammal by cross-species nuclear transfer using post-mortem somatic cells. Nat. Biotechnol. 19(10):962-964.
Lombard, A.T., Johnson, C.F., Cowling, R.M., and Pressey, R.L. 2001. Protecting plants from elephants: botanical reserve scenarios within the Addo Elephant National Park, South Africa. Biol. Conserv. 102(2):191-203.
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Mack, M.C., D'Antonio, C.M., and Ley, R.E. 2001. Alteration of ecosystem nitrogen dynamics by exotic plants: a case study of C4 grasses in Hawaii. Ecol. Appl. 11(5):1323-1335.
Magnusson, W.E. 2001. Catchments as basic units of management in conservation biology courses. Conserv. Biol. 15(5):1464-1465.
Manosa, S., and Real, J. 2001. Potential negative effects of collisions with transmission lines on a Bonelli's eagle population. J. Raptor Res. 35(3):247-252.
McCoy, T.D., Kurzejeski, E.W., Burger, L.W., and Ryan, M.R. 2001. Effects of conservation practice, mowing, and temporal changes on vegetation structure on CRP fields in northern Missouri. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 29(3):979-987.
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