Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

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Department ofBotany

No. 294
June 2009

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In This Issue

Amphibian Rescue Initiated in Panama

Eight institutions announced their joint venture to save amphibians from the brink of extinction in Panama - an area rich with diverse amphibian species. Experts from Smithsonian's National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Africam Safari (Mexico), Cheyenne Mountain Zoo (Colorado), Defenders of Wildlife (Washington, D.C.), Houston Zoo (Texas), Summit Municipal Park (Panama), and Zoo New England (Massachusetts) have pooled their energy and resources to form the Panama Amphibian Rescue and Conservation Project to protect a number of species from extinction.

According to the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a systematic global assessment of all 5,743 known amphibian species has found that one-third of them are in danger of being eliminated at an alarming rate by a pathogen known as the chytrid fungus.

The institutions involved in the project have collectively pledged more than $750,000 in cash and in-kind donations during the next three years. The project will consist of three complementary parts: the ongoing operation of El Valle Amphibian Conservation Center run by the Houston Zoo; the amphibian chytrid cure research program to be initiated at the National Zoo in collaboration with Vanderbilt University; and the construction and operation of the new Summit Park Amphibian Rescue Center in Panama. The project will be launched in Panama later this year in close coordination with Panamanian authorities.

Job Opportunity

The Wilderness Society seeks a forest ecologist with experience in natural resource issues and an interest in restoration to join its Ecology & Economics Research Department as part of an interdisciplinary regional conservation team working to protect Montana's wildlands. TWS seeks an applied ecologist to synthesize and analyze existing scientific information, develop new information, and translate these ideas into a format that will influence federal land management decisions in Montana and federal policies. See <> for more information. This position is available 1 July 2009, and is located in the Bozeman office. To apply please submit a cover letter explaining your qualifications for this position, resume, samples of both technical and popular writing in relevant fields, and names, addresses, phone numbers of three references to The Wilderness Society is an EEO employer

Current Literature

Abdelkrim, J., Pascal, M., and Samadi, S. 2009. Genetic structure and functioning of alien ship rat populations from a Corsican micro-insular complex. Biol. Invasions 11(3):473-482.

Aguirre-Santoro, J., and Betancur, J. 2008. Synopsis of Aechmea (Bromeliaceae) for Colombia. Caldasia 30(2):265-288.

Alam, J., and Ali, S.I. 2009. Conservation status of Astragalus gilgitensis Ali (Fabaceae): a critically endangered species in the Gilgit District, Pakistan. Phyton Ann. Rei Bot. 48(2):211-223.

Allentoft, M.E., Siegismund, H.R., Briggs, L., and Andersen, L.W. 2009. Microsatellite analysis of the natterjack toad (Bufo calamita) in Denmark: populations are islands in a fragmented landscape. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):15-28.

Almeida, D., Almodóvar, A., Nicola, G.G., and Elvira, B. 2009. Feeding tactics and body condition of two introduced populations of pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus: taking advantages of human disturbances? Ecol. Freshw. Fish 18(1):15-23.

Alonso, J.C., Martín, C.A., Alonso, J.A., Palacín, C., Magaña, M., Lieckfeldt, D., and Pitra, C. 2009. Genetic diversity of the great bustard in Iberia and Morocco: risks from current population fragmentation. Conserv. Genet. 10(2):379-390.

Alvsvåg, J., Agnalt, A.L., and Jørstad, K.E. 2009. Evidence for a permanent establishment of the snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) in the Barents Sea. Biol. Invasions 11(3):587-595.

Anderson, B.J., Arroyo, B.E., Collingham, Y.C., Etheridge, B., Fernandez-De-Simon, J., Gillings, S., Gregory, R.D., Leckie, F.M., Sim, I.M.W., Thomas, C.D., Travis, J., and Redpath, S.M. 2009. Using distribution models to test alternative hypotheses about a species' environmental limits and recovery prospects. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):488-499.

Arroyo, B., Amar, A., Leckie, F., Buchanan, G.M., Wilson, J.D., and Redpath, S. 2009. Hunting habitat selection by hen harriers on moorland: implications for conservation management. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):586-596.

Baker, A.J., and Stiling, P. 2009. Comparing the effects of the exotic cactus-feeding moth, Cactoblastis cactorum (Berg) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and the native cactus-feeding moth, Melitara prodenialis (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on two species of Florida Opuntia. Biol. Invasions 11(3):619-624.

Balart, E.F., Pérez-Urbiola, J.C., Campos-Dávila, L., Monteforte, M., and Ortega-Rubio, A. 2009. On the first record of a potentially harmful fish, Sparus aurata in the Gulf of California. Biol. Invasions 11(3):547-550.

Barrows, C.W., Allen, E.B., Brooks, M.L., and Allen, M.F. 2009. Effects of an invasive plant on a desert sand dune landscape. Biol. Invasions 11(3):673-686.

Basset, Y., Hawkins, B.A., and Leather, S.R. 2009. Visions for insect conservation and diversity: spanning the gap between practice and theory. Insect Conserv. Divers. 2(1):1-4.

Battaglia, L.L., Denslow, J.S., Inczauskis, J.R., and Baer, S.G. 2009. Effects of native vegetation on invasion success of Chinese tallow in a floating marsh ecosystem. J. Ecology 97(2):239-246.

Batáry, P., Kõrösi, Á., Örvössy, N., Kövér, S., and Peregovits, L. 2009. Species-specific distribution of two sympatric Maculinea butterflies across different meadow edges. J. Insect Conserv. 13(2):223-230.

Baveye, P.C. 2009. Comment on "Conservation of protists: Is it needed at all?" by Cotterill et al. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):503-505.

Bearzi, G., Fortuna, C.M., and Reeves, R.R. 2009. Ecology and conservation of common bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus in the Mediterranean Sea. Mammal Rev. 39(2):92-123.

Beneteau, C.L., Mandrak, N.E., and Heath, D.D. 2009. The effects of river barriers and range expansion of the population genetic structure and stability in Greenside Darter (Etheostoma blennioides) populations. Conserv. Genet. 10(2):477-487.

Bomford, M., Kraus, F., Barry, S.C., and Lawrence, E. 2009. Predicting establishment success for alien reptiles and amphibians: a role for climate matching. Biol. Invasions 11(3):713-724.

Botham, M.S., Rothery, P., Hulme, P.E., Hill, M.O., Preston, C.D., and Roy, D.B. 2009. Do urban areas act as foci for the spread of alien plant species? An assessment of temporal trends in the UK. Divers. Distrib. 15(2):338-345.

Bouma, T.J., Olenin, S., Reise, K., and Ysebaert, T. 2009. Ecosystem engineering and biodiversity in coastal sediments: posing hypotheses. Helgoland Mar. Res. 63(1):95-106.

Bouzat, J.L., Johnson, J.A., Toepfer, J.E., Simpson, S.A., Esker, T.L., and Westemeier, R.L. 2009. Beyond the beneficial effects of translocations as an effective tool for the genetic restoration of isolated populations. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):191-201.

Brandmayr, P., Pizzolotto, R., Colombetta, G., and Zetto, T. 2009. In situ extinction of carabid beetles and community changes in a protected suburban forest during the past century: the "Bosco Farneto" near Trieste (Italy). J. Insect Conserv. 13(2):231-243.

Britton, J.R., Davies, G.D., and Brazier, M. 2009. Eradication of the invasive Pseudorasbora parva results in increased growth and production of native fishes. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 18(1):8-14.

Brock, K.A., Reece, J.S., and Ehrhart, L.M. 2009. The effects of artificial beach nourishment on marine turtles: differences between loggerhead and green turtles. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):297-307.

Brooks, R.T. 2009. Habitat-associated and temporal patterns of bat activity in a diverse forest landscape of southern New England, USA. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):529-545.

Bucharova, A., and van Kleunen, M. 2009. Introduction history and species characteristics partly explain naturalization success of North American woody species in Europe. J. Ecology 97(2):230-238.

Bulleri, F., Tamburello, L., and Benedetti-Cecchi, L. 2009. Loss of consumers alters the effects of resident assemblages on the local spread of an introduced macroalga. Oikos 118(2):269-279.

Burbidge, A.A., McKenzie, N.L., Brennan, K.E.C., Woinarski, J.C.Z., Dickman, C.R., Baynes, A., Gordon, G., Menkhorst, P.W., and Robinson, A.C. 2008. Conservation status and biogeography of Australia's terrestrial mammals. Aust. J. Zool. 56(6):411-422.

Cárdenas, A.M., and Buddle, C. 2009. Introduced and native ground beetle assemblages (Coleoptera: Carabidae) along a successional gradient in an urban landscape. J. Insect Conserv. 13(2):151-163.

Carr, J.P., and Kaufman, L. 2009. Estimating the importance of maternal age, size, and spawning experience to recruitment of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Biol. Conserv. 142(3):477-487.

Cassano, C.R., Schroth, G., Faria, D., Delabie, J.H.C., and Bede, L. 2009. Landscape and farm scale management to enhance biodiversity conservation in the cocoa producing region of southern Bahia, Brazil. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):577-603.

Caterino, M.S., and Chatzimanolis, S. 2009. Conservation genetics of three flightless beetle species in southern California. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):203-216.

Chan, L.M., Fitzgerald, L.A., and Zamudio, K.R. 2009. The scale of genetic differentiation in the Dunes Sagebrush-Lizard (Sceloporus arenicolus), an endemic habitat specialist. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):131-142.

Chen, Y.J., Reid, S., and May, B. 2009. Genetic relationships of tui chub populations in the northwestern Great Basin and conservation implications for the Cow Head Tui Chub. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):101-114.

Christie, F., and Hochuli, D. 2009. Responses of wasp communities to urbanization: effects on community resilience and species diversity. J. Insect Conserv. 13(2):213-221.

Churski, M., and Danielewicz, W. 2008. Salix myrtilloides in north central Poland. Distribution, threats and conservation. Dendrobiology 60:3-9.

Coad, B.W., Mehrani, R., and Najafpour, N. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Paracobitis smithi (Greenwood, 1976) (Balitoridae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(3):323.

Colding, J., and Folke, C. 2009. The role of golf courses in biodiversity conservation and ecosystem management. Ecosystems 12(2):191-206.

Coombes, E.G., Jones, A.P., and Sutherland, W.J. 2008. The biodiversity implications of changes in coastal tourism due to climate change. Environ. Conserv. 35(4):319-330.

Cousins, S.A.O. 2009. Extinction debt in fragmented grasslands: paid or not? J. Veg. Sci. 20(1):3-7.

Crandall, K.A., Robison, H.W., and Buhay, J.E. 2009. Avoidance of extinction through nonexistence: the use of museum specimens and molecular genetics to determine the taxonomic status of an endangered freshwater crayfish. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):177-189.

Crawford, P.H.C., and Hoagland, B.W. 2009. Can herbarium records be used to map alien species invasion and native species expansion over the past 100 years? J. Biogeogr. 36(4):651-661.

Cunard, C., and Lee, T.D. 2009. Is patience a virtue? Succession, light, and the death of invasive glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus). Biol. Invasions 11(3):577-586.

da Silva, P.M., Aguiar, C.A.S., Niemelä, J., Sousa, J.P., and Serrano, A.R.M. 2009. Cork-oak woodlands as key-habitats for biodiversity conservation in Mediterranean landscapes: a case study using rove and ground beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Carabidae). Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):605-619.

Daniels, J.C. 2009. Cooperative conservation efforts to help recover an endangered south Florida butterfly. Insect Conserv. Divers. 2(1):62-64.

Daugherty, D.J., Sutton, T.M., and Elliott, R.F. 2009. Suitability modeling of lake sturgeon habitat in five northern Lake Michigan tributaries: implications for population rehabilitation. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):245-257.

de Siqueira, M.F., Durigan, G., Júnior, P.M., and Peterson, A.T. 2009. Something from nothing: using landscape similarity and ecological niche modeling to find rare plant species. J. Nature Conserv. 17(1):25-32.

Delibes-Mateos, M., Ferreras, P., and Villafuerte, R. 2009. European rabbit population trends and associated factors: a review of the situation in the Iberian Peninsula. Mammal Rev. 39(2):124-140.

Denoël, M., Ficetola, G.F., Cirovic, R., Radovic, D., Džukic, G., Kalezic, M.L., and Vukov, T.D. 2009. A multi-scale approach to facultative paedomorphosis of European newts (Salamandridae) in the Montenegrin karst: distribution pattern, environmental variables, and conservation. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):509-517.

Descheemaeker, K., Muys, B., Nyssen, J., Sauwens, W., Haile, M., Poesen, J., Raes, D., and Deckers, J. 2009. Humus form development during forest restoration in exclosures of the Tigray highlands, northern Ethiopia. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):280-289.

Drechsler, M., Lourival, R., and Possingham, H.P. 2009. Conservation planning for successional landscapes. Ecol. Model. 220(4):438-450.

Drielsma, M., and Ferrier, S. 2009. Rapid evaluation of metapopulation persistence in highly variegated landscapes. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):529-540.

Duca, C., Yokomizo, H., Marini, M.Â., and Possingham, H.P. 2009. Cost-efficient conservation for the white-banded tanager (Neothraupis fasciata) in the Cerrado, central Brazil. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):563-574.

Durrant, C.J., Beebee, T.J.C., Greenaway, F., and Hill, D.A. 2009. Evidence of recent population bottlenecks and inbreeding in British populations of Bechstein's bat, Myotis bechsteinii. Conserv. Genet. 10(2):489-496.

Edge, D.A., Cilliers, S.S., and Terblanche, R.F. 2008. Vegetation associated with the occurrence of the Brenton blue butterfly. S. Afr. J. Sci. 104(11-12):505-510.

Egoh, B., Reyers, B., Rouget, M., Bode, M., and Richardson, D.M. 2009. Spatial congruence between biodiversity and ecosystem services in South Africa. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):553-562.

Ewers, R.M., Laurance, W.F., and Souza, C.M. 2008. Temporal fluctuations in Amazonian deforestation rates. Environ. Conserv. 35(4):303-310.

Fernández, J., and González-Martínez, S.C. 2009. Allocating individuals to avoid inbreeding in ex situ conservation plantations: so far, so good. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):45-57.

Ficetola, G.F., and Padoa-Schioppa, E. 2009. Human activities alter biogeographical patterns of reptiles on Mediterranean islands. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 18(2):214-222.

Fischer, D., Pavluvcík, P., Sedlácek, F., and Šálek, M. 2009. Predation of the alien American mink, Mustela vison on native crayfish in middle-sized streams in central and western Bohemia. Folia Zoolog. 58(1):45-56.

Flory, S.L., and Clay, K. 2009. Invasive plant removal method determines native plant community responses. J. Appl. Ecol. 46(2):434-442.

Francis, A., Cavers, P.B., and Warwick, S.I. 2009. The biology of Canadian weeds. 140. Hesperis matronalis L. Can. J. Plant Sci. 89(1):189-204.

Fraschetti, S., D'Ambrosio, P., Micheli, F., Pizzolante, F., Bussotti, S., and Terlizzi, A. 2009. Design of marine protected areas in a human-dominated seascape. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 375:13-24.

Frey, J.K. 2009. Distinguishing range expansions from previously undocumented populations using background data from museum records. Divers. Distrib. 15(2):183-187.

Fuller, R.A., Tratalos, J., and Gaston, K.J. 2009. How many birds are there in a city of half a million people? Divers. Distrib. 15(2):328-337.

Fullerton, A.H., Steel, E.A., Caras, Y., Sheer, M., Olson, P., and Kaje, J. 2009. Putting watershed restoration in context: alternative future scenarios influence management outcomes. Ecol. Appl. 19(1):218-235.

Furches, M.S., Wallace, L.E., and Helenurm, K. 2009. High genetic divergence characterizes populations of the endemic plant Lithophragma maximum (Saxifragaceae) on San Clemente Island. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):115-126.

Gaubert, P., Godoy, J.A., del Cerro, I., and Palomares, F. 2009. Early phases of a successful invasion: mitochondrial phylogeography of the common genet (Genetta genetta) within the Mediterranean Basin. Biol. Invasions 11(3):523-546.

Gaveau, D.L.A., Linkie, M., Suyadi, Levang, P., and Leader-Williams, N. 2009. Three decades of deforestation in southwest Sumatra: effects of coffee prices, law enforcement and rural poverty. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):597-605.

Gaygusuz, Ö., Akdemir, D., Tarkan, A.S., and Acipinar, H. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Hemigrammocapoeta kemali Hankó, 1924 (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(3):339-340.

Gosper, C.R., and Vivian-Smith, G. 2009. Approaches to selecting native plant replacements for fleshy-fruited invasive species. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):196-204.

Goulson, D., and Sparrow, K. 2009. Evidence for competition between honeybees and bumblebees; effects on bumblebee worker size. J. Insect Conserv. 13(2):177-181.

Gray, T.N.E., Chamnan, H., Collar, N.J., and Dolman, P.M. 2009. Sex-specific habitat use by a lekking bustard: conservation implications for the critically endangered Bengal Florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis) in an intensifying agroecosystem. Auk 126(1):112-122.

Groeneveld, L.F., Weisrock, D.W., Rasoloarison, R.M., Yoder, A.D., and Kappeler, P.M. 2009. Species delimitation in lemurs: multiple genetic loci reveal low levels of species diversity in the genus Cheirogaleus. BMC Evol. Biol. 9:16.

Gubbi, S., Linkie, M., and Leader-Williams, N. 2008. Evaluating the legacy of an integrated conservation and development project around a tiger reserve in India. Environ. Conserv. 35(4):331-339.

Hájková, P., Hájek, M., and Kintrová, K. 2009. How can we effectively restore species richness and natural composition of a Molinia-invaded fen? J. Appl. Ecol. 46(2):417-425.

Hamzaoglu, E., and Budak, Ü. 2009. Centaurea aksoyi sp. nov. (Asteraceae: Cardueae) from Turkey and a contribution to the sectional taxonomy. Nord. J. Bot. 27(1):16-20.

Harrington, J.A., and Kathol, E. 2009. Responses of shrub midstory and herbaceous layers to managed grazing and fire in a North American savanna (oak woodland) and prairie landscape. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):234-244.

Harrod, R.J., and Halpern, C.B. 2009. Effects of experimental burning on individual performance and population structure of two rare plants of northcentral Washington. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):215-225.

Harvey, J.B.J., Hoy, M.S., and Rodriguez, R.J. 2009. Molecular detection of native and invasive marine invertebrate larvae present in ballast and open water environmental samples collected in Puget Sound. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 369(2):93-99.

Hefti-Gautschi, B., Pfunder, M., Jenni, L., Keller, V., and Ellegren, H. 2009. Identification of conservation units in the European Mergus merganser based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA markers. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):87-99.

Heinänen, S., and von Numers, M. 2009. Modelling species distribution in complex environments: an evaluation of predictive ability and reliability in five shorebird species. Divers. Distrib. 15(2):266-279.

Heisswolf, A., Reichmann, S., Poethke, H., Schröder, B., and Obermaier, E. 2009. Habitat quality matters for the distribution of an endangered leaf beetle and its egg parasitoid in a fragmented landscape. J. Insect Conserv. 13(2):165-175.

Hemp, A. 2009. Climate change and its impact on the forests of Kilimanjaro. Afr. J. Ecol. 47:3-10.

Herrera, L.P., and Laterra, P. 2009. Do seed and microsite limitation interact with seed size in determining invasion patterns in flooding Pampa grasslands? Plant Ecol. 201(2):457-469.

Higham, J.E.S., Bejder, L., and Lusseau, D. 2008. An integrated and adaptive management model to address the long-term sustainability of tourist interactions with cetaceans. Environ. Conserv. 35(4):294-302.

Hirsch, P.E. 2009. Freshwater crayfish invasions: former crayfish invader Galician crayfish hands title "invasive" over to new invader spiny-cheek crayfish. Biol. Invasions 11(3):515-521.

Hogan, Z., Baird, I.G., and Phanara, T. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Probarbus jullieni Sauvage, 1880 (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(3):291-292.

Hogan, Z., Na-Nakorn, U., and Kong, H. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Pangasius sanitwongsei Smith 1931 (Siluriformes: Pangasiidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(3):305-306.

Hossain, M.Y., Rahman, M.M., and Mollah, M.F.A. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Pangasius pangasius Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822 (Pangasiidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(3):315-316.

Howes, B.J., Brown, J.W., Gibbs, H.L., Herman, T.B., Mockford, S.W., Prior, K.A., and Weatherhead, P.J. 2009. Directional gene flow patterns in disjunct populations of the black ratsnake (Pantheropis obsoletus) and the Blanding's turtle (Emydoidea blandingii). Conserv. Genet. 10(2):407-417.

Hu, G.F., and Liu, X.J. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Cyprinus ilishaestomus (Chen & Hwang, 1977) (cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(3):259.

Huertas, B., Ríos, C., and Le Crom, J.F. 2009. A new species of Splendeuptychia from the Magdalena Valley in Colombia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Zootaxa 2014:51-58.

Isaac, J.L., Vanderwal, J., Johnson, C.N., and Williams, S.E. 2009. Resistance and resilience: quantifying relative extinction risk in a diverse assemblage of Australian tropical rainforest vertebrates. Divers. Distrib. 15(2):280-288.

Jacquemyn, H., Brys, R., Adriaens, D., Honnay, O., and Roldán-Ruiz, I. 2009. Effects of population size and forest management on genetic diversity and structure of the tuberous orchid Orchis mascula. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):161-168.

Jia, X., Pan, X.Y., Li, B., Chen, J.K., and Yang, X.Z. 2009. Allometric growth, disturbance regime, and dilemmas of controlling invasive plants: a model analysis. Biol. Invasions 11(3):743-752.

Kandori, I., Hirao, T., Matsunaga, S., and Kurosaki, T. 2009. An invasive dandelion unilaterally reduces the reproduction of a native congener through competition for pollination. Oecologia 159(3):559-569.

Karberg, N.J., and Lilleskov, E.A. 2009. White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) fecal pellet decomposition is accelerated by the invasive earthworm Lumbricus terrestris. Biol. Invasions 11(3):761-767.

Kardol, P., Bezemer, T.M., and Van Der Putten, W.H. 2009. Soil organism and plant introductions in restoration of species-rich grassland communities. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):258-269.

Kaufman, L.V., and Wright, M.G. 2009. The impact of exotic parasitoids on populations of a native Hawaiian moth assessed using life table studies. Oecologia 159(2):295-304.

Klein, C., Wilson, K., Watts, M., Stein, J., Berry, S., Carwardine, J., Smith, M.S., Mackey, B., and Possingham, H. 2009. Incorporating ecological and evolutionary processes into continental-scale conservation planning. Ecol. Appl. 19(1):206-217.

Koch, A.J., Munks, S.A., and Woehler, E.J. 2008. Hollow-using vertebrate fauna of Tasmania: distribution, hollow requirements and conservation status. Aust. J. Zool. 56(5):323-349.

Kozlowski, G., Bürcher, S., Fleury, M., and Huber, F. 2009. The Atlantic elements in the Swiss flora: distribution, diversity, and conservation status. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):649-662.

Kumar, S., Simonson, S.E., and Stohlgren, T.J. 2009. Effects of spatial heterogeneity on butterfly species richness in Rocky Mountain National Park, CO, USA. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):739-763.

Lambeets, K., Vandegehuchte, M.L., Maelfait, J.P., and Bonte, D. 2009. Integrating environmental conditions and functional life-history traits for riparian arthropod conservation planning. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):625-637.

Larson, E.R., and Magoulick, D.D. 2009. Does juvenile competition explain displacement of a native crayfish by an introduced crayfish? Biol. Invasions 11(3):725-735.

Lasram, F.B., and Mouillot, D. 2009. Increasing southern invasion enhances congruence between endemic and exotic Mediterranean fish fauna. Biol. Invasions 11(3):697-711.

Lassalle, G., Crouzet, P., and Rochard, E. 2009. Modelling the current distribution of European diadromous fishes: an approach integrating regional anthropogenic pressures. Freshwater Biol. 54(3):587-606.

Layman, S.R., and Mayden, R.L. 2009. A new species of the darter subgenus Doration (Percidae: Etheostoma) from the Caney Fork River System, Tennessee. Copeia 2009(1):157-170.

Lehouck, V., Spanhove, T., Gonsamo, A., Cordeiro, N., and Lens, L. 2009. Spatial and temporal effects on recruitment of an Afromontane forest tree in a threatened fragmented ecosystem. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):518-528.

Lehtonen, P.K., Tonteri, A., Sendek, D., Titov, S., and Primmer, C.R. 2009. Spatio-temporal genetic structuring of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) populations within the River Luga, northwest Russia. Conserv. Genet. 10(2):281-289.

Leigh, C., and Sheldon, F. 2009. Hydrological connectivity drives patterns of macroinvertebrate biodiversity in floodplain rivers of the Australian wet dry tropics. Freshwater Biol. 54(3):549-571.

Li, J.M., and Dong, M. 2009. Fine-scale clonal structure and diversity of invasive plant Mikania micrantha H.B.K. and its plant parasite Cuscuta campestris Yunker. Biol. Invasions 11(3):687-695.

Liow, L.H., Fortelius, M., Lintulaakso, K., Mannila, H., and Stenseth, N.C. 2009. Lower extinction risk in sleep-or-hide mammals. Am. Nat. 173(2):264-272.

Liu, H., and Pemberton, R.W. 2009. Solitary invasive orchid bee outperforms co-occurring native bees to promote fruit set of an invasive Solanum. Oecologia 159(3):515-525.

Loftis, D.G., Echelle, A.A., Koike, H., Van Den Bussche, R.A., and Minckley, C.O. 2009. Genetic structure of wild populations of the endangered Desert Pupfish complex (Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodon). Conserv. Genet. 10(2):453-463.

Lomelí-Sención, J.A., Sahagún-Godínez, E., and Steinmann, V.W. 2009. Cnidoscolus monicanus (Euphorbiaceae), an endemic new species of laticiferous, non-stinging spurge nettle from western Mexico. Novon 19(1):68-75.

Loydi, A., and Zalba, S.M. 2009. Feral horses dung piles as potential invasion windows for alien plant species in natural grasslands. Plant Ecol. 201(2):471-480.

Lucas, M.C., Bubb, D.H., Jang, M.H., Ha, K., and Masters, J.E.G. 2009. Availability of and access to critical habitats in regulated rivers: effects of low-head barriers on threatened lampreys. Freshwater Biol. 54(3):621-634.

Ludwig, A., Lippold, S., Debus, L., and Reinartz, R. 2009. First evidence of hybridization between endangered sterlets (Acipenser ruthenus) and exotic Siberian sturgeons (Acipenser baerii) in the Danube River. Biol. Invasions 11(3):753-760.

Lundin, R., and Nordenstam, B. 2009. Two new species of Sonerila (Melastomataceae) from south India. Novon 19(1):76-79.

Lynch, B.R., and Rochette, R. 2009. Spatial overlap and interaction between sub-adult American lobsters, Homarus americanus, and the invasive European green crab Carcinus maenas. J. Exp. Marine Biol. Ecol. 369(2):127-135.

Madritch, M.D., and Lindroth, R.L. 2009. Removal of invasive shrubs reduces exotic earthworm populations. Biol. Invasions 11(3):663-671.

Maeto, K., Noerdjito, W., Belokobylskij, S., and Fukuyama, K. 2009. Recovery of species diversity and composition of braconid parasitic wasps after reforestation of degraded grasslands in lowland East Kalimantan. J. Insect Conserv. 13(2):245-257.

Maltz, T.K. 2009. Charpentieria (itala) ornata (Rossmässler, 1836) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Clausiliidae) on the northern fringes of its range - a nationally endangered species surviving due to human activities. J. Conchology 39:627-642.

Marshall, J.C.J., Kingsbury, B.A., and Minchella, D.J. 2009. Microsatellite variation, population structure, and bottlenecks in the threatened copperbelly water snake. Conserv. Genet. 10(2):465-476.

Matern, A., Desender, K., Drees, C., Gaublomme, E., Paill, W.G., and Assmann, T. 2009. Genetic diversity and population structure of the endangered insect species Carabus variolosus in its western distribution range: implications for conservation. Conserv. Genet. 10(2):391-405.

McClanahan, T.R., Cinner, J., Kamukuru, A.T., Abunge, C., and Ndagala, J. 2008. Management preferences, perceived benefits and conflicts among resource users and managers in the Mafia Island Marine Park, Tanzania. Environ. Conserv. 35(4):340-350.

McMurray, S.E., and Pawlik, J.R. 2009. A novel technique for the reattachment of large coral reef sponges. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):192-195.

Melo-Vásquez, I., Ochoa-Quintero, J.M., López-Arévalo, H.F., and Velásquez-Sandino, P. 2008. Potential habitat loss and subsistence hunting of Blue Billed Curassow (Crax alberti), a Colombian critically endangered endemic bird. Caldasia 30(1):161-177.

Menegon, M., Doggart, N., and Owen, N. 2008. The Nguru mountains of Tanzania, an outstanding hotspot of herpetofaunal diversity. Acta Herpetologica 3(2):107-127.

Milton, K., Lozier, J.D., and Lacey, E.A. 2009. Genetic structure of an isolated population of mantled howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata) on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Conserv. Genet. 10(2):347-358.

Mohapatra, K.P., Sehgal, R.N., Sharma, R.K., and Mohapatra, T. 2009. Genetic analysis and conservation of endangered medicinal tree species Taxus wallichiana in the Himalayan region. New Forest. 37(2):109-121.

Moilanen, A., Arponen, A., Stokland, J.N., and Cabeza, M. 2009. Assessing replacement cost of conservation areas: how does habitat loss influence priorities? Biol. Conserv. 142(3):575-585.

Molano-Flores, B. 2009. Insect herbivory of ovules and seeds in native and restored prairies. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):187-191.

Moloney, K.A., Knaus, F., and Dietz, H. 2009. Evidence for a shift in life-history strategy during the secondary phase of a plant invasion. Biol. Invasions 11(3):625-634.

Monty, A., and Mahy, G. 2009. Clinal differentiation during invasion: Senecio inaequidens (Asteraceae) along altitudinal gradients in Europe. Oecologia 159(2):305-315.

Moran, C., Catterall, C.P., and Kanowski, J. 2009. Reduced dispersal of native plant species as a consequence of the reduced abundance of frugivore species in fragmented rainforest. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):541-552.

Müller, J., Bässler, C., Strätz, C., Strätz, B., and Brandl, R. 2009. Molluscs and climate warming in a low mountain range national park. Malacologia 51(1):89-109.

Nalepa, T.F., Fanslow, D.L., and Lang, G.A. 2009. Transformation of the offshore benthic community in Lake Michigan: recent shift from the native amphipod Diporeia spp. to the invasive mussel Dreissena rostriformis bugensis. Freshwater Biol. 54(3):466-479.

New, T. 2009. Habitat offsets for insect species conservation: practicality or placebo? J. Insect Conserv. 13(2):139-141.

Nordby, J.C., Cohen, A.N., and Beissinger, S.R. 2009. Effects of a habitat-altering invader on nesting sparrows: An ecological trap? Biol. Invasions 11(3):565-575.

Novelo-Gutiérrez, R., and Gómez-Anaya, J.A. 2009. A comparative study of Odonata (Insecta) assemblages along an altitudinal gradient in the sierra de Coalcomán Mountains, Michoacán, Mexico. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):679-698.

Orav-Kotta, H., Kotta, J., Herkül, K., Kotta, I., and Paalme, T. 2009. Seasonal variability in the grazing potential of the invasive amphipod Gammarus tigrinus and the native amphipod Gammarus salinus (Amphipoda: Crustacea) in the northern Baltic Sea. Biol. Invasions 11(3):597-608.

Parham, J.F., and Papenfuss, T.J. 2009. High genetic diversity among fossorial lizard populations (Anniella pulchra) in a rapidly developing landscape (Central California). Conserv. Genet. 10(1):169-176.

Peter, M., Gigon, A., Edwards, P.J., and Lüscher, A. 2009. Changes over three decades in the floristic composition of nutrient-poor grasslands in the Swiss Alps. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):547-567.

Peters, M.D., Xiang, Q.Y., Thomas, D.T., Stucky, J., and Whiteman, N.K. 2009. Genetic analyses of the federally endangered Echinacea laevigata using amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLP)-inferences in population genetic structure and mating system. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):1-14.

Peters, M.K., Fischer, G., Schaab, G., and Kraemer, M. 2009. Species compensation maintains abundance and raid rates of African swarm-raiding army ants in rainforest fragments. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):668-675.

Pfeiffer, J.M., and Voek, R.A. 2008. Biological invasions and biocultural diversity: linking ecological and cultural systems. Environ. Conserv. 35(4):281-293.

Pfitsch, W.A., and Williams, E.H. 2009. Habitat restoration for lupine and specialist butterflies. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):226-233.

Piaggio, A.J., Navo, K.W., and Stihler, C.W. 2009. Intraspecific comparison of population structure, genetic diversity, and dispersal among three subspecies of Townsend's big-eared bats, Corynorhinus townsendii townsendii, C. t. pallescens, and the endangered C. t. virginianus. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):143-159.

Pinke, G., and Pál, R. 2009. Floristic composition and conservation value of the stubble-field weed community, dominated by Stachys annua in western Hungary. Biologia 64(2):279-291.

Poll, M., Naylor, B.J., Alexander, J.M., Edwards, P.J., and Dietz, H. 2009. Seedling establishment of Asteraceae forbs along altitudinal gradients: a comparison of transplant experiments in the native and introduced ranges. Divers. Distrib. 15(2):254-265.

Poulin, B., Lefebvre, G., Allard, S., and Mathevet, R. 2009. Reed harvest and summer drawdoum enhance bittern habitat in the Camargue. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):689-695.

Poynton, J., Menegon, M., and Loader, S.P. 2008. A new giant species of Arthroleptis (Amphibia: Anura) from the forests of the Nguru Mountains, Tanzania. Afr. J. Herpetol. 57(2):63-74.

Presley, S.J., Willig, M.R., Castro-Arellano, I., and Weaver, S.C. 2009. Effects of habitat conversion on temporal activity patterns of phyllostomid bats in lowland Amazonian rain forest. J. Mammal. 90(1):210-221.

Primack, R.B., Miller-Rushing, A.J., and Dharaneeswaran, K. 2009. Changes in the flora of Thoreau's Concord. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):500-508.

Raini, J.A. 2009. Impact of land use changes on water resources and biodiversity of Lake Nakuru catchment basin, Kenya. Afr. J. Ecol. 47:39-45.

Relf, M., and New, T. 2009. Conservation needs of the Altona skipper butterfly, Hesperilla flavescens flavescens Waterhouse (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae), near Melbourne, Victoria. J. Insect Conserv. 13(2):143-149.

Rentch, J., Fajvan, M.A., Evans, R.A., and Onken, B. 2009. Using dendrochronology to model hemlock woolly adelgid effects on eastern hemlock growth and vulnerability. Biol. Invasions 11(3):551-563.

Rich, T.C.G., Hodd, R., McCosh, D.J., Daeid, E.C.M., McVeigh, A., Sawtschuk, J., and Jackson, M.B.W. 2008. Conservation of Ireland's biodiversity: a survey and assessment of the current status of three Irish endemic hawkweeds from Kerry, Hieracium argentatum, H. scullyi and H. sparsifrons (Asteraceae). Biol. Environ. 108B(3):143-155.

Rinella, M.J., Maxwell, B.D., Fay, P.K., Weaver, T., and Sheley, R.L. 2009. Control effort exacerbates invasive-species problem. Ecol. Appl. 19(1):155-162.

Robinson, J., Clouston, B., Suh, J., and Chaloupka, M. 2008. Are citizens' juries a useful tool for assessing environmental value? Environ. Conserv. 35(4):351-360.

Rodríguez, J.P., Nassar, J.M., Rodríguez-Clark, K.M., Zager, I., Portillo-Quintero, C.A., Carrasquel, F., and Zambrano, S. 2008. Tropical dry forests in Venezuela: assessing status, threats and future prospects. Environ. Conserv. 35(4):311-318.

Rodríguez-Echeverría, S., Crisóstomo, J.A., Nabais, C., and Freitas, H. 2009. Belowground mutualists and the invasive ability of Acacia longifolia in coastal dunes of Portugal. Biol. Invasions 11(3):651-661.

Rodriguez-Gacio, M.C., De Jesús, J., Romero, M.I., and Herrera, M.T. 2009. Genetic diversity among genotypes of Eryngium viviparum (Apiaceae): a plant threatened throughout its natural range. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 159(2):237-244.

Rossell, I.M., Moorhead, K.K., Alvarado, H., and Warren, R.J. 2009. Succession of a southern Appalachian Mountain wetland six years following hydrologic and microtopographic restoration. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):205-214.

Rudgers, J.A., and Orr, S. 2009. Non-native grass alters growth of native tree species via leaf and soil microbes. J. Ecology 97(2):247-255.

Sahlin, E., and Ranius, T. 2009. Habitat availability in forests and clearcuts for saproxylic beetles associated with aspen. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):621-638.

Salum, L.A. 2009. Ecotourism and biodiversity conservation in Jozani-Chwaka Bay National Park, Zanzibar. Afr. J. Ecol. 47:166-170.

Sampson, S.J., Chick, J.H., and Pegg, M.A. 2009. Diet overlap among two Asian carp and three native fishes in backwater lakes on the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. Biol. Invasions 11(3):483-496.

Schaefer, V. 2009. Alien invasions, ecological restoration in cities and the loss of ecological memory. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):171-176.

Schmidt, K., Kowalczyk, R., Ozolins, J., Männil, P., and Fickel, J. 2009. Genetic structure of the Eurasian lynx population in north-eastern Poland and the Baltic states. Conserv. Genet. 10(2):497-501.

Schreiner, R., and Irmler, U. 2009. Niche differentiation and preferences of Elaphrus cupreus Duftschmid, 1812 and Elaphrus uliginosus (Fabricius, 1792) (Coleoptera: Carabidae) as reason for their different endangerment in Central Europe. J. Insect Conserv. 13(2):193-202.

Selwood, K., Nally, R.M., and Thomson, J.R. 2009. Native bird breeding in a chronosequence of revegetated sites. Oecologia 159(2):435-446.

Shapcott, A., Dowe, J., and Ford, H. 2009. Low genetic diversity and recovery implications of the vulnerable Bankoual, Palm Livistona carinensis (Arecaceae), from North-eastern Africa and the Southern Arabian Peninsula. Conserv. Genet. 10(2):317-327.

Shwartz, A., Strubbe, D., Butler, C.J., Matthysen, E., and Kark, S. 2009. The effect of enemy-release and climate conditions on invasive birds: a regional test using the rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) as a case study. Divers. Distrib. 15(2):310-318.

Simaika, J.P., and Samways, M.J. 2009. Reserve selection using Red Listed taxa in three global biodiversity hotspots: dragonflies in South Africa. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):638-651.

Simmonds, M.P., and Eliott, W.J. 2009. Climate change and cetaceans: concerns and recent developments. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 89(1):203-210.

Smaal, A.C., Kater, B.J., and Wijsman, J. 2009. Introduction, establishment and expansion of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas in the Oosterschelde (SW Netherlands). Helgoland Mar. Res. 63(1):75-83.

Smidt, E.C., and Borba, E.L. 2009. Two new species of Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) from Brazil. Novon 19(1):122-126.

Soeken-Gittinger, L.A., Stoeckel, J.A., and Havel, J.E. 2009. Differing effects of suspended sediments on the performance of native and exotic Daphnia. Freshwater Biol. 54(3):495-504.

Srinivasulu, C., Srinivasulu, B., Venkateshwarlu, P., Seetharamaraju, M., Kaur, H., and Sreekar, R. 2009. Present status of critically endangered species of Gyps in Andhra Pradesh, India. Curr. Sci. 96(4):449-450.

Stromberg, J.C., Chew, M.K., Nagler, P.L., and Glenn, E.P. 2009. Changing perceptions of change: the role of scientists in Tamarix and river management. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):177-186.

Stromberg, J.C., Hazelton, A.F., and White, M.S. 2009. Plant species richness in ephemeral and perennial reaches of a dryland river. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):663-677.

Strubbe, D., and Matthysen, E. 2009. Predicting the potential distribution of invasive ring-necked parakeets Psittacula krameri in northern Belgium using an ecological niche modelling approach. Biol. Invasions 11(3):497-513.

Sugiura, S., and Yamaura, Y. 2009. Potential impacts of the invasive flatworm Platydemus manokwari on arboreal snails. Biol. Invasions 11(3):737-742.

Sverdrup-Thygeson, A., and Birkemoe, T. 2009. What window traps can tell us: effect of placement, forest openness and beetle reproduction in retention trees. J. Insect Conserv. 13(2):183-191.

Takaki, Y., Kawahara, T., Kitamura, H., Endo, K., and Kudo, T. 2009. Genetic diversity and genetic structure of Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) populations in eastern Japan and Central Asia. Conserv. Genet. 10(2):269-279.

Tanentzap, A.J., and Bazely, D.R. 2009. Propagule pressure and resource availability determine plant community invasibility in a temperate forest understorey. Oikos 118(2):300-308.

Teixeira, A.M.G., Soares, B.S., Freitas, S.R., and Metzger, J.P. 2009. Modeling landscape dynamics in an Atlantic Rainforest region: Implications for conservation. Forest Ecol. Manag. 257(4):1219-1230.

Tellería, J.L., Ramírez, A., Galarza, A., Carbonell, R., Pérez-Tris, J., and Santos, T. 2008. Geographical, landscape and habitat effects on birds in northern Spanish farmlands: implications for conservation. Ardeola 55(2):203-219.

Tembotova, F.A., and Tsepkova, N.L. 2009. On the problem of steppe ecosystem conservation in the central Caucasu. Russian J. Ecol. 40(1):65-67.

Terrasa, B., Pérez-Mellado, V., Brown, R.P., Picornell, A., Castro, J.A., and Ramon, M.M. 2009. Foundations for conservation of intraspecific genetic diversity revealed by analysis of phylogeographical structure in the endangered endemic lizard Podarcis lilfordi. Divers. Distrib. 15(2):207-221.

Thogmartin, W.E., Gallagher, M., Young, N., Rohweder, J.J., and Knutson, M.G. 2009. Factors associated with succession of abandoned agricultural lands along the lower Missouri River, USA. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):290-296.

Thorn, J.S., Nijman, V., Smith, D., and Nekaris, K.A.I. 2009. Ecological niche modelling as a technique for assessing threats and setting conservation priorities for Asian slow lorises (Primates: Nycticebus). Divers. Distrib. 15(2):289-298.

Timko, J.A., and Innes, J.L. 2009. Evaluating ecological integrity in national parks: case studies from Canada and South Africa. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):676-688.

Tixier, M.S., and Kreiter, S. 2009. Arthropods in biodiversity hotspots: the case of the Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata). Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):507-527.

Top, N., Mizoue, N., Ito, S., Kai, S., Nakao, T., and Ty, S. 2009. Effects of population density on forest structure and species richness and diversity of trees in Kampong Thom Province, Cambodia. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):717-738.

Townsend, J.H., and Wilson, L.D. 2009. New species of cloud forest Anolis (Squamata: Polychrotidae) in the crassulus group from Parque Nacional Montana de Yoro, Honduras. Copeia 2009(1):62-70.

Turan, C., and Özcan, G. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Capoeta antalyensis (Battalgil, 1943) (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(3):243-244.

Tyler, E.H.M., Speight, M.R., Henderson, P., and Manica, A. 2009. Evidence for a depth refuge effect in artisanal coral reef fisheries. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):652-667.

Tzika, A.C., Remy, C., Gibson, R., and Milinkovitch, M.C. 2009. Molecular genetic analysis of a captive-breeding program: the vulnerable endemic Jamaican yellow boa. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):69-77.

Uehara-Prado, M., and Freitas, A.V.L. 2009. The effect of rainforest fragmentation on species diversity and mimicry ring composition of ithomiine butterflies. Insect Conserv. Divers. 2(1):23-28.

Underwood, E.C., Viers, J.H., Klausmeyer, K.R., Cox, R.L., and Shaw, M.R. 2009. Threats and biodiversity in the mediterranean biome. Divers. Distrib. 15(2):188-197.

Urban, D.L., Minor, E.S., Treml, E.A., and Schick, R.S. 2009. Graph models of habitat mosaics. Ecol. Lett. 12(3):260-273.

Urbina-Cardona, J.N., Londoño-Murcia, M.C., and García-Ávila, D.G. 2008. Spatio-temporal dymanics of snake diversity in four habitats with different degrees of anthropogenic disturbance in the Gorgona Island National Natural Park in the Colombian Pacific. Caldasia 30(2):479-493.

Ursenbacher, S., Monney, J.C., and Fumagalli, L. 2009. Limited genetic diversity and high differentiation among the remnant adder (Vipera berus) populations in the Swiss and French Jura Mountains. Conserv. Genet. 10(2):303-315.

Valeix, M., Fritz, H., Canévet, V., Le Bel, S., and Madzikanda, H. 2009. Do elephants prevent other African herbivores from using waterholes in the dry season? Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):569-576.

Valéry, L., Fritz, H., Lefeuvre, J.C., and Simberloff, D. 2009. Ecosystem-level consequences of invasions by native species as a way to investigate relationships between evenness and ecosystem function. Biol. Invasions 11(3):609-617.

van der Wal, A., de Boer, W., Gunnewiek, P.J.A.K., and van Veen, J.A. 2009. Possible mechanism for spontaneous establishment of Calluna vulgaris in a recently abandoned agricultural field. Restor. Ecol. 17(2):308-313.

Vogelsang, K.M., and Bever, J.D. 2009. Mycorrhizal densities decline in association with nonnative plants and contribute to plant invasion. Ecology 90(2):399-407.

Waite, T.A., Corey, S.J., Campbell, L.G., Chhangani, A.K., Rice, J., and Robbins, P. 2009. Satellite sleuthing: does remotely sensed land-cover change signal ecological degradation in a protected area? Divers. Distrib. 15(2):299-309.

Wallin, L., Svensson, B.M., and Lönn, M. 2009. Artificial dispersal as a restoration tool in meadows: sowing or planting? Restor. Ecol. 17(2):270-279.

Wang, S.W., and Macdonald, D.W. 2009. The use of camera traps for estimating tiger and leopard populations in the high altitude mountains of Bhutan. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):606-613.

Wardle, D.A., Bellingham, P.J., Bonner, K.I., and Mulder, C.P.H. 2009. Indirect effects of invasive predators on litter decomposition and nutrient resorption on seabird-dominated islands. Ecology 90(2):452-464.

Werner, F.A., and Gradstein, S.R. 2009. Diversity of dry forest epiphytes along a gradient of human disturbance in the tropical Andes. J. Veg. Sci. 20(1):59-68.

Westwood, A.R., and Friesen, C.P. 2009. Occurrence and habitat of the endangered white flower moth, Schinia bimatris (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in Manitoba. Can. Entomol. 141(1):80-85.

Wikberg, S., Perhans, K., Kindstrand, C., Djupstrom, L.B., Boman, M., Mattsson, L., Schroeder, L.M., Weslien, J., and Gustafsson, L. 2009. Cost-effectiveness of conservation strategies implemented in boreal forests: the area selection process. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):614-624.

Wikström, L., Milberg, P., and Bergman, K.O. 2009. Monitoring of butterflies in semi-natural grasslands: diurnal variation and weather effects. J. Insect Conserv. 13(2):203-211.

Wilson, A., Arcese, P., Keller, L.F., Pruett, C.L., Winker, K., Patten, M.A., and Chan, Y. 2009. The contribution of island populations to in situ genetic conservation. Conserv. Genet. 10(2):419-430.

Wu, J.Y., Qin, H.N., and He, S.Z. 2009. A new species of Mahonia (Berberidaceae) from China. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 159(2):357-361.

Wu, Y.T., Wang, C.H., Zhang, X.D., Zhao, B., Jiang, L.F., Chen, J.K., and Li, B. 2009. Effects of saltmarsh invasion by Spartina alterniflora on arthropod community structure and diets. Biol. Invasions 11(3):635-649.

Xiang, Z.F., Nie, S.G., Lei, X.P., Chang, Z.F., Wei, F.W., and Li, M. 2009. Current status and conservation of the gray snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus brelichi (Colobinae) in Guizhou, China. Biol. Conserv. 142(3):469-476.

Yan, X.B., Guo, Y.X., Zhao, C., Liu, F.Y., and Lu, B.R. 2009. Intra-population genetic diversity of two wheatgrass species along altitude gradients on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau: its implication for conservation and utilization. Conserv. Genet. 10(2):359-367.

Yang, L., Mayden, R., and Cai, Y.Z. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Procypris rabaudi (Tchang, 1930) (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 84(3):275-276.

Yokoyama, R., Yamano, A., Takeshima, H., Nishida, M., and Yamazaki, Y. 2009. Disturbance of the indigenous gene pool of the threatened brook lamprey Lethenteron sp. S by intraspecific introgression and habitat fragmentation. Conserv. Genet. 10(1):29-43.

Zaiko, A., Daunys, D., and Olenin, S. 2009. Habitat engineering by the invasive zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas) in a boreal coastal lagoon: impact on biodiversity. Helgoland Mar. Res. 63(1):85-94.

Zganec, K., and Gottstein, S. 2009. The river before damming: distribution and ecological notes on the endemic species Echinogammarus cari (Amphipoda: Gammaridae) in the Dobra River and its tributaries, Croatia. Aquat. Ecol. 43(1):105-115.

Zhang, D.C., Zhang, Y.H., Boufford, D.E., and Sun, H. 2009. Elevational patterns of species richness and endemism for some important taxa in the Hengduan Mountains, southwestern China. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):699-716.

Zisenis, M. 2009. To which extent is the interdisciplinary evaluation approach of the CBD reflected in European and international biodiversity-related regulations? Biodivers. Conserv. 18(3):639-648.

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