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Department ofBotany

No. 308
August 2010

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In This Issue

Frog Killer Caught in the Act

A killer has been caught in the act: the first before-and-after view of an infectious disease that led to an amphibian die-off has been released by the scientists who tracked it. The results are published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Like a wave, incidence of the fungal disease that wipes out Central American frogs - chytridiomycosis - advances through the region's highlands at a rate of about 30 kilometers per year. After the disappearance of Costa Rica's golden frogs in the 1980s, Karen Lips, a biologist at the University of Maryland, established a monitoring program at untouched sites in neighboring Panama.

Of the 63 species she identified during surveys conducted from 1998 to 2004 in Omar Torrijos National Park, located in El Copé, Panama, 25 species disappeared from the site in a subsequent epidemic. As of 2008, none of these species had reappeared.

Were there additional species in the park not previously known to science? To find out, the authors used a genetic technique called DNA barcoding to estimate that another 11 unnamed or "candidate" species were also present. Combining field research and genetic information, the authors discovered that five of these unnamed species were also wiped out.

"It's sadly ironic that we are discovering new species nearly as fast as we're losing them," says Andrew Crawford, former postdoctoral fellow at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI), now at the University of the Andes in Colombia. "Our DNA barcode data reveal new species even at this relatively well-studied site, yet the field sampling shows that many of these species new to science are already gone."

An epidemic that wipes out a whole group of organisms is like the fire that burned the famous library of Alexandria, the scientists say. It destroys a huge amount of accumulated information about how life has coped with change in the past. Species surveys are like counting the number of different titles in the library; a genetic survey is like counting the number of different words.

"When you lose the words, you lose the potential to make new books," says Lips. "It's similar to the extinction of the dinosaurs. The areas where the disease has passed through are like graveyards. There's a void to be filled - and we don't know what will happen."

"This is the first time that we've used genetic barcodes - DNA sequences unique to each living organism - to characterize an entire amphibian community," said Eldredge Bermingham, STRI director and a co-author of the paper. "The before-and-after approach we took with these frogs tells us exactly what was lost to this deadly disease - 33 percent of their evolutionary history."

Current Literature


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Ackerly, D.D., Loarie, S.R., Cornwell, W.K., Weiss, S.B., Hamilton, H., Branciforte, R., and Kraft, N.J.B. 2010. The geography of climate change: implications for conservation biogeography. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):476-487.

Aguilera, A.G., Alpert, P., Dukes, J.S., and Harrington, R. 2010. Impacts of the invasive plant Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) on plant communities and ecosystem processes. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1243-1252.

Alejandro, L., Distel, R.A., and Zalba, S.M. 2010. Large herbivore grazing and non-native plant invasions in montane grasslands of central Argentina. Nat. Areas J. 30(2):148-155.

Altieri, A.H., van Wesenbeeck, B.K., Bertness, M.D., and Silliman, B.R. 2010. Facilitation cascade drives positive relationship between native biodiversity and invasion success. Ecology 91(5):1269-1275.

Alves, R.R.N., Barboza, R.R.D., and Souto, W.M.S. 2010. A global overview of canids used in traditional medicines. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1513-1522.

Amezquita, S., and Favila, M.E. 2010. Removal rates of native and exotic dung by dung beetles (Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) in a fragmented tropical rain forest. Environ. Entomol. 39(2):328-336.

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Antit, M., Gofas, S., and Azzouna, A. 2010. A gastropod from the tropical Atlantic becomes an established alien in the Mediterranean. Biol. Invasions 12(5):991-994.

Ashe, E., Noren, D.P., and Williams, R. 2010. Animal behaviour and marine protected areas: incorporating behavioural data into the selection of marine protected areas for an endangered killer whale population. Anim. Conserv. 13(2):196-203.

Auestad, I., Rydgren, K., Jongejans, E., and de Kroon, H. 2010. Pimpinella saxifraga is maintained in road verges by mosaic management. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):899-907.

Bagella, S., Gascón, S., Caria, M.C., Sala, J., Mariani, M.A., and Boix, D. 2010. Identifying key environmental factors related to plant and crustacean assemblages in Mediterranean temporary ponds. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1749-1768.

Baier, F., and Wiedl, H.J. 2010. The re-evaluated conservation status of the mountain populations of the highly endangered Cyprus grass snake, Natrix natrix cypriaca (HECHT, 1930), with miscellaneous natural history notes. Salamandra 46(1):16-23.

Bajer, P.G., and Sorensen, P.W. 2010. Recruitment and abundance of an invasive fish, the common carp, is driven by its propensity to invade and reproduce in basins that experience winter-time hypoxia in interconnected lakes. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1101-1112.

Baldacconi, R., Cardone, F., Longo, C., Mercurio, M., Marzano, C.N., Gaino, E., and Corriero, G. 2010. Transplantation of Spongia officinalis L. (Porifera, Demospongiae): a technical approach for restocking this endangered species. Mar. Ecol.-Evol. Persp. 31(2):309-317.

Balme, G.A., Slotow, R., and Hunter, L.T.B. 2010. Edge effects and the impact of non-protected areas in carnivore conservation: leopards in the Phinda-Mkhuze Complex, South Africa. Anim. Conserv. 13(3):315-323.

Bampfylde, C.J., Peters, J.A., and Bobeldyk, A.M. 2010. A literature analysis of freshwater invasive species research: are empiricists, theoreticians, and economists working together? Biol. Invasions 12(5):1207-1219.

Bangert, R., and Huntly, N. 2010. The distribution of native and exotic plants in a naturally fragmented sagebrush-steppe landscape. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1627-1640.

Barrett, M.A., Brown, J.L., Morikawa, M.K., Labat, J.N., and Yoder, A.D. 2010. CITES designation for endangered rosewood in Madagascar. Science 328(5982):1109-1110.

Bartel, R.A., Haddad, N.M., and Wright, J.P. 2010. Ecosystem engineers maintain a rare species of butterfly and increase plant diversity. Oikos 119(5):883-890.

Barthelmess, E.L., and Brooks, M.S. 2010. The influence of body-size and diet on road-kill trends in mammals. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1611-1629.

Bartz, R., Heink, U., and Kowarik, I. 2010. Proposed definition of environmental damage illustrated by the cases of genetically modified crops and invasive species. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):675-681.

Bauer, D.M., Paton, P.W.C., and Swallow, S.K. 2010. Are wetland regulations cost effective for species protection? A case study of amphibian metapopulations. Ecol. Appl. 20(3):798-815.

Beier, P., and Brost, B. 2010. Use of land facets to plan for climate change: conserving the arenas, not the actors. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):701-710.

Bell, B.D., and Pledger, S.A. 2010. How has the remnant population of the threatened frog Leiopelma pakeka (Anura: Leiopelmatidae) fared on Maud Island, New Zealand, over the past 25 years? Austral Ecol. 35(3):241-256.

Bellingham, P.J., Wiser, S.K., Wright, A.E., Cameron, E.K., and Forester, L.J. 2010. Disperser communities and legacies of goat grazing determine forest succession on the remote Three Kings Islands, New Zealand. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):926-938.

Berger, J., and Beckmann, J.P. 2010. Sexual predators, energy development, and conservation in Greater Yellowstone. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):891-896.

Bernhardt, P., and Edens-Meier, R. 2010. What we think we know vs. what we need to know about orchid pollination and conservation: Cypripedium L. as a model lineage. Bot. Rev. 76(2):204-219.

Beschta, R.L., and Ripple, W.J. 2010. Recovering riparian plant communities with wolves in northern Yellowstone, USA. Restor. Ecol. 18(3):380-389.

Bettinger, T.L., Kuhar, C.W., Lehnhardt, K., Cox, D., and Cress, D. 2010. Discovering the unexpected: lessons learned from evaluating conservation education programs in Africa. Am. J. Primatol. 72(5):445-449.

Beyer, L.J., and Schultz, C.B. 2010. Oviposition selection by a rare grass skipper Polites mardon in montane habitats: advancing ecological understanding to develop conservation strategies. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):862-872.

Biju, S.D., Shouche, Y., Dubois, A., Dutta, S.K., and Bossuyt, F. 2010. A ground-dwelling rhacophorid frog from the highest mountain peak of the Western Ghats of India. Curr. Sci. 98(8):1119-1125.

Bischoff, A., Steinger, T., and Müller-Schärer, H. 2010. The importance of plant provenance and genotypic diversity of seed material used for ecological restoration. Restor. Ecol. 18(3):338-348.

Blackburn, T.M., Pettorelli, N., Katzner, T., Gompper, M.E., Mock, K., Garner, T.W.J., Altwegg, R., Redpath, S., and Gordon, I.J. 2010. Dying for conservation: eradicating invasive alien species in the face of opposition. Anim. Conserv. 13(3):227-228.

Blight, O., Renucci, M., Tirard, A., Orgeas, J., and Provost, E. 2010. A new colony structure of the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) in Southern Europe. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1491-1497.

Bobeldyk, A.M., and Lamberti, G.A. 2010. Stream food web responses to a large omnivorous invader, Orconectes rusticus (Decapoda, Cambaridae). Crustaceana 83(6):641-657.

Bobrowiec, P.E.D., and Gribel, R. 2010. Effects of different secondary vegetation types on bat community composition in Central Amazonia, Brazil. Anim. Conserv. 13(2):204-216.

Boojh, R. 2010. Conservation and management of wetland systems. Indian J. Mar. Sci. 39(1):7-9.

Boyce, R.L. 2010. Invasive shrubs in Kentucky. Northeastern Nat. 17:1-36.

Bradley, B.A., Blumenthal, D.M., Wilcove, D.S., and Ziska, L.H. 2010. Predicting plant invasions in an era of global change. Trends Ecol. Evol. 25(5):310-318.

Bradley, B.A., Wilcove, D.S., and Oppenheimer, M. 2010. Climate change increases risk of plant invasion in the Eastern United States. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1855-1872.

Breuer, T., and Mavinga, F.B. 2010. Education for the conservation of great apes and other wildlife in northern Congo - the importance of nature clubs. Am. J. Primatol. 72(5):454-461.

Bried, J.T., and Mazzacano, C.A. 2010. National review of state wildlife action plans for Odonata species of greatest conservation need. Insect Conserv. Divers. 3(2):61-71.

Britton, J.R., Cucherousset, J., Davies, G.D., Godard, M.J., and Copp, G.H. 2010. Non-native fishes and climate change: predicting species responses to warming temperatures in a temperate region. Freshwater Biol. 55(5):1130-1141.

Britton, J.R., Davies, G.D., and Harrod, C. 2010. Trophic interactions and consequent impacts of the invasive fish Pseudorasbora parva in a native aquatic foodweb: a field investigation in the UK. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1533-1542.

Brouwers, N.C., and Newton, A.C. 2010. The influence of barriers and orientation on the dispersal ability of wood cricket (Nemobius sylvestris) (Orthoptera: Gryllidae). J. Insect Conserv. 14(3):313-317.

Brown, C.S., and Rice, K.J. 2010. Effects of belowground resource use comlementarity on invasion of constructed grassland plant communities. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1319-1334.

Burks, R.L., Kyle, C.H., and Trawick, M.K. 2010. Pink eggs and snails: field oviposition patterns of an invasive snail, Pomacea insularum, indicate a preference for an invasive macrophyte. Hydrobiologia 646(1):243-251.

Burnham, K.M., and Lee, T.D. 2010. Canopy gaps facilitate establishment, growth, and reproduction of invasive Frangula alnus in a Tsuga canadensis dominated forest. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1509-1520.

Butchart, S.H.M., Walpole, M., Collen, B., van Strien, A., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Almond, R.E.A., Baillie, J.E.M., Bomhard, B., Brown, C., Bruno, J., Carpenter, K.E., Carr, G.M., Chanson, J., Chenery, A.M., Csirke, J., Davidson, N.C., Dentener, F., Foster, M., Galli, A., Galloway, J.N., Genovesi, P., Gregory, R.D., Hockings, M., Kapos, V., Lamarque, J.F., Leverington, F., Loh, J., McGeoch, M.A., McRae, L., Minasyan, A., Morcillo, M.H., Oldfield, T.E.E., Pauly, D., Quader, S., Revenga, C., Sauer, J.R., Skolnik, B., Spear, D., Stanwell-Smith, D., Stuart, S.N., Symes, A., Tierney, M., Tyrrell, T.D., Vié, J.C., and Watson, R. 2010. Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines. Science 328(5982):1164-1168.

Cabi, E., Dogan, M., Mavi, Ö., Karabacak, E., and Baser, B. 2010. Elymus sosnowskyi (Hackel) Melderis (Poaceae), a rare endemic species in Turkey. Turk. J. Bot. 34(2):105-114.

Cachelin, A., Norvell, R., and Darling, A. 2010. Language fouls in teaching ecology: why traditional metaphors undermine conservation literacy. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):669-674.

Cadotte, M.W., and Davies, T.J. 2010. Rarest of the rare: advances in combining evolutionary distinctiveness and scarcity to inform conservation at biogeographical scales. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):376-385.

Calver, M.C., and Bradley, J.S. 2010. Patterns of citations of open access and non-open access conservation biology journal papers and book chapters. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):872-880.

Cameron, K.M. 2010. On the value of taxonomy, phylogeny, and systematics to orchid conservation: implications for China's Yachang Orchid Reserve. Bot. Rev. 76(2):165-173.

Carnevali, G., Duno, R., Tapia, J.L., and Ramírez, I.M. 2010. Reassessment of Zephyranthes (Amaryllidaceae) in the Yucatan Peninsula including a new species, Z. orellanae. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 137(1):39-48.

Carranza, A., de Mello, C., Ligrone, A., González, S., Píriz, P., and Scarabino, F. 2010. Observations on the invading gastropod Rapana venosa in Punta del Este, Maldonado Bay, Uruguay. Biol. Invasions 12(5):995-998.

Carter, M., Smith, M., and Harrison, R. 2010. Genetic analyses of the Asian longhorned beetle (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Anoplophora glabripennis), in North America, Europe and Asia. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1165-1182.

Carvalheiro, L.G., Buckley, Y.M., and Memmott, J. 2010. Diet breadth influences how the impact of invasive plants is propagated through food webs. Ecology 91(4):1063-1074.

Castro, J., Moreno-Rueda, G., and Hódar, J.A. 2010. Experimental test of postfire management in pine forests: impact of salvage logging versus partial cutting and nonintervention on bird-species assemblages. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):810-819.

Castro, S.A., Badano, E., Guzman, D., and Cavieres, L. 2010. Biological invasion of a refuge habitat: Anthriscus caucalis (Apiaceae) decreases diversity, evenness, and survival of native herbs in the Chilean matorral. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1295-1303.

Cataudella, R., Paolucci, M., Delaunay, C., Ropiquet, A., Hassanin, A., Balsamo, M., and Grandjean, F. 2010. Genetic variability of Austropotamobius italicus in the Marches region: implications for conservation. Aquat. Conserv. 20(3):261-268.

Celesti-Grapow, L., Alessandrini, A., Arrigoni, P.V., Assini, S., Banfi, E., Barni, E., Bovio, M., Brundu, G., Cagiotti, M.R., Camarda, I., Carli, E., Conti, F., Del Guacchio, E., Domina, G., Fascetti, S., Galasso, G., Gubellini, L., Lucchese, F., Medagli, P., Passalacqua, N.G., Peccenini, S., Poldini, L., Pretto, F., Prosser, F., Vidali, M., Viegi, L., Villani, M.C., Wilhalm, T., and Blasi, C. 2010. Non-native flora of Italy: Species distribution and threats. Plant Biosyst. 144(1):12-28.

Chabrerie, O., Loinard, J., Perrin, S., Saguez, R., and Decocq, G. 2010. Impact of Prunus serotina invasion on understory functional diversity in a European temperate forest. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1891-1907.

Chauvenet, A.L.M., Baxter, P.W.J., McDonald-Madden, E., and Possingham, H.P. 2010. Optimal allocation of conservation effort among subpopulations of a threatened species: how important is patch quality? Ecol. Appl. 20(3):789-797.

Chen, G.Q., Guo, S.L., and Yin, L.P. 2010. Applying DNA C-values to evaluate invasiveness of angiosperms: validity and limitation. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1335-1348.

Cheplick, G.P. 2010. Limits to local spatial spread in a highly invasive annual grass (Microstegium vimineum). Biol. Invasions 12(6):1759-1771.

Claudet, J., Lenfant, P., and Schrimm, M. 2010. Snorkelers impact on fish communities and algae in a temperate marine protected area. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1649-1658.

Claudet, J., Osenberg, C.W., Domenici, P., Badalamenti, F., Milazzo, M., Falcón, J.M., Bertocci, I., Benedetti-Cecchi, L., García-Charton, J.A., Goñi, R., Borg, J.A., Forcada, A., de Lucia, G.A., Pérez-Ruzafa, A., Afonso, P., Brito, A., Guala, I., Le Diréach, L., Sanchez-Jerez, P., Somerfield, P.J., and Planes, S. 2010. Marine reserves: fish life history and ecological traits matter. Ecol. Appl. 20(3):830-839.

Cogalniceanu, D., and Cogalniceanu, G.C. 2010. An enlarged European Union challenges priority settings in conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1471-1483.

Colautti, R.I., Eckert, C.G., and Barrett, S.C.H. 2010. Evolutionary constraints on adaptive evolution during range expansion in an invasive plant. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 277(1689):1799-1806.

Conte, C.A. 2010. Forest history in East Africa's Eastern Arc Mountains: biological science and the uses of history. BioScience 60(4):309-313.

Cook, C.N., Hockings, M., and Carter, R.W. 2010. Conservation in the dark? The information used to support management decisions. Front. Ecol. Environ. 8(4):181-186.

Cook, C.N., Morgan, D.G., and Marshall, D.J. 2010. Reevaluating suitable habitat for reintroductions: lessons learnt from the eastern barred bandicoot recovery program. Anim. Conserv. 13(2):184-195.

Corace, R.G., Goebel, P.C., and McCormick, D.L. 2010. Kirtland's warbler habitat management and multi-species bird conservation: considerations for planning and management across jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) habitat types. Nat. Areas J. 30(2):174-190.

Cordell, J.R., Tear, L.M., and Bollens, S.M. 2010. Modelling physico-chemical factors affecting occurrences of a non-indigenous planktonic copepod in northeast Pacific estuaries. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1427-1445.

Correia, M., Diabaté, M., Beavogui, P., Guilavogui, K., Lamanda, N., and de Foresta, H. 2010. Conserving forest tree diversity in Guinée Forestière (Guinea, West Africa): the role of coffee-based agroforests. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1725-1747.

Cote, J., Fogarty, S., Weinersmith, K., Brodin, T., and Sih, A. 2010. Personality traits and dispersal tendency in the invasive mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis). Proc. Roy. Soc. B 277(1687):1571-1579.

Couper, P.J., Limpus, C.J., McDonald, K.R., and Amey, A.P. 2010. A new species of Proablepharus (Scincidae: Lygosominae) from Mt Surprise, north-eastern Queensland, Australia. Zootaxa 2433:62-68.

Couvreur, T.L.P., and Luke, W.R.Q. 2010. A new species of Uvariopsis (Annonaceae), endemic to the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania. Blumea 55(1):68-72.

Covaciu-Marcov, S.D., Cicort-Lucaciu, A.S., and Dimancea, N. 2010. Triturus dobrogicus (Kiritzescu, 1903) in Caras Severin County: status and conservation implications. Carpath. J. Earth Env. 5(1):127-130.

Craig, M.D., Hobbs, R.J., Grigg, A.H., Garkaklis, M.J., Grant, C.D., Fleming, P.A., and Hardy, G.E.S.J. 2010. Do thinning and burning sites revegetated after bauxite mining improve habitat for terrestrial vertebrates? Restor. Ecol. 18(3):300-310.

Crawford, A.J., Lips, K.R., and Bermingham, E. 2010. Epidemic disease decimates amphibian abundance, species diversity, and evolutionary history in the highlands of central Panama. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107(31):13777-13782

Crosti, R., Cascone, C., and Cipollaro, S. 2010. Use of a weed risk assessment for the Mediterranean region of Central Italy to prevent loss of functionality and biodiversity in agro-ecosystems. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1607-1616.

Crow, C., and van Riper, C. 2010. Avian community responses to mechanical thinning of a pinyon-juniper woodland: specialist sensitivity to tree reduction. Nat. Areas J. 30(2):191-201.

Cumming, G.S., Bodin, Ö., Ernstson, H., and Elmqvist, T. 2010. Network analysis in conservation biogeography: challenges and opportunities. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):414-425.

Cushman, S.A., McKelvey, K.S., Noon, B.R., and McGarigal, K. 2010. Use of abundance of one species as a surrogate for abundance of others. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):830-840.

da Mata, R.A., Tidon, R., Côrtes, L.G., De Marco, P., and Diniz, J.A.F. 2010. Invasive and flexible: niche shift in the drosophilid Zaprionus indianus (Insecta, Diptera). Biol. Invasions 12(5):1231-1241.

Dafni, A., Kevan, P., Gross, C.L., and Goka, K. 2010. Bombus terrestris, pollinator, invasive and pest: an assessment of problems associated with its widespread introductions for commercial purposes. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 45(1):101-113.

Dahms, H., Lenoir, L., Lindborg, R., Wolters, V., and Dauber, J. 2010. Restoration of seminatural grasslands: what is the impact on ants? Restor. Ecol. 18(3):330-337.

Daniels, S.R., Hofmeyr, M.D., Henen, B.T., and Baard, E.H.W. 2010. Systematics and phylogeography of a threatened tortoise, the speckled padloper. Anim. Conserv. 13(3):237-246.

Davidson, T.M., Shanks, A.L., and Rumrill, S.S. 2010. The composition and density of fauna utilizing burrow microhabitats created by a non-native burrowing crustacean (Sphaeroma quoianum). Biol. Invasions 12(5):1403-1413.

Davies, P.M. 2010. Climate change implications for river restoration in global biodiversity hotspots. Restor. Ecol. 18(3):261-268.

Davies, R.J.P., Mackay, D.A., and Whalen, M.A. 2010. Competitive effects of Phragmites australis on the endangered artesian spring endemic Eriocaulon carsonii. Aquat. Bot. 92(4):245-249.

Davis, N.E., Forsyth, D.M., and Coulson, G. 2010. Facilitative interactions between an exotic mammal and native and exotic plants: hog deer (Axis porcinus) as seed dispersers in south-eastern Australia. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1079-1092.

D'Cruze, N., Köhler, J., Vences, M., and Glaw, F. 2010. A new fat fossorial frog (Microhylidae: Cophylinae: Rhombophryne) from the rainforest of the Forêt d'Ambre Special Reserve, northern Madagascar. Herpetologica 66(2):182-191.

de Figueroa, J.M.T., López-Rodríguez, M.J., Lorenz, A., Graf, W., Schmidt-Kloiber, A., and Hering, D. 2010. Vulnerable taxa of European Plecoptera (Insecta) in the context of climate change. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1269-1277.

de Souza, D.R., Martins, M.L., and Carmo, F.M.S. 2010. A multiscale model for plant invasion through allelopathic suppression. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1543-1555.

de Souza, I.F., Souza, A.F., Pizo, M.A., and Ganade, G. 2010. Using tree population size structures to assess the impacts of cattle grazing and eucalypts plantations in subtropical South America. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1683-1698.

de Thoisy, B., Richard-Hansen, C., Goguillon, B., Joubert, P., Obstancias, J., Winterton, P., and Brosse, S. 2010. Rapid evaluation of threats to biodiversity: human footprint score and large vertebrate species responses in French Guiana. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1567-1584.

de Villalobos, A.E., Vázquez, D.P., and Martin, J.L. 2010. Soil disturbance, vegetation cover and the establishment of the exotic shrub Pyracantha coccinea in southern France. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1023-1029.

Demopoulos, A.W.J., and Smith, C.R. 2010. Invasive mangroves alter macrofaunal community structure and facilitate opportunistic exotics. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 404:51-67.

Derraik, J.G.B., and Phillips, S. 2010. Online trade poses a threat to biosecurity in New Zealand. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1477-1480.

Devictor, V., Whittaker, R.J., and Beltrame, C. 2010. Beyond scarcity: citizen science programmes as useful tools for conservation biogeography. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):354-362.

DeWine, J.M., and Cooper, D.J. 2010. Habitat overlap and facilitation in Tamarisk and Box elder stands: implications for Tamarisk control using native plants. Restor. Ecol. 18(3):349-358.

Dietz, L.A., Brown, M., and Swaminathan, V. 2010. Increasing the impact of conservation projects. Am. J. Primatol. 72(5):425-440.

Diniz, S., Prado, P.I., and Lewinsohn, T.M. 2010. Species richness in natural and disturbed habitats: Asteraceae and flower-head insects (Tephritidae: Diptera). Neotrop. Entomol. 39(2):163-171.

Dohzono, I., and Yokoyama, J. 2010. Impacts of alien bees on native plant-pollinator relationships: a review with special emphasis on plant reproduction. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 45(1):37-47.

Dolins, F.L., Jolly, A., Rasamimanana, H., Ratsimbazafy, J., Feistner, A.T.C., and Ravoavy, F. 2010. Conservation education in Madagascar: three case studies in the biologically diverse island-continent. Am. J. Primatol. 72(5):391-406.

Doody, B.J., Sullivan, J.J., Meurk, C.D., Stewart, G.H., and Perkins, H.C. 2010. Urban realities: the contribution of residential gardens to the conservation of urban forest remnants. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1385-1400.

Doukakis, P., Babcock, E.A., Pikitch, E.K., Sharov, A.R., Baimukhanov, M., Erbulekov, S., Bokova, Y., and Nimatov, A. 2010. Management and recovery options for Ural River beluga sturgeon. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):769-777.

Douterlungne, D., Levy-Tacher, S.I., Golicher, D.J., and Dañobeytia, F.R. 2010. Applying indigenous knowledge to the restoration of degraded tropical rain forest clearings dominated by bracken fern. Restor. Ecol. 18(3):322-329.

du Toit, J.T. 2010. Considerations of scale in biodiversity conservation. Anim. Conserv. 13(3):229-236.

Dudgeon, D. 2010. Requiem for a river: extinctions, climate change and the last of the Yangtze. Aquat. Conserv. 20(2):127-131.

Dwyer, J.M., Fensham, R., and Buckley, Y.M. 2010. Restoration thinning accelerates structural development and carbon sequestration in an endangered Australian ecosystem. J. Appl. Ecol. 47(3):681-691.

Echegaray, J., and Vilà, C. 2010. Noninvasive monitoring of wolves at the edge of their distribution and the cost of their conservation. Anim. Conserv. 13(2):157-161.

Echols, S.L., and Zomlefer, W.B. 2010. Vascular plant flora of the remnant blackland prairies in Oaky Woods Wildlife Management Area, Houston County, Georgia. Castanea 75(1):78-100.

Edgar, G.J., and Barrett, N.S. 2010. Biotic affinities of rocky reef fishes, invertebrates and macroalgae in different zones of the Port Davey marine protected area, south-western Tasmania. Aquat. Conserv. 20(3):282-296.

Edgar, G.J., Last, P.R., Barrett, N.S., Gowlett-Holmes, K., Driessen, M., and Mooney, P. 2010. Conservation of natural wilderness values in the Port Davey marine and estuarine protected area, south-western Tasmania. Aquat. Conserv. 20(3):297-311.

Eker, I., and Akan, H. 2010. Last two hundred individuals: rediscovery of Scilla mesopotamica Speta (Hyacinthaceae), a threatened endemic species in Turkey. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 79(1):31-36.

Ellstrand, N.C., Biggs, D., Kaus, A., Lubinsky, P., McDade, L.A., Preston, K., Prince, L.M., Regan, H.M., Rorive, V., Ryder, O.A., and Schierenbeck, K.A. 2010. Got hybridization? A multidisciplinary approach for informing science policy. BioScience 60(5):384-388.

Epanchin-Niell, R.S., Hufford, M.B., Aslan, C.E., Sexton, J.P., Port, J.D., and Waring, R.M. 2010. Controlling invasive species in complex social landscapes. Front. Ecol. Environ. 8(4):210-216.

Erenler, H.E., Ashton, P.A., Gillman, M.P., and Ollerton, J. 2010. Factors determining species richness of soil seed banks in lowland ancient woodlands. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1631-1648.

Espínola, L.A., Minte-Vera, C.V., and Júlio, H.F. 2010. Invasibility of reservoirs in the Paraná Basin, Brazil, to Cichla kelberi Kullander and Ferreira, 2006. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1873-1888.

Espeland, E.K., and Rice, K.J. 2010. Ecological effects on estimates of effective population size in an annual plant. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):946-951.

Estes, J.A., Tinker, M.T., and Bodkin, J.L. 2010. Using ecological function to develop recovery criteria for depleted species: sea otters and kelp forests in the Aleutian archipelago. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):852-860.

Etheridge, E.C., Bean, C.W., Maitland, P.S., and Adams, C.E. 2010. Morphological and ecological responses to a conservation translocation of powan (Coregonus lavaretus) in Scotland. Aquat. Conserv. 20(3):274-281.

Faaborg, J., Holmes, R.T., Anders, A.D., Bildstein, K.L., Dugger, K.M., Gauthreaux, S.A., Heglund, P., Hobson, K.A., Jahn, A.E., Johnson, D.H., Latta, S.C., Levey, D.J., Marra, P.P., Merkord, C.L., Nol, E., Rothstein, S.I., Sherry, T.W., Sillett, T.S., Thompson, F.R., and Warnock, N. 2010. Conserving migratory land birds in the New World: do we know enough? Ecol. Appl. 20(2):398-418.

Fagan, K.C., Pywell, R.F., Bullock, J.M., and Marrs, R.H. 2010. Are ants useful indicators of restoration success in temperate grasslands? Restor. Ecol. 18(3):373-379.

Fandiño, B., Berduc, A.J., and Beltzer, A.H. 2010. Avian assemblages in native and exotic forests in the reproductive season in a protected area of El Espinal de Entre Ríos, Argentina. Ornitolog. Neotrop. 21(1):1-16.

Fang, L., Wong, P.K., Lin, L., Lan, C.Y., and Qiu, J.W. 2010. Impact of invasive apple snails in Hong Kong on wetland macrophytes, nutrients, phytoplankton and filamentous algae. Freshwater Biol. 55(6):1191-1204.

Farji-Brener, A.G., Lescano, N., and Ghermandi, L. 2010. Ecological engineering by a native leaf-cutting ant increases the performance of exotic plant species. Oecologia 163(1):163-169.

Fattorini, S. 2010. Effects of fire on tenebrionid communities of a Pinus pinea plantation: a case study in a Mediterranean site. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1237-1250.

Faucon, M.P., Meersseman, A., Shutcha, M.N., Mahy, G., Luhembwe, M.N., Malaisse, F., and Meerts, P. 2010. Copper endemism in the Congolese flora: a database of copper affinity and conservational value of cuprophytes. Plant Ecol. Evol. 143(1):5-18.

Ferchichi-Ben Jamaa, H., Muller, S.D., Daoud-Bouattour, A., Ghrabi-Gammar, Z., Rhazi, L., Soulié-Märsche, I., Ouali, M., and Ben Saad-Limam, S. 2010. Vegetation structures and conservation of Mediterranean temporary wetlands: Mogods region (northern Tunisia). C.R. Biologies 333(3):265-279.

Ferrier, S., and Drielsma, M. 2010. Synthesis of pattern and process in biodiversity conservation assessment: a flexible whole-landscape modelling framework. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):386-402.

Filipová, L., Holdich, D.M., Lesobre, J., Grandjean, F., and Petrusek, A. 2010. Cryptic diversity within the invasive virile crayfish Orconectes virilis (Hagen, 1870) species complex: new lineages recorded in both native and introduced ranges. Biol. Invasions 12(5):983-989.

Filippi-Codaccioni, O., Devictor, V., Bas, Y., Clobert, J., and Julliard, R. 2010. Specialist response to proportion of arable land and pesticide input in agricultural landscapes. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):883-890.

Finch, O.D., and Löffler, J. 2010. Indicators of species richness at the local scale in an alpine region: a comparative approach between plant and invertebrate taxa. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1341-1352.

Finkelstein, M.E., Doak, D.F., Nakagawa, M., Sievert, P.R., and Klavitter, J. 2010. Assessment of demographic risk factors and management priorities: impacts on juveniles substantially affect population viability of a long-lived seabird. Anim. Conserv. 13(2):148-156.

Fiorella, K., Cameron, A., Sechrest, W., Winfree, R., and Kremen, C. 2010. Methodological considerations in reserve system selection: a case study of Malagasy lemurs. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):963-973.

Fišer, C., Coleman, C.O., Zagmajster, M., Zwittnig, B., Gerecke, R., and Sket, B. 2010. Old museum samples and recent taxonomy: a taxonomic, biogeographic and conservation perspective of the Niphargus tatrensis species complex (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Org. Divers. Evol. 10(1):5-22.

Fleury-Brugiere, M.C., and Brugiere, D. 2010. High population density of Pan troglodytes verus in the Haut Niger National Park, Republic of Guinea: implications for local and regional conservation. Int. J. Primatol. 31(3):383-392.

Flory, S.L., and Clay, K. 2010. Non-native grass invasion alters native plant composition in experimental communities. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1285-1294.

Flueck, W.T. 2010. The slippery slope of exporting invasive species: the case of Himalayan tahr arriving in South America. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1467-1475.

Franklin, J. 2010. Moving beyond static species distribution models in support of conservation biogeography. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):321-330.

Fric, Z., Hula, V., Klimova, M., Zimmermann, K., and Konvicka, M. 2010. Dispersal of four fritillary butterflies within identical landscape. Ecol. Res. 25(3):543-552.

Frisch, D., and Weider, L.J. 2010. Seasonal shifts in genotype frequencies in the invasive cladoceran Daphnia lumholtzi in Lake Texoma, USA. Freshwater Biol. 55(6):1327-1336.

Fritz, Ö., and Heilmann-Clausen, J. 2010. Rot holes create key microhabitats for epiphytic lichens and bryophytes on beech (Fagus sylvatica). Biol. Conserv. 143(4):1008-1016.

Fuentes, M.M.P.B., Limpus, C.J., Hamann, M., and Dawson, J. 2010. Potential impacts of projected sea-level rise on sea turtle rookeries. Aquat. Conserv. 20(2):132-139.

Funk, J.L., and Zachary, V.A. 2010. Physiological responses to short-term water and light stress in native and invasive plant species in southern California. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1685-1694.

Gallien, L., Münkemüller, T., Albert, C.H., Boulangeat, I., and Thuiller, W. 2010. Predicting potential distributions of invasive species: where to go from here? Divers. Distrib. 16(3):331-342.

Gan, X.J., Choi, C.Y., Wang, Y., Ma, Z.J., Chen, J.K., and Li, B. 2010. Alteration of habitat structure and food resources by invasive smooth cordgrass affects habitat use by wintering saltmarsh birds at Chongming Dongtan, East China. Auk 127(2):317-327.

Ganatsas, P., and Thanasis, G. 2010. Pinus halepensis invasion in Pinus pinea habitat in Strofylia forest (Site of NATURA 2000 network), southern Greece. J. Nature Conserv. 18(2):106-117.

Gandhi, K.J.K., and Herms, D.A. 2010. North American arthropods at risk due to widespread Fraxinus mortality caused by the Alien Emerald ash borer. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1839-1846.

Gappa, J.L., Carranza, A., Gianuca, N.M., and Scarabino, F. 2010. Membraniporopsis tubigera, an invasive bryozoan in sandy beaches of southern Brazil and Uruguay. Biol. Invasions 12(5):977-982.

Garber, P.A. 2010. Introduction to this special issue of the American Journal of Primatology on conservation education. Am. J. Primatol. 72(5):377-378.

Garcon, J.S., Grech, A., Moloney, J., and Hamann, M. 2010. Relative Exposure Index: an important factor in sea turtle nesting distribution. Aquat. Conserv. 20(2):140-149.

Gaston, M.A., Fuji, A., Weckerly, F.W., and Forstner, M.R.J. 2010. Potential component Allee effects and their impact on wetland management in the conservation of endangered anurans. PLoS ONE 5(4):e10102.

Gaugris, J.Y., and Van Rooyen, M.W. 2010. Woody vegetation structure in conserved versus communal land in a biodiversity hotspot: a case study in Maputaland, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Bot. 76(2):289-298.

Ghazoul, J., Koh, L.P., and Butler, R.A. 2010. A REDD light for wildlife-friendly farming. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):644-645.

Gilbert-Norton, L., Wilson, R., Stevens, J.R., and Beard, K.H. 2010. A meta-analytic review of corridor effectiveness. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):660-668.

Gillis, C.A., and Chalifour, M. 2010. Changes in the macrobenthic community structure following the introduction of the invasive algae Didymosphenia geminata in the Matapedia River (Québec, Canada). Hydrobiologia 647(1):63-70.

Gioria, M., and Osborne, B. 2010. Similarities in the impact of three large invasive plant species on soil seed bank communities. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1671-1683.

Girvetz, E.H. 2010. Removing erosion control projects increases bank swallow (Riparia riparia) population viability modeled along the Sacramento River, California, USA. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):828-838.

Godefroid, S., Van de Vyver, A., and Vanderborght, T. 2010. Germination capacity and viability of threatened species collections in seed banks. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1365-1383.

Godoy, R., Undurraga, E.A., Wilkie, D., Reyes-García, V., Huanca, T., Leonard, W.R., McDade, T., Tanner, S., Vadez, V., and Team, T.B.S. 2010. The effect of wealth and real income on wildlife consumption among native Amazonians in Bolivia: estimates of annual trends with longitudinal household data (2002-2006). Anim. Conserv. 13(3):265-274.

Goka, K. 2010. Introduction to the special feature for ecological risk assessment of introduced bumblebees: status of the European bumblebee, Bombus terrestris, in Japan as a beneficial pollinator and an invasive alien species. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 45(1):1-6.

Golubov, J., Mandujano, M.C., Martínez, A.J., and López-Portillo, J. 2010. Bee diversity on nectarful and nectarless honey mesquites. J. Insect Conserv. 14(3):217-226.

Gómez-Baggethun, E., Mingorría, S., Reyes-García, V., Calvet, L., and Montes, C. 2010. Traditional ecological knowledge trends in the transition to a market economy: empirical study in the Doñana Natural Areas. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):721-729.

González-Oreja, J.A., Garbisu, C., Mendarte, S., Ibarra, A., and Albizu, I. 2010. Assessing the performance of nonparametric estimators of species richness in meadows. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1417-1436.

González-Ortegón, E., Cuesta, J.A., Pascual, E., and Drake, P. 2010. Assessment of the interaction between the white shrimp, Palaemon longirostris, and the exotic oriental shrimp, Palaemon macrodactylus, in a European estuary (SW Spain). Biol. Invasions 12(6):1731-1745.

Gordon, I.J., Pettorelli, N., Katzner, T., Gompper, M.E., Mock, K., Redpath, S., Garner, T.W.J., and Altwegg, R. 2010. International year of biodiversity: missed targets and the need for better monitoring, real action and global policy. Anim. Conserv. 13(2):113-114.

Grabowska, J., Kotusz, J., and Witkowski, A. 2010. Alien invasive fish species in Polish waters: an overview. Folia Zool. 59(1):73-85.

Gray, T.N.E., Phan, C., and Long, B. 2010. Modelling species distribution at multiple spatial scales: gibbon habitat preferences in a fragmented landscape. Anim. Conserv. 13(3):324-332.

Greenlees, M.J., Phillips, B.L., and Shine, R. 2010. An invasive species imposes selection on life-history traits of a native frog. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 100(2):329-336.

Greenwald, K.R. 2010. Genetic data in population viability analysis: case studies with ambystomatid salamanders. Anim. Conserv. 13(2):115-122.

Greenwald, K.R. 2010. Genetic data in population viability analysis: guidelines for future research. Anim. Conserv. 13(2):129-130.

Griffiths, A.M., Sims, D.W., Cotterell, S.P., El Nagar, A., Ellis, J.R., Lynghammar, A., McHugh, M., Neat, F.C., Pade, N.G., Queiroz, N., Serra-Pereira, B., Rapp, T., Wearmouth, V.J., and Genner, M.J. 2010. Molecular markers reveal spatially segregated cryptic species in a critically endangered fish, the common skate (Dipturus batis). Proc. Roy. Soc. B 277(1687):1497-1503.

Griffiths, C.J., and Harris, S. 2010. Prevention of secondary extinctions through taxon substitution. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):645-646.

Groves, C.P., Fernando, P., and Robovsky, J. 2010. The sixth rhino: a taxonomic re-assessment of the critically endangered northern white rhinoceros. PLoS ONE 5(3):e9703.

Guerrero, A.C., and da Rocha, P.L.B. 2010. Passive restoration in biodiversity hotspots: consequences for an Atlantic rainforest lizard taxocene. Biotropica 42(3):379-387.

Hall, M., Neale, S., Al-Abbasi, T.M., and Miller, A.G. 2010. Arabia's tallest trees: ecology, distribution and conservation status of the regionally endangered tree species Mimusops laurifolia. Nord. J. Bot. 28(2):240-245.

Hamer, A.J., Lane, S.J., and Mahony, M.J. 2010. Using probabilistic models to investigate the disappearance of a widespread frog-species complex in high-altitude regions of south-eastern Australia. Anim. Conserv. 13(3):275-285.

Hamida-Ben Abdallah, O.B., Hamida, N.B., Jarboui, O., and Froglia, C. 2010. First occurrence of the yellow roughneck shrimp, Rimapenaeus similis (Smith, 1885) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Penaeidae) in the Mediterranean Sea (Tunisian waters). Biol. Invasions 12(5):999-1001.

Hamilton, L.P., Kelly, P.A., Williams, D.F., Kelt, D.A., and Wittmer, H.U. 2010. Factors associated with survival of reintroduced riparian brush rabbits in California. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):999-1007.

Hardy, P.B., Kinder, P.M., Sparks, T.H., and Dennis, R.L.H. 2010. Elevation and habitats: the potential of sites at different altitudes to provide refuges for phytophagous insects during climatic fluctuations. J. Insect Conserv. 14(3):297-303.

Harner, M.J., Mummey, D.L., Stanford, J.A., and Rillig, M.C. 2010. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi enhance spotted knapweed growth across a riparian chronosequence. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1481-1490.

Harper, G.A., and Cabrera, L.F. 2010. Response of mice (Mus musculus) to the removal of black rats (Rattus rattus) in arid forest on Santa Cruz Island, Galápagos. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1449-1452.

Hawke, D.J., and Clark, J.M. 2010. Incorporation of the invasive mallow Lavatera arborea into the food web of an active seabird island. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1805-1814.

Hawlena, D., Saltz, D., Abramsky, Z., and Bouskila, A. 2010. Ecological trap for desert lizards caused by anthropogenic changes in habitat structure that favor predator activity. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):803-809.

Hayward, M.W., Hayward, G.J., and Kerley, G.I.H. 2010. The impact of upgrading roads on the conservation of the threatened flightless dung beetle, Circellum bacchus (F.) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Coleopts. Bull. 64(1):75-80.

Heinen, J.T. 2010. The importance of a social science research agenda in the management of protected natural areas, with selected examples. Bot. Rev. 76(2):140-164.

Hejcmanová, P., Hejcman, M., Camara, A.A., and Antonínová, M. 2010. Exclusion of livestock grazing and wood collection in dryland savannah: an effect on long-term vegetation succession. Afr. J. Ecol. 48(2):408-417.

Hemond, E.M., and Vollmer, S.V. 2010. Genetic diversity and connectivity in the threatened staghorn coral (Acropora cervicornis) in Florida. PLoS ONE 5(1):e8652.

Hendrix, S.D., Kwaiser, K.S., and Heard, S.B. 2010. Bee communities (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of small Iowa hill prairies are as diverse and rich as those of large prairie preserves. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1699-1709.

Hendry, A.P., Lohmann, L.G., Conti, E., Cracraft, J., Crandall, K.A., Faith, D.P., Häuser, C., Joly, C.A., Kogure, K., Larigauderie, A., Magallón, S., Moritz, C., Tillier, S., Zardoya, R., Prieur-Richard, A.H., Walther, B.A., Yahara, T., and Donoghue, M.J. 2010. Evolutionary biology in biodiversity science, conservation, and policy: a call to action. Evolution 64(5):1517-1528.

Hernández, H.M., Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., and Hoffmann, G. 2010. Is geographical rarity frequent among the cacti of the Chihuahuan Desert? Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 81(1):163-175.

Hershler, R., Liu, H.P., and Clark, W.H. 2010. Microsatellite evidence of invasion and rapid spread of divergent New Zealand mudsnail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum) clones in the Snake River basin, Idaho, USA. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1521-1532.

Hewitt, J., Thrush, S., Lohrer, A., and Townsend, M. 2010. A latent threat to biodiversity: consequences of small-scale heterogeneity loss. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1315-1323.

Hill, K.E., and O'Malley, R. 2010. A picky palate? The host plant selection of an endangered June beetle. J. Insect Conserv. 14(3):277-287.

Hodkinson, B.P. 2010. A first assessment of lichen diversity for one of North America's 'biodiversity hotspots' in the southern Appalachians of Virginia. Castanea 75(1):126-133.

Holland, B.S., Montgomery, S.L., and Costello, V. 2010. A reptilian smoking gun: first record of invasive Jackson's chameleon (Chamaeleo jacksonii) predation on native Hawaiian species. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1437-1441.

Holsbeek, G., Mergeay, J., Volckaert, F.A.M., and De Meester, L. 2010. Genetic detection of multiple exotic water frog species in Belgium illustrates the need for monitoring and immediate action. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1459-1463.

Hopp, P.W., Ottermanns, R., Caron, E., Meyer, S., and Roß-Nickoll, M. 2010. Recovery of litter inhabiting beetle assemblages during forest regeneration in the Atlantic forest of Southern Brazil. Insect Conserv. Divers. 3(2):103-113.

Hornbach, D.J., Hove, M.C., Dickinson, B.D., Macgregor, K.R., and Medland, J.R. 2010. Estimating population size and habitat associations of two federally endangered mussels in the St. Croix River, Minnesota and Wisconsin, USA. Aquat. Conserv. 20(3):250-260.

Hotchkiss, E.R., and Hall, R.O. 2010. Linking calcification by exotic snails to stream inorganic carbon cycling. Oecologia 163(1):235-244.

Howell, C.A., Wood, J.K., Dettling, M.D., Griggs, K., Otte, C.C., Lina, L., and Gardali, T. 2010. Least Bell's Vireo breeding records in the Central Valley following decades of extirpation. West. N. Am. Naturalist 70(1):105-113.

Huang, Q.Q., Qian, C., Wang, Y., Jia, X., Dai, X.F., Zhang, H., He, F., Peng, S.L., and Wang, G.X. 2010. Determinants of the geographical extent of invasive plants in China: effects of biogeographical origin, life cycle and time since introduction. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1251-1259.

Iglésias, S.P., Toulhoat, L., and Sellos, D.Y. 2010. Taxonomic confusion and market mislabelling of threatened skates: important consequences for their conservation status. Aquat. Conserv. 20(3):319-333.

Irmler, U., Arp, H., and Nötzold, R. 2010. Species richness of saproxylic beetles in woodlands is affected by dispersion ability of species, age and stand size. J. Insect Conserv. 14(3):227-235.

Jacobson, S.K. 2010. Effective primate conservation education: gaps and opportunities. Am. J. Primatol. 72(5):414-419.

Jaffré, T., Munzinger, J., and Lowry, P.P. 2010. Threats to the conifer species found on New Caledonia's ultramafic massifs and proposals for urgently needed measures to improve their protection. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1485-1502.

Jehle, R. 2010. Predicting the fate of metapopulations is aided by DNA fingerprinting of individuals. Anim. Conserv. 13(2):125-126.

Jenkins, A.P., Jupiter, S.D., Qauqau, I., and Atherton, J. 2010. The importance of ecosystem-based management for conserving aquatic migratory pathways on tropical high islands: a case study from Fiji. Aquat. Conserv. 20(2):224-238.

Jenkins, C.N., Alves, M.A.S., and Pimm, S.L. 2010. Avian conservation priorities in a top-ranked biodiversity hotspot. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):992-998.

Jerosch, S., Götz, M., Klar, N., and Roth, M. 2010. Characteristics of diurnal resting sites of the endangered European wildcat (Felis silvestris silvestris): implications for its conservation. J. Nature Conserv. 18(1):45-54.

Jesse, L.C., Nason, J.D., Obrycki, J.J., and Moloney, K.A. 2010. Quantifying the levels of sexual reproduction and clonal spread in the invasive plant, Rosa multiflora. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1847-1854.

John, F., Edwards-Jones, G., Gibbons, J.M., and Jones, J.P.G. 2010. Testing novel methods for assessing rule breaking in conservation. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):1025-1030.

Johns, D. 2010. Adapting human societies to conservation. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):641-643.

Johnson, M.D., Kellermann, J.L., and Stercho, A.M. 2010. Pest reduction services by birds in shade and sun coffee in Jamaica. Anim. Conserv. 13(2):140-147.

Jones, C.C., Acker, S.A., and Halpern, C.B. 2010. Combining local- and large-scale models to predict the distributions of invasive plant species. Ecol. Appl. 20(2):311-326.

Junker, M., and Schmitt, T. 2010. Demography, dispersal and movement pattern of Euphydryas aurinia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) at the Iberian Peninsula: an alarming example in an increasingly fragmented landscape? J. Insect Conserv. 14(3):237-246.

Kadlec, T., Vrba, P., Kepka, P., Schmitt, T., and Konvicka, M. 2010. Tracking the decline of the once-common butterfly: delayed oviposition, demography and population genetics in the hermit Chazara briseis. Anim. Conserv. 13(2):172-183.

Kaiser, T., Rohner, M.S., Matzdorf, B., and Kiesel, J. 2010. Validation of grassland indicator species selected for result-oriented agri-environmental schemes. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1297-1314.

Kallimanis, A.S., Bergmeier, E., Panitsa, M., Georghiou, K., Delipetrou, P., and Dimopoulos, P. 2010. Biogeographical determinants for total and endemic species richness in a continental archipelago. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1225-1235.

Karalius, T., and Alpert, P. 2010. High abundance of introduced plants on ancient Native American middens. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1125-1132.

Kati, V., Poirazidis, K., Dufrêne, M., Halley, J.M., Korakis, G., Schindler, S., and Dimopoulos, P. 2010. Towards the use of ecological heterogeneity to design reserve networks: a case study from Dadia National Park, Greece. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1585-1597.

Kaufman, L.V., and Wright, M.G. 2010. Parasitism of a Hawaiian endemic moth by invasive and purposely introduced hymenoptera species. Environ. Entomol. 39(2):430-439.

Kirkpatrick, R.C., and Emerton, L. 2010. Killing tigers to save them: fallacies of the farming argument. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):655-659.

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Koch, A., Gaulke, M., and Böhme, W. 2010. Unravelling the underestimated diversity of Philippine water monitor lizards (Squamata: Varanus salvator complex), with the description of two new species and a new subspecies. Zootaxa 2446:1-54.

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Kremer, L.P., Rocha, R.M., and Roper, J.J. 2010. An experimental test of colonization ability in the potentially invasive Didemnum perlucidum (Tunicata, Ascidiacea). Biol. Invasions 12(6):1581-1590.

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Kubo, H., and Supriyanto, B. 2010. From fence-and-fine to participatory conservation: mechanisms of transformation in conservation governance at the Gunung Halimun-Salak National Park, Indonesia. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1785-1803.

Kuemmerle, T., Perzanowski, K., Chaskovskyy, O., Ostapowicz, K., Halada, L., Bashta, A.T., Kruhlov, I., Hostert, P., Waller, D.M., and Radeloff, V.C. 2010. European Bison habitat in the Carpathian Mountains. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):908-916.

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Kümpel, N.F., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Cowlishaw, G., and Rowcliffe, J.M. 2010. Assessing sustainability at multiple scales in a rotational bushmeat hunting system. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):861-871.

Kwong, K.L., Dudgeon, D., Wong, P.K., and Qiu, J.W. 2010. Secondary production and diet of an invasive snail in freshwater wetlands: implications for resource utilization and competition. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1153-1164.

Lachenaud, O., and Séné, O. 2010. A new species of Psychotria (Rubiaceae) from southern Cameroon. Plant Ecol. Evol. 143(1):105-108.

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Lancaster, M.L., Arnould, J.P.Y., and Kirkwood, R. 2010. Genetic status of an endemic marine mammal, the Australian fur seal, following historical harvesting. Anim. Conserv. 13(3):247-255.

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Larson, E.R., Kipfmueller, K.F., Hale, C.M., Frelich, L.E., and Reich, P.B. 2010. Tree rings detect earthworm invasions and their effects in northern Hardwood forests. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1053-1066.

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Leniaud, L., Dedeine, F., Pichon, A., Dupont, S., and Bagneres, A.G. 2010. Geographical distribution, genetic diversity and social organization of a new European termite, Reticulitermes urbis (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Biol. Invasions 12(5):1389-1402.

Leung, B., Cacho, O.J., and Spring, D. 2010. Searching for non-indigenous species: rapidly delimiting the invasion boundary. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):451-460.

Li, X.S., Luo, Y.Q., Zhang, Y.L., Schweiger, O., Settele, J., and Yang, Q.S. 2010. On the conservation biology of a Chinese population of the birdwing Troides aeacus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). J. Insect Conserv. 14(3):257-268.

Linares, L.J., and Koptur, S. 2010. Floral biology and breeding system of the crenulate leadplant, Amorpha herbacea var. crenulata, an endangered south Florida pine rockland endemic. Nat. Areas J. 30(2):138-147.

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Liu, H., and Luo, Y.B. 2010. Protecting orchids in nature reserves: research and restoration needs. Bot. Rev. 76(2):137-139.

Liu, H., Feng, C.L., Luo, Y.B., Chen, B.S., Wang, Z.S., and Gu, H.Y. 2010. Potential challenges of climate change to orchid conservation in a wild orchid hotspot in southwestern China. Bot. Rev. 76(2):174-192.

Liu, H.X., Luo, Y.B., and Liu, H. 2010. Studies of mycorrhizal fungi of Chinese orchids and their role in orchid conservation in China - a review. Bot. Rev. 76(2):241-262.

Llewelyn, J., Schwarzkopf, L., Alford, R., and Shine, R. 2010. Something different for dinner? Responses of a native Australian predator (the keelback snake) to an invasive prey species (the cane toad). Biol. Invasions 12(5):1045-1051.

Lõhmus, A., and Lõhmus, P. 2010. Epiphyte communities on the trunks of retention trees stabilise in 5 years after timber harvesting, but remain threatened due to tree loss. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):891-898.

Lookingbill, T.R., Elmore, A.J., Engelhardt, K.A.M., Churchill, J.B., Gates, J.E., and Johnson, J.B. 2010. Influence of wetland networks on bat activity in mixed-use landscapes. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):974-983.

Lookingbill, T.R., Gardner, R.H., Ferrari, J.R., and Keller, C.E. 2010. Combining a dispersal model with network theory to assess habitat connectivity. Ecol. Appl. 20(2):427-441.

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Lubchenco, J., and Petes, L.E. 2010. The interconnected biosphere: science at the ocean's tipping points. Oceanography 23(2):115-129.

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Lutz, M.L., Davis, A.R., and Minchinton, T.E. 2010. Non-indigenous macroalga hosts different epiphytic assemblages to conspecific natives in southeast Australia. Mar. Biol. 157(5):1095-1103.

Lynch, A.M.J., Sutton, S.G., and Simpfendorfer, C.A. 2010. Implications of recreational fishing for elasmobranch conservation in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Aquat. Conserv. 20(3):312-318.

MacKay, R., Reid, S., William, R., and Hill, N.M. 2010. Genetic evidence of introgressive invasion of the globally imperiled Scirpus longii by the weedy Scirpus cyperinus (Cyperaceae) in Nova Scotia. Rhodora 112(949):34-57.

Maguire, T.J., and Hadley, K.S. 2010. A multi-scale assessment of avian diversity following stream rewatering, Owens River Gorge, California. Nat. Areas J. 30(2):124-137.

Martín, J.L., Cardoso, P., Arechavaleta, M., Borges, P.A.V., Faria, B.F., Abreu, C., Aguiar, A.F., Carvalho, J.A., Costa, A.C., Cunha, R.T., Fernandes, F.M., Gabriel, R., Jardim, R., Lobo, C., Martins, A.M.F., Oliveira, P., Rodrigues, P., Silva, L., Teixeira, D., Amorim, I.R., Homem, N., Martins, B., Martins, M., and Mendonça, E. 2010. Using taxonomically unbiased criteria to prioritize resource allocation for oceanic island species conservation. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1659-1682.

Martin, P.H., and Canham, C.D. 2010. Dispersal and recruitment limitation in native versus exotic tree species: life-history strategies and Janzen-Connell effects. Oikos 119(5):807-824.

Matsumoto, T., Takakura, K.I., and Nishida, T. 2010. Alien pollen grains interfere with the reproductive success of native congener. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1617-1626.

Mattos, K.J., and Orrock, J.L. 2010. Behavioral consequences of plant invasion: an invasive plant alters rodent antipredator behavior. Behav. Ecol. 21(3):556-561.

Maurel, N., Salmon, S., Ponge, J.F., Machon, N., Moret, J., and Muratet, A. 2010. Does the invasive species Reynoutria japonica have an impact on soil and flora in urban wastelands? Biol. Invasions 12(6):1709-1719.

McGraw, J.B., Souther, S., and Lubbers, A.E. 2010. Rates of harvest and compliance with regulations in natural populations of American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.). Nat. Areas J. 30(2):202-210.

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Mihoub, J.B., Gimenez, O., Pilard, P., and Sarrazin, F. 2010. Challenging conservation of migratory species: Sahelian rainfalls drive first-year survival of the vulnerable Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):839-847.

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Molina, F.R., Paggi, J.C., and Devercelli, M. 2010. Zooplanktophagy in the natural diet and selectivity of the invasive mollusk Limnoperna fortunei. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1647-1659.

Moorhead, L.C., Philpott, S.M., and Bichier, P. 2010. Epiphyte biodiversity in the coffee agricultural matrix: canopy stratification and distance from forest fragments. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):737-746.

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Morueta-Holme, N., Fløjgaard, C., and Svenning, J.C. 2010. Climate change risks and conservation implications for a threatened small-range mammal species. PLoS ONE 5(4):e10360.

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Nemésio, A. 2010. Eulaema (Apeulaema) felipei sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossina): a new forest-dependent orchid bee found at the brink of extinction in northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 2424:51-62.

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Oryema, C., Ziraba, R.B., Omagor, N., and Opio, A. 2010. Medicinal plants of Erute county, Lira district, Uganda with particular reference to their conservation. Afr. J. Ecol. 48(2):285-298.

Otfinowski, R., and Kenkel, N.C. 2010. Covariance between disturbance and soil resources dictates the invasibility of northern fescue prairies. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1349-1361.

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Paré, S., Tigabu, M., Savadogo, P., Odén, P.C., and Ouadba, J.M. 2010. Does designation of protected areas ensure conservation of tree diversity in the Sudanian dry forest of Burkina Faso? Afr. J. Ecol. 48(2):347-360.

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Pereira, M., and Rodríguez, A. 2010. Conservation value of linear woody remnants for two forest carnivores in a Mediterranean agricultural landscape. J. Appl. Ecol. 47(3):611-620.

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Pierce, S., Ferrario, A., and Cerabolini, B. 2010. Outbreeding and asymbiotic germination in the conservation of the endangered Italian endemic orchid Ophrys benacensis. Plant Biosyst. 144(1):121-127.

Pilger, T.J., Gido, K.B., and Propst, D.L. 2010. Diet and trophic niche overlap of native and nonnative fishes in the Gila River, USA: implications for native fish conservation. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 19(2):300-321.

Pineda, E., and Rodríguez-Mendoza, C.A. 2010. Distribution and abundance of Craugastor vulcani: an endangered frog species from Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz, Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 81(1):133-141.

Pinto, Â.P., and Carvalho, A.D. 2010. A new species of Lauromacromia (Odonata: Corduliidae) from Southeastern Brazil, with a cladistic analysis of the genus and comments on Neotropical dragonfly biogeography. Zootaxa 2425:45-68.

Polidoro, B.A., Carpenter, K.E., Collins, L., Duke, N.C., Ellison, A.M., Ellison, J.C., Farnsworth, E.J., Fernando, E.S., Kathiresan, K., Koedam, N.E., Livingstone, S.R., Miyagi, T., Moore, G.E., Vien, N.N., Ong, J.E., Primavera, J.H., Salmo, S.G., Sanciangco, J.C., Sukardjo, S., Wang, Y.M., and Yong, J.W.H. 2010. The loss of species: mangrove extinction risk and geographic areas of global concern. PLoS ONE 5(4):e10095.

Polo-Cavia, N., Engstrom, T., López, P., and Martín, J. 2010. Body condition does not predict immunocompetence of western pond turtles in altered versus natural habitats. Anim. Conserv. 13(3):256-264.

Pons, P., and Clavero, M. 2010. Bird responses to fire severity and time since fire in managed mountain rangelands. Anim. Conserv. 13(3):294-305.

Pons, P., Bas, J.M., and Estany-Tigerström, D. 2010. Coping with invasive alien species: the Argentine ant and the insectivorous bird assemblage of Mediterranean oak forests. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1711-1723.

Poos, M., Dextrase, A.J., Schwalb, A.N., and Ackerman, J.D. 2010. Secondary invasion of the round goby into high diversity Great Lakes tributaries and species at risk hotspots: potential new concerns for endangered freshwater species. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1269-1284.

Prasad, A.E. 2010. Effects of an exotic plant invasion on native understory plants in a tropical dry forest. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):747-757.

Prevedello, J.A., and Vieira, M.V. 2010. Does the type of matrix matter? A quantitative review of the evidence. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1205-1223.

Prior, K. 2010. Extirpations from parks: scaling conservation planning to fit the problem. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):646-648.

Pryke, J.S., and Samways, M.J. 2010. Significant variables for the conservation of mountain invertebrates. J. Insect Conserv. 14(3):247-256.

Pyke, D.A., Brooks, M.L., and D'Antonio, C. 2010. Fire as a restoration tool: a decision framework for predicting the control or enhancement of plants using fire. Restor. Ecol. 18(3):274-284.

Pyšek, P., Bacher, S., Chytrý, M., Jarošík, V., Wild, J., Celesti-Grapow, L., Gassó, N., Kenis, M., Lambdon, P.W., Nentwig, W., Pergl, J., Roques, A., Sádlo, J., Solarz, W., Vilà, M., and Hulme, P.E. 2010. Contrasting patterns in the invasions of European terrestrial and freshwater habitats by alien plants, insects and vertebrates. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 19(3):317-331.

Quine, C.P., and Humphrey, J.W. 2010. Plantations of exotic tree species in Britain: irrelevant for biodiversity or novel habitat for native species? Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1503-1512.

Quinet, A. 2010. A new species and a new name in Ocotea Aubl. (Lauraceae) from Brazil. Acta Bot. Bras. 24(1):225-228.

Rabanal, L.I., Kuehl, H.S., Mundry, R., Robbins, M.M., and Boesch, C. 2010. Oil prospecting and its impact on large rainforest mammals in Loango National Park, Gabon. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):1017-1024.

Rabinowitz, A., and Zeller, K.A. 2010. A range-wide model of landscape connectivity and conservation for the jaguar, Panthera onca. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):939-945.

Raboy, B.E., Neves, L.G., Zeigler, S., Saraiva, N.A., Cardoso, N., dos Santos, G.R., Ballou, J.D., and Leimgruber, P. 2010. Strength of habitat and landscape metrics in predicting golden-headed lion tamarin presence or absence in forest patches in southern Bahia, Brazil. Biotropica 42(3):388-397.

Radford, I.J., Dickinson, K.J.M., and Lord, J.M. 2010. Does disturbance, competition or resource limitation underlie Hieracium lepidulum invasion in New Zealand? Mechanisms of establishment and persistence, and functional differentiation among invasive and native species. Austral Ecol. 35(3):282-293.

Raedig, C., Dormann, C.F., Hildebrandt, A., and Lautenbach, S. 2010. Reassessing Neotropical angiosperm distribution patterns based on monographic data: a geometric interpolation approach. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1523-1546.

Ramirez-Morillo, I.M., Carnevali, G., and Cetzal-Ix, W. 2010. Hohenbergia mesoamericana (Bromeliaceae), first record of the genus for Mesoamerica. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 81(1):21-26.

Ravenscroft, C., Scheller, R.M., Mladenoff, D.J., and White, M.A. 2010. Forest restoration in a mixed-ownership landscape under climate change. Ecol. Appl. 20(2):327-346.

Ray, R., and Ramachandra, T.V. 2010. Small sacred groves in local landscape: are they really worthy for conservation? Curr. Sci. 98(9):1178-1180.

Renaud, C.B., and Economidis, P.S. 2010. Eudontomyzon graecus, a new nonparasitic lamprey species from Greece (Petromyzontiformes: Petromyzontidae). Zootaxa 2477:37-48.

Richardson, D.M., and Whittaker, R.J. 2010. Conservation biogeography - foundations, concepts and challenges. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):313-320.

Richardson, P.J., Lundholm, J.T., and Larson, D.W. 2010. Natural analogues of degraded ecosystems enhance conservation and reconstruction in extreme environments. Ecol. Appl. 20(3):728-740.

Rivera-Ingraham, G.A., García-Gómez, J.C., and Espinosa, F. 2010. Presence of Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J. Agardh in Ceuta (Northern Africa, Gibraltar Area). Biol. Invasions 12(6):1465-1466.

Rivers-Moore, N.A., and Goodman, P.S. 2010. River and wetland classifications for freshwater conservation planning in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Afr. J. Aquat. Sci. 35(1):61-72.

Robertson, M.P., Cumming, G.S., and Erasmus, B.F.N. 2010. Getting the most out of atlas data. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):363-375.

Rodger, J.G., van Kleunen, M., and Johnson, S.D. 2010. Does specialized pollination impede plant invasions. Int. J. Plant Sci. 171(4):382-391.

Rodríguez-Ramírez, E.C., and Moreno, C.E. 2010. Bolete diversity in two relict forests of the Mexican beech (Fagus grandifolia var. mexicana; Fagaceae). Am. J. Bot. 97(5):893-898.

Rohr, J.R., and Raffel, T.R. 2010. Linking global climate and temperature variability to widespread amphibian declines putatively caused by disease. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107(18):8269-8274.

Roiloa, S.R., Rodríguez-Echeverría, S., de la Peña, E., and Freitas, H. 2010. Physiological integration increases the survival and growth of the clonal invader Carpobrotus edulis. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1815-1823.

Roura-Pascual, N., Krug, R.M., Richardson, D.M., and Hui, C. 2010. Spatially-explicit sensitivity analysis for conservation management: exploring the influence of decisions in invasive alien plant management. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):426-438.

Ruesink, J.L., Hong, J.S., Wisehart, L., Hacker, S.D., Dumbauld, B.R., Hessing-Lewis, M., and Trimble, A.C. 2010. Congener comparison of native (Zostera marina) and introduced (Z. japonica) eelgrass at multiple scales within a Pacific Northwest estuary. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1773-1789.

Russell, J.C., Miller, S.D., Harper, G.A., MacInnes, H.E., Wylie, M.J., and Fewster, R.M. 2010. Survivors or reinvaders? Using genetic assignment to identify invasive pests following eradication. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1747-1757.

Sadler, K.D., and Bradfield, G.E. 2010. Ecological facets of plant species rarity in rock outcrop ecosystems of the Gulf Islands, British Columbia. Botany 88(4):429-434.

Sahlin, E., and Schroeder, L.M. 2010. Importance of habitat patch size for occupancy and density of aspen-associated saproxylic beetles. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1325-1339.

Sang, W.G., Zhu, L., and Axmacher, J.C. 2010. Invasion pattern of Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng in southern China. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1721-1730.

Savage, A., Guillen, R., Lamilla, I., and Soto, L. 2010. Developing an effective community conservation program for cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) in Colombia. Am. J. Primatol. 72(5):379-390.

Scalici, M., Chiesa, S., Scuderi, S., Celauro, D., and Gibertini, G. 2010. Population structure and dynamics of Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852) in a Mediterranean brackish wetland (Central Italy). Biol. Invasions 12(5):1415-1425.

Schirmel, J., Buchholz, S., and Fartmann, T. 2010. Is pitfall trapping a valuable sampling method for grassland Orthoptera? J. Insect Conserv. 14(3):289-296.

Schirone, B., Ferreira, R.C., Vessella, F., Schirone, A., Piredda, R., and Simeone, M.C. 2010. Taxus baccata in the Azores: a relict form at risk of imminent extinction. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1547-1565.

Schlossberg, S., and King, D.I. 2010. Effects of invasive woody plants on avian nest site selection and nesting success in shrublands. Anim. Conserv. 13(3):286-293.

Schmidt, B.R. 2010. Estimating the impact of disease in species threatened by amphibian chytrid fungus: comment on Murray et al. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):897-899.

Scoble, J., and Lowe, A.J. 2010. A case for incorporating phylogeography and landscape genetics into species distribution modelling approaches to improve climate adaptation and conservation planning. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):343-353.

Seaton, P.T., Hu, H., Perner, H., and Pritchard, H.W. 2010. Ex situ conservation of orchids in a warming world. Bot. Rev. 76(2):193-203.

Seavy, N.E., and Howell, C.A. 2010. How can we improve information delivery to support conservation and restoration decisions? Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1261-1267.

Sebert-Cuvillier, E., Simonet, M., Simon-Goyheneche, V., Paccaut, F., Goubet, O., and Decocq, G. 2010. PRUNUS: a spatially explicit demographic model to study plant invasions in stochastic, heterogeneous environments. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1183-1206.

See, K.E., and Feist, B.E. 2010. Reconstructing the range expansion and subsequent invasion of introduced European green crab along the west coast of the United States. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1305-1318.

Selander, E., Møller, L.F., Sundberg, P., and Tiselius, P. 2010. Parasitic anemone infects the invasive ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi in the North East Atlantic. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1003-1009.

Séné, O., and Cheek, M. 2010. Psychotria monensis sp. nov (Rubiaceae), a tree species from Cameroon. Nord. J. Bot. 28(2):130-133.

Seuffert, M.E., and Martín, P.R. 2010. Dependence on aerial respiration and its influence on microdistribution in the invasive freshwater snail Pomacea canaliculata (Caenogastropoda, Ampullariidae). Biol. Invasions 12(6):1695-1708.

Sexton, J.P., Schwartz, M.W., and Winterhalder, B. 2010. Incorporating sociocultural adaptive capacity in conservation hotspot assessments. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):439-450.

Shaish, L., Levy, G., Katzir, G., and Rinkevich, B. 2010. Coral reef restoration (Bolinao, Philippines) in the face of frequent natural catastrophes. Restor. Ecol. 18(3):285-299.

Sherrow, H.M. 2010. Conservation education and primates: twenty-first century challenges and opportunities. Am. J. Primatol. 72(5):420-424.

Shi, J.M., Ma, K.M., Wang, J.F., Zhao, J.Z., and He, K. 2010. Vascular plant species richness on wetland remnants is determined by both area and habitat heterogeneity. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1279-1295.

Sih, A., Bolnick, D.I., Luttbeg, B., Orrock, J.L., Peacor, S.D., Pintor, L.M., Preisser, E., Rehage, J.S., and Vonesh, J.R. 2010. Predator-prey naïveté, antipredator behavior, and the ecology of predator invasions. Oikos 119(4):610-621.

Simaika, J.P., and Samways, M.J. 2010. Biophilia as a universal ethic for conserving biodiversity. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):903-906.

Simelane, T.S. 2010. Impacts of traditional land uses on biodiversity outside conservation areas: effects on dung beetle communities of Vaalbos National Park. Afr. J. Ecol. 48(2):490-501.

Skinner, A.K., Lunt, I.D., McIntyre, S., Spooner, P.G., and Lavorel, S. 2010. Eucalyptus recruitment in degraded woodlands: no benefit from elevated soil fertility. Plant Ecol. 208(2):359-370.

Skórka, P., Lenda, M., and Tryjanowski, P. 2010. Invasive alien goldenrods negatively affect grassland bird communities in Eastern Europe. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):856-861.

Slooten, E., and Dawson, S.M. 2010. Assessing the effectiveness of conservation management decisions: likely effects of new protection measures for Hector's dolphin (Cephalorhynchus hectori). Aquat. Conserv. 20(3):334-347.

Smith, D.W., Bangs, E.E., Oakleaf, J.K., Mack, C., Fontaine, J., Boyd, D., Jimenez, M., Pletscher, D.H., Niemeyer, C.C., Meier, T.J., Stahler, D.R., Holyan, J., Asher, V.J., and Murray, D.L. 2010. Survival of colonizing wolves in the northern Rocky Mountains of the United States, 1982-2004. J. Wildlife Manag. 74(4):620-634.

Smith, R.K., Pullin, A.S., Stewart, G.B., and Sutherland, W.J. 2010. Effectiveness of predator removal for enhancing bird populations. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):820-829.

Smith, R.M., Thompson, K., Warren, P.H., and Gaston, K.J. 2010. Urban domestic gardens (XIII): composition of the bryophyte and lichen floras, and determinants of species richness. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):873-882.

Solís, R., Lobos, G., Walker, S.F., Fisher, M., and Bosch, J. 2010. Presence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in feral populations of Xenopus laevis in Chile. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1641-1646.

Solomon, C.T., Olden, J.D., Johnson, P.T.J., Dillon, R.T., and Vander Zanden, M.J. 2010. Distribution and community-level effects of the Chinese mystery snail (Bellamya chinensis) in northern Wisconsin lakes. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1591-1605.

Song, L.Y., Li, C.H., and Peng, S.L. 2010. Elevated CO2 increases energy-use efficiency of invasive Wedelia trilobata over its indigenous congener. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1221-1230.

Sorte, C.J.B., Williams, S.L., and Carlton, J.T. 2010. Marine range shifts and species introductions: comparative spread rates and community impacts. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 19(3):303-316.

Sousa, V., Penha, F., Pala, I., Chikhi, L., and Coelho, M.M. 2010. Conservation genetics of a critically endangered Iberian minnow: evidence of population decline and extirpations. Anim. Conserv. 13(2):162-171.

Spring, D., Baum, J., Mac Nally, R., MacKenzie, M., Sanchez-Azofeifa, A., and Thomson, J.R. 2010. Building a regionally connected reserve network in a changing and uncertain world. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):691-700.

Spyreas, G., Wilm, B.W., Plocher, A.E., Ketzner, D.M., Matthews, J.W., Ellis, J.L., and Heske, E.J. 2010. Biological consequences of invasion by reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea). Biol. Invasions 12(5):1253-1267.

St-Amour, V., Garner, T.W.J., Schulte-Hostedde, A.I., and Lesbarrères, D. 2010. Effects of two amphibian pathogens on the developmental stability of green frogs. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):788-794.

Staus, N.L., Strittholt, J.R., and DellaSala, D.A. 2010. Evaluating areas of high conservation value in western Oregon with a decision-support model. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):711-720.

Stockan, J.A., Rao, S., and Pakeman, R. 2010. Nesting preferences of the threatened wood ant Formica exsecta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae); implications for conservation in Scotland. J. Insect Conserv. 14(3):269-276.

Stokes, E.J., Strindberg, S., Bakabana, P.C., Elkan, P.W., Iyenguet, F.C., Madzoké, B., Malanda, G.A.F., Mowawa, B.S., Moukoumbou, C., Ouakabadio, F.K., and Rainey, H.J. 2010. Monitoring great ape and elephant abundance at large spatial scales: measuring effectiveness of a conservation landscape. PLoS ONE 5(4):e10294.

Stokes, T.A., Samuelson, L.J., Kush, J.S., Farris, M.G., and Gilbert, J.C. 2010. Structure and diversity of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) forest communities in the Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge, northeastern Alabama. Nat. Areas J. 30(2):211-225.

Strecker, A.L., and Arnott, S.E. 2010. Complex interactions between regional dispersal of native taxa and an invasive species. Ecology 91(4):1035-1047.

Strubbe, D., Matthysen, E., and Graham, C.H. 2010. Assessing the potential impact of invasive ring-necked parakeets Psittacula krameri on native nuthatches Sitta europeae in Belgium. J. Appl. Ecol. 47(3):549-557.

Stuble, K.L., Kirkman, L.K., and Carroll, C.R. 2010. Are red imported fire ants facilitators of native seed dispersal? Biol. Invasions 12(6):1661-1669.

Suda, J., Trávnícek, P., Mandák, B., and Berchová-Bimová, K. 2010. Genome size as a marker for identifying the invasive alien taxa in Fallopia section Reynoutria. Preslia 82(1):97-106.

Sugiura, S. 2010. Prey preference and gregarious attacks by the invasive flatworm Platydemus manokwari. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1499-1507.

Sysouphanthong, P., Thongkantha, S., Zhao, R.L., Soytong, K., and Hyde, K.D. 2010. Mushroom diversity in sustainable shade tea forest and the effect of fire damage. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1401-1415.

Tabor, K., and Williams, J.W. 2010. Globally downscaled climate projections for assessing the conservation impacts of climate change. Ecol. Appl. 20(2):554-565.

Thomas, C.D. 2010. Climate, climate change and range boundaries. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):488-495.

Thuiller, W., Gallien, L., Boulangeat, I., de Bello, F., Münkemüller, T., Roquet, C., and Lavergne, S. 2010. Resolving Darwin's naturalization conundrum: a quest for evidence. Divers. Distrib. 16(3):461-475.

Tkachenko, K.S., and Soong, K. 2010. Protection of habitat types: a case study of the effectiveness of a small marine reserve and impacts of different habitats on the diversity and abundance of coral reef fishes. Zool. Stud. 49(2):195-210.

Tokoro, S., Yoneda, M., Kunitake, Y.K., and Goka, K. 2010. Geographic variation in mitochondrial DNA of Bombus ignitus (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 45(1):77-87.

Törn, A., Siikamäki, P., and Tolvanen, A. 2010. Can horse riding induce the introduction and establishment of alien plant species through endozoochory and gap creation? Plant Ecol. 208(2):235-244.

Townsend, J.H., Butler, J.M., Wilson, L.D., and Austin, J.D. 2010. A distinctive new species of moss salamander (Caudata: Plethodontidae: Nototriton) from an imperiled Honduran endemism hotspot. Zootaxa 2434:1-16.

Trenham, P.C. 2010. Cautious optimism for applied conservation genetics and metapopulation viability analysis. Anim. Conserv. 13(2):123-124.

Trimble, M.J., and Van Aarde, R.J. 2010. Species inequality in scientific study. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):886-890.

Tsuchida, K., Kondo, N.I., Inoue, M.N., and Goka, K. 2010. Reproductive disturbance risks to indigenous Japanese bumblebees from introduced Bombus terrestris. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 45(1):49-58.

Tucker, A.J., Williamson, C.E., Rose, K.C., Oris, J.T., Connelly, S.J., Olson, M.H., and Mitchell, D.L. 2010. Ultraviolet radiation affects invasibility of lake ecosystems by warm-water fish. Ecology 91(3):882-890.

Turvey, S.T., Barrett, L.A., Hao, Y.J., Zhang, L., Zhang, X.Q., Wang, X.Y., Huang, Y.D., Zhou, K.Y., Hart, T., and Wang, D. 2010. Rapidly shifting baselines in Yangtze fishing communities and local memory of extinct species. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):778-787.

Tymchuk, W.V., O'Reilly, P., Bittman, J., MacDonald, D., and Schulte, P. 2010. Conservation genomics of Atlantic salmon: variation in gene expression between and within regions of the Bay of Fundy. Mol. Ecol. 19(9):1842-1859.

Ulyshen, M.D., Horn, S., and Hanula, J.L. 2010. Response of beetles (Coleoptera) at three heights to the experimental removal of an invasive shrub, Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense), from floodplain forests. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1573-1579.

Urban, R.A., and Titus, J.E. 2010. Exposure provides refuge from a rootless invasive macrophyte. Aquat. Bot. 92(4):265-272.

van de Pol, M., Vindenes, Y., Sæther, B.E., Engen, S., Ens, B.J., Oosterbeek, K., and Tinbergen, J.M. 2010. Effects of climate change and variability on population dynamics in a long-lived shorebird. Ecology 91(4):1192-1204.

Vanhellemont, M., Wauters, L., Baeten, L., Bijlsma, R.J., De Frenne, P., Hermy, M., and Verheyen, K. 2010. Prunus serotina unleashed: invader dominance after 70 years of forest development. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1113-1124.

Vargas-Rodriguez, Y.L., Platt, W.J., Vázquez-García, J.A., and Boquin, G. 2010. Selecting relict montane cloud forests for conservation priorities: the case of western Mexico. Nat. Areas J. 30(2):156-173.

Veen, P., Fanta, J., Raev, I., Biris, I.A., de Smidt, J., and Maes, B. 2010. Virgin forests in Romania and Bulgaria: results of two national inventory projects and their implications for protection. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(6):1805-1819.

Vellak, K., Ingerpuu, N., Vellak, A., and Pärtel, M. 2010. Vascular plant and bryophytes species representation in the protected areas network on the national scale. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1353-1364.

Vences, M., Glaw, F., Köhler, J., and Wollenberg, K.C. 2010. Molecular phylogeny, morphology and bioacoustics reveal five additional species of arboreal microhylid frogs of the genus Anodonthyla from Madagascar. Contrib. Zool. 79(1):1-32.

Venette, R.C., Kriticos, D.J., Magarey, R.D., Koch, F.H., Baker, R.H.A., Worner, S.P., Raboteaux, N.N.G., McKenney, D.W., Dobesberger, E.J., Yemshanov, D., De Barro, P.J., Hutchison, W.D., Fowler, G., Kalaris, T.M., and Pedlar, J. 2010. Pest risk maps for invasive alien species: a roadmap for improvement. BioScience 60(5):349-362.

Vereecken, N.J., Dafni, A., and Cozzolino, S. 2010. Pollination syndromes in Mediterranean orchids - implications for speciation, taxonomy and conservation. Bot. Rev. 76(2):220-240.

Vergara, P.M., Hahn, I.J., Zeballos, H., and Armesto, J.J. 2010. The importance of forest patch networks for the conservation of the Thorn-tailed Rayaditos in central Chile. Ecol. Res. 25(3):683-690.

Vilà, M., Pino, J., Montero, A., and Font, X. 2010. Are island plant communities more invaded than their mainland counterparts? J. Veg. Sci. 21(3):438-446.

Vonshak, M., Dayan, T., Ionescu-Hirsh, A., Freidberg, A., and Hefetz, A. 2010. The little fire ant Wasmannia auropunctata: a new invasive species in the Middle East and its impact on the local arthropod fauna. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1825-1837.

Wabnitz, C.C.C., Andréfouët, S., and Muller-Karger, F.E. 2010. Measuring progress toward global marine conservation targets. Front. Ecol. Environ. 8(3):124-129.

Wajntal, A., Pereira, S.L., and Grau, E.T. 2010. Considerations on the reintroduction and recovery of the Alagoas Curassow Mitu mitu (Linnaeus, 1766) from extinction using a potentially hybrid captive stock. Ornitolog. Neotrop. 21(1):31-38.

Walk, J.W., Kershner, E.L., Benson, T.J., and Warner, R.E. 2010. Nesting success of grassland birds in small patches in an agricultural landscape. Auk 127(2):328-334.

Wallace, J.E., Steidl, R.J., and Swann, D.E. 2010. Habitat characteristics of lowland leopard frogs in mountain canyons of southeastern Arizona. J. Wildlife Manag. 74(4):808-815.

Wallis, J., and Lonsdorf, E.V. 2010. Summary of recommendations for primate conservation education programs. Am. J. Primatol. 72(5):441-444.

WallisDeVries, M.F., and Ens, S.H. 2010. Effects of habitat quality and isolation on the colonization of restored heathlands by butterflies. Restor. Ecol. 18(3):390-398.

Walter, A.J., Venette, R.C., and Kells, S.A. 2010. Acceptance and suitability of novel trees for Orthotomicus erosus, an exotic bark beetle in North America. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1133-1144.

Wanger, T.C., Iskandar, D.T., Motzke, I., Brook, B.W., Sodhi, N.S., Clough, Y., and Tscharntke, T. 2010. Effects of land-use change on community composition of tropical amphibians and reptiles in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):795-802.

Waples, R.S., and Do, C. 2010. Linkage disequilibrium estimates of contemporary Ne using highly variable genetic markers: a largely untapped resource for applied conservation and evolution. Evol. Appl. 3(3):244-262.

Weaver, K.F., Weaver, P.F., and Guralnick, R. 2010. Origin, diversification and conservation status of talus snails in the Pinaleño Mountains: a conservation biogeographic study. Anim. Conserv. 13(3):306-314.

Weis, J.S. 2010. The role of behavior in the success of invasive crustaceans. Mar. Freshw. Behav. Phy. 43(2):83-98.

Williams, P.A., Kean, J.M., and Buxton, R.P. 2010. Multiple factors determine the rate of increase of an invading non-native tree in New Zealand. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1377-1388.

Willis, K.J., Bennett, K.D., Bhagwat, S.A., and Birks, H.J.B. 2010. 4 degrees C and beyond: what did this mean for biodiversity in the past? Syst. Biodivers. 8(1):3-9.

Wixted, K.L., and McGraw, J.B. 2010. Competitive and allelopathic effects of garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) on American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius). Plant Ecol. 208(2):347-357.

Wrange, A.L., Valero, J., Harkestad, L.S., Strand, Ø., Lindegarth, S., Christensen, H.T., Dolmer, P., Kristensen, P.S., and Mortensen, S. 2010. Massive settlements of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, in Scandinavia. Biol. Invasions 12(5):1145-1152.

Wrange, A.L., Valero, J., Harkestad, L.S., Strand, Ø., Lindegarth, S., Christensen, H.T., Dolmer, P., Kristensen, P.S., and Mortensen, S. 2010. Massive settlements of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, in Scandinavia. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1453-1458.

Wright, J.H. 2010. Use of film for community conservation education in primate habitat countries. Am. J. Primatol. 72(5):462-466.

Wronski, T., Wacher, T., Hammond, R.L., Winney, B., Hundertmark, K.J., Blacket, M.J., Mohammed, O.B., Flores, B., Omer, S.A., Macasero, W., Plath, M., Tiedemann, R., and Bleidorn, C. 2010. Two reciprocally monophyletic mtDNA lineages elucidate the taxonomic status of Mountain gazelles (Gazella gazella). Syst. Biodivers. 8(1):119-129.

Wyner, Y., and DeSalle, R. 2010. Taking the conservation biology perspective to secondary school classrooms. Conserv. Biol. 24(3):649-654.

Yager, L.Y., Miller, D.L., and Jones, J. 2010. Susceptibility of longleaf pine forest associations in south Mississippi to invasion by cogongrass Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Nat. Areas J. 30(2):226-232.

Yahya, A.F., Hyun, J.O., Lee, J.H., Choi, T.B., Sun, B.Y., and Lapitan, P.G. 2010. Distribution pattern, reproductive biology, cytotaxonomic study and conservation of Rafflesia manillana in Mt. Makiling, Laguna, Philippines. J. Trop. For. Sci. 22(2):118-126.

Yam, T.W., Chua, J., Tay, F., and Ang, P. 2010. Conservation of the native orchids through seedling culture and reintroduction - a Singapore experience. Bot. Rev. 76(2):263-274.

Yamada, S.B., and Kosro, P.M. 2010. Linking ocean conditions to year class strength of the invasive European green crab, Carcinus maenas. Biol. Invasions 12(6):1791-1804.

Yang, J., Chen, X.Y., and Yang, J.X. 2010. Molecular and morphological analysis of endangered species Gymnodiptychus integrigymnatus (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 88(2):189-199.

Yelenik, S.G., and Levine, J.M. 2010. Native shrub reestablishment in exotic annual grasslands: do ecosystem processes recover? Ecol. Appl. 20(3):716-727.

Yokoyama, J., and Inoue, M.N. 2010. Status of the invasion and range expansion of an introduced bumblebee, Bombus terrestris (L.), in Japan. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 45(1):21-27.

Yoon, J., Nam, J.M., Kim, H., Bae, Y.J., and Kim, J.G. 2010. Nannophya pygmaea (Odonata: Libellulidae), an endangered dragonfly in Korea, prefers abandoned paddy fields in the early seral stage. Environ. Entomol. 39(2):278-285.

Young, A.G., and Pickup, M. 2010. Low S-allele numbers limit mate availability, reduce seed set and skew fitness in small populations of a self-incompatible plant. J. Appl. Ecol. 47(3):541-548.

Yurkonis, K.A., Wilsey, B.J., Moloney, K.A., and van der Valk, A.G. 2010. The impact of seeding method on diversity and plant distribution in two restored grasslands. Restor. Ecol. 18(3):311-321.

Zhang, X.M., Wen, J., Dao, Z.L., Motley, T.J., and Long, C.L. 2010. Genetic variation and conservation assessment of Chinese populations of Magnolia cathcartii (Magnoliaceae), a rare evergreen tree from the South-Central China hotspot in the Eastern Himalayas. J. Plant Res. 123(3):321-331.

Zimmermann, H., Ritz, C.M., Hirsch, H., Renison, D., Wesche, K., and Hensen, I. 2010. Highly reduced genetic diversity of Rosa rubiginosa L. populations in the invasive range. Int. J. Plant Sci. 171(4):435-446.

Zuberogoitia, I., González-Oreja, J.A., Zabala, J., and Rodríguez-Refojos, C. 2010. Assessing the control/eradication of an invasive species, the American mink, based on field data; how much would it cost? Biodivers. Conserv. 19(5):1455-1469.

Zuckerberg, B., and Porter, W.F. 2010. Thresholds in the long-term responses of breeding birds to forest cover and fragmentation. Biol. Conserv. 143(4):952-962.

Zurbuchen, A., Cheesman, S., Klaiber, J., Müller, A., Hein, S., and Dorn, S. 2010. Long foraging distances impose high costs on offspring production in solitary bees. J. Anim. Ecol. 79(3):674-681.

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