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Department ofBotany

No. 216
December 2002

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In This Issue

Symposium to Explore Botanical Frontiers in Southeast Asia

Over the last decade significant new biodiversity discoveries and advances in the plant sciences have been made in the tropical areas of Southeast Asia through the collaborative efforts of local and foreign scientists. Exploration in many remote and poorly surveyed regions in such countries as Laos, Cambodia, and Myanmar is uncovering new taxa of plants and animals and expanding the inventory of biodiversity. At the same time in China, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Malaysia innovative field and laboratory investigations have led to great strides in our understanding of the ecological complexity of habitats as well as the evolutionary history and genetic diversity of plants in this region. Despite these innovations the increasing rate of destruction of pristine environments necessitates rapid conservation action.

The 2003 Smithsonian Botanical Symposium, entitled "Botanical Frontiers in Southeast Asia: from the Discovery of the Earliest Flowering Plants to the Sequencing of the Rice Genome," will explore the numerous new developments in our knowledge of plant diversity in Southeast Asia by bringing together botanists from around the world for discussion and exchange. Topics will include recent fossil discoveries of the earliest angiosperms, ethnobotanical surveys, systematics and floristics, forest structure, conservation, and breakthroughs in genome technology.

The Symposium, to be held 28-29 March 2003 at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., follows the first two highly successful Smithsonian Botanical Symposia hosted by Botany. The 2001 conference, entitled "Linnaean Taxonomy in the 21st Century," addressed the fundamental question of how we name plants and animals in light of recent advances in understanding the evolutionary relationships of organisms. The 2002 conference, entitled "The Convention on Biological Diversity: The Globalization of Natural History Science," addressed the impact of the CDB on scientists and its ramifications for understanding the natural world.

The third José Cuatrecasas Medal in Tropical Botany will be awarded at the Smithsonian Botanical Symposium. This prestigious award is presented annually to an international scholar who has contributed significantly to advancing the field of tropical botany. The award is named in honor of Dr. José Cuatrecasas, a pioneering botanist who spent many years working in the Department of Botany at the Smithsonian and devoted his career to plant exploration in tropical South America.

The Symposium will include a day of invited speakers followed by a keynote address, and is being sponsored by the National Museum of Natural History, the Cuatrecasas Family Foundation, the International Association for Plant Taxonomy, and the United States Botanic Garden.

Two associated exhibits are planned to open to coincide with the symposium. At the National Museum of Natural History, "A Passion for Plants: Contemporary Art from the Shirley Sherwood Collection" will open in March. "Traditions in Elegance" will open in January at the U.S. Botanic Garden.

For more information and registration, visit <> or call 202-357-2534.

Fellowship Opportunities

In the summer of 2003, QLF Atlantic Center for the Environment will conduct a four-week fellowship program on land conservation and stewardship for conservation professionals from countries in the Caribbean and Latin America. Applications are now being accepted for both sponsored and unsponsored participants. The fellowship program is open to individuals working as leaders, staff or volunteers with a Latin American or Caribbean institution (NGO or relevant government agency) active in the areas of biodiversity conservation, marine/coastal protected areas, landscape conservation, or rural community development. Applicants should be able to work well in a group and participate actively in discussions. Proficiency in English is required. Other criteria include: project experience in one of the aforementioned areas; leadership potential as demonstrated by past work as a manager, citizen activist, organizer and/or educator; and ability to make use of and share the fellowship experience in one's work at home. Details are available at <> (Portable Document Format; 108k) and <> (Rich‑Text Format; 192k). The application deadline is 5 March 2003. For further information, contact Brent Mitchell, Director of Stewardship, QLF/Atlantic Center for the Environment, 55 South Main Street, Ipswich, MA 01938, USA; E-mail:

Current Literature

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Agosta, S.J. 2002. Habitat use, diet and roost selection by the big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus) in North America: a case for conserving an abundant species. Mammal Rev. 32(3):179-198.

Allen, G.R., and Werner, T.B. 2002. Coral reef fish assessment in the 'coral triangle' of southeastern Asia. Environ. Biol. Fish. 65(2):209-214.

Amarasinghe, U.S., and Welcomme, R.L. 2002. An analysis of fish species richness in natural lakes. Environ. Biol. Fish. 65(3):327-339.

Andelman, S.J., and Willig, M.R. 2002. Alternative configurations of conservation reserves for Paraguayan bats: considerations of spatial scale. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1352-1363.

Apps, C.D., Newhouse, N.J., and Kinley, T.A. 2002. Habitat associations of American badgers in southeastern British Columbia. Can. J. Zool. 80(7):1228-1239.

Arcos, J.M., and Oro, D. 2002. Significance of fisheries discards for a threatened Mediterranean seabird, the Balearic shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 239:209-220.

Arenas, F., Viejo, R.M., and Fernandez, C. 2002. Density-dependent regulation in an invasive seaweed: responses at plant and modular levels. J. Ecology 90(5):820-829.

Arita, H.T., and Rodriguez, P. 2002. Geographic range, turnover rate and the scaling of species diversity. Ecography 25(5):541-550.

Barbour, R.C., Potts, B.M., Vaillancourt, R.E., Tibbits, W.N., and Wiltshire, R.J.E. 2002. Gene flow between introduced and native Eucalyptus species. New Forests 23(3):177-191.

Bates, J.M. 2002. The genetic effects of forest fragmentation on five species of Amazonian birds. J. Avian Biol. 33(3):276-294.

Bidlack, A.L., and Cook, J.A. 2002. A nuclear perspective on endemism in northern flying squirrels (Glaucomys sabrinus) of the Alexander Archipelago, Alaska. Conserv. Genet. 3(3):247-259.

Blackmore, S. 2002. Biodiversity update - progress in taxonomy. Science 298(5592):365.

Blalock-Herod, H.N., Herod, J.J., and Williams, J.D. 2002. Evaluation of conservation status, distribution, and reproductive characteristics of an endemic Gulf Coast freshwater mussel, Lampsilis australis (Bivalvia: Unionidae). Biodivers. Conserv. 11(10):1877-1887.

Blouin-Demers, G., and Weatherhead, P.J. 2002. Implications of movement patterns for gene flow in black rat snakes (Elaphe obsoleta). Can. J. Zool. 80(7):1162-1172.

Bolton, J.J., and Stegenga, H. 2002. Seaweed species diversity in South Africa. S. Afr. J. Marine Sci. 24:9-18.

Bradsell, P., Prince, J., Kuchling, G., and Knott, B. 2002. Aggressive interactions between freshwater turtle, Chelodina oblonga, hatchlings and freshwater crayfish, Cherax spp.: implications for the conservation of the critically endangered western swamp turtle, Pseudemydura umbrina. Wildlife Res. 29(3):295-301.

Brinson, M.M., and Malvárez, A.I. 2002. Temperate freshwater wetlands: types, status, and threats. Environ. Conserv. 29(2):115-133.

Brooker, L., and Brooker, M. 2002. Dispersal and population dynamics of the blue-breasted fairy-wren, Malurus pulcherrimus, in fragmented habitat in the Western Australian wheatbelt. Wildlife Res. 29(3):225-233.

Brown, E.M., Ouyang, D., Asher, A.J., and Bartholic, J.F. 2002. Interactive distributed conservation planning. J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc. 38(4):895-903.

Bruna, E.M., and Kress, W.J. 2002. Habitat fragmentation and the demographic structure of an Amazonian understory herb (Heliconia acuminata). Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1256-1266.

Caballero, A., and Toro, M.A. 2002. Analysis of genetic diversity for the management of conserved subdivided populations. Conserv. Genet. 3(3):289-299.

Cadotte, M.W., and Lovett-Doust, J. 2002. Ecological and taxonomic differences between rare and common plants of southwestern Ontario. Ecoscience 9(3):397-406.

Carey, P.D., Barnett, C.L., Greensdale, P.D., Garbutt, R.A., Warman, E.A., Myhill, D., Scott, R.J., Smart, R.J., Manchester, S.J., Robinson, J., Walker, K.J., Howard, D.C., and Firbank, L.G. 2002. A comparison of the ecological quality of land between an English agri-environment scheme and the countryside as a whole. Biol. Conserv. 108(2):183-197.

Chan, Y., and Arcese, P. 2002. Subspecific differentiation and conservation of song sparrows (Melospiza melodia) in the San Francisco Bay region inferred by microsatellite loci analysis. Auk 119(3):641-657.

Choudhury, A. 2002. Distribution and conservation of the gaur Bos gaurus in the Indian subcontinent. Mammal Rev. 32(3):199-226.

Clark, J.A., and May, R.M. 2002. Taxonomic bias and vulnerable species - response. Science 297(5588):1807.

Clark, S.A., and Richardson, B.J. 2002. Spatial analysis of genetic variation as a rapid assessment tool in the conservation management of narrow-range endemics. Invertebr. Syst. 16(4):583-587.

Cole, M.L., Leslie, D.M., and Fisher, W.L. 2002. Habitat use by shorebirds at a stopover site in the southern Great Plains. Southwest. Nat. 47(3):372-378.

Collins, C.T., Ryan, T.P., and Kelsey, R. 2002. A review of the distribution and status of pygmy palm-swift Micropanyptila furcata in Venezuela. Bird Conserv. Int. 12(2):189-196.

Connolly, R.M., Melville, A.J., and Keesing, J.K. 2002. Abundance, movement and individual identification of leafy seadragons, Phycodurus eques (Pisces: Syngnathidae). Mar. Freshwater Res. 53(4):777-780.

Cunningham, J., Baard, E.H.W., Harley, E.H., and O'Ryan, C. 2002. Investigation of genetic diversity in fragmented geometric tortoise (Psammobates geometricus) populations. Conserv. Genet. 3(3):215-223.

Cuthbert, R. 2002. The role of introduced mammals and inverse density-dependent predation in the conservation of Hutton's shearwater. Biol. Conserv. 108(1):69-78.

Cuthbert, R., and Davis, L.S. 2002. The impact of predation by introduced stoats on Hutton's shearwaters, New Zealand. Biol. Conserv. 108(1):79-92.

de Boer, W.F., Blijdenstein, A.F., and Longamane, F. 2002. Prey choice and habitat use of people exploiting intertidal resources. Environ. Conserv. 29(2):238-252.

Demmer, J., Godoy, R., Wilkie, D., Overman, H., Taimur, M., Fernando, K., Gupta, R., McSweeney, K., Brokaw, N., Sriram, S., and Price, T. 2002. Do levels of income explain differences in game abundance? An empirical test in two Honduran villages. Biodivers. Conserv. 11(10):1845-1868.

Dennis, R.L.H., Shreeve, T.G., Sparks, T.H., and Lhonore, J.E. 2002. A comparison of geographical and neighbourhood models for improving atlas databases. The case of the French butterfly atlas. Biol. Conserv. 108(2):143-159.

Dias, T.L., Rosa, I.L., and Baum, J.K. 2002. Threatened fishes of the world: Hippocampus erectus Perry, 1810 (Syngnathidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 65(3):326.

Dominguez-Dominguez, O., Nandini, S., and Sarma, S.S.S. 2002. Larval feeding behaviour of the endangered fish golden bubblebee goodeid, Allotoca dugesi, implications for conservation of an endangered species. Fish. Manag. Ecol. 9(5):285-291.

Donaldson, J., Nänni, I., Zachariades, C., and Kemper, J. 2002. Effects of habitat fragmentation on pollinator diversity and plant reproductive success in renosterveld shrublands of South Africa. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1267-1276.

Downie, D.A. 2002. Locating the sources of an invasive pest, grape phylloxera, using a mitochondrial DNA gene genealogy. Mol. Ecol. 11(10):2013-2026.

Duarte, C.M. 2002. The future of seagrass meadows. Environ. Conserv. 29(2):192-206.

Durden, L.A., Keirans, J.E., and Smith, L.L. 2002. Amblyomma geochelone, a new species of tick (Acari: Ixodidae) from the Madagascan ploughshare tortoise. J. Med. Entomol. 39(2):398-403.

Dykes, A.P. 2002. Mass movements and conservation management in Malta. J. Environ. Manage. 66(1):77-89.

Edwards, R.J., Hubbs, C., and Garrett, G.P. 2002. Threatened fishes of the world: Gambusia georgei Hubbs & Peden, 1969 (Poeciliidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 65(3):358.

El-Bana, M., Khedr, A.H., Van Hecke, P., and Bogaert, J. 2002. Vegetation composition of a threatened hypersaline lake (Lake Bardawil), North Sinai. Plant Ecol. 163(1):63-75.

Endels, P., Jacquemyn, H., Brys, R., and Hermy, M. 2002. Changes in pin-thrum ratios in populations of the heterostyle Primula vulgaris Huds.: does imbalance affect population persistence? Flora 197(5):326-331.

Fang, S.G., Wan, Q.H., and Fujihara, N. 2002. A new oligonucleotide probe for the Giant Panda. Mol. Ecol. Notes 2(3):352-355.

Fernandez, N., Palomares, F., and Delibes, M. 2002. The use of breeding dens and kitten development in the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus). J. Zool. 258:1-5.

Ferrer, J., and Whitehead, P.F. 2002. The genus Xanthomus Mulsant, 1854 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), its evolutionary history and conservation significance. Ann. Zool. 52(3):383-401.

Fine, P.V.A. 2002. The invasibility of tropical forests by exotic plants. J. Trop. Ecol. 18:687-705.

Fitzsimons, J.M., Parham, J.E., and Nishimoto, R.T. 2002. Similarities in behavioral ecology among amphidromous and catadromous fishes on the oceanic islands of Hawai'i and Guam. Environ. Biol. Fish. 65(2):123-129.

Fleishman, E., Betrus, C.J., Blair, R.B., MacNally, R., and Murphy, D.D. 2002. Nestedness analysis and conservation planning: the importance of place, environment, and life history across taxonomic groups. Oecologia 133(1):78-89.

Forys, E.A., Allen, C.R., and Wojcik, D.P. 2002. Influence of the proximity and amount of human development and roads on the occurrence of the red imported fire ant in the lower Florida Keys. Biol. Conserv. 108(1):27-33.

Garrett, G.P., Hubbs, C., and Edwards, R.J. 2002. Threatened fishes of the world: Cyprinodon elegans Baird & Girard, 1853 (Cyprinodontidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 65(3):288.

Garrett, G.P., Hubbs, C., and Edwards, R.J. 2002. Threatened fishes of the world: Cyprinodon pecosensis Echelle & Echelle, 1978 (Cyprinodontidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 65(3):366.

Garrido, O.H., Kirwan, G.M., and Capper, D.R. 2002. Species limits within grey-headed quail-dove Geotrygon caniceps and implications for the conservation of a globally threatened species. Bird Conserv. Int. 12(2):169-187.

Gautschi, B., Widmer, A., Joshi, J., and Koella, J.C. 2002. Increased frequency of scale anomalies and loss of genetic variation in serially bottlenecked populations of the dice snake, Natrix tessellata. Conserv. Genet. 3(3):235-245.

Gemma, J.N., Koske, R.E., and Habte, M. 2002. Mycorrhizal dependency of some endemic and endangered Hawaiian plant species. Am. J. Bot. 89(2):337-345.

Gill, A.C., and Kemp, J.M. 2002. Widespread Indo-Pacific shore-fish species: a challenge for taxonomists, biogeographers, ecologists, and fishery and conservation managers. Environ. Biol. Fish. 65(2):165-174.

Gimeno, I., and Vila, M. 2002. Recruitment of two Opuntia species invading abandoned olive groves. Acta Oecol. 23(4):239-246.

Ginsberg, J. 2002. CITES at 30, or 40. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1184-1191.

Goodsell, P.J., and Connell, S.D. 2002. Can habitat loss be treated independently of habitat configuration? Implications for rare and common taxa in fragmented landscapes. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 239:37-44.

Granek, E. 2002. Conservation of Pteropus livingstonii based on roost site habitat characteristics on Anjouan and Moheli, Comoros islands. Biol. Conserv. 108(1):93-100.

Green, M., Alerstam, T., Clausen, P., Drent, R., and Ebbinge, B.S. 2002. Site use by dark-bellied brent geese Branta bernicla bernicla on the Russian tundra as recorded by satellite telemetry: implications for East Atlantic Flyway conservation. Wildlife Biol. 8(3):229-239.

Grelle, C.E.V. 2002. Is higher-taxon analysis an useful surrogate of species richness in studies of Neotropical mammal diversity? Biol. Conserv. 108(1):101-106.

Grunwald, C., Stabile, J., Waldman, J.R., Gross, R., and Wirgin, I. 2002. Population genetics of shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum based on mitochondrial DNA control region sequences. Mol. Ecol. 11(10):1885-1898.

Guillemain, M., Fritz, H., and Duncan, P. 2002. Foraging strategies of granivorous dabbling ducks wintering in protected areas of the French Atlantic coast. Biodivers. Conserv. 11(10):1721-1732.

Gustafsson, S., and Sjögren-Gulve, P. 2002. Genetic diversity in the rare orchid, Gymnadenia odoratissima and a comparison with the more common congener, G. conopsea. Conserv. Genet. 3(3):225-234.

Haight, R.G., Cypher, B., Kelly, P.A., Phillips, S., Possingham, H.P., Ralls, K., Starfield, A.M., White, P.J., and Williams, D. 2002. Optimizing habitat protection using demographic models of population viability. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1386-1397.

Hall, J.R., Woods, R.W., Brooke, M.D., and Hilton, G.M. 2002. Factors affecting the distribution of landbirds on the Falkland Islands. Bird Conserv. Int. 12(2):151-167.

Halley, D.J., and Rosell, F. 2002. The beaver's reconquest of Eurasia: status, population development and management of a conservation success. Mammal Rev. 32(3):153-178.

Harrison, S., and Inouye, B.D. 2002. High ß diversity in the flora of Californian serpentine 'islands.' Biodivers. Conserv. 11(10):1869-1876.

Harvey, M.S. 2002. Short-range endemism among the Australian fauna: some examples from non-marine environments. Invertebr. Syst. 16(4):555-570.

Haule, K.S., Johnsen, F.H., and Maganga, S.L.S. 2002. Striving for sustainable wildlife management: the case of Kilombero Game Controlled Area, Tanzania. J. Environ. Manage. 66(1):31-42.

Haydon, D.T., Laurenson, M.K., and Sillero-Zubiri, C. 2002. Integrating epidemiology into population viability analysis: managing the risk posed by rabies and canine distemper to the Ethiopian wolf. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1372-1385.

He, H.S., Hao, Z.Q., Larsen, D.R., Dai, L.M., Hu, Y.M., and Chang, Y. 2002. A simulation study of landscape scale forest succession in northeastern China. Ecol. Model. 156(2-3):153-166.

Helms, K.R., and Vinson, S.B. 2002. Widespread association of the invasive ant Solenopsis invicta with an invasive mealybug. Ecology 83(9):2425-2438.

Hemstrom, M.A., Wisdom, M.J., Hann, W.J., Rowland, M.M., Wales, B.C., and Gravenmier, R.A. 2002. Sagebrush-steppe vegetation dynamics and restoration potential in the interior Columbia Basin, USA. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1243-1255.

Herkenrath, P. 2002. Birds and the Convention on Biological Diversity: can ornithologists and bird conservationists make a difference? Bird Conserv. Int. 12(2):99-106.

Herzog, S.K., Kessler, M., and Cahill, T.M. 2002. Estimating species richness of tropical bird communities from rapid assessment data. Auk 119(3):749-769.

Hiedanpää, J. 2002. European-wide conservation versus local well-being: the reception of the Natura 2000 Reserve Network in Karvia, SW-Finland. Landscape Urban Plan. 61(2-4):113-123.

Hoffmann, T.C. 2002. The reimplementation of the Ra'ui: coral reef management in Rarotonga, Cook Islands. Coast. Manage. 30(4):401-418.

Ibáñez, R., Condit, R., Angehr, G., Aguilar, S., García, T., Martínez, R., Sanjur, A., Stallard, R., Wright, S.J., Rand, A.S., and Heckadon, S. 2002. An ecosystem report on the Panama Canal: monitoring the status of the forest communities and the watershed. Environ. Monit. Assess. 80(1):65-95.

Irwin, E.R., and Freeman, M.C. 2002. Proposal for adaptive management to conserve biotic integrity in a regulated segment of the Tallapoosa River, Alabama, USA. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1212-1222.

Jensen, R.J., Schwoyer, M., Crawford, D.J., Stuessy, T.F., Anderson, G.J., Baeza, C.M., O, M.S., and Ruiz, E. 2002. Patterns of morphological and genetic variation among populations of Myrceugenia fernandeziana (Myrtaceae) on Masatierra island: implications for conservation. Syst. Bot. 27(3):534-547.

Johnston, D.W. 2002. The effect of acoustic harassment devices on harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Biol. Conserv. 108(1):113-118.

Jones, C. 2002. A model for the conservation management of a 'secondary' prey: sooty shearwater (Puffinus griseus) colonies on mainland New Zealand as a case study. Biol. Conserv. 108(1):1-12.

Jones, W.J., Quelvog, B.D., and Bernardi, G. 2002. Morphological and genetic analysis of the Red Hills roach (Cyprinidae: Lavinia symmetricus). Conserv. Genet. 3(3):261-276.

Karesh, W.B., Osofsky, S.A., Rocke, T.E., and Barrows, P.L. 2002. Joining forces to improve our world. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1432-1434.

Khedr, A.H., Cadotte, M.W., El-Keblawy, A., and Lovett-Doust, J. 2002. Phylogenetic diversity and ecological features in the Egyptian flora. Biodivers. Conserv. 11(10):1809-1824.

Koenen, K.K.G., and Krausman, P.R. 2002. Habitat use by desert mule deer in a semidesert grassland. Southwest. Nat. 47(3):353-362.

Köhler, P., Reinhard, K., and Huth, A. 2002. Simulating anthropogenic impacts to bird communities in tropical rain forests. Biol. Conserv. 108(1):35-47.

Kolb, A., Alpert, P., Enters, D., and Holzapfel, C. 2002. Patterns of invasion within a grassland community. J. Ecology 90(5):871-881.

Krebs, C.J. 2002. Two complementary paradigms for analysing population dynamics. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. [Biol.] 357(1425):1211-1219.

Lacuna-Richman, C. 2002. The socioeconomic significance of subsistence non-wood forest products in Leyte, Philippines. Environ. Conserv. 29(2):253-262.

Lawler, J.J., and Edwards, T.C. 2002. Landscape patterns as habitat predictors: building and testing models for cavity-nesting birds in the Uinta Mountains of Utah, USA. Landscape Ecol. 17(3):233-245.

Lee, S.L., Ng, K.K.S., Saw, L.G., Norwati, A., Salwana, M.H.S., Lee, C.T., and Norwati, M. 2002. Population genetics of Intsia palembanica (Leguminosae) and genetic conservation of Virgin Jungle Reserves in Peninsular Malaysia. Am. J. Bot. 89(3):447-459.

Leis, J.M. 2002. Pacific coral-reef fishes: the implications of behaviour and ecology of larvae for biodiversity and conservation, and a reassessment of the open population paradigm. Environ. Biol. Fish. 65(2):199-208.

Levin, P.S., Ellis, J., Petrik, R., and Hay, M.E. 2002. Indirect effects of feral horses on estuarine communities. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1364-1371.

Lira, R., Villaseñor, J.L., and Ortíz, E. 2002. A proposal for the conservation of the family Cucurbitaceae in Mexico. Biodivers. Conserv. 11(10):1699-1720.

López-Ortiz, R., Ventosa-Febles, E.A., Reitsma, L.R., Hengstenberg, D., and Deluca, W. 2002. Increasing nest success in the yellow-shouldered blackbird Agelaius xanthomus in southwest Puerto Rico. Biol. Conserv. 108(2):259-263.

Lowden, S., Finlayson, H.A., Macdonald, A.A., Downing, A.C., Goodman, S.J., Leus, K., Kaspe, L., Wahyuni, E., and Archibald, A.L. 2002. Application of Sus scrofa microsatellite markers to wild suiformes. Conserv. Genet. 3(3):347-350.

Luoto, M., Toivonen, T., and Heikkinen, R.K. 2002. Prediction of total and rare plant species richness in agricultural landscapes from satellite images and topographic data. Landscape Ecol. 17(3):195-217.

Maehr, D.S., and Widen, P. 2002. International guest lectures promote conservation learning. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1179-1183.

Majluf, P., Babcock, E.A., Riveros, J.C., Schreiber, M.A., and Alderete, W. 2002. Catch and bycatch of sea birds and marine mammals in the small-scale fishery of Punta San Juan, Peru. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1333-1343.

Malmqvist, B., and Rundle, S. 2002. Threats to the running water ecosystems of the world. Environ. Conserv. 29(2):134-153.

Marcano-Vega, H., Aide, T.M., and Báez, D. 2002. Forest regeneration in abandoned coffee plantations and pastures in the Cordillera Central of Puerto Rico. Plant Ecol. 161(1):75-87.

Marchesi, L., Sergio, F., and Pedrini, P. 2002. Costs and benefits of breeding in human-altered landscapes for the eagle owl Bubo bubo. Ibis 144(4):E164-E177.

Martell, D.L. 2002. Wildfire regime in the boreal forest. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1177.

Martin, D., and Chambers, J. 2002. Restoration of riparian meadows degraded by livestock grazing: above- and belowground responses. Plant Ecol. 163(1):77-91.

Martín, J., and Lopez, P. 2002. The effect of Mediterranean dehesa management on lizard distribution and conservation. Biol. Conserv. 108(2):213-219.

Martínez-Cruz, B., David, V.A., Godoy, J.A., Negro, J.J., O'Brien, S.J., and Johnson, W.E. 2002. Eighteen polymorphic microsatellite markers for the highly endangered Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti) and related species. Mol. Ecol. Notes 2(3):323-326.

Marzluff, J.M. 2002. Fringe conservation: a call to action. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1175-1176.

Mason, C.F., and MacDonald, S.M. 2002. Responses of ground flora to coppice management in an English woodland - a study using permanent quadrats. Biodivers. Conserv. 11(10):1773-1789.

Matarczyk, J.A., Willis, A.J., Vranjic, J.A., and Ash, J.E. 2002. Herbicides, weeds and endangered species: management of bitou bush (Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. rotundata) with glyphosate and impacts on the endangered shrub, Pimelea spicata. Biol. Conserv. 108(2):133-141.

Matlock, R.B., Rogers, D., Edwards, P.J., and Martin, S.G. 2002. Avian communities in forest fragments and reforestation areas associated with banana plantations in Costa Rica. Agricult. Ecosyst. & Environ. 91(1-3):199-215.

Matos, D.M.S., and Bovi, M.L.A. 2002. Understanding the threats to biological diversity in southeastern Brazil. Biodivers. Conserv. 11(10):1747-1758.

McCune, B., Hutchinson, J., and Berryman, S. 2002. Concentration of rare epiphytic lichens along large streams in a mountainous watershed in Oregon, USA. Bryologist 105(3):439-450.

Meegaskumbura, M., Bossuyt, F., Pethiyagoda, R., Manamendra-Arachchi, K., Bahir, M., Milinkovitch, M.C., and Schneider, C.J. 2002. Sri Lanka: an amphibian hot spot. Science 298(5592):379.

Mellink, E., Ceballos, G., and Luévano, J. 2002. Population demise and extinction threat of the Angel de la Guarda deer mouse (Peromyscus guardia). Biol. Conserv. 108(1):107-111.

Mesibov, R., Bonham, K.J., Doran, N., Meggs, J., Munks, S., Otley, H., and Richards, K. 2002. Single-species sampling in Tasmania: an inefficient approach to invertebrate conservation? Invertebr. Syst. 16(4):655-663.

Michaud, J.P. 2002. Classical biological control: a critical review of recent programs against citrus pests in Florida. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 95(5):531-540.

Miyanishi, K., Bridge, S.R.J., and Johnson, E.A. 2002. Wildfire regime in the boreal forest - reply. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1177-1178.

Morita, K., and Yamamoto, S. 2002. Effects of habitat fragmentation by damming on the persistence of stream-dwelling charr populations. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1318-1323.

Muchai, M., Bennun, L., Lens, L., Rayment, M., and Pisano, G. 2002. Land-use and the conservation of Sharpe's longclaw Macronyx sharpei in central Kenya. Bird Conserv. Int. 12(2):107-121.

Nai-Bregaglio, M., Pucheta, E., and Cabido, M. 2002. Grazing effects on the floristic and structural diversity in mountain grasslands from central Argentina. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 75(3):613-623.

Naka, L.N., Rodrigues, M., Roos, A.L., and Azevedo, M.A.G. 2002. Bird conservation on Santa Catarina Island, Southern Brazil. Bird Conserv. Int. 12(2):123-150.

Neel, M.C. 2002. Conservation implications of the reproductive ecology of Agalinis acuta (Scrophulariaceae). Am. J. Bot. 89(6):972-980.

Neilson, K.A. 2002. Evaporative water loss as a restriction on habitat use in endangered New Zealand endemic skinks. J. Herpetol. 36(3):342-348.

New, T.R., and Sands, D.P.A. 2002. Narrow-range endemicity and conservation status: interpretations for Australian butterflies. Invertebr. Syst. 16(4):665-670.

Newton, A.C., Allnutt, T.R., Dvorak, W.S., Del Castillo, R.F., and Ennos, R.A. 2002. Patterns of genetic variation in Pinus chiapensis, a threatened Mexican pine, detected by RAPD and mitochondrial DNA RFLP markers. Heredity 89:191-198.

O'Hara, T.D. 2002. Endemism, rarity and vulnerability of marine species along a temperate coastline. Invertebr. Syst. 16(4):671-684.

Ogden, R., Griffiths, T.J., and Thorpe, R.S. 2002. Eight microsatellite loci in the Caribbean lizard, Anolis roquet. Conserv. Genet. 3(3):345-346.

Olden, J.D., and Jackson, D.A. 2002. A comparison of statistical approaches for modelling fish species distributions. Freshwater Biol. 47(10):1976-1995.

Olech, W., and Perzanowski, K. 2002. A genetic background for reintroduction program of the European bison (Bison bonasus) in the Carpathians. Biol. Conserv. 108(2):221-228.

Ostertag, R., and Verville, J.H. 2002. Fertilization with nitrogen and phosphorus increases abundance of non-native species in Hawaiian montane forests. Plant Ecol. 162(1):77-90.

Pandey, D.N. 2002. Global climate change and carbon management in multifunctional forests. Curr. Sci. 83(5):593-602.

Panzer, R. 2002. Compatibility of prescribed burning with the conservation of insects in small, isolated prairie reserves. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1296-1307.

Parsons, H., and Gilvear, D. 2002. Valley floor landscape change following almost 100 years of flood embankment abandonment on a wandering gravel-bed river. River Res. Appl. 18(5):461-479.

Parsons, K.M., Noble, L.R., Reid, R.J., and Thompson, P.M. 2002. Mitochondrial genetic diversity and population structuring of UK bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): is the NE Scotland population demographically and geographically isolated? Biol. Conserv. 108(2):175-182.

Patirana, A., Hatch, S.A., and Friesen, V.L. 2002. Population differentiation in the red-legged kittiwake (Rissa brevirostris) as revealed by mitochondrial DNA. Conserv. Genet. 3(3):335-340.

Pearlstine, L.G., Smith, S.E., Brandt, L.A., Allen, C.R., Kitchens, W.M., and Stenberg, J. 2002. Assessing state-wide biodiversity in the Florida Gap analysis project. J. Environ. Manage. 66(2):127-144.

Pennisi, E. 2002. 100 frogs a-leaping for biodiversity. Science 298(5592):339-341.

Phillips, R.A., Patterson, D., and Shimmings, P. 2002. Increased use of ponds by breeding natterjack toads, Bufo calamita, following management. Herp. J. 12(2):75-78.

Pires, A.S., Lira, P.K., Fernandez, F.A.S., Schittini, G.M., and Oliveira, L.C. 2002. Frequency of movements of small mammals among Atlantic Coastal Forest fragments in Brazil. Biol. Conserv. 108(2):229-237.

Pitman, N.C.A., Jørgensen, P.M., Williams, R.S.R., León-Yánez, S., and Valencia, R. 2002. Extinction-rate estimates for a modern neotropical flora. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1427-1431.

Pywell, R.F., Pakeman, R.J., Allchin, E.A., Bourn, N.A.D., Warman, E.A., and Walker, K.J. 2002. The potential for lowland heath regeneration following plantation removal. Biol. Conserv. 108(2):247-258.

Ramanamanjato, J.B., Mcintyre, P.B., and Nussbaum, R.A. 2002. Reptile, amphibian, and lemur diversity of the Malahelo Forest, a biogeographical transition zone in southeastern Madagascar. Biodivers. Conserv. 11(10):1791-1807.

Ranius, T., and Jansson, N. 2002. A comparison of three methods to survey saproxylic beetles in hollow oaks. Biodivers. Conserv. 11(10):1759-1771.

Rapini, A., De Mello-Silva, R., and Kawasaki, M.L. 2002. Richness and endemism in Asclepiadoideae (Apocynaceae) from the Espinhaço Range of Minas Gerais, Brazil - a conservationist view. Biodivers. Conserv. 11(10):1733-1746.

Reed, D.H., Briscoe, D.A., and Frankham, R. 2002. Inbreeding and extinction: the effect of environmental stress and lineage. Conserv. Genet. 3(3):301-307.

Reiner-Drehwald, M.E., and Drehwald, U. 2002. Sphaerolejeunea umbilicata (Lejeuneaceae): a critically endangered epiphyllous liverwort of the Andes. Bryologist 105(3):422-430.

Reinert, T.R., and Winter, K.A. 2002. Sustainability of harvested Pacú (Colossoma macropomum) populations in the northeastern Bolivian Amazon. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1344-1351.

Richards, W.H., Wallin, D.O., and Schumaker, N.H. 2002. An analysis of late-seral forest connectivity in western Oregon, USA. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1409-1421.

Roeder, A.D., Ritchie, P.A., and Lambert, D.M. 2002. New DNA markers for penguins. Conserv. Genet. 3(3):341-344.

Rogers-Bennett, L., Haaker, P.L., Karpov, K.A., and Kushner, D.J. 2002. Using spatially explicit data to evaluate marine protected areas for abalone in southern California. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1308-1317.

Rothermel, B.B., and Semlitsch, R.D. 2002. An experimental investigation of landscape resistance of forest versus old-field habitats to emigrating juvenile amphibians. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1324-1332.

Russ, J.M., and Montgomery, W.I. 2002. Habitat associations of bats in Northern Ireland: implications for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 108(1):49-58.

Said, S. 2002. Floristic and life form diversity in post-pasture successions on a Mediterranean island (Corsica). Plant Ecol. 162(1):67-76.

Sari, H.M., and Bilecenoglu, M. 2002. Threatened fishes of the world: Acanthobrama mirabilis Ladiges, 1960 (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 65(3):318.

Schlaepfer, M.A., Runge, M.C., and Sherman, P.W. 2002. Ecological and evolutionary traps. TREE 17(10):474-480.

Shaw, P.W., and Adcock, G.J. 2002. Polymorphic microsatellite DNA markers for the Patagonian squid, Loligo gahi (Cephalopoda). Mol. Ecol. Notes 2(3):331-333.

Shetty, S., and Shine, R. 2002. Philopatry and homing behavior of sea snakes (Laticauda colubrina) from two adjacent islands in Fiji. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1422-1426.

Shrestha, M.K., Golan-Goldhirsh, A., and Ward, D. 2002. Population genetic structure and the conservation of isolated populations of Acacia raddiana in the Negev Desert. Biol. Conserv. 108(1):119-127.

Sibly, R.M., and Hone, J. 2002. Population growth rate and its determinants: an overview. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. [Biol.] 357(1425):1153-1170.

Siebert, S., van Wyk, A.E., and Bredenkamp, G.J. 2002. The physical environment and major vegetation types of Sekhukhuneland, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Bot. 68(2):127-142.

Siitonen, P., Tanskanen, A., and Lehtinen, A. 2002. Method for selection of old-forest reserves. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1398-1408.

Sinclair, A.R.E., and Krebs, C.J. 2002. Complex numerical responses to top-down and bottom-up processes in vertebrate populations. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. [Biol.] 357(1425):1221-1231.

Sinsin, B., Nobime, G., Tehou, A., Bekhuis, P., and Tchibozo, S. 2002. Past and present distribution of the red-bellied monkey Cercopithecus erythrogaster erythrogaster in Benin. Folia Primatolog. 73(2-3):116-123.

Smith, M.T., Bancroft, J., and Tropp, J. 2002. Age-specific fecundity of Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) on three tree species infested in the United States. Environ. Entomol. 31(1):76-83.

Smyth, A., Mac Nally, R., and Lamb, D. 2002. Comparative Influence of Forest Management and Habitat Structural Factors on the Abundances of Hollow-Nesting Bird Species in Subtropical Australian Eucalypt Forest. Environ. Manage. 30(4):547-559.

Squirrell, J., Hollingsworth, P.M., Bateman, R.M., Tebbitt, M.C., and Hollingsworth, M.L. 2002. Taxonomic complexity and breeding system transitions: conservation genetics of the Epipactis leptochila complex (Orchidaceae). Mol. Ecol. 11(10):1957-1964.

Stachowicz, J.J., Fried, H., Osman, R.W., and Whitlatch, R.B. 2002. Biodiversity, invasion resistance, and marine ecosystem function: reconciling pattern and process. Ecology 83(9):2575-2590.

Stein, B.A., Master, L.L., and Morse, L.E. 2002. Taxonomic bias and vulnerable species. Science 297(5588):1807.

Stoumboudi, M.T., Barbieri, R., Mamuris, Z., Corsini-Foka, M.J., and Economou, A.N. 2002. Threatened fishes of the world: Ladigesocypris ghigii (Gianferrari, 1927) (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 65(3):340.

Stow, A.J. 2002. Microsatellite loci from the Cunningham's skink (Egernia cunninghami). Mol. Ecol. Notes 2(3):256-257.

Streiff, R., Mondor-Genson, G., Audiot, P., and Rasplus, J.Y. 2002. Microsatellite DNA markers for a grasshopper: Prionotropis hystrix rhodanica (Orthoptera, Pamphagidae). Mol. Ecol. Notes 2(3):268-270.

Sutherland, W.J., and Norris, K. 2002. Behavioural models of population growth rates: implications for conservation and prediction. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. [Biol.] 357(1425):1273-1284.

Thibault, J.C., Martin, J.L., Penloup, A., and Meyer, J.Y. 2002. Understanding the decline and extinction of monarchs (Aves) in Polynesian Islands. Biol. Conserv. 108(2):161-174.

Thompson, R.C., Crowe, T.P., and Hawkins, S.J. 2002. Rocky intertidal communities: past environmental changes, present status and predictions for the next 25 years. Environ. Conserv. 29(2):168-191.

Tobias, J.A., and Seddon, N. 2002. Estimating population size in the subdesert mesite (Monias benschi): new methods and implications for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 108(2):199-212.

Tomimatsu, H., and Ohara, M. 2002. Effects of forest fragmentation on seed production of the understory herb Trillium camschatcense. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1277-1285.

Toro, M., Barragán, C., Óvilo, C., Rodrigañez, J., Rodriguez, C., and Silió, L. 2002. Estimation of coancestry in Iberian pigs using molecular markers. Conserv. Genet. 3(3):309-320.

Torres, E., Iriondo, J.M., and Perez, C. 2002. Vulnerability and determinants of reproductive success in the narrow endemic Antirrhinum microphyllum (Scrophularilaceae). Am. J. Bot. 89(7):1171-1179.

Trani, M.K. 2002. Terrestrial ecosystems and wildlife conservation. J. Forestry 100(7):35-40.

Truett, J.C. 2002. Aplomado falcons and grazing: invoking history to plan restoration. Southwest. Nat. 47(3):379-400.

Tserpes, G., Fiorentino, F., Levi, D., Cau, A., Murenu, M., Zamboni, A., and Papaconstantinou, C. 2002. Distribution of Mullus barbatus and M. surmuletus (Osteichthyes: Perciformes) in the Mediterranean continental shelf: implications for management. Sci. Mar. 66:39-54.

Tsuyuzaki, S. 2002. Vegetation development patterns on skislopes in lowland Hokkaido, northern Japan. Biol. Conserv. 108(2):239-246.

Vallan, D. 2002. Effects of anthropogenic environmental changes on amphibian diversity in the rain forests of eastern Madagascar. J. Trop. Ecol. 18:725-742.

Van Rossum, F., Echchgadda, G., Szabadi, I., and Triest, L. 2002. Commonness and long-term survival in fragmented habitats: Primula elatior as a study case. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1286-1295.

Vange, V. 2002. Breeding system and inbreeding depression in the clonal plant species Knautia arvensis (Dipsacaceae): implications for survival in abandoned grassland. Biol. Conserv. 108(1):59-67.

Vecsei, P., Sucui, R., and Peterson, D. 2002. Threatened fishes of the world: Huso huso (Linnaeus, 1758) (Acipenseridae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 65(3):363-365.

Verity, P.G., Smetacek, V., and Smayda, T.J. 2002. Status, trends and the future of the marine pelagic ecosystem. Environ. Conserv. 29(2):207-237.

Villa-Castillo, J., and Wagner, M.R. 2002. Ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) species assemblage as an indicator of forest condition in northern Arizona ponderosa pine forests. Environ. Entomol. 31(2):242-252.

Vitalis, R., Riba, M., Colas, B., Grillas, P., and Olivieri, I. 2002. Multilocus genetic structure at contrasted spatial scales of the endangered water fern Marsilea strigosa Willd. (Marsileaceae, Pteridophyta). Am. J. Bot. 89(7):1142-1155.

Wang, S.Z., Hard, J.J., and Utter, F. 2002. Genetic variation and fitness in salmonids. Conserv. Genet. 3(3):321-333.

Watters, M.E., McLash, T.L., Aldridge, C.L., and Brigham, R.M. 2002. The effect of vegetation structure on predation of artificial greater sage-grouse nests. Ecoscience 9(3):314-319.

Wedekind, C. 2002. Sexual selection and life-history decisions: implications for supportive breeding and the management of captive populations. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1204-1211.

Wezel, A., and Rath, T. 2002. Resource conservation strategies in agro-ecosystems of semi-arid West Africa. J. Arid Environ. 51(3):383-400.

Williams-Linera, G. 2002. Tree species richness complementarity, disturbance and fragmentation in a Mexican tropical montane cloud forest. Biodivers. Conserv. 11(10):1825-1843.

Williams, W.D. 2002. Environmental threats to salt lakes and the likely status of inland saline ecosystems in 2025. Environ. Conserv. 29(2):154-167.

Wisdom, M.J., Rowland, M.M., Wales, B.C., Hemstrom, M.A., Hann, W.J., Raphael, M.G., Holthausen, R.S., Gravenmier, R.A., and Rich, T.D. 2002. Modeled effects of sagebrush-steppe restoration on greater sage-grouse in the interior Columbia Basin, USA. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1223-1231.

Wisdom, M.J., Wales, B.C., Rowland, M.M., Raphael, M.G., Holthausen, R.S., Rich, T.D., and Saab, V.A. 2002. Performance of greater sage-grouse models for conservation assessment in the interior Columbia Basin, USA. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1232-1242.

With, K.A. 2002. The landscape ecology of invasive spread. Conserv. Biol. 16(5):1192-1203.

Wittig, R. 2002. Ferns in a new role as a frequent constituent of railway flora in Central Europe. Flora 197(5):341-350.

Woodwell, G.M. 2002. On purpose in science, conservation and government - the functional integrity of the earth is at issue not biodiversity. Ambio 31(5):432-436.

Woodworth, L.M., Montgomery, M.E., Briscoe, D.A., and Frankham, R. 2002. Rapid genetic deterioration in captive populations: causes and conservation implications. Conserv. Genet. 3(3):277-288.

Work, T.T., Buddle, C.M., Korinus, L.M., and Spence, J.R. 2002. Pitfall trap size and capture of three taxa of litter-dwelling arthropods: implications for biodiversity studies. Environ. Entomol. 31(3):438-448.

Yates, C.J., and Broadhurst, L.M. 2002. Assessing limitations on population growth in two critically endangered Acacia taxa. Biol. Conserv. 108(1):13-26.

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