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Department ofBotany

No. 284
August 2008

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In This Issue

Bee Checklist Buzzes Online

Biologists have recently completed an online effort to compile a world checklist of bees. They have identified nearly 19,500 bee species worldwide, about 2,000 more than previously estimated. There is a current crisis known as "colony collapse disorder," an unexplained phenomenon that is wiping out colonies of honey bees throughout the United States. This crisis has highlighted the need for more information about bee species and their interactions with the plants they pollinate.

"At a time when biological diversity is suspected to be declining at an alarming rate, it is important to have a solid baseline from which to measure future trends," said Michael Ruggiero, senior scientist for the Integrated Taxonomic Information System at the National Museum of Natural History, who led the recently completed project. "This is very exciting because bees are critical for pollinating flowering plants, including most non-cereal food crops."

The bee checklist includes currently accepted scientific names, synonyms and common names. A current, complete and authoritative taxonomic checklist is key to linking all information about species. The scientific name acts as the common denominator to connect like information. Taxonomic information is not fixed and throughout time biologists reclassify species as a result of new discoveries or new research.

Compiling the checklist has taken more than five years and the efforts of leading bee taxonomists on six continents. The checklist, coordinated by the staff of the Integrated Taxonomic Information System, a public-private partnership hosted at the National Museum of Natural History, is available at

Major supporters of the project were the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, based in Copenhagen, Denmark, which is dedicated to making global biodiversity data accessible anywhere in the world, and the U.S.-based National Biological Information Infrastructure, a broad, collaborative program to provide increased access to data and information on the nation's biological resources.


National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE) welcomes you to participate in the 9th National Conference on Science, Policy, and the Environment: Biodiversity in a Rapidly Changing World. This interactive conference will take place December 8-10, 2008 in Washington, DC, with goals to develop a new biodiversity strategy in a 21st century context. Plan on joining part of the discussion with government officials, scientists, businesses, and NGOs. For more information visit Registration will open in early fall.

Current Literature

Abell, R., Thieme, M.L., Revenga, C., Bryer, M., Kottelat, M., Bogutskaya, N., Coad, B., Mandrak, N., Balderas, S.C., Bussing, W., Stiassny, M.L.J., Skelton, P., Allen, G.R., Unmack, P., Naseka, A., Ng, R., Sindorf, N., Robertson, J., Armijo, E., Higgins, J.V., Heibel, T.J., Wikramanayake, E., Olson, D., López, H.L., Reis, R.E., Lundberg, J.G., Pérez, M.H.S., and Petry, P. 2008. Freshwater ecoregions of the world: a new map of biogeographic units for freshwater biodiversity conservation. BioScience 58(5):403-414.

Aldrich, B.C., Molleson, L., and Nekaris, K.A.L. 2008. Vocalizations as a conservation tool: an auditory survey of the Andean titi monkey Callicebus oenanthe Thomas, 1924 (Mammalia: Primates: Pitheciidae) at Tarangue, Northern Peru. Contrib. Zool. 77(1):1-6.

Andersen, M.C. 2008. The roles of risk assessment in the control of invasive vertebrates. Wildlife Res. 35(3):242-248.

Andersen, U.S., Córdova, J.P.P., Nielsen, U.B., Olsen, C.S., Nielsen, C., Sørensen, M., and Kollmann, J. 2008. Conservation through utilization: a case study of the Vulnerable Abies guatemalensis in Guatemala. Oryx 42(2):206-213.

Aparicio, A., Albaladejo, R.G., Olalla-Tárraga, M.Á., Carrillo, L.F., and Rodríguez, M.Á. 2008. Dispersal potentials determine responses of woody plant species richness to environmental factors in fragmented Mediterranean landscapes. Forest Ecol. Manag. 255(7):2894-2906.

Baker, A.J., Greenslade, A.D., Darling, L.M., and Finlay, J.C. 2008. High genetic diversity in the blue-listed British Columbia population of the purple martin maintained by multiple sources of immigrants. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):495-505.

Ballantine, W.J., and Langlois, T.J. 2008. Marine reserves: the need for systems. Hydrobiologia 606:35-44.

Barbaro, L., Couzi, L., Bretagnolle, V., Nezan, J., and Vetillard, F. 2008. Multi-scale habitat selection and foraging ecology of the eurasian hoopoe (Upupa epops) in pine plantations. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1073-1087.

Barbour, R.C., Otahal, Y., Vaillancourt, R.E., and Potts, B.M. 2008. Assessing the risk of pollen-mediated gene flow from exotic Eucalyptus globulus plantations into native eucalypt populations of Australia. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):896-907.

Barcelona, J.F., Pelser, P.B., Cabutaje, E.M., and Bartolome, N.A. 2008. Another new species of Rafflesia (Rafflesiaceae) from Luzon, Philippines: R. leonardi. Blumea 53(1):223-228.

Barlow, J., Araujo, I.S., Overal, W.L., Gardner, T.A., Mendes, F.D., Lake, I.R., and Peres, C.A. 2008. Diversity and composition of fruit-feeding butterflies in tropical Eucalyptus plantations. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1089-1104.

Basset, Y., Missa, O., Alonso, A., Miller, S.E., Curletti, G., De Meyer, M., Eardley, C.D., Mansell, M.W., Novotny, V., and Wagner, T. 2008. Faunal turnover of arthropod assemblages along a wide gradient of disturbance in Gabon. Afr. Entomol. 16(1):47-59.

Behrens, V., Rauschmayer, F., and Wittmer, H. 2008. Managing international 'problem' species: why pan-European cormorant management is so difficult. Environ. Conserv. 35(1):55-63.

Beissinger, S.R., Wunderle, J.M., Meyers, J.M., Sæther, B.E., and Engen, S. 2008. Anatomy of a bottleneck: diagnosing factors limiting population growth in the Puerto Rican Parrot. Ecol. Monogr. 78(2):185-203.

Bellingham, P.J. 2008. Cyclone effects on Australian rain forests: an overview. Austral Ecol. 33(4):580-584.

Berger, J. 2008. Extant or extinct? White-tailed jack rabbits and Yellowstone's food web. Oryx 42(2):176.

Berndt, L.A., Brockerhoff, E.G., and Jactel, H. 2008. Relevance of exotic pine plantations as a surrogate habitat for ground beetles (Carabidae) where native forest is rare. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1171-1185.

Bhagwat, S.A., Willis, K.J., Birks, H.J.B., and Whittaker, R.J. 2008. Agroforestry: a refuge for tropical biodiversity? Trends Ecol. Evol. 23(5):261-267.

Blanco-Garrido, F., Prenda, J., and Narvaez, M. 2008. Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) diet and prey selection in Mediterranean streams invaded by centrarchid fishes. Biol. Invasions 10(5):641-648.

Botha, M.S., Carrick, P.J., and Allsopp, N. 2008. Capturing lessons from land-users to aid the development of ecological restoration guidelines for lowland Namaqualand. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):885-895.

Bourgeois, K., and Vidal, E. 2008. The endemic Mediterranean yelkouan shearwater Puffinus yelkouan: distribution, threats and a plea for more data. Oryx 42(2):187-194.

Breton, A.R., Fox, G.A., and Chardine, J.W. 2008. Survival of adult Herring Gulls (Larus argentatus) from a Lake Ontario colony over two decades of environmental change. Waterbirds 31(1):15-23.

Broadhurst, L.M., Scannell, P.K., and Johnson, G.A. 2008. Generating genetic relatedness maps to improve the management of two rare orchid species. Aust. J. Bot. 56(3):232-240.

Brockerhoff, E.G., Jactel, H., Parrotta, J.A., Quine, C.P., and Sayer, J. 2008. Plantation forests and biodiversity: oxymoron or opportunity? Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):925-951.

Bröker, K.C.A., and Ilangakoon, A. 2008. Occurrence and conservation needs of cetaceans in and around the Bar Reef Marine Sanctuary, Sri Lanka. Oryx 42(2):286-291.

Brook, B.W. 2008. Synergies between climate change, extinctions and invasive vertebrates. Wildlife Res. 35(3):249-252.

Brosi, B.J., Daily, G.C., Shih, T.M., Oviedo, F., and Durán, G. 2008. The effects of forest fragmentation on bee communities in tropical countryside. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(3):773-783.

Bulleri, F., Underwood, A.J., and Benedetti-Cecchi, L. 2008. The analysis of ecological impacts in human-dominated environments: reply to Stewart-Oaten (2008). Environ. Conserv. 35(1):11-13.

Bultman, T.L., and DeWitt, D.J. 2008. Effect of an invasive ground cover plant on the abundance and diversity of a forest floor spider assemblage. Biol. Invasions 10(5):749-756.

Buscardo, E., Smith, G.F., Kelly, D.L., Freitas, H., Iremonger, S., Mitchell, F.J.G., O'Donoghue, S., and Mckee, A.M. 2008. The early effects of afforestation on biodiversity of grasslands in Ireland. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1057-1072.

Callaway, R.M., Cipollini, D., Barto, K., Thelen, G.C., Hallett, S.G., Prati, D., Stinson, K., and Klironomos, J. 2008. Novel weapons: invasive plant suppresses fungal mutualists in America but not in its native Europe. Ecology 89(4):1043-1055.

Caño, L., Escarré, J., Fleck, I., Blanco-Moreno, J.M., and Sans, F.X. 2008. Increased fitness and plasticity of an invasive species in its introduced range: a study using Senecio pterophorus. J. Ecology 96(3):468-476.

Cano, J.M., Mäkinen, H.S., Leinonen, T., Freyhof, J., and Merilä, J. 2008. Extreme neutral genetic and morphological divergence supports classification of Adriatic three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) populations as distinct conservation units. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1055-1066.

Carrete, M., and Tella, J.L. 2008. Wild-bird trade and exotic invasions: a new link of conservation concern? Front. Ecol. Environ. 6(4):207-211.

Carter, E., Adams, W.M., and Hutton, J. 2008. Private protected areas: management regimes, tenure arrangements and protected area categorization in East Africa. Oryx 42(2):177-186.

Cassey, P., Blackburn, T.M., Duncan, R.P., and Lockwood, J.L. 2008. Lessons from introductions of exotic species as a possible information source for managing translocations of birds. Wildlife Res. 35(3):193-201.

Catterall, C.P., McKenna, S., Kanowski, J., and Piper, S.D. 2008. Do cyclones and forest fragmentation have synergistic effects? A before-after study of rainforest vegetation structure at multiple sites. Austral Ecol. 33(4):471-484.

Chazdon, R.L. 2008. Beyond deforestation: restoring forests and ecosystem services on degraded lands. Science 320(5882):1458-1460.

Chen, L.L., and Lin, Z.S. 2008. The effect of habitat destruction on metapopulations with the Allee-like effect: a study case of Yancheng in Jiangsu Province, China. Ecol. Model. 213(3-4):356-364.

Cheplick, G.P. 2008. Growth trajectories and size-dependent reproduction in the highly invasive grass Microstegium vimineum. Biol. Invasions 10(5):761-770.

Clout, M.N., and Russell, J.C. 2008. The invasion ecology of mammals: a global perspective. Wildlife Res. 35(3):180-184.

Coote, L., Smith, G.F., Kelly, D.L., O'Donoghue, S., Dowding, P., Iremonger, S., and Mitchell, F.J.G. 2008. Epiphytes of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) plantations in Ireland and the effects of open spaces. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):953-968.

Correa, C., and Gross, M.R. 2008. Chinook salmon invade southern South America. Biol. Invasions 10(5):615-639.

Cummings, D.O., and Williamson, J.E. 2008. The role of herbivory and fouling on the invasive green alga Caulerpa filiformis in temperate Australian waters. Mar. Freshwater Res. 59(4):279-290.

Cummings, J., and Reid, N. 2008. Stand-level management of plantations to improve biodiversity values. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1187-1211.

Dawnay, N., McEwing, R., Thorpe, R.S., and Ogden, R. 2008. Preliminary data suggests genetic distinctiveness of gyr and saker falcons. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):703-707.

de Oliveira, R.P., Longhi-Wagner, H.M., Leite, K.R.B., and Hollowell, V.C. 2008. Pariana multiflora (Poaceae, Bambusoideae, Olyreae), a new species from eastern Brazil, with notes on the leaf anatomy of the genus. Syst. Bot. 33(2):262-266.

De Sousa, L.D.F., and Wendt, T. 2008. Taxonomy and conservation of the genus Lymania (Bromeliaceae) in the southern Bahian Atlantic Forest of Brazil. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157(1):47-66.

de Warnaffe, G.D., and Deconchat, M. 2008. Impact of four silvicultural systems on birds in the Belgian Ardenne: implications for biodiversity in plantation forests. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1041-1055.

Deckers, B., Verheyen, K., Vanhellemont, M., Maddens, E., Muys, B., and Hermy, M. 2008. Impact of avian frugivores on dispersal and recruitment of the invasive Prunus serotina in an agricultural landscape. Biol. Invasions 10(5):717-727.

Delibes-Mateos, M., Ramírez, E., Ferreras, P., and Villafuerte, R. 2008. Translocations as a risk for the conservation of European wild rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus lineages. Oryx 42(2):259-264.

Devos, C., Sanz, C., Morgan, D., Onononga, J.R., Laporte, N., and Huynen, M.C. 2008. Comparing ape densities and habitats in northern congo: surveys of sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in the Odzala and Ndoki regions. Am. J. Primatol. 70(5):439-451.

Dhar, A., Ruprecht, H., and Vacik, H. 2008. Population viability risk management (PVRM) for in situ management of endangered tree species - a case study on a Taxus baccata L. population. Forest Ecol. Manag. 255(7):2835-2845.

Dolman, P.M., and Wäber, K. 2008. Ecosystem and competition impacts of introduced deer. Wildlife Res. 35(3):202-214.

Dombois, D.M. 2008. Pacific island forests: successionally impoverished and now threatened to be overgrown by aliens? Pacific Sci. 62(3):303-308.

Donegan, T.M. 2008. New species and subspecies descriptions do not and should not always require a dead type specimen. Zootaxa 1761:37-48.

Durell, S.E.A.L.D., Stillman, R.A., Triplet, P., Desprez, M., Fagot, C., Loquet, N., Sueur, F., and Goss-Custard, J.D. 2008. Using an individual-based model to inform estuary management in the Baie de Somme, France. Oryx 42(2):265-277.

Edgell, T.C., and Rochette, R. 2008. Differential snail predation by an exotic crab and the geography of shell-claw covariance in the northwest Atlantic. Evolution 62(5):1216-1228.

Elphick, C.S. 2008. Landscape effects on waterbird densities in California rice fields: taxonomic differences, scale-dependence, and conservation implications. Waterbirds 31(1):62-69.

Ernst, T., and Wallace, G.N. 2008. Characteristics, motivations, and management actions of landowners engaged in private land conservation in Larimer County Colorado. Nat. Areas J. 28(2):109-120.

Fausch, K.D. 2008. A paradox of trout invasions in North America. Biol. Invasions 10(5):685-701.

Felizola Diniz, J.A., Telles, M.P.D.C., Bonatto, S.L., Eizirik, E., de Freitas, T.R.O., de Marco, P., Santos, F.R., Sole-Cava, A., and Soares, T.N. 2008. Mapping the evolutionary twilight zone: molecular markers, populations and geography. J. Biogeogr. 35(5):753-763.

Ferrarini, A., Rossi, G., Parolo, G., and Ferloni, M. 2008. Planning low-impact tourist paths within a Site of Community Importance through the optimisation of biological and logistic criteria. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1067-1077.

Fitzsimons, J.A., and Wescott, G. 2008. Evolving governance arrangements in multi-tenure reserve networks. Environ. Conserv. 35(1):5-7.

Forrest, J.L., Sanderson, E.W., Wallace, R., Lazzo, T.M.S., Cerveró, L.H.G., and Coppolillo, P. 2008. Patterns of land cover change in and around Madidi National Park, Bolivia. Biotropica 40(3):285-294.

Forsman, A., and Åberg, V. 2008. Associations of variable coloration with niche breadth and conservation status among Australian reptiles. Ecology 89(5):1201-1207.

Forup, M.L., Henson, K.S.E., Craze, P.G., and Memmott, J. 2008. The restoration of ecological interactions: plant-pollinator networks on ancient and restored heathlands. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(3):742-752.

Francisco-Ortega, J., Ventosa, I., Oviedo, R., Jiménez, F., Herrera, P., Maunder, M., and Panero, J.L. 2008. Caribbean Island Asteraceae: systematics, molecules, and conservation on a biodiversity hotspot. Bot. Rev. 74(1):112-131.

Franks, S.J., Pratt, P.D., Dray, F.A., and Simms, E.L. 2008. Selection on herbivory resistance and growth rate in an invasive plant. Am. Nat. 171(5):678-691.

Fuentes, N., Ugarte, E., Kühn, I., and Klotz, S. 2008. Alien plants in Chile: inferring invasion periods from herbarium records. Biol. Invasions 10(5):649-657.

Gardner, T.A., Hernández, M.I.M., Barlow, J., and Peres, C.A. 2008. Understanding the biodiversity consequences of habitat change: the value of secondary and plantation forests for neotropical dung beetles. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(3):883-893.

Gelcich, S., Kaiser, M.J., Castilla, J.C., and Edwards-Jones, G. 2008. Engagement in co-management of marine benthic resources influences environmental perceptions of artisanal fishers. Environ. Conserv. 35(1):36-45.

Giovanelli, J.G.R., Haddad, C.F.B., and Alexandrino, J. 2008. Predicting the potential distribution of the alien invasive American bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus) in Brazil. Biol. Invasions 10(5):585-590.

Giraudo, A.R., Matteucci, S.D., Alonso, J., Herrera, J., and Abramson, R.R. 2008. Comparing bird assemblages in large and small fragments of the Atlantic Forest hotspots. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1251-1265.

Gómez, F. 2008. Phytoplankton invasions: comments on the validity of categorizing the non-indigenous dinoflagellates and diatoms in European Seas. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 56(4):620-628.

Gómez-Aparicio, L., and Canham, C.D. 2008. Neighbourhood analyses of the allelopathic effects of the invasive tree Ailanthus altissima in temperate forests. J. Ecology 96(3):447-458.

Gotmark, F., von Proschwitz, T., and Franc, N. 2008. Are small sedentary species affected by habitat fragmentation? Local vs. landscape factors predicting species richness and composition of land molluscs in Swedish conservation forests. J. Biogeogr. 35(6):1062-1076.

Grogan, J., and Schulze, M. 2008. Estimating the number of trees and forest area necessary to supply internationally traded volumes of big-leaf mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) in Amazonia. Environ. Conserv. 35(1):26-35.

Grueber, CE., and Jamieson, IG. 2008. Quantifying and managing the loss of genetic variation in a free-ranging population of takahe through the use of pedigrees. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):645-651.

Gubanyi, J.A., Savidge, J.A., Hygnstrom, S.E., VerCauteren, K.C., Garabrandt, G.W., and Korte, S.P. 2008. Deer impact on vegetation in natural areas in southeastern Nebraska. Nat. Areas J. 28(2):121-129.

Gubbi, S., and MacMillan, D.C. 2008. Can non-timber forest products solve livelihood problems? A case study from Periyar Tiger Reserve, India. Oryx 42(2):222-228.

Gurvich, D.E., Funes, G., Giorgis, M.A., and Demaio, P. 2008. Germination characteristics of four Argentinean endemic Gymnocalycium (Cactaceae) species with different flowering phenologies. Nat. Areas J. 28(2):104-108.

Gutzwiller, KJ., and Barrow, WC. 2008. Desert bird associations with broad-scale boundary length: applications in avian conservation. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(3):873-882.

Guzman, H.M., Benfield, S., Breedy, O., and Mair, J.M. 2008. Broadening reef protection across the Marine Conservation Corridor of the Eastern Tropical Pacific: distribution and diversity of reefs in Las Perlas Archipelago, Panama. Environ. Conserv. 35(1):46-54.

Haniffa, M.A., Dhanaraj, M., Ramakrishnan, C.M., Sethuramalingam, T.A., Singh, S.V.A., Kumar, Y.A., and Manju, R.A. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch, 1794) (Cypriniformes: Saccobranchidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 82(2):203-204.

Hanson, E., and Sytsma, M. 2008. The potential for mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853 (Crustacea: Brachyura) invasion of Pacific Northwest and Alaskan estuaries. Biol. Invasions 10(5):603-614.

Hawley, D.M., Briggs, J., Dhondt, A.A., and Lovette, I.J. 2008. Reconciling molecular signatures across markers: mitochondrial DNA confirms founder effect in invasive North American house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus). Conserv. Genet. 9(3):637-643.

Hebblewhite, M., and Merrill, E. 2008. Modelling wildlife-human relationships for social species with mixed-effects resource selection models. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(3):834-844.

Hierl, L.A., Franklin, J., Deutschman, D.H., Regan, H.M., and Johnson, B.S. 2008. Assessing and prioritizing ecological communities for monitoring in a regional habitat conservation plan. Environ. Manage. 42(1):165-179.

Hoebee, S.E., Thrall, P.H., and Young, A.G. 2008. Integrating population demography, genetics and self-incompatibility in a viability assessment of the Wee Jasper Grevillea (Grevillea iaspicula McGill., Proteaceae). Conserv. Genet. 9(3):515-529.

Hui, D.F., Biggs, R., Scholes, R.J., and Jackson, R.B. 2008. Measuring uncertainty in estimates of biodiversity loss: the example of biodiversity intactness variance. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1091-1094.

Hulová, S., and Sedlácek, F. 2008. Population genetic structure of the European ground squirrel in the Czech Republic. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):615-625.

Hwang, B.C., and Lauenroth, W.K. 2008. Effect of nitrogen, water and neighbor density on the growth of Hesperis matronalis and two native perennials. Biol. Invasions 10(5):771-779.

Jacobsen, F., Nesje, M., Bachmann, L., and Lifjeld, J.T. 2008. Significant genetic admixture after reintroduction of peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) in Southern Scandinavia. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):581-591.

Jensen, A., and Meilby, H. 2008. Does commercialization of a non-timber forest product reduce ecological impact? A case study of the Critically Endangered Aquilaria crassna in Lao PDR. Oryx 42(2):214-221.

Keeler, M.S., and Chew, F.S. 2008. Escaping an evolutionary trap: preference and performance of a native insect on an exotic invasive host. Oecologia 156(3):559-568.

Kittelson, P., Maron, J., and Marler, M. 2008. An invader differentially affects leaf physiology of two natives across a gradient in diversity. Ecology 89(5):1344-1351.

Kohler, F., Verhulst, J., van Klink, R., and Kleijn, D. 2008. At what spatial scale do high-quality habitats enhance the diversity of forbs and pollinators in intensively farmed landscapes? J. Appl. Ecol. 45(3):753-762.

Kolowski, J.M., and Nielsen, C.K. 2008. Using Penrose distance to identify potential risk of wildlife-vehicle collisions. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1119-1128.

Kyle, C.J., Johnson, A.R., Patterson, B.R., Wilson, P.J., and White, B.N. 2008. The conspecific nature of eastern and red wolves: conservation and management implications. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):699-701.

La Morgia, V., Bona, F., and Badino, G. 2008. Bayesian modelling procedures for the evaluation of changes in wildlife habitat suitability: a case study of roe deer in the Italian Alps. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(3):863-872.

Lada, H., Mac Nally, R., and Taylor, A.C. 2008. Distinguishing past from present gene flow along and across a river: the case of the carnivorous marsupial (Antechinus flavipes) on southern Australian floodplains. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):569-580.

Lambdon, P.W. 2008. Why is habitat breadth correlated strongly with range size? Trends amongst the alien and native floras of Mediterranean islands. J. Biogeogr. 35(6):1095-1105.

Lambdon, P.W., Lloret, F., and Hulme, P.E. 2008. Do alien plants on Mediterranean islands tend to invade different niches from native species? Biol. Invasions 10(5):703-716.

Lambrinos, J.G., and Bando, K.J. 2008. Habitat modification inhibits conspecific seedling recruitment in populations of an invasive ecosystem engineer. Biol. Invasions 10(5):729-741.

Lantschner, M.V., Rusch, V., and Peyrou, C. 2008. Bird assemblages in pine plantations replacing native ecosystems in NW Patagonia. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):969-989.

Lassalle, G., Béguer, M., Beaulaton, L., and Rochard, E. 2008. Diadromous fish conservation plans need to consider global warming issues: an approach using biogeographical models. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1105-1118.

Lau, J.A. 2008. Beyond the ecological: biological invasions alter natural selection on a native plant species. Ecology 89(4):1023-1031.

Laurance, W.F., and Curran, T.J. 2008. Impacts of wind disturbance on fragmented tropical forests: a review and synthesis. Austral Ecol. 33(4):399-408.

Laurance, W.F., Fay, J.M., Parnell, R.J., Sounguet, G.P., Formia, A., and Lee, M.E. 2008. Does rainforest logging threaten marine turtles? Oryx 42(2):246-251.

Liang, X.F., Chen, G.Z., Chen, X.L., and Yue, P.Q. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Tanichthys albonubes Lin 1932 (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 82(2):177-178.

Liao, C.Z., Luo, Y.Q., Fang, C.M., Chen, J.K., and Li, B. 2008. Litter pool sizes, decomposition, and nitrogen dynamics in Spartina alterniflora - invaded and native coastal marshlands of the Yangtze Estuary. Oecologia 156(3):589-600.

Lindsay, D.L., Barr, K.R., Lance, R.F., Tweddale, S.A., Hayden, T.J., and Leberg, P.L. 2008. Habitat fragmentation and genetic diversity of an endangered, migratory songbird, the golden-cheeked warbler (Dendroica chrysoparia). Mol. Ecol. 17(9):2122-2133.

Link, S.O. 2008. A savings account for natural areas. Nat. Areas J. 28(2):103.

Lizarralde, M.S., Bailliet, G., Poljak, S., Fasanella, M., and Giulivi, C. 2008. Assessing genetic variation and population structure of invasive North American beaver (Castor canadensis Kuhl, 1820) in Tierra Del Fuego (Argentina). Biol. Invasions 10(5):673-683.

Lohrer, A.M., Chiaroni, L.D., Hewitt, J.E., and Thrush, S.F. 2008. Biogenic disturbance determines invasion success in a subtidal soft-sediment system. Ecology 89(5):1299-1307.

Looney, C.N., and Zack, R.S. 2008. Plant community influence on ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) species richness and abundance. Nat. Areas J. 28(2):168-170.

Lorenzen, E.D., Arctander, P., and Siegismund, H.R. 2008. Three reciprocally monophyletic mtDNA lineages elucidate the taxonomic status of Grant's gazelles. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):593-601.

Lowe, C.D., Harvey, I.F., Thompson, D.J., and Watts, P.C. 2008. Strong genetic divergence indicates that congeneric damselflies Coenagrion puella and C. pulchellum (Odonata: Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae) do not hybridise. Hydrobiologia 605:55-63.

López-Gallego, C. 2008. Demographic variation in cycad populations inhabiting contrasting forest fragments. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1213-1225.

Måren, I.E., Vigdisvik, V., and Ekelund, K. 2008. Restoration of bracken-invaded Calluna vulgaris heathlands: effects on vegetation dynamics and non-target species. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1032-1042.

Marks, P.L., Wesley, F.R., and Gardescu, S. 2008. The vascular plant diversity of the Finger Lakes region of central New York State: changes in the 1800s and 1900s. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 135(1):53-69.

Marsh, D.M., Page, R.B., Hanlon, T.J., Corritone, R., Little, E.C., Seifert, D.E., and Cabe, P.R. 2008. Effects of roads on patterns of genetic differentiation in red-backed salamanders, Plethodon cinereus. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):603-613.

Maunder, M., Leiva, A., Santiago-Valentín, E., Stevenson, D.W., Acevedo-Rodríguez, P., Meerow, A.W., Mejía, M., Clubbe, C., and Francisco-Ortega, J. 2008. Plant conservation in the Caribbean Island biodiversity hotspot. Bot. Rev. 74(1):197-207.

Meadows, D.W., Adams, S.B., and Schaefer, J.F. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Alosa alabamae (Jordan and Evermann, 1896) (Clupeidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 82(2):173-174.

Menges, E.S. 2008. Restoration demography and genetics of plants: when is a translocation successful? Aust. J. Bot. 56(3):187-196.

Metzger, M.J., Bunce, R.G.H., Leemans, R., and Viner, D. 2008. Projected environmental shifts under climate change: European trends and regional impacts. Environ. Conserv. 35(1):64-75.

Meyerson, L.A., Engeman, R., and O'Malley, R. 2008. Tracking non-native vertebrate species: indicator design for the United States of America. Wildlife Res. 35(3):235-241.

Meynecke, J.O., Lee, S.Y., and Duke, N.C. 2008. Linking spatial metrics and fish catch reveals the importance of coastal wetland connectivity to inshore fisheries in Queensland, Australia. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):981-996.

Micheli, F., Shelton, A.O., Bushinsky, S.M., Chiu, A.L., Haupt, A.J., Heiman, K.W., Kappel, C.V., Lynch, M.C., Martone, R.G., Dunbar, R.B., and Watanabe, J. 2008. Persistence of depleted abalones in marine reserves of central California. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1078-1090.

Miles, L., and Kapos, V. 2008. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation: global land-use implications. Science 320(5882):1454-1455.

Minor, E.S., McDonald, R.I., Treml, E.A., and Urban, D.L. 2008. Uncertainty in spatially explicit population models. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):956-970.

Moore, J.A., Bell, B.D., and Linklater, W.L. 2008. The debate on behavior in conservation: New Zealand integrates theory with practice. BioScience 58(5):454-459.

Morgan, S.K., and Panes, H.M. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Hippocampus spinosissimus Weber 1913 (Syngnathidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 82(1):21-22.

Muñoz, A.A., and Cavieres, L.A. 2008. The presence of a showy invasive plant disrupts pollinator service and reproductive output in native alpine species only at high densities. J. Ecology 96(3):459-467.

Munyekenye, F.B., Mwangi, E.M., and Gichuki, N.N. 2008. Bird species richness and abundance in different forest types at Kakamega Forest, western Kenya. Ostrich 79(1):37-42.

Murat, C., Zampieri, E., Vizzini, A., and Bonfante, P. 2008. Is the Perigord black truffle threatened by an invasive species? We dreaded it and it has happened! New Phytol. 178(4):699-702.

Murphy, H.T., Metcalfe, D.J., Bradford, M.G., Ford, A.F., Galway, K.E., Sydes, T.A., and Westcott, D.J. 2008. Recruitment dynamics of invasive species in rainforest habitats following Cyclone Larry. Austral Ecol. 33(4):495-502.

Murray, T.E., Fitzpatrick, Ú., Brown, M.J.F., and Paxton, R.J. 2008. Cryptic species diversity in a widespread bumble bee complex revealed using mitochondrial DNA RFLPs. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):653-666.

Nasi, R., Koponen, P., Poulsen, J.G., Buitenzorgy, M., and Rusmantoro, W. 2008. Impact of landscape and corridor design on primates in a large-scale industrial tropical plantation landscape. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1105-1126.

Natoli, A., Peddemors, V.M., and Hoelzel, A.R. 2008. Population structure of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus) impacted by bycatch along the east coast of South Africa. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):627-636.

Nebel, S., Porter, J.L., and Kingsford, R.T. 2008. Long-term trends of shorebird populations in eastern Australia and impacts of freshwater extraction. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):971-980.

Neel, M.C. 2008. Patch connectivity and genetic diversity conservation in the federally endangered and narrowly endemic plant species Astragalus albens (Fabaceae). Biol. Conserv. 141(4):938-955.

Newton, A.C. 2008. Conservation of tree species through sustainable use: how can it be achieved in practice? Oryx 42(2):195-205.

Nielsen, C.L.R., Wakamiya, S.M., and Nielsen, C.K. 2008. Viability and patch occupancy of a swamp rabbit metapopulation at the northern edge of its distribution. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1043-1054.

Nishikawa, A. 2008. Degree and pattern of gene flow in several scleractinian corals in the Ryukyu Archipelago, southern Japan. Pacific Sci. 62(3):413-421.

Nuñez, M.A., Relva, M.A., and Simberloff, D. 2008. Enemy release or invasional meltdown? Deer preference for exotic and native trees on Isla Victoria, Argentina. Austral Ecol. 33(3):317-323.

Ohl-Schacherer, J., Mannigel, E., Kirkby, C., Shepard, G.H., and Yu, D.W. 2008. Indigenous ecotourism in the Amazon: a case study of 'Casa Matsiguenka' in Manu National Park, Peru. Environ. Conserv. 35(1):14-25.

Oldfield, S. 2008. Choices for tree conservation. Oryx 42(2):159-160.

Orrock, J.L., Witter, M.S., and Reichman, O.J. 2008. Apparent competition with an exotic plant reduces native plant establishment. Ecology 89(4):1168-1174.

Osborne, J.L., Martin, A.P., Shortall, C.R., Todd, A.D., Goulson, D., Knight, M.E., Hale, R.J., and Sanderson, R.A. 2008. Quantifying and comparing bumblebee nest densities in gardens and countryside habitats. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(3):784-792.

Owens, S. 2008. Why conserve marine environments? Environ. Conserv. 35(1):1-4.

Palmé, A., Laikre, L., Utter, F., and Ryman, N. 2008. Conservation genetics without knowing what to conserve: the case of the Baltic harbour porpoise Phocoena phocoena. Oryx 42(2):305-308.

Paquin, P., Dupérré, N., Cokendolpher, J.C., White, K., and Hedin, M. 2008. The fundamental importance of taxonomy in conservation biology: the case of the eyeless Cicurina bandida (Araneae: Dictynidae) of central Texas, including new synonyms and the description of the male of the species. Invertebr. Syst. 22(2):139-149.

Pawson, S.M., Brockerhoff, E.G., Meenken, E.D., and Didham, R.K. 2008. Non-native plantation forests as alternative habitat for native forest beetles in a heavily modified landscape. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1127-1148.

Pearce, J.L., Kirk, D.A., Lane, C.P., Mahr, M.H., Walmsley, J., Casey, D., Muir, J.E., Hannon, S., Hansen, A., and Jones, K. 2008. Prioritizing avian conservation areas for the yellowstone to Yukon Region of North America. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):908-924.

Pedroni, L., Imbach, P., and Rodríguez, J. 2008. Finding threatened forest areas in the central volcanic mountain range conservation area in Costa Rica. Environ. Monit. Assess. 141(1-3):245-255.

Pellitteri-Rosa, D., Gentilli, A., Sacchi, R., Scali, S., Pupin, F., Razzetti, E., Bernini, F., and Fasola, M. 2008. Factors affecting repatriation success of the endangered Italian agile frog (Rana latastei). Amphibia-Reptilia 29(2):235-244.

Perkins, D.W., Vickery, P.D., and Shriver, W.G. 2008. Population viability analysis of the Florida Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum floridanus): testing recovery goals and management options. Auk 125(1):167-177.

Petchey, O.L., Eklof, A., Borrvall, C., and Ebenman, B. 2008. Trophically unique species are vulnerable to cascading extinction. Am. Nat. 171(5):568-579.

Phillips, B.L., Chipperfield, J.D., and Kearney, M.R. 2008. The toad ahead: challenges of modelling the range and spread of an invasive species. Wildlife Res. 35(3):222-234.

Pires, R., Neves, H.C., and Karamanlidis, A.A. 2008. The critically Endangered Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus in the archipelago of Madeira: priorities for conservation. Oryx 42(2):278-285.

Poulin, J.F., Villard, M.A., Edman, M., Goulet, P.J., and Eriksson, A.M. 2008. Thresholds in nesting habitat requirements of an old forest specialist, the Brown Creeper (Certhia americana), as conservation targets. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1129-1137.

Prasad, G., Ali, P.H.A., and Rahgavan, R. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Horabagrus nigricollaris (Pethiyagoda and Kottelat, 1994) (Bagridae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 82(2):109-110.

Praschag, P., Sommer, R.S., McCarthy, C., Gemel, R., and Fritz, U. 2008. Naming one of the world's rarest chelonians, the southern Batagur. Zootaxa 1758:61-68.

Pyšek, P., Richardson, D.M., Pergil, J., Jarosík, V., Sixtová, Z., and Weber, E. 2008. Geographical and taxonomic biases in invasion ecology. Trends Ecol. Evol. 23(5):237-244.

Quinn, L.D., and Holt, J.S. 2008. Ecological correlates of invasion by Arundo donax in three southern California riparian habitats. Biol. Invasions 10(5):591-601.

Reid, S.M., Wilson, C.C., Mandrak, N.E., and Carl, L.M. 2008. Population structure and genetic diversity of black redhorse (Moxostoma duquesnei) in a highly fragmented watershed. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):531-546.

Richart, M., and Hewitt, N. 2008. Forest remnants in the Long Point region, Southern Ontario: tree species diversity and size structure. Landscape Urban Plan. 86(1):25-37.

Roberge, J.M., Angelstam, P., and Villard, M.A. 2008. Specialised woodpeckers and naturalness in hemiboreal forests - deriving quantitative targets for conservation planning. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):997-1012.

Rodgers, V.L., Stinson, K.A., and Finzi, A.C. 2008. Ready or not, garlic mustard is moving in: Alliaria petiolata as a member of eastern North American forests. BioScience 58(5):426-436.

Rodríguez-Contreras, A., Señaris, J.C., Lampo, M., and Rivero, R. 2008. Rediscovery of Atelopus cruciger (Anura: Bufonidae): current status in the Cordillera de La Costa, Venezuela. Oryx 42(2):301-304.

Roll, U., Dayan, T., and Simberloff, D. 2008. Non-indigenous terrestrial vertebrates in Israel and adjacent areas. Biol. Invasions 10(5):659-672.

Roncal, J., Zona, S., and Lewis, C.E. 2008. Molecular phylogenetic studies of Caribbean palms (Arecaceae) and their relationships to biogeography and conservation. Bot. Rev. 74(1):78-102.

Rowell, K., Flessa, K.W., Dettman, D.L., Román, M.J., Gerber, L.R., and Findley, L.T. 2008. Diverting the Colorado River leads to a dramatic life history shift in an endangered marine fish. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1138-1148.

Rundlöf, M., Bengtsson, J., and Smith, H.G. 2008. Local and landscape effects of organic farming on butterfly species richness and abundance. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(3):813-820.

Schuldt, A., Fahrenholz, N., Brauns, M., Migge-Kleian, S., Platner, C., and Schaefer, M. 2008. Communities of ground-living spiders in deciduous forests: does tree species diversity matter? Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1267-1284.

Schulze, M., Grogan, J., and Vidal, E. 2008. Forest certification in Amazonia: standards matter. Oryx 42(2):229-239.

Searle, J.B. 2008. The genetics of mammalian invasions: a review. Wildlife Res. 35(3):185-192.

Seddon, P.J., and Leech, T. 2008. Conservation short cut, or long and winding road? A critique of umbrella species criteria. Oryx 42(2):240-245.

Shepherd, L.D., and Lambert, D.M. 2008. Ancient DNA and conservation: lessons from the endangered kiwi of New Zealand. Mol. Ecol. 17(9):2174-2184.

Sjödin, N.E., Bengtsson, J., and Ekbom, B. 2008. The influence of grazing intensity and landscape composition on the diversity and abundance of flower-visiting insects. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(3):763-772.

Smith, D.A. 2008. The spatial patterns of indigenous wildlife use in western Panama: implications for conservation management. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):925-937.

Smith, G.F., Gittings, T., Wilson, M., French, L., Oxbrough, A., O'Donoghue, S., O'Halloran, J., Kelly, D.L., Mitchell, F.J.G., Kelly, T., Iremonger, S., Mckee, A.M., and Giller, P. 2008. Identifying practical indicators of biodiversity for stand-level management of plantation forests. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):991-1015.

Smith, G.R., Boyd, A., Dayer, C.B., and Winter, K.E. 2008. Behavioral responses of American toad and bullfrog tadpoles to the presence of cues from the invasive fish, Gambusia affinis. Biol. Invasions 10(5):743-748.

Smith, S., and Hughes, J. 2008. Microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA variation defines island genetic reservoirs for reintroductions of an endangered Australian marsupial, Perameles bougainville. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):547-557.

Sodhi, N.S. 2008. Tropical biodiversity loss and people - a brief review. Basic Appl. Ecol. 9(2):93-99.

Sodhi, N.S., and Brook, B.W. 2008. Fragile southeast Asian biotas. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):883-884.

Soutullo, A., López-López, P., and Urios, V. 2008. Incorporating spatial structure and stochasticity in endangered Bonelli's eagle's population models: implications for conservation and management. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1013-1020.

Sovada, M.A., Pietz, P.J., Conuerse, K.A., King, D.T., Hofmeister, E.K., Scherr, P., and Ip, H.S. 2008. Impact of West Nile virus and other mortality factors on American white pelicans at breeding colonies in the northern plains of North America. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1021-1031.

Spiteri, A., and Nepal, S.K. 2008. Distributing conservation incentives in the buffer zone of Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Environ. Conserv. 35(1):76-86.

Spottiswoode, C.N., Patel, I.H., Herrmann, E., Timberlake, J., and Bayliss, J. 2008. Threatened bird species on two little-known mountains (Chiperone and Mabu) in northern Mozambique. Ostrich 79(1):1-7.

Šrutek, M., Doležal, J., Findlay, C.S., and Andress, R.A. 2008. Regeneration and seedling-habitat relationships of the marginal population of pitch pine (Pinus rigida) after prescribed burning, eastern Ontario, Canada. Nat. Areas J. 28(2):155-167.

Stewart-Oaten, A. 2008. Chance and randomness in design versus model-based approaches to impact assessment: comments on Bulleri et al., (2007). Environ. Conserv. 35(1):8-10.

Stocker, R.K., Miller, R.E., Black, D.W., Ferriter, A.P., and Thayer, D.D. 2008. Using fire and herbicide to control Lygodium microphyllum and effects on a pine flatwoods plant community in south Florida. Nat. Areas J. 28(2):144-154.

Strecker, A.L., and Arnott, S.E. 2008. Invasive predator, Bythotrephes, has varied effects on ecosystem function in freshwater lakes. Ecosystems 11(3):490-503.

Suzuki, N., and Olson, D.H. 2008. Options for biodiversity conservation in managed forest landscapes of multiple ownerships in Oregon and Washington, USA. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1017-1039.

Taggart, J.B. 2008. Management of feral horses at the North Carolina National Estuarine Research Reserve. Nat. Areas J. 28(2):187-195.

Tellería, J.L., Ghaillani, H.E.M., Fernández-Palacios, J.M., Bartolomé, J., and Montiano, E. 2008. Crocodiles Crocodylus niloticus as a focal species for conserving water resources in Mauritanian Sahara. Oryx 42(2):292-295.

Temu, R.P.C., and Andrew, S.M. 2008. Endemism of plants in the Uluguru Mountains, Morogoro, Tanzania. Forest Ecol. Manag. 255(7):2858-2869.

Thiel, D., Jenni-Eiermann, S., Braunisch, V., Palme, R., and Jenni, L. 2008. Ski tourism affects habitat use and evokes a physiological stress response in capercaillie Tetrao urogallus: a new methodological approach. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(3):845-853.

Torras, O., Gil-Tena, A., and Saura, S. 2008. How does forest landscape structure explain tree species richness in a Mediterranean context? Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1227-1240.

Tutman, P., Glamuzina, B., and Dulcic, J. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Salmo dentex (Heckel 1852) (Salmonidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 82(2):175-176.

Van der Veken, S., Hermy, M., Vellend, M., Knapen, A., and Verheyen, K. 2008. Garden plants get a head start on climate change. Front. Ecol. Environ. 6(4):212-216.

van der Wal, R., Truscott, A.M., Pearce, I.S.K., Cole, L., Harris, M.P., and Wanless, S. 2008. Multiple anthropogenic changes cause biodiversity loss through plant invasion. Global Change Biol. 14(6):1428-1436.

van Halder, I., Barbaro, L., Corcket, E., and Jactel, H. 2008. Importance of semi-natural habitats for the conservation of butterfly communities in landscapes dominated by pine plantations. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1149-1169.

van Landingham, N.B., Straka, T.J., and Franklin, R.M. 2008. Economic analysis of conservation forestry practices: a South Carolina Lowcountry example. Nat. Areas J. 28(2):171-179.

Van Vliet, N., and Nasi, R. 2008. Mammal distribution in a Central African logging concession area. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(5):1241-1249.

Vázquez-Luis, M., Sanchez-Jerez, P., and Bayle-Sempere, J.T. 2008. Changes in amphipod (Crustacea) assemblages associated with shallow-water algal habitats invaded by Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea in the western Mediterranean Sea. Mar. Environ. Res. 65(5):416-426.

Vencatesan, J. 2008. Gender and conservation - some issues. Curr. Sci. 94(9):1120-1122.

Wang, J., Ye, Q.G., Kang, M., and Huang, H.W. 2008. Novel polymorphic microsatellite loci and patterns of pollen-mediated gene flow in an ex situ population of Eurycorymbus cavaleriei (Sapindaceae) as revealed by categorical paternity analysis. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):559-567.

Weber, E., and Li, B. 2008. Plant invasions in China: what is to be expected in the wake of economic development? BioScience 58(5):437-444.

Weber, P.G., Preston, S., Dlugos, M.J., and Nelson, A.P. 2008. The effects of field mowing on adult butterfly assemblages in Central New York State. Nat. Areas J. 28(2):130-143.

Wedderburn, S.D., Walker, K.F., and Zampatti, B.P. 2008. Salinity may cause fragmentation of hardyhead (Teleostei: Atherinidae) populations in the River Murray, Australia. Mar. Freshwater Res. 59(3):254-258.

Wei, X., Cao, H.L., Jiang, Y.S., Ye, W.H., Ge, X.J., and Li, F. 2008. Population genetic structure of Camellia nitidissima (Theaceae) and conservation implications. Bot. Stud. 49(2):147-153.

Welsh, H.H., Pope, K.L., and Wheeler, C.A. 2008. Using multiple metrics to assess the effects of forest succession on population status: a comparative study of two terrestrial salamanders in the US Pacific Northwest. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1149-1160.

White, P.C.L., Ford, A.E.S., Clout, M.N., Engeman, R.M., Roy, S., and Saunders, G. 2008. Alien invasive vertebrates in ecosystems: pattern, process and the social dimension. Wildlife Res. 35(3):171-179.

Wilkinson, C.T.A. 2008. Protected areas law in Ontario, Canada: maintenance of ecological integrity as the management priority. Nat. Areas J. 28(2):180-186.

Winfree, R., Williams, N.M., Gaines, H., Ascher, J.S., and Kremen, C. 2008. Wild bee pollinators provide the majority of crop visitation across land-use gradients in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, USA. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(3):793-802.

Winter, C., Lehmann, S., and Diekmann, M. 2008. Determinants of reproductive success: a comparative study of five endangered river corridor plants in fragmented habitats. Biol. Conserv. 141(4):1095-1104.

Witt, M.J., Broderick, A.C., Coyne, M.S., Formia, A., Ngouessono, S., Parnell, R.J., Sounguet, G.P., and Godley, B.J. 2008. Satellite tracking highlights difficulties in the design of effective protected areas for Critically Endangered leatherback turtles Dermochelys coriacea during the inter-nesting period. Oryx 42(2):296-300.

Yates, C.N., and Murphy, S.D. 2008. Observations of herbivore attack on garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. Biol. Invasions 10(5):757-760.

Young, R.P., Volahy, A.T., Bourou, R., Lewis, R., Durbin, J., and Fa, J.E. 2008. Estimating the population of the Endangered flat-tailed tortoise Pyxis planicauda in the deciduous, dry forest of western Madagascar: a monitoring baseline. Oryx 42(2):252-258.

Zefania, S., Ffrench-Constant, R., Long, P.R., and Szekely, T. 2008. Breeding distribution and ecology of the threatened Madagascar Plover Charadrius thoracicus. Ostrich 79(1):43-51.

Zhang, Q., Zeng, Z.G., Ji, Y.J., Zhang, D.X., and Song, Y.L. 2008. Microsatellite variation in China's Hainan Eld's deer (Cervus eldi hainanus) and implications for their conservation. Conserv. Genet. 9(3):507-514.

Zimmerman, N., Hughes, R.F., Cordell, S., Hart, P., Chang, H.K., Perez, D., Like, R.K., and Ostertag, R. 2008. Patterns of primary succession of native and introduced plants in lowland wet forests in eastern Hawai'i. Biotropica 40(3):277-284.

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