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Department ofBotany



No. 221
May 2003


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In This Issue


Inventory of French Guianan Plants Reaches Milestone


The second and last part of the Guide to the Vascular Plants of Central French Guiana, a project of the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement at Cayenne and The New York Botanical Garden, was published in late 2002. This volume includes the 112 families and 1,483 species of Dicotyledons known or suspected to occur in central French Guiana. The volume is illustrated with 326 botanical line illustrations by Bobbi Angell and 128 color plates. The first part, dealing with the ferns (194 species), the single gymnosperm, and the monocots (27 families and 426 species) was published in 1997. This part included 72 color plates and 166 botanical lines illustrations. See <www.nybg.org/bsci/french_guiana/> for additional information about the project.

Readers of the Biological Conservation Newsletter can purchase these books at the author's discount for $105.00 (non-sale price = $150.00) for part 2 and $35.00 (non-sale price = $50.00) for part 1. These prices do not include postage. Contact The New York Botanical Garden Press at nybgpress@nybg.org and mention that you read about this special deal in this newsletter or simply mention this on the order form that you can download from <www.nybg.org/bsci/spub/catl/order3.html>.

Mori, S.A., G. Cremers, C. Gracie, J.-J. de Granville, M. Hoff and J.D. Mitchell. 1997. Guide to the vascular plants of central French Guiana. Part 1. Pteridophytes, gymnosperms, and monocotyledons. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 76: 1-422.

Mori, S.A., G. Cremers, C. Gracie, J.-J. de Granville, S.V. Heald, M. Hoff, and J.D. Mitchell. 2002. Guide to the vascular plants of central French Guiana. Part 2. Dicotyledons. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 76(2): 1-776.


Future Meetings


The Big Thicket is an area of spectacular biodiversity within the West Gulf Coastal Plain where swamps, forests, savannas and sandhills form a rich, complex landscape mosaic. This region provides habitat for numerous rare species, and favors unusual combinations of plants and animals. The Big Thicket Association and The Nature Conservancy are hosting the "Big Thicket Science Conference III: Management and Restoration of West Gulf Coastal Plain," on 9-12 October, 2003 in Beaumont, Texas. The conference topics include ecological processes, inventories and taxonomic treatments, investigations of rare communities, management, environmental monitoring programs, and case studies of partnerships in resource conservation and ecosystem restoration projects. Abstracts pertaining to the conference topics are invited for papers and posters presenting results of scientific investigations or natural resource management applications. Abstracts are due by 15 June 2003. For more information, contact James Barker, Publication Committee Chairperson at 409-839-2689 ext. 225, or E-mail at <james_barker@nps.gov>.


Information Highway Hi-Lites


Florida's Indian River Lagoon (IRL) is recognized as possibly the most biologically diverse estuarine system in the continental United States. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency designated the IRL as an "estuary of national significance" which initiated both local and national efforts to better protect the biodiversity of this rich ecosystem. The Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce manages the Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory Project <http://www.sms.si.edu/IRLSpec/index.htm>, which includes an online database of taxonomic, ecological, and life history information of species in the estuary. The database includes a search engine with helpful tips, species reports, alphabetized species lists, detailed descriptions of IRL habitats, and more. A photo gallery has been recently added, featuring the work of local photographers.

-from The NSDL Scout Report for the Life Sciences
Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2003.
<http://scout.cs.wisc.edu/>

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations presents the biannual report State of the World's Forests 2003 <http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/005/Y7581E/Y7581E00.HTM>. Available as a series of downloadable documents, this comprehensive report addresses recent developments in the forest sector such as agricultural expansion and mangrove conversion, conservation and sustainable development, forestry education, international policy, and other issues.

-from The NSDL Scout Report for the Life Sciences


Current Literature


Allan, B.F., Keesing, F., and Ostfeld, R.S. 2003. Effect of forest fragmentation on Lyme disease risk. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):267-272.

Allendorf, F.W., and Lundquist, L.L. 2003. Introduction: population biology, evolution, and control of invasive species. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):24-30.

Aloo, P.A. 2003. Biological diversity of the Yala Swamp lakes, with special emphasis on fish species composition, in relation to changes in the Lake Victoria Basin (Kenya): threats and conservation measures. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(5):905-920.

Ambrose, L.G., and Wilson, S.D. 2003. Emergence of the introduced grass Agropyron cristatum and the native grass Bouteloua gracilis in a mixed-grass prairie restoration. Restor. Ecol. 11(1):110-115.

Araújo, M.B. 2003. The coincidence of people and biodiversity in Europe. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 12(1):5-12.

Asefa, D.T., Oba, G., Weladji, R.B., and Colman, J.E. 2003. An assessment of restoration of biodiversity in degraded high mountain grazing lands in northern Ethiopia. Land Degrad. Dev. 14(1):25-38.

Beger, M., Jones, G.P., and Munday, P.L. 2003. Conservation of coral reef biodiversity: a comparison of reserve selection procedures for corals and fishes. Biol. Conserv. 111(1):53-62.

Belaoussoff, S., Kevan, P.G., Murphy, S., and Swanton, C. 2003. Assessing tillage disturbance on assemblages of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) by using a range of ecological indices. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(5):851-882.

Berberoglu, S. 2003. Sustainable management for the eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Environ. Manage. 31(3):442-451.

Bertellotti, M., Donázar, J.A., Blanco, G., and Forero, M.G. 2003. Imminent extinction of the guanay cormorant on the Atlantic South American coast: a conservation concern? Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):743-747.

Blaustein, A.R., Romansic, J.M., Kiesecker, J.M., and Hatch, A.C. 2003. Ultraviolet radiation, toxic chemicals and amphibian population declines. Divers. Distrib. 9(2):123-140.

Bonnie, R., and Schwartzman, S. 2003. Tropical reforestation and deforestation and the Kyoto protocol. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):4-5.

Bouton, S.N., and Frederick, P.C. 2003. Stakeholders' perceptions of a wading bird colony as a community resource in the Brazilian Pantanal. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):297-306.

Burke, A. 2002. Are Namibian inselbergs conservation islands? A floral perspective. S. Afr. J. Sci. 98(11-12):560-562.

Cabello, J., Alcaraz, D., Gómez-Mercado, F., Mota, J.F., Navarro, J., Peñas, J., and Giménez, E. 2003. Habitat, occurrence and conservation of Saharo-Arabian-Turanian element Forsskaolea tenacissima L. in the Iberian Peninsula. J. Arid Environ. 53(4):491-500.

Campbell, D.R., Rochefort, L., and Lavoie, C. 2003. Determining the immigration potential of plants colonizing disturbed environments: the case of milled peatlands in Quebec. J. Appl. Ecol. 40(1):78-91.

Carey, C., and Alexander, M.A. 2003. Climate change and amphibian declines: is there a link? Divers. Distrib. 9(2):111-121.

Chornesky, E.A., and Randall, J.M. 2003. The threat of invasive alien species to biological diversity: setting a future course. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 90(1):67-76.

Colli, G.R., Costa, G.C., Garda, A.A., Kopp, K.A., Mesquita, D.O., Peres, A.K., Valdujo, P.H., Vieira, G.H.C., and Wiederhecker, H.C. 2003. A critically endangered new species of Cnemidophorus (Squamata, Teiidae) from a Cerrado enclave in southwestern Amazonia, Brazil. Herpetologica 59(1):76-88.

Collinge, S.K., Prudic, K.L., and Oliver, J.C. 2003. Effects of local habitat characteristics and landscape context on grassland butterfly diversity. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):178-187.

Collins, J.P., and Storfer, A. 2003. Global amphibian declines: sorting the hypotheses. Divers. Distrib. 9(2):89-98.

Copp, G.H., and Roche, K. 2003. Range and diet of Eurasian otters Lutra lutra (L.) in the catchment of the River Lee (south-east England) since re-introduction. Aquat. Conserv. 13(1):65-76.

Cowie, R.H., Rundell, R.J., Mika, F., and Setu, P. 2002. The endangered partulid tree snail Samoana thurstoni (Cooke and Crampton, 1930) on Olosega and the land snail diversity of the Manu'a Islands, American Samoa. Am. Malacol. Bull. 17(1-2):37-43.

Daszak, P., Cunningham, A.A., and Hyatt, A.D. 2003. Infectious disease and amphibian population declines. Divers. Distrib. 9(2):141-150.

Davis, A.L.V., van Aarde, R.J., Scholtz, C.H., and Delport, J.H. 2003. Convergence between dung beetle assemblages of a post-mining vegetational chronosequence and unmined dune forest. Restor. Ecol. 11(1):29-42.

de la Luz, J.L.L., Rebman, J.P., and Oberbauer, T. 2003. On the urgency of conservation on Guadalupe Island, Mexico: is it a lost paradise? Biodivers. Conserv. 12(5):1073-1082.

Denslow, J.S. 2003. Weeds in paradise: thoughts on the invasibility of tropical islands. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 90(1):119-127.

Deutsch, C.J., Reid, J.P., Bonde, R.K., Easton, D.E., Kochman, H.I., and O'Shea, T.J. 2003. Seasonal movements, migratory behavior, and site fidelity of West Indian manatees along the Atlantic coast of the United States. Wildlife Monogr. 151:1-77.

Dick, C.W., Etchelecu, G., and Austerlitz, F. 2003. Pollen dispersal of tropical trees (Dinizia excelsa: Fabaceae) by native insects and African honeybees in pristine and fragmented Amazonian rainforest. Mol. Ecol. 12(3):753-764.

Dold, A.P., and Cocks, M.L. 2002. The trade in medicinal plants in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Sci. 98(11-12):589-597.

Dulloo, M.E., Kell, S.R., and Jones, C.G. 2002. Impact and control of invasive alien species on small islands. Int. For. Rev. 4(4):277-285.

Eggert, C. 2002. Decline of the spadefoot toad (Pelobates fuscus): from population biology to genetic structure. B. Soc. Zool. Fr. 127(3):273-279.

Ellis, D.V. 2003. The concept of "sustainable ecological succession"; and its value in assessing the recovery of sediment seabed biodiversity from environmental impact. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 46(1):39-41.

Fanshawe, S., Vanblaricom, G.R., and Shelly, A.A. 2003. Restored top carnivores as detriments to the performance of marine protected areas intended for fishery sustainability: a case study with red abalones and sea otters. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):273-283.

Fu, C.X., Qiu, Y.X., and Kong, H.H. 2003. RAPD analysis for genetic diversity in Changium smyrnioides (Apiaceae), an endangered plant. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 44(1):13-18.

Fuchs, E.J., Lobo, J.A., and Quesada, M. 2003. Effects of forest fragmentation and flowering phenology on the reproductive success and mating patterns of the tropical dry forest tree Pachira quinata. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):149-157.

Fureder, L., Oberkofler, B., Hanel, R., and Machino, Y. 2002. Freshwater crayfish in South Tyrol (Italy): distribution and protection measures of endangered Austropotamobius pallipes. B. Fr. Peche. Piscic. 367:651-662.

Garbey, C., Thiebaut, G., and Muller, S. 2003. Impact of manual spring harvesting on the regrowth of a spreading aquatic plant: Ranunculus peltatus Schrank. Arch. Hydrobiol. 156(2):271-286.

Gaskin, J.F. 2003. Molecular systematics and the control of invasive plants: a case study of Tamarix (Tamaricaceae). Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 90(1):109-118.

Gaston, K.J. 2003. The how and why of biodiversity. Nature 421(6926):900-901.

Gaston, K.J., and Rodrigues, A.S.L. 2003. Reserve selection in regions with poor biological data. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):188-195.

Geoghegan, T., and Smith, A. 2002. Conservation and sustainable livelihoods: collaborative mangrove management in St. Lucia. Int. For. Rev. 4(4):292-297.

Gomez, S. 2003. Three new species of Enhydrosoma and a new record of Enhydrosoma lacunae (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Cletodidae) from the eastern tropical Pacific. J. Crustracean Biol. 23(1):94-118.

Gordon, J.E., Barrance, A.J., and Schreckenberg, K. 2003. Are rare species useful species? Obstacles to the conservation of tree diversity in the dry forest zone agro-ecosystems of Mesoamerica. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 12(1):13-19.

Grant, C.D., and Loneragan, W.A. 2003. Using dominance-diversity curves to assess completion criteria after bauxite mining rehabilitation in Western Australia. Restor. Ecol. 11(1):103-109.

Greenwood, M.T., and Wood, P.J. 2003. Effects of seasonal variation in salinity on a population of Enochrus bicolor Fabricius 1792 (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae) and implications for other beetles of conservation interest. Aquat. Conserv. 13(1):21-34.

Hailey, A., and Willemsen, R.E. 2003. Changes in the status of tortoise populations in Greece 1984-2001. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(5):991-1011.

Hall, D.L., Bergthold, B.S., and Sites, R.W. 2003. The influence of adjacent land uses on macroinvertebrate communities of prairie streams in Missouri. J. Freshwater Ecol. 18(1):55-68.

Hallingback, T. 2003. Including bryophytes in international conventions - a success story from Europe. J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 93:201-214.

Hamer, K.C., Hill, J.K., Benedick, S., Mustaffa, N., Sherratt, T.N., Maryati, M., and Chey, V.K. 2003. Ecology of butterflies in natural and selectively logged forests of northern Borneo: the importance of habitat heterogeneity. J. Appl. Ecol. 40(1):150-162.

Hammouda, S.K., Heneidy, S.Z., and El-Kady, H.F. 2003. Effect of ploughing on plant species abundance and diversity in the northwestern coastal desert of Egypt. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):749-765.

Hart, R.A., Davis, M., Miller, A.C., and Grier, J.W. 2002. Changes in the freshwater mussel communities of Lake Pepin, Upper Mississippi River, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1990-1997. Am. Malacol. Bull. 17(1-2):109-122.

Heilmann-Clausen, J., and Christensen, M. 2003. Fungal diversity on decaying beech logs - implications for sustainable forestry. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(5):953-973.

Heuberger, K.A., and Putz, F.E. 2003. Fire in the suburbs: ecological impacts of prescribed fire in small remnants of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) sandhill. Restor. Ecol. 11(1):72-81.

Hilton, G.M., Atkinson, P.W., Gray, G.A.L., Arendt, W.J., and Gibbons, D.W. 2003. Rapid decline of the volcanically threatened Montserrat oriole. Biol. Conserv. 111(1):79-89.

Hilty, J., and Merenlender, A.M. 2003. Studying biodiversity on private lands. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):132-137.

Hitchmough, J.D. 2003. Effects of sward height, gap size, and slug grazing on emergence and establishment of Trollius europaeus (globeflower). Restor. Ecol. 11(1):20-28.

Holdich, D., Reynolds, J., and Edsman, L. 2002. Monitoring in conservation and management of indigenous crayfish populations. B. Fr. Peche. Piscic. 367:875-879.

Holdich, D.M. 2002. Distribution of crayfish in Europe and some adjoining countries. B. Fr. Peche. Piscic. 367:611-650.

Horner-Devine, M.C., Daily, G.C., Ehrlich, P.R., and Boggs, C.L. 2003. Countryside biogeography of tropical butterflies. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):168-177.

Hughey, K.F.D., Cullen, R., and Moran, E. 2003. Integrating economics into priority setting and evaluation in conservation management. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):93-103.

Hutchings, P. 2003. Marine invertebrates and their conservation. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 46(2):153-154.

Hypolite, E., Green, G.C., and Burley, J. 2002. Ecotourism: its potential role in forest resource conservation in the Commonwealth of Dominica, West Indies. Int. For. Rev. 4(4):298-303.

Isacch, J.P., Bo, M.S., Maceira, N.O., Demaria, M.R., and Peluc, S. 2003. Composition and seasonal changes of the bird community in the west pampa grasslands of Argentina. J. Field Ornithol. 74(1):59-65.

Jenkins, D.G., Grissom, S., and Miller, K. 2003. Consequences of prairie wetland drainage for crustacean biodiversity and metapopulations. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):158-167.

Jenkins, M., Green, R.E., and Madden, J. 2003. The challenge of measuring global change in wild nature: are things getting better or worse? Conserv. Biol. 17(1):20-23.

Jenkins, R.K.B., Maliti, H.T., and Corti, G.R. 2003. Conservation of the puku antelope (Kobus vardoni, Livingstone) in the Kilombero Valley, Tanzania. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):787-797.

Jenkins, R.K.B., Roettcher, K., and Corti, G. 2003. The influence of stand age on wildlife habitat use in exotic teak tree Tectona grandis plantations. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(5):975-990.

Johnston, B., and Frid, L. 2002. Clearcut logging restricts the movements of terrestrial Pacific giant salamanders (Dicamptodon tenebrosus Good). Can. J. Zool. 80(12):2170-2177.

Jones, M.J., Marsden, S.J., and Linsley, M.D. 2003. Effects of habitat change and geographical variation on the bird communities of two Indonesian islands. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(5):1013-1032.

Kats, L.B., and Ferrer, R.P. 2003. Alien predators and amphibian declines: review of two decades of science and the transition to conservation. Divers. Distrib. 9(2):99-110.

Keller, T., Korn, H., Schmid, H., and Weisser, C.F. 2002. Chances and Limitations of "ex-situ" Conservation of Species and Genetic Diversity on a Global Perspective. Landwirtschaftsverlag. Münster, Germany. 176 pp.

Kershaw, M., and Cranswick, P.A. 2003. Numbers of wintering waterbirds in Great Britain, 1994/1995-1998/1999: I. Wildfowl and selected waterbirds. Biol. Conserv. 111(1):91-104.

Kidane-Mariam, T. 2003. Environmental and habitat management: the case of Ethiopia and Ghana. Environ. Manage. 31(3):313-327.

Kindvall, O., and Gärdenfors, U. 2003. Temporal extrapolation of PVA results in relation to the IUCN Red List criterion E. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):316-321.

Kinnaird, M.F., Sanderson, E.W., O'Brien, T.G., Wibisono, H.T., and Woolmer, G. 2003. Deforestation trends in a tropical landscape and implications for endangered large mammals. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):245-257.

Klavitter, J.L., Marzluff, J.M., and Vekasy, M.S. 2003. Abundance and demography of the Hawaiian hawk: is delisting warranted? J. Wildlife Manag. 67(1):165-176.

Kohira, M., and Ninomiya, I. 2003. Detecting tree populations at risk for forest conservation management: using single-year vs. long-term inventory data. Forest Ecol. Manag. 174(1-3):423-435.

Korb, J.E., Johnson, N.C., and Covington, W.W. 2003. Arbuscular mycorrhizal propagule densities respond rapidly to ponderosa pine restoration treatments. J. Appl. Ecol. 40(1):101-110.

Kozak, P., Duris, Z., and Policar, T. 2002. The stone crayfish Austropotamobius torrentium (Schrank) in the Czech Republic. B. Fr. Peche. Piscic. 367:707-713.

Kriticos, D.J., Sutherst, R.W., Brown, J.R., Adkins, S.W., and Maywald, G.F. 2003. Climate change and the potential distribution of an invasive alien plant: Acacia nilotica ssp. indica in Australia. J. Appl. Ecol. 40(1):111-124.

Lach, L. 2003. Invasive ants: unwanted partners in ant-plant interactions? Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 90(1):91-108.

Ladio, A.H., and Lozada, M. 2003. Comparison of wild edible plant diversity and foraging strategies in two aboriginal communities of northwestern Patagonia. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(5):937-951.

Larned, S.T., Kinzie, R.A., Covich, A.P., and Chong, C.T. 2003. Detritus processing by endemic and non-native Hawaiian stream invertebrates: a microcosm study of species-specific effects. Arch. Hydrobiol. 156(2):241-254.

Leger, E.A., and Rice, K.J. 2003. Invasive California poppies (Eschscholzia californica Cham.) grow larger than native individuals under reduced competition. Ecol. Lett. 6(3):257-264.

Leps, J., Novovotny, V., Cizek, L., Molem, K., Isua, B., Boen, W., Kutil, R., Auga, J., Kasbal, M., Manumbor, M., and Hiuk, S. 2002. Successful invasion of the neotropical species Piper aduncum in rain forests in Papua New Guinea. Appl. Veg. Sci. 5(2):255-262.

Levine, J.M., and D'Antonio, C.M. 2003. Forecasting biological invasions with increasing international trade. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):322-326.

Lewis, P.N., Hewitt, C.L., Riddle, M., and McMinn, A. 2003. Marine introductions in the Southern Ocean: an unrecognised hazard to biodiversity. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 46(2):213-223.

Liber, Z., Nikolic, T., and Mitic, B. 2002. Intra- and interpopulation relationships and taxonomic status of Pinus nigra Arnold in Croatia according to morphology and anatomy of needles. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 71(2):141-147.

Lin, H.J., Shao, K.T., Chiou, W.L., Maa, C.J.W., Hsieh, H.L., Wu, W.L., Severinghaus, L.L., and Wang, Y.T. 2003. Biotic communities of freshwater marshes and mangroves in relation to saltwater incursions: implications for wetland regulation. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):647-665.

Lodge, D.M., and Shrader-Frechette, K. 2003. Nonindigenous species: ecological explanation, environmental ethics, and public policy. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):31-37.

Logan, J.A., Régnière, J., and Powell, J.A. 2003. Assessing the impacts of global warming on forest pest dynamics. Front. Ecol. Environ. 1(3):130-137.

LoGiudice, K. 2003. Trophically transmitted parasites and the conservation of small populations: raccoon roundworm and the imperiled Allegheny woodrat. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):258-266.

López, A., Pierce, G.J., Santos, M.B., Gracia, J., and Guerra, A. 2003. Fishery by-catches of marine mammals in Galician waters: results from on-board observations and an interview survey of fishermen. Biol. Conserv. 111(1):25-40.

Lopez, R.R., Vieira, M.E.P., Silvy, N.J., Frank, P.A., Whisenant, S.W., and Jones, D.A. 2003. Survival, mortality, and life expectancy of Florida Key deer. J. Wildlife Manag. 67(1):34-45.

Lorenzini, R., Lovari, S., and Masseti, M. 2002. The rediscovery of the Italian roe deer: genetic differentiation and management implications. Italian J. Zool. 69(4):367-379.

Losvik, M.H., and Austad, I. 2002. Species introduction through seeds from an old, species-rich hay meadow: effects of management. Appl. Veg. Sci. 5(2):185-194.

Louda, S.M., Arnett, A.E., Rand, T.A., and Russell, F.L. 2003. Invasiveness of some biological control insects and adequacy of their ecological risk assessment and regulation. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):73-82.

Lozano, J., Virgós, E., Malo, A.F., Huertas, D.L., and Casanovas, J.G. 2003. Importance of scrub-pastureland mosaics for wild-living cats occurrence in a Mediterranean area: implications for the conservation of the wildcat (Felis silvestris). Biodivers. Conserv. 12(5):921-935.

Lurz, P.W.W., Geddes, N., Lloyd, A.J., Shirley, M.D.E., Rushton, S.P., and Burlton, B. 2003. Planning a red squirrel conservation area: using a spatially explicit population dynamics model to predict the impact of felling and forest design plans. Forestry 76(1):95-108.

Machon, N., Bardin, P., Mazer, S.J., Moret, J., Godelle, B., and Austerlitz, F. 2003. Relationship between genetic structure and seed and pollen dispersal in the endangered orchid Spiranthes spiralis. New Phytol. 157(3):677-687.

Machordom, A., Araujo, R., Erpenbeck, D., and Ramos, M.A. 2003. Phylogeography and conservation genetics of endangered European Margaritiferidae (Bivalvia: Unionoidea). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 78(2):235-252.

Mack, R.N. 2003. Plant naturalizations and invasions in the eastern United States: 1634-1860. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 90(1):77-90.

MacNeil, C., Bigsby, E., Dick, J.T.A., Hatcher, M.J., and Dunn, A.M. 2003. Differential physico-chemical tolerances and intraguild predation among native and invasive amphipods (Crustacea); a field study. Arch. Hydrobiol. 156(2):165-179.

Maizeret, C., Migot, P., Rosoux, R., Chusseau, J.P., Gatelier, T., Maurin, H., and Fournier-Chambrillon, C. 2002. The distribution of the European mink (Mustela lutreola) in France: towards a short term extinction? Mammalia 66(4):525-532.

Mallet, J., and Willmott, K. 2003. Taxonomy: renaissance or Tower of Babel? TREE 18(2):57-59.

Marjokorpi, A., and Ruokolainen, K. 2003. The role of traditional forest gardens in the conservation of tree species in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):799-822.

Martínez-Solano, I., Bosch, J., and García-París, M. 2003. Demographic trends and community stability in a montane amphibian assemblage. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):238-244.

Mawatari, S.F. 2002. Taxonomy of invertebrates. Towards a better understanding of biodiversity. Zool. Sci. 19(12):1395-1396.

McCullagh, W.H., Williams, J.D., McGregor, S.W., Pierson, J.M., and Lydeard, C. 2002. The unionid (Bivalvia) fauna of the Sipsey River in northwestern Alabama, an aquatic hotspot. Am. Malacol. Bull. 17(1-2):1-15.

McShane, T.O. 2003. The devil in the detail of biodiversity conservation. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):1-3.

Milner-Gulland, E.J., Bukreevea, O.M., Coulson, T., Lushchekina, A.A., Kholodova, M.V., Bekenov, A.B., and Grachev, I.A. 2003. Reproductive collapse in Saiga antelope harems. Nature 422(6928):135.

Moffat, A.J. 2002. The state of British forests at the beginning of the 21st century. Int. For. Rev. 4(3):171-183.

Moore, J.L., Balmford, A., Brooks, T., Burgess, N.D., Hansen, L.A., Rahbek, C., and Williams, P.H. 2003. Performance of sub-saharan vertebrates as indicator groups for identifying priority areas for conservation. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):207-218.

Mora, C., Chittaro, P.M., Sale, P.F., Kritzer, J.P., and Ludsin, S.A. 2003. Patterns and processes in reef fish diversity. Nature 421(6926):933-936.

Mountford, E.P., and Peterken, G.E. 2003. Long-term change and implications for the management of woodpastures: experience over 40 years from Denny Wood, New Forest. Forestry 76(1):19-43.

Neel, M.C., and Cummings, M.P. 2003. Effectiveness of conservation targets in capturing genetic diversity. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):219-229.

Newton, A.C., Davy, L.M., Holden, E., Silverside, A., Watling, R., and Ward, S.D. 2003. Status, distribution and definition of mycologically important grasslands in Scotland. Biol. Conserv. 111(1):11-23.

Niesenbaum, R.A., and Lewis, T. 2003. Ghettoization in conservation biology: how interdisciplinary is our teaching? Conserv. Biol. 17(1):6-10.

Norton, D.A., and de Lange, P.J. 2003. Fire and vegetation in a temperate peat bog: implications for the management of threatened species. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):138-148.

Noti, M.I., André, H.M., Ducarme, X., and Lebrun, P. 2003. Diversity of soil oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida) from High Katanga (Democratic Republic of Congo): a multiscale and multifactor approach. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):767-785.

Nunes, E.D., Benson, E.E., Oltramari, A.C., Araujo, P.S., Moser, J.R., and Viana, A.M. 2003. In vitro conservation of Cedrela fissilis Vellozo (Meliaceae), a native tree of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):837-848.

O'Brien, C.A., and Williams, J.A. 2002. Reproductive biology of four freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionidae) endemic to eastern Gulf Coastal Plain drainages of Alabama, Florida, and Georgia. Am. Malacol. Bull. 17(1-2):147-158.

Olsgard, F., Brattegard, T., and Holthe, T. 2003. Polychaetes as surrogates for marine biodiversity: lower taxonomic resolution and indicator groups. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(5):1033-1049.

Ormerod, S.J. 2003. Restoration in applied ecology: editor's introduction. J. Appl. Ecol. 40(1):44-50.

Paling, E.I., van Keulen, M., Wheeler, K.D., Phillips, J., and Dyhrberg, R. 2003. Influence of spacing on mechanically transplanted seagrass survival in a high wave energy regime. Restor. Ecol. 11(1):56-61.

Pardon, L.G., Brook, B.W., Griffiths, A.D., and Braithwaite, R.W. 2003. Determinants of survival for the northern brown bandicoot under a landscape-scale fire experiment. J. Anim. Ecol. 72(1):106-115.

Parker, I.M., Rodriguez, J., and Loik, M.E. 2003. An evolutionary approach to understanding the biology of invasions: local adaptation and general-purpose genotypes in the weed Verbascum thapsus. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):59-72.

Parnell, J.A.N., Simpson, D.A., Moat, J., Kirkup, D.W., Chantaranothai, P., Boyce, P.C., Bygrave, P., Dransfield, S., Jebb, M.H.P., Macklin, J., Meade, C., Middleton, D.J., Muasya, A.M., Prajaksood, A., Pendry, C.A., Pooma, R., Suddee, S., and Wilkin, P. 2003. Plant collecting spread and densities: their potential impact on biogeographical studies in Thailand. J. Biogeogr. 30(2):193-209.

Parsons, K.N., Jones, G., Davidson-Watts, I., and Greenaway, F. 2003. Swarming of bats at underground sites in Britain - implications for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 111(1):63-70.

Pavlik, B.M. 2003. Plants that protect ecosystems: a survey from California. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):717-729.

Pellens, R., and Grandcolas, P. 2002. Are successful colonizers necessarily invasive species? The case of the so-called "invading parthenogenetic cockroach", Pycnoscelus surinamensis, in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Rev. Ecol.-Terre Vie 57(3-4):253-261.

Petersen, F.T., and Meier, R. 2003. Testing species-richness estimation methods on single-sample collection data using the Danish Diptera. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):667-686.

Petersen, F.T., Meier, R., and Nykjær, M. 2003. Testing species richness estimation methods using museum label data on the Danish Asilidae. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):687-701.

Peterson, G.G., and Neill, C. 2003. Using soil C-13 to detect the historic presence of Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem) grasslands on Martha's Vineyard. Restor. Ecol. 11(1):116-122.

Petryna, L., Moora, M., Nunes, C.O., Cantero, J.J., and Zobel, M. 2002. Are invaders disturbance-limited? Conservation of mountain grasslands in central Argentina. Appl. Veg. Sci. 5(2):195-202.

Petty, S.J., Lurz, P.W.W., and Rushton, S.P. 2003. Predation of red squirrels by northern goshawks in a conifer forest in northern England: can this limit squirrel numbers and create a conservation dilemma's. Biol. Conserv. 111(1):105-114.

Pitois, F., Jigorel, A., and Bertru, G. 2003. Development of cyanobacterial build-up and evolution of river bed morphology in the chalk stream Eaulne (Upper-Normandy, France). Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):621-636.

Pockl, M., and Pekny, R. 2002. Interaction between native and alien species of crayfish in Austria: case studies. B. Fr. Peche. Piscic. 367:763-776.

Pouli, T., Alatimui, T., and Thomson, L. 2002. Conserving the Pacific Islands' unique trees: Terminalia richii and Manilkara samoensis in Samoa. Int. For. Rev. 4(4):286-290.

Puky, M., Reynolds, J., and Grandjean, F. 2002. Education as a key to decapod conservation. B. Fr. Peche. Piscic. 367:911-916.

Pywell, R.F., Bullock, J.M., Roy, D.B., Warman, L.I.Z., Walker, K.J., and Rothery, P. 2003. Plant traits as predictors of performance in ecological restoration. J. Appl. Ecol. 40(1):65-77.

Rappole, J.H., King, D.I., and Rivera, J.H.V. 2003. Coffee and conservation. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):334-336.

Redford, K.H., Coppolillo, P., Sanderson, E.W., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Dinerstein, E., Groves, C., Mace, G., Maginnis, S., Mittermeier, R.A., Noss, R., Olson, D., Robinson, J.G., Vedder, A., and Wright, M. 2003. Mapping the conservation landscape. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):116-131.

Reed, D.H., and Frankham, R. 2003. Correlation between fitness and genetic diversity. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):230-237.

Reichard, S.H., and White, P.S. 2003. Invasion biology: an emerging field of study. Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 90(1):64-66.

Reynolds, J.D., Demers, A., and Marnell, F. 2002. Managing an abundant crayfish resource for conservation - A. pallipes in Ireland. B. Fr. Peche. Piscic. 367:823-832.

Richards, A.E., Shapcott, A., Playford, J., Morrison, B., Critchley, C., and Schmidt, S. 2003. Physiological profiles of restricted endemic plants and their widespread congenors in the North Queensland wet tropics, Australia. Biol. Conserv. 111(1):41-52.

Richardson-Kageler, S.J. 2003. Large mammalian herbivores and woody plant species diversity in Zimbabwe. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):703-715.

Robertson, M.S., and Winemiller, K.O. 2003. Habitat associations of fishes in the Devils River, Texas. J. Freshwater Ecol. 18(1):115-127.

Roff, J.C., Taylor, M.E., and Laughren, J. 2003. Geophysical approaches to the classification, delineation and monitoring of marine habitats and their communities. Aquat. Conserv. 13(1):77-90.

Rogers, D., Roqueplo, C., Bramard, M., and Demers, A. 2002. Management: habitat restoration. B. Fr. Peche. Piscic. 367:923-928.

Romero, A., Hayford, K.T., Romero, A., and Romero, J. 2002. The marine mammals of Grenada, WI, and their conservation status. Mammalia 66(4):479-494.

Root, K.V., Akçakaya, H.R., and Ginzburg, L. 2003. A multispecies approach to ecological valuation and conservation. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):196-206.

Ross, R.M., Bennett, R.M., Snyder, C.D., Young, J.A., Smith, D.R., and Lemarie, D.P. 2003. Influence of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis L.) on fish community structure and function in headwater streams of the Delaware River basin. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 12(1):60-65.

Roy, K., Collins, A.G., Becker, B.J., Begovic, E., and Engle, J.M. 2003. Anthropogenic impacts and historical decline in body size of rocky intertidal gastropods in southern California. Ecol. Lett. 6(3):205-211.

Rufaut, C.G., and Gibbs, G.W. 2003. Response of a tree weta population (Hemideina crassidens) after eradication of the Polynesian rat from a New Zealand island. Restor. Ecol. 11(1):13-19.

Salvidio, S., Mori, M., Lattes, A., Galli, L., and Arillo, A. 2002. The freshwater crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes (Lereboullet, 1858) in Liguria, NW Italy: implications for management at the regional level. B. Fr. Peche. Piscic. 367:663-670.

Sánchez-Zapata, J.A., Carrete, M., Gravilov, A., Sklyarenko, S., Ceballos, O., Donázar, J.A., and Hiraldo, F. 2003. Land use changes and raptor conservation in steppe habitats of Eastern Kazakhstan. Biol. Conserv. 111(1):71-77.

Scheiman, D.M., Bollinger, E.K., and Johnson, D.H. 2003. Effects of leafy spurge infestation on grassland birds. J. Wildlife Manag. 67(1):115-121.

Schmid, J.R., Bolten, A.B., Bjorndal, K.A., Lindberg, W.J., Percival, H.F., and Zwick, P.D. 2003. Home range and habitat use by Kemp's ridley turtles in west-central Florida. J. Wildlife Manag. 67(1):196-206.

Schulz, H.K., Smietana, P., and Schulz, R. 2002. Crayfish occurrence in relation to land-use properties: implementation of a geographic information system (GIS). B. Fr. Peche. Piscic. 367:861-872.

Schulz, R., Stucki, T., and Souty-Grosset, C. 2002. Management: reintroductions and restocking. B. Fr. Peche. Piscic. 367:917-922.

Scott, M.L., Skagen, S.K., and Merigliano, M.F. 2003. Relating geomorphic change and grazing to avian communities in riparian forests. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):284-296.

Scott, R.J., Noakes, D.L.G., Beamish, F.W.H., and Carl, L.M. 2003. Chinook salmon impede Atlantic salmon conservation in Lake Ontario. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 12(1):66-73.

Seabloom, E.W., and Van der Valk, A.G. 2003. The development of vegetative zonation patterns in restored prairie pothole wetlands. J. Appl. Ecol. 40(1):92-100.

Sibley, P.J., Brickland, J.H., and Bywater, J.A. 2002. Monitoring the distribution of crayfish in England and Wales. B. Fr. Peche. Piscic. 367:833-844.

Simberloff, D. 2003. How much information on population biology is needed to manage introduced species? Conserv. Biol. 17(1):83-92.

Slocum, M.G., Platt, W.J., and Cooley, H.C. 2003. Effects of differences in prescribed fire regimes on patchiness and intensity of fires in subtropical savannas of Everglades National Park, Florida. Restor. Ecol. 11(1):91-102.

Smith, R.S., Shiel, R.S., Bardgett, R.D., Millward, D., Corkhill, P., Rolph, G., Hobbs, P.J., and Peacock, S. 2003. Soil microbial community, fertility, vegetation and diversity as targets in the restoration management of a meadow grassland. J. Appl. Ecol. 40(1):51-64.

Soong, K., and Chen, T.A. 2003. Coral transplantation: regeneration and growth of Acropora fragments in a nursery. Restor. Ecol. 11(1):62-71.

Stevens, C.E., Gabor, T.S., and Diamond, A.W. 2003. Use of restored small wetlands by breeding waterfowl in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Restor. Ecol. 11(1):3-12.

Stier, S.C., and Siebert, S.F. 2003. Tropical reforestation and deforestation and the Kyoto protocol. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):5.

Stockwell, C.A., Hendry, A.P., and Kinnison, M.T. 2003. Contemporary evolution meets conservation biology. TREE 18(2):94-101.

Storfer, A. 2003. Amphibian declines: future directions. Divers. Distrib. 9(2):151-163.

Sumbul, H., Gokturk, R.S., and Dusen, O.D. 2003. A new endemic species of Helichrysum Gaertn. (Asteraceae-Inuleae) from south Anatolia. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 141(2):251-254.

Sverdrup-Thygeson, A., and Lindenmayer, D.B. 2003. Ecological continuity and assumed indicator fungi in boreal forest: the importance of the landscape matrix. Forest Ecol. Manag. 174(1-3):353-363.

Swarthout, E.C.H., and Steidl, R.J. 2003. Experimental effects of hiking on breeding Mexican spotted owls. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):307-315.

Tautz, D., Arctander, P., Minelli, A., Thomas, R.H., and Vogler, A.P. 2003. A plea for DNA taxonomy. TREE 18(2):70-74.

Teo, D.H.L., Tan, H.T.W., Corlett, R.T., Wong, C.M., and Lum, S.K.Y. 2003. Continental rain forest fragments in Singapore resist invasion by exotic plants. J. Biogeogr. 30(2):305-310.

Thaman, R.R. 2002. Trees outside forests as a foundation for sustainable development in the small island developing states of the Pacific Ocean. Int. For. Rev. 4(4):268-276.

Tompkins, D.M., White, A.R., and Boots, M. 2003. Ecological replacement of native red squirrels by invasive greys driven by disease. Ecol. Lett. 6(3):189-196.

Townsend, C.R. 2003. Individual, population, community, and ecosystem consequences of a fish invader in New Zealand streams. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):38-47.

Trolle, M. 2003. Mammal survey in the southeastern Pantanal, Brazil. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):823-836.

Tsutsui, N.D., and Suarez, A.V. 2003. The colony structure and population biology of invasive ants. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):48-58.

Tweed, E.J., Foster, J.T., Woodworth, B.L., Oesterle, P., Kuehler, C., Lieberman, A.A., Powers, A.T., Whitaker, K., Monahan, W.B., Kellerman, J., and Telfer, T. 2003. Survival, dispersal, and home-range establishment of reintroduced captive-bred puaiohi, Myadestes palmeri. Biol. Conserv. 111(1):1-9.

Van den Bussche, R.A., Hoofer, S.R., Wiedenfeld, D.A., Wolfe, D.H., and Sherrod, S.K. 2003. Genetic variation within and among fragmented populations of lesser prairie-chickens (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus). Mol. Ecol. 12(3):675-683.

van der Heijden, M.G.A., Wiemken, A., and Sanders, I.R. 2003. Different arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi alter coexistence and resource distribution between co-occurring plant. New Phytol. 157(3):569-578.

van Keulen, M., Paling, E.I., and Walker, C.J. 2003. Effect of planting unit size and sediment stabilization on seagrass transplants in Western Australia. Restor. Ecol. 11(1):50-55.

Vanderklift, M.A., and Jacoby, C.A. 2003. Patterns in fish assemblages 25 years after major seagrass loss. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 247:225-235.

Vaughan, N., Lucas, E.A., Harris, S., and White, P.C.L. 2003. Habitat associations of European hares Lepus europaeus in England and Wales: implications for farmland management. J. Appl. Ecol. 40(1):163-175.

Veach, R., Lee, D., and Philippi, T. 2003. Human disturbance and forest diversity in the Tansa Valley, India. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(5):1051-1072.

Vecrin, M.P., van Diggelen, R., Grevilliot, F., and Muller, S. 2002. Restoration of species-rich flood-plain meadows from abandoned arable fields in NE France. Appl. Veg. Sci. 5(2):263-270.

Vernesi, C., Crestanello, B., Pecchioli, E., Tartari, D., Caramelli, D., Hauffe, H., and Bertorelle, G. 2003. The genetic impact of demographic decline and reintroduction in the wild boar (Sus scrofa): a microsatellite analysis. Mol. Ecol. 12(3):585-595.

Vigneux, E., Thibault, M., Marnell, F., and Souty-Grosset, C. 2002. National legislation, EU directives and conservation. B. Fr. Peche. Piscic. 367:887-898.

Vincent, T., and Brancotte, V. 2002. Present distribution and spreading modes of Corbicula spp. in France. B. Soc. Zool. Fr. 127(3):241-252.

Vittoz, P., and Hainard, P. 2002. Impact of free-range pigs on mountain pastures in the Swiss Jura. Appl. Veg. Sci. 5(2):247-254.

Wallace, R.L. 2003. Social influences on conservation: lessons from US recovery programs for marine mammals. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):104-115.

Wang, H.G., Owen, R.D., Sánchez-Hernández, C., and Romero-Almaraz, M.D. 2003. Ecological characterization of bat species distributions in Michoacán, México, using a geographic information system. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 12(1):65-85.

Weiermans, J., and van Aarde, R.J. 2003. Roads as ecological edges for rehabilitating coastal dune assemblages in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Restor. Ecol. 11(1):43-49.

Weltzin, J.F., Belote, R.T., and Sanders, N.J. 2003. Biological invaders in a greenhouse world: will elevated CO2 fuel plant invasions. Front. Ecol. Environ. 1(3):146-153.

Western, D. 2003. Conservation science in Africa and the role of international collaboration. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):11-19.

Westphal, M.I., and Possingham, H.P. 2003. Applying a decision-theory framework to landscape planning for biodiversity: follow-up to watson et al. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):327-329.

Whitaker, D.M. 2003. The use of full-time volunteers and interns by natural-resource professionals. Conserv. Biol. 17(1):330-333.

Wilkie, M.L., Eckelmann, C.M., Laverdière, M., and Mathias, A. 2002. Forests and forestry in small island developing states. Int. For. Rev. 4(4):257-267.

Wilson, E.O. 2003. The encyclopedia of life. TREE 18(2):77-80.

Wolf, J., Johnson, N.C., Rowland, D.L., and Reich, P.B. 2003. Elevated CO2 and plant species richness impact arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spore communities. New Phytol. 157(3):579-588.

Wright, J.M., and Chambers, J.C. 2002. Restoring riparian meadows currently dominated by Artemisa using alternative state concepts - above-ground vegetation response. Appl. Veg. Sci. 5(2):237-246.

Wrobleski, D.W., and Kauffman, J.B. 2003. Initial effects of prescribed fire on morphology, abundance, and phenology of forbs in big sagebrush communities in southeastern Oregon. Restor. Ecol. 11(1):82-90.

Wunder, M.B., and Knopf, F.L. 2003. The Imperial Valley of California is critical to wintering mountain plovers. J. Field Ornithol. 74(1):74-80.

Xu, C.Y., Zhang, W.J., Fu, C.Z., and Lu, B.R. 2003. Genetic diversity of alligator weed in China by RAPD analysis. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):637-645.

Yang, X., and Xu, M. 2003. Biodiversity conservation in Changbai Mountain Biosphere Reserve, northeastern China: status, problem, and strategy. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(5):883-903.

Yanoviak, S.P., Nadkarni, N.M., and Gering, J.C. 2003. Arthropods in epiphytes: a diversity component that is not effectively sampled by canopy fogging. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(4):731-741.

Zerbe, S., Maurer, U., Schmitz, S., and Sukopp, H. 2003. Biodiversity in Berlin and its potential for nature conservation. Landscape Urban Plan. 62(3):139-148.

Zhang, X., Wang, D., Liu, R., Wei, Z., Hua, Y., Wang, Y., Chen, Z., and Wang, L. 2003. The Yangtze River dolphin or baiji (Lipotes vexillifer): population status and conservation issues in the Yangtze River, China. Aquat. Conserv. 13(1):51-64.


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