Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

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Department ofBotany

No. 282
June 2008

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In This Issue

One Planet – Ours!

This year the United States Botanic Garden’s ever-popular summer exhibition will focus on sustainability - not only how it applies to gardens and the landscape, but also how each of us and our communities can live for tomorrow, as well as for today.

"Cool Globe" comprising 2,000 seed packets, by artist Douglas Hoerr

One Planet - Ours! will showcase garden displays on the Conservatory Terrace and interpretive and sculptural displays in the National Garden and Bartholdi Park. The U.S. Botanic Garden has once again invited other organizations from around the country to participate in the exhibition: One Planet - Ours! will feature government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and individuals who are leading efforts toward sustainable lifestyles. Included are the National Museum of Natural History, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), U.S. Department of Energy, American Horticultural Society, Longwood Gardens, National Wildlife Federation, North American Pollinator Protection Campaign (NAPPC), and many more. Tying it all together will be "Cool Globes," an exhibit of more than 40 sculptures of “whole earth” solutions to the problems of living unsustainably. The One Planet - Ours! exhibition opened on May 24 and will remain on display through October 13, 2008.

The U.S. Botanic Garden Conservatory and the adjacent National Garden are open to the public, free of charge, every day from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Bartholdi Park is open every day from dawn to dusk. The USBG Conservatory is located in Washington, D.C., at 100 Maryland Avenue SW, on the west side of the U.S. Capitol.Further information is available by calling 202-225-8333 or visiting

Current Literature

Aguirre, A., and Dirzo, R. 2008. Effects of fragmentation on pollinator abundance and fruit set of an abundant understory palm in a Mexican tropical forest. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):375-384.

Angeloni, L., Schlaepfer, M.A., Lawler, J.J., and Crooks, K.R. 2008. A reassessment of the interface between conservation and behaviour. Anim. Behav. 75:731-737.

Ashton, I.W., and Lerdau, M.T. 2008. Tolerance to herbivory, and not resistance, may explain differential success of invasive, naturalized, and native North American temperate vines. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):169-178.

Astaras, C., Mühlenberg, M., and Waltert, M. 2008. Note on drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus) ecology and conservation status in Korup National Park, southwest Cameroon. Am. J. Primatol. 70(3):306-310.

Atkinson, S., Demaster, D.P., and Calkins, D.G. 2008. Anthropogenic causes of the western Steller sea lion Eumetopias jubatus population decline and their threat to recovery. Mammal Rev. 38(1):1-18.

Ayres, D.R., Zaremba, K., Sloop, C.M., and Strong, D.R. 2008. Sexual reproduction of cordgrass hybrids (Spartina foliosa x alterniflora) invading tidal marshes in San Francisco Bay. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):187-195.

Barazani, O., Perevolotsky, A., and Hadas, R. 2008. A problem of the rich: prioritizing local plant genetic resources for ex situ conservation in Israel. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):596-600.

Barney, J.N., and Whitlow, T.H. 2008. A unifying framework for biological invasions: the state factor model. Biol. Invasions 10(3):259-272.

Baselga, A., and Novoa, F. 2008. Coleoptera in a relict forest of Spain: implications of hyperdiverse taxa for conservation strategies. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 101(2):402-410.

Bearer, S., Linderman, M., Huang, J.Y., An, L., He, G.M., and Liu, J.Q. 2008. Effects of fuelwood collection and timber harvesting on giant panda habitat use. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):385-393.

Belote, R.T., Jones, R.H., Hood, S.M., and Wender, B.W. 2008. Diversity-invasibility across an experimental disturbance gradient in Appalachian forests. Ecology 89(1):183-192.

Benvenuto, C., Gherardi, F., and Ilhéu, M. 2008. Microhabitat use by the white-clawed crayfish in a Tuscan stream. J. Nat. Hist. 42(1-2):21-33.

Binder, M.D., and Ellis, C.J. 2008. Conservation of the rare British lichen Vulpicida pinastri: changing climate, habitat loss and strategies for mitigation. Lichenologist 40:63-79.

Bissonette, J.A., and Adair, W. 2008. Restoring habitat permeability to roaded landscapes with isometrically-scaled wildlife crossings. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):482-488.

Blackburn, T.M., Cassey, P., Duncan, R.P., Evans, K.L., and Gaston, K.J. 2008. Threats to avifauna on oceanic islands revisited. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):492-494.

Bøhn, T., Amundsen, P.A., and Sparrow, A. 2008. Competitive exclusion after invasion? Biol. Invasions 10(3):359-368.

Boitani, L., Sinibaldi, I., Corsi, F., De Biase, A., Carranza, I.D., Ravagli, M., Reggiani, G., Rondinini, C., and Trapanese, P. 2008. Distribution of medium- to large-sized African mammals based on habitat suitability models. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):605-621.

Bonner, T.H., Watson, J.M., and Williams, C.S. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Cyprinella proserpina Girard, 1857 (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 81(4):365-366.

Borghes, L. 2008. Effects of human subsistence activities on forest birds in Northern Kenya. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):384-394.

Boulton, R.L., Richard, Y., and Armstrong, D.P. 2008. Influence of food availability, predator density and forest fragmentation on nest survival of New Zealand robins. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):580-589.

Brooke, A.D., Butchart, S.H.M., Garnett, S.T., Crowley, G.M., Mantilla-Beniers, N.B., and Stattersfield, A. 2008. Rates of movement of threatened bird species between IUCN Red List categories and toward extinction. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):417-427.

Buse, J., Ranius, T., and Assmann, T. 2008. An endangered longhorn beetle associated with old oaks and its possible role as an ecosystem engineer. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):329-337.

Büscher, B.E. 2008. Conservation, neoliberalism, and social science: a critical reflection on the SCB 2007 annual meeting in South Africa. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):229-231.

Calmeron, E.Z. 2008. Productivity in conservation research in the southern hemisphere. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):232-233.

Cameron, E.K., Bayne, E.M., and Coltman, D.W. 2008. Genetic structure of invasive earthworms Dendrobaena octaedra in the boreal forest of Alberta: insights into introduction mechanisms. Mol. Ecol. 17(5):1189-1197.

Chabrerie, O., Verheyen, K., Saguez, R., and Decocq, G. 2008. Disentangling relationships between habitat conditions, disturbance history, plant diversity, and American black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.) invasion in a European temperate forest. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):204-212.

Chan, B.P.L., Dudgeon, D., and Chen, X.L. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Macropodus hongkongensis Freyhof and Herder, 2002 (Osphronemidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 81(4):367-368.

Chen, B.Y., Zheng, D.M., Zhai, F.F., Xu, X., Sun, P., Wang, Q., and Yang, G. 2008. Abundance, distribution and conservation of Chinese White Dolphins (Sousa chinensis) in Xiamen, China. Mamm. Biol. 73(2):156-164.

Chen, X.Y., Cui, G.H., and Yang, J.X. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Pseudobagrus medianalis (Regan) 1904 (Bagridae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 81(3):253-254.

Clausen, R., and York, R. 2008. Economic growth and marine biodiversity: influence of human social structure on decline of marine trophic levels. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):458-466.

Costanza, R. 2008. Ecosystem services: multiple classification systems are needed. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):350-352.

Cramer, V.A., Hobbs, R.J., and Standish, R.J. 2008. What's new about old fileds? Land abandonment and ecosystem assembly. Trends Ecol. Evol. 23(2):104-112.

Crossman, N.D., and Bass, D.A. 2008. Application of common predictive habitat techniques for post-border weed risk management. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):213-224.

Cumberlidge, N., and Daniels, S.R. 2008. A conservation assessment of the freshwater crabs of southern Africa (Brachyura: Potamonautidae). Afr. J. Ecol. 46(1):74-79.

Danancher, D., Izquierdo, J.I., and Garcia-Vazquez, E. 2008. Microsatellite analysis of relatedness structure in young of the year of the endangered Zingel asper (Percidae) and implications for conservation. Freshwater Biol. 53(3):546-557.

Daniels, A.E., and Cumming, G.S. 2008. Conversion or conservation? Understanding wetland change in northwest Costa Rica. Ecol. Appl. 18(1):49-63.

Dapporto, L., and Dennis, R.L.H. 2008. Species richness, rarity and endemicity on Italian offshore islands: complementary signals from island-focused and species-focused analyses. J. Biogeogr. 35(4):664-674.

Davidson, T.M., Hewitt, C.L., and Campbell, M. 2008. Distribution, density, and habitat use among native and introduced populations of the Australasian burrowing isopod Sphaeroma quoianum. Biol. Invasions 10(4):399-410.

Dawson, I.K., Hollingsworth, P.M., Doyle, J.J., Kresovich, S., Weber, J.C., Montes, C.S., Pennington, T.D., and Pennington, R.T. 2008. Origins and genetic conservation of tropical trees in agroforestry systems: a case study from the Peruvian Amazon. Conserv. Genet. 9(2):361-372.

De Barro, P.J., Hidayat, S.H., Frohlich, D., Subandiyah, S., and Ueda, S. 2008. A virus and its vector, pepper yellow leaf curl virus and Bemisia tabaci, two new invaders of Indonesia. Biol. Invasions 10(4):411-433.

Delibes-Mateos, M., Ferreras, P., and Villafuerte, R. 2008. Rabbit populations and game management: the situation after 15 years of rabbit haemorrhagic disease in central-southern Spain. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):559-574.

Disney, R.H.L., and Durska, E. 2008. Conservation evaluation and the choice of faunal taxa to sample. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):449-451.

Driscoll, D.A., and Henderson, M.K. 2008. How many common reptile species are fire specialists? A replicated natural experiment highlights the predictive weakness of a fire succession model. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):460-471.

Duarte, M.C., Rego, F., Romeiras, M.M., and Moreira, I. 2008. Plant species richness in the Cape Verde islands - eco-geographical determinants. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):453-466.

Ebeling, S.K., Hensen, I., and Auge, H. 2008. The invasive shrub Buddleja davidii performs better in its introduced range. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):225-233.

Ens, E.J., and French, K. 2008. Exotic woody invader limits the recruitment of three indigenous plant species. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):590-595.

Ewing, S.R., Nager, R.G., Nicoll, M.A.C., Aumjaud, A., Jones, C.G., and Keller, L.F. 2008. Inbreeding and loss of genetic variation in a reintroduced population of Mauritius Kestrel. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):395-404.

Fan, C.C., Pecchioni, N., and Chen, L.Q. 2008. Genetic structure and proposed conservation strategy for natural populations of Calycanthus chinensis Cheng and SY Chang (Calycanthaceae). Can. J. Plant Sci. 88(1):179-186.

Fargione, J., Hill, J., Tilman, D., Polasky, S., and Hawthorne, P. 2008. Land clearing and the biofuel carbon debt. Science 319(5867):1235-1238.

Farwig, N., Braun, C., and Böehning-Gaese, K. 2008. Human disturbance reduces genetic diversity of an endangered tropical tree, Prunus africana (Rosaceae). Conserv. Genet. 9(2):317-326.

Favé, M.J., and Turgeon, J. 2008. Patterns of genetic diversity in Great Lakes bloaters (Coregonus hoyi) with a view to future reintroduction in Lake Ontario. Conserv. Genet. 9(2):281-293.

Felton, A., Wood, J., Felton, A.M., Hennessey, B., and Lindenmayer, D.B. 2008. Bird community responses to reduced-impact logging in a certified forestry concession in lowland Bolivia. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):545-555.

Fernández-Alonso, J.L. 2008. Studies on Labiatae VII. Salvia yukoyukparum, new species and first representative of the Tomentellae section in Colombia. Novon 18(1):38-42.

Field, C.B., Campbell, J.E., and Lobell, D.B. 2008. Biomass energy: the scale of the potential resource. Trends Ecol. Evol. 23(2):65-72.

Fischer, A.P., and Bliss, J.C. 2008. Behavioral assumptions of conservation policy: conserving oak habitat on family-forest land in the Willamette Valley, Oregon. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):275-283.

Franks, S.J., Pratt, P.D., Dray, F.A., and Simms, E.L. 2008. No evolution of increased competitive ability or decreased allocation to defense in Melaleuca quinquenervia since release from natural enemies. Biol. Invasions 10(4):455-466.

Galbraith-Kent, S.L., and Handel, S.N. 2008. Invasive Acer platanoides inhibits native sapling growth in forest understorey communities. J. Ecology 96(2):293-302.

Gapare, W.J., Yanchuk, A.D., and Aitken, S.N. 2008. Optimal sampling strategies for capture of genetic diversity differ between core and peripheral populations of Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr. Conserv. Genet. 9(2):411-418.

Garcia, C., Sérgio, C., and Jansen, J. 2008. The bryophyte flora of the natural park of Serra da Estrela (Portugal): conservation and biogeographical approaches. Cryptogamie Bryol. 29(1):49-73.

Gaudeul, M., and Till-Bottraud, I. 2008. Genetic structure of the endangered perennial plant Eryngium alpinum (Apiaceae) in an alpine valley. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 93(4):667-677.

Geburek, T., and Konrad, H. 2008. Why the conservation of forest genetic resources has not worked. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):267-274.

Gherardi, F., Bertolino, S., Bodon, M., Casellato, S., Cianfanelli, S., Ferraguti, M., Lori, E., Mura, G., Nocita, A., Riccardi, N., Rossetti, G., Rota, E., Scalera, R., Zerunian, S., and Tricarico, E. 2008. Animal xenodiversity in Italian inland waters: distribution, modes of arrival, and pathways. Biol. Invasions 10(4):435-454.

Gillespie, T.R., and Chapman, C.A. 2008. Forest fragmentation, the decline of an endangered primate, and changes in host-parasite interactions relative to an unfragmented forest. Am. J. Primatol. 70(3):222-230.

Githae, E.W., Chuah-Petiot, M., Mworia, J.K., and Odee, D.W. 2008. A botanical inventory and diversity assessment of Mt. Marsabit forest, a sub-humid montane forest in the arid lands of northern Kenya. Afr. J. Ecol. 46(1):39-45.

Glenn, S., and Holway, D. 2008. Consumption of introduced prey by native predators: Argentine ants and pit-building ant lions. Biol. Invasions 10(3):273-280.

Gomez-Aparicio, L., and Canham, C.D. 2008. Neighborhood models of the effects of invasive tree species on ecosystem processes. Ecol. Monogr. 78(1):69-86.

Good, T.P., Davies, J., Burke, B.J., and Ruckelshaus, M.H. 2008. Incorporating catastrophic risk assessments into setting conservation goals for threatened Pacific Salmon. Ecol. Appl. 18(1):246-257.

Gordon, D.R., Onderdonk, D.A., Fox, A.M., and Stocker, R.K. 2008. Consistent accuracy of the Australian weed risk assessment system across varied geographies. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):234-242.

Gruenthal, K.M., and Burton, R.S. 2008. Genetic structure of natural populations of the California black abalone (Haliotis cracherodii Leach, 1814), a candidate for endangered species status. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 355(1):47-58.

Guadarram-Maillot, V. 2008. The popularity of biodiversity. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):233-234.

Guo, J. 2008. A renowned field station rises from the ashes. Science 320(5875):444-445.

Hajji, G.M., Charfi-Cheikrouha, F., Lorenzini, R., Vigne, J.D., Hartl, G.B., and Zachos, F.E. 2008. Phylogeography and founder effect of the endangered Corsican red deer (Cervus elaphus corsicanus). Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):659-673.

Halsing, D.L., and Moore, M.R. 2008. Cost-effective management alternatives for Snake River Chinook Salmoon: a biological-economic synthesis. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):338-350.

Harewood, A., and Horrocks, J. 2008. Impacts of coastal development on hawksbill hatchling survival and swimming success during the initial offshore migration. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):394-401.

Harker, R.J., and Shreeve, T.G. 2008. How accurate are single site transect data for monitoring butterfly trends? Spatial and temporal issues identified in monitoring Lasiommata megera. J. Insect Conserv. 12(2):125-133.

Harper, G.L., Maclean, N., and Goulson, D. 2008. Molecular evidence for a recent founder event in the UK populations of the Adonis blue butterfly (Polyommatus bellargus). J. Insect Conserv. 12(2):147-153.

Hastwell, G.T., Daniel, A.J., and Vivian-Smith, G. 2008. Predicting invasiveness in exotic species: do subtropical native and invasive exotic aquatic plants differ in their growth responses to macronutrients? Divers. Distrib. 14(2):243-251.

Hayes, K.R., and Barry, S.C. 2008. Are there any consistent predictors of invasion success? Biol. Invasions 10(4):483-506.

Heaton, J.S., Nussear, K.E., Esque, T.C., Inman, R.D., Davenport, F.M., Leuteritz, T.E., Medica, P.A., Strout, N.W., Burgess, P.A., and Benvenuti, L. 2008. Spatially explicit decision support for selecting translocation areas for Mojave desert tortoises. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):575-590.

Hedges, S.B., Duellman, W.E., and Heinicke, M.P. 2008. New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation. Zootaxa 1737:3-182.

Hedin, J., Ranius, T., Nilsson, S.G., and Smith, H.G. 2008. Restricted dispersal in a flying beetle assessed by telemetry. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):675-684.

Heller, N.E., Sanders, N.J., Shors, J.W., and Gordon, D.M. 2008. Rainfall facilitates the spread, and time alters the impact, of the invasive Argentine ant. Oecologia 155(2):385-395.

Hinam, H.L., and Clair, C.C.S. 2008. High levels of habitat loss and fragmentation limit reproductive success by reducing home range size and provisioning rates of Northern saw-whet owls. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):524-535.

Hollebone, A.L., and Hay, M.E. 2008. An invasive crab alters interaction webs in a marine community. Biol. Invasions 10(3):347-358.

Hollmen, A., Välimäki, P., Itämies, J., and Oksanen, J. 2008. The value of open power line habitat in conservation of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) associated with mires. J. Insect Conserv. 12(2):163-177.

Hood, G.A., and Bayley, S.E. 2008. Beaver (Castor canadensis) mitigate the effects of climate on the area of open water in boreal wetlands in western Canada. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):556-567.

Howard, R.J., Travis, S.E., and Sikes, B.A. 2008. Rapid growth of a Eurasian haplotype of Phragmites australis in a restored brackish marsh in Louisiana, USA. Biol. Invasions 10(3):369-379.

Huber, S.K. 2008. Effects of the introduced parasite Philornis downsi on nestling growth and mortality in the medium ground finch (Geospiza fortis). Biol. Conserv. 141(2):601-609.

Hufbauer, R.A., and Sforza, R. 2008. Multiple introductions of two invasive Centaurea taxa inferred from cpDNA haplotypes. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):252-261.

Hull, J.M., Anderson, R., Bradbury, M., Estep, J.A., and Ernest, H.B. 2008. Population structure and genetic diversity in Swainson's Hawks (Buteo swainsoni): implications for conservation. Conserv. Genet. 9(2):305-316.

Humphries, H.C., Bourgeron, P.S., and Reynolds, K.M. 2008. Suitability for conservation as a criterion in regional conservation network selection. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):467-492.

Iguchi, K., and Kitano, S. 2008. Local specialists among endangered populations of medaka, Oryzias latipes, harboring in fragmented patches. Environ. Biol. Fish. 81(3):267-276.

Inoue, M.N., Yokoyama, J., and Washitani, I. 2008. Displacement of Japanese native bumblebees by the recently introduced Bombus terrestris (L.) (Hymenoptera: Apidae). J. Insect Conserv. 12(2):135-146.

Irwin, M.T. 2008. Feeding ecology of Propithecus diadema in forest fragments and continuous forest. Int. J. Primatol. 29(1):95-115.

Isabirye-Basuta, G.M., and Lwanga, J.S. 2008. Primate populations and their interactions with changing habitats. Int. J. Primatol. 29(1):35-48.

Ishengoma, D.R.S., Shedlock, A.M., Foley, C.A.H., Foley, L.J., Wasser, S.K., Balthazary, S.T., and Mutayoba, B.M. 2008. Effects of poaching on bull mating success in a free ranging African elephant (Loxodonta africana) population in Tarangire National Park, Tanzania. Conserv. Genet. 9(2):247-255.

Jansen, K.P., Mushinsky, H.R., and Karl, S.A. 2008. Population genetics of the mangrove salt marsh snake, Nerodia clarkii compressicauda, in a linear, fragmented habitat. Conserv. Genet. 9(2):401-410.

Jardim, J.G., and Zappi, D.C. 2008. Two new species of Faramea (Rubiaceae, Coussareeae) from eastern Brazil. Novon 18(1):67-71.

Jeschke, J.M., and Strayer, D.L. 2008. Are threat status and invasion success two sides of the same coin? Ecography 31(1):124-130.

Jiménez, A., Pauchard, A., Cavieres, L.A., Marticorena, A., and Bustamante, R.O. 2008. Do climatically similar regions contain similar alien floras? A comparison between the Mediterranean areas of central Chile and California. J. Biogeogr. 35(4):614-624.

Jongejans, E., Skarpaas, O., and Shea, K. 2008. Dispersal, demography and spatial population models for conservation and control management. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 9(3-4):153-170.

Jule, K.R., Leaver, L.A., and Lea, S.E.G. 2008. The effects of captive experience on reintroduction survival in carnivores: a review and analysis. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):355-363.

Kilroy, C., Snelder, T.H., Floerl, O., Vieglais, C.C., and Dey, K.L. 2008. A rapid technique for assessing the suitability of areas for invasive species applied to New Zealand's rivers. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):262-272.

King, J.J., and Roche, W.K. 2008. Aspects of anadromous Allis shad (Alosa alosa Linnaeus) and Twaite shad (Alosa fallax Lacépède) biology in four Irish Special Areas of Conservation (SACs): status, spawning indications and implications for conservation designation. Hydrobiologia 602:145-154.

Kirika, J.M., Farwig, N., and Böhning-Gaese, K. 2008. Effects of local disturbance of tropical forests on frugivores and seed removal of a small-seeded afrotropical tree. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):318-328.

Kobelt, M., and Nentwig, W. 2008. Alien spider introductions to Europe supported by global trade. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):273-280.

Kozlowski, G. 2008. Is the global conservation status assessment of a threatened taxon a utopia? Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):445-448.

Kremen, C., Cameron, A., Moilanen, A., Phillips, S.J., Thomas, C.D., Beentje, H., Dransfield, J., Fisher, B.L., Glaw, F., Good, T.C., Harper, GJ., Hijmans, R.J., Lees, D.C., Louis, E., Nussbaum, R.A., Raxworthy, C.J., Razafimpahanana, A., Schatz, G.E., Vences, M., Vieites, D.R., Wright, P.C., and Zjhra, M.L. 2008. Aligning conservation priorities across taxa in Madagascar with high-resolution planning tools. Science 320(5873):222-226.

Kumar, S. 2008. Nonviolent change, a good idea. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):239-240.

Kuparinen, A., and Schurr, F.M. 2008. Assessing the risk of gene flow from genetically modified trees carrying mitigation transgenes. Biol. Invasions 10(3):281-290.

Lantz, V., and Martínez-Espiñeira, R. 2008. Testing the envrionmental Kuznets curve hypothesis with bird populations as habitat-specific environmental indiactions: evidence from Canada. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):428-438.

Le Gouar, P., Rigal, F., Boisselier-Dubayle, M.C., Sarrazin, F., Arthur, C., Choisy, J.P., Hatzofe, O., Henriquet, S., Lécuyer, P., Tessier, C., Susic, G., and Samadi, S. 2008. Genetic variation in a network of natural and reintroduced populations of Griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus) in Europe. Conserv. Genet. 9(2):349-359.

Lees, A.C., and Peres, C.A. 2008. Conservation value of remnant riparian forest corridors of varying quality for Amazonian birds and mammals. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):439-449.

Lehnert, M.S. 2008. The population biology and ecology of the Homerus swallowtail, Papilio (Pterourus) homerus, in the Cockpit Country, Jamaica. J. Insect Conserv. 12(2):179-188.

Leonardos, I.D., Kagalou, I., Tsoumani, M., and Economidis, P.S. 2008. Fish fauna in a Protected Greek lake: biodiversity, introduced fish species over a 80-year period and their impacts on the ecosystem. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 17(1):165-173.

Lepczyk, C.A., Flather, C.H., Radeloff, V.C., Pidgeon, A.M., Hammer, R.B., and Liu, J.G. 2008. Human impacts on regional avian diversity and abundance. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):405-416.

Leprieur, F., Beauchard, O., Hugueny, B., Grenouillet, G., and Brosse, S. 2008. Null model of biotic homogenization: a test with the European freshwater fish fauna. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):291-300.

Levick, S., and Rogers, K. 2008. Patch and species specific responses of savanna woody vegetation to browser exclusion. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):489-498.

Linares, C., Coma, R., and Zabala, M. 2008. Restoration of threatened red gorgonian populations: an experimental and modelling approach. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):427-437.

Lindbladh, M., Niklasson, M., Karlsson, M., Björkman, L., and Churski, M. 2008. Close anthropogenic control of Fagus sylvatica establishment and expansion in a Swedish protected landscape - implications for forest history and conservation. J. Biogeogr. 35(4):682-697.

Lubben, J., Tenhumberg, B., Tyre, A., and Rebarber, R. 2008. Management recommendations based on matrix projection models: the importance of considering biological limits. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):517-523.

Lynch, T.P. 2008. The difference between spatial and temporal variation in recreational fisheries for planning of marine protected areas: response to Steffe. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):486-491.

Maes, J., Stevens, M., and Breine, J. 2008. Poor water quality constrains the distribution and movements of twaite shad Alosa fallax fallax (Lacépède, 1803) in the watershed of river Scheldt. Hydrobiologia 602:129-143.

Magle, S.B., and Crooks, K.R. 2008. Interactions between black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) and vegetation in habitat fragmented by urbanization. J. Arid Environ. 72(3):238-246.

Malik, R.N., and Husain, S.Z. 2007. Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L'Her. ex Vent.: an environmental constraint on the Himalayan Foothills vegetation. Pakistan J. Bot. 39(4):1045-1053.

Manor, R., Cohen, O., and Saltz, D. 2008. Community homogenization and the invasiveness of commensal species in Mediterranean afforested landscapes. Biol. Invasions 10(4):507-515.

Marker, L.L., Dickman, A.J., Mills, M.G.L., Jeo, R.M., and Macdonald, D.W. 2008. Spatial ecology of cheetahs on north-central Namibian farmlands. J. Zool. 274(3):226-238.

Marker, L.L., Wilkerson, A.J.P., Sarno, R.J., Martenson, J., Breitenmoser-Wüersten, C., O'Brien, S.J., and Johnson, W.E. 2008. Molecular genetic insights on cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) ecology and conservation in Namibia. J. Heredity 99(1):2-13.

Marris, E. 2008. Bagged and boxed: it's a frog's life. Nature 452(7186):394-395.

Marrs, R.A., Sforza, R., and Hufbauer, R.A. 2008. When invasion increases population genetic structure: a study with Centaurea diffusa. Biol. Invasions 10(4):561-572.

Marschalek, D.A., and Deutschman, D.H. 2008. Hermes copper (Lycaena [Hermelycaena] hermes: Lycaenidae): life history and population estimation of a rare butterfly. J. Insect Conserv. 12(2):97-105.

Marshall, J.M., and Buckley, D.S. 2008. Influence of litter removal and mineral soil disturbance on the spread of an invasive grass in a Central Hardwood forest. Biol. Invasions 10(4):531-538.

Martínez, ML., and López-Barrera, F. 2008. Special issue: Restoring and designing ecosystems for a crowded planet. Ecoscience 15(1):1-5.

McCain, E.B., and Childs, J.L. 2008. Evidence of resident jaguars (Panthera onca) in the southwestern United States and the implications for conservation. J. Mammal. 89(1):1-10.

McLean, J.E., Seamons, T.R., Dauer, M.B., Bentzen, P., and Quinn, T.P. 2008. Variation in reproductive success and effective number of breeders in a hatchery population of steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): examination by microsatellite-based parentage analysis. Conserv. Genet. 9(2):295-304.

Mendez, M., Rosenbatan, H.C., and Bordino, P. 2008. Conservation genetics of the franciscana dolphin in Northern Argentina: population structure, by-catch impacts, and management implications. Conserv. Genet. 9(2):419-435.

Merriman, H. 2008. Agents of change and nonviolent action. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):241-242.

Meyer, G.A., and Hull-Sanders, H.M. 2008. Altered patterns of growth, physiology and reproduction in invasive genotypes of Solidago gigantea (Asteraceae). Biol. Invasions 10(3):303-317.

Mikheyev, A.S. 2008. History, genetics and pathology of a leaf-cutting ant introduction: a case study of the Guadeloupe invasion. Biol. Invasions 10(4):467-473.

Mikheyev, A.S., Tchingnoumba, L., Henderson, A., and Alonso, A. 2008. Effect of propagule pressure on the establishment and spread of the little fire ant Wasmannia auropunctata in a Gabonese oilfield. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):301-306.

Milbau, A., and Stout, J.C. 2008. Factors associated with alien plants transitioning from casual, to naturalized, to invasive. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):308-317.

Minor, E.S., and Urban, D.L. 2008. A graph-theory frarmework for evaluating landscape connectivity and conservation planning. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):297-307.

Mira, A., Marques, C.C., Santos, S.M., Rosário, I.T., and Mathias, M.L. 2008. Environmental determinants of the distribution of the Cabrera vole (Microtus cabrerae) in Portugal: implications for conservation. Mamm. Biol. 73(2):102-110.

Mitikka, V., Heikkinen, R.K., Luoto, M., Araújo, M.B., Saarinen, K., Pöyry, J., and Fronzek, S. 2008. Predicting range expansion of the map butterfly in Northern Europe using bioclimatic models. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):623-641.

Moilanen, A., Leathwick, J., and Elith, J. 2008. A method for spatial freshwater conservation prioritization. Freshwater Biol. 53(3):577-592.

Morell, V. 2008. Into the wild: reintroduced animals face daunting odds. Science 320(5877):742-743.

Morell, V. 2008. Puzzling over a Steller whodunit. Science 320(5872):44-45.

Müller, J., Bußler, H., and Kneib, T. 2008. Saproxylic beetle assemblages related to silvicultural management intensity and stand structures in a beech forest in Southern Germany. J. Insect Conserv. 12(2):107-124.

Nascimbene, J., Marini, L., and Nimis, P.L. 2008. Epiphytic lichens in a riparian natural reserve of northern Italy: species richness, composition and conservation. Plant Biosyst. 142(1):94-98.

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Nielsen, C., Hartvig, P., and Kollmann, J. 2008. Predicting the distribution of the invasive alien Heracleum mantegazzianum at two different spatial scales. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):307-317.

Noroozi, J., Akhani, H., and Breckle, S.W. 2008. Biodiversity and phytogeography of the alpine flora of Iran. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):493-521.

Okamura, A., Zhang, H., Mikawa, N., Kotake, A., Yamada, Y., Utoh, T., Horie, N., Tanaka, S., Oka, H.P., and Tsukamoto, K. 2008. Decline in non-native freshwater eels in Japan: ecology and future perspectives. Environ. Biol. Fish. 81(3):347-358.

Orr, D.W. 2008. At the end of our tether: the rationality of nonviolence. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):235-238.

Pardo, R., and Vila, I. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Trichomycterus chungaraensis Arratia 1983 (Trichomycteridae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 81(4):369-370.

Pascal, M., De Forges, B.R., Le Guyader, H., and Simberloff, D. 2008. Mining and other threats to the New Caledonia biodiversity hotspot. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):498-499.

Pauchard, A., Garcia, R.A., Peña, E., González, C., Cavieres, L.A., and Bustamante, R.O. 2008. Positive feedbacks between plant invasions and fire regimes: Teline monspessulana (L.) K. Koch (Fabaceae) in central Chile. Biol. Invasions 10(4):547-553.

Peacock, D.S., van Rensburg, B.J., and Robertson, M.P. 2007. The distribution and spread of the invasive alien common myna, Acridotheres tristis L. (Aves: Sturnidae), in southern Africa. S. Afr. J. Sci. 103(11-12):465-473.

Pejchar, L., Pringle, R.M., Ranganathan, J., Zook, J.R., Duran, G., Oviedo, F., and Daily, G.C. 2008. Birds as agents of seed dispersal in a human-dominated landscape in southern Costa Rica. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):536-544.

Pellet, J. 2008. Seasonal variation in detectability of butterflies surveyed with Pollard walks. J. Insect Conserv. 12(2):155-162.

Pestes, L.R., Peterman, R.M., Bradford, M.J., and Wood, C.C. 2008. Bayesian decision analysis for evaluating management options to promote recovery of a depleted salmon population. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):351-361.

Peters, M.B., and Turner, T.F. 2008. Genetic variation of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC class II beta gene) in the threatened Gila trout, Oncorhynchus gilae gilae. Conserv. Genet. 9(2):257-270.

Peterseni, J.H., Deangelas, D.L., and Paukert, C.P. 2008. An overview of methods for developing bioenergetic and life history models for rare and endangered species. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 137(1):244-253.

Pfeifer-Meister, L., Cole, E.M., Roy, B.A., and Bridgham, S.D. 2008. Abiotic constraints on the competitive ability of exotic and native grasses in a Pacific Northwest prairie. Oecologia 155(2):357-366.

Piel, F., Gilbert, M., De Cannière, C., and Grégoire, J.C. 2008. Coniferous round wood imports from Russia and Baltic countries to Belgium. A pathway analysis for assessing risks of exotic pest insect introductions. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):318-328.

Piola, R.F., and Johnston, E.L. 2008. Pollution reduces native diversity and increases invader dominance in marine hard-substrate communities. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):329-342.

Pires, A.C., Marinoni, L., and De Carvalho, C.J.B. 2008. Track analysis of the Neotropical genus Sepedonea Steyskal (Diptera: Sciomyzidae): a proposal based on the phylogenetic analysis of its species. Zootaxa 1716:21-34.

Provan, J., Booth, D., Todd, N.P., Beatty, G.E., and Maggs, C.A. 2008. Tracking biological invasions in space and time: elucidating the invasive history of the green alga Codium fragile using old DNA. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):343-354.

Provan, J., Wilson, S., Portig, A.A., and Maggs, C.A. 2008. The importance of reproductive strategies in population genetic approaches to conservation: an example from the marine angiosperm genus Zostera. Conserv. Genet. 9(2):271-280.

Puillandre, N., Dupas, S., Dangles, O., Zeddam, J.L., Capdevielle-Dulac, C., Barbin, K., Torres-Leguizamon, M., and Silvain, J.F. 2008. Genetic bottleneck in invasive species: the potato tuber moth adds to the list. Biol. Invasions 10(3):319-333.

Quaglia, F., Lattuada, L., Mantecca, P., and Bacchetta, R. 2008. Zebra mussels in Italy: where do they come from? Biol. Invasions 10(4):555-560.

Rasoloharijaona, S., Randrianambinina, B., and Zimmermann, E. 2008. Sleeping site ecology in a rain-forest dwelling nocturnal lemur (Lepilemur mustelinus): implications for sociality and conservation. Am. J. Primatol. 70(3):247-253.

Rayfield, B., James, P.M.A., Fall, A., and Fortin, M.J. 2008. Comparing static versus dynamic protected areas in the Québec boreal forest. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):438-449.

Real, R., Márquez, A.L., Estrada, A., Muñoz, A.R., and Vargas, J.M. 2008. Modelling chorotypes of invasive vertebrates in mainland Spain. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):364-373.

Ren, H., Jian, S.G., Lu, H.F., Zhang, Q.M., Shen, W.J., Han, W.D., Yin, Z.Y., and Guo, Q.F. 2008. Restoration of mangrove plantations and colonisation by native species in Leizhou bay, South China. Ecol. Res. 23(2):401-407.

Ricciardi, A., and Kipp, R. 2008. Predicting the number of ecologically harmful exotic species in an aquatic system. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):374-380.

Richardson, D.M., and Pyšek, P. 2008. Fifty years of invasion ecology - the legacy of Charles Elton. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):161-168.

Richardson, D.M., van Wilgen, B.W., and Nuñez, M.A. 2008. Alien conifer invasions in South America: short fuse burning? Biol. Invasions 10(4):573-577.

Ricklefs, R.E., Guo, Q.F., and Qian, H. 2008. Growth form and distribution of introduced plants in their native and non-native ranges in Eastern Asia and North America. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):381-386.

Römermann, C., Tackenberg, O., Jackel, A.K., and Poschlod, P. 2008. Eutrophication and fragmentation are related to species' rate of decline but not to species rarity: results from a functional approach. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):591-604.

Rönkä, M., Tolvanen, H., Lehikoinen, E., von Numers, M., and Rautkari, M. 2008. Breeding habitat preferences of 15 bird species on south-western Finnish archipelago coast: applicability of digital spatial data archives to habitat assessment. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):402-416.

Rosales-Meda, M., Estrada, A., and López, J.E. 2008. Demographic survey of black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra) in the Lachuá eco-region in Alta Verapaz, Guatemala. Am. J. Primatol. 70(3):231-237.

Rossiter-Rachor, N.A., Setterfield, S.A., Douglas, M.M., Hutley, L.B., and Cook, G.D. 2008. Andropogon gayanus (Gamba grass) invasion increases fire-mediated nitrogen losses in the tropical savannas of northern Australia. Ecosystems 11(1):77-88.

Rundlöf, M., Nilsson, H., and Smith, H.G. 2008. Interacting effects of farming practice and landscape context on bumblebees. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):417-426.

Safina, C., and Klinger, D.H. 2008. Collapse of bluefin tuna in the Western Atlantic. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):243-246.

Sánchez-Flores, E., Rodríguez-Gallegos, H., and Yool, S.R. 2008. Plant invasions in dynamic desert landscapes. A field and remote sensing assessment of predictive and change modeling. J. Arid Environ. 72(3):189-206.

Sanderson, E.W., Redford, K.H., Weber, B., Aune, K., Baldes, D., Berger, J., Carter, D., Curtin, C., Derr, J., Dobrott, S., Fearn, E., Fleener, C., Forrest, S., Gerlach, C., Gates, C., Gross, J.E., Gogan, P., Grassel, S., Hilty, J.A., Jensen, M., Kunkel, K., Lammers, D., List, R., Minkowski, K., Olson, T., Pague, C., Robertson, P.B., and Stephenson, B. 2008. The ecological future of the north American Bison: conceiving long-term, large-scale conservation of wildlife. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):252-266.

Schrag, A.M., Bunn, A.G., and Graumlich, L.J. 2008. Influence of bioclimatic variables on tree-line conifer distribution in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem: implications for species of conservation concern. J. Biogeogr. 35(4):698-710.

Sethi, S.A., and Hilborn, R. 2008. Interactions between poaching and management policy affect marine reserves as conservation tools. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):506-516.

Shah, A., Li, D.Z., Gao, L.M., Li, H.T., and Moller, M. 2008. Genetic diversity within and among populations of the endangered species Taxus fuana (Taxaceae) from Pakistan and implications for its conservation. Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 36(3):183-193.

Shears, N.T., Smith, F., Babcock, R.C., Duffy, C.A.J., and Villouta, E. 2008. Evaluation of biogeographic classification schemes for conservation planning: application to New Zealand's coastal marine environment. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):467-481.

Shinneman, D.J., Baker, W.L., and Lyon, P. 2008. Ecological restoration needs derived from reference conditions for a semi-arid landscape in Western Colorado, USA. J. Arid Environ. 72(3):207-227.

Sin, H., Beard, K.H., and Pitt, W.C. 2008. An invasive frog, Eleutherodactylus coqui, increases new leaf production and leaf litter decomposition rates through nutrient cycling in Hawaii. Biol. Invasions 10(3):335-345.

Sirami, C., Brotons, L., Burfield, I., Fonderflick, J., and Martin, J.L. 2008. Is land abandonment having an impact on biodiversity? A meta-analytical approach to bird distribution changes in the north-western Mediterranean. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):450-459.

Smith, N., and de Klerk, H. 2007. Geo-information pyramids for up-to-date and flexible conservation plans: a case study for Transfrontier Conservation Areas. S. Afr. J. Sci. 103(11-12):442-448.

Smulders, M.J.M., Van 'T Westende, W.P.C., Diway, B., Esselink, G.D., Van der Meer, P.J., and Koopman, W.J.M. 2008. Development of microsatellite markers in Gonystylus bancanus (Ramin) useful for tracing and tracking of wood of this protected species. Mol. Ecol. Resour. 8(1):168-171.

Stat, M., and Gates, R.D. 2008. Vectored introductions of marine endosymbiotic dinoflagellates into Hawaii. Biol. Invasions 10(4):579-583.

Statzner, B., Bonada, N., and Dolédec, S. 2008. Biological attributes discriminating invasive from native European stream macroinvertebrates. Biol. Invasions 10(4):517-530.

Steffe, A.S. 2008. Dependence of effective Marine Park zoning on survey design, data quality, and community acceptance: response to Lynch. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):482-485.

Stiver, J.R., Apa, A.D., Remington, T.E., and Gibson, R.M. 2008. Polygyny and female breeding failure reduce effective population size in the lekking Gunnison sage-grouse. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):472-481.

Stojanovic, M., Milutinovic, T., and Karaman, S. 2008. Earthworm (Lumbricidae) diversity in the Central Balkans: an evaluation of their conservation status. Eur. J. Soil Biol. 44(1):57-64.

Stokstad, E. 2008. Spotted owl recovery plan flawed, review panel finds. Science 320(5876):594-595.

Suaz-Ortuño, I., Alvarado-Díaz, J., and Martínez-Ramos, M. 2008. Effects of conversion of dry tropical forest to agricultural mosaic on herpetofaunal assemblages. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):362-374.

Takegaki, T. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Boleophthalmus pectinirostris (Linnaeus 1758) (Gobiidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 81(4):373-374.

Tarkan, A.N., Tarkan, A.S., Bilge, G., Gaygusuz, Ö., and Gürsoy, Ç. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Salmo platycephalus Behnke, 1968 (Salmonidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 81(4):371-372.

Thrush, S.F., Halliday, J., Hewitt, J.E., and Lohrer, A.M. 2008. The effects of habitat loss, fragmentation, and community homogenization on resilience in estuaries. Ecol. Appl. 18(1):12-21.

Thuiller, W., Albert, C., Araújo, M.B., Berry, P.M., Cabeza, M., Guisan, A., Hickler, T., Midgely, G.F., Paterson, J., Schurr, F.M., Sykes, M.T., and Zimmermann, N.E. 2008. Predicting global change impacts on plant species' distributions: future challenges. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 9(3-4):137-152.

Todd, B.D., Rothermel, B.B., Reed, R.N., Luhring, T.M., Schlatter, K., Trenkamp, L., and Gibbons, J.W. 2008. Habitat alteration increases invasive fire ant abundance to the detriment of amphibians and reptiles. Biol. Invasions 10(4):539-546.

Tolley, K.A., Davies, S.J., and Chown, S.L. 2008. Deconstructing a controversial local range expansion: conservation biogeography of the painted reed frog (Hyperolius marmoratus) in South Africa. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):400-411.

Topp, W., Kappes, H., and Rogers, F. 2008. Response of ground-dwelling beetle (Coleoptera) assemblages to giant knotweed (Reynoutria spp.) invasion. Biol. Invasions 10(4):381-390.

Trevino, H.S., Skibiel, A.L., Karels, T.J., and Dobson, F.S. 2008. Importance of causal analysis of threats to oceanic avifaunas: reply to Blackburn et al. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):495-497.

Truscott, A.M., Palmer, S.C.F., Soulsby, C., and Hulme, P.E. 2008. Assessing the vulnerability of riparian vegetation to invasion by Mimulus guttatus: relative importance of biotic and abiotic variables in determining species occurrence and abundance. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):412-421.

Tsiftsis, S., Tsiripidis, I., Karagiannakidou, V., and Alifragis, D. 2008. Niche analysis and conservation of the orchids of east Macedonia (NE Greece). Acta Oecol. 33(1):27-35.

Ture, C., and Bocul, H. 2007. An investigation on the diversity, distribution and conservation of Poaceae species growing naturally in Eskisehir province (Central Anatolia-Turkey). Pakistan J. Bot. 39(4):1055-1070.

Turrini, A., Avio, L., Bedini, S., and Giovannetti, M. 2008. In situ collection of endangered arbuscular mychorrhizal fungi in a Mediterranean UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):643-657.

Urban, M.C., Phillips, B.L., Skelly, D.K., and Shine, R. 2008. A toad more traveled: the heterogeneous invasion dynamics of cane toads in Australia. Am. Nat. 171(3):E134-E148.

Valenzuela-Galván, D., Arita, H.T., and Macdonald, D.W. 2008. Conservation priorities for carnivores considering protected natural areas and human population density. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):539-558.

Valkama, E., Lyytinen, S., and Koricheva, J. 2008. The impact of reed management on wildlife: a meta-analytical review of European studies. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):364-374.

Vergara, P., Fargallo, J.A., Banda, E., Parejo, D., Lemsus, J.A., and García-Montijano, M. 2008. Low frequency of anti-acetylcholinesterase pesticide poisoning in lesser and Eurasian kestrels of Spanish grassland and farmland populations. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):499-505.

Wallace, G.N., Theobald, D.M., Ernst, T., and King, K. 2008. Assessing the ecological and social benefits of private land conservation in Colorado. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):284-296.

Wallace, K. 2008. Ecosystem services: multiple classifications or confusion? Biol. Conserv. 141(2):353-354.

Walter, H.S., and Levin, G.A. 2008. Feral sheep on Socorro Island: facilitators of alien plant colonization and ecosystem decay. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):422-431.

Watanabe, N.M., and Suzuki, E. 2008. Species diversity, abundance, and vertical size structure of rattans in Borneo and Java. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(3):523-538.

Watts, C.H., Clarkson, B.R., and Didham, R.K. 2008. Rapid beetle community convergence following experimental habitat restoration in a mined peat bog. Biol. Conserv. 141(2):568-579.

Westcott, D.A., Setter, M., Bradford, M.G., McKeown, A., and Setter, S. 2008. Cassowary dispersal of the invasive pond apple in a tropical rainforest: the contribution of subordinate dispersal modes in invasion. Divers. Distrib. 14(2):432-439.

Westphal, M.I., Browne, M., MacKinnon, K., and Noble, I. 2008. The link between international trade and the global distribution of invasive alien species. Biol. Invasions 10(4):391-398.

Wiley, D.N., Moller, J.C., Pace, R.M., and Carlson, C. 2008. Effectiveness of voluntary conservation agreements: case study of endangered whales and commercial whale watching. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):450-457.

Wisely, S.M., Santymire, R.M., Livieri, T.M., Mucting, S.A., and Howard, J. 2008. Genotypic and phenotypic consequences of reintroduction history in the black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes). Conserv. Genet. 9(2):389-399.

Witte, C.L., Sredl, M.J., Kane, A.S., and Hungerford, L.L. 2008. Epidemiologioc analysis of factors associated with local disappearances of native ranid frogs in Arizona. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):375-383.

Xiong, Y., Chen, J.D., Gu, Z.Y., Wu, X.H., Wan, F.H., and Hong, X.Y. 2008. The potential suitability of Jiangsu Province, east China for the invasive red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta. Biol. Invasions 10(4):475-481.

Yamagiwa, J. 2008. History and present scope of field studies on Macaca fuscata yakui at Yakushima Island, Japan. Int. J. Primatol. 29(1):49-64.

Zabel, A., and Holm-Müller, K. 2008. Conservation performance payments for carnivore conservation in Sweden. Conserv. Biol. 22(2):247-251.

Ziegenhagen, B., Gneuss, S., Rathmacher, G., Leyer, I., Bialozyt, R., Heinze, B., and Liepelt, S. 2008. A fast and simple genetic survey reveals the spread of poplar hybrids at a natural Elbe river site. Conserv. Genet. 9(2):373-379.

Zou, J.W., Rogers, W.E., and Siemann, E. 2008. Increased competitive ability and herbivory tolerance in the invasive plant Sapium sebiferum. Biol. Invasions 10(3):291-302.

Zubillaga, A.L., Márquez, L.M., Cróquer, A., and Bastidas, C. 2008. Ecological and genetic data indicate recovery of the endangered coral Acropora palmata in Los Roques, Southern Caribbean. Coral Reefs 27(1):63-72.

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