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Department ofBotany

No. 291
March 2009

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In This Issue

Symposium to Explore Genome Evolution in Plants

Ever since Darwin, biologists have sought to understand how species evolve. The complexity and flexibility of the plant genome, as first revealed by Mendelian genetic methods, renders plants especially able to adapt to changing environments. The new tools of genomics, driven by studies of model organisms, are now being applied across the diversity of plant life. Comparative studies have addressed the role of variation in genes, gene families and genomes in such processes as speciation, domestication and floral development.

The 2009 Smithsonian Botanical Symposium, entitled "Genes, Genomics, and Genome Evolution in Plants," hosted by the National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany, will highlight results of current studies on plant genes and genomes, especially as they apply to fundamental questions in evolutionary biology, crop improvement and ecosystem sustenance in rapidly changing environments worldwide.

The Symposium will be held at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., on 27-28 March 2009. The Symposium will include a day of invited speakers, and is being sponsored by NMNH and the United States Botanic Garden, with support of the National Science Foundation and the Cuatrecasas Family Foundation.

Registration and additional information about the Symposium are available at, or email for more information.

Call for Papers

The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew is hosting a celebratory scientific conference on 12-16 October 2009, "Plant Conservation for the Next Decade: A Celebration of Kew's 250th Anniversary." The program will include three days of scientific sessions in the Jodrell laboratory, showcasing Kew's conservation research and inviting leading international research scientists to present papers in six sessions - Plant Conservation: Policies and Politics; Plant Conservation: Management and Restoration; Plant Conservation and Human Cultures; Plant Conservation and Agriculture; Frontiers of Plant Conservation Technology; and, Plant Conservation: What Can We Afford to Lose?

Keynote speakers include Dr. Peter Raven, Dr. Judy West, Professor Hongwen Huang, Professor Michael E. Kane, Dr. Saw Leng Guan, Professor Richard Hobbs, Ms. Sara Oldfield, the current Director of Kew Professor Stephen Hopper and previous Directors Professor Sir Peter Crane and Professor Sir Ghillean Prance.

Kew now invites interested parties to submit abstracts for posters and oral presentations, to be considered for inclusion in this exciting conference. Participating authors are also invited to contribute to a special issue of Kew Bulletin, subject to standard scientific review. Abstracts should be no longer than 250 words, excluding the title, and the deadline for abstract submission is 9 April 2009. Details of online abstract submission and registration, and general information about the conference, can be found at

Current Literature

Abadie, J.C., Andrade, C., Machon, N., and Porcher, E. 2008. On the use of parataxonomy in biodiversity monitoring: a case study on wild flora. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3485-3500.

Aben, J., Dorenbosch, M., Herzog, S.K., Smolders, A.J.P., and Van Der Velde, G. 2008. Human disturbance affects a deciduous forest bird community in the Andean foothills of central Bolivia. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(4):363-380.

Abrahamczyk, S., Kessler, M., Putra, D.D., Waltert, M., and Tscharntke, T. 2008. The value of differently managed cacao plantations for forest bird conservation in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(4):349-362.

Aksoy, A., Hamzaoglu, E., and Kiliç, S. 2008. A new species of Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae) from Turkey. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158(4):730-733.

Alagona, P.S. 2008. Credibility. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1365-1367.

Anderson, R.C. 2008. Growth and arbuscular mycorrhizal rungal colonization of two prairie grasses grown in soil from restorations of three ages. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):650-656.

Anthelme, F., Mato, M.W., and Maley, J. 2008. Elevation and local refuges ensure persistence of mountain specific vegetation in the Nigerien Sahara. J. Arid Environ. 72(12):2232-2242.

Anthony, B.P. 2008. Use of modified threat reduction assessments to estimate success of conservation measures within and adjacent to Kruger National Park, South Africa. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1497-1505.

Ayres, E., Nkem, J.N., Wall, D.H., Adams, B.J., Barrett, J.E., Broos, E.J., Parsons, A.N., Powers, L.E., Simmons, B.L., and Virginia, R.A. 2008. Effects of human trampling on populations of soil fauna in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1544-1551.

Barnett, J.R., Ruiz-Gutierrez, V., Coulon, A., and Lovette, I.J. 2008. Weak genetic structuring indicates ongoing gene flow across White-ruffed Manakin (Corapipo altera) populations in a highly fragmented Costa Rica landscape. Conserv. Genet. 9(6):1403-1412.

Barton, C.D., Andrews, D.M., and Kolka, R.K. 2008. Evaluating hydroperiod response in restored Carolina bay wetlands using soil physicochemical properties . Restor. Ecol. 16(4):668-677.

Bas, Y., Devictor, V., Moussus, J.P., and Jiguet, F. 2008. Accounting for weather and time-of-day parameters when analysing count data from monitoring programs. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3403-3416.

Basset, Y., Missa, O., Alonso, A., Miller, S.E., Curletti, G., De Meyer, M., Eardley, C., Lewis, O.T., Mansell, M.W., Novotny, V., and Wagner, T. 2008. Changes in arthropod assemblages along a wide gradient of disturbance in Gabon. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1552-1563.

Beier, C.M. 2008. Influence of political opposition and compromise on conservation outcomes in the Tongass National Forest, Alaska. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1485-1496.

Bell, S., Marzano, M., Cent, J., Kobierska, H., Podjed, D., Vandzinskaite, D., Reinert, H., Armaitiene, A., Grodziñska-Jurczak, M., and Muršic, R. 2008. What counts? Volunteers and their organisations in the recording and monitoring of biodiversity. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3443-3454.

Belton, L.E., Dalerum, F., and Van Rensburg, B.J. 2008. Factors associated with suni distribution in Tembe Elephant Park, South Africa: implications for management and conservation of a small antelope. Afr. J. Ecol. 46(4):631-636.

Berglund, H., and Jonsson, B.G. 2008. Assessing the extinction vulnerability of wood-inhabiting fungal species in fragmented northern Swedish boreal forests. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3029-3039.

Bhagwat, S.A., and Willis, K.J. 2008. Agroforestry as a solution to the oil-palm debate . Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1368-1370.

Bhattacharjee, J., Taylor, J.P., Smith, L.M., and Spence, L.E. 2008. The importance of soil characteristics in determining survival of first-year cottonwood seedlings in altered riparian habitats. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):563-571.

Bilgmann, K., Möller, L.M., Harcourt, R.G., Gales, R., and Beheregaray, L.B. 2008. Common dolphins subject to fisheries impacts in Southern Australia are genetically differentiated: implications for conservation. Anim. Conserv. 11(6):518-528.

Björklund, M., and Arrendal, J. 2008. Demo-genetic analysis of a recovering population of otters in Central Sweden. Anim. Conserv. 11(6):529-534.

Bladt, J., Larsen, F.W., and Rahbek, C. 2008. Does taxonomic diversity in indicator groups influence their effectiveness in identifying priority areas for species conservation? Anim. Conserv. 11(6):546-554.

Blanco-Aguiar, J.A., González-Jara, P., Ferrero, M.E., Sánchez-Barbudo, I., Virgós, E., Villafuerte, R., and Dávila, J.A. 2008. Assessment of game restocking contributions to anthropogenic hybridization: the case of the Iberian red-legged partridge. Anim. Conserv. 11(6):535-545.

Bodini, A., Baumgärtner, J., and Gilioli, G. 2008. Conservation strategies evaluation in an adaptive management framework. Anim. Conserv. 11(6):472-475.

Bonte, D., and Maes, D. 2008. Trampling affects the distribution of specialised coastal dune arthropods. Basic Appl. Ecol. 9(6):726-734.

Bowker, M.A., Miller, M.E., Belnap, J., Sisk, T.D., and Johnson, N.C. 2008. Prioritizing conservation effort through the use of biological soil crusts as ecosystem function indicators in an arid region. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1533-1543.

Braby, M.F., and Douglas, F. 2008. The nomenclature, taxonomy and conservation status of Ogyris waterhouseri (Bethune-Baker, 1905) stat. nov (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae), a threatened butterfly from southern Australia. Aust. J. Entomol. 47:315-329.

Branch, G.M., Odendaal, F., and Robinson, T.B. 2008. Long-term monitoring of the arrival, expansion and effects of the alien mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis relative to wave action. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 370:171-183.

Brook, R., and McLachlan, S. 2008. Trends and prospects for local knowledge in ecological and conservation research and monitoring. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3501-3512.

Brooke, C. 2008. Conservation and adaptation to climate change. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1471-1476.

Brusconi, S., Bertocchi, S., Renai, B., Scalici, M., Souty-Grosset, C., and Gherardi, F. 2008. Conserving indigenous crayfish: stock assessment and habitat requirements in the threatened Austropotamobius italicus. Aquat. Conserv. 18(7):1227-1239.

Buckley, R., Robinson, J., Carmody, J., and King, N. 2008. Monitoring for management of conservation and recreation in Australian protected areas. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3589-3606.

Burke, A. 2008. How sampling effort affects biodiversity measures in an arid succulent karoo biodiversity hotspot. Afr. J. Ecol. 46(4):488-499.

Butt, K.R. 2008. Earthworms in soil restoration: lessons learned from United Kingdom case studies of land reclamation. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):637-641.

Callaham, M.A., Rhoades, C.C., and Heneghan, L. 2008. A striking profile: soil ecological knowledge in restoration management and science. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):604-607.

Cao, L., Barter, M.A., and Wang, X. 2008. Saunders's Gull: a new population estimate. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(4):301-306.

Cardozo, G., and Chiaraviglio, M. 2008. Landscape changes influence the reproductive behaviour of a key 'capital breeder' snake (Boa constrictor occidentalis) in the Gran Chaco region, Argentina. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3050-3058.

Chiarucci, A., Bacaro, G., Vannini, A., and Rocchini, D. 2008. Quantifying species richness at multiple spatial scales in a Natura 2000 network. Community Ecol. 9(2):185-192.

Cho, K.H., Hong, S.K., and Cho, D.S. 2008. Ecological role of mountain ridges in and around Gwangneung Royal Tomb Forest in central Korea. J. Plant Biol. 51(6):387-394.

Christensen, N.L. 2008. Sustaining America's forest legacy. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1378-1379.

Ciucci, P., and Boitani, L. 2008. The Apennine brown bear: a critical review of its status and conservation problems. Ursus 19(2):130-145.

Cofer, M.S., Walck, J.L., and Hidayati, S.N. 2008. Species richness and exotic species invasion in middle Tennessee cedar glades in relation to abiotic and biotic factors. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 135(4):540-553.

Cordell, S., and Sandquist, D.R. 2008. The impact of an invasive African bunchgrass (Pennisetum setaceum) on water availability and productivity of canopy trees within a tropical dry forest in Hawaii. Funct. Ecol. 22(6):1008-1017.

Costello, D., and Lamberti, G. 2008. Non-native earthworms in riparian soils increase nitrogen flux into adjacent aquatic ecosystems. Oecologia 158(3):499-510.

Cox, E.S., Marrs, R.H., Pakeman, R.J., and Le Duc, M.G. 2008. Factors affecting the restoration of heathland and acid grassland on Pteridium aquilinum-infested land across the United Kingdom: a multisite study. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):553-562.

Croci, S., Butet, A., Georges, A., Aguejdad, R., and Clergeau, P. 2008. Small urban woodlands as biodiversity conservation hot-spot: a multi-taxon approach. Landscape Ecol. 23(10):1171-1186.

Cucherousset, J., Santoula, F., Fiquerola, J., and Céréghino, R. 2008. How do biodiversity patterns of river animals emerge from the distributions of common and rare species? Biol. Conserv. 141(12):2984-2992.

Czech, B. 2008. Prospects for reconciling the conflict between economic growth and biodiversity conservation with technological progress. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1389-1398.

Darling, J.A., Bagley, M.J., Roman, J., Tepolt, C.K., and Geller, J.B. 2008. Genetic patterns across multiple introductions of the globally invasive crab genus Carcinus. Mol. Ecol. 17(23):4992-5007.

Dauwalter, D.C., and Rahel, F.J. 2008. Distribution modelling to guide stream fish conservation: an example using the mountain sucker in the Black Hills National Forest, USA. Aquat. Conserv. 18(7):1263-1276.

DeCaro, D., and Stokes, M. 2008. Social-psychological principles of community-based conservation and conservancy motivation: attaining goals within an autonomy-supportive environment. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1443-1451.

Dettman, C.L., and Mabry, C.M. 2008. Lessons learned about research and management: a case study from a Midwest lowland savanna, U.S.A. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):532-541.

Dorchin, N., and Freidberg, A. 2008. The Chenopodiaceae-feeding gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of the Na'aman salt marsh, Israel. Zootaxa 1937:1-22.

Druce, H.C., Pretorius, K., and Slotow, R. 2008. The response of an elephant population to conservation area expansion: Phinda Private Game Reserve, South Africa. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3127-3138.

Dueck, L.A., and Cameron, K.M. 2008. Molecular evidence on the species status and phylogenetic relationships of Spiranthes parksii, an endangered orchid from Texas. Conserv. Genet. 9(6):1617-1631.

Ecker, K., Küchler, M., Feldmeyer-Christe, E., Graf, U., and Waser, L.T. 2008. Predictive mapping of floristic site conditions across mire habitats: evaluating data requirements. Community Ecol. 9(2):133-146.

Edge, D.A., Robertson, H.G., and van Hamburg, H. 2008. Ant assemblages at three potential breeding sites for the Brenton blue butterfly, Orachrysops niobe (Trimen). Afr. Entomol. 16(2):253-262.

Edwards, C.E., Soltis, D.E., and Soltis, P.S. 2008. Using patterns of genetic structure based on microsatellite loci to test hypotheses of current hybridization, ancient hybridization and incomplete lineage sorting in Conradina (Lamiaceae). Mol. Ecol. 17(23):5157-5174.

Elmendorf, S.C., and Moore, K.A. 2008. Use of community-composition data to predict the fecundity and abundance of species. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1523-1532.

Eviner, V.T., and Hawkes, C.V. 2008. Embracing variability in the application of plant-soil interactions to the restoration of communities and ecosystems. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):713-729.

Faith, D.P. 2008. Threatened species and the potential loss of phylogenetic diversity: conservation scenarios based on estimated extinction probabilities and phylogenetic risk analysis. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1461-1470.

Fant, J.B., Holmstrom, R.M., Sirkin, E., Etterson, J.R., and Masi, S. 2008. Genetic structure of threatened native populations and propagules used for restoration in a clonal species, American beachgrass (Ammophila breviligulata Fern.). Restor. Ecol. 16(4):594-603.

Farley, J. 2008. The role of prices in conserving critical natural capital. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1399-1408.

Farris, E., and Filigheddu, R. 2008. Effects of browsing in relation to vegetation cover on common yew (Taxus baccata L.) recruitment in Mediterranean environments. Plant Ecol. 199(2):309-318.

Feldmeyer-Christe, E.A.B. 2008. Conservation challenge by global change. Community Ecol. 9(2):131-132.

Fernández-Montraveta, C., and Cuadrado, M. 2008. Microhabitat selection in the potentially endangered wolf spider Donacosa merlini (Araneae, Lycosidae): implications for spider conservation. Can. J. Zool. 86(11):1280-1288.

Förster, M., Frick, A., Walentowski, H., and Kleinschmit, B. 2008. Approaches to utilising QuickBird data for the monitoring of NATURA 2000 habitats. Community Ecol. 9(2):155-168.

Fragoso, G., and Ferriss, S. 2008. Monitoring international wildlife trade with coded species data: response to Gerson et al. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1648-1650.

Freeman, A.S., Short, F.T., Isnain, I., Razak, F.A., and Coles, R.G. 2008. Seagrass on the edge: Land-use practices threaten coastal seagrass communities in Sabah, Malaysia. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):2993-3005.

French, G.C., Hollingsworth, P.M., Silverside, A.J., and Ennos, R.A. 2008. Genetics, taxonomy and the conservation of British Euphrasia. Conserv. Genet. 9(6):1547-1562.

Fulé, P.Z. 2008. Does it make sense to restore wildland fire in changing climate? Restor. Ecol. 16(4):526-531.

Funk, J.L., Cleland, E.E., Suding, K.N., and Zavaleta, E.S. 2008. Restoration through reassembly: plant traits and invasion resistance. Trends Ecol. Evol. 23(12):695-703.

Fusari, L.M., Roque, F.O., and Hamada, N. 2008. Sponge-dwelling chironomids in the upper Paraná river (Brazil): little known but potentially threatened species. Neotrop. Entomol. 37(5):522-527.

Game, E.T., Mcdonald-Madden, E., Puotinen, M.L., and Possingham, H.P. 2008. Should we protect the strong or the weak? Risk, resilience, and the selection of marine protected areas. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1619-1629.

García-Llorente, M., Martín-López, B., González, J.A., Alcorlo, P., and Montes, C. 2008. Social perceptions of the impacts and benefits of invasive alien species: implications for management. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):2969-2983.

Garrison, V., and Ward, G. 2008. Storm-generated coral fragments - a viable source of transplants for reef rehabilitation. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3089-3100.

Garshelis, D.L., Wang, H., Wang, D.J., Zhu, X.J., Li, S., and McShea, W.J. 2008. Do revised giant panda population estimates aid in their conservation? Ursus 19(2):168-176.

Gaston, K.J., Jackson, S.E., Cantú-Salazar, L., and Cruz-Piñón, G. 2008. The ecological performance of protected areas. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. S. 39:93-113.

Gerson, H., Cudmore, B., Mandrak, N.E., Coote, L.D., Farr, K., and Baillargeon, G. 2008. Use of the taxonomic serial number (TSN) as a required data element in international wildlife trade: response to Fragoso and Ferriss. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1651-1654.

Gilioli, G., Bodini, A., Baumgärtner, J., Weidmann, P., and Hartmann, J. 2008. A novel approach based on information theory to rank conservation strategies: an application to amphibian metapopulations. Anim. Conserv. 11(6):453-462.

Gilroy, J.J., Anderson, G.Q.A., Grice, P.V., Vickery, J.A., Bray, I., Watts, P.N., and Sutherland, W.J. 2008. Could soil degradation contribute to farmland bird declines? Links between soil penetrability and the abundance of yellow wagtails Motacilla flava in arable fields. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3116-3126.

Ginn, B.K., Grace, L.C., Cumming, B.F., and Smol, J.P. 2008. Tracking anthropogenic- and climatic-related environmental changes in the remaining habitat lakes of the endangered Atlantic whitefish (Coregonus huntsmani) using palaeolimnological techniques. Aquat. Conserv. 18(7):1217-1226.

Gobush, K.S., Mutayoba, B.M., and Wasser, S.K. 2008. Long-term impacts of poaching on relatedness, stress physiology, and reproductive output of adult female African elephants. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1590-1599.

Gómez-Montes, C., and Moreno, M.I. 2008. Breeding phenology and nesting habitat characterisation of the San Andres Vireo (Vireo caribaeus). Bird Conserv. Int. 18(4):319-330.

Gonzales, E.K., and Arcese, P. 2008. Herbivory more limiting than competition on early and established native plants in an invaded meadow. Ecology 89(12):3282-3289.

González-Suárez, M., and Gerber, L.R. 2008. A behaviorally explicit demographic model integrating habitat selection and population dynamics in California sea lions. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1608-1618.

Goodwin, C.E., Dick, J.TA., Rogowski, D.L., and Elwood, R.W. 2008. Exploring the relative influence of biotic interactions and environmental conditions on the abundance and distribution of exotic brown trout (Salmo trutta) in a high mountain stream. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 17(4):542-553.

Grech, A., Marsh, H., and Coles, R. 2008. A spatial assessment of the risk to a mobile marine mammal from bycatch. Aquat. Conserv. 18(7):1127-1139.

Grimley, D.A., Wang, J.S., Liebert, D.A., and Dawson, J.O. 2008. Soil magnetic susceptibility: a quantitative proxy of soil drainage for use in ecological restoration. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):657-667.

Grüebler, M.U., Schuler, H., Müller, M., Spaar, R., Horch, P., and Naef-Daenzer, B. 2008. Female biased mortality caused by anthropogenic nest loss contributes to population decline and adult sex ratio of a meadow bird. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3040-3049.

Guarderas, A.P., Hacker, S.D., and Lubchenco, J. 2008. Current status of marine protected areas in Latin America and the Caribbean. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1630-1640.

Gumm, J.M., Snekser, J.L., and Itzkowitz, M. 2008. Conservation and conflict between endangered desert fishes. Biol. Lett. 4(6):655-658.

Gurung, B., Smith, J.L.D., McDougal, C., Karki, J.B., and Barlow, A. 2008. Factors associated with human-killing tigers in Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3069-3078.

Halbert, N.D., and Derr, J.N. 2008. Patterns of genetic variation in US federal bison herds. Mol. Ecol. 17(23):4963-4977.

Hamel, N.J., Parrish, J.K., and Laake, J. 2008. Linking colonies to fisheries: spatio-temporal overlap between common murres (Uria aalge) from Tatoosh Island and coastal gillnet fisheries in the Pacific Northwest, USA. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3101-3115.

Hendrix, P.F., Callaham, M.A., Drake, J.M., Huang, C.Y., James, S.W., Snyder, B.A., and Zhang, W.X. 2008. Pandora's Box contained bait: the global problem of introduced earthworms. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. S. 39:593-613.

Heneghan, L., Miller, S.P., Baer, S., Callaham, M.A., Montgomery, J., Pavao-Zuckerman, M., Rhoades, C.C., and Richardson, S. 2008. Integrating soil ecological knowledge into restoration management. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):608-617.

Henry, P.Y., Lengyel, S., Nowicki, P., Julliard, R., Clobert, J., Celik, T., Gruber, B., Schmeller, D., Babij, V., and Henle, K. 2008. Integrating ongoing biodiversity monitoring: potential benefits and methods. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3357-3382.

Hernández, J.C., Clemente, S., Sangil, C., and Brito, A. 2008. Actual status of the sea urchin Diadema aff. antillarum populations and macroalgal cover in marine protected areas compared to a highly fished area (Canary Islands - eastern Atlantic Ocean). Aquat. Conserv. 18(7):1091-1108.

Herzog, S.K., Hennessey, A.B., Kessler, M., and García-Solíz, V.H. 2008. Distribution, natural history and conservation status of two endemics of the Bolivian Yungas, Bolivian Recurvebill Simoxenops striatus and Yungas Antwren Myrmotherula grisea. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(4):331-348.

Hill, D.L., Arañibar-Rojas, H., and MacLeod, R. 2008. Wattled Curassows in Bolivia: abundance, habitat use, and conservation status. J. Field Ornithol. 79(4):345-351.

Holmes, G.D., James, E.A., and Hoffmann, A.A. 2008. Limitations to reproductive output and genetic rescue in populations of the rare shrub Grevillea repens (Proteaceae). Ann. Botany 102(6):1031-1041.

Holsbeek, G., Mergeay, J., Hotz, H., Plötner, J., Volckaert, F.AM., and De Meester, L. 2008. A cryptic invasion within an invasion and widespread introgression in the European water frog complex: consequences of uncontrolled commercial trade and weak international legislation. Mol. Ecol. 17(23):5023-5035.

Hortal, J., Araújo, M.B., and Lobo, J.M. 2009. Testing the effectiveness of discrete and continuous environmental diversity as a surrogate for species diversity. Ecol. Indic. 9(1):138-149.

Hovestadt, T., and Nowicki, P. 2008. Process and measurement errors of population size: their mutual effects on precision and bias of estimates for demographic parameters. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3417-3429.

Hylander, K., and Nemomissa, S. 2008. Home garden coffee as a repository of epiphyte biodiversity in Ethiopia. Front. Ecol. Environ. 6(10):524-528.

Iannone, B.V., and Galatowitsch, S.M. 2008. Altering light and soil N to limit Phalaris arundinacea reinvasion in sedge meadow restorations. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):689-701.

Inceer, H., and Hayirlioglu-Ayaz, S. 2008. Tripleurospermum ziganaense (Asteraceae, Anthemideae), a new species from north-east Anatolia, Turkey. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158(4):696-700.

Jackson, A.L., Broderick, A.C., Fuller, W.J., Glen, F., Ruxton, G.D., and Godley, B.J. 2008. Sampling design and its effect on population monitoring: how much monitoring do turtles really need? Biol. Conserv. 141(12):2932-2941.

Jackson, W. 2008. The necessity and possibility of an agriculture where nature is the measure. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1376-1377.

Juškaitis, R. 2008. Long-term common dormouse monitoring: effects of forest management on abundance. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3559-3565.

Kéry, M., and Schmidt, B.R. 2008. Imperfect detection and its consequences for monitoring for conservation. Community Ecol. 9(2):207-216.

Knight, J.T., and Arthington, A.H. 2008. Distribution and habitat associations of the endangered Oxleyan pygmy perch, Nannoperca oxleyana Whitley, in eastern Australia. Aquat. Conserv. 18(7):1240-1254.

Koenig, R. 2008. Sanctuaries aim to preserve a model organism's wild type. Science 322(5907):1456-1457.

Kozfkay, C.C., Campbell, M.R., Heindel, J.A., Baker, D.J., Kline, P., Powell, M.S., and Flagg, T. 2008. A genetic evaluation of relatedness for broodstock management of captive, endangered Snake River sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka. Conserv. Genet. 9(6):1421-1430.

Kufner, M.B., Sepúlveda, L., Gavier, G., Madoery, L., and Giraudo, L. 2008. Is the native deer Mazama gouazoubira threatened by competition for food with the exotic hare Lepus europaeus in the degraded Chaco in Cordoba, Argentina? J. Arid Environ. 72(12):2159-2167.

Kull, T., Sammul, M., Kull, K., Lanno, K., Tali, K., Gruber, B., Schmeller, D., and Henle, K. 2008. Necessity and reality of monitoring threatened European vascular plants. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3383-3402.

Kwiatkowski, M.A., Schuett, G.W., Repp, R.A., Nowak, E.M., and Sullivan, B.K. 2008. Does urbanization influence the spatial ecology of Gila monsters in the Sonoran Desert? J. Zool. 276(4):350-357.

Lach, L., and Thomas, M.L. 2008. Invasive ants in Australia: documented and potential ecological consequences. Aust. J. Entomol. 47:275-288.

Lage, C.R., Petersen, C.W., Forest, D., Barnes, D., Kornfield, I., and Wray, C. 2008. Evidence of multiple paternity in spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias) broods based on microsatellite analysis. J. Fish Biol. 73(8):2068-2074.

Lawn, P. 2008. Macroeconomic policy, growth, and biodiversity conservation. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1418-1423.

Lawrence, H.A., Scofield, R.P., Crockett, D.E., Millar, C.D., and Lambert, D.M. 2008. Ancient genetic variation in one of the world's rarest seabirds. Heredity 101(6):543-547.

Lengyel, S., Déri, E., Varga, Z., Horváth, R., Tóthmérész, B., Henry, P.Y., Kobler, A., Kutnar, L., Babij, V., Seliškar, A., Christia, C., Papastergiadou, E., Gruber, B., and Henle, K. 2008. Habitat monitoring in Europe: a description of current practices. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3327-3339.

Lengyel, S., Kobler, A., Kutnar, L., Framstad, E., Henry, P.Y., Babij, V., Gruber, B., Schmeller, D., and Henle, K. 2008. A review and a framework for the integration of biodiversity monitoring at the habitat level. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3341-3356.

Li, Y.H., Wang, W., Liu, Z.L., and Jiang, S. 2008. Grazing gradient versus restoration succession of Leymus chinensis (Trin.) Tzvel. grassland in Inner Mongolia. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):572-583.

Liu, H., and Pemberton, R.W. 2008. Differential soil seed bank longevity of Paederia foetida L., an invasive woody vine, across three habitats in Florida. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 135(4):491-496.

Lo-Man-Hung, N.F., Gardner, T.A., Ribeiro-Júnior, M.A., Barlow, J., and Bonaldo, A.B. 2008. The value of primary, secondary, and plantation forests for Neotropical epigeic arachnids. J. Archnol. 36(2):394-401.

Lozan, A.I., Monaghan, M.T., Spitzer, K., Jaroš, J., Žurovcová, M., and Brož, V. 2008. DNA-based confirmation that the parasitic wasp Cotesia glomerata (Braconidae, Hymenoptera) is a new threat to endemic butterflies of the Canary Islands. Conserv. Genet. 9(6):1431-1437.

Lulow, M.E. 2008. Restoration of California native grasses and clovers: the roles of clipping, broadleaf herbicide, and native grass density. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):584-593.

Mace, G.M., Collar, N.J., Gaston, K.J., Hilton-Taylor, C., Akçakaya, H.R., Leader-Williams, N., Milner-Gulland, E.J., and Stuart, S.N. 2008. Quantification of extinction risk: IUCN's system for classifying threatened species. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1424-1442.

Marignani, M., Del Vico, E., and Maccherini, S. 2008. Performance of indicators and the effect of grain size in the discrimination of plant communities for restoration purposes. Community Ecol. 9(2):201-206.

Marsh, D. 2008. Metapopulation viability analysis for amphibians. Anim. Conserv. 11(6):463-465.

Mazaris, A., Tzanopoulos, J., Kallimanis, A., Matsinos, Y., Sgardelis, S., and Pantis, J. 2008. The contribution of common and rare species to plant species richness patterns: the effect of habitat type and size of sampling unit. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3567-3577.

Mccarthy, M.A., and Parris, K.M. 2008. Optimal marking of threatened species to balance benefits of information with impacts of marking. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1506-1512.

Meffe, G.K. 2008. Conservation focus: economic growth and biodiversity conservation. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1388.

Mellanby, R.J., Ross, B., Watt, A., Wondafrash, M., Ewnetu, M., Broadhurst, C., Critchlow, R., Dadesa, A., Deas, T., Enawgaw, C., Gebremedhin, B., Graham, E., MacLean, S., McKean, M., Collar, N.J., and Spottiswoode, C.N. 2008. Distribution, abundance and habitat preferences of White-tailed Swallow Hirundo megaensis and Ethiopian Bush-crow Zavattariornis stresemanni, two southern Ethiopian endemics. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(4):395-412.

Meng, Q.W., and Luo, Y.B. 2008. A new species of Galearis (Orchidinae: Orchidaceae) from Sichuan, China. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158(4):689-695.

Moilanen, A. 2008. Generalized complementarity and mapping of the concepts of systematic conservation planning. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1655-1658.

Molina, J., and Struwe, L. 2008. Revision of ring-gentians (Symbolanthus, Gentianaceae) from Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru, with a first assessment of conservation status. Syst. Biodivers. 6(4):477-501.

Molina-Montenegro, M.A., Badano, E.I., and Cavieres, L.A. 2008. Positive interactions among plant species for pollinator service: assessing the 'magnet species' concept with invasive species. Oikos 117(12):1833-1839.

Montgomery, J.A., and Eames, J.M. 2008. Prairie Wolf Slough Wetlands Demonstration Project: a case study illustrating the need for incorporating soil and water quality assessment in wetland restoration planning, design and monitoring. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):618-628.

Mylecraine, K.A., Bulgin, N.L., Gibbs, H.L., Vickery, P.D., and Perkins, D.W. 2008. Limited genetic structure and evidence for dispersal among populations of the endangered Florida grasshopper sparrow, Ammodramus savannarum floridanus. Conserv. Genet. 9(6):1633-1638.

Nagendra, H., and Rocchini, D. 2008. High resolution satellite imagery for tropical biodiversity studies: the devil is in the detail. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3431-3442.

Narayanan, S.P., and Vijayan, L. 2008. Major threats and needs for the conservation of Kumarakom heronry of Kerala, India. Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. 31(9-10):293-296.

Natoli, A., Cañadas, A., Vaquero, C., Politi, E., Fernandez-Navarro, P., and Hoelzel, A.R. 2008. Conservation genetics of the short-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) in the Mediterranean Sea and in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean. Conserv. Genet. 9(6):1479-1487.

Nims, B.D., Vargas, F.H., Merkel, J., and Parker, P.G. 2008. Low genetic diversity and lack of population structure in the endangered Galapagos penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus). Conserv. Genet. 9(6):1413-1420.

Nowicki, P., Tirelli, T., Mussat Sartor, R., Bona, F., and Pessani, D. 2008. Monitoring crayfish using a mark-recapture method: potentials, recommendations, and limitations. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3513-3530.

Nugent, C. 2008. American land use: the next 50 years. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1375.

Nygard, J.P., Sanders, N.J., and Connor, E.F. 2008. The effects of the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) and the native ant Prenolepis imparis on the structure of insect herbivore communities on willow trees (Salix lasiolepis). Ecol. Entomol. 33(6):789-795.

Orr, D.W. 2008. Land use and climate change. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1372-1374.

Pala, C. 2009. Scientists laud Bush's blue legacy but want more. Science 323(5911):192-193.

Pavao-Zuckerman, M.A. 2008. The nature of urban soils and their role in ecological restoration in cities. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):642-649.

Peach, W.J., Vincent, K.E., Fowler, J.A., and Grice, P.V. 2008. Reproductive success of house sparrows along an urban gradient. Anim. Conserv. 11(6):493-503.

Perlut, N.G., Strong, A.M., Donovan, T.M., and Buckley, N.J. 2008. Regional population viability of grassland songbirds: effects of agricultural management. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3139-3151.

Pétillon, J., and Garbutt, A. 2008. Success of managed realignment for the restoration of salt-marsh biodiversity: preliminary results on ground-active spiders. J. Archnol. 36(2):388-393.

Picco, A.M., and Collins, J.P. 2008. Amphibian commerce as a likely source of pathogen pollution. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1582-1589.

Podjed, D., and Muršic, R. 2008. Dialectical relations between professionals and volunteers in a biodiversity monitoring organisation. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3471-3483.

Poonian, C.N.S. 2008. The influence of protected area management on the status of coral reefs at Misali Island, Tanzania following the 1998 bleaching event in the western Indian Ocean. Afr. J. Ecol. 46(4):471-478.

Pope, K.L. 2008. Assessing changes in amphibian population dynamics following experimental manipulations of introduced fish. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1572-1581.

Priddel, D., Carlile, N., Moce, K., and Watling, D. 2008. A review of records and recovery actions for the 'Critically Endangered' Fiji Petrel Pseudobulweria macgillivrayi. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(4):381-393.

Provan, J., Beatty, G.E., Hunter, A.M., McDonald, R.A., McLaughlin, E., Preston, S.J., and Wilson, S. 2008. Restricted gene flow in fragmented populations of a wind-pollinated tree. Conserv. Genet. 9(6):1521-1532.

Przeslawski, R., Ahyong, S., Byrne, M., Worheide, G., and Hutchings, P. 2008. Beyond corals and fish: the effects of climate change on noncoral benthic invertebrates of tropical reefs. Global Change Biol. 14(12):2773-2795.

Pujadas-Salvà, A.J., and Arguimbau, P.F.I. 2008. A new species of Orobanche (Orobanchaceae) from the Balearic Islands. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158(4):722-729.

Purvis, A. 2008. Phylogenetic approaches to the study of extinction. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. S. 39:301-319.

Putzel, L., Padoch, C., and Pinedo-Vasquez, M. 2008. The Chinese timber trade and the logging of Peruvian Amazonia. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1659-1661.

Qian, H., McKinney, M.L., and Kuhn, I. 2008. Effects of introduced species on floristic similarity: comparing two US states. Basic Appl. Ecol. 9(6):617-625.

Rasmussen, K.K., and Kollmann, J. 2008. Low genetic diversity in small peripheral populations of a rare European tree (Sorbus torminalis) dominated by clonal reproduction. Conserv. Genet. 9(6):1533-1539.

Resende, H.C., de Barros, F., Campos, L.A.O., and Fernandes-Salomao, T.M. 2008. Visitation of orchid by Melipona capixaba Moure & Camargo (Hymenoptera: Apidae), bee threatened with extinction. Neotrop. Entomol. 37(5):609-611.

Rico, Y., Lorenzo, C., González-Cózatl, F.X., and Espinoza, E. 2008. Phylogeography and population structure of the endangered Tehuantepec jackrabbit Lepus flavigularis: implications for conservation. Conserv. Genet. 9(6):1467-1477.

Ringold, P.L., Magee, T.K., and Peck, D.V. 2008. Twelve invasive plant taxa in US western riparian ecosystems. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 27(4):949-966.

Roche, E.A., Cuthbert, F.J., and Arnold, T.W. 2008. Relative fitness of wild and captive-reared piping plovers: does egg salvage contribute to recovery of the endangered Great Lakes population? Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3079-3088.

Rödder, D., Veith, M., and Lötters, S. 2008. Environmental gradients explaining the prevalence and intensity of infection with the amphibian chytrid fungus: the host's perspective. Anim. Conserv. 11(6):513-517.

Rondinini, C. 2008. The need of optimal conservation strategies. Anim. Conserv. 11(6):466-468.

Rosales, J. 2008. Economic growth, climate change, biodiversity loss: distributive justice for the global north and south. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1409-1417.

Rosati, L., Marignani, M., and Blasi, C. 2008. A gap analysis comparing Natura 2000 vs National Protected Area network with potential natural vegetation. Community Ecol. 9(2):147-154.

Roux, D.J., Ashton, P.J., Nel, J.L., and MacKay, H.M. 2008. Improving cross-sector policy integration and cooperation in support of freshwater conservation. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1382-1387.

Rowley, J.J.L., Emmett, D.A., and Voen, S. 2008. Harvest, trade and conservation of the Asian arowana Seleroplages formosus in Cambodia. Aquat. Conserv. 18(7):1255-1262.

Rwego, I.B., Isabirye-Basuta, G., Gillespie, T.R., and Goldberg, T.L. 2008. Gastrointestinal bacterial transmission among humans, mountain gorillas, and livestock in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1600-1607.

Sammul, M., Kull, T., Lanno, K., Otsus, M., Magi, M., and Kana, S. 2008. Habitat preferences and distribution characteristics are indicative of species long-term persistence in the Estonian flora. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3531-3550.

Schlick-Steiner, B.C., Steiner, F.M., and Pautasso, M. 2008. Ants and people: a test of two mechanisms potentially responsible for the large-scale human population-biodiversity correlation for Formicidae in Europe. J. Biogeogr. 35(12):2195-2206.

Schmeller, D. 2008. European species and habitat monitoring: where are we now? Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3321-3326.

Schmeller, D., Bauch, B., Gruber, B., Juškaitis, R., Budrys, E., Babij, V., Lanno, K., Sammul, M., Varga, Z., and Henle, K. 2008. Determination of conservation priorities in regions with multiple political jurisdictions. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3623-3630.

Schmeller, D., Gruber, B., Bauch, B., Lanno, K., Budrys, E., Babij, V., Juškaitis, R., Sammul, M., Varga, Z., and Henle, K. 2008. Determination of national conservation responsibilities for species conservation in regions with multiple political jurisdictions. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3607-3622.

Schmeller, D., and Henle, K. 2008. Cultivation of genetically modified organisms: resource needs for monitoring adverse effects on biodiversity. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3551-3558.

Schmidt, B.R. 2008. Steps towards better amphibian conservation. Anim. Conserv. 11(6):469-471.

Schwartz, M.W. 2008. The performance of the Endangered Species Act. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. S. 39:279-299.

Sebastião, H., and Grelle, C.E.V. 2009. Taxon surrogates among Amazonian mammals: can total species richness be predicted by single orders? Ecol. Indic. 9(1):160-166.

Selkoe, K.A., Halpern, B.S., and Toonen, R.J. 2008. Evaluating anthropogenic threats to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Aquat. Conserv. 18(7):1149-1165.

Seo, K.W., Son, Y., Rhoades, C.C., Noh, N.J., Koo, J.W., and Kim, J.G. 2008. Seedling growth and heavy metal accumulation of candidate woody species for revegetating Korean mine spoils. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):702-712.

Sergio, F., Caro, T., Brown, D., Clucas, B., Hunter, J., Ketchum, J., McHugh, K., and Hiraldo, F. 2008. Top predators as conservation tools: ecological rationale, assumptions, and efficacy. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. S. 39:1-19.

Severns, P.M., and Liston, A. 2008. Intraspecific chromosome number variation: a neglected threat to the conservation of rare plants. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1641-1647.

Severns, P.M., and Warren, A.D. 2008. Selectively eliminating and conserving exotic plants to save an endangered butterfly from local extinction. Anim. Conserv. 11(6):476-483.

Shafland, P.L., Gestring, K.B., and Stanford, M.S. 2008. Categorizing introduced fishes collected from public waters. Southeast. Nat. 7(4):627-636.

Sims, M., Bjorkland, R., Mason, P., and Crowder, L.B. 2008. Statistical power and sea turtle nesting beach surveys: how long and when? Biol. Conserv. 141(12):2921-2931.

Smiley, S.A. 2008. The cost of conservation: The National Wildlife Refuge System. BioScience 58(11):1014.

Snyder, B.A., and Hendrix, P.F. 2008. Current and potential roles of soil macroinvertebrates (earthworms, millipedes, and isopods) in ecological restoration. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):629-636.

Steck, C.E., and Pautasso, M. 2008. Human population, grasshopper and plant species richness in European countries. Acta Oecol. 34(3):303-310.

Stein, A., Fuller, T., and Marker, L. 2008. Opportunistic use of camera traps to assess habitat-specific mammal and bird diversity in northcentral Namibia. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3579-3587.

Stokstad, E. 2009. Debate continues over rainforest fate-with a climate twist. Science 323(5913):448.

Strandby, U., and Olsen, C.S. 2008. The importance of understanding trade when designing effective conservation policy - the case of the vulnerable Abies guatemalensis Rehder. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):2959-2968.

Sturmbauer, C. 2008. The Great Lakes in East Africa: biological conservation considerations for species flocks. Hydrobiologia 615:95-101.

Trathan, P.N., Forcada, J., Atkinson, R., Downie, R.H., and Shears, J.R. 2008. Population assessments of gentoo penguins (Pygoscelis papua) breeding at an important Antarctic tourist site, Goudier Island, Port Lockroy, Palmer Archipelago, Antarctica. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3019-3028.

Trebilco, R., Gales, R., Baker, G.B., Terauds, A., and Sumner, M.D. 2008. At sea movement of Macquarie Island giant petrels: relationships with marine protected areas and Regional Fisheries Management Organisations. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):2942-2958.

Trewick, S.A., Walker, K.J., and Jordan, C.J. 2008. Taxonomic and conservation status of a newly discovered giant landsnail from Mount Augustus, New Zealand. Conserv. Genet. 9(6):1563-1575.

Trigas, P., Constantinidis, T., and Touloumenidou, T. 2008. A new hexaploid species of Centaurea section Acrolophus (Asteraceae) from Evvia Island, Greece. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158(4):762-774.

Tropek, R., Spitzer, L., and Konvicka, M. 2008. Two groups of epigeic arthropods differ in colonising of piedmont quarries: the necessity of multi-taxa and life-history traits approaches in the monitoring studies. Community Ecol. 9(2):177-184.

Trusty, J.L., Lockaby, B.G., Zipperer, W.C., and Goertzen, L.R. 2008. Horticulture, hybrid cultivars and exotic plant invasion: a case study of Wisteria (Fabaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158(4):593-601.

Tzika, A.C., Rosa, S.F.P., Fabiani, A., Snell, H.L., Snell, H.M., Marquez, C., Tapia, W., Rassmann, K., Gentile, G., and Milinkovitch, M.C. 2008. Population genetics of Galápagos land iguana (genus Conolophus) remnant populations. Mol. Ecol. 17(23):4943-4952.

Van Hoang, S., Baas, P., and Kessler, P.J.A. 2008. Uses and conservation of plant species in a national park - a case study of Ben En, Vietnam. Econ. Bot. 62(4):574-593.

van Swaay, C.A.M., Nowicki, P., Settele, J., and van Strien, A.J. 2008. Butterfly monitoring in Europe: methods, applications and perspectives. Biodivers. Conserv. 17(14):3455-3469.

Vanparys, V., Meerts, P., and Jacquemart, A.L. 2008. Plant-pollinator interactions: comparison between an invasive and a native congeneric species. Acta Oecol. 34(3):361-369.

Verdú, M., and Valiente-Banuet, A. 2008. The nested assembly of plant facilitation networks prevents species extinctions. Am. Nat. 172(6):751-760.

Vilella, F.J. 2008. Nest habitat use of the Puerto Rican Nightjar Caprimulgus noctitherus in Guánica Biosphere Reserve. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(4):307-317.

Virágh, K., Horváth, A., Bartha, S., and Somodi, I. 2008. A multiscale methodological approach for monitoring the effectiveness of grassland management. Community Ecol. 9(2):237-246.

Vogler, C., Benzie, J., Lessios, H., Barber, P., and Wörheide, G. 2008. A threat to coral reefs multiplied? Four species of crown-of-thorns starfish. Biol. Lett. 4(6):696-699.

Ward, D.F., Stanley, M.C., Toft, R.J., Forgie, S.A., and Harris, R.J. 2008. Assessing the risk of invasive ants: a simple and flexible scorecard approach. Insect. Soc. 55(4):360-363.

Watson, C.A., Weckerly, F.W., Hatfield, J.S., Farquhar, C.C., and Williamson, P.S. 2008. Presence-nonpresence surveys of golden-cheeked warblers: detection, occupancy and survey effort. Anim. Conserv. 11(6):484-492.

Wells, A.J., Balster, N.J., VanWychen, S., and Harrington, J. 2008. Differences in belowground heterogeneity within a restoration of a dewatered reservoir in southwestern Wisconsin . Restor. Ecol. 16(4):678-688.

Wendelberger, K.S., Fellows, M.Q.N., and Maschinski, J. 2008. Rescue and restoration: experimental translocation of Amorpha herbacea Walter var. crenulata (Rybd.) Isley into a novel urban habitat. Restor. Ecol. 16(4):542-552.

Wenger, S.J. 2008. Use of surrogates to predict the stressor response of imperiled species. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1564-1571.

White, C. 2008. The 21st century ranch. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1380-1381.

Wilson, R.S. 2008. Balancing emotion and cognition: a case for decision aiding in conservation efforts. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1452-1460.

With, K.A., King, A.W., and Jensen, W.E. 2008. Remaining large grasslands may not be sufficient to prevent grassland bird declines. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3152-3167.

Witzenberger, K.A., and Hochkirch, A. 2008. Genetic consequences of animal translocations: a case study using the field cricket, Gryllus campestris L. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3059-3068.

Wood, D.A., Meik, J.M., Holycross, A.T., Fisher, R.N., and Vandergast, A.G. 2008. Molecular and phenotypic diversity in Chionactis occipitalis (Western Shovel-nosed Snake), with emphasis on the status of C. o. klauberi (Tucson Shovel-nosed Snake). Conserv. Genet. 9(6):1489-1507.

Wrbka, T., Schindler, S., Pollheimer, M., Schmitzberger, I., and Peterseil, J. 2008. Impact of the Austrian Agri-Environmental Scheme on diversity of landscapes, plants and birds. Community Ecol. 9(2):217-227.

Yamaura, Y., Kawahara, T., Iida, S., and Ozaki, K. 2008. Relative importance of the area and shape of patches to the diversity of multiple taxa. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1513-1522.

Ysnel, F., Pétillon, J., Gérard, E., and Canard, A. 2008. Assessing the conservation value of the spider fauna across the West Palearctic area. J. Archnol. 36(2):457-463.

Zavaleta, E., Miller, D.C., Salafsky, N., Fleishman, E., Webster, M., Gold, B., Hulse, D., Rowen, M., Tabor, G., and Vanderryn, J. 2008. Enhancing the engagement of the U.S. private foundations with conservation science. Conserv. Biol. 22(6):1477-1484.

Zeoli, L.F., Sayler, R.D., and Wielgus, R. 2008. Population viability analysis for captive breeding and reintroduction of the endangered Columbia basin pygmy rabbit. Anim. Conserv. 11(6):504-512.

Zhao, X.J., Barlow, J., Taylor, B.L., Pitman, R.L., Wang, K.X., Wei, Z., Stewart, B.S., Turvey, S.T., Akamatsu, T., Reeves, R.R., and Wang, D. 2008. Abundance and conservation status of the Yangtze finless porpoise in the Yangtze River, China. Biol. Conserv. 141(12):3006-3018.

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