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Department ofBotany

No. 219
March 2003

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In This Issue

Guyana Plant Collection Provides Insight to Biodiversity

The Guianas region of South America (Guyana, Surinam, and French Guiana) is little known and extremely rich biologically. Unlike other areas of South America, over 70 percent of the natural habitat remains pristine. Since these areas are now threatened by increased resource extraction, it is important that an understanding of the flora and fauna is gained so that decisions can be made on critical areas that have high priority for conservation. The Biological Diversity of the Guianas (BDG), a field-oriented program of the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), Smithsonian Institution, has recently published "Smithsonian Plant Collections, Guyana: 1989 - 1991, Lynn J. Gillespie," (2003, Smithsonian Institution, Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 44: 1-104). This publication details the Guyana collections of Lynn J. Gillespie, a resident BDG plant collector who organized 19 expeditions exploring the remote areas of the Guianas.

The publication, written by Tom Hollowell (NMNH), Lynn Gillespie (Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa), Vicki Funk (NMNH), and Carol Kelloff (NMNH), is intended as a comprehensive reference for herbaria holding collections made by the collector and as an aid to taxonomists interested in particular groups of plants. The volume also contains a list of collections of particular interest (including four species new to science), a fascinating narrative about the collecting trips, and photographs of localities and plants taken by Gillespie.

Part I of the volume provides the collector's notes on trips in chronological order. Part II lists collection localities, with collection number ranges, habitat descriptions, geographic coordinates, and assisting collectors. Part III consists of maps of Guyana showing collecting localities. Part IV lists collections in numerical order with species identifications and authors. Part V lists plant collections ordered by determined name. The appendix is a personal account by the collector describing some of her experiences while collecting plants in Guyana.

This volume is the second in a series on the Smithsonian Institution's BDG collectors, the first being on the collections of John J. Pipoly, which is available at <>. For more information, contact Tom Hollowell at the Biological Diversity of the Guianas, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, MRC-166, PO Box 37012, Washington DC 20013-7012; E-mail: Web site: <>.

Future Meetings

Nearly all centuries from ancient times have used plants as a source of medicine. The use of traditional medicine for the maintenance of good health has been widely observed in most countries. The recent upsurge in the use of herbal medicines has led to enormous commercial possibilities, but many issues remain unresolved. Today, many medicinal plant species face extinction or severe genetic loss, but detailed information is lacking. In the present context, an International Summit on Medicinal Plants will be a forum for scientists, researchers and policy makers to meet and discuss the key areas of conservation of medicinal plants, health care and ethnomedicine. Century Foundation will host the Global Summit on Medicinal Plants in Mauritius Island from 26 September to 01 October, 2003. The main theme of the conference is "Recent Trends in Phytomedicine and Other Alternative Therapies for Human Welfare." The conference will draw attention to the vital importance of medicinal plants and other therapies in health care. There will be exciting programs of plenary lectures, oral and poster presentations and round table discussions. For registration and further information please visit <>, or contact the organizing secretary, Dr. Anita Menon, Century Foundation, #35 3rd Cross, Vignannagar, Malleshpalya, Bangalore-560075 India; Tel: +91-80-5249900; Fax: +91-80-5244592; E-mail:

The Second Tropical Montane Cloud Forest Symposium will be held 28 July to 02 August, 2004, on the Island of Hawai'i, at Waimea, Hawai'i Preparatory Academy (near cloud forest). "Mountains in the Mist: Science for Conserving and Managing Tropical Montane Cloud Forests" will assess the state of updated knowledge since the First TMCF Symposium in Puerto Rico in 1993. Cost is approximately $575 per person, double occupancy lodging, meals, coffee breaks, banquet, field trips and proceedings. While no further abstracts are being accepted for major papers, poster contributions, and short 4-page handouts, which may be used in the proceedings, are still accepted. For registration and further details contact Lawrence S. Hamilton, Vice-Chair (Mountains), World Commission on Protected Areas/IUCN, 342 Bittersweet Lane, Charlotte VT 05445; Tel/Fax: 802-425-6509; E-mail:

Current Literature

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Andrew, J.M., and Andres, B.A. 2002. Towards integrated bird conservation in North America: a US Fish and Wildlife Service perspective. Waterbirds 25(SP2):122-127.

Apaza, L., Wilkie, D., Byron, E., Huanca, T., Leonard, W., Pérez, E., Reyes-García, V., Vadez, V., and Godoy, R. 2002. Meat prices influence the consumption of wildlife by the Tsimane' Amerindians of Bolivia. Oryx 36(4):382-388.

Armstrong, J.L., and Hightower, J.E. 2002. Potential for restoration of the Roanoke River population of Atlantic sturgeon. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 18(4-6):475-480.

Arroyo, M.T.K., Marticorena, C., Matthei, O., Munoz, M., and Pliscoff, P. 2002. Analysis of the contribution and efficiency of the Santuario de la Naturaleza Yerba Loca, 33o S in protecting the regional vascular plant flora (Metropolitan and Fifth regions of Chile). Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 75(4):767-792.

Baer, S.G., Kitchen, D.J., Blair, J.M., and Rice, C.W. 2002. Changes in ecosystem structure and function along a chronosequence of restored grasslands. Ecol. Appl. 12(6):1688-1701.

Batista, F., and Sosa, P.A. 2002. Allozyme diversity in natural populations of Viola palmensis Webb & Berth. (Violaceae) from La Palma (Canary Islands): implications for conservation genetics. Ann. Botany 90(6):725-733.

Battle, J.M., and Golladay, S.W. 2002. Aquatic invertebrates in hardwood depressions of southwest Georgia. Southeast. Nat. 1(2):149-158.

Baum, J.K., Myers, R.A., Kehler, D.G., Worm, B., Harley, S.J., and Doherty, P.A. 2003. Collapse and conservation of shark populations in the northwest Atlantic. Science 299(5605):389-392.

Belanger, L., and Grenier, M. 2002. Agriculture intensification and forest fragmentation in the St. Lawrence Valley, Quebec, Canada. Landscape Ecol. 17(6):495-507.

Bennett, E.L., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Bakarr, M., Eves, H.E., Robinson, J.G., and Wilkie, D.S. 2002. Hunting the world's wildlife to extinction. Oryx 36(4):328-329.

Berry, P.M., Dawson, T.P., Harrison, P.A., and Pearson, R.G. 2002. Modelling potential impacts of climate change on the bioclimatic envelope of species in Britain and Ireland. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 11(6):453-462.

Bhuyan, P., Khan, M.L., and Tripathi, R.S. 2002. Regeneration status and population structure of Rudraksh (Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb.) in relation to cultural disturbances in tropical wet evergreen forest of Arunachal Pradesh. Curr. Sci. 83(11):1391-1394.

Biber, E. 2002. Patterns of endemic extinctions among island bird species. Ecography 25(6):661-676.

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Blumstein, D.T., Anthony, L.L., Harcourt, R., and Ross, G. 2003. Testing a key assumption of wildlife buffer zones: is flight initiation distance a species-specific trait? Biol. Conserv. 110(1):97-100.

Bogen, A.D., Bork, E.W., and Willms, W.D. 2002. Rough fescue (Festuca campestris Rydb.) response to heat injury. Can. J. Plant Sci. 82(4):721-729.

Bolduc, F., and Guillemette, M. 2003. Human disturbance and nesting success of Common Eiders: interaction between visitors and gulls. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):77-83.

Bonesi, L., Rushton, S., and Macdonald, D. 2002. The combined effect of environmental factors and neighbouring populations on the distribution and abundance of Aruicola terrestris. An approach using rule-based models. Oikos 99(2):220-230.

Brink, H., Topp-Jørgensen, J.E., Marshall, A.R., and Fanning, E. 2002. First record in 68 years of Lowe's servaline genet. Oryx 36(4):324.

Brown, S.C., Harrington, B.A., Parsons, K.C., and Mallory, E.P. 2002. Waterbird use of northern Atlantic wetlands protected under the North American Wetlands Conservation Act. Waterbirds 25(SP2):106-114.

Budhiraja, R., Basu, A., and Jain, R.K. 2002. Microbial diversity : significance, conservation and application. Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. 25(7-8):189-201.

Bueser, G.L.L., Bueser, K.G., Afan, D.S., Salvador, D.I., Grier, J.W., Kennedy, R.S., and Miranda, H.C. 2003. Distribution and nesting density of the Philippine eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi on Mindanao island, Philippines: What do we know after 100 years? Ibis 145(1):130-135.

Bulger, J.B., Scott, N.J., and Seymour, R.B. 2003. Terrestrial activity and conservation of adult California red-legged frogs Rana aurora draytonii in coastal forests and grasslands. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):85-95.

Burke, A., Esler, K.J., Pienaar, E., and Barnard, P. 2003. Species richness and floristic relationships between mesas and their surroundings in southern African Nama Karoo. Divers. Distrib. 9(1):43-53.

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Bush, M.B., and Whittaker, R.J. 2002. Climate Change and Conservation: special issue. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 11(6):443.

Cabin, R.J., Weller, S.G., Lorence, D.H., Cordell, S., Hadway, L.J., Montgomery, R., Goo, D., and Urakami, A. 2002. Effects of light, alien grass, and native species additions on Hawaiian dry forest restoration. Ecol. Appl. 12(6):1595-1610.

Caro, T.M., and Stoner, C. 2003. The potential for interspecific competition among African carnivores. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):67-75.

Carrette, M., Sánchez-Zapata, J.A., Martínez, J.E., and Calvo, J.F. 2002. Predicting the implications of conservation management: a territorial occupancy model of Bonelli's eagle in Murcia, Spain. Oryx 36(4):349-356.

Catry, P., Barbosa, C., Indjai, B., Almeida, A., Godley, B.J., and Vié, J.C. 2002. First census of the green turtle at Poilão, Bijagós Archipelago, Guinea-Bissau: the most important nesting colony on the Atlantic coast of Africa. Oryx 36(4):400-403.

Ceapa, C., Williot, P., and Bacalbasa-Dobrovici, N. 2002. Present state and perspectives of stellate sturgeon brood fish in the Romanian part of the Danube. Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. 87(5-6):507-513.

Chaumot, A., Charles, S., Flammarion, P., Garric, J., and Auger, P. 2002. Using aggregation methods to assess toxicant effects on population dynamics in spatial systems. Ecol. Appl. 12(6):1771-1784.

Chidumayo, E.N. 2002. Changes in miombo woodland structure under different land tenure and use systems in central Zambia. J. Biogeogr. 29(12):1619-1626.

Collazo, J.A., O'Hara, D.A., and Kelly, C.A. 2002. Accessible habitat for shorebirds: factors influencing its availability and conservation implications. Waterbirds 25(SP2):13-24.

Collinge, S.K., and Palmer, T.M. 2002. The influences of patch shape and boundary contrast on insect response to fragmentation in California grasslands. Landscape Ecol. 17(7):647-656.

Cooper, C.B., Walters, J.R., and Priddy, J. 2002. Landscape patterns and dispersal success: simulated population dynamics in the brown treecreeper. Ecol. Appl. 12(6):1576-1587.

Cope, D.R., Pettifor, R.A., Griffin, L.R., and Rowcliffe, J.M. 2003. Integrating farming and wildlife conservation: the Barnacle Goose Management Scheme. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):113-122.

Correia, E., and Freitas, H. 2002. Drosophyllum lusitanicum, an endangered west Mediterranean endemic carnivorous plant: threats and its ability to control available resources. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140(4):383-390.

Covington, J.S., and Hubert, W.A. 2003. Trout population responses to restoration of stream flows. Environ. Manage. 31(1):135-146.

Cowie, R.H., and Robinson, A.C. 2003. The decline of native Pacific island faunas: changes in status of the land snails of Samoa through the 20th century. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):55-65.

Cram, D.S., Masters, R.E., Guthery, F.S., Engle, D.M., and Montague, W.G. 2002. Northern bobwhite population and habitat response to pine-grassland restoration. J. Wildlife Manag. 66(4):1031-1039.

Crowther, M.S., Spencer, P.B.S., Alpers, D., and Dickman, C.R. 2002. Taxonomic status of the mardo, Antechinus flavipes leucogaster (Marsupialia: Dasyuridae): a morphological, molecular, reproductive and bioclimatic approach. Aust. J. Zool. 50(6):627-647.

Cryer, M., Hartill, B., and O'Shea, S. 2002. Modification of marine benthos by trawling: toward a generalization for the deep ocean? Ecol. Appl. 12(6):1824-1839.

Czech, H.A., and Parsons, K.C. 2002. Agricultural wetlands and waterbirds: a review. Waterbirds 25(SP2):56-65.

Dennis, R.L.H., and Shreeve, T.G. 2003. Gains and losses of French butterflies: tests of predictions, under-recording and regional extinction from data in a new atlas. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):131-139.

Desponts, M., Desrochers, A., Belanger, L., and Huot, J. 2002. Structure of managed and old-growth fir stands in the Laurentian Mountains (Quebec) and diversity of nonvascular plants. Can. J. Forest Res. 32(12):2077-2093.

Diamond, A.R., Woods, M., Hall, J.A., and Martin, B.H. 2002. The vascular flora of the Pike County Pocosin Nature Preserve, Alabama. Southeast. Nat. 1(1):45-54.

Dickson, B.G., and Beier, P. 2002. Home-range and habitat selection by adult cougars in southern California. J. Wildlife Manag. 66(4):1235-1245.

Dogan, M., and Akaydin, G. 2002. A new species of Acantholimon Boiss. (Plumbaginaceae) from Ankara, Turkey. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140(4):443-448.

Donovan, T.M., Beardmore, C.J., Bonter, D.N., Brawn, J.D., Cooper, R.J., Fitzgerald, J.A., Ford, R., Gauthreaux, S.A., George, T.L., Hunter, W.C., Martin, T.E., Price, J., Rosenberg, K.V., Vickery, P.D., Wigley, T.B., and Flight Res Working Grp. 2002. Priority research needs for the conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds. J. Field Ornithol. 73(4):329-339.

Duelli, P., Obrist, M.K., and Fluckiger, P.F. 2002. Forest edges are biodiversity hotspots - also for Neuroptera. Acta Zool. Acad. Sci. Hung. 48:75-87.

Duffy, J.E. 2002. Biodiversity and ecosystem function: the consumer connection. Oikos 99(2):201-219.

Dzhamirzoev, G. 2002. Protection of threatened ducks in Daghestan Republic, Russia. Oryx 36(4):324.

Entwistle, A., Atay, S., Byfield, A., and Oldfield, S. 2002. Alternatives for the bulb trade from Turkey: a case study of indigenous bulb propagation. Oryx 36(4):333-341.

Erwin, R.M. 2002. Integrated management of waterbirds: beyond the conventional. Waterbirds 25(SP2):5-12.

Fa, J.E., Soy, J.P., Capote, R., Martínez, M., Fernández, I., Avila, A., Rodríguez, D., Rodríguez, A., Cejas, F., and Brull, G. 2002. Biodiversity of Sierra del Cristal, Cuba: first insights. Oryx 36(4):389-395.

Fabiszewski, J., and Kwiatkowski, P. 2002. Threatened vascular plants of the Sudeten Mountains. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 71(4):339-350.

Fabricius, C., Palmer, A.R., and Burger, M. 2002. Landscape diversity in a conservation area and commercial and communal rangeland in xeric succulent thicket, South Africa. Landscape Ecol. 17(6):531-537.

Fagan, W.F. 2002. Connectivity, fragmentation, and extinction risk in dendritic metapopulations. Ecology 83(12):3243-3249.

Fagan, W.F., Unmack, P.J., Burgess, C., and Minckley, W.L. 2002. Rarity, fragmentation, and extinction risk in desert fishes. Ecology 83(12):3250-3256.

Fall, O., and Hori, N. 2003. Toward an integrated management plan of the Djoudj Park water resources: Senegal River mouth. Environ. Manage. 31(1):14-28.

Farmer, K.H. 2002. Pan-African sanctuary alliance: status and range of activities for great ape conservation. Am. J. Primatol. 58(3):117-132.

Ferraro, P.J. 2002. The local costs of establishing protected areas in low-income nations: Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. Ecol. Econ. 43(2-3):261-275.

Fisher, S.J., Willis, D.W., Olson, M.M., and Krentz, S.C. 2002. Flathead chubs, Platygobio gracilis, in the upper Missouri River: the biology of a species at risk in an endangered habitat. Can. Field-Natural. 116(1):26-41.

Fletcher, R.J., and Koford, R.R. 2002. Habitat and landscape associations of breeding birds in native and restored grasslands. J. Wildlife Manag. 66(4):1011-1022.

Foster, B.L., Smith, V.H., Dickson, T.L., and Hildebrand, T. 2002. Invasibility and compositional stability in a grassland community: relationships to diversity and extrinsic factors. Oikos 99(2):300-307.

Francis, J., Nilsson, A., and Waruinge, D. 2002. Marine protected areas in the eastern African region: how successful are they? Ambio 31(7-8):503-511.

Fuhlendorf, S.D., Woodward, A.J.W., Leslie, D.M., and Shackford, J.S. 2002. Multi-scale effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on lesser prairie-chicken populations of the US southern Great Plains. Landscape Ecol. 17(7):617-628.

Gergel, S.E., Dixon, M.D., and Turner, M.G. 2002. Consequences of human-altered floods: levees, floods, and floodplain forests along the Wisconsin River. Ecol. Appl. 12(6):1755-1770.

Gossling, S., Hansson, C.B., Horstmeier, O., and Saggel, S. 2002. Ecological footprint analysis as a tool to assess tourism sustainability. Ecol. Econ. 43(2-3):199-211.

Griffith, A.B., and Forseth, I.N. 2002. Primary and secondary seed dispersal of a rare, tidal wetland annual, Aeschynomene virginica. Wetlands 22(4):696-704.

Grove, S.J. 2002. Saproxylic insect ecology and the sustainable management of forests. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 33:1-23.

Haag, W.R., Warren, M.L., Wright, K., and Shaffer, L. 2002. Occurrence of the rayed creekshell, Anodontoides radiatus, in the Mississippi River Basin: implications for conservation and biogeography. Southeast. Nat. 1(2):169-178.

Habron, G. 2003. Role of adaptive management for watershed councils. Environ. Manage. 31(1):29-41.

Halada, L., Gajdos, P., and Suri, M. 2001. Approximation of the European Union legislation in Phare Accession Countries in the field of nature conservation. Ekol. Bratislava 20:15-28.

Hannah, L., Midgley, G.F., and Millar, D. 2002. Climate change-integrated conservation strategies. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 11(6):485-495.

Harding, S.R., and Walters, J.R. 2002. Processes regulating the population dynamics of red-cockaded woodpecker cavities. J. Wildlife Manag. 66(4):1083-1095.

Harris, R.B., and Pletscher, D.H. 2002. Incentives toward conservation of argali Ovis ammon: a case study of trophy hunting in western China. Oryx 36(4):373-381.

Hawkins, B.A., and Porter, E.E. 2003. Does herbivore diversity depend on plant diversity? The case of California butterflies. Am. Nat. 161(1):40-49.

He, F.L., LaFrankie, J.V., and Song, B. 2002. Scale dependence of tree abundance and richness in a tropical rain forest, Malaysia. Landscape Ecol. 17(6):559-568.

Higgins, K.F., Naugle, D.E., and Forman, K.J. 2002. A case study of changing land use practices in the northern Great Plains, USA: an uncertain future for waterbird conservation. Waterbirds 25(SP2):42-50.

Hódar, J.A., Castro, J., and Zamora, R. 2003. Pine processionary caterpillar Thaumetopoea pityocampa as a new threat for relict Mediterranean scots pine forests under climatic warming. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):123-129.

Holbrook, K.M., Smith, T.B., and Hardesty, B.D. 2002. Implications of long-distance movements of frugivorous rain forest hornbills. Ecography 25(6):745-749.

Holmern, T., Røskaft, E., Mbaruka, J., Mkama, S.Y., and Muya, J. 2002. Uneconomical game cropping in a community-based conservation project outside the Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. Oryx 36(4):364-372.

Hooper, E., Condit, R., and Legendre, P. 2002. Responses of 20 native tree species to reforestation strategies for abandoned farmland in Panama. Ecol. Appl. 12(6):1626-1641.

Huner, J.V., Jeske, C.W., and Norling, W. 2002. Managing agricultural wetlands for waterbirds in the coastal regions of Louisiana, USA. Waterbirds 25(SP2):66-78.

Innes, J.L., and Er, K.B.H. 2002. Questionable utility of the frontier forest concept. BioScience 52(12):1095-1109.

Johannes, R.E. 2002. The renaissance of community-based marine resource management in Oceania. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 33:317-340.

Kalivodova, E., and Kurthy, A. 2001. Birds of the protected landscape area Zahorie. Ekol. Bratislava 20:123-127.

Kamdem-Toham, A., Adeleke, A.W., Burgess, N.D., Carroll, R., D'Amico, J., Dinerstein, E., Olson, D.M., and Some, L. 2003. Forest conservation in the Congo Basin. Science 299(5605):346.

Kasprzak, K., and Raszka, B. 2001. A strategy for the protection of living natural resources. Ekol. Bratislava 20:271-288.

Kirschbaum, F., Billard, R., Gessner, J., Wirth, M., and Fischer, L. 2002. Symposium - Caviar Production - Recent Developments & Future Trends in Breeding, Conservation and Product Processing of Sturgeons - preface. Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. 87(5-6):481-482.

Kizlinski, M.L., Orwig, D.A., Cobb, R.C., and Foster, D.R. 2002. Direct and indirect ecosystem consequences of an invasive pest on forests dominated by eastern hemlock. J. Biogeogr. 29(10-11):1489-1503.

Leslie, D.M., and Clark, B.S. 2002. Feeding habits of the endangered Ozark big-eared bat (Corynorhinus townsendii ingens) relative to prey abundance. Acta Chiropterol. 4(2):173-182.

Levin, L.A., and Talley, T.S. 2002. Natural and manipulated sources of heterogeneity controlling early faunal development of a salt marsh. Ecol. Appl. 12(6):1785-1802.

Lindenmayer, D.B., Cunningham, R.B., MacGregor, C., Incoll, R.D., and Michael, D. 2003. A survey design for monitoring the abundance of arboreal marsupials in the Central Highlands of Victoria. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):161-167.

Lindenmayer, D.B., MacGregor, C., and Gibbons, P. 2002. Comment - Economics of a nest-box program for the conservation of an endangered species: a re-appraisal. Can. J. Forest Res. 32(12):2244-2247.

Lindenmayer, D.B., McIntyre, S., and Fischer, J. 2003. Birds in eucalypt and pine forests: landscape alteration and its implications for research models of faunal habitat use. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):45-53.

Lindenmayer, D.B., Possingham, H.P., Lacy, R.C., McCarthy, M.A., and Pope, M.L. 2003. How accurate are population models? Lessons from landscape-scale tests in a fragmented system. Ecol. Lett. 6(1):41-47.

Ling, S., Kümpel, N., and Albrechtsen, L. 2002. No new recipes for bushmeat. Oryx 36(4):330.

Liu, X.H., Skidmore, A.K., Wang, T.J., Yong, Y.G., and Prins, H.H.T. 2002. Giant panda movements in Foping Nature Reserve, China. J. Wildlife Manag. 66(4):1179-1188.

Lõhmus, A. 2003. Do Ural owls (Strix uralensis) suffer from the lack of nest sites in managed forests? Biol. Conserv. 110(1):1-9.

Ludwig, A., Debus, L., and Jenneckens, I. 2002. A molecular approach to control the international trade in black caviar. Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. 87(5-6):661-674.

Lugo, A.E. 2002. Can we manage tropical landscapes? An answer from the Caribbean perspective. Landscape Ecol. 17(7):601-615.

Lumsden, H.G., and Drever, M.C. 2002. Overview of the trumpeter swan reintroduction program in Ontario, 1982-2000. Waterbirds 25(SP1):301-312.

Mac Nally, R., Fleishman, E., Fay, J.P., and Murphy, D.D. 2003. Modelling butterfly species richness using mesoscale environmental variables: model construction and validation for mountain ranges in the Great Basin of western North America. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):21-31.

Mac Nally, R., Horrocks, G., and Pettifer, L. 2002. Experimental evidence for potential beneficial effects of fallen timber in forests. Ecol. Appl. 12(6):1588-1594.

Machnik, A., and Miedzinska, I. 2001. Geodiversity as a base of landscape evaluation and management (case: Slawskie Lakeland). Ekol. Bratislava 20:289-301.

Mansell, M.W. 2002. Monitoring lacewings (Insecta: Neuroptera) in southern Africa. Acta Zool. Acad. Sci. Hung. 48:165-173.

Markus, N., and Blackshaw, J.K. 2002. Behaviour of the black flying fox Pteropus alecto: 1. An ethogram of behaviour, and preliminary characterisation of mother-infant interactions. Acta Chiropterol. 4(2):137-152.

Marsden, S.J., and Pilgrim, J.D. 2003. Factors influencing the abundance of parrots and hornbills in pristine and disturbed forests on New Britain, PNG. Ibis 145(1):45-53.

Matsinos, Y.G., and Troumbis, A.Y. 2001. Conserving biodiversity in a grassland community; implications of a cellular automaton model. Ekol. Bratislava 20:337-346.

May, S.M., Naugle, D.E., and Higgins, K.F. 2002. Effects of land use on nongame wetland birds in western South Dakota stock ponds, USA. Waterbirds 25(SP2):51-55.

McCoy, E.D., and Mushinsky, H.R. 2002. Measuring the success of wildlife community restoration. Ecol. Appl. 12(6):1861-1871.

McGowan, P.J.K., and Garson, P.J. 2002. The Galliformes are highly threatened: should we care? Oryx 36(4):311-312.

Meegan, R.P., and Maehr, D.S. 2002. Landscape conservation and regional planning for the Florida panther. Southeast. Nat. 1(3):217-232.

Menalled, F.D., Lee, J.C., and Landis, D.A. 2001. Herbaceous filter strips in agroecosystems: implications for ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) conservation and invertebrate weed seed predation. Great Lakes Entomol. 34(1):77-91.

Midgley, G.F., Hannah, L., Millar, D., Rutherford, M.C., and Powrie, L.W. 2002. Assessing the vulnerability of species richness to anthropogenic climate change in a biodiversity hotspot. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 11(6):445-451.

Miller, A.L., and Duncan, R.P. 2003. Extrinsic and intrinsic controls on the distribution of the critically endangered cress, Ischnocarpus exilis (Brassicaceae). Biol. Conserv. 110(1):153-160.

Moorhouse, R., Greene, T., Dilks, P., Powlesland, R., Moran, L., Taylor, G., Jones, A., Knegtmans, J., Wills, D., Pryde, M., Fraser, I., August, A., and August, C. 2003. Control of introduced mammalian predators improves kaka Nestor meridionalis breeding success: reversing the decline of a threatened New Zealand parrot. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):33-44.

Morrogh-Bernard, H., Husson, S., Page, S.E., and Rieley, J.O. 2003. Population status of the Bornean orang-utan (Pongo pygmaeus) in the Sebangau peat swamp forest, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):141-152.

Mota, J.F., Pérez-García, F.J., Jiménez, M.L., Amate, J.J., and Peñas, J. 2002. Phytogeographical relationships among high mountain areas in the Baetic Ranges (South Spain). Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 11(6):497-504.

Mucedda, M., Kiefer, A., Pidinchedda, E., and Veith, M. 2002. A new species of long-eared bat (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) from Sardinia (Italy). Acta Chiropterol. 4(2):121-135.

Nekola, J.C. 2003. Large-scale terrestrial gastropod community composition patterns in the Great Lakes region of North America. Divers. Distrib. 9(1):55-72.

Nowak, R.M. 2002. The original status of wolves in eastern North America. Southeast. Nat. 1(2):95-130.

Odum, E.P. 2002. The southeastern region: a biodiversity haven for naturalists and ecologists. Southeast. Nat. 1(1):1-2.

Orczewska, A., and Wilczek, Z. 2001. The nature-landscape complex: a new form of nature and landscape protection in Poland (a case study from the Wapienica Ecological Park in the Silesian Beskids, Western Carpathians). Ekol. Bratislava 20:233-241.

Orwig, D.A. 2002. Ecosystem to regional impacts of introduced pests and pathogens: historical context, questions and issues. J. Biogeogr. 29(10-11):1471-1474.

Orwig, D.A., Foster, D.R., and Mausel, D.L. 2002. Landscape patterns of hemlock decline in New England due to the introduced hemlock woolly adelgid. J. Biogeogr. 29(10-11):1475-1487.

Osmundson, D.B., Ryel, R.J., Lamarra, V.L., and Pitlick, J. 2002. Flow-sediment-biota relations: implications for river regulation effects on native fish abundance. Ecol. Appl. 12(6):1719-1739.

Paillet, F.L. 2002. Chestnut: history and ecology of a transformed species. J. Biogeogr. 29(10-11):1517-1530.

Parris, K.M. 2002. The distribution and habitat requirements of the great barred frog (Mixophyes fasciolatus). Wildlife Res. 29(5):469-474.

Parsons, K.C. 2002. Integrated management of waterbird habitats at impounded wetlands in Delaware Bay, USA. Waterbirds 25(SP2):25-41.

Parsons, K.C., Brown, S.C., Erwin, R.M., and Czech, H.A. 2002. Managing wetlands for waterbirds: integrated approaches. Waterbirds 25(SP2):1-4.

Paszkowski, C.A., Scrimgeour, G., Gingras, B.A., and Kendall, S. 2002. A comparison of techniques for assessing amphibian assemblages on streams in the western boreal forest. Can. Field-Natural. 116(1):116-119.

Peterson, A., Bartish, I.V., and Peterson, J. 2002. Genetic structure detected in a small population of the endangered plant Anthericum liliago (Anthericaceae) by RAPD analysis. Ecography 25(6):677-684.

Peterson, M.N., Peterson, T.R., Peterson, M.J., Lopez, R.R., and Silvy, N.J. 2002. Cultural conflict and the endangered Florida key deer. J. Wildlife Manag. 66(4):947-968.

Phartyal, S.S., Thapliyal, R.C., Koedam, N., and Godefroid, S. 2002. Ex situ conservation of rare and valuable forest tree species through seed-gene bank. Curr. Sci. 83(11):1351-1357.

Piper, R.W., and Compton , S.G. 2003. Subpopulations of Cryptocephalus beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): geographically close but genetically far. Divers. Distrib. 9(1):29-42.

Plotkin, J.B., and Muller-Landau, H.C. 2002. Sampling the species composition of a landscape. Ecology 83(12):3344-3356.

Plotkin, P.T., and Spotila, J.R. 2002. Post-nesting migrations of loggerhead turtles Caretta caretta from Georgia, USA: conservation implications for a genetically distinct subpopulation. Oryx 36(4):396-399.

Pomeroy, D., and Walsh, F. 2002. A European endemic warbler under threat? Population changes in Sylvia warblers on the island of Cyprus. Oryx 36(4):342-348.

Pooler, M.R., Dix, R.L., and Feely, J. 2002. Interspecific hybridizations between the native bittersweet, Celastrus scandens, and the introduced invasive species, C. orbiculatus. Southeast. Nat. 1(1):69-76.

Powledge, F. 2002. A look back at the International Biodiversity Observation Year. BioScience 52(12):1070-1079.

Prieur-Richard, A.H., Lavorel, S., Dos Santos, A., and Grigulis, K. 2002. Mechanisms of resistance of Mediterranean annual communities to invasion by Conyza bonariensis: effects of native functional composition. Oikos 99(2):338-346.

Rahel, F.J. 2002. Homogenization of freshwater faunas. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 33:291-315.

Rajora, O.P., Mosseler, A., and Major, J.E. 2002. Mating system and reproductive fitness traits of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus) in large, central versus small, isolated, marginal populations. Can. J. Bot. 80(11):1173-1184.

Raymakers, C. 2002. International trade in sturgeon and paddlefish species - the effect of CITES listing. Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. 87(5-6):525-537.

Read, A.J., and Brownstein, C.R. 2003. Considering other consumers: fisheries, predators, and Atlantic herring in the Gulf of Maine. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 7(1):2. <>

Ricca, M.A., Anthony, R.G., Jackson, D.H., and Wolfe, S.A. 2002. Survival of Columbian white-tailed deer in western Oregon. J. Wildlife Manag. 66(4):1255-1266.

Riede, K. 2001. Global Register of Migratory Species. Weltregister wandernder Tierarten. Landwirtschaftsverlag. Münster, Germany. 404 pp.

Robinson, J.G., and Bennett, E.L. 2002. Will alleviating poverty solve the bushmeat crisis? Oryx 36(4):332.

Rocamora, G.J., and Richardson, D.S. 2003. Genetic and morphological differentiation between remnant populations of an endangered species: the case of the Seychelles white-eye. Ibis 145(1):E34-E44.

Rouvinen, S., Kuuluvainen, T., and Karjalainen, L. 2002. Coarse woody debris in old Pinus sylvestris dominated forests along a geographic and human impact gradient in boreal Fennoscandia. Can. J. Forest Res. 32(12):2184-2200.

Rowcliffe, M. 2002. Bushmeat and the biology of conservation. Oryx 36(4):331.

Ruckelshaus, M.H., Levin, P., Johnson, J.B., and Kareiva, P.M. 2002. The Pacific salmon wars: what science brings to the challenge of recovering species. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 33:665-706.

Runstrom, A., Bruch, R.M., Reiter, D., and Cox, D. 2002. Lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) on the Menominee Indian Reservation: an effort toward co-management and population restoration. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 18(4-6):481-485.

Satterthwaite, W.H., Menges, E.S., and Quintana-Ascencio, P.F. 2002. Assessing scrub buckwheat population viability in relation to fire using multiple modeling techniques. Ecol. Appl. 12(6):1672-1687.

Schilling, E.M., and Williams, J.D. 2002. Freshwater mussels (Bivalvi: Margaritiferidae and Unionidae) of the lower Duck River in middle Tennessee: a historic and recent review. Southeast. Nat. 1(4):403-414.

Scott, D., Malcolm, J.R., and Lemieux, C. 2002. Climate change and modelled biome representation in Canada's national park system: implications for system planning and park mandates. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 11(6):475-484.

Sergio, F., Pedrini, P., and Marchesi, L. 2003. Reconciling the dichotomy between single species and ecosystem conservation: black kites (Milvus migrans) and eutrophication in pre-Alpine lakes. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):101-111.

Sharma, J., Zettler, L.W., van Sambeek, J.W., Ellersieck, M.R., and Starbuck, C.J. 2003. Symbiotic seed germination and mycorrhizae of federally threatened Platanthera praeclara (Orchidaceae). Am. Midl. Nat. 149(1):104-120.

Sharp, R. 2002. Saiga antelope facing catastrophe. Oryx 36(4):323.

Shea, R.E., Nelson, H.K., Gillette, L.N., King, J.G., and Weaver, D.K. 2002. Restoration of trumpeter swans in North America: a century of progress and challenges. Waterbirds 25(SP1):296-300.

Short, J., Turner, B., and Risbey, D. 2002. Control of feral cats for nature conservation. III. Trapping. Wildlife Res. 29(5):475-487.

Siebert, S.J., Van Wyk, A.E., Bredenkamp, G.J., and Du Plessis, F. 2002. The grasslands and wetlands of the Sekhukhuneland Centre of Plant Endemism, South Africa. Bothalia 32(2):211-231.

Siikamaki, P., Lammi, A., and Mustajarvi, K. 2002. No relationship between fluctuating asymmetry and fitness in Lychnis viscaria. Evol. Ecol. 16(6):567-577.

Sinclair, L.J. 2002. Distribution and conservation requirements of Notoreas sp., an unnamed Geometrid moth on the Taranaki coast, North Island, New Zealand. New Zeal. J. Zool. 29(4):311-322.

Smith, C.T., Nelson, R.J., Pollard, S., Rubidge, E., McKay, S.J., Rodzen, J., May, B., and Koop, B. 2002. Population genetic analysis of white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) in the Fraser River. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 18(4-6):307-312.

Smith, L.W. 2002. A framework of ecosystem processes for evaluating effects of dams on endangered species. Northwest Sci. 76(4):361-366.

Smith, P.P. 2002. The Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. Oryx 36(4):325.

Smith, T.I.J., McCord, J.W., Collins, M.R., and Post, W.C. 2002. Occurrence of stocked shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum in non-target rivers. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 18(4-6):470-474.

Stamp, R.K., Brunton, D.H., and Walter, B. 2002. Artificial nest box use by the North Island saddleback: effects of nest box design and mite infestations on nest site selection and reproductive success. New Zeal. J. Zool. 29(4):285-292.

Stevenson, R.D., Haber, W.A., and Morris, R.A. 2003. Electronic field guides and user communities in the eco-informatics revolution. Conserv. Ecol. [Online] 7(1):3. <>

Stillman, R.A., and Goss-Custard, J.D. 2002. Seasonal changes in the response of oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus to human disturbance. J. Avian Biol. 33(4):358-365.

Stohlgren, T.J., Barnett, D.T., and Kartesz, J.T. 2003. The rich get richer: patterns of plant invasions in the United States. Front. Ecol. Environ. 1(1):11-14.

Straughan, D.J., Burnham-Curtis, M.E., and Fain, S.R. 2002. Experimental search for forensically useful markers in the genus Scaphirhynchus. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 18(4-6):621-628.

Suarez, A.V., Holway, D.A., Liang, D.S., Tsutsui, N.D., and Case, T.J. 2002. Spatiotemporal patterns of intraspecific aggression in the invasive Argentine ant. Anim. Behav. 64:697-708.

Summerville, K.S., and Crist, T.O. 2001. The species richness of Lepidoptera in a fragmented landscape: a supplement to the checklist of moths of Butler County, Ohio. Great Lakes Entomol. 34(1):93-110.

Swengel, A.B., and Swengel, S.R. 2001. A ten-year study of the status and trend of the regal fritillary (Speyeria idalia) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in Wisconsin, USA. Great Lakes Entomol. 34(1):111-128.

Swihart, R.K., Gehring, T.M., Kolozsvary, M.B., and Nupp, T.E. 2003. Responses of 'resistant' vertebrates to habitat loss and fragmentation: the importance of niche breadth and range boundaries. Divers. Distrib. 9(1):1-18.

Takekawa, J.Y., Warnock, N., Martinelli, G.M., Miles, A.K., and Tsao, D.C. 2002. Waterbird use of bayland wetlands in the San Francisco Bay estuary: movements of long-billed dowitchers during the winter. Waterbirds 25(SP2):93-105.

Tallent-Halsell, N.G., and Walker, L.R. 2002. Responses of Salix gooddingii and Tamarix ramosissima to flooding. Wetlands 22(4):776-785.

Taylor, P. 2002. Good news for Liwonde National Park, Malawi. Oryx 36(4):323-324.

Thomas, M.V., and Haas, R.C. 2002. Abundance, age structure, and spatial distribution of lake sturgeon, Acipenser fulvescens, in the St Clair System. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 18(4-6):495-501.

Thrush, S.F., and Dayton, P.K. 2002. Disturbance to marine benthic habitats by trawling and dredging: implications for marine biodiversity. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 33:449-473.

Tingley, M.W., Orwig, D.A., and Field, R. 2002. Avian response to removal of a forest dominant: consequences of hemlock woolly adelgid infestations. J. Biogeogr. 29(10-11):1505-1516.

Tori, G.M., McLeod, S., McKnight, K., Moorman, T., and Reid, F.A. 2002. Wetland conservation and Ducks Unlimited: real world approaches to multispecies management. Waterbirds 25(SP2):115-121.

Travis, J.M.J., and Dytham, C. 2002. Dispersal evolution during invasions. Evol. Ecol. Res. 4(8):1119-1129.

Tuomisto, H., Ruokolainen, K., and Yli-Halla, M. 2003. Dispersal, environment, and floristic variation of western Amazonian forests. Science 299(5604):241-244.

Vandewoestijne, S., and Baguette, M. 2002. The genetic structure of endangered populations in the cranberry fritillary, Boloria aquilonaris (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae): RAPDs vs allozymes. Heredity 89(6):439-445.

Wakibara, J.V., and Mnaya, B.J. 2002. Possible control of Senna spectabilis (Caesalpiniaceae), an invasive tree in Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania. Oryx 36(4):357-363.

Walters, J.R., Daniels, S.J., Carter, J.H., and Doerr, P.D. 2002. Defining quality of red-cockaded woodpecker foraging habitat based on habitat use and fitness. J. Wildlife Manag. 66(4):1064-1082.

Warnock, N., Page, G.W., Ruhlen, T.D., Nur, N., Takekawa, J.Y., and Hanson, J.T. 2002. Management and conservation of San Francisco Bay salt ponds: effects of pond salinity, area, tide, and season on Pacific Flyway waterbirds. Waterbirds 25(SP2):79-92.

Williot, P., Arlat, G., Chebanov, M., Gulyas, T., Kasimov, R., Kirschbaum, F., Patriche, N., Pavlovskaya, L.P., Poliakova, L., Pourkazemi, M., Kim, Y., Zhuang, P., and Zholdasova, I.M. 2002. Conservation and broodstock management. Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. 87(5-6):483-506.

Williot, P., Rouault, T., Brun, R., Pelard, M., and Mercier, D. 2002. Status of caught wild spawners and propagation of the endangered sturgeon Acipenser sturio in France: a synthesis. Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. 87(5-6):515-524.

Wilson, R.J., Ellis, S., Baker, J.S., Lineham, M.E., Whitehead, R.W., and Thomas, C.D. 2002. Large-scale patterns of distribution and persistence at the range margins of a butterfly. Ecology 83(12):3357-3368.

Wirgin, I., Waldman, J., Stabile, J., Lubinski, B., and King, T. 2002. Comparison of mitochondrial DNA control region sequence and microsatellite DNA analyses in estimating population structure and gene flow rates in Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 18(4-6):313-319.

Xi, Y.M., Lu, B.Z., Zhang, Y.M., and Fujihara, N. 2002. Restoration of the crested ibis, Nipponia nippon. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 22(2):193-200.

Yom-Tov, Y. 2003. Poaching of Israeli wildlife by guest workers. Biol. Conserv. 110(1):11-20.

Zöckler, C. 2002. A Comparison between Tundra and Wet Grassland Breeding Waders with Special Reference to the Ruff (Philomachus pugnax). Schriftenreihe für Landschaftspflege und Naturschutz. Landwirtschaftsverlag. Münster, Germany. 116 pp.

Zona, S. 2001. Agave decipiens, endemic to Florida. Haseltonia 8:24-29.

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