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Department ofBotany

No. 286
October 2008

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In This Issue

One Third of Reef-Building Corals Face Extinction

A third of reef-building corals around the world are threatened with extinction, according to the first-ever comprehensive global assessment to determine their conservation status. The study findings, authored by a group of 39 researchers, including Héctor Guzmán of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, were published recently in Science.

Leading coral experts joined forces with the Global Marine Species Assessment (GMSA)--a joint initiative of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and Conservation International (CI)--to apply the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria to this important group of marine species.

Indonesian Coral Reef - Copyright CI/Sterling Zumbruna

Researchers identified the main threats to corals as climate change and localized stresses resulting from destructive fishing, declining water quality from pollution, and the degradation of coastal habitats. Climate change causes rising water temperatures and more intense solar radiation, which lead to coral bleaching and disease often resulting in mass coral mortality. The researchers predict that ocean acidification will be another serious threat facing coral reefs. As oceans absorb increasing amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, water acidity increases and pH decreases, severely impacting corals' ability to build their skeletons that form the foundation of reefs.

The Caribbean has the highest number of highly threatened corals including the iconic elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata). The high biodiversity "Coral Triangle" in the western Pacific's Indo-Malay-Philippine Archipelago is also very vulnerable.

The results of the coral species assessment will be placed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in October. Currently, the assessments are at

Current Literature

Acebey, L., Apaza, A., de Michel, R., Beck, S., Jullian, V., Ruiz, G., Gimenez, A., Chevalley, S., and Sauvain, M. 2008. The living library of The Cotapata National Park in Bolivia: an example of application of Bolivian law on the access to genetic resources. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):1853-1859.

Aguraiuja, R., Zobel, M., Zobel, K., and Moora, M. 2008. Conservation of the endemic fern lineage Diellia (Aspleniaceae) on the Hawaiian Islands: can population structure indicate regional dynamics and endangering factors? Folia Geobot. 43(1):3-18.

Amano, T., Kusumoto, Y., Tokuoka, Y., Yamada, S., Kim, E.Y., and Yamamoto, S. 2008. Spatial and temporal variations in the use of rice-paddy dominated landscapes by birds in Japan. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1704-1716.

Anderson, C.M., Spellman, G.M., Ferrell, C.S., Strickler, K., and Sarver, S.K. 2008. Conservation genetics of American Dipper (Cinclus mexicanus): the genetic status of a population in severe decline. Conserv. Genet. 9(4):939-944.

Aparicio, A. 2008. Descriptive analysis of the 'relictual' Mediterranean landscape in the Guadalquivir River valley (southern Spain): a baseline for scientific research and the development of conservation action plans. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2219-2232.

Arizmendi, M.D.C., Dávila, P., Estrada, A., Figueroa, E., Márquez-Valdelamar, L., Lira, R., Oliveros-Galindo, O., and Valiente-Banuet, A. 2008. Riparian Mesquite bushes are important for bird conservation in tropical and Mexico. J. Arid Environ. 72(7):1146-1163.

Ayres, K.R., Sayer, C.D., Skeate, E.R., and Perrow, M.R. 2008. Palaeolimnology as a tool to inform shallow lake management: an example from Upton Great Broad, Norfolk, UK. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2153-2168.

Bacchetta, G., Coppi, A., Pontecorvo, C., and Selvi, F. 2008. Systematics, phylogenetic relationships and conservation of the taxa of Anchusa (Boraginaceae) endemic to Sardinia (Italy). Syst. Biodivers. 6(2):161-174.

Baranska, K., and Zmihorski, M. 2008. Occurrence of rare and protected plant species related to species richness in calcareous xerothermic grassland. Pol. J. Ecol. 56(2):343-348.

Barry, M.J., Andreas, B.K., and De Szalay, F.A. 2008. Long-term plant community changes in managed fens in Ohio, USA. Aquat. Conserv. 18(4):392-407.

Beater, M.M.T., Garner, R.D., and Witkowski, E.T.F. 2008. Impacts of clearing invasive alien plants from 1995 to 2005 on vegetation structure, invasion intensity and ground cover in a temperate to subtropical riparian ecosystem. S. Afr. J. Bot. 74(3):495-507.

Becker, C.G., and Loyola, R.D. 2008. Extinction risk assessments at the population and species level: implications for amphibian conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2297-2304.

Beger, M., and Possingham, H.P. 2008. Environmental factors that influence the distribution of coral reef fishes: modeling occurrence data for broad-scale conservation and management. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 361:1-13.

Behenna, M., Vetter, S., and Fourie, S. 2008. Viability of alien and native seed banks after slash and burn: Effects of soil moisture, depth of burial and fuel load. S. Afr. J. Bot. 74(3):454-462.

Bekessy, S.A., and Wintle, B.A. 2008. Using carbon investment to grow the biodiversity bank. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):510-513.

Bergerot, B., Lasne, E., Vigneron, T., and Laffaille, P. 2008. Prioritization of fish assemblages with a view to conservation and restoration on a large scale European basin, the Loire (France). Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2247-2262.

Bertness, M.D., and Silliman, B.R. 2008. Consumer control of salt marshes driven by human disturbance. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):618-623.

Bessert, M.L., and Orti, G. 2008. Genetic effects of habitat fragmentation on blue sucker populations in the upper Missouri River (Cycleptus elongatus Lesueur, 1918). Conserv. Genet. 9(4):821-832.

Bierwagen, B.G., Rahel, F.J., and Thomas, R. 2008. A synthesis of climate-change effects on aquatic invasive species - introduction. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):518-520.

Bierwagen, B.G., Thomas, R., and Kane, A. 2008. Capacity of management plans for aquatic invasive species to integrate climate change. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):568-574.

Bittencourt, J.V.M., and Sebbenn, A.M. 2008. Pollen movement within a continuous forest of wind-pollinated Araucaria angustifolia, inferred from paternity and TwoGener analysis. Conserv. Genet. 9(4):855-868.

Blanchard, R., and Holmes, P.M. 2008. Riparian vegetation recovery after invasive alien tree clearance in the Fynbos Biome. S. Afr. J. Bot. 74(3):421-431.

Bloom, D.D., Piller, K.R., Lyons, J., and Mercado-Silva, N. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Chirostoma aculeatum Barbour, 1973 (Atherinopsidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 82(3):221-222.

Bobeldyk, A.M., and Lamberd, G.A. 2008. A decade after invasion: evaluating the continuing effects of rusty crayfish on a Michigan river. J. Great Lakes Res. 34(2):265-275.

Bobrov, V.V., Al'bov, S.A., and Khlyap, L.A. 2008. Impact of invasive mammal species on natural ecosystems: an example of the Prioksko-Terrasnyi Biosphere Reserve. Russian J. Ecol. 39(4):292-298.

Bogich, T.L., Liebhold, A.M., and Shea, K. 2008. To sample or eradicate? A cost minimization model for monitoring and managing an invasive species. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(4):1134-1142.

Borges, P.A.V., and Wunderlich, J. 2008. Spider biodiversity patterns and their conservation in the Azorean archipelago with descriptions of new species. Syst. Biodivers. 6(2):249-282.

Borrell, Y.J., Bernardo, D., Blanco, G., Vázquez, E., and Sánchez, J.A. 2008. Spatial and temporal variation of genetic diversity and estimation of effective population sizes in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, L.) populations from Asturias (Northern Spain) using microsatellites. Conserv. Genet. 9(4):807-819.

Bouza, C., Vilas, R., Castro, J., and Martínez, P. 2008. Mitochondrial haplotype variability of brown trout populations from Northwestern Iberian Peninsula, a secondary contact area between lineages. Conserv. Genet. 9(4):917-920.

Brockerhoff, E.G., Shaw, W.B., Hock, B., Kimberley, M., Paul, T., Quinn, J., and Pawson, S. 2008. Re-examination of recent loss of indigenous cover in New Zealand and the relative contributions of different land uses. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 32(1):115-126.

Bulleri, F., Bruno, J.F., and Benedetti-Cecchi, L. 2008. Beyond competition: incorporating positive interactions between species to predict ecosystem invasibility. PLoS Biol. 6(6):1136-1140.

Bunting, M.J. 2008. Pollen in wetlands: using simulations of pollen dispersal and deposition to better interpret the pollen signal. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2079-2096.

Bunting, M.J., and Whitehouse, N.J. 2008. Adding time to the conservation toolkit: palaeoecology and long term wetland function dynamics. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2051-2054.

Burrows, C.J. 2008. Genus Pimelea (Thymelaeaceae) in New Zealand 1. The taxonomic treatment of seven endemic, glabrous-leaved species. New Zeal. J. Bot. 46(2):127-176.

Callmander, M.W., Phillipson, P.B., and Buerki, S. 2008. Revision of endemic the genus Bathiorhamnus Capuron (Rhamnaceae) in Madagascar. Adansonia 30(1):151-170.

Campbell, D.C., Johnson, P.D., Williams, J.D., Rindsberg, A.K., Serb, J.M., Small, K.K., and Lydeard, C. 2008. Identification of 'extinct' freshwater mussel species using DNA barcoding. Mol. Ecol. Resour. 8(4):711-724.

Carlson, M.L., and Meinke, R.J. 2008. Hybridization between a rare and introduced Oenothera along the north Pacific Coast. West. N. Am. Naturalist 68(2):161-172.

Carmichael, L.E., Krizan, J., Nagy, J.A., Dumond, M., Johnson, D., Veitch, A., and Strobeck, C. 2008. Northwest passages: conservation genetics of Arctic Island wolves. Conserv. Genet. 9(4):879-892.

Carpenter, J., and Mueller, G.A. 2008. Small nonnative fishes as predators of larval razorback suckers. Southwest. Nat. 53(2):236-242.

Carpenter, K.E., Abrar, M., Aeby, G., Aronson, R.B., Banks, S., Bruckner, A., Chiriboga, A., Cortes, J., Delbeek, J.C., DeVantier, L., Edgar, G.J., Edwards, A.J., Fenner, D., Guzman, H.M., Hoeksema, B.W., Hodgson, G., Johan, O., Licuanan, W.Y., Livingstone, S.R., Lovell, E.R., Moore, J.A., Obura, D.O., Ochavillo, D., Polidoro, B.A., Precht, W.F., Quibilan, M.C., Reboton, C., Richards, Z.T., Rogers, A.D., Sanciangco, J., Sheppard, A., Sheppard, C., Smith, J., Stuart, S., Turak, E., Veron, J.E.N., Wallace, C., Weil, E., and Wood, E. 2008. One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts. Science 321(5888):560-563.

Caujapé-Castells, J., Naranjo-Suárez, J., Santana, I., Baccarani-Rosas, M., Cabrera-García, N., Marrero, M., Carqué, E., and Mesa, R. 2008. Population genetic suggestions to offset the extinction ratchet in the endangered Canarian endemic Atractylis preauxiana (Asteraceae). Plant Syst. Evol. 273(3-4):191-199.

Chen, X.W., and Roberts, K.A. 2008. Roadless areas and biodiversity: a case study in Alabama, USA. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):2013-2022.

Ci, X.Q., Chen, J.Q., Li, Q.M., and Li, J. 2008. AFLP and ISSR analysis reveals high genetic variation and inter-population differentiation in fragmented populations of the endangered Litsea szemaois (Lauraceae) from Southwest China. Plant Syst. Evol. 273(3-4):237-246.

Cole, L.J., Morton, R., Harrison, W., McCracken, D.I., and Robertson, D. 2008. The influence of riparian buffer strips on carabid beetle (Coleoptera, Carabidae) assemblage structure and diversity in intensively managed grassland fields. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2233-2245.

Comor, V., Orgeas, J., Ponel, P., Rolando, C., and Delettre, Y.R. 2008. Impact of anthropogenic disturbances on beetle communities of French Mediterranean coastal dunes. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):1837-1852.

Cordell, J.R., Bollens, S.M., Draheim, R., and Sytsma, M. 2008. Asian copepods on the move: recent invasions in the Columbia-Snake River system, USA. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 65(5):753-758.

Couper, P.J., Sadlier, R.A., Shea, G.M., and Wilmer, J.W. 2008. A reassessment of Saltuarius swaini (Lacertilia: Diplodactylidae) in southeastern Queensland and New South Wales; two new taxa, phylogeny, biogeography and conservation. Rec. Aust. Mus. 60(1):87-118.

Cowley, D.E. 2008. Estimating required habitat size for fish conservation in streams. Aquat. Conserv. 18(4):418-431.

Cunningham, R.B., Lindenmayer, D.B., Crane, M., Michael, D., MacGregor, C., Montague-Drake, R., and Fischer, J. 2008. The combined effects of remnant vegetation and tree planting on farmland birds. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):742-752.

da Nóbrega Alves, R.R., da Silva Vieira, W.L., and Santana, G.G. 2008. Reptiles used in traditional folk medicine: conservation implications. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):2037-2049.

Dawson, W., Mndolwa, A.S., Burslem, D.F.R.P., and Hulme, P.E. 2008. Assessing the risks of plant invasions arising from collections in tropical botanical gardens. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):1979-1995.

Dehlin, H., Peltzer, D.A., Allison, V.J., Yeates, G.W., Nilsson, M.C., and Wardle, D.A. 2008. Tree seedling performance and below-ground properties in stands of invasive and native tree species. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 32(1):67-79.

Delgado-Acevedo, J., and Restrepo, C. 2008. The contribution of habitat loss to changes in body size, allometry, and bilateral asymmetry in two Eleutherodactylus frogs from Puerto Rico. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):773-782.

Devineau, J.L., Aurouet, A., Douanio, M., and Hladik, A. 2008. Changes in the availability and uses of wild yams according to climatic dryness and land-cover in Western Burkina Faso (West Africa): a joint ecological and ethno-botanical approach using GIS and remote-sensing. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):1937-1963.

Diaz, A., Green, I., and Tibbett, M. 2008. Re-creation of heathland on improved pasture using top soil removal and sulphur amendments: Edaphic drivers and impacts on ericoid mycorrhizas. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1628-1635.

Donlan, C.J., and Wilcox, C. 2008. Diversity, invasive species and extinctions in insular ecosystems. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(4):1114-1123.

Dulvy, N.K., Rogers, S.I., Jennings, S., Stelzenmüller, V., Dye, S.R., and Skjoldal, H.R. 2008. Climate change and deepening of the North Sea fish assemblage: a biotic indicator of warming seas. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(4):1029-1039.

Durant, D., Tichit, M., Kernéïs, E., and Fritz, H. 2008. Management of agricultural wet grasslands for breeding waders: integrating ecological and livestock system perspectives - a review. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2275-2295.

Ehrenfeld, J.G. 2008. Exotic invasive species in urban wetlands: environmental correlates and implications for wetland management. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(4):1160-1169.

Eisenhauer, N., and Scheu, S. 2008. Invasibility of experimental grassland communities: the role of earthworms, plant functional group identity and seed size. Oikos 117(7):1026-1036.

Elliott, K.J., and Swank, W.T. 2008. Long-term changes in forest composition and diversity following early logging (1919-1923) and the decline of American chestnut (Castanea dentata). Plant Ecol. 197(2):155-172.

Enneson, J.J., and Litzgus, J.D. 2008. Using long-term data and a stage-classified matrix to assess conservation strategies for an endangered turtle (Clemmys guttata). Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1560-1568.

Fabiszewski, J., and Brej, T. 2008. Ecological significance of some kenophytes in Lower Silesian national parks. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 77(2):167-174.

Feener, D.H., Orr, M.R., Wackford, K.M., Longo, J.M., Benson, W.W., and Gilbert, L.E. 2008. Geographic variation in resource dominance-discovery in Brazilian ant communities. Ecology 89(7):1824-1836.

Fensham, R.J., and Fairfax, R.J. 2008. Water-remoteness for grazing relief in Australian arid-lands. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1447-1460.

Ficetola, G.F., Furlani, D., Colombo, G., and De Bernardi, F. 2008. Assessing the value of secondary forest for amphibians: Eleutherodactylus frogs in a gradient of forest alteration. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2185-2195.

Firn, J., Rout, T., Possingham, H., and Buckley, Y.M. 2008. Managing beyond the invader: manipulating disturbance of natives simplifies control efforts. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(4):1143-1151.

Fitzgerald, J.M., and Loeb, R.F. 2008. Historical ecology of Inwood Hill Park, Manhattan, New York. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 135(2):281-293.

Ford, M., Hard, J.J., Boelts, B., Lahood, E., and Miller, J. 2008. Estimates of natural selection in a salmon population in captive and natural environments. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):783-794.

Fortes, V.B., and Bicca-Marques, J.C. 2008. Abnormal pelage color in an isolated population of Alouatta guariba clamitans Cabrera, 1940 in South Brazil. Int. J. Primatol. 29(3):717-722.

Fourie, S. 2008. Composition of the soil seed bank in alien-invaded grassy fynbos: potential for recovery after clearing. S. Afr. J. Bot. 74(3):445-453.

Foxcroft, L.C., Parsons, M., McLoughlin, C.A., and Richardson, D.M. 2008. Patterns of alien plant distribution in a river landscape following an extreme flood. S. Afr. J. Bot. 74(3):463-475.

Fraser, D.J., and Bernatchez, L. 2008. Ecology, evolution, and conservation of lake-migratory brook trout: a perspective from pristine populations. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 137(4):1192-1202.

Fuller, T., Morton, D.P., and Sarkar, S. 2008. Incorporating uncertainty about species' potential distributions under climate change into the selection of conservation areas with a case study from the Arctic Coastal Plain of Alaska. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1547-1559.

Gargominy, O. 2008. Beyond the alien invasion: a recently discovered radiation of Nesopupinae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Vertiginidae) from the summits of Tahiti (Society Islands, French Polynesia). J. Conchology 39:517-536.

Ghazoul, J. 2008. Debating the ecosystem service rationale for conservation: response to Kremen et al. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):799-801.

Giralt, D., Brotons, L., Valera, F., and Krištín, A. 2008. The role of natural habitats in agricultural systems for bird conservation: the case of the threatened Lesser Grey Shrike. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):1997-2012.

Gjershaug, J.O., Diserud, O.H., Rasmussen, P.C., and Warakagoda, D. 2008. An overlooked threatened species of eagle: Legge's Hawk Eagle Nisaetus kelaarti (Aves: Accipitriformes). Zootaxa 1792:54-66.

Glover, A.M., and Altringham, J.D. 2008. Cave selection and use by swarming bat species. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1493-1504.

Grech, A., and Marsh, H. 2008. Rapid assessment of risks to a mobile marine mammal in an ecosystem-scale marine protected area. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):711-720.

Groom, M.J., Gray, E.M., and Townsend, P.A. 2008. Biofuels and biodiversity: principles for creating better policies for biofuel production. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):602-609.

Guo, Q.F., and Symstad, A. 2008. A two-part measure of degree of invasion for cross-community comparisons. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):666-672.

Han, M., Fukushima, M., Kameyama, S., Fukushima, T., and Matsushita, B. 2008. How do dams affect freshwater fish distributions in Japan? Statistical analysis of native and nonnative species with various life histories. Ecol. Res. 23(4):735-743.

Harborne, A.R., Mumby, P.J., Kappel, C.V., Dahlgren, C.P., Micheli, F., Holmes, K.E., Sanchirico, J.N., Broad, K., Elliott, I.A., and Brumbaugh, D.R. 2008. Reserve effects and natural variation in coral reef communities. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(4):1010-1018.

Hart, J.L., van de Gevel, S.L., and Grissino-Mayer, H.D. 2008. Forest dynamics in a natural area of the southern Ridge and Valley, Tennessee. Nat. Areas J. 28(3):275-289.

Hellmann, J.J., Byers, J.E., Bierwagen, B.G., and Dukes, J.S. 2008. Five potential consequences of climate change for invasive species. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):534-543.

Hérault, B., and Thoen, D. 2008. Diversity of plant assemblages in isolated depressional wetlands from Central-Western Europe. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2169-2183.

Hershner, C., and Havens, K.J. 2008. Managing invasive aquatic plants in a changing system: strategic consideration of ecosystem services. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):544-550.

Hervé, B.D., and Vidal, S. 2008. Plant biodiversity and vegetation structure in traditional cocoa forest gardens in southern Cameroon under different management. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):1821-1835.

Hillers, A., Veith, M., and Rödel, M.O. 2008. Effects of forest fragmentation and habitat degradation on west African leaf-litter frogs. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):762-772.

Hoagstrom, C.W., Brooks, J.E., and Davenport, S.R. 2008. Recent habitat association and the historical decline of Notropis simus pecosensis. River Res. Appl. 24(6):789-803.

Hoftyzer, E., Ackerman, J.D., Morris, T.J., and Mackie, G.L. 2008. Genetic and environmental implications of reintroducing laboratory-raised unionid mussels to the wild. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 65(6):1217-1229.

Holck, M.H. 2008. Participatory forest monitoring: an assessment of the accuracy of simple cost-effective methods. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):2023-2036.

Holmes, P.M., Esler, K.J., Richardson, D.M., and Witkowski, E.T.F. 2008. Guidelines for improved management of riparian zones invaded by alien plants in South Africa. S. Afr. J. Bot. 74(3):538-552.

Honu, Y.A.K., and Gibson, D.J. 2008. Patterns of invasion: trends in abundance of understory vegetation, seed rain, and seed bank from forest edge to interior. Nat. Areas J. 28(3):228-239.

Horsák, M., and Cernohorsky, N. 2008. Mollusc diversity patterns in Central European fens: hotspots and conservation priorities. J. Biogeogr. 35(7):1215-1225.

Hortal, J., Jiménez-Valverde, A., Gómez, J.F., Lobo, J.M., and Baselga, A. 2008. Historical bias in biodiversity inventories affects the observed environmental niche of the species. Oikos 117(6):847-858.

Hossain, M.Y., Ahmed, Z.F., Ohtomi, J., Ibrahim, A.H.M., El-kady, M.A.H., Fulanda, B., and Chakraborty, S.K. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Wallago attu (Bloch and Schneider, 1801) (Siluriformes: Siluridae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 82(3):277-278.

Hunt, T., and Langeland, K. 2008. Exotic plant species of Cumberland Island, Georgia. Nat. Areas J. 28(3):299-306.

Isacch, J.P. 2008. Implementing the biosphere reserve concept: the case of Parque Atlántico Mar Chiquito biosphere reserve from Argentina. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):1799-1804.

James, J., Ramakrishnan, U., and Datta, A. 2008. Molecular evidence for the occurrence of the leaf deer Muntiacus putaoensis in Arunachal Pradesh, north-east India. Conserv. Genet. 9(4):927-931.

Jamieson, I.G., Grueber, C.E., Waters, J.M., and Gleeson, D.M. 2008. Managing genetic diversity in threatened populations: a New Zealand perspective. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 32(1):130-137.

Janecka, J.E., Tewes, M.E., Laack, L.L., Grassman, L.I., Haines, A.M., and Honeycutt, R.L. 2008. Small effective population sizes of two remnant ocelot populations (Leopardus pardalis albescens) in the United States. Conserv. Genet. 9(4):869-878.

Jantz, P., and Goetz, S. 2008. Using widely available geospatial data sets to assess the influence of roads and buffers on habitat core areas and connectivity. Nat. Areas J. 28(3):261-274.

Jonášová, M., and Prach, K. 2008. The influence of bark beetles outbreak vs. salvage logging on ground layer vegetation in Central European mountain spruce forests. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1525-1535.

Justus, J., Fuller, T., and Sarkar, S. 2008. Influence of representation targets on the total area of conservation-area networks. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):673-682.

Juutinen, A., Mönkkönen, M., and Ollikainen, M. 2008. Do environmental diversity approaches lead to improved site selection? A comparison with the multi-species approach. Forest Ecol. Manag. 255(11):3750-3757.

Kelm, D.H., Wiesner, K.R., and von Helversen, O. 2008. Effects of artificial roosts for frugivorous bats on seed dispersal in a Neotropical forest pasture mosaic. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):733-741.

Keuroghlian, A., and Eaton, D.P. 2008. Importance of rare habitats and riparian zones in a tropical forest fragment: preferential use by Tayassu pecari, a wide-ranging frugivore. J. Zool. 275(3):283-293.

Kideghesho, J.R. 2008. Co-existence between the traditional societies and wildlife in western Serengeti, Tanzania: its relevancy in contemporary wildlife conservation efforts. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):1861-1881.

Kim, C., Na, H.R., and Choi, H.K. 2008. Conservation genetics of endangered Brasenia schreberi based on RAPD and AFLP markers. J. Plant Biol. 51(4):260-268.

Kim, S.C., Mejias, J.A., and Lubinsky, P. 2008. Molecular confirmation of the hybrid origin of the critically endangered western Mediterranean endemic Sonchus pustulatus (Asteraceae: Sonchinae). J. Plant Res. 121(4):357-364.

Kindt, R., Kalinganire, A., Larwanou, M., Belem, M., Dakouo, J.M., Bayala, J., and Kairé, M. 2008. Species accumulation within land use and tree diameter categories in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger and Senegal. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):1883-1905.

Kleijn, D., and Raemakers, I. 2008. A retrospective analysis of pollen host plant use by stable and declining bumble bee species. Ecology 89(7):1811-1823.

Klein, C.J., Chan, A., Kircher, L., Cundiff, A.J., Gardner, N., Hrovat, Y., Scholz, A., Kendall, B.E., and Airamé, S. 2008. Striking a balance between biodiversity conservation and socioeconomic viability in the design of marine protected areas. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):691-700.

Knight, A.T., Cowling, R.M., Rouget, M., Balmford, A., Lombard, A.T., and Campbell, B.M. 2008. Knowing but not doing: selecting priority conservation areas and the research-implementation gap. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):610-617.

Kohyani, P.T., Bossuyt, B., Bonte, D., and Hoffmann, M. 2008. Grazing as a management tool in dune grasslands: evidence of soil and scale dependence of the effect of large herbivores on plant diversity. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1687-1694.

Kraszewski, S.E., and Waller, D.M. 2008. Fifty-five year changes in species composition on dry prairie remnants in south-central Wisconsin. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 135(2):236-244.

Kremen, C., Daily, G.C., Klein, A.M., and Scofield, D. 2008. Inadequate assessment of the ecosystem service rationale for conservation: reply to Ghazoul. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):795-798.

Kreutzenberger, K., Leprieur, F., and Brosse, S. 2008. The influence of the invasive black bullhead Ameiurus melas on the predatory efficiency of pike Esox lucius L. J. Fish Biol. 73(1):196-205.

Lambdon, P.W., Pyšek, P., Basnou, C., Hejda, M., Arianoutsou, M., Essl, F., Jarošík, V., Pergl, J., Winter, M., Anastasiu, P., Andriopoulos, P., Bazos, I., Brundu, G., Celesti-Grapow, L., Chassot, P., Delipetrou, P., Josefsson, M., Kark, S., Klotz, S., Kokkoris, Y., Kühn, I., Marchante, H., Perglová, I., Pino, J., Vilà, M., Zikos, A., Roy, D., and Hulme, P.E. 2008. Alien flora of Europe: species diversity, temporal trends, geographical patterns and research needs. Preslia 80(2):101-149.

Largier, G., and Malengreau, D. 2008. Stakes and conservation strategies of flora. Acta Bot. Gallica 155(2):249-261.

Laurance, W.F., Croes, B.M., Guissouegou, N., Buij, R., Dethier, M., and Alonso, A. 2008. Impacts of roads, hunting, and habitat alteration on nocturnal mammals in African rainforests. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):721-732.

Lawrence, J.E. 2008. Furtive foes: algal viruses as potential invaders. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 65(5):716-722.

Le Viol, I., Julliard, R., Kerbiriou, C., de Redon, L., Carnino, N., Machon, N., and Porcher, E. 2008. Plant and spider communities benefit differently from the presence of planted hedgerows in highway verges. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1581-1590.

Lee, H., Reusser, D.A., Olden, J.D., Smith, S.S., Graham, J., Burkett, V., Dukes, J.S., Piorkowski, R.J., and McPhedran, J. 2008. Integrated monitoring and information systems for managing aquatic invasive species in a changing climate. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):575-584.

Legalle, M., Mastrorillo, S., and Cereghino, R. 2008. Spatial distribution patterns and causes of decline of three freshwater species with different biological traits (white-clawed crayfish, bullhead, freshwater pearl mussel): a review. Ann. Limnol. 44(2):95-104.

Leger, E.A. 2008. The adaptive value of remnant native plants in invaded communities: an example from the Great Basin. Ecol. Appl. 18(5):1226-1235.

Lenth, B.E., Knight, R.L., and Brennan, M.E. 2008. The effects of dogs on wildlife communities. Nat. Areas J. 28(3):218-227.

Leunda, P.M., Oscoz, J., Elvira, B., Agorreta, A., Perea, S., and Miranda, R. 2008. Feeding habits of the exotic black bullhead Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque) in the Iberian Peninsula: first evidence of direct predation on native fish species. J. Fish Biol. 73(1):96-114.

Liebsch, D., Marques, M.C.M., and Goldenbeg, R. 2008. How long does the Atlantic Rain Forest take to recover after a disturbance? Changes in species composition and ecological features during secondary succession. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1717-1725.

Linkie, M., Smith, R.J., Zhu, Y., Martyr, D.J., Suedmeyer, B., Pramono, J., and Leader-Williams, N. 2008. Evaluating biodiversity conservation around a large Sumatran protected area. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):683-690.

Liška, J., Palice, Z., and Slavíková, Š. 2008. Checklist and Red List of lichens of the Czech Republic. Preslia 80(2):151-182.

Liu, X.H., and Li, J.H. 2008. Scientific solutions for the functional zoning of nature reserves in China. Ecol. Model. 215(1-3):237-246.

Logan, C.A., Alter, S.E., Haupt, A.J., Tomalty, K., and Palumbi, S.R. 2008. An impediment to consumer choice: overfished species are sold as Pacific red snapper. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1591-1599.

Luiz, O.J., Carvalho-Filho, A., Ferreira, C.EL., Floeter, S.R., Gasparini, J.L., and Sazima, I. 2008. The reef fish assemblage of the Laje de Santos Marine State Park, Southwestern Atlantic: annotated checklist with comments on abundance, distribution, trophic structure, symbiotic associations, and conservation. Zootaxa 1807:1-25.

Luther, D., Hilty, J., Weiss, J., Cornwall, C., Wipf, M., and Ballard, G. 2008. Assessing the impact of local habitat variables and landscape context on riparian birds in agricultural, urbanized, and native landscapes. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):1923-1935.

Marais, C., and Wannenburgh, A.M. 2008. Restoration of water resources (natural capital) through the clearing of invasive alien plants from riparian areas in South Africa - Costs and water benefits. S. Afr. J. Bot. 74(3):526-537.

Marcinko, S.E., and Randall, J.L. 2008. Protandry, mating systems, and sex expression in the federally endangered Ptilimnium nodosum (Apiaceae). J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 135(2):178-188.

Marrs, R. 2008. Landscape as a palimpsest: grassland sustainability in Sweden. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1445-1446.

Marsh, D.M., and Trenham, P.C. 2008. Current trends in plant and animal population monitoring. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):647-655.

Martín-López, B., Montes, C., and Benayas, J. 2008. Economic valuation of biodiversity conservation: the meaning of numbers. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):624-635.

Massolo, A., Spalton, A., and Al-Lamki, F. 2008. Notes on the status and conservation of the reem gazelle Gazella subgutturosa marica in the Sultanate of Oman. Italian J. Zool. 75(3):305-309.

Mauquoy, D., and Yelov, D. 2008. Raised peat bog development and possible responses to environmental changes during the mid- to late-Holocene. Can the palaeoecological record be used to predict the nature and response of raised peat bogs to future climate change? Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2139-2151.

McDonald-Madden, E., Baxter, P.W.J., and Possingham, H.P. 2008. Subpopulation triage: how to allocate conservation effort among populations. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):656-665.

Mcdonald, R.I., Kareiva, P., and Formana, R.T.T. 2008. The implications of current and future urbanization for global protected areas and biodiversity conservation. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1695-1703.

McDonald, R.I., Motzkin, G., and Foster, D.R. 2008. Assessing the influence of historical factors, contemporary processes, and environmental conditions on the distribution of invasive species. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 135(2):260-271.

McGranahan, D.A. 2008. Managing private, commercial rangelands for agricultural production and wildlife diversity in Namibia and Zambia. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):1965-1977.

Mgobozi, M.P., Somers, M.J., and Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S. 2008. Spider responses to alien plant invasion: the effect of short- and long-term Chromolaena odorata invasion and management. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(4):1189-1197.

Michel, P., Dickinson, K.J.M., Barratt, B.I.P., and Jamieson, I.G. 2008. Multi-scale habitat models for reintroduced bird populations: a case study of South Island saddlebacks on Motuara Island. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 32(1):18-33.

Millspaugh, J.J., Gitzen, R.A., Licht, D.S., Amelon, S., Bonnot, T.W., Jachowski, D.S., Jones-Farrand, D.T., Keller, B.J., McGowan, C.P., Pruett, M.S., Rittenhouse, C.D., and Wells, K.M.S. 2008. Effects of culling on bison demographics in Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota. Nat. Areas J. 28(3):240-250.

Mineur, F., Johnson, M.P., and Maggs, C.A. 2008. Non-indigenous marine macroalgae in native communities: a case study in the British Isles. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 88(4):693-698.

Mishra, C., and Sinha, A. 2008. A voucher specimen for Macaca munzala: interspecific affinities, evolution, and conservation of a newly discovered primate. Int. J. Primatol. 29(3):743-756.

Mitchell, E.A.D., Charman, D.J., and Warner, B.G. 2008. Testate amoebae analysis in ecological and paleoecological studies of wetlands: past, present and future. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2115-2137.

Molina, R. 2008. Protecting rare, little known, old-growth forest-associated fungi in the Pacific Northwest USA: a case study in fungal conservation. Mycol. Res. 112:613-638.

Morell, V. 2008. Can the vaquita be saved? Science 321(5890):767.

Morris, T.L., Witkowski, E.T.F., and Coetzee, J.A. 2008. Initial response of riparian plant community structure to clearing of invasive alien plants in Kruger National Park, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Bot. 74(3):485-494.

Mouillot, D., Culioli, J.M., Pelletier, D., and Tomasini, J.A. 2008. Do we protect biological originality in protected areas? A new index and an application to the Bonifacio Strait Natural Reserve. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1569-1580.

Mrakovcic, M., Duplic, A., Mustafic, P., and Marcic, Z. 2008. Conservation status of the genus Cobitis and related genera in Croatia. Folia Zoolog. 57(1-2):35-41.

Mueller, J.M., and Hellmann, J.J. 2008. An assessment of invasion risk from assisted migration. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):562-567.

Muths, E., Pilliod, D.S., and Livo, L.J. 2008. Distribution and environmental limitations of an amphibian pathogen in the Rocky Mountains, USA. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1484-1492.

Nichols, E., Spector, S., Louzada, J., Larsen, T., Amequita, S., Favila, M.E., and Scarabaeinae Res Network. 2008. Ecological functions and ecosystem services provided by Scarabaeinae dung beetles. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1461-1474.

Notarbartolo-di-Sciara, G., Agardy, T., Hyrenbach, D., Scovazzi, T., and Van Klaveren, P. 2008. The Pelagos Sanctuary for Mediterranean marine mammals. Aquat. Conserv. 18(4):367-391.

Nunes, P.A.L.D., and Markandya, A. 2008. Economic value of damage caused by marine bio-invasions: lessons from two European case studies. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 65(5):775-780.

Nunez-Iturria, G., Olsson, O., and Howe, H.F. 2008. Hunting reduces recruitment of primate-dispersed trees in Amazonian Peru. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1536-1546.

Octavio-Aguilar, P., González-Astorga, J., and Vovides, A.P. 2008. Population dynamics of the Mexican cycad Dioon edule Lindl. (Zamiaceae): life history stages and management impact. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157(3):381-391.

Ojeda, R.A., Barquez, R.M., Stadler, J., and Brandl, R. 2008. Decline of mammal species diversity along the Yungas forest of Argentina. Biotropica 40(4):515-521.

Ortiz-Martínez, T., Rico-Gray, V., and Martínez-Meyer, E. 2008. Predicted and verified distributions of Ateles geoffroyi and Alouatta palliata in Oaxaca, Mexico. Primates 49(3):186-194.

Overeem, R.L., Peucker, A.J., Austin, C.M., Dann, P., and Burridge, C.P. 2008. Contrasting genetic structuring between colonies of the World's smallest penguin, Eudyptula minor (Aves: Spheniscidae). Conserv. Genet. 9(4):893-905.

Paracuellos, M. 2008. Effects of long-term habitat fragmentation on a wetland bird community. Rev. Ecol.-Terre Vie 63(3):227-238.

Paul, E. 2008. Clarification on amendment to US Migratory Bird Treaty Act. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):508.

Peña, V., and Bárbara, I. 2008. Maërl community in the north-western Iberian Peninsula: a review of floristic studies and long-term changes. Aquat. Conserv. 18(4):339-366.

Pérez, H.E., Criley, R.A., and Baskin, C.C. 2008. Promoting germination in dormant seeds of Pritchardia remota (Kuntze) Beck., an endangered palm endemic to Hawaii. Nat. Areas J. 28(3):251-260.

Philpott, S.M., Bichier, P., Rice, R.A., and Greenberg, R. 2008. Biodiversity conservation, yield, and alternative products in coffee agroecosystems in Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):1805-1820.

Pickens, B.A., and Root, K.V. 2008. Factors affecting host-plant quality and nectar use for the Karner blue butterfly: implications for oak savanna restoration. Nat. Areas J. 28(3):210-217.

Polasky, S., Nelson, E., Camm, J., Csuti, B., Fackler, P., Lonsdorf, E., Montgomery, C., White, D., Arthur, J., Garber-Yonts, B., Haight, R., Kagan, J., Starfield, A., and Tobalske, C. 2008. Where to put things? Spatial land management to sustain biodiversity and economic returns. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1505-1524.

Prentis, P.J., Wilson, J.R.U., Dormontt, E.E., Richardson, D.M., and Lowe, A.J. 2008. Adaptive evolution in invasive species. Trends Plant Sci. 13(6):288-294.

Pretorius, M.R., Esler, K.J., Holmes, P.M., and Prins, N. 2008. The effectiveness of active restoration following alien clearance in fynbos riparian zones and resilience of treatments to fire. S. Afr. J. Bot. 74(3):517-525.

Price, D.K., and Muir, C. 2008. Conservation implications of hybridization in Hawaiian picture-winged Drosophila. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 47(3):1217-1226.

Propst, D.L., Gido, K.B., and Stefferud, J.A. 2008. Natural flow regimes, nonnative fishes, and native fish persistence in arid-land river systems. Ecol. Appl. 18(5):1236-1252.

Pyke, C.R., Thomas, R., Porter, R.D., Hellmann, J.J., Dukes, J.S., Lodge, D.M., and Chavarria, G. 2008. Current practices and future opportunities for policy on climate change and invasive species. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):585-592.

Raheem, D.C., Naggs, F., Preece, R.C., Mapatuna, Y., Kariyawasam, L., and Eggleton, P. 2008. Structure and conservation of Sri Lankan land-snail assemblages in fragmented lowland rainforest and village home gardens. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(4):1019-1028.

Rahel, F.J., Bierwagen, B., and Taniguchi, Y. 2008. Managing aquatic species of conservation concern in the face of climate change and invasive species. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):551-561.

Rahel, F.J., and Olden, J.D. 2008. Assessing the effects of climate change on aquatic invasive species. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):521-533.

Ramula, S., Knight, T.M., Burns, J.H., and Buckley, Y.M. 2008. General guidelines for invasive plant management based on comparative demography of invasive and native plant populations. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(4):1124-1133.

Reid, S.M., and Mandrak, N.E. 2008. Historical changes in the distribution of threatened channel darter (Percina copelandi) in Lake Erie with general observations on the beach fish assemblage. J. Great Lakes Res. 34(2):324-333.

Ridgway, M.S. 2008. A roadmap for coasters: landscapes, life histories, and the conservation of brook trout. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 137(4):1179-1191.

Robertson, M., and Hayden, N. 2008. Evaluation of a market in wetland credits: entrepreneurial wetland banking in Chicago. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):636-646.

Rochefort, R.M. 2008. The influence of white pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola) on whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) in Mount Rainier National Park and North Cascades National Park Service Complex, Washington. Nat. Areas J. 28(3):290-298.

Rull, V., Vegas, T., Nogue, S., and Montoya, E. 2008. Bureaucratic obstruction of conservation science in the Guayana Highlands. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):508-509.

Ryan, M.J., Lips, K.R., and Eichholz, M.W. 2008. Decline and extirpation of an endangered Panamanian stream frog population (Craugastor punctariolus) due to an outbreak of chytridiomycosis. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1636-1647.

Rydin, C., Razafimandimbison, S.G., and Bremer, B. 2008. Rare and enigmatic genera (Dunnia, Schizocolea, Colletoecema), sisters to species-rich clades: phylogeny and aspects of conservation biology in the coffee family. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 48(1):74-83.

Sánchez-Fernández, D., Bilton, D.T., Abellán, P., Ribera, I., Vezasco, J., and Millán, A. 2008. Are the endemic water beetles of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands effectively protected? Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1612-1627.

Schmeller, D.S., Gruber, B., Budrys, E., Framsted, E., Lengyel, S., and Henle, K. 2008. National responsibilities in European species conservation: a methodological review. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):593-601.

Schmidt, M., König, K., and Müller, J.V. 2008. Modelling species richness and life form composition in Sahelian Burkina Faso with remote sensing data. J. Arid Environ. 72(8):1506-1517.

Shillinger, G.L., Palacios, D.M., Bailey, H., Bograd, S.J., Swithenbank, A.M., Gaspar, P., Wallace, B.P., Spotila, J.R., Paladino, F.V., Piedra, R., Eckert, S.A., and Block, B.A. 2008. Persistent leatherback turtle migrations present opportunities for conservation. PLoS Biol. 6(7):1408-1416.

Smale, M.C., Dodd, M.B., Burns, B.R., and Power, I.L. 2008. Long-term impacts of grazing on indigenous forest remnants on North Island hill country, New Zealand. New Zeal. J. Ecol. 32(1):57-66.

Sousa, R., Antunes, C., and Guilhermino, L. 2008. Ecology of the invasive Asian clam Corbicula fluminea (Muller, 1774) in aquatic ecosystems: an overview. Ann. Limnol. 44(2):85-94.

Sousa, V., Penha, F., Collares-Pereira, M.J., Chikhi, L., and Coelho, M.M. 2008. Genetic structure and signature of population decrease in the critically endangered freshwater cyprinid Chondrostoma lusitanicum. Conserv. Genet. 9(4):791-805.

Stancic, Z., Brigic, A., Liber, Z., Rusak, G., Franjic, J., and Skvorc, Z. 2008. Adriatic coastal plant taxa and communities of Croatia and their threat status. Acta Bot. Gallica 155(2):179-199.

Stocks, G., Seales, L., Paniagua, F., Maehr, E., and Bruna, E.M. 2008. The geographical and institutional distribution of ecological research in the tropics. Biotropica 40(4):397-404.

Sugiura, S., Tsuru, T., Yamaura, Y., Hasegawa, M., Makihara, H., and Makinoi, S. 2008. Differences in endemic insect assemblages among vegetation types on a small island of the oceanic Ogasawara Islands. Entomol. Sci. 11(2):131-141.

Suzuki, N., Olson, D.H., and Reilly, E.C. 2008. Developing landscape habitat models for rare amphibians with small geographic ranges: a case study of Siskiyou Mountains salamanders in the western USA. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2197-2218.

Swift, C.C., Jacobs, S.M., and Esler, K.J. 2008. Drought induced xylem embolism in four riparian trees from the Western Cape Province: insights and implications for planning and evaluation of restoration. S. Afr. J. Bot. 74(3):508-516.

Therriault, T.W., and Herborg, L.M. 2008. Predicting the potential distribution of the vase tunicate Ciona intestinalis in Canadian waters: informing a risk assessment. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 65(5):788-794.

Therriault, T.W., and Herborg, L.M. 2008. A qualitative biological risk assessment for vase tunicate Ciona intestinalis in Canadian waters: using expert knowledge. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 65(5):781-787.

Thitaram, C., Thongtip, N., Somgird, C., Colenbrander, B., van Boxtel, D.C.J., van Steenbeek, F., and Lenstra, J.A. 2008. Evaluation and selection of microsatellite markers for an identification and parentage test of Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Conserv. Genet. 9(4):921-925.

Thornton, H.E.B., Roncal, J., Lewis, C.E., Maschinski, J., and Francisco-Ortega, J. 2008. Conservation genetics of Jacquemontia reclinata (convolvulaceae), an endangered species from Southern Florida: implications for restoration management. Biotropica 40(4):507-514.

Timko, J., and Satterfield, T. 2008. Criteria and indicators for evaluating social equity and ecological integrity in national parks and protected areas. Nat. Areas J. 28(3):307-319.

Tipping, R. 2008. Blanket peat in the Scottish Highlands: timing, cause, spread and the myth of environmental determinism. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2097-2113.

Todd, B.D., and Andrews, K.M. 2008. Response of a reptile guild to forest harvesting. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):753-761.

Trivedi, M.R., Morecroft, M.D., Berry, P.M., and Dawson, T.P. 2008. Potential effects of climate change on plant communities in three montane nature reserves in Scotland, UK. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1665-1675.

Uezu, A., Beyer, D.D., and Metzger, J.P. 2008. Can agroforest woodlots work as stepping stones for birds in the Atlantic forest region? Biodivers. Conserv. 17(8):1907-1922.

Underwood, J.G., Camacho, C.H., Aurioles-Gamboa, D., and Gerber, L.R. 2008. Estimating sustainable bycatch rates for California sea lion populations in the Gulf of California. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):701-710.

Valentine, K., Duffield, D.A., Patrick, L.E., Hatch, D.R., Butler, V.L., Hall, R.L., and Lehman, N. 2008. Ancient DNA reveals genotypic relationships among Oregon populations of the sea otter (Enhydra lutris). Conserv. Genet. 9(4):933-938.

Van Geert, A., Van Rossum, F., and Triest, L. 2008. Genetic diversity in adult and seedling populations of Primula vulgaris in a fragmented agricultural landscape. Conserv. Genet. 9(4):845-853.

Vance-Borland, K., Roux, D., Nel, J., and Pressey, B. 2008. From the mountains to the sea: where is freshwater conservation in the SCB agenda? Conserv. Biol. 22(3):505-507.

Vandergast, A.G., Bohonak, A.J., Hathaway, S.A., Boys, J., and Fisher, R.N. 2008. Are hotspots of evolutionary potential adequately protected in southern California? Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1648-1664.

Vermaat, J.E., Vigneau, N., and Omtzigt, N. 2008. Viability of meta-populations of wetland birds in a fragmented landscape: testing the key-patch approach. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2263-2273.

Vernesi, C., Bruford, M.W., Bertorelle, G., Pecchioli, E., Rizzoli, A., and Hauffe, H.C. 2008. Where's the conservation in conservation genetics? Conserv. Biol. 22(3):802-804.

Viaud-Martinez, K.A., Brownell, R.L., Komnenou, A., and Bohonak, A.J. 2008. Genetic isolation and morphological divergence of Black Sea bottlenose dolphins. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1600-1611.

Viswanathan, M.B.G., and Manikandan, U. 2008. A new species of Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Kalakkad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve in Peninsular India. Adansonia 30(1):113-118.

Vosse, S., Esler, K.J., Richardson, D.M., and Holmes, P.M. 2008. Can riparian seed banks initiate restoration after alien plant invasion? Evidence from the Western Cape, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Bot. 74(3):432-444.

Weaver, K.F., Perez-Losada, M., Guralnick, R.P., Nelson, A., Blatt, S., and Crandall, K.A. 2008. Assessing the conservation status of the land snail Oreohelix peripherica wasatchensis (Family Oreohelicidae). Conserv. Genet. 9(4):907-916.

Wennerberg, L., Marthinsen, G., and Lifjeld, J.T. 2008. Conservation genetics and phylogeography of southern dunlins Calidris alpina schinzii. J. Avian Biol. 39(4):423-437.

Whitehouse, N.J., Langdon, P.G., Bustin, R., and Galsworthy, S. 2008. Fossil insects and ecosystem dynamics in wetlands: implications for biodiversity and conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(9):2055-2078.

Wilhere, G.F. 2008. The how-much-is-enough myth. Conserv. Biol. 22(3):514-517.

Witkowski, E.T.F., and Garner, R.D. 2008. Seed production, seed bank dynamics, resprouting and long-term response to clearing of the alien invasive Solanum mauritianum in a temperate to subtropical riparian ecosystem. S. Afr. J. Bot. 74(3):476-484.

Wright, L.I., Tregenza, T., and Hosken, D.J. 2008. Inbreeding, inbreeding depression and extinction. Conserv. Genet. 9(4):833-843.

Xu, H.G., Wu, J., Liu, Y., Ding, H., Zhang, M., Wu, Y., Xi, Q., and Wang, L.L. 2008. Biodiversity congruence and conservation strategies: a national test. BioScience 58(7):632-639.

Zarri, A.A., Rahmani, A.R., Singh, A., and Kushwaha, S.P.S. 2008. Habitat suitability assessment for the endangered Nilgiri Laughingthrush: a multiple logistic regression approach. Curr. Sci. 94(11):1487-1494.

Zhang, L., Brockelman, W.Y., and Allen, M.A. 2008. Matrix analysis to evaluate sustainability: the tropical tree Aquilaria crassna, a heavily poached source of agarwood. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1676-1686.

Zietsman, J., Dreyer, L.L., and Esler, K.J. 2008. Reproductive biology and ecology of selected rare and endangered Oxalis L. (Oxalidaceae) plant species. Biol. Conserv. 141(6):1475-1483.

Zubek, S., Turnau, K., and Blaszkowski, J. 2008. Arbuscular mycorrhiza of endemic and endangered plants from the Tatra Mts. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 77(2):149-156.

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