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Department ofBotany

No. 275
November 2007

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In This Issue

Guiana Shield Plant Checklist

The Guiana Shield region of South America has long held a fascination for tropical biologists because of its unique geography that includes table-top mountains known as tepuis, tropical savannas, and broad expanses of rainforest. These areas are home to many endemic taxa, as well as to unique ecosystems such as the Greenheart (Chlorocardium) forests of Guyana and the montane savannas of Brazil, Venezuela, and Guyana. Some of the largest expanses of untouched neo-tropical forests occur in these areas. "The Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield," published in the latest issue of the Contributions from the United States National Herbarium (55: 1-584; 2007), covers all vascular plants known to occur in the Guiana Shield region of northeastern South America. Edited by Vicki Funk, Tom Hollowell, Paul Berry, Carol Kelloff and Sara N. Alexander, it is the product of the combined efforts of two research initiatives: the Smithsonian Institution's Biological Diversity of the Guiana Shield Program (BDG) and the Missouri Botanical Garden's Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana project (FVG).

The plant checklist is a companion to the recently published Checklist of the Terrestrial Vertebrates of the Guiana Shield (Hollowell and Reynolds, eds. 2005). Together they represent a new research and conservation resource, which highlights three critical facets of taxonomic work: research, collections, and expeditions. These volumes should be of particular use to students, taxonomists, ecologists, and conservation biologists as well as to interested amateurs.

Both of these checklists were produced using information gathered from historical and recent collections as well as many recent expeditions to northeastern South America. The expertise of scientists from many organizations around the globe has been drawn together and made available to the scientific and conservation communities in both hard copy and on the web <>. Research projects such as this would not be possible without this international collaboration. BDG works with over 250 scientists who provide determinations for the collections.

The Guiana Shield is a geologic formation, and as such it defines a section of northeastern South America that is ideally a natural unit rather than a political one. This gives these two checklists (plants and terrestrial vertebrates) an environmental focus that is a first step toward thinking in terms of ecosystems, evolution, and systematics rather than simple lists of organisms. For instance, checklists tell us how many organisms of a certain kind are in a particular area, thus giving us an idea of the species richness. They serve as an indicator of endemicity within an area and provide information on the number of introduced species. They can be used in a comparative manner between and among areas. Since this is a natural area they can be used to formulate questions about adaptive radiation, dispersal, and evolutionary history.

Conservation efforts are improved because the checklists provide standardized species nomenclature that will be used in both governmental and academic undertakings, including impact studies, reserve planning, ecological research, production of floral and faunal studies, and biogeographical analyses, allowing data sets from different sources to be compared with greater accuracy and confidence.

Both checklists exemplify the collaborative nature of studies in biological diversity science, being reflections of the efforts of so many specialists essential to their production. They are truly international efforts, for while the volumes were organized by the BDG staff, the authors and experts who supplied identifications are based all over the world and in many types of organizations. The result affirms the common interests of all of the people, institutions, and nations involved in studying, understanding, and conserving the irreplaceable natural heritage of our world.

Current Literature

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Clarke, M.F., and Oldland, J.M. 2007. Penetration of remnant edges by noisy miners (Manorina melanocephala) and implications for habitat restoration. Wildlife Res. 34(4):253-261.

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de Groot, M., Kleijn, D., and Jogan, N. 2007. Species groups occupying different trophic levels respond differently to the invasion of semi-natural vegetation by Solidago canadensis. Biol. Conserv. 136(4):612-617.

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Dogan, M., and Akaydin, G. 2007. Synopsis of Turkish Acantholimon Boiss. (Plumbaginaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 154(3):397-419.

Driskell, A., Christidis, L., Gill, B.J., Boles, W.E., Barker, F.K., and Longmore, N.W. 2007. A new endemic family of New Zealand passerine birds: adding heat to a biodiversity hotspot. Aust. J. Zool. 55(2):73-78.

Eros, T. 2007. Partitioning the diversity of riverine fish: the roles of habitat types and non-native species. Freshwater Biol. 52(7):1400-1415.

Escalante, T., Sánchez-Cordero, V., Morrone, J.J., and Linaje, M. 2007. Deforestation affects biogeographical regionalization: a case study contrasting potential and extant distributions of Mexican terrestrial mammals. J. Nat. Hist. 41(13-16):965-984.

Fellers, G.M., and Kleeman, P.M. 2007. California red-legged frog (Rana draytonii) movement and habitat use: implications for conservation. J. Herpetol. 41(2):276-286.

Ficetola, G.F., Thuiller, W., and Miaud, C. 2007. Prediction and validation of the potential global distribution of a problematic alien invasive species - the American bullfrog. Divers. Distrib. 13(4):476-485.

Field, S.A., O'Connor, P.J., Tyre, A.J., and Possingham, H.P. 2007. Making monitoring meaningful. Austral Ecol. 32(5):485-491.

Forboseh, P.F., Eno-Nku, M., and Sunderland, T.C.H. 2007. Priority setting for conservation in south-west Cameroon based on large mammal surveys. Oryx 41(2):255-262.

Forero, D. 2007. Description of a new species of Liaghinella (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Emesinae) from the Colombian Andes, with notes on its feeding habits and conservation status. Zootaxa 1502:55-68.

Foxcroft, L.C., and Freitag-Ronaldson, S. 2007. Seven decades of institutional learning: managing alien plant invasions in the Kruger National Park, South Africa. Oryx 41(2):160-167.

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Gherardi, F., and Acquistapace, P. 2007. Invasive crayfish in Europe: the impact of Procambarus clarkii on the littoral community of a Mediterranean lake. Freshwater Biol. 52(7):1249-1259.

Gibson, L., and New, T.R. 2007. Problems in studying populations of the golden sun-moth, Synemon plana (Lepidoptera: Castniidae), in south eastern Australia. J. Insect Conserv. 11(3):309-313.

Gill, J.A. 2007. Approaches to measuring the effects of human disturbance on birds. Ibis 149:9-14.

Githiru, M. 2007. Conservation in Africa: but for whom? Oryx 41(2):119-120.

Githiru, M., Lens, L., Bennun, L.A., and Matthysen, E. 2007. Can a common bird species be used as a surrogate to draw insights for the conservation of a rare species? A case study from the fragmented Taita Hills, Kenya. Oryx 41(2):239-246.

Glen, A.S., Dickman, C.R., Soule, M.E., and Mackey, B.G. 2007. Evaluating the role of the dingo as a trophic regulator in Australian ecosystems. Austral Ecol. 32(5):492-501.

Glew, L., and Hudson, M.D. 2007. Gorillas in the midst: the impact of armed conflict on the conservation of protected areas in sub-Saharan Africa. Oryx 41(2):140-150.

Goodisman, M.A.D., Sankovich, K.A., and Kovacs, J.L. 2007. Genetic and morphological variation over space and time in the invasive fire ant Solenopsis invicta. Biol. Invasions 9(5):571-584.

Gordo, O., Sanz, J.J., and Lobo, J.M. 2007. Environmental and geographical constraints on common swift and barn swallow spring arrival patterns throughout the Iberian Peninsula. J. Biogeogr. 34(6):1065-1076.

Gorman, O.T. 2007. Changes in a population of exotic rainbow smelt in Lake Superior: boom to bust, 1974-2005. J. Great Lakes Res. 33:75-90.

Granadeiro, J.P., Santos, C.D., Dias, M.P., and Palmeirim, J.M. 2007. Environmental factors drive habitat partitioning in birds feeding in intertidal flats: implications for conservation. Hydrobiologia 587:291-302.

Greenslade, P., Stevens, M.I., and Edwards, R. 2007. Invasion of two exotic terrestrial flatworms to subantarctic Macquarie Island. Polar Biol. 30(8):961-967.

Grimbacher, P.S., Catterall, C.P., Kanowski, J., and Proctor, H.C. 2007. Responses of ground-active beetle assemblages to different styles of reforestation on cleared rainforest land. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(7):2167-2184.

Hamer, A.J., and Mahony, M.J. 2007. Life history of an endangered amphibian challenges the declining species paradigm. Aust. J. Zool. 55(2):79-88.

Harris, J., Haward, M., Jabour, J., and Woehler, E.J. 2007. A new approach to selecting Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in the Southern Ocean. Antarct. Sci. 19(2):189-194.

Hayward, M.W., Adendorff, J., O'Brien, J., Sholto-Douglas, A., Bissett, C., Moolman, L.C., Bean, P., Fogarty, A., Howarth, D., Slater, R., and Kerley, G.I.H. 2007. The reintroduction of large carnivores to the Eastern Cape, South Africa: an assessment. Oryx 41(2):205-214.

Hein, S., Voss, J., Poethke, H.J., and Schröder, B. 2007. Habitat suitability models for the conservation of thermophilic grasshoppers and bush crickets - simple or complex? J. Insect Conserv. 11(3):221-240.

Heino, J., and Soininen, J. 2007. Are higher taxa adequate surrogates for species-level assemblage patterns and species richness in stream organisms? Biol. Conserv. 137(1):78-89.

Hendricks, H.H., Bond, W.J., Midgley, J.J., and Novellie, P.A. 2007. Biodiversity conservation and pastoralism-reducing herd size in a communal livestock production system in Richtersveld National Park. J. Arid Environ. 70(4):718-727.

Hetherington, D.A., and Gorman, M.L. 2007. Using prey densities to estimate the potential size of reintroduced populations of Eurasian lynx. Biol. Conserv. 137(1):37-44.

Hilderbrand, R.H., Gardner, R.H., Ratnaswamy, M.J., and Keller, C.E. 2007. Evaluating population persistence of Delmarva fox squirrels and potential impacts of climate change. Biol. Conserv. 137(1):70-77.

Hoagstrom, C.W., Wall, S.S., Kral, J.G., Blackwell, B.G., and Berry, C.R. 2007. Zoogeographic patterns and faunal change of south Dakota fishes. West. N. Am. Naturalist 67(2):161-184.

Hoare, J.M., Shirley, P., Nelson, N.J., and Daugherty, C.H. 2007. Avoiding aliens: behavioural plasticity in habitat use enables large, nocturnal geckos to survive Pacific rat invasions. Biol. Conserv. 136(4):510-519.

Hollebone, A.L., and Hay, M.E. 2007. Population dynamics of the non-native crab Petrolisthes armatus invading the South Atlantic Bight at densities of thousands m-2. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 336:211-223.

Hopper, S.D., and Brown, A.P. 2007. A revision of Australia's hammer orchids (Drakaea: Orchidaceae), with some field data on species-specific sexually deceived wasp pollinators. Aust. Syst. Bot. 20(3):252-285.

Horgan, F.G. 2007. Dung beetles in pasture landscapes of Central America: proliferation of synanthropogenic species and decline of forest specialists. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(7):2149-2165.

Howarth, F.G., James, S.A., McDowell, W., Preston, D.J., and Imada, C.T. 2007. Identification of roots in lava tube caves using molecular techniques: implications for conservation of cave arthropod faunas. J. Insect Conserv. 11(3):251-261.

Huebner, C.D. 2007. Detection and monitoring of invasive exotic plants: a comparison of four sampling methods. Northeastern Nat. 14(2):183-206.

Hunter, L.T.B., Pretorius, K., Carlisle, L.C., Rickelton, M., Walker, C., Slotow, R., and Skinner, J.D. 2007. Restoring lions Panthera leo to northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: short-term biological and technical success but equivocal long-term conservation. Oryx 41(2):196-204.

Igual, J.M., Forero, M.G., Gomez, T., and Oro, D. 2007. Can an introduced predator trigger an evolutionary trap in a colonial seabird? Biol. Conserv. 137(2):189-196.

Inogwabini, B.I. 2007. Can biodiversity conservation be reconciled with development? Oryx 41(2):136-137.

Jacobi, C.M., do Carmo, F.F., Vincent, R.C., and Stehmann, J.R. 2007. Plant communities on ironstone outcrops: a diverse and endangered Brazilian ecosystem. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(7):2185-2200.

Janssen, J., Marsden, J.E., Bronte, C.R., Jude, D.J., Sitar, S.P., and Goetz, F.W. 2007. Challenges to deep-water reproduction by lake trout: pertinence to restoration in Lake Michigan. J. Great Lakes Res. 33:59-74.

Jarnevich, C.S., Graham, J.J., Newman, G.J., Crall, A.W., and Stohlgren, T.J. 2007. Balancing data sharing requirements for analyses with data sensitivity. Biol. Invasions 9(5):597-599.

Jenkins, R.K.B., Andriafidison, D., Razafimanahaka, H.J., Rabearivelo, A., Razafindrakoto, N., Ratsimandresy, Z., Andrianandrasana, R.H., Razafimahatratra, E., and Racey, P.A. 2007. Not rare, but threatened: the endemic Madagascar flying fox Pteropus rufus in a fragmented landscape. Oryx 41(2):263-271.

Jin, Z.X., and Li, J.M. 2007. Genetic differentiation in endangered Heptacodium miconioides Rehd. based on ISSR polymorphism and implications for its conservation. Forest Ecol. Manag. 245(1-3):130-136.

Jordan, F., Benedek, Z., and Podani, J. 2007. Quantifying positional importance in food webs: a comparison of centrality indices. Ecol. Model. 205(1-2):270-275.

Kaya, Z., and Vural, M. 2007. New species of Centaurea sect. Acrocentron (Asteraceae) from Turkey. Novon 17(2):198-201.

Keith, M., and Warren, M. 2007. Can anthropogenic variables be used as threat proxies for South African plant richness? Bothalia 37(1):79-88.

Kenfack, D., Thomas, D.W., Chuyong, G., and Condit, R. 2007. Rarity and abundance in a diverse African forest. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(7):2045-2074.

Kesler, D.C., and Haig, S.M. 2007. Conservation biology for suites of species: demographic modeling for Pacific island kingfishers. Biol. Conserv. 136(4):520-530.

Kideghesho, J.R., Røskaft, E., and Kaltenborn, B.P. 2007. Factors influencing conservation attitudes of local people in Western Serengeti, Tanzania. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(7):2213-2230.

Knapp, S. 2007. Solanum coalitum (Solanaeeae), a new endemic species from southern Ecuador. Novon 17(2):212-216.

Komonen, A. 2007. Are we conserving peripheral populations? An analysis of range structure of longhorn beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in Finland. J. Insect Conserv. 11(3):281-285.

Lambert, A.M., and Casagrande, R.A. 2007. Characteristics of a successful estuarine invader: evidence of self-compatibility in native and non-native lineages of Phragmites australis. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 337:299-301.

Laroche, R.K., Kock, A.A., Dill, L.M., and Oosthuizen, W.H. 2007. Effects of provisioning ecotourism activity on the behaviour of white sharks Carcharodon carcharias. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 338:199-209.

Larsen, R.T., Flinders, J.T., Mitchell, D.L., and Perkins, E.R. 2007. Conservation risks of exotic chukars (Alectoris chukar) and their associated management: implications for a widely introduced phasianid. Wildlife Res. 34(4):262-270.

Last, P.R., and Gledhill, D.C. 2007. The Maugean Skate, Zearaja maugeana sp. nov. (Rajiformes: Rajidae) - a micro-endemic, Gondwanan relict from Tasmanian estuaries. Zootaxa 1494:45-65.

Lindenmayer, D.B., Fischer, J., Felton, A., Montague-Drake, R., Manning, A.D., Simberloff, D., Youngentob, K., Saunders, D., Wilson, D., Felton, A.M., Blackmore, C., Lowe, A., Bond, S., Munro, N., and Elliott, C.P. 2007. The complementarity of single-species and ecosystem-oriented research in conservation research. Oikos 116(7):1220-1226.

Linkie, M., Dinata, Y., Nugroho, A., and Haidir, I.A. 2007. Estimating occupancy of a data deficient mammalian species living in tropical rainforests: sun bears in the Kerinci Seblat region, Sumatra. Biol. Conserv. 137(1):20-27.

Loo, J.A., Beardmore, T.L., Simpson, J.D., and McPhee, D.A. 2007. Tree species of concern in New Brunswick, Canada. I. Current status and threats. Forest Chron. 83(3):393-401.

Loo, J.A., Beardmore, T.L., Simpson, J.D., and McPhee, D.A. 2007. Tree species of concern in New Brunswick, Canada. II. Guidelines for conservation of genetic resources. Forest Chron. 83(3):402-407.

Lopes-Andrade, C. 2007. Notes on Falsocis Pic (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea: Ciidae), with the description of an endangered Brazilian species. Zootaxa 1544:41-58.

Loyola, R.D., Kubota, U., and Lewinsohn, T.M. 2007. Endemic vertebrates are the most effective surrogates for identifying conservation priorities among Brazilian ecoregions. Divers. Distrib. 13(4):389-396.

Lukoschek, V., Heatwole, H., Grech, A., Burns, G., and Marsh, H. 2007. Distribution of two species of sea snakes, Aipysurus laevis and Emydocephalus annulatus, in the southern Great Barrier Reef: metapopulation dynamics, marine protected areas and conservation. Coral Reefs 26(2):291-307.

Lunt, I.D., Eldridge, D.J., Morgan, J.W., and Witt, G.B. 2007. A framework to predict the effects of livestock grazing and grazing exclusion on conservation values in natural ecosystems in Australia. Aust. J. Bot. 55(4):401-415.

MacSwiney, M.C., Vilchis, P., Clarke, F.M., and Racey, P.A. 2007. The importance of cenotes in conserving bat assemblages in the Yucatan, Mexico. Biol. Conserv. 136(4):499-509.

Marín, J.C., Casey, C.S., Kadwell, M., Yaya, K., Hoces, D., Olazabal, J., Rosadio, R., Rodriguez, J., Spotorno, A., Bruford, M.W., and Wheeler, J.C. 2007. Mitochondrial phylogeography and demographic history of the Vicuña: implications for conservation. Heredity 99(1):70-80.

Marrero-Gómez, M.V., Oostermeijer, J.G.B., Carqué-Álamo, E., and Bañares-Baudet, Á. 2007. Population viability of the narrow endemic Helianthemum juliae (CISTACEAE) in relation to climate variability. Biol. Conserv. 136(4):552-562.

Matern, A., Drees, C., Kleinwächter, M., and Assmann, T. 2007. Habitat modelling for the conservation of the rare ground beetle species Carabus variolosus (Cololeoptera, Carabidae) in the riparian zones of headwaters. Biol. Conserv. 136(4):618-627.

Mattingly, W.B., Hewlate, R., and Reynolds, H.L. 2007. Species evenness and invasion resistance of experimental grassland communities. Oikos 116(7):1164-1170.

McClanahan, T.R. 2007. Testing for correspondence between coral reef invertebrate diversity and marine park designation on the Masoala Peninsula of eastern Madagascar. Aquat. Conserv. 17(4):409-419.

McClanahan, T.R., Ateweberhan, M., Graham, N.A.J., Wilson, S.K., Sebastian, C.R., Guillaume, M.M.M., and Bruggemann, J.H. 2007. Western Indian Ocean coral communities: bleaching responses and susceptibility to extinction. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 337:1-13.

Mccoy, E.D., and Mushinsky, H.R. 2007. Estimates of minimum patch size depend on the method of estimation and the condition of the habitat. Ecology 88(6):1401-1407.

McKenzie, V.J. 2007. Human land use and patterns of parasitism in tropical amphibian hosts. Biol. Conserv. 137(1):102-116.

McLaughlin, S.P., and Bowers, J.E. 2007. Effects of exotic grasses on soil seed banks in southeastern Arizona grasslands. West. N. Am. Naturalist 67(2):206-218.

Meldgaard, T., Crivelli, A.J., Jesensek, D., Poizat, G., Rubin, J.F., and Berrebi, P. 2007. Hybridization mechanisms between the endangered marble trout (Salmo marmoratus) and the brown trout (Salmo trutta) as revealed by in-stream experiments. Biol. Conserv. 136(4):602-611.

Messing, R.H., Tremblay, M.N., Mondor, E.B., Foottit, R.G., and Pike, K.S. 2007. Invasive aphids attack native Hawaiian plants. Biol. Invasions 9(5):601-607.

Metcalf, J., Hampson, K., Andriamizava, A., Andrianirina, R., Cairnes, T., Gray, A., Ramiarisoa, C., and Sondotra, H. 2007. The importance of north-west Madagascar for marine turtle conservation. Oryx 41(2):232-238.

Midgley, G.F., and Thuiller, W. 2007. Potential vulnerability of Namaqualand plant diversity to anthropogenic climate change. J. Arid Environ. 70(4):615-628.

Miller, K.A., Engle, J.M., Uwai, S., and Kawai, H. 2007. First report of the Asian seaweed Sargassum filicinum Harvey (Fucales) in California, USA. Biol. Invasions 9(5):609-613.

Milton, S.J., Wilson, J.R.U., Richardson, D.M., Seymour, C.L., Dean, W.R.J., Iponga, D.M., and Proches, S. 2007. Invasive alien plants infiltrate bird-mediated shrub nucleation processes in arid savanna. J. Ecology 95(4):648-661.

Mineur, F., Belsher, T., Johnson, M.P., Maggs, C.A., and Verlaque, M. 2007. Experimental assessment of oyster transfers as a vector for macroalgal introductions. Biol. Conserv. 137(2):237-247.

Moody, M.L., and Les, D.H. 2007. Geographic distribution and genotypic composition of invasive hybrid watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum x M. sibiricum) populations in North America. Biol. Invasions 9(5):559-570.

Muñoz, J. 2007. Biodiversity conservation including uncharismatic species. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(7):2233-2235.

Murison, G., Bullock, J.M., Underhill-Day, J., Langston, R., Brown, A.F., and Sutherland, W.J. 2007. Habitat type determines the effects of disturbance on the breeding productivity of the Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata. Ibis 149:16-26.

Myler, C.D., Mladenka, G.C., and Minshall, G.W. 2007. Trend analysis shows decline of an endangered thermophilic springsnail (Pyrgulopsis bruneauensis) in southwestern Idaho. West. N. Am. Naturalist 67(2):199-205.

Nesslage, G.M., Maurer, B.A., and Gage, S.H. 2007. Gypsy moth response to landscape structure differs from neutral model predictions: implications for invasion monitoring. Biol. Invasions 9(5):585-595.

New, T.R. 2007. Politicians, poisons and moths: ambiguity over the icon status of the Bogong moth (Agrotis infusa) (Noctuidae) in Australia. J. Insect Conserv. 11(3):219-220.

Newby, J. 2007. A new perspective on the Sahara. Oryx 41(2):138-139.

Nicastro, K.R., Zardi, G.I., and McQuaid, C.D. 2007. Behavioural response of invasive Mytilus galloprovincialis and indigenous Perna perna mussels exposed to risk of predation. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 336:169-175.

Nichols, E., Larsen, T., Spector, S., Davis, A.L., Escobar, F., Favila, M., Vuline, K., and Scarabaeinae Res Network. 2007. Global dung beetle response to tropical forest modification and fragmentation: a quantitative literature review and meta-analysis. Biol. Conserv. 137(1):1-19.

Otto, R., Krusi, B.O., and Kienast, F. 2007. Degradation of an arid coastal landscape in relation to land use changes in Southern Tenerife (Canary Islands). J. Arid Environ. 70(3):527-539.

Peak, R.G. 2007. Forest edges negatively affect golden-cheeked warbler nest survival. Condor 109(3):628-637.

Peck, J.E., and Muir, P.S. 2007. Conservation management of the mixed species nontimber forest product of "moss" - are they harvesting what we think they're harvesting? Biodivers. Conserv. 16(7):2031-2043.

Perelman, S.B., Chaneton, E.J., Batista, W.B., Burkart, S.E., and Leon, R.J.C. 2007. Habitat stress, species pool size and biotic resistance influence exotic plant richness in the Flooding Pampa grasslands. J. Ecology 95(4):662-673.

Pérez-Collazos, E., Segarra-Moragues, J.G., Inda, L.A., and Catalán, P. 2007. Population genetics and the conservation status of the threatened Iberian steppe grass Puccinellia pungens (Pau) Paunero (Poaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 154(2):269-281.

Petrusek, A., and Petruskova, T. 2007. Invasive american crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus (Decapoda: Astacidae) in the Morava River (Slovakia). Biologia 62(3):356-359.

Pohl, G.R., Langor, D.W., and Spence, J.R. 2007. Rove beetles and ground beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Carabidae) as indicators of harvest and regeneration practices in western Canadian foothills forests. Biol. Conserv. 137(2):294-307.

Powell, A.F.L.A., Busby, W.H., and Kindscher, K. 2007. Status of the regal fritillary (Speyeria idalia) and effects of fire management on its abundance in northeastern Kansas, USA. J. Insect Conserv. 11(3):299-308.

Priddel, D., Wheeler, R., and Copley, P. 2007. Does the integrity or structure of mallee habitat influence the degree of fox predation on Malleefowl (Leipoa ocellata)? Emu 107(2):100-107.

Puigcerver, M., Vinyoles, D., and Rodríguez-Teijeiro, JD. 2007. Does restocking with Japanese quail or hybrids affect native populations of common quail Coturnix coturnix? Biol. Conserv. 136(4):628-635.

Pujol, B., Renoux, F., Elias, M., Rival, L., and Mckey, D. 2007. The unappreciated ecology of landrace populations: conservation consequences of soil seed banks in Cassava. Biol. Conserv. 136(4):541-551.

Qiu, Y.X., Luo, Y.P., Comes, H.P., Ouyang, Z.Q., and Fu, C.X. 2007. Population genetic diversity and structure of Dipteronia dyerana (Sapindaceae), a rare endemic from Yunnan Province, China, with implications for conservation. Taxon 56(2):427-437.

Quintana-Ascencio, P.F., Weekley, C.W., and Menges, E.S. 2007. Comparative demography of a rare species in Florida scrub and road habitats. Biol. Conserv. 137(2):263-270.

Ramirez-Albores, J.E. 2007. Bird diversity and conservation of Alto Balsas (Southwestern Puebla), Mexico. Rev. Biol. Trop. 55(1):287-299.

Rannap, R., Lõhmus, A., and Jakobson, K. 2007. Consequences of coastal meadow degradation: the case of the natterjack toad (Bufo calamita) in Estonia. Wetlands 27(2):390-398.

Raven, P.H., and Yeates, D.K. 2007. Australian biodiversity: threats for the present, opportunities for the future. Aust. J. Entomol. 46:177-187.

Rego, F.N.A.A., Venticinque, E.M., and Brescovit, A.D. 2007. Effects of forest fragmentation on four Ctenus spider populations (Araneae: Ctenidae) in central Amazonia, Brazil. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ. 42(2):137-144.

Reid, C., Slotow, R., Howison, O., and Balfour, D. 2007. Habitat changes reduce the carrying capacity of Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Park, South Africa, for critically endangered black rhinoceros Diceros bicornis. Oryx 41(2):247-254.

Reyjol, Y. 2007. Internet forums as potential invasion routes for exotic plants. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(7):2231-2232.

Richardson, B.J., and Oberprieler, R.G. 2007. The diversity of Linnaean communities: a way of detecting invertebrate groups at risk of extinction. J. Insect Conserv. 11(3):287-297.

Rinella, M.J., and Luschei, E.C. 2007. Hierarchical Bayesian methods estimate invasive weed impacts at pertinent spatial scales. Biol. Invasions 9(5):545-558.

Romañach, S.S., Lindsey, P.A., and Woodroffe, R. 2007. Determinants of attitudes towards predators in central Kenya and suggestions for increasing tolerance in livestock dominated landscapes. Oryx 41(2):185-195.

Row, J.R., Blouin-Demers, G., and Weatherhead, P.J. 2007. Demographic effects of road mortality in black ratsnakes (Elaphe obsoleta). Biol. Conserv. 137(1):117-124.

Safi, K., König, B., and Kerth, G. 2007. Sex differences in population genetics, home range size and habitat use of the parti-colored bat (Vespertilio murinus, Linnaeus 1758) in Switzerland and their consequences for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 137(1):28-36.

Samoilys, M.A., Martin-Smith, K.M., Giles, B.G., Cabrera, B., Anticamara, J.A., Brunio, E.O., and Vincent, A.C.J. 2007. Effectiveness of five small Philippines' coral reef reserves for fish populations depends on site-specific factors, particularly enforcement history. Biol. Conserv. 136(4):584-601.

Samways, M.J. 2007. Rescuing the extinction of experience. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(7):1995-1997.

Sánchez-Flores, E. 2007. GARP modeling of natural and human factors affecting the potential distribution of the invasives Schismus arabicus and Brassica tournefortii in 'El Pinacate y Gran Desierto de Altar' Biosphere Reserve. Ecol. Model. 204(3-4):457-474.

Sarkar, U.K., and Bain, M.B. 2007. Priority habitats for the conservation of large river fish in the Ganges river basin. Aquat. Conserv. 17(4):349-359.

Schloesser, D.W., and Manny, B.A. 2007. Restoration of wildcelery, Vallisneria americana Michx., in the lower Detroit River of the Lake Huron-Lake Erie corridor. J. Great Lakes Res. 33:8-19.

Schtickzelle, N., Turlure, C., and Baguette, M. 2007. Grazing management impacts on the viability of the threatened bog fritillary butterfly Proclossiana eunomia. Biol. Conserv. 136(4):651-660.

Setsaas, T.H., Holmern, T., Mwakalebe, G., Stokke, S., and Røskaft, E. 2007. How does human exploitation affect impala populations in protected and partially protected areas? A case study from the Serengeti Ecosystem, Tanzania. Biol. Conserv. 136(4):563-570.

Shirakihara, M., Yoshida, H., Yokochi, H., Ogawa, H., Hosokawa, T., Higashi, N., and Kasuya, T. 2007. Current status and conservation needs of dugongs in southern Japan. Mar. Mammal Sci. 23(3):694-706.

Siemann, E., and Rogers, W.E. 2007. The role of soil resources in an exotic tree invasion in Texas coastal prairie. J. Ecology 95(4):689-697.

Sitati, N. 2007. Challenges and partnerships in elephant conservation and conflict mitigation. Oryx 41(2):137-138.

Sjödin, N.E. 2007. Pollinator behavioural responses to grazing intensity. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(7):2103-2121.

Souza, A.F. 2007. Ecological interpretation of multiple population size structures in trees: the case of Araucaria angustifolia in South America. Austral Ecol. 32(5):524-533.

Spring, D.A., Cacho, O., Nally, R., and Sabbadin, R. 2007. Pre-emptive conservation versus "fire-fighting": a decision theoretic approach. Biol. Conserv. 136(4):531-540.

Stancic, Z. 2007. Marshland vegetation of the class Phagmito-Magnocaricetea in Croatia. Biologia 62(3):297-314.

Stapanian, M.A. 2007. Restoration and rehabilitation of native species in the Great Lakes: overview. J. Great Lakes Res. 33:1-7.

Steck, C.E., Bürgi, M., Coch, T., and Duelli, P. 2007. Hotspots and richness pattern of grasshopper species in cultural landscapes. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(7):2075-2086.

Stehlik, I., Caspersen, J.P., Wirth, L., and Holderegger, R. 2007. Floral free fall in the Swiss lowlands: environmental determinants of local plant extinction in a peri-urban landscape. J. Ecology 95(4):734-744.

Stelzenmüller, V., Maynou, F., and Martín, P. 2007. Spatial assessment of benefits of a coastal Mediterranean Marine Protected Area. Biol. Conserv. 136(4):571-583.

Strange, A.M., Griffiths, G.H., Hine, S., Young, K., and Holloway, G.J. 2007. Habitat associations of the Small Red Damselfly (Ceriagrion tenellum) (De Villiers) in heathland in southern England (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae). J. Insect Conserv. 11(3):241-249.

Strange, N., Theilade, I., Thea, S., Sloth, A., and Helles, F. 2007. Integration of species persistence, costs and conflicts: an evaluation of tree conservation strategies in Cambodia. Biol. Conserv. 137(2):223-236.

Suski, C.D., and Cooke, S.J. 2007. Conservation of aquatic resources through the use of freshwater protected areas: opportunities and challenges. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(7):2015-2029.

Sutherland, W.J. 2007. Future directions in disturbance research. Ibis 149:120-124.

Suyanto, A., and Struebig, M.J. 2007. Bats of the Sangkulirang limestone karst formations, East Kalimantan - a priority region for Bornean bat conservation. Acta Chiropterol. 9(1):67-95.

Swengel, A.B., and Swengel, S.R. 2007. Benefit of permanent non-fire refugia for Lepidoptera conservation in fire-managed sites. J. Insect Conserv. 11(3):263-279.

Swenson, U., Munzinger, J., and Bartish, I.V. 2007. Molecular phylogeny of Planchonella (Sapotaceae) and eight new species from New Caledonia. Taxon 56(2):329-354.

Symes, C.T., and Marsden, S.J. 2007. Patterns of supra-canopy flight by pigeons and parrots at a hill-forest site in Papua New Guinea. Emu 107(2):115-125.

Taylor, E.C., Green, R.E., and Perrins, J. 2007. Stone-curlews Burhinus oedicnemus and recreational disturbance: developing a management tool for access. Ibis 149:37-44.

Thiollay, J.M. 2007. Raptor communities in French Guiana: distribution, habitat selection, and conservation. J. Raptor Res. 41(2):90-105.

Thomas, S.M., and Palmer, M.W. 2007. The montane grasslands of the Western Ghats, India: community ecology and conservation. Community Ecol. 8(1):67-73.

Thomsen, M.S., and McGlathery, K.J. 2007. Stress tolerance of the invasive macroalgae Codium fragile and Gracilaria vermiculophylla in a soft-bottom turbid lagoon. Biol. Invasions 9(5):499-513.

Tobin, P.C. 2007. Space-time patterns during the establishment of a nonindigenous species. Pop. Ecol. 49(3):257-263.

Vacher, K.A., Killingbeck, K.T., and August, P.V. 2007. Is the relative abundance of nonnative species an integrated measure of anthropogenic disturbance? Landscape Ecol. 22(6):821-835.

Valentine, L.E., Schwarzkopf, L., Johnson, C.N., and Grice, A.C. 2007. Burning season influences the response of bird assemblages to fire in tropical savannas. Biol. Conserv. 137(1):90-101.

Van Damme, D., Bogutskaya, N., Hoffmann, R.C., and Smith, C. 2007. The introduction of the European bitterling (Rhodeus amarus) to west and central Europe. Fish Fish. 8(2):79-106.

Van Kleunen, M., and Johnson, S.D. 2007. South African Iridaceae with rapid and profuse seedling emergence are more likely to become naturalized in other regions. J. Ecology 95(4):674-681.

Vargas, F.H., Lacy, R.C., Johnson, P.J., Steinfurth, A., Crawford, R.J.M., Boersma, P.D., and Macdonald, D.W. 2007. Modelling the effect of El Niño on the persistence of small populations: the Galápagos penguin as a case study. Biol. Conserv. 137(1):138-148.

Vavra, M., Parks, C.G., and Wisdom, M.J. 2007. Biodiversity, exotic plant species, and herbivory: the good, the bad, and the ungulate. Forest Ecol. Manag. 246(1):66-72.

Vea, E., and Benhouhou, S. 2007. Assessment of a new hotspot for plant biodiversity in the Mediterranean basin (North Africa). C.R. Biologies 330(8):589-605.

Vega, R., Vázquez-Domínguez, E., Mejía-Puente, A., and Cuarón, A.D. 2007. Unexpected high levels of genetic variability and the population structure of an island endemic rodent (Oryzomys couesi cozumelae). Biol. Conserv. 137(2):210-222.

Wang, X.H., Kent, M., and Fang, X.F. 2007. Evergreen broad-leaved forest in Eastern China: its ecology and conservation and the importance of resprouting in forest restoration. Forest Ecol. Manag. 245(1-3):76-87.

Wanless, R.M., Angel, A., Cuthbert, R.J., Hilton, G.M., and Ryan, P.G. 2007. Can predation by invasive mice drive seabird extinctions? Biol. Lett. 3(3):241-244.

Watts, P.C., Saccheri, I.J., Kemp, S.J., and Thompson, D.J. 2007. Effective population sizes and migration rates in fragmented populations of an endangered insect (Coenagrion mercuriale: Odonata). J. Anim. Ecol. 76(4):790-800.

Webber, A.D., Hill, C.M., and Reynolds, V. 2007. Assessing the failure of a community-based human-wildlife conflict mitigation project in Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. Oryx 41(2):177-184.

Wedekind, C., Rudolfsen, G., Jacob, A., Urbach, D., and Müller, R. 2007. The genetic consequences of hatchery-induced sperm competition in a salmonid. Biol. Conserv. 137(2):180-188.

Weir, C.R., Ron, T., Morais, M., and Duarte, A.D.C. 2007. Nesting and at-sea distribution of marine turtles in Angola, West Africa, 2000-2006: occurrence, threats and conservation implications. Oryx 41(2):224-231.

Wells, K., Kalko, E.K.V., Lakim, M.B., and Pfeiffer, M. 2007. Effects of rain forest logging on species richness and assemblage composition of small mammals in Southeast Asia. J. Biogeogr. 34(6):1087-1099.

White, L.F., and Shurin, J.B. 2007. Diversity effects on invasion vary with life history stage in marine macroalgae. Oikos 116(7):1193-1203.

White, P.J.T., and Houlahan, J. 2007. The relationship between native and non-native species differs among taxa in Canadian national parks. Ecoscience 14(2):195-204.

Whitman, A.A., and Hagan, J.M. 2007. An index to identify late-successional forest in temperate and boreal zones. Forest Ecol. Manag. 246(2-3):144-154.

Williams, N.S.G. 2007. Environmental, landscape and social predictors of native grassland loss in western Victoria, Australia. Biol. Conserv. 137(2):308-318.

Wilson, D., and Heinsohn, R. 2007. Geographic range, population structure and conservation status of the green python (Morelia viridis), a popular snake in the captive pet trade. Aust. J. Zool. 55(3):147-154.

Wolfe, L.M., Blair, A.C., and Penna, B.M. 2007. Does intraspecific hybridization contribute to the evolution of invasiveness? An experimental test. Biol. Invasions 9(5):515-521.

Woodroffe, R., Davies-Mostert, H., Ginsberg, J., Graf, J., Leigh, K., McCreery, K., Mills, G., Pole, A., Rasmussen, G., Robbins, R., Somers, M., and Szykman, M. 2007. Rates and causes of mortality in Endangered African wild dogs Lycaon pictus: lessons for management and monitoring. Oryx 41(2):215-223.

Ye, Q.G., Bunn, E., Krauss, S.L., and Dixon, K.W. 2007. Reproductive success in a reintroduced population of a critically endangered shrub, Symonanthus bancroftii (Solanaceae). Aust. J. Bot. 55(4):425-432.

Yoshimura, M. 2007. Comparison of stream benthic invertebrate assemblages among forest types in the temperate region of Japan. Biodivers. Conserv. 16(7):2137-2148.

Zabin, C.J., and Altieri, A. 2007. A Hawaiian limpet facilitates recruitment of a competitively dominant invasive barnacle. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 337:175-185.

Zabin, C.J., Zardus, J., Pitombo, F.B., Fread, V., and Hadfield, M.G. 2007. A tale of three seas: consistency of natural history traits in a Caribbean-Atlantic barnacle introduced to Hawaii. Biol. Invasions 9(5):523-544.

Zardi, G.I., McQuaid, C.D., Teske, P.R., and Barker, N.P. 2007. Unexpected genetic structure of mussel populations in South Africa: indigenous Perna perna and invasive Mytilus galloprovincialis. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 337:135-144.

Zbinden, J.A., Aebischer, A., Margaritoulis, D., and Arlettaz, R. 2007. Insights into the management of sea turtle internesting area through satellite telemetry. Biol. Conserv. 137(1):157-162.

Zietsman, M.M., and Bredenkamp, G.J. 2007. Threatened limestone fynbos plant communities of Andrew's Field and Tsaba-Tsaba Nature Reserve, Western Cape. Bothalia 37(1):89-102.

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