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Department ofBotany

No. 293
May 2009

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In This Issue

Palm Oil May Threaten the Amazon

Already a significant driver of tropical forest conversion across southeast Asia, oil palm expansion could emerge as threat to the Amazon rainforest, due to a proposed change in Brazil's forest law, new infrastructure, and the influence of foreign agroindustrial firms in the region.

In an article published by Tropical Conservation Science, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute's William F. Laurance, and Rhett A. Butler, founder of the environmental science web site, are concerned about the revision of the forest code in Brazil. Currently, the law requires land owners to retain 80% of forest on lands in the Amazon. The new law would allow up to 30% of this reserve to consist of oil palms.

Given the growing demands for edible oils and oil-based products and biofuel, oil palm could offer better returns and more jobs than cattle ranching and soy farms, the dominant agricultural activities in Brazilian Amazon.

But tropical forest conversion would have a deleterious effect on biodiversity, "Oil palm plantations are biological deserts compared to even logged forests," says Laurance. The expansion would also represent climate impact. More than half the Amazonia is suitable for oil palm cultivation. Primary forests store 42 billion tons of carbon. Conversion to palm oil plantations releases at least 60% of above ground biomass.

On the other hand, it is not likely that oil palm plantations will be concentrated on previously deforested lands in Amazonia. Oil palm producers favor clearing primary forest for plantations because they can reap immediate profits from timber production. These profits subsidize the costs of plantation establishment and maintenance for the initial 3-5 years until the oil palm plantations become profitable.

Current Literature

Adriaens, D., Jacquemyn, H., Honnay, O., and Hermy, M. 2009. Conservation of remnant populations of Colchicum autumnale - the relative importance of local habitat quality and habitat fragmentation. Acta Oecol. 35(1):69-82.

Alsfeld, A.J., Bowman, J.L., and Deller-Jacobs, A. 2009. Effects of woody debris, microtopography, and organic matter amendments on the biotic community of constructed depressional wetlands. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):247-255.

Altfeld, L., and Stiling, P. 2009. Effects of aphid-tending Argentine ants, nitrogen enrichment and early-season herbivory on insects hosted by a coastal shrub. Biol. Invasions 11(2):183-191.

Andrieu, E., Dornier, A., Rouifed, S., Schatz, B., and Cheptou, P.O. 2009. The town Crepis and the country Crepis: How does fragmentation affect a plant-pollinator interaction? Acta Oecol. 35(1):1-7.

Arthington, A.H. 2009. Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri, threatened by a new dam. Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(2):211-221.

Ausband, D., and Moehrenschlager, A. 2009. Long-range juvenile dispersal and its implication for conservation of reintroduced swift fox Vulpes velox populations in the USA and Canada. Oryx 43(1):73-77.

Ávila, E., and Carballo, J.L. 2009. A preliminary assessment of the invasiveness of the Indo-Pacific sponge Chalinula nematifera on coral communities from the tropical Eastern Pacific. Biol. Invasions 11(2):257-264.

Baillie, J.E.M., Turvey, S.T., and Waterman, C. 2009. Survival of Attenborough's long-beaked echidna Zaglossus attenboroughi in New Guinea. Oryx 43(1):146-148.

Banasiak, S.E., and Meiners, S.J. 2009. Long term dynamics of Rosa multiflora in a successional system. Biol. Invasions 11(2):215-224.

Barbanera, F., Guerrini, M., Khan, A.A., Panayides, P., Hadjigerou, P., Sokos, C., Gombobaatar, S., Samadi, S., Khan, B.Y., Tofanelli, S., Paoli, G., and Dini, F. 2009. Human-mediated introgression of exotic chukar (Alectoris chukar, Galliformes) genes from East Asia into native Mediterranean partridges. Biol. Invasions 11(2):333-348.

Barrientos, R., and Bolonio, L. 2009. The presence of rabbits adjacent to roads increases polecat road mortality. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):405-418.

Basset, Y., Missa, O., Alonso, A., Miller, S.E., Curletti, G., De Meyer, M., Eardley, C.L., Lewis, O.T., Mansell, M.W., Novotny, V., and Wagner, T. 2008. Choice of metrics for studying arthropod responses to habitat disturbance: one example from Gabon. Insect Conserv. Divers. 1(1):55-66.

Bergamini, A., Peintinger, M., Fakheran, S., Moradi, H., Schmid, B., and Joshi, J. 2009. Loss of habitat specialists despite conservation management in fen remnants 1995-2006. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 11(1):65-79.

Bergstrom, D.M., Lucieer, A., Kiefer, K., Wasley, J., Belbin, L., Pedersen, T.K., and Chown, S.L. 2009. Indirect effects of invasive species removal devastate World Heritage Island. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):73-81.

Best, R.J., and Arcese, P. 2009. Exotic herbivores directly facilitate the exotic grasses they graze: mechanisms for an unexpected positive feedback between invaders. Oecologia 159(1):139-150.

Bianco, P. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Gobio benacensis (Pollini, 1816). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(1):39-40.

Blair, A.C., Weston, L.A., Nissen, S.J., Brunk, G.R., and Hufbauer, R.A. 2009. The importance of analytical techniques in allelopathy studies with the reported allelochemical catechin as an example. Biol. Invasions 11(2):325-332.

Brambilla, M., and Rubolini, D. 2009. Intra-seasonal changes in distribution and habitat associations of a multi-brooded bird species: implications for conservation planning. Anim. Conserv. 12(1):71-77.

Brosi, B.J. 2009. The effects of forest fragmentation on euglossine bee communities (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossini). Biol. Conserv. 142(2):414-423.

Brown, S., Clarke, M., and Clarke, R. 2009. Fire is a key element in the landscape-scale habitat requirements and global population status of a threatened bird: the Mallee Emu-wren (Stipiturus mallee). Biol. Conserv. 142(2):432-445.

Bunnell, F.L., Fraser, D.F., and Harcombe, A.P. 2009. Increasing effectiveness of conservation decisions: a system and its application. Nat. Areas J. 29(1):79-90.

Butler, R.A., and Laurance, W.F. 2009. Is oil palm the next emerging threat to the Amazon? Trop. Conserv. Sci. 2(1):1-10.

Caleta, M., Mrakovcic, M., Buj, I., Mustafic, P., Zanella, D., and Marcic, Z. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Chondrostoma phoxinus Heckel, 1843 (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(2):229-230.

Caballero, U., León-Cortés, J.L., and Morón-Ríos, A. 2009. Response of rove beetles (Staphylinidae) to various habitat types and change in Southern Mexico. J. Insect Conserv. 13(1):67-75.

Callaghan, D.A. 2008. Scale dependency and area of occupancy: Tortula freibergii in north-west England. J. Bryol. 30:279-282.

Cameron, E.K., and Bayne, E.M. 2009. Road age and its importance in earthworm invasion of northern boreal forests. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):28-36.

Cao, L., Barter, M., and Lewthwaite, R. 2008. The declining importance of the Fujian coast, China, for wintering waterbirds. Waterbirds 31(4):645-650.

Caño, L., Escarré, J., Vrieling, K., and Sans, F.X. 2009. Palatability to a generalist herbivore, defence and growth of invasive and native Senecio species: testing the evolution of increased competitive ability hypothesis. Oecologia 159(1):95-106.

Carassou, L., Mellin, C., and Ponton, D. 2009. Assessing the diversity and abundances of larvae and juveniles of coral reef fish: a synthesis of six sampling techniques. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):355-371.

Cardoso, P., Henriques, S., Gaspar, C., Crespo, L., Carvalho, R., Schmidt, J., Sousa, P., and Szuts, T. 2009. Species richness and composition assessment of spiders in a Mediterranean scrubland. J. Insect Conserv. 13(1):45-55.

Chávez, C., and Ceballos, G. 2009. Implications for conservation of the species diversity and population dynamics of small mammals in an isolated reserve in Mexico City. Nat. Areas J. 29(1):27-41.

Cheng, X.Y., Xie, P.Z., Cheng, F.X., Xu, R.M., and Xie, B.Y. 2009. Competitive displacement of the native species Bursaphelenchus mucronatus by an alien species Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Nematoda: Aphelenchida: Aphelenchoididae): a case of successful invasion. Biol. Invasions 11(2):205-213.

Christen, D.C., and Matlack, G.R. 2009. The habitat and conduit functions of roads in the spread of three invasive plant species. Biol. Invasions 11(2):453-465.

Chukwuone, N. 2009. Socioeconomic determinants of cultivation of non-wood forest products in southern Nigeria. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):339-353.

Chung, M.Y., and Chung, M.G. 2008. Conservation genetics of the endangered terrestrial orchid Pogonia minor in South Korea. Ann. Bot. Fenn. 45(6):455-464.

Cincotta, C.L., Adams, J.M., and Holzapfel, C. 2009. Testing the enemy release hypothesis: a comparison of foliar insect herbivory of the exotic Norway maple (Acer platanoides L.) and the native sugar maple (A. saccharum L.). Biol. Invasions 11(2):379-388.

Conser, C., and Connor, E.F. 2009. Assessing the residual effects of Carpobrotus edulis invasion, implications for restoration. Biol. Invasions 11(2):349-358.

Cortés-Avizanda, A., Carrete, M., Serrano, D., and Donázar, J.A. 2009. Carcasses increase the probability of predation of ground-nesting birds: a caveat regarding the conservation value of vulture restaurants. Anim. Conserv. 12(1):85-88.

Cowx, I.G., Harvey, J.P., Noble, R.A., and Nunn, A.D. 2009. Establishing survey and monitoring protocols for the assessment of conservation status of fish populations in river Special Areas of Conservation in the UK. Aquat. Conserv. 19(1):96-103.

Creighton, J., Bastarache, R., Lomolino, M., and Belk, M. 2009. Effect of forest removal on the abundance of the endangered American burying beetle, Nicrophorus americanus (Coleoptera: Silphidae). J. Insect Conserv. 13(1):37-43.

Cristinacce, A., Switzer, R.A., Cole, R.E., Jones, C.G., and Bell, D.J. 2009. Increasing use of exotic forestry tree species as refuges from nest predation by the Critically Endangered Mauritius fody Foudia rubra. Oryx 43(1):97-103.

da Graça, W.J., Pavanelli, C., Lorscheider, C., and Margarido, V. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Crenicichla jupiaensis Britski & Luengo 1968 (Cichlidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(1):53-54.

Daily, G.C., Polasky, S., Goldstein, J., Kareiva, P.M., Mooney, H.A., Pejchar, L., Ricketts, T.H., Salzman, J., and Shallenberger, R. 2009. Ecosystem services in decision making: time to deliver. Front. Ecol. Environ. 7(1):21-28.

Dalerum, F., Cameron, E.Z., Kunkel, K., and Somers, M.J. 2009. Diversity and depletions in continental carnivore guilds: implications for prioritizing global carnivore conservation. Biol. Lett. 5(1):35-38.

Davis, A.P., and Sonké, B. 2008. A new Argocoffeopsis (Coffeeae, Rubiaceae) from southern Cameroon: Argocoffeopsis spathulata. Blumea 53(3):527-532.

de Lange, P.J., and Rolfe, J.R. 2008. Hebe saxicola (Plantaginaceae)-a new threatened species from western Northland, North Island, New Zealand. New Zeal. J. Bot. 46(4):531-545.

De Silva, S.S., Nguyen, T.T.T., Turchini, G.M., Amarasinghe, U.S., and Abery, N.W. 2009. Alien species in aquaculture and biodiversity: a paradox in food production. Ambio 38(1):24-28.

de Vere, N., Jongejans, E., Plowman, A., and Williams, E. 2009. Population size and habitat quality affect genetic diversity and fitness in the clonal herb Cirsium dissectum. Oecologia 159(1):59-68.

Doody, J.S., Green, B., Rhind, D., Castellano, C.M., Sims, R., and Robinson, T. 2009. Population-level declines in Australian predators caused by an invasive species. Anim. Conserv. 12(1):46-53.

Dover, J., and Settele, J. 2009. The influences of landscape structure on butterfly distribution and movement: a review. J. Insect Conserv. 13(1):3-27.

Dunn, J.C., McClymont, H.E., Christmas, M., and Dunn, A.M. 2009. Competition and parasitism in the native White Clawed Crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes and the invasive Signal Crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus in the UK. Biol. Invasions 11(2):315-324.

Dunne, B.M., and Quinn, M.S. 2009. Effectiveness of above-ground pipeline mitigation for moose (Alces alces) and other large mammals. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):332-343.

Ebeling, S.K., Welk, E., Auge, H., and Bruelheide, H. 2008. Predicting the spread of an invasive plant: combining experiments and ecological niche model. Ecography 31(6):709-719.

Eglington, S.M., Gill, J.A., Smart, M.A., Sutherland, W.J., Watkinson, A.R., and Bolton, M. 2009. Habitat management and patterns of predation of Northern Lapwings on wet grasslands: the influence of linear habitat structures at different spatial scales. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):314-324.

Ehrenfeld, J.G. 2009. Extensive defoliation of Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii DC.) in New Jersey by a native moth, Coryphista meadii. Nat. Areas J. 29(1):57-63.

Ens, E.J., Bremner, J.B., French, K., and Korth, J. 2009. Identification of volatile compounds released by roots of an invasive plant, bitou bush (Chrysanthemoides monilifera spp. rotundata), and their inhibition of native seedling growth. Biol. Invasions 11(2):275-287.

Ewers, R.M. 2008. Endangered species on exotic pests: conservation of the Mahoenui weta. Insect Conserv. Divers. 1(2):125-126.

Fisher, J.L., Loneragan, W.A., Dixon, K., and Veneklaas, E.J. 2009. Soil seed bank compositional change constrains biodiversity in an invaded species-rich woodland. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):256-269.

Flenner, I., and Sahlén, G. 2008. Dragonfly community re-organisation in boreal forest lakes: rapid species turnover driven by climate change? Insect Conserv. Divers. 1(3):169-179.

Floerl, O., Inglis, G.J., Dey, K., and Smith, A. 2009. The importance of transport hubs in stepping-stone invasions. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):37-45.

Forrest, B.M., Gardner, J.P.A., and Taylor, M.D. 2009. Internal borders for managing invasive marine species. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):46-54.

Franco, A.M.A., Anderson, B.J., Roy, D.B., Gillings, S., Fox, R., Moilanen, A., and Thomas, C.D. 2009. Surrogacy and persistence in reserve selection: landscape prioritization for multiple taxa in Britain. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):82-91.

Franzén, M., Larsson, M., and Nilsson, S. 2009. Small local population sizes and high habitat patch fidelity in a specialised solitary bee. J. Insect Conserv. 13(1):89-95.

Fraser, D.J. 2008. How well can captive breeding programs conserve biodiversity? A review of salmonids. Evol. Appl. 1(4):535-586.

Fritz, Ö. 2009. Vertical distribution of epiphytic bryophytes and lichens emphasizes the importance of old beeches in conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):289-304.

Fuller, R.J., Oliver, T.H., and Leather, S.R. 2008. Forest management effects on carabid beetle communities in coniferous and broadleaved forests: implications for conservation. Insect Conserv. Divers. 1(4):242-252.

Funk, W.C., Forsman, E.D., Mullins, T.D., and Haig, S.M. 2008. Introgression and dispersal among spotted owl (Strix occidentalis) subspecies. Evol. Appl. 1(1):161-171.

Galil, B.S. 2009. Taking stock: inventory of alien species in the Mediterranean sea. Biol. Invasions 11(2):359-372.

Gallo, J.A., Pasquini, L., Reyers, B., and Cowling, R.M. 2009. The role of private conservation areas in biodiversity representation and target achievement within the Little Karoo region, South Africa. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):446-454.

Ganguli, A.C., Engle, D.M., Mayer, P.M., and Hellgren, E.C. 2008. Plant community diversity and composition provide little resistance to Juniperus encroachment. Botany 86(12):1416-1426.

Gao, X., Wang, J.W., and Brosse, S. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Acipenser sinensis Gray, 1834 (Acipenseriformes: Acipenseridae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(2):183-184.

Garbutt, A., and Wolters, M. 2008. The natural regeneration of salt marsh on formerly reclaimed land. Appl. Veg. Sci. 11(3):335-344.

García-de-Lomas, J., Hernández, I., and Sánchez-García, Í. 2009. Incipient invasion of Galenia secunda Sond. (Aizoaceae) in Southern Spain. Biol. Invasions 11(2):467-472.

García-Gonzáles, R., Carrasco, B., Peñailillo, P., Letelier, L., Herrera, R., Lavandero, B., Moya, M., and Caligari, P.D.S. 2008. Genetic variability and structure of Gomortega keule (Molina) Baillon (Gomortegaceae) relict populations: geographical and genetic fragmentation and its implications for conservation. Botany 86(11):1299-1310.

Gardiner, T., and Hassall, M. 2009. Does microclimate affect grasshopper populations after cutting of hay in improved grassland? J. Insect Conserv. 13(1):97-102.

Gaston, K.J., and Fuller, R.A. 2009. The sizes of species' geographic ranges. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):1-9.

Girardello, M., Griggio, M., Whittingham, M.J., and Rushton, S.P. 2009. Identifying important areas for butterfly conservation in Italy. Anim. Conserv. 12(1):20-28.

Godoy, O., Richardson, D.M., Valladares, F., and Castro-Díez, P. 2009. Flowering phenology of invasive alien plant species compared with native species in three Mediterranean-type ecosystems. Ann. Botany 103(3):485-494.

González-Astorga, J., Vovides, A.P., Cabrera-Toledo, D., and Nicolalde-Morejón, F. 2008. Diversity and genetic structure of the endangered cycad Dioon sonorense (Zamiaceae) from Sonora, Mexico: evolutionary and conservation implications. Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 36(12):891-899.

Gregory, S.D., and Macdonald, D.W. 2009. Prickly coexistence or blunt competition? Opuntia refugia in an invaded rodent community. Oecologia 159(1):225-236.

Grigione, M.M., Menke, K., López-González, C., List, R., Banda, A., Carrera, J., Carrera, R., Giordano, A.J., Morrison, J., Sternberg, M., Thomas, R., and Van Pelt, B. 2009. Identifying potential conservation areas for felids in the USA and Mexico: integrating reliable knowledge across an international border. Oryx 43(1):78-86.

Grilo, C., Bissonette, J.A., and Santos-Reis, M. 2009. Spatial-temporal patterns in Mediterranean carnivore road casualties: consequences for mitigation. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):301-313.

Guedes-Bruni, R.R., Silva, A.G., and Mantovani, W. 2009. Rare canopy species in communities within the Atlantic Coastal Forest in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):387-403.

Gurjar, R.L. 2008. A vulture population survey in Ranthambore Tiger Reserve, India. Indian Birds 4(3):113-114.

Guschanski, K., Vigilant, L., McNeilage, A., Gray, M., Kagoda, E., and Robbins, M.M. 2009. Counting elusive animals: comparing field and genetic census of the entire mountain gorilla population of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):290-300.

Gusset, M., Swarner, M.J., Mponwane, L., Keletile, K., and McNutt, J.W. 2009. Human-wildlife conflict in northern Botswana: livestock predation by Endangered African wild dog Lycaon pictus and other carnivores. Oryx 43(1):67-72.

Han, M., Fukushima, T., and Fukushima, M. 2009. Effect of damming on distribution of rainbow trout in Hokkaido, Japan. Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(2):175-181.

Harihar, A., Prasad, D.L., Ri, C., Pandav, B., and Goyal, S.P. 2009. Losing ground: tigers Panthera tigris in the north-western Shivalik landscape of India. Oryx 43(1):35-43.

Heino, J., Virkkala, R., and Toivonen, H. 2009. Climate change and freshwater biodiversity: detected patterns, future trends and adaptations in northern regions. Biol. Rev. 84(1):39-54.

Helmus, M.R., Allen, L.B., Dominguez-Dominguez, O., Pardo, E.D., Gesundheit, P., Lyons, J., and Silva, N.M. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Allotoca goslinei Smith and Miller, 1987 (Goodeidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(2):197-198.

Herborg, L.M., O'Hara, P., and Therriault, T.W. 2009. Forecasting the potential distribution of the invasive tunicate Didemnum vexillum. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):64-72.

Hershler, R., and Liu, H.P. 2009. New species and records of Pyrgulopsis (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae) from the Snake River basin, southeastern Oregon: further delineation of a highly imperiled fauna. Zootaxa 2006:1-22.

Hillstrom, M.L., and Lindroth, R.L. 2008. Elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and ozone alter forest insect abundance and community composition. Insect Conserv. Divers. 1(4):233-241.

Hoagstrom, C.W., Hayer, C.A., and Berry, C.R. 2009. Criteria for determining native distributions of biota: the case of the northern plains killifish in the Cheyenne River drainage, North America. Aquat. Conserv. 19(1):88-95.

Horn, S., and Ulyshen, M. 2009. The importance of streamside sandbars to ground beetle (Coleoptera, Carabidae) communities in a deciduous forest. J. Insect Conserv. 13(1):119-123.

Huang, Q.Q., Wu, J.M., Bai, Y.Y., Zhou, L., and Wang, G.X. 2009. Identifying the most noxious invasive plants in China: role of geographical origin, life form and means of introduction. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):305-316.

Hulme, P.E. 2009. Trade, transport and trouble: managing invasive species pathways in an era of globalization. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):10-18.

Hunter, M.R., and Hunter, M.D. 2008. Designing for conservation of insects in the built environment. Insect Conserv. Divers. 1(4):189-196.

Ibarra, J.T., Fasola, L., Macdonald, D.W., Rozzi, R., and Bonacic, C. 2009. Invasive American mink Mustela vison in wetlands of the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve, southern Chile: what are they eating? Oryx 43(1):87-90.

Inskip, C., and Zimmermann, A. 2009. Human-felid conflict: a review of patterns and priorities worldwide. Oryx 43(1):18-34.

Iponga, D.M., Milton, S.J., and Richardson, D.M. 2009. Soil type, microsite, and herbivory influence growth and survival of Schinus molle (Peruvian pepper tree) invading semi-arid African savanna. Biol. Invasions 11(2):159-169.

Jacobs, M.J., and MacIsaac, H.J. 2009. Modelling spread of the invasive macrophyte Cabomba caroliniana. Freshwater Biol. 54(2):296-305.

Jansen, G., and Radchenko, A. 2009. Myrmica specioides Bondroit: a new invasive ant species in the USA? Biol. Invasions 11(2):253-256.

Johnson, C.N., and Isaac, J.L. 2009. Body mass and extinction risk in Australian marsupials: the 'Critical Weight Range' revisited. Austral Ecol. 34(1):35-40.

Johnson, P.T.J., Olden, J.D., Solomon, C.T., and Zanden, M.J.V. 2009. Interactions among invaders: community and ecosystem effects of multiple invasive species in an experimental aquatic system. Oecologia 159(1):161-170.

Jones, K., Gilvear, D., Willby, N., and Gaywood, M. 2009. Willow (Salix spp.) and aspen (Populus tremula) regrowth after felling by the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber): implications for riparian woodland conservation in Scotland. Aquat. Conserv. 19(1):75-87.

Jowers, M.J., Downie, J.R., and Cohen, B.L. 2008. The Golden Tree Frog of Trinidad, Phyllodytes auratus (Anura: Hylidae): systematic and conservation status. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ. 43(3):181-188.

Karanth, K.U., and Chellam, R. 2009. Carnivore conservation at the crossroads. Oryx 43(1):1-2.

Kawakami, K., Harada, S., Suzuki, T., and Higuchi, H. 2008. Genetic and morphological differences among populations of the Bonin Islands White-eye in Japan. Zool. Sci. 25(9):882-887.

Kerth, G., and Melber, M. 2009. Species-specific barrier effects of a motorway on the habitat use of two threatened forest-living bat species. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):270-279.

Khan, M.M.H. 2009. Can domestic dogs save humans from tigers Panthera tigris? Oryx 43(1):44-47.

Kiffner, C., Meyer, B., Mühlenberg, M., and Waltert, M. 2009. Plenty of prey, few predators: what limits lions Panthera leo in Katavi National Park, western Tanzania? Oryx 43(1):52-59.

King, J.R., Tschinkel, W.R., and Ross, K.G. 2009. A case study of human exacerbation of the invasive species problem: transport and establishment of polygyne fire ants in Tallahassee, Florida, USA. Biol. Invasions 11(2):373-377.

Klingbeil, B.T., and Willig, M.R. 2009. Guild-specific responses of bats to landscape composition and configuration in fragmented Amazonian rainforest. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):203-213.

Knickerbocker, C.M., Leitholf, S., Stephens, E.L., Keellings, D.J., Laird, H., Anderson, C.J.R., Fauth, J.E., and Quintana-Ascencio, P.F. 2009. Tree encroachment of a sawgrass (Cladlum jamaicense) marsh within an increasingly urbanized ecosystem. Nat. Areas J. 29(1):15-26.

Knight, J.T., Nock, C.J., Elphinstone, M.S., and Baverstock, P.R. 2009. Conservation implications of distinct genetic structuring in the endangered freshwater fish Nannoperca oxleyana (Percichthyidae). Mar. Freshwater Res. 60(1):34-44.

Kolenc, F., Borteiro, C., Baldo, D., Ferraro, D.P., and Prigioni, C. 2009. The tadpoles and advertisement calls of Pleurodema bibroni Tschudi and Pleurodema kriegi (Müller), with notes on their geographic distribution and conservation status (Amphibia, Anura, Leiuperidae). Zootaxa 1969:1-35.

Kovac, K.J., and Mackay, D. 2009. An experimental study of the impacts of cattle on spider communities of artesian springs in South Australia. J. Insect Conserv. 13(1):57-65.

Kozlowski, G., and Matthies, D. 2009. Habitat differentiation in the threatened aquatic plant genus Baldellia (L.) Parl. (Alismataceae): implications for conservation. Aquat. Bot. 90(2):110-118.

Krabbenhoft, T.J., Rohde, F.C., and Quattro, J.M. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Fundulus waccamensis (Hubbs and Raney, 1946) (Fundulidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(2):173-174.

Krauss, J., Alfert, T., and Steffan-Dewenter, I. 2009. Habitat area but not habitat age determines wild bee richness in limestone quarries. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):194-202.

Langkilde, T. 2009. Invasive fire ants alter behavior and morphology of native lizards. Ecology 90(1):208-217.

Latimer, A.M., Banerjee, S., Sang, H., Mosher, E.S., and Silander, J.A. 2009. Hierarchical models facilitate spatial analysis of large data sets: a case study on invasive plant species in the northeastern United States. Ecol. Lett. 12(2):144-154.

Latta, R.G. 2008. Conservation genetics as applied evolution: from genetic pattern to evolutionary process. Evol. Appl. 1(1):84-94.

Leather, S.R., Basset, Y., and Hawkins, B.A. 2008. Insect Conservation and Diversity - a new journal for the Royal Entomological Society. Insect Conserv. Divers. 1(1):1.

Leather, S.R., Basset, Y., and Hawkins, B.A. 2008. Insect conservation: finding the way forward. Insect Conserv. Divers. 1(1):67-69.

Lederer, A.M., Janssen, J., Reed, T., and Wolf, A. 2008. Impacts of the introduced round goby (Apollonia melanostoma) on dreissenids (Dreissena polymorpha and Dreissena bugensis) and on macroinvertebrate community between 2003 and 2006 in the littoral zone of Green Bay, Lake Michigan. J. Great Lakes Res. 34(4):690-697.

Liao, W., and Reed, D.H. 2009. Inbreeding-environment interactions increase extinction risk. Anim. Conserv. 12(1):54-61.

Lin, L.H., Zhao, Q., and Ji, X. 2008. Conservation genetics of the Chinese cobra (Naja atra) investigated with mitochondrial DNA sequences. Zool. Sci. 25(9):888-893.

Link, S.O. 2009. Restoration perspectives for natural areas. Nat. Areas J. 29(1):2-3.

Littlewood, N., Pakeman, R., and Woodin, S. 2009. Isolation of habitat patches limits colonisation by moorland Hemiptera. J. Insect Conserv. 13(1):29-36.

Lohmus, P., and Lohmus, A. 2009. The importance of representative inventories for lichen conservation assessments: the case of Cladonia norvegica and C. parasitica. Lichenologist 41:61-67.

López-López, E., and Sedeño-Díaz, J.E. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Ameca splendens Miller & Fitzsimons, 1971 (Cyprinodontiformes: Goodeidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(2):223-224.

Loyola, R., and Martins, R. 2009. On a habitat structure-based approach to evaluating species occurrence: cavity-nesting Hymenoptera in a secondary tropical forest remnant. J. Insect Conserv. 13(1):125-129.

Lozier, J.D., Roderick, G.K., and Mills, N.J. 2009. Tracing the invasion history of mealy plum aphid, Hyalopterus pruni (Hemiptera: Aphididae), in North America: a population genetics approach. Biol. Invasions 11(2):299-314.

Manh, H.N. 2009. The status of Vulnerable gaur Bos gaurus and Endangered banteng Bos javanicus in Ea So Nature Reserve and Yok Don and Cat Tien National Parks, Vietnam. Oryx 43(1):129-135.

Manning, A.D., Fischer, J., Felton, A., Newell, B., Steffen, W., and Lindenmayer, D.B. 2009. Landscape fluidity - a unifying perspective for understanding and adapting to global change. J. Biogeogr. 36(2):193-199.

Marini, L., Fontana, P., Klimek, S., Battisti, A., and Gaston, K.J. 2009. Impact of farm size and topography on plant and insect diversity of managed grasslands in the Alps. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):394-403.

Marris, E. 2009. The genome of the American West. Nature 457(7232):950-952.

Matos, H.M., Santos, M.J., Palomares, F., and Santos-Reis, M. 2009. Does riparian habitat condition influence mammalian carnivore abundance in Mediterranean ecosystems? Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):373-386.

McClure, M.M., Carlson, S.M., Beechie, T.J., Pess, G.R., Jorgensen, J.C., Sogard, S.M., Sultan, S.E., Holzer, D.M., Travis, J., Sanderson, B.L., Power, M.E., and Carmichael, R.W. 2008. Evolutionary consequences of habitat loss for Pacific anadromous salmonids. Evol. Appl. 1(2):300-318.

Merino, M.L., Carpinetti, B.N., and Abba, A.M. 2009. Invasive mammals in the National Parks System of Argentina. Nat. Areas J. 29(1):42-49.

Missa, O., Basset, Y., Alonso, A., Miller, S., Curletti, G., Meyer, M., Eardley, C., Mansell, M., and Wagner, T. 2009. Monitoring arthropods in a tropical landscape: relative effects of sampling methods and habitat types on trap catches. J. Insect Conserv. 13(1):103-118.

Molina, L.M., Valiñas, M.S., Pratolongo, P.D., Elias, R., and Perillo, G.M.E. 2009. First record of the sea anemone Diadumene lineata (Verrill 1871) associated to Spartina alterniflora roots and stems, in marshes at the Bahia Blanca estuary, Argentina. Biol. Invasions 11(2):409-416.

Möllenbeck, V., Hermann, G., and Fartmann, T. 2009. Does prescribed burning mean a threat to the rare satyrine butterfly Hipparchia fagi? Larval-habitat preferences give the answer. J. Insect Conserv. 13(1):77-87.

Morgan, S., Mackey, R.L., and Slotow, R. 2009. A priori valuation of land use for the conservation of black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis). Biol. Conserv. 142(2):384-393.

Moseman, S.M., Zhang, R., Qian, P.Y., and Levin, L.A. 2009. Diversity and functional responses of nitrogen-fixing microbes to three wetland invasions. Biol. Invasions 11(2):225-239.

Moulton, T.P. 2009. Defying Water's End: do we need different conservation strategies for aquatic systems compared with terrestrial? Aquat. Conserv. 19(1):1-3.

Müller, M., and Job, H. 2009. Managing natural disturbance in protected areas: tourists' attitude towards the bark beetle in a German national park. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):375-383.

Nantha, H.S., and Tisdell, C. 2009. The orangutan-oil palm conflict: economic constraints and opportunities for conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):487-502.

Nelson, E., Mendoza, G., Regetz, J., Polasky, S., Tallis, H., Cameron, D.R., Chan, K.M.A., Daily, G.C., Goldstein, J., Kareiva, P.M., Lonsdorf, E., Naidoo, R., Ricketts, T.H., and Shaw, M.R. 2009. Modeling multiple ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation, commodity production, and tradeoffs at landscape scales. Front. Ecol. Environ. 7(1):4-11.

New, T. 2009. Forty years of butterfly conservation! J. Insect Conserv. 13(1):1-2.

Nijman, V., Shepherd, C.R., and van Balen, S. 2009. Declaration of the Javan hawk eagle Spizaetus bartelsi as Indonesia's National Rare Animal impedes conservation of the species. Oryx 43(1):122-128.

Nilsson, S.G., Franzén, M., and Jönsson, E. 2008. Long-term land-use changes and extinction of specialised butterflies. Insect Conserv. Divers. 1(4):197-207.

Olson, K.A., Mueller, T., Bolortsetseg, S., Leimgruber, P., Fagan, W.F., and Fuller, T.K. 2009. A mega-herd of more than 200,000 Mongolian gazelles Procapra gutturosa: a consequence of habitat quality. Oryx 43(1):149-153.

Olsson, O., and Rogers, D.J. 2009. Predicting the distribution of a suitable habitat for the white stork in Southern Sweden: identifying priority areas for reintroduction and habitat restoration. Anim. Conserv. 12(1):62-70.

Ortega, E., Mañosa, S., Margalida, A., Sánchez, R., Oria, J., and González, L.M. 2009. A demographic description of the recovery of the Vulnerable Spanish imperial eagle Aquila adalberti. Oryx 43(1):113-121.

Papadatou, E., Butlin, R.K., Pradel, R., and Altringham, J.D. 2009. Sex-specific roost movements and population dynamics of the vulnerable long-fingered bat, Myotis capaccinii. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):280-289.

Paquin, P., and Dupérré, N. 2009. A first step towards the revision of Cicurina: redescription of type specimens of 60 troglobitic species of the subgenus Cicurella (Araneae: Dictynidae), and a first visual assessment of their distribution. Zootaxa 2002:3-67.

Parsons, B., Short, J., and Roberts, J.D. 2009. Using community observations to predict the occurrence of malleefowl (Leipoa ocellata) in the Western Australian wheatbelt. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):364-374.

Pattanaik, C., Prasad, S.N., and Reddy, C.S. 2009. Need for conservation of biodiversity in Araku Valley, Andhra Pradesh. Curr. Sci. 96(1):11-12.

Pautasso, M., and Zotti, M. 2009. Macrofungal taxa and human population in Italy's regions. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):473-485.

Pemberton, R.W., and Liu, H. 2009. Marketing time predicts naturalization of horticultural plants. Ecology 90(1):69-80.

Persson, J., Ericsson, G., and Segerström, P. 2009. Human caused mortality in the endangered Scandinavian wolverine population. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):325-331.

Piazzi, L., and Balata, D. 2009. Invasion of alien macroalgae in different Mediterranean habitats. Biol. Invasions 11(2):193-204.

Piessens, K., Adriaens, D., Jacquemyn, H., and Honnay, O. 2009. Synergistic effects of an extreme weather event and habitat fragmentation on a specialised insect herbivore. Oecologia 159(1):117-126.

Pizzatto, L., and Shine, R. 2009. Native Australian frogs avoid the scent of invasive cane toads. Austral Ecol. 34(1):77-82.

Plentovich, S., Hebshi, A., and Conant, S. 2009. Detrimental effects of two widespread invasive ant species on weight and survival of colonial nesting seabirds in the Hawaiian Islands. Biol. Invasions 11(2):289-298.

Plummer, M.L. 2009. Assessing benefit transfer for the valuation of ecosystem services. Front. Ecol. Environ. 7(1):38-45.

Polo-Cavia, N., López, P., and Martín, J. 2009. Interspecific differences in chemosensory responses of freshwater turtles: consequences for competition between native and invasive species. Biol. Invasions 11(2):431-440.

Prober, S.M., and Lunt, I.D. 2009. Restoration of Themeda australis swards suppresses soil nitrate and enhances ecological resistance to invasion by exotic annuals. Biol. Invasions 11(2):171-181.

Pyron, M., Beugly, J., Martin, E., and Spielman, M. 2008. Conservation of the freshwater gastropods of Indiana: historic and current distributions. Am. Malacol. Bull. 26(1-2):137-151.

Ra, N.Y., Sung, H.C., Cheong, S., Lee, J.H., Eom, J., and Park, D. 2008. Habitat use and home range of the endangered gold-spotted pond frog (Rana chosenica). Zool. Sci. 25(9):894-903.

Raghavan, R., Prasad, G., Pereira, B., Ali, P.H.A., and Sujarittanonta, L. 2009. 'Damsel in distress' - The tale of Miss Kerala, Puntius denisonii (Day), an endemic and endangered cyprinid of the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot (South India). Aquat. Conserv. 19(1):67-74.

Raja, H.A., Schmit, J.P., and Shearer, C.A. 2009. Latitudinal, habitat and substrate distribution patterns of freshwater ascomycetes in the Florida Peninsula. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):419-455.

Rayan, D.M., and Mohamad, S.W. 2009. The importance of selectively logged forests for tiger Panthera tigris conservation: a population density estimate in Peninsular Malaysia. Oryx 43(1):48-51.

Rayburn, A.P., and Schulte, L.A. 2009. Integrating historic and contemporary data to delineate potential remnant natural woodlands within midwestern agricultural landscapes. Nat. Areas J. 29(1):4-14.

Rodda, G.H., Jarnevich, C.S., and Reed, R.N. 2009. What parts of the US mainland are climatically suitable for invasive alien pythons spreading from Everglades National Park? Biol. Invasions 11(2):241-252.

Ros, M.D., Marín-Murcia, J.P., and Aboal, M. 2009. Biodiversity of diatom assemblages in a Mediterranean semiarid stream: implications for conservation. Mar. Freshwater Res. 60(1):14-24.

Ross, C.A., Faust, D., and Auge, H. 2009. Mahonia invasions in different habitats: local adaptation or general-purpose genotypes? Biol. Invasions 11(2):441-452.

Rout, T.M., Salomon, Y., and McCarthy, M.A. 2009. Using sighting records to declare eradication of an invasive species. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):110-117.

Ruaux, B., Greulich, S., Haury, J., and Berton, J.P. 2009. Sexual reproduction of two alien invasive Ludwigia (Onagraceae) on the middle Loire River, France. Aquat. Bot. 90(2):143-148.

Saad, L., and Mahy, G. 2009. Molecular and morphological variation of rare endemic oncocyclus irises (Iridaceae) of Lebanon. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 159(1):123-135.

Saad, L., Talhouk, S.N., and Mahy, G. 2009. Decline of endemic Oncocyclus irises (Iridaceae) of Lebanon: survey and conservation needs. Oryx 43(1):91-96.

Sagata, K., and Lester, P.J. 2009. Behavioural plasticity associated with propagule size, resources, and the invasion success of the Argentine ant Linepithema humile. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):19-27.

Salvidio, S. 2009. Detecting amphibian population cycles: the importance of appropriate statistical analyses. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):455-461.

Sanford, M.P. 2009. Valuating mangrove ecosystems as coastal protection in post-tsunami South Asia. Nat. Areas J. 29(1):91-95.

Santos, X., Brito, J.C., Caro, J., Abril, A.J., Lorenzo, M., Sillero, N., and Pleguezuelos, J.M. 2009. Habitat suitability, threats and conservation of isolated populations of the smooth snake (Coronella austriaca) in the southern Iberian Peninsula. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):344-352.

Sanz-Aguilar, A., Martínez-Abraín, A., Tavecchia, G., Mínguez, E., and Oro, D. 2009. Evidence-based culling of a facultative predator: efficacy and efficiency components. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):424-431.

Sastre, P., and Lobo, J.M. 2009. Taxonomist survey biases and the unveiling of biodiversity patterns. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):462-467.

Schaub, M., Zink, R., Beissmann, H., Sarrazin, F., and Arlettaz, R. 2009. When to end releases in reintroduction programmes: demographic rates and population viability analysis of bearded vultures in the Alps. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):92-100.

Schleuning, M., Niggemann, M., Becker, U., and Matthies, D. 2009. Negative effects of habitat degradation and fragmentation on the declining grassland plant Trifolium montanum. Basic Appl. Ecol. 10(1):61-69.

Schmiede, R., Donath, T.U., and Otte, A. 2009. Seed bank development after the restoration of alluvial grassland via transfer of seed-containing plant material. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):404-413.

Schneider, N., and Griesser, M. 2009. Influence and value of different water regimes on avian species richness in arid inland Australia. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):457-471.

Schuiteman, A., Bonnet, P., Svengsuksa, B., and Barthélémy, D. 2008. An annotated checklist of the Orchidaceae of Laos. Nord. J. Bot. 26(5-6):257-316.

Schüttler, E., Cárcamo, J., and Rozzi, R. 2008. Diet of the American mink Mustela vison and its potential impact on the native fauna of Navarino Island, Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve, Chile. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 81(4):585-598.

Scott, M.L., Nagler, P.L., Glenn, E.P., Valdes-Casillas, C., Erker, J.A., Reynolds, E.W., Shafroth, P.B., Gomez-Limon, E., and Jones, C.L. 2009. Assessing the extent and diversity of riparian ecosystems in Sonora, Mexico. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):247-269.

Sedeño-Díaz, J.E., and López-López, E. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Girardinichthys viviparus (Bustamante 1837) (Cyprinodontiformes: Goodeidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(1):11-12.

Segev, O., Mangel, M., and Blaustein, L. 2009. Deleterious effects by mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) on the endangered fire salamander (Salamandra infraimmaculata). Anim. Conserv. 12(1):29-37.

Seo, C., Thorne, J.H., Hannah, L., and Thuiller, W. 2009. Scale effects in species distribution models: implications for conservation planning under climate change. Biol. Lett. 5(1):39-43.

Shirley, M.H., Oduro, W., and Beibro, H.Y. 2009. Conservation status of crocodiles in Ghana and Côte-d'Ivoire, West Africa. Oryx 43(1):136-145.

Silva, M.P.P., and Pôrto, K.C. 2009. Effect of fragmentation on the community structure of epixylic bryophytes in Atlantic Forest remnants in the Northeast of Brazil. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):317-337.

Silva, S.S.B., and Ferrari, S.F. 2009. Behavior patterns of southern bearded sakis (Chiropotes satanas) in the fragmented landscape of eastern Brazilian Amazonia. Am. J. Primatol. 71(1):1-7.

Skarpaas, O., and Økland, B. 2009. Timber import and the risk of forest pest introductions. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):55-63.

Smith, K.F., Acevedo-Whitehouse, K., and Pedersen, A.B. 2009. The role of infectious diseases in biological conservation. Anim. Conserv. 12(1):1-12.

Soberon, J., and Peterson, A.T. 2009. Monitoring biodiversity loss with primary species-occurrence data: toward national-level indicators for the 2010 Target of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Ambio 38(1):29-34.

Spear, D., and Chown, S.L. 2009. The extent and impacts of ungulate translocations: South Africa in a global context. Biol. Conserv. 142(2):353-363.

Spetich, M.A., Kvashnina, A.E., Nukhimovskya, Y.D., and Rhodes, O.E. 2009. History, administration, goals, value, and long-term data of Russia's strictly protected scientific nature reserves. Nat. Areas J. 29(1):71-78.

Steinitz, B., Tabib, Y., Gaba, V., Gefen, T., and Vaknin, Y. 2009. Vegetative micro-cloning to sustain biodiversity of threatened Moringa species. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Bio. Plant 45(1):65-71.

Stroh, E.D., and Struckhoff, M.A. 2009. Exotic plant species associations with horse trails, old roads, and intact native communities in the Missouri Ozarks. Nat. Areas J. 29(1):50-56.

Taggart, J.B., Ellis, J.M., and Sprouse, J.D. 2009. Prescribed burning in state park properties of North Carolina and nearby coastal states. Nat. Areas J. 29(1):64-70.

Tallis, H., Goldman, R., Uhl, M., and Brosi, B. 2009. Integrating conservation and development in the field: implementing ecosystem service projects. Front. Ecol. Environ. 7(1):12-20.

Terraube, J., Arroyo, B.E., Mougeot, F., Madders, M., Watson, J., and Bragin, E.A. 2009. Breeding biology of the pallid harrier Circus macrourus in north-central Kazakhstan: implications for the conservation of a Near Threatened species. Oryx 43(1):104-112.

Thomas, C.D., Bulman, C.R., and Wilson, R.J. 2008. Where within a geographical range do species survive best? A matter of scale. Insect Conserv. Divers. 1(1):2-8.

Tin, T., Fleming, Z.L., Hughes, K.A., Ainley, D.G., Convey, P., Moreno, C.A., Pfeiffer, S., Scott, J., and Snape, I. 2009. Impacts of local human activities on the Antarctic environment. Antarct. Sci. 21(1):3-33.

Treves, A., Plumptre, A.J., Hunter, L.T.B., and Ziwa, J. 2009. Identifying a potential lion Panthera leo stronghold in Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda, and Parc National des Virunga, Democratic Republic of Congo. Oryx 43(1):60-66.

Tyrrell, C.L., Christy, M.T., Rodda, G.H., Adams, A.A., Ellingson, A.R., Savidge, J.A., Dean-Bradley, K., and Bischof, R. 2009. Evaluation of trap capture in a geographically closed population of brown treesnakes on Guam. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(1):128-135.

Urban, R.A., Titus, J.E., and Zhu, W.X. 2009. Shading by an invasive macrophyte has cascading effects on sediment chemistry. Biol. Invasions 11(2):265-273.

Van Sam, H., Baas, P., and Keßler, P.J.A. 2008. Traditional medicinal plants in Ben En National Park, Vietnam. Blumea 53(3):569-601.

Véla, E., Auda, P., Léger, J.F., Gonçalves, V., and Baumel, A. 2008. Example of a new evaluation of threat status according to the IUCN criteria 3.1: the case of the Provencal endemic Arenaria provincialls Chater & Halliday (Caryophyllaceae). Acta Bot. Gallica 155(4):547-562.

Vellinga, E.C., Wolfe, B.E., and Pringle, A. 2009. Global patterns of ectomycorrhizal introductions. New Phytol. 181(4):960-973.

Verhoeven, K.J.F., Biere, A., Harvey, J.A., and van der Putten, W.H. 2009. Plant invaders and their novel natural enemies: who is naïve? Ecol. Lett. 12(2):107-117.

Vizzini, A., Zotti, M., and Mello, A. 2009. Alien fungal species distribution: the study case of Favolaschia calocera. Biol. Invasions 11(2):417-429.

von Oheimb, G., and Härdtle, W. 2009. Selection harvest in temperate deciduous forests: impact on herb layer richness and composition. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(2):271-287.

Wang, C.H., Li, S.F., Fu, C.Z., Gong, X.L., Huang, L., Song, X., and Zhao, Y. 2009. Molecular genetic structure and evolution in native and colonized populations of the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis. Biol. Invasions 11(2):389-399.

Waples, R.S., and Hendry, A.P. 2008. Evolutionary perspectives on salmonid conservation and management. Evol. Appl. 1(2):183-188.

Weerasinghe, U.R., Akiko, S., Palitha, J., and Seiki, T. 2008. The role of the soil seed bank in vegetation recovery on an oceanic island severely damaged by introduced goats. Appl. Veg. Sci. 11(3):355-364.

Weese, D.A., and Santos, S.R. 2009. Genetic identification of source populations for an aquarium-traded invertebrate. Anim. Conserv. 12(1):13-19.

Wegge, P., and Storaas, T. 2009. Sampling tiger ungulate prey by the distance method: lessons learned in Bardia National Park, Nepal. Anim. Conserv. 12(1):78-84.

Welsh, S.A., Wood, R.M., and Sheehan, K.R. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Crystallaria cincotta Welsh and Wood 2008 (Percidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(2):191-192.

White, A.W., and Shine, R. 2009. The extra-limital spread of an invasive species via 'stowaway' dispersal: toad to nowhere? Anim. Conserv. 12(1):38-45.

Williams, J.G., Zabel, R.W., Waples, R.S., Hutchings, J.A., and Connor, W.P. 2008. Potential for anthropogenic disturbances to influence evolutionary change in the life history of a threatened salmonid. Evol. Appl. 1(2):271-285.

Wittmann, K.J., and Ariani, A.P. 2009. Reappraisal and range extension of non-indigenous Mysidae (Crustacea, Mysida) in continental and coastal waters of eastern France. Biol. Invasions 11(2):401-407.

Yang, J., Chen, X.Y., and Yang, J.X. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Acheilognathus elongatus (Regan 1908) (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(2):209-210.

Yang, L., Liu, C.X., and He, S.P. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Cranoglanis bouderius (Richardson, 1846) (Cranoglanididae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(2):157-158.

Yi, Q.F., Zhou, R.Z., Zeng, Q.W., and Xing, F.W. 2008. Michelia viridipetala sp. nov. (Magnoliaceae) from Yunnan, China. Nord. J. Bot. 26(5-6):338-343.

Yorio, P., and Efe, M.A. 2008. Population status of Royal and Cayenne Terns breeding in Argentina and Brazil. Waterbirds 31(4):561-570.

Young, L.M., Marris, J.W.M., and Pawson, S.M. 2008. Back from extinction: rediscovery of the Canterbury knobbled weevil Hadramphus tuberculatus (Pascoe 1877) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), with a review of its historical distribution. New Zeal. J. Zool. 35(4):323-330.

Zhang, X.Y., He, C.L., and Song, Z.B. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Zacco chengtui Kimura 1934 (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(1):27-28.

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