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Department ofBotany

No. 302
February 2010

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In This Issue

Results from the Debate on the Future of Tropical Species

The December 2009 issue of the journal Conservation Biology has a dedicated section to eight papers resulting from a debate originated at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute between staff scientists S. Joseph Wright and Hellene Muller-Landau and William F. Laurance (also with James Cook University, in Cairs, Australia). The debate focuses on two opposing views of the tropical extinction crisis. While many scientists claim that as much as 50-75% of all tropical species could vanish by the end of the century, Wright and Muller-Landau used estimates of future population growth and urbanization trends to suggest that increasing forest regeneration would help to buffer species losses in the tropics.

This debate has taken place in scientific journals and several events, including a 2007 symposium in Morelia, Mexico, a 2008 workshop and symposium in Panama, and a 2009 public debate at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington D.C. This special section of Conservation Biology, "New Insights into the Tropical Biodiversity Crisis," as well as the related workshop and symposia, were made possible through the support of the Smithsonian Institution, the Science Committee of the Smithsonian National Board, and the Frank Levinson Family Foundation with the Silicon Valley Community Foundation.

Current Literature

Abrahamsson, M., Jonsell, M., Niklasson, M., and Lindbladh, M. 2009. Saproxylic beetle assemblages in artificially created high-stumps of spruce (Picea abies) and birch (Betula pendula/pubescens) - does the surrounding landscape matter? Insect Conserv. Divers. 2(4):284-294.

Allen, J.A., Brown, C.S., and Stohlgren, T.J. 2009. Non-native plant invasions of United States National Parks. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2195-2207.

Alvarenga, L.D.P., Pôrto, K.C., and Silva, M.P.P. 2009. Relations between regional-local habitat loss and metapopulation properties of epiphyllous bryophytes in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Biotropica 41(6):682-691.

Amoroso, V.B., Obsioma, L.D., Arlalejo, J.B., Aspiras, R.A., Capili, D.P., Polizon, J.J.A., and Sumile, E.B. 2009. Inventory and conservation of endangered, endemic and economically important flora of Hamiguitan Range, southern Philippines. Blumea 54(1-3):71-76.

Anderson, R.J., Bolton, J.J., and Stegenga, H. 2009. Using the biogeographical distribution and diversity of seaweed species to test the efficacy of marine protected areas in the warm-temperate Agulhas Marine Province, South Africa. Divers. Distrib. 15(6):1017-1027.

Andrianoelina, O., Favreau, B., Ramamonjisoa, L., and Bouvet, J.M. 2009. Small effect of fragmentation on the genetic diversity of Dalbergia monticola, an endangered tree species of the eastern forest of Madagascar, detected by chloroplast and nuclear microsatellites. Ann. Botany 104(6):1231-1242.

Asensio, N., Arroyo-Rodríguez, V., Dunn, J.C., and Cristóbal-Azkarate, J. 2009. Conservation value of landscape supplementation for howler monkeys living in forest patches. Biotropica 41(6):768-773.

Asner, G.P., Rudel, T.K., Aide, T.M., Defries, R., and Emerson, R. 2009. A contemporary assessment of change in humid tropical forests. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1386-1395.

Attum, O., El Noby, S.K., and Hassan, I.N. 2009. The influence of landscape characteristics and anthropogenic factors on waterhole use by Vulnerable Nubian ibex Capra nubiana. Oryx 43(4):564-567.

Bacigalupe, L.D. 2009. Biological invasions and phenotypic evolution: a quantitative genetic perspective. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2243-2250.

Bagdassarian, C.K. 2009. Naturalists, artists, and language. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1639-1640.

Baker, S., Barmuta, L., Grove, S., and Richardson, A. 2009. Are streamside buffers edge-affected habitat for ground-dwelling forest beetle assemblages? Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3467-3482.

Barcelona, J.F., Pelser, P.B., Balete, D.S., and Co, L.L. 2009. Taxonomy, ecology, and conservation status of Philippine Rafflesia (Rafflesiaceae). Blumea 54(1-3):77-93.

Bartlett, C.Y., Manua, C., Cinner, J., Sutton, S., Jimmy, R., South, R., Nilsson, J., and Raina, J. 2009. Comparison of outcomes of permanently closed and periodically harvested coral reef reserves. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1475-1484.

Bean, A.R. 2009. A new species of Solanum (Solanaceae) from the mid north coast of New South Wales. Telopea 12(3):439-444.

Beckmann, C., and Shine, R. 2009. Impact of invasive cane toads on Australian birds. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1544-1549.

Belinchón, R., Martínez, I., Otálora, M.A.G., Aragón, G., Dimas, J., and Escudero, A. 2009. Fragment quality and matrix affect epiphytic performance in a Mediterranean forest landscape. Am. J. Bot. 96(11):1974-1982.

Benejam, L., Alcaraz, C., Sasal, P., Simon-Levert, G., and Garcia-Berthou, E. 2009. Life history and parasites of the invasive mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) along a latitudinal gradient. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2265-2277.

Bennett, J.M., Kutt, A.S., Johnson, C.N., and Robson, S.K.A. 2009. Ants as indicators for vertebrate fauna at a local scale: an assessment of cross-taxa surrogacy in a disturbed matrix. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3407-3419.

Benson, T.J., Anich, N.M., Brown, J.D., and Bednarz, J.C. 2009. Swainson's Warbler nest-site selection in eastern Arkansas. Condor 111(4):694-705.

Bergstrom, M.A., and Mensinger, A.F. 2009. Interspecific resource competition between the invasive round goby and three native species: logperch, slimy sculpin, and spoonhead sculpin. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 138(5):1009-1017.

Bhattacharyya, R., Asokan, A., Bhattacharya, P., and Prasad, R. 2009. The potential of certification for conservation and management of wild MAP resources. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3441-3451.

Blackburn, T.M., Cassey, P., and Lockwood, J.L. 2009. The role of species traits in the establishment success of exotic birds. Global Change Biol. 15(12):2852-2860.

Blanchon, D.J., and Weaver, J.S. 2009. Libertia flaccidifolia (Iridaceae), a new species from Mt Tamahunga, Northland, New Zealand. New Zeal. J. Bot. 47(3):317-324.

Böcük, H., Türe, C., and Ketenoglu, O. 2009. Plant diversity and conservation of the north-east Phrygia region under the impact of land degradation and desertification (Central Anatolia, Turkey). Pakistan J. Bot. 41(5):2305-2321.

Borroto-Páez, R. 2009. Invasive mammals in Cuba: an overview. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2279-2290.

Brenneman, R.A., Bagine, R.K., Brown, D.M., Ndetei, R., and Louis, E.E. 2009. Implications of closed ecosystem conservation management: the decline of Rothschild's giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi) in Lake Nakuru National Park, Kenya. Afr. J. Ecol. 47(4):711-719.

Bried, J.T. 2009. Information costs of reduced-effort habitat monitoring in a butterfly recovery program. J. Insect Conserv. 13(6):615-626.

Brook, B.W., Akçakaya, H.R., Keith, D.A., Mace, G.M., Pearson, R.G., and Araújo, M.B. 2009. Integrating bioclimate with population models to improve forecasts of species extinctions under climate change. Biol. Lett. 5(6):723-725.

Brooks, T.M., Wright, S.J., and Sheil, D. 2009. Evaluating the success of conservation actions in safeguarding tropical forest biodiversity. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1448-1457.

Brosi, B.J. 2009. The complex responses of social stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponini) to tropical deforestation. Forest Ecol. Manag. 258(9):1830-1837.

Brosi, B.J., and Biber, E.G. 2009. Statistical inference, Type II error, and decision making under the US Endangered Species Act. Front. Ecol. Environ. 7(9):487-494.

Brosi, B.J., Daily, G.C., Chamberlain, C.P., and Mills, M. 2009. Detecting changes in habitat-scale bee foraging in a tropical fragmented landscape using stable isotopes. Forest Ecol. Manag. 258(9):1846-1855.

Buckley, M.C., and Crone, E.E. 2009. Leading by example: response to Golet et al. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1638.

Burrows, C.J. 2009. Genus Pimelea (Thymelaeaceae) in New Zealand 3. The taxonomic treatment of six endemic hairy-leaved species. New Zeal. J. Bot. 47(3):325-354.

Burton, R.S. 2009. Molecular markers, natural history, and conservation of marine animals. BioScience 59(10):831-840.

Carrijo, T.F., Brandão, D., de Oliveira, D.E., Costa, D.A., and Santos, T. 2009. Effects of pasture implantation on the termite (Isoptera) fauna in the Central Brazilian Savanna (Cerrado). J. Insect Conserv. 13(6):575-581.

Chávez-Moreno, C.K., Tecante, A., and Casas, A. 2009. The Opuntia (Cactaceae) and Dactylopius (Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae) in Mexico: a historical perspective of use, interaction and distribution. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3337-3355.

Chazdon, R.L., Peres, C.A., Dent, D., Sheil, D., Lugo, A.E., Lamb, D., Stork, N.E., and Miller, S.E. 2009. The potential for species conservation in tropical secondary forests. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1406-1417.

Chua, L.S.L., Kiew, R., and Chan, Y.M. 2009. Assessing conservation status of Peninsular Malaysian Begonias (Begoniaceae). Blumea 54(1-3):94-98.

Chytrý, M., Wild, J., Pyšek, P., Tichý, L., Danihelka, J., and Knollová, I. 2009. Maps of the level of invasion of the Czech Republic by alien plants. Preslia 81(3):187-207.

Cibrián-Jaramillo, A., Bacon, C.D., Garwood, N.C., Bateman, R.M., Thomas, M.M., Russell, S., Bailey, C.D., Hahn, W.J., Bridgewater, S.G.M., and DeSalle, R. 2009. Population genetics of the understory fishtail palm Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti in Belize: high genetic connectivity with local differentiation. BMC Genet. 10:18.

Cížek, L., Schlaghamerský, J., Borucký, J., Hauck, D., and Helešic, J. 2009. Range expansion of an endangered beetle: Alpine Longhorn Rosalia alpina (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) spreads to the lowlands of Central Europe. Entomol. Fennica 20(3):200-206.

Cockell, C.S., and Jones, H.L. 2009. Advancing the case for microbial conservation. Oryx 43(4):520-526.

Colli, G.R., Giugliano, L.G., Mesquita, D.O., and França, F.G.R. 2009. A new species of Cnemidophorus from the Jalapão region, in the central Brazilian Cerrado. Herpetologica 65(3):311-327.

Colwell, R.K., and Rangel, T.F. 2009. Hutchinson's duality: the once and future niche. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106:19651-19658.

Crawford, C.J., and Kennedy, L.M. 2009. Spatial and temporal patterns of tree encroachment into a southern Appalachian grass/heath bald using tree rings. Nat. Areas J. 29(4):367-375.

Daoud-Bouattour, A., Muller, S.D., Ferchichi-Ben Jamaa, H., Ghrabi-Gammar, Z., Rhazi, L., Gammar, A.M., Karray, M.R., Soulié-Märsche, I., Zouaidia, H., de Bélair, G., Grillas, P., and Ben Saad-Limam, S. 2009. Recent discovery of the small pillwort (Pilularia minuta Durieu, Marsileaceae) in Tunisia: hope for an endangered emblematic species of Mediterranean temporary pools? C.R. Biologies 332(10):886-897.

Davidson, G.R., de Lange, P.J., and Garnock-Jones, P.J. 2009. Two additional indigenous species of Veronica (Plantaginaceae) from northern New Zealand: V. jovellanoides, a new and highly endangered species, and V. plebeia R.Br. New Zeal. J. Bot. 47(3):271-279.

de Graaf, M., Lawrence, C., and Vercoe, P. 2009. Rapid replacement of the critically endangered hairy marron by the introduced smooth marron (Decapoda, Parastacidae) in the Margaret River (Western Australia). Crustaceana 82(11):1469-1476.

del Monte-Luna, P., Castro-Aguirre, J.L., Brooke, B.W., de la Cruz-Agüero, J., and Cruz-Escalona, V.H. 2009. Putative extinction of two sawfish species in Mexico and the United States. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 7(3):509-512.

Didier, K.A., Glennon, M.J., Novaro, A., Sanderson, E.W., Strindberg, S., Walker, S., and Di Martino, S. 2009. The Landscape Species Approach: spatially-explicit conservation planning applied in the Adirondacks, USA, and San Guillermo-Laguna Brava, Argentina, landscapes. Oryx 43(4):476-487.

Dierks, A., and Fischer, K. 2009. Habitat requirements and niche selection of Maculinea nausithous and M. teleius (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) within a large sympatric metapopulation. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3663-3676.

Dolev, A., and Carmel, Y. 2009. Distribution of threatened-unprotected vertebrates as a basis for conservation planning. Israel J. Ecol. Evol. 55(2):117-132.

Dullinger, S., Kleinbauer, I., Peterseil, J., Smolik, M., and Essl, F. 2009. Niche based distribution modelling of an invasive alien plant: effects of population status, propagule pressure and invasion history. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2401-2414.

Edwards, D.P., Ansell, F.A., Ahmad, A.H., Nilus, R., and Hamer, K.C. 2009. The value of rehabilitating logged rainforest for birds. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1628-1633.

Ehrenfeld, D. 2009. Authentic hope. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1352-1353.

Figueroa-Esquivel, E., Puebla-Olivares, F., Godínez-Álvarez H., and Núñez-Farfán, J. 2009. Seed dispersal effectiveness by understory birds on Dendropanax arboreus in a fragmented landscape. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3357-3365.

Findlay, C.S., Elgie, S., Giles, B., and Burr, L. 2009. Species listing under Canada's Species at Risk Act. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1609-1617.

Fisher, M. 2009. 2010 and all that-looking forward to biodiversity conservation in 2011 and beyond. Oryx 43(4):449-450.

Fisher, Z.S.Y., Cartwright, S., Bealey, C., Rayaleh, H.A., McGowan, P., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2009. The Djibouti francolin and juniper forest in Djibouti: the need for both ecosystem and species-specific conservation. Oryx 43(4):542-551.

Fleming, T.H., Geiselman, C., and Kress, W.J. 2009. The evolution of bat pollination: a phylogenetic perspective. Ann. Botany 104(6):1017-1043.

Fonseca, C.R. 2009. The silent mass extinction of insect herbivores in biodiversity hotspots. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1507-1515.

Forsman, A., and Hagman, M. 2009. Association of coloration mode with population declines and endangerment in Australian frogs. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1535-1543.

Freed, L.A., and Cann, R.L. 2009. Negative effects of an introduced bird species on growth and survival in a native bird community. Curr. Biol. 19(20):1736-1740.

Frelich, L.E., and Reich, P.B. 2009. Wilderness conservation in an era of global warming and invasive species: a case study from Minnesota's Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness. Nat. Areas J. 29(4):385-393.

Gao, X., Brosse, S., Chen, Y.B., Lek, S., and Chang, J.B. 2009. Effects of damming on population sustainability of Chinese sturgeon, Acipenser sinensis: evaluation of optimal conservation measures. Environ. Biol. Fish. 86(2):325-336.

García-Barrios, L., Galván-Miyoshi, Y.M., Valdivieso-Pérez, I.A., Masera, O.R., Bocco, G., and Vandermeer, J. 2009. Neotropical forest conservation, agricultural intensification, and rural out-migration: the Mexican experience. BioScience 59(10):863-873.

Geist, J., Kolahsa, M., Gum, B., and Kuehn, R. 2009. The importance of genetic cluster recognition for the conservation of migratory fish species: the example of the endangered European huchen Hucho hucho (L.). J. Fish Biol. 75(5):1063-1078.

George, S., Sharma, J., and Yadon, V.L. 2009. Genetic diversity of the endangered and narrow endemic Piperia yadonii (Orchidaceae) assessed with ISSR polymorphisms. Am. J. Bot. 96(11):2022-2030.

Gibson, S.Y., Van der Marel, R.C., and Starzomski, B.M. 2009. Climate change and conservation of leading-edge peripheral populations. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1369-1373.

Gilbert, B., Turkington, R., and Srivastava, D.S. 2009. Dominant species and diversity: linking relative abundance to controls of species establishment. Am. Nat. 174(6):850-862.

Giotto, N., Obsieh, D., Joachim, J., and Gerard, J.F. 2009. The population size and distribution of the Vulnerable beira antelope Dorcatragus megalotis in Djibouti. Oryx 43(4):552-555.

Godgenger, M.C., Bréheret, N., Bal, G., N'Damité, K., Girard, A., and Girondot, M. 2009. Nesting estimation and analysis of threats for Critically Endangered leatherback Dermochelys coriacea and Endangered olive ridley Lepidochelys olivacea marine turtles nesting in Congo. Oryx 43(4):556-563.

Golet, G.H., Anderson, B., Luster, R.A., and Werner, G. 2009. Collaborative planning fosters multiple-benefit restoration projects on the Sacramento River. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1634-1637.

Gosper, C.R., and Vivian-Smith, G. 2009. The role of fruit traits of bird-dispersed plants in invasiveness and weed risk assessment. Divers. Distrib. 15(6):1037-1046.

Grainger, A., Boucher, D.H., Frumhoff, P.C., Laurance, W.F., Lovejoy, T., McNeely, J., Niekisch, M., Raven, P., Sodhi, N.S., Venter, O., and Pimm, S.L. 2009. Biodiversity and REDD at Copenhagen. Curr. Biol. 19(21):R974-R976.

Green, A., Smith, S.E., Lipsett-Moore, G., Groves, C., Peterson, N., Sheppard, S., Lokani, P., Hamilton, R., Almany, J., Aitsi, J., and Bualia, L. 2009. Designing a resilient network of marine protected areas for Kimbe Bay, Papua New Guinea. Oryx 43(4):488-498.

Greenwald, D.N. 2009. Effects on species' conservation of reinterpreting the phrase "significant portion of its range" in the US Endangered Species Act. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1374-1377.

Grémillet, D., and Boulinier, T. 2009. Spatial ecology and conservation of seabirds facing global climate change: a review. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 391:121-137.

Grey, E.K. 2009. Scale-dependent relationships between native richness, resource stability and exotic cover in dock fouling communities of Washington, USA. Divers. Distrib. 15(6):1073-1080.

Gücel, S., and Seçmen, Ö. 2009. Conservation biology of Asperula daphneola (Rubiaceae) in Western Turkey. Turk. J. Bot. 33(4):257-262.

Hayward, M.W. 2009. The need to rationalize and prioritize threatening processes used to determine threat status in the IUCN Red List. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1568-1576.

Helm, A., Oja, T., Saar, L., Takkis, K., Talve, T., and Pärtel, M. 2009. Human influence lowers plant genetic diversity in communities with extinction debt. J. Ecology 97(6):1329-1336.

Henríquez, P., Donoso, D.S., and Grez, A.A. 2009. Population density, sex ratio, body size and fluctuating asymmetry of Ceroglossus chilensis (Carabidae) in the fragmented Maulino forest and surrounding pine plantations. Acta Oecol. 35(6):811-818.

Henson, A., Williams, D., Dupain, J., Gichohi, H., and Muruthi, P. 2009. The Heartland Conservation Process: enhancing biodiversity conservation and livelihoods through landscape-scale conservation planning in Africa. Oryx 43(4):508-519.

Hinners, S.J., and Hjelmroos-Koski, M.K. 2009. Receptiveness of foraging wild bees to exotic landscape elements. Am. Midl. Nat. 162(2):253-265.

Hobbs, R.J., Higgs, E., and Harris, J.A. 2009. Novel ecosystems: implications for conservation and restoration. Trends Ecol. Evol. 24(11):599-605.

Horgan, F.G. 2009. Invasion and retreat: shifting assemblages of dung beetles amidst changing agricultural landscapes in central Peru. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3519-3541.

Horsák, M., Juricková, L., Kintrová, K., and Hájek, O. 2009. Patterns of land snail diversity over a gradient of habitat degradation: a comparison of three Czech cities. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3453-3466.

Hugo, S., and Van Rensburg, B.J. 2009. Alien and native birds in South Africa: patterns, processes and conservation. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2291-2302.

Huxley, V.A.J. 2009. Endangered slender loris needs conservation. Curr. Sci. 96(12):1563.

Ioras, F., Abrudan, I.V., Dautbasic, M., Avdibegovic, M., Gurean, D., and Ratnasingam, J. 2009. Conservation gains through HCVF assessments in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Romania. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3395-3406.

Jäger, H., Kowarik, I., and Tye, A. 2009. Destruction without extinction: long-term impacts of an invasive tree species on Galápagos highland vegetation. J. Ecology 97(6):1252-1263.

Jensen, O.P., Gilroy, D.J., Hogan, Z., Allen, B.C., Hrabik, T.R., Weidel, B.C., Chandra, S., and Vander Zanden, M.J. 2009. Evaluating recreational fisheries for an endangered species: a case study of taimen, Hucho taimen, in Mongolia. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 66(10):1707-1718.

Jesse, R., Pfenninger, M., Fratini, S., Scalici, M., Streit, B., and Schubart, C.D. 2009. Disjunct distribution of the Mediterranean freshwater crab Potamon fluviatile-natural expansion or human introduction? Biol. Invasions 11(10):2209-2221.

Jhala, Y.V., Mukherjee, S., Shah, N., Chauhan, K.S., Dave, C.V., Meena, V., and Banerjee, K. 2009. Home range and habitat preference of female lions (Panthera leo persica) in Gir forests, India. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3383-3394.

Johnson, A., Vongkhamheng, C., and Saithongdam, T. 2009. The diversity, status and conservation of small carnivores in a montane tropical forest in northern Laos. Oryx 43(4):626-633.

Jones, C.C., and Reichard, S. 2009. Current and potential distributions of three non-native invasive plants in the contiguous USA. Nat. Areas J. 29(4):332-343.

Joseph, S., Blackburn, G.A., Gharai, B., Sudhakar, S., Thomas, A.P., and Murthy, M.S.R. 2009. Monitoring conservation effectiveness in a global biodiversity hotspot: the contribution of land cover change assessment. Environ. Monit. Assess. 158(1-4):169-179.

Joshi, A.A., Mudappa, D., and Raman, T.R.S. 2009. Brewing trouble: coffee invasion in relation to edges and forest structure in tropical rainforest fragments of the Western Ghats, India. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2387-2400.

Jurskis, V. 2009. River red gum and white cypress forests in south-western New South Wales, Australia: Ecological history and implications for conservation of grassy woodlands. Forest Ecol. Manag. 258(11):2593-2601.

Kaartinen, S., Luoto, M., and Kojola, I. 2009. Carnivore-livestock conflicts: determinants of wolf (Canis lupus) depredation on sheep farms in Finland. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3503-3517.

Käffer, M.I., Ganade, G., and Marcelli, M.P. 2009. Lichen diversity and composition in Araucaria forests and tree monocultures in southern Brazil. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3543-3561.

Kaiser-Bunbury, C.N., Memmott, J., and Müller, C.B. 2009. Community structure of pollination webs of Mauritian heathland habitats. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 11(4):241-254.

Kang, B., He, D.M., Perrett, L., Wang, H.Y., Hu, W.X., Deng, W.D., and Wu, Y.F. 2009. Fish and fisheries in the Upper Mekong: current assessment of the fish community, threats and conservation. Rev. Fish Biol. Fisher. 19(4):465-480.

Kearns, C.A., and Oliveras, D.M. 2009. Boulder County Bees revisited: a resampling of Boulder Colorado Bees a century later. J. Insect Conserv. 13(6):603-613.

Kearns, C.A., and Oliveras, D.M. 2009. Environmental factors affecting bee diversity in urban and remote grassland plots in Boulder, Colorado. J. Insect Conserv. 13(6):655-665.

Keller, R.P., Ermgassen, P., and Aldridge, D.C. 2009. Vectors and timing of freshwater invasions in Great Britain. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1526-1534.

Klopper, R.R., Retief, E., and Smith, G.F. 2009. The genus Aloe L. (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) in the Free State Province of South Africa. Haseltonia 15:41-52.

Koniak, G., Noy-Meir, I., and Perevolotsky, A. 2009. Estimating multiple benefits from vegetation in mediterranean ecosystems. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3483-3501.

Konishi, M., Sakano, H., and Iguchi, K. 2009. Identifying conservation priority ponds of an endangered minnow, Pseudorasbora pumila, in the area invaded by Pseudorasbora parva. Ichthyol. Res. 56(4):346-353.

Küçük, F., Sari, H.M., Demir, O., and Gülle, I. 2009. Review of the ichthyofaunal changes in Lake Egirdir between 1915 and 2007. Turk. J. Zool. 33(3):277-286.

Laikre, L., Nilsson, T., Primmer, C.R., Ryman, N., and Allendorf, F.W. 2009. Importance of genetics in the interpretation of favourable conservation status. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1378-1381.

Larsen, T.B., Aduse-Poku, K., and Safian, S. 2009. The butterflies of Boabeng-Fiema Monkey Sanctuary - biodiversity and extinction in a forest fragment in Ghana. Afr. Entomol. 17(2):131-146.

Larsson, M.C., and Svensson, G.P. 2009. Pheromone monitoring of rare and threatened insects: exploiting a pheromone-kairomone system to estimate prey and predator abundance. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1516-1525.

Laurance, W.F., and Useche, D.C. 2009. Environmental synergisms and extinctions of tropical species. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1427-1437.

Laurance, W.F., and Wright, S.J. 2009. New insights into the tropical biodiversity crisis. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1382-1385.

Lehtomäki, J., Tomppo, E., Kuokkanen, P., Hanski, I., and Moilanen, A. 2009. Applying spatial conservation prioritization software and high-resolution GIS data to a national-scale study in forest conservation. Forest Ecol. Manag. 258(11):2439-2449.

Leininger, S.P., and Foin, T.C. 2009. Lepidium latifolium reproductive potential and seed dispersal along salinity and moisture gradients. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2351-2365.

Léopold, M., Cakacaka, A., Meo, S., Sikolia, J., and Lecchini, D. 2009. Evaluation of the effectiveness of three underwater reef fish monitoring methods in Fiji. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3367-3382.

Lewis, J.P., Noetinger, S., Prado, D.E., and Barberis, I.M. 2009. Woody vegetation structure and composition of the last relicts of Espinal vegetation in subtropical Argentina. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3615-3628.

Li, H.M., Ma, Y.X., and Liu, W.J. 2009. Clearance and fragmentation of tropical rain forest in Xishuangbanna, SW, China. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3421-3440.

Lie, M.H., Arup, U., Grytnes, J.A., and Ohlson, M. 2009. The importance of host tree age, size and growth rate as determinants of epiphytic lichen diversity in boreal spruce forests. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3579-3596.

Looney, C., Caldwell, B.T., and Eigenbrode, S.D. 2009. When the prairie varies: the importance of site characteristics for strategising insect conservation. Insect Conserv. Divers. 2(4):243-250.

López-Pujol, J., and Ren, M.X. 2009. Biodiversity and the Three Gorges Reservoir: a troubled marriage. J. Nat. Hist. 43(43-44):2765-2786.

Lopez, S., Rousset, F., Shaw, F.H., Shaw, R.G., and Ronce, O. 2009. Joint effects of inbreeding and local adaptation on the evolution of genetic load after fragmentation. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1618-1627.

Lorenzo, Z., Burgarella, C., de Heredia, U.L., Lumaret, R., Petit, R.J., Soto, A., and Gil, L. 2009. Relevance of genetics for conservation policies: the case of Minorcan cork oaks. Ann. Botany 104(6):1069-1076.

Luske, B.L., Mertens, T., Lent, P.C., de Boer, W.F., and Prins, H.H.T. 2009. Impact of the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis minor) on a local population of Euphorbia bothae in the Great Fish River Reserve, South Africa. Afr. J. Ecol. 47(4):509-517.

MacGregor-Fors, I., Vázquez, L., Vega-Rivera, J.H., and Schondube, J.E. 2009. Non-exotic invasion of Great-tailed Grackles Quiscalus mexicanus in a tropical dry forest reserve. Ardea 97(3):367-369.

Madulid, D.A., and Agoo, E.M.G. 2009. Taxonomy and conservation of Philippine Cycads. Blumea 54(1-3):99-102.

Marini, M.Â., Barbet-Massin, M., Lopes, L.E., and Jiguet, F. 2009. Predicted climate-driven bird distribution changes and forecasted conservation conflicts in a Neotropical savanna. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1558-1567.

Marsh, S.T., Brummitt, N.A., de Kok, R.P.J., and Utteridge, T.M.A. 2009. Large-scale patterns of plant diversity and conservation priorities in South East Asia. Blumea 54(1-3):103-108.

Matsumoto, C.K., and Hilsdorf, A.W.S. 2009. Microsatellite variation and population genetic structure of a neotropical endangered Bryconinae species Brycon insignis Steindachner, 1877: implications for its conservation and sustainable management. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 7(3):395-402.

Meffe, G.K. 2009. The nearly unbearable end. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1356.

Menz, M.H.M., Mosimann-Kampe, P., and Arlettaz, R. 2009. Foraging habitat selection in the last Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana population in Switzerland: final lessons before extinction. Ardea 97(3):323-333.

Messing, R.H., Noser, S., and Hunkeler, J. 2009. Using host plant relationships to help determine origins of the invasive Erythrina gall wasp, Quadrastichus erythrinae Kim (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Biol. Invasions 11(10):2233-2241.

Metzger, C., Ursenbacher, S., and Christe, P. 2009. Testing the competitive exclusion principle using various niche parameters in a native (Natrix maura) and an introduced (N. tessellata) colubrid. Amphibia-Reptilia 30(4):523-531.

Milne, S., and Niesten, E. 2009. Direct payments for biodiversity conservation in developing countries: practical insights for design and implementation. Oryx 43(4):530-541.

Mitsuo, Y., Tsunoda, H., Ohira, M., Doi, M., and Senga, Y. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Lefua echigonia (Jordan and Richardson 1907) (Balitoridae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 86(2):307-308.

Moloney, K.A., Holzapfel, C., Tielbörger, K., Jeltsch, F., and Schurr, F.M. 2009. Rethinking the common garden in invasion research. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 11(4):311-320.

Mondol, S., Karanth, K.U., and Ramakrishnan, U. 2009. Why the Indian subcontinent holds the key to global tiger recovery. Plos Genetics 5(8):9.

Morin, R.S., Liebhold, A.M., and Gottschalk, K.W. 2009. Anisotropic spread of hemlock woolly adelgid in the eastern United States. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2341-2350.

Morrison, J., Loucks, C., Long, B., and Wikramanayake, E. 2009. Landscape-scale spatial planning at WWF: a variety of approaches. Oryx 43(4):499-507.

Mosher, E.S., Silander, J.A., and Latimer, A.M. 2009. The role of land-use history in major invasions by woody plant species in the northeastern North American landscape. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2317-2328.

Muir, M.J., and Schwartz, M.W. 2009. Academic research training for a nonacademic workplace: a case study of graduate student alumni who work in conservation. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1357-1368.

Naumann, B.T., and Crawford, S.S. 2009. Is it possible to identify habitat for a rare species? Shortjaw Cisco (Coregonus zenithicus) in Lake Huron as a case study. Environ. Biol. Fish. 86(2):341-348.

Newbold, T., Reader, T., Zalat, S., El-Gabbas, A., and Gilbert, F. 2009. Effect of characteristics of butterfly species on the accuracy of distribution models in an arid environment. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3629-3641.

Nield, A.P., Ladd, P.G., and Yates, C.J. 2009. Reproductive biology, post-fire succession dynamics and population viability analysis of the critically endangered Western Australian shrub Calytrix breviseta subsp. breviseta (Myrtaceae). Aust. J. Bot. 57(6):451-464.

Norris, J.L., Chamberlain, M.J., and Twedt, D.J. 2009. Effects of wildlife forestry on abundance of breeding birds in bottomland hardwood forests of Louisiana. J. Wildlife Manag. 73(8):1368-1379.

Noss, R.F. 2009. The heavy burden of conservation. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1354-1355.

Ntumi, C.P., Ferreira, S.M., and van Aarde, R.J. 2009. A review of historical trends in the distribution and abundance of elephants Loxodonta africana in Mozambique. Oryx 43(4):568-579.

Nufio, C.R., McClenahan, J.L., and Thurston, E.G. 2009. Determining the effects of habitat fragment area on grasshopper species density and richness: a comparison of proportional and uniform sampling methods. Insect Conserv. Divers. 2(4):295-304.

O'Brien, J., Berrow, S., McGrath, D., and Evans, P. 2009. Cetaceans in Irish waters: a review of recent research. Biol. Environ. 109B(2):63-88.

Olson, D., O'Connell, M., Fang, Y.C., Burger, J., and Rayburn, R. 2009. Managing for climate change within protected area landscapes. Nat. Areas J. 29(4):394-399.

Orr, D.W. 2009. Retrospect and prospect: the unbearable lightness of conservation. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1349-1351.

Paglia, A.P., and Fonseca, G.A.B. 2009. Assessing changes in the conservation status of threatened Brazilian vertebrates. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3563-3577.

Pandit, M.K. 2009. Other factors at work in the melting Himalaya: follow-up to Xu et al. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1346-1347.

Parr, C.L., Woinarski, J.C.Z., and Pienaar, D.J. 2009. Cornerstones of biodiversity conservation? Comparing the management effectiveness of Kruger and Kakadu National Parks, two key savanna reserves. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3643-3662.

Pauchard, A., Kueffer, C., Dietz, H., Daehler, C.C., Alexander, J., Edwards, P.J., Arevalo, J.R., Cavieres, L.A., Guisan, A., Haider, S., Jakobs, G., McDougall, K., Millar, C.I., Naylor, B.J., Parks, C.G., Rew, L.J., and Seipel, T. 2009. Ain't no mountain high enough: plant invasions reaching new elevations. Front. Ecol. Environ. 7(9):479-486.

Pedrono, M., Ha, M.T., Chouteau, P., and Vallejo, F. 2009. Status and distribution of the Endangered banteng Bos javanicus birmanicus in Vietnam: a conservation tragedy. Oryx 43(4):618-625.

Peris, S.J., Sanguinetti, J., and Pescador, M. 2009. Have Patagonian waterfowl been affected by the introduction of the American mink Mustela vison? Oryx 43(4):648-654.

Perkin, J.S., Williams, C.S., and Bonner, T.H. 2009. Aspects of chub shiner Notropis potteri life history with comments on native distribution and conservation status. Am. Midl. Nat. 162(2):276-288.

Pérot, A., and Villard, M.A. 2009. Putting density back into the habitat-quality equation: case study of an open-nesting forest bird. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1550-1557.

Persha, L., and Blomley, T. 2009. Management decentralization and montane forest conditions in Tanzania. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1485-1496.

Phillips, B.L. 2009. The evolution of growth rates on an expanding range edge. Biol. Lett. 5(6):802-804.

Pichegru, L., Ryan, P.G., Le Bohec, C., van der Lingen, C.D., Navarro, R., Petersen, S., Lewis, S., van der Westhuizen, J., and Grémillet, D. 2009. Overlap between vulnerable top predators and fisheries in the Benguela upwelling system: implications for marine protected areas. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 391:199-208.

Pinto-Torres, E., and Koptur, S. 2009. Hanging by a coastal strand: breeding system of a federally endangered morning-glory of the south-eastern Florida coast, Jacquemontia reclinata. Ann. Botany 104(7):1301-1311.

Pisanu, S., Filigheddu, R., and Farris, E. 2009. The conservation status of an endemic species of northern Sardinia: Centaurea horrida Badarò (Asteraceae). Plant Biosyst. 143(2):275-282.

Pocewicz, A., Morgan, P., and Eigenbrode, S.D. 2009. Local and landscape effects on butterfly density in northern Idaho grasslands and forests. J. Insect Conserv. 13(6):593-601.

Polacik, M., Janác, M., Jurajda, P., Adámek, Z., Ondracková, M., Trichkova, T., and Vassilev, M. 2009. Invasive gobies in the Danube: invasion success facilitated by availability and selection of superior food resources. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 18(4):640-649.

Pollock, J.L., Callaway, R.M., Thelen, G.C., and Holben, W.E. 2009. Catechin-metal interactions as a mechanism for conditional allelopathy by the invasive plant Centaurea maculosa. J. Ecology 97(6):1234-1242.

Poulsen, J.R., Clark, C.J., Mavah, G., and Elkan, P.W. 2009. Bushmeat supply and consumption in a tropical logging concession in northern Congo. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1597-1608.

Pregill, G.K., and Steadman, D.W. 2009. The prehistory and biogeography of terrestrial vertebrates on Guam, Mariana Islands. Divers. Distrib. 15(6):983-996.

Pressey, R.L., and Bottrill, M.C. 2009. Approaches to landscape- and seascape-scale conservation planning: convergence, contrasts and challenges. Oryx 43(4):464-475.

Prins, T.G., Reuter, J.H., Debrot, A.O., Wattel, J., and Nijman, V. 2009. Checklist of the birds of Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire, South Caribbean. Ardea 97(2):137-262.

Pryke, J.S., and Samways, M.J. 2009. Conservation of the insect assemblages of the Cape Peninsula biodiversity hotspot. J. Insect Conserv. 13(6):627-641.

Remis, M.J., and Hardin, R. 2009. Transvalued species in an African forest. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1588-1596.

Ridley, C.E., and Ellstrand, N.C. 2009. Evolution of enhanced reproduction in the hybrid-derived invasive, California wild radish (Raphanus sativus). Biol. Invasions 11(10):2251-2264.

Rist, J., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Cowlishaw, G., and Rowcliffe, J.M. 2009. The importance of hunting and habitat in determining the abundance of tropical forest species in Equatorial Guinea. Biotropica 41(6):700-710.

Rius, M., Pineda, M.C., and Turon, X. 2009. Population dynamics and life cycle of the introduced ascidian Microcosmus squamiger in the Mediterranean Sea. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2181-2194.

Robalo, J.I., Sousa-Santos, C., and Almada, V.C. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Iberochondrostoma lusitanicum Collares-Pereira, 1980 (Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 86(2):295-296.

Rodríguez, A., Negro, J.J., Bustamante, J., Fox, J.W., and Afanasyev, V. 2009. Geolocators map the wintering grounds of threatened Lesser Kestrels in Africa. Divers. Distrib. 15(6):1010-1016.

Rogers, D.A., Rooney, T.P., Hawbaker, T.J., Radeloff, V.C., and Waller, D.M. 2009. Paying the extinction debt in southern Wisconsin forest understories. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1497-1506.

Romero, C., and Peña-Claros, M. 2009. Beyond tropical forests adoption: contextualizing conservation strategies. Biotropica 41(6):653-655.

Ross, M.S., O'Brien, J.J., Ford, R.G., Zhang, K.Q., and Morkill, A. 2009. Disturbance and the rising tide: the challenge of biodiversity management on low-island ecosystems. Front. Ecol. Environ. 7(9):471-478.

Rotheray, E.L., MacGowan, I., Rotheray, G.E., Sears, J., and Elliott, A. 2009. The conservation requirements of an endangered hoverfly, Hammerschmidtia ferruginea (Diptera, Syrphidae) in the British Isles. J. Insect Conserv. 13(6):569-574.

Rowat, D., Speed, C.W., Meekan, M.G., Gore, M.A., and Bradshaw, C.J.A. 2009. Population abundance and apparent survival of the Vulnerable whale shark Rhincodon typus in the Seychelles aggregation. Oryx 43(4):591-598.

Rudel, T.K., Defries, R., Asner, G.P., and Laurance, W.F. 2009. Changing drivers of deforestation and new opportunities for conservation. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1396-1405.

Rusea, G., Lim, M.Y.L., Phoon, S.N., Yong, W.S.Y., Tang, C.H., Khor, H.E., Abdullah, J.O., and Abdullah, J. 2009. Malaysian limestone orchids status: diversity, threat and conservation. Blumea 54(1-3):109-116.

Saeki, I., and Murakami, N. 2009. Chloroplast DNA phylogeography of the endangered Japanese red maple (Acer pycnanthum): the spatial configuration of wetlands shapes genetic diversity. Divers. Distrib. 15(6):917-927.

Salz, A., and Fartmann, T. 2009. Coastal dunes as important strongholds for the survival of the rare Niobe fritillary (Argynnis niobe). J. Insect Conserv. 13(6):643-654.

Sayer, J. 2009. Reconciling conservation and development: are landscapes the answer? Biotropica 41(6):649-652.

Scalercio, S., Infusino, M., and Woiwod, I.P. 2009. Optimising the sampling window for moth indicator communities. J. Insect Conserv. 13(6):583-591.

Schaminée, J.H.J., Hennekens, S.M., Chytrý, M., and Rodwell, J.S. 2009. Vegetation-plot data and databases in Europe: an overview. Preslia 81(3):173-185.

Scheibling, R.E., and Gagnon, P. 2009. Temperature-mediated outbreak dynamics of the invasive bryozoan Membranipora membranacea in Nova Scotian kelp beds. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 390:1-13.

Schmidt, P.M., and Peterson, M.J. 2009. Biodiversity conservation and indigenous land management in the era of self-determination. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1458-1466.

Seabloom, E.W., Borer, E.T., Jolles, A., and Mitchell, C.E. 2009. Direct and indirect effects of viral pathogens and the environment on invasive grass fecundity in Pacific Coast grasslands. J. Ecology 97(6):1264-1273.

Singaravelan, N., Marimuthu, G., and Racey, P.A. 2009. Do fruit bats deserve to be listed as vermin in the Indian Wildlife (Protection) & Amended Acts? A critical review. Oryx 43(4):608-613.

Singh, K.K. 2009. Notes on the Sikkim Himalayan rhododendrons: a taxa of great conservation importance. Turk. J. Bot. 33(4):305-310.

Sipman, H.J.M. 2009. Tropical urban lichens: observations from Singapore. Blumea 54(1-3):297-299.

Smith, R.J., Verissimo, D., Leader-Williams, N., Cowling, R.M., and Knight, A.T. 2009. Let the locals lead. Nature 462(7271):280-281.

Sousa, R., Gutierrez, J.L., and Aldridge, D.C. 2009. Non-indigenous invasive bivalves as ecosystem engineers. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2367-2385.

Stefanescu, C., Peñuelas, J., and Filella, I. 2009. Rapid changes in butterfly communities following the abandonment of grasslands: a case study. Insect Conserv. Divers. 2(4):261-269.

Stork, N.E., Coddington, J.A., Colwell, R.K., Chazdon, R.L., Dick, C.W., Peres, C.A., Sloan, S., and Willis, K. 2009. Vulnerability and resilience of tropical forest species to land-use change. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1438-1447.

Støen, O.G., Pitlagano, M.L., and Moe, S.R. 2009. Same-site multiple releases of translocated white rhinoceroses Ceratotherium simum may increase the risk of unwanted dispersal. Oryx 43(4):580-585.

Sun, Y., Dong, L., Zhang, Y.Y., Zheng, G.M., and Browne, S.J. 2009. Is a forest road a barrier for the Vulnerable Cabot's tragopan Tragopan caboti in Wuyishan, Jiangxi, China? Oryx 43(4):614-617.

Sunamura, E., Hatsumi, S., Karino, S., Nishisue, K., Terayama, M., Kitade, O., and Tatsuki, S. 2009. Four mutually incompatible Argentine ant supercolonies in Japan: inferring invasion history of introduced Argentine ants from their social structure. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2329-2339.

Sundar, K.S.G. 2009. Are rice paddies suboptimal breeding habitat for Sarus Cranes in Uttar Pradesh, India. Condor 111(4):611-623.

te Beest, M., Stevens, N., Olff, H., and van der Putten, W.H. 2009. Plant-soil feedback induces shifts in biomass allocation in the invasive plant Chromolaena odorata. J. Ecology 97(6):1281-1290.

Tepolt, C.K., Darling, J.A., Bagley, M.J., Geller, J.B., Blum, M.J., and Grosholz, E.D. 2009. European green crabs (Carcinus maenas) in the northeastern Pacific: genetic evidence for high population connectivity and current-mediated expansion from a single introduced source population. Divers. Distrib. 15(6):997-1009.

Thomsen, M.S., McGlathery, K.J., Schwarzschild, A., and Silliman, B.R. 2009. Distribution and ecological role of the non-native macroalga Gracilaria vermiculophylla in Virginia salt marshes. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2303-2316.

Thorne, J.H., Viers, J.H., Price, J., and Storns, D.M. 2009. Spatial patterns of endemic plants in California. Nat. Areas J. 29(4):344-366.

Townsend, J.H. 2009. Morphological variation in Geophis nephodrymus (Squamata: Colubridae), with comments on conservation of Geophis in eastern Nuclear Central America. Herpetologica 65(3):292-302.

Treves, A., Wallace, R.B., and White, S. 2009. Participatory planning of interventions to mitigate human-wildlife conflicts. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1577-1587.

Trusty, J.L., Miller, I., Boyd, R.S., Goertzen, L.R., Pence, V.C., and Plair, B.L. 2009. Ex situ conservation of the federally endangered plant species Clematis socialis Kral (Ranunculaceae). Nat. Areas J. 29(4):376-384.

Utteridge, T.M.A., and Edwards, P.J. 2009. The subalpine and alpine flora of Mount Jaya (New Guinea): status and threats. Blumea 54(1-3):280-283.

Valéry, L., Fritz, H., Lefeuvre, J.C., and Simberloff, D. 2009. Invasive species can also be native. Trends Ecol. Evol. 24(11):585-585.

van Heezik, Y., Maloney, R.F., and Seddon, P.J. 2009. Movements of translocated captive-bred and released Critically Endangered kaki (black stilts) Himantopus novaezelandiae and the value of long-term post-release monitoring. Oryx 43(4):639-647.

van Welzen, P.C., and Slik, J.W.F. 2009. Patterns in species richness and composition of plant families in the Malay Archipelago. Blumea 54(1-3):166-171.

Vanderlaan, A.S.M., and Taggart, C.T. 2009. Efficacy of a voluntary area to be avoided to reduce risk of lethal vessel strikes to endangered whales. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1467-1474.

Vávrová, L., Horsák, M., Šteffek, J., and Cejka, T. 2009. Ecology, distribution and conservation of Vertigo species of the European Importance in Slovakia. J. Conchology 40:61-71.

Virah-Sawmy, M., Mauremootoo, J., Marie, D., Motala, S., and Sevathian, J.C. 2009. Rapid degradation of a Mauritian rainforest following 60 years of plant invasion. Oryx 43(4):599-607.

Voyles, J., Cashins, S.D., Rosenblum, E.B., and Puschendorf, R. 2009. Preserving pathogens for wildlife conservation: a case for action on amphibian declines. Oryx 43(4):527-529.

Wakid, A. 2009. Status and distribution of the endangered Gangetic dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica) in the Brahmaputra River within India in 2005. Curr. Sci. 97(8):1143-1151.

Walker, K.J., Preston, C.D., and Boon, C.R. 2009. Fifty years of change in an area of intensive agriculture: plant trait responses to habitat modification and conservation, Bedfordshire, England. Biodivers. Conserv. 18(13):3597-3613.

Wang, D. 2009. Population status, threats and conservation of the Yangtze finless porpoise. Chinese Sci. Bull. 54(19):3473-3484.

Watanabe, K., Kanagawa, N., Kakioka, R., Itai, T., and Mori, S. 2009. Genetic diversity and conservation units in wild and captive populations of endangered freshwater fishes: a case of Hemigrammocypris rasborella in Shizuoka, Japan. Ichthyol. Res. 56(4):411-416.

Watson, J.E.M., Fuller, R.A., Watson, A.W.T., Mackey, B.G., Wilson, K.A., Grantham, H.S., Turner, M., Klein, C.J., Carwardine, J., Joseph, L.N., and Possingham, H.P. 2009. Wilderness and future conservation priorities in Australia. Divers. Distrib. 15(6):1028-1036.

Webb, E.L., and Kabir, M.E. 2009. Home gardening for tropical biodiversity conservation. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1641-1644.

Weitere, M., Vohmann, A., Schulz, N., Linn, C., Dietrich, D., and Arndt, H. 2009. Linking environmental warming to the fitness of the invasive clam Corbicula fluminea. Global Change Biol. 15(12):2838-2851.

Westerman, E.L., Whitlatch, R., Dijkstra, J.A., and Harris, L.G. 2009. Variation in brooding period masks similarities in response to changing temperatures. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 391:13-19.

Whiting, M.J., Chetty, K., Twine, W., and Carazo, P. 2009. Impact of human disturbance and beliefs on the tree agama Acanthocercus atricollis atricollis in a South African communal settlement. Oryx 43(4):586-590.

Wibisono, H.T., Figel, J.J., Arif, S.M., Ario, A., and Lubis, A.H. 2009. Assessing the Sumatran tiger Panthera tigris sumatrae population in Batang Gadis National Park, a new protected area in Indonesia. Oryx 43(4):634-638.

Wiens, J.A., Stralberg, D., Jongsomjit, D., Howell, C.A., and Snyder, M.A. 2009. Niches, models, and climate change: assessing the assumptions and uncertainties. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106:19729-19736.

Wolfe, M.D., Santucci, V.J., Einfalt, L.M., and Wahl, D.H. 2009. Effects of common carp on reproduction, growth, and survival of largemouth bass and bluegills. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 138(5):975-983.

Wong, P.K., Kwong, K.L., and Qiu, J.W. 2009. Complex interactions among fish, snails and macrophytes: implications for biological control of an invasive snail. Biol. Invasions 11(10):2223-2232.

Wright, S.J., Muller-Landau, H.C., and Schipper, J. 2009. The future of tropical species on a warmer planet. Conserv. Biol. 23(6):1418-1426.

Xu, H.G., Tang, X.P., Liu, J.Y., Ding, H., Wu, J., Zhang, M., Yang, Q.W., Cai, L., Zhao, H.J., and Liu, Y. 2009. China's progress toward the significant reduction of the rate of biodiversity loss. BioScience 59(10):843-852.

Yen, A.L. 2009. Entomophagy and insect conservation: some thoughts for digestion. J. Insect Conserv. 13(6):667-670.

Yu, F.H., Wang, N., Alpert, P., He, W.M., and Dong, M. 2009. Physiological integration in an introduced, invasive plant increases its spread into experimental communities and modifies their structure. Am. J. Bot. 96(11):1983-1989.

Zhang, R.Z., Zhang, Y.P., and Jiang, Y.X. 2009. Threat and management strategies of potentially invasive insects in China. Sci. China Ser. C 52(10):903-910.

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