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Department ofBotany



No. 288
December 2008


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In This Issue


Splendid Creature Forever Gone


By Roberto Ibáñez & César Jaramillo

Edited by M. Alvarado & M.L. Calderon

Oophaga speciosa in Palo Seco (between Chiriquí and Bocas del Toro provinces), Panama, in 1994. Photo by M.A. Guerra.

Oophaga speciosa (previously classified as Dendrobates speciosus), the Splendid Poison Frog, was listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as Endangered in 2004 because its extent of occurrence was less than 5,000 km2, all individuals were in fewer than five locations, and there were continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Western Panama.

The species was recorded from the Panamanian protected areas of Bosque Protector Palo Seco and Parque Internacional La Amistad.

Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, César Jaramillo, and Querube Fuenmayor reported in 2004 that further research was needed into the population status of the species, and some form of management or legislation was urgent to be put in place in order to control the level of extraction by the pet trade.

Today, according to Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute scientists Ibáñez and Jaramillo, the species is gone. It was a Panamanian endemic frog of the western Cordillera Central.


Current Literature


Abe, T., Wada, K., and Nakagoshi, N. 2008. Extinction threats of a narrowly endemic shrub, Stachyurus macrocarpus (Stachyuraceae) in the Ogasawara Islands. Plant Ecol. 198(2):169-183.

Abe, Y., and Tokumaru, S. 2008. Displacement in two invasive species of leafminer fly in different localities. Biol. Invasions 10(7):951-953.

Adekunle, V.A.J., and Olagoke, A.O. 2008. Diversity and biovolume of tree species in natural forest ecosystem in the bitumen-producing area of Ondo state, Nigeria: a baseline study. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2735-2755.

Aguilera, X., Coronel, J.S., Oberdorff, T., and Van Damme, P.A. 2008. Distribution patterns, population status and conservation of Melanosuchus niger and Caiman yacare (Crocodylia, Alligatoridae) in oxbow lakes of the Ichilo river floodplain, Bolivia. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56(2):909-929.

Al-Shehbaz, I.A., and Mayer, M.S. 2008. New or noteworthy Streptanthus (Brassicaceae) for the Flora of North America. Novon 18(3):279-282.

Andreotti, A., Leonardi, G., Sarà, M., Brunelli, M., De Lisio, L., De Sanctis, A., Magrini, M., Nardi, R., Perna, P., and Sigismondi, A. 2008. Landscape-scale spatial distribution of the Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus feldeggii) breeding population in Italy. Ambio 37(6):440-444.

Anton, C., Musche, M., Hula, V., and Settele, J. 2008. Myrmica host-ants limit the density of the ant-predatory large blue Maculinea nausithous. J. Insect Conserv. 12(5):511-517.

Arthur, A.D., Pech, R.P., Davey, C., Jiebu, Zhang, Y.M., and Lin, H. 2008. Livestock grazing, plateau pikas and the conservation of avian biodiversity on the Tibetan plateau. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):1972-1981.

Ayaz, D., Fritz, U., Atatür, M.K., Mermer, A., Çiçek, K., and Afsar, M. 2008. Aspect of population structure of the European Pond Turtle (Emys orbicularis) in Lake Yayla, western Anatolia, Turkey. J. Herpetol. 42(3):518-522.

Balciauskas, L. 2008. Wolf numbers and distribution in Lithuania and problems of species conservation. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 45(4):329-334.

Bareka, P., Phitos, D., and Kamari, G. 2008. A karyosystematic study of the genus Bellevalia Lapeyr. (Hyacinthaceae) in Greece. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157(4):723-739.

Barlow, A.C.D., Ahmed, M.I.U., Rahman, M.M., Howladerc, A., Smith, A.C., and Smith, J.L.D. 2008. Linking monitoring and intervention for improved management of tigers in the Sundarbans of Bangladesh. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2032-2040.

Barnes, M.A., Fordham, R.K., Burks, R.L., and Hand, J.J. 2008. Fecundity of the exotic applesnail, Pomacea insularum. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 27(3):738-745.

Barr, K.R., Lindsay, D.L., Athrey, G., Lance, R.F., Hayden, T.J., Tweddale, S.A., and Leberg, P.L. 2008. Population structure in an endangered songbird: maintenance of genetic differentiation despite high vagility and significant population recovery. Mol. Ecol. 17(16):3628-3639.

Barrett, R.T., Anker-Nilssen, T., Bakken, V., Strom, H., Krasnov, Y., and Aarvak, T. 2008. Biometrics as a determinant of the origins of seabirds killed in oil spills and other incidents. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(3):229-241.

Barton, B.T., and Roth, J.D. 2008. Implications of intraguild predation for sea turtle nest protection. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2139-2145.

Basset, A., Sabetta, L., Sangiorgio, F., Pinna, M., Migoni, D., Fanizzi, F., Barbone, E., Galuppo, N., Umani, S.F., Reizopoulou, S., Nicolaidou, A., Arvanitidis, C., Moncheva, S., Trajanova, A., Georgescu, L., and Beqiraj, S. 2008. Biodiversity conservation in Mediterranean and Black Sea lagoons: a trait-oriented approach to benthic invertebrate guilds. Aquat. Conserv. 18:S4-S15.

Batáry, P., Báldi, A., Samu, F., Szűts, T., and Erdős, S. 2008. Are spiders reacting to local or landscape scale effects in Hungarian pastures? Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2062-2070.

Bateman, R.M., Smith, R.J., and Fay, M.F. 2008. Morphometric and population genetic analyses elucidate the origin, evolutionary significance and conservation implications of Orchis x angusticruris (O. purpurea x O. simia), a hybrid orchid new to Britain. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157(4):687-711.

Battaglia, L.L., Pritchett, D.W., and Minchin, P.R. 2008. Evaluating dispersal limitation in passive bottomland forest restoration. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):417-424.

Becker, C.D., Loughin, T.M., and Santander, T. 2008. Identifying forest-obligate birds in tropical moist cloud forest of Andean Ecuador. J. Field Ornithol. 79(3):229-244.

Bell, S.S., Tewfik, A., Hall, M.O., and Fonseca, M.S. 2008. Evaluation of seagrass planting and monitoring techniques: implications for assessing restoration success and habitat equivalency. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):407-416.

Benniamin, A., Fraser-Jenkins, C.R., and Irudayaraj, V. 2008. Polystichum manickamianum (Dryopteridaceae), a new species from South India. Novon 18(3):287-293.

Bergl, R.A., Bradleys, B.J., Nsubuga, A., and Vigilant, L. 2008. Effects of habitat fragmentation, population size and demographic history on genetic diversity: the Cross River gorilla in a comparative context. Am. J. Primatol. 70(9):848-859.

Bevins, S.N. 2008. Invasive mosquitoes, larval competition, and indirect effects on the vector competence of native mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae). Biol. Invasions 10(7):1109-1117.

Blanchet, S., Páez, D.J., Bernatchez, L., and Dodson, J.J. 2008. An integrated comparison of captive-bred and wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): implications for supportive breeding programs. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):1989-1999.

Boerner, R.E.J., Coates, A.T., Yaussy, D.A., and Waldrop, T.A. 2008. Assessing ecosystem restoration alternatives in eastern deciduous forests: the view from belowground. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):425-434.

Boers, A.M., and Zedler, J.B. 2008. Stabilized water levels and Typha invasiveness. Wetlands 28(3):676-685.

Boivin, T., Rouault, G., Chalon, A., and Candau, J.N. 2008. Differences in life history strategies between an invasive and a competing resident seed predator. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1013-1025.

Boman, S., Grapputo, A., Lindström, L., Lyytinen, A., and Mappes, J. 2008. Quantitative genetic approach for assessing invasiveness: geographic and genetic variation in life-history traits. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1135-1145.

Bowden, C.G.R., Smith, K.W., Bekkay, M.E.L., Oubrou, W., Aghnaj, A., and Jimenez-Armesto, M. 2008. Contribution of research to conservation action for the Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita in Morocco. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S74-S90.

Bowker, M.B., and Downs, C.T. 2008. Fluctuations in numbers of great white pelicans at Lake St Lucia in response to changing water-levels. Afr. J. Ecol. 46(3):282-290.

Braga-Neto, R., Luizão, R.C.C., Magnusson, W.E., Zuquim, G., and de Castilho, C.V. 2008. Leaf litter fungi in a Central Amazonian forest: the influence of rainfall, soil and topography on the distribution of fruiting bodies. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2701-2712.

Brandes, T.S. 2008. Automated sound recording and analysis techniques for bird surveys and conservation. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S163-S173.

Braunisch, V., and Suchant, R. 2008. Using ecological forest site mapping for long-term habitat suitability assessments in wildlife conservation - demonstrated for capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus). Forest Ecol. Manag. 256(5):1209-1221.

Brooks, T.M., Collar, N.J., Green, R.E., Marsden, S.J., and Pain, D.J. 2008. The science of bird conservation. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S2-S12.

Buckland, S.T., Marsden, S.J., and Green, R.E. 2008. Estimating bird abundance: making methods work. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S91-S108.

Buczkowski, G., and Bennett, G.W. 2008. Aggressive interactions between the introduced Argentine ant, Linepithema humile and the native odorous house ant, Tapinoma sessile. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1001-1011.

Burfield, I.J. 2008. The conservation status and trends of raptors and owls in Europe. Ambio 37(6):401-407.

Burnett, K.M., D'Evelyn, S., Kaiser, B.A., Nantamanasikarn, P., and Roumasset, J.A. 2008. Beyond the lamppost: optimal prevention and control of the brown tree snake in Hawaii. Ecol. Econ. 67(1):66-74.

Burns, C.E., and Grear, J.S. 2008. Effects of habitat loss on populations of white-footed mice: testing matrix model predictions with landscape-scale perturbation experiments. Landscape Ecol. 23(7):817-831.

Butchart, S.H.M. 2008. Red List Indices to measure the sustainability of species use and impacts of invasive alien species. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S245-S262.

Butler, R.A., and Laurance, W.F. 2008. New strategies for conserving tropical forests. Trends Ecol. Evol. 23(9):469-472.

Carbayo, F., Pedroni, J., and Froehlich, E.M. 2008. Colonization and extinction of land planarians (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida) in a Brazilian Atlantic Forest regrowth remnant. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1131-1134.

Cassel-Lundhagen, A., Sjögren-Gulve, P., and Berglind, S.Å. 2008. Effects of patch characteristics and isolation on relative abundance of the scarce heath butterfly Coenonympha hero (Nymphalidae). J. Insect Conserv. 12(5):477-482.

Chediack, S.E. 2008. The effect of forest exploitation on structure, diversity, and floristic composition of palmito-dominated Atlantic forests at Misiones, Argentina. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56(2):721-738.

Claridge, A.W., Tennant, P., Chick, R., and Barry, S.C. 2008. Factors influencing the occurrence of small ground-dwelling mammals in southeastern mainland Australia. J. Mammal. 89(4):916-923.

Conklin, J.R., Colwell, M.A., and Fox-Fernandez, N.W. 2008. High variation in roost use by Dunlin wintering in California: implications for habitat limitation. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(3):275-291.

Coppi, A., Mengoni, A., and Selvi, F. 2008. AFLP fingerprinting of Anchusa (Boraginaceae) in the Corso-Sardinian system: genetic diversity, population differentiation and conservation priorities in an insular endemic group threatened with extinction. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2000-2011.

Croxall, J.P. 2008. The role of science and advocacy in the conservation of Southern Ocean albatrosses at sea. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S13-S29.

Dallimer, M., and King, T. 2008. Habitat preferences of the forest birds on the island of Principe, Gulf of Guinea. Afr. J. Ecol. 46(3):258-266.

Darbyshire, S.J., and Francis, A. 2008. The biology of invasive alien plants in Canada. 10. Nymphoides peltata (S. G. Gmel.) Kuntze. Can. J. Plant Sci. 88(4):811-829.

de Thoisy, B., Brosse, S., and Dubois, M.A. 2008. Assessment of large-vertebrate species richness and relative abundance in Neotropical forest using line-transect censuses: what is the minimal effort required? Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2627-2644.

De Valpine, P., Cuddington, K., Hoopes, M.F., and Lockwood, J.L. 2008. Is spread of invasive species regulated? Using ecological theory to interpret statistical analysis. Ecology 89(9):2377-2383.

Di Cola, V., Cardozo, G., Lanfri, M., Scavuzzo, C.M., and Chiaraviglio, M. 2008. Modelling the distribution of the Boid snakes, Epicrates cenchria alvarezi and Boa constrictor occidentalis in the Gran Chaco (South America). Amphibia-Reptilia 29(3):299-310.

Dolan, R.W., Marr, D.L., and Schnabel, A. 2008. Capturing genetic variation during ecological restorations: an example from Kankakee Sands in Indiana. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):386-396.

Donlan, C.J., and Wilcox, C. 2008. Integrating invasive mammal eradications and biodiversity offsets for fisheries bycatch: conservation opportunities and challenges for seabirds and sea turtles. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1053-1060.

dos Santos, R., Citadini-Zanette, V., Leal-Filho, L.S., and Hennies, W.T. 2008. Spontaneous vegetation on overburden piles in the Coal Basin of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):444-452.

Earsom, S.D., Lombard, C., Schwagerl, J., Oland, J.P., and Miranda-Castro, L. 2008. Avifauna and human disturbance observations on Navassa Island. Caribbean J. Sci. 44(2):246-251.

Ekici, M., Aytaç, Z., Akan, H., and Pinar, M. 2008. A new species of Astragalus L. (section Onobrychoidei DC.: Fabaceae) from Turkey. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157(4):741-747.

Eren, Ö., Parolly, G., Raus, T., and Kürschner, H. 2008. A new species of Polygala L. (Polygalaceae) from south-west Anatolia. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158(1):82-86.

Erickson, R.A., Hamilton, R.A., and Mlodinow, S.G. 2008. Status review of Belding's Yellowthroat Geothlypis beldingi, and implications for its conservation. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(3):219-228.

Evans, P.G.H., Panigada, S., and Pierce, G.J. 2008. Integrating science and management for marine mammal conservation - foreword. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 88(6):1081-1083.

Faraone, F.P., Lillo, F., Giacalone, G., and Lo Valvo, M. 2008. The large invasive population of Xenopus laevis in Sicily, Italy. Amphibia-Reptilia 29(3):405-412.

Fero, O., Stephens, P.A., Barta, Z., McNamara, J.M., and Houston, A.I. 2008. Optimal annual routines: new tools for conservation biology? Ecol. Appl. 18(6):1563-1577.

Fox, S., Luly, J., Mitchell, C., Maclean, J., and Westcott, D.A. 2008. Demographic indications of decline in the spectacled flying fox (Pteropus conspicillatus) on the Atherton Tablelands of northern Queensland. Wildlife Res. 35(5):417-424.

Francis, R.A., and Hoggart, S.P.G. 2008. Waste not, want not: the need to utilize existing artificial structures for habitat improvement along urban rivers. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):373-381.

Freitas, C., Kovacs, K.M., Ims, R.A., and Lydersen, C. 2008. Predicting habitat use by ringed seals (Phoca hispida) in a warming Arctic. Ecol. Model. 217(1-2):19-32.

Garcia-Orth, X., and Martínez-Ramos, M. 2008. Seed dynamics of early and late successional tree species in tropical abandoned pastures: seed burial as a way of evading predation. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):435-443.

Garnier, A., Pivard, S., and Lecomte, J. 2008. Measuring and modelling anthropogenic secondary seed dispersal along roadverges for feral oilseed rape. Basic Appl. Ecol. 9(5):533-541.

Gillson, L., Ekblom, A., Willis, K.J., and Froyd, C. 2008. Holocene palaeo-invasions: the link between pattern, process and scale in invasion ecology? Landscape Ecol. 23(7):757-769.

Githiru, M. 2008. Conservation of birds in Africa: are we making any headway? Afr. J. Ecol. 46(3):233-234.

Glardon, C.G., Walters, L.J., Quintana-Ascencio, P.F., McCauley, L.A., Stam, W.T., and Olsen, J.L. 2008. Predicting risks of invasion of macroalgae in the genus Caulerpa in Florida. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1147-1157.

Going, B.M., and Dudley, T.L. 2008. Invasive riparian plant litter alters aquatic insect growth. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1041-1051.

González, L.M., Oria, J., Sánchez, R., Margalida, A., Aranda, A., Prada, L., Caldera, J., and Molina, J.I. 2008. Status and habitat changes in the endangered Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti population during 1974-2004: implications for its recovery. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(3):242-259.

Gower, S.T. 2008. Are horses responsible for introducing non-native plants along forest trails in the eastern United States? Forest Ecol. Manag. 256(5):997-1003.

Gregory, R.D., Vořišek, P., Noble, D.G., Van Strien, A., Klvaňová, A., Eaton, M., Meyling, A.W.G., Joys, A., Foppen, R.P.B., and Burfield, I.J. 2008. The generation and use of bird population indicators in Europe. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S223-S244.

Growns, I., and West, G. 2008. Classification of aquatic bioregions through the use of distributional modelling of freshwater fish. Ecol. Model. 217(1-2):79-86.

Grueber, C.E., Wallis, G.P., and Jamieson, I.G. 2008. Heterozygosity-fitness correlations and their relevance to studies on inbreeding depression in threatened species. Mol. Ecol. 17(18):3978-3984.

Han, X.M., Dendy, S.P., Garrett, K.A., Fang, L., and Smith, M.D. 2008. Comparison of damage to native and exotic tallgrass prairie plants by natural enemies. Plant Ecol. 198(2):197-210.

Hansen, B.D., and Taylor, A.C. 2008. Isolated remnant or recent introduction? Estimating the provenance of Yellingbo Leadbeater's possums by genetic analysis and bottleneck simulation. Mol. Ecol. 17(18):4039-4052.

Hanski, I. 2008. Insect conservation in boreal forests. J. Insect Conserv. 12(5):451-454.

Harrington, L.A., and Macdonald, D.W. 2008. Spatial and temporal relationships between invasive American mink and native European polecats in the southern United Kingdom. J. Mammal. 89(4):991-1000.

Hein, C.D., Castleberry, S.B., and Miller, K.V. 2008. Sex-specific summer roost-site selection by seminole bats in response to landscape-level forest management. J. Mammal. 89(4):964-972.

Helmer, E.H., Kennaway, T.A., Pedreros, D.H., Clark, M.L., Marcano-Vega, H., Tieszen, L.L., Ruzycki, T.R., Schill, S.R., and Carrington, C.M.S. 2008. Land cover and forest formation distributions for St. Kitts, Nevis, St. Eustatius, Grenada and Barbados from decision tree classification of cloud-cleared satellite imagery. Caribbean J. Sci. 44(2):175-198.

Hennenberg, K.J., Orthmann, B., Steinke, I., and Porembski, S. 2008. Core area analysis at semi-deciduous forest islands in the Comoe National Park, NE Ivory Coast. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2787-2797.

Hérault, B., Bornet, A., and Trémolières, M. 2008. Redundancy and niche differentiation among the European invasive Elodea species. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1099-1107.

Hernández, L., Maeda-Martínez, A.M., Ruiz-Campos, G., Rodríguez-Almaraz, G., Alonzo-Rojo, F., and Sainz, J.C. 2008. Geographic expansion of the invasive red crayfish Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852) (Crustacea: Decapoda) in Mexico. Biol. Invasions 10(7):977-984.

Herring, G., and Gawlik, D.E. 2008. Potential for successful population establishment of the nonindigenous sacred ibis in the Florida Everglades. Biol. Invasions 10(7):969-976.

Hobson, K.A. 2008. Using endogenous and exogenous markers in bird conservation. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S174-S199.

Hoffmann, B.D., and Parr, C.L. 2008. An invasion revisited: the African big-headed ant (Pheidole megacephala) in northern Australia. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1171-1181.

Hottola, J., and Siitonen, J. 2008. Significance of woodland key habitats for polypore diversity and red-listed species in boreal forests. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2559-2577.

Huang, B.Q., Yang, X.Q., Yu, F.H., Luo, Y.B., and Tai, Y.D. 2008. Surprisingly high orchid diversity in travertine and forest areas in the Huanglong valley, China, and implications for conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2773-2786.

Hughes, B.J., Martin, G.R., and Reynolds, S.J. 2008. Cats and seabirds: effects of feral Domestic Cat Felis silvestris catus eradication on the population of Sooty Terns Onychoprion fuscata on Ascension Island, South Atlantic. Ibis 150:122-131.

Illera, J.C., and Díaz, M. 2008. Site fidelity in the Canary Islands stonechat Saxicola dacotiae in relation to spatial and temporal patterns of habitat suitability. Acta Oecol. 34(1):1-8.

Isermann, M. 2008. Classification and habitat characteristics of plant communities invaded by the non-native Rosa rugosa Thunb. in NW Europe. Phytocoenologia 38(1-2):133-150.

Jackson, S.F., and Gaston, K.J. 2008. Land use change and the dependence of national priority species on protected areas. Global Change Biol. 14(9):2132-2138.

Jõgar, Ü., and Moora, M. 2008. Reintroduction of a rare plant (Gladiolus imbricatus) population to a river floodplain - how important is meadow management? Restor. Ecol. 16(3):382-385.

Johansson, P. 2008. Consequences of disturbance on epiphytic lichens in boreal and near boreal forests. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):1933-1944.

Johnson, P.T.J., Olden, J.D., and Zanden, M.J.V. 2008. Dam invaders: impoundments facilitate biological invasions into freshwaters. Front. Ecol. Environ. 6(7):359-365.

Jongejans, E., de Vere, N., and de Kroon, H. 2008. Demographic vulnerability of the clonal and endangered meadow thistle. Plant Ecol. 198(2):225-240.

Kadoya, T., Suda, S., Nishihiro, J., and Washitani, I. 2008. Procedure for predicting the trajectory of species recovery based on the nested species pool information: dragonflies in a wetland restoration site as a case study. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):397-406.

Kadye, W.T., and Moyo, N.A.G. 2008. Stream fish assemblage and habitat structure in a tropical African river basin (Nyagui River, Zimbabwe). Afr. J. Ecol. 46(3):333-340.

Kamilar, J.M., and Paciulli, L.M. 2008. Examining the extinction risk of specialized folivores: a comparative study of Colobine monkeys. Am. J. Primatol. 70(9):816-827.

Kettle, C.J., Ennos, R.A., Jaffré, T., Gardner, M., and Hollingsworth, P.M. 2008. Cryptic genetic bottlenecks during restoration of an endangered tropical conifer. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):1953-1961.

King, D.I., Lambert, J.D., Buonaccorsi, J.P., and Prout, L.S. 2008. Avian population trends in the vulnerable montane forests of the Northern Appalachians, USA. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2691-2700.

King, E.G., and Stanton, M.L. 2008. Facilitative effects of Aloe shrubs on grass establishment, growth, and reproduction in degraded Kenyan rangelands: implications for restoration. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):464-474.

Kirby, J.S., Stattersfield, A.J., Butchart, S.H.M., Evans, M.I., Grimmett, R.F.A., Jones, V.R., O'Sullivan, J., Tucker, G.M., and Newton, I. 2008. Key conservation issues for migratory land- and waterbird species on the world's major flyways. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S49-S73.

Kitahara, M., Yumoto, M., and Kobayashi, T. 2008. Relationship of butterfly diversity with nectar plant species richness in and around the Aokigahara primary woodland of Mount Fuji, central Japan. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2713-2734.

Knapp, S. 2008. Species concepts and floras: what are species for? Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 95(1):17-25.

Koehler, G.M., Maletzke, B.T., Von Kienast, J.A., Aubry, K.B., Wielgus, R.B., and Naney, R.H. 2008. Habitat fragmentation and the persistence of lynx populations in Washington state. J. Wildlife Manag. 72(7):1518-1524.

Konvicka, M., Benes, J., Cizek, O., Kopecek, F., Konvicka, O., and Vitaz, L. 2008. How too much care kills species: grassland reserves, agri-environmental schemes and extinction of Colias myrmidone (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) from its former stronghold. J. Insect Conserv. 12(5):519-525.

Konvicka, M., Novak, J., Benes, J., Fric, Z., Bradley, J., Keil, P., Hrcek, J., Chobot, K., and Marhoul, P. 2008. The last population of the Woodland Brown butterfly (Lopinga achine) in the Czech Republic: habitat use, demography and site management. J. Insect Conserv. 12(5):549-560.

Kovács, A., Demeter, I., Fatér, I., Bagyura, J., Nagy, K., Szitta, T., Firmánszky, G., and Horváth, M. 2008. Current efforts to monitor and conserve the Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca in Hungary. Ambio 37(6):457-459.

Kovács, A., Mammen, U.C.C., and Wernham, C.V. 2008. European monitoring for raptors and owls: state of the art and future needs. Ambio 37(6):408-412.

Kowarik, I., and Säumel, I. 2008. Water dispersal as an additional pathway to invasions by the primarily wind-dispersed tree Ailanthus altissima. Plant Ecol. 198(2):241-252.

Krushelnycky, P.D., and Gillespie, R.G. 2008. Compositional and functional stability of arthropod communities in the face of ant invasions. Ecol. Appl. 18(6):1547-1562.

Kümpel, N.F., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Rowcliffe, J.M., and Cowlishaw, G. 2008. Impact of gun-hunting on diurnal primates in continental Equatorial Guinea. Int. J. Primatol. 29(4):1065-1082.

Lanta, V., and Lepš, J. 2008. Effect of plant species richness on invasibility of experimental plant communities. Plant Ecol. 198(2):253-263.

Lasram, F.B.R., Tomasin, J.A., Guilhaumon, F., Romdhane, M.S., Do Chi, T., and Mouillot, D. 2008. Ecological correlates of dispersal success of Lessepsian fishes. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 363:273-286.

Laufer, G., Canavero, A., Nuñez, D., and Maneyro, R. 2008. Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus) invasion in Uruguay. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1183-1189.

LeBrun, E.G., Plowes, R.M., and Gilbert, L.E. 2008. Dynamic expansion in recently introduced populations of fire ant parasitoids (Diptera: Phoridae). Biol. Invasions 10(7):989-999.

Lee, D.C., and Marsden, S.J. 2008. Increasing the value of bird-habitat studies in tropical forests: choice of approach and habitat measures. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S109-S124.

Leite, Y.L.R., Christoff, A.U., and Fagundes, V. 2008. A new species of Atlantic forest tree rat, genus Phyllomys (Rodentia, Echimyidae) from southern Brazil. J. Mammal. 89(4):845-851.

Lencinas, M.V., Pastur, G.M., Anderson, C.B., and Busso, C. 2008. The value of timber quality forests for insect conservation on Tierra del Fuego Island compared to associated non-timber quality stands. J. Insect Conserv. 12(5):461-475.

Lencinas, M.V., Pastur, G.M., Rivero, P., and Busso, C. 2008. Conservation value of timber quality versus associated non-timber quality stands for understory diversity in Nothofagus forests. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2579-2597.

Lengagne, T. 2008. Traffic noise affects communication behaviour in a breeding anuran, Hyla arborea. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2023-2031.

Lens, L., and Eggermont, H. 2008. Fluctuating asymmetry as a putative marker of human-induced stress in avian conservation. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S125-S143.

Leonard, D.L. 2008. Recovery expenditures for birds listed under the US Endangered Species Act: the disparity between mainland and Hawaiian taxa. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2054-2061.

Liang, Y., Liu, J., Zhang, S.P., Wang, S.J., Guo, W.H., and Wang, R.Q. 2008. Genetic diversity of the invasive plant Coreopsis grandiflora at different altitudes in Laoshan Mountain, China. Can. J. Plant Sci. 88(4):831-837.

Liao, W.B., Hu, J.C., Li, C., and Lu, X. 2008. Roosting behaviour of the endangered Sichuan Hill-partridge Arborophila rufipectus during the breeding season. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(3):260-266.

Liu, H.Y., Lin, Z.S., and Liu, H.Y. 2008. Response of oriental white storks Ciconia boyciana to the accumulative impact of anthropogenic habitat destruction and possible Allee effect. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(3):292-300.

Lloyd, H., and Marsden, S.J. 2008. Bird community variation across Polylepis woodland fragments and matrix habitats: implications for biodiversity conservation within a high Andean landscape. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2645-2660.

López-Darias, M., Lobo, J.M., and Gouat, P. 2008. Predicting potential distributions of invasive species: the exotic Barbary ground squirrel in the Canarian archipelago and the west Mediterranean region. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1027-1040.

Macía, M.J. 2008. Woody plants diversity, floristic composition and land use history in the Amazonian rain forests of Madidi National Park, Bolivia. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2671-2690.

Maclean, M.M., Carslake, D.J., Evans, M.R., Townley, S., and Hodgson, D.J. 2008. The usefulness of sensitivity analysis for predicting the effects of cat predation on the population dynamics of their avian prey. Ibis 150:100-113.

MacMillan, D.C., and Leader-Williams, N. 2008. When successful conservation breeds conflict: an economic perspective on wild goose management. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S200-S210.

Maldonado-Chaparro, A., and Blumstein, D.T. 2008. Management implications of capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) social behavior. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):1945-1952.

Maletzke, B.T., Koehler, G.M., Wielgus, R.B., Aubry, K.B., and Evans, M.A. 2008. Habitat conditions associated with lynx hunting behavior during winter in northern Washington. J. Wildlife Manag. 72(7):1473-1478.

Maloney, K.O., Garten, C.T., and Ashwood, T.L. 2008. Changes in soil properties following 55 years of secondary forest succession at Fort Benning, Georgia, USA. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):503-510.

Martínez-Santos, P., de Stefano, L., Llamas, M.R., and Martínez-Alfaro, P.E. 2008. Wetland restoration in the Mancha Occidental aquifer, Spain: a critical perspective on water, agricultural, and environmental policies. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):511-521.

Mathieson, A.C., Dawes, C.J., Pederson, J., Gladych, R.A., and Carlton, J.T. 2008. The Asian red seaweed Grateloupia turuturu (Rhodophyta) invades the Gulf of Maine. Biol. Invasions 10(7):985-988.

McDonald, J.E. 2008. Special section on Canada lynx-habitat relations in the contiguous United States. J. Wildlife Manag. 72(7):1461-1462.

Meléndez-Ackerman, E.J., Cortés, C., Sustache, J., Aragón, S., Morales-Vargas, M., García-Bermúdez, M., and Fernández, D.S. 2008. Diet of feral goats in Mona Island Reserve, Puerto Rico. Caribbean J. Sci. 44(2):199-205.

Méndez-Cárdenas, M., Randrianambinina, B., Rabesandratana, A., Rasoloharijaona, S., and Zimmermann, E. 2008. Geographic variation in loud calls of sportive lemurs (Lepilemur ssp.) and their implications for conservation. Am. J. Primatol. 70(9):828-838.

Meyer, C.F.J., and Kalko, E.K.V. 2008. Assemblage-level responses of phyllostomid bats to tropical forest fragmentation: land-bridge islands as a model system. J. Biogeogr. 35(9):1711-1726.

Mitchell, R.J., Rose, R.J., and Palmer, S.CF. 2008. Restoration of Calluna vulgaris on grass-dominated moorlands: the importance of disturbance, grazing and seeding. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2100-2111.

Molina, F.R., and de Paggi, S.J. 2008. Zooplankton in the Paraná River floodplain (South America) before and after the invasion of Limnoperna fortunei (Bivalvia). Wetlands 28(3):695-702.

Moore, R.P., Robinson, W.D., Lovette, I.J., and Robinson, T.R. 2008. Experimental evidence for extreme dispersal limitation in tropical forest birds. Ecol. Lett. 11(9):960-968.

Moritz, R.F.A., Dietemann, V., and Crewe, R. 2008. Determining colony densities in wild honeybee populations (Apis mellifera) with linked microsatellite DNA markers. J. Insect Conserv. 12(5):455-459.

Mortensen, H.S., Dupont, Y.L., and Olesen, J.M. 2008. A snake in paradise: disturbance of plant reproduction following extirpation of bird flower-visitors on Guam. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2146-2154.

Mortenson, S.G., Weisberg, P.J., and Ralston, B.E. 2008. Do beavers promote the invasion of non-native Tamarix in the Grand Canyon riparian zone? Wetlands 28(3):666-675.

Munari, C. 2008. Effects of the exotic invader Musculista senhousia on benthic communities of two Mediterranean lagoons. Hydrobiologia 611:29-43.

Munzinger, J., McPherson, G., and Lowry, P.P. 2008. A second species in the endemic New Caledonian genus Gastrolepis (Stemonuraceae) and its implications for the conservation status of high-altitude maquis vegetation: coherent application of the IUCN Red List criteria is urgently needed in New Caledonia. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157(4):775-783.

Murray, D.L., Steury, T.D., and Roth, J.D. 2008. Assessment of Canada lynx research and conservation needs in the southern range: another kick at the cat. J. Wildlife Manag. 72(7):1463-1472.

Nascimbene, J., Marini, L., Caniglia, G., Cester, D., and Nimis, P.L. 2008. Lichen diversity on stumps in relation to wood decay in subalpine forests of Northern Italy. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2661-2670.

Nelson, F., Collins, E., Frechette, A., Koenig, C., Jones-Yellin, M., Morgan, B., Ramsay, G., Rao, G., Rodriguez, C., Tulu, Z.J., Watkins, C., and Zinda, J. 2008. Preservation or degradation? Communal management and ecological change in a southeast Michigan forest. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2757-2772.

New, T.R. 2008. What's in common names: are they really valuable in insect conservation? J. Insect Conserv. 12(5):447-449.

Northcott, J., Andersen, M.C., Roemer, G.W., Fredrickson, E.L., DeMers, M., Truett, J., and Ford, P.L. 2008. Spatial analysis of effects of mowing and burning on colony expansion in reintroduced black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus). Restor. Ecol. 16(3):495-502.

O'Brien, C.M., Crowther, M.S., Dickman, C.R., and Keating, J. 2008. Metapopulation dynamics and threatened species management: why does the broad-toothed rat (Mastacomys fuscus) persist? Biol. Conserv. 141(8):1962-1971.

O'Brien, T.G., and Kinnaird, M.F. 2008. A picture is worth a thousand words: the application of camera trapping to the study of birds. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S144-S162.

Okello, J.B.A., Masembe, C., Rasmussen, H.B., Wittemyer, G., Omondi, P., Kahindi, O., Muwanika, V.B., Arctander, P., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Nyakaana, S., and Siegismund, H.R. 2008. Population genetic structure of savannah elephants in Kenya: Conservation and management implications. J. Heredity 99(5):443-452.

Økland, B., Götmark, F., and Nordén, B. 2008. Oak woodland restoration: testing the effects on biodiversity of mycetophilids in southern Sweden. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2599-2616.

Organ, J.F., Vashon, J.H., McDonald, J.E., Vashon, A.D., Crowley, S.M., Jakubas, W.J., Matula, G.J., and Meehan, A.L. 2008. Within-stand selection of Canada lynx natal dens in northwest Maine, USA. J. Wildlife Manag. 72(7):1514-1517.

Ortiz, M.Á., Tremetsberger, K., Terrab, A., Stuessy, T.F., García-Castaño, J.L., Urtubey, E., Baeza, C.M., Ruas, C.F., Gibbs, P.E., and Talavera, S. 2008. Phylogeography of the invasive weed Hypochaeris radicata (Asteraceae): from Moroccan origin to worldwide introduced populations. Mol. Ecol. 17(16):3654-3667.

Oster, M. 2008. Low congruence between the diversity of Waxcap (Hygrocybe spp.) fungi and vascular plants in semi-natural grasslands. Basic Appl. Ecol. 9(5):514-522.

Ostertag, R., Giardina, C.P., and Cordell, S. 2008. Understory colonization of Eucalyptus plantations in Hawaii in relation to light and nutrient levels. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):475-485.

Oyugi, J.O., Brown, J.S., and Whelan, C.J. 2008. Effects of human disturbance on composition and structure of Brachystegia woodland in Arabuko-Sokoke Forest, Kenya. Afr. J. Ecol. 46(3):374-383.

Pain, D.J., Bowden, C.G.R., Cunningham, A.A., Cuthbert, R., Das, D., Gilbert, M., Jakati, R.D., Jhala, Y., Khan, A.A., Naidoo, V., Oaks, J.L., Parry-Jones, J., Prakash, V., Rahman, A., Ranade, S.P., Baral, H.S., Senacha, K.R., Saravanan, S., Shah, N., Swan, G., Swarup, D., Taggart, M.A., Watson, R.T., Virani, M.Z., Wolter, K., and Green, R.E. 2008. The race to prevent the extinction of South Asian vultures. Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S30-S48.

Patino-Martinez, J., Marco, A., Quiñones, L., and Godley, B. 2008. Globally significant nesting of the leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) on the Caribbean coast of Colombia and Panama. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):1982-1988.

Pauliny, A., Larsson, M., and Blomqvist, D. 2008. Nest predation management: effects on reproductive success in endangered shorebirds. J. Wildlife Manag. 72(7):1579-1583.

Peh, K.S.H. 2008. Cameroon's lessons in conservation for sub-Saharan Africa. BioScience 58(8):678-679.

Petit, J.N., Hoddle, M.S., Grandgirard, J., Roderick, G.K., and Davies, N. 2008. Invasion dynamics of the glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca vitripennis (Germar) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in French Polynesia. Biol. Invasions 10(7):955-967.

Pimenta, B.V.S., Wachlevski, M., and Cruz, C.A.G. 2008. Morphological and acoustical variation, geographic distribution, and conservation status of the spinythumb frog Crossodactylus bokermanni Caramaschi and Sazima, 1985 (Anura, Hylodidae). J. Herpetol. 42(3):481-492.

Pomeroy, D., Tushabe, H., and Cowser, R. 2008. Bird atlases - how useful are they for conservation? Bird Conserv. Int. 18:S211-S222.

Potts, D.L., Harpole, W.S., Goulden, M.L., and Suding, K.N. 2008. The impact of invasion and subsequent removal of an exotic thistle, Cynara cardunculus, on CO2 and H2O vapor exchange in a coastal California grassland. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1073-1084.

Prach, K., and Hobbs, R.J. 2008. Spontaneous succession versus technical reclamation in the restoration of disturbed sites. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):363-366.

Radespiel, U., Rakotondravony, R., and Chikhi, L. 2008. Natural and anthropogenic determinants of genetic structure in the largest remaining population of the endangered golden-brown mouse lemur, Microcebus ravelobensis. Am. J. Primatol. 70(9):860-870.

Rayner, M.J., Parker, K.A., and Imber, M.J. 2008. Population census of Cook's Petrel Pterodroma cookii breeding on Codfish Island (New Zealand) and the global conservation status of the species. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(3):211-218.

Reaser, J.K., Meyerson, L.A., and Von Holle, B. 2008. Saving camels from straws: how propagule pressure-based prevention policies can reduce the risk of biological invasion. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1085-1098.

Riley, L.A., Dybdahl, M.F., and Hall, R.O. 2008. Invasive species impact: asymmetric interactions between invasive and endemic freshwater snails. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 27(3):509-520.

Rist, J., Rowcliffe, M., Cowlishaw, G., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2008. Evaluating measures of hunting effort in a bushmeat system. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2086-2099.

Rodgers, V.L., Wolfe, B.E., Werden, L.K., and Finzi, A.C. 2008. The invasive species Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) increases soil nutrient availability in northern hardwood-conifer forests. Oecologia 157(3):459-471.

Ross, T.N., Pernetta, A.P., Jones, C.G., and Bell, D.J. 2008. Sexual size dimorphism and microhabitat use of the orange-tail skink (Gongylomorphus spp.) on Flat Island, Mauritius: conservation implications. Amphibia-Reptilia 29(3):349-359.

Ruger, N., Williams-Linera, G., Kissling, W.D., and Huth, A. 2008. Long-term impacts of fuelwood extraction on a tropical montane cloud forest. Ecosystems 11(6):868-881.

Samways, M.J., and Grant, P.B.C. 2008. Elephant impact on dragonflies. J. Insect Conserv. 12(5):493-498.

Sankamethawee, W., Nimnuan, S., Sripanomyom, S., Pobprasert, K., Pierce, A.J., Round, P.D., and Gale, G.A. 2008. Diet and breeding biology of Asian Golden Weaver (Ploceus hypoxanthus). Bird Conserv. Int. 18(3):267-274.

Santos-Barrera, G., Pacheco, J., Mendoza-Quijano, F., Bolaños, F., Cháves, G., Daily, G.C., Ehrlich, P.R., and Ceballos, G. 2008. Diversity, natural history and conservation of amphibians and reptiles from the San Vito Region, southwestern Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56(2):755-778.

Sato, M., and Riddiford, N. 2008. A preliminary study of the Odonata of S'Albufera Natural Park, Mallorca: status, conservation priorities and bio-indicator potential. J. Insect Conserv. 12(5):539-548.

Saurola, P. 2008. Monitoring birds of prey in Finland: a summary of methods, trends, and statistical power. Ambio 37(6):413-419.

Schnell, G.D., Hiott, A.E., Creighton, J.C., Smyth, V.L., and Komendat, A. 2008. Factors affecting overwinter survival of the American burying beetle, Nicrophorus americanus (Coleoptera: Silphidae). J. Insect Conserv. 12(5):483-492.

Schulze, M., Grogan, J., Uhl, C., Lentini, M., and Vidal, E. 2008. Evaluating ipé (Tabebuia, Bignoniaceae) logging in Amazonia: sustainable management or catalyst for forest degradation? Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2071-2085.

Sebert-Cuvillier, E., Simon-Goyheneche, V., Paccaut, F., Chabrerie, O., Goubet, O., and Decocq, G. 2008. Spatial spread of an alien tree species in a heterogeneous forest landscape: a spatially realistic simulation model. Landscape Ecol. 23(7):787-801.

Shipunov, A., Newcombe, G., Raghavendra, A.K.H., and Anderson, C.L. 2008. Hidden diversity of endophytic fungi in an invasive plant. Am. J. Bot. 95(9):1096-1108.

Siapatis, A., Giannoulaki, M., Valavanis, V.D., Palialexis, A., Schismenou, E., Machias, A., and Somarakis, S. 2008. Modelling potential habitat of the invasive ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi in Aegean Sea. Hydrobiologia 612:281-295.

Silbiger, N.J., and Childress, M.J. 2008. Interspecific variation in anemone shrimp distribution and host selection in the Florida Keys (USA): implications for marine conservation. Bull. Mar. Sci. 83(2):329-345.

Smith, R.J., Easton, J., Nhancale, B.A., Armstrong, A.J., Culverwell, J., Dlamini, S.D., Goodman, P.S., Loffler, L., Matthews, W.S., Monadjem, A., Mulqueeny, C.M., Ngwenya, P., Ntumi, C.P., Soto, B., and Leader-Williams, N. 2008. Designing a transfrontier conservation landscape for the Maputaland centre of endemism using biodiversity, economic and threat data. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2127-2138.

Smith, S.J., Leslie, D.M., Hamilton, M.J., Lack, J.B., and Van Den Bussche, R.A. 2008. Subspecific affinities and conservation genetics of western big-eared bats (Corynorhinus townsendii pallescens) at the edge of their distributional range. J. Mammal. 89(4):799-814.

Sol, D., Vilà, M., and Kühn, I. 2008. The comparative analysis of historical alien introductions. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1119-1129.

Song, J., Murdoch, J., Gardiner, S.E., Young, A., Jameson, P.E., and Clemens, J. 2008. Molecular markers and a sequence deletion in intron 2 of the putative partial homologue of LEAFY reveal geographical structure to genetic diversity in the acutely threatened legume genus Clianthus. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2041-2053.

Strange, J.P., Garnery, L., and Sheppard, W.S. 2008. Morphological and molecular characterization of the Landes honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) ecotype for genetic conservation. J. Insect Conserv. 12(5):527-537.

Struebig, M.J., Kingston, T., Zubaid, A., Mohd-Adnan, A., and Rossiter, S.J. 2008. Conservation value of forest fragments to Palaeotropical bats. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2112-2126.

Suarez, M.L., Renison, D., Marcora, P., and Hensen, I. 2008. Age-size-habitat relationships for Polylepis australis: dealing with endangered forest ecosystems. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2617-2625.

Sugiura, S., Yamaura, Y., and Makihara, H. 2008. Biological invasion into the nested assemblage of tree-beetle associations on the oceanic Ogasawara Islands. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1061-1071.

Swab, R.M., Zhang, L., and Mitsch, W.J. 2008. Effect of hydrologic restoration and Lonicera maackii removal on herbaceous understory vegetation in a bottomland hardwood forest. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):453-463.

Talluto, M.V., and Suding, K.N. 2008. Historical change in coastal sage scrub in southern California, USA in relation to fire frequency and air pollution. Landscape Ecol. 23(7):803-815.

Tregliat, M.L., Muensch, A.J., Powell, R., and Parmerlee, J.S. 2008. Invasive Anolis sagrei on St. Vincent and its potential impact on perch heights of Anolis trinitatis. Caribbean J. Sci. 44(2):251-256.

Trejo-Torres, J.C. 2008. A new shrub species from a dry forest of Puerto Rico, Reynosia vivesiana (Rhamnaceae). Novon 18(3):390-394.

Tschapka, M., Sperr, E.B., Caballero-Martínez, L.A., and Medellín, R.A. 2008. Diet and cranial morphology of Musonycteris harrisoni, a highly specialized nectar-feeding bat in western Mexico. J. Mammal. 89(4):924-932.

Tsiamis, K., Panayotidis, P., and Zenetos, A. 2008. Alien marine macrophytes in Greece: a review. Bot. Mar. 51(4):237-246.

Turland, N.J. 2008. Anthemis samariensis (Asteraceae, Anthemideae), a new species from the mountains of W Kriti (Greece). Willdenowia 38(1):61-69.

van Kooten, G.C. 2008. Protecting the African elephant: a dynamic bioeconomic model of ivory trade. Biol. Conserv. 141(8):2012-2022.

Vashon, J.H., Meehan, A.L., Jakubas, W.J., Organ, J.F., Vashon, A.D., Mclaughlin, C.R., Matula, G.J., and Crowley, S.M. 2008. Spatial ecology of a Canada lynx population in northern Maine. J. Wildlife Manag. 72(7):1479-1487.

Vashon, J.H., Meehan, A.L., Organ, J.F., Jakubas, W.J., McLaughlin, C.R., Vashon, A.D., and Crowley, S.M. 2008. Diurnal habitat relationships of Canada lynx in an intensively managed private forest landscape in northern Maine. J. Wildlife Manag. 72(7):1488-1496.

Vural, C. 2008. A new species of Dianthus (Caryophyllaceae) from Mount Erciyes, central Anatolia, Turkey. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158(1):55-61.

Wagner, K.I., Gallagher, S.K., Hayes, M., Lawrence, B.A., and Zedler, J.B. 2008. Wetland restoration in the new millennium: do research efforts match opportunities? Restor. Ecol. 16(3):367-372.

Walker, R.F. 2008. Advancing forest cover development on a high-elevation Sierra Nevada mine site with nutritional amendments. Restor. Ecol. 16(3):486-494.

Watling, J.I., and Donnelly, M.A. 2008. Species richness and composition of amphibians and reptiles in a fragmented forest landscape in northeastern Bolivia. Basic Appl. Ecol. 9(5):523-532.

Webster, C.R., Rock, J.H., Froese, R.E., and Jenkins, M.A. 2008. Drought-herbivory interaction disrupts competitive displacement of native plants by Microstegium vimineum, 10-year results. Oecologia 157(3):497-508.

Wehling, S., and Diekmann, M. 2008. Factors influencing the spatial distribution of forest plant species in hedgerows of North-western Germany. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(11):2799-2813.

Whiteman, N.K., and Sites, R.W. 2008. Aquatic insects as umbrella species for ecosystem protection in Death Valley National Park. J. Insect Conserv. 12(5):499-509.

Williams, L., Reich, P., Capon, S.J., and Raulings, E. 2008. Soil seed banks of degraded riparian zones in southeastern Australia and their potential contribution to the restoration of understorey vegetation. River Res. Appl. 24(7):1002-1017.

Wilson, G.A., Fulton, T.L., Kendell, K., Scrimgeour, G., Paszkowski, C.A., and Coltman, D.W. 2008. Genetic diversity and structure in Canadian northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens) populations: implications for reintroduction programs. Can. J. Zool. 86(8):863-874.

Winfield, I.J., Fletcher, J.M., and James, J.B. 2008. The Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) populations of Windermere, UK: population trends associated with eutrophication, climate change and increased abundance of roach (Rutilus rutilus). Environ. Biol. Fish. 83(1):25-35.

Yang, G., Guo, L., Bruford, M.W., Wei, F.W., and Zhou, K.Y. 2008. Mitochondrial phylogeography and population history of finless porpoises in Sino-Japanese waters. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 95(1):193-204.

Yesilyurt, J.C. 2008. Introducing a new species of the fern genus Doryopteris (Pteridaceae, Polypodiopsida) from the Neotropics. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158(1):73-77.

Zaccarelli, N., Riitters, K.H., Petrosillo, I., and Zurlini, G. 2008. Indicating disturbance content and context for preserved areas. Ecol. Indic. 8(6):841-853.

Zuefle, M.E., Brown, W.P., and Tallamy, D.W. 2008. Effects of non-native plants on the native insect community of Delaware. Biol. Invasions 10(7):1159-1169.


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