Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Advanced Search

Department ofBotany



No. 281
May 2008


[PDF Print Version]



In This Issue


Forest Changes 'Explained by Multiple Factors'


By the Science and Development Network (SciDev.Net)

Changes in the growth and species composition of tropical forests cannot be fully explained by global environmental changes, say researchers. Recent studies in the Amazon rainforest have suggested that changes such as the increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide and other factors such as nutrient deposition, temperature, drought frequency and irradiance are increasing the productivity and biomass of forests. Shifts in the composition of plant species - favoring fast-growing species over slow-growing ones - have also been noted. But the results of research, carried out to find if this was true of other tropical forests, do not fit this theory.

The study, published in PLoS Biology (Chave et al. 2008), found that past human and natural disturbances, as well as changes in resource availability also contribute to forest change. Researchers analyzed data from tropical regions of Africa, America and Asia, covering more than two million trees and 400 hectares in ten large plots over a 20-year period. They found that aboveground biomass only increased in seven out of the ten plots and, at half the sites, slow-growing species increased in dominance over fast-growing plants.

Helene Muller-Landau, from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama and one the authors of the study, says that even though environmental factors such as increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide and other human influences are almost certainly favoring some species over others, these are not the only factors affecting tropical forests at any given site.

"Past and current local human influences, as well as local natural influences, can also lead to increases in some species at the expense of others...The story is more complex," she told SciDev.Net.

Muller-Landau says the discovery that slow-growing species are also thriving "should not be taken as evidence that we can proceed with business as usual."

"There is no question that anthropogenic global change is a problem," she says. "What it does suggest is that we need to be more aware of differences among tropical forests in their trajectories and in the influences of local and global anthropogenic change."


Current Literature


Aerts, R., Lerouge, F., November, E., Lens, L., Hermy, M., and Muys, B. 2008. Land rehabilitation and the conservation of birds in a degraded Afromontane landscape in northern Ethiopia. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):53-69.

Aguilar, A., Jessup, D.A., Estes, J., and Garza, J.C. 2008. The distribution of nuclear genetic variation and historical demography of sea otters. Anim. Conserv. 11(1):35-45.

Alcaraz, C., Bisazza, A., and García-Berthou, E. 2008. Salinity mediates the competitive interactions between invasive mosquitofish and an endangered fish. Oecologia 155(1):205-213.

Alemadi, S.D., and Jenkins, D.G. 2008. Behavioral constraints for the spread of the eastern mosquitofish, Gambusia holbrooki (Poeciliidae). Biol. Invasions 10(1):59-66.

Anderson, L.W.J. 2007. Control of invasive seaweeds. Bot. Mar. 50(5-6):418-437.

Annen, C.A. 2008. Effects of tillage and growth regulator pretreatments on reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) control with sethoxydim. Nat. Areas J. 28(1):6-13.

Anthes, N., Fartmann, T., and Hermann, G. 2008. The Duke of Burgundy butterfly and its dukedom: larval niche variation in Hamearis lucina across Central Europe. J. Insect Conserv. 12(1):3-14.

Armstrong, D.P., and Seddon, P.J. 2008. Directions in reintroduction biology. Trends Ecol. Evol. 23(1):20-25.

Aronson, R.B., Thatje, S., Clarke, A., Peck, L.S., Blake, D.B., Wilga, C.D., and Seibel, B.A. 2007. Climate change and invasibility of the antarctic benthos. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. S. 38:129-154.

Arriaga-Weiss, S.L., Calmé, S., and Kampichler, C. 2008. Bird communities in rainforest fragments: guild responses to habitat variables in Tabasco, Mexico. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):173-190.

Bamford, A.J., Diekmann, M., Monadjem, A., and Mendelsohn, J. 2007. Ranging behaviour of Cape Vultures Gyps coprotheres from an endangered population in Namibia. Bird Conserv. Int. 17(4):331-339.

Ban, N., and Alder, J. 2008. How wild is the ocean? Assessing the intensity of anthropogenic marine activities in British Columbia, Canada. Aquat. Conserv. 18(1):55-85.

Barney, J.N., and Ditomaso, J.M. 2008. Nonnative species and bioenergy: are we cultivating the next invader? BioScience 58(1):64-70.

Basse, B., and Plank, M. 2008. Modelling biological invasions over homogeneous and inhomogeneous landscapes using level set methods. Biol. Invasions 10(2):157-167.

Bastow, J.L., Preisser, E.L., and Strong, D.R. 2008. Holcus lanatus invasion slows decomposition through its interaction with a macroinvertebrate detritivore, Porcellio scaber. Biol. Invasions 10(2):191-199.

Baxter, P.W.J., Sabo, J.L., Wilcox, C., Mccarthy, M.A., and Possingham, H.P. 2008. Cost-effective suppression and eradication of invasive predators. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):89-98.

Berens, D.G., Farwig, N., Schaab, G., and Böehning-Gaese, K. 2008. Exotic guavas are foci of forest regeneration in Kenyan farmland. Biotropica 40(1):104-112.

Bergman, K.O., Ask, L., Askling, J., Ignell, H., Wahlman, H., and Milberg, P. 2008. Importance of boreal grasslands in Sweden for butterfly diversity and effects of local and landscape habitat factors. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):139-153.

Berón, M.P., Favero, M., and Laich, A.G. 2007. Use of natural and anthropogenic resources by Olrog's Gull Larus atlanticus: implications for the conservation of the species in non-breeding habitats. Bird Conserv. Int. 17(4):351-357.

Bertness, M.D., Crain, C., Holdredge, C., and Sala, N. 2008. Eutrophication and consumer control of New England salt marsh primary productivity. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):131-139.

Beyer, K., Copp, G.H., and Gozlan, R.E. 2007. Microbabitat use and interspecific associations of introduced topmouth gudgeon Pseudorasbora parva and native fishes in a small stream. J. Fish Biol. 71:224-238.

Blumstein, D.T. 2008. Does agriculture drive predator-mediated behavioral effects on prey? Anim. Conserv. 11(1):9-10.

Boettcher, R., Penn, T., Cross, R.R., Terwilliger, K.T., and Beck, R.A. 2007. An overview of the status and distribution of Piping Plovers in Virginia. Waterbirds 30:138-151.

Boone, M.D., Semlitsch, R.D., and Mosby, C. 2008. Suitability of golf course ponds for amphibian metamorphosis when bullfrogs are removed. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):172-179.

Booth, D., Provan, J., and Maggs, C.A. 2007. Molecular approaches to the study of invasive seaweeds. Bot. Mar. 50(5-6):385-396.

Bosé, M., Le Gouar, P., Arthur, C., Lambourdière, J., Choisy, J.P., Henriquet, S., Lecuyer, P., Richard, M., Tessier, C., and Sarrazin, F. 2007. Does sex matter in reintroduction of griffon vultures Gyps fulvus? Oryx 41(4):503-508.

Brinker, D.F., McCann, J.M., Williams, B., and Watts, B.D. 2007. Colonial-nesting seabirds in the Chesapeake Bay region: where have we been and where are we going? Waterbirds 30:93-104.

Britton-Simmons, K.H., and Abbott, K.C. 2008. Short- and long-term effects of disturbance and propagule pressure on a biological invasion. J. Ecology 96(1):68-77.

Butler, R.G., and deMaynadier, P.G. 2008. The significance of littoral and shoreline habitat integrity to the conservation of lacustrine damselflies (Odonata). J. Insect Conserv. 12(1):23-36.

Byrne, M., Elliott, C.P., Yates, C.J., and Coates, D.J. 2008. Maintenance of high pollen dispersal in Eucalyptus wandoo, a dominant tree of the fragmented agricultural region in Western Australia. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):97-105.

Cabanne, G.S., Zurita, G.A., Seipke, S.H., and Bellocq, M.I. 2007. Range expansion, density and conservation of the Araucaria Tit-spinetail Leptasthenura setaria (Furnariidae) in Argentina: the role of araucaria Araucaria angustifolia (Araucariaceae) plantations. Bird Conserv. Int. 17(4):341-349.

Campagna, C., Sanderson, E.W., Coppolillo, P.B., Falabella, V., Piola, A.R., Strindberg, S., and Croxall, J.P. 2007. A species approach to marine ecosystem conservation. Aquat. Conserv. 17:S122-S147.

Campos, J.L., Posada, D., and Morán, P. 2008. Introgression and genetic structure in northern Spanish Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) populations according to mtDNA data. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):157-169.

Carpentier, A., Gozlan, R.E., Cucherousset, J., Paillisson, J.M., and Marion, L. 2007. Is topmouth gudgeon Pseadorasbora parva responsible for the decline in sunbleak Leucaspius delineatus populations? J. Fish Biol. 71:274-279.

Carpintero, S., and Reyes-López, J. 2008. The role of competitive dominance in the invasive ability of the Argentine ant (Linepithema humile). Biol. Invasions 10(1):25-35.

Carreras-Carbonell, J., Macpherson, E., and Pascual, M. 2008. Utility of pairwise mtDNA genetic distances for predicting cross-species microsatellite amplification and polymorphism success in fishes. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):181-190.

Céréghino, R., Biggs, J., Oertli, B., and Declerck, S. 2008. The ecology of European ponds: defining the characteristics of a neglected freshwater habitat. Hydrobiologia 597:1-6.

Chambers, L.E., Quin, B.R., Menkhorst, P., Franklin, D.C., and Smales, I. 2008. The effects of climate on breeding in the Helmeted Honeyeater. Emu 108(1):15-22.

Chan, K.M.A. 2008. Value and advocacy in conservation biology: crisis discipline or discipline in crisis ? Conserv. Biol. 22(1):1-3.

Chapman, J.W., Blakeslee, A.M.H., Carlton, J.T., and Bellinger, M.R. 2008. Parsimony dictates a human introduction: on the use of genetic and other data to distinguish between the natural and human-mediated invasion of the European snail Littorina littorea in North America. Biol. Invasions 10(2):131-133.

Chave, J., Condit, R., Muller-Landau, H.C., Thomas, S.C., Ashton, P.S., Bunyavejchewin, S., Co, L.L., Dattaraja, H.S., Davies, S.J., Esufali, S., Ewango, C.E.N., Feeley, K.J., Foster, R.B., Gunatilleke, N., Gunatilleke, S., Hall, P., Hart, T.B., Hernández, C., Hubbell, S.P., Itoh, A., Kiratiprayoon, S., LaFrankie, J.V., Loo de Lao, S., Makana, J., Supardi Noor, M.N., Kassim, A.R., Samper, C., Sukumar, R., Suresh, H.S., Tan, S., Thompson, J., Tongco, M.D.C., Valencia, R., Vallejo, M., Villa, G., Yamakura, T., Zimmerman, J.K., and Losos, E.C. 2008. Assessing evidence for a pervasive alteration in tropical tree communities. PLoS Biol. 6(3):455-462.

Chen, Y.H. 2007. Prioritizing avian conservation areas in China by hotspot scoring, heuristics and optimisation. Acta Ornithol. 42(2):119-128.

Chen, Y.Y., Li, X.L., Yin, L.Y., and Li, W. 2008. Genetic diversity of the threatened aquatic plant Ottelia alismoides in the Yangtze River. Aquat. Bot. 88(1):10-16.

Christie, T., Steininger, M.K., Juhn, D., and Peal, A. 2007. Fragmentation and clearance of Liberia's forests during 1986-2000. Oryx 41(4):539-543.

Coesel, P.F.M., and Krienitz, L. 2008. Diversity and geographic distribution of desmids and other coccoid green algae. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):381-392.

Conn, D.B., Simpson, S.E., Minchin, D., and Lucy, F.E. 2008. Occurrence of Conchophthirus acuminatus (Protista: Ciliophora) in Dreissena polymorpha (Mollusca: Bivalvia) along the River Shannon, Ireland. Biol. Invasions 10(2):149-156.

Cooper, D.S. 2008. The use of historical data in the restoration of the avifauna of the Ballona Wetlands, Los Angeles County, California. Nat. Areas J. 28(1):83-90.

Cotterill, F.P.D., Al-Rasheid, K., and Foissner, W. 2008. Conservation of protists: is it needed at all? Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):427-443.

Cowled, B.D., Aldenhoven, J., Odeh, I.O.A., Garrett, T., Moran, C., and Lapidge, S.J. 2008. Feral pig population structuring in the rangelands of eastern Australia: applications for designing adaptive management units. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):211-224.

Cunningham, C.W. 2008. How to use genetic data to distinguish between natural and human-mediated introduction of Littorina littorea to North America. Biol. Invasions 10(1):1-6.

Daniels, R.J.R., Easa, P.S., and Alembath, M. 2008. Distribution and status of the endangered Nilgiri tahr. Curr. Sci. 94(1):10-11.

Davies, B.R., Biggs, J., Williams, P.J., Lee, J.T., and Thompson, S. 2008. A comparison of the catchment sizes of rivers, streams, ponds, ditches and lakes: implications for protecting aquatic biodiversity in an agricultural landscape. Hydrobiologia 597:7-17.

Davies, Z.G., Tyler, C., Stewart, G.B., and Pullin, A.S. 2008. Are current management recommendations for saproxylic invertebrates effective? A systematic review. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):209-234.

Davis, J.D., Hendrix, S.D., Debinski, D.M., and Hemsley, C.J. 2008. Butterfly, bee and forb community composition and cross-taxon incongruence in tallgrass prairie fragments. J. Insect Conserv. 12(1):69-79.

del Monte-Luna, P., Lluch-Belda, D., Carmona, R., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Castro-Aguirre, J.L., Serviere-Zaragoza, E., Aurioles-Gamboa, D., del Próo, S.A.G., Trujillo-Millán, O., Elorduy-Garay, J.F., and Brook, B.W. 2008. Extinctions in the sea: myths and realities. Interciencia 33(1):74-80.

Delaney, D.G., Sperling, C.D., Adams, C.S., and Leung, B. 2008. Marine invasive species: validation of citizen science and implications for national monitoring networks. Biol. Invasions 10(1):117-128.

Delgado, P., Eguiarte, L.E., Molina-Freaner, F., Alvarez-Buylla, E.R., and Piñero, D. 2008. Using phylogenetic, genetic and demographic evidence for setting conservation priorities for Mexican rare pines. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):121-137.

Della Bella, V., Bazzanti, M., Dowgiallo, M.G., and Iberite, M. 2008. Macrophyte diversity and physico-chemical characteristics of Tyrrhenian coast ponds in central Italy: implications for conservation. Hydrobiologia 597:85-95.

DiBattista, J.D. 2008. Patterns of genetic variation in anthropogenically impacted populations. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):141-156.

Dickman, C.R. 2008. Indirect interactions and conservation in human-modified environments. Anim. Conserv. 11(1):11-12.

Dillon, A., and Kelly, M.J. 2007. Ocelot Leopardus pardalis in Belize: the impact of trap spacing and distance moved on density estimates. Oryx 41(4):469-477.

Dolia, J., Devy, M.S., Aravind, N.A., and Kumar, A. 2008. Adult butterfly communities in coffee plantations around a protected area in the Western Ghats, India. Anim. Conserv. 11(1):26-34.

Drury, K.L.S., and Rothlisberger, J.D. 2008. Offense and defense in landscape-level invasion control. Oikos 117(2):182-190.

Dunn, E., Sullivan, B., and Small, C. 2007. Albatross conservation: from identifying problems to implementing policy. Aquat. Conserv. 17:S165-S170.

Eduardo, C., Carvalho, A., and Marini, M.Â. 2007. Distribution patterns of diurnal raptors in open and forested habitats in south-eastern Brazil and the effects of urbanization. Bird Conserv. Int. 17(4):367-380.

Eldridge, W.H., and Killebrew, K. 2008. Genetic diversity over multiple generations of supplementation: an example from Chinook salmon using microsatellite and demographic data. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):13-28.

Epstein, S., and López-García, P. 2008. "Missing" protists: a molecular prospective. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):261-276.

Esquivel, A., Velázquez, M.C., Bodrati, A., Fraga, R., Del Castillo, H., Klavins, J., Clay, R.P., Madroño, A., and Peris, S.J. 2007. Status of the avifauna of San Rafael National Park, one of the last large fragments of Atlantic Forest in Paraguay. Bird Conserv. Int. 17(4):301-317.

Fady, B., Lefèvre, F., Vendramin, G.G., Ambert, A., Régnier, C., and Bariteau, M. 2008. Genetic consequences of past climate and human impact on eastern Mediterranean Cedrus libani forests. Implications for their conservation. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):85-95.

Faulks, L.K., Gilligan, D.M., and Beheregaray, L.B. 2008. Phylogeography of a threatened freshwater fish (Mogurnda adspersa) in eastern Australia: conservation implications. Mar. Freshwater Res. 59(1):89-96.

Favé, M.J., Duchesne, P., and Turgeon, J. 2008. Inbreeding dynamics in reintroduced, age-structured populations of highly fecund species. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):39-48.

Ferrando, A., Lecis, R., Domingo-Roura, X., and Ponsà, M. 2008. Genetic diversity and individual identification of reintroduced otters (Lutra lutra) in north-eastern Spain by DNA genotyping of spraints. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):129-139.

Flores-Martínez, A., Medina, G.I.M., Rojas-Aréchiga, M., Mandujano, M.C., and Golubov, J. 2008. Seed age germination responses and seedling survival of an endangered cactus that inhabits cliffs. Nat. Areas J. 28(1):51-57.

Flores-Palacios, A., and García-Franco, J.G. 2008. Habitat isolation changes the beta diversity of the vascular epiphyte community in lower montane forest, Veracruz, Mexico. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):191-207.

Floyd, M.L., Romme, W.H., Hanna, D., Hanna, D., Winterowd, M., and Spence, J. 2008. Fire history of piñon-juniper woodlands on Navajo Point, Glen Canyon National Recreation Area. Nat. Areas J. 28(1):26-36.

Foissner, W. 2008. Protist diversity and distribution: some basic considerations. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):235-242.

Foissner, W., Chao, A., and Katz, L.A. 2008. Diversity and geographic distribution of ciliates (Protista: Ciliophora). Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):345-363.

Forister, M.L., Nice, C.C., Fordyce, J.A., Gompert, Z., and Shapiro, A.M. 2008. Considering evolutionary processes in the use of single-locus genetic data for conservation, with examples from the Lepidoptera. J. Insect Conserv. 12(1):37-51.

Fox, M.G., Vila-Gispert, A., and Copp, G.H. 2007. Life-history traits of introduced Iberian pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus relative to native populations. Can differences explain colonization success? J. Fish Biol. 71:56-69.

Frahm, J.P. 2008. Diversity, dispersal and biogeography of bryophytes (mosses). Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):277-284.

García-Berthou, E. 2007. The characteristics of invasive fishes: what has been learned so far? J. Fish Biol. 71:33-55.

Gaston, K.J., and Fuller, R.A. 2008. Commonness, population depletion and conservation biology. Trends Ecol. Evol. 23(1):14-19.

Genner, M.J., Michel, E., and Todd, J.A. 2008. Resistance of an invasive gastropod to an indigenous trematode parasite in Lake Malawi. Biol. Invasions 10(1):41-49.

Gerson, H., Cudmore, B., Mandrak, N.E., Coote, L.D., Farr, K., and Baillargeon, G. 2008. Monitoring international wildlife trade with coded species data. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):4-7.

Giantomasi, A., Tecco, P.A., Funes, G., Gurvich, D.E., and Cabido, M. 2008. Canopy effects of the invasive shrub Pyracantha angustifolia on seed bank composition, richness and density in a montane shrubland (Córdoba, Argentina). Austral Ecol. 33(1):68-77.

Gielland, K.Ø., Bøhn, T., and Amundsen, P.A. 2007. Is coexistence mediated by microhabitat segregation? An in-depth exploration of a fish invasion. J. Fish Biol. 71:196-209.

Gilbey, V., Attrill, M.J., and Coleman, R.A. 2008. Juvenile Chinese mitten crabs (Eriocheir sinensis) in the Thames estuary: distribution, movement and possible interactions with the native crab Carcinus maenas. Biol. Invasions 10(1):67-77.

Gladstone, W. 2008. Towards conservation of a globally significant ecosystem: the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Aquat. Conserv. 18(1):1-5.

Glémin, S., Petit, C., Maurice, S., and Mignot, A. 2008. Consequences of low mate availability in the rare self-incompatible species Brassica insularis. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):216-221.

Goertzen, L.R., and Boyd, R.S. 2007. Genetic diversity and clonality in the federally endangered plant Clematis socialis Kral (Ranunculaceae). J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 134(4):433-440.

Gómez-Aparicio, L., Canham, C.D., and Martin, P.H. 2008. Neighbourhood models of the effects of the invasive Acer platanoides on tree seedling dynamics: linking impacts on communities and ecosystems. J. Ecology 96(1):78-90.

Gompper, M.E., and Vanak, A.T. 2008. Subsidized predators, landscapes of fear and disarticulated carnivore communities. Anim. Conserv. 11(1):13-14.

Gonwouo, N.L., Lebreton, M., Chirio, L., Ineich, I., Tchamba, N.M., Ngassam, P., Dzikouk, G., and Diffo, I.L. 2007. Biodiversity and conservation of the reptiles of the Mount Cameroon area. Afr. J. Herpetol. 56(2):149-161.

González, L.M., Margalida, A., Mañosa, S., Sánchez, R., Oria, J., Molina, J.I., Caldera, J., Aranda, A., and Prada, L. 2007. Causes and spatio-temporal variations of non-natural mortality in the vulnerable Spanish imperial eagle Aquila adalberti during a recovery period. Oryx 41(4):495-502.

Goulson, D., Lye, G.C., and Darvill, B. 2008. Decline and conservation of bumble bees. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 53:191-208.

Grandgirard, J., Hoddle, M.S., Petit, J.N., Roderick, G.K., and Davies, N. 2008. Engineering an invasion: classical biological control of the glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca vitripennis, by the egg parasitoid Gonatocerus ashmeadi in Tahiti and Moorea, French Polynesia. Biol. Invasions 10(2):135-148.

Gratwicke, B., Bennett, E.L., Broad, S., Christie, S., Dutton, A., Gabriel, G., Kirkpatrick, C., and Nowell, K. 2008. The world can't have wild tigers and eat them, too. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):222-223.

Gunnell, K., Tada, M.K., Hawthorne, F.A., Keeley, E.R., and Ptacek, M.B. 2008. Geographic patterns of introgressive hybridization between native Yellowstone cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii bouvieri) and introduced rainbow trout (O. mykiss) in the South Fork of the Snake River watershed, Idaho. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):49-64.

Gusset, M., Maddock, A.H., Gunther, G.J., Szykman, M., Slotow, R., Walters, M., and Somers, M.J. 2008. Conflicting human interests over the re-introduction of endangered wild dogs in South Africa. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):83-101.

Gusset, M., Ryan, S.J., Hofmeyr, M., van Dyk, G., Davies-Mostert, H.T., Graf, J.A., Owen, C., Szykman, M., Macdonald, D.W., Monfort, S.L., Wildt, D.E., Maddock, A.H., Mills, M.G.L., Slotow, R., and Somers, M.J. 2008. Efforts going to the dogs? Evaluating attempts to re-introduce endangered wild dogs in South Africa. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(1):100-108.

Hanekom, N. 2008. Invasion of an indigenous Perna perna mussel bed on the south coast of South Africa by an alien mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis and its effect on the associated fauna. Biol. Invasions 10(2):233-244.

Hänfling, B. 2007. Understanding the establishment success of non-indigenous fishes: lessons from population genetics. J. Fish Biol. 71:115-135.

Hansson, B., and Westerberg, L. 2008. Heterozygosity-fitness correlations within inbreeding classes: local or genome-wide effects? Conserv. Genet. 9(1):73-83.

Hardcastle, E.L., McElderry, R.M., and Gentry, J.L. 2007. Distribution, habitat, and current population size estimates for Polymnia cossatotensis (Cossatot leafcup) [Asteraceae], a rare Arkansas endemic. Castanea 72(4):194-204.

Harding, L.E., Abu-Eid, O.F., Hamidan, N., and al Sha'lan, A. 2007. Reintroduction of the Arabian oryx Oryx leucoryx in Jordan: war and redemption. Oryx 41(4):478-487.

Harris, G., and Pimm, S.L. 2008. Range size and extinction risk in forest birds. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):163-171.

Harvey, C.A., Komar, O., Chazdon, R., Ferguson, B.G., Finegan, B., Griffith, D.M., Martínez-Ramos, M., Morales, H., Nigh, R., Soto-Pinto, L., Van Breugel, M., and Wishnie, M. 2008. Integrating agricultural landscapes with biodiversity conservation in the Mesoamerican hotspot. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):8-15.

Hazell, S.P., Vel, T., and Fellowes, M.D.E. 2008. The role of exotic plants in the invasion of Seychelles by the polyphagous insect Aleurodicus dispersus: a phylogenetically controlled analysis. Biol. Invasions 10(2):169-175.

Hedgren, O., and Weslien, J. 2008. Detecting rare species with random or subjective sampling: a case study of red-listed saproxylic beetles in boreal Sweden. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):212-215.

Herrera, M., and Hennessey, B. 2007. Quantifying the illegal parrot trade in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, with emphasis on threatened species. Bird Conserv. Int. 17(4):295-300.

Hinman, S., Brewer, J.S., and Ashley, S.W. 2008. Shrub seedling establishment is limited by dispersal, slow growth, and fire in two wet pine savannahs in Mississippi. Nat. Areas J. 28(1):37-43.

Hoffmann, W.A., and Haridasan, M. 2008. The invasive grass, Melinis minutiflora, inhibits tree regeneration in a Neotropical savanna. Austral Ecol. 33(1):29-36.

Hulme, P.E. 2008. Phenotypic plasticity and plant invasions: is it all Jack? Funct. Ecol. 22(1):3-7.

Ilmonen, J. 2008. Crunoecia irrorata (Curtis) (Trichoptera: Lepidostomatidae) and conservation of boreal springs: indications of clustering of red-listed species. Aquat. Conserv. 18(1):6-18.

Inogwabini, B.I., Matungila, B., Mbende, L., Abokome, M., and Tshimanga, T.W. 2007. Great apes in the Lake Tumba landscape, Democratic Republic of Congo: newly described populations. Oryx 41(4):532-538.

Jachowski, D.S., Millspaugh, J.J., Biggins, D.E., Livieri, T.M., and Matchett, M.R. 2008. Implications of black-tailed prairie dog spatial dynamics to black-footed ferrets. Nat. Areas J. 28(1):14-25.

Jetz, W., Sekercioglu, C.H., and Watson, J.E.M. 2008. Ecological correlates and conservation implications of overestimating species geographic ranges. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):110-119.

Joe, S.M., and Daehler, C.C. 2008. Invasive slugs as under-appreciated obstacles to rare plant restoration: evidence from the Hawaiian Islands. Biol. Invasions 10(2):245-255.

Johnson, M.P., Crowe, T.P., Mcallen, R., and Allcock, A.L. 2008. Characterizing the marine Natura 2000 network for the Atlantic region. Aquat. Conserv. 18(1):86-97.

Jones, H.P., Tershy, B.R., Zavaleta, E.S., Croll, D.A., Keitt, B.S., Finkelstein, M.E., and Howald, G.R. 2008. Severity of the effects of invasive rats on seabirds: a global review. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):16-26.

Jones, T.C., Gemmill, C.E.C., and Pilditch, C.A. 2008. Genetic variability of New Zealand seagrass (Zostera muelleri) assessed at multiple spatial scales. Aquat. Bot. 88(1):39-46.

Jordan, N.R., Larson, D.L., and Huerd, S.C. 2008. Soil modification by invasive plants: effects on native and invasive species of mixed-grass prairies. Biol. Invasions 10(2):177-190.

Kabir, M.E., and Webb, E.L. 2008. Can homegardens conserve biodiversity in Bangladesh? Biotropica 40(1):95-103.

Kaiser, C.N., Hansen, D.M., and Müller, C.B. 2008. Habitat structure affects reproductive success of the rare endemic tree Syzygium mamillatum (Myrtaceae) in restored and unrestored sites in mauritius. Biotropica 40(1):86-94.

Kang, M., Wang, J., and Huang, H.W. 2008. Demographic bottlenecks and low gene flow in remnant populations of the critically endangered Berchemiella wilsonii var. pubipetiolata (Rhamnaceae) inferred from microsatellite markers. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):191-199.

Kapoor, V. 2008. Effects of rainforest fragmentation and shade-coffee plantations on spider communities in the Western Ghats, India. J. Insect Conserv. 12(1):53-68.

Karatayev, A.Y., Mastitsky, S.E., Burlakova, L.E., and Olenin, S. 2008. Past, current, and future of the central European corridor for aquatic invasions in Belarus. Biol. Invasions 10(2):215-232.

Keller, R.P., Frang, K., and Lodge, D.M. 2008. Preventing the spread of invasive species: economic benefits of intervention guided by ecological predictions. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):80-88.

Kelly, J.P., Etienne, K., Strong, C., Mccaustland, M., and Parkes, M.L. 2007. Status, trends, and implications for the conservation of Heron and Egret nesting colonies in the San Francisco Bay area. Waterbirds 30(4):455-478.

Keppel, G., and Tuiwawa, M.V. 2007. Dry zone forests of Fiji: species composition, life history traits, and conservation. New Zeal. J. Bot. 45(4):545-563.

Khan, M.M.H., and Chivers, D.J. 2007. Habitat preferences of tigers Panthera tigris in the Sundarbans East Wildlife Sanctuary, Bangladesh, and management recommendations. Oryx 41(4):463-468.

Kidjo, N., Feracci, G., Bideau, E., Gonzalez, G., Mattéi, C., Marchand, B., and Aulagnier, S. 2007. Extirpation and reintroduction of the Corsican red deer Cervus elaphus corsicanus in Corsica. Oryx 41(4):488-494.

Komonen, A., Tikkamaki, T., Mattila, N., and Kotiaho, J.S. 2008. Patch size and connectivity influence the population turnover of the threatened chequered blue butterfly, Scolitantides orion (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Eur. J. Entomol. 105(1):131-136.

Koontz, T.M., and Bodine, J. 2008. Implementing ecosystem management in public agencies: lessons from the US Bureau of Land Management and the Forest Service. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):60-69.

Kristensen, T.N., Loeschcke, V., and Hoffmann, A.A. 2008. Linking inbreeding effects in captive populations with fitness in the wild: release of replicated Drosophila melanogaster lines under different temperatures. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):189-199.

Kristiansen, J. 2008. Dispersal and biogeography of silica-scaled chrysophytes. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):419-426.

Kurten, E.L., Snyder, C.P., Iwata, T., and Vitousek, P.M. 2008. Morella cerifera invasion and nitrogen cycling on a lowland Hawaiian lava flow. Biol. Invasions 10(1):19-24.

Kushlan, J.A., and Steinkamp, M.J. 2007. Seabird nesting and conservation in the northern Bahamas. Waterbirds 30(4):613-623.

Laich, A.G., and Favero, M. 2007. Spatio-temporal variation in mortality rates of White-chinned Petrels Procellaria aequinoctialis interacting with longliners in the south-west Atlantic. Bird Conserv. Int. 17(4):359-366.

Lalley, J.S., and Viles, H.A. 2008. Recovery of lichen-dominated soil crusts in a hyper-arid desert. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):1-20.

Laurance, W.F. 2008. Adopt a forest. Biotropica 40(1):3-6.

Le, M. 2007. Conservation of turtles in Vietnam: a survey of Cat Tien National Park. Oryx 41(4):544-547.

Leicht-Young, S.A., Pavlovic, N.B., Grundel, R., and Frohnapple, K.J. 2007. Distinguishing native (Celastrus scandens L.) and invasive (C. orbiculatus Thunb.) bittersweet species using morphological characteristics. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 134(4):441-450.

Leonard, J.A., and Wayne, R.K. 2008. Native Great Lakes wolves were not restored. Biol. Lett. 4(1):95-98.

Link, S.O. 2008. Climate change and natural areas. Nat. Areas J. 28(1):5.

Linkie, M., and Christie, S. 2007. The value of wild tiger conservation. Oryx 41(4):415-416.

Lynam, A.J., Laidlaw, R., Noordin, W.S.W., Elagupillay, S., and Bennett, E.L. 2007. Assessing the conservation status of the tiger Panthera tigris at priority sites in Peninsular Malaysia. Oryx 41(4):454-462.

Mangas, J.G., Lozano, J., Cabezas-Díaz, S., and Virgós, E. 2008. The priority value of scrubland habitats for carnivore conservation in Mediterranean ecosystems. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):43-51.

Mangla, S., Inderjit, and Callaway, R.M. 2008. Exotic invasive plant accumulates native soil pathogens which inhibit native plants. J. Ecology 96(1):58-67.

Markovchick-Nicholls, L., Regan, H.M., Deutschman, D.H., Widyanata, A., Martin, B., Noreke, L., and Hunt, T.A. 2008. Relationships between human disturbance and wildlife land use in urban habitat fragments. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):99-109.

Mavhunga, C. 2007. Even the rider and a horse are a partnership: a response to Vermeulen & Sheil. Oryx 41(4):441-442.

Mcalpine, K.G., Jesson, L.K., and Kubien, D.S. 2008. Photosynthesis and water-use efficiency: a comparison between invasive (exotic) and non-invasive (native) species. Austral Ecol. 33(1):10-19.

McGlashan, D.J., Ponniah, M., Cassey, P., and Viard, F. 2008. Clarifying marine invasions with molecular markers: an illustration based on mtDNA from mistaken calyptraeid gastropod identifications. Biol. Invasions 10(1):51-57.

Mckay, L. 2007. Engaging the public in bird conservation: moving from science to behavior change. Waterbirds 30:177-182.

Medina-Vogel, G., Merino, L.O., Alarcón, R.M., and Vianna, J.D. 2008. Coastal-marine discontinuities, critical patch size and isolation: implications for marine otter conservation. Anim. Conserv. 11(1):57-64.

Meijaard, E., and Sheil, D. 2008. The persistence and conservation of Borneo's mammals in lowland rain forests managed for timber: observations, overviews and opportunities. Ecol. Res. 23(1):21-34.

Meijaard, E., Sheil, D., Marshall, A.J., and Nasi, R. 2008. Phylogenetic age is positively correlated with sensitivity to timber harvest in Bornean mammals. Biotropica 40(1):76-85.

Meinesz, A. 2007. Methods for identifying and tracking seaweed invasions. Bot. Mar. 50(5-6):373-384.

Meyer, C.F.J., Frund, J., Lizano, W.P., and Kalko, E.K.V. 2008. Ecological correlates of vulnerability to fragmentation in Neotropical bats. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(1):381-391.

Milder, J.C., Lassoie, J.P., and Bedford, B.L. 2008. Conserving biodiversity and ecosystem function through limited development: an empirical evaluation. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):70-79.

Mitchell, R.J., and Ashman, T.L. 2008. Predicting evolutionary consequences of pollinator declines: the long and short of floral evolution. New Phytol. 177(3):576-579.

Mitrovski, P., Hoffmann, A.A., Heinze, D.A., and Weeks, A.R. 2008. Rapid loss of genetic variation in an endangered possum. Biol. Lett. 4(1):134-138.

Moles, A.T., Gruber, M.A.M., and Bonser, S.P. 2008. A new framework for predicting invasive plant species. J. Ecology 96(1):13-17.

Morrison, L. 2008. The use of control charts to interpret environmental monitoring data. Nat. Areas J. 28(1):66-73.

Muirhead, J.R., Gray, D.K., Kelly, D.W., Ellis, S.M., Heath, D.D., and Macisaac, H.J. 2008. Identifying the source of species invasions: sampling intensity vs. genetic diversity. Mol. Ecol. 17(4):1020-1035.

Musche, M., Settele, J., and Durka, W. 2008. Genetic population structure and reproductive fitness in the plant Sanguisorba officinalis in populations supporting colonies of an endangered Maculinea butterfly. Int. J. Plant Sci. 169(2):253-262.

Nascimbene, J., and Nimis, P.L. 2007. Freshwater lichens in a small riparian Nature Reserve of Northern Italy: species richness and conservation issues. Cryptogamie Mycol. 28(4):339-342.

Negro, M., Casale, A., Migliore, L., Palestrini, C., and Rolando, A. 2008. Habitat use and movement patterns in the endangered ground beetle species, Carabus olympiae (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Eur. J. Entomol. 105(1):105-112.

New, T.R. 2008. Legislative inconsistencies and species conservation status: understanding or confusion? The case of Riekoperla darlingtoni (Plecoptera) in Australia. J. Insect Conserv. 12(1):1-2.

Norbury, G., and Heyward, R. 2008. Predictors of clutch predation of a globally significant avifauna in New Zealand's braided river ecosystems. Anim. Conserv. 11(1):17-25.

Norton, A.P., Blair, A.C., Hardin, J.G., Nissen, S.J., and Brunk, G.R. 2008. Herbivory and novel weapons: no evidence for enhanced competitive ability or allelopathy induction of Centaurea diffusa by biological controls. Biol. Invasions 10(1):79-88.

Noske, N.M., Hilt, N., Werner, F.A., Brehm, G., Fiedler, K., Sipman, H.J.M., and Gradstein, S.R. 2008. Disturbance effects on diversity of epiphytes and moths in a montane forest in Ecuador. Basic Appl. Ecol. 9(1):4-12.

Okabe, K., and Goka, K. 2008. Potential impacts on Japanese fauna of canestriniid mites (Acari: Astigmata) accidentally introduced with pet lucanid beetles from Southeast Asia. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):71-81.

Okes, N.C., Hockey, P.A.R., and Cumming, G.S. 2008. Habitat use and life history as predictors of bird responses to habitat change. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):151-162.

Oliveira, R., Godinho, R., Randi, E., Ferrand, N., and Alves, P.C. 2008. Molecular analysis of hybridisation between wild and domestic cats (Felis silvestris) in Portugal: implications for conservation. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):1-11.

Palmeirim, J.M., Champion, A., Naikatini, A., Niukula, J., Tuiwawa, M., Fisher, M., Yabaki-Gounder, M., Thorsteinsdóttir, S., Qalovaki, S., and Dunn, T. 2007. Distribution, status and conservation of the bats of the Fiji Islands. Oryx 41(4):509-519.

Pawlowski, J., and Holzmann, M. 2008. Diversity and geographic distribution of benthic foraminifera: a molecular perspective. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):317-328.

Peck, D.R., Faulquier, L., Pinet, P., Jaquemet, S., and Le Corre, M. 2008. Feral cat diet and impact on sooty terns at Juan de Nova Island, Mozambique Channel. Anim. Conserv. 11(1):65-74.

Pelicice, F.M., and Agostinho, A.A. 2008. Fish-passage facilities as ecological traps in large Neotropical rivers. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):180-188.

Perry, D., and Perry, G. 2008. Improving interactions between animal rights groups and conservation biologists. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):27-35.

Pickering, T.D., Skelton, P., and Sulu, R.J. 2007. Intentional introductions of commercially harvested alien seaweeds. Bot. Mar. 50(5-6):338-350.

Predick, K.I., and Turner, M.G. 2008. Landscape configuration and flood frequency influence invasive shrubs in floodplain forests of the Wisconsin River (USA). J. Ecology 96(1):91-102.

Preisser, E.L., Lodge, A.G., Orwig, D.A., and Elkinton, J.S. 2008. Range expansion and population dynamics of co-occurring invasive herbivores. Biol. Invasions 10(2):201-213.

Raghavan, R., Prasad, G., Anvar-Ali, P.H., and Pereira, B. 2008. Exotic fish species in a global biodiversity hotspot: observations from River Chalakudy, part of Western Ghats, Kerala, India. Biol. Invasions 10(1):37-40.

Reid, K., and Clarke, A. 2007. John Croxall and marine conservation biology: an introduction to the symposium. Aquat. Conserv. 17:S2-S5.

Ribeiro, F., Elvira, B., Collares-Pereira, M.J., and Moyle, P.B. 2008. Life-history traits of non-native fishes in Iberian watersheds across several invasion stages: a first approach. Biol. Invasions 10(1):89-102.

Richardson, D.M., Rundel, P.W., Jackson, S.T., Teskey, R.O., Aronson, J., Bytnerowicz, A., Wingfield, M.J., and Proches, S. 2007. Human impacts in pine forests: past, present, and future. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. S. 38:275-297.

Robinson, J.G. 2007. Recognizing differences and establishing clear-eyed partnerships: a response to Vermeulen & Sheil. Oryx 41(4):443-444.

Rodrigues, A.S.L., and Brooks, T.M. 2007. Shortcuts for biodiversity conservation planning: the effectiveness of surrogates. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. S. 38:713-737.

Rönkä, A., Kvist, L., Karvonen, J., Koivula, K., Pakanen, V.M., Schamel, D., and Tracy, D.M. 2008. Population genetic structure in the Temminck's stint Calidris temminckii, with an emphasis on Fennoscandian populations. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):29-37.

Rosas, F.C.W., de Mattos, G.E., and Cabral, M.M.M. 2007. The use of hydroelectric lakes by giant otters Pteronura brasiliensis: Balbina lake in central Amazonia, Brazil. Oryx 41(4):520-524.

Rosen, D., De Steven, D., and Lange, M. 2008. Conservation strategies and vegetation characterization in the Columbia Bottomlands, an under-recognized southern floodplain forest formation. Nat. Areas J. 28(1):74-82.

Russell, L.K., Hepburn, C.D., Hurd, C.L., and Stuart, M.D. 2008. The expanding range of Undaria pinnatifida in southern New Zealand: distribution, dispersal mechanisms and the invasion of wave-exposed environments. Biol. Invasions 10(1):103-115.

Sanders, J.G., Cribbs, J.E., Fienberg, H.G., Hulburd, G.C., Katz, L.S., and Palumbi, S.R. 2008. The tip of the tail: molecular identification of seahorses for sale in apothecary shops and curio stores in California. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):65-71.

Sands, D.P.A., and New, T.R. 2008. Irregular diapause, apparency and evaluating conservation status: anomalies from the Australian butterflies. J. Insect Conserv. 12(1):81-85.

Santos, T., Díaz, J.A., Pérez-Tris, J., Carbonell, R., and Tellería, J.L. 2008. Habitat quality predicts the distribution of a lizard in fragmented woodlands better than habitat fragmentation. Anim. Conserv. 11(1):46-56.

Saunders, D.L., and Heinsohn, R. 2008. Winter habitat use by the endangered, migratory Swift Parrot (Lathamus discolor) in New South Wales. Emu 108(1):81-89.

Schaffelke, B., and Hewitt, C.L. 2007. Impacts of introduced seaweeds. Bot. Mar. 50(5-6):397-417.

Segers, H., and De Smet, W.H. 2008. Diversity and endemism in Rotifera: a review, and Keratella Bory de St Vincent. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):303-316.

Sekercioglu, C.H., Schneider, S.H., Fay, J.P., and Loarie, S.R. 2008. Climate change, elevational range shifts, and bird extinctions. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):140-150.

Shanas, U., Shapira, I., and Sultan, H. 2008. Behavioural alterations as part of an agricultural edge effect. Anim. Conserv. 11(1):15-16.

Shapira, I., Sultan, H., and Shanas, U. 2008. Agricultural farming alters predator-prey interactions in nearby natural habitats. Anim. Conserv. 11(1):1-8.

Shepherd, C.R., and Nijman, V. 2008. The trade in bear parts from Myanmar: an illustration of the ineffectiveness of enforcement of international wildlife trade regulations. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):35-42.

Sheth, S.N., Lohmann, L.G., Consiglio, T., and Jiménez, I. 2008. Effects of detectability on estimates of geographic range size in Bignonieae. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):200-211.

Simcharoen, S., Pattanavibool, A., Karanth, K.U., Nichols, J.D., and Kumar, N.S. 2007. How many tigers Panthera tigris are there in Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand? An estimate using photographic capture-recapture sampling. Oryx 41(4):447-453.

Simianer, H. 2008. Accounting for non-independence of extinction probabilities in the derivation of conservation priorities based on Weitzman's diversity concept. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):171-179.

Simon, E.M., Nanney, D.L., and Doerder, F.P. 2008. The "Tetrahymena pyriformis" complex of cryptic species. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):365-380.

Smith, H.G., Bobrov, A., and Lara, E. 2008. Diversity and biogeography of testate amoebae. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):329-343.

Stairnatis, C., Suchentrunk, F., Sert, H., Triantaphyllidis, C., and Marnuris, Z. 2007. Genetic evidence for survival of released captive-bred brown hares Lepus europaeus during restocking operations in Greece. Oryx 41(4):548-551.

Stephenson, S.L., Schnittler, M., and Novozhilov, Y.K. 2008. Myxomycete diversity and distribution from the fossil record to the present. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):285-301.

Stubbendieck, J., and Tunnell, S. 2008. Seventy-eight years of vegetation dynamics in a sandhills grassland. Nat. Areas J. 28(1):58-65.

Taki, H., Viana, B.F., Kevan, P.G., Silva, F.O., and Buck, M. 2008. Does forest loss affect the communities of trap-nesting wasps (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) in forests? Landscape vs. local habitat conditions. J. Insect Conserv. 12(1):15-21.

Tallis, H., Ferdaña, Z., and Gray, E. 2008. Linking terrestrial and marine conservation planning and threats analysis. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):120-130.

Taylor, F.J.R., Hoppenrath, M., and Saldarriaga, J.F. 2008. Dinoflagellate diversity and distribution. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):407-418.

Tepedino, V., Bradley, B., and Griswold, T. 2008. Might flowers of invasive plants increase native bee carrying capacity? Intimations from Capitol Reef National Park, Utah. Nat. Areas J. 28(1):44-50.

Trebitz, A.S., and Taylor, D.L. 2007. Exotic and invasive aquatic plants in great lakes coastal wetlands: distribution and relation to watershed land use and plant richness and cover. J. Great Lakes Res. 33(4):705-721.

Tyler, G. 2008. The ground beetle fauna (Coleoptera: Carabidae) of abandoned fields, as related to plant cover, previous management and succession stage. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):155-172.

Tzika, A.C., Koenig, S., Miller, R., Garcia, G., Remy, C., and Milinkovitch, M.C. 2008. Population structure of an endemic vulnerable species, the Jamaican boa (Epicrates subflavus). Mol. Ecol. 17(2):533-544.

Valentine, J.P., Magierowski, R.H., and Johnson, C.R. 2007. Mechanisms of invasion: establishment, spread and persistence of introduced seaweed populations. Bot. Mar. 50(5-6):351-360.

Vallecillo, S., Brotons, L., and Herrando, S. 2008. Assessing the response of open-habitat bird species to landscape changes in Mediterranean mosaics. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):103-119.

Van Kleunen, M., Manning, J.C., Pasqualetto, V., and Johnson, SD. 2008. Phylogenetically independent associations between autonomous self-fertilization and plant invasiveness. Am. Nat. 171(2):195-201.

Van Rossum, F. 2008. Conservation of long-lived perennial forest herbs in an urban context: Primula elatior as study case. Conserv. Genet. 9(1):119-128.

Vanormelingen, P., Verleyen, E., and Vyverman, W. 2008. The diversity and distribution of diatoms: from cosmopolitanism to narrow endemism. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):393-405.

Vermeulen, S., and Sheil, D. 2007. Partnerships for tropical conservation. Oryx 41(4):434-440.

Vermeulen, S., and Sheil, D. 2007. The possibility of common ground: a reply to Mavhunga and Robinson. Oryx 41(4):445-446.

Wale, E. 2008. Challenges in genetic resources policy making: some lessons from participatory policy research with a special reference to Ethiopia. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(1):21-33.

Walker, S., Price, R., and Stephens, R.T.T. 2008. An index of risk as a measure of biodiversity conservation achieved through land reform. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):48-59.

Watari, Y., Takatsuki, S., and Miyashita, T. 2008. Effects of exotic mongoose (Herpestes javanicus) on the native fauna of Amami-Oshima Island, southern Japan, estimated by distribution patterns along the historical gradient of mongoose invasion. Biol. Invasions 10(1):7-17.

Watts, B.D., Therres, G.D., and Byrd, M.A. 2007. Status, distribution, and the future of bald eagles in the Chesapeake Bay area. Waterbirds 30:25-38.

Weisse, T. 2008. Distribution and diversity of aquatic protists: an evolutionary and ecological perspective. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(2):243-259.

White, E.M., Sims, N.M., and Clarke, A.R. 2008. Test of the enemy release hypothesis: the native magpie moth prefers a native fireweed (Senecio pinnatifolius) to its introduced congener (S. madagascariensis). Austral Ecol. 33(1):110-116.

Wilke, A.L., Brinker, D.F., Watts, B.D., Traut, A.H., Boettcher, R., McCann, J.M., Truitt, B.R., and Denmon, P.P. 2007. American Oystercatchers in Maryland and Virginia, USA: status and distribution. Waterbirds 30:152-162.

Williams, B., Brinker, D.F., and Watts, B.D. 2007. The status of colonial nesting wading bird populations within the Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic barrier island-lagoon system. Waterbirds 30:82-92.

Williams, S.L., and Smith, J.E. 2007. A global review of the distribution, taxonomy, and impacts of introduced seaweeds. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. S. 38:327-359.

Wilson, J.W., van Rensburg, B.J., Ferguson, J.W.H., and Keith, M. 2008. The relative importance of environment, human activity and space in explaining species richness of South African bird orders. J. Biogeogr. 35(2):342-352.

Wilson, M.D., Watts, B.D., and Brinker, D.F. 2007. Status review of Chesapeake Bay marsh lands and breeding marsh birds. Waterbirds 30:122-137.

Wood, C.C., and Gross, M.R. 2008. Elemental conservation units: communicating extinction risk without dictating targets for protection. Conserv. Biol. 22(1):36-47.

Xiang, Z.F., Huo, S., Wang, L., Cui, L.W., Xiao, W., Quan, R.C., and Tai, Z. 2007. Distribution, status and conservation of the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus bieti in Tibet. Oryx 41(4):525-531.

Xu, J.L., Zhang, Z.W., Zheng, G.M., Zhang, X.H., Sun, Q.H., and McGowan, P. 2007. Home range and habitat use of Reeves's Pheasant Syrmaticus reevesii in the protected areas created from forest farms in the Dabie Mountains, central China. Bird Conserv. Int. 17(4):319-330.


**To read and print the pdf of the newsletter,
you must download Adobe Acrobat (free)**
Get Acrobat Reader here.

[ TOP ]