In This Issue
Delegates at the sixth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP6 - CBD) have adopted the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. The decision is a landmark in the history of the CBD. It is the first time that plant conservation issues have received such detailed scrutiny by the governments of the world (183 countries are parties to the Convention). It is also the first time that targets, albeit voluntary, have been set to guide, as well as monitor, progress by the Convention.
Parties noted that countries vary greatly in their wealth of plant diversity and capacity to conserve this diversity. They felt that accepting global targets was useful, as it allowed national conservation strategies and priorities to feed into an overall global target. They noted that capacity-building to increase plant conservation was necessary for biodiversity-rich countries to contribute to the targets.
While all of the 41 countries and regional blocks welcomed and supported the Strategy, they also noted the need for additional funding for its implementation. As a first gesture, Botanical Gardens Conservation International offered to second a staff member to the CBD Secretariat for two years to shepherd the Strategy and ensure action is undertaken. This gracious offer was warmly greeted by CBD Parties and opened up a new phase of private and governmental collaboration.
It is clear, however, that increased financial resources to implement the Strategy are needed. Ethiopia, speaking for the African group, called for Global Environment Facility funding for the strategy's implementation. It was also noted that donors should focus on the critical link between poverty alleviation and rural livelihoods, and the conservation of plant diversity.
If the Strategy is to reach its targets by 2010, every country will need to contribute whatever it can to promote plant conservation. As the delegation from New Zealand noted, plants are often overlooked compared to animals. If necessary, the targets will be reviewed and amended at future COPs. For now, they form the basis for improving the situation of more than 34,000 plant species identified as threatened in the 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants.
IUCN has strongly supported this Strategy since its inception following the XVIth International Botanical Congress at St. Louis, Missouri, USA, in August 1999. Members of the IUCN/SSC Plant Conservation Committee (PCC), chaired by David Given, have been closely involved in the development of the Strategy and its targets.
The International Society of Ethnobiology will hold its 8th International Congress in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia between 16 and 20 September 2002. The theme is People and Biodiversity. The Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization and Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia will jointly host the Congress. In addition a two-day pre-congress workshop will focus on traditional technical knowledge ownership and access, and post-congress workshops will discuss quantitative methods of ethnobiology and culture and biological diversity. The meeting will address the following topics: ethnobiology and food security, sustainable development, access and benefit sharing, participatory biodiversity conservation, ethnomedicine and drug development, ethnobiology and the "reconstruction of Afghanistan," ethnobiology and regional development, intellectual property rights and ethnobiological research, long-term research and training on biocultural diversity, traditional knowledge protecting the values of indigenous and traditional peoples and local communities, and medicinal plant ethnoecology. The official language of the Congress will be English with possible simultaneous interpretation to French. Registration is $300US and $150US for students. For further information please visit the Web site <http://guallart.dac.uga.edu/ISE/>. Send requests for the pre-registration form to Local Organizing Committee, 8th International Congress of the International Society of Ethnobiology, Attention: Dr. Fassil Kebebew, P.O. Box 30726, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia; E-mail: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org; Tel: 251-9-2110997; Fax: 2511-1-627730.
Abbott, I. 2002. Origin and spread of the cat, Felis catus, on mainland Australia, with a discussion of the magnitude of its early impact on native fauna. Wildlife Res. 29(1):51-74.
Abuladze, A., and Shergalin, J. 2002. The golden eagle in North Caucasia and Transcaucasia. J. Raptor Res. 36(1):10-17.
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Butler, J.R.A., and du Toit, J.T. 2002. Diet of free-ranging domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) in rural Zimbabwe: implications for wild scavengers on the periphery of wildlife reserves. Anim. Conserv. 5:29-37.
Cabin, R.J., Weller, S.G., Lorence, D.H., Cordell, S., and Hadway, L.J. 2002. Effects of microsite, water, weeding, and direct seeding on the regeneration of native and alien species within a Hawaiian dry forest preserve. Biol. Conserv. 104(2):181-190.
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Carpenter, A.T., Murray, T.A., and Buxbaum, J. 2002. Inventorying and mapping invasive plants. Nat. Areas J. 22(2):163-165.
Chalfoun, A.D., Thompson, F.R., and Ratnaswamy, M.J. 2002. Nest predators and fragmentation: a review and meta-analysis. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):306-318.
Chaloupka, M.Y., and Limpus, C.J. 2002. Survival probability estimates for the endangered loggerhead sea turtle resident in southern Great Barrier Reef waters. Mar. Biol. 140(2):267-277.
Cinq-Mars, J., and Wiken, E. 2002. Using science, technology and innovation in support of conserving Canada's ecosystems and habitats. Forest Chron. 78(1):133-136.
Clarke, A.L., and Pacin, T. 2002. Domestic cat "colonies" in natural areas: a growing exotic species threat. Nat. Areas J. 22(2):154-159.
Clevenger, A.P., Wierzchowski, J., Chruszcz, B., and Gunson, K. 2002. GIS-generated, expert-based models for identifying wildlife habitat linkages and planning mitigation passages. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):503-514.
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Connelly, N.A., Knuth, B.A., and Kay, D.L. 2002. Public support for ecosystem restoration in the Hudson River Valley, USA. Environ. Manage. 29(4):467-476.
Cooper, C.B., and Walters, J.R. 2002. Experimental evidence of disrupted dispersal causing decline of an Australian passerine in fragmented habitat. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):471-478.
Cooper, D.S. 2002. Geographic associations of breeding bird distribution in an urban open space. Biol. Conserv. 104(2):205-210.
Corburn, J. 2001. Emissions trading and environmental justice: distributive fairness and the USA's Acid Rain Programme. Environ. Conserv. 28(4):323-332.
Couvet, D. 2002. Deleterious effects of restricted gene flow in fragmented populations. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):369-376.
Cromsigt, J.P.G.M., Hearne, J., Heitkonig, I.M.A., and Prins, H.H.T. 2002. Using models in the management of black rhino populations. Ecol. Model. 149(1-2):203-211.
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Daugherty, C.H., and Allendorf, F.W. 2002. The numbers that really matter. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):283-284.
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Davidar, P., Yogananad, K., Ganesh, T., and Devy, S. 2002. Distributions of forest birds and butterflies in the Andaman islands, Bay of Bengal: nested patterns and processes. Ecography 25(1):5-16.
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Deutschman, D.H. 2001. Design and analysis of biodiversity field experiments. Ecol. Res. 16(5):833-843.
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Doadrio, I., Carmona, J.A., and Fernandez-Delgado, C. 2002. Morphometric study of the Iberian Aphanius (Actinopterygii, Cyprinodontiformes), with description of a new species. Folia Zoolog. 51(1):67-79.
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Dolek, M., and Geyer, A. 2002. Conserving biodiversity on calcareous grasslands in the Franconian Jura by grazing: a comprehensive approach. Biol. Conserv. 104(3):351-360.
Donazar, J.A., Negro, J.J., Palacios, C.J., Gangoso, L., Godoy, J.A., Ceballos, O., Hiraldo, F.N., and Capote, N. 2002. Description of a new subspecies of the Egyptian vulture (Accipitridae: Neophron percnopterus) from the Canary Islands. J. Raptor Res. 36(1):17-23.
Donovan, T.M., and Flather, C.H. 2002. Relationships among North American songbird trends, habitat fragmentation, and landscape occupancy. Ecol. Appl. 12(2):364-374.
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Downs, P.W., and Kondolf, G.M. 2002. Post-project appraisals in adaptive management of river channel restoration. Environ. Manage. 29(4):477-496.
Dudley, J.P., Ginsberg, J.R., Plumptre, A.J., Hart, J.A., and Campos, L.C. 2002. Effects of war and civil strife on wildlife and wildlife habitats. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):319-329.
Dukes, J.S. 2002. Species composition and diversity affect grassland susceptibility and response to invasion. Ecol. Appl. 12(2):602-617.
Dulvy, N.K., and Reynolds, J.D. 2002. Predicting extinction vulnerability in skates. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):440-450.
Dumortier, M., Butaye, J., Jacquemyn, H., Van Camp, N., Lust, N., and Hermy, M. 2002. Predicting vascular plant species richness of fragmented forests in agricultural landscapes in central Belgium. Forest Ecol. Manag. 158(1-3):85-102.
Dyer, A.R. 2002. Burning and grazing management in a California grassland: effect on bunchgrass seed viability. Restor. Ecol. 10(1):107-111.
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Ellis, W.A., Hale, P.T., and Carrick, F. 2002. Breeding dynamics of koalas in open woodlands. Wildlife Res. 29(1):19-25.
Engstrom, T.N., Shaffer, H.B., and McCord, W.P. 2002. Phylogenetic diversity of endangered and critically endangered southeast Asian softshell turtles (Trionychidae: Chitra). Biol. Conserv. 104(2):173-179.
Estrada, A., Castellanos, L., Garcia, Y., Franco, B., Munoz, D., Ibarra, A., Rivera, A., Fuentes, E., and Jimenez, C. 2002. Survey of the black howler monkey, Alouatta pigra, population at the Mayan site of Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico. Primates 43(1):51-58.
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Fearnside, P.M. 2001. Environmentalists split over Kyoto and Amazonian deforestation. Environ. Conserv. 28(4):295-299.
Ferguson, S.H., and Larivière, S. 2002. Can comparing life histories help conserve carnivores? Anim. Conserv. 5:1-12.
Fleishman, E., and Mac Nally, R. 2002. Topographic determinants of faunal nestedness in Great Basin butterfly assemblages: applications to conservation planning. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):422-429.
Fredrickson, R., and Hedrick, P. 2002. Body size in endangered Mexican wolves: effects of inbreeding and cross-lineage matings. Anim. Conserv. 5:39-43.
Freemark, K.E., Boutin, C., and Keddy, C.J. 2002. Importance of farmland habitats for conservation of plant species. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):399-412.
Fuller, T.K., Carrillo, E., and Saenz, J.C. 2002. Survival of protected white-lipped peccaries in Costa Rica. Can. J. Zool. 80(3):586-589.
Furman, A., and Ozgul, A. 2002. Distribution of cave-dwelling bats and conservation status of underground habitats in the Istanbul area. Ecol. Res. 17(1):69-77.
Gabbe, A.P., Robinson, S.K., and Brawn, J.D. 2002. Tree-species preferences of foraging insectivorous birds: implications for floodplain forest restoration. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):462-470.
Galina-Tessaro, P., Grismer, L.L., Hollingsworth, B.D., and Ortega-Rubio, A. 2002. Distribution and conservation of lizards in the Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Southwest. Nat. 47(1):40-55.
Gamboa, G.J., Greig, E.I., and Thom, M.C. 2002. The comparative biology of two sympatric paper wasps, the native Polistes fuscatus and the invasive Polistes dominulus (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Insect. Soc. 49(1):45-49.
Gerwing, J.J., and Vidal, E. 2002. Changes in liana abundance and species diversity eight years after liana cutting and logging in an eastern Amazonian forest. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):544-548.
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Gladstone, W. 2002. The potential value of indicator groups in the selection of marine reserves. Biol. Conserv. 104(2):211-220.
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Kochert, M.N., and Steenhof, K. 2002. Golden eagles in the US and Canada: status, trends, and conservation challenges. J. Raptor Res. 36(1):32-40.
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Lovins, L.H. 2002. Design failure and conservation. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):292-293.
Madarish, D., and Schuler, T.M. 2002. Effects of forest management practices on the federally endangered running buffalo clover (Trifolium stoloniferum Muhl. ex. A. Eaton). Nat. Areas J. 22(2):120-128.
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McKinney, M.L. 2002. Effects of national conservation spending and amount of protected area on species threat rates. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):539-543.
McMillan, M.A., and Larson, D.W. 2002. Effects of rock climbing on the vegetation of the Niagara Escarpment in southern Ontario, Canada. Conserv. Biol. 16(2):389-398.
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Morrison, S.A., and Bolger, D.T. 2002. Lack of an urban edge effect on reproduction in a fragmentation-sensitive sparrow. Ecol. Appl. 12(2):398-411.
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