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Department ofBotany

No. 224
August 2003

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In This Issue

The Environmental Leadership Program Seeks Fellowship Applicants

The Environmental Leadership Program (ELP) seeks to transform public understanding of environmental issues by training and supporting a diverse network of emerging leaders. The ELP Fellowship is a national program designed to build the leadership capacity of the environmental field's most promising emerging professionals from the United States and US Territories. The fellowship is designed to provide training, project support, and a peer network to approximately twenty talented and diverse individuals each year from all sectors of the environmental field, including the nonprofit, business, government, and higher education sectors.

The two-year fellowship offers networking opportunities, intensive leadership and skills training, project seed money, support, and time for personal and professional reflection. Fellows join a community of diverse emerging leaders, and have the opportunity to meet established environmental practitioners and experts in the field. Fellows receive travel and accommodations for fellowship retreats; access to funding for leadership-building projects; and national recognition through the program.

Applicants must commit to participating in four five-day retreats over two years. In addition, each fellow has the opportunity to conduct a leadership-building project of their design with support from the ELP Activity Fund. In their first year, fellows are given the opportunity to request grants from the fund, which provides up to $10,000 per participant to support leadership-building activities through individual and collaborative projects. While fellows must participate in fellowship activities throughout the year and complete periodic assignments, they are expected to continue their professional jobs or studies.

ELP promotes diversity of race and ethnicity, gender, sector, professional background, values and traditions, and issue expertise in the environmental field. Applicants should be relatively new to the environmental field with approximately three to ten years of professional experience or post-undergraduate academic studies. Demonstrated talent as a practitioner or scholar is a prerequisite. Applicants must be residents of the United States or US territories.

The deadline to apply for the fellowship is 1 October 2003. Visit the ELP Web site <> for application procedures.

Future Meetings

The National Oceanographic Committee of Cuba announces that Marcuba'2003, the 6th Congress on Marine Sciences, will be held in Havana, Cuba, on 1-5 December 2003. The theme for Marcuba'2003 is "The Sea and Coasts: Fundamental Elements in Social Development." The meeting will bring together scientists and managers involved in marine sciences, services and technologies as well as educators, economists, policy-makers and those interested in promoting and integrating marine scientific research to sustainable development. Abstracts for presentations are being accepted until 31 August 2003. The working languages at the meeting will be Spanish and English. Information requests may be addressed to the Organizing Committee, 6th Marine Sciences Congress, National Oceanographic Committee, Playa, Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba; Tel: (537) 209-89-66; Fax: (537) 24 99 87; E-mail:; Web page: <>.

New Publications

"Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature" by David Suzuki and Amanda McConnell, with Maria DeCambra, is a beautifully rendered exploration of the connection between humans and life on Earth. The book contains over 150 spectacular photographs and reproductions of artwork, as well as stunning electron micrographs and satellite images. Suzuki's bold and inspiring text is drawn from his life as a scientist, environmentalist, writer, and thinker. To expand upon the text and visuals are quotations from literature and poetry, retellings of myths, and lines from songs and psalms. The result is a rich and uplifting expression of the sacred balance of life. Available September 2003, from Greystone Books <> for US$30.00; ISBN: 1-55054-966-9.

The litany of environmental bad news - rapid extinction of species, pollution, depleted food sources - can be overwhelming, but there's hope too. In "Good News for a Change: How Everyday People Are Helping the Planet," authors David Suzuki and Holly Dressel show that thousands of individuals, groups, and businesses are already changing their ways. They highlight the growing number of profitable companies with a positive presence in their communities, activists and Third World villages practicing true participatory democracy - even some governments basing economic development on an eco-friendly model. The technologies needed to make a better world, say the authors, are already within reach. This practical, inspiring guide to saving the planet is based on the true stories of ordinary people who are doing it every day. Available September 2003, from Greystone Books <> for US$16.95; ISBN: 1-55054-926-x.

Current Literature

Alexander, J.M., and D'Antonio, C.M. 2003. Seed bank dynamics of French broom in coastal California grasslands: effects of stand age and prescribed burning on control and restoration. Restor. Ecol. 11(2):185-197.

Alsos, I.G., Engelskjon, T., and Brochmann, C. 2002. Conservation genetics and population history of Betula nana, Vaccinium uliginosum, and Campanula rotundifolia in the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard. Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res. 34(4):408-418.

Andreone, F., and Luiselli, L.M. 2003. Conservation priorities and potential threats influencing the hyper-diverse amphibians of Madagascar. Italian J. Zool. 70(1):53-63.

Armitage, D.R. 2003. Traditional agroecological knowledge, adaptive management and the socio-politics of conservation in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Environ. Conserv. 30(1):79-90.

Arnett, E.B. 2003. Advancing science and partnerships for the conservation of bats and their habitats. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 31(1):2-5.

Arnett, E.B., and Haufler, J.B. 2003. A customer-based framework for funding priority research on bats and their habitats. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 31(1):98-103.

Arunachalam, A., and Pandey, H.N. 2003. Ecosystem restoration of jhum fallows in northeast India: microbial C and N along altitudinal and successional gradients. Restor. Ecol. 11(2):168-173.

Beckmann, J.P., and Berger, J. 2003. Using black bears to test ideal-free distribution models experimentally. J. Mammal. 84(2):594-606.

Beier, P. 2003. Adaptive management and SCB's evaluation of species recovery plans. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):653-655.

Bellinger, M.R., Johnson, J.A., Toepfer, J., and Dunn, P. 2003. Loss of genetic variation in greater prairie chickens following a population bottleneck in Wisconsin, USA. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):717-724.

Belthoff, J.R., and Smith, B.W. 2003. Patterns of artificial burrow occupancy and reuse by burrowing owls in Idaho. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 31(1):138-144.

Benedict, N.G., Oyler-McCance, S.J., Taylor, S.E., Braun, C.E., and Quinn, T.W. 2003. Evaluation of the eastern (Centrocercus urophasianus urophasianus) and western (Centrocercus urophasianus phaios) subspecies of sage-grouse using mitochondrial control-region sequence data. Conserv. Genet. 4(3):301-310.

Bennett, S.J., and Bullitta, S. 2003. Ecogeographical analysis of the distribution of six Trifolium species in Sardinia. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1455-1466.

Berry, O., Gleeson, D.M., and Sarre, S.D. 2003. Microsatellite DNA markers for New Zealand skinks. Conserv. Genet. 4(3):411-414.

Bessa-Gomes, C., Danek-Gontard, M., Cassey, P., Møller, A.P., Legendre, S., and Clobert, J. 2003. Mating behaviour influences extinction risk: insights from demographic modelling and comparative analysis of avian extinction risk. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 40(2):231-245.

Bhattacharya, A., and Sarkar, S.K. 2003. Impact of overexploitation of shellfish: northeastern coast of India. Ambio 32(1):70-75.

Bieringer, G., and Zulka, K.P. 2003. Shading out species richness: edge effect of a pine plantation on the Orthoptera (Tettigoniidae and Acrididae) assemblage of an adjacent dry grassland. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1481-1495.

Birchenough, A.C., Douglas, G.W., and Evans, S.M. 2003. Assessing the distribution of estrildid finches on Vanuatu using local knowledge. Bird Conserv. Int. 13(1):29-44.

Bisson, P.A., Rieman, B.E., Luce, C., Hessburg, P.F., Lee, D.C., Kershner, J.L., Reeves, G.H., and Gresswell, R.E. 2003. Fire and aquatic ecosystems of the western USA: current knowledge and key questions. Forest Ecol. Manag. 178(1-2):213-229.

Boersen, M.R., Clark, J.D., and King, T.L. 2003. Estimating black bear population density and genetic diversity at Tensas River, Louisiana using microsatellite DNA markers. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 31(1):197-207.

Brashares, J.S. 2003. Ecological, behavioral, and life-history correlates of mammal extinctions in West Africa. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):733-743.

Bray, D.B., Merino-Pérez, L., Negreros-Castillo, P., Segura-Warnholtz, G., Torres-Rojo, J.M., and Vester, H.F.M. 2003. Mexico's community-managed forests as a global model for sustainable landscapes. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):672-677.

Brewer, C. 2003. Computers in the classroom: how information technology can improve conservation education. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):657-660.

Brühl, C.A., Eltz, T., and Linsenmair, K.E. 2003. Size does matter - effects of tropical rainforest fragmentation on the leaf litter ant community in Sabah, Malaysia. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1371-1389.

Buckley, Y.M., Briese, D.T., and Rees, M. 2003. Demography and management of the invasive plant species Hypericum perforatum. II. Construction and use of an individual-based model to predict population dynamics and the effects of management strategies. J. Appl. Ecol. 40(3):494-507.

Buckley, Y.M., and Kelly, C.K. 2003. Comparison of population structures and ecology of a congeneric pair of common and rare neotropical tree species. Plant Ecol. 167(1):45-56.

Burnside, N.G., Smith, R.F., and Waite, S. 2003. Recent historical land use change on the South Downs, United Kingdom. Environ. Conserv. 30(1):52-60.

Carey, A.B. 2003. Biocomplexity and restoration of biodiversity in temperate coniferous forest: inducing spatial heterogeneity with variable-density thinning. Forestry 76(2):127-136.

Carey, A.B. 2003. Restoration of landscape function: reserves or active management? Forestry 76(2):221-230.

Catling, P.M., and Sinclair, A. 2002. Initial beneficial effects of fire and bulldozing on neglected milkvetch, Astragalus neglectus, in an eastern Ontario alvar woodland. Can. Field-Natural. 116(4):640-642.

Chaves-Campos, J., Arevalo, J.E., and Araya, M. 2003. Altitudinal movements and conservation of bare-necked umbrellabird Cephalopterus glabricollis of the Tilaran Mountains, Costa Rica. Bird Conserv. Int. 13(1):45-58.

Clark, J.A., Hoekstra, J.M., Boersma, P.D., and Kareiva, P. 2003. Adaptive management and SCB's evaluation of species recovery plans. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):655.

Clarke, A., and Harris, C.M. 2003. Polar marine ecosystems: major threats and future change. Environ. Conserv. 30(1):1-25.

Cleary, D.F.R. 2003. An examination of scale of assessment, logging and ENSO-induced fires on butterfly diversity in Borneo. Oecologia 135(2):313-321.

Courtois, R., Bernatchez, L., Ouellet, J.P., and Breton, L. 2003. Significance of caribou (Rangifer tarandus) ecotypes from a molecular genetics viewpoint. Conserv. Genet. 4(3):393-404.

Czarnoleski, M., Kozlowski, J., Stanczykowska, A., and Lewandowski, K. 2003. Optimal resource allocation explains growth curve diversity in zebra mussels. Evol. Ecol. Res. 5(4):571-587.

Dávalos, L.M., Sears, R.R., Raygorodetsky, G., Simmons, B.L., Cross, H., Grant, T., Barnes, T., Putzel, L., and Porzecanski, A.L. 2003. Regulating access to genetic resources under the Convention on Biological Diversity: an analysis of selected case studies. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1511-1524.

Davey, M.L., O'Brien, L., Ling, N., and Gleeson, D.M. 2003. Population genetic structure of the Canterbury mudfish (Neochanna burrowsius): biogeography and conservation implications. New Zeal. J. Mar. Fresh. 37(1):13-21.

Davis, A.P., and Rakotonasolo, F. 2003. New species of Coffea L. (Rubiaceae) from Madagascar. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142(1):111-118.

Davis, M.A. 2003. Biotic globalization: does competition from introduced species threaten biodiversity? BioScience 53(5):481-489.

de Lange, P.J., Heenan, P.B., and Dawson, M.I. 2003. A new species of Leucopogon (Ericaceae) from the Surville Cliffs, North Cape, New Zealand. New Zeal. J. Bot. 41(1):13-21.

Degreef, J., Rocha, O.J., Vanderborght, T., and Baudoin, J.P. 2002. Soil seed bank and seed dormancy in wild populations of lima bean (Fabaceae): considerations for in situ and ex situ conservation. Am. J. Bot. 89(10):1644-1650.

Deredec, A., and Courchamp, F. 2003. Extinction thresholds in host-parasite dynamics. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 40(2):115-130.

Devy, M.S., and Davidar, P. 2003. Pollination systems of trees in Kakachi, a mid-elevation wet evergreen forest in Western Ghats, India. Am. J. Bot. 90(4):650-657.

Doherty, P.F., Boulinier, T., and Nichols, J.D. 2003. Local extinction and turnover rates at the edge and interior of species' ranges. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 40(2):145-153.

Donald, P.F., De Ponte, M., Groz, M.J.P., and Taylor, R. 2003. Status, ecology, behaviour and conservation of Raso lark Alauda razae. Bird Conserv. Int. 13(1):13-28.

Doremus, H., and Pagel, J.E. 2003. Delisting of species under the ESA. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):652-653.

Dosmann, M., and Del Tredici, P. 2003. Plant introduction, distribution, and survival: a case study of the 1980 Sino-American Botanical Expedition. BioScience 53(6):588-597.

Duncan, R.S., and Chapman, C.A. 2003. Tree-shrub interactions during early secondary forest succession in Uganda. Restor. Ecol. 11(2):198-207.

Dunham, J.B., Young, M.K., Gresswell, R.E., and Rieman, B.E. 2003. Effects of fire on fish populations: landscape perspectives on persistence of native fishes and nonnative fish invasions. Forest Ecol. Manag. 178(1-2):183-196.

Dwire, K.A., and Kauffman, J.B. 2003. Fire and riparian ecosystems in landscapes of the western USA. Forest Ecol. Manag. 178(1-2):61-74.

Ebersole, J.J. 2002. Recovery of alpine vegetation on small, denuded plots, Niwot Ridge, Colorado, USA. Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res. 34(4):389-397.

Edmands, S., and Timmerman, C.C. 2003. Modeling factors affecting the severity of outbreeding depression. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):883-892.

Eggert, L.S., Eggert, J.A., and Woodruff, D.S. 2003. Estimating population sizes for elusive animals: the forest elephants of Kakum National Park, Ghana. Mol. Ecol. 12(6):1389-1402.

Ernest, H.B., Boyce, W.M., Bleich, V.C., May, B., Stiver, S.J., and Torres, S.G. 2003. Genetic structure of mountain lion (Puma concolor) populations in California. Conserv. Genet. 4(3):353-366.

Fa, J.E., Currie, D., and Meeuwig, J. 2003. Bushmeat and food security in the Congo Basin: linkages between wildlife and people's future. Environ. Conserv. 30(1):71-78.

Fairgrieve, C., and Muhumuza, G. 2003. Feeding ecology and dietary differences between blue monkey (Cercopithecus mitis stuhlmanni Matschie) groups in logged and unlogged forest, Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. Afr. J. Ecol. 41(2):141-149.

Fenton, M.B. 2003. Science and the conservation of bats: where to next? Wildlife Soc. Bull. 31(1):6-15.

Ferguson, B.G., Vandermeer, J., Morales, H., and Griffith, D.M. 2003. Post-agricultural succession in El Petén, Guatemala. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):818-828.

Finney, S.K., Harris, M.P., Keller, L.F., Elston, D.A., Monaghan, P., and Wanless, S. 2003. Reducing the density of breeding gulls influences the pattern of recruitment of immature Atlantic puffins Fratercula arctica to a breeding colony. J. Appl. Ecol. 40(3):545-552.

Fischer, M., Hock, M., and Paschke, M. 2003. Low genetic variation reduces cross-compatibility and offspring fitness in populations of a narrow endemic plant with a self-incompatibility system. Conserv. Genet. 4(3):325-336.

Fleishman, E., Mac Nally, R., and Fay, J.P. 2003. Validation tests of predictive models of butterfly occurrence based on environmental variables. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):806-817.

Forman, J., and Kesseli, R.V. 2003. Sexual reproduction in the invasive species Fallopia japonica (Polygonaceae). Am. J. Bot. 90(4):586-592.

Fredericksen, T.S., and Putz, F.E. 2003. Silvicultural intensification for tropical forest conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1445-1453.

Gaggiotti, O.E. 2003. Genetic threats to population persistence. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 40(2):155-168.

Galina-Tessaro, P., Castellanos-Vera, A., Troyo, E., Arnaud, G., and Ortega-Rubio, A. 2003. Lizard assemblages in the Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve, Mexico. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1321-1334.

Garant, D., Fleming, I.A., Einum, S., and Bernatchez, L. 2003. Alternative male life-history tactics as potential vehicles for speeding introgression of farm salmon traits into wild populations. Ecol. Lett. 6(6):541-549.

García-Dorado, A. 2003. Tolerant versus sensitive genomes: the impact of deleterious mutation on fitness and conservation. Conserv. Genet. 4(3):311-324.

García-Fernández, C., Casado, M.A., and Pérez, M.R. 2003. Benzoin gardens in North Sumatra, Indonesia: effects of management on tree diversity. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):829-836.

Gardiner, E., Hahn, K., and Löf, M. 2003. Introduction: Forest restoration in temperate and boreal zones. Forestry 76(2):125-126.

Gårdmark, A., Enberg, K., Ripa, J., Laakso, J., and Kaitala, V. 2003. The ecology of recovery. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 40(2):131-144.

Gaudeul, M., and Till-Bottraud, I. 2003. Low selfing in a mass-flowering, endangered perennial, Eryngium alpinum L. (Apiaceae). Am. J. Bot. 90(5):716-723.

Gerber, L. 2003. Delisting of species under the ESA. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):651-652.

Gladstone, W., and Davis, J. 2003. Reduced survey intensity and its consequences for marine reserve selection. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1525-1536.

Glaubitz, J.C., Wu, H.X., and Moran, G.F. 2003. Impacts of silviculture on genetic diversity in the native forest species Eucalyptus sieberi. Conserv. Genet. 4(3):275-287.

Green, E., and Donnelly, R. 2003. Recreational scuba diving in Caribbean marine protected areas: do the users pay? Ambio 32(2):140-144.

Griffith, A.B., and Forseth, I.N. 2003. Establishment and reproduction of Aeschynomene virginica (L.) (Fabaceae) a rare, annual, wetland species in relation to vegetation removal and water level. Plant Ecol. 167(1):117-125.

Grossberg, R., Treves, A., and Naughton-Treves, L. 2003. The incidental ecotourist: measuring visitor impacts on endangered howler monkeys at a Belizean archaeological site. Environ. Conserv. 30(1):40-51.

Haas, M.J., and Kuser, J.E. 2003. Establishment of Chamaecyparis thyoides on an extremely low-nutrient sandy site on the Atlantic coastal plain, USA. Restor. Ecol. 11(2):231-238.

Hadly, E.A., Van Tuinen, M., Chan, Y., and Heiman, K. 2003. Ancient DNA evidence of prolonged population persistence with negligible genetic diversity in an endemic tuco-tuco (Ctenomys sociabilis). J. Mammal. 84(2):403-417.

Hamel, P.B. 2003. Winter bird community differences among methods of bottomland hardwood forest restoration: results after seven growing seasons. Forestry 76(2):189-197.

Harding, E.K. 2003. Scientism as a barrier to our progress. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):651.

Hardy, O.J. 2003. Estimation of pairwise relatedness between individuals and characterization of isolation-by-distance processes using dominant genetic markers. Mol. Ecol. 12(6):1577-1588.

Harriott, V.J. 2003. Can corals be harvested sustainably? Ambio 32(2):130-133.

Harris, M.R., and Facelli, J.M. 2003. Competition and resource availability in an annual plant community dominated by an invasive species, Carrichtera annua (L. Aschers.), in South Australia. Plant Ecol. 167(1):19-29.

Harrison, S., Inouye, B.D., and Safford, H.D. 2003. Ecological heterogeneity in the effects of grazing and fire on grassland diversity. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):837-845.

Hastie, L.C., Cosgrove, P.J., Ellis, N., and Gaywood, M.J. 2003. The threat of climate change to freshwater pearl mussel populations. Ambio 32(1):40-46.

Hendry, A.P., Letcher, B.H., and Gries, G. 2003. Estimating natural selection acting on stream-dwelling Atlantic salmon: implications for the restoration of extirpated populations. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):795-805.

Hill, M.J., Vel, T., and Shah, N.J. 2003. The morphology, distribution and conservation implications of introduced rats, Rattus spp. in the granitic Seychelles. Afr. J. Ecol. 41(2):179-186.

Holl, K.D., Crone, E.E., and Schultz, C.B. 2003. Landscape restoration: moving from generalities to methodologies. BioScience 53(5):491-502.

Hu, X.S., and Li, B. 2002. Linking evolutionary quantitative genetics to the conservation of genetic resources in natural forest populations. Silvae Genet. 51(5-6):177-183.

Hudgens, B.R., and Haddad, N.M. 2003. Predicting which species will benefit from corridors in fragmented landscapes from population growth models. Am. Nat. 161(5):808-820.

Irmler, U., and Hoernes, U. 2003. Assignment and evaluation of ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) assemblages to sites on different scales in a grassland landscape. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1405-1419.

Jamieson, I.G., Roy, M.S., and Lettink, M. 2003. Sex-specific consequences of recent inbreeding in an ancestrally inbred population of New Zealand Takahe. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):708-716.

Jamir, S.A., and Pandey, H.N. 2003. Vascular plant diversity in the sacred groves of Jaintia Hills in northeast India. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1497-1510.

Jandl, R., Kopeszki, H., Bruckner, A., and Hager, H. 2003. Forest soil chemistry and mesofauna 20 years after an amelioration fertilization. Restor. Ecol. 11(2):239-246.

Jessup, D.A. 2003. Good medicine for conservation biology: comments, corrections, and connections. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):921-924.

Jobin, B., Rodrigue, D., and Desgranges, J.L. 2002. Amphibian and reptile diversity along the St. Lawrence River. Can. Field-Natural. 116(4):551-558.

Jõgiste, K., Vares, A., and Sendrós, M. 2003. Restoration of former agricultural fields in Estonia: comparative growth of planted and naturally regenerated birch. Forestry 76(2):209-219.

Kasangaki, A., Kityo, R., and Kerbis, J. 2003. Diversity of rodents and shrews along an elevational gradient in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, south-western Uganda. Afr. J. Ecol. 41(2):115-123.

Kaufmann, M.R., Huckaby, L.S., Fornwalt, P.J., Stoker, J.M., and Romme, W.H. 2003. Using tree recruitment patterns and fire history to guide restoration of an unlogged ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir landscape in the southern Rocky Mountains after a century of fire suppression. Forestry 76(2):231-241.

Keeley, B.W., Fenton, M.B., and Arnett, E. 2003. A North American partnership for advancing research, education, and management for the conservation of bats and their habitats. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 31(1):80-86.

Kelly, S., and MacDiarmid, A.B. 2003. Movement patterns of mature spiny lobsters, Jasus edwardsii, from a marine reserve. New Zeal. J. Mar. Fresh. 37(1):149-158.

Kleijn, D. 2003. Can establishment characteristics explain the poor colonization success of late successional grassland species on ex-arable land? Restor. Ecol. 11(2):131-138.

Klug, B., Scharfetter-Lehrl, G., and Scharfetter, E. 2002. Effects of trampling on vegetation above the timberline in the eastern Alps, Austria. Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res. 34(4):377-388.

Knapp, S.M., Haas, C.A., Harpole, D.N., and Kirkpatrick, R.L. 2003. Initial effects of clearcutting and alternative silvicultural practices on terrestrial salamander abundance. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):752-762.

Kolm, N., and Berglund, A. 2003. Wild populations of a reef fish suffer from the "nondestructive" aquarium trade fishery. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):910-914.

Krauss, J., Steffan-Dewenter, I., and Tscharntke, T. 2003. How does landscape context contribute to effects of habitat fragmentation on diversity and population density of butterflies? J. Biogeogr. 30(6):889-900.

Kurosawa, R., and Askins, R.A. 2003. Effects of habitat fragmentation on birds in deciduous forests in Japan. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):695-707.

Lawler, J.J., White, D., Sifneos, J.C., and Master, L.L. 2003. Rare species and the use of indicator groups for conservation planning. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):875-882.

Lee, S.W., Kim, Y.M., Kim, W.W., Jang, S.S., and Chung, J.M. 2002. Genetic variation and structure of Rhododendron brachycarpum D. Don, a rare and endangered tree species in Korea. Silvae Genet. 51(5-6):215-219.

Lehtinen, R.M., Ramanamanjato, J.B., and Raveloarison, J.G. 2003. Edge effects and extinction proneness in a herpetofauna from Madagascar. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1357-1370.

Leite, E.J. 2002. State-of-knowledge on Myracrodruon urundeuva Fr. Allemao (Anacardiaceae) for genetic conservation in Brazil. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 5(3):193-206.

Leonard, P. 2003. Adaptive management and SCB's evaluation of species recovery plans. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):655-656.

Linklater, W.L. 2003. A novel application of the Trivers-Willard model to the problem of genetic rescue. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):906-909.

Loman, J. 2003. Small habitat islands are inferior breeding habitats but are used by some great tits - competition or ignorance? Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1467-1479.

Lomelí-Sención, J.A., and Sahagún-Godínez, E. 2002. Rediscovery of Pedilanthus coalcomanensis (Euphorbiaceae), a threatened endemic Mexican species. Am. J. Bot. 89(9):1485-1490.

Lorenzini, R., San Jose, C., Braza, F., and Aragon, S. 2003. Genetic differentiation and phylogeography of roe deer in Spain, as suggested by mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite analysis. Italian J. Zool. 70(1):89-99.

Lunt, I.D. 2003. A protocol for integrated management, monitoring, and enhancement of degraded Themeda triandra grasslands based on plantings of indicator species. Restor. Ecol. 11(2):223-230.

Lunt, P.H., and Hedger, J.N. 2003. Effects of organic enrichment of mine spoil on growth and nutrient uptake in oak seedlings inoculated with selected ectomycorrhizal fungi. Restor. Ecol. 11(2):125-130.

Mace, G.M., Gittleman, J.L., and Purvis, A. 2003. Preserving the tree of life. Science 300(5626):1707-1709.

Male, T. 2003. Potential impact of West Nile virus on american avifaunas. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):928-930.

Manlius, N., Menardi-Noguera, A., and Zboray, A. 2003. Decline of the Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia) in Egypt during the 20th century: literature review and recent observations. J. Zool. 259:403-409.

Manne, L.L. 2003. Nothing has yet lasted forever: current and threatened levels of biological and cultural diversity. Evol. Ecol. Res. 5(4):517-527.

Martinez, I., Aragon, G., Sarrion, F.J., Escudero, A., Burgaz, A.R., and Coppins, B.J. 2003. Threatened lichens in central Spain (saxicolous species excluded). Cryptogamie Mycol. 24(1):73-97.

Martínez-Garza, C., and Howe, H.F. 2003. Restoring tropical diversity: beating the time tax on species loss. J. Appl. Ecol. 40(3):423-429.

Mascia, M.B., Brosius, J.P., Dobson, T.A., Forbes, B.C., Horowitz, L., McKean, M.A., and Turner, N.J. 2003. Conservation and the social sciences. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):649-650.

Matthes, U., Gerrath, J.A., and Larson, D.W. 2003. Experimental restoration of disturbed cliff-edge forests in Bruce Peninsula National Park, Ontario, Canada. Restor. Ecol. 11(2):174-184.

McDowell, S.C.L. 2002. Photosynthetic characteristics of invasive and noninvasive species of Rubus (Rosaceae). Am. J. Bot. 89(9):1431-1438.

McIntyre, A.D. 2003. Marine conservation and industry. Aquat. Conserv. 13(3):187-190.

McIntyre, S., Heard, K.M., and Martin, T.G. 2003. The relative importance of cattle grazing in subtropical grasslands: does it reduce or enhance plant biodiversity? J. Appl. Ecol. 40(3):445-457.

Medellin, R.A. 2003. Diversity and conservation of bats in Mexico: research priorities, strategies, and actions. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 31(1):87-97.

Meese, R.J., Neronov, V.M., Alestchenko, G.M., and Ruggiero, M. 2003. Rapid acquisition and dissemination of standardized biological inventories from Russian Biosphere Reserves. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1421-1429.

Meijaard, E., and Nijman, V. 2003. Primate hotspots on Borneo: predictive value for general biodiversity and the effects of taxonomy. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):725-732.

Miller, H.C., Lambert, D.M., Millar, C.D., Robertson, B.C., and Minot, E.O. 2003. Minisatellite DNA profiling detects lineages and parentage in the endangered kakapo (Strigops habroptilus) despite low microsatellite DNA variation. Conserv. Genet. 4(3):265-274.

Miller, S.R., and Wade, D. 2003. Re-introducing fire at the urban/wild-land interface: planning for success. Forestry 76(2):253-260.

Mitchell, A., Puttonen, P., and Vyse, A. 2003. Preface - Mountain forests: conservation and management. Forest Chron. 79(2):216-218.

Monson, C.S., Banack, S.A., and Cox, P.A. 2003. Conservation implications of Chamorro consumption of flying foxes as a possible cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-Parkinsonism dementia complex in Guam. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):678-686.

Moser, W.K., Treiman, T., and Johnson, R. 2003. Species choice and the risk of disease and insect attack: evaluating two methods of choosing between longleaf and other pines. Forestry 76(2):137-147.

Muoria, P.K., Karere, G.M., Moinde, N.N., and Suleman, M.A. 2003. Primate census and habitat evaluation in the Tana delta region, Kenya. Afr. J. Ecol. 41(2):157-163.

Neel, M.C., and Ellstrand, N.C. 2003. Conservation of genetic diversity in the endangered plant Eriogonum ovalifolium var. vineum (Polygonaceae). Conserv. Genet. 4(3):337-352.

Niemuth, N.D. 2003. Identifying landscapes for greater prairie chicken translocation using habitat models and GIS: a case study. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 31(1):145-155.

Nordlind, E., and Östlund, L. 2003. Retrospective comparative analysis as a tool for ecological restoration: a case study in a Swedish boreal forest. Forestry 76(2):243-251.

Notarbartolo-di-Sciara, G., Zanardelli, M., Jahoda, M., Panigada, S., and Airoldi, S. 2003. The fin whale Balaenoptera physalus (L. 1758) in the Mediterranean Sea. Mammal Rev. 33(2):105-150.

Novinger, D.C., and Rahel, F.J. 2003. Isolation management with artificial barriers as a conservation strategy for cutthroat trout in headwater streams. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):772-781.

Nunney, L. 2003. The cost of natural selection revisited. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 40(2):185-194.

O'Shea, T.J., Bogan, M.A., and Ellison, L.E. 2003. Monitoring trends in bat populations of the United States and territories: status of the science and recommendations for the future. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 31(1):16-29.

Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A., and Savini, D. 2003. Biological invasions as a component of global change in stressed marine ecosystems. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 46(5):542-551.

Ojeda, R.A., Stadler, J., and Brandl, R. 2003. Diversity of mammals in the tropical-temperate Neotropics: hotspots on a regional scale. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1431-1444.

Olden, J.D. 2003. A species-specific approach to modeling biological communities and its potential for conservation. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):854-863.

Ontiveros, D., and Pleguezuelos, J.M. 2003. Influence of climate on Bonelli's eagle's (Hieraaetus fasciatus V. 1822) breeding success through the Western Mediterranean. J. Biogeogr. 30(5):755-760.

Pain, D.J., Cunningham, A.A., Donald, P.F., Duckworth, J.W., Houston, D.C., Katzner, T., Parry-Jones, J., Poole, C., Prakash, V., Round, P., and Timmins, R. 2003. Causes and effects of temporospatial declines of Gyps vultures in Asia. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):661-671.

Palkovacs, E.P., Marschner, M., Ciofi, C., Gerlach, J., and Caccone, A. 2003. Are the native giant tortoises from the Seychelles really extinct? A genetic perspective based on mtDNA and microsatellite data. Mol. Ecol. 12(6):1403-1413.

Palm, S., Laikre, L., Jorde, P.E., and Ryman, N. 2003. Effective population size and temporal genetic change in stream resident brown trout (Salmo trutta, L.). Conserv. Genet. 4(3):249-264.

Parejko, K. 2003. Pliny the Elder's silphium: first recorded species extinction. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):925-927.

Patten, M.A., and Bolger, D.T. 2003. Variation in top-down control of avian reproductive success across a fragmentation gradient. Oikos 101(3):479-488.

Peirce, M.A., Jakob-Hoff, R.M., and Twentyman, C. 2003. New species of haematozoa from Apterygidae in New Zealand. J. Nat. Hist. 37(15):1797-1804.

Petit, L.J., and Petit, D.R. 2003. Evaluating the importance of human-modified lands for neotropical bird conservation. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):687-694.

Pilliod, D.S., Bury, R.B., Hyde, E.J., Pearl, C.A., and Corn, P.S. 2003. Fire and amphibians in North America. Forest Ecol. Manag. 178(1-2):163-181.

Piper, S.D., and Catterall, C.P. 2003. A particular case and a general pattern: hyperaggressive behaviour by one species may mediate avifaunal decreases in fragmented Australian forests. Oikos 101(3):602-614.

Plieninger, T., Pulido, F.J., and Konold, W. 2003. Effects of land-use history on size structure of holm oak stands in Spanish dehesas: implications for conservation and restoration. Environ. Conserv. 30(1):61-70.

Poulin, R., and Mouillot, D. 2003. Host introductions and the geography of parasite taxonomic diversity. J. Biogeogr. 30(6):837-845.

Price, M.F. 2003. Why mountain forests are important. Forest Chron. 79(2):219-222.

Priddel, D., Carlile, N., Humphrey, M., Fellenberg, S., and Hiscox, D. 2003. Rediscovery of the 'extinct' Lord Howe Island stick-insect (Dryococelus australis (Montrouzier)) (Phasmatodea) and recommendations for its conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1391-1403.

Quesada, M., Stoner, K.E., Rosas-Guerrero, V., Palacios-Guevara, C., and Lobo, J.A. 2003. Effects of habitat disruption on the activity of nectarivorous bats (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in a dry tropical forest: implications for the reproductive success of the neotropical tree Ceiba grandiflora. Oecologia 135(3):400-406.

Reed, D.H., Lowe, E.H., Briscoe, D.A., and Frankham, R. 2003. Inbreeding and extinction: effects of rate of inbreeding. Conserv. Genet. 4(3):405-410.

Ricciardi, A. 2003. Predicting the impacts of an introduced species from its invasion history: an empirical approach applied to zebra mussel invasions. Freshwater Biol. 48(6):972-981.

Rideout, S., Oswald, B.P., and Legg, M.H. 2003. Ecological, political and social challenges of prescribed fire restoration in east Texas pineywoods ecosystems: a case study. Forestry 76(2):261-269.

Rieman, B., Lee, D., Burns, D., Gresswell, R., Young, M., Stowell, R., Rinne, J., and Howell, P. 2003. Status of native fishes in the western United States and issues for fire and fuels management. Forest Ecol. Manag. 178(1-2):197-211.

Rieman, B.E., Luce, C.H., Gresswell, R.E., and Young, M.K. 2003. Introduction to the effects of wildland fire on aquatic ecosystems in the Western USA. Forest Ecol. Manag. 178(1-2):1-3.

Riley, J. 2003. Population sizes and the conservation status of endemic and restricted-range bird species on Karakelang, Talaud Islands, Indonesia. Bird Conserv. Int. 13(1):59-74.

Rodríguez, S., Palop, M.L., Palacios, C., and González-Candelas, F. 2003. Molecular and morphological differentiation in Limonium dufourii (Plumbaginaceae), an endangered Mediterranean plant. Conserv. Genet. 4(3):383-391.

Rosenzweig, M.L., Turner, W.R., Cox, J.G., and Ricketts, T.H. 2003. Estimating diversity in unsampled habitats of a biogeographical province. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):864-874.

Sayama, H., Kaufman, L., and Bar-Yam, Y. 2003. Spontaneous pattern formation and genetic diversity in habitats with irregular geographical features. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):893-900.

Schaefer, J.F., Marsh-Matthews, E., Spooner, D.E., Gido, K.B., and Matthews, W.J. 2003. Effects of barriers and thermal refugia on local movement of the threatened leopard darter, Percina pantherina. Environ. Biol. Fish. 66(4):391-400.

Schultz, A.A., Maughan, O.E., and Bonar, S.A. 2003. Effects of flooding on abundance of native and nonnative fishes downstream from a small impoundment. North Am. J.Fish. Manag. 23(2):503-511.

Shanley, P., and Luz, L. 2003. The impacts of forest degradation on medicinal plant use and implications for health care in eastern Amazonia. BioScience 53(6):573-584.

Shaw, P., Musina, J., and Gichuki, P. 2003. Estimating change in the geographical range and population size of Hinde's babbler Turdoides hindei. Bird Conserv. Int. 13(1):1-12.

Shelden, K.E.W., Rugh, D.J., DeMaster, D.P., and Gerber, L.R. 2003. Evaluation of bowhead whale status: Reply to Taylor. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):918-920.

Sheridan, P., Henderson, C., and McMahan, G. 2003. Fauna of natural seagrass and transplanted Halodule wrightii (shoalgrass) beds in Galveston Bay, Texas. Restor. Ecol. 11(2):139-154.

Sherwin, R.E., Gannon, W.L., and Altenbach, J.S. 2003. Managing complex systems simply: understanding inherent variation in the use of roosts by Townsend's big-eared bat. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 31(1):62-72.

Shi, H., and Singh, A. 2003. Status and interconnections of selected environmental issues in the global coastal zones. Ambio 32(2):145-152.

Silva, M., Hartling, L.A., Field, S.A., and Teather, K. 2003. The effects of habitat fragmentation on amphibian species richness of Prince Edward Island. Can. J. Zool. 81(4):563-573.

Simon, K.S., and Townsend, C.R. 2003. Impacts of freshwater invaders at different levels of ecological organisation, with emphasis on salmonids and ecosystem consequences. Freshwater Biol. 48(6):982-994.

Sinclair, A., and Catling, P.M. 2003. Restoration of Hydrastis canadensis by transplanting with disturbance simulation: results of one growing season. Restor. Ecol. 11(2):217-222.

Skelly, D.K., Yurewicz, K.L., Werner, E.E., and Relyea, R.A. 2003. Estimating decline and distributional change in amphibians. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):744-751.

Smith, S., Hughes, J., and Wardell-Johnson, G. 2003. High population differentiation and extensive clonality in a rare mallee eucalypt: Eucalyptus curtisii - conservation genetics of a rare mallee eucalypt. Conserv. Genet. 4(3):289-300.

Steed, J.E., and DeWald, L.E. 2003. Transplanting sedges (Carex spp.) in southwestern riparian meadows. Restor. Ecol. 11(2):247-256.

Stoffels, R.J., and Humphries, P. 2003. Ontogenetic variation in the diurnal food and habitat associations of an endemic and an exotic fish in floodplain ponds: consequences for niche partitioning. Environ. Biol. Fish. 66(3):293-305.

Talbot, S.L., Pearce, J.M., Pierson, B.J., Derksen, D.V., and Scribner, K.T. 2003. Molecular status of the dusky Canada goose (Branta canadensis occidentalis): a genetic assessment of a translocation effort. Conserv. Genet. 4(3):367-381.

Taylor, M. 2003. Why the Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort Seas bowhead whale is endangered: response to Shelden et al. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):915-917.

Téllez-Valdés, O., and Dávila-Aranda, P. 2003. Protected areas and climate change: a case study of the cacti in the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Biosphere Reserve, México. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):846-853.

Terlizzi, A., Bevilacqua, S., Fraschetti, S., and Boero, F. 2003. Taxonomic sufficiency and the increasing insufficiency of taxonomic expertise. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 46(5):556-561.

Thompson, C.J., Thompson, B.J.P., and Burgman, M.A. 2003. Risks from competitively inferior immigrant populations: implications of mass effects for species conservation. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):901-905.

Torres, E., Iriondo, J.M., and Pérez, C. 2003. Genetic structure of an endangered plant, Antirrhinum microphyllum (Scrophulariaceae): allozyme and RAPD analysis. Am. J. Bot. 90(1):85-92.

Trager, M., and Mistry, S. 2003. Avian community composition of kopjes in a heterogeneous landscape. Oecologia 135(3):458-468.

Tyler, P.A. 2003. Disposal in the deep sea: analogue of nature or faux ami? Environ. Conserv. 30(1):26-39.

van der Ree, R., and Bennett, A.E. 2003. Home range of the squirrel glider (Petaurus norfolcensis) in a network of remnant linear habitats. J. Zool. 259:327-336.

Vance, R.R., Ambrose, R.F., Anderson, S.S., MacNeil, S., McPherson, T., Beers, I., and Keeney, T.W. 2003. Effects of sewage sludge on the growth of potted salt marsh plants exposed to natural tidal inundation. Restor. Ecol. 11(2):155-167.

Vilagrosa, A., Cortina, J., Gil-Pelegrín, E., and Bellot, J. 2003. Suitability of drought-preconditioning techniques in Mediterranean climate. Restor. Ecol. 11(2):208-216.

Vogel, G. 2003. Can great apes be saved from ebola? Science 300(5626):1645.

Wallace, L.E. 2003. The cost of inbreeding in Platanthera leucophaea (Orchidaceae). Am. J. Bot. 90(2):235-242.

Wan, Q.H., Fang, S.G., and Li, Y.N. 2003. The loss of genetic diversity in Dabry's sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus, Dumeril) as revealed by DNA fingerprinting. Aquat. Conserv. 13(3):225-231.

Watola, G.V., Stone, D.A., Smith, G.C., Forrester, G.J., Coleman, A.E., Coleman, J.T., Goulding, M.J., Robinson, K.A., and Milsom, T.P. 2003. Analyses of two mute swan populations and the effects of clutch reduction: implications for population management. J. Appl. Ecol. 40(3):565-579.

Weibull, A.C., Östman, Ö., and Granqvist, Å. 2003. Species richness in agroecosystems: the effect of landscape, habitat and farm management. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1335-1355.

Willis, F., Moat, J., and Paton, A. 2003. Defining a role for herbarium data in Red List assessments: a case Study of Plectranthus from eastern and southern tropical Africa. Biodivers. Conserv. 12(7):1537-1552.

Willson, J.D., and Dorcas, M.E. 2003. Effects of habitat disturbance on stream salamanders: implications for buffer zones and watershed management. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):763-771.

Wilson, P.H. 2003. Using population projection matrices to evaluate recovery strategies for Snake River spring and summer chinook salmon. Conserv. Biol. 17(3):782-794.

Woitke, M., and Dietz, H. 2002. Shifts in dominance of native and invasive plants in experimental patches of vegetation. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 5(3):165-184.

Woods, M., McDonald, R.A., and Harris, S. 2003. Predation of wildlife by domestic cats Felis catus in Great Britain. Mammal Rev. 33(2):174-188.

Wroblewska, A., Brzosko, E., Czarnecka, B., and Nowosielski, J. 2003. High levels of genetic diversity in populations of Iris aphylla L. (Iridaceae), an endangered species in Poland. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142(1):65-72.

Zanden, M.J.V., Chandra, S., Allen, B.C., Reuter, J.E., and Goldman, C.R. 2003. Historical food web structure and restoration of native aquatic communities in the Lake Tahoe (California-Nevada) basin. Ecosystems 6(3):274-288.

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