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Department ofBotany

No. 271
July 2007

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In This Issue

Encyclopedia of Life is Announced

Many of the world's leading scientific institutions announced the launch of the Encyclopedia of Life (EOL), an unprecedented global effort to document all 1.8 million named species of animals, plants, and other forms of life on Earth. When completed, EOL <> will serve as a global biodiversity tool, providing scientists, policymakers, students, and citizens the information they need to discover and protect the planet and encourage learning and conservation.

The EOL is a unique collaborative scientific effort led by the Atlas of Living Australia, Field Museum of Natural History, Harvard University, Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole), Missouri Botanical Garden, Smithsonian Institution, and Biodiversity Heritage Library, a consortium including the American Museum of Natural History (New York), Natural History Museum (London), New York Botanical Garden, Royal Botanic Garden (Kew), and others.

EOL will initially be funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. These foundations have granted $12.5 million for the first two years of a five year effort, pledging to provide an equal amount if the first two years meet expectations.

Over the next 10 years, the EOL will create internet pages for all 1.8 million species currently named. It will expedite the classification of the millions of species yet to be discovered and catalogued as well.

"The Encyclopedia of Life will provide valuable biodiversity and conservation information to anyone, anywhere, at any time," said James Edwards, Executive Secretary of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility who was officially named Executive Director of the EOL. "Through collaboration, we all can increase our appreciation of the immense variety of life, the challenges to it, and ways to conserve biodiversity."

Cristián Samper, Acting Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, is the representative for SI and is the Principal Investigator for the two grants, which the Smithsonian is managing on behalf of the EOL. The Secretariat, the administrative arm of the EOL which will manage development of the entire EOL, is housed at the National Museum of Natural History.

Global Marine Species Assessment Workshop

A group of 25 marine biologists met in Panama from May 21-25 to hold the Global Marine Species Assessment Workshop: Eastern Tropical Pacific Shore Fishes. The specialists, from Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador, US, Australia, Brazil and France aim to evaluate if more than 1,200 species of regional shore fishes are vulnerable or threatened.

Panama was selected for the workshop for having the richest biodiversity in coastal fishes in the region of the Tropical Eastern Pacific, and home to many endemic species in the Gulf of Panama and the Gulf of Chiriqui. According to the scientists, Panama is privileged for its rich diversity. Three representatives from the Authority of the Aquatic Resources of Panama (ARAP) were invited to participate at the event.

This assessment was the first global review of the conservation status of every marine vertebrate species, and of selected invertebrates and plants, to analyze its populations and design strategies for long term conservation.

The project involves a range of partners in compiling and analyzing all existing data on approximately 20,000 marine species, and will determine the risk of extinction according to the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, created in 1963, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species.

The Red List is set upon precise criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. These criteria are relevant to all species and all regions of the world. The aim is to convey the urgency of conservation issues to the public and policy makers, as well as help the international community to try to reduce species extinction.

In Panama, the event was co-organized by Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) scientist Hector Guzmán and scientists from the Global Marine Species Assessment Project, the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN and Conservation International. STRI's Ross Robertson and Gerald Allen, West Australian Museum, are co-authors of the interactive DVD Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific, published in 2006, which served as the primary data base for the Workshop.

Current Literature

Agius, B.P. 2007. Spatial and temporal effects of pre-seeding plates with invasive ascidians: growth, recruitment and community composition. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):30-39.

Agoramoorthy, G. 2007. Conservation awareness and research to protect rare plants. Curr. Sci. 92(3):271-272.

Agrimonti, C., Bianchi, R., Bianchi, A., Ballero, M., Poli, F., and Marmiroli, N. 2007. Understanding biological conservation strategies: a molecular-genetic approach to the case of myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) in two Italian regions: Sardinia and Calabria. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):385-396.

Almany, G.R., Berumen, M.L., Thorrold, S.R., Planes, S., and Jones, G.P. 2007. Local replenishment of coral reef fish populations in a marine reserve. Science 316(5825):742-744.

Altman, S., and Whitlatch, R.B. 2007. Effects of small-scale disturbance on invasion success in marine communities. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):15-29.

Alvarenga, L.D.P., and Pôrto, K.C. 2007. Patch size and isolation effects on epiphytic and epiphyllous bryophytes in the fragmented Brazilian Atlantic forest. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):415-427.

Amo, L., López, P., and Martín, J. 2007. Habitat deterioration affects body condition of lizards: a behavioral approach with Iberolacerta cyreni lizards inhabiting ski resorts. Biol. Conserv. 135(1):77-85.

Andrieu, E., Thompson, J.D., and Debussche, M. 2007. The impact of forest spread on a marginal population of a protected peony (Paeonia officinalis L.): the importance of conserving the habitat mosaic. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):643-658.

Arponen, A., Kondelin, H., and Moilanen, A. 2007. Area-based refinement for selection of reserve sites with the benefit-function approach. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):527-533.

Assefa, A., Labuschagne, M.T., and Viljoen, C.D. 2007. AFLP analysis of genetic relationships between barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) landraces from north Shewa in Ethiopia. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):273-280.

Ausseil, A.G.E., Dymond, J.R., and Shepherd, J.D. 2007. Rapid mapping and prioritisation of wetland sites in the Manawatu-Wanganui Region, New Zealand. Environ. Manage. 39(3):316-325.

Bachmann, U., and Hensen, I. 2007. Is declining Campanula glomerata threatened by genetic factors? Plant Species Biol. 22(1):1-10.

Baldwin, R.E., Ray, J.C., Trombulak, S.C., and Woolmer, G. 2007. Relationship between spatial distribution of urban sprawl and species imperilment: response to Brown and Laband. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):546-548.

Barilani, M., Sfougaris, A., Giannakopoulos, A., Mucci, N., Tabarroni, C., and Randi, E. 2007. Detecting introgressive hybridisation in rock partridge populations (Alectoris graeca) in Greece through Bayesian admixture analyses of multilocus genotypes. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):343-354.

Barratt, B.I.P. 2007. Conservation status of Prodontria (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) species in New Zealand. J. Insect Conserv. 11(1):19-27.

Barrow, L., Parr, C.L., and Kohen, J.L. 2007. Habitat type influences fire resilience of ant assemblages in the semi-arid tropics of Northern Australia. J. Arid Environ. 69(1):80-95.

Bellemain, E., Nawaz, M.A., Valentini, A., Swenson, J.E., and Taberlet, P. 2007. Genetic tracking of the brown bear in northern Pakistan and implications for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 134(4):537-547.

Bernard, E., and Fenton, M.B. 2007. Bats in a fragmented landscape: species composition, diversity and habitat interactions in savannas of Santarém, Central Amazonia, Brazil. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):332-343.

Bickford, D., Lohman, D.J., Sodhi, N.S., Ng, P.K.L., Meier, R., Winker, K., Ingram, K.K., and Das, I. 2007. Cryptic species as a window on diversity and conservation. Trends Ecol. Evol. 22(3):148-155.

Blum, J.C., Chang, A.L., Liljesthröm, M., Schenk, M.E., Steinberg, M.K., and Ruiz, G.M. 2007. The non-native solitary ascidian Ciona intestinalis (L.) depresses species richness. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):5-14.

Blumstein, D.T. 2007. Darwinian decision making: putting the adaptive into adaptive management. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):552-553.

Bonesi, L., and Palazon, S. 2007. The American mink in Europe: status, impacts, and control. Biol. Conserv. 134(4):470-483.

Bourque, D., Davidson, J., MacNair, N.G., Arsenault, G., LeBlanc, A.R., Landry, T., and Miron, G. 2007. Reproduction and early life history of an invasive ascidian Styela clava Herdman in Prince Edward Island, Canada. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):78-84.

Bovendorp, R.S., and Galetti, M. 2007. Density and population size of mammals introduced on a land-bridge island in southeastern Brazil. Biol. Invasions 9(3):353-357.

Broquet, T., Berset-Braendli, L., Emaresi, G., and Fumagalli, L. 2007. Buccal swabs allow efficient and reliable microsatellite genotyping in amphibians. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):509-511.

Brown, R.M., and Laband, D.N. 2007. Applicability of research findings to conservation policy. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):549-551.

Bullard, S.G., Lambert, G., Carman, M.R., Byrnes, J., Whitlatch, R.B., Ruiz, G., Miller, R.J., Harris, L., Valentine, P.C., Collie, J.S., Pederson, J., McNaught, D.C., Cohen, A.N., Asch, R.G., Dijkstra, J., and Heinonen, K. 2007. The colonial ascidian Didemnum sp. A: current distribution, basic biology and potential threat to marine communities of the northeast and west coasts of North America. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):99-108.

Burns, J.H., Halpern, S.L., and Winn, A.A. 2007. A test for a cost of opportunism in invasive species in the Commelinaceae. Biol. Invasions 9(2):213-225.

Byg, A., Vormisto, J., and Balslev, H. 2007. Influence of diversity and road access on palm extraction at landscape scale in SE Ecuador. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):631-642.

Campbell, J.W., Hanula, J.L., and Waldrop, T.A. 2007. Effects of prescribed fire and fire surrogates on floral visiting insects of the blue ridge province in North Carolina. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):393-404.

Carman, M.R. 2007. Benthic foraminifera associated with the invasive ascidian, Didemnum sp. A. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):147-153.

Castellarini, F., Malard, F., Dole-Olivier, M.J., and Gibert, J. 2007. Modelling the distribution of stygobionts in the Jura Mountains (eastern France). Implications for the protection of ground waters. Divers. Distrib. 13(2):213-224.

Chen, Y.H., and Bi, J.F. 2007. Biogeography and hotspots of amphibian species of China: implications to reserve selection and conservation. Curr. Sci. 92(4):480-489.

Chiba, S., Davison, A., and Mori, H. 2007. Endemic land snail fauna (Mollusca) on a remote Peninsula in the Ogasawara Archipelago, northwestern Pacific. Pacific Sci. 61(2):257-265.

Chung, M.Y., Park, C.W., and Chung, M.G. 2007. Extremely low levels of allozyme variation in southern Korean populations of the two rare and endangered lithophytic or epiphytic Bulbophyllum drymoglossum and Sarcanthus scolopendrifolius (Orchidaceae): implications for conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):775-786.

Cieslak, E., Ronikier, M., and Koch, M.A. 2007. Western Ukrainian Cochlearia (Brassicaceae) - the identity of an isolated edge population. Taxon 56(1):112-118.

Clerici, N., Bodini, A., Eva, H., Gregoire, J.M., Dulieu, D., and Paolini, C. 2007. Increased isolation of two biosphere reserves and surrounding protected areas (WAP ecological complex, West Africa). J. Nature Conserv. 15(1):26-40.

Cockle, K., Capuzzi, G., Bodrati, A., Clay, R., del Castillo, H., Velázquez, M., Areta, J.I., Fariña, N., and Fariña, R. 2007. Distribution, abundance, and conservation of vinaceous amazons (Amazona vinacea) in Argentina and Paraguay. J. Field Ornithol. 78(1):21-39.

Cosson, L., Grassman, L.L., Zubaid, A., Vellayan, S., Tillier, A., and Veron, G. 2007. Genetic diversity of captive binturongs (Arctictis binturong, Viverridae, Carnivora): implications for conservation. J. Zool. 271(4):386-395.

Coutts, A.D.M., and Forrest, B.M. 2007. Development and application of tools for incursion response: lessons learned from the management of the fouling pest Didemnum vexillum. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):154-162.

D'Amato, M.E., Esterhuyse, M.M., van der Waal, B.C.W., Brink, D., and Volckaert, F.A.M. 2007. Hybridization and phylogeography of the Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus in southern Africa evidenced by mitochondrial and microsatellite DNA genotyping. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):475-488.

Dawson, K., Veblen, K.E., and Young, T.P. 2007. Experimental evidence for an alkali ecotype of Lolium multiflorum, an exotic invasive annual grass in the Central Valley, CA, USA. Biol. Invasions 9(3):327-334.

De Silva, S.S., Abery, N.W., and Nguyen, T.T.T. 2007. Endemic freshwater finfish of Asia: distribution and conservation status. Divers. Distrib. 13(2):172-184.

DeFalco, L.A., Fernandez, G.C.J., and Nowak, R.S. 2007. Variation in the establishment of a non-native annual grass influences competitive interactions with Mojave Desert perennials. Biol. Invasions 9(3):293-307.

Deiner, K., Garza, J.C., Coey, R., and Girman, D.J. 2007. Population structure and genetic diversity of trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) above and below natural and man-made barriers in the Russian River, California. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):437-454.

del Monte-Luna, P., Lluch-Belda, D., and Arreguín-Sánchez, F. 2007. Conservation and sustainable use of living natural resources. Interciencia 32(1):61-65.

Delsuc, F., Superina, M., Ferraris, G., Tilak, M.K., and Douzery, E.J.P. 2007. Molecular evidence for hybridisation between the two living species of South American ratites: potential conservation implications. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):503-507.

Dijkstra, J., Harris, L.G., and Westerman, E. 2007. Distribution and long-term temporal patterns of four invasive colonial ascidians in the Gulf of Maine. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):61-68.

Dijkstra, J., Sherman, H., and Harris, L.G. 2007. The role of colonial ascidians in altering biodiversity in marine fouling communities. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):169-171.

Dixon, J.D., Oli, M.K., Wooten, M.C., Eason, T.H., McCown, J.W., and Cunningham, M.W. 2007. Genetic consequences of habitat fragmentation and loss: the case of the Florida black bear (Ursus americanus floridanus). Conserv. Genet. 8(2):455-464.

Drenovsky, R.E., and Batten, K.M. 2007. Invasion by Aegilops triuncialis (barb goatgrass) slows carbon and nutrient cycling in a serpentine grassland. Biol. Invasions 9(2):107-116.

Dzialowski, A.R., Lennon, J.T., and Smith, V.H. 2007. Food web structure provides biotic resistance against plankton invasion attempts. Biol. Invasions 9(3):257-267.

Edwards, A.R., Mortimer, S.R., Lawson, C.S., Westbury, D.B., Harris, S.J., Woodcock, B.A., and Brown, V.K. 2007. Hay strewing, brush harvesting of seed and soil disturbance as tools for the enhancement of botanical diversity in grasslands. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):372-382.

Elderkin, C.L., Christian, A.D., Vaughn, C.C., Metcalfe-Smith, J.L., and Berg, D.J. 2007. Population genetics of the freshwater mussel, Amblema plicata (Say 1817) (Bivalvia: Unionidae): evidence of high dispersal and post-glacial colonization. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):355-372.

Engeman, R.M., Stevens, A., Allen, J., Dunlap, J., Daniel, M., Teague, D., and Constantin, B. 2007. Feral swine management for conservation of an imperiled wetland habitat: Florida's vanishing seepage slopes. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):440-446.

Espírito-Santo, M.M., and Fernandes, G.W. 2007. How many species of gall-inducing insects are there on earth, and where are they? Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 100(2):95-99.

Ferreira, D., Malard, F., Dole-Olivier, M.J., and Gibert, J. 2007. Obligate groundwater fauna of France: diversity patterns and conservation implications. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):567-596.

Ferreira, S.M., Brandão, A., Baeta, A., Neto, J.M., Lillebø, A.I., Jensen, K.T., and Pardal, M.A. 2007. Effects of restoration management on the estuarine isopod Cyathura carinata: mediation by trematodes and habitat change. Mar. Biol. 151(1):109-118.

Foxcroft, L.C., Rouget, M., and Richardson, D.M. 2007. Risk assessment of riparian plant invasions into protected areas. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):412-421.

Franc, N., Götmark, F., Økland, B., Nordén, B., and Paltto, H. 2007. Factors and scales potentially important for saproxylic beetles in temperate mixed oak forest. Biol. Conserv. 135(1):86-98.

Fu, C.Z., Wang, J.X., Pu, Z.C., Zhang, S.L., Chen, H.L., Zhao, B., Chen, J.K., and Wu, J.H. 2007. Elevational gradients of diversity for lizards and snakes in the Hengduan Mountains, China. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):707-726.

Fuller, T., Sánchez-Cordero, V., Illoldi-Rangel, P., Linaje, M., and Sarkar, S. 2007. The cost of postponing biodiversity conservation in Mexico. Biol. Conserv. 134(4):593-600.

Gabbard, B.L., and Fowler, N.L. 2007. Wide ecological amplitude of a diversity-reducing invasive grass. Biol. Invasions 9(2):149-160.

García, D., and Chacoff, N.P. 2007. Scale-dependent effects of habitat fragmentation on hawthorn pollination, frugivory, and seed predation. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):400-411.

Gaveau, D.L.A., Wandono, H., and Setiabudi, F. 2007. Three decades of deforestation in southwest Sumatra: have protected areas halted forest loss and logging, and promoted re-growth? Biol. Conserv. 134(4):495-504.

Geertsema, H., and Owen, C.R. 2007. Notes on the habitat and adult behaviour of three red-listed Colophon spp. (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) of the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. J. Insect Conserv. 11(1):43-46.

Geng, Y.P., Pan, X.Y., Xu, C.Y., Zhang, W.J., Li, B., Chen, J.K., Lu, B.R., and Song, Z.P. 2007. Phenotypic plasticity rather than locally adapted ecotypes allows the invasive alligator weed to colonize a wide range of habitats. Biol. Invasions 9(3):245-256.

Gittenberger, A. 2007. Recent population expansions of non-native ascidians in The Netherlands. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):122-126.

Granado-Lorencio, C., Cerviá, J.L., and Lima, C.R.M.A. 2007. Floodplain lake fish assemblages in the Amazon River: directions in conservation biology. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):679-692.

Grant, P.B.C., and Samways, M.J. 2007. Montane refugia for endemic and Red Listed dragonflies in the Cape Floristic Region biodiversity hotspot. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):787-805.

Griffiths, G.J.K., Winder, L., Holland, J.M., Thomas, C.F.G., and Williams, E. 2007. The representation and functional composition of carabid and staphylinid beetles in different field boundary types at a farm-scale. Biol. Conserv. 135(1):145-152.

Grimbacher, P.S., and Catterall, C.P. 2007. How much do site age, habitat structure and spatial isolation influence the restoration of rainforest beetle species assemblages? Biol. Conserv. 135(1):107-118.

Groom, J.D., McKinney, L.B., Ball, L.C., and Winchell, C.S. 2007. Quantifying off-highway vehicle impacts on density and survival of a threatened dune-endemic plant. Biol. Conserv. 135(1):119-134.

Grundel, R., and Pavlovic, N.B. 2007. Resource availability, matrix quality, microclimate, and spatial pattern as predictors of patch use by the Karner blue butterfly. Biol. Conserv. 135(1):135-144.

Guidetti, P. 2007. Potential of marine reserves to cause community-wide changes beyond their boundaries. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):540-545.

Gullison, R.E., Frumhoff, P.C., Canadell, J.G., Field, C.B., Nepstad, D.C., Hayhoe, K., Avissar, R., Curran, L.M., Friedlingstein, P., Jones, C.D., and Nobre, C. 2007. Tropical forests and climate policy. Science 316(5827):985-986.

Guo, J. 2007. Giant panda numbers are surging - or are they? Science 316(5827):974-975.

Gutiérrez, R.J., Cody, M., Courtney, S., and Franklin, A.B. 2007. The invasion of barred owls and its potential effect on the spotted owl: a conservation conundrum. Biol. Invasions 9(2):181-196.

Harmon, J.P., Stephens, E., and Losey, J. 2007. The decline of native coccinellids (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in the United States and Canada. J. Insect Conserv. 11(1):85-94.

Harveson, P.M., Lopez, R.R., Collier, B.A., and Silvy, N.J. 2007. Impacts of urbanization on Florida Key deer behavior and population dynamics. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):321-331.

Hicks, J.F., Rachlow, J.L., Rhodes, O.E., Williams, C.L., and Waits, L.P. 2007. Reintroduction and genetic structure: Rocky Mountain elk in Yellowstone and the western states. J. Mammal. 88(1):129-138.

Higham, J.E.S., and Lusseau, D. 2007. Urgent need for empirical research into whaling and whale watching. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):554-558.

Hingrat, Y., Ysnel, F., Saint Jalme, M., Le Cuziat, J., Béranger, P.M., and Lacroix, F. 2007. Assessing habitat and resource availability for an endangered desert bird species in eastern Morocco: the Houbara Bustard. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):597-620.

Hitch, A.T., and Leberg, P.L. 2007. Breeding distributions of north American bird species moving north as a result of climate change. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):534-539.

Hitt, M.A. 2007. America at the energy crossroads. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):293-294.

Holcer, D., di Sciara, G.N., Fortuna, C.M., Lazar, B., and Onofri, V. 2007. Occurrence of Cuvier's beaked whales in the southern Adriatic Sea: evidence of an important Mediterranean habitat. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 87(1):359-362.

Honnay, O., Adriaens, D., Coart, E., Jacquemyn, H., and Roldan-Ruiz, I. 2007. Genetic diversity within and between remnant populations of the endangered calcareous grassland plant Globularia bisnagarica L. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):293-303.

Hovius, J.T., Beisner, B.E., McCann, K.S., and Yan, N.D. 2007. Indirect food web effects of Bythotrephes invasion: responses by the rotifer Conochilus in Harp Lake, Canada. Biol. Invasions 9(3):233-243.

Janecka, J.E., Walker, C.W., Tewes, M.E., Caso, A., Laack, L.L., and Honeycutt, R.L. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships of ocelot (Leopardus pardalis albescens) populations from the Tamaulipan biotic province and implications for recovery. Southwest. Nat. 52(1):89-96.

Johns, D. 2007. Like it or not, politics is the solution. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):287-288.

Johnson, B.E., and Cushman, J.H. 2007. Influence of a large herbivore reintroduction on plant invasions and community composition in a California grassland. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):515-526.

Jongejans, E., Skarpaas, O., Tipping, P.W., and Shea, K. 2007. Establishment and spread of founding populations of an invasive thistle: the role of competition and seed limitation. Biol. Invasions 9(3):317-325.

Kang, M., Xu, F.H., Lowe, A., and Huang, H.W. 2007. Protecting evolutionary significant units for the remnant populations of Berchemiella wilsonii var. pubipetiolata (Rhamnaceae). Conserv. Genet. 8(2):465-473.

Karatayev, A.Y., Padilla, D.K., Minchin, D., Boltovskoy, D., and Burlakova, L.E. 2007. Changes in global economies and trade: the potential spread of exotic freshwater bivalves. Biol. Invasions 9(2):161-180.

Kebede, M., Ehrich, D., Taberlet, P., Nemomissa, S., and Brochmann, C. 2007. Phylogeography and conservation genetics of a giant lobelia (Lobelia giberroa) in Ethiopian and Tropical East African mountains. Mol. Ecol. 16(6):1233-1243.

Kenta, T., Inari, N., Nagamitsu, T., Goka, K., and Hiura, T. 2007. Commercialized European bumblebee can cause pollination disturbance: an experiment on seven native plant species in Japan. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):298-309.

Khuroo, A.A., Rashid, I., Reshi, Z., Dar, G.H., and Wafai, B.A. 2007. The alien flora of Kashmir Himalaya. Biol. Invasions 9(3):269-292.

Kinkead, K.E., Abbott, A.G., and Otis, D.L. 2007. Genetic variation among Ambystoma breeding populations on the savannah river site. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):281-292.

Klimek, S., Kemmermann, A.R.G., Hofmann, M., and Isselstein, J. 2007. Plant species richness and composition in managed grasslands: the relative importance of field management and environmental factors. Biol. Conserv. 134(4):559-570.

Klinger, T., Dale, V., Sherman, M., McKinney, M., Campbell, J.Y., and Gold, B. 2007. The promise and the challenge of cooperative conservation. Front. Ecol. Environ. 5(2):97-103.

Knapp, R.A., Boiano, D.M., and Vredenburg, V.T. 2007. Removal of nonnative fish results in population expansion of a declining amphibian (mountain yellow-legged frog, Rana muscosa). Biol. Conserv. 135(1):11-20.

Knight, A.T., Smith, R.J., Cowling, R.M., Desmet, P.G., Faith, D.P., Ferrier, S., Gelderblom, C.M., Grantham, H., Lombard, A.T., Maze, K., Nel, J.L., Parrish, J.D., Pence, G.Q.K., Possingham, H.P., Reyers, B., Rouget, M., Roux, D., and Wilson, K.A. 2007. Improving the key biodiversity areas approach for effective conservation planning. BioScience 57(3):256-261.

Koga, K., Kadono, Y., and Setoguchi, H. 2007. The genetic structure of populations of the vulnerable aquatic macrophyte Ranunculus nipponicus (Ranunculaceae). J. Plant Res. 120(2):167-174.

Kota, N.L., Landenberger, R.E., and McGraw, J.B. 2007. Germination and early growth of Ailanthus and tulip poplar in three levels of forest disturbance. Biol. Invasions 9(2):197-211.

Krystufek, B., Buzan, E.V., Hutchinson, W.F., and Hanfling, B. 2007. Phylogeography of the rare Balkan endemic Martino's vole, Dinaromys bogdanovi, reveals strong differentiation within the western Balkan Peninsula. Mol. Ecol. 16(6):1221-1232.

Lada, H., Thomson, J.R., Mac Nally, R., Horrocks, G., and Taylor, A.C. 2007. Evaluating simultaneous impacts of three anthropogenic effects on a floodplain-dwelling marsupial Antechinus flavipes. Biol. Conserv. 134(4):527-536.

Laiolo, P., and Tella, J.L. 2007. Erosion of animal cultures in fragmented landscapes. Front. Ecol. Environ. 5(2):68-72.

Lambert, G. 2007. Invasive sea squirts: a growing global problem. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):3-4.

Larsson, M., and Franzén, M. 2007. Critical resource levels of pollen for the declining bee Andrena hattorfiana (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). Biol. Conserv. 134(3):405-414.

Lavoie, C., Donlan, C.J., Campbell, K., Cruz, F., and Carrion, G.V. 2007. Geographic tools for eradication programs of insular non-native mammals. Biol. Invasions 9(2):139-148.

Lemoine, N., Bauer, H.G., Peintinger, M., and Böhning-Gaese, K. 2007. Effects of climate and land-use change on species abundance in a central European bird community. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):495-503.

Leroux, S.J., Schmiegelow, F.K.A., and Nagy, J.A. 2007. Potential spatial overlap of heritage sites and protected areas in a boreal region of northern Canada. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):376-386.

Liebherr, J.K., and Krushelnycky, P.D. 2007. Unfortunate encounters? Novel interactions of native Mecyclothorax, alien Trechus obtusus (Coleoptera: Carabidae), and Argentine ant (Linepithema humile, Hymenoptera: Formicidae) across a Hawaiian landscape. J. Insect Conserv. 11(1):61-73.

Light, T., and Marchetti, M.P. 2007. Distinguishing between invasions and habitat changes as drivers of diversity loss among California's freshwater fishes. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):434-446.

Lindenmayer, D.B., and Fischer, J. 2007. Tackling the habitat fragmentation panchreston. Trends Ecol. Evol. 22(3):127-132.

Lindsey, P.A., Roulet, P.A., and Romañach, S.S. 2007. Economic and conservation significance of the trophy hunting industry in sub-Saharan Africa. Biol. Conserv. 134(4):455-469.

Locke, A., Hanson, J.M., Ellis, K.M., Thompson, J., and Rochette, R. 2007. Invasion of the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence by the clubbed tunicate (Styela clava Herdman): potential mechanisms for invasions of Prince Edward Island estuaries. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):69-77.

Lodi, L., and Rodrigues, M.T. 2007. Southern right whale on the coast of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil: conflict between conservation and human activity. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 87(1):105-107.

Loman, J., and Andersson, G. 2007. Monitoring brown frogs Rana arvalis and Rana temporaria in 120 south Swedish ponds 1989-2005. Mixed trends in different habitats. Biol. Conserv. 135(1):46-56.

Lombard, A.T., Reyers, B., Schonegevel, L.Y., Coopers, J., Smith-Adao, L.B., Nel, D.C., Froneman, P.W., Ansorge, I.J., Bester, M.N., Tosh, C.A., Strauss, T., Akkers, T., Gon, O., Leslie, R.W., and Chown, S.L. 2007. Conserving pattern and process in the Southern Ocean: designing a marine protected area for the Prince Edward Islands. Antarct. Sci. 19(1):39-54.

López, J.C., and Dirzo, R. 2007. Floristic diversity of sabal palmetto woodland: an endemic and endangered vegetation type from Mexico. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):807-825.

Loveridge, A.J., Searle, A.W., Murindagomo, F., and Macdonald, D.W. 2007. The impact of sport-hunting on the population dynamics of an African lion population in a protected area. Biol. Conserv. 134(4):548-558.

Lozano-Vilano, M.L., García-Ramírez, M.E., Contreras-Balderas, S., and Ramírez-Martínez, Y.C. 2007. Diversity and conservation status of the Ichthyofauna of the Río Lacantún basin in the Biosphere Reserve Montes Azules, Chiapas, Mexico. Zootaxa 1410:43-53.

Lyons-Sobaski, S.A., and Beever, J.E. 2007. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers for Sabatia campestris (Gentianaceae), an Illinois state-endangered plant. Mol. Ecol. Notes 7(2):260-262.

Ma, C.L., Moseley, R.K., Chen, W.Y., and Zhou, Z.K. 2007. Plant diversity and priority conservation areas of Northwestern Yunnan, China. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):757-774.

MacAvoy, E.S., McGibbon, L.M., Sainsbury, J.P., Lawrence, H., Wilson, C.A., Daugherty, C.H., and Chambers, G.K. 2007. Genetic variation in island populations of tuatara (Sphenodon spp) inferred from microsatellite markers. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):305-318.

Magnacca, K.N. 2007. Conservation status of the endemic bees of Hawai'i, Hylaeus (Nesoprosopis) (Hymenoptera: Colletidae). Pacific Sci. 61(2):173-190.

Major, H.L., Jones, I.L., Charette, M.R., and Diamond, A.W. 2007. Variations in the diet of introduced Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) inferred using stable isotope analysis. J. Zool. 271(4):463-468.

Mäki-Petäys, H., and Breen, J. 2007. Genetic vulnerability of a remnant ant population. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):427-435.

Mápula-Larreta, M., López-Upton, J., Vargas-Hernández, J.J., and Hernández-Livera, A. 2007. Reproductive indicators in natural populations of Douglas-fir in Mexico. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):727-742.

Marsh, H., Dennis, A., Hines, H., Kutt, A., McDonald, K., Weber, E., Williams, S., and Winter, J. 2007. Optimizing allocation of management resources for wildlife. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):387-399.

Martin, J., Kitchens, W.M., and Hines, J.E. 2007. Importance of well-designed monitoring programs for the conservation of endangered species: case study of the snail kite. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):472-481.

Martin, T.G., and McIntye, S. 2007. Impacts of livestock grazing and tree clearing on birds of woodland and riparian habitats. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):504-514.

Martorell, C. 2007. Detecting and managing an overgrazing-drought synergism in the threatened Echeveria longissima (Crassulaceae): the role of retrospective demographic analysis. Pop. Ecol. 49(2):115-125.

Mason, T.J., French, K., and Russell, K.G. 2007. Moderate impacts of plant invasion and management regimes in coastal hind dune seed banks. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):428-439.

McAlpine, C.A., Spies, T.A., Norman, P., and Peterson, A. 2007. Conserving forest biodiversity across multiple land ownerships: lessons from the Northwest Forest Plan and the Southeast Queensland regional forests agreement (Australia). Biol. Conserv. 134(4):580-592.

McClelland, E.K., and Naish, K.A. 2007. What is the fitness outcome of crossing unrelated fish populations? A meta-analysis and an evaluation of future research directions. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):397-416.

McGlaughlin, M.E., and Friar, E.A. 2007. Clonality in the endangered Ambrosia pumila (Asteraceae) inferred from RAPD markers; implications for conservation and management. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):319-330.

McGuinness, C.A. 2007. Carabid beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) conservation in New Zealand. J. Insect Conserv. 11(1):31-41.

McLachlan, J.S., Hellmann, J.J., and Schwartz, M.W. 2007. A framework for debate of assisted migration in an era of climate change. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):297-302.

McPhee, M.V. 2007. Age, growth, and life history comparisons between the invasive white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) and native Rio Grande sucker (C. plebeius). Southwest. Nat. 52(1):15-25.

Medeiros, R., Ramos, J.A., Paiva, V.H., Almeida, A., Pedro, P., and Antunes, S. 2007. Signage reduces the impact of human disturbance on little tern nesting success in Portugal. Biol. Conserv. 135(1):99-106.

Meffe, G.K. 2007. The politics of carbon. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):295-296.

Moilanen, A. 2007. Landscape Zonation, benefit functions and target-based planning: unifying reserve selection strategies. Biol. Conserv. 134(4):571-579.

Moilanen, A., and Wintle, B.A. 2007. The boundary-quality penalty: a quantitative method for approximating species responses to fragmentation in reserve selection. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):355-364.

Myburgh, M., Chown, S.L., Daniels, S.R., and van Vuuren, B.J. 2007. Population structure, propagule pressure, and conservation biogeography in the sub-Antarctic: lessons from indigenous and invasive springtails. Divers. Distrib. 13(2):143-154.

Nakazawa, M., and Yahara, T. 2007. Amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis of the genetic variation of an endangered plant Lysimachia tashiroi (Myrsinaceae). Plant Species Biol. 22(1):33-39.

Nehrbass, N., and Winkler, E. 2007. Is the Giant Hogweed still a threat? An individual-based modelling approach for local invasion dynamics of Heracleum mantegazzianum. Ecol. Model. 201(3-4):377-384.

New, T.R. 2007. Beetles and conservation. J. Insect Conserv. 11(1):1-4.

Niemelä, J., Koivula, M., and Kotze, D.J. 2007. The effects of forestry on carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in boreal forests. J. Insect Conserv. 11(1):5-18.

Niemeyer, M., Niemeyer, T., Fottner, S., Härdtle, W., and Mohamed, A. 2007. Impact of sod-cutting and choppering on nutrient budgets of dry heathlands. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):344-353.

Normand, S., Svenning, J.C., and Skov, F. 2007. National and European perspectives on climate change sensitivity of the habitats directive characteristic plant species. J. Nature Conserv. 15(1):41-53.

Orr, D.W. 2007. The carbon conncction. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):289-292.

Osman, R.W., and Whitlatch, R.B. 2007. Variation in the ability of Didemnum sp. to invade established communities. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):40-53.

Pandey, D.N. 2007. Multifunctional agroforestry systems in India. Curr. Sci. 92(4):455-463.

Parker, M.A., Wurtz, A.K., and Paynter, Q. 2007. Nodule symbiosis of invasive Mimosa pigra in Australia and in ancestral habitats: a comparative analysis. Biol. Invasions 9(2):127-138.

Pearson, D.L., and Cassola, F. 2007. Are we doomed to repeat history? A model of the past using tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) and conservation biology to anticipate the future. J. Insect Conserv. 11(1):47-59.

Petersen, S.D., Mason, T., Akber, S., West, R., White, B., and Wilson, P. 2007. Species identification of tarantulas using exuviae for international wildlife law enforcement. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):497-502.

Pita, R., Beja, P., and Mira, A. 2007. Spatial population structure of the Cabrera vole in Mediterranean farmland: the relative role of patch and matrix effects. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):383-392.

Pulido, M.T., Valverde, T., and Caballero, J. 2007. Variation in the population dynamics of the palm Sabal yapa in a landscape shaped by shifting cultivation in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. J. Trop. Ecol. 23:139-149.

Pyšek, P., Krinke, L., Jarošik, V., Perglová, I., Pergl, J., and Moravcová, L. 2007. Timing and extent of tissue removal affect reproduction characteristics of an invasive species Heracleum mantegazzianum. Biol. Invasions 9(3):335-351.

Rajaratnam, R., Sunquist, M., Rajaratnam, L., and Ambu, L. 2007. Diet and habitat selection of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis borneoensis) in an agricultural landscape in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. J. Trop. Ecol. 23:209-217.

Rajbanshi, R., and Pederson, J. 2007. Competition among invading ascidians and a native mussel. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):163-165.

Ramakrishnan, P.S. 2007. Sustainable mountain development: the Himalayan tragedy. Curr. Sci. 92(3):308-316.

Ramstad, K.M., Nelson, N.J., Paine, G., Beech, D., Paul, A., Paul, P., Allendorf, F.W., and Daugherty, C.H. 2007. Species and cultural conservation in New Zealand: Maori traditional ecological knowledge of Tuatara. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):455-464.

Reimers, E., Dahle, B., Eftestøl, S., Colman, J.E., and Gaare, E. 2007. Effects of a power line on migration and range use of wild reindeer. Biol. Conserv. 134(4):484-494.

Reyna-Hurtado, R., and Tanner, G.W. 2007. Ungulate relative abundance in hunted and non-hunted sites in Calakmul Forest (Southern Mexico). Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):743-756.

Ricciardi, A. 2007. Are modern biological invasions an unprecedented form of global change? Conserv. Biol. 21(2):329-336.

Ricciardi, A., and Cohen, J. 2007. The invasiveness of an introduced species does not predict its impact. Biol. Invasions 9(3):309-315.

Roe, J.H., and Georges, A. 2007. Heterogeneous wetland complexes, buffer zones, and travel corridors: landscape management for freshwater reptiles. Biol. Conserv. 135(1):67-76.

Rohr, J.R., Mahan, C.G., and Kim, K.C. 2007. Developing a monitoring program for invertebrates: guidelines and a case study. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):422-433.

Rooney, T.P., Olden, J.D., Leach, M.K., and Rogers, D.A. 2007. Biotic homogenization and conservation prioritization. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):447-450.

Rosenbaum, P.A., Robertson, J.M., and Zamudio, K.R. 2007. Unexpectedly low genetic divergences among populations of the threatened bog turtle (Glyptemys muhlenbergii). Conserv. Genet. 8(2):331-342.

Rumiz, D.I., Pardo, E., Eulert, C.F., Arispe, R., Wallace, R.B., Gómez, H., and Ríos-Uzeda, B. 2007. New records and a status assessment of a rare dwarf brocket deer from the montane forests of Bolivia. J. Zool. 271(4):428-436.

Sagoff, M. 2007. On the compatibility of a conservation ethic with biological science. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):337-345.

Salick, J., Amend, A., Anderson, D., Hoffmeister, K., Gunn, B., and Fang, Z.D. 2007. Tibetan sacred sites conserve old growth trees and cover in the eastern Himalayas. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):693-706.

Satterthwaite, W.H., Holl, K.D., Hayes, G.F., and Barber, A.L. 2007. Seed banks in plant conservation: case study of Santa Cruz tarplant restoration. Biol. Conserv. 135(1):57-66.

Schiesari, L., Grillitsch, B., and Grillitsch, H. 2007. Biogeographic biases in research and their consequences for linking amphibian declines to pollution. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):465-471.

Schwerdtner, K., and Gruber, B. 2007. A conceptual framework for damage compensation schemes. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):354-360.

Seddon, P.J., Armstrong, D.P., and Maloney, R.F. 2007. Developing the science of reintroduction biology. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):303-312.

Segarra-Moragues, J.G., and Mateu-Andrés, I. 2007. Levels of allozyme diversity in closely related toadflaxes (Linaria, Plantaginaceae) and their correspondence with the breeding systems of the species. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):373-383.

Sekercioglu, C.H., Loarie, S.R., Brenes, F.O., Ehrlich, P.R., and Daily, G.C. 2007. Persistence of forest birds in the Costa Rican agricultural countryside. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):482-494.

Shoji, A., Yokoyama, J., and Kawata, M. 2007. Molecular phylogeny and genetic divergence of the introduced populations of japanese guppies, Poecilia reticulata. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):261-271.

Simoncini, M., and Miller, R.J. 2007. Feeding preference of Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (Echinoidea) for a dominant native ascidian, Aplidium glabrum, relative to the invasive ascidian Botrylloides violaceus. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):93-98.

Snelder, T.H., Dey, K.L., and Leathwick, J.R. 2007. A procedure for making optimal selection of input variables for multivariate environmental classifications. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):365-375.

Soltis, D.E., Soltis, P.S., Schemske, D.W., Hancock, J.F., Thompson, J.N., Husband, B.C., and Judd, W.S. 2007. Autopolyploidy in angiosperms: have we grossly underestimated the number of species? Taxon 56(1):13-30.

Souter, N.J., Bull, C.M., Lethbridge, M.R., and Hutchinson, M.N. 2007. Habitat requirements of the endangered pygmy bluetongue lizard, Tiliqua adelaidensis. Biol. Conserv. 135(1):33-45.

Stadler, J., Trefflich, A., Brandl, R., and Klotz, S. 2007. Spontaneous regeneration of dry grasslands on set-aside fields. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):621-630.

Stewart, R.R., Ball, I.R., and Possingham, H.P. 2007. The effect of incremental reserve design and changing reservation goals on the long-term effliciency of reserve systems. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):346-354.

Stone, D.M., Van Haverbeke, D.R., Ward, D.L., and Hunt, T.A. 2007. Dispersal of nonnative fishes and parasites in the intermittent Little Colorado River, Arizona. Southwest. Nat. 52(1):130-137.

Stronen, A.V., Brook, R.K., Paquet, P.C., and Mclachlan, S. 2007. Farmer attitudes toward wolves: implications for the role of predators in managing disease. Biol. Conserv. 135(1):1-10.

Sugiura, S., and Yamazaki, K. 2007. Migratory moths as dispersal vectors of an introduced plant-pathogenic fungus in Japan. Biol. Invasions 9(2):101-106.

Suwanlee, S., Baumung, R., Sölkner, J., and Curik, I. 2007. Evaluation of ancestral inbreeding coefficients: Ballou's formula versus gene dropping. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):489-495.

Talley, T.S., Fleishman, E., Holyoak, M., Murphy, D.D., and Ballard, A. 2007. Rethinking a rare-species conservation strategy in an urban landscape: the case of the valley elderberry longhorn beetle. Biol. Conserv. 135(1):21-32.

Teder, T., Moora, M., Roosaluste, E., Zobel, K., Pärtel, M., Köljalg, U., and Zobel, M. 2007. Monitoring of biological diversity: a common-ground approach. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):313-317.

Tobler, M., Honorio, E., Janovec, J., and Reynel, C. 2007. Implications of collection patterns of botanical specimens on their usefulness for conservation planning: an example of two neotropical plant families (Moraceae and Myristicaceae) in Peru. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(3):659-677.

Turner, C.R. 2007. Water beetles associated with reservoirs on Table Mountain, Cape Town: implications for conservation. J. Insect Conserv. 11(1):75-83.

Turner, T.F., Dowling, T.E., Marsh, P.C., Kesner, B.R., and Kelsen, A.T. 2007. Effective size, census size, and genetic monitoring of the endangered razorback sucker, Xyrauchen texanus. Conserv. Genet. 8(2):417-425.

Turon, X., Nishikawa, T., and Rius, M. 2007. Spread of Microcosms squamiger (Ascidiacea: Pyuridae) in the Mediterranean Sea and adjacent waters. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):185-188.

Tyrrell, M.C., and Byers, J.E. 2007. Do artificial substrates favor nonindigenous fouling species over native species? J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):54-60.

Usio, N. 2007. Endangered crayfish in northern Japan: distribution, abundance and microhabitat specificity in relation to stream and riparian environment. Biol. Conserv. 134(4):517-526.

Valdovinos, C., and Pedreros, P. 2007. Geographic variations in shell growth rates of the mussel Diplodon chilensis from temperate lakes of Chile: implications for biodiversity conservation. Limnologica 37(1):63-75.

van Aarde, R.J., and Jackson, T.P. 2007. Megaparks for metapopulations: addressing the causes of locally high elephant numbers in southern Africa. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):289-297.

Van Turnhout, C.A.M., Foppen, R.P.B., Leuven, R.S.E.W., Siepel, H., and Esselink, H. 2007. Scale-dependent homogenization: changes in breeding bird diversity in the Netherlands over a 25-year period. Biol. Conserv. 134(4):505-516.

Virkkala, R., and Rajasärkkä, A. 2007. Uneven regional distribution of protected areas in Finland: consequences for boreal forest bird populations. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):361-371.

Vredenburg, V.T., Bingham, R., Knapp, R., Morgan, J.A.T., Moritz, C., and Wake, D. 2007. Concordant molecular and phenotypic data delineate new taxonomy and conservation priorities for the endangered mountain yellow-legged frog. J. Zool. 271(4):361-374.

Wakida-Kusunoki, A.T., Ruiz-Carus, R., and Amador-del-Angel, E. 2007. Amazon sailfin catfish, Pterygoplichthys pardalis (Castelnau, 1855) (Loricariidae), another exotic species established in southeastern Mexico. Southwest. Nat. 52(1):141-144.

Ward, J.M., and Ricciardi, A. 2007. Impacts of Dreissena invasions on benthic macroinvertebrate communities: a meta-analysis. Divers. Distrib. 13(2):155-165.

Whitlatch, R.B., and Bullard, S.G. 2007. Introduction to the Proceedings of the 1st International Invasive Sea Squirt Conference. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 342(1):1-2.

Wielgus, J., Iv, F.B., Sala, E., and Gerber, L.R. 2007. Viability analysis of reef fish populations based on limited demographic information. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):447-454.

Williford, D.L., Woodin, M.C., Skoruppa, M.K., and Hickman, G.C. 2007. Characteristics of roost sites used by burrowing owls (Athene cunicularia) wintering in southern Texas. Southwest. Nat. 52(1):60-66.

Winberg, P.C., Lynch, T.P., Murray, A., Jones, A.R., and Davis, A.R. 2007. The importance of spatial scale for the conservation of tidal flat macrobenthos: an example from New South Wales, Australia. Biol. Conserv. 134(3):310-320.

Woodroffe, R., Lindsey, P.A., Romanach, S.S., and Ranah, S.M.K.O. 2007. African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) can subsist on small prey: implications for conservation. J. Mammal. 88(1):181-193.

Xu, J.C., and Melick, D.R. 2007. Rethinking the effectiveness of public protected areas in southwestern China. Conserv. Biol. 21(2):318-328.

Yelenik, S.G., Stock, W.D., and Richardson, D.M. 2007. Functional group identity does not predict invader impacts: differential effects of nitrogen-fixing exotic plants on ecosystem function. Biol. Invasions 9(2):117-125.

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