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Department ofBotany

No. 289
January 2009

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In This Issue

A Closer Look at Hog Badgers

The hog badgers of East and Southeast Asia recently received a taxonomic revision and a biological overview in a paper co-authored by National Museum of Natural History scientists Kris Helgen and Lauren Helgen with Norman Lim of the Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research in Singapore (now at the University of California, Davis). The paper, published in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, argues that the genus Arctonyx, long considered monotypic, actually comprises three quite distinctive species of badgers. One of the three species, Arctonyx hoevenii, is endemic to the mountains of Sumatra. It was long overlooked taxonomically, in part because this badger, based on a remarkable misunderstanding, was originally described in 1891 in the order Edentata. The remaining two species, Arctonyx albogularis and Arctonyx collaris, occur on the Asian mainland and appear to overlap geographically, a fact recognized in older British Indian literature but overlooked by more recent reviewers. One of the mainland species, Arctonyx collaris, is the world’s largest badger.

Because hog badgers are commonly exhibited in zoos, figure in the global fur trade, and are hosts of some medically important parasites, the paper describes some of the applied impacts of this newly revised taxonomy in terms of management, conservation, and other practical matters.

Job Opportunities

The Department of Biological Sciences at Florida International University and Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden are seeking an outstanding scientist for an open rank position in plant conservation biology. We seek applicants with a PhD and an exceptional research and publication record. Areas of interest include, but are not limited to, conservation genetics, threatened species management, small population and metapopulation management, protected areas, plant genetic resources, biodiversity and habitat restoration, and tropical ecology. The successful candidate will teach courses within his/her specialty area and develop undergraduate/graduate courses in plant biodiversity and conservation. This is a joint appointment between FIU and Fairchild. The successful candidate will be based at Fairchild and provide input to the establishment of a major new center in tropical plant conservation. Review of applications will begin January 15, 2009; applications will be accepted until the position is filled. To apply send CV, brief description of research accomplishments and objectives, statement of teaching interests, selected reprints, and the names, addresses, and contact information for at least three references to Chair, Plant Conservation Biology Search, Dept. Biological Sciences, FIU, 11200 SW 8th St, Miami, Florida 33199 USA. Florida International University is an Equal OpportunityEducator and Employer.

Current Literature

Abrahams, C. 2008. Climate change and lakeshore conservation: a model and review of management techniques. Hydrobiologia 613:33-43.

Ahmadzadeh, F., Liaghati, H., Kiabi, B.H., Mehrabian, A.R., Abdoli, A., and Mostafavi, H. 2008. The status and conservation of the Asiatic black bear in Nikshahr County, Baluchistan District of Iran. J. Nat. Hist. 42(35-36):2379-2387.

Alarcon-Nieto, G., and Palacios, E. 2008. State of the population of Wattled Curassow (Crax globulosa) in the Lower Caqueta river, Colombian Amazonia. Ornitolog. Neotrop. 19(3):371-376.

Albanese, G., Vickery, P.D., and Sievert, P.R. 2008. Microhabitat use by larvae and females of a rare barrens butterfly, frosted elfin (Callophrys irus). J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):603-615.

Alexander, K.N.A. 2008. Tree biology and saproxylic Coleoptera: issues of definitions and conservation language. Rev. Ecol.-Terre Vie 2008:9-13.

Aliabadian, M., Sluys, R., Roselaar, C.S., and Nijman, V. 2008. Species diversity and endemism: testing the mid-domain effect on species richness patterns of songbirds in the Palearctic Region. Contrib. Zool. 77(2):99-108.

Alonso, A., and Castro-Díez, P. 2008. What explains the invading success of the aquatic mud snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Hydrobiidae, Mollusca)? Hydrobiologia 614(1):107-116.

Anand, M.O., Krishnaswamy, J., and Das, A. 2008. Proximity to forests drives bird conservation value of coffee plantations: implications for certification. Ecol. Appl. 18(7):1754-1763.

Andresen, E. 2008. Dung beetle assemblages in primary forest and disturbed habitats in a tropical dry forest landscape in Western Mexico. J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):639-650.

Arndt, E., and Perner, J. 2008. Invasion patterns of ground-dwelling arthropods in Canarian laurel forests. Acta Oecol. 34(2):202-213.

Arponen, A., Moilanen, A., and Ferrier, S. 2008. A successful community-level strategy for conservation prioritization. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(5):1436-1445.

Bapat, V.A., Yadav, S.R., and Dixit, G.B. 2008. Rescue of endangered plants through biotechnological applications. Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. 31(7-8):201-210.

Barber, N.A., Marquis, R.J., and Tori, W.P. 2008. Invasive prey impacts the abundance and distribution of native predators. Ecology 89(10):2678-2683.

Barrett, K., and Guyer, C. 2008. Differential responses of amphibians and reptiles in riparian and stream habitats to land use disturbances in western Georgia, USA. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2290-2300.

Barrett, S., Shearer, B.L., Crane, C.E., and Cochrane, A. 2008. An extinction-risk assessment tool for flora threatened by Phytophthora cinnamomi. Aust. J. Bot. 56(6):477-486.

Bayne, E.M., Habib, L., and Boutin, S. 2008. Impacts of chronic anthropogenic noise from energy-sector activity on abundance of songbirds in the boreal forest. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1186-1193.

Bennett, M.G., Kuhajda, B.R., and Howell, J.H. 2008. Status of the imperiled Frecklebelly Madtom, Noturus munitus (Siluriformes: Ictaluridae): a review of data from field surveys, museum records, and the literature. Southeast. Nat. 7(3):459-474.

Biedrzycka, A., and Konopinski, M.K. 2008. Genetic variability and the effect of habitat fragmentation in spotted suslik Spermophilus suslicus populations from two different regions. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1211-1221.

Blackhall, M., Raffaele, E., and Vebleyl, T.T. 2008. Cattle affect early post-fire regeneration in a Nothofagus dombeyi-Austrocedrus chilensis mixed forest in northern Patagonia, Argentina. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2251-2261.

Bouget, C., Brustel, H., and Zagatti, P. 2008. The French information system on saproxylic beetle ecology (FRISBEE): an ecological and taxonomical database to help with the assessment of forest conservation status. Rev. Ecol.-Terre Vie 2008:33-36.

Boven, L., Vanschoenwinkel, B., De Roeck, E.R., Hulsmans, A., and Brendonck, L. 2008. Diversity and distribution of large branchiopods in Kiskunsag (Hungary) in relation to local habitat and spatial factors: implications for their conservation. Mar. Freshwater Res. 59(10):940-950.

Brandão, C.R.F., Feitosa, R.M., Schmidt, F.A., and Solar, R.R.D. 2008. Rediscovery of the putatively extinct ant species Simopelta minima (Brandão) (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), with a discussion on rarity and conservation status of ant species. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 52(3):480-483.

Brereton, T.M., Warren, M.S., Roy, D.B., and Stewart, K. 2008. The changing status of the Chalkhill Blue butterfly Polyommatus coridon in the UK: the impacts of conservation policies and environmental factors. J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):629-638.

Bright, J., Lanyston, R., Bullman, R., Evans, R., Gardner, S., and Pearce-Higgins, J. 2008. Map of bird sensitivities to wind farms in Scotland: a tool to aid planning and conservation. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2342-2356.

Britton, J.R., Brazier, M., Davies, G.D., and Chare, S.I. 2008. Case studies on eradicating the Asiatic cyprinid Pseudorasbora parva from fishing lakes in England to prevent their riverine dispersal. Aquat. Conserv. 18(6):867-876.

Broennimann, O., and Guisan, A. 2008. Predicting current and future biological invasions: both native and invaded ranges matter. Biol. Lett. 4(5):585-589.

Buckley, M.C., and Crone, E.E. 2008. Negative off-site impacts of ecological restoration: understanding and addressing the conflict. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1118-1124.

Bulleri, F., and Benedetti-Cecchi, L. 2008. Facilitation of the introduced green alga Caulerpa racemosa by resident algal turfs: experimental evaluation of underlying mechanisms. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 364:77-86.

Busch, J. 2008. Gains from configuration: the transboundary protected area as a conservation tool. Ecol. Econ. 67(3):394-404.

Butler, J.R.A., Middlemas, S.J., McKelvey, S.A., Mcmyn, I., Leyshon, B., Walker, I., Thompson, P.M., Boyd, I.L., Duck, C., Armstrong, J.D., Graham, I.M., and Baxter, J.M. 2008. The Moray Firth Seal Management Plan: an adaptive framework for balancing the conservation of seals, salmon, fisheries and wildlife tourism in the UK. Aquat. Conserv. 18(6):1025-1038.

Caño, L., Escarré, J., Blanco-Moreno, J.M., and Sans, F.X. 2008. Assessing the effect of inbreeding and long-distance gene flow on the invasive potential of Senecio pterophorus (Asteraceae). Aust. J. Bot. 56(6):539-549.

Cao, L., Barter, M., and Lei, G. 2008. New Anatidae population estimates for eastern China: implications for current flyway estimates. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2301-2309.

Carey, M.P., and Mather, M.E. 2008. Tracking change in a human-dominated landscape: developing conservation guidelines using freshwater fish. Aquat. Conserv. 18(6):877-890.

Carvalheiro, L.G., Barbosa, E.R.M., and Memmott, J. 2008. Pollinator networks, alien species and the conservation of rare plants: Trinia glauca as a case study. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(5):1419-1427.

Castillo, J.M., Mateos-Naranjo, E., Nieva, F.J., and Figueroa, E. 2008. Plant zonation at salt marshes of the endangered cordgrass Spartina maritima invaded by Spartina densiflora. Hydrobiologia 614(1):363-371.

Close, D.C., Davidson, N.J., and Watson, T. 2008. Health of remnant woodlands in fragments under distinct grazing regimes. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2395-2402.

Coelho, R., and Erzini, K. 2008. Life history of a wide-ranging deepwater lantern shark in the north-east Atlantic, Etmopterus spinax (Chondrichthyes: Etmopteridae), with implications for conservation. J. Fish Biol. 73(6):1419-1443.

Colas, B., Kirchner, F., Riba, M., Olivieri, I., Mignot, A., Imbert, E., Beltrame, C., Carbonell, D., and Fréville, H. 2008. Restoration demography: a 10-year demographic comparison between introduced and natural populations of endemic Centaurea corymbosa (Asteraceae). J. Appl. Ecol. 45(5):1468-1476.

Couture, S.C., and Watzin, M.C. 2008. Diet of invasive adult white perch (Morone americana) and their effects on the zooplankton community in Missisquoi Bay, Lake Champlain. J. Great Lakes Res. 34(3):485-494.

Crawford, J.A., and Semlitsch, R.D. 2008. Post-disturbance effects of even-aged timber harvest on stream salamanders in Southern Appalachian forests. Anim. Conserv. 11(5):369-376.

Crossland, M.R., Brown, G.P., Anstis, M., Shilton, C.M., and Shine, R. 2008. Mass mortality of native anuran tadpoles in tropical Australia due to the invasive cane toad (Bufo marinus). Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2387-2394.

Curtis, J.M.R., and Vincent, A.C.J. 2008. Use of population viability analysis to evaluate CITES trade-management options for threatened marine fishes. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1225-1232.

da Mata, R., McGeoch, M., and Tidon, R. 2008. Drosophilid assemblages as a bioindicator system of human disturbance in the Brazilian Savanna. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):2899-2916.

Dalerum, F., Somers, M.J., Kunkel, K.E., and Cameron, E.Z. 2008. The potential for large carnivores to act as biodiversity surrogates in southern Africa. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):2939-2949.

Datta, A., and Goyal, S.P. 2008. Responses of diurnal tree squirrels to selective logging in western Arunachal Pradesh. Curr. Sci. 95(7):895-902.

Davis, N.E., O'Dowd, D.J., Green, P.T., and Mac Nally, R. 2008. Effects of an alien ant invasion on abundance, behavior, and reproductive success of endemic island birds. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1165-1176.

De Mitcheson, Y.S., Cornish, A., Domeier, M., Colin, P.L., Russell, M., and Lindeman, K.C. 2008. A global baseline for spawning aggregations of reef fishes. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1233-1244.

DeBoer, T.S., Subia, M.D., Ambariyanto, Erdmann, M.V., Kovitvongsa, K., and Barber, P.H. 2008. Phylogeography and limited genetic connectivity in the endangered boring giant clam across the Coral Triangle. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1255-1266.

Deem, S.L., Parker, P.G., and Miller, R.E. 2008. Building bridges: connecting the health and conservation professions. Biotropica 40(6):662-665.

Delibes-Mateos, M., Delibes, M., Ferreras, P., and Villafuerte, R. 2008. Key role of European rabbits in the conservation of the western Mediterranean Basin hotspot. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1106-1117.

Dennis, R.L.H., Hardy, P.B., and Shreeve, T.G. 2008. The importance of resource databanks for conserving insects: a butterfly biology perspective. J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):711-719.

Dick, J.T.A. 2008. Role of behaviour in biological invasions and species distributions; lessons from interactions between the invasive Gammarus pulex and the native G. duebeni (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Contrib. Zool. 77(2):91-98.

Dodds, W.K., Wilson, K.C., Rehmeier, R.L., Knight, G.L., Wiggam, S., Falke, J.A., Dalgleish, H.J., and Bertrand, K.N. 2008. Comparing ecosystem goods and services provided by restored and native lands. BioScience 58(9):837-845.

Drauch, A.M., Fisher, B.E., Latch, E.K., Fike, J.A., and Rhodes, O.E. 2008. Evaluation of a remnant lake sturgeon population's utility as a source for reintroductions in the Ohio River system. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1195-1209.

Duffy, K.J., and Stout, J.C. 2008. The effects of plant density and nectar reward on bee visitation to the endangered orchid Spiranthes romanzoffiana. Acta Oecol. 34(2):131-138.

Eastwood, R., Braby, M.F., Schmidt, D.J., and Hughes, J.M. 2008. Taxonomy, ecology, genetics and conservation status of the pale imperial hairstreak (Jalmenus eubulus) (Lepidoptera:Lycaenidae): a threatened butterfly from the Brigalow Belt, Australia. Invertebr. Syst. 22(4):407-423.

Edgar, G.J., Banks, S., Bensted-Smith, R., Calvopiña, M., Chiriboga, A., Garske, L.E., Henderson, S., Miller, K.A., and Salazar, S. 2008. Conservation of threatened species in the Galapagos Marine Reserve through identification and protection of marine key biodiversity areas. Aquat. Conserv. 18(6):955-968.

Edgar, G.J., Langhammer, P.F., Allen, G., Brooks, T.M., Brodie, J., Crosse, W., De Silva, N., Fishpool, L.D.C., Foster, M.N., Knox, D.H., Mccosker, J.E., McManus, R., Millar, A.J.K., and Mugo, R. 2008. Key biodiversity areas as globally significant target sites for the conservation of marine biological diversity. Aquat. Conserv. 18(6):969-983.

Ehrenfeld, D. 2008. Neoliberalization of conservation. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1091-1092.

Eichel, S., and Fartmann, T. 2008. Management of calcareous grasslands for Nickerl's fritillary (Melitaea aurelia) has to consider habitat requirements of the immature stages, isolation, and patch area. J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):677-688.

Ekué, M.R.M., Gailing, O., Hölscher, D., Sinsin, B., and Finkeldey, R. 2008. Population genetics of the cycad Encephalartos barteri ssp. barteri (Zamiaceae) in Benin with notes on leaflet morphology and implications for conservation. Belgian J. Bot. 141(1):78-94.

Engel, M.H., Fagundes, N.J.R., Rosenbaum, H.C., Leslie, M.S., Ott, P.H., Schmitt, R., Secchi, E., Rosa, L.D., and Bonatto, S.L. 2008. Mitochondrial DNA diversity of the Southwestern Atlantic humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) breeding area off Brazil, and the potential connections to Antarctic feeding areas. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1253-1262.

Evans, K.E., and Klinger, T. 2008. Obstacles to bottom-up implementation of marine ecosystem management. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1135-1143.

Exeler, N., Kratochwil, A., and Hochkirch, A. 2008. Strong genetic exchange among populations of a specialist bee, Andrena vaga (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1233-1241.

Faizi, S., and Ravichandran, M. 2008. Biodiversity and land reforms: a neglected linkage. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):2817-2819.

Feeley, K.J., and Terborgh, J.W. 2008. Direct versus indirect effects of habitat reduction on the loss of avian species from tropical forest fragments. Anim. Conserv. 11(5):353-360.

Feeley, K.J., and Terborgh, J.W. 2008. Trophic drivers of species loss from fragments. Anim. Conserv. 11(5):366-368.

Ferreira-Ramos, R., Laborda, P.R., Santos, M.D., Mayor, M.S., Mestriner, M.A., de Souza, A.P., and Alzate-Marin, A.L. 2008. Genetic analysis of forest species Eugenia uniflora L. through of newly developed SSR markers. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1281-1285.

Feurdean, A., and Willis, K.J. 2008. Long-term variability of Abies alba in NW Romania: implications for its conservation management. Divers. Distrib. 14(6):1004-1017.

Finch, O.D., Blick, T., and Schuldt, A. 2008. Macroecological patterns of spider species richness across Europe. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):2849-2868.

Finnegan, L.A., Edwards, C.J., and Rochford, J.M. 2008. Origin of, and conservation units in, the Irish red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) population. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1099-1109.

Fitzherbert, E.B., Struebig, M.J., Morel, A., Danielsen, F., Brühl, C.A., Donald, P.F., and Phalan, B. 2008. How will oil palm expansion affect biodiversity? Trends Ecol. Evol. 23(10):538-545.

Franc, N., and Götmark, F. 2008. Openness in management: hands-off vs partial cutting in conservation forests, and the response of beetles. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2310-2321.

Gardiner, T., and Dover, J. 2008. Is microclimate important for Orthoptera in open landscapes? J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):705-709.

Germain, E., Benhamou, S., and Poulle, M.L. 2008. Spatio-temporal sharing between the European wildcat, the domestic cat and their hybrids. J. Zool. 276(2):195-203.

Gibbons, P., Lindenmayer, D.B., Fischer, J., Manning, A.D., Weinberg, A., Seddon, J., Ryan, P., and Barrett, G. 2008. The future of scattered trees in agricultural landscapes. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1309-1319.

Gillespie, R.G., Claridge, E.M., and Goodacre, S.L. 2008. Biogeography of the fauna of French Polynesia: diversification within and between a series of hot spot archipelagos. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. [Biol.] 363(1508):3335-3346.

Godbout, G., and Ouellet, J.P. 2008. Habitat selection of American marten in a logged landscape at the southern fringe of the boreal forest. Ecoscience 15(3):332-342.

Granek, E.F., Madin, E.M.P., Brown, M.A., Figueira, W., Cameron, D.S., Hogan, Z., Kristianson, G., de Villiers, P., Williams, J.E., Post, J., Zahn, S., and Arlinghaus, R. 2008. Engaging recreational fishers in management and conservation: global case studies. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1125-1134.

Greenwald, D.N., and Bradley, C. 2008. Assessing protection for imperiled species of Nevada, USA: are species slipping through the cracks of existing protections? Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):2951-2960.

Grill, A., Cleary, D.F.R., Stettmer, C., Bräu, M., and Settele, J. 2008. A mowing experiment to evaluate the influence of management on the activity of host ants of Maculinea butterflies. J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):617-627.

Grunwald, C., Maceda, L., Waldman, J., Stabile, J., and Wirgin, I. 2008. Conservation of Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus: delineation of stock structure and distinct population segments. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1111-1124.

Hajkowicz, S., Higgins, A., Miller, C., and Marinoni, O. 2008. Targeting conservation payments to achieve multiple outcomes. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2368-2375.

Hale, B.W., Alsum, E.M., and Adams, M.S. 2008. Changes in the floodplain forest vegetation of the Lower Wisconsin River over the last fifty years. Am. Midl. Nat. 160(2):454-476.

Hannah, L., Dave, R., Lowry, P.P., Andelman, S., Andrianarisata, M., Andriamaro, L., Cameron, A., Hijmans, R., Kremen, C., MacKinnon, J., Randrianasolo, H.H., Andriambololonera, S., Razafimpahanana, A., Randriamahazo, H., Randrianarisoa, J., Razafinjatovo, P., Raxworthy, C., Schatz, G.E., Tadross, M., and Wilmé, L. 2008. Climate change adaptation for conservation in Madagascar. Biol. Lett. 4(5):590-594.

Harper, E.B., Rittenhouse, T.A.G., and Semlitsch, R.D. 2008. Demographic consequences of terrestrial habitat loss for pool-breeding amphibians: predicting extinction risks associated with inadequate size of buffer zones. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1205-1215.

Hawes, J., Barlow, J., Gardner, T.A., and Peres, C.A. 2008. The value of forest strips for understorey birds in an Amazonian plantation landscape. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2262-2278.

Heiman, K.W., Vidargas, N., and Micheli, F. 2008. Non-native habitat as home for non-native species: comparison of communities associated with invasive tubeworm and native oyster reefs. Aquat. Biol. 2(1):47-56.

Helgen, K.M., Lim, N.T.L., and Helgen, L.E. 2008. The hog-badger is not an edentate: systematics and evolution of the genus Arctonyx (Mammalia: Mustelidae). Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 154(2):353-385.

Hochkirch, A., Gartner, A.C., and Brandt, T. 2008. Effects of forest-dune ecotone management on the endangered heath grasshopper, Chorthippus vagans (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Bull. Entomol. Res. 98(5):449-456.

Holl, K.D. 2008. Are there benefits of bat roosts for tropical forest restoration? Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1090.

Honjo, M., Ueno, S., Tsurnura, Y., Handa, T., Washitani, I., and Ohsawa, R. 2008. Tracing the origins of stocks of the endangered species Primula sieboldii using nuclear microsatellites and chloroplast DNA. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1139-1147.

Horák, J., Chobot, K., Kohutka, A., and Gebauer, R. 2008. Possible factors influencing the distribution of a threatened saproxylic beetle Cucujus cinnaberinus (Scopoli 1763) (Coleoptera: Cucujidae). Coleopts. Bull. 62(3):437-440.

Horgan, F.G. 2008. Dung beetle assemblages in forests and pastures of El Salvador: a functional comparison. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):2961-2978.

Howeth, J.G., McGaugh, S.E., and Hendrickson, D.A. 2008. Contrasting demographic and genetic estimates of dispersal in the endangered Coahuilan box turtle: a contemporary approach to conservation. Mol. Ecol. 17(19):4209-4221.

James, J.J. 2008. Leaf nitrogen productivity as a mechanism driving the success of invasive annual grasses under low and high nitrogen supply. J. Arid Environ. 72(10):1775-1784.

Janecka, J.E., Jackson, R., Yuquang, Z., Diqiang, L., Munkhtsog, B., Buckley-Beason, V., and Murphy, W.J. 2008. Population monitoring of snow leopards using noninvasive collection of scat samples: a pilot study. Anim. Conserv. 11(5):401-411.

Jang, M.H., Yoon, J.D., Shin, J.H., and Joo, G.J. 2008. Status of freshwater fish around the Korean Demilitarized Zone and its implications for conservation. Aquat. Conserv. 18(6):819-828.

Jedrzejewski, W., Jedrzejewska, B., Zawadzka, B., Borowik, T., Nowak, S., and Myslajek, R.W. 2008. Habitat suitability model for Polish wolves based on long-term national census. Anim. Conserv. 11(5):377-390.

Jeschke, J.M. 2008. Across islands and continents, mammals are more successful invaders than birds. Divers. Distrib. 14(6):913-916.

Johnson, J.A., Gilbert, M., Virani, M.Z., Asim, M., and Mindell, D.P. 2008. Temporal genetic analysis of the critically endangered oriental white-backed vulture in Pakistan. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2403-2409.

Johnson, M.V.V., and Fulbright, T.E. 2008. Is exotic plant invasion enhanced by a traditional wildlife habitat management technique? J. Arid Environ. 72(10):1911-1917.

Karanth, K.K., Kramer, R.A., Qian, S.S., and Christensen, N.L. 2008. Examining conservation attitudes, perspectives, and challenges in India. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2357-2367.

Kardol, P., Van der Wal, A., Bezemer, T.M., de Boer, W., Duyts, H., Holtkamp, R., and Van der Putten, W.H. 2008. Restoration of species-rich grasslands on ex-arable land: seed addition outweighs soil fertility reduction. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2208-2217.

Kasuya, T. 2008. Cetacean biology and conservation: a Japanese scientist's perspective spanning 46 years. Mar. Mammal Sci. 24(4):749-773.

Keith, D.A., Akçakaya, H.R., Thuiller, W., Midgley, G.F., Pearson, R.G., Phillips, S.J., Regan, H.M., Araújo, M.B., and Rebelo, T.G. 2008. Predicting extinction risks under climate change: coupling stochastic population models with dynamic bioclimatic habitat models. Biol. Lett. 4(5):560-563.

Kellermann, J.L., Johnson, M.D., Stercho, A.M., and Hackett, S.C. 2008. Ecological and economic services provided by birds on Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee farms. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1177-1185.

Kelm, D.H., Wiesner, K.R., and von Helversen, O. 2008. Are there benefits of bat roosts for tropical forest restoration? Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1090-1091.

Keogh, J.S., Edwards, D.L., Fisher, R.N., and Harlow, P.S. 2008. Molecular and morphological analysis of the critically endangered Fijian iguanas reveals cryptic diversity and a complex biogeographic history. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. [Biol.] 363(1508):3413-3426.

Kindlmann, P., and Burel, F. 2008. Connectivity measures: a review. Landscape Ecol. 23(8):879-890.

Kirmer, A., Tischew, S., Ozinga, W.A., von Lampe, M., Baasch, A., and van Groenendael, J.M. 2008. Importance of regional species pools and functional traits in colonization processes: predicting re-colonization after large-scale destruction of ecosystems. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(5):1523-1530.

Kissui, B.M. 2008. Livestock predation by lions, leopards, spotted hyenas, and their vulnerability to retaliatory killing in the Maasai steppe, Tanzania. Anim. Conserv. 11(5):422-432.

Knapp, S., Kühn, I., Schweiger, O., and Klotz, S. 2008. Challenging urban species diversity: contrasting phylogenetic patterns across plant functional groups in Germany. Ecol. Lett. 11(10):1054-1064.

Knight, A.T., and Cowling, R.M. 2008. Clearing the mud from the conservation opportunity debate: reply to Pressey and Bottrill. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1346-1348.

Kooyman, R., and Rossetto, M. 2008. Definition of plant functional groups for informing implementation scenarios in resource-limited multi-species recovery planning. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):2917-2937.

Koprowski, J.L., and Nandini, R. 2008. Global hotspots and knowledge gaps for tree and flying squirrels. Curr. Sci. 95(7):851-856.

Kreyling, J., Beierkuhnlein, C., Ellis, L., and Jentsch, A. 2008. Invasibility of grassland and heath communities exposed to extreme weather events - additive effects of diversity resistance and fluctuating physical environment. Oikos 117(10):1542-1554.

Laiolo, P. 2008. Characterizing the spatial structure of songbird cultures. Ecol. Appl. 18(7):1774-1780.

Laiolo, P., and Tella, J.L. 2008. Social determinants of songbird vocal activity and implications for the persistence of small populations. Anim. Conserv. 11(5):433-441.

Larsen, T.B. 2008. Forest butterflies in West Africa have resisted far (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea). Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):2833-2847.

Larsen, T.H., Lopera, A., and Forsyth, A. 2008. Understanding trait-dependent community disassembly: dung beetles, density functions, and forest fragmentation. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1288-1298.

Laurance, W.F. 2008. Theory meets reality in fragmented forests. Anim. Conserv. 11(5):364-365.

Laurance, W.F., Laurance, S.G., and Hilbert, D.W. 2008. Long-term dynamics of a fragmented rainforest mammal assemblage. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1154-1164.

Lawrence, H.A., Taylor, G.A., Crockett, D.E., Millar, C.D., and Lambert, D.M. 2008. New genetic approach to detecting individuals of rare and endangered species. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1267-1276.

Lawrence, H.A., Taylor, G.A., Millar, C.D., and Lambert, D.M. 2008. High mitochondrial and nuclear genetic diversity in one of the world's most endangered seabirds, the Chatham Island Taiko (Pterodroma magentae). Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1293-1301.

Le Roux, J.J., Wieczorek, A.M., and Meyer, J.Y. 2008. Genetic diversity and structure of the invasive tree Miconia calvescens in Pacific islands. Divers. Distrib. 14(6):935-948.

Lecis, R., Ferrando, A., Ruiz-Olmo, I., Mañas, S., and Domingo-Roura, X. 2008. Population genetic structure and distribution of introduced American mink (Mustela vison) in Spain, based on microsatellite variation. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1149-1161.

Lees, A.C., and Bell, D.J. 2008. A conservation paradox for the 21st century: the European wild rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus, an invasive alien and an endangered native species. Mammal Rev. 38(4):304-320.

Leonard, J.A. 2008. Ancient DNA applications for wildlife conservation. Mol. Ecol. 17(19):4186-4196.

Lima, F.C.T., Albrecht, M.P., Pavanelli, C.S., and Vono, V. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Brycon nattereri Günther, 1864 (Characidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 83(2):207-208.

Lin, H.C., Li, S.H., Fong, J., and Lin, S.M. 2008. Ventral coloration differentiation and mitochondrial sequences of the Chinese Cobra (Naja atra) in Taiwan. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1089-1097.

Linde, A.R., Izquierdo, J.I., Moreira, J.C., and Garcia-Vazquez, E. 2008. Invasive tilapia juveniles are associated with degraded river habitats. Aquat. Conserv. 18(6):891-895.

Linke, S., Norris, R.H., and Pressey, R.L. 2008. Irreplaceability of river networks: towards catchment-based conservation planning. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(5):1486-1495.

Linkie, M., Haidir, W.A., Nugroho, A., and Dinata, Y. 2008. Conserving tigers Panthera tigris in selectively logged Sumatran forests. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2410-2415.

Lloyd, H. 2008. Influence of within-patch habitat quality on high-Andean Polylepis bird abundance. Ibis 150(4):735-745.

Lord, C., and Keith, P. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Sicyopterus sarasini Weber & de Beaufort, 1915 (Gobiidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 83(2):169-170.

Loyola, R.D., de Oliveira, G., Diniz-Filho, J.A.F., and Lewinsohn, T.M. 2008. Conservation of Neotropical carnivores under different prioritization scenarios: mapping species traits to minimize conservation conflicts. Divers. Distrib. 14(6):949-960.

Lurz, P.W.W., Koprowski, J.L., and Wood, D.J.A. 2008. The use of GIS and modelling approaches in squirrel population management and conservation: a review. Curr. Sci. 95(7):918-922.

Lyons, D.A., and Scheibling, R.E. 2008. Context-dependant survival of the invasive seaweed Codium fragile ssp. tomentosoides in kelp bed and urchin barren habitats off Nova Scotia. Aquat. Biol. 2(1):17-27.

MacDougall, A.S. 2008. Herbivory, hunting, and long-term vegetation change in degraded savanna. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2174-2183.

Marini, L., Prosser, F., Klimek, S., and Marrs, R.H. 2008. Water-energy, land-cover and heterogeneity drivers of the distribution of plant species richness in a mountain region of the European Alps. J. Biogeogr. 35(10):1826-1839.

Martensen, A.C., Pimentel, R.G., and Metzger, J.P. 2008. Relative effects of fragment size and connectivity on bird community in the Atlantic Rain Forest: implications for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2184-2192.

Martínez-Fresno, M., Henriques-Gil, N., and Arana, P. 2008. Mitochondrial DNA sequence variability in red-legged partridge, Alectoris rufa, Spanish populations and the origins of genetic contamination from A. chukar. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1223-1231.

Matern, A., Drees, C., Meyer, H., and Assmann, T. 2008. Population ecology of the rare carabid beetle Carabus variolosus (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in north-west Germany. J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):591-601.

Mattila, M., Kotiaho, J.S., Kaitala, V., and Komonen, A. 2008. The use of ecological traits in extinction risk assessments: a case study on geometrid moths. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2322-2328.

Mawdsley, J.R. 2008. Use of simple remote sensing tools to expedite surveys for rare tiger beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):689-693.

Maxted, N., Dulloo, E., Ford-Lloyd, B.V., Iriondo, J.M., and Jarvis, A. 2008. Gap analysis: a tool for complementary genetic conservation assessment. Divers. Distrib. 14(6):1018-1030.

McCarthy, M.A., Thompson, C.J., and Garnett, S.T. 2008. Optimal investment in conservation of species. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(5):1428-1435.

McGeoch, L., Gordon, I., and Schmitt, J. 2008. Impacts of land use, anthropogenic disturbance, and harvesting on an African medicinal liana. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2218-2229.

McRae, B.H., Dickson, B.G., Keitt, T.H., and Shah, V.B. 2008. Using circuit theory to model connectivity in ecology, evolution, and conservation. Ecology 89(10):2712-2724.

Méndez-Sánchez, J.F., Garduño-Paz, M.V., Ruíz-Gómez, M.D., Hernández-Gallegos, O., and Adams, C.E. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Menidia riojai Solórzano and López 1965 (Atheriniformes: Atherinopsidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 83(2):211-212.

Milankov, V., Ståhls, G., Stamenkovic, J., and Vujic, A. 2008. Genetic diversity of populations of Merodon aureus and M. cinereus species complexes (Diptera, Syrphidae): integrative taxonomy and implications for conservation priorities on the Balkan Peninsula. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1125-1137.

Miller, K.J., and Ayre, D.J. 2008. Protection of genetic diversity and maintenance of connectivity among reef corals within marine protected areas. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1245-1254.

Moore, J.A., Nelson, N.J., Keall, S.N., and Daugherty, C.H. 2008. Implications of social dominance and multiple paternity for the genetic diversity of a captive-bred reptile population (tuatara). Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1243-1251.

Moretti, M., Staehli, C., and Gillet, F. 2008. Determinants for the conservation of a vulnerable fire-dependent species at its marginal range. Plant Ecol. 199(1):89-98.

Moretto, E.M., Marciano, F.T., Velludo, M.R., Fenerich-Verani, N., Espíndola, E.L.G., and Rocha, O. 2008. The recent occurrence, establishment and potential impact of Geophagus proximus (Cichlidae: Perciformes) in the Tietê River reservoirs: an Amazonian fish species introduced in the Parana Basin (Brazil). Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):3013-3025.

Mumby, P.J., and Steneck, R.S. 2008. Coral reef management and conservation in light of rapidly evolving ecological paradigms. Trends Ecol. Evol. 23(10):555-563.

Müller, J., Bußler, H., Goßner, M., Rettelbach, T., and Duelli, P. 2008. The European spruce bark beetle Ips typographus in a national park: from pest to keystone species. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):2979-3001.

Munshi-South, J., Tchignoumba, L., Brown, J., Abbondanza, N., Maldonado, J.E., Henderson, A., and Alonso, A. 2008. Physiological indicators of stress in African forest elephants (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) in relation to petroleum operations in Gabon, Central Africa. Divers. Distrib. 14(6):995-1003.

Namgyel, U., Siebert, S.F., and Wang, S. 2008. Shifting cultivation and biodiversity conservation in Bhutan. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1349-1351.

Navarrete, D., and Halffter, G. 2008. Dung beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) diversity in continuous forest, forest fragments and cattle pastures in a landscape of Chiapas, Mexico: the effects of anthropogenic changes. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):2869-2898.

Nawaz, M.A., Swenson, J.E., and Zakaria, V. 2008. Pragmatic management increases a flagship species, the Himalayan brown bears, in Pakistan's Deosai National Park. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2230-2241.

New, T.R. 2008. Conserving narrow range endemic insects in the face of climate change: options for some Australian butterflies. J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):585-589.

Nielsen, S.E., Stenhouse, G.B., Beyer, H.L., Huettmann, F., and Boyce, M.S. 2008. Can natural disturbance-based forestry rescue a declining population of grizzly bears? Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2193-2207.

Nijman, V., and Vonk, R. 2008. Blurring the picture: introductions, invasions, extinctions - biogeography in a global world. Contrib. Zool. 77(2):67-70.

O'Grady, J.J., Reed, D.H., Brook, B.W., and Frankham, R. 2008. Extinction risk scales better to generations than to years. Anim. Conserv. 11(5):442-451.

Ohtani, M., Terauchi, H., Nishihiro, J., Ueno, S., Tsumura, Y., and Washitani, I. 2008. Towards a legal framework for systematic conservation: identification and development of allele-specific PCR markers for conspecific varieties of an endangered perennial herb Primula kisoana Miquel based on sequence variation of chloroplast DNA. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1173-1181.

Özden, Ö., Ciesla, W.M., Fuller, W.J., and Hodgson, D.J. 2008. Butterfly diversity in Mediterranean islands and in Pentadaktylos Pinus brutia forests of Cyprus. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):2821-2832.

Özulug, M., and Öztürk, M.O. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Pseudophoxinus anatolicus (Hanko 1924) (Cyprinidae), Central Anatolia, Turkey. Environ. Biol. Fish. 83(2):183-184.

Palmer, G.C., Fitzsimons, J.A., Antos, M.J., and White, J.G. 2008. Determinants of native avian richness in suburban remnant vegetation: implications for conservation planning. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2329-2341.

Pardini, E.A., Teller, B.J., and Knight, T.M. 2008. Consequences of density dependence for management of a stage-structured invasive plant (Alliaria petiolata). Am. Midl. Nat. 160(2):310-322.

Parsons, B.C., Short, J.C., and Roberts, J.D. 2008. Contraction in the range of Malleefowl (Leipoa ocellata) in Western Australia: a comparative assessment using presence-only and presence-absence datasets. Emu 108(3):221-231.

Parviainen, M., Luoto, M., Ryttäri, T., and Heikkinen, R.K. 2008. Modelling the occurrence of threatened plant species in taiga landscapes: methodological and ecological perspectives. J. Biogeogr. 35(10):1888-1905.

Paterson, J.S., Araújo, M.B., Berry, P.M., Piper, J.M., and Rounsevell, M.D.A. 2008. Mitigation, adaptation, and the threat to biodiversity. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1352-1355.

Pattanaik, C., Prasad, S.N., and Reddy, C.S. 2008. Mangalajodi wetland: priority site for conservation. Curr. Sci. 95(7):816-817.

Perhans, K., Kindstrand, C., Boman, M., Djupström, L.B., Gustafsson, L., Mattsson, L., Schroeder, L.M., Weslien, J., and Wikberg, S. 2008. Conservation goals and the relative importance of costs and benefits in reserve selection. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1331-1339.

Pettengill, J.B., and Neel, M.C. 2008. Phylogenetic patterns and conservation among North American members of the genus Agalinis (Orobanchaceae). BMC Evol. Biol. 8:264.

Philpott, S.M., Arendt, W.J., Armbrecht, I., Bichier, P., Diestch, T.V., Gordon, C., Greenberg, R., Perfecto, I., Reynoso-Santos, R., Soto-Pinto, L., Tejeda-Cruz, C., Williams-Linera, G., Valenzuela, J., and Zolotoff, J.M. 2008. Biodiversity loss in Latin American coffee landscapes: review of the evidence on ants, birds, and trees. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1093-1105.

Prasad, G., Ali, A., and Raghavan, R. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Puntius denisonii (Day 1865) (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 83(2):189-190.

Preisser, E.L., and Elkinton, J.S. 2008. Exploitative competition between invasive herbivores benefits a native host plant. Ecology 89(10):2671-2677.

Pressey, R.L., and Bottrill, M.C. 2008. Opportunism, threats, and the evolution of systematic conservation planning. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1340-1345.

Pryke, J.S., and Samways, M.J. 2008. Conservation of invertebrate biodiversity on a mountain in a global biodiversity hotspot, Cape Floral Region. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):3027-3043.

Rackham, O. 2008. Ancient woodlands: modern threats. New Phytol. 180(3):571-586.

Reif, J., Voríšek, P., Št'astný, K., Koschová, M., and Bejcek, V. 2008. The impact of climate change on long-term population trends of birds in a central European country. Anim. Conserv. 11(5):412-421.

Ribeiro, D.B., Prado, P.I., Brown, K.S., and Freitals, A.V.L. 2008. Additive partitioning of butterfly diversity in a fragmented landscape: importance of scale and implications for conservation. Divers. Distrib. 14(6):961-968.

Ross, C.A., and Auge, H. 2008. Invasive Mahonia plants outgrow their native relatives. Plant Ecol. 199(1):21-31.

Ross, C.A., Auge, H., and Durka, W. 2008. Genetic relationships among three native North-American Mahonia species, invasive Mahonia populations from Europe, and commercial cultivars. Plant Syst. Evol. 275(3-4):219-229.

Salgueiro, P., Palmeirim, J.M., Ruedi, M., and Coelho, M.M. 2008. Gene flow and population structure of the endemic Azorean bat (Nyctalus azoreum) based on microsatellites: implications for conservation. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1163-1171.

Sarà, M. 2008. Breeding abundance of threatened raptors as estimated from occurrence data. Ibis 150(4):766-778.

Saura, M., Perez-Figueroa, A., Fernandez, J., Toro, M.A., and Caballero, A. 2008. Preserving population allele frequencies in ex situ conservation programs. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1277-1287.

Sayer, C.D., Davidson, T.A., and Kelly, A. 2008. Ornamental lakes - an overlooked conservation resource? Aquat. Conserv. 18(6):1046-1051.

Schmidt, M.H., Rocker, S., Hanafi, J., and Gigon, A. 2008. Rotational fallows as overwintering habitat for grassland arthropods: the case of spiders in fen meadows. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):3003-3012.

Schwartz, M.W., Hunter, M.L., and Boersma, P.D. 2008. Scientific societies in the 21st century: a membership crisis. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1087-1089.

Severns, P.M. 2008. Exotic grass invasion impacts fitness of an endangered prairie butterfly, Icaricia icarioides fenderi. J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):651-661.

Shen, G.Z., Feng, C.Y., Xie, Z.Q., Ouyang, Z.Y., Li, J.Q., and Pascal, M. 2008. Proposed conservation landscape for giant pandas in the Minshan Mountains, China. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1144-1153.

Sherry, T.W. 2008. Community approach to tropical forest fragmentation gets us closer to understanding mechanisms by revealing strong indirect effects. Anim. Conserv. 11(5):361-363.

Sim-Sim, M., Luís, L., Garcia, C., Fontinha, S., Lobo, C., Martins, S., and Stech, M. 2008. New data on the status of threatened bryophytes of Madeira Island. J. Bryol. 30:226-228.

Simcharoen, S., Barlow, A.C.D., Simcharoen, A., and Smith, J.L.D. 2008. Home range size and daytime habitat selection of leopards in Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2242-2250.

Slik, J.W.F., Bernard, C.S., Breman, F.C., Van Beek, M., Salim, A., and Sheil, D. 2008. Wood density as a conservation tool: quantification of disturbance and identification of conservation-priority areas in tropical forests. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1299-1308.

Smith, K.L., Flores, I.C., and Pringle, C.M. 2008. A comparison of current and historical fish assemblages in a Caribbean island estuary: conservation value of historical data. Aquat. Conserv. 18(6):993-1004.

Smith, Z.F., James, E.A., and McLean, C.B. 2008. In situ morphometric study of the Diuris punctata species complex (Orchidaceae), with implications for conservation. Aust. Syst. Bot. 21(4):289-300.

Srinivasulu, C., and Srinivasulu, B. 2008. Nallamala Hills, Andhra Pradesh: a biodiversity conservation priority area in southeastern India. Curr. Sci. 95(6):703-704.

Starikowich, T. 2008. Ungulate flight responses to human disturbance: a review and meta-analysis. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2159-2173.

Stephens, S.E., Walker, J.A., Blunck, D.R., Jayaraman, A., Naugle, D.E., Ringelman, J.K., and Smith, A.J. 2008. Predicting risk of habitat conversion in native temperate grasslands. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1320-1330.

Stevens, V.M., and Baguette, M. 2008. Importance of habitat quality and landscape connectivity for the persistence of endangered natterjack toads. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1194-1204.

Tabarelli, M., Lopes, A.V., and Peres, C.A. 2008. Edge-effects drive tropical forest fragments towards an early-successional system. Biotropica 40(6):657-661.

Thirgood, S., and Redpath, S. 2008. Hen harriers and red grouse: science, politics and human-wildlife conflict. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(5):1550-1554.

Tomillo, P.S., Saba, V.S., Piedra, R., Palkdino, F.V., and Spotila, J.R. 2008. Effects of illegal harvest of eggs on the population decline of leatherback turtles in Las Baulas Marine National Park, Costa Rica. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1216-1224.

Travis, S.E., Baggs, J.E., and Maschinski, J. 2008. Disentangling the role of hybridization in the evolution of the endangered Arizona cliffrose (Purshia subintegra; Rosaceae): a molecular and morphological analysis. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1183-1194.

Tutman, P., Glamuzina, B., and Dulcic, J. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Chondrostoma knerii Heckel, 1843 (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 83(2):209-210.

Valeix, M., Fritz, H., Chamaillé-Jammes, S., Bourgarel, M., and Murindagomo, F. 2008. Fluctuations in abundance of large herbivore populations: insights into the influence of dry season rainfall and elephant numbers from long-term data. Anim. Conserv. 11(5):391-400.

Vamosi, J.C., and Wilson, J.R.U. 2008. Nonrandom extinction leads to elevated loss of angiosperm evolutionary history. Ecol. Lett. 11(10):1047-1053.

Van Landuyt, W., Vanhecke, L., Hoste, I., Hendrickx, F., and Bauwens, D. 2008. Changes in the distribution area of vascular plants in Flanders (northern Belgium): eutrophication as a major driving force. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(12):3045-3060.

van Teeffelen, A.J.A., Cabeza, M., Pöyry, J., Raatikainen, K., and Kuussaari, M. 2008. Maximizing conservation benefit for grassland species with contrasting management requirements. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(5):1401-1409.

Velo-Antón, G., García-París, M., and Rivera, A.C. 2008. Patterns of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA variation in Iberian populations of Emys orbicularis (Emydidae): conservation implications. Conserv. Genet. 9(5):1263-1274.

Verhoeven, J.T.A., Soons, M.B., Janssen, R., and Omtzigt, N. 2008. An Operational Landscape Unit approach for identifying key landscape connections in wetland restoration. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(5):1496-1503.

Vieira, I., Louzada, J.N.C., and Spector, S. 2008. Effects of degradation and replacement of southern Brazilian coastal sandy vegetation on the dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Biotropica 40(6):719-727.

Vignon, V. 2008. Comparing size of Osmoderma eremita populations and habitat quality in different French localities: conservation perspectives. Rev. Ecol.-Terre Vie 2008:123-129.

Wang, D.J., Li, S., Sun, S., Wang, H., Chen, A., Li, S.Z., Li, J., and Lu, Z. 2008. Turning earthquake disaster into long-term benefits for the panda. Conserv. Biol. 22(5):1356-1360.

Wang, Y.H., Yang, K.C., Bridgman, C.L., and Lin, L.K. 2008. Habitat suitability modelling to correlate gene flow with landscape connectivity. Landscape Ecol. 23(8):989-1000.

Warren, S.D., and Büttner, R. 2008. Active military training areas as refugia for disturbance-dependent endangered insects. J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):671-676.

Watanabe, M., Matsu'ura, S., and Fukaya, M. 2008. Changes in distribution and abundance of the endangered damselfly Mortonagrion hirosei Asahina (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae) in a reed community artificially established for its conservation. J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):663-670.

Weller, T.J. 2008. Using occupancy estimation to assess the effectiveness of a regional multiple-species conservation plan: bats in the Pacific Northwest. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2279-2289.

Wood, P.J., Gunn, J., and Rundle, S.D. 2008. Response of benthic cave invertebrates to organic pollution events. Aquat. Conserv. 18(6):909-922.

Wright, J.I., and Gribben, P.E. 2008. Predicting the impact of an invasive seaweed on the fitness of native fauna. J. Appl. Ecol. 45(5):1540-1549.

Xie, Z.H., Williams, P.H., and Tang, Y. 2008. The effect of grazing on bumblebees in the high rangelands of the Eastern Tibetan Plateau of Sichuan. J. Insect Conserv. 12(6):695-703.

Yang, J., Chen, X.Y., and Yang, J.X. 2008. Threatened fishes of the world: Cyprinus micristius Regan 1906 (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 83(2):221-222.

Yoshihara, Y., Chimeddorj, B., Buuueibaatar, B., Lhaquasuren, B., and Takatsuki, S. 2008. Effects of livestock grazing on pollination on a steppe in eastern Mongolia. Biol. Conserv. 141(9):2376-2386.

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