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Department ofBotany

No. 311
November 2010

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In This Issue

Saba Bank Designated as a Protected Area

As a direct result of the research of National Museum of Natural History scientists Mark and Diane Littler and Barrett Brooks (PLoS ONE 5(5): e10677.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010677), as part of a team funded by Conservation International, the Netherlands Antilles passed and published a National Decree (as of 2 October 2010, no. 94) designating the Saba Bank as a protected area. The decree prohibits anchoring (by tankers and other large ships) on the entire Bank, both in territorial waters and in the European Economic Zone (EEZ), with a few exceptions such as hydrographic survey vessels, salvage vessels, search and rescue vessels, and fishing boats from Saba, St. Eustatius, and St. Maarten with a permit to fish on the Bank. The Coastguard of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba will be enforcing this prohibition.

With an ocean area of approximately 2,500 km2, this makes the Saba Bank the fifth largest marine protected area in the Wider Caribbean. Average depth of the Bank is about 80 feet, and there are extensive coral reefs on the eastern and south-eastern edges. New species of seaweeds, fish, and gorgonians have been discovered on the Bank which has been found to be among the richest areas of the Caribbean in seaweed diversity. Much of the area and its biodiversity still remain to be explored.

An application for Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) status has been sent to the International Maritime Organization (IMO) by the Netherlands to be discussed at the next meeting of the environmental committee of the IMO in the spring of next year. PSSA status will allow further regulation of international shipping to protect the Bank.


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Current Literature

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Clarke, P., and Jupiter, S.D. 2010. Law, custom and community-based natural resource management in Kubulau District (Fiji). Environ. Conserv. 37(1):98-106.

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Cole, R.J., Holl, K.D., and Zahawi, R.A. 2010. Seed rain under tree islands planted to restore degraded lands in a tropical agricultural landscape. Ecol. Appl. 20(5):1255-1269.

Cook, A.J., Poncet, S., Cooper, A.P.R., Herbert, D.J., and Christie, D. 2010. Glacier retreat on South Georgia and implications for the spread of rats. Antarct. Sci. 22(3):255-263.

Cooke, S.J., and O'Connor, C.M. 2010. Making conservation physiology relevant to policy makers and conservation practitioners. Conserv. Lett. 3(3):159-166.

Coulon, A., Fitzpatrick, J.W., Bowman, R., and Lovette, I.J. 2010. Effects of habitat fragmentation on effective dispersal of Florida scrub-jays. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1080-1088.

Cushman, J.H., and Gaffney, K.A. 2010. Community-level consequences of invasion: impacts of exotic clonal plants on riparian vegetation. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2765-2776.

Cuthbert, R. 2010. Sustainability of hunting, population densities, intrinsic rates of increase and conservation of Papua New Guinean mammals: a quantitative review. Biol. Conserv. 143(8):1850-1859.

Dalang, T., and Hersperger, A.M. 2010. How much compensation do we need? Replacement ratio estimates for Swiss dry grassland biotopes. Biol. Conserv. 143(8):1876-1884.

Dapporto, L., and Dennis, R.L.H. 2010. Skipper impoverishment on large West Mediterranean islands (Lepidoptera Hesperioidea): deterministic, historical and stochastic factors. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(9):2637-2649.

DeMeo, T.E., Triepke, F.J., Al Smadi, E.M., Ananbeh, Y., and Duran, F. 2010. Forest inventory and monitoring of Ajloun Reserve, Jordan. Nat. Areas J. 30(3):271-278.

Diniz, J.A.F., De Marco, P., and Hawkins, B.A. 2010. Defying the curse of ignorance: perspectives in insect macroecology and conservation biogeography. Insect Conserv. Divers. 3(3):172-179.

Dover, J.W., Rescia, A., Fungariño, S., Fairburn, J., Carey, P., Lunt, P., Dennis, R.L.H., and Dover, C.J. 2010. Can hay harvesting detrimentally affect adult butterfly abundance? J. Insect Conserv. 14(4):413-418.

Dressler, W., Büscher, B., Schoon, M., Brockington, D., Hayes, T., Kull, C.A., McCarthy, J., and Shrestha, K. 2010. From hope to crisis and back again? A critical history of the global CBNRM narrative. Environ. Conserv. 37(1):5-15.

Drew, J., Anderson, N., and Andow, D. 2010. Conundrums of a complex vector for invasive species control: a detailed examination of the horticultural industry. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2837-2851.

Duncan, R.S., Elliott, C.P., Fluker, B.L., and Kuhajda, B.R. 2010. Habitat use of the watercress darter (Etheostoma nuchale): an endangered fish in an urban landscape. Am. Midl. Nat. 164(1):9-21.

Dupont, L., Viard, F., Davis, M.H., Nishikawa, T., and Bishop, J.D.D. 2010. Pathways of spread of the introduced ascidian Styela clava (Tunicata) in Northern Europe, as revealed by microsatellite markers. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2707-2721.

Egoh, B.N., Reyers, B., Carwardine, J., Bode, M., O'Farrell, P.J., Wilson, K.A., Possingham, H.P., Rouget, M., de Lange, W., Richardson, D.M., and Cowling, R.M. 2010. Safeguarding biodiversity and ecosystem services in the Little Karoo, South Africa. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1021-1030.

Eigenbrod, F., Anderson, B.J., Armsworth, P.R., Heinemeyer, A., Gillings, S., Roy, D.B., Thomas, C.D., and Gaston, K.J. 2010. Representation of ecosystem services by tiered conservation strategies. Conserv. Lett. 3(3):184-191.

Fattorini, S. 2010. Use of insect rarity for biotope prioritisation: the tenebrionid beetles of the Central Apennines (Italy). J. Insect Conserv. 14(4):367-378.

Feria-Arroyo, T.P., Solano, E., and García-Mendoza, A. 2010. Reassessment of the extinction risk of five species of the genus Polianthes L. (Agavaceae). Acta Bot. Mex. 92:11-28.

Ferreira, C., Paupério, J., and Alves, P.C. 2010. The usefulness of field data and hunting statistics in the assessment of wild rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) conservation status in Portugal. Wildlife Res. 37(3):223-229.

Ferse, S.C.A., Costa, M.M., Máñez, K.S., Adhuri, D.S., and Glaser, M. 2010. Allies, not aliens: increasing the role of local communities in marine protected area implementation. Environ. Conserv. 37(1):23-34.

Finn, P.G., Udy, N.S., Baltais, S.J., Price, K., and Coles, L. 2010. Assessing the quality of seagrass data collected by community volunteers in Moreton Bay Marine Park, Australia. Environ. Conserv. 37(1):83-89.

Fornwalt, P.J., Kaufmann, M.R., and Stohlgren, T.J. 2010. Impacts of mixed severity wildfire on exotic plants in a Colorado ponderosa pine-Douglas-fir forest. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2683-2695.

Fourqurean, J.W., Smith, T.J., Possley, J., Collins, T.M., Lee, D., and Namoff, S. 2010. Are mangroves in the tropical Atlantic ripe for invasion? Exotic mangrove trees in the forests of South Florida. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2509-2522.

Fritz, S.A., and Purvis, A. 2010. Phylogenetic diversity does not capture body size variation at risk in the world's mammals. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 277(1693):2435-2441.

Fritz, S.A., and Purvis, A. 2010. Selectivity in mammalian extinction risk and threat types: a new measure of phylogenetic signal strength in binary traits. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1042-1051.

Fujisaki, I., Hart, K.M., Mazzotti, F.J., Rice, K.G., Snow, S., and Rochford, M. 2010. Risk assessment of potential invasiveness of exotic reptiles imported to south Florida. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2585-2596.

Gale, S.W., Yamazaki, J., Hutchings, M.J., Yukawa, T., and Miyoshi, K. 2010. Constraints on establishment in an endangered terrestrial orchid: a comparative study of in vitro and in situ seed germinability and seedling development in Nervilia nipponica. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 163(2):166-180.

Garcia, D., Zamora, R., and Amico, G.C. 2010. Birds as suppliers of seed dispersal in temperate ecosystems: conservation guidelines from real-world landscapes. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1070-1079.

Garda, A.A., Da Silva, J.M.C., and Baião, P.C. 2010. Biodiversity conservation and sustainable development in the Amazon. Syst. Biodivers. 8(2):169-175.

Gestoso, I., Olabarria, C., and Troncoso, J.S. 2010. Variability of epifaunal assemblages associated with native and invasive macroalgae. Mar. Freshwater Res. 61(6):724-731.

Ghorpade, K. 2010. Conservation and collection of insects in India are mutually beneficial, NOT harmful - a simple reality explained. Curr. Sci. 99(2):163-165.

Gonzalez, V.H., Koch, J.B., and Griswold, T. 2010. Anthidium vigintiduopunctatum Friese (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae): the elusive "dwarf bee" of the Galápagos Archipelago? Biol. Invasions 12(8):2381-2383.

Grabenweger, G., Kehrli, P., Zweimüller, I., Augustin, S., Avtzis, N., Bacher, S., Freise, J., Girardoz, S., Guichard, S., Heitland, W., Lethmayer, C., Stolz, M., Tomov, R., Volter, L., and Kenis, M. 2010. Temporal and spatial variations in the parasitoid complex of the horse chestnut leafminer during its invasion of Europe. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2797-2813.

Grantham, H.S., Pressey, R.L., Wells, J.A., and Beattie, A.J. 2010. Effectiveness of biodiversity surrogates for conservation planning: different measures of effectiveness generate a kaleidoscope of variation. PLoS ONE 5(7):e11430.

Greenberg, C.H., and Walter, S.T. 2010. Fleshy fruit removal and nutritional composition of winter-fruiting plants: a comparison of non-native invasive and native species. Nat. Areas J. 30(3):312-321.

Greenslade, P. 2010. Did alien ants initiate a population explosion of a coccoid plant pest on an islet in the Coral Sea? J. Insect Conserv. 14(4):419-421.

Groom, C. 2010. Justification for continued conservation efforts following the delisting of a threatened species: a case study of the woylie, Bettongia penicillata ogilbyi (Marsupialia : Potoroidae). Wildlife Res. 37(3):183-193.

Gusset, M., Stewart, G.B., Bowler, D.E., and Pullin, A.S. 2010. Wild dog reintroductions in South Africa: a systematic review and cross-validation of an endangered species recovery programme. J. Nature Conserv. 18(3):230-234.

Guénard, B., and Dunn, R.R. 2010. A new (old), invasive ant in the hardwood forests of eastern North America and its potentially widespread impacts. PLoS ONE 5(7):e11614.

Halme, P., Toivanen, T., Honkanen, M., Kotiaho, J.S., Mönkkönen, M., and Timonen, J. 2010. Flawed meta-analysis of biodiversity effects of forest management. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1154-1156.

Hegazy, A.K., Kabiel, H.F., Boulos, L., and Sharashy, O.S. 2010. Conservation approach to the demography and dynamics of protected and unprotected populations of the endemic Ebenus armitagei in the Western Mediterranean Coast of Egypt. J. Nature Conserv. 18(3):151-158.

Herbert, M.E., McIntyre, P.B., Doran, P.J., Allan, J.D., and Abell, R. 2010. Terrestrial reserve networks do not adequately represent aquatic ecosystems. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1002-1011.

Herrera, J.M., and García, D. 2010. Effects of forest fragmentation on seed dispersal and seedling establishment in ornithochorous trees. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1089-1098.

Hewins, D.B., and Hyatt, L.A. 2010. Flexible N uptake and assimilation mechanisms may assist biological invasion by Alliaria petiolata. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2639-2647.

Hickey, V. 2010. The quagga mussel crisis at Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Nevada (USA). Conserv. Biol. 24(4):931-937.

Hill, R., Williams, K.J., Pert, P.L., Robinson, C.J., Dale, A.P., Westcott, D.A., Grace, R.A., and O'Malley, T. 2010. Adaptive community-based biodiversity conservation in Australia's tropical rainforests. Environ. Conserv. 37(1):73-82.

Hogg, B.N., Gillespie, R.G., and Daane, K.M. 2010. Regional patterns in the invasion success of Cheiracanthium spiders (Miturgidae) in vineyard ecosystems. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2499-2508.

Holman, M.L., Carey, R.G., and Dunwiddie, P.W. 2010. Effective strategies for landscape-scale weed control: a case study of the Skagit Knotweed Working Group, Washington. Nat. Areas J. 30(3):338-345.

Howes, A.L., Maron, M., and McAlpine, C.A. 2010. Bayesian networks and adaptive management of wildlife habitat. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):974-983.

Hughes, K.A., and Worland, M.R. 2010. Spatial distribution, habitat preference and colonization status of two alien terrestrial invertebrate species in Antarctica. Antarct. Sci. 22(3):221-231.

Isaak, D.J., Luce, C.H., Rieman, B.E., Nagel, D.E., Peterson, E.E., Horan, D.L., Parkes, S., and Chandler, G.L. 2010. Effects of climate change and wildfire on stream temperatures and salmonid thermal habitat in a mountain river network. Ecol. Appl. 20(5):1350-1371.

Jacobs, C.T., Scholtz, C.H., Escobar, F., and Davis, A.L.V. 2010. How might intensification of farming influence dung beetle diversity (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in Maputo Special Reserve (Mozambique)? J. Insect Conserv. 14(4):389-399.

Janss, G.F.E., de Lucas, M., Whitfield, D.P., Lazo, A., and Ferrer, M. 2010. The precautionary principle and wind-farm planning in Andalucia. Biol. Conserv. 143(8):1827-1828.

Jarvis, A., Touval, J.L., Schmitz, M.C., Sotomayor, L., and Hyman, G.G. 2010. Assessment of threats to ecosystems in South America. J. Nature Conserv. 18(3):180-188.

Jocque, M., Vanschoenwinkel, B., and Brendonck, L. 2010. Freshwater rock pools: a review of habitat characteristics, faunal diversity and conservation value. Freshwater Biol. 55(8):1587-1602.

Johnson, T.D., Kolb, T.E., and Medina, A.L. 2010. Do riparian plant community characteristics differ between Tamarix (L.) invaded and non-invaded sites on the upper Verde River, Arizona? Biol. Invasions 12(8):2487-2497.

Jones, H.P. 2010. Prognosis for ecosystem recovery following rodent eradication and seabird restoration in an island archipelago. Ecol. Appl. 20(5):1204-1216.

Jones, J.W., and Neves, R.J. 2010. Descriptions of a new species and a new subspecies of freshwater mussels, Epioblasma ahlstedti and Epioblasma florentina aureola (Bivalvia: Unionidae), in the Tennessee River drainage, USA. Nautilus 124(2):77-92.

Justo-Hanani, R., Dayan, T., and Tal, A. 2010. The role of regulatory decision-making on non-indigenous species introductions. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2815-2824.

Kaiser-Bunbury, C.N., Traveset, A., and Hansen, D.M. 2010. Conservation and restoration of plant-animal mutualisms on oceanic islands. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 12(2):131-143.

Kearney, M.R., Wintle, B.A., and Porter, W.P. 2010. Correlative and mechanistic models of species distribution provide congruent forecasts under climate change. Conserv. Lett. 3(3):203-213.

Kelkar, N., Krishnaswamy, J., Choudhary, S., and Sutaria, D. 2010. Coexistence of fisheries with river dolphin conservation. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1130-1140.

Koh, L.P., and Ghazoul, J. 2010. A matrix-calibrated species-area model for predicting biodiversity losses due to land-use change. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):994-1001.

Kornijów, R., Strayer, D.L., and Caraco, N.F. 2010. Macroinvertebrate communities of hypoxic habitats created by an invasive plant (Trapa natans) in the freshwater tidal Hudson River. Fund. Appl. Limnol. 176(3):199-207.

Kuczynska, A., and Moorkens, E. 2010. Micro-hydrological and micro-meteorological controls on survival and population growth of the whorl snail Vertigo geyeri Lindholm, 1925 in groundwater fed wetlands. Biol. Conserv. 143(8):1868-1875.

Kueffer, C., Daehler, C.C., Torres-Santana, C.W., Lavergne, C., Meyer, J.Y., Otto, R., and Silva, L. 2010. A global comparison of plant invasions on oceanic islands. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 12(2):145-161.

Kurihara, T., Kosuge, T., Takami, H., Iseda, M., and Matsubara, K. 2010. Evidence of a sharper decrease in a non-indigenous mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis than in indigenous bivalves from 1978 to 2006 on Japanese rocky shores. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2671-2681.

Kutschbach-Brohl, L., Washburn, B.E., Bernhardt, G.E., Chipman, R.B., and Francoeur, L.C. 2010. Arthropods of a semi-natural grassland in an urban environment: the John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York. J. Insect Conserv. 14(4):347-358.

Larson, D.L., and Larson, J.L. 2010. Control of one invasive plant species allows exotic grasses to become dominant in northern Great Plains grasslands. Biol. Conserv. 143(8):1901-1910.

Larson, E.R., and Olden, J.D. 2010. Latent extinction and invasion risk of crayfishes in the southeastern United States. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1099-1110.

Lilieholm, R.J., and Weatherly, W.P. 2010. Kibale Forest wild coffee: challenges to market-based conservation in Africa. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):924-930.

Lohman, D.J., Ingram, K.K., Prawiradilaga, D.M., Winker, K., Sheldon, F.H., Moyle, R.G., Ng, P.K.L., Ong, P.S., Wang, L.K., Braile, T.M., Astuti, D., and Meier, R. 2010. Cryptic genetic diversity in "widespread" Southeast Asian bird species suggests that Philippine avian endemism is gravely underestimated. Biol. Conserv. 143(8):1885-1890.

Longcore, T., Lam, C.S., Kobernus, P., Polk, E., and Wilson, J.P. 2010. Extracting useful data from imperfect monitoring schemes: endangered butterflies at San Bruno Mountain, San Mateo County, California (1982-2000) and implications for habitat management. J. Insect Conserv. 14(4):335-346.

López, E., Aguilera, P.A., Schmitz, M.F., Castro, H., and Pineda, F.D. 2010. Selection of ecological indicators for the conservation, management and monitoring of Mediterranean coastal salinas. Environ. Monit. Assess. 166(1-4):241-256.

Lowe, C.B., Bejerano, G., Salama, S.R., and Haussler, D. 2010. Endangered species hold clues to human evolution. J. Heredity 101(4):437-447.

Mac Nally, R., Thomson, J.R., Kimmerer, W.J., Feyrer, F., Newman, K.B., Sih, A., Bennett, W.A., Brown, L., Fleishman, E., Culberson, S.D., and Castillo, G. 2010. Analysis of pelagic species decline in the upper San Francisco Estuary using multivariate autoregressive modeling (MAR). Ecol. Appl. 20(5):1417-1430.

Maceda-Veiga, A., Monleon-Getino, A., Caiola, N., Casals, F., and de Sostoa, A. 2010. Changes in fish assemblages in catchments in north-eastern Spain: biodiversity, conservation status and introduced species. Freshwater Biol. 55(8):1734-1746.

Marini, O.J., and Martins, R.P. 2010. Nymphalid butterfly dispersal among forest fragments at Serra da Canastra National Park, Brazil. J. Insect Conserv. 14(4):401-411.

Maris, V., and Béchet, A. 2010. From adaptive management to adjustive management: a pragmatic account of biodiversity values. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):966-973.

Martínez-Duro, E., Ferrandis, P., Herranz, J.M., and Copete, M.A. 2010. Do seed harvesting ants threaten the viability of a critically endangered non-myrmecochorous perennial plant population? A complex interaction. Pop. Ecol. 52(3):397-405.

Maxwell, R.S., and Hicks, R.R. 2010. Fire history of a rimrock pine forest at New River Gorge National River, West Virginia. Nat. Areas J. 30(3):305-311.

McCormack, R.B., Coughran, J., Furse, J.M., and Van der Werf, P. 2010. Conservation of imperiled crayfish—Euastacus jagara (Decapoda: Parastacidae), a highland crayfish from the Main Range, south-eastern Queensland, Australia. J. Crustacean Biol. 30(3):531-535.

McCusker, C.E., Ward, M.P., and Brawn, J.D. 2010. Seasonal responses of avian communities to invasive bush honeysuckles (Lonicera spp.). Biol. Invasions 12(8):2459-2470.

McDonald-Madden, E., Probert, W.J.M., Hauser, C.E., Runge, M.C., Possingham, H.P., Jones, M.E., Moore, J.L., Rout, T.M., Vesk, P.A., and Wintle, B.A. 2010. Active adaptive conservation of threatened species in the face of uncertainty. Ecol. Appl. 20(5):1476-1489.

McKinney, A.M., and Goodell, K. 2010. Shading by invasive shrub reduces seed production and pollinator services in a native herb. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2751-2763.

Medina, F.M., Oliveira, P., Menezes, D., Teixeira, S., García, R., and Nogales, M. 2010. Trophic habits of feral cats in the high mountain shrublands of the Macaronesian islands (NW Africa, Atlantic Ocean). Acta Theriol. 55(3):241-250.

Merckx, T., and Berwaerts, K. 2010. What type of hedgerows do Brown hairstreak (Thecla betulae L.) butterflies prefer? Implications for European agricultural landscape conservation. Insect Conserv. Divers. 3(3):194-204.

Montgomery, M.E., Woodworth, L.M., England, P.R., Briscoe, D.A., and Frankham, R. 2010. Widespread selective sweeps affecting microsatellites in Drosophila populations adapting to captivity: implications for captive breeding programs. Biol. Conserv. 143(8):1842-1849.

Moore, A.L., and McCarthy, M.A. 2010. On valuing information in adaptive-management models. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):984-993.

Moss, M., and Hermanutz, L. 2010. Monitoring the small and slimy - protected areas should be monitoring native and non-native slugs (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Nat. Areas J. 30(3):322-327.

Münzbergová, Z., Hadincová, V., Wild, J., Herben, T., and Marešová, J. 2010. Spatial and temporal variation in dispersal pattern of an invasive pine. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2471-2486.

Muthumperumal, C., and Parthasarathy, N. 2010. A large-scale inventory of liana diversity in tropical forests of South Eastern Ghats, India. Syst. Biodivers. 8(2):289-300.

Nelson, M.W. 2010. Breeding evidence for conspecific status of Grammia phyllira (Drury, 1773) and Grammia oithona (Strecker, 1878) (Erebidae:Arctiinae), with notes on natural history and conservation status. J. Lepid. Soc. 64(2):57-68.

Ng, H.H., Tan, H.H., Yeo, D.C.J., and Ng, P.K.L. 2010. Stingers in a strange land: South American freshwater stingrays (Potamotrygonidae) in Singapore. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2385-2388.

O'Hara, T.D., Addison, P.F.E., Gazzard, R., Costa, T.L., and Pocklington, J.B. 2010. A rapid biodiversity assessment methodology tested on intertidal rocky shores. Aquat. Conserv. 20(4):452-463.

Paillet, Y., Bergès, L., Hjältén, J., Ódor, P., Avon, C., Bernhardt-Römermann, M., Bijlsma, R.J., De Bruyn, L., Fuhr, M., Grandin, U., Kanka, R., Lundin, L., Luque, S., Magura, T., Matesanz, S., Mészáros, I., Sebastià, M.T., Schmidt, W., Standovár, T., Tóthmérész, B., Uotila, A., Valladares, F., Vellak, K., and Virtanen, R. 2010. Compromises in data selection in a meta-analysis of biodiversity in managed and unmanaged forests: response to Halme et al. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1157-1160.

Panithanarak, T., Karuwancharoen, R., Na-Nakorn, U., and Nguyen, T.T.T. 2010. Population genetics of the spotted seahorse (Hippocampus kuda) in Thai waters: implications for conservation. Zool. Stud. 49(4):564-576.

Paradeis, B.L., DeKeyser, E.S., and Kirby, D.R. 2010. Evaluation of restored and native prairie pothole region plant communities following an environmental gradient. Nat. Areas J. 30(3):294-304.

Parks, K.E., and Mulligan, M. 2010. On the relationship between a resource based measure of geodiversity and broad scale biodiversity patterns. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(9):2751-2766.

Peck, J.E., and Moldenke, A.R. 2010. Identifying pathways of biological invasion: can commercial moss harbor potential stowaways? Biol. Invasions 12(8):2395-2398.

Pei, S.J., Hamilton, A.C., Yang, L.X., Huai, H.Y., Yang, Z.W., Gao, F., and Zhang, Q.X. 2010. Conservation and development through medicinal plants: a case study from Ludian (Northwest Yunnan, China) and presentation of a general model. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(9):2619-2636.

Perry, A.L., Lunn, K.E., and Vincent, A.C.J. 2010. Fisheries, large-scale trade, and conservation of seahorses in Malaysia and Thailand. Aquat. Conserv. 20(4):464-475.

Peterson, A.T., Knapp, S., Guralnick, R., Soberón, J., and Holder, M.T. 2010. The big questions for biodiversity informatics. Syst. Biodivers. 8(2):159-168.

Platt, S.G., Liu, H., and Borg, C.K. 2010. Fire ecology of the Florida box turtle (Terrapene carolina bauri Taylor) in pine rockland forests of the Lower Florida Keys. Nat. Areas J. 30(3):254-260.

Prunier, P., Garraud, L., Köhler, C., Lambelet-Haueter, C., Selvaggi, A., and Werner, P. 2010. Distribution and decline of Dwarf Bulrush (Typha minima) in the Alps. Bot. Helvetica 120(1):43-52.

Pullin, A.S., and Salafsky, N. 2010. Save the whales? save the rainforest? Save the data! Conserv. Biol. 24(4):915-917.

Rana, M.S., and Samant, S.S. 2010. Threat categorisation and conservation prioritisation of floristic diversity in the Indian Himalayan region: A state of art approach from Manali Wildlife Sanctuary. J. Nature Conserv. 18(3):159-168.

Randrianavelona, R., Rakotonoely, H., Ratsimbazafy, J., and Jenkins, R.K.B. 2010. Conservation assessment of the critically endangered frog Mantella aurantiaca in Madagascar. Afr. J. Herpetol. 59(1):65-78.

Rasalato, E., Maginnity, V., and Brunnschweiler, J.M. 2010. Using local ecological knowledge to identify shark river habitats in Fiji (South Pacific). Environ. Conserv. 37(1):90-97.

Redding, D.W., DeWolff, C.V., and Mooers, A.Ø. 2010. Evolutionary distinctiveness, threat status, and ecological oddity in primates. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1052-1058.

Ren, H., Ma, G.H., Zhang, Q.M., Guo, Q.F., Wang, J., and Wang, Z.F. 2010. Moss is a key nurse plant for reintroduction of the endangered herb, Primulina tabacum Hance. Plant Ecol. 209(2):313-320.

Reyers, B., Roux, D.J., Cowling, R.M., Ginsburg, A.E., Nel, J.L., and Farrell, P.O. 2010. Conservation planning as a transdisciplinary process. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):957-965.

Ribot, J.C., Lund, J.F., and Treue, T. 2010. Democratic decentralization in sub-Saharan Africa: its contribution to forest management, livelihoods, and enfranchisement. Environ. Conserv. 37(1):35-44.

Richards, Z.T., Wallace, C.C., and Miller, D.J. 2010. Archetypal 'elkhorn' coral discovered in the Pacific Ocean. Syst. Biodivers. 8(2):281-288.

Richardson, J.S., Taylor, E., Schluter, D., Pearson, M., and Hatfield, T. 2010. Do riparian zones qualify as critical habitat for endangered freshwater fishes? Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 67(7):1197-1204.

Rieder, J.P., Newbold, T.A.S., and Ostoja, S.M. 2010. Structural changes in vegetation coincident with annual grass invasion negatively impacts sprint velocity of small vertebrates. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2429-2439.

Rödder, D., and Schulte, U. 2010. Potential loss of genetic variability despite well established network of reserves: the case of the Iberian endemic lizard Lacerta schreiberi. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(9):2651-2666.

Roura-Pascual, N., Bas, J.M., and Hui, C. 2010. The spread of the Argentine ant: environmental determinants and impacts on native ant communities. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2399-2412.

Rout, T.M., Heinze, D., and McCarthy, M.A. 2010. Optimal allocation of conservation resources to species that may be extinct. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1111-1118.

Ruffino, L., and Vidal, E. 2010. Early colonization of Mediterranean islands by Rattus rattus: a review of zooarcheological data. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2389-2394.

Runk, J.V., Negría, G.O., Conquista, L.P., Peña, G.M., Cheucarama, F.P., and Chiripua, Y.C. 2010. Landscapes, legibility, and conservation planning: multiple representations of forest use in Panama. Conserv. Lett. 3(3):167-176.

Russo, D., Cistrone, L., Garonna, A.P., and Jones, G. 2010. Reconsidering the importance of harvested forests for the conservation of tree-dwelling bats. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(9):2501-2515.

Sánchez-Prieto, C.B., Carranza, J., Pérez-González, J., Alarcos, S., and Mateos, C. 2010. Effects of small barriers on habitat use by red deer: Implications for conservation practices. J. Nature Conserv. 18(3):196-201.

Sandberger, L., Feldhaar, H., Lampert, K.P., Lamatsch, D.K., and Rödel, M.O. 2010. Small, specialised and highly mobile? The tree-hole breeding frog, Phrynobatrachus guineensis, lacks fine-scale population structure. Afr. J. Herpetol. 59(1):79-94.

Santos, M.J. 2010. Encroachment of upland Mediterranean plant species in riparian ecosystems of southern Portugal. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(9):2667-2684.

Sarin, C., and Bergman, K.O. 2010. Habitat utilisation of burnet moths (Zygaena spp.) in southern Sweden: a multi-scale and multi-stage perspective. Insect Conserv. Divers. 3(3):180-193.

Schaub, M., Aebischer, A., Gimenez, O., Berger, S., and Arlettaz, R. 2010. Massive immigration balances high anthropogenic mortality in a stable eagle owl population: lessons for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 143(8):1911-1918.

Schmidt, D., Spring, D., Mac Nally, R., Thomson, J.R., Brook, B.W., Cacho, O., and McKenzie, M. 2010. Finding needles (or ants) in haystacks: predicting locations of invasive organisms to inform eradication and containment. Ecol. Appl. 20(5):1217-1227.

Schofield, P.J., Loftus, W.F., Kobza, R.M., Cook, M.I., and Slone, D.H. 2010. Tolerance of nonindigenous cichlid fishes (Cichlasoma urophthalmus, Hemichromis letourneuxi) to low temperature: laboratory and field experiments in south Florida. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2441-2457.

Schouten, M.A., Barendregt, A., Verweij, P.A., Kalkman, V.J., Kleukers, R., Lenders, H.J.R., and Siebel, H.N. 2010. Defining hotspots of characteristic species for multiple taxonomic groups in the Netherlands. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(9):2517-2536.

Segev, O., Hill, N., Templeton, A.R., and Blaustein, L. 2010. Population size, structure and phenology of an endangered salamander at temporary and permanent breeding sites. J. Nature Conserv. 18(3):189-195.

Shackleton, C.M., Willis, T.J., Brown, K., and Polunin, N.V.C. 2010. Reflecting on the next generation of models for community-based natural resources management. Environ. Conserv. 37(1):1-4.

Sheehy, J., Taylor, C.M., McCann, K.S., and Norris, D.R. 2010. Optimal conservation planning for migratory animals: integrating demographic information across seasons. Conserv. Lett. 3(3):192-202.

Shi, J.A., Luo, Y.Q., Zhou, F., and He, P. 2010. The relationship between invasive alien species and main climatic zones. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(9):2485-2500.

Singh, A., and Samant, S.S. 2010. Conservation prioritization of habitats and forest communities in the Lahaul Valley of proposed cold desert biosphere reserve, North Western Himalaya, India. Appl. Ecol. Env. Res. 8(2):101-117.

Singh, K.P., Shukla, A.N., and Singh, J.S. 2010. State-level inventory of invasive alien plants, their source regions and use potential. Curr. Sci. 99(1):107-114.

Smith-Castro, J.R., and Rodewald, A.D. 2010. Effects of recreational trails on northern cardinals (Cardinalis cardinalis) in forested urban parks. Nat. Areas J. 30(3):328-337.

Soarimalala, V., Raheriarisena, M., and Goodman, S.M. 2010. New distributional records from central-eastern Madagascar and patterns of morphological variation in the endangered shrew tenrec Microgale jobihely (Afrosoricida: Tenrecidae). Mammalia 74(2):187-198.

Srivastava, T., and Dutta, P.K. 2010. Western Arunachal Pradesh offering prime home to the endangered red panda. Curr. Sci. 99(2):155-156.

Stanton, S., and Hadley, K.S. 2010. Influence of western dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium campylopodum Engelm.) on surface fuels and snag abundance in mature ponderosa pine and mixed conifer stands in central Oregon. Nat. Areas J. 30(3):261-270.

Stone, R. 2010. Last stand on the Yangtze. Science 329(5990):378-378.

Suhonen, J., Hilli-Lukkarinen, M., Korkeamäki, E., Kuitunen, M., Kullas, J., Penttinen, J., and Salmela, J. 2010. Local extinction of dragonfly and damselfly populations in low- and high-quality habitat patches. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1148-1153.

Suich, H. 2010. The livelihood impacts of the Namibian community based natural resource management programme: a meta-synthesis. Environ. Conserv. 37(1):45-53.

Swenson, U., and Munzinger, J. 2010. Revision of Pycnandra subgenus Achradotypus (Sapotaceae), with five new species from New Caledonia. Aust. Syst. Bot. 23(3):185-216.

Teck, S.J., Halpern, B.S., Kappel, C.V., Micheli, F., Selkoe, K.A., Crain, C.M., Martone, R., Shearer, C., Arvai, J., Fischhoff, B., Murray, G., Neslo, R., and Cooke, R. 2010. Using expert judgment to estimate marine ecosystem vulnerability in the California Current. Ecol. Appl. 20(5):1402-1416.

Thuy, P.T., Campbell, B.M., Garnett, S., Aslin, H., and Hoang, M.H. 2010. Importance and impacts of intermediary boundary organizations in facilitating payment for environmental services in Vietnam. Environ. Conserv. 37(1):64-72.

Till-Bottraud, I., Poncet, B.N., Rioux, D., and Girel, J. 2010. Spatial structure and clonal distribution of genotypes in the rare Typha minima Hoppe (Typhaceae) along a river system. Bot. Helvetica 120(1):53-62.

Tingley, R., Herman, T.B., Pulsifer, M.D., McCurdy, D.G., and Stephens, J.P. 2010. Intra-specific niche partitioning obscures the importance of fine-scale habitat data in species distribution models. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(9):2455-2467.

Tomás, J., Godley, B.J., Castroviejo, J., and Raga, J.A. 2010. Bioko: critically important nesting habitat for sea turtles of West Africa. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(9):2699-2714.

Tsuboi, J., Endou, S., and Morita, K. 2010. Habitat fragmentation by damming threatens coexistence of stream-dwelling charr and salmon in the Fuji River, Japan. Hydrobiologia 650(1):223-232.

Turlure, C., Choutt, J., Van Dyck, H., Baguette, M., and Schtickzelle, N. 2010. Functional habitat area as a reliable proxy for population size: case study using two butterfly species of conservation concern. J. Insect Conserv. 14(4):379-388.

Underwood, E.C., and Quinn, J.F. 2010. Response of ants and spiders to prescribed fire in oak woodlands of California. J. Insect Conserv. 14(4):359-366.

Urbina-Cardona, J.N., and Flores-Villela, O. 2010. Ecological-niche modeling and prioritization of conservation-area networks for Mexican herpetofauna. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1031-1041.

Van Riper, L.C., Larson, D.L., and Larson, J.L. 2010. Nitrogen-limitation and invasive sweetclover impacts vary between two Great Plains plant communities. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2735-2749.

Van Uytvanck, J., Van Noyen, A., Milotic, T., Decleer, K., and Hoffmann, M. 2010. Woodland regeneration on grazed former arable land: a question of tolerance, defence or protection? J. Nature Conserv. 18(3):206-214.

Vences, M., Andreone, F., Glos, J., and Glaw, F. 2010. Molecular and bioacoustic differentiation of Boophis occidentalis with description of a new treefrog from north-western Madagascar. Zootaxa 2544:54-68.

Verlinden, M., and Nijs, I. 2010. Alien plant species favoured over congeneric natives under experimental climate warming in temperate Belgian climate. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2777-2787.

Vidya, T.N.C., and Thuppil, V. 2010. Immediate behavioural responses of humans and Asian elephants in the context of road traffic in southern India. Biol. Conserv. 143(8):1891-1900.

Volis, S., and Blecher, M. 2010. Quasi in situ: a bridge between ex situ and in situ conservation of plants. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(9):2441-2454.

Wallace, B.P., Lewison, R.L., McDonald, S.L., McDonald, R.K., Kot, C.Y., Kelez, S., Bjorkland, R.K., Finkbeiner, E.M., Helmbrecht, S., and Crowder, L.B. 2010. Global patterns of marine turtle bycatch. Conserv. Lett. 3(3):131-142.

Wanless, R.M., Scott, S., Sauer, W.H.H., Andrew, T.G., Glass, J.P., Godfrey, B., Griffiths, C., and Yeld, E. 2010. Semi-submersible rigs: a vector transporting entire marine communities around the world. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2573-2583.

Wardle, D.A., Karl, B.J., Beggs, J.R., Yeates, G.W., Williamson, W.M., and Bonner, K.I. 2010. Determining the impact of scale insect honeydew, and invasive wasps and rodents, on the decomposer subsystem in a New Zealand beech forest. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2619-2638.

Waylen, K.A., Fischer, A., McGowan, P.J.K., Thirgood, S.J., and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2010. Effect of local cultural context on the success of community-based conservation interventions. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1119-1129.

Weckerle, C.S., Yang, Y.P., Huber, F.K., and Li, Q.H. 2010. People, money, and protected areas: the collection of the caterpillar mushroom Ophiocordyceps sinensis in the Baima Xueshan Nature Reserve, Southwest China. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(9):2685-2698.

Wehling, S., and Diekmann, M. 2010. Prediction of changes in the occurrence of forest herbs in hedgerow networks along a climate gradient in north-western Europe. Biodivers. Conserv. 19(9):2537-2552.

Winfield, I.J., Hateley, J., Fletcher, J.M., James, J.B., Bean, C.W., and Clabburn, P. 2010. Population trends of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) in the UK: assessing the evidence for a widespread decline in response to climate change. Hydrobiologia 650(1):55-65.

Worthington, T., Kemp, P., Osborne, P.E., Howes, C., and Easton, K. 2010. Former distribution and decline of the burbot (Lota lota) in the UK. Aquat. Conserv. 20(4):371-377.

Wright, C.K. 2010. Spatiotemporal dynamics of prairie wetland networks: power-law scaling and implications for conservation planning. Ecology 91(7):1924-1930.

Wu, L.W., Yen, S.H., Lees, D.C., and Hsu, Y.F. 2010. Elucidating genetic signatures of native and introduced populations of the Cycad Blue, Chilades pandava to Taiwan: a threat both to Sago Palm and to native Cycas populations worldwide. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2649-2669.

Yoshioka, A., Kadoya, T., Suda, S., and Washitani, I. 2010. Invasion of weeping lovegrass reduces native food and habitat resource of Eusphingonotus japonicus (Saussure). Biol. Invasions 12(8):2789-2796.

Yue, G.H., Li, J.L., Bai, Z.Y., Wang, C.M., and Feng, F.L.C. 2010. Genetic diversity and population structure of the invasive alien red swamp crayfish. Biol. Invasions 12(8):2697-2706.

Zamin, T.J., Baillie, J.E.M., Miller, R.M., Rodríguez, J.P., Ardid, A., and Collen, B. 2010. National red listing beyond the 2010 target. Conserv. Biol. 24(4):1012-1020.

Zhang, J.T., and Ru, W.M. 2010. Population characteristics of endangered species Taxus chinensis var. mairei and its conservation strategy in Shanxi, China. Pop. Ecol. 52(3):407-416.

Zhang, W.X., Hendrix, P.F., Snyder, B.A., Molina, M., Li, J.X., Rao, X.Q., Siemann, E., and Fu, S.L. 2010. Dietary flexibility aids Asian earthworm invasion in North American forests. Ecology 91(7):2070-2079.

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