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Department ofBotany

No. 207
March 2002

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In This Issue

WWF Assesses the Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific

A number of conservation groups, including World Wildlife Fund, have in recent years adopted an approach to conservation that uses ecoregions to identify biological and conservation priority areas. Ecoregions define distinct ecosystems that share broadly similar environmental conditions and natural communities; as such, they make more sense for priority-setting efforts than do political units such as countries or provinces. Published by Island Press, Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: A Conservation Assessment, by Eric Wikramanayake, Eric Dinerstein, Colby J. Loucks, et al., and with a forward by Stuart L. Pimm, offers a comprehensive examination of the state of the Indo-Pacific's biodiversity and habitats, moving beyond endangered or charismatic species to quantify for the first time the number of mammal and bird species, including endemics, in each ecoregion.

Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific

The book begins with a discussion of the background and basis for ecoregion delineation and definition of the objectives and approach used. Following that, chapters describe the biological distinctiveness and conservation status of ecoregions, quantifying the amount of habitat remaining, how it is distributed, and how much is protected. The analysis concludes with a set of ecoregions that deserve immediate attention and also highlights ecoregions that are still in relatively pristine condition. Substantial appendixes offer detailed descriptions of each ecoregion, including information on:

  • unique features of the ecoregion that set it apart from others;
  • its biological distinctiveness, threats to habitats and wildlife, and important sites for conservation; and
  • an agenda and recommendations for where conservation efforts should be concentrated.

Short essays by regional experts - including Derek Holmes, Tony Whitten, Indraneil Das, Walter Erdelen, John Seidensticker, Joyotee Smith, Kathy MacKinnon, and others - address special topics relating to finer-scale conservation issues or ecological processes that are typically overlooked in a regional-scale analysis. One such essay, by Gary Krupnick, editor of the Biological Conservation Newsletter, examines plant richness and endemism using the plant family Dipterocarpaceae as an indicator taxon.

This volume is third in a series, following Terrestrial Ecoregions of North America, 1999, and Freshwater Ecoregions of North America, 2000. Together these assessments represent an invaluable resource for anyone interested in understanding and protecting global biodiversity. Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific is available from Island Press <>, Tel: 1-800-828-1302. Available in paperback: ISBN 1-55963-923-7, $85.00. 824 pp.

Job Opporunities

The California Native Plant Society (CNPS) is seeking an Executive Director who will be a strong and articulate leader for one of California's most effective conservation groups. The Executive Director will expand the fundraising program, develop programs that advance its mission, and implement the Society's strategic plan by working closely with chapters and an active Board of Directors. The Executive Director will also develop communications strategies that promote greater public awareness of the Society and its mission. Salary is competitive, commensurate with experience. The CNPS is a chapter-based conservation organization with some 10,000 members and volunteers in 32 chapters across California. CNPS works in cooperation with other non-profit organizations, land trusts, governmental agencies, legislators and educators to increase understanding of California's native flora and to preserve this rich resource for future generations. Detailed information about the job qualifications and desired experience is available on the CNPS Web site <>. The deadline for applications is 25 March or until the position is filled. To apply, send a cover letter summarizing interest, qualifications, and experience along with a current resume to Executive Search Team, CNPS, c/o Baird, 47 Quail Court, Suite 111, Walnut Creek, CA 94619; Fax: 925-287-9022; E-mail: <>.

Future Meetings

The Indian Himalayan region has been one of the major sources of raw material of medicinal plants for the national and international market. Growing demand of pharmaceutical industries and consequent irrational and over extraction of medicinal plants from the wilds is a matter of utmost concern. A workshop on "Endangered Medicinal Plant Species in Himachal Pradesh" will be held at G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment & Development (GBPIHED), Himachal Unit, Mohal-Kullu, 175 126, H.P., India on 18-19 March 2002. GBPIHED, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora; Institute of Arable Crops Research, U.K., and Centre for the Advancement of Sustainable Agriculture, New Delhi are sponsoring this workshop with financial support from the World Resource Foundation. The workshop will be limited to 30 to 35 identified experts including scientists, policy makers, managers, NGOs, farmers and funders. This meeting will provide an opportunity to deliberate upon various issues, including Endangered Species Characterization and Evaluation, Production through Cultivation, Conservation Approaches, and Trade. For more information, contact Dr. Hemant K. Badola, Convener of the Workshop, G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Himachal Unit, Mohal-Kullu 175 126, H.P., India; Tel: (91)1902-25329 ext. 24 (O), 25623 (R), Fax; (91)1902-22720; E-mail:


The American Genetic Association, the Laboratory of Genomic Diversity - National Cancer Institute, and the Smithsonian Institution's Conservation & Research Center announce a course "Recent Advances in Conservation Genetics," to be held 17-30 August 2002. This intensive course in methods, interpretation, and applications of molecular genetic analyses for conservation of endangered species will be held at the Smithsonian Institution's Conservation & Research Center in Front Royal, Virginia, outside Washington, DC. Participants will learn how to develop and interpret a wide range of genetic data using real examples, laboratory demonstrations and a variety of computer programs. This course will be taught by scientists with expertise and a variety of personal experiences in this important field. Tuition is US$2,000 and includes housing, meals, and airport transfers. The deadline for receipt of applications is 15 March. Admission is competitive; participants will be limited to 24. Limited financial aid is available. Stephen J. O'Brien, chief of Laboratory Genomic Diversity at the National Cancer Institue, is the course director. For more information, contact Jan Martenson, Course Coordinator, Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, NCI-Frederick, PO Box B, Frederick, MD 21702-1201; Tel: 301-846-1296; Fax: 301-846-6327; E-mail: <>; Web page: <> - select "Conservation Genetics Course."

Information Highway Hi-Lites

Because of its large number of endemic species and rapid rate of habitat destruction, the Republic of Georgia is a biodiversity hot spot. In collaboration with the Missouri Botanical Garden, the Institute of Botany and the Botanical Garden of the Georgian Academy of Sciences has compiled Rare, Endangered, and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia <>, a list of 1,200 at-risk species, arranged alphabetically by family. Information on habitat and geographic distribution is included for all species, and images are included for some.

-from The NSDL Scout Report for the Life Sciences
Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2002.

Current Literature

Arafeh, R.M.H., Sapir, Y., Shmida, A., Iraki, N., Fragman, O., and Comes, H.P. 2002. Patterns of genetic and phenotypic variation in Iris haynei and I. atrofusca (Iris sect. Oncocyclus = the royal irises) along an ecogeographical gradient in Israel and the West Bank. Mol. Ecol. 11(1):39-53.

Armesto, J.J., Smith-Ramirez, C., and Rozzi, R. 2001. Conservation strategies for biodiversity and indigenous people in Chilean forest ecosystems. J. Royal Soc. N. Z. 31(4):865-877.

Ashby, J.A. 2001. Integrating research on food and the environment: an exit strategy from the rational fool syndrome in agricultural science. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):20. <>

Badii, M.H., and Flores, A.E. 2001. Prickly pear cacti pests and their control in Mexico. Fl. Entomol. 84(4):503-505.

Bailey, J.D., and Covington, W.W. 2002. Evaluating ponderosa pine regeneration rates following ecological restoration treatments in northern Arizona, USA. Forest Ecol. Manag. 155(1-3):271-278.

Banks, P.B., Norrdahl, K., and Korpimäki, E. 2002. Mobility decisions and the predation risks of reintroduction. Biol. Conserv. 103(2):133-138.

Bayrakçi, R., Carey, A.B., and Wilson, T.M. 2001. Current status of the western gray squirrel population in the Puget Trough, Washington. Northwest Sci. 75(4):333-341.

Bélisle, M., and St. Clair, C.C. 2001. Cumulative effects of barriers on the movements of forest birds. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):9. <>

Benbasat, J.L.A., and Gass, C.L. 2002. Reflections on integration, interaction, and community: the Science One program and beyond. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):26. <>

Bergamini, A., Pauli, D., Peintinger, M., and Schmid, B. 2001. Relationships between productivity, number of shoots and number of species in bryophytes and vascular plants. J. Ecology 89(6):920-929.

Bergman, K.O. 2001. Population dynamics and the importance of habitat management for conservation of the butterfly Lopinga achine. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(6):1303-1313.

Bergmeier, E., Kypriotakis, Z., Jahn, R., Böhling, N., Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., and Tzanoudakis, D. 2001. Flora and phytogeographical significance of the islands Chrisi, Koufonisi and nearby islets (S Aegean, Greece). Willdenowia 31(2):329-356.

Berkes, F., and Jolly, D. 2001. Adapting to climate change: social-ecological resilience in a Canadian western Arctic community. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):18. <>

Blanvillain, C., Florent, C., and Thenot, V. 2002. Land birds of Tuamotu Archipelago, Polynesia: relative abundance and changes during the 20th century with particular reference to the critically endangered Polynesian ground-dove (Gallicolumba erythroptera). Biol. Conserv. 103(2):139-149.

Boix, D., Sala, J., and Moreno-Amich, R. 2001. The faunal composition of espolla pond (NE Iberian peninsula): the neglected biodiversity of temporary waters. Wetlands 21(4):577-592.

Bollens, U., Gusewell, S., and Klotzli, F. 2001. Vegetation changes in two Swiss fens affected by eutrophication and desiccation. Bot. Helvetica 111(2):121-137.

Bossel, H. 2001. Assessing viability and sustainability: a systems-based approach for deriving comprehensive indicator sets. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):12. <>

Brantley, C.G., and Platt, S.G. 2001. Canebrake conservation in the southeastern United States. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 29(4):1175-1181.

Brawn, J.R.D., Robinson, S.K., and Thompson, F.R. 2001. The role of disturbance in the ecology and conservation of birds. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 32:251-276.

Bugoni, L., Krause, L., and Petry, M.V. 2001. Marine debris and human impacts on sea turtles in southern Brazil. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 42(12):1330-1334.

Bull, E.L., Aubry, K.B., and Wales, B.C. 2001. Effects of disturbance on forest carnivores of conservation concern in eastern Oregon and Washington. Northwest Sci. 75:180-184.

Bull, E.L., and Wales, B.C. 2001. Effects of disturbance on amphibians of conservation concern in eastern Oregon and Washington. Northwest Sci. 75:174-179.

Bull, E.L., and Wales, B.C. 2001. Effects of disturbance on birds of conservation concern in eastern Oregon and Washington. Northwest Sci. 75:166-173.

Bulleri, F., Benedetti-Cecchi, L., Acunto, S., Cinelli, F., and Hawkins, S.J. 2002. The influence of canopy algae on vertical patterns of distribution of low-shore assemblages on rocky coasts in the northwest Mediterranean. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 267(1):89-106.

Campbell, B., Sayer, J.A., Frost, P., Vermeulen, S., Ruiz Pérez, M., Cunningham, A., and Prabhu, R. 2001. Assessing the performance of natural resource systems. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):22. <>

Can, D.N., Abramov, A.V., Tikhonov, A.N., and Averianov, A.O. 2001. Annamite striped rabbit Nesolagus timminsi in Vietnam. Acta Theriol. 46(4):437-440.

Carpenter, J.E., Bloem, K.A., and Bloem, S. 2001. Applications of F1 sterility for research and management of Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Fl. Entomol. 84(4):531-536.

Carpenter, J.E., Bloem, S., and Bloem, K.A. 2001. Inherited sterility in Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Fl. Entomol. 84(4):537-542.

Chan, K. 2001. Partial migration in Australian landbirds: a review. Emu 101(4):281-292.

Connor, W.P., Garcia, A.P., Connor, A.H., Garton, E.O., Groves, P.A., and Chandler, J.A. 2001. Estimating the carrying capacity of the Snake River for fall chinook salmon redds. Northwest Sci. 75(4):363-371.

Copello, S., and Favero, M. 2001. Foraging ecology of Olrog's gull Larus atlanticus in Mar Chiquita Lagoon (Buenos Aires, Argentina): are there age-related differences? Bird Conserv. Int. 11(3):175-188.

Cordero-Rodríquez, G.A., and Biord F., H.J. 2001. Distribution and conservation of the spider monkey (Ateles hybridus) in the coastal range of northern Venezuela. Neotrop. Primates 9(1):8-11.

Cornelissen, J.H.C., Callaghan, T.V., Alatalo, J.M., Michelsen, A., Graglia, E., Hartley, A.E., Hik, D.S., Hobbie, S.E., Press, M.C., Robinson, C.H., Henry, G.H.R., Shaver, G.R., Phoenix, G.K., Jones, D.G., Jonasson, S., Chapin, F.S., Molau, U., Neill, C., Lee, J.A., Melillo, J.M., Sveinbjörnsson, B., and Aerts, R. 2001. Global change and arctic ecosystems: is lichen decline a function of increases in vascular plant biomass? J. Ecology 89(6):984-994.

Cornett, M.W., Puettmann, K.J., Frelich, L.E., and Reich, P.B. 2001. Comparing the importance of seedbed and canopy type in the restoration of upland Thuja occidentalis forests of northeastern Minnesota. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):386-396.

Covington, W.W., Fulé, P.Z., Hart, S.C., and Weaver, R.P. 2001. Modeling ecological restoration effects on ponderosa pine forest structure. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):421-431.

Cox, J.A., Baker, W.W., and Engstrom, R.T. 2001. Red-cockaded woodpeckers in the Red Hills region: a GIS-based assessment. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 29(4):1278-1288.

Croft, L.K. 2001. Rare plants of eastern Oregon and Washington. Northwest Sci. 75:149-156.

Dalal, N.V., and Rai, R.V. 2001. In vitro propagation of Ochreinauclea missionis (Wall. ex G. Don), an ethnomedicinal endemic and threatened tree. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Bio. Plant 37(6):820-823.

Davis-Case, D.A. 2001. The reflective practitioner: learning and teaching in community-based forest management. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):15. < >

Dibble, A.C., and Campbell, C.S. 2001. Conservation status of Carex oronensis (Cyperaceae), a Maine endemic. Rhodora 103(916):351-379.

Donohue, M.J., Boland, R.C., Sramek, C.M., and Antonelis, G.A. 2001. Derelict fishing gear in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands: diving surveys and debris removal in 1999 confirm threat to coral reef ecosystems. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 42(12):1301-1312.

Douthwaite, B., de Haan, N.C., Manyong, V., and Keatinge, D. 2001. Blending "hard" and "soft" science: the "follow-the-technology" approach to catalyzing and evaluating technology change. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):13. <>

Eitniear, J.C., and Baccus, J.T. 2002. Management implications of estimating abundance of quail species inhabiting forest environs in Mexico. In: DeMaso, S.J., Kulesky, W.P., Hernández, F., and Berger, M.E. (eds). Quail V: Proceedings of the Fifth National Quail Symposium. Austin, Texas. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. pp 201-205.

Elmqvist, T., Wall, M., Berggren, A.L., Blix, L., Fritioff, Å., and Rinman, U. 2001. Tropical forest reorganization after cyclone and fire disturbance in Samoa: remnant trees as biological legacies. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):10. <>

Epstein, N., Bak, R.P.M., and Rinkevich, B. 2001. Strategies for gardening denuded coral reef areas: the applicability of using different types of coral material for reef restoration. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):432-442.

Estrada, A., and Coates-Estrada, R. 2002. Bats in continuous forest, forest fragments and in an agricultural mosaic habitat-island at Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. Biol. Conserv. 103(2):237-245.

Estrada, A., García, Y., Muñoz, D., and Franco, B. 2001. Survey of the population of howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata) at Yumká Park in Tabasco, Mexico. Neotrop. Primates 9(1):12-15.

Fabricius, C., Koch, E., and Magome, H. 2001. Towards strengthening collaborative ecosystem management: lessons from environmental conflict and political change in southern Africa. J. Royal Soc. N. Z. 31(4):831-844.

Flather, C.H., and Bevers, M. 2002. Patchy reaction-diffusion and population abundance: the relative importance of habitat amount and arrangement. Am. Nat. 159(1):40-56.

Flesher, K. 2001. Primates of the Chapada das Mangabeiras, Piauí, Brasil: a northern extension to the range of Alouatta caraya. Neotrop. Primates 9(1):19-22.

Fogel, R., and States, J. 2001. Materials for a hypogeous mycoflora of the Great Basin and adjacent cordilleras of the western United States. V: Introduced truffles and false-truffles. Mycotaxon 80:327-331.

Francis, R.C. 2002. Some thoughts on sustainability and marine conservation. Fisheries 27(1):18-22.

Fuselier, L. 2001. Impacts of Oreochromis mossambicus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) upon habitat segregation among cyprinodontids (Cyprinodontiformes) of a species flock in Mexico. Rev. Biol. Trop. 49(2):647-655.

Galindo-Leal, C. 2001. Design and analysis of conservation projects in Latin America: an integrative approach to training. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):16. <>

García, M.B., Guzmán, D., and Goni, D. 2002. An evaluation of the status of five threatened plant species in the Pyrenees. Biol. Conserv. 103(2):151-161.

Gass, C.L. 2002. Introduction to the special feature: educating for integration and sustainability. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):31. <>

Germann, P., and Holland, P. 2001. Fragmented ecosystems: people and forests in the mountains of Switzerland and New Zealand. Mtn. Res. Dev. 21(4):382-391.

Gibeau, M.L., Clevenger, A.P., Herrero, S., and Wierzchowski, J. 2002. Grizzly bear response to human development and activities in the Bow River Watershed, Alberta, Canada. Biol. Conserv. 103(2):227-236.

Gottret, M.A.V.N., and White, D. 2001. Assessing the impact of integrated natural resource management: challenges and experiences. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):17. <>

Guillemain, M., Fritz, H., and Duncan, P. 2002. The importance of protected areas as nocturnal feeding grounds for dabbling ducks wintering in western France. Biol. Conserv. 103(2):183-198.

Hagmann, J.R., Chuma, E., Murwira, K., Connolly, M., and Ficarelli, P. 2002. Success factors in integrated natural resource management R&D: lessons from practice. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):29. <>

Hake, R. 2002. Lessons from the physics education reform effort. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):28. <>

Hall, T.E., and Bigler-Cole, H. 2001. Sociocultural factors and forest health management. Northwest Sci. 75:208-233.

Hamilton, N.R.S. 2001. Is local provenance important in habitat creation? A reply. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(6):1374-1376.

Harlin, M.M., and Villalard-Bohnsack, M. 2001. Seasonal dynamics and recruitment strategies of the invasive seaweed Grateloupia doryphora (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta) in Narragansett Bay and Rhode Island Sound, Rhode Island, USA. Phycologia 40(5):468-474.

Harrington, L., White, J., Grace, P., Hodson, D., Hartkamp, A.D., Vaughan, C., and Meisner, C. 2001. Delivering the goods: scaling out results of natural resource management research. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):19. <>

Harrod, R.J. 2001. The effect of invasive and noxious plants on land management in eastern Oregon and Washington. Northwest Sci. 75:85-90.

Hartley, M.J. 2002. Rationale and methods for conserving biodiversity in plantation forests. Forest Ecol. Manag. 155(1-3):81-95.

Harvey, B.D., Leduc, A., Gauthier, S., and Bergeron, Y. 2002. Stand-landscape integration in natural disturbance-based management of the southern boreal forest. Forest Ecol. Manag. 155(1-3):369-385.

Hayes, J.L., and Ragenovich, I. 2001. Non-native invasive forest insects of eastern Oregon and Washington. Northwest Sci. 75:77-84.

Hegland, S.J., Van Leeuwen, M., and Oostermeijer, J.G.B. 2001. Population structure of Salvia pratensis in relation to vegetation and management of Dutch dry floodplain grasslands. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(6):1277-1289.

Hüttl, R.F., and Bradshaw, A. 2001. Ecology of post-mining landscapes. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):339-340.

Iwanaga, S., and Ferrari, S.F. 2002. Geographic distribution and abundance of woolly (Lagothrix cana) and spider (Ateles chamek) monkeys in southwestern Brazilian Amazonia. Am. J. Primatol. 56(1):57-64.

Jaberg, C., and Guisan, A. 2001. Modelling the distribution of bats in relation to landscape structure in a temperate mountain environment. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(6):1169-1181.

Jones, P.G., and Thornton, P.K. 2002. Spatial modeling of risk in natural resource management. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):27. < >

Karnefelt, I. 2001. Caloplaca lobulata occurring in Tasmania. Mycotaxon 80:461-464.

Kathuria, S., and Ganeshaiah, K.N. 2002. Tectonic activities shape the spatial patchiness in the distribution of global biological diversity. Curr. Sci. 82(1):76-81.

Kautz, T., and Gradstein, S.R. 2001. On the ecology and conservation of Spruceanthus theobromae (Lejeuneaceae, Hepaticae) from western Ecuador. Bryologist 104(4):607-612.

Kelly, N.M., Fonseca, M., and Whitfield, P. 2001. Predictive mapping for management and conservation of seagrass beds in North Carolina. Aquat. Conserv. 11(6):437-451.

Kepe, T. 2001. Tourism, protected areas and development in South Africa: views of visitors to Mkambati Nature Reserve. S. Afr. J. Wildlife Res. 31(3-4):155-159.

Kirkpatrick, J.B. 2001. Ecotourism, local and indigenous people, and the conservation of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area. J. Royal Soc. N. Z. 31(4):819-829.

Koenig, S.E. 2001. The breeding biology of black-billed parrot Amazona agilis and yellow-billed parrot Amazona collaria in Cockpit Country, Jamaica. Bird Conserv. Int. 11(3):205-225.

Labonte, J.R., Scott, D.W., McIver, J.D., and Hayes, J.L. 2001. Threatened, endangered, and sensitive insects in eastern Oregon and Washington forests and adjacent lands. Northwest Sci. 75:185-198.

Lal, P., Lim-Applegate, H., and Scoccimarro, M. 2001. The adaptive decision-making process as a tool for integrated natural resource management: focus, attitudes, and approach. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):11. <>

Lanham, J.D., Keyser, P.D., Brose, P.H., and Van Lear, D.H. 2002. Oak regeneration using the shelterwood-burn technique: management options and implications for songbird conservation in the southeastern United States. Forest Ecol. Manag. 155(1-3):143-152.

Leibee, G.L., and Osborne, L.S. 2001. Chemical control of Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Fl. Entomol. 84(4):510-512.

Lertzman, D.A. 2002. Rediscovering rites of passage: education, transformation, and the transition to sustainability. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):30. <>

Lindenmayer, D., and McCarthy, M.A. 2002. Congruence between natural and human forest disturbance: a case study from Australian montane ash forests. Forest Ecol. Manag. 155(1-3):319-335.

Litt, A.R., Provencher, L., Tanner, G.W., and Franz, R. 2001. Herpetofaunal responses to restoration treatments of longleaf pine sandhills in Florida. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):462-474.

Logan, H. 2001. Gondwana invaded: an address on distinctive features of managing indigenous biodiversity in protected areas in New Zealand. J. Royal Soc. N. Z. 31(4):813-818.

Lopez-Pujol, J., Bosch, M., Simon, J., and Blanche, C. 2001. Allozyme diversity of two endemic Petrocoptis species: P. montsicciana and its close relative P. pardoi (Caryophyllaceae). Can. J. Bot. 79(12):1379-1389.

Lovell, C., Mandondo, A., and Moriarty, P. 2002. The question of scale in integrated natural resource management. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):25. <>

Ludwig, D., Mangel, M., and Haddad, B. 2001. Ecology, conservation, and public policy. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 32:481-517.

Lukešová, A. 2001. Soil algae in brown coal and lignite post-mining areas in Central Europe (Czech Republic and Germany). Restor. Ecol. 9(4):341-350.

Lynam, T., Bousquet, F., Le Page, C., d'Aquino, P., Barreteau, O., Chinembiri, F., and Mombeshora, B. 2002. Adapting science to adaptive managers: spidergrams, belief models, and multi-agent systems modeling. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):24. <>

Lyons, S.K., and Willig, M.R. 2002. Species richness, latitude, and scale-sensitivity. Ecology 83(1):47-58.

Mahr, D.L. 2001. Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in North America: a workshop of assessment and planning. Fl. Entomol. 84(4):465-473.

Mark, A.F. 2001. Symposium: managing protected natural areas for conservation, ecotourism, and indigenous people - introduction. J. Royal Soc. N. Z. 31(4):811-812.

Marmorek, D., and Peters, C. 2001. Finding a PATH toward scientific collaboration: insights from the Columbia River Basin. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):8. <>

Marsden, S.J., Pilgrim, J.D., and Wilkinson, R. 2001. Status, abundance and habitat use of blue-eyed cockatoo Cacatua ophthalmica on New Britain, Papua New Guinea. Bird Conserv. Int. 11(3):151-160.

Martin, C.E., and Chehebar, C. 2001. The national parks of Argentinian Patagonia - management policies for conservation, public use, rural settlements, and indigenous communities. J. Royal Soc. N. Z. 31(4):845-864.

Mawdsley, J.R. 2001. Ecology, biogeography, and conservation of checkered beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera: Cleridae) in southeastern Arizona: a geographic information system (GIS) study. T. Am. Entomol. Soc. 127(3):431-449.

McCreery, E.K. 2000. Spatial relationships as an indicator of successful pack formation in free-ranging African wild dogs. Behaviour 137:579-590.

McDonald, R.A., and Lariviere, S. 2001. Diseases and pathogens of Mustela spp., with special reference to the biological control of introduced stoat Mustela erminea populations in New Zealand. J. Royal Soc. N. Z. 31(4):721-744.

McDowall, R.M., Allibone, R.M., and Chadderton, W.L. 2001. Issues for the conservation and management of Falkland Islands fresh water fishes. Aquat. Conserv. 11(6):473-486.

McKinstry, M.C., Caffrey, P., and Anderson, S.H. 2001. The importance of beaver to wetland habitats and waterfowl in Wyoming. J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc. 37(6):1571-1577.

Melo, T.A., De Vasconcelos, M.F., Fernandes, G.W., and Marini, M.A. 2001. Bird species distribution and conservation in Serra do Cipo, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Bird Conserv. Int. 11(3):189-204.

Meyer, C.L., and Sisk, T.D. 2001. Butterfly response to microclimatic conditions following ponderosa pine restoration. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):453-461.

Meyer, C.L., Sisk, T.D., and Covington, W.W. 2001. Microclimatic changes induced by ecological restoration of ponderosa pine forests in northern Arizona. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):443-452.

Miller, M.J., and Able, K.W. 2002. Movements and growth of tagged young-of-the-year Atlantic croaker (Micropogonias undulatus L.) in restored and reference marsh creeks in Delaware Bay, USA. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 267(1):15-33.

Milsom, T.P., Hart, J.D., Parkin, W.K., and Peel, S. 2002. Management of coastal grazing marshes for breeding waders: the importance of surface topography and wetness. Biol. Conserv. 103(2):199-207.

Mohd-Azlan, J., Zubaid, A., and Kunz, T.H. 2001. Distribution, relative abundance, and conservation status of the large flying fox, Pteropus vampyrus, in peninsular Malaysia: a preliminary assessment. Acta Chiropterologica 3(2):149-162.

Molnar, T., Magura, T., Tothmeresz, B., and Elek, Z. 2001. Ground beetles (Carabidae) and edge effect in oak-hornbeam forest and grassland transects. Eur. J. Soil Biol. 37(4):297-300.

Morgan, J.W. 2001. Seedling recruitment patterns over 4 years in an Australian perennial grassland community with different fire histories. J. Ecology 89(6):908-919.

Morris, D.W. 2002. Measuring the Allee effect: positive density dependence in small mammals. Ecology 83(1):14-20.

Moser, D.M., Kasermann, C., Palese, R., Baumler, B., Gygax, A., and Wyler, N. 2001. 62nd Swiss Floristic Notes (2001). Bot. Helvetica 111(2):191-206.

Nagel, J.M., and Griffin, K.L. 2001. Construction cost and invasive potential: comparing Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae) with co-occurring native species along pond banks. Am. J. Bot. 88(12):2252-2258.

Navarro, L., and Guitián, J. 2002. The role of floral biology and breeding system on the reproductive success of the narrow endemic Petrocoptis viscosa Rothm. (Caryophyllaceae). Biol. Conserv. 103(2):125-132.

Nayak, S., and Bahuguna, A. 2001. Application of remote sensing data to monitor mangroves and other coastal vegetation of India. Indian J. Mar. Sci. 30(4):195-213.

Nováková, A. 2001. Soil microfungi in two post-mining chronosequences with different vegetation types. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):351-358.

O'Connell, M., and Yallop, M. 2002. Research needs in relation to the conservation of biodiversity in the UK. Biol. Conserv. 103(2):115-123.

Owen, K.M., and Marrs, R.H. 2001. The use of mixtures of sulfur and bracken litter to reduce pH of former arable soils and control ruderal species. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):397-409.

Palik, B.J., Mitchell, R.J., and Hiers, J.K. 2002. Modeling silviculture after natural disturbance to sustain biodiversity in the longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) ecosystem: balancing complexity and implementation. Forest Ecol. Manag. 155(1-3):347-356.

Parrish, F.A., Abernathy, K., Marshall, G.J., and Buhleier, B.M. 2002. Hawaiian monk seals (Monachus schauinslandi) foraging in deep-water coral beds. Mar. Mammal Sci. 18(1):244-258.

Pedrini, P., and Sergio, F. 2002. Regional conservation priorities for a large predator: golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) in the Alpine range. Biol. Conserv. 103(2):163-172.

Pemberton, R.W., and Cordo, H.A. 2001. Nosema (Microsporida: Nosematidae) species as potential biological control agents of Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): surveys for the microsporidia in Argentina and South Africa. Fl. Entomol. 84(4):527-530.

Pemberton, R.W., and Cordo, H.A. 2001. Potential and risks of biological control of Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in North America. Fl. Entomol. 84(4):513-526.

Perez-Sandi, M. 2001. Addressing the threat of Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), to Opuntia in Mexico. Fl. Entomol. 84(4):499-502.

Perrin, M.R., and Bodbijl, T. 2001. Habitat selection and small mammal prey availability of the gaboon adder in Zululand (KwaZulu-Natal), South Africa. S. Afr. J. Wildlife Res. 31(3-4):115-126.

Piæl, V. 2001. Earthworm succession in afforested colliery spoil heaps in the Sokolov region, Czech Republic. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):359-364.

Press, M.C., Huntly, N.J., and Levin, S. (eds.). 2001. Ecology: Achievement and Challenge. Blackwell Science Ltd. Oxford. 424 pp.

Prieur-Richard, A.H., Lavorel, S., Linhart, Y.B., and Dos Santos, A. 2002. Plant diversity, herbivory and resistance of a plant community to invasion in Mediterranean annual communities. Oecologia 130(1):96-104.

Ramakrishnan, P.S. 2001. Increasing population and declining biological resources in the context of global change and globalization. J. Bioscience 26(4):465-479.

Ratcliffe, C.S., and Crowe, T.M. 2001. Declining populations of helmeted guineafowl in the Midlands of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a review of causes and remedies. S. Afr. J. Wildlife Res. 31(3-4):161-171.

Riffell, S.K., Keas, B.E., and Burton, T.M. 2001. Area and habitat relationships of birds in Great Lakes coastal wet meadows. Wetlands 21(4):492-507.

Roberts, M.R., and Zhu, L.X. 2002. Early response of the herbaceous layer to harvesting in a mixed coniferous-deciduous forest in New Brunswick, Canada. Forest Ecol. Manag. 155(1-3):17-31.

Ross, S.T., O'Connell, M.T., Patrick, D.M., Latorre, C.A., Slack, W.T., Knight, J.G., and Wilkins, S.D. 2001. Stream erosion and densities of Etheostoma rubrum (Percidae) and associated riffle-inhabiting fishes: biotic stability in a variable habitat. Copeia (4):916-927.

Rúžek, L., Voríšek, K., and Sixta, J. 2001. Microbial biomass-C in reclaimed soil of the Rhineland (Germany) and the north bohemian lignite mining areas (Czech Republic): measured and predicted values. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):370-377.

Sakai, A.K., Allendorf, F.W., Holt, J.S., Lodge, D.M., Molofsky, J., With, K.A., Baughman, S., Cabin, R.J., Cohen, J.E., Ellstrand, N.C., McCauley, D.E., O'Neil, P., Parker, I.M., Thompson, J.N., and Weller, S.G. 2001. The population biology of invasive species. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 32:305-332.

Saunders, S.C., Mislivets, M.R., Chen, J.Q., and Cleland, D.T. 2002. Effects of roads on landscape structure within nested ecological units of the northern Great Lakes Region, USA. Biol. Conserv. 103(2):209-225.

Saxena, K.G., Rao, K.S., Sen, K.K., Maikhuri, R.K., and Semwal, R.L. 2001. Integrated natural resource management: approaches and lessons from the Himalaya. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):14. <>

Sayer, J.A., and Campbell, B. 2002. Research to integrate productivity enhancement, environmental protection, and human development. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):32. <>

Schoenholtz, S.H., James, J.P., Kaminski, R.M., Leopold, B.D., and Ezell, A.W. 2001. Afforestation of bottomland hardwoods in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley: status and trends. Wetlands 21(4):602-613.

Scutari, N.C., and Theinhardt, N.I. 2001. Identification of urban lichens in the field: a case study for Buenos Aires City (Argentina). Mycotaxon 80:427-445.

Sharkey, M.J. 2001. The All Taxa Biological Inventory of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Fl. Entomol. 84(4):556-564.

Shaw, P., and Shewry, M. 2001. Population density and habitat associations of restricted-range bird species at Ruhija, Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, Uganda. Bird Conserv. Int. 11(3):161-174.

Smith, M.T., Bancroft, J., Li, G.H., Gao, R., and Teale, S. 2001. Dispersal of Anoplophora glabripennis (Cerambycidae). Environ. Entomol. 30(6):1036-1040.

Soberon, J., Golubov, J., and Sarukhán J. 2001. The importance of Opuntia in Mexico and routes of invasion and impact of Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Fl. Entomol. 84(4):486-492.

Standish, R.J., Robertson, A.W., and Williams, P.A. 2001. The impact of an invasive weed Tradeseantia fluminensis on native forest regeneration. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(6):1253-1263.

Stewart, S.E., and Lacroix, C.R. 2001. Germination potential, updated population surveys and floral, seed and seedling morphology of Symphyotrichum laurentianum, the Gulf of St. Lawrence Aster, in the Prince Edward Island National Park. Can. Field-Natural. 115(2):287-295.

Stiling, P., and Moon, D.C. 2001. Protecting rare Florida cacti from attack by the exotic cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Fl. Entomol. 84(4):506-509.

Swystun, M.B., Psyllakis, J.M., and Brigham, R.M. 2001. The influence of residual tree patch isolation on habitat use by bats in central British Columbia. Acta Chiropterologica 3(2):197-201.

Tabacchi, E., and Tabacchi, A.M.P. 2001. Functional significance of species composition in riparian plant communities. J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc. 37(6):1629-1637.

Tajovský, K. 2001. Colonization of colliery spoil heaps by millipedes (Diplopoda) and terrestrial isopods (Oniscidea) in the Sokolov region, Czech Republic. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):365-369.

Thrush, S.F., Hewitt, J.E., Funnell, G.A., Cummings, V.J., Ellis, J., Schultz, D., Talley, D., and Norkko, A. 2001. Fishing disturbance and marine biodiversity: the role of habitat structure in simple soft-sediment systems. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 223:277-286.

Tin, H.Q., Berg, T., and Bjornstad, A. 2001. Diversity and adaptation in rice varieties under static (ex situ) and dynamic (in situ) management - a case study in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Euphytica 122(3):491-502.

Tovilla-Hernandez, C., de la Lanza, G.E., and Orihuela-Belmonte, D.E. 2001. Impact of logging on a mangrove swamp in South Mexico: cost/benefit analysis. Rev. Biol. Trop. 49(2):571-580.

Trewhella, W.J., Rodriguez-Clark, K.M., Davies, J.G., Reason, P.F., and Wray, S. 2001. Sympatric fruit bat species (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) in the Comoro Islands (Western Indian Ocean): diurnality, feeding interactions and their conservation implications. Acta Chiropterologica 3(2):135-147.

van Noordwijk, M., Tomich, T.P., and Verbist, B. 2001. Negotiation support models for integrated natural resource management in tropical forest margins. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 5(2):21. <>

Vigueras, A.L., and Portillo, L. 2001. Uses of Opuntia species and the potential impact of Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Mexico. Fl. Entomol. 84(4):493-498.

Whitfield, D.P., McLeod, D.R.A., Fielding, A.H., Broad, R.A., Evans, R.J., and Haworth, P.F. 2001. The effects of forestry on golden eagles on the island of Mull, western Scotland. J. Appl. Ecol. 38(6):1208-1220.

Wikramanayake, E.D., Dinerstein, E., Loucks, C.J., Olson, D.M., Morrison, J.C., Lamoreux, J.F., McKnight, M., and Hedao, P. 2002. Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: A Conservation Assessment. Island Press. Washington. 643 pp.

Wilkinson, D.M. 2001. Is local provenance important in habitat creation? J. Appl. Ecol. 38(6):1371-1373.

Willett, T.R. 2001. Spiders and other arthropods as indicators in old-growth versus logged redwood stands. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):410-420.

Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, M., and Weslawski, J.M. 2001. Impact of climate warming on Arctic benthic biodiversity: a case study of two Arctic glacial bays. Climate Res. 18(1-2):127-132.

Wolters, V. 2001. Biodiversity of soil animals and its function. Eur. J. Soil Biol. 37(4):221-227.

Wright, I.E., Reynolds, J.E., Ackerman, B.D., Ward, L.I., Weigle, B.L., and Szelistowski, W.A. 2002. Trends in manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) counts and habitat use in Tampa Bay, 1987-1994: implications for conservation. Mar. Mammal Sci. 18(1):259-274.

Zechmeister, H., Tribsch, A., Moser, D., and Wrbka, T. 2002. Distribution of endangered bryophytes in Austrian agricultural landscapes. Biol. Conserv. 103(2):173-182.

Zhang, Z.Q., Shu, W.S., Lan, C.Y., and Wong, M.H. 2001. Soil seed bank as an input of seed source in revegetation of lead/zinc mine tailings. Restor. Ecol. 9(4):378-385.

Zimmermann, H.G., Moran, V.C., and Hoffmann, J.H. 2001. The renowned cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): its natural history and threat to native Opuntia floras in Mexico and the United States of America. Fl. Entomol. 84(4):543-551.

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