Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

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Department ofBotany

No. 309
September 2010

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In This Issue

Botanical Illustration Exhibition Highlights the Art behind Conservation

The traveling exhibition, "Losing Paradise? Endangered Plants Here and Around the World," recently opened at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History in Washington, DC. The exhibition, a collaborative effort between the American Society of Botanical Artists and the museum, showcases botanical illustrations and features work from several renowned artists, including Alice Tangerini, one of the museum's acclaimed scientific illustrators.

Focusing on global conservation, the exhibition educates the public about endangered, threatened and extinct plants. Additional custom content designed by the museum for this venue highlights the unique and provocative way scientists and conservation biologists are approaching the loss of plant biodiversity - particularly through their work with botanical artists whose captivating and scientifically accurate images serve as an essential historical record of plant species.

Blue latan palm (Latania loddegesii)

With 44 framed artworks by various international artists from Australia, Brazil, Israel, South Africa, South Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States, eight interpretive panels, two cases of specimens and objects from the museum's botany collection, "Losing Paradise?" tells the valuable and fascinating story of species like the critically endangered Mortoniodendron uxpanapense. It was found when researchers re-evaluated collections from the 1980s, and it is documented through artistic illustration using the museum's herbarium specimens.

A companion catalog, with an essay by exhibition curator and conservation biologist Gary Krupnick, accompanies the exhibition. The catalog expands on the stories of each plant included in the exhibition and the methods taken by the artists to visually capture the endangered specimens.

"Determining which species are endangered is a complicated endeavor," said Krupnick. "With conservation assessments of plant species woefully behind, we are devising ways to use data from historically collected specimens to identify rare and endangered plant species. The museum’s work in conservation assessment is critical as each year more species are lost to habitat destruction and degradation."

A companion website to the exhibition features a study of the illustrations of endangered plants and a view of herbarium specimens up-close, a chance to share your own botanical illustrations with others online, and a way to send a painting of an endangered plant to a friend via e-postcard.

Current Literature

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Hu, Y.P., Wang, L., Xie, X.L., Yang, J.A., Li, Y., and Zhang, H.G. 2010. Genetic diversity of wild populations of Rheum tanguticum endemic to China as revealed by ISSR analysis. Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 38(3):264-274.

Jean, C., Ciccione, S., Ballorain, K., Georges, J.Y., and Bourjea, J. 2010. Ultralight aircraft surveys reveal marine turtle population increases along the west coast of Reunion Island. Oryx 44(2):223-229.

Jiménez-Sierra, C.L., and Eguiarte, L.E. 2010. Candy Barrel Cactus (Echinocactus platyacanthus Link & Otto): a traditional plant resource in Mexico subject to uncontrolled extraction and browsing. Econ. Bot. 64(2):99-108.

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Kadoya, T., and Washitani, I. 2010. Predicting the rate of range expansion of an invasive alien bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) using a stochastic spatio-temporal model. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1228-1235.

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Karraker, N.E., Arrigoni, J., and Dudgeon, D. 2010. Effects of increased salinity and an introduced predator on lowland amphibians in Southern China: species identity matters. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1079-1086.

Kharouba, H.M., and Kerr, J.T. 2010. Just passing through: global change and the conservation of biodiversity in protected areas. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1094-1101.

Kleijn, D., Schekkerman, H., Dimmers, W.J., Van Kats, R.J.M., Melman, D., and Teunissen, W.A. 2010. Adverse effects of agricultural intensification and climate change on breeding habitat quality of Black-tailed Godwits Limosa l. limosa in the Netherlands. Ibis 152(3):475-486.

Knapp, E.J., Rentsch, D., Schmitt, J., Lewis, C., and Polasky, S. 2010. A tale of three villages: choosing an effective method for assessing poaching levels in western Serengeti, Tanzania. Oryx 44(2):178-184.

Kneitel, J.M., and Lessin, C.L. 2010. Ecosystem-phase interactions: aquatic eutrophication decreases terrestrial plant diversity in California vernal pools. Oecologia 163(2):461-469.

Koca, A.D., and Yildirimli, S. 2010. Ornithogalum nallihanense sp. nov. (Hyacinthaceae) from northwest Anatolia, Turkey. Nord. J. Bot. 28(3):329-331.

Koh, L.P., and Ghazoul, J. 2010. Spatially explicit scenario analysis for reconciling agricultural expansion, forest protection, and carbon conservation in Indonesia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107(24):11140-11144.

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Kucinic, M., Previšic, A., Stanic-Koštroman, S., Franjevic, M., Jelaska, L.S., Delic, A., and Posilovic, H. 2010. Description of the larvae of Drusus ramae Marinkovic-Gospodnetic and Drusus medianus Marinkovic-Gospodnetic (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae) with some genetic, distributional, ecological, faunal and conservation notes. Zootaxa 2484:1-24.

Laita, A., Mönkkönen, M., and Kotiaho, J.S. 2010. Woodland key habitats evaluated as part of a functional reserve network. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1212-1227.

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Lehmann, A., and Javidpour, J. 2010. Potential pathways of invasion and dispersal of Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz 1865 in the Baltic Sea. Hydrobiologia 649(1):107-114.

Lesobre, L., Lacroix, F., Caizergues, A., Hingrat, Y., Chalah, T., and Saint Jalme, M. 2010. Conservation genetics of Houbara Bustard (Chlamydotis undulata undulata): population structure and its implications for the reinforcement of wild populations. Conserv. Genet. 11(4):1489-1497.

Lewis, T., Reid, N., Clarke, P.J., and Whalley, R.D.B. 2010. Resilience of a high-conservation-value, semi-arid grassland on fertile clay soils to burning, mowing and ploughing. Austral Ecol. 35(4):464-481.

Linklater, W.L. 2010. Distress - An underutilised concept in conservation and missing from Busch and Hayward (2009). Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1037-1038.

López-Bao, J.V., Rodríguez, A., and Palomares, F. 2010. Abundance of wild prey modulates consumption of supplementary food in the Iberian lynx. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1245-1249.

Louzada, J., Gardner, T., Peres, C., and Barlow, J. 2010. A multi-taxa assessment of nestedness patterns across a multiple-use Amazonian forest landscape. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1102-1109.

Lovell, S.J., Hamer, M.L., Slotow, R.H., and Herbert, D. 2010. Assessment of sampling approaches for a multi-taxa invertebrate survey in a South African savanna-mosaic ecosystem. Austral Ecol. 35(4):357-370.

Mainka, S.A., and Howard, G.W. 2010. Climate change and invasive species: double jeopardy. Integr. Zool. 5(2):102-111.

Marchelli, P., Baier, C., Mengel, C., Ziegenhagen, B., and Gallo, L.A. 2010. Biogeographic history of the threatened species Araucaria araucana (Molina) K. Koch and implications for conservation: a case study with organelle DNA markers. Conserv. Genet. 11(3):951-963.

Martínez-Lüscher, J., and Holmer, M. 2010. Potential effects of the invasive species Gracilaria vermiculophylla on Zostera marina metabolism and survival. Mar. Environ. Res. 69(5):345-349.

Martínez-Pastur, G.J., Lencinas, M.V., Peri, P.L., Cellini, J.M., and Moretto, A. 2010. Long-term forest management research in South Patagonia - Argentina: lessons from the past, challenges from the present. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 83(1):159-169.

Matsuzaki, S.S., Mabuchi, K., Takamura, N., Hicks, B.J., Nishida, M., and Washitani, I. 2010. Stable isotope and molecular analyses indicate that hybridization with non-native domesticated common carp influence habitat use of native carp. Oikos 119(6):964-971.

Maynard, J.A., Marshall, P.A., Johnson, J.E., and Harman, S. 2010. Building resilience into practical conservation: identifying local management responses to global climate change in the southern Great Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs 29(2):381-391.

McKellar, R., Midgley, G.F., Yates, C.J., Abbott, I., Gioia, P., and Le Maitre, D. 2010. The need to develop a coherent research approach for climate change vulnerability impact assessment and adaptation in high-biodiversity terrestrial ecosystems. Austral Ecol. 35(4):371-373.

McKenna, S.A., and Etnoyer, P. 2010. Rapid assessment of stony coral richness and condition on Saba Bank, Netherlands Antilles. PLoS ONE 5(5):e10749.

Mendez, M., Rosenbaum, H.C., Subramaniam, A., Yackulic, C., and Bordino, P. 2010. Isolation by environmental distance in mobile marine species: molecular ecology of franciscana dolphins at their southern range. Mol. Ecol. 19(11):2212-2228.

Meraner, A., Baric, S., Pelster, B., and Dalla Via, J. 2010. Microsatellite DNA data point to extensive but incomplete admixture in a marble and brown trout hybridisation zone. Conserv. Genet. 11(3):985-998.

Michalski, F. 2010. The bush dog Speothos venaticus and short-eared dog Atelocynus microtis in a fragmented landscape in southern Amazonia. Oryx 44(2):300-303.

Mills, M.S.L. 2010. Angola's central scarp forests: patterns of bird diversity and conservation threats. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(7):1883-1903.

Molinari-Jobin, A., Marboutin, E., Wölfl, S., Wolfl, M., Molinari, P., Fasel, M., Kos, I., Blažic, M., Breitenmoser, C., Fuxjäger, C., Huber, T., Koren, I., and Breitenmoser, U. 2010. Recovery of the Alpine lynx Lynx lynx metapopulation. Oryx 44(2):267-275.

Monticelli, D., Ceia, R., Heleno, R., Laborda, H., Timóteo, S., Jareño, D., Hilton, G.M., and Ramos, J.A. 2010. High survival rate of a critically endangered species, the Azores Bullfinch Pyrrhula murina, as a contribution to population recovery. J. Ornithol. 151(3):627-636.

Montoya, J.M., and Raffaelli, D. 2010. Climate change, biotic interactions and ecosystem services. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London. [Biol.] 365(1549):2013-2018.

Moore, J.L., Rout, T.M., Hauser, C.E., Moro, D., Jones, M., Wilcox, C., and Possingham, H.P. 2010. Protecting islands from pest invasion: optimal allocation of biosecurity resources between quarantine and surveillance. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1068-1078.

Morato, T., Hoyle, S.D., Allain, V., and Nicol, S.J. 2010. Seamounts are hotspots of pelagic biodiversity in the open ocean. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107(21):9707-9711.

Moreira, R.G., McCauley, R.A., Cortés-Palomec, A.C., Fernandes, G.W., and Oyama, K. 2010. Spatial genetic structure of Coccoloba cereifera (Polygonaceae), a critically endangered microendemic species of Brazilian rupestrian fields. Conserv. Genet. 11(4):1247-1255.

Mortelliti, A., Amori, G., and Boitani, L. 2010. The role of habitat quality in fragmented landscapes: a conceptual overview and prospectus for future research. Oecologia 163(2):535-547.

Mortenson, S.G., and Weisberg, P.J. 2010. Does river regulation increase the dominance of invasive woody species in riparian landscapes? Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 19(4):562-574.

Mouly, A., and Puff, C. 2010. Paederia ntiti sp. nov. (Rubiaceae) from the Comoros and notes on the affinities of Comorian rubiaceous climbers and lianas. Nord. J. Bot. 28(3):262-266.

Namoff, S., Husby, C.E., Francisco-Ortega, J., Noblick, L.R., Lewis, C.E., and Griffith, M.P. 2010. How well does a botanical garden collection of a rare palm capture the genetic variation in a wild population? Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1110-1117.

Navarrete, S.A., Gelcich, S., and Castilla, J.C. 2010. Long-term monitoring of coastal ecosystems at Las Cruces, Chile: defining baselines to build ecological literacy in a world of change. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 83(1):143-157.

Negro, M., Isaia, M., Palestrini, C., Schoenhofer, A., and Rolando, A. 2010. The impact of high-altitude ski pistes on ground-dwelling arthropods in the Alps. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(7):1853-1870.

Nichols, R.K., Steiner, J., Woolaver, L.G., Williams, E., Chabot, A.A., and Tuininga, K. 2010. Conservation initiatives for an endangered migratory passerine: field propagation and release. Oryx 44(2):171-177.

Nijman, V., and Shepherd, C.R. 2010. The role of Asia in the global trade in CITES II-listed poison arrow frogs: hopping from Kazakhstan to Lebanon to Thailand and beyond. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(7):1963-1970.

Nitschke, N., Ebeling, A., Rottstock, T., Scherber, C., Middelhoff, C., Creutzburg, S., Weigelt, A., Tscharntke, T., Fischer, M., and Weisser, W.W. 2010. Time course of plant diversity effects on Centaurea jacea establishment and the role of competition and herbivory. J. Plant Ecol.-UK 3(2):109-121.

Pairon, M., Petitpierre, B., Campbell, M., Guisan, A., Broennimann, O., Baret, P.V., Jacquemart, A.L., and Besnard, G. 2010. Multiple introductions boosted genetic diversity in the invasive range of black cherry (Prunus serotina; Rosaceae). Ann. Botany 105(6):881-890.

Pavez, E.F., Lobos, G.A., and Jaksic, F.M. 2010. Long-term changes in landscape and in small mammal and raptor assemblages in central Chile. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 83(1):99-111.

Pavlícek, T., Csuzdi, C., Misirlioglu, M., and Vilenkin, B. 2010. Faunistic similarity and endemism of earthworms in east mediterranean region. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(7):1989-2001.

Pecher, C., Fritz, S.A., Marini, L., Fontaneto, D., and Pautasso, M. 2010. Scale-dependence of the correlation between human population and the species richness of stream macro-invertebrates. Basic Appl. Ecol. 11(3):272-280.

Perkol-Finkel, S., and Airoldi, L. 2010. Loss and recovery potential of marine habitats: an experimental study of factors maintaining resilience in subtidal algal forests at the Adriatic Sea. PLoS ONE 5(5):e10791.

Petry, M.V., and Krüger, L. 2010. Frequent use of burned grasslands by the vulnerable Saffron-Cowled Blackbird Xanthopsar flavus: implications for the conservation of the species. J. Ornithol. 151(3):599-605.

Pinsky, M.L., Newsome, S.D., Dickerson, B.R., Fang, Y., Van Tuinen, M., Kennett, D.J., Ream, R.R., and Hadly, E.A. 2010. Dispersal provided resilience to range collapse in a marine mammal: insights from the past to inform conservation biology. Mol. Ecol. 19(12):2418-2429.

Priday, S.D. 2010. Beyond the 'woody remnant' paradigm in conservation of woodland birds: habitat requirements of the Hooded Robin (Melanodryas cucullata cucullata). Emu 110(2):118-124.

Quéméré, E., Louis, E.E., Ribéron, A., Chikhi, L., and Crouau-Roy, B. 2010. Non-invasive conservation genetics of the critically endangered golden-crowned sifaka (Propithecus tattersalli): high diversity and significant genetic differentiation over a small range. Conserv. Genet. 11(3):675-687.

Rasero, R., Rossi, L., Soglia, D., Maione, S., Sacchi, P., Rambozzi, L., Sartore, S., Soriguer, R.C., Spalenza, V., and Alasaad, S. 2010. Host taxon-derived Sarcoptes mite in European wild animals revealed by microsatellite markers. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1269-1277.

Rashid, I., and Reshi, Z.A. 2010. Does carbon addition to soil counteract disturbance-promoted alien plant invasions? Trop. Ecol. 51(2):339-345.

Rathmacher, G., Niggemann, M., Köhnen, M., Ziegenhagen, B., and Bialozyt, R. 2010. Short-distance gene flow in Populus nigra L. accounts for small-scale spatial genetic structures: implications for in situ conservation measures. Conserv. Genet. 11(4):1327-1338.

Reis, E.C., Soares, L.S., and Lôbo-Hajdu, G. 2010. Evidence of olive ridley mitochondrial genome introgression into loggerhead turtle rookeries of Sergipe, Brazil. Conserv. Genet. 11(4):1587-1591.

Renison, D., Valladares, G., and Martella, M.B. 2010. The effect of passage through the gut of the Greater Rhea (Rhea americana) on germination of tree seeds: implications for forest restoration. Emu 110(2):125-131.

Ricketts, T.H., Soares-Filho, B., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Nepstad, D., Pfaff, A., Petsonk, A., Anderson, A., Boucher, D., Cattaneo, A., Conte, M., Creighton, K., Linden, L., Maretti, C., Moutinho, P., Ullman, R., and Victurine, R. 2010. Indigenous lands, protected areas, and slowing climate change. PLoS Biol. 8(3):e1000331.

Riley, E.P. 2010. The importance of human-macaque folklore for conservation in Lore Lindu National Park, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Oryx 44(2):235-240.

Rima, P.C., Cagnin, M., Aloise, G., Preatoni, D., and Wauters, L.A. 2010. Scale-dependent environmental variables affecting red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris meridionalis) distribution. Italian J. Zool. 77(1):92-101.

Rivers, M.C., Bachman, S.P., Meagher, T.R., Lughadha, E.N., and Brummitt, N.A. 2010. Subpopulations, locations and fragmentation: applying IUCN red list criteria to herbarium specimen data. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(7):2071-2085.

Robinet, C., and Roques, A. 2010. Direct impacts of recent climate warming on insect populations. Integr. Zool. 5(2):132-142.

Rogers, G.M., and Wiser, S.K. 2010. Environment, composition and conservation of coastal turfs of mainland New Zealand. New Zeal. J. Bot. 48(1):1-14.

Rowley, J., Brown, R., Bain, R., Kusrini, M., Inger, R., Stuart, B., Wogan, G., Thy, N., Chan-ard, T., Trung, C.T., Diesmos, A., Iskandar, D.T., Lau, M., Ming, L.T., Makchai, S., Truong, N.Q., and Phimmachak, S. 2010. Impending conservation crisis for Southeast Asian amphibians. Biol. Lett. 6(3):336-338.

Rowntree, J.K., Cowan, R.S., Leggett, M., Ramsay, M.M., and Fay, M.F. 2010. Which moss is which? Identification of the threatened moss Orthodontium gracile using molecular and morphological techniques. Conserv. Genet. 11(3):1033-1042.

Ruokonen, M., Aarvak, T., Chesser, R.K., Lundqvist, A.C., and Merilä, J. 2010. Temporal increase in mtDNA diversity in a declining population. Mol. Ecol. 19(12):2408-2417.

Sacks, B.N., Statham, M.J., Perrine, J.D., Wisely, S.M., and Aubry, K.B. 2010. North American montane red foxes: expansion, fragmentation, and the origin of the Sacramento Valley red fox. Conserv. Genet. 11(4):1523-1539.

Saldaña-Vázquez, R.A., Sosa, V.J., Hernández-Montero, J.R., and López-Barrera, F. 2010. Abundance responses of frugivorous bats (Stenodermatinae) to coffee cultivation and selective logging practices in mountainous central Veracruz, Mexico. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(7):2111-2124.

Salo, P., Ahola, M.P., and Korpimaki, E. 2010. Habitat-mediated impact of alien mink predation on common frog densities in the outer archipelago of the Baltic Sea. Oecologia 163(2):405-413.

Sanches, E.G., Pannuti, C.V., Sebastiani, E.F., Rodrigues, J.D., Garcia, C.E.D., and Moreira, R.G. 2010. Threatened fishes of the world: Mycteroperca bonaci (Poey, 1860) (Serranidae: Epinephelinae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 88(3):239-240.

Scherber, C., Mwangi, P.N., Schmitz, M., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Beßler, H., Engels, C., Eisenhauer, N., Migunova, V.D., Scheu, S., Weisser, W.W., Schulze, E.D., and Schmid, B. 2010. Biodiversity and belowground interactions mediate community invasion resistance against a tall herb invader. J. Plant Ecol.-UK 3(2):99-108.

Schindler, D.E., Hilborn, R., Chasco, B., Boatright, C.P., Quinn, T.P., Rogers, L.A., and Webster, M.S. 2010. Population diversity and the portfolio effect in an exploited species. Nature 465(7298):609-612.

Schipper, A.M., Lotterman, K., Geertsma, M., Leuven, R., and Hendriks, A.J. 2010. Using datasets of different taxonomic detail to assess the influence of floodplain characteristics on terrestrial arthropod assemblages. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(7):2087-2110.

Seifert, B., and Fischer, M. 2010. Experimental establishment of a declining dry-grassland flagship species in relation to seed origin and target environment. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1202-1211.

Shah, M.A., Reshi, Z.A., and Rasool, N. 2010. Plant invasions induce a shift in Glomalean spore diversity. Trop. Ecol. 51(2):317-323.

Sharma, G.P., and Raghubanshi, A.S. 2010. How Lantana invades dry deciduous forest: a case study from Vindhyan highlands, India. Trop. Ecol. 51(2):305-316.

Smart, J., Amar, A., Sim, I.M.W., Etheridge, B., Cameron, D., Christie, G., and Wilson, J.D. 2010. Illegal killing slows population recovery of a re-introduced raptor of high conservation concern - the red kite Milvus milvus. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1278-1286.

Smith, B.D., Abu Diyan, M.A., Mansur, R.M., Mansur, E.F., and Ahmed, B. 2010. Identification and channel characteristics of cetacean hotspots in waterways of the eastern Sundarbans mangrove forest, Bangladesh. Oryx 44(2):241-247.

Smith, R.J., and Waldren, S. 2010. Patterns of genetic variation in Colchicum autumnale L. and its conservation status in Ireland: a broader perspective on local plant conservation. Conserv. Genet. 11(4):1351-1361.

Soares, B., Moutinho, P., Nepstad, D., Anderson, A., Rodrigues, H., Garcia, R., Dietzsch, L., Merry, F., Bowman, M., Hissa, L., Silvestrini, R., and Maretti, C. 2010. Role of Brazilian Amazon protected areas in climate change mitigation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107(24):10821-10826.

Sodhi, N.S., Davidar, P., and Rao, M. 2010. Empowering women facilitates conservation. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1035-1036.

Soranno, P.A., Cheruvelil, K.S., Webster, K.E., Bremigan, M.T., Wagner, T., and Stow, C.A. 2010. Using landscape limnology to classify freshwater ecosystems for multi-ecosystem management and conservation. BioScience 60(6):440-454.

Staddon, S.C., Compton, S.G., and Portch, A. 2010. Dispersal of fig seeds in the Cook Islands: introduced frugivores are no substitutes for natives. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(7):1905-1916.

Stampar, S.N., Emig, C.C., Morandini, A., Kodja, G., Balboni, A.P., and Da Silveira, F.L. 2010. Is there any risk in a symbiotic species associating with an endangered one? A case of a phoronid worm growing on a Ceriantheomorphe tube. Cah. Biol. Mar. 51(2):205-211.

Stephenson, P.J., and Ntiamoa-Baidu, Y. 2010. Conservation planning for a widespread, threatened species: WWF and the African elephant Loxodonta africana. Oryx 44(2):194-204.

Su, Y.J., Wang, T., and Deng, F. 2010. Population genetic variation, differentiation and bottlenecks of Dacrydium pectinatum (Podocarpaceae) in Hainan Island, China: implications for its conservation. Aust. J. Bot. 58(4):318-326.

Sumner, J., Webb, J.K., Shine, R., and Keogh, J.S. 2010. Molecular and morphological assessment of Australia's most endangered snake, Hoplocephalus bungaroides, reveals two evolutionarily significant units for conservation. Conserv. Genet. 11(3):747-758.

Sutherland, B.G., Belaj, A., Nier, S., Cottrell, J.E., Vaughan, S.P., Hubert, J., and Russell, K. 2010. Molecular biodiversity and population structure in common ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) in Britain: implications for conservation. Mol. Ecol. 19(11):2196-2211.

Tang, L.N., Shao, G.F., Piao, Z.J., Dai, L.M., Jenkins, M.A., Wang, S.X., Wu, G., Wu, J.G., and Zhao, J.Z. 2010. Forest degradation deepens around and within protected areas in East Asia. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1295-1298.

Tarazi, R., Mantovani, A., and dos Reis, M.S. 2010. Fine-scale spatial genetic structure and allozymic diversity in natural populations of Ocotea catharinensis Mez. (Lauraceae). Conserv. Genet. 11(3):965-976.

Terhune, T.M., Sisson, D.C., Palmer, W.E., Faircloth, B.C., Stribling, H.L., and Carroll, J.P. 2010. Translocation to a fragmented landscape: survival, movement, and site fidelity of Northern Bobwhites. Ecol. Appl. 20(4):1040-1052.

Terraube, J., Arroyo, B.E., Mougeot, F., Katzner, T.E., and Bragin, E.A. 2010. Breeding biology of Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus in north-central Kazakhstan. J. Ornithol. 151(3):713-722.

Tingley, R., Romagosa, C.M., Kraus, F., Bickford, D., Phillips, B.L., and Shine, R. 2010. The frog filter: amphibian introduction bias driven by taxonomy, body size and biogeography. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 19(4):496-503.

Trovó, M., and Sano, P.T. 2010. Actinocephalus verae (Eriocaulaceae), a new species from the Brazilian Campos Rupestres. Brittonia 62(1):35-38.

Turnbull, L.A., Levine, J.M., Fergus, A.J.F., and Petermann, J.S. 2010. Species diversity reduces invasion success in pathogen-regulated communities. Oikos 119(6):1040-1046.

Ursenbacher, S., Alvarez, C., Armbruster, G.F.J., and Baur, B. 2010. High population differentiation in the rock-dwelling land snail (Trochulus caelatus) endemic to the Swiss Jura Mountains. Conserv. Genet. 11(4):1265-1271.

Van De Meutter, F., Trekels, H., Green, A.J., and Stoks, R. 2010. Is salinity tolerance the key to success for the invasive water bug Trichocorixa verticalis? Hydrobiologia 649(1):231-238.

van Heezik, Y. 2010. Pussyfooting around the issue of cat predation in urban areas. Oryx 44(2):153-154.

VanderWerf, E.A., Young, L.C., Yeung, N.W., and Carlon, D.B. 2010. Stepping stone speciation in Hawaii's flycatchers: molecular divergence supports new island endemics within the elepaio. Conserv. Genet. 11(4):1283-1298.

Vásquez-Vélez, L.M., Bermúdez, C., Chacón, P., and Lozano-Zambrano, F.H. 2010. Analysis of the richness of Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) on different scales of a sub-Andean rural landscape in Colombia. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(7):1917-1931.

Veiga, P., Ribeiro, J., Gonçalves, J.M.S., and Erzini, K. 2010. Quantifying recreational shore angling catch and harvest in southern Portugal (north-east Atlantic Ocean): implications for conservation and integrated fisheries management. J. Fish Biol. 76(9):2216-2237.

Vögeli, M., Serrano, D., Pacios, F., and Tella, J.L. 2010. The relative importance of patch habitat quality and landscape attributes on a declining steppe-bird metapopulation. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1057-1067.

Wang, R.Z., Yuan, L., and Zhang, L.Q. 2010. Impacts of Spartina alterniflora invasion on the benthic communities of salt marshes in the Yangtze Estuary, China. Ecol. Eng. 36(6):799-806.

Wätzold, F., Mewes, M., van Apeldoorn, R., Varjopuro, R., Chmielewski, T.J., Veeneklaas, F., and Kosola, M.L. 2010. Cost-effectiveness of managing Natura 2000 sites: an exploratory study for Finland, Germany, the Netherlands and Poland. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(7):2053-2069.

Webber, B.L., Norton, B.A., and Woodrow, I.E. 2010. Disturbance affects spatial patterning and stand structure of a tropical rainforest tree. Austral Ecol. 35(4):423-434.

Weeks, R., Russ, G.R., Bucol, A.A., and Alcala, A.C. 2010. Shortcuts for marine conservation planning: the effectiveness of socioeconomic data surrogates. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1236-1244.

Weigend, M., Cano, A., Rodríguez, E.R., and Breitkopf, H. 2010. Four new species of Ribes (Grossulariaceae), primarily from the Amotape-Huancabamba Zone in Northern Peru. Novon 20(2):228-238.

Wengeler, W.R., Kelt, D.A., and Johnson, M.L. 2010. Ecological consequences of invasive lake trout on river otters in Yellowstone National Park. Biol. Conserv. 143(5):1144-1153.

White, W.T., and Kyne, P.M. 2010. The status of chondrichthyan conservation in the Indo-Australasian region. J. Fish Biol. 76(9):2090-2117.

Whitfield, A.K., and Cowley, P.D. 2010. The status of fish conservation in South African estuaries. J. Fish Biol. 76(9):2067-2089.

Wirgin, I., Grunwald, C., Stabile, J., and Waldman, J.R. 2010. Delineation of discrete population segments of shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum based on mitochondrial DNA control region sequence analysis. Conserv. Genet. 11(3):689-708.

Woodford, D.J., and McIntosh, A.R. 2010. Evidence of source-sink metapopulations in a vulnerable native galaxiid fish driven by introduced trout. Ecol. Appl. 20(4):967-977.

Wooten, J.A., Camp, C.D., and Rissler, L.J. 2010. Genetic diversity in a narrowly endemic, recently described dusky salamander, Desmognathus folkertsi, from the southern Appalachian Mountains. Conserv. Genet. 11(3):835-854.

Wright, J.T., Byers, J.E., Koukoumaftsis, L.P., Ralph, P.J., and Gribben, P.E. 2010. Native species behaviour mitigates the impact of habitat-forming invasive seaweed. Oecologia 163(2):527-534.

Yates, C.J., Elith, J., Latimer, A.M., Le Maitre, D., Midgley, G.F., Schurr, F.M., and West, A.G. 2010. Projecting climate change impacts on species distributions in megadiverse South African Cape and Southwest Australian Floristic Regions: opportunities and challenges. Austral Ecol. 35(4):374-391.

Young, J.K., Murray, K.M., Strindberg, S., Buuveibaatar, B., and Berger, J. 2010. Population estimates of Endangered Mongolian saiga Saiga tatarica mongolica: implications for effective monitoring and population recovery. Oryx 44(2):285-292.

Zhang, J.S., Jones, G., Zhang, L.B., Zhu, G.J., and Zhang, S.Y. 2010. Recent surveys of bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) from China II. Pteropodidae. Acta Chiropterol. 12(1):103-116.

Zmihorski, M. 2010. The effect of windthrow and its management on breeding bird communities in a managed forest. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(7):1871-1882.

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